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BARBOUR COUNTY INDE
VOL. II. MEDICINE LODGE, BAIiBOUll CO., KANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1881. NO. 5. nn EE THE EVENING SUNSET. 'I'll ivinlng sun was setting, Ami I,nlm, forgetting That au;;ht of pain or aught of woe Mad plai-e or oition hi re below; ror fair tho m-i-nn, the nky nen-ne, Ai bright the sun win u-tttiig. My lu art with Joy was glowing. Ah lirl-.'ht the hky wa.s showing lltrli.iuhof go.,of HnTy gold, That slowly m ar the sunni-t rolli-l. Ami wi-nn-d to lovr thi-lr home above, A hrilit tin- sun win Netting. Hose by a bird wa trilling A 'd so rb-ar and thrilling, I thought hit Hin told all that tongue f li ii mar love ami praise hal miiii; No sweet the trill, my houI did thrill, A bi i-.;ht the mui wat setting. O. Father kind! thy blessing May 1 on earth tHsi-sHnt, .'- live a life with beauty rife. Tint, at the bright and golden llcht, M v sky sliail shine with rayn divine, U hen the evening join It settinjr. Sulncu Emmctt. A PERILOUS ADVENTURE. II w;u past noon when I started for J In; home of my betrothed. But my horse was good-and I rude hard. I infill ta nt Trcvrty by nightfall. Then will ii sprKkle uf snow on the ground, 'and a feathery shower fell lightly around me, of which I thought nothing till sunset Tho short, dark lay v;u over at five; and at that hour a :.h.up wind aj t:iti up, and snow Ikv g vi falling thickly. I felt somewhat blinded and bewildered by tho big H.ike.n-M-r Hying downward and on ward and around me, liko a cold, ia tienl army, whoso onslaught could ta-ver be stayed or driven hack. Mill I pushed on, though the ioor be.i.t I rode shook and trembled and strove in hl.i dumb way to reason a ' tin .t my headstrong will. And now, with i.uiiio dumay, I suddenly icr (rivid, by the sinking of my horse, even to hi il inks in heaed snow, that, bewildered by the whiteness, lie and I ha 1 1 st the n id. It was but a rough ii- at best, for I was in a wild coun try, where mims were many and men Mid dwelling few. Extricating my jixt steed from tho drifting snow w ben in he floundered. I rested him a tiK'iiunt and shouted aloud for help. Again and again my cry camo bark to in,., f.-Mowing on tho wings of the Id wind, but no f)ther sound broke the deathly stillness of tho night OIi, for the saving light In some li iendly window! J Sut there w;is none -only m ow and darknrsa, darkness and snow aM around. I thought it In i ll !.-; and yi t a little span of time liont tlit i I would have deemed it para di ."to be lying lonely on tho hoatied : now np.m this dreary moor. I put my bor e to a sharp ranter, and be wi nL :il.ut a furlong blindly, then stool still. Knotting with terror. I s!ioe to urge him on, but lie refused liiolw-y either whip or spur. Seeing i o i,-,i.,o!i for my horse's fright and i.tul.boine.u I spurred him sharply and urged bim with angry voieo to obo-di-rne. Mis wonderful obstinacy at length eoiDpelled mo to dismount and, with my drawn sword in my hand, prepared for highwayman or footpad, I !r.t:"'el hint onward by tho bridle, I ioii tint bo tn.ido on o hasty plunge forward, then stopped, and at the same in-.tant th earth went from taneath my fret and I fell I knew not whither, down, down, into deep darkness un fathomable, t rriblo as tho great pit. 1 ran scarcely nay w hether I thought as I fell, yet I knew I was going to death knew I was descending ono of those nnu.-ed shafts that lio on many a Corn i. h moor knew that my bones would lit; unthought of in its depths forever. 1'ut even at that instant my llight wa arrested, and I hung in mid air, t linging by my h:uuls to what I knew mo". It was my sword which I had foigotten that I held, l.y a miracle it had thrust it:;elf as 1 fell. tatween tho eaith and the rocks in th side oi the diafl; and there, jammed fast, it had held me up. I cannot e xplain how this occurred I i nly Know that it was so. As that cry for mercy escated my lips, the lacrcy came. My sword caught in the interstices oi the rock, and I was held np. my feet danirlins over tho nhvss. my hands dinging to tho hilt of my r.:o,i-i i.ia.io. ii was linn as a wedge I could I eel that, in spitoof my t re in Min r: vet still my iHwition was borrl l ie. To remain thus, to hold on, was loiture unutterable; but to yield even for a moment was death. There was no hope ,.f release for hours there w.u no possibility of relief of posture 'there wat nothing but strong end a ran. e and cour ago to carry me through I waited I suffered I prayed. It was a night tome of lire. The w ind.i blew and the snow fell, but th col.l lunched me not; I had fallen too deeply in the shaft for that even if my t.inuroi i. ioo. i could nave fell it Morning broke at last, and hope :rev with it. At Intervals I had called loud through the nichtibut now with svaivcly any intermission, I raised my voice in cries for help. I did this till weariness Mowed meithen I rested in iigoniisi boitj of a voico in rcrly. There win none. No sound reached mr. I w as in my grave alone. I called again, again, again I I husKandrtl mv voice. I drew in bre;ith, and shouted with the strength of despair. There was no answer. The sun traveled upward, and I knew It was high noon. thou?h to m the stars were visible likewise: vet tho mid day rays shone somewhat into the nun an.i snowed mo how I hung. i nr- n n, ro wai qmio Knndicular it s1ojh1 sliglitly from my feet upward and I bad found rest for ono foot on s ledge of the rock. Oh. tho ease tn mv anxuidi front this metciful rest! Tears sprang into my eyes ai I thanked God for it. The sun had shown mo that to climb 'it of the Mt unaided win tmtxvuil.lo h i I called for help again, and called uu voice failed me. 1 ceased to err. inin, i,ii ,iown again. As the hours error. ta.;i!ne.u s, iisi nie; pliantotns sprang option, iiiopu, and tempted tn plunge It-low: horrible me. Hut worst of all was the Bound f water a purling rill tlowina gently o i.-jr i, ry ears, inckiing (l:u dror. iu sv,eUst music, horribly utttinct at, 1 1 To reach water I would wll limrly d:e: but I knew it w 1 resisttsl the Cery mint Uiat would have n;o release my hold and perish. .nn i e uicro was water t U)ttom of tho shaft, frithr. !i.W.?Jw1, ,,ut 1 couI'1 rtJ wuii-i ana mero was water ontt fair e.u-th, fathoms abovo me water should never see ngaiu. I grew dizzy sick blind. I should have fainted have fallendied: but as I leaned my head against the rock, I xeic as though a cold refreshing hand were laid ujon it suddenly. It was water! It was no madness it was water. A tiny stream trick ling through the bare wall of rock, like dew from heaven. I held forth mv arched tongue and caught the drons as they fell, and as I drank my strength was renewed, and Iioikj and tho desiro of life grew warm within me arrain. nd yet on this, the second night of my liorrible imprisonment I cared not so passionately I looked not so eagerly for succor. My limbs were numbed, my brain deadened; life was ebbing toward death ; a shaddow at times fell ! over my eyes, and if I held stid to the I hilt of my sword, if my feet sought still the ledge that rested them, they did it mechanically from habit, and not irora noie. I think sometimes I was not in mv I right mind. I was among irrecn fields and wools, and was gathering flowers; I was climbing mountains; and from iticse visions 1 awoke always to dark ness above, around, darkness below. hiding the abyss that hungered grcedi-1 ly for my life. And no frlendlyface.no voice, no footfall near. Xot a step through all these slow, slow hours. If passing peasant, through tho day, had heard the lonely cry rising from the deptlis, ho had set it down to ghost or ixy, and had Kasscd on his frightened way regardless. And now the night was weiring on. and no rescue. I could not livo till morning I knew that My mind wandered ugairu Mv mother waited for me, I must hurry home; but 1 was bound by a chain, in outer darkness, and I was going to die. liiero was no Christian in all the bind to succor inc I was forgotten and for saken, left in tho pit and I would un clasp my hands and fall and die. ?so, I would call once more. Ilcln! help! Mercy! help! A3 my fainting voice died in the. dark depth, and quivered up to the glim mering sky, i felt hope die with it and gave up all thought of life. I turned my eyes toward my grave below, and murmured with parched lips: Out of tho depth have I crinl unto Thee.O Iml! Tho little rill that had saved my life litherto trickled on, and its silvery murmur, as it dropped on tho rock ow, was the solo sound that broke the loathly silence around me. My prayer was over, and I had not relinquished my hold. I was stronger than I had deemed myself. I would cry out again. "Help! help! help!" I stopped. I listened. A sound was floating on the wind. Coming. going, joining the drip, drip, diip of the rill then dying, then returning. Lis tening with my whole U'ing, I recog nized the sound. Bells church tails chimes ringing in the new year. "O God, have mercy cn me; have mercy on me! Iklls are ringing in the New Year bells chiming in the ears of friends, telling of 8;idness and of hope tails clashing in at merry intervals, between initio and laughter, loving -greetings, kisses and joy. Will no ono in my fathers bouse take pity on me? Am I missed no where? Tho tails chimo a feasting and gladness; audi am here hanging between life and death. The jaws of tho grave arc beneath me, my joints are broken and tho talis chimo on. Would it not bo a good deed on this New Year's day to save mo? Oh, fcastcrs and revelers, hear me! Help! help! It is Christmai time! Help, for Christ's sake, good iKHjple! The tails float nearer, and drown the drip of the trickling water; and I cry Help I helpr saying, "Now will I call till I die." A film grows over my eyes, but my voico is strong and desperate as I shout "Christmas tide! For Christ's sake, help, good Christians ! A great light a flash of fire! For a moment I deem it death; gazing up ward 1 see amid a glare of torches. faces oh, they were angels to me! eager races ieerinr downward into tho deptlis; its light falls on my hag- gard face a great shout rends the night sky. Ho is here! he is safe! he lives!" I cannot e vcak, though my lips move. and my heart stands still as I see one, two, three daring men swing them selves over the abyss miners, used to danger and In a moment stout arms are around mo. and I am borno uiv ward, carried gently like a child, placed an instant on my feet, and then laid down tenderly on the heath. I am so wttiry and faint and worn that I lie with closed eyes, never striving to say a word of thanks. "Go not so near the brink, m:idam. I entreat V I heard a voice cry sharply. Then I open my aching lids, and be tween me and tho sky there bends n white face, and tears fall down upon my brow fast and warm. Jt was my betrothed, Florian, but even when she stolo her little hand into mine mine so cramped and numb that it gave no response to her tenderness w even when sho stooped and pressed her lips upon my cheek, I could not breath a word to thank her. Yet, Florian, dear wife, let me tell thee now, that from the depths of my happy heart there rose a hymn of joy, and I understood from that moment that thou wert mine, and I owed my life to Uiy love. Then thy sweet lips breathed words that fell upon my soul liko manna words of tenderness and pity that made the tortuo of thoso slow hours in the pit fado away, so mighty did this re ward seem for my suCenngs. I was carried to Trevesy, and as the men bore me along, you walking by my side, I heard thera tell the tale of my servants fright when my horses re turn evl home alone, and how they came to your father for tidings from me. Then they wldspered of the painful search through tho day and night the tracking of my horse's hoofs upon the snow, and the story of the scared peas ant who all night long liad heard the cry of tort ui cd ghosts issuing, from the cartlu And tho story seized upon my Florian's heart with deadly fear, and turning back upon the black moor, she tracked the hoof-marks till they stop ped upon the brink of tho old, forgot ten shaft the shaft of the worked-out mine, well named tho Great Wheel Mercy. There I was found and saved by her I had loved so long. And, dearest as I slowly cume back to life on that New Year's morning, and faintlv whinnered to you of my long love, my patient silence, my pent-UD sorrow, vou. in your great pity, flunking of my suffer ing in me s halts, poured out all your maiden heart And your loving words, my Florian. were sweeter to mo than even the thrilling spring hail been in me ureac v neti .Mercy. So in a month vou weremv wife, and now I sit by a happy hearth ; and look ing down on the happy faces of my wife and child, I thank God for that crowning mercv. thv love, dear one. which saved me on New Year's Day irom a dreauTul death in the shaft of the Great Wheel Mercy. The First Trophy of the Revolution. rMlaJelj!u SatnnUiy Night. From a paper written by the late Theodore Parker, and read before the New Lngland Historic Gcnealo!rical Society, we learn the following par ts i ? ii . uvuiars regaruing me gun presented by him, in his wili, to the stite of Massachusetts: IJoth Hancock and Adams were stay ing at Lexington with Ilev. Jonas Clark, an eminent patriot, on the after noon of April 19, 175, when several Uritish subordinate officers were seen riding up the main road in tho town. This excited the suspicions of men who knew them to be liritish soldiers, al though they were disguised. In the night intelligence was brought to Messrs. Hancock and Adams that a I'ritish exjKHlition was on foot, destined for Lexington and Concord, to get iossession of their persons, it was supposed, and to destroy the mili- ttry stores at Concord. They gave the alarm to the proper iersons, whom Captain Parker grandfather of the eminent divine had selected for that work, and ho sent men through the town to give notice for assembling the militia. The church-tall was also rung. Captain Parker lived about two and one-half or three miles from the meet ing house. Ho had leen there late in the evening and conferred with Han cock and Adams, and made arrange ments, in case it was necessary, to call out the soldiers. He went to tad late that night and ill. About two o'clock he was c;dled up by the men referred to atave, and went to the meeting-house (tho Common is just behind it.) He lornmi ni3 company a little after day break. About one hundred and twenty men answered to their names, armed and equipicd. Hut as the intelligence was not quite certain, he sent out other scouts to obtain information of tho ad vance of the enemy, and dismissed the soldiers, telling them to be within call and assemble again at the beat of the drum. They disicrsed. Not long af ter one of his scouts returned and told hint the llritish were near at hand. He ordered tho drumbeat in fornt of tho tavern, close by the Common. Seven ty men npicared, wero formed into four platoons, and marched on to the Common. . His nephew, Jonathan Har rington, the hist survivor of the battle, then a lad of sixteen, played the fife, w hich, with a drum, formed the only music. Ho formed them in a singleline, then wheeled the first and fourth platoons ot i-'ghi angles. stepied in front and ordered every man to load his pieco with jmvdcr and ball. When this was done, he said: "Don't fire unless fired upon. Hut if they want to have a war, let it begin here." He then wheeled back the two wings into a continuous line, and stood a lit tle in front of the end of the right win?. Soon the Hritish came close up on them, and some were soon terrified and began to skulk off. He drew his sword and called them by namo to come back, and said he would order the first man shot who should run away.' All bright young scholars know what followed the fire of the British, the return of the firo by the Americans the killing of eight of his company, his order to them to disperse and take care of themselves. After they were gone, tho British soldiers gave three hurrahs, and stopped half an hour and ate their breakfast and then resumed their march toward Concord. After they were gone. Captain Paker and his men came back, took up the dead, looked after the wounded, etc Captain Parker saw a British soldier who had loitered behind, a little drunk, seized him and made him a prisoner. He was completely armed, having the musket stomped with the royal arms, a knapsack, blanket, provisions, cartouch box, with sixty round3 of ball car tridges, etc Captain Parker kept them as the spolia opirna, as did also his son, and then the Itev. Theodore Parker. The late Governor Andrew, it will be remembered, on receiving it on the state's behalf, in the presence of the legislature, Jan. 22, 18G1, kissed the gun and said: "f am proud to be the humble instru ment of its transmission to the state, in whose chambers it is requested by the will that it may be preserved. The weapon is placed in tho senate chamber, on the left of the drum and other relics from the battle of Benning ton. How to Make Yourself Unhappy, Lltltg Church. In the first place, if vou want to make yourself miserable, be selfish. lhinJcanthe time of yourself and your things. Don't care about anything else Have no feelings for any but yourself. Never tinnk of eniovinir the satisfaction of seeing others happy; but rather, if you see a smilinir face be jealous lest another should enjoy what you nave not invy every one who is tatter off than yourself: think unkind ly towards them, and speak lightly of them. Be constantly afraid lest some one should encroach on your rights; be watchful against it, and if anyone comes near your things snap at them like a mad dog. Contend earnestly for everything that i3 your own. though it may not be worth a pin. Never yield a point lie very sensitive, and take everything that is said to you in play luincssin the most serious manner Bo jealous of your friends lest they should not think enough of you; and if at any umo they should seem to neg lect, put tho worst construction upon their conduct. lie who wishes to exert a useful intloence must be careful to insult nothing. Let htm not be troubled by what seems ab surd, Duilet mm consecrate his energies to the creation of what is good. He must not demolish but build. II must raise temples where mankind may come and partate or the purest pleasure. Goethe. Simplicity is of all things the hardest to be copied. FABULOUS FIGURES. Some Staggering Statements Regard ing the Profits of Pacific Railroad Building. The operations of the Contract and Finance company of the Central Pacific railroad have often been mentioned, says the San Francisco Chronicle, in a general way, and some attempts have been made to show the enormous prof its it made for its projectors. It has, however, passed inder new names and the books have been destroyed, so that tho full truth will never be lcnown. The system, however, has been perpetu ated in Pacific coast railroad enterprise, and a pending proceeding in one of the courts of San Francisco is throwing an electric-light glare into its inner dark ness. Mark Hopkins, one of the four projectors of these enterprises, died about three years ago. One of his sur viving brothers, becoming dissatisfied with the management and the prospect ive distribution of the estate, petitioned the circuit court for the removal of the administratrix and for an accounting. The survivors of the railroad quartet grew very nervous at the prospect of a judicial iriquiry into their proceedings, and offered the contentious relative 1450,000 in addition to the $2,000,000 he had already 'received, nearly twice what tho administratrix indicated would be his share on final settlement, if he would forego the legal proceed ings. He insisted on terms too large even for thera to consider, worried as they were, and the matter finally went into court Testimony has been taken in the matter at odd times for several weeks past The principal witnesses exam ined have been Charles Crocker, one of the quartet; F. S. Douty, president of the Western Development company and secretary of the Pacific Improvement company, the chronological successors of the Contract and Finance company, the Pacific Improvement company being the existing institution; and Solon Fattce, an cxiert accountant, paid by the Hopkins estate for examin ing the accounts mid reiwting thereon. They have taen unwilling witnesses, with reluctant memories and conveni ent uncertainties, but the judicial thumb-screws have extorted a part of the truth from them, and the result is a talo of millions which puts to the blush the marvelous story of Aladdin and his lamp. Messrs. Stanford, Hunt ington, Hopkins, and Crocker, having incoriwrated the Central Pacific rail road company, with themselves as directors, obtiined grants and subsidies more than sufficient to build the road, disposed of much of its capitil stock, and floated its tand with government guarantees behind them, and formed themselves into a corporation known as tho Contract and Finance company, with dummy directors. Its purposes were, like that of its original, the Paris Credit Mobilier of 1852-3, of most elastic character, comprehending bank ing, tho carrying on of con struction, manufacturing, mining, mercantile, mechanical and commercial business in all or any branches, and ac quiring all tliing3 tributary thereto They then proceeded to contract with the railroad for everything appertain ing to the buildinjr of tho road, and being directors of both companies were enabled to get contracts without any of the disadvantages of competition. now much they made on the operation will, as before intimated, probably nev er be known, as there are none of the books in existence, but it was enough io muuee mem to continue the system, and enabled them to undertake another transcontinental road without subsidy. Even after the road was completed, and before another was begun, it was of advantage, and ha3 ever since taen, as means of concealing the profits of their roads, and thus heading off the de mand for cheaper rates of freights and fares. The Contract and Finance com pany, after serving certain end3, disin coqwrated, and formed anew under the name of the Western Development company, the stock of which was owned in equal shares by Stanford, Huntington, Hopkins and Crocker. As directors of the Southern Pacific rail road they let contracts to themselves, for the stockholders, to build the road and furnish all the supplies. By the latter part of 1878 the Southern Pa cific had, under the operations of the estern Development company, been built to the Colorado, river. After the death of Gen. Colton and Mark Hop kins, the survivors formed the Pacific Improvement company as the successor ot the A estern Development company. and all the property of the former was turned over to the latter. The "S. II. IL and C. account (signifying Stan ford, Huntington, Hopkins and Crock er) ran on all the time, the members of that firm using their close corporation as a bank, paying in their loans, draw ing on it on individual account, using tho funds for corporation as well as private use, and drawing first 10, then 8, 7, and since January 1 of .his year, o per cent per annum on their deposits, in aauiuon to me dividends. This is the first glimpse obtained of the profits of the close corporation, by means of which the directors of the Southern Pacific built the road for the stock holders, and in itself it is a pretty good return on an investment, consid ering the current rates ot interest But there is more behind it Early in 1878, it being necessary to settle up the estate of the deceased member, a few months before the transfer of the Western Development to the Pacific improvement an entry was made on the books of the Western Development company carrying 120,000,000 to the account pront and loss. Douty said he was not certain about the date, but he thought this was done shortly after the death of Mark Hopkins. Under the suggestive questioning of the railroad's attorney he said that a profit and loss account was opened for the purpose of closing out a lot of dead accounts; it might just as well have been called a "dead horse" account or anything else, but profit and loss was the usual technical term. He was after ward, however, compelled to acknowl edge that a- profit and loss account, whatever name might be given to it, was an account in which the balances of all the other accounts in Uie book are carried where the difference be tween the debt and credit side shows the amount earned, and in that light the testimony places that 120,000,000 entry. IYMeeding a little further back, the questioning disclosed another item of profits for the close corporation of four, in addition to the regular rate of inter est and the $20,000,000. It was testi fied by Douty that in 1877 a dividend was ueciarea ana distributed among mo ciose corporators of 121,000,000. It was a distribution pro rata of stocks and bonis, calculated on their face val ue, which had accumulated in payment of contracts for building the road. It was net, Mr. Douty desired it distinct ly understood and so by his questions it appeared did Judge Sanderson, the railroad company's chief attorney a payment on their loans or deposits in the Western Development company, but was charged to dividend account Solon Pattee, the expert employed at the instance of W. S. Hopkins, the heir seeking to remove the widow from the administration, testified that his exam ination practically extended only to the Western Development and S. II. II. &C. accounts. It must be borne in mind, therefore, that the figures of profits given above represent only the gains of the close corporators under one name What they profited under the guise of the Contract and Finance com pany and Pacific Improvement compa re we have no hint as vet GrocJ:er and Stanford made serious objections to his examining the S. If. If. & C. account or any other except the Western Develop ment but finally receded, urging, how ever, that he should make his report as he went along, and take away no notes of the account He found the accounts and system of bookkeeping very com plicated. Discovering no books of ths Contract and Finance company, he looked through the account of its suc cessor, S. II. II. & O, and the Western Development company; examined the stock-books of the Southern and Cen tral Pacific, and to a limited extent the aecountsfof the Pacific Improvement l lie principal item which he discov ered was that on December 31, 1879, the ;issets of tho A estern Development company, taking the stock and bonds at par, and including some that was not delivered, amounted to 22.810.- 500.43. He also states distinctly that the stock of the Western Development company, that is the amount loaned or deposited by Stanford, Huntington, Hopkins, and Crocker, as working capi ital, is not included in the aggregate. It will probably be conceded by the av erage business man, that for a concern which had distributed $21,000,000 in dividends, switched $20,000,000 off on profit and loss balance, and been side tracking regularly to its four deposit ors interest at from 7 to 10 per cent, this is a pretty solid residuum. At the same timo the "liabilities" of these par ties (to themselves) was $11,310,497.22. The figures are so large as to stagger comprehension, but the mind can grasp lite tact that by hook or crook r;ulro;id- ng lias been profitable to Stanford. Crocker, Huntington, and Hopkins. The Pocahontas Oak. IMill iilolplita ftitnnl.iy Night. l'omt of liocks, Va, is a name given to an indefinite extent of territory, and is so called from abrupt cliffs which jut out into tho Appomatox. It has an historic interest The "Pocahontas 0;ik," a large tree, st;uids on the ioint which gives name to the phiee. " Near it is tho stump of a still larger oak, and to the base of the cliff the trunk and limbs have fallen. Under this old tree, Pocahontas is said to have saved the life of Captain John Smith, the pioneer explorer, in early Virginia times. Ac cordingly, the relic hunters all visit the old tree, and each, with a chip, block or limb, , walks off with his booty. Crosses, rings and canes are wrought from it, and shown as the souvenirs of the Indian maiden and. chivalrous knight Still, it i3 questionable whether either of them ever saw this tree Its sue is romantic enough to liave been the royal ground of the great Powhatan. But the historian informs us that this chief made his home west of Richmond, at least twenty miles from this oak ; and it is also more prob able that Smith, after his survey of the Chickahorainy, on which river he was taken, came near suffering death from the Indian s club at Powhatan s home. Besides we are told that tradition has claimed for several places in Virginia the honor of being the scene of tliis event as in ancient times seven cities claimed the honor of being the birth place of the immortal Homer. Yankees in Mexico. Toledo Blade. Mexico seems to be attracting the at tention of enterprising Yankees just now as much or more than any other country. There are fine opportunities for making money in various ways. The mines are rich in gold and silver. but they are worked precisely as they were a centuary ago. No advantage has been taken of modern machinery or modern ways of working. What was good enough for their forefathers is good enough for these indolent Mex icans. It is the same with their farming. sugar raisuig, and what few manufac tures they have. Everything is con ducted in tne primitive styles cf years ago, leaving all labor saving machines out in the- cold. As a consenuence. there vast resources which are almost entirely undeveloped, and wluch await energy and enterprise such as the natives have not, but which are pos sessed by our own people to the fullest extent It is. not strange that an immense trade is foreseen, and that all over the United States are those who are prepar ing to take advantage of these possibil ities. With the building of railroads and the opening up of the interior, the tendency thitherward ' will be even greater than now, and the time Is not far distant when the capitalists of Mex ico will be citizens of the United States. Topers. "The Americans," says George A. Sala, summing up the observations of a hurried trip, "are not a convivial peo ple, in one sense of the term. They may be gregarious in taking drinks "ail around,, but they drink standing, rap idly, and often silently, and then hurry away from the bar; while on the bar itself are placedjittle bowls containing coffee berries, or aromatic lozenges, by chewing or sucking which topers are able to disguise the odor of alcohol. In no other country in the world does such a curiously hypocritical custom &s this obtain; but it is only part of a habit of general deceit, which systems of pro hibition or partial prohibition or local option have engendered." Hope is like the wing of an angel soar ing up to heaven, and bears our prayers io me mrone oi uoo. jcrcmy j. ay tor. Dodging Jury Duty. Galveston News. It is becomming customary to com plain that criminals do not always suc ceed in getting justice done them. This, however, only applies, in Texas, to wealthy or influential citizens who have committed murder. In no state of the Union are minor offenses pun ished as severely and as mercilessly as in our own state The man who steals a flea-bitten pony, or an old coat from a house, is al most certain to suffer for his crime by years of hard labor in the penitentiary; hence it is that the number of convicts in Texas is disproportionately large to the population of the state. It is much safer to commit murder, as far as the law is concerned, than it is to steal, and this applies in a greater or less degree to almost every state in the union. The failure to properly punish murder i is, to a great measure, caused by the very people who complain most of the ineiliciency of the law. It is unpleasant for a citizen to be cooped up in a jury-box for a week, to tho neglect of his businers and to his gr"t .personal discomfort It is also disagreeable to assume even the par tial legal responsibility of depriving a human being of his life or liberty, but it is a duty each good citizen owes the community, and it ought to be per formed. The law, with its foolish require ments as to qualifications of a juror, exempts many, but a great many more dodge tho issue. When jurymen are to be selected to try an imiwrtant case, it is surprising how few feel themselves competent One man, who would make an excellent juryman, is exempt ed because he is a fireman. Another, who has lived a lifetime and amassed a fortune in thi3 country, turns out to be not a citizen of the United States. There is a method in that, too. Another, who has always expressed himself in favor of lynch law if necessary to suppress crime, in forms the judge that he 13 opposed to capital punishment. But the great open door through which most of them dodge out of the jury i3 the assertion that they have formed an immutable opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the accused. The simple truth is, that the most intelligent citizens are continually guilty of evasions to get out of the way of peilorining an unpleasant duty, and as long as this is the case it will be difficult to punish the higher order of criminals as they deserve. How a Rebel Major Got His Pardon Er-nnglUrhl ( M.168.) lk'imbllcan. A few days after the war had been declared at an end, Major Drewry went to Washington, and, without the usual ceremony of sending in bis name, lest ho should bo refused an interview. made his way into the presence of Sec retary Stanton. "Mr. Secretary, said he, "I want my pardon as soon as iossible, I've fought against you as long as I could, and I've taen whipped; and now I want to go home and go to work. 1 ve got hundreds of acres of land that have been lying fallow for the last four years,- and 1 want to get 6ecd into every inch of it this spring, so 1 11 thank you to give mo my pardon and let me go?" He talked so fast that Mr. Stanton couldn't get in a word; but, bein amused and rather pleased at Maior Drewry's bluff manner, he asked at last, "On what ground do you expect to get a pardon, sir r "On the ground, sir, that I showed you how to build a navy. You sent your fleet of old wooden ships up to Drewiys Bluff, and we knocked 'em all to pieces, and showed you, sir, that wooden ships weren't worth ad . And then you went to work and cot together a navy that was worth some thing, and it's on the ground that my men proved your needs to you that I wont" a yi wi rr 99 The Secretary laughed and told the honest rebel to call next day, as he would like to talk farther with him. Next day Major Drewry got bis pardon, and, in return, gave Mr. Stanton a great deal of valuable information con cerning the South. lie went back to his pleasant home on the James, and has ever since been a wise, enterprising prosperous citizen. tatest From the Moon. Professor Proctor's bast lecture before sailing for Europe was upon the moon, and it was very interesting. The moon does not revolve around the earth, be said, but the two circle about each other, and the real center of the revo lution of each is the sun. If there were a railway sufficiently "elevated" to reach the moon, which is 233,818 miles distant from us, we should be fifteen months making the journey at ordinary railroad speed. ;Upon arriving, we should observe several interesting phenomena. First, it is a very respectable luminary of a diameter of 2,081 miles, with a surface of 14,000,000 square miles, a volume one-forty-ninth of that of the earth, and a mass one-eigbty-first of it Then, the force of eravitv bein or one- sixth of that of the earth, we could be thinty-six feet high, and still quite as active as we are berc But our longer bodies would have a longer dv in which to disport themselves, for there is a lapse of twenty-nine and one-half of our days between the lunar sunrise ana sunset Our extremities, however, would certainly suffer after sunset, for the surface of the moon is 250 degrees Deiow zero at midmght, and the reac tion toward noon would try - even our prolonged proportions, for' at noon the surface would be 33 degrees above the boiling point We should be very lonely, probably, for there is no living creature there now. Still, as Professor Proctor had said that all planets pass through five stages, the last of which is death a stage which the moon has reached the ap prehensive mind naturally inquires how soon the earth will probably reach it The professor answers, reassuringly, that the earth is now about 500,000,000 years old, and that it took the moon 80,000,000 to reach its present state. He therefore concludes' that it will take the earth 500,000,000 years more to reach the same condition. There is theu no immediate cause for apprehen sion. Our compliments to St Jacob; we have tried the celebrated St Jacob's Oil on our rheumatic foot and experi enced great relief therefrom. The Saint is a public benefactor. Law renceburgh (Ind.) Register. The Star of Empire. The San Francisco Bulletin of the 27th mst, in an article entitled, "The Next Ten Years," has the following: "At present the Argonauts are going South, bringing up first in Arizona and New Mexico, and afterwards in Sonora ana omer norxnern states of Mexico This current of Immigration is mostly stimulated by mining interests. Agri culture attracts very few. One in ten may get hold of mining property of some real value. As for the rest, they will -find employment of one kind and another. A few will straggle back again. The greater part will settle down in these remote places, because after a great deal of wandering, they will accept the conclusion that one country is as good as another, and the best perhaps is that which has the few est climatic exactions. There will be a great mineral development not only in Arizona, but in Sonora and all the upper tier of Mexican states during the next ten years. If there is anything in the famous mines of these states, American capital and enterprise will get it out" ' With this conclusion, all who have given the matter consideration and watched the current of events and the flow of the tide of immigration, cannot but agree. Instead of, as heretofore, the star of empire taking its way west ward, its inclination is evidently south ward, with no probability that its course will ever be changed. It shown over prairie and desert, luxuriant lands and burning wastes, snow-clad moun tains where eternal winter reigned, and flowing vales bathed in the vivifying sunlight of perennial spring until its course was stayed upon the shores of the Pacific where it paused, hesittted, and at length concluded that the wintry regions of the north wero not inviting, and a retrograde movement was incom patible with progression, and that fur ther advance westward w;is undesir able if not impracticable, and thus, after mature consideration of all the facts and circumstances of the ease as lawyers put it determined to make its shining way towards the effulgent home of tho Southern Cross. In this direction it is now wheeling along with incredible velocity. Arizona and New Mexico have already sprung into vigor ous life and energetic activity under its benignant rays, and ere long, we have every reason to conclude, the home of the Aztecs will begin to feel its energizing influence and leap into a prominent jwsition amongst the nations of the eartti. "What tho relations of Mexico will be to the United Stales ten years hence can only be a matter of conjecture. The logic of present facts points to a closer relation than was ever known before. Identity of inter ests, when once demonstrated, settles a great many questions which before that time might have been doubtful." Marrying for Love. The man who marries for love ha3 generally mo vital temperament is combative, sagacious, and independent, and takes a general view of everything. ; A life of indolence btkI iUguatiou has no charms for one whose blood is warm and whose hopes are high ; he liKes to bo m tho thickest of the fight giving blows and. taking tliem; watch ing for the turn of events with cool ness and foresight; pleased at his own independence and struggles; eager to show the world what he can achieve; and the contest rouses all the strength and manliness of his nature. He wins the respect of his fellows by his own worth. He often brings homo pleasant surprises for his wife and children. You may recognize him in trains loaded with parcels, which ho good-naturedly carries with perfect un concern of what others think a new bonnet, music, books, a set of furs for his wife; while in another parcel the wheels of a cart, a jack-in-the-box, a doll, or skipping-rope intrude through the paper and suggest the nursery. He never forgets the dear ones at home ; the humanizing influence of that darling red-cheeked little fellow who calls him father brings a glow of rapture of the purest pleasure earth holds; for the man who has never felt a tiny hand clasp his will always lack something he will be less human, less blessed than others. This is the noble, the honest, the only form of life that imparts real content ment and. joy, that will make a death bed glorious, and love see peace through its tears. It is so purely unselfish, so tenderly true, it satisfies the highest in stincts, it stimulates men to the best deeds they are capable of. By studying how to live we best know how to die; and the finest life is that which ministers "to others' needs and increases the joys of those depend ent on us, whom we love, and who look to us for support, solace, and light, even as the earth is revivified by the sun ; for feeling is life, the pulsation of delicious sympathy, the spring in a desert, the manna from the skies. Just So.' ' It pays to f oHow good advice." Mr. CL W. Braun, in Eureka Springs, Ark., sends the following item: I had been a sufferer with Dyspepsia for the past three years. Advised by a friend. used Hamburg Drops. At once, .after the first dose, I experienced relief. continued its use for one month and found myself completely cured. There are so many suffering with indigestion that my advice to such would be: Do as I have done take the Hamburg Drops and get cured. St. Lwite Post Dispatch. , The Emporia Ledger says: "Welch immigration to this county seems to be continually on the increase. . A large number of families nave arnvea ai li ferent times this spring. People of this nationality already form a large body - of our population, and are num bered among our substantial citizens." Prejudice Kills. "Eleven years our daughter suffered on a bed of misery under the care of several of the best (and some of the worst) physi cians, who gave her disease various names but no relief, and now she is restored to us In good health by simple a remedy as Hop Bitters, that we had poohed at for two years, before using it. We earnestly hope and pray that no one else will let their sick stuTer as we did, on account of prejudice against so good a medicine as Hop Bitters." Th rarents. Telegram. . Brackett's Cancer Cure removes can cers without the knife, and with little or no pain. For further information ad dress A. S. Brackett, Sec'y Kansas City. ITEMS OF INTEREST. It is not often that a pig will let a pcnholder. Opium is said to kill 3,000,000 Chinese annually. In Germany 8,000 miles of telegraph wire are underground. A bee-hive is the poorest thing in the world to fall back on. It costs Chicago $225,000 a year to light her 12,617 street lamps. Tobacco culture is being very suc cessfully prosecuted now in British India. A woman forgives the audacity which her beauty prompts us to bo guilty of. Arkansas is crowed with men buying up timber lands. Thousands of acres are sold weekly. A lady of Limerick, Me., found in a fresh fish, the other day, an English gold coin worth $2.50. Jacob Tash, of North Carolina, died a few days ago at the age of 91, leav ing 1,081 living descendants. It is said that in fresh air a distance of two feet is sufficient to prevent catching contagious diseases. Arizona wants 20,000 more women, and offers low rates of fare and speedy marriage among other inducements. New parasol handles are in the form of sword-hilts or champagne corks. It is hard to tell which is the worst taste. A small reward will be given for the production of a young lady who has eloped who is not beautiful and accom plished. A Steubenville, Ohio, pistol-ball fired at a maple tree sixty feet distant robounded and hit the marksman in the leg. One New York cig;?r factory made 1,081, (ft1) cigars one week, the largest number ever made in a single establish ment in six days. man has written to millionaire Mackey for $100,000,000 to buy up all the goats in tho world suid monopolize the kid glove trade. Tho appraisers of the estate of the late Mark Hopkins, of the Central Pacific railroad, have filled an account which foots up $20,000,000. Alligator-skin boots and shoes have become so popular that 25,000 hides were consumed in their manufacture last year in this country. Lord Shaftesbury lately stited that $180,000,000 have been senton church building in England in this century and yet there are unbelievers. "You sing and I'll work the iedal," said a Church street father, Sunday evening, and ho lifted a high-collared young man from tho front iorch. Tho mad dog that jumped over a six foot fence to bito a man's leg must have felt terribly mortified and disgust ed when he found it was wooden. At Turin there i3 a little girl, only nine years of age, who plays the man doline so wonderfully that she receives 10,000 francs a week for her perform ances. It doesn't seem good policy for a to such a degree of brilliancy as to turn their heads when it circulates in their vicinity. The sanguine secretary of the slate board of immigration estimates that the number of emigrants who will set tle in Minnesota this year will not be far from G0.000. A recently arrived Swiss-Frenchman, - undoubtedly crazy, created considerable of a sensation in Green Bay, Wis., re cently, by carrying a carpet-sack with some $50,000 in it. A new industry, tho extensive culti vation of flowers for perfumery purio ses, is about to be started in California. In Europe it is very remunerative; a good crop of lavender will yield $1,500. A lady in New Brunswick, N. J., was so seriously hurt by running the prongs of a steel table-fork into her thumb that she was finally compelled to have her arm amputated above the elbow. A physician at Trenton, Ohio, has cured himself of small-pox by eating lemons, and looks upon the fruit as a specific of as much certainty and power in small-pox as quinine is in intermit tent fever. In the room of a railroad depot in Iowa is the following placard over the clock behind the counter: "This is a clock it is running it is right it is set every day at ten o clock now keep your mouth shut" Frogs' legs, a dozen on a skewer, are now liawked about the streets of Paris. The frogs are obtained by hunters armed with small bows, the arrows of which are attached to a string, and thus perform the office of a harpoon. Mamm: "Why, my dear Willie, what in the world is the matter with little Oscar's headr Willie: "Well, we'er playing 'William Tell, and some how my arrow won't hit the apple, but keeps pluggin his eyes and nose," A young fellow once offered to kiss a Quakeress. "Friend," quoth she, "you must not do it" "Oh, but by Jove, I must," said the youth. "Well, friend, as thee hast . sworn, thee may do it, but thee must not make a prac tice of it" - Princess Stephanie, '"who has hitherto borne such a simple and pretty title, is now afflicted, in ' accordance with ponderous Austrian court etiquette: "Her Itoyal and Imperial Highness, the Most Serene Frau Princess, Arch-1 duchess Stephanie." ( There was a row in the gallery of a Dublin tbeaetr, a scuffle, and one voice shouted: Turn him out!" Another: "Throw him overf "Ay," added a third, a very blood-thirsty Milesian, "and don't waste him, boys. Kill a fiddler with him A diamond solitaire is no longer the visible sign of an engagement Three gypsy rings, which are .hoops of dia monds, rubies and sapphires are now, chosen by opulent grooms, who adopt this fashion from the Englisli. A gyp sy is a beautiful ornament for a pretty hand. . There are two periods in every man's life when he feels, deep down in Lis heart.that if the earth were to open and swallow him it would be a pleasure to him Onp is when tin Areata nn fttair with the old man's razor to take his,, first shave; and the other is when his wife presents him with twins boti. girls.