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The Shasta courier. [volume] (Shasta, Calif.) 1852-1872, November 12, 1853, Image 1

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THE SHASTA COURIER.
VOLUME II-
■*- .
SHASTA COURIER
|« pi'tl.linKO KVIIUT SATIKUAT Ml) UK I*o, '
■ v *
StM. H. DOiH, ARCHIBALD SKILLMAg.
Edit or I and Proprietor *.
Publication < >ffice in Courier Building, on High
Street, where all ardent fur Advertising and Job
Work ihwuld be left.
TKB.lltt~larnriablT in Alvaace:
for One Year 910,00
“ Si* M s ( (>!>
Torntti of Adrerliaiag:
F«r One Square of 10 lines or lesit, one insertion,
fear Dollar* ; lor each aubrciuent insertion, Two
LtwlUr*.
A libera! discount made to U&atidy and Yearly
Advertiser*.
J*b Frinling
Of every description promptly execate-d i«i a su
perior manner.
MtDKN A I.CNK’K NUiUI'A
KIPKKW*.
1. EAV ES THE
otiice ol Uc-lU far- > rZk
go Jit. Co., (SuCinuk'Bto. daily, for
JUktula, Yrrk', and all towns ami points tlirutigh
s itl Northern California, con net ting at eli
te with Wells, fuai Ji: 0«’« ttailr Express In
Kan Francisco. atnl by regular AJoil SteMDCf on
the Ist, 9th, Kith and Jilli of each mouth to the
Atlantic .Slate* and Europe.
Treasure, letter* and other packages conveyed
In and from the point* above designated, with
the utmost dispatch,
Rolij |)n*t lorwarded to the C. S. Mints at
rhiladelphiu and New Orleans, under policies
from the most responsible Insurance Companies
in th<u Eastern Cities.
Drafts drawn by John M. Rhodes, of the
Atarrnmento City Bank, on New \ork. New
Orleans, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh ; Stale Bank
sit Ohio.
B. Davidson’s draft* for caie on Messrs. N.
JM. Rothschild & f£»»ns, London; Messrs. De
Rothschild A Bros., I’aris; M-ews. M. A. Roths
child A Sous, Frankfurt ; Messrs. L. Behrens A
lion*. Agents, Hamburg: Messrs. Until. Grun
ing Sl Co., Lima and Valparaiso; A Belmont,
Ell)., New list.
Collections made and *5l business appertain
ing to an Eipress Company executed promptly
cud with espeejid regard t« safely.
JAMES M. RHODES,
111 RAM IX.SK,
WELLS, FARCO A CO.
OrrtcFs.—£La*U. in i’ost Utilee Building;
Sacramento. J *lieet. between Front and Sec
ond streets; S.ui Francisco, IN .Montgomery
street; WsusKfiille, Messrs. Cburcli A Mix s
l»v«W«*gs Trek a. fire-proof building opposite
Vrrka Hotel. sep 10t(
« ANIinRTO.\ JUKKKT.
SUBSCRIBERS, SINCE
F'V die late lire, have refilled die
above market,at die old stand
•<*n Main street, where they mav lie found at all
limes ready to wail upon their friends and die
public genesnlly. Their
MEAT MARKET
is ill be supplied with all the variety the coun
try slfiiids. They are receii i/ig daily supplies
of srg.-tnbU • f.ri«;i die Lumcou Ranch. Alsu, a
general variety of
TAM Jr. V PRO VISIOS’S.
A liberal share of public patio: is respect
}’i!ii solicited.
M V I ROY.
,tn'v in :<> :t<T
M.
• *ii . . : ■ ■> 'i ■( Ui .- ill. ol -v i - ,0,
t. : ,-i ;•' 1 1 . ; v.dtie do Ist i.l ,S
! I to lie. to .1. A. BltiWiiell tin
i.tie received. first ol M t\ . 1 >
>ibblo. ami signed Olelidorl A Rato
" .lAS. A. Ri.( IT NI) 1,1
a- co.
Main Sired, Shelf‘ft Pity.
ViniOLKSAI.E AND RETAIL DEALERS
▼ T in i’rovisioiis, Groceries, Clothing, Ac.
\ large varisty of Hardware. Carpenters.
Itiacksmitii, Miners and Farming Tools, Cross
;'u! and I’iil Saws. Nails. Cfrind Slones, Crock
•rv. Colton and Linen Duck. Colton Sheetings.
Jitlico mid variety gi«>ds. Also, a full nssorl
nent of fresh garden setils from Long Island.
Seed Corn and I’eas, Clover Seed. Ac. Ac
inar IJ If
»/i it *•:
a-s *» r.
I.ARCH supply "I Lime of excellent qual
ity. ulwavs uii b.ilid. bv
o? tf ' J. S.'MORSE. Shista.
s. c. houv. 3k Mrs n. t.kwis. KPusit cuir.es.
B. HORN & CO.,
[M PORTERS OF HAVANA SECARS. Brick
Building. -’<B Saus.une Street, between L'nli
ornia and Pine Streets. Sun train. iscoX.'al,. keep
onstandy <ui liami a full supply o I Segars and
'obari-i. togetlier w idi Matetn s, Siiuti, Ac.. Ac.
*pU3 tf
" fITV BATH UOisK,
R cur vj the Cu I if or uin Exchu u ge,
Shanta.
THE UNDERSIGNED, PROPRIETOR
of the above estabijjdiannt begs leave
to call the attention of the public at
large. to his uew and commodious
BATH ISO ROOMS
situated in the rear of the California Ex
-liy change—-and takes tlii* method of in-
the*, that nothing siiali be wanting on
p«0. that will conducsi |o tjje comfort ol
5e "isalso" prepared "to*giv^SUOWEU
Hot and cold Baths at all hours.
narPltf
4
S. LEAN.
II 4 *SAA % •% Is % ,
CARPS STS US ASD BUILDERS.
Estimates aud specifications made on all kinds
buildings. Jobbing done at the shortest no
e. Also. Rockers. Toms ai yl Almces always
hand and made to order. .
N. B Seasoned lumber always ou baud
l! U| “’ M
T. c. nirv^Kf-RV,
Ansrarr ""«* Counsellor nt b»»i
Shasta, iJah/i'iuia.
HALL At U. 8. WAIL
LINE FROM SHASTA TO
Harforiilc aid Mocraiui'uto Calf.
MESSRS. HALL &
Crandall have the
pleasure to announce, that the above Hue of
stages ja again in lull an 1 active operation, from
Shasta through Marysville to Sacramento.
This Hue is stocked with American horses,
that cannot he surpassed or equaled in (-ulifor
uia, and draw the must superb Concord Coaches
to be found on any road in the State.
The juoprietors of this Line pledge them
selves to the traveling community, that they
will put them through with more ex] sedition,
more ease, cheaper, and in better style, than
any oilier Hise on this route. They have the
utmost continence in offering this pledge, front
the fact that the drivers employed on this line
are all experienced in their business, and are
temperate and responsible men. Passengers
patronizing this line may rely upon every at
tion being shown them.
The stages, until further arrangements, Will
leave Shasta every morning at 6 o’clock, and
arrive at Marysville the following morning at 3
o’clock ; leave Marysville at 7 o’clock and
arrive at Sacramento City at 12 M., (the mo
oing time 2j hours) iu lime to take the steamers
lor San Francisco.
This being the Daily United Slates Mail Line,
the stages stop at the following intermediate
places:
Lawson’s, Hamilton,
Lawson’s Eliza,
Oak Orove, Plumas.
Bid well's, Nicolaus,
Ncai’s Rauch, Marysville.
Charley’s Ranch,
LF Utlico at Adams & Co’s Banking House.
THOMAS J. FLYNN, Agent.
Shasta, May 7,18.12. iuy7tf
Lower Springs,
Canon House,
Clear Creek,
Cotton wood.
Red Binds,
Tehama,
STAGE LINE FOB NACRAtIKNTD,
BAXTER A CO. £’. S'. MAIL LIKE OF
Singe* from Shasta to Sacramento,
Via. I'aluan auil 111 aryav i I le .
THE I‘ROPRIR
tors of the above Hm ** r ''*‘' • v * l
being desirous of accommodating the traveling
public, have determined to nun through to Sac
ramento by the way of Colusa and Marysville.
Their line collection of American horses, all
in fine condition, and elegant Concord Coaches,
are a sufficient guaranty that the traveler in
patronising this line will secure both a pleasant
and expeditious passage.
The stages will leave the St. Charles, Shasta,
tit half-past -1 o’clock every morning, and arrive
at Sacramento, via. Colusa and Marysville, the
days following at It* M.
Reading's Springs,
Milk Rauch,
Clear ( ’reek.
Uainpi rjir/il's Ranch,
American Ranch,
Catlontrooil,
Prairie House,
Poller * Ferry,
Rril Blujft,
Trhamu,
Johnson's Ranch,
Monroeville,
Plae.fr City,
IS Weis',
Colusa and
Marysri/le.
Passengers arriving by this line can be furn
ishes! with animals for any part of the Northern
Mines,bv Mr. .Limes t.uag, at the Shasta Stock
Market. SAMUEL FRANCIS, Agent.
St. Charles Hotel.
Shasta. Aug. 13fh, 18")3 aul3tl
TOWER HOUSE.
At the June'ion of the i reha and Ik cavertnlle
Roads, 12 miles from Shasta.
THE UNDERSIGNED
would announce to the pub
lie. anil particularly to per
:ravelling to and from Y’reka and Weaver
:!e, dial he is now prepared to entertain them
this long established stand, formerly known
■ die “ Free Bridge House,” in a style not sur
-ised by any hotel in Northern California. Hav
isf comjih ted hk new and conimiulious build
i". and funiislted it in the best possible manner,
• is enabled to promise the very best acconi
icdiiions. The table, as heretofore, will al
mvs be supplied with the best viands the mar
el furnishes ; while from the large garden ni
ched to the premises, all the vegetables grown
i ibis part of the State will be furnished iu the
realest abundance
He has also a * -'cure Corral connected with
is establishment, always supplied with an uhuu
aicr ot barley and hay.
ni;ir ofitf LEVI H. TOWER.
UNION iIDI'KL, WE AVE KVILLE.
;i; sjg
r fTi.l
■141« I
f3*»
SCHNABEL & CO. TAKE PLEA
sure in announcing that the ‘‘Union
.Hotel” is again open tor the acconiinoda
>ii of the public.
We do not hesitate to promise every comfort
id convenience to be obtained at the best ho
Is in this portion of the Stale.
Our table and liar will always be supplied
ith the best articles to be procured iu the mar
*t.
We can also furnish comfortable private rooms
r families.
Weavervitlc, May 7,1853. myTtf
I'FFEII .tIOUNT.VSN HOISE.
THIS HOUSE. LONG KNOWN TO
travellers and packers as one of the
ln st iw>uses on this route, is situated
mt tialt-wav between \N euverville and Shas-
An excellent table is always pnn ided, and
Bar lias constantly on hand a supply ot the
it Liquors and Cigars.
food accommodations for mules and horses
i always be had. and a constant supply ot
y and Bariev is always kept on hand,
j. McLaughlin,
Hltf Proprietor.
i ■ n - i ————»
$50,000 KEWAKU.
SUCH HAS MET OUR EVES(
on many occasions lately, but
our wish is to let our friends .
the public know that we are now ready to
isii specith atbur* »«*I plan* on all kinds of
lings. AH kinds of job work done with
ness mid dispatch. Furniture of nil kinds
as Bedsteads. Cols. Lounges, Sofas, Chairs.
u<*. Breakfast. Stand ami Centre Tables, al
sou hand. All kinds of Sash made to or-
Tunrnr of all kinds done to order-
I order* tor work iu oar Hue will be prompt
tended to.
lopnt the head of Main street. Shasta.
irl o tl CURTISS & HUGHES.
I»B, HK.VRV BATES
AS AGAIN RESUMED THE PRACTICE
of his profession in Shasta City.
re at the City Ding M IC
1%
SHASTA, CAL., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1853.
A Itlniden’s Philosophy
A youth came a wooing a maiden so fair.
As gentle ami true as a dove : ,
To his words of ailecliou slic’d always reply
lu tremulous accents of love.
When the hour drew near for this swain to de
part.
He kissed her and bade her good night,
She kissed in return and thought it no harm;
But ma said she’d not acted right.
“ Tell me why, then, dear ma, have you said
This doctrine is holy and true:
To do unto all men, in every respect.
As you would they should do uulo you. ’
“But if of my favors "too lavish I’vejbeen,’'
She said in half petulant sorrow,
“ I’m sore that my love will with pleasure return
My kiss back again on the morrow.’
" You know that my Bible, with profit I’ve read,
And its doctrines I firm!}- believe,
And there it is written in characters plain,
“ ’Tis more blessod to give than receive.’ ”
But ma could uot answer, and pa was struck
dumb,
While Lucy looked roguishly bright;
She kissed them both tenderly while they sat
mute.
And cheerfully bade them good night.
Both papa and mamma were worshippers true,
And from going to church ne’er abstained;
But certainly never before had they heard
The Scriptures so sweetly explained.
The HuUnuauu Correspondence.
The following rcsnmt of Secretary Marcy’s
letter to the Chevalier Hulsemann, in relation to
the Koszla affair, is from the New York corres
pondence of the Alta California:
The Chevalier Hulsemaua has run against a
snag, and is “ used up.” Austria is unfortunate
in her encounters with our statesmen, and the
•• Austriches,” as good dame Partington calls
them, have got a “ cud to chew,” which will
prove quite as difficult of digestion as sword
blades, grape-shot, or rusty nails. The admin
istration is out with its reply to the Austrian de
mand for “ satisfactory apology and disavowal,”
and “ severe rebuke” of our agents in the Koszla
affair. The topic of the day is Secretary Marcy’s
letter to the Chevalier, and the sense of the
country at large : Whigs, Democrats, and neu
trals. with regard to the document, may be char
acterized by one huge note of admiration !
Henceforth be Marcy’s political peccadilloes
forgotten. Even the “breeches patch” is for
evercovered and blotted out by the whole cloth
of this paper, and it will go far towards supply
ing him with an entire new pair, wherewithal
some day to take Ills seat as a Democratic Pre
sident of this Republic.
Although his weapon has not the trenchant
keenness of the Massachusetts Warrior, “ Black
Dan’s” feather-edged cimetar, AJarcy neverthe
less deals bis blows “from the shoulder,” and
Hiilsemnnn is again annihilated. He has “ taken
nothing by his motion” of waiting Webster’s
decease Before be returned to this country. The
Secretary’s letter is an able paper, cogent, logi
cal, and clear. lie opens with a succinct,
straightforward recapitulation of all the circum
stances of the Koszta affair ; and then, taking up
Austria’s demand, reviews step by step the
whole matter, unqualifiedly sustaining the action
of Capt. Ingraham and our diplomatic agents
He shows that the affair is to be judged entirely
by the principles of the Law ol Nations, and not
by municipal or local codes: that Koszta’s alle
giance to Austria was dissolved by the Empe
ror’s own act, in having, by the presence of an
agent at the departure of the refugees from Tur
key, practically sanctioned a sentence of banish
ment, accepting the same as n substitute for Koszta’s
surrender, which had previously been demanded;
and in having, under the charge of rebellion,
escheated his property, and forfeited him of his
civil rights. Austria could, therefore, under no
circumstances, claim him as her subject. That
Koszta had, by a residence here of nearly two
years, and by bis solemn declaration of intended
citizenship, “acquired a domicil,” and been
“clothed with the nationality” of the United
States, and that, therefore, both by right and
usage, although ho was not yet endowed with
all the rights of a citizen of the United States, it
was optional with them to extend to him their
protection while abroad on temporary business,
as was the case on bis visit to Turkey. That
such protection had been properly extended by
our Minister at Constantinople, and our Consul
at Smyrna, under sanction of the Turkish laws.
That Capt. Ingraham's “ war-making” course
must be judged w i lt the animus which governed,
and the circumstances which induced it ; that, so
Judged, it was not au act of hostility per se, nor
it declaration of war de facto . hut a simple act ol
humanity iu defence of one entitled to the safe
guard of his flag, and standing, through the vio
lence of others. in pressing need of prompt and
peremptory aid. That, therefore, by the Law
of Nations, Capt. Ingraham’s course was justifi
able, and is hilly justified and endorsed by bis
Government.
Austria’s arraignment of the United States for
“ violating the sovereignity of the Ottoman ter
ritory” is summarily dealt with. She is cooly
told, that even admitting the charge, we admit
no such right of arraignment on her part. But
the charge is not admitted. That Turkey is the
judge on this point; when she complains, we
will afford her every satisfaction and ajiology.
But she does not complain. On the contrary,
the Sultan acquits us, and arraigns Austria her
self as guilty of the very violation which she
presumes to throw iu our teeth. In reply to
ilulsemanu’s averment, that Austria had the
ri"ht to enforce the jurisdiction she attempted,
by “tieily stipulation” with Turkey, Alarcy
savs, “ Why not name the treaty granting such
powers ?” and then shows that the question has
before arisen, and that no such treaty exists. In
conclusion he states, that "the President does
not see sufficient cause for disavowing the acts
of the American agents, which has been com
plained of by Austria. Her claim for satisfac
tion on that account has been carefully examined
and is respectfully declined.” “ The President
also declines to give bis consent to his (Kotza’s)
delivery to the Consul General of Austria at
Smyrna, and communicates bis “ confident ex
pectation that the Emperor of Austria will take
tlu; proper measures to cause Martin Koszta to
be restored to the same condition he was iu be
fore he was seized iu the streets of Smyrna on
the 21sXof June last. The document is care
fully worded, so »s to avoid all cause of offence
by its manner. Its matter is alone sufficient to
humble the pride of the “House nl Hapsburg.”
It remains to he seen how Marcy’s document
will be received by Austria, Will she follow
Nicholas’ advice, to settle with us as quietly as
possible, and avoid all reason for our interfe
rence iu European affairs ? Will she endeavor
to Napoleou to order ilia Consul
General to surrender Kotza to thw Austrian Con
sul? Or will she refuse, point-blank, to verify
the “confident expectation ” of the President,
and seek still further to possess herself of Kosz- 1
la by force 1 In such an event, the ‘ Koszta af
fair’ may cost a trifle more thon she anticipates.
The United States are committed. Uncle Sam’s
“ back is up,” and his “word” is uttered. If,
that fail, his “ blow ” must follow, or he loses
cast.
The Vienna correspondent of the London
Timet, under date Sept. 11th, writes:—"lt is
fully expected that the Washington Cabinet will
consent to Martin Koszta’s being delivered up
to the Austrian authorities at Smyrna, that it is
not advisable even to hint that such may not be
the case.” 1 trust the Austrian Government are
busily employed in wishing that they may gel
him.
Ex-Gov Exxon Lane ok New Mexico.—Hut
few persons knew at the time of the appoint
ment of Governor Lane, by President Fillmore,
to the gubernatorial chair of New Mexico, who
the gentleman was: and, at the present time,
when he has so faithfully discharged his duties,
especially in the Mesilla Valley affair, little is
known concerning him previous to his accept
ance of a public position.
Ex-Governor Lane has been for 30 or -10 years
a practising physician in the city of St. Louis,
where he has always enjoyed the confidence
of the community aud a large practise in his
profession. He was the first Mayor of that city,
and did mach to further its inteiests. Under
his administration the first street was macadam
ized, and, on account of this act, he, in common
with his assistants, brought upon himself the ha
tred of the old French inhabitants, who were
the first settlers ol St. Louis while it was yet an
Indian trading post. They objected to the lay
ing of stones in the street on account of the
wear and tear that would ensue to their wood
en wagon wheels, iron ties not being known
amongst them in those days.
In person, Wm. Carr Lane, M. D., is tall and
robust, resembling very much the full length
portraits of Gen. Washington. His hair is sil
very white. He is a man of line colloquial
powers, aud has read and observed a great deal
in the course of his long life—a practical man
possessing sound judgment and firm decision of
character.
He is at this time the American candidate for
Delegate to Congress from New Mexico, in op
position to Padre Gallegos, a suspended priest,
whose only recommendaiions are bis fine figure
aud graceful dancing. The probability seems
to be, that Wm. C. Line will be beaten by the
Padre, on account of the animosity existing
among the Mexican population to anything
American. It is to be hoped that Ex. Gov.
Lane, who so well understands the wants ot
New Mexico, and who is so well qualified to
discharge the duties of a Representative, is not
to be laid on the shelf for so pitiful a being us
the greaser Ex priest Father Gallegru. who, al
though elected to the Territorial House of Rep
resentatives last year, neglected alibis duties in
not attending its sessions.
Custom House Revenue. —The duties collec
ted for the last fiscal vear were $58,931,865 52,
against $47,339,326 62 for 1851-2 ; and $19,017,-
567 92 for the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1851.
Two-dmds of this large sum is collected at New
York; Boston being the second port in regard
to foreign trade ; Philadelphia the third; New
Orleans the fourth, and San Francisco the fifth.
At these five ports the duties collected during
the past year were aboui fifty-four millions of
dollars.
Table of Custom House Revenue rolleclcil at the
leading ports of the U. S., for the feiscal year
ending 30th June, 1853.
New York, - - $38,289,341 58
Boston, ... 7,203,048 52
Philadelphia, - - 4,537,016 16
Baltimore, - 836,437 99
New Orleans, - - 2,628.421 32
San Francisco, - - 1,695,140 66
Charleston, ... 432,299 19
Portland, - - • 350,349 22
Savannah, ... - 125,755 86
St. Louis, ... 294,790 78
Cincinnati, ... 251,649 90
New Haven, • 125,173 40
Mobile, .... 102,981 47
Louisville, ... 48,307 67
Oswego, .... 128,667 27
Richmond, - - - 73,992 98
Norfolk, ... 31,255 61
All other Districts, - 1,678,206 04
Amount of Customs received
during the fiscal year, $58,931,865 52
Affairs is Accapui.co.—Among the passen
gers who came down on the Steamer Panama.
was Dr. Billing, ad interim Consul of the United
States at Accapulco.
From Dr. Billings we learn that the difficulty
between Capt Givens of the schooner B. A. Al
len. the particulars of whose arrest and impris
onment at Accapulco has been partially settled
by the release of Captain G., and the delivery
to him of bis vessel, with a thousand supplica
tions for pardon on the part of the officials.
This was not brought about, however, from any
conviction of error or maltreatment upon then
part. but because the new Minister of the Uni
ted States at Mexico, Col. Gadsen, as soon as
the matter was repor'ed to bin. gave notice at
once to the Supreme Government that he would
stand no humbuggery whatever in the matter;
that Capt, Givens snd bis vessel must be instant
ly released, and reparation made to him by
Mexico for damages of imprisonment and de
tention of vessel. The order for the release of
both the captain and vessel came to Accapulco
by Government express from the city of Mexico.
Panama Star.
CoMMonoRE Vanderbilt and the Pope.—
Commodore Vanderbilt, by a somewhat singu
lar coincidence, arrived in his yacht, the I\orth
Star, at Civita Veechia, just as the discovery of
a supposed Mazziui conspiracy had thrown the
papal government ipto a state of terror. The
police of Civita Veechia, staggered by the im
posing size of the steamer, alid the number of
persons on board, immediately concluded that it
was an American sympaibysing expedition, and
refused the Commodore permission to haul. Af
ter two or three days useless negotiation, the
North Star proceeded to Naples, where —at least
so the newspapers say —she was also an object
of suspicion, and had eventually to seek refuge
at Malta. On the 23d ult., the yacht arrived at
the Bosphorus.
Honest. —A few weeks since a well known
"entleman of this cilv. who is somewhat addic
ted to the use of the ' anient,” was brought be
fore his Honor, the Recorder, upon the charge
of being drunk and disorderly, and making loud
and unusual noises. He answered that it was
true he was drunk, very drunk, but that he
made unusual noises, he could prove to be un
true bv a host of friends who beard him make
the same a hundred limes. He was discharged,
of course.
—State Journal.
NUMBER 36.
Sierra Da;i Safer from the Atlaaiir.
The P. M. steamer Panama, arrived at the
Bay on Saturday morning last, with the mails
and 384 passengers. By this arrival we have
—through Rhodes & Lusk and Adams Sc. Co.'s
Expresses—files of New Orleans papers by way
ol the Ramsey Route and Acapulco to the 14th
ult., eleven days later than the dates received
by the Pacific.
We avail ourselves of the following resume of
the most interesting mutters, from the columns
of the Alta.
The roads across the Isthmus were in excel
lent traveling order.
Barnabas Bates, the author of the cheap jHist
age system in the United Slates, is dead.
The money market continues tight—sterling
exchange being at 10 per ceut. )>retu.
Tbe Yellow Fever bad nearly or wholly dis
appeared from New Orleans.
The Whigs of New Jersey have nominated
Joel Haywood for Governor.
The Mechanics’ Fair of Boston was closed.
Over 100,000 persons visited the exhibition dur
ing its continuance.
A dispatch from Martinsburg, Va., says that
the cholera is spreading along the river, and the
citizens are seriously alarmed.
The new Governor of Oregon, Hon. John G.
Davis, was to leave New York for his post, on
the 20th Oct.
The existing stringency in the money market
is sending government stocks to Washington
right merrily. About $300,000 were received
and cancelled in two days.
It is thought Geo. M. Dallas will accept th«
Chinese Mission.
The Yellow Fever was subsiding in most
parts of Mississippi, especially in Jackson,
Vicksburg and Natchez, but it continued to rage
at Yazoo cily. It bad also broken out in Fay
ette, Jefferson county, and the people are all
leaving. In some parts of Florida the epidemic
was terrible.
Robt. .1. Walker is a candidate for President
of the Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road Comyany
of New York.
A letter received at Galveston from Austin,
says Dr. Steiner, who killed Major Arnold at
Fort Graham, has been before the court tribunal
at Corsicana,and actjuilted. He is now inclose
military arrest, awaiting Gen. Smith's order for
a court martial to try him.
At the State elections, which have just been
concluded in Pennsylvania, the whole Demo
cratic ticket has been carried.
The Whig candidate was elected Mayor of
Philadelphia, however.
The democratic nominee for Governor of
Georgia is elected ; also a majority ol Congress
men and members of the State Legislature, bar*
been elected by the same party.
The Tennessee Legislature assembled at
Nashville on the 30th Sept. Edwin Polk (dem.)
was elected President of the Senate, and Mr.
Wisncr (whig) Speaker of the House. The
whigs have a majority on joint ballot.
The democrats have carried the State of Ohio
by overwhelming majorities. Medill’s majority
for Governor is said to be about 30,000.
John W. H. Underwood, of Georgia, has been
appointed by the President to be an Associate
Justice of the Court of tbe U. Slates for the ter
ritory of Utah ; ffm. W. H, Davis, of Pennsyl
vania. to be U. S. Attorney for the territory of
New Mexico; and Charles Bloomer to be U. 8.
Marshal for New Mexico.
The Journal of Commerce publishes a letter
from Rio, anuouncing tbe conclusion of an im
portant treaty between the United States and
the Argentine Confederation, which is under
stood to secure the free navigation of the Rio do
la Plataaud its tributaries, and also the rights of
conscience to our citizens who may sojoura
there. Similar privileges are secured U> us in
Paragua.
A feud existing in tbe Cherokee Nation, be
tween certain clanf or cliques, bad broken out
with great violence, and a mob of about 100
men had slain several members of tbe Alvin
family, and driven others of the same family
from the nutiou. The mob bail increased t«
some two or three hundred, who were under
arms and bidding defiance to the laws.
It is said that lion. John Y. Mason of Va. bos
been appointed Minister to France.
From Europe.
By way of New York we have nine days later
news from Europe —to the Ist u'.t.
The intelligence brought by the Canada !■
nothing more definite as to the actual slate of af
fairs between Turkey and Russia than that
which has already reached us. Matters still
bore a threatening appearance, but there was
nothing at all more decisive about them.
The combined fiecu of England and France
had, indeed, passed the Dardanelles, and, jwo
ceeding up the Straits, anchored off Constanti
nople; and this would, under ordinary circum
stances, be a pregnant sign of immediate im
pending hostilities. But this appearance is to a
degree removed by the assertion of the necessi
ty of having efficient protection at hand against
the fury of the Musselmen war party, being the
cause of the advance of the squadron. And this
may be so; but if it is. fortuitous circumstances
have given the allies of Turkey a most fortunate
opportunity of placing themselves in a position
of co-ordinate advantage with that which Russia
has assumed to her disadvantage in the princi
palities, without necessarily implying any thing
hostile to Russia by the movement.
It is not disguised, however, that serious ap
prehensions are felt that a final settlement of
the difficulties will prove a matter not of any
easy or speedy accomplishment.
The cholera in great Britain is steadily in
creasing. At Newcastle there has been 935
deaths, and 80 a day—seven times as many at
in 1831-’32. At Gateshead in fifteen days there
were 227, or nearly twice as many as in 1831-’2.
3 be disease was visible in Hull, Durham, Hex
ham, Eton, Berwick, Darlington, Windsor and
Belfast, but had decreased in Manchester.
Strength or Navies. —The New York Timet
says, that according to the latest authentic state
ments, Great Britain has in commission, build
in" and ordinary, 036 vessels, manned by 40.000
men ; France 846 vessels, manned by 37,551
men; and Russia 17C vessels, manned by 59.000
men. The great number which Russia has iu
service in comparison with her vessels, arises
from the fact that her ships are generally largu
and all of them in commission, while nearly half
of those of Great Britain are in ordinary—the
number of guns in the Russian navy iu actual
service being 5866; England, 4583; France,
4293.

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