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Barbour County index. [volume] (Medicine Lodge, Kan.) 1880-current, July 07, 1881, Image 1

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BARBOUR COUNTY INDE
VOL. II.
MEDICINE LODGE, BAIiBOUll CO., KANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1881.
NO. 5.
nn
EE
THE EVENING SUNSET.
'I'll ivinlng sun was setting,
Ami I,nlm, forgetting
That au;;ht of pain or aught of woe
Mad plai-e or oition hi re below;
ror fair tho m-i-nn, the nky nen-ne,
Ai bright the sun win u-tttiig.
My lu art with Joy was glowing.
Ah lirl-.'ht the hky wa.s showing
lltrli.iuhof go.,of HnTy gold,
That slowly m ar the sunni-t rolli-l.
Ami wi-nn-d to lovr thi-lr home above,
A hrilit tin- sun win Netting.
Hose by a bird wa trilling
A 'd so rb-ar and thrilling,
I thought hit Hin told all that tongue
f li ii mar love ami praise hal miiii;
No sweet the trill, my houI did thrill,
A bi i-.;ht the mui wat setting.
O. Father kind! thy blessing
May 1 on earth tHsi-sHnt,
.'- live a life with beauty rife.
Tint, at the bright and golden llcht,
M v sky sliail shine with rayn divine,
U hen the evening join It settinjr.
Sulncu Emmctt.
A PERILOUS ADVENTURE.
II w;u past noon when I started for
J In; home of my betrothed. But my
horse was good-and I rude hard. I
infill ta nt Trcvrty by nightfall.
Then will ii sprKkle uf snow on the
ground, 'and a feathery shower fell
lightly around me, of which I thought
nothing till sunset Tho short, dark
lay v;u over at five; and at that hour
a :.h.up wind aj t:iti up, and snow Ikv
g vi falling thickly. I felt somewhat
blinded and bewildered by tho big
H.ike.n-M-r Hying downward and on
ward and around me, liko a cold, ia
tienl army, whoso onslaught could
ta-ver be stayed or driven hack.
Mill I pushed on, though the ioor
be.i.t I rode shook and trembled and
strove in hl.i dumb way to reason
a ' tin .t my headstrong will. And now,
with i.uiiio dumay, I suddenly icr
(rivid, by the sinking of my horse,
even to hi il inks in heaed snow, that,
bewildered by the whiteness, lie and I
ha 1 1 st the n id. It was but a rough
ii- at best, for I was in a wild coun
try, where mims were many and men
Mid dwelling few. Extricating my
jixt steed from tho drifting snow
w ben in he floundered. I rested him a
tiK'iiunt and shouted aloud for help.
Again and again my cry camo bark
to in,., f.-Mowing on tho wings of the
Id wind, but no f)ther sound broke
the deathly stillness of tho night
OIi, for the saving light In some
li iendly window! J Sut there w;is none
-only m ow and darknrsa, darkness
and snow aM around. I thought it
In i ll !.-; and yi t a little span of time
liont tlit i I would have deemed it para
di ."to be lying lonely on tho hoatied
: now np.m this dreary moor.
I put my bor e to a sharp ranter, and
be wi nL :il.ut a furlong blindly, then
stool still. Knotting with terror. I
s!ioe to urge him on, but lie refused
liiolw-y either whip or spur. Seeing
i o i,-,i.,o!i for my horse's fright and
i.tul.boine.u I spurred him sharply and
urged bim with angry voieo to obo-di-rne.
Mis wonderful obstinacy at
length eoiDpelled mo to dismount and,
with my drawn sword in my hand,
prepared for highwayman or footpad, I
!r.t:"'el hint onward by tho bridle,
I ioii tint bo tn.ido on o hasty plunge
forward, then stopped, and at the same
in-.tant th earth went from taneath
my fret and I fell I knew not whither,
down, down, into deep darkness un
fathomable, t rriblo as tho great pit.
1 ran scarcely nay w hether I thought as
I fell, yet I knew I was going to death
knew I was descending ono of those
nnu.-ed shafts that lio on many a Corn
i. h moor knew that my bones would
lit; unthought of in its depths forever.
1'ut even at that instant my llight
wa arrested, and I hung in mid air,
t linging by my h:uuls to what I knew
mo". It was my sword which I had
foigotten that I held, l.y a miracle it
had thrust it:;elf as 1 fell. tatween tho
eaith and the rocks in th side oi the
diafl; and there, jammed fast, it had
held me up.
I cannot e xplain how this occurred
I i nly Know that it was so. As that
cry for mercy escated my lips, the
lacrcy came. My sword caught in the
interstices oi the rock, and I was held
np. my feet danirlins over tho nhvss.
my hands dinging to tho hilt of my
r.:o,i-i i.ia.io. ii was linn as a wedge
I could I eel that, in spitoof my t re in
Min r: vet still my iHwition was borrl
l ie. To remain thus, to hold on, was
loiture unutterable; but to yield even
for a moment was death. There was
no hope ,.f release for hours there
w.u no possibility of relief of posture
'there wat nothing but strong end a
ran. e and cour ago to carry me through
I waited I suffered I prayed.
It was a night tome of lire. The
w ind.i blew and the snow fell, but th
col.l lunched me not; I had fallen too
deeply in the shaft for that even if my
t.inuroi i. ioo. i could nave fell it
Morning broke at last, and hope
:rev with it. At Intervals I had
called loud through the nichtibut now
with svaivcly any intermission, I raised
my voice in cries for help. I did this
till weariness Mowed meithen I rested
in iigoniisi boitj of a voico in rcrly.
There win none. No sound reached
mr. I w as in my grave alone. I called
again, again, again I I husKandrtl mv
voice. I drew in bre;ith, and shouted
with the strength of despair. There
was no answer.
The sun traveled upward, and I
knew It was high noon. thou?h to m
the stars were visible likewise: vet tho
mid day rays shone somewhat into the
nun an.i snowed mo how I hung.
i nr- n n, ro wai qmio Knndicular
it s1ojh1 sliglitly from my feet upward
and I bad found rest for ono foot on s
ledge of the rock. Oh. tho ease tn mv
anxuidi front this metciful rest! Tears
sprang into my eyes ai I thanked God
for it.
The sun had shown mo that to climb
'it of the Mt unaided win tmtxvuil.lo
h i I called for help again, and called
uu voice failed me. 1 ceased to err.
inin, i,ii ,iown again.
As the hours error.
ta.;i!ne.u s, iisi nie; pliantotns sprang
option, iiiopu, and tempted tn
plunge It-low: horrible
me. Hut worst of all was the Bound
f water a purling rill tlowina gently
o i.-jr i, ry ears, inckiing (l:u dror.
iu sv,eUst music, horribly utttinct
at, 1 1 To reach water I would wll
limrly d:e: but I knew it
w 1 resisttsl the Cery mint Uiat would
have n;o release my hold and perish.
.nn i e uicro was water t
U)ttom of tho shaft, frithr.
!i.W.?Jw1, ,,ut 1 couI'1 rtJ
wuii-i ana mero was water ontt
fair e.u-th, fathoms abovo me water
should never see ngaiu.
I grew dizzy sick blind. I should
have fainted have fallendied: but
as I leaned my head against the rock, I
xeic as though a cold refreshing hand
were laid ujon it suddenly.
It was water! It was no madness
it was water. A tiny stream trick
ling through the bare wall of rock, like
dew from heaven. I held forth mv
arched tongue and caught the drons
as they fell, and as I drank my strength
was renewed, and Iioikj and tho desiro
of life grew warm within me arrain.
nd yet on this, the second night of my
liorrible imprisonment I cared not so
passionately I looked not so eagerly
for succor. My limbs were numbed,
my brain deadened; life was ebbing
toward death ; a shaddow at times fell !
over my eyes, and if I held stid to the I
hilt of my sword, if my feet sought
still the ledge that rested them, they
did it mechanically from habit, and not
irora noie.
I think sometimes I was not in mv I
right mind. I was among irrecn fields
and wools, and was gathering flowers;
I was climbing mountains; and from
iticse visions 1 awoke always to dark
ness above, around, darkness below.
hiding the abyss that hungered grcedi-1
ly for my life. And no frlendlyface.no
voice, no footfall near. Xot a step
through all these slow, slow hours. If
passing peasant, through tho day, had
heard the lonely cry rising from the
deptlis, ho had set it down to ghost or
ixy, and had Kasscd on his frightened
way regardless.
And now the night was weiring on.
and no rescue. I could not livo till
morning I knew that
My mind wandered ugairu Mv
mother waited for me, I must hurry
home; but 1 was bound by a chain, in
outer darkness, and I was going to die.
liiero was no Christian in all the bind
to succor inc I was forgotten and for
saken, left in tho pit and I would un
clasp my hands and fall and die.
?so, I would call once more. Ilcln!
help! Mercy! help!
A3 my fainting voice died in the. dark
depth, and quivered up to the glim
mering sky, i felt hope die with it and
gave up all thought of life. I turned
my eyes toward my grave below, and
murmured with parched lips:
Out of tho depth have I crinl unto
Thee.O Iml!
Tho little rill that had saved my life
litherto trickled on, and its silvery
murmur, as it dropped on tho rock
ow, was the solo sound that broke the
loathly silence around me.
My prayer was over, and I had not
relinquished my hold. I was stronger
than I had deemed myself. I would
cry out again. "Help! help! help!"
I stopped. I listened. A sound
was floating on the wind. Coming.
going, joining the drip, drip, diip of the
rill then dying, then returning. Lis
tening with my whole U'ing, I recog
nized the sound.
Bells church tails chimes ringing
in the new year. "O God, have mercy
cn me; have mercy on me!
Iklls are ringing in the New Year
bells chiming in the ears of friends,
telling of 8;idness and of hope tails
clashing in at merry intervals, between
initio and laughter, loving -greetings,
kisses and joy.
Will no ono in my fathers bouse
take pity on me? Am I missed no
where? Tho tails chimo a feasting
and gladness; audi am here hanging
between life and death. The jaws of
tho grave arc beneath me, my joints are
broken and tho talis chimo on. Would
it not bo a good deed on this New
Year's day to save mo? Oh, fcastcrs
and revelers, hear me!
Help! help! It is Christmai time!
Help, for Christ's sake, good iKHjple!
The tails float nearer, and drown the
drip of the trickling water; and I cry
Help I helpr saying, "Now will I call
till I die." A film grows over my eyes,
but my voico is strong and desperate
as I shout "Christmas tide! For
Christ's sake, help, good Christians !
A great light a flash of fire! For a
moment I deem it death; gazing up
ward 1 see amid a glare of torches.
faces oh, they were angels to me!
eager races ieerinr downward into
tho deptlis; its light falls on my hag-
gard face a great shout rends the
night sky.
Ho is here! he is safe! he lives!"
I cannot e vcak, though my lips move.
and my heart stands still as I see one,
two, three daring men swing them
selves over the abyss miners, used to
danger and In a moment stout arms
are around mo. and I am borno uiv
ward, carried gently like a child,
placed an instant on my feet, and then
laid down tenderly on the heath. I
am so wttiry and faint and worn that
I lie with closed eyes, never striving to
say a word of thanks.
"Go not so near the brink, m:idam. I
entreat V I heard a voice cry sharply.
Then I open my aching lids, and be
tween me and tho sky there bends n
white face, and tears fall down upon
my brow fast and warm. Jt was my
betrothed, Florian, but even when she
stolo her little hand into mine mine
so cramped and numb that it gave no
response to her tenderness w even
when sho stooped and pressed her
lips upon my cheek, I could not breath
a word to thank her.
Yet, Florian, dear wife, let me tell
thee now, that from the depths of my
happy heart there rose a hymn of joy,
and I understood from that moment
that thou wert mine, and I owed my
life to Uiy love.
Then thy sweet lips breathed words
that fell upon my soul liko manna
words of tenderness and pity that made
the tortuo of thoso slow hours in the
pit fado away, so mighty did this re
ward seem for my suCenngs.
I was carried to Trevesy, and as the
men bore me along, you walking by my
side, I heard thera tell the tale of my
servants fright when my horses re
turn evl home alone, and how they came
to your father for tidings from me.
Then they wldspered of the painful
search through tho day and night the
tracking of my horse's hoofs upon the
snow, and the story of the scared peas
ant who all night long liad heard the
cry of tort ui cd ghosts issuing, from the
cartlu And tho story seized upon my
Florian's heart with deadly fear, and
turning back upon the black moor, she
tracked the hoof-marks till they stop
ped upon the brink of tho old, forgot
ten shaft the shaft of the worked-out
mine, well named tho Great Wheel
Mercy.
There I was found and saved by her
I had loved so long. And, dearest as
I slowly cume back to life on that New
Year's morning, and faintlv whinnered
to you of my long love, my patient
silence, my pent-UD sorrow, vou. in
your great pity, flunking of my suffer
ing in me s halts, poured out all your
maiden heart And your loving words,
my Florian. were sweeter to mo than
even the thrilling spring hail been in
me ureac v neti .Mercy.
So in a month vou weremv wife, and
now I sit by a happy hearth ; and look
ing down on the happy faces of my
wife and child, I thank God for that
crowning mercv. thv love, dear one.
which saved me on New Year's Day
irom a dreauTul death in the shaft of
the Great Wheel Mercy.
The First Trophy of the Revolution.
rMlaJelj!u SatnnUiy Night.
From a paper written by the late
Theodore Parker, and read before the
New Lngland Historic Gcnealo!rical
Society, we learn the following par
ts i ? ii .
uvuiars regaruing me gun presented
by him, in his wili, to the stite of
Massachusetts:
IJoth Hancock and Adams were stay
ing at Lexington with Ilev. Jonas
Clark, an eminent patriot, on the after
noon of April 19, 175, when several
Uritish subordinate officers were seen
riding up the main road in tho town.
This excited the suspicions of men who
knew them to be liritish soldiers, al
though they were disguised.
In the night intelligence was
brought to Messrs. Hancock and Adams
that a I'ritish exjKHlition was on foot,
destined for Lexington and Concord,
to get iossession of their persons, it
was supposed, and to destroy the mili-
ttry stores at Concord. They gave the
alarm to the proper iersons, whom
Captain Parker grandfather of the
eminent divine had selected for that
work, and ho sent men through the
town to give notice for assembling the
militia. The church-tall was also rung.
Captain Parker lived about two and
one-half or three miles from the meet
ing house. Ho had leen there late in
the evening and conferred with Han
cock and Adams, and made arrange
ments, in case it was necessary, to call
out the soldiers. He went to tad late
that night and ill. About two o'clock
he was c;dled up by the men referred
to atave, and went to the meeting-house
(tho Common is just behind it.) He
lornmi ni3 company a little after day
break. About one hundred and twenty
men answered to their names, armed
and equipicd. Hut as the intelligence
was not quite certain, he sent out other
scouts to obtain information of tho ad
vance of the enemy, and dismissed the
soldiers, telling them to be within call
and assemble again at the beat of the
drum. They disicrsed. Not long af
ter one of his scouts returned and told
hint the llritish were near at hand.
He ordered tho drumbeat in fornt of
tho tavern, close by the Common. Seven
ty men npicared, wero formed into
four platoons, and marched on to the
Common. . His nephew, Jonathan Har
rington, the hist survivor of the battle,
then a lad of sixteen, played the fife,
w hich, with a drum, formed the only
music.
Ho formed them in a singleline, then
wheeled the first and fourth platoons
ot i-'ghi angles. stepied in front and
ordered every man to load his pieco
with jmvdcr and ball. When this was
done, he said:
"Don't fire unless fired upon. Hut if
they want to have a war, let it begin
here."
He then wheeled back the two wings
into a continuous line, and stood a lit
tle in front of the end of the right
win?. Soon the Hritish came close up
on them, and some were soon terrified
and began to skulk off. He drew his
sword and called them by namo to come
back, and said he would order the first
man shot who should run away.'
All bright young scholars know what
followed the fire of the British, the
return of the firo by the Americans
the killing of eight of his company, his
order to them to disperse and take care
of themselves. After they were gone,
tho British soldiers gave three hurrahs,
and stopped half an hour and ate their
breakfast and then resumed their march
toward Concord.
After they were gone. Captain Paker
and his men came back, took up the
dead, looked after the wounded, etc
Captain Parker saw a British soldier
who had loitered behind, a little drunk,
seized him and made him a prisoner.
He was completely armed, having the
musket stomped with the royal arms, a
knapsack, blanket, provisions, cartouch
box, with sixty round3 of ball car
tridges, etc Captain Parker kept them
as the spolia opirna, as did also his son,
and then the Itev. Theodore Parker.
The late Governor Andrew, it will
be remembered, on receiving it on the
state's behalf, in the presence of the
legislature, Jan. 22, 18G1, kissed the
gun and said:
"f am proud to be the humble instru
ment of its transmission to the state,
in whose chambers it is requested by
the will that it may be preserved.
The weapon is placed in tho senate
chamber, on the left of the drum and
other relics from the battle of Benning
ton.
How to Make Yourself Unhappy,
Lltltg Church.
In the first place, if vou want to
make yourself miserable, be selfish.
lhinJcanthe time of yourself and
your things. Don't care about anything
else Have no feelings for any but
yourself. Never tinnk of eniovinir the
satisfaction of seeing others happy; but
rather, if you see a smilinir face be
jealous lest another should enjoy what
you nave not invy every one who is
tatter off than yourself: think unkind
ly towards them, and speak lightly of
them. Be constantly afraid lest some
one should encroach on your rights; be
watchful against it, and if anyone
comes near your things snap at them
like a mad dog. Contend earnestly for
everything that i3 your own. though it
may not be worth a pin. Never yield
a point lie very sensitive, and take
everything that is said to you in play
luincssin the most serious manner
Bo jealous of your friends lest they
should not think enough of you; and if
at any umo they should seem to neg
lect, put tho worst construction
upon their conduct.
lie who wishes to exert a useful intloence
must be careful to insult nothing. Let
htm not be troubled by what seems ab
surd, Duilet mm consecrate his energies
to the creation of what is good. He must
not demolish but build. II must raise
temples where mankind may come and
partate or the purest pleasure. Goethe.
Simplicity is of all things the hardest to
be copied.
FABULOUS FIGURES.
Some Staggering Statements Regard
ing the Profits of Pacific Railroad
Building.
The operations of the Contract and
Finance company of the Central Pacific
railroad have often been mentioned,
says the San Francisco Chronicle, in a
general way, and some attempts have
been made to show the enormous prof
its it made for its projectors. It has,
however, passed inder new names and
the books have been destroyed, so that
tho full truth will never be lcnown.
The system, however, has been perpetu
ated in Pacific coast railroad enterprise,
and a pending proceeding in one of the
courts of San Francisco is throwing an
electric-light glare into its inner dark
ness. Mark Hopkins, one of the four
projectors of these enterprises, died
about three years ago. One of his sur
viving brothers, becoming dissatisfied
with the management and the prospect
ive distribution of the estate, petitioned
the circuit court for the removal of the
administratrix and for an accounting.
The survivors of the railroad quartet
grew very nervous at the prospect of a
judicial iriquiry into their proceedings,
and offered the contentious relative
1450,000 in addition to the $2,000,000
he had already 'received, nearly twice
what tho administratrix indicated
would be his share on final settlement,
if he would forego the legal proceed
ings. He insisted on terms too large
even for thera to consider, worried as
they were, and the matter finally went
into court
Testimony has been taken in the
matter at odd times for several weeks
past The principal witnesses exam
ined have been Charles Crocker, one of
the quartet; F. S. Douty, president of
the Western Development company and
secretary of the Pacific Improvement
company, the chronological successors
of the Contract and Finance company,
the Pacific Improvement company
being the existing institution; and
Solon Fattce, an cxiert accountant,
paid by the Hopkins estate for examin
ing the accounts mid reiwting thereon.
They have taen unwilling witnesses,
with reluctant memories and conveni
ent uncertainties, but the judicial
thumb-screws have extorted a part of
the truth from them, and the result is
a talo of millions which puts to the
blush the marvelous story of Aladdin
and his lamp. Messrs. Stanford, Hunt
ington, Hopkins, and Crocker, having
incoriwrated the Central Pacific rail
road company, with themselves as
directors, obtiined grants and subsidies
more than sufficient to build the road,
disposed of much of its capitil stock,
and floated its tand with government
guarantees behind them, and formed
themselves into a corporation known
as tho Contract and Finance company,
with dummy directors. Its purposes
were, like that of its original, the Paris
Credit Mobilier of 1852-3, of most
elastic character, comprehending bank
ing, tho carrying on of con
struction, manufacturing, mining,
mercantile, mechanical and commercial
business in all or any branches, and ac
quiring all tliing3 tributary thereto
They then proceeded to contract with
the railroad for everything appertain
ing to the buildinjr of tho road, and
being directors of both companies were
enabled to get contracts without any
of the disadvantages of competition.
now much they made on the operation
will, as before intimated, probably nev
er be known, as there are none of the
books in existence, but it was enough
io muuee mem to continue the system,
and enabled them to undertake another
transcontinental road without subsidy.
Even after the road was completed, and
before another was begun, it was of
advantage, and ha3 ever since taen, as
means of concealing the profits of
their roads, and thus heading off the de
mand for cheaper rates of freights and
fares. The Contract and Finance com
pany, after serving certain end3, disin
coqwrated, and formed anew under the
name of the Western Development
company, the stock of which was
owned in equal shares by Stanford,
Huntington, Hopkins and Crocker. As
directors of the Southern Pacific rail
road they let contracts to themselves,
for the stockholders, to build the road
and furnish all the supplies. By the
latter part of 1878 the Southern Pa
cific had, under the operations of the
estern Development company, been
built to the Colorado, river. After the
death of Gen. Colton and Mark Hop
kins, the survivors formed the Pacific
Improvement company as the successor
ot the A estern Development company.
and all the property of the former was
turned over to the latter. The "S. II.
IL and C. account (signifying Stan
ford, Huntington, Hopkins and Crock
er) ran on all the time, the members of
that firm using their close corporation
as a bank, paying in their loans, draw
ing on it on individual account, using
tho funds for corporation as well as
private use, and drawing first 10, then
8, 7, and since January 1 of .his year,
o per cent per annum on their deposits,
in aauiuon to me dividends. This is
the first glimpse obtained of the profits
of the close corporation, by means of
which the directors of the Southern
Pacific built the road for the stock
holders, and in itself it is a pretty
good return on an investment, consid
ering the current rates ot interest
But there is more behind it Early in
1878, it being necessary to settle up the
estate of the deceased member, a few
months before the transfer of the
Western Development to the Pacific
improvement an entry was made on
the books of the Western Development
company carrying 120,000,000 to the
account pront and loss. Douty said he
was not certain about the date, but he
thought this was done shortly after the
death of Mark Hopkins.
Under the suggestive questioning of
the railroad's attorney he said that a
profit and loss account was opened for
the purpose of closing out a lot of dead
accounts; it might just as well have
been called a "dead horse" account or
anything else, but profit and loss was
the usual technical term. He was after
ward, however, compelled to acknowl
edge that a- profit and loss account,
whatever name might be given to it,
was an account in which the balances
of all the other accounts in Uie book
are carried where the difference be
tween the debt and credit side shows
the amount earned, and in that light
the testimony places that 120,000,000
entry.
IYMeeding a little further back, the
questioning disclosed another item of
profits for the close corporation of four,
in addition to the regular rate of inter
est and the $20,000,000. It was testi
fied by Douty that in 1877 a dividend
was ueciarea ana distributed among
mo ciose corporators of 121,000,000.
It was a distribution pro rata of stocks
and bonis, calculated on their face val
ue, which had accumulated in payment
of contracts for building the road. It
was net, Mr. Douty desired it distinct
ly understood and so by his questions
it appeared did Judge Sanderson, the
railroad company's chief attorney a
payment on their loans or deposits in
the Western Development company,
but was charged to dividend account
Solon Pattee, the expert employed at
the instance of W. S. Hopkins, the heir
seeking to remove the widow from the
administration, testified that his exam
ination practically extended only to the
Western Development and S. II. II. &C.
accounts. It must be borne in mind,
therefore, that the figures of profits
given above represent only the gains
of the close corporators under one
name What they profited under the
guise of the Contract and Finance com
pany and Pacific Improvement compa
re we have no hint as vet GrocJ:er
and Stanford made serious objections
to his examining the S. If. If.
& C. account or any other
except the Western Develop
ment but finally receded, urging, how
ever, that he should make his report as
he went along, and take away no notes
of the account He found the accounts
and system of bookkeeping very com
plicated. Discovering no books of ths
Contract and Finance company, he
looked through the account of its suc
cessor, S. II. II. & O, and the Western
Development company; examined the
stock-books of the Southern and Cen
tral Pacific, and to a limited extent the
aecountsfof the Pacific Improvement
l lie principal item which he discov
ered was that on December 31, 1879,
the ;issets of tho A estern Development
company, taking the stock and bonds
at par, and including some that was
not delivered, amounted to 22.810.-
500.43. He also states distinctly that
the stock of the Western Development
company, that is the amount loaned or
deposited by Stanford, Huntington,
Hopkins, and Crocker, as working capi
ital, is not included in the aggregate.
It will probably be conceded by the av
erage business man, that for a concern
which had distributed $21,000,000 in
dividends, switched $20,000,000 off on
profit and loss balance, and been side
tracking regularly to its four deposit
ors interest at from 7 to 10 per cent,
this is a pretty solid residuum. At the
same timo the "liabilities" of these par
ties (to themselves) was $11,310,497.22.
The figures are so large as to stagger
comprehension, but the mind can grasp
lite tact that by hook or crook r;ulro;id-
ng lias been profitable to Stanford.
Crocker, Huntington, and Hopkins.
The Pocahontas Oak.
IMill iilolplita ftitnnl.iy Night.
l'omt of liocks, Va, is a name given
to an indefinite extent of territory, and
is so called from abrupt cliffs which
jut out into tho Appomatox. It has an
historic interest The "Pocahontas
0;ik," a large tree, st;uids on the ioint
which gives name to the phiee. " Near
it is tho stump of a still larger oak, and
to the base of the cliff the trunk and
limbs have fallen. Under this old tree,
Pocahontas is said to have saved the
life of Captain John Smith, the pioneer
explorer, in early Virginia times. Ac
cordingly, the relic hunters all visit the
old tree, and each, with a chip, block
or limb, , walks off with his booty.
Crosses, rings and canes are wrought
from it, and shown as the souvenirs of
the Indian maiden and. chivalrous
knight Still, it i3 questionable
whether either of them ever saw this
tree Its sue is romantic enough to
liave been the royal ground of the great
Powhatan. But the historian informs
us that this chief made his home west
of Richmond, at least twenty miles
from this oak ; and it is also more prob
able that Smith, after his survey of the
Chickahorainy, on which river he was
taken, came near suffering death from
the Indian s club at Powhatan s home.
Besides we are told that tradition has
claimed for several places in Virginia
the honor of being the scene of tliis
event as in ancient times seven cities
claimed the honor of being the birth
place of the immortal Homer.
Yankees in Mexico.
Toledo Blade.
Mexico seems to be attracting the at
tention of enterprising Yankees just
now as much or more than any other
country. There are fine opportunities
for making money in various ways.
The mines are rich in gold and silver.
but they are worked precisely as they
were a centuary ago. No advantage
has been taken of modern machinery
or modern ways of working. What
was good enough for their forefathers
is good enough for these indolent Mex
icans.
It is the same with their farming.
sugar raisuig, and what few manufac
tures they have. Everything is con
ducted in tne primitive styles cf years
ago, leaving all labor saving machines
out in the- cold. As a consenuence.
there vast resources which are almost
entirely undeveloped, and wluch await
energy and enterprise such as the
natives have not, but which are pos
sessed by our own people to the fullest
extent
It is. not strange that an immense
trade is foreseen, and that all over the
United States are those who are prepar
ing to take advantage of these possibil
ities. With the building of railroads
and the opening up of the interior, the
tendency thitherward ' will be even
greater than now, and the time Is not
far distant when the capitalists of Mex
ico will be citizens of the United States.
Topers.
"The Americans," says George A.
Sala, summing up the observations of a
hurried trip, "are not a convivial peo
ple, in one sense of the term. They
may be gregarious in taking drinks "ail
around,, but they drink standing, rap
idly, and often silently, and then hurry
away from the bar; while on the bar
itself are placedjittle bowls containing
coffee berries, or aromatic lozenges, by
chewing or sucking which topers are
able to disguise the odor of alcohol. In
no other country in the world does such
a curiously hypocritical custom &s this
obtain; but it is only part of a habit of
general deceit, which systems of pro
hibition or partial prohibition or local
option have engendered."
Hope is like the wing of an angel soar
ing up to heaven, and bears our prayers
io me mrone oi uoo. jcrcmy j. ay tor.
Dodging Jury Duty.
Galveston News.
It is becomming customary to com
plain that criminals do not always suc
ceed in getting justice done them.
This, however, only applies, in Texas,
to wealthy or influential citizens who
have committed murder. In no state
of the Union are minor offenses pun
ished as severely and as mercilessly as
in our own state
The man who steals a flea-bitten
pony, or an old coat from a house, is al
most certain to suffer for his crime by
years of hard labor in the penitentiary;
hence it is that the number of convicts
in Texas is disproportionately large to
the population of the state. It is
much safer to commit murder, as far
as the law is concerned, than it is to
steal, and this applies in a greater or
less degree to almost every state in the
union. The failure to properly punish
murder i is, to a great measure, caused
by the very people who complain most
of the ineiliciency of the law.
It is unpleasant for a citizen to be
cooped up in a jury-box for a week, to
tho neglect of his businers and to his
gr"t .personal discomfort It is also
disagreeable to assume even the par
tial legal responsibility of depriving a
human being of his life or liberty, but
it is a duty each good citizen owes the
community, and it ought to be per
formed. The law, with its foolish require
ments as to qualifications of a juror,
exempts many, but a great many more
dodge tho issue. When jurymen are
to be selected to try an imiwrtant case,
it is surprising how few feel themselves
competent One man, who would
make an excellent juryman, is exempt
ed because he is a fireman.
Another, who has lived a lifetime
and amassed a fortune in thi3 country,
turns out to be not a citizen of the
United States. There is a method in
that, too. Another, who has always
expressed himself in favor of lynch
law if necessary to suppress crime, in
forms the judge that he 13 opposed to
capital punishment. But the great
open door through which most of them
dodge out of the jury i3 the assertion
that they have formed an immutable
opinion as to the guilt or innocence of
the accused.
The simple truth is, that the most
intelligent citizens are continually
guilty of evasions to get out of the way
of peilorining an unpleasant duty, and
as long as this is the case it will be
difficult to punish the higher order of
criminals as they deserve.
How a Rebel Major Got His Pardon
Er-nnglUrhl ( M.168.) lk'imbllcan.
A few days after the war had been
declared at an end, Major Drewry went
to Washington, and, without the usual
ceremony of sending in bis name, lest
ho should bo refused an interview.
made his way into the presence of Sec
retary Stanton.
"Mr. Secretary, said he, "I want
my pardon as soon as iossible, I've
fought against you as long as I could,
and I've taen whipped; and now I
want to go home and go to work. 1 ve
got hundreds of acres of land that
have been lying fallow for the last four
years,- and 1 want to get 6ecd into every
inch of it this spring, so 1 11 thank
you to give mo my pardon and let me
go?"
He talked so fast that Mr. Stanton
couldn't get in a word; but, bein
amused and rather pleased at Maior
Drewry's bluff manner, he asked at
last, "On what ground do you expect
to get a pardon, sir r
"On the ground, sir, that I showed
you how to build a navy. You sent
your fleet of old wooden ships up to
Drewiys Bluff, and we knocked 'em
all to pieces, and showed you, sir, that
wooden ships weren't worth ad .
And then you went to work and cot
together a navy that was worth some
thing, and it's on the ground that my
men proved your needs to you that I
wont" a yi wi rr 99
The Secretary laughed and told the
honest rebel to call next day, as he
would like to talk farther with him.
Next day Major Drewry got bis pardon,
and, in return, gave Mr. Stanton a
great deal of valuable information con
cerning the South. lie went back to
his pleasant home on the James, and
has ever since been a wise, enterprising
prosperous citizen.
tatest From the Moon.
Professor Proctor's bast lecture before
sailing for Europe was upon the moon,
and it was very interesting. The moon
does not revolve around the earth, be
said, but the two circle about each
other, and the real center of the revo
lution of each is the sun. If there
were a railway sufficiently "elevated"
to reach the moon, which is 233,818
miles distant from us, we should be
fifteen months making the journey at
ordinary railroad speed.
;Upon arriving, we should observe
several interesting phenomena. First,
it is a very respectable luminary of a
diameter of 2,081 miles, with a
surface of 14,000,000 square miles, a
volume one-forty-ninth of that of the
earth, and a mass one-eigbty-first of it
Then, the force of eravitv bein or one-
sixth of that of the earth, we could be
thinty-six feet high, and still quite as
active as we are berc But our longer
bodies would have a longer dv in
which to disport themselves, for there
is a lapse of twenty-nine and one-half
of our days between the lunar sunrise
ana sunset Our extremities, however,
would certainly suffer after sunset, for
the surface of the moon is 250 degrees
Deiow zero at midmght, and the reac
tion toward noon would try - even our
prolonged proportions, for' at noon the
surface would be 33 degrees above the
boiling point We should be very
lonely, probably, for there is no living
creature there now.
Still, as Professor Proctor had said
that all planets pass through five stages,
the last of which is death a stage
which the moon has reached the ap
prehensive mind naturally inquires how
soon the earth will probably reach it
The professor answers, reassuringly,
that the earth is now about 500,000,000
years old, and that it took the moon
80,000,000 to reach its present state.
He therefore concludes' that it will take
the earth 500,000,000 years more to
reach the same condition. There is
theu no immediate cause for apprehen
sion. Our compliments to St Jacob; we
have tried the celebrated St Jacob's
Oil on our rheumatic foot and experi
enced great relief therefrom. The
Saint is a public benefactor. Law
renceburgh (Ind.) Register.
The Star of Empire.
The San Francisco Bulletin of the
27th mst, in an article entitled, "The
Next Ten Years," has the following:
"At present the Argonauts are going
South, bringing up first in Arizona and
New Mexico, and afterwards in Sonora
ana omer norxnern states of Mexico
This current of Immigration is mostly
stimulated by mining interests. Agri
culture attracts very few. One in ten
may get hold of mining property of
some real value. As for the rest, they
will -find employment of one kind and
another. A few will straggle back
again. The greater part will settle
down in these remote places, because
after a great deal of wandering, they
will accept the conclusion that one
country is as good as another, and the
best perhaps is that which has the few
est climatic exactions. There will be
a great mineral development not only
in Arizona, but in Sonora and all the
upper tier of Mexican states during the
next ten years. If there is anything in
the famous mines of these states,
American capital and enterprise will
get it out"
' With this conclusion, all who have
given the matter consideration and
watched the current of events and the
flow of the tide of immigration, cannot
but agree. Instead of, as heretofore,
the star of empire taking its way west
ward, its inclination is evidently south
ward, with no probability that its
course will ever be changed. It shown
over prairie and desert, luxuriant lands
and burning wastes, snow-clad moun
tains where eternal winter reigned, and
flowing vales bathed in the vivifying
sunlight of perennial spring until its
course was stayed upon the shores of
the Pacific where it paused, hesittted,
and at length concluded that the wintry
regions of the north wero not inviting,
and a retrograde movement was incom
patible with progression, and that fur
ther advance westward w;is undesir
able if not impracticable, and thus,
after mature consideration of all the
facts and circumstances of the ease
as lawyers put it determined to make
its shining way towards the effulgent
home of tho Southern Cross. In this
direction it is now wheeling along with
incredible velocity. Arizona and New
Mexico have already sprung into vigor
ous life and energetic activity under its
benignant rays, and ere long, we have
every reason to conclude, the home
of the Aztecs will begin to feel
its energizing influence and leap into a
prominent jwsition amongst the nations
of the eartti. "What tho relations of
Mexico will be to the United Stales ten
years hence can only be a matter of
conjecture. The logic of present facts
points to a closer relation than was
ever known before. Identity of inter
ests, when once demonstrated, settles a
great many questions which before that
time might have been doubtful."
Marrying for Love.
The man who marries for love ha3
generally mo vital temperament is
combative, sagacious, and independent,
and takes a general view of everything.
; A life of indolence btkI iUguatiou
has no charms for one whose blood is
warm and whose hopes are high ; he
liKes to bo m tho thickest of the fight
giving blows and. taking tliem; watch
ing for the turn of events with cool
ness and foresight; pleased at his own
independence and struggles; eager to
show the world what he can achieve;
and the contest rouses all the strength
and manliness of his nature.
He wins the respect of his fellows
by his own worth. He often brings
homo pleasant surprises for his wife
and children. You may recognize him
in trains loaded with parcels, which ho
good-naturedly carries with perfect un
concern of what others think a new
bonnet, music, books, a set of furs for
his wife; while in another parcel the
wheels of a cart, a jack-in-the-box, a
doll, or skipping-rope intrude through
the paper and suggest the nursery.
He never forgets the dear ones at
home ; the humanizing influence of that
darling red-cheeked little fellow who
calls him father brings a glow of
rapture of the purest pleasure earth
holds; for the man who has never felt
a tiny hand clasp his will always lack
something he will be less human, less
blessed than others.
This is the noble, the honest, the only
form of life that imparts real content
ment and. joy, that will make a death
bed glorious, and love see peace through
its tears. It is so purely unselfish, so
tenderly true, it satisfies the highest in
stincts, it stimulates men to the best
deeds they are capable of.
By studying how to live we best
know how to die; and the finest life is
that which ministers "to others' needs
and increases the joys of those depend
ent on us, whom we love, and who
look to us for support, solace, and light,
even as the earth is revivified by the
sun ; for feeling is life, the pulsation of
delicious sympathy, the spring in a
desert, the manna from the skies.
Just So.'
' It pays to f oHow good advice." Mr.
CL W. Braun, in Eureka Springs, Ark.,
sends the following item: I had been a
sufferer with Dyspepsia for the past
three years. Advised by a friend.
used Hamburg Drops. At once, .after
the first dose, I experienced relief.
continued its use for one month and
found myself completely cured. There
are so many suffering with indigestion
that my advice to such would be: Do
as I have done take the Hamburg
Drops and get cured. St. Lwite Post
Dispatch.
, The Emporia Ledger says: "Welch
immigration to this county seems to be
continually on the increase. . A large
number of families nave arnvea ai li
ferent times this spring. People of
this nationality already form a large
body - of our population, and are num
bered among our substantial citizens."
Prejudice Kills.
"Eleven years our daughter suffered on
a bed of misery under the care of several
of the best (and some of the worst) physi
cians, who gave her disease various names
but no relief, and now she is restored to us
In good health by simple a remedy as
Hop Bitters, that we had poohed at for two
years, before using it. We earnestly hope
and pray that no one else will let their sick
stuTer as we did, on account of prejudice
against so good a medicine as Hop Bitters."
Th rarents. Telegram. .
Brackett's Cancer Cure removes can
cers without the knife, and with little or
no pain. For further information ad
dress A. S. Brackett, Sec'y Kansas City.
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
It is not often that a pig will let a
pcnholder.
Opium is said to kill 3,000,000
Chinese annually.
In Germany 8,000 miles of telegraph
wire are underground.
A bee-hive is the poorest thing in
the world to fall back on.
It costs Chicago $225,000 a year to
light her 12,617 street lamps.
Tobacco culture is being very suc
cessfully prosecuted now in British
India.
A woman forgives the audacity
which her beauty prompts us to bo
guilty of.
Arkansas is crowed with men buying
up timber lands. Thousands of acres
are sold weekly.
A lady of Limerick, Me., found in a
fresh fish, the other day, an English
gold coin worth $2.50.
Jacob Tash, of North Carolina, died
a few days ago at the age of 91, leav
ing 1,081 living descendants.
It is said that in fresh air a distance
of two feet is sufficient to prevent
catching contagious diseases.
Arizona wants 20,000 more women,
and offers low rates of fare and speedy
marriage among other inducements.
New parasol handles are in the form
of sword-hilts or champagne corks. It
is hard to tell which is the worst taste.
A small reward will be given for the
production of a young lady who has
eloped who is not beautiful and accom
plished. A Steubenville, Ohio, pistol-ball
fired at a maple tree sixty feet distant
robounded and hit the marksman in
the leg.
One New York cig;?r factory made
1,081, (ft1) cigars one week, the largest
number ever made in a single establish
ment in six days.
man has written to millionaire
Mackey for $100,000,000 to buy up all
the goats in tho world suid monopolize
the kid glove trade.
Tho appraisers of the estate of the late
Mark Hopkins, of the Central Pacific
railroad, have filled an account which
foots up $20,000,000.
Alligator-skin boots and shoes have
become so popular that 25,000 hides
were consumed in their manufacture
last year in this country.
Lord Shaftesbury lately stited that
$180,000,000 have been senton church
building in England in this century
and yet there are unbelievers.
"You sing and I'll work the iedal,"
said a Church street father, Sunday
evening, and ho lifted a high-collared
young man from tho front iorch.
Tho mad dog that jumped over a six
foot fence to bito a man's leg must
have felt terribly mortified and disgust
ed when he found it was wooden.
At Turin there i3 a little girl, only
nine years of age, who plays the man
doline so wonderfully that she receives
10,000 francs a week for her perform
ances.
It doesn't seem good policy for a
to such a degree of brilliancy as to
turn their heads when it circulates in
their vicinity.
The sanguine secretary of the slate
board of immigration estimates that
the number of emigrants who will set
tle in Minnesota this year will not be
far from G0.000.
A recently arrived Swiss-Frenchman, -
undoubtedly crazy, created considerable
of a sensation in Green Bay, Wis., re
cently, by carrying a carpet-sack with
some $50,000 in it.
A new industry, tho extensive culti
vation of flowers for perfumery purio
ses, is about to be started in California.
In Europe it is very remunerative; a
good crop of lavender will yield $1,500.
A lady in New Brunswick, N. J.,
was so seriously hurt by running the
prongs of a steel table-fork into her
thumb that she was finally compelled
to have her arm amputated above the
elbow.
A physician at Trenton, Ohio, has
cured himself of small-pox by eating
lemons, and looks upon the fruit as a
specific of as much certainty and power
in small-pox as quinine is in intermit
tent fever.
In the room of a railroad depot in
Iowa is the following placard over the
clock behind the counter: "This is a
clock it is running it is right it is
set every day at ten o clock now keep
your mouth shut"
Frogs' legs, a dozen on a skewer, are
now liawked about the streets of Paris.
The frogs are obtained by hunters
armed with small bows, the arrows of
which are attached to a string, and thus
perform the office of a harpoon.
Mamm: "Why, my dear Willie,
what in the world is the matter with
little Oscar's headr Willie: "Well,
we'er playing 'William Tell, and some
how my arrow won't hit the apple, but
keeps pluggin his eyes and nose,"
A young fellow once offered to kiss
a Quakeress. "Friend," quoth she,
"you must not do it" "Oh, but by
Jove, I must," said the youth. "Well,
friend, as thee hast . sworn, thee may
do it, but thee must not make a prac
tice of it" -
Princess Stephanie, '"who has hitherto
borne such a simple and pretty title,
is now afflicted, in ' accordance with
ponderous Austrian court etiquette:
"Her Itoyal and Imperial Highness,
the Most Serene Frau Princess, Arch-1
duchess Stephanie." (
There was a row in the gallery of a
Dublin tbeaetr, a scuffle, and one voice
shouted: Turn him out!" Another:
"Throw him overf "Ay," added a
third, a very blood-thirsty Milesian,
"and don't waste him, boys. Kill a
fiddler with him
A diamond solitaire is no longer the
visible sign of an engagement Three
gypsy rings, which are .hoops of dia
monds, rubies and sapphires are now,
chosen by opulent grooms, who adopt
this fashion from the Englisli. A gyp
sy is a beautiful ornament for a pretty
hand. .
There are two periods in every man's
life when he feels, deep down in Lis
heart.that if the earth were to open and
swallow him it would be a pleasure to
him Onp is when tin Areata nn fttair
with the old man's razor to take his,,
first shave; and the other is when his
wife presents him with twins boti.
girls.

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