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The Illinois standard. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1948-1949, January 01, 1949, Image 1

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w- THE ILLINOIS "^T
Fighting Guide
News-weekly See* Pcsge 7.
Copyright, 1948, by The Illinois Progressive Publishing Company
VOL. 1, NO. 17 Pwiekiyd -®**618 CHICAGO, JANUARY 1, 1949 5 CENTS
STARLET Marie Wilson is in
great shape to greet the New
Year. Film actress greets 1949
in her New Year Babe role.
PASS FEPC. ADLAI WILL
ASK AT INAUGURATION
Tenants losers;
evictions for '48
set new records
Chicago landlords ring in the
new year by wringing out their
old tenants.
Municipal Judge Joseph H.
McGarry reports that 1948 saw
the biggest tenant eviction rush
since the depression.
Up to Dec. 3, he ^aid, 24,975
eviction suits were filed, beat
ing the 1947 record for the same
period of 23,000.
Adlai Stevenson
Shogren tries whitewash;
submerges rent hike facts
Norman B. Shogren bent over backwards for tenants
this week—and fell on his face.
The Chicago area rent director, somewhat disturbed
over recent publication in The Standard of facts exposing
his wholesale accommodation of landlords by way of rent
increases, issued ngures 10 snow
that he's nice to tenants, too.
The figures don't stack up.
The rent chief announced that
in November his office arranged
202 voluntary refunds by land
lords after tenants complained
to the government. What’s more
he said, for the first 11 months
of the year, 1.793 refunds were
made. Money which changed
hands in these refunds amount
ed to about $14,500 for Novem
ber .and about $96,000 for the
11-month period.
To compare with the 202 ten
\ ants in November 1,423 land
lords got the government seal
of approval on rent increases.
: As against the 1.793 refunds in
the near-year period, 21,015
landlords were authorized
boosts in take-home rent.
The official report shows that
three out of every four land
lords who asked for increases
got them. Some observers
showed surprise that Shogren
made no comparison on tenants’
complaints as against requests
granted. Called by The Standard
on this, Shogren’s office said the
information was unavailable.
These sources expressed be
lief that refunds on overcharges
were the only appreciable pro
tection tenants have received
since passage of the 1948 rent
act, as the rent office did not
make known its record on other
protections. Instead the Shogren
statement declares, without sta
tistical support:
CLAIMS HELP FOR TENANTS
“In addition to overcharge
refunds, rent office help to ten
ants has brought about orders
to decrease rent where decreases
in services, space and equip
ment caused tenant complaints,
or restoration of such services,
etc., when possible.”
Tenant groups cited numerous
cases of landlord reprisal
against tenants making inquiries
at the rent office. It has become
a common practice, it was said,
when a tenant complains of an
overcharge, for an accompany
ing complaint of “hardship” by
the landlord, with the result of
an increased approved rent.
SHOGREN GIVES “ADVICE”
In a letter to landlords, Sho
gren last month advised them
how best to use the hardship
provisions of the law to legalize
rent boosts, instead of over
charging under the table.
In the absence of official fig
ures on tenant complaints to the
rent office, The Standard ob
tained an unofficial estimate
that 1,000 tenants per week seek
adjustments from the agency. If
even a fraction of the resulting
50,000 per year were asking re
funds on overcharges, it was
pointed out, landlords W'ould
still be way ahead of tenants in
getting satisfaction. This is aside
from rent office accomplishment
for rent cutbacks, which, it was
held, is practically non-existent.
Phone rate hike would be
illegal; city cites law
Illinois Commerce Commission
was told last week that not only
would an increase in phone rates
violate the law, but that the
rate-hike petition itself presented
taxpayers with an unfair bur
den.
J. J. Danaher, assistant cor
poration counsel for Chicago,
cited the state law which prohi
bits utility rate hikes more often
than once in two years.
Illinois Bell Telephone was
y granted an increase in December
1947.
Danaher called upon the com
mission, during hearings in
Springfield, to “consider the ser
iousness of the constant merry
go-round of rate cases. Neither
Chicago nor downstate cities'can
afford the expense of similar
hearings every six months or a
year.”
Arguments had been schedul
ed on a phone company request
for temporary boosts of 16 per
cent, pending hearings on the
permanent boost of the same
amount.
Instead, the week’s activity
centered around a motion by
Danaher to dismiss the original
petition on the basis of the tivo
year law.
FE union gathers
names in drive
to fire Denham
Upwards of 10,000 signatures
have already been gathered in
the CIO Farm Equipment Work
ers’ petition campaign demand
ing that Congress abolish the
Taft-Hartley act quickly, accord
ing to Milton Burns, organiza
tion director.
More than half the signatures
were from the Lake (Chicago)
District, but filled petitions are
arriving in increasingly quanti
ties daily from other FE dis
tricts.
In addition to asking Taft
Hartiey repeal, the petitions call
upon President Truman to dis
miss Robert Denham as NLRB
General Counsel immediately.
By Bsrnie Asbel
Adlai Stevenson, Illinois’ new Democratic governor, will
ask the legislature for a Fair Employment Practices Act in
his inaugural address January 10, The Illinois Standard has
learned exclusively.
This will be one of few policy commitments made by
the incoming governor in a speech regarded as the opener
of a four-year campaign for the Presidency of the United
States.
As Illinois waited with
keen interest for its “reform”
governor’s inaugural address,
attention was also focused
on the opening of the state
legislature next Wednesday,
Jan. 5.
Housing, education, labor and
other civic groups were plan
ning to carry on more activity
in connection with the 1949 As
sembly session than they have
in more than 20 years. The
Progressive Party will have a
full-time legislative director
paying special attention to
issues before the Assembly.
Sources close to the La Salle
Street stateman reveal that
Stevenson is playing the “take
it-easy-but-take-it” game of
standing four-square behind a
question mark on issues, while
using special caution to sur
round himself with clean, “civic
minded” men, untarnished by
political machine pasts.
MAY NOT PUSH FEPC
While Stevenson has been con
vinced that a call for FEPC in
Illinois will enhance his stat
ure with progressive elements
still doubtful about him, he has i
not yet decided to press for!
passage in the legislature if the
going gets rough, it was learned
The governor is prepared to
use FEPC as a trading point, if
it will help him get a constitu
tional convention or help hint
Exclusive
in The Standard
achieve his tax program—still
unenunciated publicly.
A real drive for FEPC will
remain “iffy" in the guberna
torial plan, the reports said, un
less demands from about six
downstate counties are added to
the Chicago FEPC adherents
who have won Stevenson’s ear.
SILENT ON KEY ISSUES
Chief preoccupation at the
governor’s Dearborn Street
headquarters has been the slow,
cautious selection of key as
sistants, as Stevenson remained
silent on these burning issues:
(1) housing, (2) taxes and (3)
state aid to schools.
Forward-looking elements in
Continued on page 7,
CIO EDICT ordering the United Farm Equipment & Metal Workers
to dissolve and turn over its membership to the United Auto
Workers draws flood of protest from union locals. Pres. Grant
Oakes (seated) and Sec.-Treas. John Shaffer read score of mes
sages demanding members' right to decide on the CIO executive
board order at FE convention in March.

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