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THE LEGISLATURE—29TH SESSION.
Governor Markham Slaughters His
His Action Interpreted to Mean a
Change of Administration at
the San Quentin Prison.
Sacramento, January 19,1891.
The Senate met at 2 o'clock p.
* Lieutenant-Governor Roddick in the
chair. Roll called, and quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. J. A.
Bruner. Journal of Friday read and ap
When the Senate was prepared for bus
iness, Mr. Ostrom rose and said that
reference having been made in the
journal to a resolution offered by Mr.
Seawell, and as the latter had been offered
in a vein of pleasantry—as also the report
made thereon by Mr. Heacock—he moved
that the whole matter be expunged from
Mr. Heacock seconded tho motion with
the understanding that all there was on
the subject should be expunged.
Mr. Carpenter and others objected and
demanded a call ofthe roll.
Mr. Seawell said it was his impression
that no grave rcsponsibilitv rested on
either side. His resolution was, as had
been said, offered in a spirit of pleasantly,
and he believed the report made thereon
was in the same spirit. It was, however.
a matter that did not affect tho dignity of
the Senate, and he preferred that the mo
tion before the Senate be withdrawn.
. Mr. Ostrom then withdrew his motion.
A message was received from the Gov
ernor withdrawing from the consideration
of the Senate the following appointments
made by Governor Waterman: .
Joseph D. Redding- and J. K. Orr, Fish
Dr. J. K. Lame. as member of the State
Board of Health.
Alexander Badram, as Port Warden of
the San Francisco Harbor.
K. W. Travel's and Oliver Eldridge, as
Obed Harvey, as Director of the Stock
ton Insane Asylum.
Warren Olney, sis Director of the Deaf
and Dumb and Blind Asylum.
George W. Gibbs and A. B. Overton,
as Trustees of the Homo for Feeble
Louis Sloss, Jr., as a member of the
State Board of Regents.
J. C. Campbell, as State Prison Director.
A message was also received from the
Governor announcing the following ap
Joseph D. Redding, Ramon E. Wilson
and Joseph MorizTo, to bo Fish Com
Samuel K. Thornton, to be Port War
den of San Francisco Harbor.
(aptain J. H. Bruce, to be Pilot Com
George W. Gibbs, to be Trustee of the
Home for the Feeble-minded Children.
Dr. C. A. Rowell, to be a member of tho
State Board of Regents.
Irwin D. Stump, to be a member of
the State Board of Prison Directors.
Mr. Sprague moved that the considera
tion of the message be made the special
order for Thursday, the 22d inst., at 2
o'clock p. K. Carried.
P.EIMRTS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr. DcLong, from the Committee on
Finance, reported back S. B. 32,
amending the Political Code, relating to
the duties ofthe Treasurer of the Deaf
and Dumb and Blind Asylum, recom
mending it passage.
: Also, S. B. 31, relating to the col
lection of property taxes, recommending
its passage as amended.
V-- By Mr. W. H. Williams—Amending
Sections 501 and 508 of the Civil Code, re
lating to street railways.
V'By Mr. Campbell of Siskiyou—Amend
ing Section 124(i of the Penal Code, re
lating to the cost of appeals in criminal
, By Mr. Seawell—Amending Section
1665 of the Political Code, relating to the
course of instruction in the public
Also, fixing the rates of tare on hops in
[, Also, amending Sections 237 and 239 of
the ('ode of Civil Procedure, relating to
t)v time for commencing action.
By Mr. Ilamill—Relating to tho as
sessment of property, and providing a
penalty for Assessors failing to do their
By Mr. Berry—Amending Section
201;, relating to county governments.
By Mr. Ragsdale—Repealing Section
1318 of the Political Code, relating to
lands sold by tho State for the nonpay
ment of taxes.
By Mr. Met Somas— Prohibiting the sale
of intoxicating liquors within a mile of
any reform institution in which children
Also, providing for the organization of
irrigation and water districts.
By Mr. Heacock—Relating to agri
cultural districts, their formation, etc.,
and providing for new ones.
By Mr. Briit—To provide for the pay
ment of wages of mechanics and laborers.
vpy Mr. Flint—Providing for the ap
pointment of a Board of Sutter Fort Trus
tees; for the acquisition of the Sutter
Fort property by the State, and making
an appropriation for its improvement.
By Mr. Mead—Constitutional amend
ment, relating to theduties of Lieutenant
By Mr. Everett—Amending Sections
3915 and 1917 of the Civil Code, relating
to the rates of interest.
i'.y Mr. Do Long—Amending Section
1848 ofthe Code of Civil Procedure, re
lating to corporations acting as executors.
By Mr. Broderick —Providing for the
sale of railroad and other franchises by
By Mr. Maher—Authorizing munici
pal authorities to fix the rate for gas and
'_ By Mr. Sprague—Amending Section 92
ofthe Civil Gpde, relating to divorces.
By Mr. MeGowan—Amending Section
1692 ofthe Code of Civil Procedure, relat
ing to what are deemed conclusive pre
SECOND READING OP BILLS.
S. B. 10, relative to the claims by third
persons of property levied upon "under
writs of execution and attachment.
S. B. 11, relating to tho appointment of
receivers, and the care and disposition of
the property of insolvent debtors during
the pendency of insolvency proceedings
and before the election of an assignee.
S. B. 13, relating to the crime of obtain
ing money or property by false pretenses.
S. B. 14, relating to the fraudulent presen
tation of claims to public officers.
Substitute for S. B. 18 and 25, re
lating to the power of tho court when
the evidence is insufficient to justify a
conviction, and to cases wherein an ap
peal may be taken by the people.
S. B. 29, in relation to the adoption of
FIRST READING OF BILLS.
S. B. .)_> and 34, reported by the
Finance Committee shortly before, were
then read the first time and ordered
Adjourned till Tuesday at 10 o'clock
The House met at 12 o'clock, Speaker
Coombs in the chair. Roll called, quorum
Mr. Renfro rose to a question of privi
lege, with reference to the report pub
lished by the Recorb-Vnion of his re
marks upon the bill providing for the con
tinuation of administration upon estates,
which erroneously, probably because of
the reporter failing to hear him, attributed
to him this language: "Might not the ad
ministration of an estate be made perfect j
by tlie bill?" What he did say was:
"Might not thcadministration of an estate
be perpetuated by the bill?"
Senate Concurrent Resolution rea vest- (
ing the Committees on Rules of the two
.houses to prepare and report a joint rule
to prevent the printing aud passage of
duplicate bills. Lost.
[Mr. Phelps in the chair.]
A_By Mr. Burnett of San Francisco —To
pay claim of Max Gtimpel for services as
expert on trial of John S. Gray. Claims, j
> r ßy Mr. Gould —With reference to de
rauding hotel and restaurant proprietors,
and repealing Section 537 of Penal Code.
Also, with reference to bounties for kill
ing wolves, coyotes, bears and California
By Mr. Bcechcr—With reference to
preservation of game. Pish and Game.
By Mr. Baughman—To authorize the
Governor to appoint a custodian ofthe
Marshall monument. Public Buildings.
By Mr. McCall—TO add Section 7t»3 to
the Political Code, relating to qualifica
tions Of Notaries Public. To amend Sec
tion 791 of same code, relative to appoint
ment <»f Notaries Public. To create State
Board of Funeral Directors. To amend
598 of the Civil Code, relative to
Benevolent and religious corporations.
v/By Mr. Dennis—For relief of J. P. and
A, J. Martin, executors of John Martin.
By Mr. Wcntworth—To amend County
Government Act. Comity Governments.
L- By Mr. Marion—To donate to free pub
lic libraries having more than s.tKK) vol
umes, certain books and public docu
ments. State Library.
v-By Mr. Lacy—To amend the Political
Code, relative to duties of Superintendent
of Public Instruction. Education.
V-Also, to amend the Penal Code, relative
to fees of witnesses in criminal eases. Ju
By .Sir. Smith of Orange—To validate
proceedings for tho reorganization of mu
nicipal corporations. To provide that
real property in cities of tlie fifth class
shall be taxed for road and school pur
poses. Municipal Corporations.
By Mr. Hocking —To provide for the
division of existing counties and creation
and organization of new counties. Couuty
VBy Mr. Coombs—To provide for the ap
pointment of v Board of Sutter Fort
Trustees, and for the acquisition, pre
servation and improvement of the Sutter
Fort property. Ways and Means.
vßy Mr. Brunei-—To authorize Robert
C. Ball to sue tlie Stat.-. Judiciary.
»^3y Mr. Renfro—To add a new section
to tlie Penal Code, relating to the time of
marriage of divorced persons. Public
yßy Mr. Lux—-To amend Section 832 of
tlie Civil Code, relating to excavations
made upon lauds, and the duty of pro
tecting the lands of coterminous, owners.
v-By Mr. Clark —To regulate the business
of insurance companies with reference to
vßyMr. Robertson—To amend Section
2i>lo of the Political Code, with reference
to the supervision and working of public
roads. Roads and Highways.
yßy Mr. Shanahan —To amend Section
1240 of the Penal (.'ode. relative to costs of
appeal in criminal cases. Jndiciarv.
By Mr. Rice—TO amend Section 101} of
tho County Government Act. County
The House reassembled at 2 p. ji.;
Speaker in thechair. Roll called; quorum
VBv Mr. Barnett of Sonoma —To amend
Section 3818 of the Political Code, with
reference to purchasers of land sold for
V By Mr. Murnan —To amend Section
1593 ofthe Political Code, relative to elec
tion of School Trustees. Education.
Mr. Weston—To amend Section 2t>-i2
ofthe Political Code, relative to roads and
■ highways. Roads and Highways.
I* By Sir. Bruner —To amend Section 03
or tlio Civil Code and add a new section,
concerning divorces. Judiciary.
By Mr. Barnett of San Francisco—Con
stitutional amendment relative, to the
judicial department. Judiciary.
Hy Mr. Marion —Concurrent resolution
with reference to supplying free public,
libraries with State documents now in
the State Library. State Library.
By Mr. Renfro—Amendment to the
Constitution. Judiciary. tm
By Mr. Wentworth, from tho Commit
tee on Municipal Corporations—Recom
mending tho passage of a substitute for
A. B. 50.
A. B. 20, to amend Section 408 of the
Code of Civil Procedure. Passed—Ayes 67.
A. B. 45, to add Section 3453 to tho
Code of Civil Procedure, relative to as
signments for the benefit of creditors.
Recommitted to tlie Judiciary Commit
tee, with instructions to report to-mor
row, the bill not to lose place on file.
A. B. 51, to amend Section 849 of the
Code of Civil Procedure, relative to serv
ice of summons in actions in Justices'
Mr. Dibble —The only amendment made
by the bill to the existing law is to allow
the service to be made by a person 18
years of age.
Passed—Ayes 07, noes 1.
A. B. SG, to amend Section 128 of Civil
Code, relating to actions for divorce.
Mr. Dibble —The present law allows a
divorce case to be brought after the plain
tilt' has resided in tho State six months.
The result has been that persons come to
San Francisco,-remain there six months,
and then go into some country county
and institute a divorce suit. The object
of the bill is to correct the evil by requir
ing residence in the State (one year) and
county (three months) where such a suit
is brought, long enough to become a citi
zen. The bill was introduced in and
passed by the Assembly two years ago. I
deem it a very important reform in our
Mr. Martin —Unless we prohibit mar
riage without certain acquaintance and
length of courtship, we should not pro
hibit the privilege of dissolving the con
tract. I see in the remarks of the gentle
man from San Francisco a personal in
terest. He says by the requirements of
the law as it stands, if a plain til;' comes to
San Francisco and lives six months it
entitles him or her to commence an ac
tion for divorce; and that it is the habit
to go into the country to do it and obtain
an attorney there, throwing off on the
city lawyers. I am opposed to the bill.
Give married parties the same chance to
disorganize and disincorporate that you
give them to contract, even if San Fran
cisco lawyers are to suffer a little for want
of cases. [Laughter],
Mr. Matlock —I hope the bill will pass.
Tehama County has been inflicted with
these foreign divorce eases to an almost
incredible extent. It seems as if Tehama
had had the entire benefit of San Fran
cisco and the rest of the State in this
respect. We have had 150 divorce cases
brought in that county in the past two
years; a greater number than of deaths
and marriages. . Now, where are we
coming to if this continues? I trust the
bill will pass.
Mr. Robertson —I very much desire the
passage of the bill. Quite often parties
who have been living in San Francisco
pass to outside counties—even as far as
my own —to bring divorce suits, and,
while the Judge may desire to act in
good faith, if tho person applying for the
divorce has never resided in the county,
it makes it difficult to be certain he is
right. I think the bill proper, in view of
the past; and if the county residence re
quired were six months it would be bet
Mr. Bruner—There are many reasons
why the bill should pass. One is the
hut that the people of the Union are
agitating the subject of secret divorces,
and this bill is a movement in the right
direction, as it compels any person to
reside at least three months in the county
where it is his desire to bring a divorce
suit before it can be done. As the law is
now, a residence of six months in the
State is all that is required. As the gen
tleman from Tehama Iras said, that
county has been flooded with these
actions, brought by non-residents.
I have hoard it said that one
San Francisco divorce attorney has
almost filled the columns of a
Tehama paper, and often the plaintiff had
never been in that county, and only went,
there when the action came on. I think
the bill is in the interest of public morals
and that it should pass.
Mr. Clark—My experience has been
SACRAMENTO DAILY BECORP-TOTCOBT, TUESDAY, JANUARY 20, 18»i.—tflX IJAUJi:s.l JAUJi:s.
similar to that of the gentleman preceding
me. Almost weekly for the last year
entire strangers have come to my county
from other counties and filed complaints
• for divorce, alleging a six months' resi
dence in the State. The Judge and attor
neys know nothing of them. They bring
their witnesses from some remote place,
and it is almost impossible for the court
' to properly determine whether the par
ties arecntftled to divorce or not. I think
a person should reside at least three
months in a community before appealing
to a tribunal to set aside so solemn a con
tract as the marriage contract.
Mr. Dibble—lf the gentleman from
Placer had closely observed my profes
sional career he would not havo made
the remarks he has. I do not take divorce
cases which are not reputable. What 1
am aiming to strike at. by this bill, is the
disreputable divorce lawyers of my city.
The cases taken to the country counties
are not brought by the country bar, but j
by professional divorce lawyers of San j
Francisco, and it is to correct that evil i
that I drew and now urge the passage of
The bill passed—Ayes 74, noes 1.
Assembly Constitutional Amendment
Xo. 3, with reference to the right of
Mr. Bledsoe—I have some diffidence'in
rising to say a few words advocating the
passage of this amendment, because i feel
that the idea Which is embodied is one
which the great parties, not only in this !
State but tlie United Slat's, must take up
in the near future and consider favorably, I
for the party which refuses or fails to do j
so will go down deservedly in defeat. But i
I do not wish to be understood as appear- |
lug here in advocacy of the amendment j
in opposition to tho views of the conven
tion which nominated me for tho office I ■
now hold, <-.r of the people who elected
me to it. The Republican County Con
vention of Humboldt County, which
placed mo in nomination, adopted a plat
form, ;i part of which I will read—to
which part there was not a dissenting
j voice: "We look with alarm upon the j
increased.immigration of the lililerati and
unassiipflated elements of Europe, and j
I believe that every agency should be in- j
j vokedto preserve-our public lands from |
j alien grasp, to. shield American labor
from this destructive co:;ipcti!i >n, and to
protect the purity of the ballot-box from j
I tlie corrupting influences of thedisturb-
I ing elements that come from abroad."]
And', in presenting this proposed Intend- '
ment to the Constitution, I have done it
with the idea that if we shall exclude
from the right of suffrage oil those who
have not sufficient intelligence to read our
language and to write and to learn of our J
Constitution and laws that that will.]
be a most effectual method ofj
preserving tho purity of the ballot-box. :
It must not be presumed that there is no
precedent for this amendment. I havo J
examined the Constitutions of the States,'!
and I find that there are two which con
tains provisions almost exactly similar.
That of Connecticut provides: "Every
pe.rson shall be able to read any article)
of the Constitution, or any section ofthe'
statutes of this State before being ad
mitted as an elector." This was an
amendment made to the Constitution' of
Connecticut in 1855, and is now the law •■:'
that State. The Constitution of the old I
State of Massachusetts provides: "No
person shall have the right to vote, or be I
eligible to office, under tlie Constitution
of this commonwealth, who shall not bo '
able to read the Constitution in the En-I
glish language and write his name." It
is provided in the Constitution of Flor
ida, that the Legislature must provide by
law that no person who shall be unable to
read or write, after the year 1880, shall bo
allowed the right ofsnffirage, ThsCpn-
Btitution. of Colorado provides that the
Legislature may provide by law that no I
person shall have the right of suffrage,
after the year 18:K>, who is unable to read j
and write. So 1 say that this proposed
amendment is not without precedent.
And whether it be or not, we must all
recognize—every Republican and every
Democr.it on this floor must know it to
be a fact —thai the gales of < 'astlc t harden
are swinging too wide for the good ofthe
nation. If we do not take some steps to
prevent the ignorant classes, who are
coming here from Europe, un
loading the refuse of the world !
upon our shores, from exercising j
the right of suffrage until they have ac
quired knowledge of our Coostiutioh, bur
system of government, and our laws, it ;
will soon come to pass that this element :
will direct in our politics and our institu- I
I tions will be overthrown. As a Ropubli
can, I I'-el and see the dancer which
threatens my party. I think and believe I
that if my party docs not take up this
question of tlie right of suffrage, and ex- i
t-lude ignorance from it; if it does not j
take up this question of undesirable itn
migration, and exclude from this country
the refuse of Europe, it will go down in
defeat. As a Republican, 1 believe in tho
Republican party, and wish to see it |
march onto success. For that reason, if
no other. I would not fear to stand here i
and advocate this amendment. I wish |
the Republican party to be kept in the J
ascendancy, and that can only be done by
its advocacy of that which is light, proper |
and expedients I ask you all, gentlemen :
of the Assembly, if you are not interested
in the welfare of the' State? Whether you
are Republicans or Democrats, makes' no
difference; if you are interested in the
welfare of California and of the United
States, do not be afraid to record your
vote in favor of this proposed amend
Mr. Shanahan—Perhaps the gentleman
did not intend any direct reflection on tlie
great political party that has tho honor of
contending with the party of intelligence,
and so on (the Republican party), when
he stated that his party would go to defeat
except the ignorant were excluded from
voting. lam glad to see, however, by his
own statement, that in those States where
they have a constitutional amendment
which requires this educational qualifica
tion—Massachusetts and Connecticut—the
Democracy won the victory at the last
Mr. Bledsoe —It does not make any dif
ference to mo how those two States went,
least no particular reflection on the Dem
ocratic party, because the eminent gentle
man from Shasta County who represents;
I that party on this floor, In his own per
son would exclude any idea of a lack of
Intelligence among the Democracy of this
State, at least.
Mr. Shanahan (.sotto voce) —Thank you.
Mr. Martin —If I understand the "pro
posed amendment, it includes al! the pro
visions which arc on the statute books at
the present time, with this additional
clause with relation to ability to read utid
write. Now when I view the physiog
nomy and developments of the young
gentleman who introduced it I am sur
prised. Judging from his organization,
if he would doff his mustache I would
class him in the ministerial persuasion
instead of the dirty pool of politics.
[Laughter.] His remarks take me bsu'k
in the history of my native country for
fitly years. I recollect in the contest of
1840 that one of the charges of the Whig
party against the Democratic party of
that day was that tlie Democratic party
was cultivating the friendship and votes
of all of the adopted citizens: and ema
nating, as this resolution does, from a
gentleman who declares himself a Re
publican, I say it is a measure of a parti
san character, which he would have
adopted to exclude from the right of suf
frage those who cannot read or write.
You recollect it is an old saying, that he is
a Democrat and cannot read or write.
Now, the gentleman wants to put down
the manifestion of the great majority, as
indicated by the late election returns
from the East. [Applause.] lam op
posed to this amendment to our Constitu
tion. We want to embrace within the
Democratic party those who come from a
foreign country, and teach them not only
to read and write, but to associate with
an element which will bring credit to
them and to their children. [Applause.]
Mr. Renfro—I am surprised at my
friend from Humboldt proposing this
measure in the interest ofthe Republican
party. I believe that all measures pre
sented here should be presented because
of the virtue and merit they may possess,
and not because of any political bearing.
It is attempted by this amendment to
establish a rule of intelligence for elect
ors. I submit that the very fact that a
man can read is no evidence that he is
intelligent— not even the fact that he can
read the Constitution of the United States
or of the State of California. I have
known several who in their early days
did not enjoy the privileges of an educa
tion, and yet who, by reason of nature
having endowed them with strong minds,
M-ere gentlemen of intelligence, who con
ducted their own business with marked
ability and made a success of every enter
prise they undertook; gentlemen who
cast probably as wise and judicious votes
as anyone on this fioor ever did. I repeat
that the mere fact that a man can read is
no evidence of intelligence. Pass the
Constitution, either of the United States
or of California, through the land, and
let it be read by all who can read,
and how many could truthfully say
that they understood or could construe
its meaning? lam against this measure,
for tho reason that it would debar some
of our best citizens from voting; men
who have helped to build up tha State
ironi the early days to the present; men
whose integrity and honor stand unim
peachable. If the time over comes when
we should adopt such a proposition, it
is certainly not until these old pioneers,
j who camped out in tho wilderness and
: cleared the forest and laid broad the
i foundations of what are now great States
in the western part of this Union shall
have passed away. There are many of
them yet on earth, and I do not believe
the present generation should be so un
just as to adopt such an amendment. And
1 hope every one on this floor will be fair
and liberal enough to vote on this and
every other measure presented, on the
merits it possesses, and not because lie is
a Democrat or a Republican. [Applause.]
Mr. Dibble —I am not willing that the
I only opposition to this amendment shall
| come from the Democratic side. [Ap
! plauso.] Ido not believe that it is wise
; to submit it to the people of California,
| nor that it would bo* wise for the people
jto adopt it if submitted. It means the
j disfranchisement of several thousand cit
i sens of this State; of three or four thou
i Blind who reside in tho city and county of
San Francisco, one of whose representa
tives I am. lam Opposed to the adoption
ofthe amendment on political grounds. I
am opposed to it as a .Republican. I
have observed that there has been a move
ment lately in the South to disfranchise
. the colored citizens by the adaption of
I amendments similar to this: Botabty in the
State of Mississippi. 1 am not willing
i that tho Republican party of California
i shall set an example which may be
quoted app-.Mvi.'kvl.v by the Solid South
' in its movement to disfranchise colored
citizen*! I <lo not believe it would be
: just to disfranchise those citizens of Cali
fornia who became such by virtue of the
j.treaty between Mexico and the United
States; I know, suad you ail know, that
there are many citizens of California of
Sp.ti.ish blood and descent, whoareunablo
! to read the Constitution iv the English
hurguags. [do not believe there should be
I any b.-.sis for the right of suffrage but man
hood. I believe in the doctrine ofman
| hood stiff rage, which was advocated by
th* Republican party during the reoon
| sanction period, and which is one of its
i fundament::! tenets. I believe every
man who has attained manhood, and <\ ho
has not sacrificed fiis right by crime,
sho'.ihf.havo a voice In the government of
the Stab- in which hadivea. Ido not be
lieve iv making a Porhflr in the right of
suffrage, t<> use a commercial phrase, it
blight be to the interest of those who thus
became a privileged class to lessen the
opportunities of men to learn to read and
| write the English language. I believe
i the. doctrine advocated oy our great party
in the years past—the doctrine of muii
| hood suffrago—is the true one, and 1 am
! opposed to the adoption of this amend
Mr. sturtevant—With considerable dif
fidence I rise to speak on this question
tiller a gentleman who has had so much
experience in public life and politics as
the gentlemen from Sun Francisco. But
las a young man of California, native
, born, I believe I have the right, and I
, would like to express a few ideas. In the
: first place. 1 am an American; and, being
;an American, I think that America
should belong to Americans and be gov
erned by Americans. [Applause.] The
great majority of those wiio cannot read
the l 'onstitution of the United States, or
of California, or write 1, are foreign born.
There is no qualiiteaition required for
'them to become American citizens, but
they an- admitted to the franchise simply
by being naturalised; and,-when natu
j ralised, thi y are not,.in a majority of
! cases, required t<» show any knowledge of
[ the Constitution oftite|Unlted States or
iof California. Now a mail who has not
; some knowledge of those two documents
has no right to exercise the SUfTrage priv
ilege in tnis or any other state, tdo not
I think, though, that this amendment
; should be—as it is now—retroactive. It
! should not disfranchise those already
electors. I would, therefore, recommend
I the author to withdrawn and introduce a
| substitute which wotiM not disfranchise,
rbut simply prohibit any person wishing
; in the future to become" a citizen of this
State tfom becoming one unless able to
j road the Constitution ofthe United States
| and of California.
; Mr. Barnett of San Francisco—l did not
- intend speaking upon this question until
I heard the argument ofthe young gen-
I tlemon from Mendocino. The thought
; then struck me that those who ask for
j the adoption of this amendment imagine
| that because a man cannot read the Eng
lish language hois not a man. Now I be
lieve in the saying of Robert Burns: "A
man \s a man for a' that." 1 am opposed
to the adoption of the amendment.
Mr. Clark—l do not believe it would bo
wise for the people of this State, irrespec
tive of party, to ador;t an amendment of
this character. I do not think it would be
just: and my reasons are these: There
are thousands in California who would be
affected injuriously by it. Now, while
it is true that there comes up from almost
every State the cry that there is an ele
ment flooding the shores of America,
which sooner or later, will overthrow
disastrously affect our institutions un
loss some stop is put to it, yet,
in accordance with our great prin
ciples of liberty, wo have held out. to tho
world that America was the asylum for
the oppressed of all nations, causing them
to east their eyes longingly upon this
country aud say, "here we can go and ex
ercise the right of suffrage by reason of
pur.manhood and be protected in it."
We, .as.a nation and as a State, having in
vited these people to our shores with the
understanding that when they had re
sided here the length of time our laws
prescribe they should then be admitted
to all the rights of citenship, it would be
wrong and unjust, and in the nature of
an ex post factor statute, to now impose
this restriction; because amongst the
great mass of immigrants who have
come here, there necessarily are many
thousands in our State now unable to
read or write tlie English language. We
held out the inducements I have referred
to; wo told thorn tho rights they would
have if they came. They have come in
pursuance of that promise. And now for
the State of California to go back on its
contract would be wrong and unjust. It
may be necessary in the future to do
something to prevent our country be
ing overwhelmed by undersirable im
migration knowing nothing of tho spirit
of our institutions. The gentleman from
Humboldt spoko of Connecticut having
adopted a similar amendment in 1795.
Well, in 1854 they burned a woman in
that State as a witch.
Mr Clark—May bo it was. But what
another State may have done is no
criterion for us, and I do not believe in
being guided by it. I believe iv being
guided in all things by tho great princi
ples of justice to our fellow-men. [Ad
p la use].
Mri Hocking—l have listened with con
siderable interest to the debate and have
arrived at the conclusion that the gentle
men who, like myself, aTe opposed to the
amendment, are so opposed siniplv be
cause it is retroactive. I believe we all
agree with the amendment in sentiment;
bat We cannot agree with It" while it dis
franchises a large number of citizens who
were granted certain rights, including
that of sulfrage, by our laws. If the au
thor will so amend it that it will not be
retroactive, I, for one, and there are
many others, will support it. That there
is an element in our population that is a
serious menace no one can deny; and un
less this element is restricted it is likely
to prove one of danger in future.
Mr. Gould—lt is profitable for us in the
examination of questions of this charac
ter to refer to tho history of those great
States which have led in the van of
tho settlement of the country, if
not in the van of its progress.
And it is somewhat satisfactory,
in pursuing this, to look back over that of
COXTLNTJED ox SIXTH PAGE. j
©he £let* fjcruac.
% FRIDAY fiTSB~S W
We will commence a four-days' sale of WINTER
MILLINERY, and if sensational prices will do the
work every dollar's worth will be sold, and thousands
! of ladies made happy. For partial price list sec
I show-windows for the uext three days.
I I 1
Winter Clearing Sale!
Good old Dr. Franklin would have been
in his element had he lived in the days of
these Clearing Sales of ours. Those
quaint proverbs of his, "A penny saved is -
two earned," and the like, could have
been most forcibly illustrated. Lots of
prudent housekeepers are "buying them
selves rich," so to speak. Certainly they
are saving dollars by anticipating their
wants now. Numbers and numbers of
garments and fabrics are being sold by us '
for less than the cost of materials, and
articles of other sorts in same proportion.
Not everything, of course, but a good
sprinkling in every line.
To-day, Special, Ladies' Wraps.
"* * SELL REGARDLESS.
Ladies' Black Diagonal CJLotIT. ) ,
Walking Jackets, sizes to 46, \ <-ft 2 Qr^
marked regular $7, to-day $2 95. j <s<^>.
Ladies* Newmarkets, made of )
fancy striped Scotch cloth, [ <&.£< ftß
marked £16, to-day $6 85. j w JCJm
Ladies' Heavy Black Corded"
Silk Cloaks, trimmed with As- ! d>Q 7R
trakhan and fur, quilted satin | *P*y iO.
lining, marked £38, to-day $9 75. J
MANY MORE AT LIKE PRICES.
= I z
C. H. GILMAN,
More Good Wishes.
[Downieville Mountain Messenger, Jan. 17th.]
The Sacramento Kecord-Uniox comes
to us iv a pretty dress, neatly printed on
a now press, claimed to be the most per
fect manufactured, by tlie Goss Printing
Press Company, of Chicago, and will
give more telegraphic news than hereto
fore with theso enlarged facilities. May
its prosperity bo cqnal to and lasting as
that of our glorious Union to which this
veteran Republican journal's loyalty lias
ever been genuine and unquestioned.
For. a disordered liver try Beeeham's
Health often gives fond parents
very great anxiety and care. S. S.
S., Is the popular remedy for chil
dren. It Is safe, palatable and does
the work. David Zartman, of In
dependence, 0., says:
"S. S. S. CURED MY
BABY OF THE WORST
CASE OF CATARRH I
EVER SAW A CHILD
■WITH. THE NASAL
VERY LARGE AND
OFFENSIVE, S. S. S
MADE A PERMA
Books on Blood and Skin diseases free.
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA. OA.
Dr. Hcmphhkts'SPKcinrs are scicutllie-ally and
carefully prepared prescriptions ; used for many
yearn in private practice with success.and forever
thirty years used by the people. Evary Kindle Spe
cific is a syeehil cure for the disease named.
These Specifics cure without drugging, purg
ing or reducing the system, aud arc in fact cud
deed the sovereign remedies ol'thc World.
list of ranter?ai, so 3. ccrf.-. pricks.
1 Fevers, Congestion, inflammation... .50
2 Worms, Worm Fever, Worm Colic . .50
3 Crying Colic,orl'eethlngof Infants .50
4 Diarrhea, of Children or Adults SO
5 Dysentery, Griping, Bilious Colic 50
6 Cholera Morbus, Vomiting ."SO
7 Coughs), Cold, Bronchitis 50
n Neuralgia, Toothache, Eaceache 50
U Headaches', SlckHeadachc. Vertigo .50
10 Dyspepsia, Bilious Stomach 50
11 Suppressed or Painful Periods. .50
12 Whites, too Prof use l'eriods 50
13 Croup. Cough, Difficult Breathing 50
1 1 !*alt Rheum, Erysipelas, Eruptions. .50
15 Rbeuciutixu], Rheumatic Pains 50
IB Fever and Ague. Chills, Malaria s<»
17 Piles, Blind or Bicedlng 50
19 Catarrh, Influenza, Cold in the Head .50
20 Whooping Cough, Violent Coughs. .50
2 I General Debility .Physical Weakness .50
5*7 Kidney Disease SO
28 Nervous Debility 1.00
30 Urinary Weakness. Wetting Bed. ,5«
32 Diseases of tholleart.Palpltation 1.00
Sold by Druggists, or sent postpaid on receipt
of prlee. Da. Hl-mphrkts' Masi-al, f 144 pa*e»)
richly bound In cloth nnd gold, mailed tree.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO.,
Cor. William aad John Streets, New York.
PLAZA CASH GROCERY
HOECKEL 4 CO., Proprietors,
Choice Teas and Coffee.
LOOK AT OUR BARGAINS:
Gilt Edge Bntter at 75c per roll.
Fresh Hunch Putter at 55e per roll.
Fresh Ranch Errs at ST^o por dozen.
Tomatoes, lOc per can.
We are stUl selllnK that flue lot ol
Honey at lOe per comb.
Give us a trial. We are sure to suit you.
Bulk Teas and Coffee a specialty
Cigarettes, Tobacco, Snuff,
We buy for cash and sell for
cash. We take no risks and
charge for none. We employ
no traveling salesman. In
short, we claim that under our
system of doing business we
can give those who desire their
moneys worth advantages
that cannot be obtained else
Sole Agent for "Young Ladies' Cigar Factory."
GEO. E. DIEIISSEN 4 Cft
Have secured the Sole Agency
for the Pacific Coast for this
brand of PURE Kentucky
"Whisky. Saloons will find it
superior to many advertised
brands, and we recommend it
MEDICINAL and FAMILY TRADE.
fIUV MMtv m&t£/sairr one arts
O?HM»fES GOLDEN SPECIFIC
It can be given in coffee, tea, or in articles of f«^
without the knowledge of patient If necessarj
it is absolutely harmless and will effect a permi
nent and speedy cure, whether the patient is
™"Q>rate drinker or an alcoholic wreck. IT 1*"""
JkK FAI LS 11 operates so quietly end with ax i
certainty that the patient undergoes ro InK
»&£££?"• a^ d soo1 blS .comP>«e reformation '
effected. 48 page book free. To be had of
JOSBPH HABIt^CO., fjftk aad J Street* S
SHERWOOD HALL NURSERIES
MEXLO PARK, SAN MATEO COUNTY, CAL
Carnations. Hoses, Chrysanthemums
and Cut Flowers.
«r- SWEET PEA SEED A SPECIALTY.-?^ '
CAUTION AGAINST FKATO.~
IX THE MATTKR OF THE ESTATE OP
I iriumas Harriiran, deceased, now pending
In flic Probate Court, no rtnal account has ever
v7;!»V"»i£n n£ r. .no^ nnal settlement as yet.
MARCiKET HAKRIOAN, executrix aad ad
%\eal (JBatutc, <&tc.
Go a Long Way.
Purchase a farm, raise all your own
produce, li-ado It Tor groceries and
what you need. In a few years, if you
aro industrious, you will have a valu
able farm and bo independent?, whllo
the clerk will be trud>>ii>« along In tho
sumo easy manner, barely making a
living lor his limit ly.
Edwin K. Aisip & Co.,
THE OLDEST AND LEADING
Real Estate Agents
OF CENTRAL CALIFORNIA,
NO. 1015 FOUHTH STREET, SAMENTO.
Houses Rented, Money to Loan,
Insurance* Placed, Cata
loues Issued Monthly.
We offer an opportunity to ourchase a
farm for a small payment, and on terms
that yon can pay for it out of the earnings.
For S5OO cash—A tract of 37 acres, soven
miles southeast, of Sacramento; deferred
payments la annua! installments of S-.250,
with seven per cent. Interest, Fr.li price of
land, $-15 per acre. No improvements.
For $2, 7oo—Five acres adjoining Oak Parle,
u>n m.nuies' walk from terminus of electrlo
mllway: has :; uuall bonae and barn, 2%
acres iii alfalfa, 2 acres In fruit trees; will
sell for $500 caab imyment, balance on easy
terms. This ; * a nice place for anyone wish
ing a home near tlie city.
*»-A wise man profits by experience.
Sc does the man who selects a Rood farsa
in preference to -^orlcluft- for wages.
For S•'►.GOO—Eighty acres near Loonris, In Pla
cer couuty; has several acres In Vineyard:
can all be Irrigated. Terms—Sl.ooo cash,
balance In ton annual payments, with inter
est at seven per cent.
For SI 3,000—A splendid fruit v.oieii of 80
acres; 40 acres In choice fruit and Isble
papas; small dwelling and burn; 3Ji miles
from the city, on l-'ruit Ridge. The cbeapeat
and best fruit farm in tne vicinity of fcacr*.
A good understanding i 3 the foundation
of knowledge. A wise man io therefore
known hy his selection. If you are not
capable of so doing, call on
EDWIN K. ALSIP & CO.
They will put you on the right "Tract."
IE ELECTRIC RAILWAY
TVTILL BRING ALL PROPERTY ADJOIN
VV ing its terminus from 15 to 30 minutes
nearer the business (enter of our city. I have
2, 8 and 10-acre Tracts
Of very Rich l^md, located five to ten blocks
distant from this line, which I will sell for
CASH or in IN'STALI.MF.NTS. The prices
will remain as at present for 30 days. If you
It Will Pay You to See Me.
M. J. DILLMAN,
At Bell Conservatory, Tenth and V streets.
*3-At office of Flint &. Thompson. 305 J
Street, from 11 to 1 o'clock. Residence, 1430
O street. jal9-tf
W. P. COLEMAN,
Real Estate Salesroom, 325 j st
fcj ft/>A WILL BUY 160 ACRES IV.'O
f!>T.*7UU miles from Elk Grove. Good fruit
and grain land. OliS
<£Q 7f,fa 10° ACRES IN EL DORADO
w"). I \)\J. county, two miles from railroad
station; small vineyard and orchard; good
house and barn; 100 acres fenced. 053
QA ACRES, NEAR LINCOLN, PLACER
OU county, §35 per acre; good land. 027
C-Tfifi 20 ACRES, NEAR NEWCASTLE;
0 i \\\l. good fruit land. THIS IS A BAR
GAIN; must be sold.
MONEY TO LOAN.
P. BOHX.. E. A. CROUCH.
MILLS & HAWK^
Real Estate Dealers,
301 J street, Cor. Third, Sauramonto.
-J QA ACRE RANCH FOR SALE, ONLY
LOU Aye miles from Sacramento; all fenced;
oranges growing on the place; all the land till
able; eight-room dwelling, barns, etc.; wind
mills, tanks, etc.; a splendid place, aud so
near the city that it is nulte desirable; It is for
immediate sale; one-half can remain on mort
gage. COME AND SEE US.
Agency Union Insurance Company.
Insirance, Loans Negotiates, Houses to Beat, Collections.
402 J street, Sacramento, Cal.
PURCHASE OF BONDS,
milE COMMISSIONERS OF THE FUNDED
_L l>ebt Sinking Fund of the City of Sacra
mento will purchase, to.the extent of thefunds
In their hands, city bonds issued under tho
Acts of 1858 and 1864, at the following rates:
For bonds matured 1888, seventy percent.
For bonds to mature 1833. seventy-live per
For bonds to mature IS9B and 1903, par.
<n-for round lots of bonds to mature 1803,
1898 aud 1903, equai amounts of each series,
For coupons of ISS2, ninetv-cight per cent.
For coupons of 1883, ninety-seven per cent.
For coupons of 1884, ninety-iotu' per cent.
For coupons of 18>;., ninety-one per cent.
For coupons of 1886, eighty-eight per ceut.
. For coupons of 1887, eightv-nve per cent.
For coupons of 1888, ei«_'lit.v-two per cent.
For coupons of 1889, eight v per cent.
For coupons ot IS9O, seventy-eight percent.
For coupons of 1891, sevent v-si.i per cent.
H. O. BEATTY,
FOCBS' CALIFORNIA HAIR RESIMS
Round at Last!
AN INFALLIBLE HAIR REMEDY. IT
. removes dandruff, restores the gray hair
to its natural color, prevents or stops it from
falling out, and promotes a healthy, luxuri
ant and giossy growth of hair. Try a bottle.
Price, only 75 cents, delivered free to any
part ofthe the country.
Laboratory, 535 J street.
Ja c-tf HENRY_FUCHS, Proprietor.
tt^-.iATSZ riealed Trrntlse, explaining abs©
ftaa.5 1 /Va/%letcand perfect IT RE witliou;
Ufi^ilaa atoitiarli tiiuccinc, for Lust Man
*£lt\\il\iV h<MKI. Xen-inu Hel.iMty. .Lack o:
Vlj-orand lVvMoiuncnt, Preiuature lieclino, Fano
tlonal Disorder*. KNlnov and Bladder Oiwases, CM,
tddrei- TBI JHESTtIN to.. It firk tUu. S(* Lrk. t I
TO WEAK MEN£3£2
Parly decay, wastiat; weakness, lost lsonliood, etc^
1 will send avaluaolc treatise (~.-alfdi coatalnliu;
full pardeulara for home cure, FKEIJ of charge.
A splendid inedlc-al work; should be rend by every
nan who Is nenrou.-* nnd di-hUltated. Addresa.
Jfraf. W a-l vn-aw.VR -,r.....1 ns a-..nn.