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THE SHASTA COURIER.
VOLUME 11. the SHASTA COURIER W ,V»USHt V ***** gfiKn.tnAlV & DOSH. . . .. ARCHIBALD SKILLMAS*. f am. h. dosh, Editor* and Proprietor!. Publication office in Courier Building, on Hiph . c tr«ei ••here *4l orders for Advertising and Job VVurk should be left. TEB^IS— Invariably in Advances for One Year 910.00 " Sir Months 5,00 Ternu of Ad vcrtiaiax: For One Square of 10 line* or less, one insertion. Four Dollars ; for each subsequent insertion, Two Dollars. A liberal discount made to Monthly and Yearly Advertisers. Jab Pri*ti«( Of every description promptly executed in a su perior manner. ADAMS & CO.’S EXPRESS LEAVES THE OF- fire ol Adams x Co., J Shasta, every morning, lor Marysville, Sacramento aiul San Francisco. We forward Expresses to the Atlantic Slates twice a month, by the I'anama and .Nicaragua Steamer*. We send packages, parcels and treasures to all parts of the States. We s«dl drafts on Nrw York, K osloii, Rhiliideiphin, Pitt*burj;ii, Cinriunnli, Haiti more, 4Vn*hiiist»n, Jtfir OrleaiK, Cincinnati, Nt. I.oni*, Londau, IVe send Expresses to all parts of Europe by HOWARDS, SAS FORD ft CO. Banking. We do a banking business of Deposit only. Checks on any of our otlicea in ibis State are sold at par by CRAM, ROGERS A- CO. We send regularly to Weaver, Vreka, Jack sonville and Oregon. Checks or drafts on us can be obtained at any of their offices. E. W. TRAC\, Agent, Shasta. November 12,1853. nI2-tl i'ROI. ROlieittiV f’o’M F.VPKFSM, To S;«l(«burgh nail Cooae Bnv. AvA CRAM, ROGERS & - ward a weekly Express in charge of our regular messenger, t . Scott. *- burgh, Goose Hay. Elktown. Gardn r, ami t inp qinli citv, da Jacksonville and Win hester. (». T. All business in the Express line promptly nl teuried to. MERITT, ODENIIEIMER &r CO.. A gent f, Scottsburg. SltHsta. Nov. 12, 1853. ‘ nl2-2m \V ASIII sf« T« \ .11A It 14 »; T . SUBSCRIBERS. SINGE the late lire, have refitted the above market,nt the old stand on Mum street, where they may be found at alt limes ready to wait upon their friends and the public generally. Their MEAT MARKET will be supplied with all the variety the coun try affords. They are receiving dailv supplies of vegetables from the Lawson Ranch. Also, a general variety of FAMILY PROVISIOSS. A liberal share of public patronage is respect fully solicited. MAYER & POM ROY. Shnstn. Julv 1(5. 1853. ivlii'l’ n. C. HOK.N. JAMK.S K. I.KWIS. MIiUK BKKiOS. B. C. lIOIt\ A CO., IMPORTERS OF HAVANA SEGARS, Brick Building, 58 Sausoine Street, between Cali fornia and Pine Streets. Sau Franciseo.Gal., keep constantly on hand a full supply of Segues and Tobacco, together w itlt Matches, Sinifl, Arc.. \*c. «p 23 tf ff fiUliill CITY BATH 1I«C«K, R ear a/' the Cal it" > uto Exchange, Mini* !si. ' THE UNDERSIGNED, PROPRIETOR of the above establishment lugs leave to call the attention of the public at large, to his new ami commodious HATH IS G ROOMS situated iu the rear of the California Ex change—and lakes this method of iii- I'ming them, that nothing shall be wanting on s part, that will conduce »« the comfort ot ose who may favor him with a call. He is also prepared to give SHOWER AT HS- Siugle Tickets, - - - 5-1 00 Fifteen ” - - - - It) UO Thirty “ ... Hi 00 | Hot and cold Baths at all hours, mar 12 tf s - LE |,| VK BHA NTH lIOTRL FOB THE UNDERSIGNED. WISHING To change his business, otiers lor sale the well known LIVE BRASCH HOTEL ASD RASCII. iug on the main stage route from Shasta to cramento, and on the north side of Gotton „„I. The Ranch contains lo’O acres of arable id, the whole enclosed by a substantial fence, nong the improvements upon the Kancii are t following: . A good and commodious Dwelling Hons for t* past three years kept as a public hotel: a »t rate Barn,' sufficiently capacious to contain 0 tons of hay, and comfortably stable fij>> rses; a well of good water at the door—also ivell in the garden, with a chain pump amt j se attached ui it for conducting the water to I parts of the garden : a Garden containing out five acres of land in a high state of mitt tion; together with a Grainery. Cellar. Milk mse, Chicken House. Corall, and all other tie ssary buildings ami improvements. Ihe Alive Branch." too. has always been a since ilion on the Sacramento road. Ihe terms II be made reasonable. > For lull particulars inquire of f he snosen 'er the premises. " ' E • attonwood. July IG. 1853. jv I Gif .88. J. N. nOBMF, SURGEON D E NTIST. auB7 if Shasta, Cal- HALL <St V. 8. JIAIL LINE FROM SHASTA TO Marysville and Sacramento City. MESSRS. HALL & - Crandall have the pleasure to announce, that the above line o( stages is again in lull and active operation, from Marysville to Sacramento. th rough Shasta This line is stocked with American horses, that cannot be surpassed or equaled in Califor nia, and draw the most superb Concord Coaches to be found on any road in the. State. The proprietors of this Line pledge them selves to the traveling community, that they will put them through with more expedition, more ease, cheaper, and in I»etter style, than any other line on this route. They have the utmost contideuce in oti'ering this pledge, from the fact that the drivers employed on this line are all experienced in their business, and are temperate and responsible men. Passengers patronizing this line may rely upon every al tion iKung shown them. The stages, until further arrangements, will leave Shasta every morning at ti o’clock, ami arrive at Marysville the following morning at 3 o’clock ; leave Marysville at 7 o’clock and arrive at Sacramento City at 12 M., (the run ning time 25 hours) in time to take the steamers for San Francisco. This being the Daily United-States Mail Line, the stages stop at the following intermediate places: Lawson’s, Hamilton, Lawson’s Eliza, Oak Grove, Plumas. Bidwell’s, Nicolaus, Neal’s Ranch, Marysville. Charley’s Ranch, Lower .Springs, Canon House. Clear Creek, Cottonwood, Red Bluffs, Tehama, lir' Ollice at Adams &. Co's Banking House. THOMAS J. FLYNN, Agent, Shasta, May 7,1852. my7tf Si'AGi: LIVE FOK MAC KAJIE.VTO. BAXTER 4- CO. V. S. MAIL LINE OF Shari's from Sln is! a to Sacramento, Via. CoI a h a and .11 arya r i 1 le. fx TIIE . .i’ROL’rie ! SiafaSb tors ut the above line 1 •.. i . n being desirous of accommodating the traveling public, have determined to run through to Sac ramento by tiie wav of Colusa and Marysville. Their tine collection of American horses, all in tine condition, and elegant Concord Coaches, are a sufficient guaranty that the traveler in patronising this line will secure both a pleasant and expeditious passage. The stages will leave the St. Charles, Shasta, at half-past 4 o’clock every morning, and arrive at Sacramento, via. Colusa and Marysville, the days following at 12 M. Reading's Springs, Milk Rant'll, Clear Creek, Daingrrfield's Ranch, American Ranch, Cottonwood, Prairie Horse, Potter's Ferry, Red litnjfs, Tehama, Johnson s Ranch, Monroeville. Placer City, Will et s', Colusa and Marysville. Passengers arriving by this line can be furn ished with animals for any part of the Northern Mines.hy Mr. James Long, at the Shasta Stock Market. SAMUEL FRANCES. Agent. St. Charles Hotel. Shasta, Aug. 13th, 1833 aulStf At the ' ■ ills 311 £2 ■V.'. TOWEB HO IMF. junction of the Yreka and Weaverville Roads, 12 milesJ r >nt Shasta. THE UNDERSIGNED would announce to the pub lic, ami particularly to per <ou» hi veiling to and from Vreka and Weaver ville. that he is now prepared to entertain them it this ion" established stand, formerly known is the “ Free Bridge House,” in a s:vle not sur passed by any hotel in Northern California. Hav uig completed his new and commodious build ing. and furnished it in the best possible manner, in- is enabled to promise the very best accom modations. The table, as heretofore, will al wnvs be supplied with the best viands the mar ket furnishes: while from the large garden at -1 ached to the premises, all the vegetables grown in this part of the State will be furnished in the greatest abundance. He has also a secure Corral connected with Ids establishment, always supplied with an abun dance of bariev and buy. inarJiitf LEVI H. TOWER. l .\2U\ KitrilL, WKAVEBVIIiIiE. SCHNABEL A CO. TAKE PLEA oiij sure in announcing that the “ Union - .d!iJ Mntel” is auain open for the accommoda iou n| die public. do not hesitate to promise every comfort U uni convenience to be obtained at the best bo els in this portion of the State. Our table and bar will always he supplied viih the best articles Ui be procured in the mar ket. We can also furnish comfortable private rooms dr families. Weaverville, May 7, 18)3. mv7tf I’PPKR .tlOl'Vr iIN HOI MF. THIS HOUSE, LONG KNOWN TO travellers and packers as one of the best bouses on This route, is situated unit half-way between Weaverville mid Shas i. An excellent table is always provided, and ic Bar has constantly on hand a supply of the est Liquors and Cigars. Good accommodations for mules and horses in always be had. and a constant supply of av and Barley it always kept on hand. j. McLaughlin, Jetltf Proprietor. TO THE PUBLIC. HAVE THIS DAV APPOINTED WM. P. Dainserfield. Esq., my agent and attorney, attend to all business for me in mv absence. JOHN E. WILKINSON. Shasta. April 29. 1833. apdOtf BAKTONvV tOTAVEEY, carpenters and m ilters. Estimates and specifications made on all kinds buildings. Jobbing done at the shortest no e. Also, Ruckers. Toms and Sluices always hand and made to order. N. B. Seasoned lumber always on band- Livingston Bartos. Uriah P SvAvrt.T. niarlitf Shasla C,tN j. c. mjrCKLKf, Attorney nnH Coiiiiocllop «t Shasta, Calilornta. SHASTA, CAL., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1853. Written for the Courier. Rea pease ta Pkcbe. BT TKAVICK. Ah ! thou captious daughter of Mother Eve, For shining oro where wool (Ist uot roam? What confiding “bach” wouldst thou uot de ceive, lu this thy new prospective home? Delilah’s candor in thy admonition hold, When thou sayest, “ be not ambition’s slave,” What’s thy real aim. if in sincerity ’twas told ? Thou wiley I’hebe, dost thou mammon crave 1 No, thou would'st keep down the evil weeds. By causing nuptial hawthorns there to grow; O wormwood, tansy, gall, uudfenuil seeds! Connubial content's not here — all is thaw. For iu this region all can plainly see, Subtle fancy reigns o’er reason’s will; How ductile then must “dearies” be, W hose married life brings nought but ill. Then, Til fancy’s subdued by reason’s power, ’Twill wayward always quickly grow; For how can even the Alpine flower Flourish in regions of eternal snow ? Yet in doom to man I ne’er will believe; He’s his own arbiter iu every clime, And his to give as well as to receive— Tiieu if you’re candid, I’hebe, ta/ce your time. “ Dearies” here, far from their native soil, As though imiiginons. see how they grow— Flourish by dint of gold and mental oil— Rivulets of deception into large rivers flow. Then strange to the cautious doth it appear, in this scene ot tolly, fashion and strife, That “ dearies” i veakm in about half a year — Then vamos doth poor bach's wife ! I’oor fig tree! robbed of seeds—verdure left alone — Subject to bias’s which it doth sadly repent ! Cold is the heart that could not this bemoan, And say, “inconstant dearies the devil hath »ent.” Yet is it a pity when truth hath been told, Though many “dearies” among us there are, Two roots of much evil are women and gold— Few can be found kind hearted and fair. If “ dearies” were all kindbenrted and true, How changed would be the prospect of lile ; I’d ne’er think of India or e’en Peiu, But go straightway and gel me u wife— Regardless of ties which this course might sever, No matter what cares might intervene ; What a wearisome word is “ thine forever”— O, woman ! thou art a wonderlul machine. Here for mammon I’ve labored four years, Letting chance after chance by me slip; When I think of a “dearie,” such are my fears. That! always conclude to just “let ’em rip.’ Vet Phebe, dearie, this all may be wrong— On it 1 know not what better way Than to look for thee as 1 pass along ; If 1 find thee, what else cun I say— But Euhekk, Eurkki, Eureka. Shasta, Dec. 25, ’53. Important from Mult Lobe. The Sun Francisco papers contain important news from Salt Lake —the Deseret Mail having arrived via San Uarnadino and San Pedro, in charge of Mr. James Kincaid. At the time of his departure, such weie the hostilities of the Indians, that no one else was willing to under take the transportation of the mails. We avail ourselves of the summary of the most, interesting items, as prepared for the ban Fran cisco Sun :— “ Mr. Kincaid had with him five wagons and about twenty-two mules. Several parties were passed by him. coming in with stock, by the southern route, via .Salt Lake. At the Vegas he found McClanahan and two brothers, with a large herd of sheep and cattle. Passed another party at Resting Springs, 100 miles from San Barnadino. At Amogosa Springs passed Mr. Hollister, with 3,JOG sheep, having lost 2.001 since leaving the Missouri river. Other small parties were ncountered on the Mohave, and Mr. Frazier.with a herd ot cattle on the Desert. The Indians had no disturbances w ith these compa nies. and seemed Vo confine their hostilities to the Mormons. Captain John W. Gunnison, Captain United States Topographical Engineers, and seven of hi* party, among them Mr. K. H. Hern, Topo grapher of the parly, and Mr. Creutsfeldt, Bo tanist, have been massacred by a party of Pau van Indians, near the swamps of the Seveir river. The atrocious act was committed on the 26th of October, as ihe party were about to par take of the usual morning meal. Governor Young, upon the reception of this -hocking intelligence, had forwarded a party of men with presents to the scene of the transac tion for the Pauvnn Indians, hoping by this means to obtain possession of the bodies of the murdered men. This be thought was the wisest plan, for it would hardly answer to send a large body of troops against an enemy already secre ted in the mountains. Every endeavor will be made to recover the lost property, particularly the instruments and notes, both ol which are of "real importance to the further survey of the Central Pacific Rail toad route. Capt. Gannison will be remembered as a very efficient officer in the Salt Lake survey of '4O - iO. and was universally beloved by his brother officers, and all who have ever come in contact with him. His early decease is a cause of na ■ ional regret. At the time of his dea’h he was in charge of the Central Pacific Railroad Surveying party. The party sent out by Governor Young, was met by Mr. Kincaid, ant) from them he learned of the recovery of the instruments and notes. The Indians state the cause of the massacre to have been revenge for the murder of one of their band by Hildreth’s party. Mr. Bridget, formerly reported killed, is not dead He was met at Greasewood Crack, near Independence Rock, and is bound to Washing ton. A new settlement has bee established at Green River, 163 miles east ot Salt Lake. Captain Horner reched Deseret on the4tb of November, with twenty wagons and seven hun dred herd of cattle, destined for California. President Yonng. in a long discourse, warns the people of Deseret to put no faith whatever in I ndians, but to be always armed and prepared to kill as many as possible, should they be as sailed ; he says they often had wars among them- | selves. •• Let every man. woman and child that can handle a butcher knife be good for one In dian, and yov are safe.” Brigham Y oung publishes the following notice ol a wall that will be required for the protection of the Great Salt Lake City; “ A wall will soon be called for, around Great Salt Lake City, which will be entrusted to the Bishops of their several wards to execute. Let them give an example to the Saints through out the territory, by their prompt aud energetic movements; and let all their wards, and every individual thereof, say amen, and act according ly.” The following notice in the Deseret News in timates that domestic population is rapidly on the increase among the Mormons : “If there is a chaimmker in Deseret who knows how, and will make good nursery chairs, he can have constant employ and good pay, to any amount he can furnish, by calling at the News office.” President Young, in his discourse, gives the following statement of his domestic defences From the day I have lived where Brother Jo seph Smith lived, I have been fortified all the time so as to resist 20 men, if they should come to my house in the night, with an intent to mo lest rny family, assault my person or destroy my property; and I have always been in the habit of sleeping with one eye open, and if I cannot sufficiently watch, I will get my wives to help me. Let a hostile band of Indians come arouud my house, aud I am good for quite a number of them. If 100 should come, I calcu late that only 50 would be able to go to the next house ; and if they use up the other 60 the third house will be safe. The waut of proper arms is thus alluded to by the President: “Almost every good rifle in the premises has been traded away to the Indians, with quanti ties of powder and lead, though they waste it in various ways when they have got it. The whites would sell them the title to their lives tor the sake of trading with the Indians.” In speaking of the celebrated Chief, Walker, who is the most dreaded foe of the Mormons. Brigham Y'oung uses the following language : “How many times I have been asked during the past week what I intend to do with Walker. 1 say, let him alone severely. I have not made war on the Indians, nor am I calculating to do it. My policy is to give them presents, and be kind to them. Instead of being Walker’s ene my. I have sent him n great pile of tobacco to smoke, when he is lonely in the mountains. He is now at war with the only friends he has upon this earth, aud 1 waut him to have some tobacco lo smoke.” The following extract will give a fair idea of the implicit obedience to orders demanded by President Young, aud the penalty for disobedi ence, which is death. 1 will give you the pith of the last orders issued, viz. That man or family who will not do ns they are told in the orders, are to be treated as strangers, yea even as enemies, aud not as friends. And if there should be a con test, if we should be called upon to defend our lives, our liberty, and our possessions, we would cut them off the first, and walk over their bod ies, to conquer the foe outside.” During his discourse Brigham Y’oung uses the word Devil, for which he makes the following characteristic excuse: “ Excuse me for saying Devil; Ido not often use the old gentleman's name iu vain, aud it I do it, it is always in the pulpit, where I do all my swearing. I make this apology because it is considered a sin to say Devil, aud it grates on refined ears.” Brigham Young insists, in the following order, that every person having a house shall convert it into a fort: “ Let every man and woman who has a house make that house a fort, from which yon can kill one, if Indians come upon you. ‘ Brother Brig ham, do you really expect Indians lo come upon us in this city ?’ This enquiry, I have no doubt, is iu thehearts’of a few, almost breathless with fear. Were I to answer such an enquirer as I feel, I should say it is none of your business ; but I will say, you are so instructed, to see il you will do as you are told. Let your dwelling bouse be a perfect Fort.” We find the following characteristic notice amongst the published orders; Brethren, take care of your women and chil dren ; put them in forts, or some safe place, and behave yourselves, or you may be called upon to part with them, as was David, King of Israel, and then the time may come when you will know what hell is. Be wise while you have an opportunity of exercising your wisdom. What hf had to give up.— A San Francisco toper, who recently joined the Temperance So ciety. says he never bad such a hard job in his life." " Only phaney,” he said, “ I shall have to eive up Sling, Artful Dodger, Kidney-wiper, Mint-julep. Gall-buster, Roman Punch, Moun taineer, Peach aud Honey, Brandy Smasher, Sangaree, Half-and-Half, Whiskey Punch, Red Eye, Sherry Cobbler. Rochelle, Airack, Shatn bro, Peacb. Orange, Pine Apple, Claret, Soda, Brandy, W illi’s Fancy, Plain Soda, Lemon, Sar saparilla, Magnolia, Champagne, Marasohtno, Sweet Wine. Madeira, Sherry, Port, London Porter. Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, Porter, Cream Ale, Cider. Claret Wine, Fiscal Agent, Veto. I. S. L’., Vo* Populi. Ne plus Ultra. Shambro, Pig and Whistle, Egg Nogg, Fancy Silver-Top, Rum Dodger, Whistler, Cbing-Ching, Tog, Rapee, St. Charles. Stone Wall, Stone Fence, Black Strap, Punch aud Honey. Port Negus. Sherry Negus, Ale Negus, Hoosier Cocktail, Native American, Night Oap Sleeper, Eye Opener, Rackmorous, Head-sick, Punch, Excelsior, Iced Lemonade, Mulled Wine, Mulled Cider, Rum Smooth, Old Fashion Cocktail, Blake’s Aromatic, Knicker bocker, French Dearbon's Fancy, Floater. Sift er, Whiskey Sink, Hard Times Rum, Apple Tod, Apple Jack, and a host of others too tedi ous to mention. Missionary for Loochoo.—On Sunday, Oct. 9th. Rev. G. H. Moreton was admitted to the office of a Deacon, in Shnnghse He was about to proceed as a missionary to the islands of Loo choo, which is, at the present time, the only channel of access to the secluded empire of Ja pan. An edition of the Four Gospels and Acts were to be printed in the Loochooan-Japanese language. It was stated by the Bishop of Sbang hie, that during the first half of the present cen tury the Word of God has been rendered acces sible to above six hundred millions of the hu man race, and the Bible, in whole or in part, published in one hundred and forty-eight lan guages. of which one hundred and twenty-eight had never before been reduced to a written form—thronsh the labors and funds of the Brit ish and Foreign Bible Society. NUMBER 43. Letter from Xr. Aubry. By the last steamer we received a letter from Mr. F. X. Aubry. dated at Sauta Fe. He refer* us to the Santa Fe Gazette, in which his journal is published. It is a very interesting document. Mr. Aubry passed over an unexplored country, and through dangers that would have appalled the hearts of less courageous men. To give an idea of his dangers, we make the following ex tract from Mr. Aubry’s journal.—[San Joaquin Republican Avgust 1 4fh. —We left early, and after travel ing five miles in an eastern direction, stopped to breakfast near an Indian camp of Qarrocero*. They professed friendship, but having no faith in their professions, I selected a camp on the lop of a small hill, which would give us the ad vantage in case of a fisht. All went on well un til our mules were saddled, and we were ready to start/when, at a given signal, some forty or fifty Indians, apparently unarmed, and accompa nied by their squaws, children and babies, (tied to boards) in their arms, very suddenly charged upon us and attempted to destroy the whole parly with clubs and rocks. The signal of at tack was the taking of my hand in farewell by a chief, which he held with all his strength. So soon as these first Indians commenced the fight, about two hundred more rushed from behind a hill and brush, and charged upon us with clubs, bows and arrows. I thought, for a few minutes, that our party must necessarily be destroyed ; but some of us having disengaged ourselves, we shot them down so last with our Colt’s revolvers, that we soon produced confusion amoug them and put them to (light. We owe our lives to these tire-arms—the best that ever were invented, and now brought by successive improvements, to a state of perfection. Mr. liendrey, an American, and Francisco Guzman, a New Mexican, greatly dist.nguished themselves. Twelve of us, just two-thirds of the party, were severely wounded. 1 among the rest, was wounded in six places. Abner Adair, I fear, is dangerously wounded. It was a very great sat isfaction to me, to find that none of my men were killed, nor any of the animals lost. We bled very much from our numerous wounds; but the blood and bodies of the Indians covered the ground for many yards around us. We kill ed over twenty-five and wounded more. The bows and arrows that we captured and destroy, ed would have more than filled * large wagon. Before the attack commenced, the squaw* kept the clubs, which were from 18 to 24 itiche* long, concealed in deer skins about their chil dren. When nut to flight, they threw the babie* down into a deep brushy gully near at hand, by which many of them must have l>ecn killed. This is the first time I ever met with a party of Indians accompanied by their wives and chil dren. The presence of the latter was evidently to remove from our minds ali suspicion of foul play on their part. J was never before in so perilous a condition with a party in all my life. On this occasion, which will be the last, 1 im prudently gave my right hand in parting, to the Indian chief. The lelt must answer fur leave taking hereafter. American Competition with England.—A writer, to whose compilations the Timet give* space and a conspicuous position, has taken more than one opportunity of enlarging upon a competition with which our merchants are threatened in India and Asia on the part of American traders. The ships of the U. State* appear on the Mekran coast, as well as at Kutch, Muscat, and other places, with various article* which they barter for the produce of those coun tries, the American commodities being princi pally a certain coarse cotton fabric, which they call sheeting and dowlas. The Americeus ap pear to -enjoy a particular advantage over our traders—that of conducting their barter individ ually, in ships, which are independent, floating, pushing shops, instead of working by routine, through large establishments at Bombay; and thus they not only save expense, but in such particular transaction secure the largest amount of profit. Another advantage they have is expressed by the political agent at Kutch, who says of the sheeting, that “ it finds acceptance among the people of the country, because it lasts longer than the cloths imported from Bombay. Thit iwUcates the true force of the competition that v>* have to dread from the United States. If America can cut us out in India, where we occupy the entire country with our government and com merce, the ridicule and the disgrace would be greater than any which the most anti-commer cial country has incurred. But there is something in tins superiority of tissue over the manufactures in England. The comparison is not made for the first time, not only in cotton sheeting. It is reported from the Hudson River Railway, that British iron rails become in a worse condition within twelve months than American rails within a number of years. There may be exaggeration in this ; but we have had complaints of our rails from our ourovVu official and scientific investigators, w ho have declared the bad make of our iron to be a frequent source of accident. At the last meeting of the Sheffield Cutlers, the Muster Culler declared that American Cullers icere cutting them out in knives; knives of American make being prefer red to ours, because the material does not give way under use ns those of Sheffield are some times found to do. in short, notwithstanding the short practice and hasty habits of America, they are in some branches of trade, earning the repute for sler ling stuff and make which used to be our own ; and if we sutler them to win that reputation from us altogether, then indeed tee shall have lost more than if India were annexed to-morrow. — Lon don Examiner. Late accounts state that crowds of emigrant* are pouring into Nebraska Territory and settling up its rich bottom lands, in anticipation of the Pacific Railroad through their midst. This is the country set apart, by treaty, for the permanent residence of the Indian tribes ; and the United States officers have in vain attempted to keep the whites out. The question will prove most embarrassing to the Administration. On the one side, the Indians are indignant at the usur pation of the whites, and are clamorous for the execution of the treaties; on the other, a large body of Americans insist that they hud a right to locate in the Territory, and seem determined to set up a government, whether recognised by law or not. They held an election recently, at which about four hundred votes were cast. It resulted in the choice of \V m. Hamilton lor Go vernor ; Monson H. Clark for Secretary, and Hadley D. Johnson lor delegate to Congress. All this was of course unauthorised, asCongrea* has organised no such Territory as Nebraska; but the people are determined to be heard, and their delegate will claim his seat at the coining session of Congress.— S. F. Herald . An exchange paper says, the word would, in Rufus Choate’s hand-writing, resembles a small gridiron struck by lightning.