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House committee swings
red brush; smears millions By Bob Lucas The nation's New Year's present from the House un Americanism Committee was a pair of red-trimmed booklets listing organizations, publications, unions and leaders it considers 'communist.'’ Latest editions in the long list of communiques issued by the lame-duck congressional group cite 562 organizations. 190 publications, 13 CIO leaders and 20 CIO unions, and 33 groups which the committee labels "fronts" concentrating on labor. One of the new' pamphlets commends CIO President Philip Murray and Transport Workers’ President Michael Quill for their ‘‘efforts to clean Reds out of the unions.” The other, titled "Citations,” lists every group or publication DEATH for wartime Japanese Premier Hidelci Tojo and six fel low-war criminals swiftly fol lows refusal of U.S. Supreme Court to assume jurisdiction in their appeal. which has been called "commu nist affected” by the Attorney General, the un-Americanism committee itself, or by witnesses before any national, state or city body, including such discredited outfits as the Washington State Even the Times! NEW YORK (FP)—The New Y'ork Times added its conservative editorial voice Dec. 26 to the rising attacks on the House unAmerican ac tivities committee, accused it of a “grave disservice” to the American people and warned that the 'committee has brought the country “danger ously near ... to a substitu tion of official character as sassination for judicial pro cess.” and California "little Dies com mittees.” Millions of persons of middle of the road or slightly leftish beliefs belong to the organiza tions or subscribe to the publica tions listed. NEGRO LABOR GROUP NAMED Among bodies listed as "typi cal front or party organizations” are the American Negro Labor Congress, American Polish La bor Council and International Workers Order. The un-Americanism commit tee's smear documents continue to appear despite federal indict ment of its chairman, Rep. J. Parnell Thomas on fake payroll charges and defeat of two of its Republican members in the Nov. 2 elections. A nation-wide protest was touched off by the committee's latest pamphlet and the “pump kin” incident. In addition to the labor leaders cited, the National Lawyers Guild and even the Americans for Democratic Ac tion have blasted the smear tac tics of the probers. REFORM WON’T HELP Attempts to “reform” the House group would be futile, the National Lawyers Guild points out. It called for the complete abolition of the committee to prevent its encroachments on democratic liberties. The ADA wired Rep. Sam Rayburn, pro spective speaker of the House, that the un-American Activities Committee ought to be abolished “on the opening day” of the 81st Congress. The New York Bar Associa tion last week adopted a reso lution calling on Congress to take action giving witnesses and others in congressional investi gations greater rights to defend themselves. Meanwhile, progressive labor leaders hit back at the commit tee's charge that their unions were “Communist-dominated” in 1944. In Chicago, Ralph Hel stein, president of the United Packinghouse Workers (CIO), one of the unions listed, de nounced the committee’s charge as “preposterous” in New York, The four general officers of CIO Mine, Mill and Smelter SUE ME WE’RE still getting some huge yaks out of the current Chinese situation. I don’t mean the large picture is a laughing matter. By no means and not at all. No lotus blossom in the ancient Middle Kingdom ever bloomed more beautifully. » » * FOR instance. Chiang, (last seen hitch-hiking some where south of Nanking), has said, in true Confucian-Con fusion tradition: “We are no longer battling to smash Com munism; we are more inter ested now in an honorable peace’’ . . . What kind of hasheesh you inhaling, bud? * * * MAYBE we Occidentals don't understand. In polite Chinese tradition, “sav Workers, John Clark, Reid Rob inson, Orville Larson and M. E. Travis, commented that the latest pamphlet is a “rehash of stale smears and slanders.” And they added: ‘ There is growing support for this bill (to abolish the House : unAmerican committee) as the increasingly ridiculous antics of the Committee expose the basic dishonesty of its whole witch hunting program.” CIO News, official publica tion of the National CIO, brand ed the committee which praised Murray, a ‘‘character assassin.” A hard-hitting editorial said, “It has largely ignored the privi leges and rights that would be extended a horse thief on trial in criminal court.” Referring to the Chambers “spy plot,” the paper declared, “Even if the pumpkin probers dig up a hundred special’ mel ons between now and the be ginning of the new year. Con gress should abolish the House Un-American Activities Commit tee as quickly as possible.” U.S. helps murder Indonesian Republic By Israel Epstein (Allied Labor News) The Dutch have murdered the Indonesian republic, at least as it existed from the end of World War II until just the other day. Australian delegate W. F. Hodgson described the Dutch surprise attack correctly to the United Nations Security Council as repeating “what Hitler did to the Netherlands in 1940.” Hodgson called the sneak Dutch blitz “the first clearcut deliberate violation of the UN charter made so far by any mem ber. He said the consequences must “be expulsion (of Holland) from the UN.” It was not only the Dutch trigger-men who killed the re public, however. In this murder there were accessories before the event. Some nations shot down Indonesians themselves. Some armed and financed the Dutch. Some, in the UN, blocked pre liminary action to stop the crime when intention to com mit it was already plain. Some, not fcreigners, but Indonesians, disarmed their own people who had fought so bravely in 1945 47 so that they could no longer fight in 1948. BRITISH SHARE GUILT The nation that shot down Indonesians is Britain. British troops landed in the country, whose 71 million people pro claimed independence after Jap an fell, in September 1945. They used not only their own troops but also Japanese garrisons which had technically "surren dered” but Still had their arms, to seize key republican centers. These were later handed over to the Dutch, who had retained no footholds in Indonesia after they lo6t it to Japan. The theory was that the Dutch, who had used force to squeeze wealth out of Indone sia for 300 years, were still its “rightful owners.” That the Bri tish did not hand over more was due to two factors: staunch In donesian resistance and a UN resolution, introduced by the Soviet Ukraine, noting that Bri tain was still using Japanese ex-enemies against a friendly people. The British later withdrew. The newly-arrived Dutch forces who took over the job in 1946 were largely marines trained and equipped in Camp Lejeune and other U. S. marine bases during the war. The arms the Dutch used came from American lend-lease stocks, which were supposed to be for war against Japan and Germany only. When this was publicly brought to the attention of then Sec. of State James F. Byrnes, he directed that U. S. insignia be removed from such equip ment. That, of course, did not make those weapons any less deadly, nor reduce U. S. respon sibility. DUTCH EMBARRASSED Indonesian resistance was still strong, however. The Dutch were further embarrassed by re fusal of Australian, Egyptian, Indian and even Dutch dock workers to load or refuel ves sels carrying troops and arms to the South Pacific. The Dutch now felt they had to be "reasonable,” at least for a while. In the Linggadjati agreement of March 1947, they left the republic alone in parts FOR YOUR OFFICE SUPPLY NEEDS Wicker Park Stationers 1534 Milwaukee BR 8-6765 Filing Equipment and Visible Record Systems Prompt deliveries of three islands. While fooling the willing western world with an outward appearance of con ciliation, they increased their garrisons and grew fat on hun dreds of millions of Marshall plan dollars. They also found some native puppets whom they installed to “govern” Dutch-occupied areas to prove that the republic did not really represent the people. Then they attacked again, a move that prompted Indonesian ex-Premier Sutan Sjahrir to write for Allied Labor News on Sept. 18, 1947: “The Dutch cannot continue if the U. S. withdraws all backing.” The backing remained. It was from this point that Sjahrir, Soekarno, Hatta and other republican chiefs began to show weakness. Instead of build ing the strength of their peop les, they tried to make them selves “acceptable” to Marshall planners and private enterprise. Ignoring the lesson of all Asia, they did not introduce land re form to give Indonesian peas REPAIR All Work Guaranteed no charge for estimates Raytheon Bonded Electronic Technicians MIKE'S RADIO REPAIR AND SALES the best in • Radio •Television • Electrical Appliances • 218 W. Division WH 7868 The Standard gets 10% Ask for Standard Post Card ants real gains to defend. Fearing “red” smears, they knuckled under to local right wing groups. These opened 1948 with measures against unions, leftists and real and alleged Communists, to show their re spectability. By September 1948 i the left, headed by ex-Premier Sjarifuddin, was driven to re volt to save both itself and the spirit of- militant anti-Dutch resistance. The republican lead ers turned all their armed forces from the Dutch front to smash ing the left. Only two months later the Dutch, who could make little headway with their full strength in previous years, took the de moralized Indonesian capital with a detail of paratroopers. flowers say ru y~r Moteff Florists 192 N. LaSalle DE 2-1500 We Telegraph Flowers CHICAGO actress Janice Kings low will take the lead role in the Civil Rights Congress production of "Trial by Fire." They're looking for some place to go Every week several thousand people turn to "What's Doing," looking for something to do of an evening. Whether it's a small house party or a mass meeting . . . "What's Do ing" always adds to the crowd. Whether it's on the far Northeast Side, in the Loop, or the far Southwest Side . . . "What's Doing" reaches people for you. They're the people who are looking for someplace to* go. They need no urg ing. They just need a no tice in "What's Doing" to know where to go. I while you wait service LOOP Shoe Service Invisible Half-Soling Our prices are higher. When we work on your shoes you’ll see why. All Orthopedic Work MAIL ORDERS ACCEPTED 17 N. Wobosh, Rm. 304 CEntral 6 0716 110% of your purchase will be paid to the STANDARD I if you ask for the “STANDARD POST CARD” Ij ing face” is absolute neces sity in any failing situation. It doesn’t take a military ob server to realize that the Nowhere Nabob of Nanking better think about saving his rear. * + * AND as for the doll with the jeweled body and the jaded mind . . . Ma dame Chiang of the Kuomin tang sarong . . . she better watch out, too! We hear she claps her hands when she wants some clean sheets or a fresh loan. Sorry, Madame . . . 140 million people over here and 500 million over there suddenly don’t hear. Don't clap too much. Your old man’s secret police might think you’re applauding cer tain military events .