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-' . ,- i ' . -'. .- .. - -. - - .-,-...-.,. ' j . .'"". "' ' , ' ' : ' - . .., ' . - I v it LITERARY EXAMINER - . . , : From the KaUeaal Era.. " l. la boat hkntt delta A UjUU WheidweJL Oh. where i 4 ef Featyt "Whaia?, M wVta fo I . t- At th- .recp . ' "4 th UU frM ioc- it'to'ed- 'tha'woruj, . . y fiad iu horn la tin mi Uil L yioo and di, 'r It dwJleth lher-ta ' Wbtl thrTy ! Ar kMptaf Tirpl elf ;v. Y may kaar lL la the oanef - L Or wbo, with a "(vxa V --TKa vla4saC.,s.-tMiraral. , ' - a Ya nay fcaur u oft la U.e atreau.. AaltdaacMait; glea, TUI Its mrrHt lay i. Mtavar buah ' By tUaaolofCtnoaalocaea. . Thaplr'af Poeay U roryvaert ! Cca driva ia thdriaue cava, . WbarfiiBi ui vear oi aa amoeratM, Whila Ita aarp of lh"d malchlM.lxiD IW wept byT" 0ad- " ' A baaUirtt rtvk with a aoKrtDh, Swaet l&ff a thaM Better Land." ' S . , OaW. j : - V, v4 - Afowf Howard's chaxactftristics rr.ay t . i .- i u- I Vtat ofa haughty temperament,; plain and huqj in bis manners,' often i appa reUyvhirsh, -but under this exterior was 4Lfart as tender as a child's like the eider -do n oo the eagles breast. 1 With "f)3Cond and darling wife he stipulated, previous to marriage, that in all matters in which there should be a difference of opin rton between them, hit voice should be lite rule. Peuy tyrants quailed before an eye as aiern as it was mild. He spoke out as as boldly to the king under the gilded roof of the palace a to the goaler in the loath some cell. The imperious Catherine of RuMia invited him, when in St. Peters burg, to Court: He told the courtiers who waited on him that 'be had devoted him- aelf to the task of visiting the dungeon of the captive and the abode of the wretched, not the ' palaces and courts of kings and empresses, and that that the limited time at his disposal would not permit his calling . on ber imperial majesty.' lie peremtorily f. I . . T . retOBCu tu mrci mv auMiui Ltiuixsiit un less the servile custom of approaching the sovereign on bended knees was, in his case, ..idiftpaiiaasl '-una. The unfortunate Pope rius v l. earnestly requested an interview, which the stern Puritan and Republican would only con-ent to, on the condition mat we aosura mark oi nouuze, kissing the foot, and, indeed every other species of V. VCICUiUIlI, W1UU1U UC UiSUCIUOl WIU1. Jl ........ i. . . i t t- . ., . I : . L upon the iiead of the heretic, saying, good humored ly, 1 kno you Englishmen care nothing for these thiugs, Out Uie blessing of an old man can do you no harm. Hiscoun ' a S m te nance inspired respect ana awe. in one of the military prisons ia London, an alarm ing riot look place; the infuriated prisoners, two hundred in number, broke loo&s, killed two of their keepers, and committed other excesses. Having obtained possession of the building, no one dared to approach them. Unarmed and alone, Howard en tered the prison, charmed the savage pas sions of the furious mutineers into submis sion, and they suffered themselves to be Suielly conducted back to their cells. feanlinesi and temperance, he was wont to say, were his preservatives against con tagtoua diseases. He ate no flesh, drank no wine or spirits, bathed in cold water daily ate little, and that at fixed intervals; retired to bed early, and waa an early riser. ' Trusting in Divine Providence,' he says, and believing myself in the way of my duty, I visit the most noxious cells, and while thus employed ' I fear no evil.' ' Mr. Dixon is a practised writer, and despite few blemishes, there are few who could have accomplished his task with greater satisfaction to those who are interes ted in prison reform. He has made prison discipline his study, and though an advo cate of some of what are called 'benevolent crotches' of the day, the resulu of his re searches are valuable to all. The chief defect of the work is an appearance in cer tain portions of affectation an J egotism, a straining to make mountains out of mole hills. All, however, who revere the mem ory of Howard, should either read or be come possessed of the volume, for valuable as is Dr. Aikin's sketch, it is incomplete, and affords but scanty information on many important points. The remainder of our space we devote to extracts: fef AKSHALSEA. FftlSOX AT TIE BIKTH OF BO WAS D. ' In the Marshalsea, debtors and pirates were confined ; the former generally of lite poorer classes many of them common sailors. The noal was under the charge of the Deputy-marshal of the Maishalsea of the Hingis household an officer, who, in .defiance of the express prohibition of the deed constituting him governor, farmed out the fees, victualing and lodgings of his prisoners to various parties, from whom he received ample, considerations. Thus the corruption began at the very source. The inferior officers were only too ready to fol low the example set before them. When a person was seat in ana his commit ment might be for a debt of a single shil line, increased to forty by legal expenses . i ' be had first of all to pay garnih, in the shape of a bowl of punch lot his compan ions. It, as was often the case, the new comer had no money wherewith to boy his freedom of the goal, he was stripped, in a riotous and disgraceful manner, of the great er part of hia scanty clothes, which were sold or pledged to pay for the bumper. IS est, fae had to make bis selection of a side of the goal namely, the master's side, where he would have to pay the most exor. bitant prices for his bedding, food and drink, or the common aide, where he would have to fare as be could, on the occasional and utterly inadequate supplies of such charity as the cupidity of the officials might suffer to be applied to their ligitimate purposes. Out of the persons confined on the master's aide the profits of the establishment were chiefly made ; but it is not to be supposed , that they were well treated on that account. On the contrary, the fact of their being able to ' pay. fcr'ecominodation pointed j bem out to the wardens as the beat sub-f-r -rrcitT their peculiar arts. .4 used to extort money fronv tteco, ot their friends. - ... , 'As for the miserable wretches who were unable-to buy, the mercy of their keepers, no words can paint the terrible condition to which they were reduced more forcibly than the simple and mutter-ofcounse language of the parliamentary report: 'The corn mo a side it explains, is enclosed with a 3 brick - wall; in it are now confined 33(1 prUor', moat of them in t of lh? hhe nonV isuc . fend: ,. 'tTb- carpenter, ii, port him, was the prison, upon over the prison by a ropa i another prisoner. Itw the l' taken by the keoperi,, If L.4 IMK into the lode, barbarou Satun and putj into irons, in which he - kept severil? weeks. One afternoon, as hewaastani . ing quietly in the yard with hia irons ' some of the said Acton's men (Acton w.mj a b utcher and lttaaea of the prison) calhjdJ him into the lodge, where Acton was thtnt;?d P!-' drinkicg and merry with company. In about half an hour Illias came out again, crying, and gave an account, that when he was in the lodge, they, for their diver sion, (as they called it.) fixed on his head an iron engine or instrument, (which ap pears to be an iron skull-cap, which whs screwed so close, that it forced the blocd out of his ears . and nose. And he furthur declared that his thumbs were at the sane time put in a pair of thumb-screws, which were screwed so tight that the blood aurl- ed out of them; tind from thal.liaie ba con tinned disordered until the day of his dea:h He was let out of prison without paying bis debt, and at bis going out, Acton do- sired that all that wu past might be forgor, and that he would not bear him any ill-will. This miserable wretch was put into St. Thomas's Hospital for help but he died very soon! What succeeds is still rnor horrible: 'The various tortures and cruel, ties before mentioned not contenting these wicked keepers in their pretended niagis tracy over the prisonera, they found a way of making within thi prison a confine ment more dreadful than the atrong-roorr, itself by coupling the living with the dead; and have made a practice of locking up debtors who displeased them in the yard with human carcasses. One particular in stance of this sort of i ohumanity was of person whom the keepers confined in that part of the lower yaid which was then separated from the rent, whilst there were there two dead bodies which bad lain there for days; yet wss he kept there with them six days longer, in which time the vermin devoured the flesh from their faces, eat the eyes out of the heads of the carcasses, which were bloated, putrified, and turned green during the poor debtor's dismal con- hnement with them! am "criscor At" raisoN. ' "Four days after this visit to the Mar- nhalsea in London, wa find the modem Heracles inspecting the High Gaol at Dur ham. The labors of that renowned hero were mere pastimes to those of Howard. The earnest spirit of enterprise which urged him on contrasting the magnitude of the work with the brief space of time in which it must be done, if done by him caused a rapidity in his movements which tends not a little to baffle the follower of his footsteps. His account of the condi- tion of this gaol is terrible beyond the pow er of language to deepen: "The debtors have no court; their few wards in the Low Gaol are two damp, unhealthy rooms, 10 feet 4 inches square. They are never suf. fered to go out of these, unless to chapel, and not always to that for on a Sunday when 1 was there I missed them at chapel; they told me they were not permitted to go thitlier. No sewers. At more than one of my visits I learned that the dirt, ashes, dec, had lain there many months. The felons hsve no court; but they have a day-room and two small rooms for an infir mary, ihe men are put at tiimt into dungeons; one 7 feet square for three pri soners; another the great hole, 16 1-2 feet by 12, has only a little window. In this I saw six prisoners, most of them transports, chained to the floor. In that situation they had been many weeks, and were very sick ly. Their straw on the stone floor almost worn to dust! Long confinement, and not having the lung s allowance of 2s. 6d. week, had urged them to attempt an escape, after which the gaoler had chained them as above. Common-side debtors, in the Low Gaol, whom I saw etiting boiled bread and water, told me that in s was the only nourishment some had lived upon for nearly 12 months. At several of my visits, there were boys between thirteen and fifteen years of age, confined with the most profli gate and abandoned. let this was an Episcopal prison, the property of the Bishop of Durham, and boasted a regular chap laincy i Every man can be really great, if he will only trust his own insuncts, think his own thoughts, and say his own say. The stupidest fellow, if be wculd but revesl with child-like honesty how ha feels ruidbft thinks, when the stars wink, at him, when he aees the ocean fcr the first time, when music comes over the .waters, or wlion ha sod his beloved look into each other's eyes: would he but reveal this, toe world would hail him as a genius in hit way, and would prefer his story to all the epics that were ever written, from Homer to Scott.' ; Your selfiak man has no touh be makes himself and bis ptoperty his idols, and for gets that something is due to' his follow man. He crawls through life a poor, mis erable, despised object; a nonentity among M. De TALLETKANUwaa born in Paria in 1754. ; At that perijd,it was the eener al custom in noble .fbinilies jto send out their jofaota to be iturst in the provinces. The gay mother, after a trief retirement, resumed her place in the brilliant court cir cle, seldom rinding leimire to cast away a thouzhtHorvthe poor little beinx to whom she had given birth, atd who, cor' ih j care of a hir many miles dL :: it Tail feezu tt- "datlirg liU. tta pride r:,y bis rosy cheeks and v was well fed, well ;Dnld a baby want?" Jdl" thought hia lady whenever she had time to matter at all ; but this wu 'ttt dutiaa and court pleas, cveiy (acuity, and occu- ,-t: . on. Another son was born Talleyrand ; and, like his -"ie into the world strong wi mould of a vigor- w .lie villsge where , up ignorant and neg the fear of God or man be- Till the arrival of the little Jr he had never seen the face -...-.ve. U: "'her. occupied with " t!i father .bition, thought v . N. It ii turfular that while the having obtained sought, and the former en .fe in comparsuve poverty, it l.for:-,ir neglected child to jinK;h his fame, and to nnt inrttniA. . !xcrioe had entered . . MMiis.theV's "aptain of a snift-of-. Nlta, returned horn Joti. iler greeting the hifamily, he enquired - tvri, and felt both shocked i:r t (jr his lit towards them. k It wss the depth of winter; the ground was covered with snow, the roads were difficult and dangerous ; but the wait -ntiaried sailor braved all obstacles, and t out on horse-back to visit his little relatt.es. It was late in the afternoon when ue approached the village, and he bethought him of inquiring the way to the house of Nurse Riguut. Looking round, lie saw on the hill a pale, thin child, with long fair hair flowing on his shoulders; he was busy setting a bird-trap cn the snow J The capuin called him; and as the little fellow approacneo, me Kino sauor saw ith pain that he wts lame, and leant for support on a small ciulcb. ' Hollo! my boy, can you tell me where Dame Kigaut lives? Certainlv." s-id the child, smiling. "I will show you the wny on one condition.' 'Come, then, make haste, my lad ; I'l pa you handsomely for your guidance." a - , , . , , . INonsense, replied me cnuu, reoaen ing ; "my condition is, that you will le' m ride oa j oiir kor nurwe'e dooi, I don t want your money. "Mount, then, my boy, said the cap tain, reaching dowu his hand, and watching with surprise the sgility with which the child, cripple as be was, managed to climb on the tall saddle. Holding bis liUle guide carefully before him, the captain reached the house of Dams Ptigaut. He told the child to bold his horse for a moment, and entered the door: nurse came to meet him. What passed betwt en them? Probably nothing very amicable for the young listener outside could distin guish a sound of weeping feminine lamen- . lit tauons overborne Dy loua masculine reprimands- Suddenly i the sailor rushed out, seized the shivering boy. raised him, and held him closely embraced with one arm, while with the other he made good use o his whip in keeping off Nurse Rigaut, who wanted to gain posession of her "darling Chariot. It wu the work oi a moment to mount his horse, and with the child be fore him, to retrace his steps, without per mitting the perndious nurse even to say adiew to her charge. As they rode on. little Charles-Maurice learned that his cap tor was his uncle; an honest sailor, who, in a transport of indignation against the wo man to whose negligence hia nephew owed a life-long lameness, would not have him a moment longer beneath her roof. In his anxiety about the heir of his house, he to tally forgot his brother's younger son, who sccordiogly remained withAhe nurse. From the first town where he stopped, he wrote to his brother to annourrce what be had done; and on arriving at Paris, he learned that the Count de Talleyrand wu with the army in Flanders, and that the countess wu in attendance on the quetm at Versailles. However, she bad provided a person to take charge of her son, and place him in the college of Louis-le-Grand. The captain had intended to take him on board hia vessel the St. Josephand bring him up to the naval profession ; but his lamenecs rendering uiat impracticable, the kind sailor took leave of his poor de iierted little nephew, and set out for Tou lon. A few months afterwards his vessel wu shipwrecked, and he and all his crew perishea. Had Charles-Maurice been fine, stout boy, his history would have en. ded here ; but Providence reserved the poor lame child for an illustrious destiny. At college, the boy distinguished himself by his tslents and application, carrying off the first prizes, and rising rapidly towards the upper classes. Yet hia lite wu but a sad one ; few indigencies, and no vaca tions passed at home, fell to his lot. His mother rarely visited him, and when she did, she came accompanied by a celebrated surgeon, who examined his lame Jeg, twu daged it tightly, dragged it, cauterized the nerve, and put the child to such torture, that he draaded nothing so much aa a sum mons to the parlor to' rmet his mother. Years passed. on: his father died, and Charles-Maurice found himself Count de Talleyrand, and head of that branch of his family. His broker Archambauld had left the abode of Nurse Rigaut with better for- tune than himself; for he had escaped ac cidentn, and his limbs were straight and well formed. On the day that Charles Maurice had successfully completed hut studies at the college of Louis-le-Grand, a pale, stern-looking man, wearing a cas sock, samnMned hira from among his com rades, and oommanded him to follow him to the clerical seminary of St. Sulpice. The seateiice waa without appeal. He learned from the euperior that bis family had decided to deprive him of his birth. right, and transfer it to bis younger brother. waa the cruel reply. . ' .1 The wards entered .-iikeitoo. into the victim's soul; theyxfcraged bin veiy Bature. and made the youth what the Prince de Talleyrand afterwards appeared. In proud ha danned the offered cas sock;' and none may know what passed within, fot never, even to h'ut moat intimate r-iende, did be allude to tM suDjeci. 'via mttture age, on nv -nr it m weapon of de. .Vat L. Youne and old . - r O . dreaded his caustic, biting sentences, while the influence and power which hir master mind asserted and maintained were quite marvellous. At the seminary he became u distinguished as at the college. There still survive a few old clergymen who can recall th eloquent oiauons or the young student at the weekly exhibitions at St. Sulpice. bine of these compositions have been preserved ; they are chiefly remarka ble for the artful manner in which the pas sions of the auditory- are enlisted against the adverse side, and their sense of the lu dicrous excited at its expense. At ins age oi seventeen, m. ae isuey- raua-uUtrtBa seminary, in oraer to com plete his theological studies at the Sor bonne. The few days which intervened were passed by him at the family residence Up to that period he had txr tperd a night under the parental roof. Well might Rousseau fulminate his burning re proofs against the high-born mothers of that time, whom he designates "merciless step mothers." M. de Talleyrand was so for tuuate as to have for his preceptor an ex cellent man. not many years older than himself. A strong . and luting affection subsisted between them. His '"dear father - i - -e;Te(j from bim a liberal pen Jrdf his days; and up to the yea v "e period of the good old LuA antiquated figure, attired in the tv 5e of the preceding century, might have been constantly seen in the prince's splendid reception-rooms, his huge snuu-box and colored pocket handkercriie figuring next rich uniforms and brilliant orders. When be spoke, his former pup listened with respectful deference. Indeed it is not too much to assert, that whatever good wu mingled with the character of the astute diplomatist, might fairly be traced to the early instruction of the Abbe Langlois. The young Abbe de Talleyrand's first appearance in the g&y society of Paris wss at the hotel of Madame de Brignole, who wu in the habit of receiving the very elite of .the fashionable world, together with the lions of the day. The young man seated himself in a remote corner, so u to ob serve the passing scene without taking pari in it. boon a modest, retiring-looking man came and placed himself near him. This wu Pbilidor, the celebrated chess-player who, being a frequent visitor at the house wss able and willing to point out the dif ferent distinguished guests to his uninitiated neighbor. D'Alembert, Diderst, and other great men were there, and Pbilidor was complacently commenting ou them, for the young abbe's edification, when their quiet corner wu suddenly invaded by two young hussar officers, a captain and lieutenant in a regiment especially favored by the un happy queen Marie-Antoinette, and also nouid for the tree and impertinent mancers of the young men who comported iu The two officers were laughing heartily at some exquisite test between themselves, Come into this corner," said one, and I'll finish the story; the end of :t must be reseived for your private ear." 'The corner is taken," replied the other "I see Pbilidor there talking to some young raven just fledged, and flown from the seminary." "They II give op their places. 1 know Philidor s temper, he'll submit, and the abbe will follow his example. So say ing, they approached the two occupiers of the corner, and with the coolest imperii nence began to annoy them by their words and gestures. Philidor, whose pacific and timid character was well known, imme a a a . w ttiateiy prepared to retreat, tie cast an Imploring glance at the abbe, complained of the heat of the room, and finally rose and glided away. 1 he Uhevaher de B ou- niers one oi me officers took instant possession of the vacant chair, and turning towarda the young abbe, stared at bim with an insolent expression. 1 The lieutenant took up his position at the other side, snd looked at Talleyrand in a manner not less offensive. Not the slightest notice, how ever, did the young man take of either, un til the officer, tired of his sangfroid, in quired "if be did not find the heat opprea sive?" and added the advice to imitate his friend, and seek cooler air in the ante chamber. Talleyrand, with 'the utmost politentiss, 'thanked the officer for hia con siderate kindness; but begged to assure him that his own lungs were so very delicate, that he would fear to encounter the cold air." The angry blood mounted in the officer's cheek: he wan a youth just come from Nor mandy, and spoke with his native accent in all its purity. "You look young, my dear abbe," he Slid; 'peihaps you have not been at school, and are not aware that you have yet many things to learn; amongst the rest' A thousand pardons! interrupted the abbe, Handing up, looking lull at his ad versary, and imitating to perfection fhe Norman " accent. "I assure you 1 hare been at school; I learned all my letters, and I know that A B (abbe) is not C D (ceder, yield; and, moreover, that your P (epee, sword) will not make me () T (oUr, go away.") By this time a number of the guests-had collected, and received 1 alley i and s sally with a peal of hearty laughter. The Chevalier de Boufilers him self applauded; but the discomfited Nor man, having no reply ready, took himself off as fast as possible. Madame du Def- fand happened to be in the room. She heard the repartee, and expressed a wish to have its author introduced to her. This wu done by De Boufilera himself. This illustrious lady, who was blind, invited the young' abbe to be seated next to her. She passed her venerable hand over his face, in order to examine the features, which she could not aee, and . then said,. "Go, young man;, nature hu endowed you with her richest gifts. She has placed It in your power fully to redeem the wrongs of for tune." , . " ?v - The Abbe da Tal ley rind soon became known in the' highest ilterary and political circles; his subsequent career belongs to the eventful history of ihe period. It is rather singular that he atUched his name o the first popular journal that ever appeared in France, "La Feuille Villageoite, con. Because 'is net a cripple,' r . Rinrolil. ioflufince on the msi eve .u . Uon of 1789. m JlaP7"r -I, d froo, the fiery pen cfM?ta.J bfarin U mpress oi wuiu ' " ih hbtorian of today nA n still witn inieresi, r beau professed a high esteem for the talents of the young Talleyrand. Mirabeaafre nn.ntlv declared that he considered bim the -r.Kli of succeeding him in the direction of the moderate party of the time, Talleyrand died at Paris, in tne eigmy a urth year of his age, on the 17th of May, SSS. By, bis will he has strictly proruDi- t.l hia heirs from publishing -nia meraoua which he wrote himself, and wnicn are, n :. ..M ,trrtited in England until thirty years shall have expired from the day ol butdeatn. many ouuc uijowij a grand secret in diplomacy will no doubt ha revealed to the curious public of 1868. Till then, we must content ourselves with a . . I few rambling records oi that grand mover of the wires of the political puppet show Charles-Msunce Prince de lalleyrana. Free. Ike ew Yetk Tnbuae. Tfee) rtaMUag aMt I Blatsc "- Thou art to saa, tkoa glorious aettiof aan: A mouraBl tmasa af the golUeu aga; F.. iha xlowaarard eoaree Ooat awiflly fua And leava the dreary earth a darkeaeS page- And aa thehllle along in a snauowy Wast Awhile are glided ia thy lingering ray, Sn itlH the lavlnv airea of the bleat Huge earth with brlgbtnaaa aa wey pasaeu ... . 1 away. Aiul thra aroae awhile the ail very moon. To cheer the heart and light the etepe at me a; But evea aim pie r ailh expired too aeea. And UR the alaking world in gloom agmia. Ttiea eloods and darkneaa apraad theaiaelvea o er all, And evererew the aniveraal cloom. Tii Man aeened eoTereJ with a frlghtfal pail. And verging last to an eternal tomb. But aa the darkeet hoar precede the dawa. Bo with the moral darkneea or oar raae; That fallen man mlfht haU a krickter morn. The San of Heaven nwbuo koU aid bis I ace. 1 Now, who ahall tell the brlghtneea and the leonth . Of tha glad day that now la gently brenkiog! Oh, who shall Ult tha glory and tha atreogth To which tha human mind at last la waking! November 17. a. yMnaTakeaif Hal. BY OSCLB TOST. We were once coming over the railroad from Washington City to Baltimore, when we observed a peculiar sort of man sitting hard by a tall, tlun, good catured fellow, but one who somehow seemed to bear the impress of a person who lived by his wits. written upon hia (ace. A friend who wu with me answered my inquiry as to who he wan, and at the same time asked me to keep between the object of my notice and h:rxseli, lest be should come over to our seal, u my companion said he knew him, but did not wish to recognise bim there. That is Beau II." said he, "a man that ia universally known in Wsshington as one of Ihe most accomplished fellows in the city, always ready to borrow of, or drink witli you. He never has any money, how. ever, and I am curious to know how he will get over the road without paying, for be will surely do it some way. " Probably ha baa mat ed the money to buy it with, or something 01 liat sort, said 1. Not he. Beaotalways travels free, and boards io the same way. He never pays money when wit or trick will pass current in ttieir places, said my friend What a shocking bad hat he hu got On," said I, observing the dilapidated con. dition 01 his beaver. "1 t's some trick of his, doubtless; for the rest of his dress, you will observe, is quite genbiel. ' Yea. I see." My friend went on to tell me how Beau had done his tailor out of a receipt in full for his lut year's bill, and the landlady at his lust boarding-house, and various other instances of his ingenuity and wiu nil. . . ill . --no oweu me ten aouara. said mv friend, "but in attempting to collect it of him one day, 1 11 be banged if be didn tget ten more out of me; so I think 1 shall let the a alter rest there, for fear of doubling .1 o me sum once more. At this moment the conductor entered the opposite end of the cars to gather the tickets from the passengers, and give them checks in return. Many of them, as is often the case with travellers, who are fre quently called upon, on populous routes, to show their tickets, had placed theirs in the bends of their hats, so that the conductor could see that they were all right, and not trouoie tnem to take them from their pock, eta af etch stopping place. I watched Beau 10 see what his expedient would be to rut. lid of oavino- for hi. a. 0 . r- o f the conductor drew nearer, Bee u thrust his head out or the car window, and seemed sbsoibed in contemplating the scenery ou that side of the road. The conductor spoke to hira for his ticket there was no answer. "Ticket, air," said the conductor, tapping nun iig.iuiy un me anouiaers. Beau sprang back in the car, knocking the hat into the road, and leaving it, in one minute, nearly a mile behind. He looked first at the conductor, then out of the win. dow afr his hat, and in a seeming fit of rage, exclaimed: - "What the d 1 do you strike a men in that wsy fori Is that your busines? is that what the company hires you for? 'I beg your pardon, sir. I only want your ticket, replied tne conductor, meeklf . . "Ticket! 0, yes, it's all very well for you to want my ticket, but I want my hat!" replied Beau, bristling up. 1 . t "V ery sorry, sir, really. I mere v wish. ed to call your attention, and I took the only moans in my poer," said the eon. ductor. ""You had better use a cane to attract a person s attention next, and hiijiim over the head with it, if he happens to be look, ing the other way!" replied the indignant Beau. - . "Well, air, I will apologise to vou asain. if you wish. 1 have done so already once," said the now disconcerted conductor. 'Yes, no doubt; but that don't restore my property: that s gone.' " Well, sir, 1 cannot talk any locxer I'll take your ticket, if you please said the conductor." Ticknl! Haven't you just knocked it out of the window, hat and all! - Do you want to ndd insult to injury?' Oh, your t ticket wu in the ' hst band?' suggested the conductor. i " - Svpptve you stop the train, and go back and see!' said the hatless Beau with indir. nrat scoio depicted on his face. . . ' , 'Welt, sir,-1 shall pass you free over ths road, then,' said the conductor, attempting to o on vim bis auty. i i CSore3 f seed, and hi, indignauon moat for eiMJPWi Q , Abuses of honeaU SS ? On U.Uy-V Weights and e vou after I hav. collected the .:.::. Sieves aod Mira- uckets, replied the conductor, pawing M dollar; my beaver coat me a V. Your good sene will at once show you that there is a balance of four dollars in my favor at any rat " , ' Tbm conductor heaitatod. Beau looked like a gentleman, to one not perfectly well throurh the COT., Beausatin ..lent , irxhgnauon, 05 at every body until the official returned, and I came and sat down r.y hia side. Bean then. in an earnest undertone, th.t could only overhear occuioiulJy, talked to the conductor like a "Dutch Uncle." pay I we saw-the cresi-fallen man of tickets pay the halloa passenger lour dollars -me tries; wu at once seen tnrougn oy . - . . I both my friend and myself, and the next day over a bottle of wine at the Monu ment House, Beau told uj he was hard up hadn't a dollar, picked up an old bat at Gadaby'a Hotel, in Washington, put his .a a. 1 !.. cap in bis pocket, ana resoivea that tne rat should carry aim to oauimore; ami u ou, with four dollars into the bargain. Pic ayune. . tom mm flu "Mr. Fox wu totally unlike his great rival.' Pitt wu stalely, taciturn, and of an austerer temper.' Fox wu euy, social and of a kindly disposition. Pitt wu tall end grave, and entering te House carefully dressed, walked prouMcto the bead of (he -V- Anai a . .11.1 JaVihlI lild auiaf BW A i T 4 iTCWBUa j iruvwi a wwbim slants h u k . m a - nined and dumo w a stauite. rox wu mrly and jovial, entered the House in a slouched nat ana wuu a careiess air, ana. 1 . 1 -.i. 1 1 as be approached the Opposition benches. ha a a nod tor this learned city member, and a joke for that wealthy knight of the shiie, . 1 L - ri . i. ... . and sat aown. as mucn at ease u 11 ne were lounging in the back parlor of a coun try inn. f itt, u the adage runs, could speak a King's speech off bund," so con secutive were his sentences; and his round smooth periods dslighted the aristocracy ol all parties, rox made the Lords of the Treasury quaiL u he declaimed in piercing tones against ministerial corruption, while has friends shouted "bear! hear! and so plauded till the House shook. Pitt'a sen- tenoes were pompous and sonorous, and often "their sound revealed their own hoi- lowness." Fox uttered sturdy Anglo-Sax on sense; every woidpregnsntwith meaning. Pitt wu a thorough business man, and relied for success in debate upon careful preparation.' Fox despised the drudgery of the office, and ieLed upon his intuitive per ceptions and his rooust strength, ritt was the greater Secretary Fox the greater Commoner. Pitts oratory was like the frozen stahcties and pyramids which slit- tec around Niagara in mid-winters-stately, clesr snd cold. Fox's like the vehexent waters which sweep over its brink, and roar and boil in the abyss below. Pitt, in his great efforts, only erected himself the aore proudly, and uttered more full Johnsonian sentence, sprinkling bis dignified Dut iron otonous state-paper style with fucgent sarcasms, speaking as one having authoiity. and commanding that it might stand last Fox, on such occasions, reasoned fiom first principles, denouncing where he could not persuade, and reeling under Iu Lieat thoughts, until his excited feelings rocked him like the ocean in a storm. Pitt di nfftyml thm mot ttMiorie, and his mello voice charmed like the notes of an ora an. Fox displayed the most argument, snd his shrill notes pierced like arrows. Pitt had an icy taste; Fox a fiery logic. Pitt had art; Fox nature. Pitt was dignified, cool, cautious, rox maoiy, generous, brave. ritt had a mind; rox a soul, ritt was a majestic automaton; Fox a living man. Pitt was the minister of the King; Fox, the Champion of the People. Both were the early advocates of Parliamentary reform; but Pitt retreated, wlule Fox advanced; and both joined in denouncing and abolish ing the horrors of the middle passage. Both died the same year, and tbey alept side by side in Westminster Abbey, their dust mingled with that of their mutual friend, ilberforce; while over their tombs watch ee with eagle eye and extended arm, the model form of Chatham. Stanton s Re. form and Rtformtrs of England. AaacsoTB or Latimib. It is related of Latimer that when he once preached before that tyrant, Henry VIII, he took plain, straight-forward text, and in his ser mon assailed those very sins for which the monarch wu notorious, and he wu stung to the quick, f.w truth always fine's a res ponse in the worst man's conscience. ' He would not bend beneath the authority of his God, but tent for Latimer, and said Your life is in jeopardy, if you do not re cant all you Mid to-day when tou preach next ounuay. ihe trimming courtiers were all aaxioua to know the consequences 01 this, and the chapel was crowded. 1 he venerable man took his text, and after a pause, began with a soliloquy, thus: "Now, Hugh Lattimer, bethink thee, thou art in the presence of thy earthly Mon arch thy life is in his hands, and if thou dost not suit his fancies, he will bringdown thy grey hairs to the grave ; but Hugh Lat imer, bethink thee, thou art in the presence Of the King of KTugs and Lord of Lords, who hath told thee, 'Fear not tbem that kill the body, and can do no more ; but rather fear him that can kill both body and soul, and cast theo into bell forever!' Yea, 1 uy, Hugh Latumer, fear him." He then went on, and not only repeated what he had be lore advanced, but, if po-si-ble, enforced it with greater emphasis. Af ter he had finished, Henry sent for him, and said. "How djrst thou insult thy moo- arch sot" .Latimer replied. "I thought if 1 were unfaithful t my Uod, I could not be loyal to my king." The king embraced the good old bishop, txcUiming, There in yet one man left who is bold enough to tell me the truth." mmmmmmmmmammmmmmmmm 4 ElTBAOBDUABY BtSD. "In 1621 aye brace, Mthere was brought into Abyssina, a bird called Para, which. wu about the bigness of a hen, and spoke all languages; Indian, Portuguese and Arabic. It named the King's name, although its voice wu that of a man, it could likewise neigh like a horse and mew like a cat, but it did not sing like a bird. It wu pro duced bofore the assembly of, iudrea. of the priests, and the sagns of court, and there it spoke with great gravity. The assem bly, after considering circumstances well, were unanimously of opinion that the evil spirit had no part ia endowing it with these talents. Dut to De certain ol this, it was; thought most prudent to take the advice of Rea-Sela hriatoa. then in Goiam who might,' if be thought fit, consult the Supe rior of Mehebar , Selasse,- to them it w u sent, but died on the road. . The historian closeerhis narrative by this ivise rerWtiaa on the parrots death, such is tha lot of all flesh." , TaI AraTia. i nosuea ud iu ura uumui lavrii- i wu van I ik .mi nrK lftanr A wine man pk r -rc- rrooithe l&aor i ... .' , - liable aommet Mgn of lr M and. To-dy, wa kaaVC ehapuH of niodeca aetaaeevM or aaunat ao4 vteiaJa ' refrftace to Uta auaar ' T Liebif, ibie iheme, aiic ad wnn all uta uuateai i aow keaJUJul la nt yt ii of toacice. tw ",,n '. uf a of piaau v 1 1 main ininr. w . . ... S - TJ K iVti f" Airk uiur.i ChtuUii 1 ) inia auojeci aie kaowa to you U taiermiaatio. of it. .raouni ieaijy rieaeteoua. nu ha int.,..,,.. ; Hue... tuuaa BDOQI M U nil eaftoo Uif. tlow -ZskWw- M-uiMllia !& . .r At Ik . .... . . nQt .p?r tuytunoai to thoa a w HW- vaBSj.T"" with 11. method of effect! it. TUnSr , matter, wa .uppoee a kViJia-i . r-t--jf"w wii a coca bciow auf wj in the head ibofe. Oa turn. tk . , ier raae out, aad a eorreajoaui ft air cornea in abute and Ukr. w.n,- water mat kaa eecp4 meirl, , 1 tot t ery quart of it k.e a ari of l eua il M Drfri .... .,v . ' i v Uiu approach iL Th u i a bundled auUu c( .,.. l n J au-p .i off. Uii huu.., uf eoneev-.rouy rome m :hroujk it. la ,.JJf r tTl m,i me amniuaia Ix-b.Ml V. , ,B, .av. tie Anunal cb.ii. aU. ju... .. .kJ!J!. ' xLOt luaiaiic. a :be ti-a!i. .. " of the 4iouajUactttJm..t'.,. - Ji'i! U.eoft,ci ,,t auda. I.m it ... 1n;I!7!; iL Such ficL. .t. .... i .t.v. - ... ep o. i.n?oiunt a?pl,c.:;- a. Aauhet u,u4.;k, character of the blo ea. f. ehxH and that in a ery ahrt period, hy ehaa,. of i I Jo not refer to a mere riauoi ot the a ooorota iu coua.uueui, &ul to t.cl a t.riaawo im- p.iea a in.lrr.il chart ol rhsrcirr. m f .aa e, the lel.itn.rul oi iua.ka m f.o.t.aL. - y caiJouate. That the u. l! uen.: ol ,irt a c haat. ia the coiiauiuiion ol a lud tha irjir tli u nert ea and Unun ot the animal fi.ne dm s. . ny nutentl one ia endenL ;ia .ftciem., i a. Uei.ln.eiil of dteeue ham bees sy no unw fa , r.lM.la kaltala. At '.hie rea-oa ihe a'tvatta or i.S. oflea directed to the (allenuf at ih.,. . Uhich are intended for Ue bul.:hr, aad u M a. j.runtloi him u know bow be di. t i-n .iv;S aticlea ct f -od as be oaf kava oa h.oi f .- - pinpoae U lb. be,t accoual. Several aiu. i auch aj pumpk.o. and .pp.ee, ili not krep if,rt andara io haaaed in Theueaua, il aia... - teaai auiniioaa ait.c ea, ao far aa it cm ! d. cjnveaicstly.aboteld be fa out tiii; alLerauc. uoae Uiat are more autritje. Kauea.ai an avt . .ho Mid b kepi ()uil and kurfnad io iu, io not. cirrc ixa Uta tm neceaauy l i thru kr ih. xJ eiereiae, wmti thao Una, aal'a lut aa eipeadau:e of food, hich 4oe not ivaii tm'J.'wt m Ifce pr- ce of U'AtaWf. 1 ahouvi frd rets ml wuh auuaofe fwl, and (hat pn.pmy aren.ir:. ted aa tnura eoouia De f iei turn a. Ln mt ..., . coavert iuto fleth and t.i.ij.ot .-.. -l, litt aniatal eeoncmy. Km accatou s;k a ,! :! CJ etu-a llreh, ia tahr a depuail 1 tuoeii iol. ea r,. cn not weiraiec : ,i t it :m ti oae time', ia laid by lot tuiui merrei::i. atd t muat (eob.icns 'liatUieia:(!tr.4bii.y o; fewt nic a a iaiienu( aaimai can ma!. t coaaoo.. daily, with a good appetite, m o c ;m :toi.t(3- ly, Uie a reatei wi I le Ue auei ci o. fl s u ! -u tamed ia proportion to Ue lo e quu..: .t Uo4 cobauiued." A a mil. will aot lhri. wuh aat auwual ,f '.jod arheie they aie coeaav al dicor.trail, era i ihey arrt ao e'oe y coaiaed thu Uey cacaot eai off their fifth fveten-ia; it . ikere'ora. unpotiaat that ihey aoMl t tad Mftt4in,i that Uteie ahukl he solhuj o i atiuh tiem, s eiriia fe.ro. diacooteot. m the i"ot crop, lor Buu!tiu pvren.e-, toea a:ad hmi; then caimia. ruu ts. b-m. wuiz.U, h.cS a.e all ar.t.y i.abi. m s xiU); h;ie Uie K'- jlt lu:ot; ia lb. fc-i. aie aud uutnlK'a. v'f r.n. ahe.t a.ac.' f r . then peaa, lud.an o rn,ba.iy iai laatoaa. Xjr lodiao corn ia bm-4 m Luicuji aaiaaa, p- sr ly a int. Fir these, there ia ncdubtair a f i am in haiuc il both ground aadcooied. Urn d tha: wrine aine are ted oa muat. ci ttmiy. p'lJdiiij, they ara n.ucri nut i'-i-t, aaJ cai.e q ieoliy (no fleh mack U-ii, than '.here Vt aauie iDjire clieu!. are fed totheiu aocoukl. t he foil3iuf hioi.oa ih .a an. jeet, tl.tu va:aab!e agricultural jo ara. I, the Athac; Cuiua tor, i I be fuuod of io:eiei: "Sut accea in which tie atuUeal t wlm coiiceauated, boaid befedvr.) ere. 1 here a danger, especially aben the annua, ia t.-.t put : teed, that more m.T be eaten n oar tm u. d'irsliTeorgaacaiiaaaage. Meaiol lni..aton ia h'g'ily aulriti.e. and bea puc fed c nimo'a lo t.llrn laaici lk a tma: a uher Vol. Tbey will tot, koeer. ber i be n. it ; kepi oa tbta aiucie tot a (.eat leog-k vi time. Uetl made from the hea:et oi corr. eioeci.Ly that made troaa e kind a ct. k rt' gro an in the .VnUirra aad Eaatern Situ, ia 4aiie too atiuaf food lor c.uie, akeep, of Ooi-, u be tuil-frd upon. Hrace t neot .Se a!.c'.(gea oi ha. ing the cob i ruuad iik ihe cmi, ty ba iae natnmenl ia diff Jaed Uifough a greater Suik, l!a liirhier on the atoaaacb. aad ia aie i;.oro.gh.y digraied. The effect of pur auin meal oa an. mala, we auppoae to b ..ai .r u thai Mraetirnea produced on our en icki ty the ue ot hoe whexlea fljur U.e aubject beoanea dttpepU:, aid ia forced la u rxetd hMh baa the )aa raiid wiUk t.'ie Aonr. The niit'.uie cf the coo with meal, aasoera the purposed the braa the hea'lh o! the animal ia preaei.ed, aad !- proceaa of donation goeeoai naintennicdi. ta tact, lha ad.nniagea ot grioutni ike cob aid C"n togeihei for It'edu cattle my be .aid lo b eeua.Mk d. Kor ttnf, the beoeblot Ue ct n aot, wa ih.nk, ao e ideal; ihoae anmiain appearing u b bt;er adapted lot Ukmjt ihetr aouitaacieal in a oomen'.r iWi form, than tkoae wkicA n.miaate, at chew tha cud. Yet food aur&cieaily bu.k- to effet t the detention of tb 'wtU ia aecc.-a.-y for hogi. "Mayor alraw, cut into leacthaao abort aato te leadily miaed ilk meal, aaawern a good pot poae ia rendencg the meat cay of digeaUoo, and iu enabling the animal to eiuact Uuau it ail ike antri jteni. "t he concluaion airirad at fxoen the teeuli of a eerieaol eipenntJala inatilaied by the H gh .rd Society of Scotland, n few years ago, wa,Uuutte eupajittiit. ot cooked over iduk.d taod for cattle ia but trifling, and not anitieient l ba aace the cost; but I.M koga, UM taua eoate pteparauon waa repaid. The appetite aad keallh oftho anianaUa are pc moled by giving a variety of food. Tie fact kaa led to Uie preparation foe taiMaiag aioch. r-'of fattening hoga, wt kave aacS uk advantage Ike followirg niiiuuea. 1. Two narttt poUloea aad two paita pnmpkina; boil together until Ike. ea bo eaaily maahed boa tken add one part meal, eliniag aad nuauif uatinaataly lofetlef. The keat of the potatoea and pnmpkina wiU acalJ or cook Iks mtl mA 'jkft tnU thm au.uira will ae a all If puitdnf. Z Te a,, poUUoea, and to ct ripe, pla;a.:le appxeav, eiuii ami nil thev can be manned. Bnelhts sdd one pen meal, toiike. from oon, barley, a eaia and peaa. allowing uio aarr.a weigaa, ana m a-(.ui whil. the -alaloe and apple, are kC Mtogaare morn fond of kwdnben it kaa fof meoted, (not become pnageuoy ur ) andtSey appear t utteok Uatrt il it m lew la u m ia lb state. Wt ha? a never aeea koe Uy ie taetet Lkan hew fed oo tki M RBLitarea. wu. iwcaaiowauy n little dairy slop, aad we ba-a elwije found Ue pock aoUd aad ml good a,iuiity. . Tarkk M.aa.l mf Ttaaates Tan late Codmodoia Portal, wkeu oy of IB Ooiied Sutea at Coaa.antiaopla, haw a hoc, eared oflomtder bynTnckiaa tmmei ka kite foi lowing manner: Tha Tnrb eatd tne aoia nnn.t k bled m aide of ka diaaaaed lee. Ue 9.1a nipper 0 bin nose la keep kin atecd; OeaMok np ike leit log, aad cftxaMag it avac ike itt, gn'O U to aan tendani) be then alrnck ki Unoa mio the veta. little ato.e tha fetkk toaat, aaa toaa nom rt about three and a half soaadeol kiofd. The vela klad freely. He ae aaid ha had lahea enaach; be tbea went ta tf vary opposite nnle af Ike leg, mA -j..kl. kkluMi laaa a veaa ahove ike knee joint, a aingle drop ef Wood eaaJed, nod boU that and tke Iratopeoed vena inmaitiiy caaaea wx tag. I here may be ao noeeUr ia ikif, bul U ea Uiory aatoniahed m M and thai epee ing twe vmas ia the wa limketoppad botk fnae fcleadinf; aaab, kAw.a. ia tha fact, foe l wksenssd U. n aired that ih home ekoaid rant taaaett tk he atould then U rode wiU grnal violence saia be waa in a aaofuaa aarapiialiaa wa ma nee.. limb thm a be rnbbad wiik wetnala (t added n piat ef hot bcaadyWkeja lul6ad drv, and then walked a boat wuu oooc, aadbovered vua blaakeir; tha same yaoeeaa to ha neid seiS day bKk aeea doae, aad ail inmemmi ttaasC'" llmedla,-Td; Ue ken. U Uifd tay was SaatlY w.i - rrfk aaarioaa aaaaaT. Weoa ka mate kaax'aaaH Ij rae- piaiina ea. V ujurn iii aia cooj i i - i .LJjSArHLH? an r