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The examiner. (Louisville, Ky.) 1847-1849, March 10, 1849, Image 2

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Til I? 11V A TV1 I 1VI I? I) (please to 'call them. By unweSrled toir and 1
I 1 1 J LP.J Y ift 111 1 1 1 J A lEIl. J am aa Mafli. 'fi.Ulilo W ' AV.,ai naa4 MAMV I
ess am. aw - - - auu
L0U1SV1LLE::::::MARCH 10. 1849.
. O- Wt $tnd, occasionally, numbtr of tkt
Exaanaaate ptnontvkoar wiiwucnwri.H
tkt Kapt, that tjr ftrutal of it, ty ncj tn
duood toiubtorib.
Tho Twewiy-anh of April.
Friende, remember that thia important day is
raniillv annraarhlBV. For the Bake of the I
canes, for the sake of tho State, it la OMentlal
r 1 -rr m- . i
c?...- I. I- I.I I
that all parts of tho Commonwealth bo well
represented at Frankfort. Let there bo no do
lay. Hold yonr meeting, at once. Choose
yoor delegate or make arrangements to go
yooreelres. The larger tho number tho better.
Wo want to hare tho voice of the people utter
ed, and uttered with clear nee and decision.
Wht cubaii BesteiV I
A friend w riting from one of tho moot wealthy I
and lBflaentiaIeoant.ee of the State as )-s, "there I
nr. maay friend, of Emancipation here. but.
unfortunately, each one depend, upon some I
other to make tho first movo," men, a man anoag meat And where tie impolicy of agitating tho aubject of omascipa- namely, that, hereafter, whom ho wlahoa to
So ie it ia other eectioua. Men are waiting .BCh right, and privilege most fully enjoyed? Uon. Wo perh.pe do not clearly understand knock emancipation fato a cocked hat with a
for other anon to act. Mr. J. wait for Mr. JL, m reply, let ui compare two of the old States what ground tho Journal oecupiee ju.t at pre- book, ho can get it printed on tertna quite aa
while Mr. R. patiently waits for Mr. J., and the f (he Union, MaaaachuMette and North Care- sent, for though deprecating discussion and farorabls in this city as in Cincinnati,
can as somewhat impatiently weite for both. Una. In 1840 they had nearly die am. popn-1 agitation, it ia almost daily diaenaalag and agi-1 Tho author of ths'Vook is "Josiah Priest,"
"- --?-- iiaJUnasaoajtbJ uMa.4 varriac much in eliber Sutofrom taUng tho wclUng question; bntw. suppose Who U "Josiah PrUs'of tho Northern Dis
Havo you not euflactently Ulu.traUd th. beauty 7,000. la Uth EtaU there iu. "poor white i gfoujd whicto It wtW-wUh.. Unci of jfew.Ynrfc AJJhough not te know,
r patience Patieace, we Admit to be a very peie; i8 whUh are the poar andtbolr.aiUr.il oewtoodna occupying Is that o opMsfUia to Mr. Joslsh Prlost iiiay- argno one'a af un
lovely virtae. but it can hardly lake tho place f most respertec?. Maaattchweetb) aay. to her o agitation of tho aubject at tho pnent time, known, yet we mnstcpioad guilty to preeiaely
oarnest octirity. Milton oaya with truths - mmjt, IittolhiwueoJ. a.wor. It is rlfbt that 0 thia ground, w.preeame, It eLalna that Mr. that much Ignoranenv Jo.iah will pleaao to
KMI lh Alif haaA UBiltaWhB.j Ihia IK AHakl a. v aak B
"v - - I
cause ho would find excuse for inaction, but that I
he might obtain comfort in his state of iavolan- I
tary inaction. Tho otern patriot had lost his j
eight in consequence of hie ceaseless labor, for I
liberty and right. When we have worked as I
muion woraea, we m.y rest a. Milton resieo.
Friends, wsit no longer. Mr. J. call upon I
f r R t Vt narw avaala nail arnnAaa nstini I
.u., u.mEumiuSw,L... .Pa
you to make the eame propoeition. All the
bettor. Each will bo cheered by the Interest of
tho other. Call a meeting of yonr neighbours.
Discuss the matte: freely, thoroughly. Put
otrong, convincing arguments I. to every man'a
hand. Do you aay you have no d oca meats for
distribution? Let us know and we can supply
Wo hove at thia vary time on our table a
pamphlet full of information, atrong In argu
ment, admirable in atyle, stirring la appeal
just such a pamphlet aa we ahould like to have
placed ia every bouse in Kentucky. Will you
help u. in placing a copy in every house?
Time is precious; tho call ia urgent. The
caase of humanity plead, for action; .hall it
plead la vain?
Slavery H hits laborers.
We understand that atrenooea .ffbrte are
made ia aome parte of Kentucky to array poor
men, men who depend upon their daily labor
for their daily broad, against the emancipation
moso men are ioiatnat.ii tnoomaa -
ripatlon party ahould succeed, their condition
will be materially injured; that in.tead of hold
ing a position ef reepoctabitity in society, they
w ill become a low and degraded caste. They
are told that while alavery exUU, all menial
eervicee will be performed by blacks; but when
slsvery shall be done away with, tho poorer
claaaof white people will have to engage ia
those services and will thereby bo injured and
disgraced. Slavery ia thus represented as the
friend ef ths poor white nan and freedom
his foe.
Let ue look into this matter a little and see if
it bo true that tho white laborer finds in alavery
a friend in freedom t foe; for if thia be so, we
might ao well cease from farther effort la behalf
of freodiara.
Yon oay that r taw Wer " abolished,
menial labor, would devolve upon poor white
people. You take it for granted, when making
thia assertion, that all the blacks ar to be re
moved from ti.e State, for if they remain here,
even a. free men, upon them would fall many
of tho same taaora which they now perform
Bat admitting that all tho blacka ahould be
removed, and that none but white laborer,
honld exist in tho State, and, consequently,
that labor ef every kind shonld devolve upon
them, would they thereby bo degraded and dis
graced? We answer with all confidence and earnest
neee, no, by bo mean.. No labor was over
kaowa, ao labor can over bo known, possessed
of power to disgrace a man. Idleneee may dis
grace a man, and crime may disgrace him, but
labor, honest labor, never.
What, aay you, ia not a man degraded by
narataf occupations? Ah, there is ths difficulty;
menUl occupations, i. e., as the word implies,
tho occupations of menial., of servants, slaves.
Because certain labors have chiefly been done
by alavea, therefore they are regarded aa slavish
or menial occupations. Here we have one
illaetration of tho dark influence of slsvery; it
has placed ite fonl mark upon labor, and hence
labor ia regarded as degraded and degrading.
The degradation ia in slavery not ia labor.
Suppose that in.tead of aeeing tho labor.,
which you call menial, performed by alavea
you had boon accustomed to see them performed
by persona beloved and respected, would those
labors bo considered by you either as degraded
or degrading? Or, to bring the matter nearer
home, are there any labor., whether called
menial or not, which you would shrink from
performing for one beloved end respected, o
father, mother or sister? Or would you con
aider yourself disgraced by performing euch
Wbora? Sorely not. Why aott If labor, aay
labor, bo degraded ia Itself, then ite performance
must be degrading, under any circumstances,
under all clrcumateacee. If labor bo defiling,
then all who labor must b. defiled. If the de
gradation be Inherent in labor, it rou.t alwaye
Inhere, and every laborer mu.t partake of the
But It ia not Inherent. Whatever degradation
attaches to labor is tho result of accidental
aaoociaUoa. Sever it from Ite unnatural and
unhallowed association, and it .tend, forth In
Ita native character .tain lees and honorable.
Let present simple fact ia illustration of
thia atatomant. One of tho most eminent, use
ful and honored biahope of the Episcopal
Church la the United States, waa accustomed
oil hie Ulo to perform tho menial labor of bruab
lnghiaoaa boot.. Waa the venerable man
degraded thereby? .Wash, disgraced by tb.
labort Certainly not. Tho labor, ia thia in
stance, had ao alave-mark npon It, and it was
teepectable, honorable labor.
Take another Illustration. Ia ourachool-boy
aAj, vo had a claeemate, whose mind glowed
with high and holy ambition. Ho aeplred to
raoch tho height, of Intellectual and moral
greatness, but th. hand of poverty preened
heavily upon him. What ahould ho do? Give
up tho eager purauit, renounce hia fondbopee?
Oh ao; that would bo death. To science and
aound learning he had consecrated mind and
heart. With th. whole-souled devotion of
youth bo had offered hia vow. and th. vowa
must bo paid. But whence, ahould he obtain
the laoana of intellectual progress? No rich
roUtivoa stood near with outstretched arm and
helping hand. II. could sot beg. But ho
could work, .ad work ho did. With manly
taespaadaae. h. hired himself out to a family
to da for thstn menial aorricoa, if such you
vHwifvimi uiwui w . mo mmmmwm
IVaavaaarea t-w wtwviw Willi Wtawv. WaVieS" " -
vereitylatbeUuloa.tochorish there the foud-
est dreams of his youth. There he sat aide by
' 1
aid with tk. l..tr. i.i. 4iin. I to
orable competition with the children of genii
a. respec table a"ad a. restricted aa the proudest
and most rilled of hi. associate.
sar Yoi that th.t vnnr r man derradea 1
by hi. ubor? Far, far from It. In.tead of
being degraded by hia labor, hit labor waa en-1
nobled by him. w I
And ao It must erer be. Tear off from labor I
the deadly aaaociationa which alavery ha. en-
.. , . i.v. I .
miuru around ii and let II do asaociaioa wim i
lnUllir.no. mA l.i..i.- m.A It will niav iht
honor with which the Creator deelened it.hould
Decrowned. In the genial air of freedom alone
can labor breathe freely, and the laborer walk
forth In the dignity of nunhood, respecting all
and reepected by all.
But will you now aay that, in spile of all
reasoning, you believe that tho laboring white
man is more respeoted in the .lav. than in tb. I
free States? Let facte answer. What ia the I
teat of the'rentd D.id to manT Lit net the I
LcjoTmenl of r,rUu and priTll. wh,ch .01
n,ble him t. .tend on a level with hi. fellow-1
. fair e banc. w'Ul tho ehiMraa f Ik. rW.h. I
wiil build ached houses therefore, end ej scats I
M M(J rf.orBtar promiao to I
fujfiod.aad out of her whole eul.Ua. M. I
.awhawettai had in 1640 about 4,000 men andlhink, Um iPf?1 tor agltaUon, J
womtu who eoB,d not f ,6d those moody why iyM h Bot keP ,U6nlt IU knew Ter' I
!,..:,. AnH ho AnMM Knrt. r " I
frM, h M4 . P. ........ A
IchilJreu to grow up in r-ossiffBorance without
I h f ' word in the Bibla or A.
cipher a line of the Constitution of the Union
In 140 North Carolina had about 50,000 men
and women unable to read.
And now, reader, tell u. in which of the
two States you think the poor man inmost
esteemed. In the one In which hi. mind is
developed, and he is mad. a man. or in th. one
ia which he is doomed to perpetual childhood,
You cannot lonr hesitate in anawarin Tk.
dtfldrence ia too marked to permit of doubt and
XI ... t. j a . rw.i
UBcenaiuij. mju "uj ibcii uuiereocei I no
one i. a free the other a alave State. In thelt'T wo .hould bo glad to learn what proof
nn. va .M freom'a car fr ik. i .k.
J - - " j... .UV
..i i , -..!
luii, jvu m iiitji .nn ir ua poor.
Judge ye then which is the friend and ubich
tho fo. of th. laboring whit. man. We entreat
you to weigh this subject well, itv vour self.
I respect and your desire of tho respect of others -
I by your love for your children and your e'eair.
I for their welfare and honor; wo entreat yu to
I meditate long and thoroughly upon thoqntatioa
i.f freadom. And if afterdua deliharatina.
do not determine to enrol youraelvea among
liberty 'a friends, and to become earnest ndvo -
. ... ... .
caies oi emancipation, we wil. eonrew tiuit we
bare overrated year desire for meatal and mora!
improvement, and have given c-u credit for
more of the genuine spirit of manhood than
you possese. You will then prove yourselves
fit for slaves, and wo shall advise you to hog
your chain. Bat we have as fear, of auch a
-i!t. You will think wisely an-Vwa'l.
Tae Kaoxrtlle TiikeiBve. '
The article, which wa have placed in ant ther
column, from thia valuable pajer, will bo read
with interest. It affonitt another dieeriug sigt
of the ailTuaion f the aentiment of freloni.
From this article?. will bo seen thi.t the spirit
of emancipation is not eenfinej to Eeatusky,
but is wiogiag lis way over our bnaitlfnl .is-
ter Stele, Tennessee. Wo hail every auch ia
dication with gratitude and joy, for we bel.eve,
as we believe in our .wa .xistenc, thai the
eanse of emancipation ia identified with social
prosperity and human happiness. The e-iuoe
mu.t triumph, lu progress may be dilay for
a period, but that final and entire success will
attend it, we no more doubt than we doubt
tho ultimate establishment of right atd juMtlce
throughout the world.
Work on then, friends. Lt no obstacles
dishearten. Onward in faith and htpe. Pray
and labor. He only pray, truly who labors
well. Let the earneetneee of your exertion.
attest the sincerity of your wiahes.
Aa Kara rat Frirad af Kaaaarlpallaau
Wo have received a letter from a friend in
Bourbon county, encloeing ten dollars for the
publication and distribution of valuable docu
ments. Warm tbanka, we return for this pledge
of interest in the good work. The money shall
be used in accordance with the wish of the
Friends, throughout Kentucky, bo up and
doing. Let u. see to it, that our fellow-citizens
in every county, town, and precinct of our bo-
loved State, have the mesne given them of form
ing n correct opinion oa the great .ubject. Let
pamphlets containing facte and .tati.tica be
spread broad-cast, that no man may have igaor
anco aa a plea for inaction.
Tavs Caaalac Caeveallaa al Kraakfat t.
A meeting of the fhenda of Ernancipatioi in
Chrntisn county, ia called for the 10th inat., to
be held in Hopkinsville, to aeud delegaUa to
The friend, of Emancipation in Boyle county,
are to bold a meeting at Danville, on the 17th
inst., ia appoint delegate te the reeling on the
25th April. ' .
CaeraeeJla sim Kaecatlva
At a meeting of the friends of emancipation,
held ia Louisville. Febraary 22, 1849, W. W.
Woraley having been called to the chair, and
Reuben Dawson appointed secretary, th. fol
lowing gentlemen were named aa a Correspond
ing and Executive Committee, with power to
enlarge their number and fill vacancies:
W. W. Woraley, Wm. Richardson,
Wm. E. Glovsr, Reuben Dawson,
David L. Beatty, Patrick Maicy,
Bland Ballard, W. P. Boone,
Thorn a. McGrain.
At a meeting of the Committee, February 29,
Lewia Ruffner and Jamea Speed were added to
tho number. Wm. Kichardson waa chosen
Treasurer, and Bland Ballard Corresponding
Secretary. W. W. WORSLEY, Ch'a.
R. DaweoN, Secretary. .
From th. foregoing notice it will be wen
that a standing committee haa been appointed
by tho friend, of emancipation in Loutevillo.
The great object of the committee will be to
publish valuable pamphlets and eaaaya for dis
tribution through the State. From many quar
ter! application, are continually made for facte
and atetiaUca bearing upon the subject of eman
cipation. Those applications, wo trust, will
now bo fully met, and a vast amount of useful
information upon this vitally important aubject
be disseminated throughout Kentucky.
Any application, addressed to Bland liallard,
Corresponding Secretary, or Paul Seymour,
publisher of tho Examiner, will meet with
prompt attention.
OThe President of the French Republic has
ceiiierred in. order oi the lgiori of Honor oa JJL I
Boaplsnd, the celetnated traveler and naturalist I
and on Dc Jackson, of Boston. 1
mr. Clay'o Letter ;
W Uk rrtit blftiar In nrManliDff U ovr
an r - I " i .
ff 1
iuo V'" of eniaxcluation which Mr. way -
offers nay or may not commend iteelf generally
" ..I f
the friu.,U nf ik. ....... k..t whether hial"ciaatinr title, and in truth it ia a title that
I Dim h .n..iA i.i. i.k.. .,111 hivi I pbwm u niML so Wll l rnuira bpuiiii i.
-.11 w. u I. . , ..I ..... .... . . . !.!.. I I hv
I m,tA j . , , . . . TV. i"'" l vwa.ana louudllta h nrettv well I Mr. Joftall rrie.1 a DOOK. A. I
n.uii ana uenenciai mnutuw. . ... - r-- i- - - ...,: of I i.
ii.... i- i ... . . . . ..m.iu.immw. ii. auu uuD id wnun ii n I iqdm uirv uiu nut uvimuii. uw . i
wen writun. and tu apiru ia i ; - - - ---- - i - ... . m- .
ciiuuorv. that it m ill w n Ita w.v
and heart, of thousands who could not other-
wis. be brought to reflect upon th. subject of
)t'ght to reflect upon th. auoject 01
oil. But tho groat m.rtt of thle
on.iiU as it seems to us, In IU clear
f th.'oMenUal wrong and Injuatic.
document con.iita,
rec ignition
.1 , ... 1.. I in
i iiiavery ana or ( Dracumiuy 01 w i
No l nf I. Il.. Mf Ml. t IT I
- . I.i
mind to hid from hi. rlew tho repul.lv. fea-
turse of the .lave .y.tem. lie recognises and
admit lu character as a system of oppresnlon,
antl rejoices that an opportunity la presented to
Kentucky to become tho pioneer in tho great
work of redressing the wrong, of eentnrle.,
and of proving herself th. aincero friend of
freedom. 1
Wo have read witn no little wonder th. com-1
m.nte of tho Louiavill. Journal upon this let-1
itr. Th. editor, claim that Mr. CUy.ccupl-
tbt same ground with them ia regard to th. I
What roaeon has tho Journal fot thia claiiul 1
Mr. Clay does aot think tho present a aulte- J
bis time for tho disc uasioa of tho question of I
"monclpation, why dose ho discuss UT If h. I
well that hia letter would bo read with avidity 1
,n every oart of Kentucky, nnd would a-ivo rise I
to general discUMion. univsrsal agitation. Ths I
"rT Iact " BB" wrlllen ,l " Um ia
I '"?or of emancipation is proof poallive that he
nttlia thia time aa tho fit time Tor discussion,
Bu, Journal. Mr. Clay expredy
admit, that if It b. p.rfecUy certain and evident
that a majority of tho people of Kentucky are
oppo"ej 10 discussion, tho .ubject .hould be
dropped, and therefore h. virtually admite th.
lBa?olicf Impropriety of dtecussion now.
W. cannot see tho force of this reasoning.
I "If it be errcuy certain na.MO'fntV's.y. Mr.
J C,,T- Well, ia it perfectly certain and evidentl
I Tha J ab m al arHrma (hat It la. On what anlhnr'
I - "
th Journal ha. of th. correctaee. of thi. a.-
laertion. Will it adduce the authoritv at our
I 4g'teiurer ery poor autnoriiy, in ourisoraeume. ii pouraaown o long mat u orown.
I b,linbl. .pinion. Why, ia it notnotoriou. that
I action of the Legislature has been bitterly
1 denounced, not ia one or another part of the
I Sui, DUt in niyt ny y almost all aec-
I UomT And are not members trying to eoavince
I tei Indignant constituent, that the action of
Uio collected wladom ol Kentucky baa been
atirely misunderstood, and that it really meant
1 "otmngT res, we are senouwy toia wa u
I . ...Ml II w ...min. tk. mA.1 Akijtf,lAn,.
I " w" -i
ulp 0',uu"'" """" " " v"""- -
Aua ,ucn u xam u""ul auu u.g... j
manner in which the honorable Legislators of
Ksntucky employ themselves at Frankfort, dis
euNor subjects with which aa legislators they
nave bo rightw meddle, and passing resolutions
which rueaa agings
' Ana ihaii l&eeevery ron-i,- mUk are
now pronounced by men whovoQ forthem,
aa meaningless and absurd, be brouwkt forward
t ra that tha ..eonl. r k'.nt-
to prove that the people of Kentucky ar. op.
poeed to the di.Kua.lon of th. ubjeat'0r tmM,
W. believe that, so far from being opoped
to the discussion ef this great aubject, a at
majority of our fellowcitixena moet earnatly
desire discussion, and desire Uai thi. very tens.
We believe, moreover, that Mr. Clay regaJ.
the present aa the very time for diacuaeion, aai
that hia letter was written in the hope at once
of facilitating discussion and giving it a right
Tho eag.rnees with which hia letter is sought
how. that bo waa not mistaken. It la hailed
throughout tho State as a timely addraea. It
has given a new impetu. to the apirit of invee-
titration. This apirit will not rest until the
subject of alavery haa been thoroughly dia
cussed, and of the result of that diacuaeion we
have no fear.
We would aot indulge in prematura or ua
reasonable exultation. Wo know the number
and roagnitada of th. difficulties necessarily
attendant upon groat social changes, but our
hearts are cheered, and wo caanot repress our
emotions of hope and joy. Tho eigne of the
timea seem to ua most propitious. A bright
day ia dawning upon our beautiful State-
Friends, bo of good eon rage. Work oa work
well; your labor shall aot be ia vain.
Uewitl's Iag.erreaype Gallery.
We know of no pleaaantor place in our city to
while away a half hour, than our friend Hewitt's
tasteful and elegant rooms. Thou, who love mu
sic have all tho appUaneeu at hand; and those
who love cheerful conversation, if (as fortunate
ly for him aeldom happen) the proprietor is dis
engaged, are aiue of a treat; but above all, the
exquisite specimens to be met with at every torn,
show tha perfection which hat been attained in
thia beautiful art, and thecouaununate akill with
which the artist, transfer, th. features of hia vis
itor! to tha enduring nuteria on which thry are
to remain forevtit. W.advite.ucb of out friends
a. "woTTM liotflpg, tTirrrwaysMlie wutwweMpyy
to call at Mr. Hewitt's they will be sure not to
regret it, . v. ,
D. BalllU.-
Our friend and fellow-citizen. Dr. H.nry M,
Bullitt, has been tendered and has accepted the
chair ol Materia Medica and Therapeutics, in
the Transylvatiia University. Dr. B. for two
yoeara occupied a chaii in one of the St Louis
Medical Schools, with eminent ctedit to himself.
He is a gentleman of unusual vigor of mind, and
his acquirements are both profound and exten
sive. W. have no doubt that hia accession to
th. Trannsylvania Institution will prove highly
advantageous to th. students who resort thither,
and advance hia already very desirable reputation
as a successful and able teacher of Medicine.
LoelavlU. fleelonl laatitato.
Eighty-one young gentlemen received the de
gree of M. D. laut Monday evening. The Facul
ty apeak in hb,;h terns of the attention, study
andgentlemanly demeanor by which theae young
men were charaetens!d, during their connection
with the Institute.
Both the Law and Medical Departments of
the Louisville University, are enjoying a high
degree of prosperity. ,
DKPatTVBi or Psbmdemt Pouu Mr. Polk left
th. Whit. How on Saturday .veiling, and took up
hia quarters at th. Irving House. On Tuesday
(thia morning,) accompanied by Mra. Polk, Sec
retary Walker, and several friends,' he will set out
for Richmond, and teach Wilmington on Wednes
day, where he will remain a dayaa th. invited
guest of the town. He expects to reaoh Charles
ton on Thursday, and remain a d.y, to partake of
the hospitalities of th. city council, and then pro
ceed to Savannah, where he will apend the Sab-
bath, after which he goes on to Naah villa, via New
trlctare aw AkeUtlaataiM. I tbe
We were presented with book of orer four Stale, Ukl
, i
, i , . . . I
- " - . - -.-.f guia letters, were w. worus we
IVaww.. u A aa mm t t l.i
nuiiox.- inist.uvery
ought to have.
Th. nr., quee, thing that ..ruck . in look-
miuj io nm
g Into tho book, is that it waa entered "in tho
clerk's office of tho District Court of the U.
State., for tho Northern Dutrict of New York,"
.u. I
tho Year th.t It nrintad In Cin
r i
l"U-ta 1UI II Wll P.UUOta IB WailTllie,
. t .1 ... ... i . . .i I
byW. S. Brown." 1849 So our copy U fresh
and aweet from tho priaa. Who ta"W. S.
Brown," of our fair city t Ho is not quite aa
celebrated In th book pnbli.hin line, as Ilar-
Pr, or Carey, or CadelleaXongraan, or Miller,
or Galignani, for, aooth I. say, though wo have
th. happiness of knowing a very large portion
01 in. man ana women, boy., girl., ana nogs in
the city of Louiavllls, we never before heard of
the publisher of this bosk. Mr. "Brown,"
b.l - g rather . "g ha.dat th. b.Uow
will pardon ua for offering him a bit
Of advico, 1
tak. noUc. that w.Aava looked lato hia book,
In which, as Pepys caid of Evelyn's book o'n
Solitude, we do not fiud "irutch exceea of good
matter." Wo ars tfrry for it, bat candor com-
pels u. to say to JeaUh thst his book considered
with reference to its literary qualities, to its I
'tyU' " ' ,U ,Mrin' U BOt oMUy I
th. loremo.t hook In all Ni. world. Whether it
he considered aa aawassay on biblical criticism
a slashing diatribe agakirt pestilent eru.ee I p.-
"oni.is. a genealogical romance, or an snort to
Pickwkklanixe tho aoripturee, it faila to reach
mai piicn oi aosoiuio penecuon wntcn Its sx-
cell.nt author designed it .hould hold in th.
admiration of all tb generation, between thi.
and that day on which the heavena .hall melt
with fervent heat.
Th.r. la nothing unmixed In thi. world nn-
km it is the absurdity of aome men. Every
pleasure Is attendee with aome pang, and in
... . .a a
every ooney-poi were ia sure to lurk a portion
anoca passenger, mo cnaos. Boon keep one'.
tt comfortable, bit occasionally they produce
I corns. Rain revferee the Darched earth, but
I the farmer a crop. Book, are very pleasant
I companions, but mmeho w it will happen that
I we .oraetlme. get hold of one that is an awful
j bore. Wo hope Mr. Jo.iah Priest will not think
J w mean him or lis delightful book any barm,
I nen we aay that the book
I A book', a book iltnoarh there' aothlni int
i. B0t U.e greatett bore we ever saw in print,
i but of all tho bosks we everssw.it combine,
1.1 1... -u. .. .
i aosuruuy ana .nines, in me most abundant
proportions. Whether it is more silly than
absurd, or whether It 1. more absurd than .illy,
we have not yet been able to decide. The
glaring and unsurpassable silliness of some
psges Inducsd nt to believe that it was only the
illieet book in the world, and jn.t aa wo were
about to adopt thit conclu.ion, and to .tick to
i tkrtlUr tWT. U tkJ-. wr.r Ugh,
on a concatenation of the most unsurpassed
.u..jih . i i: , . .
hsnrdltieo, and .h.n our opinion would chang.
tU w. rd . ,!tu. further on and were forced
again to pronounc. In favor of the pro-ami.
nencoof..illta A. aoo. a. w. mTk..p
. . , . . , """P
oar mladon Una interesting point, we shall
rreat nleaaire in informin ln.uk k.
uu. . .j , ,j.rr :r "J
time inform. :,ht fa
i.iS )iviiun ii, ia ui nmi.
irraoia.e, -5 corpor.4, prDM-
ThWhaa beBInuch dlocusaion In relation
to tho divereitleer hllmai eolofi tnd h-
fluencaor Phy,ical cause, in th. production of
these diversities, philoeophers lik. Tritchard
ana Lwrenee, na,. uboreil Ujl nd iearned,y
to prove the unity of tha nct nd t0 uetmM
for tho blackn.sa af th. negro. But until Xt.
Josiah Prieat took , h,ndf ,tM
omewbat darkr.4M(:edi ,nd p.rpIed H
solves th. whole roytUrT wilh infini,e
thu.ahowing thst .D,ldad genius Is superior
to all th. learning Bd KeDC , ,h, word.
LUtea to how Joel!, account, for the blackness
of th. negro: He y,lhB pr0TUjnc
intended the formaio... ftf Hm and jpht
th. .one of Noah, a th, wori,b 0f their
mother," in a "aurvm.tural manner," making
them just what hT j aAmKi. U made Japheth
white, a color unllk, n,, ,t hue of hia parents,
while he made tl black as the driven char
coal, or the aeeHf ,pad. Having tbue ac
counted for tho di,,ky hue of Ham, Mr. Prleet
very pleasantly aCj, word: ..jj.
tioa of tho mystery 0f 0ria;tia of tho negro,
color, w. tniat u .ecepubio." Oh. yee,
CMU,n,JrT Acceptable, Mr, Prieat Your
aeeouut of tho rd,tUr u j0,t thing. You
hav. hit tb. aail4a tbe head. This discovery
wJl crtainly torjortalu. you.
. There ta apwjldic, in many mind, dispar-
agiag to the CO.rtaUvo powers of Jackasses.
If a booby arhfj, ia Bf aeigbborhood, he is
immediately oalleii a. . New, it ia doabt-
teMtrue that J2,;h. are. very foolish aaiuiala
bat w. shall hBCorth coateud fiercely againat
ueir oetag coaeiitered tbe moot fooliah of aai
Mis. , .Stow-iaaaaafa, Phw'.mmm,
w. Bra root mc , . l .
. . f ila ttit waga y.ry
uccee.ful conU(l99nj mgtitMt taMa wh mJx
thst Jack. ar. i0 tttwit of crMlar
Ungth of ear. la t aa MnlBg indic.Uon of
tha foolishness of th. of,d w
ua aire oi wo w,r, j,.,,, , lnreff
rauo to in. six. of brain-lf vMuity 0 brain
wer. alwaya Ino-atad by th. longltnd. of th.
oars, thea Mr. JibA Priest would bo uader ao
aeceesiiy to pur-tja,, alghtc.p., as he would
have a pair of appendages which h.
coaiaaraw overlh,Up of hi. headaoefleet
sally that adrjadful bad cold ia th. head"
would bo a eomliatat that would never afflict
tb. delectable lo,,, Jo,iah PrIett
Perhaps aoroe if 0Br woulJ u iMaJ
eeo tho Utle of Mr. Priest', hook. II... . ...
"SUMTf . U fies te tkt Viririn,
..exmuiuerfaxiA, Ugt of Cirtumttoc,
HUfrymni tk Mlra. milk mm
c,unt riiN . tie Blatkman', Color,
Ik cause. . ki ,f Servitndt, and tract, tf
ats a.!a,H , aciai in Modm
Timu; with StrikUTtt , 6oWioniai." Such
1. the title of thewonderfB book, the object of
which is to prove rrom Bibu
Slavery is la acco j;nct WUi the will of Haven,
and that It te slnai t0 t0 Mtlrpat. it. W.
wish th. pro-.Iav)ry mam mttch j0y Tr th
Nortliera man wii, Southern principle..' H.
out Herod. Herod, M, u mo,t tranglacent
and transcendental lf ,,i th, commenUtom oa
the Bible. '
! This wretched ort to nb,i the scripture.,
and to prove thatauqmiaj .iiUnoaa ia better
than th. highest .udom. te to bo lmnoai o.
tho god nature M tb, advocatee of alavery
a ..niucay. pro-slavery men of our
acquaintance a.. ,hrewd to bo caught by
wck itaffaa tfa book eontalaa. Agents for
1 mim h... n !.. . . . -..I . J I . r .....I 1 1.
tO U10 nuuui i - - . wutvu wv.a ijim . ' . bwi i
sale o
f the book are perambulating tb. av.teg. tneyarew. "-PJ" "Mlifiw..e-. She .xu for her
eg adf.nt.ge of the excitement on 1 the price of cotton T and. U order to that red-C I fof toyfo'J ree...
of alavery to Induce th. advocate, ol Uon. rem to. boo it.e. "" ' . - - J - f - r,U,.y
u to DurchaM couiea. Wo do not I Ana aa 10 me price oi wi I Ji . r . , T u w6oa eoa.i,.
u to purchase copies. Mr,t to keep there ia an actaal -d e.n.u. : "',r
wiuu we
I . I
.infill men
reading of
.k.ri. ..,.rd the should hae iB
II It... uu iuii.iviviii.w.1. I
' . . i 1 I .
th. dreadful .ura. of reading ach a nooa . u B
po.ed on them. Wo protest again.t any
tenco in which all semblance of mercy ia w
log. Such a sentence would bo denou
) . u.m w. nrnlat arain.l any 1
wane 1
again.t Kentucky pro-alayery men were they
- - . ... kiina.
"T"" - - ' - -
a 1 . PriMl KlOBDIUCHUI.wv.'
W. predict that nine-tenth, of th. cop
I.i, . i i - l u I. Ik!. St.la will
lu is oooa woicn are auiu tn . r
flung lnd.gnanUy Into th. fir. by tb. advocate,
of aiavcry Kentucky .lav.hold.r. are me. of
sense, and no man whos. .illinee. doe. not
make him akin to Priest himself, will ever vol-
unurily undergo .neh refined tort.r. a. th.
reding of auch a book.
As w. hav. given our reader, a .peciroen oi
.. . . ,ii,- i . .i ii.i. t xi. i.:.. it i. hat fair I
we Bioiicai cnuciiui ..
. . - .. ... . . I.
that w. ahanld aJord thota deiecuuo oxirac i
tb.t w. aho.hJ aford
iw -pwy. w-v. , i
joinodar.th.alxfiratlUoa, which w.eomin.nd
to Clover, of tho "idUUad.:"
A jrL'r -r.. 1
vviuiiiv wuu wmiwi.jwt. a
i itk k.. at wnken we nuv i
h awiaui umw, udie uf k aafte -.
TLa-.rjo:aa-t.ilr.a we .
Aa4 atww aot waers m (aas tor UU ftkwl aira. I
- riwi ikrtanMliltlllUf
A. Italtject few th reple. " '
To tux EoiToa. By tho courtesy of a friend,
the Nashville "Union" of tho 16th, ulu, eon-
Uinlnr a lone and able oUtorial upon "Thl In-
tere.t of non-alar, owners in tho .lavery , ueo-
tioa." has been placed ia my hande. WitH iu
p,riy bearing. I bare nothing to do for ia my
discOision of tho subject, I am resolved to know
neither Whig nor Democrat. Ita leading idea
laeemsto be "the Importance of tho lesuo pro-
1 . . I
ented ia tho .lavery qneeUon; and ite leading
purpose, to draw the attention of aouthern read-
r. to that importance, under mo peuei
-they must setUe definitely" tho Issue itself
"at no diatsnt day." A.iue irora wo imeuec-
lu.l plea.uro enjoyed in reading th. articl., 1
waa gratified to see it, for the reason that it in-
dicatee a disposition in the public mind to come
up manfully to n discussion of the merits of tho
question and hear what is to b. .eld upon .ith.r
.ide. I My "a di.po.ilion in th. public mind;"
for editors and their correspondents, however
a. .a
unfettered in their thouguu ana in me expree-
i ' '
I teDse.) upon euch subjecte aa woeo lor wnora
they write ar. mor. or lea Interested and ready
I "
The immediate object of tho "Union," ia
pointed out by tho caption of tho article which
I ia to be one of a series. "The interest of non-
slaveholder, in th. .lavery question." Such I.
H. heading. "Tho idea prevail, eitenalvoly,"
I he stetee, "that none but tho owners of slaves
ar. interested la tho quesUoa; whilst thooo who
I are not such owner, may look on with wdlffer-
ce as to thereet." In endeavoring to prove
the error of this supposed impression, and to
It . L . . I i i..t, i... I.
1 ,now non-aiavenowmg wniw popuia-
Uon of aouthern Slates, have a personal interest
in perpetuating the iastitation of alavery, he
ha. made a candid admission, which ia worthy
th. attention of all slaveholdere. It ia aa fol
io we:
The italic, and capital, are my own.
"Slavery once existed la these very aortnera 1
Stalaa. where ODDoaition to it bow Dravaila with
most force. It waa not abolished because it was
esteemed a moral e
uni inrt$tigio $
luUtl s.ii-that is, ,
moral evil, but ieeotta exaerM.ce
totufio tkrm tkmt it wet a so
BECAitrs rr waa aacxaTslNao
that slave la sot was Lisa raorrrABLK tha
A. -o- thte ducovery wm
made. It became a matter of aelf interest to pro-
,ide for the abolition of elaverv. and the ahacVlea
I r.ii frm ik. mIahJ ... .in,ni k..n. k:.
: , - - - j "j ""r' j a
ire. laoorers.
I hav. no doubt that ia th. assertion that alave
ry waa abolished In tho northern State., not be
cause it was esteemed a moral evil, but timplj
because experience and investigation satisfied
ibem that it waa a political evil, injustice ia
done them. It would be uncharitable to at
tribute to the motives of arrant aelfiahn
in the human, work of emancipation which
utj accoiupiwuvu. na ubto nuga to oeiieve
that they coaaiderod alavery to bo both morally
and politically wrong, and that, moved by tho
joint, harmonloua influence of thooo two consid
erations, they abolished it. Tho aamiseioa of
the "Union" ia, however, both truthful and
important, that "experience and investigation
satisfied them, that slavery was "a political
evil;" that is, "that alave labor waa lee. profita
ble than free labor."
Now thia is aa important fact to slaveholders,
especially to those living la Eaat Tennessee,
where slav. labor ia loaa valuable than It la
farther south. Suppose It to bo true, that free
labor la aof a.., at all time, snd la all place.,
mora profitable to th. employer than slav. labor;
that it waa becauoe tha soli of tho northern
State, ia adapted to grain growing and pasturage
ntther than tha production of cotton, rico and
agar, and because manufacturing purauite wore
found to bo auilod to th. genius of tho people
sad th. character of th. country, that they abol
ished slavery. Do aot tho same cause, operate
now ia Eaat Tennessee, that then laflueaced
tli.ra? Every .a. knows that tha chief pro
ducts of the South will aot yield ovea a moder
ate return for labor with ua. Negroes are net
aoeded by ua to grew cora and wheat aad oats.
Employed la that way, they will scarcely Uo4
...i Ajka.lhfMlBn.ltlk.a a. afrai. . lt fa
proverbial, too, that East T.nneosee has a po-
c alter adaptation by nature to manafactariag
purposes; and If I understand tho facte of the
case, it Is la manufacturing, that th. especial
oxceUenco of tree labor over alave labor ia maa
a W .1 ate.
iresi. ia in. cure, or as argamant, tho
"Union", makes thia averment: "Whenever
slave labor become loos valuable than free labor,
alave. will be liberated." I do not doubt that
that tim. haa arrived In this section, if not ia
the other divisions of Tenneeeee, Ia many in
.tencee, the .lave ie kaowa to bean absolute tax
upon th. owner; nnd it ia probable that h. Is
more or leas so, iu ail Instances. Why, then.
ahould he bo kept la bondage?
Some person, seem to cherish th. idea that
tho Interests of the northern aad southern Statoe
are hostile to each other In the very nature of
thinga, and roust alwaya remain ao. This
thought Is ao strongly Impressed upon their
minds, that it pervade, and discolor, their views
of every subject they investigate. But it Is
certainly erroneous. The true intereet of ono
member of the body politic, must be thst of all
tho others: and that of all tho other, nut bo
that ef the ono. Tho true interests of tho North
and the South ean not really clash. They are
indeed sue. But suppose for a moment, that as
th. "Union" teaches, ths feeling at th. North
ia favor of the abolition of alavery at tho South,
springs from adoatra neither to benefit the slav.
nor to Injure his master, but to advance their
owa pecuniary interests, by reducing th. price
of labor, and so reducing th. pric. of cotton.
If "the price of cotton, tho great staple of tho
South, regulate, the price of oil otktr ortUlt,"
it mu.t regulate th. price, of articles maaafac-
tared at th. North. If tho price f cotton
fall., tho price, of their manufactured article,
must also fall. Wh.reia. thea. to th. tmman..
Pro-.l.,ery men . K.u.-c.y ar- -- r -"r ubotatth. '"- Wl- m
that every one abould req
North? Simply, If at all, by degrading labor;
fastening a .ligma npon it; oy ao onmi i
to partial con.en.pt, that . whiU man W -
order to reconcile hU mind to tho odinm of I
. I
. 1 . 1 . . . I. iLi JiuK eU- I
. a ' J.
uuc .uv vim v. I
ma expense 01 we urgrauaimu v ...
ted In th. light of . bond-man. wcau- n.
do., th. work of . sl.v.t Every body know,
how th. poor whit, man U looked upon Pr-
eiliousJy by tb. domestic negr. servania mi.
country. H. can n.ver hop. to ri to th. u-
dignity of . fr-man. wh.r. hUcon.tant .ra-
ployment is that of tho elav.. 1 n r.aauy i
.nark .MAnti tnr i k. fart thai the fro. day- I
k -
. . . . .1 I'.I.J Ci.ll
lanorrr. wno unmifraio to lam k. mivmu b-
r '
wair nomaa ia ma oiu iraa oiaimm. mmaom cwniv
to th South or Soothweet. They prefer to go
.h.c. they ca be fr ... i. truth and in dei;
where thootamp of sham, which i. fixed npon
wUI no U tr.-f.rrW W. I. Wea,
hy aa-ociaUon to themselves And If it be Uu.
that, they could, ebteia higher wage, at th.
South, bi t reject tb. opportunity of doing so,
iiatl.lWfr aolf rout eel may bo preserved awa Um I
degradation tfiat cling, to the alaro, and by u
natural sjmpalhy to hia employment, may not
ba fastened upoa them, doea H not convoy aa
impreeairo losooa to all aoa-alaveholdera ia tho
southern Stele!
What in waaleu at tho South, la to have labor I
dignifiod la tho appreh.neio of naoa. minda. I
. . . . ..1
i is wo inauiauoa oi aiavery that deoaaa. it.
Th. ehildrn .f fwnili. which are commonly
-.11. I u ..ii. . m l.i
I -r-""'. o.g
poa. on every trifling occaaion. by ao-
1 .
think with horror of condeecending so low na
i -i -m.. .
whkh a boy or girl oth.rwta. rsod would do
without n moment a heoitatioa. A master car-
penter but recently illustrated this subject to
ms, by the case of ono of hia journeymen, who
who delinW. r,, ,.W to carry . .mail
bundlo of clothing or somsthing equally harm-
loos. along Gay street to his lodgings, until tho
mat al asa sao baw lae okatAKjuJ At. :o S . L. I 1. .
i r"""" rr uumu. unu.wuaa
l l . . .,
uiey wui never
perpeiuato aa in.utuuon, in.
I . i.i . .
i u-, w ui7 ui ejeeoi omcrs, ouwa wen
1 0WB
Tweiru. Auaal Repast ot la lie. Iloraro
ytmrnm, Bearraary af the new. Baaue at
Wo have read with mingled emotiona thia
deeply interesting Report. Tho pleasure and
eatiefactioa with which we alwaya peruse the
ritinira of Mr. Maria k... 1 ... :.J
o - -1 w.v www vwuui;uim
bv aaenaation ofaadaeaa. rmammA kv tk. tk..kt
I. 0
i that w. wer. readier hia farewell report.
For twelve year, this gifted man haa labored
Indefatigably ia behalf of the cause, for w hich
ho sacrificed political distinction and the large
pecuniary emoluments of a lucrative profession.
In some of the European government, there
is a high officer who bears tho title of Minister
of Public Instruction." A minister of nubile
a haa Mr. Ma traljr
I cording to the primitive and genuine meaning
- 1 of the term. He haa ministered. serW. the
I BM 0f adae.tioa.and f. ki. e.i.v
. . , ... ....
- thank.
"t only of the citizens of Massachusetts, but
.f tk. fri.i. .f .t:
I . . ..... '
n or Mr. h.v. ..t b..
vain. An impalsehas been given to th. cans,
of free Institutions, common-ochool education,
which can never bo loot.
Tho following table ahowa ia a varv striking
manner the increase of interest la Maseachu.
setts ia her school system, daring Mr. Mann'a
TlW. .Wit CWW llHAUL.A.. I
... .
, "" .....vruiium.-taaing
I b aar 1837 aa a at. rtin ui. t f 1.. rn :
I table ahow. the aggregate of voluntary appro
J r-i.i, . IWUUWIB.
1-1.1. .1. . L - . - .
I r ' ..iiiiui., mauo aaaually
by towas and citiee, durinr th. last alavaa
yeare. The increase ef each year upoa tho pre-
ceding ono will be seen at a glance:
Iu 183 , the appropriation waa
lee. thaa .
lS.-M-9.it waa. . . -
1100,000 m
44709 96
1839-10. "
477,221 24
1846- 6,
1847- 8,
491,015 23
510,590 02
516,051 t-D
548,470 67
576.556 02
611.C52 13
662,870 57
7 43 ,943 45
la reading thia Report, passage after paeaage
w. hav. felt tempted to quote, that all tho read
ers of the Examiner might share oar enjoyment
la fact, tho temptation ia to quote tho whole
Report, but, unfortunately, our specs limits us
to a very few attracts.
Hew beautifully th. mission of Maseachu
aette, and tho elements of Una greataeaa are
presented ia tha following pimga:
"So tar, too, ao political power, founded o a
aumbors, la concerned. Alaaaachaaatte to shrink
iag hardly leas rapidly than ia th. relative Mm.
pass of her border.. Out of two kundra! mmA
thirty ropreooBtativea ia tho aatioaal Congress,
she has but tea; and tho aaxtoaaaua, now as
soob to bo takaa, will seriously rednea thi. mea-
gre proportion, ta ute am Uongraaa, aha had
iffbi out .f attty-nv.; or one ia eight, (aad a
preeeul, with waning proapecta for the future.
Iu tho presidential election of the carnal ...
sh. gives bat twelve out of two hundred aad
ninety votoa. Ia choosing electors, therefore,
m ukwiiri wbi ibb ia naaing peace, aad ia
all the mighty latereeu, political and moral,
that depend upoa war aad peace; a tho deep
pecuniary .take which every commercial and
uaaaiacianag peopia suvo la queetioa. of
oreigu commerc. ana domestic currency and
ia all civil, military, and diplomatic appoint-
menu, wmcu require ue concurrence of th.
Senate, Massachusetts to at th. mercy of her
.latere; aad If those aiater. become Imperious
aad aggrassivo, as some ef them give significant
'"' w-wuiiug, so. mast succumb and
suffer, lik. tho abused Cordelia amid tha hanrh-
l.rimi.Tll. .ml B.n...
J " """"- ismiiy.
"Thia picture to no faaey-eketeh. It ie drawn
from the original without theexarvar.tioa r.r .
eolor or a line. Wo are confronted by theeo
stern realitlee, the.. Incontrovertible f.t.. nj
no illusions of a poetic temperament, ao coat,
placeat retrospection over period. f past re-
owa, eaa avert or delay oar Impending fate.
Like th. fooliah bird which auDooaaa it .
avoid danger by hiding ite head from iu pursuer
w. may hid. our eyes and avert .ar thoughts'
from ail contemplation of tho fortaaa is..
await as, but those fortune, will neverlheleas
overtake ua, wtth a epeed that wo caanot escape
from, aad a ra.isUea.aea. that w. cannot over
come. "What, then, ahall save our aati..
loved State from vanishing quite away, from
being unknown ia the eo.aeela of tho aation
and loot to the history of tho world? I a .ar
domestic legislation, aad la all oar social rela
tionships, what policy aball prevail, aad by
what spirit shall wo bo animated, ia
avert ao deplorable a fate? Haa aot every pa.
triot, every worthy sob of a Pilgrim aire, aa
answer at hand? If Maasacbusetteeaa aa Ia.m,
challenge respect oa accoaat of her n ambers,
she must challenge it on account of her char,
actor: If aho to ao longer viaible by her magaU
tade, aho must become so by h.r lightish,
must be lik. Hespor, 'fairest of al! tho train of
. icrk I ' . T.A .Amn..M,. ik. J: .,
of her oiz. by tho Intenseuees cf her hriUiaaey.
!'Lot aa reflect, than, la tha first place, thai
I. the southern free laborer to bo expected to I Though every bill w.re. Potoai. ik j!"""
aasi.t iu tho perpetuation of alavery, cpo tho I valley, like that of tho Kd; wnX""1
ground that it will add n few cent, to U. woen- J' U tb.
o ly income, whU.t it keep, nis occapan.- I barbarism, and judgmeat-suick7o f m '
be I nr..Md ri unUmnnl. and ho himself is re- I for iuaina. A SutahaaW.i , '
?om eM ajuiy eompr.benJu4 k""o
uupeeaod rear., ihe honor .rikT
-."r !J ",!!-..f U
7 . ---F fearful
W(,jr descendants. ' ""n"l. .aa
- ,
M I aalhrnnk .
.the7.Und. - J. V7.",
re ,
1 ,
"""uria .K-l.
;"-n-..y inmsee.d; ba, tb.
tiate.aroillimiuble. a.taod bo",1,,
omnipresence of tb. B.iD? a,, ttt9tt4Z
-r-7 -..r. .i u.t ..t.r, tk
. Jl; bat,.P,;n'U tb7eti ' 'Bee
treasuree which ars unapproachable k,T
imprernable to violenea. mnA l. . 'ra1.
; - , . . . - - wt valae d
lot Dtrilb. bit U r.lnnkU :. ., - Ha
. - " "o m M,
icaace oecaase lis flimeBiUDt are aarra.
aaainma ut ttbarantv ...i -
"j iw.riaa
ite number, are few. Athens wm e,nal "T
WM ma;i- bat her oronh t "I1 J"a
.Bdwill .onuuoK.' 1"
I rU. Tho narrow strip of haJf-cuTi.vaU. I..7
I that Uea between ker J T "uad.
A.rleM la n.t f.u..l .. .
. . . . - weier. hoaa.
.UUre. in her ihouU. w;.;;
OM ar.th. prcl.de. .nd reh.oflJ
dutie. ef life, and th. prephec. ,f ul,
aeare raxat aax tu StaTt.-
W. might look far before finding bo,, , l
lag repreoeatation of tho ImporUac. ,od 1tl
I fir th. arl.iu . r PV..:.i
" "J"'gy. waa ia the
"Notonlv wlllaar.lk..i.j. ...
I pw.-.i. " ,T" V ""7W naotaa
J, r'.nperi. th, T
I w. .l i . i aa0wiauMaf
. rawoiogy, or ia Lawe of Deaa; tut the
I JlXZ'ft' Uu' M P-
I aa all tho comforts and see aritiee of a. k
awUi,r M ,w.ttif1. of B
j- V v" "ranee on. A raerl
iJt ! m
iy Mf0l.Uoai inaay of the absurd c
BJ nsages of society.-eoufirmiBg them aTre
and more to the r.Jee of reason aad tree tojoy.
Bd f .Ajicial lite. 1. wdl ren te.
eM Md fcUieo of Fashioa. in regard to drla.
mA Sa i in OAmai . O a.aa.1 n L. .
i BUU ..Trunin iu ndicaioae
I wui apcererieaali.taa
i ana puniy, mow intimate aud persoBal th
i j ppiy. H .ll tear.
1B urn wrj mijeil. V DB fataa .DDroaca
iM in thatlorm. iu which he has baherto bwa
hia.1 aMUPti.a .n.l .... . l .
. lorrn oi in
toxicating beverages, those who aear lbs
talisman of thi. cncs will have ia aaudte
against hia temptations. It ia a leaaoa ( ...
speakable importance, to learn that ao.ri.h
ment and not pleasure te the primary ekjact f
I made the reception ef thia food not ealv reoare-
iooa. uoa, mueeu, in bis benevo ear. ,.
I tiTS bat P'oaaanL But to lot. sight of lU first
I - ir we secVDa Mis,
uaterily to alter our position in the erale of be
ing; and, from tie ran of men, to daca.i It
the order of beasts. Pbysiolory would reverie
I ,h o'"11 fbl transform into me a tk.
iwibb wuv auw at epicurean lao'ra. aal
drink of tho Circean cup. Every lnlei!igBl
maa deploree the almost universal eoaitiua
our daelling-hoasee and pablic ediaees, .hick
bavo been built without regard to the aec ti
tles of tho human system for pare sir. Wtr
Physiology universally uaderMood, ae bmb
would think of erecting a mansioa, withoaua
apparatus for its thoroara ventilaUoa, at a.1
times, any more than withoet window fur Ux
admission of light. Aperture. and flaeafor lbs
ingress and egress of air, into aud from .:tia(
rooms and sleeping-rooma, are aa aereasarj ie
tho architectural iuea of a well-rinisbed koaai,
aa nasal orifice, are to the anatomical idea of a
man; and a dwelling without the loeaaa afta
tilation is as incomplete and as uBsightljass
man without a nose. A kaewledre of ilia ari
enre would establish a new standard sf bean,
ty, tbe classic standard ef the Greek, ia aa
strength waa a primary and indiapenaabie ele
ment; uu it would demonatrate tbe BO.-LKU-
I able folly and guilt of those matrimonial aiiaa-
I l. u ; -. 1- ; .
w u.i. nrnuiwj Ul.i auu fit! lawanj
itself, are wedded, and the health, mind, aad
happiness, of a family of children are tacrine!,
for the mercenary object ef a deary."
"Each of our organs is an avenue, throtujh
- 1 which death mav invade us; and lnnunieub .
I ucauu, mil is, innumcrai'ic ieucit-, rata
I one of whith haj the power of c.usim Jeaili.
I bold perpetual aiege at every avenue, and watch
lor an opuortumlv to enter and Jestrov. Aad
yet, air and nourishment, heat and cold, nutitur.
and dryness, we mu.i rncountrr, and a. mual
have; for they ar? the permanent conditions J
our being. How intelligible, then, aud U au
thoritative, does the doctrine Lecorne, that k.ii
health, and high health alone, ia ha:moDT ".la
nature! A penoa without hih LralUiisjUstas
much at war with nature, at a guilty soul a at
wsr with God; and the atruies ot our fra.1
bodies against lie resistless niu;tit of lie Cle
ments, will be as unavailing as that of ouisouia
agaia4 the retnbutioa of omnipotence."
'One mora idea is inseparable from t!ia sub
ject. When th. reiirwua man reflects, that otir
bodieo are God's workmanship, he sees that tt
laws impreaseil upoa them can be no ie tfcaa
God', laws. If then. laws, then, are God',
laws, w. are bcund to if cnguuc and ober ttctn.
W. are bound to ohey a law which God has im
pressed upoa th. body, on the sain, pnnops
that w arc bound to obey a law ahich he bs.
improved upon the souL And, here, bow peri
neal and k-icible, is the great idea ah a ka.
beea set forth so diat.nctl? by a Ute anlcr,
(Mr. Geo. Combe, J that, when we know a .aw
to be God' a law. it matters not by "hat mesas
we may hav. arrived at the knowledge; the
becooiea imperatively and equally binding upon
u. Between the law of the body and the la a
tha aoui, there nay, indeed, aometime. rno
hat we call a conflict of duly, uhen tie subor
dinate pMig.ti.rn ,rf tbe tbroaex must yield te Uie
suprriaacy of the latter; but this relets to rela
tive importance, ana not to inherent oblaUm.
Mf general coucluaioo.then, under this hesJ,
is, thst it is tho duty of all the goveiaing Binds
in aoeietv whether in ottce or cut ol it, to
diffuse a knowledge of these beauuul aad be
neficent laws of lealth and lite, taioug-aow u-e
length ami breadth of tho State; to popmant
them: to make thmn ia th. first place, the coav
moo acquiaitioo of all, and, through edacatioa
and custom, the eommoa inhentenc. of ail; to
that tha kealthlul hahite naturally (rowing out
of their observance, shall be inbred in the persplr;
exempUfied ia tte personal regimea of eacS ia
dividuaJ; inoorporated into the economy Of eterf
household; observable in aU private dfa,n,
and ia all publio ediCcea, especially
buiidicgs which are erected by capitalist
reaaleaea of their wtuk-oecDle. oi fut rroUDl v
tha poorer clasees; obeyed, by uppiyii' cue
with pure water; by providing public batlia. pub
lic walks, and public squares, by rursl eeniete.
ria- h tha drain a re aud sewersjre of aupuiollS
towns, and ia whatever else may pmmois its
... ... . l. .. fin
genera; salubrity of tae aimo.pnrre. -
by a religious observance .1 ail u "-'
reculaUooa with which modern scenes s
blessed th. world.
For this thorough diffasion of sanitary ia-
rence, the Com men cnooi iar ""'''
It is, however, aa adequate agency. LrtT
man Physiology be mtroJuceu aa an
let no teacher be approved who is not
... i... i... .n.i nt theirsDohcatwa w
tua ivauiufj piiuvii-. ' t. j
the varinng circumUnces of he; let all J ' f
er claw. m the schools be regularly and I n
ly examined upon Una study by the
ittees. and a speedy cbsne www -
our personal habits, over our Come ---'
snd or th. public arrangements rZ
Temptanca and moderatioa would not besut
strangers at th. Uble. Fashion. "-"rtff
ereips. if JSt2
wuuui do lorceu hi wuiw ,. , .ar
: , v.. .i. . k. tha niim-ikJrt to
subjeata of many of their natural ngn
order of architecture would bo .
Hyneruc which, without auuracu". -
from tha beauty of any otter '-T
new element ot aUitj to uieia
mi ami drno.il. ir ....... i. . Mlaa
orma .r ,
r .Kin.iii.nii

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