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From Ike LiUiwy World. Mryrrasark. I J. iimid nnoi. I Steyermark--green Steyerroaik, Tb field are bright tad the foreata dark Bright with the maid that bind the ihetTM, Dark with the totems arch of leave! Voice and tream and aweat belli chima Over tha land, ia tha harvest tima. And the blitheat eonr of tha finch and lark Are heard in the orchard of Steyermark! In Steyermark old fUeyermark, Tha moontaln-enmmiteare white and atark; Tb rough wino farrow their trackle snow, Bat the mirror of crystal areeinooth below; The stormy Danube clasps tha ware That downward aweepa with the Drava and Sare, And the Eaxine ia whitened with many a bark, Freighted with ores of Steyermark! In Steyermark rough Steyermark, The anvil ring from dawn till dark; Tha molten atream of tha furnace glare, Bl airing with crimson the midnight air; Tha Inaty voice of forgemen chord. Chanting tha ballad of Siegfried' a Sword," While ponderous hammer thechorua mark. And thia ia the music of Steyermark! Ia Steyermark -deer Steyermark! Heart are glad a tha aoaring lark; There men are framed In the manly mould Of their etalwarteire, of the day of old; And the sunny blueof the Styrian sky Grow soft ia the timid maidea'eeye. When lov descends with the twilight dark. In tha beer hen groves of Steyermark. In Steyermark bra to Steyermark, The flame of Freedom haa left a apark, Whoe lingering glow, in her rndeot glen, I keot alive with the iron men! Ere long, the alavea of a tyrant' breath Shall be driven beyond the Hill of Death, And the beacon-snow of her mountain mark The barrier of ranaonied Steyermark ! Dir Todtrtti'Urgt (the HllUuf 1") dividr the .U putr proriur at Bteyermaitrrotn A ustita proper. The Ureal Haggarty EHamaaa. T W. m. THAcarnr, aithob "viti ria. Thu is a slight sketch by Mr. Tharke- rey, but a very entertaining one, written tc a .1 .1 11a... lore me autnor naa tasked his powers to enter the great field of hnglish fiction. alongside of its preat masters, as he has done.ii. Vanity Fair, and while with free and careless pencil he was lavishly expend ing die treasures at his command, neglect ful of labor for posterity, Mr. Thackeray lias been the most prodigal man of his tal : T I-J we enie in cnrianu. ror many year un doubtedly one of the most original and bril liant authors of the day, he has been con tent that this should be recognised by the lew who can detect merit and the highest capabilities through the minor forms of lit erature, arid in the perishable leaves of the magazines of the day. W ride writers of far inferior ability were stepping forward and assuming the public attention, bv aid of their own pretence and the lusty efforts of booksellers, Mr. Thackeray was hiding wit, humor, feeling, knowledge of life, and the keenest satire, under one or other of the humble disguises of Mr. Michael An- gelo 1 itmarsh. These clever things were all of course felt and acknowledged, but no one thought of talking of the author in the same breath with Fielding, till "Vanity rnir mrgan u assume lis lull proportions beiore me public. The Great Iloggarty Diamond is a play- iui aiiair, turown on in a vein ot gTeat good humor, with distinctly marked traits of character, and several passage of touching appeal, wortny oi Deing pound Up with Fielding's "Amelia." The affair of the diamond is a gift of that article in a brooch, to young Air. 1 itmarsh, by his aunt Hog- garty; ne goes to ionuon wim it, Where a family-hunting old lady gets sight of it, acd the young gent has a ride in her coach in the Park, with an uneasy contact with high life. The several humors of high and low life are admirably kept up, particularly in the easy independence of Mr. Titmarsh, and his 0-ood natured friend, 'dm Hndin. ' The diamond brooch ha a flavor of gentil ity about it, and brings up various adven tures the old Aunt lloegarty being capi tally hit off, as Miss Crawley has been since. Mary, the wife, is simple, natural. an Lnghsh rosebud. I he scene at Lady Tiptoff', in chapter xiii., could not be sur passed by Dickeus. Mr. Titmarsh is in itrison, when the wife ia induced to take this extraordinary means for his relief. She has just lost her only child but the passage wa quote will tell all that in Mrs. blokes narrative. A BIT Of XATCBC. "A sudden thought came over me. My at ar . . dear Mrs. iitraash, saia I, 'you know how poor end how good your husband is.' Yes, says she, rather surprised. "Well, ray dear,' said 1, looking her hard in the face, 'Lady Tipton", who knows him, wants a nurse for her son, Lord Pov- - T;lt . ' mngs. in you oe a Drave woman, and look for the place, and mayhap replace I the little one. that God ha taken from you? She began to tremble and blush; and then 1 told her what you, Mr. Sam, had told me the other day about vour money matters; and no sooner did she tear it, than ahe sprang to her bonnent, and said, 'Come, come;' and in five minutes she had me bv the arm, and we walked together to Gros- venor square. The air did her no barm, Mr. Sam, and during the whole of the walk she never cried but once, and then it was at seeing a nursery maid in the square. "A great fellow in livery opens the door, and fays, 'You're the forty-fifth as come about this ere place; but, fust, let me ask you a preliminary, question. Are you Hiriahwoman?' 'No, sir say Mrs. T. rl hat aumshnf, mem, says the gentle- man in plush; 'I see you re not by your atnt. fctep this way, ladies, if vou please. You'll find some more candidix for the place up stairs; but 1 sent away forty-four KappUcanti, because they icat Hirish.' "We were taken up-stairs over very soft carpets, and brought into a room, and told by an old lady, who was there, to sneak very softly, for my lady was only two! rooms on. And when 1 asked how the baby and her ladyahip were,, tbe old lady 101a rae ootQ were pretty well; only tlie doctor said Lady Tiptoff was too delicate to nurse any longer; and so it was consider- ed necessary to have a wet nurse. There was another young woman in tne room a tan, fine woman a ever you saw that looked very angry and contemp- shious at Mra. T. and me, and aaid, 'I've brought a Jetter from the duchess whose Oaughter 1 Bust; and I think, Mrs. Blenk- insop, mem, my Lady TTDtoff mar fb far before ahe finda auch another nuas as me. icicciixnign,riaau,e,maU.p0T 1 selling hut Tom Jonet for an old song,' married to a corporal in tbe life-guards, must not be omitted. He had disposed of ..f-nil m. t,.t,i, i . r I . 'I.I ..... . r ip.jvU ".u.,,liWW cnaraciers, only copy right ol Una work for twenty-five -rnf Tr,jfer,v.anv! for Uia chiId ma'm' P01"1' whenin great distress. ThomDson, if her ladyship had six, I've a plenty for however, happering to seethe manuscript, th"a111: ' ' , . d'wed his friend to get rid of his bargain, A the woman was making thia speech, promising to introduce the novelist to An a little gentleman in black came in from drew Millar, the eminent publisher. Ac the next xoom, treading as if on velvet cordLigly, Millar and Fielding met at a The woman got up, and made him a low tavern. 'Mr. Fielding aaid the publisher. etrteay, and folding her arms on her great broad chest, repeated tbe speech she had made befoie. Mrs. T. did not jiit up from her chair, but only made a sort of a low; which, to le bure, 1 thought was ill man ners, as this gentleman was ev ikntly the apothecary, lie looked hard at her, and said, Well, my pood woman, and are you come about the place, too? ' " ' l es, sir, says she, blushing1. " 'You seem very delicate. How old is your child? How many have you had? What character have you?' "Your wife didn't answer a word; so I stepped up, and said, 'Sir,' says I, 'this lady nas just tost ue r ursi cniiu, ana isn i usea to look for place, being the daughter of a cap ain in tt.e navy; so you'll excuse her want of maimers in not getting up when you came in.' "'Hie doctor at this, sat down and began talking very kindly to her; he said he was afraid that her application would be unsuc cessful, ta Mrs. Horner came very strongly recommended from the Duchess of Don caster, whose relative, Lady Tiptoff was; and presently ray lady appeared, looking very pretty, ma'am, in an elegant lace-cap, and a sweet muslin rolt-dt ikam. "A nurse came out of her ladyship's room with her; and w hile my lady was talking to us, walked up and down in the next room with something in her arms. "First my lady spoke to Mrs. Horner, a m . ia .a I i and then to airs. I 4 but an tne while site was talking, Mrs. Titmarsh, rather rudely as I thought, ma'am, was looking into the next room; looking looking at the baby there with all her might. My lady asked her her name, and if she had any charac ter; and as she did not speak,. I ppoke 1111 for her, and said she was the wife of llie best man in the world; that her ladyship knew the gentleman, too, and had brought him a haunch of venison. Then Lady Tipton looked up quite astonished, and I told the whole story how von had been head clerk, and that rascal, Brough, had brought you to ruin. 'Poor thing! said my lady; Mis. Titmarsh did not speak, but s'ill kept looking at the baby; and the preat big grenadier of a Mrs. Horner looked an grily at her. " 'Poor thing!' said my lady, taking airs. I s. hand very kind, 'she seems very young. How old are you, ray dear? . . . a I 1 a r ive weens ana two day! says you wile, sobbing. "Mrs. Homer burst into a laugh; but there was a tear in my lady's eyes, for she knew what the poor thine was thinking of. 'Silence, woman!' says ftlie angrily to the great grenadier-woman, and at this moment the child in the next room began crying. "As soon as your wife heaid the noise sne sprang worn her chair and made a step a j 1 forward, and put both her hands to her breast, and said, 'The ohild the child give it me! ' and then began to cry again "My lady looked at her for a moment, 8nd then ran into the next room and brought her the baby, and the baby clung to her as il he knew her; and a pretty sight it was to see that dear woman with the child at her bosom. When my lady saw it, what do you think she did? After looking on for a mo- inen she put h r arm round your wife' neck, and kisMtl her. " 'MV uear, said she, l am sure you are ...VaT 1 a as good ns you are pretty, and you sh.il keep the child, and thank God for sending you to roe: " 'These were her very words; and Dr bland, who was standing by. says. 'It s second judgment of Solomon'.' I suppose, my lady, 30 j don't want mef says the big woman, with another courtesy. "otinthe least! answers my lady, haughtily, and tlie grenadier left the room; and men I told all our siory at full length and Mrs. iilenkinsop kept ins to tea, and saw the beautiful room that Mrs. TitmarsI; is to have next to Lady Tiptoff's; and when my lord came home, what does he do but insist upon coming lack with me here in 9 hackney-coach, as he said he must apolo gise to you lor keeping your wile awav A life insurance company, the "Diddle- sex, with its manager. Air. liroueh. is verv wen workea up, ana, mourn a passage 11 -1 i.i ' may here and there look a little caricatu red, there is a vein of nature and real life which sustains the whole. Literary World. aalisbere aaa Aatbar. An interesting article lately anneared in F raters Magazine on literary affairs, of which the following, suggestKe of an occa- bional sober second thought to publish era and of the nil desperandum to authors, is quite quotable lor its anecdotes borne of our most approved standard works went begging fiom publisher to pub- b'sher, and were only accepted by a sort of acciaent at last, fndeaux a Connexion U- Iween the Old and New Tittamnt u for instance, handed from hand to hand, be- tween five or six booksellers, for two years. By one publisher the author was pravelv told 'that the subject was dry: it should be enlivened with a little humor.' At la Echard recommended it to Tonson. Rob. inson Crusoe it is well known, ran through the whole trade; finally, a bookseller, more knowing than his brethren, published it. and realised a thousand pounds from it. 1 nstram kkandy was offered by Sterne to a bookseller lor fifty pounds, and was re jected; Dodsley eventually puMisbed it- 1 ne public, too, were outimes as stupid as the publishers. For instance, die Rutqiad waa perfectly unsuccessful at first; only ten copies were sold in five days: at length Oarnck, finding his own praises in it, patro. : 1 :. j fit 1 , nised it, and Churchill reaped a harvest ,r0iu ale. Gray a Ode on Eton CoU 'ege, according to Warton, excited verv attention. What may surprise some Pople "till more is, that Bhir's Sermons were refused by Strahan the publisher. To lurn t0 another class of works. Burn's Justice was sold by its audior for a small sum, for he was weary, as he declared, of importuning booksellers to buy it; it now realizes an annual income. Buchan's Do- malic Medicine was purchased for five pounas. ",n I'ght literature the author was also wcrificed to his own penury and eagerness, and to the blindness or cupidity of the pub- lisher. Miss Burney's Evelina, all the wl cm remember, sold for five pounds; Th Wanderer, by Savage, produced only The Vicar of WaJcefield was purcha- seL it is true, for the sum of aixty guineas, butit gained not that success until thetrav. eler had made its author' nam fjtrrmn Tb narrow escape which Fielding had of I always determine on affairs of this sort at once. He paused the heart of the au thor sank. Mr. Millar resumed: '1 cannot offer more then two hundred pounds for your work.' 'Two hundred pounds!' cried the delighted rieldaig; and rushing from his chair he shook the publisher by thl hand, then turning to the bell, summoned the waiter, and ordered two more bottles of wine. Alas, poor Fielding! there was no saving that ill-starred, ill-conditioned, but most interesting man, from ruin. The in. dependence of Fielding was of short dura. tion; eventually he borrowed upon his works five hundred pounds from Millar, a turn which that generouti man cancelled in his. will. One sickens over these details, which bring to the mind the heartache of many a due genius, the disappointment, the degradation, the despair. V e dare not di late on modern days, one trait of which will perhaps suffice. Tfte Pleasures of Hope were refused by every publisher of London and Edinburgh, and were only published at last on condition that the author should be content with the sum of ten pounds onlv. and that rot until a second edition had ap peared." The Aarleai Kgrpilnai Palmlag. They teach us to be modest and patient in rgard to our knowledge of the ancient world, by showing us that while we have been talking confidently of the six thousand years of human existence, and about who was who in the earliest days, we have in reahty known rothing about it. They re buke us sufficiently in showing us that at that time men were living very much as we do without some knowledge that we have gained, but in possession of some art which we have not. I hey confound us by their mute exhibitions of their iron tools and steel armor; their great range of inanufac tures, and their feasts and sports, so like our own. In their kitchens they decant their wine by a syphon, and strew their sweet cakes with seeds, and pound their spices in a mortar. In their drawing-room, they lounge on chaises-longues, and the la dies knit and net as we do, and darn bet ter than we can. I saw at Dr. Abbott's a piece of mending left unfinished several thousand years ago, which any Lnelishwo man might be satisfied with or proud of. in me nursery the little girls had dolls: jointed dolls, with bushy hair and long eyes as our dolls have blue and fair tresses! And the babies had, not the woolly bow wow dogs which yelp in our nurseries, but litde -wooden crocodiles wiih snapping jaw s. 10 me country we see the agncultur ists taking stock; and in the tewns, the population divided into castes, subject to laws, and liviog under a theocracy, long be fore the supposed time of the Deluge. i iiere is enough nere to teach us some hu mility and patience about the true history of the world. .Viti Martituau's EaiUrn Life. Hew the Critic was Vlabheel. It is a well authenticated fact that two days before the Chitic was announced to be played, Sheridan had not finished the last scene. Lvery body was anxious arid iicn uus, iir. jjiniey ana ut. roru were in no enviable stab?; they were jointly man. ager and responsible. The pcrformm looked at each other with dread and dis may. King, who had the part of Puff to sustain, was the stage-manager. It was his especial duty to find out Sheridan, and to weary hjm with remonstrances on tha back, ward state of things; but matters went on much as usual. Sheridan came to the thea tre, made me CllSlUIllair promm that he was just going home to finish it; that, in fact, it was completed, and only wanted an additional line or two. His father-in-law, Linley, knew the only spur to his induMry una ma gemus. ne mereiore ordered a J L- il .1 r . . night rehearsal, invited Sheridan to dine with him, gave him 1 capital dinner, and proposed a lounge to Drury-lane whilst the supper was preparing. Sheridan assented, and they sauntered together up and down the stage previous to the reheaisal, when King stepped up to Sheridan, requested a moment's audience, and went with him into the small green-room, where there was a comfortable fire, a goxl arm-chair, a table lurnished with pens, ink, and paper, two bottles of claret, a tempting dish of anchovy sandwiches, and the prompter's unfinished copy of the Critic. King, immediately Sheridan entered the room, popped out, locked the door, whon Ford and Linley made their pleasure known to him, that he was to finish the wine and the farce, but not to be allowed to stir out of the room until they were both at an end. Sheridan lauzh- ed at the joke, set too in good earnest, and finished the work to ihe delight of all narJ ues. oneriaans works and L'Je: Bohn t Standard Library. fflaraaley'M aaleiary. The following 1 an extract from the prefato ry chapter of Mieauley'ilong ei per ted history of England, soon I-j be issued by the Measra. tiarperoi ntw ion, Alter taking a general 11 t r i ... 1 survey of the change from the accession of Jaroe II. to the present century, the period em braced In hi work he remarks: "Unless 1 greatly deceive myself, the general effect of this chequered narrative will be to excite thankfulness in all reli gious minds, and hopti in the breast of al patriots, r or the history of our country for the last hundred and Bitty years, is eminent- y the history ot physical, of moral, and in telleclual improvement. Those who com pare the eg on which their lot has fallen with a golden age whioh exists only in the imagination, may talk, of dereneracv and decay, but 110 man wto is correctly inform. a. . ed as to the past, will be disposed to lake morose or desponding view of the pre 3CIII. I should very imiierfectlr execute th las wun.li 1 uoc uuucriBsen, 11 1 were merely to treat of battles and sieges, of the me rise ana laii 01 administrations, of in trigues in the palace, ind of debates in the arliainent. It will be my endeavor to re- ate the history of the r eople. as well as history of the government, to trace tbe pro- -r r. 1 1 . . . gresa 01 useiui ana ornamental arts, to de scribe the rise of religious sects and the changes ol literary tastJ, to portray the man ners ol successive generations, and not to pass by with neglect, even the revolutions which have taken plate in dress, furniture and repasts, and publu; entertainments. 1 shall .kcArfntltf kln - ik. . I r I . vuvvnuijj went jcpiuacn 01 navins descended below the dignity of history, if 1 can succeed in placing before th Fnoi; a a,i " ' oaat3f of the nineteenth century, a true picture of me me 01 tneir ancestors. 1 he events which I propose to relate, form only a sinsle act of a great and evenlfil drama extending through ages, and must, be very imperfectly understood, unless the plot of the preceding ocuj us wen awiuwu. i Biiaii. tnerelorp in troduce my narrative ty a alieht sketch of , ... the history 01 our coun jy, from the earliest times. 1 shall pass rej rapidly over man centuries, bat I shall dwell at some length on the viciaatudea of that contest which the administratian of King James the Second brought to ft decisive crisis." Ha r.a Karly Life. Poor, freezing with cold - in a miserable garret, he studied by the side of his old bro ken liaipaicord: the ardor of his xenius tloue led to animate him in contending with the difficulties of the way. At length he was fortunate enough to obtain some les sons in Italian singing from his introduction to the family of a Venetian nobleman, Am bassador at V lenna. The famous Porpoita was still retained in his household, and Haydn most eagerly sought his favor, in the hope of obtaining also his instruction. Hu miliation, and many a "hope deferred," he had to endure; for Porporta waa ill-tempered beyond conception, and althoueh noor Haydn rose early every morning to brush his coat and shoes, and arrange his wig in the nicest order, in expectation of propi tiating him, he had seldom more than the polite epithet of "fool" bestowed on him lor his pains. And this was the future il lustrious author of the "Creation." At the age of nineteen, his voice breaking, he was expelled from his class st Stephen's Church, wheie he had sung eleven years, and his only asylum was in the house of a wigma- kei named Keller. Unfortunately his resi dence there had a fatal influence on his af ter life; for his host, too desirous seemingly of making ample provision for his young guest, proposed uniting him to ono of his daughters, whiht Haydn was engrossed in his studies, having no thoughts of love, made no objection; and afterwards keeping his word with sciupulous honor, the union proved far from happy. On leaving the house of his friend Keller (we do not know for what reason), for six long years he en- 1 . .... . durea a bitter conmct against penury so piercing, that often during winter he was obliged to lay in bed lor want of fuel and other necessaries. An oppoitunity at last presented itself of improving his circumstan ces; for by chance, the Prince Ksteihay, a passionate amateur of music, was present at a concert which very opportunely com menced with one of Haydn s pieces. The delight of the Prince was unbounded, and he immediately appointed the composer tub director of his orchestra, and he demanded who he was. Haydn, in fear and tremb ling, advanced, when the Prince exclaimed "u hat, is the little AloorT (alluding to his complexion.) Then addressing him, added, "Go and dress yourself as my chapel master. You must never appear again in my presence in the plight you are now ou are too little, and have a pitiful look ing face. Get a new coat and high heeled shoes, that your stature may correspond with your mind. Haydn was too happy at his appoiutment to feel much chagrin at his equivocal style of compliment. ilinttrorfi. Breaking aT a River. On the 12th of Msy, Ilsyes River, which had been covered for nearly eight months with a coat ol ice upwards of six feet thick, gave way before the floods occa sioned by the melting snow, and all the in mates or the fort rushed out to the banks upon hearing the news that the river was "going. On reaching the gate the sublim ity of the spectacle that met our gaze can scarcely be imagined. Ihe noble river, here nearly two miles broad, was entirely covered with huge blocks and jagged lumps of ice, rolling and dashing against each other in chaotic confusion, as the swelling floods heaved them up, and swept them with irresistible force towards Hudson's Bay. In one place, where the masses were too close ly packed to admit of violent collision, they ground against each other with a slow but powerful motion, that curled their hard edge up like paper, fill the smaller lumps, unable to bear the pressure, were ground to powder, and with a loud ciash, the rest hurried on to renew the struggle elsewhere: while the ice above, whirling swiftly round in the clear space thus formed, as if delight ed at its sudden release, hurried onwards. In another place, where it was not so close ly packed, a huge lump suddenly grounded on a shallow; and in a moment the rolling masses, hich were hurrying towards the sea with the velocity of a cataract, were precipitated on it with a noise like thunder, and the tremendous pressure fiom above. lorcing block upon block with a loud, his sing noise, raised, as if by magic, an icy castle in the air, which, ere its pinnacles had pointed lor a second to the sky, fell widi stunning violence into the boiling flood from whence it rose. In a short lime after- wards the mouth of the river became so full of ice that it stuck there, and in less than an hour the water rose ten or fifteen feet, nearly to a level with the top of the bank. In this state it continued for a week; and then, about the end of May. the whole floated quietly out to sea, and the cheerful river gargled along its bed with manv curling eddy and watery dimplo rippling it piacm lace, as 11 11 smiled to think ol hav - ing overcome 11s poweriui enemy, and at last burst its prison walls. Ballantvne' Miuuivn uuy. II. . J. !-.. Ilasakle Origin r Literary mm gcteaiia Alra. What have evening hours done for me chanics who had only ten hours toil? What in the moral, what in the religious, what in the scientific world? Heaiken to these facts! One of the best editors the Westminis ter Keview could ever boast, and one of the most brilliant writers of the passing nour, was a cooper, in Aberdeen. Une oi the editors of a London daily journal was a baker, in Elgin; perhaps the best reporter in the Times was a weaver ia Edinburgh: I the editor of the Witnesj was a blacksmith in Dundee; another was a watchmaker, in Banff; the late Dr. Milner, of China, was a herdboy, in Rhynia; the Principal of the inaon missionary society s College, at nung rvong, was a saddler, at Uuntly; the leouing macnmisi on me iondon and Dir mingham Railway, with 7,000 a year, was a raecnanic in uiasgow; and perhaps the richest iron founder in England was a work- ng man, in Moray. Sir James Clark, her Majesty a physician, was a druggist in Banff. Joseph Hume was a sailor at first. and then a laborer at the pestle and mortar, at Montrose. Mr. McGregor, the member lor Olasgow, was a poor boy, in Kosshire: Mr. Wilson, the member for Westburv. was a ploughman in Haddington; and Arthur Anderson, member lor Orkney, earned his bread by Ihe sweat of his brow in the Ulti ma Thule. English Paper. Waasaa'a Lave Like a diamond in tha ann, Or a wreath by honor won; Like the pright effulgent light Bunting from the etarsof night; Boundless a the ocean yet GenUe aa the rivulet Such ia woman' love. Like tha loatra of tha dawn, Or tha dew of early morn; Like the firraanenton hi(rh , Ardent aa It changeleaa dye; Faithful as tha Polar gem. Peerless as tha diadem Such la woman' love. We may look for happiness in the world. I but not in the things of the world. We shall find it, 11 anywhere, wimin ourselves in our hearts and tempers, MsrnU)' Ponhccmlng Hl'torv, turn Lttrrtry World. Creeawell's I'arltaa Area. The army which now became supreme in the "state, was an aiuiy very different Irom any that bassiuce been seen among us. At present the pay of the common soldier is not such as to seduce any but the bum- blest class of English laborers from their calling. A barrier almost impassable sepa rates him from the commissioned officer. The great majority of those who rise high in the seivice rise by purchase. So numer ous and extensive are the remote dependen cies of England, that every man who enlists in the line must expect to pass many years in exile, and some yeara in climatee unfa vorable to tbe health and vigor of the Euro pean race. The army of the Long Parlia ment was raised for home service. The pay of the private soldier was much above the wages earned by the great body of the peo ple; and, if he distinguished himself by in telligence and courage, he might hope to attain high commands. Ihe ranks were accordingly composed of persons supeuor in station and education to the multitude. These persons, sober, moral, diligent, and accustomed to reflect, had been induced to take op arms, not by the pressure of want, not by the love 01 novelty and license, not by the arts of recruiting officers, but by re ligious and political zeal, mingled with the desire of distinction and promotion. Ihe boast of the soldiers, as we find it recorded in their solemn resolutions, was, that they had not been forced into the service, nor had enlisted chiefly for the sake of lucre, that they were no janissaries, but freeborn Eng lUhmen, who had, of their own accord, put their lives in jeopardy for the liberties and religion of England, and whose right and duty it was to watch over the welfare of the nation which they had saved. A force thus composed might, without in jury to its efficiency, be indulged in some liberties which, if allowed to any other troops, would have proved subversive of all discipline. In general, soldiers who should form themselves into political clubs, elect delegates, and pass resolutions on high ques tions of stale, would soon break loose from all control, would cease to form an army and would become the worst and most dan gerous of mobs. Nor would it be safe, in our time, to tolerate in any regiment leli gious meetings, at which a corporal versed in scripture should lead the devotions of his less g fled colonel, and admonish a backsli ding major. But such was the intelligence, the gravity, and the self-command of the waniors whom Cromwell had trained, that in their camp a political organisation and a religious organisation could exist without destroying military organisation, lbe same men who, a duty, were noted as dema eoeues and field-preachers, were distinguish ed by steadiness, by the spirit of order, and by prompt obedience on watch, on drill, and on the field of battle In war this strange force was irresistible The stubborn courage characteristic of the English people was, by the system of Croin well, at once regulated and stimulated. Olhei leaders have maintained order as strict. Other leaders have inspired thei followers with a zeal as ardent. But in h camp alone the most rigid discipline was found in company with the fiercest enthusi asm. His troops moved to victory with the precision of machines, while burning with the fiercest enthusiasm. From the time when the army was remodeled to the time when it was disbanded, it never found either in die British Islands, or on die Continent, an enemy who could stand its onset. In England, Scotland, Ireland, Flanders, the runtan warriors, olttn surrounded by difli culties, sometimes contending against three fold odds, not only never failed to conquer, but never failed to destroy and break in pieces whatever force was opposed to them They at length camo to regard the day 0 battle as a day of certain triumph, and marched against the most renowned battal ions of Europe with disdainful confidence Tuienne was startled by the shout of stern exultation with which Jus English allies ad vanced to the combat, and expressed the de light of a true soldier, when he learned that it was ever the fashion of Cromwell s Pike men to rejoice greatly when they beheld the enemy; and the banished Cavaliers felt an emotion of national pride, when they saw a brigade of their countrymen, outnumbered by foes and abandoned by allies, drive be. fore it in headlong rout the finest infantry oi Spain, and force a passage into a counter scarp which had just been pronounced im pregnable by the ablest of the marshals 0 r ranee. But that which chiefly distinguished the army of Cromwell from other armies was ihe austere morality and the fear of God which pervaded ell ranks. It is acknowl edged by the moat zealous royalists that, in that singular camp, no oath w as heard no drunkenness or gambling was seen, and that during the long dominion of the sol diery. the property of the peaceable citizen and the honor of woman were held sacred If outrages were committed, they were out rages of a very different kind from those of which a victorious army 13 generally guiuy. io servant girt complained of th 1. kT a . v . - ruugn guiiaiury 01 tne reucoais. ioi an L 11 . . r . 1 1 t . ounce of plate was taken from the shops of the goldsmiths. But a Pelagian sermon, or a window on which the irpin ChiM were painted, produced in the Purilin n ----- ranks an excitement which it required the utmost exertions of the officers to ouell. One tf Cromwell's chief difficulties waa to restrain his pikemen and draroons fiom invading by main force the pulpits of min- ietera whose discourses, to use the language of that time, were not savory; and too may of our cathedrals still bear the marks ol Uje hatred with which those stem apir regarded every vestige ol popery." A Ship asaeaa Iceberg. It is impossible to convey a correct idea of the beauty, the magnificence, of some of the scenes through which we passed. Thou sands of the most grotesque, fanciful, and beautiful icebergs and icefields surrounded on all aides, intersected by numerous serpen tine canals, which glittered in the sun (for the weather was fine all the time we were in the straits) like threads of. silver twinine rounu ruineu paiacea 01 crystal. Ihe mas ses assumed every variety of form and size, and many of each bore such a striking re I 11 r w semblance to cathedrals, churches, columns. arches and spires that I could almost fancy we had been transported to one of the float. ing cities of Fairy land. The rapid mo tion, too, of our ship, in what appeared a dead calm, added much to the magical ef fect of the scene.- A light but stewly breeze urged her along, with considerable velocity, through a maze of ponds and canals, whicn, from the immense quantity of ice that sur. rounded them, were calm and unruffled as the surface of a mill-pond. Not a sound disturbed the delightful stillness of nature, save the gentle rippling of the vessel's bow as she sped on her way, or the occasional pulling ol a lazy a iBZv whal aarakenv1 frnm a nap by our uoceremonione rntruainn on hU domains. Now and then, however, my rev. eries were disagreeably interrupted by the hip coming into sudden contact with huge lumps of ice. This happened occasionally when we arrived at me terminauon 01 one of thoee natural canal through which we passed, and found it necessary to force our . 1 11 way into toe next. S ueae roucusaiuua were sometimes very severe, ana even maae me ship's bell ring; but we heeded this litt'e, as ! a a 1 tbe vessel was provided with nuge diocks 01 limber on her bows, called ice-pieces, and was besides built expressly lor sailing in the northern seas. It only became annoying at meal times, when a spoonful of soup would sometimes make a little private ex cursion of its own, over the shoulder of its owner, instead of into bis mouth. As we proceeded, the ice became more closely packed, and at last compelled us to bore through it. Tbe ship, however, was never altogether detained, though much retarded. 1 recollect, while thus surrounded, filling a bucket with water from a pool on the ice, to 1 .a . wa a see whether it was iresn or not, as 1 nau been rather sceptical upon thia point. It was excellent, and might almost compete with the water from the famous spring of Crawley. Ballantyntt Hudson's Bay. Balaaaa af Pawer. It waa long a moot question amongst ju rists, now lar an interlerence is justined when a State already powerful is increasing ber power to such an extent as to become an object of terror to her neighbors. It is the unquestionable right ol every state to mul tiply its resources, as well by internal im provement as by external- aggrandisement, provided it does not violate the rights of other States. "Nevertheless," says Profes sor Martens, "it may so happen that the ag grandisement of a State already powerful, and the preponderance arising from it, may sooner or later endanger the safety and lib. erty of the neighboring States. In such caea there arises a collision of right, which authorises the latter to oppose by alliances, and even by force of arms, so dangerous an aggrandisement, without the least regard to its lawfulness." Grotius, on the other hand. denies that "the dread of our neighbor's in creasing strength, ia a warrantable ground for our taking up arms against him;" and with hun v attel concurs. Ihe wars under taken for the preservation of that famous system known, from its operation, aa tfu balance of power, naturally suggested mis question. It is one on which no doubt can a . . viae reasonably be entertained al mis day. w e have no right even to complain of a neigh bor who is enlarging his dominions by col onisation, or strengthening his frontier with fortifications, unless we have good reason to apprehend that he is meditating aggressions on us. If we have reason to suspect that bis intentions are hostile, we shall natural ly place ourselves in a posture of defence; but assuredly the naked fact that he is in creasieg his power, and by means in them selves perfectly legitimate, will give no title to our interference. Poisons Punctple, of Vie Law of Nations. Maalc wilk a Jltaalag. At that time an intimate and highly-ac complished friend of my wife's who was also a very sensible woman, a fine musician and considered one of the best private per lormers in the county, came on a vit. 1 he conversation turned on music, and Coleridge, speaking of himself, observed "1 believe I have no ear fur music, but have a taste for it." He then explained the d light he received from Mozart, and how greatly he enjoyed the dithyrambic mov ment of Beethoven; but could never find pleasure in the fashionable modern compo sers. It seemed to him "playing trick with music, like nonsense verses. Munc to please me," added he, "must have a sub ject.' Our friend appeared struck with th observation. "1 understand you, sir," she replied, and immediately seated herself at the piano. "Have the kindness to listen to the three following airs, which I played on a certain occasion extempore, as substitutes for words. Will you try to guess the mean ing 1 wished to convey, and I shall then ascertain the extent of my success. Shi instantly gave us the first air. Ilia reply was immediate. " 1 hat is clear, it is soli. citation." "When I played this air," oh served the lady, "to a dear friend whom you know, she turned to me, saying, "What do you want!' i told her the purport of my air was to draw her attention to her dress, as ahe was going out with me to take drive by the sea-shore without her cloak, Our visitor then called Coleridge's attention to her second air: it was short and expres sive. io this be answered, "that is easily told: 11 is remonstrance. ' " es," replied she, "lor my Inend again showing the same inattention, 1 played this second extempora neous air, in order to remonstrate with her. We now listened to the third and last air He requested her to repeat it, which she did iTl.. :j ... emu ne, "i cannot understand. To thu she replied, "It is, I believe a fail ure, naming at the same time the subject sne nnu wisnea to convey. Ixuendge s an swer was, "1 hat is a sentiment, and cannot be well expressed in music." Oilman's Ltje oj Coleridge. Nelaean ir . . . unman nature is very trail. I0 man ever had a stronger sense of it under the in Huence of a sense of justice than Lord Nel n. He was loath to inflict punishment. and when he was obliged aa he called it. "to endure the torture of seeing men flor o - ged, he came out of his cabin with a hiuv ned step, ran into the gangway, made his now to me general, and. reauW the arti cles of war the culprit had infringed, said, "Boatswain, do your duty." The lash was instantly applied, and. consequently, the sufferer exclaimed, "forgive me, admiral. wrgive me! Un auch occasions Lord Nel auu wuuw 100 it around wiui wild anxietv. 1 11 1 ... ... and, as all his officers kept silence, he wouia say, "what! none of you speak for himf Ail raat kim nffl" 1 U II to the suffering culprit, "Jack, in the day of battle remember me!;' and he became a good fellow in , future. A poor man was . - - - vi. . UICIIBUU about to be flogged, a landsman, and few pitied him. lira offence was drunkenness. Ashe was being tied up. a lovely girl. con. trary to all rules, rushed through the officers ano, inning on ner knees, clasped Kelson I 1 l 1 a .a 1 r tf a a a W - - nano, in wnicn were me article of war. exclaiming. "Pray, forgive him, your honor, and he shall never offend again!" "Vour face," said the admiral, "is a security for his good behaviour. Let him go; the fellow cannot be bad who has such a lovely crea ture in his care." This man rose to be a eutenant; his name waa William Pye. Tfcs 91 a Mrs! Drama. While a regiment of volunteers Were marching through Camargo, a captain, a strict disciplinarian, observing that one of the drums did not beat, ordered the lieuten ant to inquire the reason. The fellow, on being interrogated, whispered to the lieuten ant, ! have two ducks and a turkev in mi drum, and the turkey is for the captain.' n:- i ; i .. .. f . uis uemg wnisperea to me captain, he ex claimed, 'why didn't the drummer say he was ill? I don't want men to do duty when they are not able. War jn Mexico. (JiwY-.liM,rtuie Li, . A health to dear woman From tha ..p j tiM But her cheek in ii. rJ!?.. ' ' ""imf Z And mirror iu bloom in ,h. bright .T, """ w.ieneu for h h.i .7. .or. waa aVr. 101 li. And rer smoothed tha while flak when he en."" r-wiUdk mi 1 A (he press her cold Ii name. fcri -aa W( Ale for the loved one The joy. of hU b.ns.., to Hi eye lost ila light that k- JT?. wine. !wv4 m Joy smde ia th. fountain, hu, - Ai their riUuJs Aw s.:.j- They brthe not the n.,.t efThsTrT kJ! dream. uaaai't Bat tha lil ef innocence iot 01 m,U r Then a health and a welcome to ,,.. more? wo,n nee She brines as a uiannri ,1... !" B '""- letter, . 11 lacoHniersignea Ailtn o. r' , uiri: " "m Aearrlc nVfaee .. lklH It is interesting toon,iU ,i, , of this part of our earth at ,Le ZT me-Jmiely antecedent to tie inutnWfonTf man. Instead of a country n-uu for the absence of all quadrat . "i iiii uiee giauis ore uuw renrt-arni.1 l. , era though similar species. The YmH j - - m u- B. I ! 4 . perhaps, presented a condition of vwtaL little different fiom thatsull chr J,; ! of them. Numerous clunirw if (,. .' wne dotted about at intervals, and ihe teivening country was coveird for ti part by rich and Imuiiant vernation -Other trees probably fringed the n, j those gigantic river which still uZ, w iheir torrenti of water and dm.u a Rllil, continent. In the half fcain(.y trac s in the pools foimed by the sh,iur.j tdSM these rivers, the Toxodon then dt:tatj over the broad plains the Macrauitri,.. slowly paced. At one spot nuuierou, bwe trunks of tres, dipped of their wii rotten and halfdccayed, cr alive aa.n... the busy tread of millions of ants and iasecta, mark the leaf-eating tube. J,e Ulyptudoii, with his heavy tread, s.on.y vames under the weight ol" a ti.it k ii-d cum brous coat of mail, and fnally dears tlie half destroyed vegetation. The rr.ii:-r spe iea of the Megstheroid family, ea- h ore, inueeu, a gian; in m way, teed on the younger and smaller plants, tearin; them up by the roots or reaching from the groaid to devour their foliage. But ptesenilv tf.e Megatherium himself appears, toiiice iiow ly on from some great tree recently 14 low and quite stripped of its green coveiir. The earth groans under the enomiou mao each step bears down and crushes the tUk ly growing reeds and othri p!ai.L; b-.t ti.e monster continues to advance towards a to. ble tree, the monarch of this pri.neval for est. "For a while he pauses before it, a if doubting whether, having resisted tiestunu of so many seasons, it will ye'd even to bis vast strength. But n L.'s resolution is taken. Having set himself lo ti.e task, he first loosens tlie soil mound ti.e tree to a great depth by the powerful claw on his fore feet, and in this preliminary work fce occupies himself for a while. AiA now un serve him carefully. Marching do to the tree, watch him as he plants his monstrous hind feet carefully acd earnestly, the Lr r projecting claw taking firm and deep hold of the ground. His ixl is so placid au rest on the ground and support the body. The bind legs are set, and the animal LlV ing itself up like a huge kar.garoo, grasp the tree with its fore legs at aj great a he .it: as possible, and firmly grapples it mith the muscles of the trunk, while the peKii uJ hind limbs, animated by the neivous u.ti ence of the unusually large spinal cord, combine all their forces in the effort about to be made. And now conceive the u.a sive frame of the Megatherium cor.vu!d with tbe mighty wre3tlirjg. every vibrauri fibre reacting upon its bony at:aihn:ebt with the force of a bundled gianu. hi in ordinary must be the stiengtL and propor tions of the tree if when rocked to and tro, to right and left, in such an embrace, it can long withstand the etJoits of iu sasS'loLL" Oven on the Mylodon.) The tree at lenri gives way; the animal, though shaken and weary with the mighty effort, at orue bef-M to strip off every gieen tw ig. The eirt, however, even when surcessiul, w as not al ways without danger. The tree in f-ii)ii? would sometimes by iti weight crust iu powerful assailant, and ihe bulky arniiui, unable lo guide it in its fall, might often injured by the trunk or the larger branches. To guard against some of this iik, the skull, the most exposed pait, is found in hibit more than usual defence against injury. It is more cellular than is lunal with other animals, and the inner and stronger plate n covered with an outer table and intermedi ate walls, to resist a sudden arid violent shock. Anstels Pkturtsque Slttchts of Creation. Am afatiasi Nsltas. Being myself a very good mesmeric st!v ject, 1 asked one of my friends to tell t old man that 1 had seen curious things dor.e in England, and knew the truth of such clairvoyance as he professed to show, and that 1 would lake the boy s place, i he would refuse, and plead some god rea sons against it; but 1 desired my inerw u take no refusal. The old man prestrn. said 1 might do as 1 liked, but he did wj think it would succeed. More charms anu . i .),.? incense were burned, my nana ww scoured with ink and the usual pool pour"1 into the palm, and I faithfully gaed icW iU In two minutes the sensat.on ran, though there was no hand upon my head. The magician is a powerful, and no doubt, unconscious meameriser. Presently I gan to see such odd things in the pooi ink it grew so large before my achins eyes, and showed such strange moving shad ows and clear symmetrical figures and ia- tersectmg lines, that I felt uncertain bo Ion I could command my thoughts and words; and. considering the number of su""" gers present. 1 thouht it more prudent shake off the influence while 1 could, than to pursue the experiment. The perfuinrt might have some effect, though I " n0 sibla to them, and an mitf ht the dead aueOCS and my steadfast gazing into the ink; but that there was also a strong mesmeric ence present. I am certain, mope"" not be long before some sauslactory of mesmeric experiment, like that so trium- pbantly pursued by Vt. fcsdaiie, m is instituteJ in Egypt, or at Jerusalem, ' Arabs for subjects. Miss Mdrunta. Profanity is a mark of low breeding.-- Show us the man who commands the ix respect; an oath never trembles on w tongue.