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The Shasta courier. [volume] (Shasta, Calif.) 1852-1872, November 05, 1853, Image 1

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THE SHASTA COURIER.
VOLUME 11.
SHASTA COURIER
1( rl - a i.|(HCD fVKRT SATfKOAT MOKMKG, •
■ v Ai UUSU.
(AH. H- DOiH, AUCUIiIAL U SKILLMAK.
Editors and Proprietors.
Publication Office iu Courier liuild.ng, «n High
Street, where mil ordoM for AdvvfiuLug mini Job
Work ihould be k<t.
TKBVM~-lmrmrjaUr im klramce:
For One Year £IO,OO
“ Six Month* 3,uV
Twrate m( KreriUlmi:
For One Square of M line* or less, one insertion,
Four Dollar* ; for aaoh insertion, Two
jjnllsw.
A liberal -discoant made to Monthly and Yearly
Advertiser*.
ieb Printing
Of every description promptly executed in a su
perior manner.
KHODEM A UNK’M NUAHTA
EXPKCMi,
LEAVES THE
office of Well's Fnr- •
go Sl Co., Sacramento, daily, for
Shasta, Yrrka, and all town* and points through
out Northern California, connecting at Sacramen
to with Wells, Fargo A Co’s Daily Express to
San Francisco, >iud by regular Mail Steamer ou
the Ist, Hlh, l(jti aud SAtli of each month to the
Atlantic States aud Europe.
Treasure, letters anti other package*conveyed
Cu and from the [mints abut e designated, with
the utmost dispatch.
Gold Dust lorwarded to the U. S. Mints at
I’hiladelpbia and New Orleans, under policies
from tiie moat responsible Insurance Companies
in the Eastern Cities.
Drafts drawn by John M. Rhodes, of the
ttacraiueutu City Bank, ou New York, New
Orleans, Cincinnati, I‘itlsburglt ; Stale bank
of Ohio.
B. Davidson’s drafts for sale on Messrs. N.
M. Rothschild X - Sons, London ; Messrs. De
Itoihschild & Bros., I'aris ; Messrs. M. A. Roths
child i Sous. Frankfort ; Messrs. L. Behrens &
Sons, Agents, Hamburg; Messrs. Hath, Grun
tog & Co., Lima and Valparaiso; A Belmont,
Ksq., New York.
Collections made ami all business appertain
ing to an Express Company executed promptly
and w ith especial r<-gjfil to safety.
JAMES M. RHODES,
HIRAM LI’SK,
WELLS. KAROO & CO.
Orrtres.—Shasta, in Lost Office Building;
Saennneuto, J stiret. between Front and Sec
ond streets; 8 iii Francisco, 114 Montgomery
street; W'eav rville, Messrs. Church & Mix’s
building; Vr kii. lire-jirool building opposite
Vrekn Hotel. Sep 10il
CR ttl, KtMD'KS ,V CO’.**
('slifcniiu nud Orn;»a I,'v |ino.
Cm neeling it Shunto with
A UA M S 4- Co. 's i col/
i-' sc/, and li nr waited I*a
ijw tuui Antonie Express.
("TRAM. RUOKKS Ac CO. would most re-
J spec’lnlly inform the public, that they have
made arrangements to forward a W eekly Ex
press to and from the following [daces, in charge
of our regular messengers:
raixcirst orrictj
Vrekn,
Jacksonville,
A Ukraine,
Shasta,
Wetsaerville,
PiUslrurg,
and Pitt River.
Trinity River,
Kiotl’j Bar,
Klamath River,
Rogue’s River,
Dealt wood Creek,
Greenhorn Creek.
Cottonwood Creek,
Best ville.
Sailor Diggings,
Cauouville,
Salem.
Scott River,
ALSO,
Scott Valley,
Salmon River,
Indian Creek.
Humbug Creek.
Hungry Creek,
Cherry Creek.
Hamburgh,
Crescent City,
Winchester,
Fort hind,
and
Oregon City.
We sell -at either of our offices
Night Urn Its
on ADAMS Jc Co., in the Atlantic State* and
in Europe. Alsu,
Cheeks
on Adams & Co.’s Offices, throughout the State.
Depsaile*
Received, special «r otherwise. The highest
{•rice paid for
(••14 I>n«t.
Treasures. Valuable I‘ackages. Letters. &c.,
forwarded by our regular messengers with the
utmost dispatch.
Cy Particular attention paid to Collections.
Orders for Goods, parcels or packages promptly
attended to, and forwarded, according to in
•tructions.
All business entrusted to our care will be
faithfully and promptly executed.
jy2 If CRAM, ROGERS & Co.
CITY BATE! lIOI’HK.
Rear of the Calijam ia Exchange,
HbasU.
3 THE UNDERSIGNED, PROPRIETOR
fh 0 f the above establishment begs leave
to cull the attention of the public at
large, to his new and commodious
HATUiXO ROOMS
situated in the rear of the California Ex-
Yf'‘ change—aud takes this method of in
duing them, that ik>tiling shall lie wanting ou
i part, that will conduce to the comfort ol
>se who may favor him with a call.
Hr is also prepared to give SHOWER
tTHS. ~
Single Tickets, - * * " ,l
Fifteen ’■-***
Thirty " * * 10
rar- Hot aud cold Baths at all hours.
t.«rP> tf S 1 KAV _
■ ARtOX A SXAVELY ,
CARPOSTERS ASD BUILDERS.
Istimates aud 'specificationsuiade on all kinds
luil.Ruga. Jobbing done at the shortest uo
. Also, Rockers- Toms and Sluices always
ttand aud made to order.
: B Seasoned lumber always ou hand
.ivtsqsTos Bastos. Cat ah B. Snavki.t.
mrl2tf Llty *
j, C. HI.YCKtEY,
Attwarr and «» tnw,
Shasta. California.
“ALL <V CUANDALI. J S U. S. MAIL
LINE F' ROM SHASTA TO
i)lar}»ville uud HacrauieaM City.
MESSRS. HALL Jk
Oialidall have the
pleasure lu announce, that the above liue
s'ages is tail and active operation, from
Shasta through Marysville to Sacraiueato.
This line is stocked with American horses,
that cannot be surjuinaed or equaled in I’aiilor
uia, and draw the most superb Concord Coaches
lu be found on any road in the Slate.
The propiiclors of Ibis Line pledge them
selves to the traveling community, that they
will put them through with mure expedition,
more ease, cheaper, and in better
any other liue uu this route. They have the
utmost confidence in otic-ring this pledge, from
the fact that the drivers employed on this line
are all experienced in their business, uud are
temperate and res|*onsibie men. Passengers
patronizing this line may rely ujtou every at
tion being shown them.
The stages, until further arrangements, will
leave Shasta every morning at (j o’clock, and
arrive at Marysville the following morning at 3
o'clock ; leave Marysville at 7 o’clock and
arrive at Sacramento City at 12 M., (the run
ning time 2o hours) in time to lake the steamers
fur San Francisco.
This being the Daily United States Mail Liue,
the stages stop at the following intermediate
places t
Lawson’s, Hamilton,
Lawson’s Eliza,
Oak drove, Plumas.
Didweli’s, Nicolaus,
Neal’s Ranch, Marysville.
Charley’s Ranch.
"Cif Uffice at Adams &. Co’s Banking House.
THOMAS J. FLYNN, Agent.
Shasta, May 7,1452. my7tf
Lower Springs,
Canon House,
Clear Creek,
Cottonwood,
Red Bluffs,
Tehama,
STAGE LIME FOB S.U BA.tIEATO.
BAXTER 4- CO. U. & MAIL LIXE OF
Stages from Shasta to Sacramento,
Via. Cal s a ■ as it Alarjrst'ilk.
the phoprie
tois of the above line 1
being desirous of accommodating the traveling
public, have determined to run through to Sac
ramento by Ibe way of Colusa and Marysville.
Their fine collection of American horsec, all
in flue condition, and elegant Concord Coaches,
are a sufficient guaranty that the traveler in
patronising ibis line will secure both a pleasant
and expeditious passage.
The stages will leave the St. Charles, Shasta,
at half-past -1 o’clock every morning, and arrive
at Sacramento, via. Colusa and Marysville, the
days following at 12 M.
Reading's Springs,
Milk Ranch,
Clear Creek.
DaingerfieLTs Ranch,
Amt, Iran Ranch,
Co: ton wood.
Prairie House,
Potter's Ferry,
Red Bluffs,
Tehama, .
Johnson's Ranch,
Monroeville,
Placer City,
Willets',
Colusa and
Marysville.
Passengers arriving by this line can be furn
ished with animals lor any part of the Northern
Min -s, by Mr. James Long, at the Shasta Stock
.Market. SAMUEL FRANCIS, Agent,
St. Charles Hotel.
Shasta. Antr. 13lh, 1803 aul3tl
nt
TOWER OOTBE.
At the jtine'ion of the Yreka and I VeacercUle
Roods, i 2 miles from Shasta.
THE UNDERSIGNED
would announce to the pub-
lie, and particularly to per
sons iravelling to and from Vreka and Weaver
ville. that he is uovv prepared to entertain them
at this long established stand, formerly known
as the “ Free Bridge House,” in a style not sur
passed by any hotel in Northern California. Hav
ing completed his now and commodious build
ing, and furnished it in the beit possible maimer.
be is enabled to promise the very best accom
moclations. The table, as heretofore, will al- I
ways be supplied v. ilh the best viands the mar
ket furnishes; while *Vom the huge garden at
tached to the premises, all the vegetables grown
in this part of the State will be furnished in the
greatest abundance
He lifts also a s-cure Corral connected with
bis establishment, always supplied with uu abun
dance of barley and bay.
marthtf ’ LEVI H. TOWER.
(7 ft SON HUTKIi, WEAVE KVILLE,
8
SCHNABEL X CO. TAKE PLEA
sure in announcing that the “ Union
Hotel” is again open for the accommoda
tion of the public.
We do not hesitate to promise every comfort
and convenience to be obtained at the best ho
teU in this portion of the State.
Our table and bur will always be supplied
with the best articles to be procured in the mar
ket.
We can also furnish comfortable private rooms
for families.
Weaverville, May 7, ISI3. mv7tf
Jo
IPTEK .11 Ol T .ft TAINT HOINIE.
THIS HOUSE, LONG KNOWN TO
travellers and packers as one of the
best houses on ibis route, is situated
about nalf-wav between Weavervijle and Shas
ta. An excellent table is always provided, and
the B ir has constantly on hand a supply of the
best Liquors and Cigars.
Goo 1 accommodations for mules and horses
can always be bad, and a constant supply of
Hay and Burb-v is always kept on baud.
j. McLaughlin,
jelltf Proririetor.
¥.50,000 KEtVAKD.
%
SUCH HAS MET OUR EYES
on many occasions lately, bat
our wish is to let our friends
and the public know that we arc now ready to
furnish specifications and plans on all kinds of
buildings. All kinds of job work done with
neatness and dispatch. Furniture of all kinds
such as Bedsteads. Cots, Lounges, Sofas, Chairs.
Dining, Breakfast, Stand and Centre Tallies, al
ways on hand. All kinds of' Sash made to or
der. Turning of all kinds dune, to order.
All ordersfur work in our liue will be prompt
ly attended to.
Shop at the bead of Main street. Shasta.
uiarl2 tf CURTISS & HL<Hf
ES.
DR- HEART BATES
Has again resumed the practice
of his profession in Shasta City.
Office at the City Drug Store. jvl6 if
SHASTA, CAL., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1553.
Front Ike Mituutotian.
The Merchant,
Tare mid tret, gross and uett,
Box aud hogshead, dry and wet,
Brandy made, of every grade,
Wholesale, retail, will you trade?
Goods for sale, roll or bale.
Ell or quarter, yard or nail;
Every dye. will yon buy f
None can sell us cheap us li
Thus each day wear* away,
And his head is turning gray !
O’er his books he looks.
Counts his gains aud bolts his locks.
By and by he will die—
But the ledger book on high
Shall unfold how he sold,
How he gut and used his gold !
Letter from Matlldy.
Bill Tows, Nov, 1, 1853.
Mu. Editvr: —1 aiut wilt to you fur tue
weeks, uiul llie reason is I've been kiuder sick;
but as I am better, 1 take my peu in hand to give
you the news oi Hull Town. Aud first of all, the
'Squire has left town. Futher heard the folx
say that he hud had so many law eases before
him, since he has been Justis, that he had to go
away to git recruited and rest his mind. Frum
what 1 heard tell, the people did drive him right
hard a spell—some days two or three cases.
Aud then the lawyer could'ut attend Court this
week as he had to git the horses shoed. Our
lawyer, Mr. Editor, takes care of Crawl &, Han
del’s horses, the great stage folx, and to amuse
himself when he aint busy iu the barn, doe* a
little law. I did’nt believe the 'Squire was gone,
so 1 went to the store one day last week to see
for myself, but he wa’ut there; but 1 did see a
man dressed jist like a lujen iu his dress, all
made of buckskin. I have heard tell of dig
gers since I’ve been here, and to-first I was a
kiuder sceart, but when he turned round 1 seed
he was while.
Hut 1 aint a tellin’ yu the news. Yu must
know that, last week, I seed three or four peo
ple in town 1 had’nt seen afore. So as I’m natu
rally curious, I asked Father to see if they were
ministers or gamblers, or lawyers, as they were
dressed all in black. I knowed to oncet they
wu nt any common settlers or emigrants. So
he goes dow n to the tavern aud alter staying
there a speli he heard all about it. They were
the jieople who owned the town. It ua’ut
owned by the tavern keepers as people suppos
ed, and now they are going to make a ooppy
ration town. 1 don’t know what that means,
but Father says he came all the way frum Tike
to squat here, and he means to stay, and if they
try to move him he'll have ’em afore the ’Squire.
But it does beet all how this town docs grow.
There is going to be two new Hatch —uot tav
erns; one is to be for Mr. Van Hinsen, and totb
er for Mr. Myers, and there is to be a ball room
and a ball Christmas night, ahd yon must be sure
and come. And then there is roulin alleys and
saloons in abundance; one is called El Dorado.
I heerd some folks say (other day that Shusly
would have to move down soon. I hope you
will bring the pr.iitin office down when yon
come.
1 didn’t tell yo- in toy last, that a parcel of
men look two niggers out one evening and
whipped them. It hurt my feel ins,; but Father
said it would have to be dim, as the town would
never grow or be much until a whippet] was
dm; and a man hung in it. Jam glad I ain’t a
man. I am alcard you wilt think this ain’t much
of a letter for a correspondent, but I’ve been so
sick 1 aint been round. I’m going to see the
folx this week, and so I’ll hear all the new:,, and
niy next shall be longer. Matildv,
I’. S. Won’t you tel! me, private, vvbai a cop
pyralion town is ? I never heerd of any sich in
Tike. The steamboats aiut come yet; they told
Father the coppy-ration was a going to send ’em
t ight «P- M.
Bi.oodt Affray at Hingooi.d.— lVelearn by s
gentleman front bittggold the particulars of one
of the most desperate rencounters that it has
become our duty to record for some time. It
appears that there has been a long standing dif
ficulty between Mr. and Mrs. Chapman and a
gentleman by the name of Donahue, all resi-
Uenls of Hiilggold.
On Monday morning last. Mrs. Chapman, hav
ing heard that Mr. Donahue had been slandering
her. armed herself with a pistol, and proceeded
to his premises, now occupied by another per
son as a store. * Mr. D.. on seeing her approach
the store, retreateal inside and closed the door.
Immediately the lady’s husband arrived, and
pushing open the door, said to his wife—“ Now,
old woman, give it to him.” Mrs. C. immedi
ately fired, the ball striking a salt sack near Mr.
Donahue. A bystander handed Mr. D. a pistol,
which he fired at Mrs. C.. the ball taking effect
near the knee. About ibis time Mr. Chapman
attempted to use a knife on Mr. Donahue, when
he (D.) fired the second time, the ball entering
the corner of Mr. Chapman's right eye. At the
same lime a person by the name of Stanly,
(whom Mrs. C. had previously threatened to
shoot,) stepped up behind her and fired, the ball
taking effect in the back of the neck, indicting a
dangerous wound.
The wounded were promptly attended to by
l)r. W. M. Wilson, who extracted the ball from
the neck of Mrs. Chajmiao. The wound of Mr.
Chapman is very dangerous, the hall still re
maining in the cranium,
Mr. Donahue immediately gave himself up to
the proper officer, anil was promptly acquitted
by Justice Rossiugton.
At last account* Mr. and Mrs Chapman were
doing as well as could be expected, and fao|>es
were entertained of their final recovery, althu'
they are both dangerously wounded.-
•El Dora
do Miner t Advocate.
£7° Mela lie Ibo ii was denounced by some one
for changing views on a certain subject. He re
plied : “Do you think I have been studying as
siduously for thirty years without learning any
thing t
[y fieu. Lane, delegate to Congress from
Oregon Territory, arrived in Sau Francisco on
the 23d- lie is on Lis way to Washington.
California—Birr I>cre«*ities and Resour
ces.
Every great commercial has from
time lo time uccatiuu to complai'* of liafj times
—and ours is not an exception. We .'♦re tlie vic
tims of overtrading. Three hundred ihr'Usand
peopleCHiiuut be forced to eat the food sufficiefit
tor a million; neither can one man, though be
is a Californian, wear four pair of boots at » time,
or destroy more than a limited amount of manu
factured products. As our friends at the East,
however, seem to regard oor capacity to destroy
as about equivalent 1,1 that of ten natives of any
other country, they have snpolied us on the
most magnificent scale, and, in consequence,
everybody is lull, and still our warehouses groan
under their stores of goods. Whether tiles are
sold or not, the freight money, averaging about
one million dollars per mouth, has to Ire with
drawn from our business here, and transmitted
to the East. This state of things must continue
just as long ns we continue dependent u|um less
favored countries for all we consume. The
remedy is to increase onr productions. We send
annually out ol the Stale upwards of four mill
ion dollars to pay for flour. California cun pro
duce every pound we need, fresh nod pure, and
thereby retain these four millions among our
farmers and millers, to be ex|>ended in improv
ing the country and further increasing the pro
duction. Another instance of our short sighted
uess is, the lack of paper mills cm this coast.
There are nearly fifty newspapers in this State,
Oregon and the Sandwich Islands, besides a
multitude of job offices, consuming a large
amount of paper, and yet there is not a mill in
the country to supply them. The manufacturer
would have the benefit of a heavy protective
tariff, in the shape of freight, insurance, cow
mission, etc., upon the imported article, anil an
ample market for all lie could produce; and yet
we are left dependent upon the East. The fact
is, there are too many traders in proportion to
pur population. Our pursuits are not sufficiently
varied. Because some Lave met with great suc
cess in trading, new comers think all must do
as well, and immediately commence a competi
tion, which so divides the profits that but few
can pull through unscathed. There are hun
dreds of enterprises in this State as yet un
touched, which offer far belter chances for suc
cess than merchandising. We want more pro
ducers; and a man of energy and intelligence
will be almost sure of remuneration here, no
matter what be undertakes to produce. By
producers we mean as well those who make any
of our natural products available to exclude the
foreign article, as those who manufacture from
the raw material. Our ice companies are an il
lustration of this. Enterprising men, who have
had the intelligence to look beyond the nnvary
ing routine of business pursuits usual here, have
realized handsomely by supplying the mining
towns with this indispensable article, from the
mountains, or by importing it from the cold re
gions just north of us. There is another enter
prise which is destined before long to save the
State millions of dollars per annum. We refer
to the discovery and opening of coil mines in
our vicinity. There are now twenty ocean
steamers, and some lorty river boats in Califor
nia and Oregon, consuming an immense amount
of coal annually, all of which lias to be imjMirted
a distance of sixteen or eighteen thousand miles
at great expense. A large amount of money is
drawn out of the State to pay for this, to the im
poverishment of our Stale and the profit of for
eigners. A good coal mine here would be worth
a score of gold mines. Recent discoveries have
shown that there is coal of a good quality upon
our coast, and it only requires capital and enter
prise to make it available. The existence of a
large hetl of coal within twenty’ miles of Puget
Sound has been known for nearly two years.
Another deposite has been found on Columbia
river, and very recently a«> immense bed of ex
cellent quality lias been discovered at a point on
Coose Btiy, accessible to vessels of suitable ca
pacity. Still oilier mines of a superior quality
have been discovered in the foot hills of the Si
erra, in Butte county, about fifty miles from Ms
rvsville. The time must come when these
mines will be made to yield their hidden treas
ures, and thus give employment to thousands of
our own citizens, and stop the drain of millions
of dollars into the pockets of foreigners. — S. F.
Herald.
Thomas Jkppkksun on Kili-ibistkri.no. —In
his sixth annual message to Congress, Mr. Jef
ferson made the following comments upon Filli
bustering; which, in those days, was dignified
by the name of hostile invasion of a friendly
power;
•• In a country whore constitution is derived
from the will of the people, directly expressed
by their free suffrages; where the priucijml ex
ecutive functionaries,and those of the legislature
are renewed by them at short periods ; where,
under the character of jurors, they exercise in
person the greater portion of the judiciary
pow’ers ; where the laws are so formed and ad
ministered as to bear with equal weight and fa
vor upon all, restraining no man in the pursuit
of honest industry, and securing to every one
the property which that acquires, it would not
be supposed that any safeguards coivld be
needed against insurrection or enterprise on the
public pe.ace or authority. The laws, however,
aware that these should not be trusted to moral
restraints only, have wisely provided punish
ments for such crimes when committed. But
would it not be salutary lo give also the means
of preventing their commission. Where an en
terprise is meditated by private individuals
against a foreign nation in amity with the Uni
ted States, powers of prevention are given, to a
certain extent, by the laws; would they not be
as reasonable and useful where the enterprise
is preparing against the United States? While
adverting to this branch of the law, it is proper
to observe, that in enterprises meditated against
foreign nations, ’he ordinary process of binding
to the observance of the peace and good be
haviour, could it be extended to acts done out
of the jurisdiction of the United Slates, would
be effectual in some cases where the offender is
able to keep out of sight every indication of his
purpose which could draw on him the exercises
of the powers now given by law.”
BP Bean H ickmau is at Washington. He is
an old foppish looking man, much attenuated,
and uot all Uie gay l>ea« we used to read of. He,
however, continue* to dress in the extreme of
fashion, and wears a merry aspect. One of his
dear little failings is to tap every “returned Cal
ifornian ” for $lO, and the request is made so ex
quisitely that few of the El Doradons refuse the
demand.
SPThe Patent Office has refused an exten
sion to Coil’s patent fire-arms, on the ground
that he has already made $1,000,000 from its
sale The patent has yet four years to rnu.
Nocturnal Conversation. —Wife, (complain
ingly) 1 havn't more than a third of the bed !
Husband, (triumphantly.) Well, that’s ail the
law allows you.
NUMBER 35.
Pre-Emption »•. School I. nail Warraal*,
The citizens ol Humboldt county hnve pro*
tested against the law authorizing the location
of School Land Warrants, by the adoption of
the following resolutions:
Resolved, That we view the law passed by
fjie Legislature of California, respecting the
sale and location of School Warrants, unjust and
contrary to all laws passed by Congress, as it
oives the speculator the right of purchasing and
holding any quantity of lain!, while the actual
settler can pre-empt one quarter section only,
and is compelled to occupy the same.
Resolved, That we will aid and protect all
pre-emptors in maintaining possesiiou of any
public lauds belonging to toe United Stales, al
though they may have been previously covered
by School Warrants, unless the owner of such
School Warrants holds but one quarter section,
and occupies the same.
Rescind, That the Vigilance Committee be in
structed to stop all further location of Scool
Warrants in Union Township, and that anr fel
low-citizens ol Huiiibohlt comity and the Stain
generally, be requested to act in concert with us
in putting an end to the locution of School War
rants.
Resolved. That the Secretary of the meeting
should prepare copies, of these resolutions, mid
send them to every settlement on this Bay, and
also to.the leading papers of San Francisco, to
arouse the indignation of every farmer, settler,
and well-wisher to California against the en
croachment of land monopoly, which will re
tard the settlement of its arable lands.
Resolved, That a petition should be circulsted
in the county for signatures, praying Congress
not to sanction the law passed by the Legisla
ture of California creating School Warianis, and
laying them indiscriminately on the Public
Lunds throughout California.
Upon these resolutions the Times and Trans
cript makes the following remarks:
The question involved is strictly a legal one.
The act of Congress of 18-11, under which the
State ol California became entitled to 500.000
acres of land, and has proceeded to convert the
same into school land warrants, authorized the
location only on the surveyed public domain.—
They cannot legally be located until the public
lands are sectionised, the surveys returned to
the Surveyor General, and approved by the
General Laud Office at Washington. Then the
holder of a school laud warrant is entitled to go
into the Land Office, and select and locale ac
cording to the U. S. surveys, provided the laud
is vacant. The consequenc e is, that all survey*
and locations under State authority, previou* to
that time, are simply void and of no effect.
Under the promotion laws of 1841 and of
1853. especially the latter with reference to Cal
ifornia, the pre-ouiptur has a right to settle on
the unsurveyed public domain of the United
States. The result is, the pre-emptor settles ac
cording to law, and by right; has a legal entry
and possession, and will hold over the school
warrant, whether it was located before or after
his settlement, if the land was vacant, or not
covered by any valid Spanisb or Mexican grant.
As tbe lawyers would say, the pre-emplor is
in by right, and the school warrant in wrong
fully. The laud officers of the U. S. Govern
ment will never permit a few speculators to mo
nopolize all the best sections ol the public do
main in California, to the exclusion of actual set
tlers. It is also a violation of the spirit of the
laws of the United States Congress in another
respect. After the public lands are surveyed,
before they are liable to private entry at the
minimum price, it is necessary that they be of.
ferecl at public auction in the laud office, where
the highest bidder is entitled to purchase, with
regard to all land not covered bv valid pre-emp
tions, or which may not have lieen previously
selected for school purposes, or purposes of in
terual improvement. But these latter selections
must be made after the return of the public sur
vey, and according to the acts of the United
States Congress.
The Jewish I’zopl .—The Jews expect a
Messiah to appear, who will reign with the
greatest wordly pomp and grandeur—subduing
all nations before him, and subjugating them to
the house of Judea. Some talk ot two Messiahs
—one in a humble condition, and the other *
victorious and powerful prince. A great many
of the Jews, taking the prophecy of Hosea liter
ally, believe that their nation will yet return to
the laud of their fathers. Uniform views upon
this subject, however, are not entertained by
them. Many expected the Messiah in 1840, and
according to the calculations of others, he may
be looked for in 1866 or 2016.
Origin*!. Sis.— ln one of John Adams' letters
to his wife, is the following remark ou original
sin :
“ Why.” says the Doctor, “ I satisfy myself
about it in this manner. Either original sin is
divisible or it is indivisible. If is divisible,
every descendent of Adam and Eve must hav«
a part, and the share which falls to each indi
vidual at this day is so small a particle that I
think it is not worth considering. If indivisible,
then the whole quantity must have descended
in a right line, and must now be possessed by
one person only; and the chances are millions
to millions to one, that that person is now ia
Asia or Africa, and that 1 have nothing to do with
it.”
The Marysville Herald says that a figure, hav.
ing the similitude of a man, wearing u cloak in
lieu of a -brood tor an outside garment, has been
seen several limes in the vicinity of Industry
Bar, Yuba river, by a number of creditable wit
nesses.
It has been questioned by many, shot at by
fifteen individuals at once, and still persist* in
its visits, and says nothing but “death to the
murderer!” Great excitement prevails at the
Bar concerning it, and some of our citizens pur
pose going up to satisfy themselves in regard to
the matter. Ghost or no, it is rather a singular
apparition. One person saw it and dicharged
his pistol, confidently expecting to see it drop,
but finding it produced no effect, be became ter
rifled and fled, but the Ghost, Devil, or whaler
er it may be kept close beside him, seeming to
glide rather than rtm.
ty Juheu’s great orchestra in New York ia
composed of one hundred performers, consisting
of sixteen first violins, thirteen second do., nine
violas, ten violincellos. twelve bassos, two flutes,
one piccoli, one flageolet, two oboes, two clari.
onetts, two bassoons, four borns, three comets,
three trumpets, four trombones, two orphye.
leids, with any amount of outside skirmishers in
the shape of tympaui drums, triangles, gongs,
drams, fifes, etc. When in fall blast, the sound*
is like the rushing of a great tornado.
The Beak t lag.— The original Bear flkg of
California was painted with the juice of the
poke-weed, or common garget berry, on a piece
ol plain cotton cloth. The artist was Judge
Idc, late of Coluii county, and now deceased.

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