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IP M :: i " "PEOVE ALL TniNGSJ HOLD PAST TlIAT WDICn IS GOOD." - i VOLU3IE II LOUISVILLE, KY.: SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 171849. WHOLE NUMBER 88. TeXAM1NER; ,.kt, fER ANNC-.IN ADVANCE. 'Tl lo'lES FOKJEX DOLLARS. oaitL SEYMOUR, ret n .tarf etcakew fkaaasar, UrJer the Constitution it becomes u recommend to the Legislature , meat of such measures as you may feC to Lmote the public welfare. voi I take thc liberty of pro' F "'I .'. mnsideration Uie question n? 10 r...ir immigration of - w r -i the of proiau u. s Alabama, and a 'oT tha bill to be brought into the next V are to amend the Constitution, so as '.ives r ; . .u.. .,rortSe. A measure some- ... hn heretofore proposed. . I al- .Kr. - . inhibit slaves.! portion under the present aspect of the re ialions existing between the North and South. 1 humbly conceive that those rola tions create a fctill stronger reason why the eyes of the South should be opened to the truth upon the question of extending slave- ry into the new tern tones. If there n any thin which ctn unite the South in & rn aud determined attitude to resist any deprl vaiion of her rights of emigration and oc cupation, it is the fact that she is already over-supplied with a laboring population not sufficiently productive to remunerate her, and about the future fate of which she is compelled to entertain just and reasona ble apprehensions. Thus far tha argument has been exclu sively on the ground of self-defence. I pro pose now to consider it in its other aspects, and to answer some of the objections 1 have met with. I insist that the unproductiveness of slave labor, and iu gradual but cerUiin im poverishment or our state, is a suJncient reason fur limiiin iu further propagation ahuMcg us. "Jot ton and sugar ate the only That scheme I staples to which slave labor is reasonably . 1. StieiUin l r kin? wougni reasous first, be- fiued, ano as but a small proportion of the la.iw. . , nranaraA frrlsl.ives in the Union would soon fill un the rtarf the puJ C the ineasure iLsif lands profitably suited for the sugar culture, a evident tnai ",., we are driven to assume that the cultivation of cotton is the only thing which can afford .f it v; r. :!vevaJeJ,and, therelore, ma not s t urJ' '1 ' Mhe rootof the evil. populaiton. In our State, upon an tL L of Mississippi, I am informed, average calculation, cotton at its present and. to provWe pnee will hardly pay th, expense of pro- once taa slave Nucing it, and it is only in the fertile val S, Vnto the State for the ostensible leys of the Southwestern rivers that it can purpose or settlement should be sol t , tiFplv months, fcr? ' ' i. .hat the slave dealers es- To these valleys the slave emigration of .v.! Li umaiions. stocked them nith the non-cotton producing States is rapidly W'" r - - . i .k- r teiidmi?. and we are bset with i i - m w .ia mill asi. inn rnu tf I .- suppii -w '-!, ij I over-nroduction as well from thai source as i ni twelve luouuia iw-""i i . . ... . r L 1 I li'iim triA natiirai rtrAntirral inn rt IhAcio rk.iur .n.J ien en shed awin irom auroau.i"" " r.vt.6 w. the fear of fall tue re-ja S LaVnt through the same formula among us. That the number of cotton la . -o., Th onlv Drobable borers is constantly and rapidly increasing LkLe which that'law conferred, inured be i and in the best producing portion of to the negro dealer. It taught him that he ii . i,; Kiwi np mare Drofiiablv Zi le expense, by having a farm and which we can calculate for the increase of . ,. r ..r .,..,;. m ih I ooaiumntion beyond the natural increase of r l i...A.arL-oi the populauons of those countries which ceuire of the Iae market. ..V ' t ...lm .j.i..j - ii ik im ituitu may lc ouuai a oiiiaii increased consumption usually attendant upon the lowneia of price; all of which ve may safely assert, cannot keep pace with the present increasing production. This a'one, must finally depreciate the value of The iueaire here contemplated, is mare eiieusive in iu operation. It is to prevent th future iinaiieration of slaves lor any purpose whatsoever, and to be so framed as to vindicate itself by the forfeiture of the liave introduced contrary to its provisions. tad the still further punishment of the law- (eily untenable. As long as good lands can be purchased in the Southwest at the government minimun, we have an estab lished scale which must icgulate the value of lands throughout the cotton region Improved landj will only sell for as much more es the improvements are valued at aside from the land. If this rule is seen to be occasionally violated, it will be found to depend on some peculiarity of local con dition, or upon private circumstances sur rounding the individual purchaser. The re suit is, that our lands may be now rated at their lowest possible depreciation. On the oilier hand, the probabilities are that, fol lowing the enactment proposed, a healthy white immigration wouid soon commence, which would appreciate the price of lands, from the fact that the very caue which would then induce this kind of immi gration, exists nowhere in the southwest, nor elsewhere on the Continent, with the ame attractive condition of climate, soil, and natuial resources. Even admitting, (or I the cake of the arguoitoJ, that a deprecta. r.t.. ii - ir u L- w. wuuw ensue, n vi linen wuuiu ye m Inducement U a more immediate imtni ration, which would soon restore prices, i Some have asked whother the proposed restriction would cot be- an infringement of our obligations under the federal constitu jon? This is already rts judicata. The whole subject came under review by the Supreme Court of the United States in die case of Groves et al. vs. Slaughter, report ed in lath Peters, p. 449, and the able opinion there delivered has settled theques ti. n in favor of the right and power ot the StaUs. But, it may be iuquiied, why put restric tions upon the growth of an institution which has received the high praise of beine conservative? For, although it be less pro ductive than other species of labor, is it not also lew dangerous? That it is conserva tive, to a Jimited extent, 1 will not under take to deny; but beyond this limit, as this whole argument proves, it must be disor ganising from its very impoverishing tenden cy. I have also sinceiedoubts whether this phase of the question of social conserva tism has or ever will have any real merits in this country, whatever its importance in older and more populous ones. It is sup posed thiit our slaves, representing as they do, thc laltoring class of other countries, are so absolutely controlled as to remove any fears oft lie untutored radicalism which seems to threaten the peace of those communities slaves among us until their transfer will be- Mf su-h an argument be good at all, it come a mere nominal consideration. would, i s a consectary, lead to the social One of the effects which the measure I enslavement, or the extinction, of every breaker as a felon IDS arid llhS Olll), I3 uccincu vi - ..flL- i- cieats verity to insu.a to the State that propose would have upon our State, would free laboung population, to ns to insure -protection which her situation demands; beat once felt not only in curtailing the in- the coiiservauon of order, and prevent the ' r , . f : ...I. of to . much feared rxril nl rnnflirl KAtwoon la. the reason? lor which I will now proceed to 5 hf ' ; . -.1 - - ; : natural corollary, the employment of capi- bor and capital. But the fear of tuch 11 9 . , Prom Ui Fruikbxt'CoaiiHoiiwcti'.li. The undersigned takes thm method of informing the County Coramiisioners of Common School that he has drawn an order on the Second Auditor for a sum suf ficient to pay a!l tim claims of the districts which have reported up to this date: Those Commissioners who have reported will re ceive for their counties respectively ' the amounts due, upon their drawing an order on the Secoud Auditor, according to the forni which has leen published Zri most of the newspapers of the Stale, . aid in -the ap;endix to each of my auau.il jepoiU. The sum distributablo to each child, re ported to me for last year, is "thirty-five cents, which is five cents mortj than in the year preceding; a result prodaodi by the issuing of a new b.nd for - somewhat over $308,000. by the State, Tor interest in arrears. The particular object of making this statement here is to kid th County Commissioners in distributinjle money, receivable by .them, amangkLtespMiSv disuicts reported. It is necessary for them to retain copies of their reports made to me, by which means perfect accuracy, in the distribution of the money, would be secured. Where they have not done this, all the aid I can give them, is the statement bow made, for 1 cannot return tlnsir reports to them, ai they are my authority and vouchers for the drafts I draw; tnd I can-! not send them copies of thnsn reports nor abstracts from them, for I have no aid in my offtco of any sort nor any means al-1 lowed by the tate to procure any my own allowance being a little more than the alary of a clerk. It is useless, therefore, fcr application to be made to me for aid in this particular, by the County Commis- sioneis, seeing it is out of my power to ren der it. I have issued new commimions, for County Commissioners, in many coun.ies, on recommendations of members of the present General Assembly ; but many coun ties remain, in which 1 earnestly Jeaire, at the very earliest possible period, 14 appoint Commissioners. Any expression ot pub lic sentiment on this subject, fm anv quarter of the State, will be useful to me, and will be heated with perfect respect. nut, alter repeated exneriMien s, it appears rather an injury than a benefit to appoint Commissioners, unless I have good reason to know that they are both qualiied and willing to act. The current school year is already con siderably advanced. Ii Legins ant ends w ith the 1st f November in each year; and a school, to be entitled to any thing next year, must be taught threw iconliis before 1 he 1st of next rsovember. It is, therefore, of the utmost importance that taose con templating the establishment of new dis. sixty tons of ores. The freight upward is very large,' and the number of passengers equal to the. most sanguine ex pectatioiis. . : . a licMni l BI Uf ; . A geotUmso of this city baa faralshsd as with th following iwUmiUsg umUn of en of thoM real struggle of th yoang, to mmI their parent, which sparkle like dUunoad Iog the pathway of hinun life. I UwiU like three, there is a moral heroism iDaaUeeted, which marks Uie par gold of kamsjD chtrsc lr Bamnr. . .-,., Business called ma to the United States Land Office while there awaiting the com pletion of my business, a lad apparently about 1G or 17 years old came in, and pre sented to the Receiver a certificate of pur chase for 40 acres of land. I was struck with the countenance arid general appear ance of the lad, and enquired of hiin for wnom he was purchasing the land; the re ply was, 'for myself, air."' I then enquired wherehi "got Ihe aiaor-ey? lie answered, 1 earned it by ray labor.' Then, said I, yoa richly deserve the land. I then enquired. 'where did you come from? 'New York,' said lie. reeling an increased desire to tat , know something more of this lad, I asked him whether he had parents,' and where they lived; on this question he took a seat, and ;ave me the following narrative: "1 am from Iew York Slate having there living a father, mothei, and five broth ers and sisters 1 am the oldest child. Father is a drinking man, and often would return home from his day's work drunk, and not a cent in his pocket to buy food for the family, having spent all his day's earn ings in liquor with his drinking companions; the family had to depend chiefly on mother and myself for bread; this distressed mother much, and had a powerful eflect on my feelings. Finding father would not abstain from liquor, I resolved to make an effort in some way to relieve mother, sister and brothers from want after revolving things! over in my mind and consulting with mother, j I got all the information 1 could about the Far West. I started from home for Wis consin with three dollars in my pocket. 1 left home on tool alter spending my three dollars, I worked occasionally a day, and renewed my travel so long as money lasted. By labor occasionally, and the charitable treatment 1 cot on the road, I landed in Wisconsin; here 1 got an axe set to work. and cleared land by the job earned money; saved it till 1 gathered $50, which money 1 now pay lor this 40 acres of land. "W ell. my good lad, (for by this time I became much interested iu his history) what are you now going to do with this land?" v hy, sir, 1 will continue to work and earn money, and when I have spare time to I.. . . . f . . 1 I - . :.l ... 1 j- .... - linmnUiinir tho auiaKlisiimoni rC nour A, a nrcnAr snniAnl 111V land fiir fiiltiir riu h v,rv eviiWt to anv one who is not taI n oUl pursuits which never have t-een wu" i, nowever aisiani, is, m my ";-r-""6 , V - r.-r ------- -- V It j very evident to any one no is iiui . ... rtr,::,n ik- ,1. r ........ r tret and additional school j. dimnir mvf elf a loe house, and when prepared will . .konrw iSat rMipo nnd un- less proutauie man cotton planting, sua j i.-out i anomwuiu itira. . -. . . . r t t 1 l l . . XittAZ JL which, at the present price, of cotton, are ception of the improving spirit and political present hoo j ear, should proc imn.e- write for father and mother, brothers and S nK 80 il4finitely V" to require no de- economy of the age. We have yet toac- diately w,m the bus.nesso di.tncung the ir sisters to come to W.sconstn and en0y this : lii) V;Z;1 WhCar tailed examination. Quire the population to be feared, and it counties organising their d.s-ncti., and aomt-th.s land now bought by me, I de- fT fenSe Ke ituckv Vnd Mi!uri It may be a.ked, whether the views here may safely be assumed that the great pov- opening their schools, ic.. Ac The chief sign for my mother, which will secure her Lni, lennessee, rveutucAy, ana .viisaouri '..--. ... . . u;,,. , a ...... I cm render in thU i-ftof tins crest from want 10 her declining rears." .re p rvaded wi4 a feehng of hostility to V -- - ' . -C has' bn well Z. work. is. by di.nl.cin inVfik-ieni eommis- "What," said I, .-what will you do with U.e insutuaon, which is only rapenaea r-"?-1" "'V., . . . 1 A . I .nnn;.,n. n r,n. .11 nf I vr fRther If h rontimiM to lnnt .rm , it-.-. .-j 1... .1.1 uhirh o r all nrtM 10. n ine oonsiflprftlirm iv iai icaiming irom puuiai ana ieno-1 -ll" o 1- irom open einuiuon auu ucuon, uy uie - . . - -- : 1. -It..- l... t L . k:..1, I ...n,l r,r,rl U n.. nrnnor ; m riu m mcrm' . 1 rl ,xf t K a 1 arr mlaiAaf withAnl flrta SflrirstiAft I IdllL lllf blALIUIl. 1 IlfTR IM Pnnilirnin lilt I " a v. v vii viw in- ijSrovS of .measure which at first blush may re- world to supply every mouth, and this can formation communicated to me. The gen- "Oh, ?,r when we get him on the farm v?U reS the S-Wern b iu "luivene? 1 be easily done with a little more attention eral scliool law, in Session Acts uf lJ14-5 he will feel at home will work st Lome. 'Z iSndi n.wer. no! The habit of a pursuit is as to the equity 0r distribution. . g.ve. full directions how all parties a.e to keep no lujuor ,n the nouse, and in a short 5j.et. lhis last alternative win aououess . r iu,k.i nrocced. and this law will Im found in the time, he will be a sober man." 1 then re- c.br,r; h of all justice, of th. peace and plied: "Young man, these being you, prin imn!r what it h vr meant br the Slates ceive an old and safe investment which have slrca aholihed slaverv that make but little money directly is, that their citizens may have time enough duction of labor, or merely pay ii a 1 it. MAMAdiiaYnoa SnrvrvaA flot I li d MU u. their slaves, and, having pocketed O' ? T-' " 'r .n 7nrmerl . f W which can had by application to mem- post of honor in the State-with such prin. to unite against us m the unjust JZnTTn . bevon al lite in her natural" conliom bers of th. Legislature or to me. ciples aa you have, you are deservmg of the "u' orwern uou- -, t : V " , " r- ,U relrt.ment f ui,o rn.rp. The number of childtcn reported this noblest commendation." .... t r i.,. n m L ,hPir Issp I are so far behind the civilization of the year exceeds 41,000, which is nearly By this time the Receiver handed him his u win men ue easy 10 loresee mat uie "r"w" " ' ,. ... . 1 , , .. -i..kU il.. n..mh.. hm.i iki. l nun mvv nt fnr h rnnr mvm nf inH- golf Staui must become the St. Domingo Again, they know nothing about other 1ra"f "er lc1 n'LMiW with an at!vanCe,,frrenutaech risine from his seat on leavinetheoff.ee. consideration, I am your excellency's Obedient servar.t, S. Hktdisfeldt If 1 ipv thoturhts. 1 his has induced me to ventuie. cierKs 01 cuurw. me necessary tauies M-iutra a ,uu5, i muuuuciiu ; w " . t t r ..! .... 1 .1 .u . 1.1 : r by the pro- unaided, upon a task from which stronger a wrms are pnnieu in me appendix to pro e au un uirm"6 u V"" expenses hands have shruok. What 1 have attempt- my snnuai report, a large manuer 01 wmcn win aucnu yuu. 1 ui uui ue aurpriseu . V 1 'uua... .:.i . .u 1 hvA hn nrinted for ilistrihiition. rnnipHoi to hear of your advancement to the hiehest iu m l. a n 1 ill iiiu irrr-n wix.ii n iiuirr iirrviiLiitii 111 1 nr in. w -.. -.w... wvr-.VwV.. - m KeMBcky LtffMaiure. SENATE. Mr.NbAV. Fh A. Mr. J. Speed Smith, from the committee on In lemal Improvemeotn, reported the bill for the beo- ni 01 in Lxiantoa sad CofiDgtou Turnpike ttua, wiia lae opinion um, ii, ougbt not to pees; made special order for lo-dav at 12 o'clock. Aftet the tntiMaetion of mmtks unimDortmiU Sau. Den, the Senate adjourned to aUend the Conreo- uon. . HOt'SE. Mc GofdOB offered lh folio wise Knululion- ftemrtvtd, Thai hencaXorUi die lueiobers ot Utia House will do let apeking aod oioie legiaia- iion. Ml. Hardia Mid. tk MaoIuLiuai wmm i!IaiAQL. ful to the House, and he therefore moved to Ur it on the table; carried. Air. lope reported a bill to incorporate the Iuiaille Commercial Collece: read and aaaa- ed. Also offered a resolution in true lint the eom nuttae of sad Mesas to ioqaire iota Ue pto ptiety of ainrnding the law of Ui upon pleasure eajtiaxes. 4e.. so aa to ei em at kacit Irom the tai- 4"f te. 1 . Mfc Becoids offered ioint iMoluliona Jpclarinv UialaLiTerr was 110I foibiddea by divine U; thai 11. had not bee abolished ia anv of Uie Stale, till bf pbysiaei oauaae it hi lwim paoaileas: that Dclpnion eooW not Uke place in any State, t li pTOerty in ala barf Iwimi atMnprntivrty laeleas, and aaleaa the State paid fot tita survea emancipated; that property in alive in this SUU, had DM. become depreciated by physical cUHe;aaa matsavery snould aot be interfered with ia any manner, till by lb operation of the rUHs before referred to, it could be dispensed with, and means Drovided for it extinction with out injury to the slaveholder. They lay over one dr. Mc Hushes reoortd a bill for the benefit of iAiu ti. Chiles sllows him to erect a billiard ta ble, and compels him to pay a tax, annually of two hundred dollars; read and after some debate was laid upon the table till U first day of Jane. 1 Mr. Himhes offered a resolution eivinr the use of this Hall to the friend of eoiMtiiuliouaJ reform thia evening at four o'clock; adopted. Also otterad In lollowing: Rttolvtd, Thai we, the representatives of the people, are opposed to incorporating a c I suae in the new Consutuuoa changing, or disturbing the relations between master and slave, snd that we look upon the agitation of emancipation ss unwise and dsngeroua to th peace and prosperity of the people of this Stale. Mr. J. Stuart thought the resolution did not go so far as the opponents of Emancipation desired; it should go further, and say that we wete opposed to the Convention iuseiunc any clause In the Con stitution allowing any subsequent legislation to authorize emancipation, and he o tie red una as an amendment. Mr. Kwina moved to lay the resolution snd amendment upon the table till the first of June next. He thought the House had consumed time enough already in the discussion of the abstract question of slavery, snd he hoped the House would now suHlain his motion. Mr. Eobertson offered the following ss a sub stitute for thereaclulion and amendment now pen ding. Xcold, First, That the members of this House do not consider domestic slavery s blessing. Sec ond, That they do not desire the perpetuation of domestic slavery in Kentucky. ThirJ. That they deem it wise to acquiesce in the destiny of slavery in this State, aa influenced in its ulumate result, by the operation of natural and intrinsic csnses only. Fourth, That ia thecxisUng condi wn of slavery in this State, no pra;ticable scheme of compulsive emancipation would be either just, wine or pniiamnropic. Air. fope ottered me loiiouin; as expressive 01 hia views: KtmlitJ. That as a legiMsUve body, we are op posed to the disturbance of the question of slavery al this lime, and its further agitation and discus sion. It seemed to him. it the question of slavery could be thoroughly discussed, it hsd already been by this House. If the people sent the representa tives here to send forth theiropinions and pronun cismentos upon the subject of slavery, then there would be some propriety in this prolonged aenaie. It appeared to him that the resolution oftWed and anauimousiy adopted on satarosy, wsa a iuu, iair and trauk expression ot opinion, and one wnn which all should have been satit-ried. He would vote for any and all resolutions that might be of fered ia order to get ni of the question, and pro ceed to the discharge cf its proper business, and cesse to scitate the country by the discussion of this question. He did hope that members would no nonger persist in bringing before the House resolutions upon this uNject, whit h would inevi tably engender a diacBiwion. The question now being upon laying the resolu tion and amendments upon the table, the yeas and navs were called by Messrs. Bat low and Kooen son, acd stood, yeas S3, nays 34, and so the mo tion was carried. Wl divided into two quessSna-Ti fal. No. . was adopt by a la. snajority.. No. , adapted almost unaa!moui7 No. 7, adopted 66 to . 7 9, adopted uaahnoealy. - uW ia 4U,,fcUowu rtaola. Mualanl. That k n -vm. . 0 the emcrrt 1 this Comiboawealta by vmovL , .t?n "' Mr- GuUuie, said reeolatioa was laijot) the table. And then Ute aaellnf adjoaraed. Haj. c Aujs,: ' ( J . of the continent, or rush into a war of ex- pursuits, and as long as, with tlieir surplus ir cub, they can purchase slaves, this habit. termination, for the ulter prostration of thei capital. amounting to a constitutional indole ace, Tue States above mentioned, comprise will prevent their entering upon any inve?-- more than half the political strength of the ligation of other employments. To that ilave State. It is, therefore, wise to en- investigation, and its consequent expectant deavor to preserve our strength by keeping fruits, they can only be driven by an un- them oa our side and united with us in the bending necessity. Our immense water same interest. This must be die result of power our coal, iron, lead, marble, gran- the measure here advocated, not merely ite. lumber, turpentine our capacity to from the money value which these States produce wool and silk and heaip-to build child reported over last vear. Is it not ner-1 he said: at last I have a home . 1 . -. . . .... fectly eay to double this forty-one thousand I mothtr. Vaily uconji. by this time next year; And is not a great inducement offered to do this in the fact that if the Legislature, 30W in session, should act in the spirit of the immense vote jot my Mcrac at lflarraal'a Moire. An aristocratic dandy, one of the most given by the people in August last, 80,000 exclusive of Uie present fashionable lions r even iuu.uuu children, at school itns in Paris, whoas he declares, was present year. and "ported to next fall, may at Marrast'j r-ception merely from curi. e-9l,y receive $1 each on the year now Si to their slave population, but from the railways, and to carry on commerce, may osity, was invited by the mistress of the Pf-'o. - IIUIIOQ KW MHO II1B llldLG Ol LI IO CUif IQU1U. I . TIm I'luiBSlas) Partrsilt. People in general are not aware of the authentic history of this picture, which is carried back at least half a century earlier ('aMllaUaaal Hcrrw Meettea. At a meeting of Delegates fron the d.rTetent of the State of lientuckv. in la vol of Con stitutions! Reform, at the Conrt House, in Frsnk lort, on Monday, Uia 5th dsy of Febuary, tin motion. D. Meriwether was appointed Pres- ident.'andJohn W. Finncll and Benj. C Allia.See- rtaria. Remit, That Junes GuLire, U K. nagearo. joua P. Bruce. W. Chile, and John A. fioortaon, be a com- nittes to reirt officers (urtkc permaMut. orgaauauoa Ot this mecung. And thereupon, said committee reported thefol lowing otficers: JOHX L. HELM, Pruident. D. MERIWETHER and JOHN A. GOODSON, I. fVsts. Joax W. Fiaastx and Ki ai. C Alxix. ScCTitarUs. On motion of IhomssTowies, the lollowing res- RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. : Rciaa toa Rkxr-CcLtuta. Tie foiUtrutc esmprshsaaiva an wta swgesUeas, aad ralas. soaasf taoaw prepareai hy tks Uta Dr. Ckaat alsg-, far ate owe alMniwn.Mt 1- . adapted by kirn aa kda rois t UU. Haw nek aad wise they an, aa reader will fail ta par. ceive: Let ana aiedltaU aa sack moieete, aad aaiaav such sceaea aad society aa shall hasble ma, raisa torn abors haasaa eaiaioa. deliver sna froa envy, diapeaa ma to receive reproof, and make me aeuve.- 'Never talk of paJas. sick Bess. eomaUint.. 'Review every actios, after performior It: consider from what principle it proceeded, sad ask torgiveoess for whatever aia has m lag led in it-' 'Let an net waste the day ia raediUtLor on myself, bat ha v Ir. arses for some end. aad sverr tveniof search deeply Into my heart Let me, when ia aoerety with those wha dif fer from me, feel the Importaace af sincarlty aad iBdepeadeaca. Let asa eenaider that Ttrtae la Infinitely mora importaat than their good epia ioa. Let me leave ta God the impression which I make when 1 frankly express feeliaga and opinions- Lai ma rtmernber that alUmafcely the friendship af the good will be secured by the discharge af daty. 'la conversation, let me feel that I shall fain more by candor than by victory. 'Eteraal lib ia boJy life the exercise of leva to God aad ail beings.' . 'Let me place daty on the ground of privilege, sad consider every oppartaalty af employing time maefutly a favor; aad aak ealy. What ia duty! la every stale. 'Let ma live In coaliaaal prepsralioa for prayer, ia such a state of miad that 1 my im maiiiately engage ia it. Ia aoaversaUoB, let ma draw persaae frera evil speaking aad eaateatiea. aad palatal er In jurious sabjcts, by catchiag same theagbi sag- gested, and maaing it ins ground or renters. 'Let me strive ta ceaaect every parsoaal en joyment with acta of kiadaeesta sny aetgaear V beuever I enjoy, let ma ask. now ca 1 im part and diffusa Ibis happiness t aad let snake every pleasara a bond af frinndshlp, a graaaa of eornmaaion; aad esteem It cbieny aa lata accouat. Wbea 1 safer, let e ask. Hew caa I relieve similar safTaring, wherever it eaiauT aad so qaickea sympathy aad Improve eaperi-eaca.' Whoa I safTer aay pala, loss, dec, let me (ret ask, aot. How shall 1 remove, bat. How snail I improve lit Let ma be willing to suffer for this sad. 'Religious exercises are God's armor to defend as, lbs mesas 01 grace, eeppert aaa giaey Hance, anion with Christ ia a groand at frait- fulnesa. Christ ia ail-imporiaat ta aa, aa a saa Untial, aiaady ahibillea of virtee, aut fieetisg or aasabstanlial 'Let ma every day give away eemethiag, sad daily deny myself somathiag, that 1 aaay have mora to giva I wish to gala a tlm earer a strong prin ciple of love and ladepeadeaca.' l o perceive tne Ime rn el exlauaca.and taa sseeaa to that sad, ia ta improve the mlad. We have a complea end, yet a karmoaioae aaa. The glory and kingdom of God, the hoi i Base aad happiness of mankind, ear awa eternal good these eoaspire." Do 1 read withoat prejadica witkeat wish ing aay system or doctrine to be tree withoat desiring to fiad aay falsa with a willingness la receive aa true, aad ta obey, whatever ie taaght ia Script are wlta a sense af the iafaite taa serfaaceof the troth with a readiness to sacri fice any pursuit, wish, or gratiticatioa, which militates with Itr AGRICULTURAL. - FarrtMiio Cattlx with Mix to Foon. A Scotchman who fattens one ha ad red aad fifty head of Galloway cattle, sannslly, bads It most economical te feed with braised flax seed bo tied with meal or barley, oats, or Indian corn, at the rata of ou part flax seed to three pans meal. by weight the booked compound Is be aAer- w arts mixed wiia ost straw or nay. 1 roan loar te twslva parts af the composed are given ta each beast per day. Would it aot be well for some of oar farmers who stall-feed eeUls ta try W e art ty ke means necessity of Leeninv in fh rtnlv nrnnr I all in turn h nre.seinterl ta their minds in I mode of MjbWtinn 9 rl r.;i, ,k.rJ;,J v.Jiv.t nA will nrndnre luit a har- where was already seated a lentleman will become a fearful nuisance. Or, if they ren assent. The State of Alabam t is now waiting for a partner. The lion obeyed be sincere in their il iJI eif KrvI 1 V irk it i f tViAV I vuirr t Viftfi aKa a.' Aft fifi.n vears aro not. scornlul compliance, and took the are actuated by sickly sympathy for tie con- withstanding that, within that period of choir Opposite to the Btranger, who was J!.' . . r . I. K . . . 1 . . . . alraaltr Ka ft nr n e - arm IM a sr. A iiirl rVias, I Frankfort, Feb. 5, 1341). 'uuunoiuie save, then at Pt w forr t m there haa bppn pine rued i itrnn ner - them to turn their slaves loose upon their limits nearly ten millions of foreign capi- c8rds Ith anr "grceable anticipation of Herald resDective lAm;no .j .u.. 1 ..1 ft....i,:i, . u Aa. ;. amusement, alter Ion? expectsuon. Wo railroad nuisaures .Km:. .u.:. 1 1 : . t,. ,1,. -,- sooner, however, was the dandy t-eated than the uiiu duuuu l atj nir r swii aim. aavaa iKiiar 1 liii 1 v 1 1 1 v nvn 1 r . 1 1 mi int.. aa uiu itui.ii'j 1 But it may he aal .Ka. ti,;. u,., .1. v?r rean-ir. fnr taxntion am U'e ftarled with amazement on bt holding in 1 J a,aasa BM law SUtsl wa I tlllJV SJ S ewe I . . 1 a a, j . Creative need not be apprehended. They every day diminishing; and while a question his partner tho visage which will sometimes dare not turn them Inns Lf farf,,l Anmi.ur imnnrt ia nitA! rrt, strike terror into Uie bosom of the bravest a-ww I VI IVUI 1 Ma vM'Var w - -w - - - . , . - 1 Bataauonrernsaann f.r ;mmi;.r. ... her destruction, her political stienzth ol mankma-llie tauor to wnom along c iHimwiaw - 1 Ki ! I d'ClQ 1 llil mt IhA lnttte rlUTPVAr Saa ft at nw aau v vw atria, ar w a-va.s a e-w w v s a w Itallreaal lunas. The annexed statement; says the N. H. exhibits the number of miles of opened in the United States during year 1847, as fur as we have been than that of anv of the other imputed pic I tures. It is known to have been the prop- option as unanimously adopted, vi .. aF V; W Ttiin!irii ulin uraa fn I WimiAB. hat tew of the coun'les ofthiv Common CIIV W 1 ' 1 1 ... " VUUlll. T. I V im .-. I . . . . , i ' ... . .. atMi-h have keldaav nnmarvineeoiiKa iui r"' "" I , . j- Aoro tA( it hnn ShnL-artAare ilien en1 avhsil ... i -,.... ...KVm.. .n.1 oS I tula Or a Similar nuut. ' ... 1 I . . . . i. . - .M I : . u k . ll..r, fAiwI wtll mi IAa ilMata i i . l i . r. .i i. . - . . . , i h cnuiHMi aci a irsicmm .imhkiw. mmw . - - , cviim. uj.i , - - r j r uvea until eigiu years auer me ivesrorauon, tltiieM who h,Te B0 preellB nt u to the ,f cooking; bat flax seed Is kaowa to ba highly That it was painted by R. Burbage riven views or p','r 'w0"','" by him to Joseph Taylor, and by him sold TTZt tlSZ- its digestion, bat it would rte. by mUlng. to r . v.l f .W. I for.. I reader the other foad aaiatahle, aad ky prema- w wrcuousiu-nv. u., -.Tm convention do aw rese.ve itself Uof u,. appaliUaad health af Uaaalmai, wsald nMntvr unaAlt Areir1ar mttr Al m strati AAn. I . a.i i .i.t. . r.tt..ta.ieial I r. . . UOVILII we l.a J vvuotuvi " M'VIV VWil nlta a pniliTy SsMPaa-e; sxa, trvaj aiasjawwv -a a. wM-wiawwv i a itkQY tO Pstgtsgal lM Iflnfft ;M.m- hut thpv rplnnnn thn fiwt that I reform, trom the v usmi vectiuos ot the Suts. ' V. " -' : . .-L. rl " .. 'r-"l- .TJ -J' ? SrSa'SS F.ltt T.r-Not Wager Una -va ymra X'BVCUAUl CUIIMIKicu IW a fiWu wciicaa lMlaih- . BP..ed Taf alaCia StTSW. Of and had abundant means of knowing! mniion of Col. V. Moaroe. I utt. er other lieht veuhle snbauaeee aatha K(Wrl.Tiit a committee ortta, one rromecioa.i rf f roaad aroaad the aew tree, te ZTZXZtt" "mm ,a' ri'. wppTtfwkU. it keeps the aartk I ght And thereupon the chairman reported Uie K lowiog gentlemen aa said committee, viz: James GuUirte, Geo. W. Willisms, Tho. Towles, Win; IJavies, V. K. M.irfrard, n. . ttans, ro. Lon o?on this question lies nearer at home, yielding 10 tne rottenness of a system which ana may be a startlinj ho have never investi V "1,v ' "nr mi iaery nartv no! of the term not men ui slave, and vnuM willing as the diuidy to avoid recognition, I New York snd Erie railroad, whether , it was or was not. . It was indis- niiioKIa aar Vi it wraa mn'iitA hv Sir able to gather from the imperfect returns jr... - Knel.er for Dryden. f Drvden be- receivea : jn wejj aware 0f Darennnt's estimate of Milet of Railroad opened in tht L'nited Slates lit,) and that that very copy is now preserv in 164 Miles. Tam at Went worth House. Jerrols hern 138 loose upon society; AMarhAII tt t V. I llliailV 1CUUI.C IV W VTl'lli.1. Alibi uwiuvii iv iiiuk ' ...... i i i. j : i . i .i ..ii rvaw t a. mr m. inn a unf. . . .11 1 1 - - ated th.e subiect.- -tatistics of population exhibit, that, m w '-id H.v: " V . . 77 w. ,l.n A. following rlf .K. rr nf ar. anf i. nl.VeS the wh t POPUlatiOD de- "r?"" w u.e Wject, unu ? a B.p. K. I . - - " iZ ' l " ! in K. 'nrtU, 7-1 crease. Thui seems to be a law of POPU- 8ilu iulel,y aB ne orew ma uuiso irom iub Washington and Saratoga, JN. Y., - - - 4U trum rfv,,. .l..,.;: lation. With us. in the ajrcreeate.it is Pet, V hat are our stakes 'The coat New Haven canal road, Cobn., - - - When a dirty little ra e'v u v iiiuutiiiov we iv.ll I " ww 1 1 le.l 1 . 1 1.1 ajaahna attl W n rreaai( as ri aasB a"eadl - m .1,.,-iv.,. u ..nrlpniah'p. that slaves continue lo ncrease. on m oaca, repuea tne impuaeni aar.ay, s. '" m v . . I in the streeU in some ol tilt l L IVJI C. LUI 11 Lllt.lll I F ' 1 . I . " rem I IflWPrfD IUU CVraKUBVi 11. A aa " " "111 ... hn, nA ,.r UriH if this is Dcrmitted to proeress. with the wiuioui moving a muscle, ine tailor was r. ?-d h Ma,,.. .... . js town, he is picked on by ed with the greatest care by Lord Fifcwil- W"aee. James M. Eice, Johu P. Bruce and H. And the meeting adjourned to meet at the Rep resentatives' Chamber at a eiocs. piihy remarks bo are weariwi ;th tk. ,-i- mnaftnuent diminution of white DCDtilation. a man of honor 8nd rather enjoyed the du-tiva i.i .u 1 j.65. . p .1 r.. r.,..r nr th. Kii.th nn.vr.it . n;. hoke than otherwise. He played for the Vermont Central, - i" uui . uiuw. mini nm 1 1 .1 ... 11m 1 u. u k u t w v ...w - w aw . - . . ' ----- . v. UIUTVI 1 j . . 1 ... . I I t -.1 -I.I L t-.. - 'd it has produced pecuniarily nought but 1 ture, which. oarrenntts. anrl Tmllf!atlv nannl.t k. 1st. I but "seen I coat an '0fit and lne dandy walked away Atlantic and Montreal, Me., Vermont Central, -Mad river and Lake Erie, Ohio, aa- A T It I : . j e . I MuiliwB ma inawuBiiviiB - is of sufficient "lhe,r embarrassed at the novel position m Feterboro tnd 6hltl MaM , wnicn ne Stooa as wearer Ol a coat wnicn I Lawrence railroad, Mass., was really paid for. -Galignani t jler Northera railroad, N. II., tcnger although now ns, and noliticallv naupht ht hit. through a glass darkly, terness; those who desire more populous I gloom to arouse into action her best ener hite communities for the purposes of trade P. prevent her from quiescently trans- "aeaucauon; and of those who regard the routing to posterity a proDlem, trie solution 'ae as their rival in production. This of which acema so dreary a task, combination of opinion against slavery has I avc len met with Uie objection, that, prodigiously increased within a few vn as slaves form the principal feature in our nd it now increasing among us at a rapid system of taxation, the increase of that re- A dispatch of 2d insL, from Springfield Cheshire railroad, N. II., pace, lumbers are e.verv A aa-a I source will be defeated, and taxes must fall to Alton, published in the lelerraph of the South Shore, M 36 hmd sent to school. .43 and moist, and preveata the growth ef sreeda aad grass. Stoae toa, are places) apea this lit- Ur. when the tree la large, ta aeep u ia piac.; aad ia case the tree has bee a taken ap earrfally aad the roots placed sat at fall leagth as before, the tree will argU ta grew st.eace.aad as land its limba eaa or twe feat daring us nm sam- "The practice af grafUag or kaddlag while the ee m m eVes.iamy. mmw geaeraily frv vails, aad instead of settisg seeslisp aad wait ing tea years for tbesa ta grow large eaeaga ta graft, wo expect a joaog grafted tree U bear withla loar years irom toa urns oi sevnog h eaa ss a staaaara. It baa aftenj keen said that It b sat a safe g may depend upon it, would be a great aasia- fijltsrie 1-2 lance 10 his education. When offenders snd whereas, a drseoatiioa has asaiorssted Itstir sa tks grooad. Bat ,i i i.i .. : ,i . ri .v- partolsDBiesvewuigUisiaselves ravoraAle la I onsutu-I ermlJ , prajj lire iockcu up in jou, lira ui C'vvv. tire; iioaal reUmn, to cSanee ua ralauva coeuiuoa ot ani Defeat af ike Claclaaall mmi Ilallveaa Bill. maiat Lasila Michirsn Central road. Elizabeth and Somerville.N. J., - Stoney brook, Mass., -Northern road, L. Chsmplaln to Clulon co. IiOwell and Lawrence, - - - Vermont aud Massachasetts, - - - .1 , - " ' 7 7 ouuoi iu m who long for the exodua ol the slave; heavier upon nd unless we adopt, as a conrvst;u. ready shown t rooasure, the plan here proposed the time ture depreciation is so great as would scarce- Railroad was defeated, in the lower branch other property. I have al- latter citv. announces that the bill allow arid unless r. Anrt ' I r.lu ttinwn iVibI th. nrrwrwvt nf thi'ir fn. linir tha riphl nf war fnr thn Cincinnati w UUWUL. BH M I I IIIBHrv B f I IT A I ll-UJ W .IIV M . . ...w ,' - . wm w. - I . . " " - -n - . " J - -"" Total, This exceeds the opening of any pre ..tr.11. itav tviiKin ilia hictnrv nllhtfaa urnrkel . ... . I 111 uiiih vr.ar 11 . .. . . iiM n n. . . tHAiv. ...I an a nr r.if.ni 1. niir. 1 t rn. 11 nniv 1 riinrnrn nn 111. ih nyr 1 viuua il.i tt 1 .11 1 1. in'v. w. ... . . .. v . r : i. . i.d 1 r innirriiiM w iu wc wiii see our capital 10 I ' co 0 uicm miiiiui v, imii m vu .w ..... .it. I proiesoionoi vial a iau; ,u.a. irestoreia species of property prostrated at a blow posea if the present system remains on- By way of clinching thus result, the usual in uus country, it win do pcreeiveu, oni.j, laUer arter presenting her friend with JXhoi ndwheu, unprepared for such a chanre checked. This sufficiently answers the parliamentary manoeuvre, of moving a re- reference to the list, that some or the most 0f 0f cordial, handed her apoa u. h -r.L. ... o I .. ., . 1 r -i .r-r.i- . - -1 jr. I :nn.itnt Inot hnve hoen ovtpnrtiHi snrll." . . ... - I 6. That we 7 " i tne steps which a prudent fore-1 ODjecuon wnicn, again, ue exclusion oi consiaerauon ui me vuic, wua msu ueieat- "r"'"" bread spread over wttn marmaiaae, wnicn, i. tni te ttuwsys adopts in mitigation we will theix further introduction will, to a certain ed, and here the action of tlie House rests nave approacnea m-any iu completion. however the offended guest threw down " UI llm enniliiuui r ... I I. vt.nl I f-TU- I w -v. -. - ConventioB again assembled at 4 o'eloek at the Representative Chamber. Th. cornnmce, vt- sional disuict, reported through Jamea Guthrie, ... i iQetf cnairmau, uie wiivotua y- - gged boy is seen ,utionB: Our more avuizedl ir..i Tbi cmtinal ; rimd ot CoerOitatioeal ratona .1 i . I k .n.u k. aeuntiiinDlate anv intartereBce wiia ine autnonues. "-rr ,V-Vchaof the riutiva coooiooa or II. .1 I I 1:1.-1 - " . , . , . lh, wm HQ BHWllU, in IIM mWH-.. - r.r:" : 7, .-L. , . i-K ..rwr. ..it I . .. iidaat.tti lutaM M 1 IWiniM n Wfjuanw- MKIKI w luv ' - f J- I manner, be Sent tO the pump--anu UllS, you I rr.aa aeebeea twice aasved apea by the people, and a I pia thent la a soil aot sa rtch- It surely ia i ta set trees er te piaai corn ia , eor Bat wa believe the epiatoe new gsa- railv nrevails that land aead aot be Very rick . - a .... nnl - It - - ' mat n. rtrk.s have to submit to i. that of bein washed I lg SJSSSSJSSS n TLi 10 I ana SCruODea. t tus is mi very iiiwiwr; uui i al lemtituuonai raiorm, coaauer a prove oeing uie enui.g - 1 a t - I ... . .... 1 u.iln.ni. nuia Ih. niiutma ni irt. Uhl KIM I V I ..i i r r ...m. t .. . MKArt f i umn r -i ' i nnitu. 14 piureiy u an " """w 6' ol th ldini Coo.tiiutionl rtforma Uj Uror. imui v u ,hlll 111 ..) r. tk. k.o1il, r the, Pn, I .mnd;BrufnnncirMorKtiaaathiMrtIta. I Youag traee may oa Biaoa te grew eat sae. n. puiicuuuo t'i. j-' "-T-,, vn, uan n u caoic. at takktrn utta they wiU aot test trill ey eon iimee grew i K . h.n thA ii U7.I nv.nniiwi. 1 1 iiim iiir-n . ... Th.Mi.tA jr I .llw licaiuivi unvi'h-iv-..i - - i voa IV1 kflm. w.v.. J. iVceeece. 1 eac wa mm m weaarv w cwibiiiwm -. . chsaga ia Uie rclaUve aoadilkMi ol master and slave la th neweoaatituiioa, and iaieod a firm and decided reaie- i.n.i.ut aieituin. 9. Tuat wa desire ta change the term af office, as it uK.iai araacnaedtaraa ef vears. 3. That we attirs lo cnaaae we prrwnt ap. pointtef many eT the olUcani t tha State, end aa fares iwmcticatM.cotMnstSBtwMiaa effltteat awveiaaaaa. te appouauneeAiA, uie pavvw. leatre maniai acanuoa ot uaa iiriimiiiig restricted to geaeral taws, opersung suke 32 1 had been washed in time, we question much 10 whether they would have become felons at UU.' aaata Beaere 8) wit A fisherwoman was the other day on appreciate I s -t . maintng in the otate. must be measure was defeated, ia not stated. ver Highland folk as lang aa ye like? put i - . . r. i t ul naa gaen to eat anusapc w in uitou. express! rrnat rli.ornst. Mot undeistandinz the cause, of Great Britain upon this same mien, horne in mind, tbar, of absolute necessity, KemarkiniJ on this result, the St. Louis Slates. e have no douot more man nine tf , . ask rf wfaat wa3 the matter Na "on has inflicted on her West Indian de the entire surplus production of the State Republican of 3d insU says: ,., hundred and nity nuies oi raurona nave ,. han J a, a ruutaiA UC- I L. .M s4JaJ Ia ilia neaViAna aiTrfMrrnh tttfliin 7uencie. uPn. this subject, we cannot which is now annually represented by in-1 Ve suppose this to be a final disposi- " repast as any indication for the se- vestment in slaves, must be forthwith en- t;on of the measure for the session, and eumy or the future. We can now, for the t5ged in many of those other pursuits, cannot but express our regret at the policy time, see, within a abort travel of us, which, ; yielding comparatively immense wbich aeems to have controlled the action "j practical as well as political limitation profits, will add materially to the wealth of 0f Legjgiatti.e. It is . not such, we J Iye territory, whilst the business of the Sute, bmMd op sooxcea of Uxalion, and humbly think, ai ought to govern men Drfeaing has extended in almost the cettt ability lo pay, infinitely superior to uriaiatiog for . tht general interests of the as of alave la- It wbIcli produced by slave labor. people, and is inconsistent with those I a .1 .l: .? .L. 1.1 .1 I r ... ... been in the Northern and Eastern We have no doubt more than nine I been added to the previous affcresato vutliin. the past year, making the rand total at ths close of 1848 nearly seven thousand miles of railroad in operation in the United , Sutes. desire ta conans oar electtoae ta a single convenieatelestwa preutKta. desire to erevwe tor ua payeaim w am debt. aad restrict the Legislature tatae tnateeMS. t. Tkal we osslra ta suae a aapsraove to teww a sysuna of puMk. iastrocuoa snd provide he the edura. n.Af IAAOIAAAAA. . i i 1" ill iii im una! inn laene tuff Bltid the Other, -"Ve may give that tO Lotoaiunc the ereatBtrne BtacaasrfttiseswaeiliaU . w . s. ' W..S mil ar e. A.ineai akaoll ltarA amaT l".rli.l UfM m MfMsT rltfMs laJhsa vmts. of Ibm modICi Macaulay, in his new hbtory of England, a a . ft . I . I laematteibe set Ires. but ertsst axaiosl ssoluioa i smaaeiiwuoa vitauut the coassot of upoa full tsoraneaaaooa aaa eoioenanoa. aTTaal ws fsvor a pravaaoa U tne aew CsastJlMtiea. ! Ibet U anas aot seauaoperasoaiawKSBauBe apprev- toeaera to fast that they ere toa greea aad tender fer winter; aad are killed lor wast ol saatartsg tBetr tap. Ia the winter sf isji-x, many xteiowia trees were kiUed by a loag tara af sold weather commencing la November before the trees bad stopped growing. Trees, therefore, may oa meue to grew ia fast. Pear trees beer more masartsg tsasap ale treea.aad oeack trees bear leaa. There t a dUTereaca ia thia respect among tka vxietiea ef apple treea. The Raasctt rteaires muck rich, i sou tnaa toe isaJdwta ar tne rorxer. nttnw giaaing telanra what tka beat varietiea requite, ssdaafarsjaingafaiietttitaawwaeed ta raisa,-.Wasf. Flaa'aias. ; J i - . CaLBav It w the most eommoa practice to earth celery about twe ar three laches at a timet this, koweear, la a bad ssteea, (er every aartk- ae - a w e- T-a ' . ..1.1 T. T . ka Mn.tarA Kaa CO rf aV nsaaMl I uea TbeiNew XotK express saya mat uie icuiaiauij wa' m.TmnvtM.wit f Cer-ntutu. . . i.i a i a : a. - . .... a al ic4nu. in the s veral counnes, wao concur wnm aa ie ratio as the productive has diminished. may think thia en imprudent ex-' ouiuah the value of our lands. This ia ut-J q of the ajtw" Cw en- - " I" J - - . w A...1A r..:.v, k. . tk. Vn. raiimaH nm. I thia laninisrfr N l ne -rurtiaj natea oeai uaiUUyu r .a .1 , I - h:.,;. e th. ot aKverf. and la at-a.tmt.oe 1 oefora nisea tote very large. At Utnghamton nailing, not Because u gavo poiu u "'quloi-i.tovss, ss aotd ooavsstteaaaad whita. "Sue- 1-C-Or lreasee th risk af the eull getaisg tato uumn aj.uw " J - 1 . thau decay bat, besides this uasgsr. Celery plants frequently earthed-p grew anwek mere slowly thaa If ailewed te attalat height af 19 . f . . . a tw .a aaK r24 laches before may are earae-ep and after that are zaia allowed te grew ea klgt aa aot to require more thaa aaoiher eartkief before they are need atuUa- Celery or blanched, ia sua ar are wise at wome Another objection is," that it would di- viw. of 1MUcy which are charao oae thousand packages are ready for Uie hear .out oecause it gave pieaaur. . '- - f . i . i i etri i - . a tvi v jHKaax a a tw a b n ar as nr a von a a vawea- iniiiia. ' t i .. ' I da" w Sf aTk VI m aVaSi a-"- . 4V m a A , , - i i i - V -ae (e-