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The Shasta courier. [volume] (Shasta, Calif.) 1852-1872, April 16, 1853, Image 6

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Ferries and Bridges —Excellent. Con
veniencies of travel great to all points.
Touns and Villages— Stockton and
Castorio, or French Camp. Stockton,
one of the principal cities of the State, i
s tinted (Mi the Stockton slough or channel, I
about 3 nates from its junction with the
San Joaquin, contains as residents 3,000;
inhabitants; first settled in ISI4, by V.
M. \Vel«r, who obtained a grant from the
then Governor of California, for a large
section of country; made a pueblo in 1813,
when there were 7 residences; abandoned
the succeeding year. In 1848, settlement
successfully established; growth rapid.
The channel navigable for vessels and
steamers at alAcasons.
French Camp —Situated on a slough
of the same name; originally the head
quarters of the Hudson Hay Company.
Several trading posts established here,
always acc' ssible from the mines, on ac
count of the peculiar nature of the soil.
Mining -Hut little carried on. Placers
on the Stanislaus average $4 per man
per day.
Streams -San Joaquin, Moquelumne,
Calaveras, Stanislaus and Dry Creek:
Dry Creek, a branch of the Moquelumne,
forms one of the boundaries between this
and Sacramento county. Moquelumne
also forms a partial division between the
two counties, and runs directly inland
through the county. Stanislaus divides
this from Tuolumne county, and empties
into the San Joaquin. Calaveras runs
directly through the county, and empties’
into San Joaquin. The banks of these |
rivers are beinu rapidly settled, and loi
tunes amassed.
Jnsan*. —SO in the Hospital.
State hospital, erecting at Stockton, an ,
ornament to the State.
SAN LUIS OBISPO COUNTY.
Population, I • 984,
381
Do. female, 16c
Citizens U. S. over *2l years of age, 143
Negroes, male, 4
Do. female, 4
Do. over 21 years of age, 4
Foreign residents, male, 85
Do. female, 36
Inscription . —37
Ranches*- chiefly held
under Mexican grants. S
Land, unclaimed or vaciyut, acres, 50,000
Total No. acres, J 550,000
Value, 374 cents per acrc> according to as
sessment.
Value of claimed, §371,0001
Do. improvements, 1 43,500 f
Do. unclaimed, 25,000 ;
Do. vegetable crop, > 5,0001
Ports. —San Luis Obispo, 9 miles from
the town of that name. San Simc
miles N. W. of the latter. Fine ha/ r p, or at
the rancho of John Wilson, knowyr as the
“ Moro.” .
Strcausy. —Nacimiento, di,yicpr n g this from
. MontereylCo.: Arroyot^ n( j e ; y an t a Ma-
thujj&egj Santa Barbara coun
ty. TT'Vtjj*; -' on these streams well timber
ed oak, and alamia, (a spe
cies of cotton w^od.)
V rich mines of. Cop-1
per and mm, annposed to exist. Coal —a j
mine rancho of Don .lose de Jesus'
Pico, si;uated on the Bay of San Simeon—
- finest carkou.
DitimtiHoiif Springs , many and large.
S-'l/.i-ir Spring. —Warm Sulphur Spring
about V 0 mik south of San Luis Obispo —
the panacea of tire natives.
Tinder, —Pine of large size and superior
quality.
Lime AVc.fc—ln groat abundance.
}\jld Horses —Found in large numbers
in N. E. of the county. Va
head.
Vineyard of San Miguel,
batch neglected. The Mis-
Obisjro in ruins ; still re
fine olive, peach, pear, fig,
and a small vineyard.
and commercial re-
luynl
.■Lfeo-iu.
SANTA BARBARA
Population.
Whites, male,
do female,
Citizens t. S. over 21 ye-
Mulattocs, malt. - r „.J|
do female,
do over 21,
I'oreigu residents,
do male,
do female, >
do over 21, '
Productions and Capital.
■lumber of Horses,
COUNTY.
2.131
834
682
10
106
do Cows, ta re,
do do wild,
do Beef Cattle,
do Work Oxen,
do Sheep, ___
do Hogs,
do Poultry,
Bushels Barley,
do Beaus, >■““ r
]do Com,
|do Wheat,
do Po;atoes
do Olives,
do Pears,
Squashes, cwt.
Tons Cabbage,
do Grapes, raised fo r table,
Barrels Aguadiente,
do W ine.
Acres land in cultivation,
Tons of Hav harvested,
2,900
I •*>
1,560
30,055
50,297
522
7.301
236
1.547
4 748
6.053
2.316
615
3 323
1374
837
433
4- cwt.
5- cwt.
33
46
699
97
Minerals —A hot sulphur spring in the
Montecito. iu-a r. fcf Santa Bar
barn. Temperature aUde 100 3 Fahren
heiu Laaui large w»ejj»n to bathe in. I
t\nlt —Abundantly supplied from the
Salmas; gathered in August and Sep
tember, in cart-loads.
Tar—one or two las springs in the!
neighborhood of Santa /Barbara village.
'H: | sea throws up U?t|nen for leagues
alptjg the coast.
JSirt f! if
ked in 1842,
river rises in the
layetano rancho,
0 or 50 miles to
itura river rises
has a course of
winch it enters
Buenaventura.—
hmost,) rises be
ll audio of
f> orG*i miles
ho of Lnm
which can
ken in April
uths cf the
&
r
ar
clams, and many spades of excellent fish
Oysters —A bed, l"i) yds. in length, 25
feet wide, and two or three feet thick, dis
covered within the Pueblo limits of Santa
Barbara, of uncommon size and good fla
vor.
Islands —The rendezvous of otters,
seals, sea elephants and beaver.
.1 Grazing County —One third good
for wheat, barley, oats, and other crops.
Very small portion susceptible of irrigation,
so as to produce Indian corn, fruit trees,
Ac. &c. Many melons raised.
Agriculture— ln a very rude state.—
Material for fencing scarce. The soil
wonderfully productive. Vegetables large
and excellent. Grasses luxuriant and nu
tritious: fine for dairy farming.
SAN DIEGO COUNTY
Population,
2932
SAN FRANCISCO COUNTY.
Population,
Whites, male,
do female.
Citizens of U. S. over 21,
Negroes, male,
do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Mulattoes, male,
do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Indians, domesticated, male,
do do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Foreign residents, male,
do do female,
do do over 21,
City of Sax Fraxcisco ;
36,151
ao.iofj
'),*!> i o
11,848
270
284
103
38
108
96
63
73
16,537
2,766
16,30 c
Population,
Whites, male,
-——feftak,
Citizens U. S. over 21 years,
Negroes, male,
do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Mulattoes, male,
do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Indians, domesticated, male,
do do female,
Foreign residents, male,
do do female,
do do over 21,
Capital and Productions.
Number of Horses,
do Mules,
do Cows,
do Beef Cattle,
do Work Oxen,
Bushels of Barley,
34,871
29,166
5,154
11.371
266
Or
io;
16,11
2,71(
15,93'
do
do
do
do
do
Oats,
221.
57'
134:
3411
24(
18,45 i
3901
136<
530(
10,05(
515(
1,291
Corn,
Wheat,
Potatoes,
other produce,
Land. —Acres in cultivation,
Capital employed for other purposes.
Outside the limits of the city of
San Francisco, $761,5(
Estimated amount of taxable
property, 20,000, Of
Amount of property assessed, 17,794.71
Description.
Mountains. —Sierra Morino. or Brow
Mountains. The most remarkable cor
mence at a point about 10 miles south
San Francisco, and run along the coa
until they unite with the range of san
name in the county of Santa Clara ; rL
above 2000 feet in height. These mom
ins protect tin, inhabitants of the vall<
from the coast ’rinds. Coal has been di
covered.
Timber. E; (Sellout rcdwooij ia sea
parts of the comfy.
Mills. —Throui saw saw mi
Mills.— -Ihronsaw two saw mil
and one gristyii | in process of constructioi
h Francisquita Creek, d
. Francisquita
this county from Santa Clara, nsi
in the Sierra Morino, runs eastward),
empties into Sar Francisco Bay. Gold
small quantities . has been found in th
creek.
Agriculture.- -Agricultural resources y
undeveloped, (,'toality of soil rich and pr
dnetive. Farmiig rapidly increasing.
SHASTA COUNTY.
Population,
Whites, male,
do female, ’
Citizens of U. S. over 21 years.
Negroes, male,
do femaie.
do over 2 j years.
4050
3448
252
— y »: VC
■W,
2647
1.,
4o
0"
. male,
c -
years.
SIERRA COUNTY.
! Population,
('itizens U. S. over 21 years age,
W bites, male,
do female.
Foreign residents, male,
do
do
Negroes,
do
do
do
Mulattoes
do
female,
over 21 years,
do.
under do.
over 21,
Productions and Capital.
No. of Horses,
Mules,
Cows,
Beef Cattle,
Work Oxen,
Sheep,
Hogs,
Chickens,
Bushels Barley,
do Oats,
do Cabbage,
do Potatoes,
do Turnips,
4Soo
Ml vi
3(330
02
1033
34
976
41
1
7
7
9n
4,0
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
■es of land in cultivation,
249
38
29
6
13
32
100
10
10
10,000
2100
(310
168
Capital employed in quartz min
ing,
| Capital employed in placer min
ing,
| Capital employed for other pur
s9lo9
134,051
poses,
332.225
Description —Mountains: Saddle Peak,
height 7200 feet. Table mountain, height
SOW) feet. Buttes, at the head of South
Fork, 9000 feet, surrounded with quartz
leads: limestone excellent: no mineral
springs.
Towns.
Uownieville, population,
Fine Grove, do.
Windsor, do.
Coxe’s and Snake Bars, population,
Goodyear’s Bar, do.
810
504
210
34G
3M3
SISKIYOU COUNTY.
pulation, 2240
hites, male, 1874
do female, 82
lizens U. S. over 21 3-cars of ago, 1517
33
egroes, male,
do female,
do over 21,
ulattoes, male,
do over 21,
idians, male,
do female,
do over 21
3reign residents, male,
do
do
~ of
do
do
do
do
do female,
do over 21,
Productions and Capital.
Horses,
Mules,
Cows,
Beef Cattle,
Work Oxen,
•liels Barley,
lo 8
io Corn,
lo Potatoes,
es of land in cultivation,
Quartz Mill*.
mber of,
niial employed in quartz min
ng,
pital employed in placer Billi
ng, *
:>ital employed in other Dini
ng-
pital employed in other pur-
Kises,
12
213
7
267
552
1193
301
1071
451
310
1408
'/ 5
471")
309
$35,580
39.165
11,950
2.310
2835
2324
102
1298
years a
SOLANO COUNTY
pulation,
rites, male,
lo female,
rzeus U. S. over J
groes. male,
la female.
.lattoes, male,
ians. male,
female,
;esidenis3
do
Description.
Sii"i n! Valley —W * st of Suscol Hills
runs from the city of Vallejo to the north
ern part of the county: 8 miles m length
and 3 in width. Napa Bay washing its
whole length. Growth—wild oatsol lux
uriant growth, well adapted to farming ; a
desirable and interesting portion of the
country.
Sulphur Spring Valley —Runs up from
Snisun Bay, two miles north of Benicia;
ironi 10!) to 400 yards wide; winds
through tli-' Suscol Hills for 5 or 6 miles;
soil rich and well watered.
Green Valley —Lies east of the Suscol
Hills, 4 miles cast of Suscol Valley; 0
miles in length and U in breadth ; large
portion always green, whence its name.
Navigation excellent from the interior:
south on 1 the terminus of the Great Sacra
raento \ alley. Vv ell adapted to agricul
ture. and covered with wild oats and ever
green grass and red clover.
Snisun \alley —North of Suisun Bay
and east of Green \ alley ; 0 miles square;
covered by a Spanish grant; opens out on
the east into the Sacramento Valley. Soil
exceedingly fertile and much cultivated.
Navigation excellent. 500 tons hay ready
for shipment: 500 tons barley, also'; 6 ves
sels constantly taking produce from the
embarcadero: bay consists chiefly of wild
oats and clover.
I lattis I nlley. — Lies farther to the N.
E., 5 miles in length and If in width ; runs
northwest between two ranges of hills, and
opens out into the Sacramento Valley: a
great thoroughfare, and the admiration of
all travellers.
Swramaito Valley. —Extends as far as
the eye can reach, covered with wild oats,
and not subject to inundation.
_ Ntmuas.-r-Puta river, Id miles north of
Ulattis valley, the northern county line;
not navigable; affords abundant water for
stock, ■which resort to it in great numbers:
rises in the mountains, winds through a rich,
lovely, fertile plain twenty miles, and loses
itself in the extensive tules which lie be
tween the plains and Sacramento river.
V ostern part of the county mountainous,
and very interesting; many small valleys
well adapted to stock raising.
Sacramento Hirer well adapted to farm
ing and grazing purposes.
Mountain Peaks. — ln the eastern part
of the county a double peak, very conspicu
ous, at the head of Green Valiev; another
double peak, between Green Valiev and
Suscol, next in magnitude.
Mineral Springs. —Four miles north of
Vallejo there is a largo Soda Spring, run
ning through Suscol Valley to Napa Bay.
Three miles cast of this is another, equally
large, and about the same distance from
\ allejo ; winds through low hills and passes
through the same valley; empties into the
same bay. Three miles north of Benicia is
another spring of the kind : winds through
Sulphur Spring Valley, from which it takes
the name of Sulphur Spring Waters ; is of
good temperature for bathing.
Towns. —Benicia and Vallejo. Entirely
agricultural and grazing.
Do. Potatoes,
)o. Beans,
i of Onions.
I'umips,
Beets,
Peas,
277,542
650
491,671
" 27.100
No. of Carriages, 21
Value of I .and. s747,Glia
Do. Town Lots, i0i,9;‘,0
Do. Merchandise, 29,760
Do. Farming Implements, 50,472
No. of acres in cultivation, 9,387
Machinery.
Threshing Machines, ' ",
Blacksmith Shops, 6
(Tij.itul invested in iron and tools, $2,500
Grain Cutters, \
A aluo, 100 dollars.
Manufactures.
Tan Yard, belonging to Capt. Smith, 1
Containing in hides, 30,000 dollars.
SUTTER COUNTY,
TRINITY COUNTY.
Population,
\\ hues, male,
do female,
Citizens U. IS. over 21 years of age,
Negroes, male,
do over 21 years of age,
Mulattocs, male.
do over 21 years of age,
Indians, domesticated, male,
do do female,
do over 21 years of age,
Foreign residents, male,
do female,
do over 21 years of age.
Productions and Capital.
Number of Horses,
do Mules,
do Cows,
do Beef Cattle.
1764
1741
23
1491
6
5
8
6
150
5
138
94
459
17
83
Productions.
TULARE COUNTY.
Population, 8575
YOLO COUNTY.
Population,'
Whites, male.
do females,
Citizens U. S. over 21 years,
Negroes, male.
do over 21,
Mulattocs, male,
do over 21,
Indians, male,
do female,
do over 21,
Foreign residents, male,
do female,
do over 21,
1307
1085
189
1016
11
10
3
109
43
90
83
3
51
Productions and Capital.
Number of Horses,
1808
9116
Oxen,
1855
2244
Quantity of other primuot*
Acres of land mi cull mm i,, n>
Lap tal employed m gardens, •
Capital employed in b >atlng,
llay T toils,
NN o.kJ, value,
Capital employed in quartz mining,
do do placer,
d° do other purposes,
Towns, — Washington, 4 hotels
laundries; Fremont, 1 hotel and 1 store;
Creek. 3 hotel*; Colton wood ; Merritt; Putiih
Mountains —Coast Range.
dll earns— Sacramento, Cuehc Creek and Pul th
Creek.
Lakes— Washington, size, 3 miles by half a mile;
Clear Dike. s ze, 6 by *2 miles; and Tule Lake, one
bait by one-fourth ot a mile.
Boat-Offices, 2.
4
siiu;o
5,< v oj
100
2500
stores, and 3
1 store; Cache
YUBA COUNTY.
Population,
VV lutes, male,
do female.
Citizens of the U. S. over 2l years
Negroes, male,
do female,
do over 21,
Mulattoes, male,
do female,
do over 21,
Indians, (domesticated,) male,
do do female,
do do over 21,
Foreign residents, male,
do do female,
do do over 21,
Chinamen,
Productions and Capital.
N umber of horses,
22,005
16,666
15,245
182
l S
170
45
45
117
3
102
2,800
246
2,846
2,100
3,604
1,740
1,012
2,472
1,010
2,500
8.000
312,876
14,377
810
6,345
8,480
1,000,000
4,UO$
7,008
$121,400
710,900
,687,150
do mules,
do cows,
do beef cattle,
do work oxen,
do hugs,
do poultry,
Bushels barky,
do oats,
do corn,
do wheat,
do potatoes,
Watermelons,
Tons hay,
Land. —Acres in cultivation,
Muling. —Number quartz mills,
Capital employed in quartz mining,
Capital employed in placer mining,
do do river mining,
do do merchandize and trade, 1,939,600
Amount in quartz in. 11s, 22,009
do saw mills, 81,000
Whole amount of capital employed exclusive
ol real estate. 4,570,500
Number saw mills, IS
Lumber, annual product, 9,050,000 feet
Flouring mill ,1. Capital, s^,oo'»
Streams.
Bear river, county’ line on south, empties into
Feather river 31 miles below Marysville.
Dry creek No, 1, small stream emptying into Bear
river live miles from mouth. Dry Creek No. 2, emp
ties into Feather river six miles above mouth ot Bear
river. Excellent farming and grazing lands on these
streams. Good grass at all seasons.
Yuba river, principal mining operations located on—
-110 companies—11,371 feet turned from course.
Dry c eek No. 3 empties into Yuba river from the
north. Several small streams emptying into it; forty
miles in length ; 9 saw mills on ; gold found on, pay
ing $4 per day per man.
Indiana creek empties into Dry creek, 22 miles
from mouth. Steam saw mill on it; best of timber on
it; much gold, paying $5 per day.
Toll's creek empties into Indiana creek, 1 mile from
mouth—gold on it.
Clark's run empties into the Y üba river from the
south, 20 miles from Marysville; 600 men at gold
digg tig, paying from five to $5O per day.
Deer creek. South Yuba, Dobbins’ creek—3 fine
ranchos on ; g<*od timber.
Middle Y’uba —500 Chinamen on ; mining; 1 saw
mill. Highest peak of mountains on this stream, ac -
cording to survey of Dr. Frost, 2,800 feet; called
” Oregon Hill.”
Scott’s creek ; much gold ; quartz gravel pays from
2.5 els. to $1 the pan. Digging very profitable. Em
ployment for a great number for years.
Mill ereek—l saw mill. Gold in small quantities.
Ilamsbire creek—fine saw mill on. Timber line
and lumber excellent.
Dead Wood creek—l saw mill on; gold aboun-.s
blale creek —near the foot of Sierra Nevada. Gold
veiy coarse, generally in large deposits on the bed
rock ; $S per day per man.
Canon Creek—coarse gold ; most profitable dry
diggings in the northern mines ; principal mining in
Sierra country.
Minerals. —Gold and quicksilver ; 1 oz. pure quick
silver to the pound of rock.
Town* and Villageit.
Marysville—population 4,-)00; situated on Y üba
river, one mile above heather.
Husky's bar—population 390; 13 miles above
Marysville.
Kennebeek —population 120; fourteen miles above
Marysville ; wages five dollars per day.
Ding's bar —|H>pulation 450 ; sixteen miles above
Marysville : five dollars per day.
Barks’ Bar. About fifty others of smaller sir*.
RECAPITULATION.
Total population of State,
Composed a* follows :
County of Butte,
“ Calaveras,
“ Colusi,
“ Contra Costa,
“ *£l Dorado, not returned.
“ Klamath,
“ Los Angeles,
“ Marin,
Mariposa,
“ Mendocma,
44 Monterey,
44 Napa,
44 Nevada,
u Placer,
44 Sacramento,
44 San Diego,
44 San Joaquin,
“ San Francisco,
44 San Luis Obispo,
“ Santa Clara, .
“ Santa Cruz,
44 Santa Barbara,
“ Shasta,
d Capital of the State.
224,435
8,572
20,192
620
2,745
530
7,831
1,036
8,969
416
2,728
2,116
21,365
10,784
12,589
2,932
5.029
36,151
984
6,664
1.219
2.131
4,051
4,855
2.240
2.835
2,337
1.207
1.764
17,657
8,575
1.307
22,005
Acres ( of land in cultivation,
Number of quartz mills,
Capital invested in quartz mining.
“ placer mining,
64,773
16,578
104,339
315,392
29,065
2,973.734
100,497
271,763
1,393.170
02,532
110,748
108
$5,871,405
4,174.419
other mining operations, 3,851,623
ffor other purposes, 41,061,933
one of the moo populous counties In the Stale,
con nin 40,000 InhahUanls, which gives the co
on lv Stele at SW. 135. /
.icillar m. of ihi. Investment so.the Poaluc-

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