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VOLUME LXXX.-3STO. 121.
JOURNALISM. Review of Its History -THE "RECORD-UNION." Its Past Progress and Future Promise. ■GRIND PRINTING PLANT. latest Improved Methods Known to Journalistic Art THE OLD SYSTEMS ABOLISHED, And Lefi Behind in the Grand March of Modern Improvement. IT WILL BE A MODEL NEWSPAPER. Among Otter Features ol tie "Record-Union" wiil te tte Publication oi tie Decisions oi tne Snjreme Court as last as Tiiey are Rendered. On a former occasion, many years ago, when the time seemed to demand such a retrospect^ the Record-Union engaged itself upon the task of sketching the his tory of journalism in tho city of Sacra mento. It was then a work of mingled pleasure and of pain, of both pride and rtgret, to ascertain with what warrant it had come to be a proverb that Sacramento is "tho graveyard of journalism," and how much there was of wholesome teach ing to be gleaned from the glance over the careers of successful and unsuccessful pa pers in this community. It is more than fifteen years since that review was made; that it served a useful purpose cannot bo doubted, since from thid date to this the founding and burying of newspapers, which to that time had averaged three to the year, has almost ceased. We may, indeed, conclude that the publication of that obituary and his torical page served to check a fateful am bition, and to call a halt in the procession to the journalistic tombs. Up to the date referred to thero had beet, established in Sacramento ma period of 2<> years, no less than 79 journals of greater or less prominence, but all fired • with an ambition to make impresses deep and lasting upon tho civilization of tho age. Of that exceeding great number no Lew than 6G had died up to November 0, 1875, and passed to that forever from which thero is neither waking nor return of mortal parts to enrich the soil of pro gress or serve the purposes of man even never so humbly. They were tho bodies of high hopes and crushed ambitions, of human energy misdirected, of laudable exertion that o'erlcapod itself, wboso re mains were the mold and dust of imperial Cassars not c'en "turned to clay," or fit "to stop a hole to keep the wind away." Their bouts went to nothingness, and their deeds to a pitiful forge-tfulness, that preaches solemnly of tho littleness of the parts we play, and tho haste with which man forgets man, and tramps unheeding over tho ashes of lofty aspirations and the wreck of ruined hopes. TnE TlilE FOR A REVIEW. The occasion upon which one of the earliest, and one of the living enters upon a new era in its existence, and fresher for the race than ever, equipped by an age of experience and grounded in tho confi dence and esteem of tho people, suggests the timo as fitting for taking a rapid glance over tho field so thoroughly ex plored in 1875, and of bringing down the record to the present hour. Tho Record-Union to-day puts aside its honored forms, hallowed by so many undying memories interwoven with the history of tho State, and which are inex tricably worked into aud form a part of the most stirring and .portentious activi ties that have characterized the romantic history of the Pacific coast. Assuming a new form without abandoning any of tho features that havo made and maintained it a cleanly, helpful, vigorous, prescient, independent and broad-minded journal of tho age, it robes itself in new garments won by its faithful devotion to public in terest and houum weal, and by its untir ing industry and economic conduct. It conies to its friends to-day in a form in keeping with the times and its high worth, augmenting its importance, con serving the convenience and comfort of its readers, and abreast with the best journalistic standards of the age. It pre sents itself with wonderfully increased facilities for publication and for the gath ering and dissemination of news; with a new and elaborate dress of types, com plete, to the remotest and least conse quential bit of metal; with a marvelous and rapid press of the latest and best pat tern; with stereotyping machinery of the foremost order; with an increased force of skilled workmen, and with a trained, trusted corps of newspaper men whom interests havo for very many years been identical with pride in the journal they serve. SUrREME COURT DECISIONS. While it was not the intention to boast of new features nor of the increased energy with which the Record-Union corps feels inspired, it is proper here to punomice that, under its uew form, the /.' THE RECORD-UNION. Record-Uxion will publish, as rapidly as handed down, the opinions of the Su preme Court of the State, and that such first publication will be exclusive to tho Rf.cohd-U2.-ion. The members of the bar and tho business community will ap preciate the high value of this depart ment. We are able to also announce that the distinguished literary scholar, accom | plished writer and practiced observer. Mr. | Edgar L. Wakeman, has been engaged to write articles from abroad, as he travels, for the Record-Uniona RETROSPECTIVE. So.it.seemseminently ntting.indeed im peratively incumbent, that the Record l.'.-uo.v should review again, but with comparative brevity, the history which it alone has undertaken to write, of jour nals and journalism in Sacramento; then picking up the historical thread where it was dropped in 1876, and bringing down the record to the present hour, that tho chronicles of the Sacramento press may enter upon the second part, contempo raneous with tho account of the success of tlie Record-Union, which its now de parture in expedition and excellence of publishing of each day's history, so signilic-antly emphasizes. THE FIRST SACRAMENTO PAPER. Gold w;i3 discovered in Calilornia in the winter of IS4B, and Saoramento, as a city, was one of tho immediate results of that important fact. Tho city was laid I out by survey of Captain Warner in De cember 1848, and Dr. Sherman, now Gen- ! oral W. T. Sherman was his assistant. On the 2Sth of April, IS-19, the first Sacra mento newspaper was boni, it being is- ! t-ued lrom Sutter's Fort by 1-;. C. Kimble j •fc Co., and from that lbeur.d seed sprang : all tin' journals that have since lived and died in this cUy. Its title was the Placer Times— it was really an off-shot of tho San Francisco Alia California. The old type used, picked up about tiie Alta ollicc, was shipped up the river on the vessel Dice me Nana (says ray mamma). She was eight days in carrying tho first type shipped to tho interior of California. An old Ramage press Ava3 part of the freight, some Spanish foolscap was secured, and ln an oflice built for the purpose, about 600 feet from the northeast corner of the bastion (near what is now the corner of Twenty-eighth and X streets) the paper was born—size, 13x18 j inches; tho title cut in Wood with a jack knife; the press with a bed of wood; tlio chief tool a plane, with which to dress off tiiis bed, as it daily roughened by inden tations of the type. THE ri,ACER "times." This paper was the Times, its publica tion day Saturdays. Kemblc & Co. in June sold out to T. P. Per Lee etc Co., who were succeeded in two weeks by J. 11. Giles for E. Gilbert &. Co., and in July the office waa moved to Front street. Tho subscription was ?10 a year. In Novem ber it suffered a reduction in size, but in a few weeks resumed its old form, was re moved to Second street, between J and X, and in April, 1850, became a tri weekly, with J. 11. Lawrence as editor, and in Juno it became a daiiy. In July it enlarged a third, in October was pur chased by Loring Pickering, now of the San Francisco Cell, J. E. Lawrence and D. Aldrich, the purchase price, including two lots and the building, being $10,000. Aldrich soon sold to his partners. In June, 1851, it was consolidated with its rival, the Transcript, and its last issue is dated June 15th. TITE "TRANSCRIPT." The second Sacramento paper was tho Transcript, founded as a tri-weekly April 1,1850, by G. K. Fitch (now of the San Francisco Bulletin), S. C. Upham, J. M. Julian, H. S. Warner, Tlieo. Russell and F. C. Ewer; the latter gentleman subse quently became an Episcopal clergyman. Tlio paper was the same size as the Times. It sold in the summer of 1850 for §(5,000 and Juno 16, 1851 it consolidated with the Times, and the title became the Times and Transcript. It was enlarged to a form somewhat larger than that of the Record- Union. In June 1852 it left tho Sacra mento field and was removed by ita owners to San Francisco. December 17, 1854, it was swallowed by tho AUa-Cali fornia. A "TRIBUNE." October 30, 1850, The Settlers' and Miners' Tribune was started. James Mc- Clatchy and L. M. Rooth being the editors. It issued daily, except Sundays, in a month declined to a weekly and within sixty days gave up the ghost. December 23, 1830, the Whigs started the Sacramento Index, Lynch, Davison &, Rolle being pro prietors, with J. W. Winders as editor. It was the first evening paper in Sacra mento and a handsome sheet. It died March 17,155 L BIRTn OF THE "UNION." The competition between tho Times and the Transcript brought ou threatened re duction of salaries, and the printers in both offices rebelling, met and resolved to i start a new paper. They rented an oflice j at 21 J street, and March 10,1851, launched I the Sacramento ]>-iity Union, which was thus the offspring of the first strike in the State of California. The proprietors were Alex. Clark, W. J. Keating, Alex. C. Cook, Job. Court, E. G. Jefferis, Chas. L, Hnnsickcr, F. H. Harmon, W. K. Davi son and Samuel 11. Dosh; the editor was Dr. J. F. Morse. It took a year to get the I new type necessary from the East, aud in the meantime the Union appeared under serious typographical disadvantages. The size of the paper was 23x34 inches. It sold at 5 cents a copy, and the daily edition began at the figure 500. It was edited with ability, made a specialty of full news and rapidly won favor. On the 29th of March it issued its first Steamer Lotion, that is, a sheet prepared for Eastern readers and sent out by the monthly steamers via Panama and Nicaragua. April 29, 1851, it became a Whig paper, but refused to be a party organ, April 23d it enlarged to the size it retained for many years. Jan- j vary, 1852, several changes in owners having taken place, H. B. Livingstone became associate editor, and the firm of proprietors was entitled E. G. Jefferis tt Co. January 10, ISSO, the first Weekly Union appeared, and in February, further proprietorship changes liaving occurred, Paul Morrill entered the firm, remaining until February, 1875. In May, 1852, Dr. Morse retired as editor and A. C. Russell took the post until August, when Lauren Upson assumed the position, retiring for a time, however, in 1853, while John A. Collins filled his place. THE GREAT FIRE. November 2,1852, a great fire swept the city, and included the Union in its de structive march. A small press and a few types were saved, and for some days the Union appeared as a "thumb nail" sheet. May 1(5,1853, Jefferis and Kurtz retired and James Anthony entered the firm, and the title became James Anthony & Co., and so remained until February, 1675. Several changes took place in thu SACRAMENTO, SATURDAY MOKNTIXGr, JANUARY 10, 1891. membership of tho firm, Mr. Morrill, for instance, retiring in 1850 for two years and then resuming his old interest. Finally James Anthony and Paul Mor rill became the sole proprietors. The i>aper became famous throughout the land, and could be found in every house and camp on the coast. It was the newspaper of the Pacific, and was inde fatigable in publication of latest and full est news. It commanded broad influence, and while remaining independent was a power political parties respected. It was in July, 1853, that a steam engine was first put into the office to run the presses. In 1852 Mr. Morrill retired for a year or so, J. Gray taking his place, and later Thomas Gardiner acquiring an interest iv the journal. Mr. Larkin had come into the firm in 1553, and remained interested until net long prior to the sale of tho paper. Mr. Upson was twelve years editor-in-chief of the Union and was suc ceeded by 11. C. Watson, who served un til his death, in July, 1867, and was suc ceeded by Samuel Seabough, who re mained editor-in-chief until the union of the paper with the Record, when George Frederick Parsons, editor of the latter paper, became editor of the new journal. CONSOLIDATION. February —, 1875, the Union was con solidated Jith the Record, and became the Record-Union, wilii the Sacrament.) Publishing Company as proprietors. The j Weekly Record was absorbed by the j Weekly Union, and the new pap \- eon- I tinned to till tho field of the o. Union j with added news facilities an.', c u-gy, j and meeting, of course, vviMi f;-. i .ore of I competition than the Uu< .> encountered, as papers sprang up in Sao Francisco and throughout the State, an-i telegraph and railroad lines had changed tho whole character of transmission news. The Union building, now tho Record-Union budding, was exacted in January, 1861. DEMOCRATIC JOURNAL. February 5, 1852, V. E. Geiger <fc Co. issued tho Democratic Slate. Journal. It was the size of the Union, and V. E. (Jeiger and B. F. Washington were the editors. It supported John Bigier in his political aspirations, while the Times and Transcript championed the cause of William M. Gwin. Eariy in 1853 Wash ington retired, and was succeeded by B. jB. Redding as editor. The fire of 1852 destroyed the paper office, and in July ' the Journal consolidated with tho Cali \fornian, with B. B. Redding, P. C. John son, S. J. May aud James McClatchy as I proprietors. Several changes in owner ship took place rapidly, and in the fall of 1854, William Walker, afterwards General Walker, "the gray-eyed man of destiny," was editor. Iv June, 1857, the paper was '"'"" ~^i-iriil*.ii__.:,. ',;: TZ. ... .:; ::, -l."_i_. :*"■*-' A. A::"- . '"'A '■ :" "" :.A - . A:. :■, ;^^ :j -iE«i^^^'"*'- a^'l»s-----»1'- - — sold out by tho ShorifT, bought in by the printers in the office, and after a pause of a month, reappeared with a new pro prietorship, with H. Shipley and R. Rust as editors. They were succeeded by S. W. Ravely and P. W. S. Rayle, who bought up a controlling interest in the paper, which expired Juno 24, 1858. a daptist sheet. August, 1852, T. Alter started a weekly Baptist paper, with O. C. Wheeler and E. J. Thelis as editors. It lived but about a year and put its owner -33,000 in debt. The exact date of its death is unknown, and even its name we do not now ascertain. a settler paper. Xovember 17, 1552, E. Williamson it Co., with James McClatchy and D. J. Thomas as editors, founded The Daily California^, a settler Democratic paper; Z. J. May bought in and became editor April, 1553. July 30th the Californian. and the State Journal became one. a statesman. Not until November 13, 1854, was an other effort made to run a newspaper in Sacramento. On that date J. W. Gish <fc Co. founded the California Statesman as a morning journal, with Henry Meredith as editor. An unfortunate lawsuit, in which the Democratic quarrel between Broderick and Gwin played a large part, swamped the paper, and in March, 1855, it expired. A FARMER. The California Farmer and Journal of Useful Scieyice began publication iv Sac ramento May, 1855, it having issued for a year already in San Francisco. Warner & Son, and J. K. Phillips it Co. were pro prietors, and Dr. J. F. Morse the first editor. In July, 1850, the paper was moved back to San Francisco. Dr. Morse und S. Colville in 1854 fssucd the first and only number of the monthly magazine, Illustrated Sketches of California. It was a brilliant beginning. March 13.1854, J. M. Sheppard it Co. issued tho Daily Dem ocrat. It lived a little over throe months. July 15, 1854, a Baptist semi-monthly, The Pacific Recorder, appeared. In July, 1855, it became a weekly, and in March, 1850, died with Christian resignation to unsparing fate. December, 1851, the Cali fornia Almanac and Register made its first and last appearance. ANOTHER TRIBUNE. Juno 5,1855, the State Tribune was born as a daily, French <fc May proprietors. It had a turbulent existence, and "was twins" at one time, the proprietor chang ing and quarreling, and each of two sets issuing what claimed to be the simon pure Tribune. The paper died June 1, 1856, after an existenoe of trouble, bitter ness, debt, and general "row," in which Democratic contentions and jealousies were sadly mixed up. AN AMERICAN. From the ashes of the Tribune the OaU- fornia American arose June 2,1856. A radical Know-Xothing organ, as was its proprietor. James Allen, S. J. May and John R. Ridge were proprietors, with Mr. Allen as editor. He was succeeded by Mr. Ridge in January, 1857. The paper lost £15,000 in the first six months, and died February, 1857. The Water Fount und Home Journal, a weekly, was im ported from San Francisco December, 1855. It lived but nine months. The •Spirit of the Age, au independent evening paper, was started Deoembai 6, 1855, by George 11. Baker. In June it changed its title to the ■Sacramento Age, enlarged and had new proprietors, with J. S, Robb as editor. In the summer of 1856 the Age was sold to the Know-Xothing party, aiid died early in 1857. December 24, 1855, A. Badlam & Co. founded the Daily Evening Tunes, which breathed its last March, 1856. It was; worked on a wooden press made by tho publishers. They took the remains of the Timet to a mountain county, and tried to revivify tiie sheet, but brought it back soou to Sacramento, where it again expired. STII.L ANOTHEH. December 11, 185<>, The Ci'.y Daily Hem, with Paschal Coggins editor, was born. C. Bab!i and W. li. Harvey being its pro prietors. It lived a fiifnl lite seven | months. Cornelius Cole <fc Co. August 15, 1856, started the Daily Morning Times jas a Republican paper. In November it changed to an evening edition, later to a weekly and January 24, 1857, went into the newspaper charnel-house. Ze Too Yurie, alias Hung Tai, started tho Chinese Newt, a daily, printed in Chinese charac j ters, December l*s<>. It was a bright J paper and created mnch interest. It be i came a tri-weekly, then a weekly, next a ! monthly and after nearly two years of life, died. the "bee." The Temperance Mirror, a quarto monthly, was started by <>. B. Turrell January, 1857, made one issue, then re moved to Sau Francisco and died there in .March of the same year. February 3, l'<s7, the Daily Morning lire w:is founded. It was edited by J. R. Ridge aud S. J. May as an independent journal. L. C. Chandler, L. P. Davis, John Church and Tobey were proprietors. It was a iive eolumn paper. April 0, 1857, it became an evening paper. That summer James McClatftby succeeded Mr. Kidge as editor in-chief. In 1858 a new firm was an nouncod-as in charge. In its first year the paper was enlarged lo seven columns to the page. April 8, ISBQ, J. O'Loa.y bought into tho tirm, which became L. P. Davis & Co. December 23, 18-'>3, G. 11. Winterburn bought out Tobey, and sold to J-.uues McClatchy February 12, 1886. June 26, 1872, Sir. McClatchy bought out Davis, and the firm became James McClatchy it Co. August 1, 1572, J. F. Sheehan bought into the psiper and took superintendence of tho business de partment. Xovember 1, 1879, C. K. Mc- Clatchy was admitted as a partner, and was attached to the editorial corps. Octo ber 25, 185-i, James McClatchy died while on a visit to Paraiso Springs. He was deeply mourned, and his death esteemed a community loss. January 22, 1884, the paper passed entirely into the hands of* the family of James McClatchy, Mr. Shee. j han selling out his interest, C. K. Mc- Clatchy being managing editor, a position he took on his father's death, and V. S. McClatchy becoming business manager. For a time tho lice published a semi weekly^ but its publication was discon tinued in 1872, and all effort concentrated on the daily and weekly. A few years ago the Bee added a fine perfecting press to its office, of the Goss pattern. A HOST OF THEM. A great many journals appeared now with rapidity. July, 1857, 'appeared the Star of the Pacific, religious, quarto, monthly; died December, 1857: resur rected May, 1868; finally buried later in that year. The Daily State Sentinel, J. 11. Atkins <fc Co., daily, morning; died early in 1868, after a lift of less than one year. August I£2, 1557, The Eye Glass. C. A. Sumner issued a single number. The Covenant and Odd Fellows' Maga zine, monthly, thirty-two pages, August 31, 1857; died June, 1838. Temperance. Register, 11. Davison <te Co., monthly, September, 1857, quarto; lived three months. December 20, 1857, Herald of the Morning, a Sunday paper, J. C. Mc- Donald & Co., publishers; Colonel B. McDonald editor, spiritualistic; lived four weeks. The Plucnix, afternoon, the Übiquitos, a scurrilous sheet by E. Ai;-- Gfofwan. began in the fall of 1857 aa an wc oaatonal, and died in about eight months. The Watch Doa, January 1, 1858, by J. Mortimer Smith, twin to the Phoenix, and lived three months. BTII.L GROWS THE LIST. The Visitor, March 2tt, 1858, Brown, Ingham <fc Co., daily evening, J. Coggins editor; died June 1,1858. The Mercury, March 28, 1858, Democratic, H. S. Foushee publisher, W. S. Long editor; died Octo ber 12, 1853. Statesman (Xo. 2), May, 1858, S. W. Ravely publisher, A. C. Rus sell editor, daily, Democratic; died June 24th. Californian (Xo. 2), D. J. Thomas, July. 1858; died, aged one week. The Baptist Circular, August, 1858; died in the spring of 1859. The Morning Star, Demo cratic, daily; was born and died in 1859. Daily Register, Democratic morniug paper, Harvey, Houhton <fc Co., J. C. Xabriskie nnd Wm. Bailsman editors; it was started and ran all its course within the year 1859. "democratic standard." The rival of the Register was the Demo cratic Mandard, founded February 2S, 1*59. by J. R. Hardenbergh, with Chas. T. Botts as editor; June 2, 1800, it ceased as a daily, struggled a while as a weekly and late m tho fall of 18§0 expired.; Me- Alpin and. Geo. C. Gor ham were for a time writers on the paper. June, 1800, Daily Democrat, Henry Bidleman <fe Co.. M. G. Upton editor; it fell with the autumn leaves. June 24, istiO, Folger <fe Co. issued The. Daily Evening Sews, Democratic; the Folgers were editors at first, followed by Geo. C. Gorham and Albert S. Evans; the paper lived nine months. R. W. Lewis tt Co. begun The Evening Post October, 1800, as an inde pendent; it soon camo out Republican; it died September, 1860. In the winter of June McDonald started The Advertiser, a gratuitous shoet, which lived a few months. The Rescue, organ of the Good Templars, was founded in San Francisco, February, 1862; it has been moved to and trom Sacramento several times; it is now Issued from this city; It is a weekly of eight pages, and Geo. B. Katzenstein con ducts it. MORE YET. The Evening Star, Mnv 25, 1864, by a company with J. J. Beebe and Alex.Bad lam prominent in it. It lived three months. Tho California Republican, Democratic, January 4, 1863, Conley, Pat rick & Co., Beriah Brown, editor; the pa per died in tho fall of the year. The Gold en Gate Spiritual Springs of 186-1; died an infant. The California Express, Demo cratic, camo from Marysville December 23, 1866, and died here July, 1867. THE "RECORD" APPEARS. Fobrnary of 1867, the Daily Record ap peared as an independent evening paper, by J. J. Keegan, John L. Sickler, J. P. Dray, It. E. Draper, and thereafter for a time, John F. Sheehan. Draper was tho first editor of the new daily, aud was suc ceeded in a month by W. S. Johnston, lie by J. B. McQuillan, he by R. A. Bird, and ho by Geo. Frederic Parsons. In 1872 W. H. Mills and A. I). Wood bought the paper and Mr. Mills became manager of the journal. December 2, 1867, the Record had changed to a daily morning paper. It was enlarged under its new and vigorous management, issued a weekly, and then a send-weekly, and for a time an evening edition also. It en gaged the best writers, had a large corps of correspondents, secured broad facilities forgetting news, and became, because df its ability and enterprise, a power in the land and a strong competitor of the Union. It espoused the progres sive thought of the day, ftivorod development of the railway system of the State, stimulate <i of immigration and tho fostering of irrigation, it was a pioneer in advocating these things, in cluding preservation of garni- and forests, exhibition of California produc ■•>, etc [n 1871-2 it published tiie fullest and finest phonographic reports of legislative pro ceedings ever taken and printed, morn ing after morning, printing NINETEEN COLUMNS Of proceedings in solid nonpareil. It is sue;', as did the Union, holiday sheets with the opening of the new- year, and gave especial attention bo exhaustive sta tistical information concerning the State. February 22, 1575, the Record and the Union ceased their rivalry and were united, Mr. Parsons remaining editor and Mr. Mills General Manager. Mr. Wood had retired some littie time before. A company was formed and the Rbcorp- Urn.-.x appeared under the auspices of the I Sacramento Publishing Company, as it does to this day. Mr. Parsons left the j editorial chair for Eastern journalism in January. 1883, and was succeeded by<J. | A. Woodson. Mr. Mills at the same time j removed to San Francisco, but still re tains the Presidency of the company. T. W. Sheehan was appointed General Agent, and S. E. Carringlon acted as Managing Editor. In April, 1889, Mr. Carrington retired, and E. B. Willis and T. \V. Sheehan were appointed General Managers of the paper, tho former as-1 Burning tho duties of Managing Editor ' and the latter those of Business Mana- [ ger. The Record-Union occupies the | old building of the Union on Third street, i between J and K. For many years it ran a semi-weekly issue, but found greater convenience and success in the weekly it now issues. May 19, 1889, tho Sunday Union was founded by tho Record- Union. It has a large measure of success. THE LINE STRETCHES OUT July 23,1507, the Expositor, daily Dem ocratic; died September 9th. The Young American, February 26, 1864, lived eleven weeks. About tho same time there flour ished for brief periods My Paper, Pioneer Blusterer, The Anti-Office-Seeker, Sunday Times, Hesperian, Student's Repository, State Fair Paper, etc. In the winter of 1864 Charles do Young started the Dra matic Chronicle, a small daily gratuitous sheet. In nine months he removed it to San Francisco, and out of it grow the San Francisco Chronicle, of to-day. Tho Tra veler's Guide, weekly, 1865, and lived a few years. Railroad Guzetter, 18ti5, still published by 11. S. Crocker & Co., month ly. January 12, 1808, the State Capital Reporter, Democratic. It became by law "the litigant" paper, and thus tecureda fine income from legal advertising:. In 1572 the Legislature took away this bread, und In May the paper ceased to issue as a daily. July 30, 1872, it died. I-lonry George, the great singlo-tax advocate, was the first editor of the Reporter, lie was succeeded by J. I<\ Linthieum, an able man. Oscar T. Shuck was tho lsat editor of the paper. A FEW MORE. The Sacramento Democrat, August 3, 1871, daily Democratic; died September 5, 1871. The Locomotive, spring of 187'f. local, advertising, weekly. It changed hands several times, once its name, be coming The People's Champion. It died in the summer of 1574. GERMAN. June 6,1868. K. F. Wiemyer & Co. (K. F. Wiemyer, A. M. Schntt and Charles Schmidt) founded the semi-woekly Sacra mento Journal (German). In 1875 it issued also in Oakland, but soon after confined itself to Sacramento wholly. Mr. Wie myer died in April, 1889, and in July the Journal was absorbed by the Nord Cali fornia Herold, which Mr. Schmidt had founded meanwhile. March 20, 1860, B. F. Iluntlev it Co. founded tho Evening Neu-s. It lived three months. Tho Sun day Free Press appeared but once, Feb ruary, 1873. Early in 1873 the Valley World, a literary weekly, edited by Rev. j J. H. <J. Bonte, appeared. It lived nearly ; a year. Tha Sacramento Valley Agricult-■ urist began February, 1574, Da vis <fc Stock ton. It changed from monthly taweekly in June, 1874. It changed hands, Juicbdied i somewhere in the winter of 1875-6. NEAR THE END. The Occidental Star, devoted to Jewish interests, was founded in January, 1873, weekly, and lived about five months. Common flfciMe, a medical reform journal. | was born December, 1873, and died March, ; 1874. The Winning lira//, a woman's pa per, began September, P?73, and died Feb ruary, 1574. The Mercantile Globe, adver tising sheet, began August, 1872, and flickered out in the winter of 1875-6, as the Sacramento Globe. The California Teacher, for a long time issued from tho State Printing Office, was founded about 1867, but has how ceased as an official pa per, aud a private publication in Sau Francisco has taken its place. The State Fair Gazette was the earliest of the State Fair papers founded. It has been fol lowed by several. A HERALD. The Evening Herald was begun as an independent paper March S 1875, by Gardner, Larkin, Fellows & Major, with E. A. Rockwell as editor. It lived some thing over a year. The Enterprise, a Sunday paper, was founded by Crites, Davis <fe Alexander, August 20, 1875. It died with the ninth issue. For about two years the Budget was published by young ladies of the Sacramento Seminary. Tho Business College Journal, E. C. Atkin son—Sacramonto Business College—is an occasional educational paper. The Bain bridge Business College, in the summer of 1880. began an eight-page monthly, the College Messenger. THE LEADER. The Sunday Leader was founded by John N. Larkin October, 1575, and he and his'son still conduct it successfully. The Daily Sun (Worldngman's party organ) began in the spring of 1870. It lived but a few months. In ISS'J the Sunday Capi tal was founded by Robinette &■ Goode, Robinette sold out to Goode in about a year. X. E. Whito bought out Goode, and ran it about six months and sold out to Miller A: Ellery, in order to take a place on the Record-Union. Miller <V Ellery ran it about six months,-when they con tracted with a Democratic company to run it tta 9 daily, but it was nor a success, and in 9 few months it died after a total life of ab en three years. Early in 1880 Ford & Venable started a daily paper; the State Democrat, which appeard as an evening paper about six months. In October, ls&i, Gregg 6c Co. started the Prohibitionist, which had a fitful existence as a daily for two years. The Occidental Medical Times, monthly magazine, J. H. Parkinson, M. P., was founded March, I*B7, and has achieved much success. The Daily Evening Jour nal was founded July 4, 1888, by 11. A. Weaver, and lived up to October Ist. The Nord California Herold was founded by Chas. Schmitt September 5. 1885, and still lives, a large, nourishing German weekly paper. Themis is an eight page weekly founded by A. J. Johnston tt Co., with W. J. Davis, W. A. Anderson and Geo. A. Blancliard editors, in Febraary, 1889. It has had a successful course, and still exists. The Christian Herald, managed by Rev. Mr. Growdcn, of the Christian Church, was started in the winter of 1890 as a monthly, aud had four or five issues. From 18S5 to 1887 amateur journalism seized upon Sacramento, and a number of small and creditable sheets were issued . by youths. the last. The latest audition to the journalism of Sacramento is The Evening yews, which was founded by Wells Driiry, December, 1890. During 1800 C. n. Leadbetter, Jr., A Co. got out a couple of issues of a creditable monthly, the Pacific National Guardsman. It was then removed to San Francisco, and latterly has not been heard of. We exclude in this review a number of temporary sheets and purely special issues, theatrical programmes, arid papers issued for a particular purpose, and not as newspapers of general circulation. THE VERY LATEST Event, but one, in this history, is the re tirement this week of A. J. Johnston from the Themis, the weekly journal re ferred to, and the purchase of tho paper by John H. Miller, an old newspaper man, who received his training upon the RECORD-UNION. And now, before de scribing the very latest event in the his tory of Sacramento journalism, tho change of the form of THE RECORD-UNION This morning, and the Inauguration of tho beautiful new lightning press, we proceed to make a synopsis of all we have touched upon. living JOURNALS. Daily Union...|Mar.l9,'sl > "Rceord-Unton. Dully Record...l-'eb.'j,'07.. i Feb. 22, 1875 3K',H y lTlli' jn-!-hui. 10*62 ( S< ini-WeeklyUn \\ kly Record. l><c.2.'t>7... V; i0n,Feb.22,'75. B W Record....!Oc-t.7.'71... ) Weekly Union. Sunday Union May ISVS9.. Daily Bee Feb.3,'o7 JDaily. Weekly lite I The Rescue [Feb., 1864... Weekly. Occidental) * Med'l Tlmes.LMar.lßß7 1 Monthly. Ehemts I'd... 1889... Weekly. «ader iOct., 1875.... Sundays. gews iDec., 15U0... [Evening. >iord- Califor nia Herold... Sept. 5.1555 Seml-Wccklv. Total. i\ And the following regularly issued in special interests and entered at the Post office but not properly to be classed as newspapers: R. R. Gazetteer, College Journal, College Messenger, Fair Gazette. DEFUNCT JOURNALS. Placer Times. jßecorder. Transcript. California Almanac. Times and Transcript. Farmer. 8. and M. Tribune. Tribune. Sacramento Index. Tribune. Xo. 2. Journal. |Amerlean. Banner. • [Water Front. Callfornian. Spirit of tiie Age. Baptist Journal. i livening Times. Statesman, litem. Illustrated California. iTimes. Democrat. No. 1. Chinese News. Star of I\icilic. : Anti-Office Seeker. state Sentinel. Footllght. Eye Glass. Olive Rranch. Covenant. 'Übiquitous. Temperance Register. [Evening News. Herald of the Morning, locomotive, statesman, No. 2. IWorld. Baptist Circular. iGiobe. Register. Occidental Star. Democrat, Xo. 2, Common KMise. Post. Journal (German). Evening Star. Journal. Golden Gate. Agriculturist. Express. gnu My Paper. Christian Herald. Pioneer. Reporter. Bluster. Democrat, Xo. 3. Phoenix. Champion. Watch Dog. -California Teacher. Visitor. I Free Press. Mercury. (Winning Way. Califotnian, Xo. 2. Enterprise. Morning Star. Capital. Standard. Herald. News. Budget. Republican. Guardsman. Young America. Evening Herald. Cnronicle. State Democrat. Expositor. iProhibitionist. Total deceased „_ 8° Total living t H Sum total in forty-two years „ 93 WHOLE XO. 15,362. OUR LIGHTNING PRESS. THE "RECORD-VXIOX'S" MARVEL. OPS PRIXTIXG MACHINE. An Invention Which Touches the Pln« nacle of Mechanical Ingenuity- Stereotyping Department. The Record-Union is printed to-day on the most perfect printing machine ever brought to the Pacific coast, which is say ing a great deal, when the fine presses in some of tho Sau Francisco offices are taken into consideration. But it is never theless true, for the machine has just boon built expressly for this paper by the Goss Printing Press Company of Chicago, and has many advantages over even tho last press built by the same company prior to this one. Tho builders havo availed of every possible improvement, and have avoided all the mistakes that have been discovered in other presses. Tho result is that the Record-Union's new press touches the pinnacle of mechanical inge nuity. The past century has seen greater ad vances in scientific and mechanical inven tion than all of tho ages that have passed, and no greater progress has been made in mechanism, scieuco or art, than in the de velopment of the printing press. From the crude hand-press of a. century ago to the lightning machines of the present day is a leap -which almost paralyzes the mind to contemplate. Think of the old hand-press upon which two men labored hard to produce 200 papers printed upon one side, and then contemplate the tri umph of mechanism upon which this paper is printed to-day, which will print, cut, pasto and fold four, six, eight or twelve-page papers complete, from one roll of paper, at tho rate of 21,000 per hour. During the first half of the century tho cylinder press was evolved and some im provements made, but tho greatest ad vance has been made during the past twenty-five years. In fact improve ments have come so fast that tho result is almost bewildering. THE (lOSS PRESSES Are now recognized all over the United Suites as the equal of the Hoe presses in every particular, while possessing some particular advantages over them. The three Goss brothers have been for many years manufacturing small presses, but about five years ago they organized tlie Goss Printing Press Company of Chi cago, and at once entered upon tho build ing of larger presses. They wero deter mined to produce a press which for com pactness, simplicity and rapidity should surpass anything that had yet been made. They have at last accomplished just what they desired in two presses just com pleted, one of which is now running in I the Record-Union offico and tho other in tho oflice of the Chicago Times. They have spared neither time nor expense in the manufacture of these machines, which have many improvements on all the late inventions, and without doubt stand un equaled in Amoriea. TESTED IN CHICAGO. Before shipping the Record-Union press to this city it was put together in ' Chicago and thoroughly tested, showing a ' speed of 24,000 impressions an hour, and . even more if an emergency required it. Mr. W. T. Goss then came on with a com petent corps of machinists, and put the press in position in the Record-Union press room, where it can bo seen by visit ors at any time. It has many advantages over any other printing machine that has been brought to this coast. Being capable of printing a three-page-wide sheet, it will print, paste and fold with equal facility a four, six, eight or twulve-pago paper in ono operation and all from one .roll. One of its special advantages is its capacity to turn out a six-page paper with the singlo sheet pasted in. Other so-called insert presses paste the single shoot on tho out side. It prints any number of pages mentioned and delivers them pasted, folded and Counted at a rate of 24,000 per hour. The mechanical work upon it is superb, and the iron and steel of the machine is of tho most solid and enduring character. Tho frames of the lato improved 1100 press are known as box frames, while those of the Goss aro of solid iron. All the bearings and shafts are of steel, and the shafts were forced through the iron cylinders by a hydraulic pressure of twenty-five tons. Another great advant age of the machine over others is its sim plicity and concentration. It is but four teen feet niuo inches in length, six feet high and six feet wide. HOW THE PAPER IS PRINTED. The blank paper, which is on an endless roll, starts from an iron spindle at the extreme rear of the press, and passes be tween two cylinders, one of wliich is covered with felt and rubber blankets, while tho other holds the stereotyped plates, thus printing tho inside of the sheet. It then travels around a cylinder twice as large as the others, and receives the second impression, which is the out side of the paper. From this cylinder it is conveyed to a series of cutting cylin ders, after which it reaches the top of the press, on a direct angle to tho collecting cylinder, where the sheets aro superim posed upon themselves, pasted and thou sent to tho folder, there receiving ono longitudinal fold, then one across the col umns, and once over all. After passing r through the folding process the papers ard delivered into two receiving boxes, hav ing been counted and the fi umber regis- • tered while they are passing through the - folder. There is a roller motion connected with this press, the invention of Mr. Goss, - which no other machine has. It is so constructed that tho pressman can adjust' his form or inking rollers, and should any imperfection appear in tho printing, all that is necessary for tho pressman to ' do is to draw a pin, which disconnects all the rollers, so that the trouble can ba remedied instantly. Under the old sys tem each roller had to bo adjusted sepa rately, and if any difficulty occurred, the unscrewing and resetting occasioned con siderable loss of time. This in itself is a great feature. An experienced press man can see at once the great utility of this contrivance, as it makes it possible for the pressman to receive a plate from the stereotyper and get the press in mo tion again in one minute's time. THE WETTINO MACItIXE, The wetting machine, which is apart from tho press, is an interesting pieoe of mechanical ingenuity. A roll of paper as it comes from the warehouse is placed on a spindle. It .starts in motion and first passes under a tension roller and in doing so is dampened by spray, which is regu" lated by a series of little faucets. The endless sheet then passes under a largo cylinder, which causes the paper to travel, and it is revolved on au iron core, after which it is ready for the press. Tho great advantage of this machine i 3 its positive ncss, simplicity and high speed. THE STEREOTYPING* DEPARTMENT. The stereotyping department is fitted up with all the latest improvements, and Ins at its head a thoroughly competent stereotyper. The power for running all of the ma chinery is obtained from a large new en gine lately built for the purpose by M. R, Rose, of this city.