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I I UPPIiEMEWT CENSUS OF 1852. OF THE sTITE of CALIFORNIA, ' MPILEU BT the secretary of state A SX) PCBUSHED BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR. Office of Secretary of State, City of Vallejo, Cal. ) flit Excellency, Jons Bigler, Governor, &c. j j, avc the honor to submit an Abstract the Census Returns on file in this office. In a few days an explanatory Report will be presented. Respectfully, W. VAN VOORIIIES, Secretary of State. BUTTE COUNTY. Population, • 8,572 Whites, male, 6,174 do temale, 206 finzens of the United States over 21 years of age, 3,742 .Negroes, male, 14 do over 21, 14 Mulattoes, male, 4 do female, 1 do over 21, 4 Indians, (domesticated) male, 15 “ female, 15 “ “ over 21, 10 Foreign residents, male, 2,118 “ “ female, 25 “ “ over 21, 2,031 Productions and Capital. Steam Saw Mills, 3 Water Saw Mills, 11 Extent, 100 miles north and south by 250 east and west. Minerals —Platina and iron abound in all the mining districts, but not in suffi cient quantities to justify machinery.— Read in a pure state on head waters of Middle Fork. Quicksilver in abundance. Silver in small quantities. Springs —No hot or mineral. Towns —A town or mining point within every three miles throughout the county. Mill Sites —Many fine mill sites. Timber —Majestic pines and cedars in the mountains. Lumber business good. Mining —Quartz generally, paying a good per centage. Mountains —Butte mountains, from which the county takes its name, situated on the Sacramento river. Table, situated near Feather river, very peculiar, remind ing one of some ancient castle, with its high walls and frowning battlements.— Mount Hood, situated in the northern part of the county, the most attractive, tower ing far above its surrounding brothers, and presenting an apex covered with perpetual snow ; seen at an immense distance. Valleys —Many beautiful and fertile valleys, fitted for agriculture and stock raising: timbered and covered with the finest grass; water abundant, and irriga tion easy. Scenery —Picturesque and grand. CALAVERAS COUNTY. Population, 20,192 Whites, male, 17,069 female, 973 Citizens U. S. over 21 yeais of age, 6,287 Negroes, male, 117 do female, 14 Mulattoes, male, 37 do female, 1 Indians, male, 1,466 do female, 516 Foreign residents, male, 10,340 do female, 395 Capital Employed. In Butchering, §3,800 Bakeries, 5,500 Stages, Saw Mills, Farming, Blacksmith ing, Trading, Produce, Quartz Mining, Placer do Other do 799 60,000 10,150 18,000 1,032,245 45.800 472,055 38.260 93,988 Teaming, 3,800 Hotels and Restaurants, 76,100 Capital of the Moquelumne Hill Canal and Mining Company, 175,000 Capital invested in Iron Foundry, 5,000 do do Ferries, 1,000 Towns. Moquelumne Hill —The most important situated li miles south of Moquelumne river; a large trade. Murphy's Camp —Situated 13 miles N. of Stanislaus river; built up and sustained by miners, ,who are numerous in vicinity. I/A— Situated miles south MurplVsjJte* HKLii the neigh nty. :h of to Sonora. 7 miles from Stanislaus river; a very prosjierous mining can.p; water for mining"scarce. San Andreas —Situated between the N. and S. branches of Calaveras river ; fine for winter mining ; surrounding ravines and ilats rich in gold ; average wages SS per day. Jackson —Situated 'in northern part of county, about 3 miles N. of Moquelumne river; supported principally by miners. Dry Town —Situated on southern bank of Dry creek ; fine for winter mining. I 'nlcano— Situated at head-waters of of Jackson creek, in easternmost part of the county. Rivers. Stanislaus —Southern boundary lino. Moquelumne —Equi distant from the southern and northern limits of county. Calaveras —Eight miles south of Alo quclumne. All take their rise in the Sierra Nevada and empty into the San Joaquin. COLUSI COUNTY. Capital otherwise employed, $292,702 Mining. —Though not a mining country, gold has been found within its limits. Mineral Springs. —None. Rivers and Creeks. —Red Bank Crock, Elder Creek, Thom’s Creek, Stone Creek, and Sycamore Slough. Towns. —Colusi, Tehama and Monroe ville the county seat. CONTRA COSTA COUNTY. Description. —There is found limestone of excellent quality. Gypsum is found in one place. Excellent building stone and red freestone has been discovered ; Sulphur springs abundant, mostly tepid; Saline springs exist. Streams —Small, and generally dry in the summer. Many springs, and plenty of water for cattle, except on the San Joaquin Plains. Names of principal Streams. —San Ra mon, Jugerto, Nueces, Ilambrc, Puiole San Pablo, San Leandro, San Lorenzo, Alame da, Lasseyreo, La La Guna. Towns and Milages. —Martinez, scat of justice ; Oakland and Squatterville. Bays. —San Francisco, San Pablo and Pinales. Straits. —Carquinez. Communication good from all parts of the Land. —Under cultivation, acres, 109 Strip of land on the coast, 5 miles wide, 20 long, unsurpassed for agricultural pur poses, intersected by streams. Capital. Employed in quartz mining, $9,265 do placer mining, 20,804 Number of miners at work on Klamath river, the second lar gest river in the State, about 100; average per day per man, $0 Valleys. —Trinity Valley, finely agricul tural ; a portion of which set apart as an Indian reservation. Rivers. —Klamath, Trinity and Salmon rivers, all abound in gold. About 250 miners at work on them, averaging §i per day. Mountains. —Salmon Mountain, between Salmon and Klamath rivers, covered with snow nine months in the year. Mt. Pros pect, on the Klamath river, 5000 ft. above the level of the sea, covered with snow 8 months in the year. Timber. —Redwood, pine, fir, and sev eral other kinds : redwood, in some cases, measures 21 feet in diameter. LOS ANGELES COUNTY. Vineyards. 105, (all in the city of Los Angeles,except 20,) containing vines to the number of 450,( 00. Each vine produces 5 lbs. grapes. 2,250,000 lbs. grapes—l,ooo,ooo lbs. ship ed to San Francisco—residue manufac tured into brandy and wine. Brandy —2ooo barrels annually. 1 Vine —2ooo do do. Price of Reef Cattle $2O per head. Gold , Silver and other metals (proba bly). A vein of Quartz bearing gold, 200 miles from Los Angeles. Placer gold found. Limestone and building rock found in abundance. Sail —Number of springs in this coun ty, supplying abundance. Hot Springs on San Bernardino Ranch, owned by Mormons. Pitch , or Asphallum —A spring, six miles from Los Angeles, (called by the natives, “ Brea,") covering about twoacres of ground. Pitch boils up in great abun dance, and is used for covering roofs of houses. Agriculture. Great facilities for; not much attended to heretofore. Mission lands, principally cultivated under management of Catholic Priests; lands rich, and fine for grazing. Hemp —Formerly raised, and shipped to San Bias, Mexico. Tobacco —Formerly raised for domestic use. Neither hemp nor tobacco, now grown. Colton succeeds well. Sugar cane grows well. Fruit— Oranges Limes, Figs, Apricots, Olives, Peaches, Pears, Apples, and almost all tropical fruits in abundance, and ot I est quality. Orchards —many and fine. Descriptive. “ Monte " —A large extent of bottom land, within a few miles of the Mission “San Gabriel” well watered and timber ed, and capable of producing every variety of vegetables. San Bernardino Valley —6o miles east from Los Angeles city ; rich, well watered and timbered ; occupied by the Mormons. Mountains —“ San Bernardino” rears its lofty peaks to the skies. At its base a rich and beautiful valley. “San Gorgo nio”—2o miles S. E. of the latter ; bounda ry between this county and the Desert. Rivers —“ Santa Ana,” San Gabriel,” “ Rio de Los Angeles” and tributaries. Climate —Remarkably salubrious and genial. Nearly all the lands covered by Spanish grants. Soon as titles settled, no ditiicidly in celling them low. Ports —“ San Pedro,” anchorage good,* and perfectly safe, except during the pre valence of the S. E. winds in the winter. MURIN' COUNTY. Population (Whites Negroes Don White female IHO Foreign resiaeuls ' Wl lite males of foreign residents 85 do females do do 8 Citizens U. S. over 21. 350 Agriculture. One half the land susceptible of cultiva tion. The other half, fine for grazing. Staples —Potatoes, barley and wild hay. Wheat, oats, and Indian corn thrive. Horticulture —Garden vegetables are produced in abundance, with little labor. Yams- flourish. /■Vhi7—Grapes of various kinds, of ex cellent quality. Peaches, pears, apples, cherries, quinces and apricots flourish. Land. Quantity under cultivation 1250 acres. ManuJ act tires. Amount of capital employed .§250,000 Bricks, capital employed in mak ing 100.000 Lumber, capital employed in 150,000 Mills —Four large steam saw mills, cut ting 0 millions feet of lumber per annum. Timber. —Redwood in great abundance. Pine, maple, bay, (or laurel,) and oak. Fisheries. Seal, salmon, trout, stur geon, bass, and various other kinds. Game. —Beer, elk, antelope, bear, hare rabbit; geese, ducks, snipe, quail, plover and curlew. Creeks. Corta Madera, debouching into San Pablo and S. F. bays. (Noted for its salmon fisheries.) Bays. —San Francisco Bay; San Pablo, Tomalcs, with 18 feet water on the bar : Sir Francis Brake’s. Tennis. —San Rafael, (seat of justice,) Saucelito, Corta Madera. Mountains. —Tama cl Paris, or Table mountain. Geology. —Exceedingly interesting ; af* fording means of profitably employing large population. Although not a mining county, gold bearing quartz, placer gold, silver and copper ores have been found. Iron ore in abundance. Cinnabar, quick silver, yielding HO per cent. Steatite, (or soap stone,) lime, asphaltum, marble, brick clay, and granite abundant, and of good quality. MARIPOSA COUNTY. Population, 8069 American citizens, over 21 years, 2513 do females, do. 44 do males and females under 21, 225 Negroes, over 21, 69 do under 21, 13 Mulattoes, over 21, 1 do under 21, 1 Indians, domesticated, over 21, 2748 do do under 21, 1785 Foreign residents, over 21, 1359 do do under 21, 212 Enumeration of American citizens, par ticularly of families, under-estimated, on account of the daily arrivals. Foreign residents, unsettled and migra tory. Description. Indian Tribes. —The San Joaquin Indi ans consist of five tribes, and number some 3107, of which 1605 arc males, and 1000 warriors. The Fresno Indians consist of five tribes and number 1337, of which 718 are males and 500 warriors. The Mcrcedc Indians consist of three tribes, and number 280, of which 151 are males and 75 war riors. These Indians have all been taught some idea of farming, mining, and other kinds of labor. Those on the San Joaquin and Fresno rivers were taught by Major James Savage. Their native food, acorns. Forts. —Fort Miller, situated at the en trance of the San Joaquin river, into the plains, exercises a very beneficial influence upon the Indians. Five commissioned offi cers, eighty soldiers, and one female. Ad ditional improvements of an extensive char acter, progressing. Productions. —Wild oats, clover and oth er rich grasses abundant in the San Joaquin valley and the foot hills of the Sierra Ne vada. Thousands of wild horses : game of all kinds plentiful. Agriculture —ln its infancy, but abund ant proofs have been given of adaptation to all kinds of produce. Many preparations being made for cultivating the soil and stock raising. Timber. —Extensive forests of redwood, cedar and pine along the foot hills of tjje- Sierra ~ ~^ Mills. —Two saw mills, paying'wcll. Mill Sites. —Many desirable locations for saw and flouring n 11s. Jlivers and Streams. —San Joaquin river (the principal) rises in the Sierra Nevada mountains, winds its way scmi-circularly around the head of the Mcrcedc into the San Joaquin plains, about fifteen miles north of the line dividing tl?s county from Tulare county, thence continues in a southwest di rection about 30 miles, thence gradually inclines and makes its way nearly north, passing nearly through the centre of this county : a beautiful stream, and navigable for moderate sized ste»mboats to wi’hin a few miles of Fort Miller: abounds in salm on, and fish of the m<st delicious kind.—- Mercedc river—fish it abundance. Nu 4 of lessjmjtortance, between and ifercede, rise in th* [Nevada, run parallel! fording supplies sndance. men in,;:; all paying well. Sixty towneys (or quartzgrinding machines) paying from §l6 to §25 per clay, eacn. Five hundred and twenty-two quartz veins, legally located ; many more known to exist. New and rich discoveries daily made, and must continue for centuries. Immense deposits of gold known to exist in the beds of the San Joa quin and Mercede rivers and other streams, which can only be obtained by a heavy ex penditure of capital and labor. Minerals of every kind found. The extent of the gold region is some 100 miles in breadth, and extending “ indefinitely back into un explored regions.’’ Marble. —The finest character of marble exists at the North Fo'k of the Mercede, and elsewhere. Mineral Springs —V arious kinds in dif ferent parts. MENDOCINO COUNTY. Population, Whites, male, do female, Citizens U. S. over 21 years of age, Indians, male, do female, do over 21, Foreign residents, male, do over 21; Productions and Capital. Number of 1 buses, do Mules, Cows, Heef Cattle, Work Oxen, Hogs, Chickens, Sheep, Wagons, do do do do do do do Value of ditto, Value Farming, do Hogs, Bushels larley, do Oats, do Corn, do Wheat, do Potatoes, do Peas, do Turnips, Onions, pounds, ts, do Steam Saw Mills. Capital invested, Water Saw and. Grist Mill. Capital invested, $6,000 110 369 28 111 84 103 86 32 31 638 81 143 1,276 263 956 722 28 32 $3,600 1,185 11.725 4,713 382 981 3,690 i 53 50 50 2,000 500 $60,000 Total, $66,000 MONTEIIEY COUNTV. Population, Wldles, male, do female, do over 21 years of age, Negroes, male, do over 21 years of age, Mulattoes, male, do female, over 21 years of rgo, Indians, male, do female.-”' do over 21 years of age, Foreign residents, male, 'do female, do over 21 years, Productions and Capital. Number of Horses, 2,728 1.152 7el 158 6 6 11 5 10 328 do do do do do do do Bushels Barley, do do do do do Mules, Cows, Beef Cattle. Work Oxen, Sheep, Hogs, Poultry, 308 291 108 29 106 2,503 354 1,370 50/50 1,139 3,355 1,521 9,013 15/81 130 6,208 1,781 23) 1 15 11,578 Oats. Corn, Wheat, Potatoes. Beans, Quantity of other produce, 680 Acres of land in cultivation, 3,117 Capital employed in Quartz Mining, $692 do Placer do 387 do other do 13 do ether purposes, 603.500 Area square miles, 420 Length, (average) linear miles, 90 Width, do do 38 Divided into throe valleys, known as San Juan, Salinas and Carmel, having an extent of 70 by 9 miles; 18 by 12, and 15 by 3 miles, respectively. Aggregate of Valley Land, 89) square miles, watered by the Salinas, (or San Buenaventura.) the Pajara, the arroyos of San Bruito and Nacemiento, the Carmel river, and their tributaries. Oilier small streams running from the spurs of the mountains, such as the Alisal and San Franciscito. Sulphur Springs —ln the upper end of Salinas valley. Minerals —Gold has been found at San .Antonio and in Carmel valley: silver has Kr, La small quantities. Lands —M uch and productive; nearly all covered by Sf~Ms«Uiciaims. Grazing fine, and stock raising Missions —Four missions, known a?* San Juan Bautisto, Solidad, San Antonio and Carmel, or San Carlos. Horticulture —Orchards of San Juan Bautisto and San Carlos. Vineyards of Solidad and San Antonio. The lands of these missions in private hands, cither by claim or pre-emption. NAPA COUNTY. Population, \\ bites, male, do female, Citizens of U. S. over 21 years, fNegroes, male, do do India do do Nu female, over 21, Jomest(rated, male, do do ov roil actions and Horses, 2 116 523 oltr 12 11 ■< S tern a! Description Mountains —Mount St. Helen, situated at the head of the valley of Napa, height 3,50(1 feet. A landmark to. travelers. Minerals —Gold has been found, but not in sufficient quantities to justify mining. < inirksitrer —A mine situated about II miles above the town of Napa, supposed to be very rich. Mineral Spring's —-A cold spring, on the south side of tire valley, about 20 miles above Napa city, medicinal. Warm springs, 25 miles above Napa, owned by llitchie and Tucker, possess high medici nal qualities; the waters having been tested by invalids. A soda spring near the residence of S. B. Chiles, Esq. Streams —Napa River rises in the north part of Napa Valley, runs in a south di rection, empties into the Pablo Bay. Na vigable for vessels of 5 feet draft 12 miles above its month. Las Putas, rises in the north part of the county, runs in an east direction through the beautiful Berryessa Valley, thence through the moutains into the Sacramento Valley, and wastes its waters in the Title marshes. Towns —Nrfpa City, situated on Napa River, about 12 miles from mouth, on west bank. Population, 300. Suscol, situated on same river, about six miles from month. Natural Cariosities —The Hot Sulphur Springs, (or Geysers,) in the mountains, about 70 miles above Napa City, in a northerly direction, one of the greatest curiosities of the globe. They are from 1 foot to 8 or Ufeet in diameter, and con stantly in a boiling state; water spouting to the height of 111 or 15 feet. Hundreds of fissures in the sides of the mountain emit strong currents of healed gas, mak ing low hissing noises, as loud as the steam escaping from ocean steamers. NEVADA COUNTY. Population, 21,365 Citizens U. S. .years of age, 11,585 Females, total, 51 ales under 2t years, Negroes, inale, do female, slnlattocs, female, Foreign residents, male, do do female, Indians, domesticated, male, over 21, do do. ± female male, under 21, 500 do d<l female, under 21,551 Chinese, over ‘ll, 3886 ProdneVions and Capital. Number of llcrses, 920 863 76 26 1 721 61 945 iln do do do do do Oil I Bushels lev, do ts. do uor.i, Potatoes, do Tons Ha a Veres ot 511 Co Beef Cattle, Work Oxen, 1 logs, Fowls, 1304 825 1738 2268 3838 4279 2678 14,310 307 45 9950 1587 in cvltivation, Mining. i Number of Quartz Mills, Capital invested in "do. do do Placer, do do other "operations, 181,225 Capital employed in merchandize, 37(1300 33 894.425 do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do lumroveincnts, do do do do do do do do do do do do do d* do do do do do do unproven Ufei.-y-, Sav Mills, Town Property, Petsonal do.. Fanning, Real Estate, Bridging, Butchering, Ditching, Hogs, Gardening, Printing Office, Railroad Manufactures, ~-'Kiu. do Smithing, Ranking, Krugs. Lumber, Hiingle .Machine, (Jircus, 52,500 42.21 HI 129,350 307,101 20,100 103,200 3200 3700 6500 5500 2900 10,000 2500 1000 5600 1200 4400 18,000 6600 2000 800 , 3000 PLAC|R COUNTY. Population, W ~ do female. Citizens over 21 y Negroes, male, do female, do over 21, .Mulattoes. male, do 5m Foreign rcsidcuttß do ;lo Indians, 10,78 Chinamen, Pr, No. of Horsil do Wules do Cows.l do Reef 1 Work .if-■ 24£| ■ Value of other produce. Laud, acres in cultivation, Capital invested in Buildings, do do Trade, do do do do do do Miscellaneous, Stock, Minins. 585 i I 679 §:Bi),9()U 279,400 25.000 201,865 1,427,567 Total capital invested, $2,015,732 Mining —Races and flumes on N. Fork American river on the line of Placer and El Dorado Counties, entire cost, $509,135 Races and flumes on Bear river, entire cost, 16,060 Same on N. Fork of Middle, 18,210 do Middle Fork, 202,000 do N. Fork, helow jGnc. 500,135 Canals, ditches and flumes, above junction, Amount of investments, 125,775 569,530 Melons, Total value, Ain’t generally invested, d“ ■ in tmartz uiiym o>' in Placer niitiimn jother milling operations, .Stock, Fa mning, Gardening, do do do do 89,50 J 109,85 f 1,335,696 737,613 339,682 Total, \ !o. 21 years, SAN JO.iitifJlN COUNTY. Population, White male mhabi ants, do female i Citizens U- iS. over Negroes, male do female, dales °ver 21, liidiarl 8 ) male, do \ female, Males o¥« 21, \ Foreign male, do femhte,x do over 21, $8,155,241 502 *5B 98; 245 7 7 16 21 12, 65) ner Zl, J Products aiul ttylitap No. Hoises, do Mules, do Cows, do Reef Cattle, do Work Oxen, do Sheep, do Hogs, Bushels Barley, do Oats, do Corn, do Wheat, do potatoes, Hay, tons, Acres of land in cultivation, Capital employed, Live stock consideitibly the late emigration. Purdy Agricultural —Loci heart of a valley hundreds ) extent, fertile, and find graP 51 1 111 310* 1081 160 ■ Ti'ffti 2485 1715 229.1 ,489 • 1623 1243 5115 1,410 6,653 4,001 $2,896,050 nereased Jby r-"''