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W. C06BY, JOHN H. HEYWGOD, ItObLfc BLTLfcK, 1 Editobs. LOUISVILLE::: :FEB. 10. 1819. O" Wt tend, occasionally, a numbr of tht Eiamikcs to persons who art not tubtcriltrt, in tit hope, that by m peruoal of it, they may bo in duced to tvboCTlbt. ' T hrrlhr la Arrears. Wo would earaeetly ask that each subscriber who may bo ia arrears to ua will transmit tit amoaat due, atone, by mall. Wa bate ou oar abscriptioa book nearly foar hundred distant subscribers, who owe for tha Examiner from It ral number, and to whom fir or six bill bv been sent. It Is scarcely necessary to remind them that in aarset way of Iroakinf down a newspaper U to recelv It and fall to forward tha subscription money. Thsrsars, no doubt, many person amonf this number who haTS, by acci dent, overlooked oar claim, and it would be a matter of regret to aa if, after allowing a proper Ume to elapse for a response to this call, w are obliged t publish a delinquent 1UU Here Oat Oar friend need not bo discouraged by those erho report that tha spirit of liberty Is dead that there cre4jrajr .At Emanci pation la the State. Politicians hare made MM canning movemeaU, it is true; but can niag often defeats itself. Member of Legisla tive bodies are fallible as wall as Other men Msa bar been deceived by their i wishes before to-day. Aa "history is philosophy teach ing by example, w ar fond of rocarring to it. Archbishop Laud thought that be had put down dissent by lbs act! measures be had Ukea. "On tha varyev of troubles fatal to himself and his order," says Macaalay, "the bishop of sev eral Diocese were able to report to him that not a single dissenter was to bs found within their jurisdiction." la a short time, the opinion of the men wort somewhat changed ! Dtvlae Aataartry. Ob of the premonitory symptom that an noune th approaching death of an institution i sees la tha extravagant claims set ap in iU favor. Oa the ere of a revolution or reforma tion, th defenders of that which is to ba changed assume the moot threatening attitude. Th members of a decaying noble family are usually mors haughty than those who live in prosperity. The fashionable lady whose charms have began to fade, decks herself more gaudily than ever. Whea the advocate of a human institution be gin to claim divine authority in it favor, it may be taken for granted that they are hard pressed. When they can find no warrant on earth, they try t get one in heaven. We were reminded of the poeitioni of some of the defenders of slavery by reading Macaulay's ecut of the doctrines of that grest stickler for tha divine right of king, James th First A greet change was tskiag place in the minds of th people, who 'were beginning to free them selves from the shackles of the dark ages. But Jame claimed more than had been claimed by those of his predecessors, who had tha firmest bold of power. "It was gravely maintained that the Supreme Being regarded hereditary monarchy as opposed to other form of govern meat, with peculiar favor; that th rule of sue cession ia ths order of primogeniture waa a dl vln institution, anterior to the Christian, and even to the Mosaic dispensation; that no hamaa power, not even that of the whole Legislature- no length of adverse possession, though it ex tended to tea centuries, could deprive the legiti mate prince of bis rights; that hi authority was necessarily always despotic; that the law by which, in Eagland and in other countries, th prerogative was limited, were to he regarded merely as concessions which the sovereign ha freely made asd might at his pleasurs resume and, that any treaty into which a ling might eater with his people was merely a declaration of his ereeeal Intentions, and not a contract of which the performance could be demanded." The doctrine were advanced just before th people beheaded a king for undertaking to carry them oot. . Paaeeey'e oJ mlsiles Tae Pra-fMave- ry To Is) Ike VgUlatare 1 a Iaty of Kasaaciyslealsas. Satardey last was a remarkable day at Frank fort decidedly it ought t be marked with a Mblae beam-" - The perpetual is t of Kentucky who have no Saint ia tb calendar to whom they can look for favor, ought, by all mean hereaf ter, to kola th third day of February ia the most kindly remembrance. They ought to fiav a day. Tha English have Saint George' day which they hold, or raVber did bold in reverence ia honor of th drags (layer of Cappadocia th Irish hava Saint Patrick' day, la honor o that Saint who banished Paganism and frogs from tha "emend isle" be Scotch, at home, hava a day, and ia this country they make it a matter of conscience to meet together on the twenty-fifth of January, not In honor of a Saint, it i tae, bat of a much better man than nemo saint that w hav heard of and oven, according a venerable adage, "every dog has hi day." Well, tbea, ainca all aorta of men and dop hav their day, why should not the Esa tacky perpetnattou have thalr day, and why ehoald not the third of February be that dayt'- Satarday last was a very remarkable day at Frankfort. It was dark and cloudy here, bat we oppose it wis clear and beamy at the seat of government. The slaveholder convention met thejy oahatdy, and we presume they resolved that emancipation to precisely what they do not wish to effect- Well, as nobody expected them to resolve Otherwise, we fear that their labor of Lev was lost. Bat what were th doings of th lavfboldera Convention when compared with th remarkable" i tra performed by th "assem bled wisdom of th StaUT" Did not Mr Deboaey, with heart brimful of ebullient patriotism and philanthropy, riss in his placs ia th House of Representatives, and offer the aabjoiaed mast delectable resolution? Mfittvfd, That we, the ReprtttUstwt of tit peopfc oj Amrecay, ar opposed to (be abolition r emancipation of slavery la any form or shape whatever. ' Wall, ws oaanot too highly admire the com. prebenstvenc of Mr. Dohoney'a resolution. It eppeee both the abolition aad th emancipa tion of slavery In s"y form or shape. We love to dwell oa tbe tegue of Mr. Dobonsy's col location of wrd. He is opposed to to "eman cipation of slavery ia any form or bap what ever." emancipation af alavery! W have ' Lerd.a good deal said of lata of tb emancipa tion of slaves, hat oar friends bavs not got ts that pitch of classic perfection which enable " them to taTk"tr.pplne1v oa tha tonrna" of ,h- mnclption of tlmtrp. Moreover, Mr. Doho ey'a reflation wage a war of extermination against ia"atoiiuoa or emancipation of alave ry in ny form ar shape whatever." There are many kind of alavery ift Kentucky there ia African alavery, which wa hope to live to see extinct within the fair border of ear dear eld Commonwealth., Then, there is the slavery of vice and sin, tbe slavery of bad habits, the slave ry of th poor and tbe dependent whit men and worn, and a variety of other ''shape and forms of slavery, egaiast each and all of which w on a to war as long a the breath of life anl aaates oer bodies. Bt Mr. Doboaey'a resolu tion. If ware to construe it literally, ia' ia favor of eattaln tag slavery In all th varied forms and j snape which it assume among as. And yet this resolution was voted fur by the Rrprtttntttivet of the ptipls of Kentucky!" Wo see ia this fact great med why Mr. Breck- euridge's ealighlened effort in behalf of educa tion in this Stale shoulJ be crowned with i ac cess. When ths representatives of the neools , i vote for such a resolution, it is time th school master should ba abroad. Mr. Dohoney'n resolution was opposed by Mr. Ewing, who very wisely thought the peo ple had sect representatives to Frankfort for ether purpcees. II moved to lay it on th table, but the motion was lost byavoteof II to 791 Mr. Hughes fesring -that the resolution was rather loo unlimited, offered to amend it by adding to it these words: "except as now provld. sJ for by the Constitution aad laws of the State." Tils amendment was adopted and th resolution was ale adopted by the following vole ayes S3, nays 0 ! We presume, although we ar not aware that such is the fact, tl st som Gsrmatt transcsn dentalist hat. commented oa the significance of a cypher, aad we might, if we saw fit, comment enthesigaificaucsof this 0 what boys call a sine with the tail eut off. Bat we must dully no longer. ii Ths "representative of the people of Ken tucky," aa In member of I ha lower houai of our Legislature boastfully cxll thenuelvse, hum unanimously resolved that they are "opposed til the abolition or emancipation of slavery in any foriQorohap whatever." Do these gentle men represent ths people of Kentucky T No! In this vol they bare clearly misrepresents! the people tf the Stat. Were the peophi f Louisville represented In that vote? Wo ar proud to say that an 'overwhelming majority of the people cf this city are uncompromisingly 1 it favor of ths extinction of negro slavery and all other forma and shapes of slavery. Aad unless rosny of the most audacious and intelli gent wen of the State ar very much mistaken, there ar a large number of countie iu whicb public sentiment is decidedly in faVor of eman cipation. The resolution Is, we have no doubt, a calumny on tbe common sense and philan thropy of Kentucky, and we call upon the people to come forth in their ttrenglb and re pudiate it. We blush to add tint wo have been credibly informed that many of th member who voted for this disgraceful resolution havs frequently announced themselvea unreservedly in favor of emancipation in Home "form or shape," aad yet they faltered and voted In favor of a resolution that misrepresents their own opinions as well as tb opinion of those who snt them there. Friend of emancipation, the time for action ha now come! It now devolve on you to wipe from the fame of our Stale th foul blot which the member of the House of Itepreseu tative have placed upon it. It is now your acred daty to com forth and exhibit your strength. If tb vote on Mr. Dohoney'ii reso lution represents th public sentiment of Ken tucky, let it be known; but if it does not, then some step are indispsnsable to disprov It. Delay no longer to act with vigor and direct nee. Follow the glorious example of Louis ville. The opponent of slavery in this citv have held ne large meeting already, and on Monday nij;ht next, they will hold another meeting which will doubtless be on of the most iipoiajr ia number anl respectability verheld in the State. They will then deny that the retmUUon adopted at Frankfort on Monday last reprenents them, in a tone aad with ca cmphsftia not likely to be misunderstood by those wbe, on this subjoct, misrepresent oar city in the Legislature.. Be active, he vigilant, friends of emancipation. Meet together ia every county in the Stat and declare your will. Do not let the perpetual itits impoee fetters and chains oa your hearts and tongues, but, In the true spirit of freemen, meet and express your views. This yoa owe to yoursel re and to the great an J good cause which has won your ju.lgmnnt and sym pathy. You must act at onrejand with firm nees. Do not delay to declare that the Legisla ture has misrepresented Jyou, and let the world know that Kentucky is not tbe paradise of the advocaUs of alavery and slaves. The pro-lavery men ar growing bold throughout th State. We are glad to see them active. Something wa needed to csll oat the friends of emancipation, and if the conduct of the pro-slavery men and the recent course of the Legislators fail to hav the desired effect o It l J: . i . . mem, no.iuii n fmujt uwappumiea. A lew emanclpatioaieu ia each couaty should meet together forthwith and concert such measun a will best srv to bring their friends together A meeting ia each coaaty, to bo followed by vigoroas organisation,' for the purpoe of bring ing tbe strength of the emancipationists to bear on the election for th Convention and Legis lature next Aogust, are now necMwary. If oa friendsla the different counties will purine this course, tber will disabuse the people of the error under which they now li ia regard tb th nU-slsveryentiment in tbe SUtte. The pro slavery men are striving to maka it appear that there are but few persons in Kentacky favorable to relieving the State from the pressure and cars of African slsvery.snd that tha subject of mancipation is not to be "agitoted" this year. Tbia is the very profound policy resolved en by th pro-slsvery men, and they are chackling over its fancied s access. Kise, friend of erase elpation, coma forward all you . who believe that the spirit of Christianity and th renins of tru republicanism ar opposed l. slavery, and display your strsagth. Yoa are called oa by lb bigbert motive that can appeal to human heart to riss and mate yoar views known. The time Iraperatviely demand uch action of yoa. Be men, tru hearted, free spoken men end let your pro-slavery neighbors' understand that they can neither frighten aor browbeat you into silence." Come up to the work that lies before you w ith all the enrnestnosi and devotion of freemen who feel -that a deep responsibility rest oa their consciences. The ptosm of yoar own minds, th welfare of your children, the fsm and prosperity of yur StaUi, all couspir to urge you to labor vigorously, pwMveringly sad efficiently in tbe glorious csuho of emanci pat .on. Success lies before you and humanity beckon you on, and can you b blind to the charms of the one and deaf to the vole of tbe olher' Act, act with the firmnee of chris tians, of patriots, of freemen, of men, and vic tory will crown your efforts, aad Heaven's smile will rest upon your souls. I a conclusion, we will stale that wa are aware that many of lbs member who voted for Mr. Dohoney's wretched resolution, lid not mean thereby to declare themselves to be la favor of perpetuating alavery. J3ut by voting for it they hav seemingly repudiated th opinions of th wisest and beat men this country has ever pro ducedthe opinions of such men as Washing' ton, Jefferson, Henry, Madison, Clsy,and others who ar looked up to with reverence by men of all sections. Wa know that a mijority of them profess to be opposed to perpetuating the arse of slavery, but th resolution they have voted for expresses entire oppositio.il to emanci pation. We have no doubt that many of them will live to repent this lll-Umed act.. It u a great blander, and that, It Talleyrand li to b believed, is worse in politic, than a erime. Wa deeply regret that any thing so disgraceful has occured. We hava no dnnht. it -:n have a good effect, for it will crUitily ru th mancipation!!, throughout ths S&atiau an ruon I taetr opinion. rafcll OpIaUs. Kentucky hss certainly fallen upon Strang time. Som of her leading political paper have deliberately coma to tha conclusion that the most impertaat question of the day shall not be discussed lu their columns. " Our venerable legislators, In the exercise of their official wisdom bavs, with Owl-Iike gravi ty', decided Uiat "all plana of Emancipation are unwise and impracticable, and that agitation is impolitic and imprudent. Such aa expreasloa, unanimously concurred in, from those who profess to be representatives of tbs people, of course must have some weight How much weight II ought to have is another question, and one to which wewhh now to give, if not an aus wer, at hast some materials for an answer. The members of tha Legislature are chosen as ' rrpmtntotivu of the ptopU. Do they truly represent tbe people of this Commonwealth T Are they representatives or mis-representatives? Let a few facta answer. Among those who voted for tha resolutions unanimously passed by tbe House of Represen. tative, are the members from Louisville. Did Kliey la so voting reflect the sentiments of our city? Let th large, the overwhelming meet ing at tha Court-house answer. A more res pectable meeting, whether character or num ber are considered, never was held in Louis ville. It was a thoughtful and orderly meeting. Lbut pervad! by an intense eothnUunn. Every noble seutirient met with a response which in dicated the deep and heart-f It attachment of our fsHow-cltlitn to freedom. ' w Such is ths testimony of ths people themselves in behalf of Emancipation, a testimony clear, expressive aad strong.' So far from deeming agitation "impolitic and imprudent." agitation Is the very th In j deiired. Discussion, full, free and thorongh, thejT desire to have, and they mean to have. ' , From letters which come to ns from various parts of tbe Stale, nd from men whose cbarac tors and position gitemighl to their words, we have no doubt that the repressatativ of other sections have failed in ripresentin theaenti menu of their coastllneM? signally a tha representative from Loatovill. But ws hava other facts to pnt. If the people of Keatucky ar so uttertT opposed to the disuutsion af th subject of Fancipatioa, why are tot the newspapers untt Say yea that aome of them, and influential papers, , are silent? Tru, but it la very well known that fear of political effect, Injury to their spectiv purtiee, seals their lip. Other papers there are whicb hava thrown their columns fear lessly open to lb discussion, and the number and spirit of th article contributed. Indicate anything rather than fear of agitation. Let th Danville Tribune, tbe Georgetown Herald, the Shelby News, the Maysville Eagle, testify whether their reader unanimously con cur in the opinion that "agitation Is impradeat and impolitic" We migh't allude to other papers, but there are two, which from the honorable Independence manifested npon the subject of Emancipation and th ability with which th subject is discus sed, are entitled to especial respect and confi dence. We refer to the Louisville Courier, and the West Kentuckiaa, published at Paducah. Wa find in the Courier of th 5th and 6th, the following article which we commend to the careful consideration of our representatives: Kraaaclpatloa la Kestaray. An idea has been started in Frankfort, by mem bers of the Legislature, that Emancipation in Ken tucky Is dead. When it died, and where and by whom it was killed, are matters upon which we have been nnable to get any in&rmatiou whatever. Yet these are interesting and essential points in veritable matter. We cannot ajwert tbe fact, bm we bave our fears, thatihe mcaabera of the Legis lature have taken np for themselvea the idea that adorned the diadem of the modest and graceful Louis the fourteenth, of France that tAey are the State, and that because they in their wisdom wish Emancipation to be killed therefore, his killed. But softly gentlemen you know but little of the spirit and temper of the people or Kentucky, if you imagine you can thu stifle inquiry, and thus put an end to a great, a living principle. Emanci pation in Kentucky ia neither dead, nor m it likely to die. A principle that wa honored, cherished, j i .. t . i - . . . . mi suTucsieu oy wssuington ana Jetlereon a a matter of right, justice and trath is not likely to die. In every encounter with the dsik and gloomy error that is endeavoring to overshadow it, it will renew it strength, and go forth to battle with ne vigor. You might a well attempt to chain the winds, or to allay the surge of the ocean by I gislative desire, as to attempt to chain down th free thoughts of the people of Kentucky. The slave power in Kentucky is now engaged striking a blow at Uie prosperity of tbe Slate from which it never can recover, if success attends tl scheme. Weallude to the attempt to repeal the law of 1833 on the importation of slaves into the Slat When Uiat law is repealed, Kentucky will have at tained a pre-eminence among the elsve Sute of the Union she can point to her laws then, and boast, il she has no shame, no sense of her wrong, that she is the only slave territory in the Union where the slave dealer or trader has the' freedom of the State. There is not a slave Sute in tbe Union that has not a law similar to the Kentucay law of 1833, and if we repeal it, Kentucky may take her station alongside of the noble commerce Hint adorns the Western coast ,of Africa; she will be come the alnvo mart of the Union, and negro tra ders will be Ui merchant pnnsca of the Slate. In tha grent debate in the Kentucky Senate on tbe South Carolina Railroad scheme, Mr. Uutliri took occasion to depreca: the attempt to inak Kentucky the frontier State of a slsv territory but the slave power is now attempting not only to make her tbe frontier of tho alave confederation but the rampart of that power. And is it to be sup posed that the people of Kentacky will tamely aubmit to such a state of things as this? Those who think mi will awaken some dsy from a teni Die delusion. Emancipation is not dead in Kentucky, nor is il likely to die. Such principle aa it has never die, nor can they be killed. Nor do ita enemie b liev for a moment that ilia dead. If they believ- J 1 I . r- . .... uiey wouia not iesr to suimnt the question to the people themselves for a direct decision We dare tbe enemies of Emancipation to pntthe auWtun tu Die people or Kentuc ky, so that they may vote on mat question alone. They know better than to trust themselvea thus to th voice of Die people. They prefer biaggartism, noise, confti ion, and proclamation of tbe death of what they dare not meet In an open encounter. Thi is their wmdom.snd, peihaps, their best policy. W prefer, as Mr. Guthrie did, in his crest speech, in answer Id Robert Wickllfle, Esq. bmanc'pation,to making Kentucky a frontier slave SUte, to fight the battle of the South. The spirit of renovation is alive and in rigor, and must go forward in ita onward march. Wa ar decidedly in favor of Emancipating Kentucky from the incu bus that has weighed her down for many years. and from tha awful dangers that threaten her more strongly now than lhiy did when Mr. Guthrie so clearly and triumphantly pointed them out in the debate to which we hav referred. The New CeasUtatloa. We should lik to know what particular object those gentlemen, who are fignrinfl so much against LraancipaUoa,1bink tbe people of Kentucky had in voting in favor of tb Convention. What great evil did tha people feel pressing upon them to re quire the immeus vote of 101 .SB in favor of re modeling the Constitution. The Magistracy has never been lei tan an oppression, the mode of An notating Sheriff t not very disastrous to the peo ple, nor have tbe Clerkships ever been felt as a scv rious oppression. Whet great predominant idea was before the public mind, if it was not the prin ciple of Emancipation? Scarcely a solitary friend of the perpetuitticaof alavery can b found among the 101,828 votes ta favor of a Convention, and now a little knot or politician la Frankfort have Uktnit intolhelthadsto kill Emancipation by1 Ull hunting. They forest oa rmM. Important poiul that in all represent live gorerume.it there ia a large mass of th peop?e who are not wedded lo either of the political pwUe mad up of poli ticians mostly, and that in whatever way this mass goes, it carries decision la Its hands. The politi cnl parties iu Kentucky will find themselves al an awful discount, if they are not eareful, npon this very question. Upon the grest question of the perpetuation of slavery by a constitutional piovis ison, or for gradual emancipation, there cau be, and should be no luioluke s.s lo Die seutiiiientu of Kentucky. .All attempt to hinder diacuwtiou, to choke eft Jree inquiry.or to paralyse public sen timent will recouon the heat's of thou who make the attempt. Tha people of Kentucky know their rights, and will maintain them. We should feel ourself unworthy of th name of Kentuckian if we held a sentiment that we were afraid to avow or maintain. Let not the friend cf alavery imagine for a mo ment that they can strangle discussion the game is up, and will be pursued. The West Kentuckiaa thus speaks in regard to the course or "Virginia on th Wilmot Pro viso and Disunion:" "Sh begins with becoming solemnity: 'The movement (to dissolve the Union,) i oue of the highest importance, and may involve the gravest consequences. MThat is just our opinion, it will involve the gravest consequences, the least of which will be th final lots of all her slaves. For now sh can reclaim them, Jy law, whea they escape into the bordering free Sufee, and all the citizens of those States, except a few fanatics, feel bound by the Constitution to let them alone. But break up the Union and Uiat Constitution, and the moment her slave sets hi foot npon th soil of Ohio or Pennsylvania, ha is irreelaimahly free Th alave will learn this, and where a desire of liberty now impels hundreds to make their long and difficult way to Canada, it will then indue thousand to make the short and easy leap of her northern frontier. Besides, the people of those States, no longer restrained by what she la pleased lo call tha 'compact' between the State, would then yield lo their natural linpul to invite tier negroes to their liberty. And snouui that embroil her in a war with thos Herculean powers, it might be set down as one of "tha gravest consequeuce," which the pre sent movement may involve, without any refer ence to aa insidious and horrible domestic foe that It would probably excite to rise np, from ner nearthstonrs, to stab and fire iu the dark. "This withered old grand-dam thus goes oa I cat tha ridiculous figure of a superannuated bele, who, uamindful that her beauty and power 're gone, still thru.ta herself forward to he d ferred, to and followed by her younger and fairer asighVors: 'The eyes of every slaveholding State are upon ua. By common consent, our sister State look to Virginia to take tha lead la the present mbmentou crisis.' "Yes, madam, the eye of very slaveholding Sute are upon ju; the eye of Kentucky, at least, thank Ood, are upon you; and that I just in apology ano has to alter for declining to fol low your lead. Did ah a tl see that the end of th course which you have run, is a premature dotage and the lose of all the elements of yoar ancient supremacy, except yonr arrogance, no aibly, she might not beg- leav to tak some other. It Is because sh perceives, In your downward progress and wretched imbecility, the ratal error of that 'principle' for whose sake yon call her to rebellion, that she scorns your sum mons." The feavcallea at Vraakrert. The convention of the friends of slavery at Frankfort seems to hava been a failare. A mancipation I dead, according to th members of the Legislature, where ia the chivalry of the Stat that ao few were found to perform th magnanimous operation of kicking th dead UoaT We stall publish the proceeding next week, not because they possess any intrinsic impor tance; but becaus they are a portion of th history of the time, and because they are tha newest and apteat illustration we have aeon of the fable of the mountain and th mouse. fteathe-ra Hcatlaseai, A friend hss furnished ns with the following Ttr.f r..n .1,-1.., I , . . ...... .uo VI a geuiieroaa residing ia North Alabama. It expresses forcibly and w,,..,uumeni prevailing to a great extent, In the slave State, and everywhere Increasing. The writer ia not a Norther m.n nl a n I. J to th South, but a Southern man by birth, edu- cation, reeling and interest: "We are very grateful for th newspaper you end as. I was particularly interested in the "kxaminer, as it expresses my views fully, on ui Slavery and hmancipttion subject. Ken tucky must certainly adopt some prospective emancipation laws, when the Convention meets, and Missouri will follow before lonr- Tha follv of the leading men in the South, who resist the restrictions of the Wilmot Proviso, Ac, is very apparent to me, for anything that would cause a separation of the North from the South would, I believe, destroy the prosperity of th latter forever. I am deterrninod that my family snau not participate in the ruin." Ourreadere will find In another column a "Plan of Emancipation over tire signature of J.T. Bovle. Withth. ..k..k:: ' .. ! "' writer wen acquainted. II . a younrman of rreat nr.mlaa.. .u ' T " au wun me eye of a true patriot look to th future interesu and glory of his Sute. Hi father, tb lato Chief Justice Boyle, was on of Kentucky' minout men; all who knew him loved him. . . . . and a purer patriot and better man never lived. ajt irlalllaa Walla-By VmtX rw.. rw , , auiaiea composition of a vouor tiarmtn wno nas been hut three or four month In onr country. H Uft Berlin soon after the commo tions la that cily. The aoand of his peaceful trumeni waa drowned in th clash of arms and ha haa Una l A maris., i. j. v ,ee our ear caa no turned a moment from th. cJiahlug of uutiaia w iu, auuuu er in. IT re. "Snnnm... I ui OlM at in J flrnwa Kim a r i. ww-V UIIU UUm IMr fOaaaia no iliac another kind or ".onorou metal will not prewnt him from betas- heard in Am. rlca. We congratulate tha citizen of Loal viu oa navug him imoor u. W. hAn. .w.. t. t ...... r eiuay oe inoucea to spend his life In our cltv His whole soul is devoted to his art, and bis resilience smong us will help to ereate a higher musical usie. w a consider him a musical genius, and we believe that he will yet rank nign among composers. Wa have a, great deal of musical talent in Louurvllle why caa we not have orchestra. and musical societies? RniTlaa At Alt. 0 I have labored noblv , rl... T 'iu v vut IIIIMatUnWal I W are sure that they will gladly welcome al --- in inusi. I fellow laborer into the field. Th distinguished vocalist, Madame Ablamo- wlcx, will give a musical enterUlnment in the Apollo Rooms on Tuesday evening next- Madam A. Is a favorite in our city, and w are confident that she will hav a fail house. Sh baa just been glvlug aerie of f ntertainuMnU lo Cincinnati, which were attesided by th reuna portioi or the citizeia af that plac. The boy of a poor widow in New York. went to California ia Stevenson'a regimsaL VU- - ... . x oe co area supported her. Sho refused anv farther aid, a few days ago, givinjr as tha reaaoa, th following latter and oontenU: "Dear Mother EacloMd toa Draft for 12,000 ; doa't b sparing: tf it, for I hava pUnly of th sains sort left-" . Th trath of thi to attested by tbe church clergyman. 1 Tb Wrrvs f Mrsrvly Kevtrw. W hav received the first number of this journal, th publication of which bait been commenced in Cincinnati. It haa a more mis cellaneous character than usually belong to reviews; but we believ this feature will aot de tract from the interest of lli work. Th Review will be devoted to the discussion of all tha great questions that claim the attention of our age. Ilia conductors do not lay claim to Infallibility, and they are willing to have both sides heard on very question. This is to be a Jree journal. Wa hava been much interested in th article a our friend, W.D. Gallagher. Th asthorof the article ia on who stand high in Western Literature, and who will take a still higher stand if bis modty doe not prevent After having given, in a moat beautiful style, som account of Mr. Gallagher' life, and of th literary en terprises in which he haa been engaged, th wri ter proceeds to quote some of the poem of Mr. G. Th three distinctly marked period of his poetical life, are pointed out; in th first of which th soul of the poet was looking at tha Beautiful in the occurrence of (if; ia th second, tha charms of External Nature claimed his love; la th third period, th soul of tha poet ha been filled with sympathy for Human ity, and his writing hav aasamed a loftier tone. We cannot refrain from quoting a poem whose chief excellence consist in th nob! sentiment It expresses. It ha little of th poetical Imagery which appear la other of hi poems. Th poet seems to be too earnest to use any but the most direct language. An im age might have diverted the mind from the lofty foaling with which th poet wished to inspire it. Tb poem I familiar to most of our read ers; bat we never read It without feeling our selves nerved to encounter whatever may b bef r us. The feelings which th poet seeks to arouse are much needed at this tim. TRUTH A !f D FREEDOM. Oa th psge that Is immortal, W th brilliant prom if see: "Y shall know theTaiTH, my popl. And its might shall make yoa free!" For th Tatmr, then, let na battle. Whatsoever fata betide! Lens; the boast that w are Fauaxa, W have made aad published wide. II who ha th Trath, and keeps it. Keeps what not to him belongs, But performs a selfmh action, That hi fellow-mortal wrong. He who seeks the Trath, and tremble At the danger he must brave, ' Ia not fit to be a Freeman He, at beat, i but a elav. . II who bears tha Trath, aad place IU high prompting under ban. Loud may boast of all that's manly. But cia never aa a Mai. Friend, this simple lay who readest, Be aot thoa Ilk unto them Bat to Truth giv utmost freedom, Aad the tld It raise, stem. Bold ia spnech, and bold in action, Be forever! Time will teet. Of th free-aeuled and th slavish. Which fulfils Life's mission best. Eleeilea ef C. 8. e eater. It will be seen by our Ulegraphic depatches that. as had been anticipated, the Hon. HxatT Cur wa yesterday elected U. & Senator by the Ken- t'icl;y Legislature, for six years from tha 4th o. .March next He received 92 vote, and CoL K. St Johxsox, who wa complimented by the im port oi tne uemocraU, received 45 votes the full strength of his party in the Legislature. awreaeo WwM ss4 Ita fraTesas aa Vali Tha Liverpool Journal says that the annual addition to tha British stock of gold made by miaea U about 12,000,000, of which Russia aad South America contribute each 5,000,000. Tb Russian mines bar been worked about twelv years, and have enlarged our stock of gold by 60.000,000, without having produced tb least effect ia price. Th effect of the dis covery of gold ia California it thinks will be to cIo m7 H Soaob. American works, aad mismay exund even to Rossis, so that the aversg aggregate supply will be less than is I fT!!!! V ,Olinitxl anI -a f a--L. 1 . is estimated at $300,000,000, th addition of vea 25,000,000 annually could not greatlj Biarioro wun lis value. OCTTheUoitoo Courier states that Mr. John Daggett of that city, editor of the City Directo ry, ha taken great pains to collect tho num bers of Dr. Franklin's "Poor Richard' e Alman ac, commencing in 1733 and terminatW in i.o, iiweuiy-uve yeiira.) lie is said to'r e a - tbe only person who haa the whole series com - uV -courier gives very copious ex- uacia rrom tne uo-:tor a sayings, which are all in his peculiar vein of isdom and wanerr. Cannot tho whole series be published in one volume!" llaeea af XToo. fj. Coumics, S. C, Sunday. Jan.'2S". W. . ..... .1... IT. m...rreston, ineflisuaruuhed President of the ...K r., llin. rAii... ... k.. . 7 . . " "" ea flaareroa I tained for hi recovery. aaa Iaara af ISM. Tli total valu of the exports and import t and from foreign countriea daring th year iota, is inns officially atated: 5xPorU 8154,0.16,436 ampons. 154J'J.9on Balance of trad, against us the past vear. $9j7,464. . CiKcmsiTi Poaa Tsajix. TaeCIncInnaU Ua zetle, aaya that the number of slaughtered hoes unpolled to Cincinnati since aer4.T04el k ou,- aid. . lh aemrier of pouMSOt pork uibulk iui- ported during th. saW time, I,771,7C7-Dunibei OI DOlinda ainoMed Sill nav t3The United Stale contains 182 public libra rics. The aggregate number ot volume, in th iiorarie is 1,-at.tW, la the numbet of public iiDranes, r ranee is the only country hi th world wnicn excels us. She has 241. Ia th arrremte nuintor of volumes, Cermauy with 5,500,000. rrancewiw about o,U00,000. Great Briuin with Prhp 2,500.000, and Russia ith l,2o0,rj00, tke nnk of us. Aawertcaai Uevlew. Th. February na.nber of thi. work co.uia. many Interesting article. Thr r. . paaeagea in th first article "Dangers and Ll a a m. rMt letfTritkWlai jar I T t . . 7.7 T " ""'"B -WD,rn hould line to aunt, hni n i rill net oarmil. F . W. Precott to th agent for Loutovill. lew York Caaala. waa M . . i na olhclal Ublea show a falling off ia th receipls on the New York canal darinr th. r-'- J " nip,rea wun Iboe of 1P47 of oJbj.u-i t,b. Th. freatest decreaa to oa th trtecnai, where tb falling off la $385,465 60 $3,597 14. To offset these there to alv a. I.. creas oi aa,i u ua, which was mainly oa the iiieoaugo ana uswego work. Tha railing off vi tuccauai ,raoa at tiuHaio to aatoaUhing, be iag a decrease in the tolls ef $544,083 87. ahlK Im Iarrer than tha total deficiency oa all th. e.. nals. ... Th bill before th Arkansas Lerlal.ture. t. . w w I v mm MSBJ w BJ g g WWW 9 change tha nam of Van Bursa county to Cass PInt in tha vicinity of Kay Waat;aath eoauty, haa paseed. So it seenw thai dowa l. f from SL Mr'. i p. -i a ' "Rackenaac," aroMby aay other nam don't moil a sweet- Ci. Go. 1 Tbe Boitoa Trareler, la noticing tho returns need to th Secretary ef the Commonwealth of MaasachasetU, say that they are quit de fective, a no relurnebav been mad by twenty-eight cities aud town, aad frem ether the report are very Imperfect Th return re ceived show of births, 16,515; of marriages, 5,Sb7; and deaths, 11,346. Th greatest am ber of birth reported ia one moalh wa ia March, vix; 1,513; and the next highest la Feb ruary, 1,461, and April, 1,433; th lowest a am ber occurred in Jane, 1,012. Th greatest a amber of marrisges took place la November, 760; the aext highest, ia October, 553; aad Ore lowest la July, 27 d, and August, 2?6. Of tb 5,237 marriage, 67 men hava been under 20 year of age, and 1,134 women; between 20 and 25 year of age, there hav been married. 1,870 man, and 1,956 women; between 25 and 30, there were 1,415 men, aad 673 womea; be tween 30 aad 35 year of age,3c9 man, aad 197 womea. Th greatest number of dath haa been caused by eonsamption, vix: 2,397; typhus fever haa carried off th next highest aamber, vix: 1,202; and dysentery stands next, haviag carried off 1,C74; pneumonia haa caased th death of 432; aad croup 265. Tha aversg age of tho persons who died during th past year wa 51 years. Th averago age of professional men was ever 49; merchants 52; farmer 651,; public ulcer 40; mechanic 4C; laborer 43; sea men, 43; peiprs65; femaJee 47'. Of lb deatka, 490 were a a married male, at aa average ago of 35 unmarried female 517, at aa average age of 41)' married males, 1,421, at aa aversg of 54 1 married female 1 ,522, at aa average age of 43,' widowers 326, ave rage age 74 -widows 756', average age 72. The Velee ef North C'erellae. In the House of Commons of the Sute of North Carolina, on thu 30th instant, when certain reso lution concerning tho agitation of the alavery question wer under consideration, the following resolution was moved, by wsy of amendment, by the Hon. Edward SUnly: Maottd, That wo seUeve the seoele of Sorts Caroli na, of all parties, ars devotedly attached to the I'atoa oi ifce United States; that they near it as a mala pillar ia um saint ot real Ukiepeadeace ; the support ef rraav oniilty at bonis, or peace akroad; of safety;ol pmceerity; and of thai very liberty they eo highly Mixe; that they etaenh a cordial, habitual, and immovable aOaChmeut to u, aed that! he, watch for its preservatioa with Jealous aoiM;; thai they believe It is the duty ef their public srrvanu to itocouiitesaue whale ver Biay ni gest s ve a MupitiuaUtatit caaia say eveut be abaadoawd, aed te "rrjl HtdicoaDtly every attempt toalvaale soy poitioe oi uur country irum in ra, er to caift-Ma ine sacred ties wMt.h sow link lofrUtrr the various paria. This resolution, we are happy to aay, pasted by yeas 56, nxrs 31. 1-reeleVaiUI PepaUr Veer. A classification of th popular vote as regards the slava aad free Stales, iaclading Delaware among the slave Suus, and not taking Sooth Carolina Into th calculation, weald aUad tha: Taylor. Case. Fourteen slave State, 437,392 407,070 Fifteen freo Sutes, 924,356 816,222 ToUl. - 1.3C1.74S 1,223,292 Taylor'a majority ia alave Sutes, 30,322 Taylor' majority ia free Sute, 10c434 ToUl 13S.456 IJCUaSK OF VOTES. Year. Voter. Yean. Voter. 1 1,162,413 I 1-40 2.4lr.,65$ 1S.12 15268 141 2,702 .549 1336 101J3 1845J 2.8.-1.272 There are thirty States, fifteen ef which east j tC3 electoral votes for Taylor, aad fifteen cast 127 electoral vote for Cass. Total electoral vote 290. Necessary to a choic 116. XLXCTOaaL VOTE. Paylor. Case, 97 72 66 55 163 12T Taylor majority. 25 Free State, Slav Sute, 11 36 Total, OThe General Assembly of Arkansas ha ad journed. It previously passed resolutions in boa. or of tbe memory of the lata Mr. Sevier, and voted to erect a monument to him. Gov. Drew ha for mally resigned, atd the dutiea of the Executive will be discharged by th Hon. R, C. Byid, Presi dent of the Senate, until the people can choose a Governor. Pwalic Deal af Georgia. The railroads throagh the moaaUias, from AtlanU to th Tennessee river line, a distance probably of one hundred and twenty miles, is owned by the Sute, and cost not lea than $5,000,000. For moat ef this sura. Georria old her bond. She ha since reduced them to $1,25! ,750. This ia a fine showing ia her finan cial condition. Owinr to the mmhIi.... private stockholders were aot willing to eon- street th road, and for that reason th barthea waa thrown apoa tha Sute, la anticipation of wnat baa really proved to be th cum, that th 1 "ad would be the nacleaa aad rallying point of " we enterprise ia Georria. whieh (. eomplishing wonders for tha public prosperity I The Sute 1 endorser oa the hoad. f r. urn An antTirittAai f km menn rum .. w r..w, aw, axvi, f WW,UW. I UtT to aa daager of aay default, by which pro vis- f a a . ma win nav to no mad oat of tha public tre ..y, w proieci me anwemuned credit of th sure. sraa Texas. r i . . . . . uaivesion oate to ad alt., were received at rew Orleans on th 2Cth. Tha Lavacca Ad vertiser states mat Uaral Worth aad staff were to leav Lavacca oa tha 23d, for Saa An tonio, where, aa w before sUted, th headqaar- a a I a. . . . eroo toaivisioa will be esUbiishsd. M.ior w urien is siauoned aa QuartermasUr at Pert Lavacca. Tha AdvocaU apprebeada that Kaw IT A ! tk a ,uu"l wiu oe mad at Ua asxt seeeioa ef I Wlltnr. toremovth Seat.fGov.r. ment to some other part of tha Sut. ,k.ki. i. .... . ... .r- .j to Huatsville. Ad Tier. jom -. , ia bis reea veiedictorv aa m.1 : l . f . . v . i . . . . J ....8 Irvm ui Nutria, chair, which h- had filled toTfortron, aBM ta,aminm -No man should be without a well contacted Newspaper; ha to far behind the .i.. age aniens he reale one; Mt apoa equal footing with hi. Wlow-ma. who ajoyXh advantage, aad is di.regardf.1 ef hie duty to his family, .. not affording them an .ppertaaitv acquin.g . kaowlJg. of what to pVEi,.. ltty,h, world, at the cheapest ooa.ihU lakVT- 1 me a family without a m. ..i . to any that there will U amaifost I. thai Kin", a want of amenity of maaaere aa.1 ladicatioas tll!0'"1"'" ft with ai T-7 T "r wu""n uiaifuch a ration P-per. If f wre a bVv. e. .r " sasM as tvm9J, dulreaee. V "7 ."v- I woW read a aewsoaaer -i." though I had to work by torehlirtt tUJ-7r h will be slmost ..r. t- '.'? . w aa low an ua ajiin m Bii aaal J i a elf, bating vicioa. iadulgoaca. which readi i wivihwii to oegei a uisiaat for. Oold Fever la Kaglaaal. Th fever for Califoraia rold h..iia. t- spreading I. Great BriUia. Svral vU aaaoaaced ia London, Liverpool and Glarw. .M ymMrw iow xn rold rer Vi.i.. tarers, of all rasas, wa are told, are detarmiaad to ahare ia th gsaerml acrambl for Sacramen- to gold. xTlarMa Th Legiaiatara af Florida adioaraal.a ih. win UisU Aa immease amoaat ot has! aces waa transacted amonr other a hill . tk- r..i ... - w UUiahmsat of camnu. .i . Stat; one for a railroad Si. r.-f. from miim noial aar th. ...... Uhoocha and Flint n... s, . mA . Tvea Maaia.1. re Iw Blar New . to December 20th. k-r overkad ww WB mai j0lJ WMj. to th cold earner - ,i. . wia - V.C ow .ver ,h. whole goIJ ."7 tie had belli og e,kj th winter oa th spot. Th extent and rich. aad int,nA ' w r enned as exceedisr ... " ' . . ww VI SlXi Immease aamhrrs had W-ft ... ig to leav from the Pifie " T region. w u gow Commodore Jose wa Ivi California, h-crew . ring rerorJo of 0 ,, ' """ d . J re. N Um than 27 v.,. t.H .. wichl.la.ds for Califorai, -,u .. gereaad 600 aeti,e-eM ,e7 ' la specie to iavest ia g, imtt ZT rinC. parage WM Ut paid for cabin. .BJ w for ; . ' iU0 140 per toa freight -4 it. i . , . . w..-Sv m aatu la be aesrl 1 th gold fever-some 3.0U0 IJX? .t- viae; Uft B... th Newspaper hav uipeodaj. - wis AnxBicaa Cohhssci-tt. v r nd Enquirer obuinafton, ,h. , C3Uri pled to ,h. annua, report of ib, Treasury,, sutement of tbe ,llltHrU ..T7. K -.to the toiud Suio. 40tu,s " Utement ia W ..i . K Tie strsct merely: w saws ' room Lr u Xxroar. ProJucUof tbe fuherws Sklee. IwraaMi funest..? IToilact af wooa... ... Ajncultural prolucl 'aaimaJ MM,U,re..." Aruir Stores Arocies amteswmahHllllllll';; TnUteipnilsef.lonteatic . TheeaiNMUioilSl? era.TTV.. I ox reus t3.H8.45J , ."la H.' v w tt.i:i m ; m.4.111 n.rajua, ForeigainerchaBJiuexpo,),.! ... ' ln ear aJuw -J'J.tai a Thus it will be seen that th the exports f4.ai0.464 00. . , . .rjtj.. . impocu enrain, KesiMkr-f M,,, .y,. , taf The sgiUtiea of the qaesiio, otomooti .preadi.g U Kentucky. W,T frem Mm. eflu eitiwo.; i,4B1. TT"1 couou of th. state of things. f The Esamimer at Louu.v.11. i. doiB, , f ul facu. Iu last aumtker coaUias a .K !1 Ur from Carina M. Clay, propo. r tioaofthe lilVa!Ki,:Cf consolMiating- their forces W. thi gentleman aK,,B eomiat forward ,k T jeea-omed spirit. W. .'. Jv"".,' hi. devotio. to th. ease, of eiuaaciJ doubted hi. abUity a 00. ,f iu tXta ere, though w differed from him rvi"X the duty of th.eitixen in relation toth'v . com wot. But. I.t th Pa,, ro. M, c ; from ,h. Unre he fir,, raised his ,o,c," i, k.atBcky Wl.tur..g.ilw, thounfonoZ ot .lave, mlo u.. Sute. has arver aUtU positioa to slavery. The ant.-Ja,y tttm . kentacky wUI derive great froia 7. esTr, coarage aad executive Ul.nl Ao.. Waras aa taa Lake. At Chicago, Michigaa Cily. Li,,!. F.n So.thport. Racija and M.lwaukie, tU. ' mod LMrtjfoight OoowmJ bashei, tf Wheat ia store.ad vel, ,B0B).h iB oa L.k Michi3aa to earry it all fcrwx market. Ceaaaaerca as fi(aaarah. Th PitUburgh Gazette says ths Ml.., -, aa aaaaal aggregate ef the arrivals ef Sir. boau and other veaoals at the port o( Pituosrra. together with the amoaat f tonnage frora u year 1M3 to 14 iaclusive: IMS. HtMDikal, Keeisaaad Hato... 1S4I, Meanouati " - Kelaaal KUU... JSti, MeawhMU " Kaala aad Flats... tS, Meaathosts KerUaaa Klau... Meambuata " Keels aad Fuu... WIS, Meambuata Keels and Flats... .1.707 3- - a.c l,Wk Jjt3k 12l ... .-..! j, l9, ....2,Jr rij: I..A. ...3.171 ....2,v. 3b, n.-, "Oi J'JM Laaieville aaBaar mrbrnt t sias. This Society, which has bee a sa lo.tramrit of immeasurable spiritual good to ear eitv, sul hold iU anniversary meeting at the first PreJ.j teriaa Charcb, oa Sabbath eveaing at 7 s dark The annual report will be read, fW waica ereral interesting addreaee may be eipcrtei. nsaesl la la late OavM Hale. It to sUted that several luerchants aad pa- tlemea coanected with the New York pram about taking measures to erect a monument is the late David Hale. The subecriDboa W to limited to on dollar each. Tate Saatarva Jlaalfraa Thia addreM. it was MUeJ ia th othc ceedinr. was sdooted kv a . ,la nf J i IT Ki "Independent" say, that oa the authority f th presiding others of th Caucus, aud iter members, the veto waa 36 to l-. Thas tly 36 Southera membnrs, eat of 121 openly awp ted th Manifesto. retosJaadea. W kav been favored with lhe fc,lloa,i extract of a letter received by Elliott I resoa, ti. of this city, trom ike Rev. A. k Ikot a, ol aA ille,Tenn!e, under dat of Jsnua.y UUh. e iesra alsohom a gentlemaa wIm has mm! mark aueotioa to the subject, that if the means of uu purUtioa eon Id t oMainr. IU.LIO slave wouul be immediately maanmitted in various pa is of lhe I'nioo, wiih lhe object of aeodiag Utaia hi Liberia. tkiL RfUitT. "I hav now a very icteresling company uaJf my rharice, waitinir wdk great impatience forUi sailing of lhe vemrl. w' ica will coaiey iknu u their aw home. partof thea have'heea . ea by tbeir masters, lur the pnrpone of setUmf them ia Liberia. 1 have ao difficulty in gelling emiiraol, bat money is no, lo he had. H'ben a man's enure poa. aenaion eooeist ia slaves, and he giva them ail. 1 suppose be baa don. welL, I mhi sad taw rtee states couid oiy be rooviuced oi Iks tree sute of things in this ran of th L'uio. I am persuaded all ihetr citizen wcrald be Coaaaaooa uts, whea by aa outlay only tot, aach n.are lhas offered bis gratuitous emancipation, ais be cos- verted in to a Uberna rreeaiaa and freeholder. " Tax Kxstpcxv us ScSkvutiLL Baa Cu. In relation to tb notification given by th prem Court jodgeaof Peansylvaaia, oa SsUJ- day, after private coaulUuon, to the parties in teiebUd in the ca, to the elfrct that UW de cision would be against the StUuy 'till Baa-, tie Philadelphia Lorr, of oete:J jt, say-.: The judges thought it their tbty, in oaicr to put a (.top to specttlatin and prutecl Hi c;ti- tn, to announce in advance- that the judgment of the couit below (tbe Comaxou Plea oukl t aiurmed. A rumor of thia matte gutupoa'Change,' m the afternoon near threw o'clock, and occasioned aa immense excitement. Ia th mnrnio. ksrre of the Schuylkill Bank sold at f 75, alter the rumor got luto circulation, one bundled share are report.! to have been oU at 1 1 This decision will sweep awiy tbe entire tf seU of tho Schuylkill Bank, aow amounUJigto S130,OU), and which are in th band of recei' era appointed to hold tae funds wkea the Schuyl kill Bar appealed from the decree of th Court of Common Plea. Tbe whole claim of tb Keafcicky Bank waa lor tI.JW.500, aad it kad assumed tha spurious atock lo that amount. It ill therefore, after obtaining th a.-ta of tb Schuylkill Bank, loss over J,UUl Tbe fat- mal opinion of thCturtill t delivered in tha course of a week or two, and jou'oawtt then b entered ia favor of the Kentucky Bask. To PhilaUelphiana Una matter at very uaportaat tha atock of the Schuylkill Bank was mcsOf owned here, and thia decnuoa will stuls tha la&t hope of maay. Ex roar a os or Hooa. WLlmer'a Lirerpoo Mail aay a nw feature ia lk .Vaiericas protaw) trada haa occurred, hj lhe .Niaateo' were received 100 dead freak hop, to mtt war. ptoagkt to auction, aad real) i.tms m- - -. - awurv a to35a,6d.pe4lQlilba.