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iTIBIIE IE ABfl IEM1ES Ma '
"' ' "" i i ii 'MM"M'"WiWlWWWBWMrr spsjb, uuuubuuubbbi . !i i I I "prove all things; hold fast VuAT.wnicn IS GOOD" VOLUME III. THE EXAMINER; f.i.J.tl yVtt.lf.ou Jefferson St., net doer bst hi tns rost onus. TtunR, TWO DOLLARS PEI ANKCM.IM ADVANCE. Sil COPIES FOR TES DOLLARS. PAUL SEYMOUR, f, - f epeee eellyeree by Ms. M. O. aks. to tb People efBonrae Cooaiy ike abject f F.hHmiIi Crl Hawse U Part ea Jase, teawty Coart sax, list. riUC-C;Ti or Eovsbob: tme tn Cunceiv lew yon an spolog) ''., -rK-.rt von ot .ne suUeci of emancipa- io, if M. I t very good ones at hand, lu til t uc 'mancipation perry of Keu- ii hat orgacizeJ lor tbe purpose ot present i J djlni all that tbey cf u by fair sod hoo- orio.e met.-t 1" ferry or" their views, and I have Central Committee of that nr.. u 'ho to li.e people of Bourbon, Nicholas ini rU'i'"".1'" ', which we entertain, and atari-amenta by .it-h they are supports. n c 10 tae lb i opportunity ta present to .en UrrearJ rcspectshle number of curfel jo-ei; j"" of Bourbon tbia subject, and hope Var A 'Jt i he PC't'frrd to do the mim to i ot ibe oii.fr two counties. They hare i,,.p i,:, 'f i vn ne a Uir hearing on every sub ecu r.'. 1 i-'s ibi ro;. 'I do the same on thin f cut-aiioa. emancipation friend ol Barton coir.-.y, Ue -o organixed, and aa they drveeale a.i f" S3 ' erference by citizens of ,.-t' S.ne.. a2 aa they think the people of this ! ro- ie.it to the settlement of all questions i?".ir.g iseir o n interests, tney tdohtve reques- ti.. :o s before the people ot Bouroon coun ter v. e in th matter. But gentlemen, 1 rut i N-'.r: tpoVgy tf:sn either of lhoe. am a kea uck tn. a ot " of old Bourbon, I love my iMr. and I .ace o'A Bourbon, and upon any qnes-"..-ct'eciing be r ::;ie:et, 1 claim ih rifht ass mi Urr couiiliy to eipress fairly and L;rnT.. I wan born here, he lived i-u: g: tab far 32 . I ho, never to leave KcickV. my family a:e ail here, my children r:-.f p. '. of and every tie of my heart 5xn io my rathe S'aie. I hope to live i:tjr.:i to i, I hoe ta de amocpi you, and see likt': r,f "finished mv course," I hope t Kit cf o J Bourbon will cover my bones as it tmt rrcraiMCto many of my family. u '.hfo spproich this suect in a spirit of e. -. -mre., snJ moderation. It ts lmpor. a-.; is a'! o! :n bti-nu, it effects the ictereais, zt tnjiune f p.d eilre, not only of yocwelves, o: rej'cerauoo, it ffecta the jcliucai ?;f, ro7, and pzLft of your Slate, and the - :r?".3u titt to ba leitied. not by denunciations, iK:tl uo miLj on &oih aides indulge, but hy iMi.aUi rron. Deprrcaung any other mode .'nrrurf 'brq ira'.ion than tha latter, I invite f:.i icif.iil of candor acd rmces to this die- i:Y it iu:;, it muit te from aome or a.. ... t : ou'ce. i re us ej na;wut Lav if 04, ' I'.t Lit oaun. Let ua ae whethrr r.ir i!.x uoi naiure. jir. jrner m, tcr': n?oneatot DmK ratio principles, it.x-n it Li otinure on this suhject. la . IV fii.on of Independence, that instrument iMac'iscBftur whole Government rest jrhicb tj-.i.Kfc DC-.3.' more acred than any written C-ea-iisuou bc t ben the great land mark ic i) ;h. time, it is declared "that bv na tu tt , men a:a tora f'ee snd ecaal." Trier ci icp' cr to ii.u i fie sell preservation '.! itio u i;e C-at lawof nature. If a ca tix a m wr, sn.t sri of ther enemies are ta kes. i!if)r'e ired prisoners, their ratral '...r;j M a":g4 o i ibe principle of eeif-de-f.?e. i; a rr.i.i v.o a ea lit rithla of his fellow. riiL. l "j wiyct pontahraent, have bis ; t. i lc ukt-n from L m. So well aa this ttifs:x-., t'.t a.jucrl the aavtge ladnos, teii o vuittei the citaral rights of another, Uetcn.m tbe b:ural narttto sninisii the offenJ er. $1, nowftcr, cuu:end tbat vi have a nat tv r to e:i the African race on the ground o'!i.-.or,-y c' race l1 the d ftrenct incefar. I tT.if,y ti,ca Uom Mt. JtrTersoo, what are uiintimk,,.;,,,,. lt.ilnow ! ron an irr;-rrer.l!:oia t'.e gret eai i:eu.n of the age, cjsnriiion ,t ;b. a cueeuon, and I commend i: 10 l.t W t g !riefid. Jk. C jy in a receat iev it' nyt: "A gf.ie't! otservationa will suffire my i een: purpoae, .j.out entering on the whole -ci ivrry, under sil iia iiearicg and is eeM'peaof it. I am aware that ibere are re rxcit it p:cr;s vlo t):ie that slavery ts a eu.n, irtti the indilutioa ought to eiUl io av 7 .. o-g.OiXed society, aad that it is even aoji to the preservation of liberty. Hippi .f.iht num'er do e&terUin these eitravaganl opxioti i cot very great, and the time would be s.!y occupied .n an elaborate refuta'.ion to ieia. I would, however, remark that, if alavery s .'.itjat with tcese a.Vgfd benefiit, toe prin-ey.,on-tieb iti niaiMained, would require Hat to portion .f the white race ehoull be re cjck to Uwfage to nerve another portion of ine rice, bec black sh;ect of slavery could x j cbuitied. and that in Africa, where thev car emeria.n M feat a preference for their color dolcrotir, they would be justified in re- "-x uis wnae rate to eiavery, ia order to se "rtne blessicga wtich that aiaie iesaid to dif- i t-gument, io aupport of rednciijf the African of slavery, ia eomeiimea derived from their ! intellectual inferiority to the white races; fct, t: tbia aigument be founded infant, (tail i W, but ticb I sLalJ not now eiamins,) it mx ?roie entirely too much. It would prove '.tt,f ahite rtmion, wtjich had made greater "ocrtia equation, knowledge and wisdom Hauler mute canon, would have s ngtt to '.ae U: r to a s:aie cf bondage. Jiay fur prmcipleof SMbjjgaiitn founded upon cili auperionty be tree, snd be spplics- : tui to rauonn, what is to pre eel ila J.1eeioind!viduals.r And then the wis world ou,d ha tight to make it it el naokind ! ir.de i, n poaaeM thia iniellectnal nperi. svk-P.bif.u";' r"le,! 1 ,nd ""ulM HIM b;oM it. we oufht to fulfiJ all the weiiw which it imposes; and ihi jeai or dal uniii.tl ?i.0W-rn kU ... f ... ii .. ' . ' iit tii. . uvjitina viraaea man we to uuiruci, to improve and to enlighten a J-irt hvii,. i " ata nere, lanot r .t n. ia ... u'.i- ."""icea of tbe law ol OodT 6- T V l1"81 confess I am not so (ami liar with at W,-j0i 6'' bot ' rrBw't" enough of ',f:"'t and better dava, to ,077l"jaaU6edyihe Bible, snd t!!1.. 4llf 1 "" a1 " convinced that lHa.",;?5,i,! a'svery I would be sn Infidel. n;! rcognIses the existence of . 1 " " 0Bt Savior reeogniaed the li !.,.'Rnrr on of lb CaMar'a. Jttfil-. ,r"I commanded hia deciplea awaf !? J" bul tc"" Urim took tbe k'Ji. ;.- apa moon ted Mid his taxes 1l ern"ent, and commandew obo ' U I J VMr Ultt ,,'M wil1 T one say fw . . V3e '" forefathers were uiliv of a "i'n Brili,h oPPfelon. There Is g i.blch, 1 lesr.ow fnenda 7""UWI1(I b th ,;'uu. ,(!i!, M "- ! wr, ru7i?. '?ni''0 ,nd women "to btan aftr. .,!"' fjrf ,,r." but they will please Iieae-.'J.'5-4 ,h.'"w.a n,t gi,. ton. iy JS?" bven. to know that to iu w,rt cancelled, all laod I'n I-tlLCv1' of Jewish Uw f ?5 "lT-T.01 "omy. which was itTi... .J,! J,w"- " "a Md chapter. rr ih, " .,uo" D not deliver unto U) the7;.7,nct r lch. c.ped from bia r3ir,,.;UAI?.U'y ahouldtaka all. and 7-: d tbe. uT: .V'! Bt that to I?" bark . a!8la of Ohio, who r"feU7 Li!!U1 Ul"a ".for, uder ay . the, wei, comniaaded not K do tke ... L. t 4w cf Q - - aoont in Uia wise, IT4.''. TaeJLT00. h others shoald do i"l.wter.7?1.u,emJ when yon ap aWiK. i r,erar,dhni...- i ... ' . r The tram u, tbe Ckriatlan :?bT-?pmk, -it -rtrr.Th.t tftAe ?m?5 Jt reat Bnnah statesman, jr. Canning, thacaoseof tho Christian religion has alwsyi iweii io ine circumsisnces of the rwiw uoiu wrjicn it was seeking to make i..-b, snownu it recognised the eziauoce i. T.'.ird v rul" ,oriu wgulaiion an "7 ; " l 11 P-c'raed ceiuin great r..r.r., lue OQ aaveru-d to, which, rni, win iniimetelv eiterm nate ala. very and every other evil. Hut I am draining jou Otl ?hl HA Hi . 1 r .... . J - r" uctc"iBriiv. ror i mmk i h n 7. A " jnaieioq lent and gifted aoa of Ken cay. inos. r. jjiarshall, to a t rencher who un dertook to juatily slavery lrom lh IJible -I have .-v uiulu leapeci lor mv liud in deivnd h;m r,. -----. wmuw. sauoattrie U at an iwer that M"-l i i. ms. a,. : i Gud, ncaiiou. inu in R.eutucky it is jumified br r.s .. .. w. " il VU. iUol n a Kepublic. the souice of power is the .- ... s uMu tint uitvtr p.e laid down in the Declmtlon of IuJepe,u!eucv in reference to these great natutal rights, "t iat . IT . wiuoia miiorny. tvt fi.jd t . i nr i:i whenever any form of government becomes de- uy iuiiii oi government becomes de theseenda, it iathe right of the people bohah it" Now who ar the people, nyf arid yet in thia Kt-public, on this wi uciive oi tnese ends. to alter or but a majoriiv aua, in reierence to this very question, I have rvu. ae VCu Pf'nc'Pla as this advanced luai rven it a iniijority could paa a gradual emancipation law, the miuority bad a rign to re- e point or tne Davonet." Aud 1 lieard ami oral nil arxut trjer hi.nr wuurnim aay u is trie rirfll or a miiorilr m r.,1. i ..... . . -o- - II but they must nils right. That ia true, hut who ia . n.ut wmira mein. rour years aio. fllr. tola was mad. President. Ualthir .h....h. ih- .j ..... -o- a-" .u uui aciea ricnt, nut tta wa any r.-tS B . 1. a t ...ui iv ..aim u lorcnijr u to, now that the tat.lea are turned, the Deino-iau micht cluira tne right to eject Geu. Taylor at the point of the bayo net. It is by just such arguments as I ha reikir- ira io cere, mat the abolulonuiu justify the stea mg of slaves. They say "it ia your duty to govei I rif ht, your laws ss to the black population are unjusi, we win tuereiore diaregird them." Well there has to be some tribunal ta atiu ik li"n.nJ ibat tiit.unal U.ia a Republic, amapriiy of the free people. I argue mat as slavery Is not jnmiEed Ky the law of nsture. or the lawof bod. Mini Anlw K ll a lakt ofman, that the same power that muds negroes i muj iiroe, anmaie tne law and restore them to their nstural rights. I tra opesk irg of the legal rurht and power of the ptop'e, but wnile I contend lor that. 1 ad Dllt at IttniA fit t t-i e ought to govern u in the matter, and o far as men have acquired pre petty under the preaent Couati tutioe ia good faiih, those rig Ms ought not to be inlerlered with. But while 1 mik il.l. r,.... aion, I doEl understand all this fuss lht is made aUut 'vested riahta." VVI.atlsa vested rihif Ifa mnUrit f iv,. people acung through their Bepresem.au vee should give to a oody ot raea the power to deal in B in ol tscharge and d.acouct ooies foe 30 years, curing tie 20 yesrs the people have no right to inunfere to prevent it, Taatw a vented nttiL Tteiaoor- tyol the people nave said lhal neeroea .hH K Uvea, bat does tlet apply to any negroes et-;epi those in exUtencrt Can a neg-o. to ie born aome lUor4Jyeers hence, be a vested rlthtl This is emphau. ally "connting chickens belore they are naicoeo. ui a right mat has never veaied fnd may never vest he a vested righif Asurd! Aa well might the .Northern Back sayyoa have al lowed our corporation the orivilee. for It r. to deal in Biiia of Etchngeand A jtaaj thia tu wen pioniaoie tons, the money we have in vested will produce more some t ears f om and claim thia produce of money some years hence. ...... ri.-u. loiiiti rnJiiea ai B vesieo rljiht, and say to the people of Kentucky, we c'e. mand a renewal cf the chrteraa a mstit-rof rlrljt. And yet the only charter for slavery is the wL, o a uia.ot .iy. S t long aa the nresent feneration ol alavt-a last, yon may ciaim property in Uiara, thai asves-ea rigm, becauee our laws havemde ii so, and the majority have bo power to take lhm from you. But, if under a futu-e 'aw, organic ot other wiae, the majority of the people say that fu ture negroes shall not be slaves, I would like to know h ho can caeation their right to do eo. But here I am met with an objection, urged by an hon ored friend, who ia before vou aa a candidate for your suffrages, Have I not, says be most boldly, the same riant to pie iee.rai wgtm niiO itai I have to the increase of my mare or mv cow or the proceeds of my landf I answer, uaheni.i- ungiy, no. me charter to your land, your cow or your horse, you derive from God Almighty, lie givetoma (and cot me white man eiclusireM) dominion over tbe earth, tfce fihoflta sea. the fowl of the air and the besst of the field. You have right to make propeity of them bv G.d's Isw. But negroes, human beings, yo have no right to make alsvescf, except under inan'e law. So there ia one difference as broad, aacei-p and ta wide aa the difference between (iod and oao. Another difference land, horses and cows are property In the nature of things. So much is Urn the esse, if you find Und, horses or cows without sny owner or claimant, you may take pcseaion of them and they are yours. But if negroes are io the same category ( hortea aud cows, then are there diveratree nerroee in this eommun ly with out owner or claimant, and why not seise them and make them your property? There, 1 think, is another diatincuon aa broad as the ditlniion be tween the unmutabie laws of naiure and the fir ite laws ofman. Sol eooclud that a majority of the free voters of Kentucky have a right to prevent the perpetuity ot slavery, or arty thing elas estab lished by the same power, whenever it ipjurea the State morally, socially or politically; provided tLey do not interfere with vested rights. I shall now, with yoir permission, undertake to to establish this proposition: That slavery is to the people of Kentucky a mor al, social, and political evil, and shouid not be perpetuated. 1. Slavery is a great meral evil. Some of yon might object to my discueing thia particular branch of the qne-v.ion, because It la known to you all that 1 have never been "taken op" lor my morality; but If you won't hear me peibtps you will bear "Moses and the prophets.' I proooee to read from the writings of Alexander Csmpbeli. A great many any we have deprecated foreign in terference, and we have no right to reed what llr. Campbell says, and be had no right toaay what he did on thia aubjeel; but thia comes with a bad grace from those who are showing about Dr. Pries'-' book and Ell wood fisher's pamphlet. Jieiiherol them sre residents of this or any other slave State, and if it Is wrong for ns to call in foreign aid, is it not equally so in them? But I view the matter in a different light. Mr. Campbell Is a cttisen of a slave S ate Mr. Campbell baa a nnmber of wrm personal and religious fiieoda in Kentucky Mi. Campoell is common property to ail the world Mr. Campbell has made hia track as sn original thinker he ia a man of great powers of mind, end although i am on or those who have "mberlied orthodoxy, and doot believe in his particular creed, ha has a right to ba heard and I read from bis wriuogs. In a tract addressed loth people of Kettuck? he says, in relation to this question of the moral influences of slavery: i nfactiitalLa eitUio af Ken. tacky, on tne reent occasion, ia tot quern ion wbicft every conscientious man will propound o himself. A time haa come when uocit lrn ot that Stats can asy. "leas neither prevent nor per pet. oat tbe Indefinite continuance of slavery iu Ken tucky. I did not put ii upon the Slate nor can 1 use u on. He goes on to aay: "But. in a mcral, or rather la as evangelical point of view, is It desirable that it should be ra aovedf" To answer this question discreetly, wt most first look into theoraclrsof Jehovih. Paul oooe said to a Christian slave, If thou may eat be made free, use it rather." And to a Christian master the same spirit of wisdom an iih, "Jt thoo, too, desireat to be made free, uim it rath er." The law that binda the alave bind ibe nu let, as the low that binds the buafwnd aio j ih. wife. The Chris. Ian matet haadoiles to perform to blsslave lor which he Is ksld bound to the Stale; but higher duties than these, for tbe performance of which, he Is held more firmly hound to Him who sits npon the throne of eternal judgment; be fore whom the master and ths Slavs stand ( pon a perfect laveL Now, the peat question la, what are thons da lles which Christianity enjoin? . Oood and com fortable food and raiment, and necessary medi cine! Thia is due to your os and yoar ass, and if you defiand them God will hear their cry and punish you. But is this al.f Does the law ol Christ demand no more front a Christian roister, for his slave, than food, raiment and medlcioe, comfortable lodgings, reasonable labor, no more? I Tea. He Is "to render to hlniwhat. ever ia jast and equal." He is to teach, innroet and evangelise nun by all ths means in his power. He is just to do tor him aa his ala ve what he would have hie alavwdo for him, were be himself u be come the slave and ths servant his master. "Such s Changs would open his eyes mors tbaa a volume. He weald now no longer "see vinlons ass dream dream." He would ommans with realities. He would think ten times abfut the soul and once about the body. He would co long er look npon ths slave snd his mule aa a cootuo stands!, co-equal wad co-etemaL He won Id sak mors thin green corn and dry In their season. He would ask mote than a blanket aal a bei, a csittn sod a fire, lis would ask f-rraore tfuin cat ottiel, a lancet sad s skilful doctor, when nick, ti would sak fat tie bread and watct of lilit, sad -foe JhMhmmltmMt wl.iM J A iti, . LOUISVILLE vsted to te conception of things spiritual, divine and eternal. Thia calls lor much teaching, either on the pert ol the masters or seme one else. And the law. wherever it exist, that inhibits the slave trom going t a common school, only obligta hi" LuriMian rr.a&ter to open lor him a pnrate school in bis own house, or ou his owu premises, lie must then Income school matter himself, or And ubaiiiiite cn the peril of renounced allegience to J'Sus Christ it was such resoonug as this, and not the absolute scripture unlPwtulneaHotslarery, that constrained me to emancipate and ael fiee lrom slavery, not my sis res only, but myself. I hesitaie not to add that emancipation was much more enjoyed by me titan by them; and hence, from lint day till now the emancipation of masters is tun as much an object near lo my heart as tbe emancipation ot slaves. But, alssl mstter some times, as w I aa slaves, hug the chains that en uUve them," But there in another argument, derived trom s turn source, aa to mortis. The Kev. wm. urectin uece, who. like Mr. Campbell, orofeaae to be one of those who lire auihorixed "lo declare the whole will of God 10 man." said, in a recent UDeecb In onr Frankfor: Convention, in substance: (for I do not pretend to quote literally.) "Men may talk about justifying alaveiy from the Bible or in any other way, but at last there is something away lonn in our hearts which tells us it ia wrong." Now, look at. the number of men who, when they ire on their c'enlli bd when they expect shortly io meet their Maker face to face, set their slave' tree. 1 have known divers larce slave-holders. men who bad been vehement in their denuncit- lion of aboliihioitts, emancipationists and all oth era who w ish! to tree our country of this curse sr.d they would emancipate their slaves snd lesve liem here smotgM us, where they can have but tow rights wSrre they are a curse to ua, a curse to the slaves, and I had almost said, a curse to uii-ntaeivea. ii. Negro slavery, as it exists in Kentucky. U a gat social evil. It tends to degrade labor an I cretie a sort of a.'istocrscy. LiHieo to Uov. McDui&e in a mes- : to the Let slatnre of South Carolina: ha went to far as to ssy "the Institution of domestic slave ry supercedes ll e necewiiivof aa ordr r.f nnhiiii and the other ar pendagta of an hereditary system ol government. 1 hear gentleman aay every day thiit ihere must be "heu era ot wood and dtawers o! water," but 1 would repecilullv ask U it fai. low as a matu-i of courc that the hewers of wood nd drawers of water are to be dirgractdf I have heard a good detl said about menial servicea. 1 hive heard it (lid. "If we don't have black ne. groes we will hHve white ones." That all amounts o this: thr-t those who Urge these sort of ar.u. mnia consider itbor ta duuionocable. It u aaid to us Ibat a grest nurse was fastened oo oar race ihnlthe wboielumm Umily should make their living "by the S seal of the brow." I think .a from being a cmae it is one of the greatest bles sings. IVhat so mucli ennobles a man at honest inecstry? Wbslso much tends t keep him oui of vicious htbits and ways? But then a. v. ntls men, ih-t menial service will hav to te perform ed by wtits people. 1 would ask what made an) service in this oountry menial, exceiat ths f.ei that It bus bees o-ifo'med by menlsle. Suppose it had been perfumed by free while men, ano where would tiiisdiatiaiion etint betwetit ths diffrrni nris of labor? All labor, aa I contend. i buaarA. ble when performed by a free man lot a fair com- penaanon. to uieaenseof the word wears all "while liearnest" wa all hiva alth.r m.rf. ... Iivtig b toe aveat of our brow, or we hive to make ii a tbit wty, or we have to steai There is but two ways to maks s livlnt In this conntrv oas is by Isimr, ths other as by etea, ing, either di rectly or indirectly. The preacher is a white ne gro once s week; be preaibea.geispaid for it, and uvea -;cy ise sri ot II S brow." The lawyer, who sii in his ofice and writes hia declarailan. blllf, pleia or aeswtrs, be, I suppose. Is s white neg o hs make hia livuj by the "swttl of hia brw." The D-ctor, hs Is a "white nerro." and hia aome of the mosr. :menial ofnce' to perform; .i ut a irre nuui, wo.amg ror a lair Com pens, tioe, and he mnkea his living "by theswestot hie brow." But then, in vulgar rarlsnce, "the poi orght not to call the keiUe black." I not the arpenteror blacksmith just aa mitch entitled to respect, if be has the sense and behave himsell l.kaa tenllecianf Ob e . atr onr friends. Wall ien, is not tb suest clescer, the boot b'ack, or W. hnatler. enf iiln tn ih. ..ma rMnux If k, t. . 1 free wbiie men siul get psid iorbisserv1cer Oh no, gentlemen will .y; those are rntniut offices eii, but h'i i.ii.iie t(use employmeets men'sl? Becsune tliev hi, in thia Slate, been performed hye'saee. w. a yreai many of our large slsve hoidra are hatni '.heir black slave earoeotera. and black slave b atlsrnitba. Cemember. every negn) mechanic dr vesoui a white one, and when ii becomes general to have negro slave carpenter j inciinmus, v iu u boioe considered equally menial employment to be encased In ihes aa in blacking boots or currying horses? While ne groral fnls appeal has b-n made time and again by the pro-elvery aien of Kentucky, and men have een asked if they weie ia favor of their sons and daugaters beig nuide white nee-oes, I confess. this nort of talk hitn no terrors lor me. I hive bai two children a mm and daughter. I had raUei see my son sn borett mechania, aye, an hooirst strert :lrsr.er or loot black, than to see him a buck eye la wyer, a quack doctor, a half-way preac ti er, a gambler, a Und pirate, or a rog'ie. My liiUe datglner I had rather aee recking an honest living by hr industry, yes, even engaged in what are cal el by aome the menial occupations, than to aee her the beggarly dependant of some wealthy relation. Tbia ia a country of changes: ths man ho iecnthe top cf the wheel of fortune to-dsy, tiu te 1 1 the bottom to-morrow. How important lLat hia children ni.ould kuv how lo labor, for it at ii tfe slternatii'e labor or steal, or beg, one or the oiier. Then I object to slavery, because its tendency la to di grade labor, which is honor able, aal which is a great blessing to mankind; and it encourages vicious habits of all kinds, be Chiue it makes Inter dishonorable. Bat thia is not all: ix I Mters a sort of mongrel aristocracy. riie slave of a wealthy man look upon "s poor walls man," or "poor white folks," as someihlng inuneasurably bcneaih him. In old Virginia the las Jlords of one of I hots old esisbiisbmeuts was, in Ms day and gencrtllon, a feudal lord. The old family coach waa lisuled out oo great occasions, aiteaded by a relir t e larger and more impoalog than majiy Eogiish noblemen could muster. Where ate the)? Yju see occasionslfy In Ken tucky a remnant of thia elas, in the shape of e bntken down, puffy, fan-tail old Virginian, but they are pasting sway. Megro-slaveiy has mined the country; end wbets formerly wss lbs splendid nmosioiii! a VirgieU geuileman, over lbs ground where fa-merly rolled tie splendid equipage, now yon see barren field or Yankee wagoua.' Ibe wild bent of the forest may be found not far from Washington City, wl ere lormerly waa the abode of wealth, civiii atlon snd refinement, and the rich Isnda Ot Virgin S, which lormerly supported io elegance snd grandeur ths "first families," sre now, tnder the in fl recce of slavery, waits fields, overgrown with somlt, ( ine and oak, or if rescued from this unoaturs' dttsge st sil, ilia by ths hand, of theae "cursed Ymkees," who have moved ibfre led are buylrur a those worn-out Isnds. and sgfiio onuaiKg, by uo use office labor, "ibe das- "iiiviniwumiitiimt. 1 ahill now undertake to chow thatalavery ia a (Teat political evil. A cursory glance at the North and lbs Sonth will prove thia to any no biassed mind Look st the political power, wealth and popnlalioe of the Notth compared with the South. Look at Ohio snd Kentuckvt tn race of fifit years slis has ouutrippod ua doubly. On a q'le. iran vi prase or war, anixung viuiiy tne Inleresl of all, she wields dot ble the political power thai we oas exert. Wiibjui one-half the nitursl ad vintigM which wt b.iVs, she has s city eoubllng ny, uebllngour brig city m populstion and wealth: aha has t er Slats traversed from north losouih with bands of trim, and ws-rs formerly ths wagon drag ged it weary course alone for das and weeks, the steams tr now goes mah i.t over the itoucd. load ed with lis productio.iK, In as nsnv hours aa it uaed to occupy days. I have been told by sn "old wir- nor," ifcm ths eery ground which In ISIS he wem over In tan days, wIJi tea bories dragging a can non, bs wem over nx long sinoe la s few hours. When I see this, snd when I look at home, at the nobis State of aentacky, and see bet soil, bar cli mate, her natural sdvtnuxgeai ths Ohio river bind ing her on ons biosdiile, lbs Tennessee snd Cum berlsnd on another, the Green, Barren, Kentucky, snd Lie king, all t pliitii f her In 6 iffertst ptaoei.and running to mountain ol Immense miners! wealih; when 1 te only s part of loose streams made niv igable (und they are hi' susceptible of ii)t when see our hundreds of thousands of seres of wild iindiaJ uncalllt aied when 1 aee these treasures of mineral wesitli all undeveloped) when I see mv Siaie falling behind bud ia welth, population and politioal power, snd reflect that eiavery is the csusa of It, mt frieniii who differ wiih ms must excuse me if (denounce It, it I wish "to see the curxe removed snd Kentucky becoming what God and nature inteoiltd sbs should bs, the great cat Stale in this Union. ; ' , Look It Louisvllleisd Clnelnrhll, settled about the sams lime ths former 1W miles nearer New Orlesa), tbe great; outlet of our commerce, or both about ths tame disiatoifrom here, lbs ires eny has ou's;tippe4 the skive eity, end wbea one ol our Bourdon stock ralaersbss drovoof fat bul locks or lines to snil, vriden of these cities does he carry it u the f -as cv ths slave cny? Unfortn cstely for these vtty aa who btai se nucb sbost ths clory and ires wean -if Kenuiy, they have to goto tbeas "earsi'd Y.uJtaes" srg Ciacicnati; and KY.: SATURDAY, these "vile Yankee," because of this blight M'g, wnneriBg cunte. uenusmen. ll will not do to talk so much about glorious and noble ou Kentucky, when you dese.t her and her markets lor those of a free eitv. and sho by actiona that this Suite pride can very speed ily be overcome by the putry consideration of s fewdolitis snd cents. Ths Chinese, I be lieve, comend that thev are ihi children of ths sun, but s few British men of war "knocked them 'to fiia." We may art up and say that our men are sons oi tne sun, and our women daughters ol the moon. We may out brag the g.eat Palmetto State, but ss long as ws furnish such corr.menti- nes on the institutions and prosperity of our State you do by the markets you select, where you drive off snd sell your fat cattle and hogs, sil thin talk about glorious old Kentucky will pass off ss uiv wuiua, oragsaocia ana stun. .nut you have been lately enliehfaned nn thia eurjject bylcat great poiuicsl luminary. Mr. EL wood t inner, and men aie beginning to diacover mm an iuii isii bdoui ir e Drrnf-r.i ni tha ,,uih and depreciation of the South is stuff; and it has been reserved for this gentleman to contradict all the Opinions Of all the lUlriman ofihs country. and not only to contradict it but demcnatrats it too. Well, .f we sre in men s happy coudition l t nyi sirauge we nave ten "4ttts.long time ouuing ll ouli - m But let ne look at Mr. Flatter: In lha Ant nice uk is a liua.er. let us Iben try Uuakeis by Q ia kers, and find out how cannistent ha i i l,,,i.l In my hand "A Narrative of aome of the proceed ings of Aorlh Carolina veitrlv meetinrs on the tub. jectof slatery within lis limit;" showing the ef forts made bv Ibal highly honorable and just body of men the Quakers, to free themselves of ihia curse. If my time would permit 1 sl ould like to read s great deal from thia work, for there is a great deal of "good readtrg" in iL It ahcwu.how-ev-r, that flora the year ol iheir origin, 1647, up tn "he present lime, they hate wgerl unceasing war fare against this institution. In 1S71 (.,,.- r... bore his lestimony spainn it, and down io the present time if any body of religionists hsve borne uaUorm, strong and conslsttct temimonv ininii the iiittlilut an, it is that noble body. ' But it is reaerved for Mr. Fisher not only lorxoteihst all oursisteHmen have been minukm. bm ih.i ii.. Qjikers, bis own pi-ople, are a I wrong on ui ul ject. Oh but he mukl be "a burning ai.d shi ning light." A preacher it Ohio wihing to rauve to Kentucky some lime since, wroie a book lo prove that slavery w a justified by t .eH.ble. Some were unkind enoutb to ray ihl tioecirr to fjh at home he wished to make unto himself "friend of the mammon of unrlghteoune." Si ii wan, he could uotstiy iu Oino and came to one ol the richest slave cououes in Keutuckyt but even al ter lb ia an fe he had sent on ahead, this avaunt courier, the people soon concluded awss"oui neroaing rlerod." lot nil c onfidence in him. snd started bun back. Mr. FMiermny think to lecom- mend himself lo lha South by this course, hut am. aible slsvebolders sre not f.o be gulled eiiher hy such mo as this preache, Mr. Fisher, or Dr. rriaai. Dr. Priest wrote a book le nrcve thu beesnaa the name of Ham meant in Hebrew bUck. and Die curse wssdenouncrdataiiun iiiadecem'sntst here fore we bsve s right to eusiac all black men. In the first place, if it it irue lhal we have a ruhl lo en- lave all people ninud B sck theul know a latg nd resprcuble Umilv of wl.iia BUck, thu. John Back, anddiwr otbrr Black, why not enslsve then.? In the m it pla:e. the urse wss denounced not aciinat Hum hut nain.i Canian his son, sad where i the evidence llml h was a black mar ? But 1 am detaining you onsmall points. One ot the moat lal entej ot all th oppo- nenta of this movement, the editor of he Loins Hie Journtl, has long aio informed these cmile- men thst he hd no use tor them in Kmiuikt proved too much.tiiey ool Ht rooed Herul,oia C.I bonned Calhoun, si d 1 coultf wi.li tiO giai-r ill io my political enrmies thsn to have tnon.hoi tbtke sort ot mtswionarifs smongst r. unotnerainguiar tact sbou Mr. Fiher s docti men I is. thst he denies ihm it ii pro-lv-ry Scu nenl himae f and says lhal it is an snu Hji.k rree irsde document, any one can aee thai 1 resdirg ihe 6rt trw pag.e. la a Uuei u Ih itiv roia irioune nesay.; "U would be d fflcuii to crndenie in the tmr j Pceagrester number of aUeboodvndmiiaka. It ia sn error that I am "the author of a I. coir in j favorof slavery, aa a Immune and Divine inatnit. i tlon." It la false Ihlt lima Ouker a-eliev been j turned nat," m il. a h g, oi itim j iever"W4aan Abolitionist" "rank" or sweet. Ii ie a mistake that the lecture ! 'a tirade rx.in the ineiui tions aod custonis of the Nor id aud the progree ot liberal refoim every wbeie." I was a member ol the Society ot riienr'e. and voluntarily withdrew when the Society divided some years igo nd on that sccoutt stone." "lostesd of ever hivint been a bi. 1 have been, ever since I became eligible ss a vulei. an open sdvocste of Free Trae, and an r-ppo-ent oi an connection oetween Dnm ind Miir. l.iac of ever having been an Abotiiionist, I ha uni- lormly Isken the side of the Sjuth in the contra verry with the North, aod Uiat on the ground that the evils belonging to ths Southern institution were less thsn tbose of Noriheru. But instead ol being sn advocate of Sisvery, 1 went so lar i Ihe strictness ot my Quaker education, as io refmii, from using aa arlicli-s of dree ths products of ih cotton fi Ids of the South snd ihe cotton looms o' the North, bnttbis wns before I becime of ne." Now Is il note little singmsr that the very men who have made thK Court House ring win ap peals in Mvorota National Hack and h'gb protec tive Tariff are ths very men who sre distributing this document? Well, if is good to prove ihsi sisvery is s blessing it is good to prove that a Na iion I Bink and s high protective Tariff are wrong. Bui Mr. Fisher ia noi only a bad politician but a bad calculator. Sjms sble writer In the Louis ville Courier his been kind enough lo "shew him up" In figures, snd t will read enough from b m to show you some of the absurdities snd error of Mr. Fiaber'a.- Tbe reviewer esa: "After a general survey of the North and South ths lecturer (Mr. Fisher) begins: "When the constitution of the United Sistr naa adopted, lha population of ths two seciionr ivaa nearly equal, each being, (containing? not cuits two millions of inhabitants." "This Is a truth, but il is soirewhtt remarkable, is It is tbe only one conisinedin fiie connsctUv Statements. 1 recite them in their order." "Tbe territory then occupied by the fo was perhaps slso ne trly equsl tn titent and ftnili'y " "if by the two' is meant tbe Northern siidlSouih ern Slates, then moslcbildren, who hsve sdvmced ss fsr ss geogrtphy, know t,st the North hud a territory or about 121,000 square mtlea arainsi sbut20rj.GQU m the South; ind that one tbiid pan of the former was s convolution ot bleak, rocky, ana sterile bills, while nearly lbs whole ot tnt latter was in sli reapecls well sdaplcd lo agricul ture. "Their commerce wss sln shout theme the North exporttre about f 9,8CO,340, in 1790, am: the South t.2J0.600." "That is tossy, commerce has nc thing to do with importa or shiptl Thst ia to ssy, if s plmtei shouM produce f 10.000 worth of cotton, which toms Norihern man should export to mstket the planter would be the men bant end the Northern mn or shipper (luppon) the ngricuituiibtl If thia is noi whst Mr. Fmtier rnres io ansert. then hia atatement has nothir g ul truth in it Fot in 1700 the lonng ot the North a 234 042 and or the Sooth ll'2,2l?-snd in 1791 the import ol the former were f 34 UUU 000. snd of the lattet 18, 000,000. So that the commerce of the iwo aoctiens (even excluding ihe iounr ) w only a near "about tbe same" as are $13,100,000 iud rn rmrjua" 'ven ibe property held by the two section was almost nir-iiy the sarrie in amount, btin about S4UU.100 000 in value in earn according to sn assessment tor direct taxes in ITSW. To thin, one. wbo has examined the sulject, saver 'The entire veins In ihe Ires States w $4?2 234 fSO, in the slave Siai-s- exrlncling slaves fiW.74. 7. Adding the shve (he vbIiuiiop aronld beincreaned lo near S10U 000 000-twrn iy-two millions leas than ibnuf ihe lice Stitti, so mat tne two aeeuona were rr trom beicg "at most exaetlt equal in wealth." "For the first quarter oPa century of the present government up to 1816, the South look ihe h ad Of ths North in commerce." During the ten years from 1801 to 1810 Inclu sive, ine south imported I.UW.fJOO, the North 724,000.01X1. more than ikrec and a half to one. Duriog the ame period the aggregate exports ol both were $747,000 0L0, giving six-elevrntha ol these to the &ouih (more than herahsrt) and ac.in leavinsom ihe tonnge her commerce aim. tin ir1 to J6I0 000 000, whilst that ot the Nonh s-noum-ed to ft 061,000,000, more than ihai ot the Suti. by fsod.OOU.OO'J. This too, towards the close ol thai very period during which Jr. Fisbereaya"oV south took ihe lead ot the North in commerce." It will be seen that at the beginning of Mr. Fisher's period, the commerce of the Noun excelled tht of Ihe South 69 per cent, and tiwarde the end 74 per cent. thai it had aotualiy gained upon that ol Hi south 16 per cent, Tbe truth Is ihe comparatii commerce of the South has been going down from ths foundation of ths Government to the present time. And the iramenee capital which the Nonh hsd Invested in commerce, was tbe came of the violent oppn-iiion which came trum thut quarter, to tht tariff of 1815. Mr. Fisher sow arrives st ths culmination d Southern prosperity, snd takes aa observation fcr 1815, by which it is shown, after his own method, that the people ot lbs South were then worn t2l2 per head, and of the Keith t24U. The ra. a JULY 7, 1849. the isboresor the South into ths scale of ker pro (wriy, and avenging he whole among ths remain. list U ." I 2 r ii r r"iul"uon. t may nereaiter akow the allecy of ihis mode of estimating the relativa """""i meiwo sections excluding the labor, era or sieves from the estimate, the average wealth e.oVo P'r8O"i0 b So'h, waa 130,2aless by w . ui.ii iumui encn person .in tbe north. I ntirst not omit to notioe the blunder which Mr. r - . , . " " wi-Muei w u i.aa ti . l2?,!L,2J!,tin "own the wealth of .7JU";"Lfi u" f'.4,wbeB it was in faet .vi ooo.iio a blunder or only $54 84 484 T ?ot. malfi,i ce?t as characteristic of the wiiuib irciu.B. Tbe Lecturer then demonstrates by figures ahich prove exctiy tne reverse, that "even In munufac ,u,r" e aonm at ibis time excelled the North m proportion to the number of nonul.tina diyidingthe aggregate value of tbe manufactured products of each section by the population of each "given by him,e.r, gives to.fid s bead to the North snd 4.66 lo ihe South. nere loiiows ths conclusion from sli thess pre tines and statistics. 'Thna ati ih. i.n.. Ar.k, firm qusiter of a century under oar nreMnt form f Tiumrni me ooutn surpassed the Worth in com- nrice. in mBnuiaciuren. and n tha wt wrailO, KC. : The rwder w ill please remember Ihi parsgarph vntil we iet to the next tiif lha t ji,m,..k..i. ' -, , mviwimwuuil purpona io os an explanation of the facts staled. Since that period (18161 aereatehaaea !.. burred, ih- harhora of Norfolk, of Richmond, ol pi.,)..... io . . . . viniirsiun ana suvannan. nava Deea dewartad Tnt tose ot Philadelphia, New York snd Boston, snd ew Orleans is Ihe only Southern ik.i .loiwirrn com pernors, ine grass s growing in the streets of those eities of the south, which originally monopolised our colonial t.nl, 1 I, N' I M commerce, and maintained their ascendancy i the earlier yea's of the Onion; manufactures snd ne bos nave also anne to uke uo their abodes in he North. Cities have been expanded and multi. piieu in me same tavored region. Bailroads aar cAiiala have been constructed, and education ha - ir:i-a tnrrtia lo ouild her colleges. ' True, the method of estimating a eeoole'e com merce, by Ukim into eonaideralion lha itimn. ilone, is nbaiird enough, nut who will believe, af er readine this mournful dims noon tha ; nf Southern mmmerce, that, by this method, up as late as 1817. the ooenmefce of ihe South excelled that ot the North f 1 2 0UU OLtl The exports of the South iK-i, rWK tSo.OuO.OUO, snd those of the Noith 473.000 UU Aud the proportion of excess rtemg ju.l s'-out the same aa whea thia Uvturar ia. forms ue"ihs South surpaaaed tha North ia com merce." But what was it that tranefi red the Southern commerce to the North? Oor lecturer ta ready wuh his resNon. Two causes, he save, eombin. d lo br ine about t hia resull : F int. Lha abaa,ina. mentof tha yatrm of direct Utes, and establish, neni, of the land of 1516. Second, the establish ment, ai ilm period, ol the Ben, of United States, oeaied at the onh. I proceed with Mr. Fisher's blsuders: "if. however," says the lecturer, "ti eom- psrs id's isvonle of ihw Nerln (MaasachsaetU) wiiu iMartlaad, a Southern Suts s aUMar ItrtifTimlrxUnt," dVc. Lvery school boy knows that ths territorial exieutof Maryland la uearlyfteree that of Mas .iChuselta, the loriner bring O.aJJ.iW acres, uu ine latter s.cun.inju acres. Iu 1 54" her (Marclandi DroreSrtv wrsa aa. eed at $2lfl,a72,(iSO." To nustalu Hub statement, Mr. Fiaher refers O the Amrricao Alaisl SC. I fasveaxamiaad lie American .Almanao which rivse the fiasa- ial coudition of Maryland and tbe seereeeef her Income fur the year 1S47: but find ma ulnorny for Mr. Fisher's suUmenL Tbe American Almanac nowhere gives the assessed. ether value, of Hie properly of Maryland for ihe tar IS47, aud Mr. rUasr, in sutiag ii t t2i'2.2:2,r:0. aud teferring io the American Almauac a suihorily iea merelAen sandVew The iruili la, accorclne to thsrenert ef tha Treasurer of Marilaud. Ihe assessed vaiaa at he property ef lli.l Slate far the year ending December, 1643. vu only 191 214 222. so that. if the vxIub of ihe properly of Mart Und waa a Mr. ruitee sUtes it for Ihe veer 1&47 thai. n oue vear her urouertv delid la a. la. e 1 1 . o53.i;B. a bright evidseve ef her Droeperttv. Mr eaja ini, -',KinrnuHU, ia 1340, had a population nf 737.CJ9; and bsr properly la note uuly $3011,000,000." Thia does not. purport te be anvthlBemore thu a gut$. bul it "is slated," says the lec turer, "according to recent est i ma lee la her pspers" How rccanlT Why, lis ppose, 1841, I'-r that is Ihe year, la which the property ef MasHchoetts was euimaltd ml $300,000,000'. Mr. Fiher would have s hard taak if bs wees required lo famish a paper published In 1849, r lc-4S, which coutalus his paeado estimate. You hsve no right, Mr. Fisher, to seppose that Massachusetts, liss like year Marvlsad. de chrtd; snd, fwrtt, that her property la neat vaieed at more tiisn W,UUU,WU. it appears lrom ths report ef her secretary of State, for ihe year lb46, that the assessed Valae of the products of hrr agricultural and manufacturing i ud ot ry alone, smoonts for ths year ending April 1.IS45, te $124,000,000. If, from thU mount, we deduct $24,000,000, a large allow ance for the raw materials which enter Into lbs mxnuficiures, ws hsve the baJenceof tlOO, U00.O00, a the net value of the agricultural tnd mttuftelnTinf products of Massachusetta, for ths year ending April 1, 1645, to ssy nothing of her forest, miuiug, sad Ion menu commercial and fiihlng interests. To talk of ths people of Massachusetts being poorer than thoae of Ms ryland, when tbe value of the cans-si products iu agriculture end manufactures alone, of the former exceeds Ihe hslf of lbs tcknlt proserty sf me tatter, is to tuis nonsense. The value of all the products ol Virginia her sgTieultural, manufacturing, laclading tbe raw anatrrlal, inluing and commercial, smouated la 1840, ncccraing lo fn(. Tucker, te sbeat $70,000. 000, les by $54,000,000 than ths tgricnttuTl aa maaerac'eriKf preeacie erase or msaaa chusetis ADdyelVirciuisial4iimeslarrrthas Ma.chuette,and exceeds ber populalioa SU2, H93! The truth I., uch is the immense wealth ol Maesaehuaetts; so wonderfully proauctive bsi been her Indostry. ibst, though she raises ss snnu.l revenue ef more then $500,000, shs does not tax her land, or aojtbinr which is called property by ihe tax list of Kentucky iNine tenirn oi iter revenue te derived from ber banks, her railroads and her sections? ths properly of Massachusetta not seta taxed, has, uf course, uo mtitutil value. "The Stale, of New York and Virginia," (proceeds our lecturer, "are both of great ter ritorial extent aud net watrUllf eeeesl ia lhal rrepct. New ik contains 46.C03 squsre miles, and Virginia G5 00U. Virginia ia juit aboot the mxe of New York, Maaac basalts, Rhode Island awd iMw jersey an pot legetner "The properly of Virginia Is neat about $600,000,000," and Virginia Is prbaps the richest commuultylu the world.' Tbia is good news for Virginians. The wise men of that Slate have been for years deploring tier waete fields," her "temples of religion inking to ruin, ner "at nu lad forest a ef se condary growth of pine snd cedsr," snd ths uuivereal apathy which bases ever her sa a pail. Bui our learned lecturer tell them, they are all nnataken thev know aolhlns of theru- elvrs Virginia la ihe wesiibiest sod moat pros perous community in ine worm: Bot 1 might aa well stop, aod not exhaust my littlw stock, ol strength or your pelieoee, by reading any mors. There area samplsof the errors with which the work abounds, and il too will take ths time to olpbroul" the balance, on are welcome to the job. Wo in Keutucky, kuo that il ia not Una thst ws sre wealthier, happier, or have more political power than tne people of Ublot snd whsa hs Insti lute s comparison ss to paupers, snd found fewer psnpers io ths poorhonss in Csmpbeli county, be should have remembered thst ths t-flVci of sisvery is to drive off poor whits peo ple who have to labor, aud will not do so here, because slaves have made all labor nearly which iliey perform dishonorable. He shoald have got ou to the larma, to the negro cabins, sad counted ihs black psnpers which their master euppori.sud If he don't furnUh a list of psnpers that will evergo Ohio, I am f redrgiensly rule ikrn. I have besrn Mr. Fiaher sssaodj from all 1 can hear be is no deobl s, very sslimsUe man; but he Is certainly a bad reaaontr, a bad calculator, aud a bad politician.' ' ' In this connexion I shall speak of the an prtifliableutea of tlava labor.. If slavery atsaf exbt In a community, let it be slavery, cad net this hslf way soitol tie very that exists hers treat them aa tbey do la the fees mora Stales -elothe. sad feed thorn welUwwerft them well but establish such a pelts as sbatt seas re yea that wbea you lay down at night, year sists Is In Ills bed taiusd of being 7 l 12. or &J UCa- iaa. eld by ths Rev. M. Robisen, of Frankforr, and 1 quote from Mm: "But at tbe same lime It Ie obvious ts the re flecting, thai the. tendcuey of oar system lo still mors democratic forms. Is aalavorable lo that peculiar phase of the social system Budel which slons slavery can exist with comfort lo both servant aid master, la Virginia and Seath Carolina alone, ef all the other el .v-holdina States, baa ever that form of social orgaaisatloa fully obtained, lu peculiarity is s sort of arU loeralie democracy, ia which w ealth rather thaa numbers, holds ihe control id fuversmest "Representation according lo taxation," ta It fu Qdamental theory and the practical eperatioa of the theory, is to give diguity snd a u bounded Infiasace to ths slaveholder makiag bimie ef fect, a feudal re ia his little circle, only lib more absolute iwsy. Occeoli.r iuch s position, servics is rendered him, not under the mere pressure of physical force, but with the willing homage of feudal loyalty. He has no one to eoesiiea hie authority, aad hia vaajale never learn to dream of any oiher law than h. eemmsnd aay other standard of taste and msa- aersinaa Ms eondact ssy other siaudanl of right sad srretirr lhaa his opinions. "But thlserdee ef ikiuga ia fast paaaiagawaTi the old Virginia ceatleman has become almoa a historic character. Power is passine-over from Bweiia to easioers. and last as the chanee ror onward, it lees down the mvstsr from hia high position ia the eye of his vassals, aud introduces force inatesd of loyalty as the motive ef obedi ence. Thea the law aud diaciolina of ala vera aeeeaearUy relaxes for the obedience of mera force, is to angrstefal to be exacted lo ihe at. most aud just as the law and diacipliaeof sla very ralsxss, ibe system itself beconars uocom fortable sad burdensome. Slavery ss seen here. nr la West Virginia, le Indeed spoken of as the muatr irmr of lbs system, yet it is verv qaeetiosabl whether it ta aol, all Uiiogaeou-i-idered, Ita yery worst phase. A phase ot it, in which masters no I oncer assert iheir rielns or discharge their duties. The only law for the yktera, lo the very nature of the case, ie sh.o- lute aalbority and absolute obedience. Wheu the habits sud feeling aud eueloius of socielv sustain ths master iu the rxercine of the oue, ana impress tbe Slavs with the aecesstiy or ih ether, then slavery may exist compatible with the peace and comfort of all concerned. Vih no sources of constsat 1 rilation. the mm ill be the more disposed lo kiodoes. and the bondage will be less fell lu the slave. But so eea ea that suihorily ia rest rained ia the lea-i. eiiher by interference ef law, er by sera pies el cooecleuce, or by the influence of social e:lu , .i . . ion, me system Decornes at once hurJeusoine nd hateful. The reins of suihorily held with falterisg hand eacourage toe roverued to be come relractery. Then bribery le ihe r-sort tiul obeslieoce purchased by bribes soon brccMn unreasouably exactmr- Aud lh-n commeucea he contest to be waged throagh lih ho i. tu be mailer the owner er the sisve. 1 4 ihi stale of sffairs, labor seu becomes aapronu- ble, snd tbe half free indolent negro ha xkeo oat more perfectly than any other character ol laborer, Ihe problem, of the lea-t p'.wtHe amount of work for the greatest possible amoeul of par Now the whole tendency of political opinioa, is lo Ihe destruction of thai form of eivil sociriy, in which alone slavery can exit 10 advauta?." Feltow-citixeue, who does uot know lhal al- moot every negro iu Kentucky Uaseperale Ira- dsr. He work at.''y for hi maairria the l-y-tiuie, bui "the oigln.oh, ihe night fur him " I our produce It stolen and marketed by hint. and if our town mamhal cou.d only lead vtu iou ihe light" of ail lha dark deeds which h baa ferreted out, you would beaiouis!iel at tile amount of stealing at tbe -g'0 lueetii g, aud negro balls that are held night after mg .1. 1 iblak you would find it lo your imttrett la gi Clear of this population aa sous aa practicable. r ctlow-Uilixcbs of Uiorb'!, 1 am awl actuated by any mawkish scueibiliiy iu favor of the stave, but loot 1 no I no In ika l -w f white populalioa, I wiah lo be clear uf iheiu. I hsve tried 10 prove wnsl hs long been evi dent to nivseir, lhal sisvery Is I lha hit pO alatlvU ol Kealacky a Curae, morally, ollC.I ly sad socially. Whether I have succreded. I hall oot pretend lo say you ar Ih jir!ge. .Yiy premises, 1 Ihiok.are irae, any couclwaioos are logically drawn, and it ia for )Ou lo coutv aod meet tne trum lace lo race, or blink il aad dodge It. 1 shall now proceed to euwer aome of the objections. lt. W e srs tld that ws are takiag from Ihe people their property without paying them foi it that the right of property is one ol the great natural rights of tnau. Mr. jVfler.on aid that ths right of life, liberty sad tbe pursuit of hap piness, were the great, iuaiieuable righta ol man sow. It seems the right ol property ia sa iled to ths list, W sil. if il iv. lei il be to. Tbe right liberty la at least paramount to the right of property; fot I believe ia ihe sentiment expressed by Dr. R. J. Breckinridge, lhal it there ia any right of property mors sacred than an other, it is s msu's right to properly iu him self. Bat this objection cpmes too soon. The Emancipationists of Kentucky have submi lied no Btteijlc plan ; they bsvs simply declared ilto hs sn evil, morally, socially snd politically, ano asy it oaght not te bo perpetuated. Mr. Clay, It ia trus, baa submitted his plan, in which he says "That ths system will le sttended wiih some sse r like on tbe pert of slaveholder, which sre to he regretted, need noi be denied. Wtiwt great and beuericitl enterprise was ever accompliheo without riak und sacrifice? But these sacrifice are distant, coollngrnr, snd luconsiderable. As suming the year IftO for tho commencement of Ihe system, sli slsves born pr orto that tlm would re ma i a such daring their lives, aod Ihe personal loss of Ihe slaveholder would be oah the difference io value of a female slave whoe ofTsprlng, if she hsd sny, bora after the first day of January, lr60, ehwuld be free al ihe age ef twenty-five, or should bvstsves for life. 1 tho meantime, if the right to remove or sell tbe slave! of the State, should b eiercited, thai irifiiag lose would not be incurred. The slave holder, after Die eommsucement of the tm would lose the ditfereuTO ia value betweea slaver for life sad slsves until ths age of teeaty-fiye He might slso incur ime iucousiderable ex posse ia rearing, from Iheir birth, lb iaaae the who were to be free at tweuty-five, antt! they were old enough to be apprenticed oal: batssil Is probable that they would ba most generally bound lo him, he would receive some lariavfinny hem their eeiviaaa, aiatlt Umj ia laised their majority. "Most of the evils, losses and misfortunes el hufhsn life have some compeosnioa or allevia tion. The slaveholder Is rue rally a la ao hold er, aad I am persuaded Ibal he would Had, in the esgmeated vslao of his laod, some, il not full IBdemaity for losses srt.ioe to him from emaacipatioa and colonisation. Us would al liberally ahare In the general benefits, arcraisg to me wnoia state, irotu tne exMLClrou ol slavery 1 bees Save hoe se alien snd u fully staled. that I will not, sorts it necessary to dwell Upon on them extensively. Wo sha:l remove from amosg aa tba coniamicstirg tufliimci ef a servU lnd degraded race of ilidarent color; we shall enjoy the proud sod conscious saiisUciion nf placing that raea where tbey caa enjoy the great blessiop sf liberty and civil, political snd aocisleqsaiily; wo shall aequire m aavaot-ga of iheililife.ee, ths lidellly sud ths cons'sscy ef fre labor, luatesd ef the careleaanesa, the I oft Join y snd ths Unsteadiness of slave labor; we shall elevat lb character of while labor, aad slrvsts tha social eeadilioa of ihs whlie laborer: sagmeat tho vaiee f our lauds, Im prove the agriculture sf Ihs Slate, attract dpi-1 lal from abroad to sli tbe pursuits of commerce, masufasiuree and agriculture; rec rested, aa far and as fast aa we prudeully oould, any wrongs which ths deocesdasta of Alrica have sufTaied at ear haada, snd we alios Id domoastrato the sluoerity with which we pay ludiacrimiuau nomego le ihe grsal caa so af the liberty ef Km ho maa race." Other plans have been submtled en that 1 have sesa aad which I have heard attributed to Dr. Brrt kiatidge, tawugt I do aol knew It Is ale, provides that slaves bora after such a ilm ia fee Siatt, at a particular sge, shail be free. Now If gentleinea are so esnfcslarly enealle attest their lateresu, snd their patriotism can aol rise sbove slight poeaaiary cousljeratloas Ui stave seed aot aa la the aunt at the lime tbey might acU him, pat th mosey i a tneir peckeu.aad where weald ba lb eecuuiary loos? Oa af the pre-lavry oaadidaM sii.-d ths maoii-He o( the Cunrenrioa rrtft Kl- WHOLE NUMBER 108. .li-ailnaal refrm. may be seeeglit sa by lb yeejile at aay time. Thia weu'd sall.fy asaar inaacipalioai-la ia Kaalacky. Ia sua ay eowJ. tr the eiakcipaiioaiBU are muting e-adi dales u Ihe question sf aa epea clause. Even my other hoaorabie friend, who Is ess 'Idate en the pro-lavery side, is la f.var sf -ubinilllng Ihe Conaii-uiioa lo tlie people ever tea yesrs, whsa Ihis sad all other subjects esa come ap snd be agitated. Bat all ef thea dif ferent plana terminate is oao grand ceaelasioa, tad that may be embodied in the wercla of ibe pre slavery candidates themselves: "slavery ia the grealea; curs thst was ever raeieaed ea a Stste; Ii Is aa svd. it is doomed, sad mast tee. miaate." That ie all we a the people af Kee tuck y at this lime to say. Ia it sa ovU I Is it doomed? Mast it tenmaate? If yoa say li, thea let as meet together as brothers sad ia a spirit of honesty, fairness, aad jostle Urmll .tails deraiiwa, wuh due regard ta ths ia Wrest of Biater ad slave. Asoiherobjeetioa which I have beard erged I. thai if we get clear af Ihe aegroee, we will nave uia imai aaq uetcn Srsaghl la ea as. Who sre ws?- Have we forgot la pit fro at he.se we were d'gred ee Ihe reek front which w wrw KawaT" vVfciea 4,4 ae eoarte from? Wer aet our faihere IrUb, E .(!, Scotch, sad Dutch? For my ewa pan, 1 beliaee I sat lrom ail coaalriee, for 1 Mmvo lb aama af Smith, iu sow shape, is fou ad la ell. I seat. 'lines almost eonclwls It waa ihe great geaeria name of lite world, sad that Adam was named Adam Smith; bat t stop thfliag, sad I Cosine I always feel Lko it wba geailemea wb ar ihe deseeadaala ef Dutch and Iria, talk I ma aooal thedreavlfuifears ibey hsve about ihe 1. flai af foretguers. 1 woahl simjJy say ws ar in s fre coautry, the America eagle baa shel tered oar lerefathers, il baa siiellried as aad its iug are broad suouga loanrller Ihe oppress ed of all oatioue. Our forr father loaad aa lam lrom tyraasy and ppr'sain here, aad aiiaii we deay it lo others, whea, parliealarl ia Kentucky, wa have headreda aad uacasaatd f acres of unoccupied, a ucaltivaled laud. I nave heard mott eloquent aud Vehement speeches mad agsiuvt Ih adaiiawi ef fu. -ignere her-, brenae a great snaay of thaea are Cabolii:a; ad 1 have no doubt nay person live io fear sad tremUiug that tbey may yet e rrnairrd lo kis two Pope's (real to. What aeueease whea the poor old Pep lo kicked off ms stool, and tea thaad repubi.-cass from France caaaot place bios aa sgsis. Mr. J.f lersoa a loag time sgo deaaoaatrated tho absur dity af ssy religious deaomiualiew ia Ihia COSS try acquinug airaoglh euougk I aafect iU po litical coarse, aad why will demagogaea talk uei stutf as this to a fre peoui ta lb lack couture. Aeetner objeetioa I have bearj argued fat, (bat too are raiaing r auechaaic. tbal they caa hardly ni-ks a liviag aow, aad if yoa briag ia free labor lhy will starve thai nor batter have bow lo bay ih-ir hate in the North, die.. Ate Tin-, is truly a pow-rlai argumeal against yea .1 is Irue thai we bay our h'a, ewate, puulaiuo.is, boots and shoes iu the North A writ-r ta some Souther paper goes farther lhaa thai, he sty, is eahsteece, fur I hare sot the paper belore ine: W U-caate eery ladisaaat toaarda Ihe North; w ait do w a aal write it out on Bonhi-ra naoer. wiih a aoetsivra a.m. iad with norther iuk. Wo wear aurilra hoes, h its, aud clothes; ear wivrs rid ia a uortl.eru Carriage, ear daughters pay oa ne them piano. auJ our iufauia nlay wil arth- era liolla ihi. I all true, and Ihe h.tf lo not oid, aad caa oar mechanics s'aad thia slate of ihii'CT 11 w ntasy negro nwcfiauica ar tker lit tin Iowa? A I moat m aa tk.M .a. niie one; and wh-a the neb al iveliol ter akatl have prucarvd hie - sn a v VIIVI W sflaii 1 d hia slave carpeutrr, biacknaiiFa lor, what wilt occotneof ou? pwmter er tailt UJI ll la said, mat T uke mecrtaaiea ea 1. . . . . . . . furai-h a ear a'tieles of eoowtiupti ejepe hsa oursw ua, aad lt (kanpia m. U tw-m. Yw, mnmiiKi 01 K.uiu, k ik.. , . J a w .nd they will, aad it is sweaaso of free Uhor. Hasoivds of snechaaics would be glad te flock n-r-, but fur the f k:1 thai r evaiaaa a M. .Isvery h.a made labor dishonorable- We must all adapt ourarlveslo the tinvo. Civiiiaal aw and progress know bat ess rule; me a must riilier coma under iia sway, er be cruabed la iu onward court. AaiMher uhj-eiioo which I bar a-ged la,ihat any pUa of Cu(nniattoa la ai.f.aaSio. Oar rvretathers nevrr Would havvfasleed Ihia ears om u,es pi fur ihelaet that they had aplac 10 send in u-groes. Now thst dOSooliy ta b vialed; there U Liberia, recently a Cotoav aoa S Stale, that baa - read its lillo clear" lo la l peadeoce a a R-pabtic. It ia tra. its eerie History was euveloped ia ciede sad re hundreds who weul there nenshrd. s ii. did la the early Ame'fcaa colonies. Nw, however, trte danger is past. But have Ihey territory enough t Why, bless your see , there ti enough for all the black Lteoulatioa ia the world, aod mora loo; yes, caoogH evea la tem)i the cupidity of the great Aoglo-3aoa rsco, when ia iheir coarse of conqaeol, they shall have gulped up M-xieo, Souia America, Csba. aad the Sandwich Islands. Bst, say some, ota r loose so many ala vee al en lime whT.il I horrible." If ft waa use il might b homhle, but under Ihe opera tion, aay plan I ntve heard spoken ef, ast mora than lrom .1 I would go tree la aay os year. "Aad thru Ihe mean of lraprtati.-a, where Is that?'' Whea we rvfl-ct a bob ih. rxteat of jrshi-piog and aavy when we bp me sail 01 oar veaaeia wtnleaiag every sow wbea wo tee with what lectin y ihlOtX) stea could be tranvported I Mexic fiaki c.e baitles whea we remember lhal coionute caa ba Ukea there, and presided lor ( snoathe. at a cost not exceeding $50 a head whea we se all thia, I think no urailemsa f wdl pr uounce the p'au wftct ci'. Fella w-eiusens, I have endeavored to p reseat 'o )oa this question ia all iia beerings aad .ha pes. lam sorry lhal I tie fee bio stale f tny hralih has sol permit ted m lo so s ia a flora lulerestiag maaaer; baiabila I lhahk yoa kiadly fur the atleution yos rave slows me, I mast claim your ldgeae f-r oao mo men U lo refund yoa that Washiugtoa. JfTee soa. Patrick fieury and Clay have, tints sad if its, warned yon of ths evils of thte luaiiia. luu. Eves wty friend wb are caadidstes oa ihe pro every snle have admitted il was a great evil; but aa I aaderalaad them, whea Ca led la . know Iheir plsn of eradicating It. they er ia laeor of "Irmiitg t to Pfttid.' M X frieado, aa I smlniuml the way a Ol rreVIGraC. tie acU in bul two waya ae io bv perariUag men to as their reason, and with the meaaa la iheir haada "work ot their wa satvs'.iea,' but if thry turn s deaf ear -t in dieuioaof reaaoo. He pota s sword ia the haada cf their enen Ira. Look at the Ud woild. Have ih tyrants there not had "liss upoa Iia and pre cept upea preeepi ?' Have they sol seen, by ih eaaiuplc sf tbia Rt pabiic, the power f ihe people lo govern ihemsel res; bul Ihey shut their eyeot they to rued a deaf tar, and would bae aoaenl his casels; sud aow wheB cmwaa are failiag thrones craniW.ug, snd seepiors breaking, dee ProvnicBCe sot lasgh at Iheir caiaaaitae, t nd mock wlte their fear comeib 1 1 siueervly trust i regard I this e-j-et. wa nor onr drseeudams may ever b sahjciod la this last way of Prcvidenc dmeribed by snt bst if that day shoald corn if this load sheeU reek in blood yoa caano't blaroa tU fathar of the Republic; nsreaayoa Uum the geewWst statvsmaa ef the sge, .Mr. Clay. Ho tcdJ y, or your fathers Of it la 1794-h bs born uaiKrm tealimoey agtiaa it I In nwsl time, and coald, asder the nerrtut circam slancea described ky me, aril td WlUl aUM tra ih tbaa poetry naake a yoav f-ey locks st I You tanaut s I tll a.". . roLLieuiaTusL'siTsaSiaTaS. J.redSjjerka i ths cuorae ef ib sd ree be as. on bt lag u SUgmaled as frewidenl oi Htivsld Uiefiv laat we. k, scaled lb) tut a cwulury and s elf after tk . Selil. uiral of ikat conniiy, there were bni Meton . lege la 11, aud we Ikeia ala o. I an bnb.'t . . If. I . L . . . . ana iweniy. ut eia exprranea B seller laat there wss mow ommm-v es9ndd M. cBe ! Stales lor Cuii.-g'ala tvl.eauta lhaa ia any taUau try ialha worku 1, j "WorriT ee iiTtK- lie Meluoned Bsptiu Or Canipbrllilts a:e tlX.I.d in SB dV.I1 Lu aiaat ! a r enute in-pa A'tiuuii ue aamr ta vuiago 1 "J, tIoM a-MUiy. Hy. Tbey hae a. ; ,m'u. ,7. " 1t . ! bt ''k??' ZlK" ' ' ' t-1 j 1. ii i Ti 1 i il