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The record-union. [volume] (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, January 29, 1891, Image 6

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Important Decision Regarding
Interstate Commerce.
Ix>n{» Debate in the Senate on tho Ap
portionment Bill—An Amendment
Offered to the Diplomatic Appropri
ation BUI liaising tho Mission to
Mexico to the First Class.
Special to the Record-Union.
Washington, Jan. 28.—The Interstate
Commerce Commission to-day decided
the ease of the New York Board of Trade
and Transportation vs. the Pennsylvania
Kailroad Company and twenty-eight
other railroad companies, involving ques
tions of discriminations made and prefer-
ence given to foreign merchandise
shipped upon through bills' of lading
from foreign ports to points of destination
in the United States, or ports of entry in
foreign countries adjacent to the United
States, over other and similar merchan
dise carried from such ports of entry to
such points of destination in the United
The complaint was sustained by a deci
sion against the Texas Pacific, Iron
Mountain, Louisville, New Orleans and
Texas, Illinois Central, Wabash, South
ern Pacific, Union Pacific, Northern
Pacific, Baltimore and Ohio and Lehigh
Valley Road, Canadian Pacific and
<irana Trunk of Canada, and each of
them v.ere ordered to forthwith cease and
desist from such practice, the order to
toko effect on the 10th of March.
The complaint was not sustained as to
the other defendant railroad companies.
Some Pertinent Testimony Kronght
Out Yesterday.
Washington, Jan. 28. —General Boyn
ton testified in the silver pool investiga
tion to-day. He testified that he sent a
message to Dunnell of the New York
Times, on which the dispatch was based,
stating that Dinglcy and Payne, mem
bers of the committee, had said that they
would not have gone into thel investiga
tion if they had supposed such a revela
tion regarding Senator Cameron would
be made. The gentlemen who informed
him (Boynton) had been in the room and
heard the conversation between Dingley
and Payne. Each was explaining, ap
parently, that lie had no knowledge or
expectation that such testimony was to
come out, expressing surprise at the testi
mony and practically apologizing to each
other that it had come out in the investi
Dingloy said it was entirely possible
that he might have said that he regretted
exceedingly that any Congressman
should have done any act which madt it
necessary that such facts should be
brought out, but that was very different
from the statement that the committee
would have kept the testimony out and
pi: i posely delayed it. This was totally un
General Boynton said before the in
vestigation that Stevens, correspondent
of the <J lobe-Democrat, had received a
message that it was the desire of the
committee that he (Stevens) should either
be late next day or prolong his testimony.
The purpose ot the committee was- to ad
journ immediately after the conclusion
of his testimony until next Wednesday,
as it was understood that Vest would not
give his testimony in reference to Cam
eron until ai'tcr the following Tuesday.
Witness hail heard the same thing before,
and taking all this together he thought
the conclusions reached very reasonable.
Boynton suggested that :I good deal of
information might be gotten of Mr.
Tanner and Representative Taylor, also
from telegrams sent by Littler, Tanner
and others.
W. B. Stevens, the Globe-Democrat.
correspondent, was recalled, and said lie
w.is the person who gavt General Boyn
toa tho information in respect to the
Dingloy-Payne conversation. Turning to
Dingley, ho said: "You began talking in
a whisper, became more earnest, raised
your voice and were talking loudly before
you gut through. I hoard Dingley say
something to this effect It was an entire
surprise to mo (meaning Vest's testi
mony). I did not know he was going to
testify to any Bach thing us that. You
(turning to Payne) said: 'I had no idea
what he was going to say,' as you were
each taken by surprise, and trying to ex
plain it to each oner. There seemed to
be expressions that tho circumstances
tinder which the testimony was brought
out were peculiar, and that you regretted
the tinio at which it was brought out."
Dingley and Payne interrupted to say
that while they may have said something
of that sort, they had no purpose except
to get all information as promptly as
Dockery said with regard to the alleged
desire to delay the Vest testimony, that
he would make no concealment, now
that he did not want to bring out the tes
timony concerning Senator Cameron
until Wednesday, puring the time the
resolution was pending before the com
mittee he (Dockery) formed the belief
that there were parties who might desire
to use that testimony in respect to other
bills. lie was informed by a Senator
that another gentleman had suggested
that it would be well to let the suggestion
The Senator replied tnat he could not
afford to do that. The gentleman re
sponded that he did not care about him
self, hut he understood that some of tho
boys had bought silver, and the impres
sion that the Senator got was that they
were nervous and wanted things stopped.
"When asked who "the boys" were, the
gentleman named two Representatives.
"Tho conversation was given to me,"
said Dockery, "and thereupon I pushed
tho resolution. Now, I will state frankly
why I wished the testimony delayed. *I
believed iuliuences were being brought
to bear on the Senator said to be con
nected witli the silver speculation, to
make him vote for the force bill, and so I
■wanted the investigation delayed in the
hope of getting one or more votes. It
-was just a straw which proved as sub
stantial, and I want it distinctly under
stood that I wanted no assurance what
ever, and merely went on the rumor that
Ins vote on the force bill was doubtful.
No, sir; I did not think the exposure at
tliat time would enhance his prospects."
Yesterday's Proceedings In the Senate
an.l House.
"Washington, Jan. 28.—1n the Senate
Stewart said that inasmuch as there was
some uncertainty as to Stanford's position
on the vote of Monday to lay aside the
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
PH^l B&king
cloture rule, he wished to have read the
telegram written to him by Stanford on
Monday morning, but not delivered on
account of the interruption of telegraphic
business. The telegram (which has been
already published) was then read.
The House bill to ratify and confirm
the agreement with the Sac aud Fox na
tions of Indians and the lowa tribe of
Indians of Oklahoma Territory passed.
The conference report of the bill for a
public building at Pueblo, Col., was
agreed to. The appropriation was re
duced from $400,000 to $J50,0W.
The House apportionment bill was then
taken up, and Hale, who had reported it
from the Census Committee, explained
and advocated the House bill and argued
against the amendment proposed by a
minority of the committee.
After a long debate, participated in by
Washburn, Davis, Gorman, Carlisle and
others, the apportionment bill was laid
aside, alter a statement by Halo that he
would ask for a vote at noon to-morrow.
Alter an executive session the Senate
Washington-, Jan. 28.—1n the House
the journal of yesterday's proceedings
was approved without question this
The House adopted the conference re
port ot the bill to dispose of the aban
doned Fort Ellis, Mont., military reserva
tion under the homestead law.
The Senate resolution for the printing
of 15,000 extra copies of the report of the
Committee on Irrigation of Arid Lands
was agreed to.
The Speaker laid before the House the
resignation of McCarthy as Representa
tive from the Eighth District of New-
York. It was laid on the table.
The House then went into Committee
of the Whole on tho Military Academy
appropriation bill.
Without making any progress with the
bill the committee rose and the House
The Cherokee Outlet.
Washington, Jan. 28.—Chairman
Strouble, at tho suggestion of the House
Committee on Territories, to-day sent tho
following telegram to the Chairman of
tho convention that meets to-morrow at
Arkansas City, Kan., in tho interest of
tho opening up of the Cherokee outlet:
"Urge the convention to strongly disap
prove of the purpose on the part of any
to enter the Cherokee outlet contrary to
law and the proclamation. The Commit
tee on Territories will insist that any law
passed shall provide that no one entering
illegally shall have tho right to a home
The Mission to Mexico.
Washington-, Jan. 28.—Senator Frye
to-day proposed an amendment to the
consular and diplomatic appropriation
bills, raising the mission to Mexico to
first class, and making an appropriation
of £87,500 to meet the expenses of the le
Behrlns Sseu Question.
Washington, Jan. 28.—Joseph Choate
to-day concluded the argument begun by
him yesterday before the Supreme Court
in behalf of petitioners in the Uehriug Sea
The Caso of Campbell Against Eaklo is
The Assembly Committee on Election. 1?
met last evening and considered the case
of contestant J. C. Campbell versus 11. P.
Eakle, respondent, having a seat in the
Assembly. Contestant introduced depo
sitions of forty-two witnesses, taken be
fore a commission in Colusa, also docu
mentary evidence in maintenance of his
His claim before the committee was that
at the Willows Precinct No. 2, at the late
election, fifty-five names wero added to
the poll-list aller the polls were closed,
and in the numerical order in which they
appeared on the Great Register, with but
three breaks. By mathematical reason
ing he claimed that only by collusion and
fraud ccmld the names "have been added.
His clajm also w<is that forty-two wit
nesses on the poil-li.st testified that they
did not vote at the precinct.
The respondent introduced witnesses
to prove that attempted purchases of votes
were made in the interest of the opposing
ticket. He introduced witnesses to show
that the election was conducted hon
estly and in accordance with law. The
case was argued for the contestant by
John T. Harrington and Grove L. John
son, and for respondent, Garrett Mc-
Ennery, of San Francisco, and H. M. Al
berry,.of Colusa, appeared.
The case was submitted and the com
mittee resolved to meet to-day and make
up its report.
General J. G. Martine is at the bay.
Judge Copcland, of San Diego, Is in town.
E. K. Spence, the Los Angeles banker, ts in
the city.
Miss Laura W'elnrich Is visiting friends In
San Francisco.
Lawyer W. A. Harris, of San Bernardino,
has left Sacramento for his home.
Arrivals at the Capital Hotel yesterday: W.
li. Brausford, lied Bluff; George A. Knight,
A. U. Kittredgc, G. G. Goucher, J. S. Salomon,
T. J. Palmer, San Francisco; Arthur G.
Hclicnck, Frank K. Ellis, Charles Abresch,
Milwaukee; 11. A. Meyer, New York; Joe Bel
lin, A. J. Uutier, Ht. Johns; C. C. Wright, Mo
desto; Frank 1\ Taylor,.l. \V. Davis, Tulare;
C. E. Stone, Marysville; J. H. Wturtevant,
•Hopland; A. F. Mackay, Los Angeles; John
W. Kelly, Bodie; M. Lean. Hed Blurt'; C. H.
Grifl'ee, wife and sister, Miss Plumer, Oliver
Plumer, Cosumnes: J. R. Jarnatt, F. G.
Packer, Colusa; F. G. Crawford, Willows; C.
E. Sumner, Pomona; M. 1). Hyde, Ouklund;
Henry C. Roberta, Asusa.
Arrivals at the Golden Eagle Hotel: B. M:irx,
New York; Sidney Fox. Red Lodge, Mont.;
Mrs. J. M. Fox, Miss Lilly Fox, Helena. Mont.;
D. R. Shofer, Orasi; H. P. Stabler, Yirtm; Miss
Kate Stabler, Miss Olive Denison, H. W.
Slopcr, Oakland; 1,. Levy, Roekiord; E. Lynch,
Fresno; Jolin F. Davis, San Andreas; W. J.
Schubert, St. Ixmls; Jesse Poundstone, L. F.
Moulton, J. Balsdon, Colusa; C. C. Field. Max
well; G. M. Francis, Napa; C. F. Weiguud
Natural Gas Company; B. D. Murphy and
wife, Sam N. Rucker, San Jose; James G. Mc-
Gulre, Joseph Wood, T. Williams, A. B. Hen
derson, W. '/.. Harris, Drury Melone, 11. Rosen
thai, F. J. Owens, F. W. Smith, E. C. Horst,
Jolin D. Spreckel.s, Samuel M. Shortridgc, W.
Culder, M. M. Esiee. A. T. Vogelsang, R. Co
hen, Charles T. Hanlon and wife, Joseph Kirk
and wife, 11. C. Frazer, Samuel Jones,
Sam Miller, D. S. Dorn, San Francisco; John
K. Glascoek, W. W. Camron, D. N. Martin,
W. R. Davis, D. Brown, O. C. Kirk, H. liailey,
John T. Towle. Oakland; C. H. Spear. J. L.
Barker, Uorkeley; A. M. Wicks and wife.
Uronco; Thomas Eaean, San Francisco; Chas.
D. Pierce, Rod. W. Church. OnlSand.
On Tuesday afternoon thirty-two members
of slluam and Sacramento Lodges, I. O. G. T.,
left the city in two large pleasure wagons, one
drawn by six horses ana the other by four,
for the purpose of paying a fraternal visit to
the lodge at Rocklin. A very pleasant trip
was made. Arriving there at 7:30, the vis
itors were taken In charge by members of the
local lodge and royally entertained. After
initiating a candidate a fine musical and liter
ary programme was given by both the vis
itors and the home members. A presentation
was made to the lodge of a line Lodge Depu
ty's regalia. The presentation was made by
George B. Katzenstein, of Sacramento, and re
sponded to by the Lodge Deputy of Rocklin
Lodge, Carlton L. Clow. Presentations being
In order, Bert Katzenstein arose and suited
that the visitors all knew that It was no litUe
trouble to get up an excursion of the kind and
carry it out successfully. He presented on be
half of the visitors to Edgar H. Rivett a gold
scarf-pin, to show him their appreciation of
what ne had done in the way of managing
the visit. The recipient was taken by sur
prise and was unable to say more than a few
words in the way of thanks. The party left
Roeklin about 1 o'clock and arrived home at
5 o'clock, all agreeing they could not have
spent a more pleasant time.
Address by Gen. N. P. Chipman
at the State Citrus Fair.
Our Climate Contrasted With That of
Other Places—The Results of Fruit-
Growing and of Wheat Farming
Compared—lmportant Facts.
The address, delivered by Gen. N. P.
Cbipman, of Red Bluff, at the State
Citrus Fair in Marysville, January 15th,
contains so much valuable information
that we publish it in full. General Chip
man said:
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen :
Five years ago a few persons residing in
the city of Sacramento conceived tho idea
of holding a fair for the exhibition of
citrus fruits grown in Northern Califor
nia. I was invited by the Committee of
Arrangements to attend and speak a
word for Tehama county. I wrote a dis
couraging letter, and suggested that, in
my opinion, we had better expend our
efforts in the encouragement of deciduous
fruits, for which we knew our soil and
climate to be adapted, and in which I
thought our region would find a source of
wealth and greater prosperity. My ad
vice was not heeded, and the announce
ment of a citrus iair to be held January
11, IS.SO, was published. I resolved to go,
and I further resolved to proclaim my
unbelief in the adaptability of our climate
to orange-growing.
I went, and when I entered that great
hall and beheld the immense wall space
and those great pyramids, and tier upon
tier of exquisitely blended colors, painted
as no man ever painted; when I looked
around me and saw the bright faces from
Oroville, from Marysville, from Placer
ville, from Newcastle, from Shasta, from
Woodland, Vaeaville, Winters, and from
Sacramento, beaming with delight, and,
conscious of success, I cried out like one
of old, "Lord, I believe; help thou my
Tho Fair was a great event for us.
Northern California was then and there
discovered. There wns not that dra
matic interest in the discovery that sur
vouuded the finding-of gold not far dis
tant from thut city in 1849, but I think in
years to come it will rank as an epoch of
groat significance in our history. A
wonderful movement was then going on
from tho East into Southern California.
It found its most potent agents and its
most seductive advocates in the beauti
ful orange groves of that sunny land.
There were to be seen the popper, the
pomegranate, the orange, the lemon, the
lime, the date palm, the olive, the iig, the
raisin grape and all its foreign congeners,
not to speak of the almond, the English
and French walnut, the apricot, the nec
tarine, the prune—not one of all these to
be found growing on the American conti
nent outside this blessed land, save the
orange, lemon and lig in Florida aud
parts of Louisiana. Little wonder that
•'Paradise Found" burst upon the frozen
regions of the great North and West,
where teeming millions were struggling
with the great problems of life; where in
six months the people must make pro
vision to feed the mouths of the hungry
for the twelve month.s of the year; where
all nature sleops and the tiller of the soil
cannot awaken her from November to
May. Little wonder, I say, that they
flocked into the South, and Los Angeles
county with her 7U,0d0 population in
188:3 showed 130,000 in ]S,sy, and Ban Diego
with her 15,000 in I&SS leaped to 40,000 in
We in the North saw iv this a triumph
for the State; we rejoiced that the light
had dawned upon the East; and we hailed
the coming ot a new, and we hoped a
higher, if not a better civilization was
to spread over our fair land.
And, Mr. President, it is our belief that
if our brethren of the South had exhibited
less sectional interest and more patriotic
devotion to the State, and had withheld
their unjust and untrue representations
of the great empire north of theTehach
ipi, and had allowed the overflow and
the dissatisfied—a per cent, of whom
always attend these rapid movements of
immigration—if they Lad allowed even
these to come into the North with minds
unprejudiced—if they had not lost their
heads ID wild speculation, but had devoted
their splendid energies to a healthy
developement of the State through the
South, as a gateway—if this had been
done it is my belief we would have to-day
1i,000,000 people instead of 1,200,000.
And yet, in 1888, at Sacramento—one
month earlier than such a display was, or
is, possible, south of the 'Tehachipi— we
set before the world the finest specimens
in lavish quantity, all the semi-tropical
fruits I have enumerated. The orange,
the lemon, the lime, the olive, gave mute
yet eloquent evidence that there is but
one California, and that the mystical
thermal area of temperate atmosphere
and sunny skies extend from near Mt.
Shasta's base to the Gulf of California.
The fuir at Sacramento had a most salu
tary effect in its education of our own
people to the possibilities of our region.
While it was a protest against misrepre
sentation and falsehood, it enlightened
some and confirmed others, and placed
beyond doubt the important fact that cit
rus fruits could be grown for profit in the
great Sacramento and San Joaquin val
leys. With this came the demonstration
also, that our extremes of heat and cold
do not differ materially from those of
Riverside and Los Angeles, or of Florida
and Italy, where the orange thrives.
Nor was the Sacramento Fair a sporadic
effort, barren of practical and permanent
results. The fair of 1887 was still better,
and then came the Oroville fairs of 1883
and 1889, where the display was lavish
and bewildering. Within a radius of fif
teen miles of the town of Oroville there
had been planted under the convincing
proofs of JSB6, 100,000 orange and 7,000
lemon trees; and this year that proud
young city has shipped the first carload
of oranges that lias left the State.
Each year has brought fresh proofs that
the law of progression is the law of the
north, and this magnificent exhibition
here to-night confirms the high hopes en
gendered by the splendid display at Oro
ville in 188 a.
I dare not indulge in invidious com
parisons of our own localities, for I see
around me the glowing faces of many
hopeful and aspiring orange colonies; but
I will defy Los Angeles or Riverside,
Pensacola or Jacksonville, Naples or
Florence to exhibit more beautiful or
more perfect specimens of that noble
fruit—the orange—than I see before me
on every hand. And more: I challenge
even that people, schooled for many cent
uries to love the beautiful, whose art
sense has attained the highest develop
ment, to produce moro truly artistic
effects, by arangnient of this fruit of the
gods, than the Decorative Committee
has accomplished in this hall. Surely,
not only Pomona, but The Graces dwell
among you.
Mr. PVesident, the work of evolution in
California has about reached its climax as
regards the discovery of highest possibili
ties. The work of poopling this goodly
land has just begun.
We have outgrown our pastoral life; we
have passed the exclusively gold-hunting
period; we have found that our returns
from wheat no longer justify the cost of
production. The period of highest devel
ment of soil and climate has begun, for
we are now endeavoring to utilize the
gifts of rich soil and an unsurpassed cli
mate with which God has endowed us.
And yet there are many who persist in
wheat-growing and refuse to accept the
evidences of richer returns from any
other source.
Of the multitude of proofs that might
be adduced to convince the dullest mind,
I will state one or two only. I select the
season's output for Vaca Valley. The
acreage in trees is about 8,000. Vacaville
shipped its first car of green fruit, con
signed to Chicago and loaded with cher
ries, May 19,1890. It shipped its last to
the same point, loaded with grapes and
p_ears, November 30,1890. It shipped the
first car of dried fruit July 24, 1891). Total
shipments for the season, excluding local
shipments, 559 care. Some idea of the
extent of our market may be gained by
these shipments:
To Chicago, 338 cars; Boston, 18; New
York City, 75; Denver, 22; Auburn, 2;
Minneapolis, 5; Omaha, 4; St. Louis, lj
New Orleans, 38; Portland, 7; Sacra
mento (for shipment East), 35; other East
ern points, 14. Local shipments are not
all given, and they were large—especially
to San Francisco.
Cars dried fruit, 93; cars green fruit,
466; total, 559 cars. On hand not shipped:
Three cars raisins, 1 dried apricots, 3
dried peaches.
There passed through the Bank of
Vacavillo, proceeds of shipments of this
fruit, $830,000; proceeds estimated still to
come. §100,000; collected through other
sources, $300,000; total, $1,250,000. This is
an average of over $150 per acre.
I give you this showing upon the au
thority of the local railroad agent and the
Cashier of-the Bank of Vacaville, as pub
lished in tho California Fruit-Grower of
last month.
Contrast this result with your wheat
Dr. Glenn's great wheat farm in Colusa
County produces on 42,000 acres, in good
years, 200,000 sacks of grain, worth about
one-fourth as much as the Vaca Valley
crop on 8,000 acres; or one acre of fruit in
Vaca Valley is worth as much as twenty
acres of wheat in Colusa County, and the
profits are in almost as great dispropor
tion, favorable to the fruit-grower. A. T.
Hatch recently informed me that from
his Suisun Valley orchard of 800 acres,
this year ho has received §160,000, and not
over 500 acres gave him a crop.
J. S. Cone owns in Tehama County, I
think, tho finest ranch in the world, of
nearly 100,000 acres—one-fifth of which is
rich river-bottom land, cultivated to
wheat. He runs over 40,000 sheep and
quantities of other stock on his land. Ho
is one of tiio best farmers in the State.
And yet Mr. Hatch got moro money this
year from 500 acres of fruit land than Mr.
Cone got from all his splendid posses
I must apologize for being personal in
my illustrations, but I have permission
to use those fi»cts. Mr. Cone tells me that
five years ago he rented a little tract of
laud to some Chinamen. They planted
ttOO French prune trees and this year he
paid them .*2,700 for their crop—equal to
&500 an acre gross.
Mr. Cone is a large wheat-grower, but
he believes in fruit and already has over
300 acres planted to fruit trees.
Mr. President, one of our chief conten
tions is to remove the erroneous impres
sion abroad that Northern California is a
gold region.
I have formulated the fads as to climate
often, and in all conceivable ways, in
public addresses, and in letters and
reports, to dispel these false impressions.
Now, let me try a new way. 1 will
corroborate the thermometer, in the
hands of United States swora officers,
by physical facts of common observa
The thermometer gi\-es the following
testimony, as reported by the United
Slates Signal Officer at Washington City.
I have comparative temperature of points
Hast and in California, during the months
for IJSIK) sifter our fruit trees began to blos
som and mature fruit:
C 3
Minimum j -5 -22: -35; -14' 5! 29
Mennmin. 23.7 2.1-11.2 lo.a 31.1 30.S
Minimum j 3 -12; -34 -12 4 32
M.-anmin. 2C.2 10.2 -7.1 17.» 32.0 40.4
March. I
Minimum! 0 -1G -24 1! 0! 30
Mi-unmin. 23.3' 14.3 12.U 23.S 30.7 40.5
Minimum ■ 28! 19 19! 23! SO 1 4i
.Mi-:iii mm. 38.4 37.2 33.9 44.1 15.2 49.2
Tlie dash prcri'rting figures in the above
table siyniiko below zt*ro.
Let mo next give you temperatures in
the world's citrus beltn:
B Bn• IO S» c*
3 i=3 I 3
I * I" 1 •
I G1.3( 48.51 47.0
: ttO.7, 48.0 45.0;
1 58.8 41.::. 44.0
I 00.9 4i).Oi 48.7 23.0
511.5 49.tii 48.S 20.0
611.5J 68.7 i 57.4 19.0
68.4! 55.7! 54.1: 10.0
71.0J 5«.O! 55.0 28.0
| 50.3 i 50.2 48.4> 21.0
i Cl.O 50.4 49.7 19A)
i 00.5 i 50.0 52.0 23.0
61.1' 54.0 52,9 30.0
GO.2 1 45.3 47.0 13.0
6!.t.7i 40.2 44-.4J 18.0
04.2! 50.0 48.71 18.0
«4.9! 52.0 49.41 20.«
02.41 4(5.9 4tf.2i 18.0
SjinUi Kurbui
Auburn „
Bed Bin
Now, what are some of the corroborative
A table compiled by Sergeant Barwick,
United States Signal Officer at Sacra
mento, showed that the first fruit troe
blossoms appeared from January, IS7O,
to January, 18S8, twice in January, six
teen times In February and oiice in
Peaches ripen in May, apricots in Juno.
A carload of cherries shipped from Va
caville to Chicago May lit, i«yo.
Oranges shipped for many years from
Marysville, Oroville, Newcastle and
other points.
Vegetable growers carry vegetables to
market all winter long, gathered fresh
from open gardens.
Hoses, violets, heliotropes, geraniums,
chrysanthemums, blooming in December
in the open grounds.
There is not a public park in America
where more gorgeous floral displays can
be seen in midsummer than can be found
in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, or
the Capitol grounds at Sacramento in
November or Maroh.
Could anything more strikingly illus
trate the wide contrast between Northern
California and the regions whence came
our immigration? Thirty-five degrees
below zero and twenty-nine above is a
prodigious difference for the January
minimum temperature.
While our fruits were growing and
ripening for our May and June markets,
they were having weather below zero all
over the Union, east of the Sierras and
north of a line drawn through San Fran
cisco and Omaha or New York city.
I present our climate in this way, Mr.
President, because degrees of temperature
do not always convey a correct impres
sion of heat or cold, but all men can
understand the difference between the
weather where trees are in bloom and
leafage and fruitage, and weather 25° be
low zero—where no vegetable or plant or
tree life can exist except in a dormant
state, and where trees often freeze to
Let me press this matter of climate a
little further.
In May, when we were sending our
first carload of ripe cherries into Chicago,
the thermometer touched 27° at St. Paul,
which was 2" colder than at any time last
winter at Sacramento: and in September
it ran down to 31°, or 1° below freezing;
and at Bismarck tf° below freezing, and
when we were fairly finished with our
late peaches, our raisins, our prunes and
pears, winter was fairly set in all over
the great Northwest, and the thermometer
playing with zero.
A word now to the doubting Thomases
who insist that we must have irrigation,
as is generally true South. The finest or
chard in the world is near Suisun, Solano
county. Over the ridge north in the
same county is Vacaville, with 8,000 acres
in all kinds of trees; all around Sacra
mento and near Davisville are thousands
of acres in trees; as far south as Lodi, in
the San Joaquin, and in the Livermore
Valley, are splendid orchards; north we
pass large plantations on the Feather
River, around Marysville, Biggs and
other points; across the river, the same
around Colusa; at Chico, General Bid
well has about 2,000 acres in trees; in Te
hama and Shasta Counties are large plant
ings. Here is a region of immense area
and producing a large per cent, of the
fruit shipped out of the State, and none
of the orchards to which I refer have any
water, except the seasonal rainfall.
Santa Clara Valley has made her great
reputation with prunes without irriga
All kinds of soils are embraced in this
demonstration, and to-day it is the opin
ion of our best fruit-growers of the Sac-
ramento Valley that the land will give
satisfactory results with our annual rain
Mr. President, Man's capacity for
profitable work is measured by the
limitations nature has put upon him. In
the Dakotas and Minnesota and Nebraska
and lowa—not to mention other States—
the brake is put upon the farmer about
-November and draws tighter and tighter
until about March, and eases up a little
in April, and he gets fairly to earning
something in May, after a period of six
months of comfortable living from his
earnings of the other six months. Now
contrast the capacity for profitable work
with our fruit-grower of North Califor
nia. His trees and his vines hardly stop
growing long enough to give him time
to prune and clean up around his orchard
and fruit houses and have a little recrea
tion in the holiday season and get ready
for his next year's crop. He prunes
in December and January; he plants in
February, and in March lie should have
his orchards well plowed. There is not a
day in the year when the California
Iruit-grower may not go out in his shirt
sleeves and add the value of a day's labor
to his property.
But, Mr. President, with all these ad
vantages—and they are incalculable—wo
have gained but little in population in
the last decade, except in our towns and
cities and a very few individual locali
Whatl is the cause and what is the
the remedy for this condition?
It has puzzled many of our most earn
est and most intelligent workers. We
seem powerless to discover a cause or
remedy for our slow growth. While the
transcontinental roads to the north of us
have been unable to carry passengers as
fast as they desire to go to that country,
our cars come in empty. A new man
from the East seeking a home among us
is a cariosity. Let us be frank and con
fess the truth.
I will tell you what my solution of the
trouble is and my remedy. A few gen
eral principles may be stated as admitted.
People eliange their homes to better
their condition.
Families in search of homes are largely
influenced by tirst impressions.
The head of a family—as its responsible
manager—judges a country by the appar
ent prosperity of its oldest inhabitants.
The better and more desirable classes
of homu-seekcrs come out of established
neighborhoods where society is stable;
where the courtesies and hospitalities of
life are observed; where school-houses
and churches abound and show signs of
loving and devoted hands; where neigh
bors are conveniently near, and where
the comforts of civilized life are found in
humble, as well as in exalted, places.
Now, suppose a man from such sur
rounding comes with his family to Cali
fornia, allured by our rose-tinted pamph
lets illustrated in many colors.
Ho would not want to go to Santa Clara
Valley, where he would hud the pamphlet
justified, because laud is held at two or
three hundred dollars an acre there, and
ho cannot afford to pay so much; lie
wants to go where equally good land can
be found, and where the prune, the peach,
the pear, the apricot, and all our glorious
fruits can be grown, aud where land is
cheap—say £20 to §100 per aero. It is to
be found almost anywhere north of Sac
ramento. Suppose he makes the round
trip from that city by the way of Marys
viilt to Redding, and back by the way of
Willows. Here and there are oases—not
many--in this journey through an em
pire. Look at the stations built fifteen
years ago by the railroad company; most
of them are types of a worked-out and
deserted country. Look at the viljages—
many of them treeless and forbidding,
with signs of decay; observe the horses
and wagons driven to town by the in
habitants; note the style of the houses
observe the plentiful lack of flowers and
vines and shrubs in this land of the gods,
bee the big two-story school-house
in the town, us far away from the chil
dren as possible, aud not a fence around
it, or a tree in sight, and in the country
the rectangular one-story wooden box,
set up on blocks, located with such impar
tiality thai it is placed equi-distant from
the remotest boundaries of the district,
with little regard to the residences of
pupils. In the winter it is a school-house
—in the summer a shade and stamping
ground for stock and a roeort for tramps;
iind no grass, or trees, or vines, or any
living thing in sight for ornament.
As a rule, the farmer's house is but lit
tle better than the school-houso, and but
little more adorned. Our home-seeker
halts for a little rest and a cup of milk
and a piece of sweet bread and butter and
a little fruit. The humblest cot in over
crowded Italy can give him these.
"We keep no cow and have no milk or
butter. The China peddler hasn't come
along yet, and we have no fruit," says the
Oh, for a little cool, shaded grass plot!
Oh, for some escape from this glaring hot
sun, beating through the open windows
and door, and radiated from the hot
earth upon this patient wife and these
clinging children.
"What do you grow on your laud, my
good woman?"
"Whew and barley. My husband is in
the harvest tield out yonder."
"How far?"
"Oh, about four miles."
"On your land?"
"Will he be home to dinner?"
"No; they have a kitchen and dining
room on the wagon, and they camp out
until they get through. The men Bleep
around the machine and under the wagon
and wherever they like. We only kind
of stop here in the summer and go to
town in the winter. My husband is run
ning behind raising wheat, but he says
this is a great fruit country, and some
day these teiiderfeet will come along and
eiye us a big price for our land and go to
raising fruit, and then I suppose the
country will fill up and we'll get out of
If our home-seeker had started from
Orland and traveled in a bee-line for
Colusa, he would probably have gone
thirty miles and not been nearer than two
miles to even so hospitable a place I have
described, and nowhere in that vast ex
panse would he have found planted a sin
gle fruit tree. What must he conclude?
He doubts our stories about the profita
bleness of fruit-growing.
He hesitates to bring his family to such
forbidding environments.
He don't want to settle down where
there is so little hope of his having neigh
bors during his lifetime. He don't want
to subject his family to such a life.
He either goes home disgusted and be
comes a missionary to keep people away
from California, or he goes to some place
where faith is exhibited by works, and
pays high prices for land, and our region
remains neglected.
I need not dwell upon the condition of
our sparsely-settled valley—it would be
hard to overdraw its discouraging features
in the matter of development.
What is the remedy ? It lies in the peo
ple who now live here, and not in the
people who would come, but will not
while the conditions remain unchanged.
W. H. Mills, Vice-President of the State
Board of Trade, has shown by incontro
vertible statistics:
That our increased population for ten
years has been largely in the towns and
That onr mortgaged indebtedness is
largely among wheat-growers and in the
sparsely settled wheat re?ions.
That our prosperous agricultural coun
ties are engaged in fruit-growing.
That our large landea estates are co
incident with business stagnation and
agricultural decay.
This is the condition. Now the remedy.
Look at Fresno. Who started the great
and splendid improvement there and
gave it a name throughout the American
Union as a second Spain for raisius?
What was that region fifteen years, or
ten years ago? Who started that splen
did system of irrigation, surpassing even
those in the valley of the Po, centuries
old? It was Californians resident there
or interested in the land, but residing in
the State. Those lauds then wero poor
security at $5 an acre, and are now good
at §50 and $100, and if planted, for twice
or three times that.
Go to Santa Clara Valley. Who was it
that developed that rich and fertile rtgion
and cave it world-wide renown, and
made it a second France for the prune?
The people of that lovely valley did it. ■
Go to Vaca Valley. Who transformed
those wheat fields into orchards and vine
yards, and made the $30 wheat land worth
?200 for fruit? The residents of that
valley did it.
TT"»-* Zf* of Horoes—^ Years the Standard.
Go to Newcastle and Colfax and Pen
ryn. Who took those apparently sterile
hills and lands long overlooked and made
them teem with rich and profitable
fruits ? The owners of the soil did it
Go to Thermalito and Palermo. Whose
capital, whose faith, whose pluck and
enterprise, have given us the convincing
proof that we may grow oranges in this
north land? Local capital, "local men
did it.
Stop at this Queen City of the North—
time-honored and tried as no town in
Christendom has been tried and survived.
What and who are giving new life and
fresh hope and promise to your beautiful
city ? It Is your fruit industry and your
local men of faith who show" their faith
by their works.
Go where you will in this State—oven
to the Southern boom-land—and you will
sco the genesis of all prosperity in the'
people themselves.
Fresno, Santa Clara and Vacavillo
need no proclamation from the hill top.
Men seek lands there at high prices,
while we can't give away better lands.
The whole secret lies in the demonstra
tion by the owners of the soil.
Mr. President, I must speak plain ; the
enemies ot our region live in the region.
The hardest man to convince is your
neighbor. The hardest man to arouse is
the man who plumes himself on his lene
age back to the Argonauts of this coast.
I have known more men driven out of
the country by discouraging criticism of
local effort than were ever held by help
ful hands.
If you want to sell a man a piece of
land in Northern California you must
take him from the brain at night and
complete the sale by sunrise.
The point I wish to emphasize is this—
that it lie.-; in the power of any commu
nity in this great valley to do just what
has been done in the places I have named,
by concerted mid well-directed local
Do you suppose there is a man in
Fresno who would dare suggest to a
stranger that raisins cannot be profitably
grown there ?
Do you suppose a man in San Jose
would dare express a doubt about Santa
Clara Valley for prunes, or that there is
left a solitary Silurian in Vaea Valley?
There never was a time or place where
people were doing well and making
money that other people would not come
there and invest and make homes. And
the converse almost as invariably true
| that men will not go and invest and
make homes where the people are not
I prosperous and where they held out in
! ducements that they themselves reject.
You may talk the Eastern home
' seeker blind about the great profit of
I fruit-growing and the adoptability of
your land for fruit, but if before you talk
him blind lie sees you do not "yourself
plant. he will leave you if he has to be
led away by a small boy.
The remedy then is in ourselves. I
might mention one other, but it is not
within our control, and therefore had
better be omitted. I would state it, only
I fear it might be accepted as the only
remedy, and our people would wait for
another decade to see if it would be ap
I refer to the transportation companies.
They could fill up this State, but it may
be doubted whether such a tilling up
would be half as effective and lasting as
we can ourselves accomplish.
Mr. President, this is indeed a noble
heritage of ours—this wonderful Sacra
mento Valley. Such sunny skies, such
fertile soil, such matchless* climate are
not to be found combined outside of Cali
fornia on the American continent. With
a just and true appreciation of these great
gifts, our people ought to be the most
prosperous and the happiest people on
earth, and we ought to have ten where
we now have one.
With sixty-two million mouths to feed,
and increasing at the rate of one and one
half millions annually; in the only spot
in all this broad land where the apricot,
the prune, the almond, the raisin, the
olive, the grape of tbreign lands, the fig
of commerce, have found a home, we
keep up this wretched and disheartening
agricultural monotone —wheat—wheat—
wheat —better grown in the Dakotas where
the thermometer goes to 00° below zero—
more profitably grown in almost any
other part of the globe than here:
A mine we have, whose ledge reaches
from Shasta to San Diego, and as broad
as the space between our great mountan
ranges, charged with gold, silver and
iron, and we persist in working the mine
for its iron. Was there ever a people
more stupid and illogical and blind and
perversely short-sighted?
Do you suppose a Frenchman could be
induced to dig up his five acres of vines
anil exchange them for ltX) acres of wheat?
Do you suppose that the Italian would
yield his little patrimony of 100 olive trees
that support his family well, and plant
Do you suppose the Spaniard could he
induced to forgo the profits of his little
raisin patch and raise wheat at a cent and
a quarter a pound?
Do you suppose there is in lowa or Illi
nois a fanner so dull that he would raise
corn or wheat if he could grow our de
lightful fruits?
No! Nor will we long practice the folly
of the past.
California will always grow wheat and
it always should grow wheat; but we
must grow wheat, not for Englishmen,
but for Americans in California. It must
bo limited to our homo market and be
consumed by the millions who occupy
our soil in diversified agriculture. We
will then have our wheat belts and wheat
farms, and orchard belts and orchard
farms and the tiller of both will prosper
and grow rich, and wax fat and kick.
Loss of a Rtenly-Fumlslxedl Dwolllnc
Near Cosumnes.
At noon on Tuesday the dwelling-house
owned and occupied by Mrs. M. A.
Alvord and Mrs. O. North, together
with the windmill, tank-house and wood
shed, were burned to the ground. The
house, which is about a mile from Cosuni
nes Postoffice, was formerly the dwell
ing of Mrs. S. P. Grimshaw, from whom
it was recently purchased.
The fire started between the ceiling and
roof, from a defective Hue in the kitchen,
and the high north wind which prevailed
at the time soon fanned the flames into a
fury. Some of the neighbors, seeing the
smoke, got on the scene in time to get out
the piano and some of the furniture.
The house was richly furnished
throughout, and much costly furniture,
silver-plate, jewelry and wearing apparel
was lost. The large barn, which stood
about 150 feet southeast from the house,
was fortunately saved. The patties esti
mate their loss at about $1,000, on which
there is some insurance.
Auction Sales.
To-morrow, commencing at 10 o'clock,
Bell & Co. will sell on the premises (1519
Xinth street) an elegant lot of household
goods, including a rosewood square
piano,' parlor furniture in silk plush,
inoquet lounge, etc.
On Saturday at 10 A. M. W. 11. Sher
burn will, by order of the administrator
of the estate of the late Mrs. Kate Hag
gerty, sell all of the fine furniture and
ousehold goods contained in the de
ceased's residence, 322 M street. The sale
will take place on the premises.
j5 Yards; lending varieties for sale; eggs for
hatching; for ftirtfier particulars send for cata
logue. GEO. E. DUDEN, proprietor. Box
376, Sacramento. Ja3-tf
L. at 010 X street, TO-DAY at 2 Lec
ture and Tabernacle work.
MjW. W. M. JENK.S.
the stockholders of the Foresters' H..11
Association will be held THIS EVENING •"
fc o clock, at Court Sacramento. '
at i,;lr i lltm.t; SeWOrk- Apply imm^fi
House dining-room, Seventh street, between I
■25 J- Ja2>mt«
*rtJ&s%<£ a2£Z!!Z!&I German preferred.
Apply^at l_22l_gf venth street. Ja-'-^-jt*
dishes and do chores in private family
SeVe^&^^ 10; mL^S S
TT Japanese as waiter, or will work in a
saloon or any kind of work. Address JAP.,
t Ins otßce. jaTT-lit*
(■,m „fi n-'i r?i Ihousi1housi' worlt; no other need apuly.
tajl at 11 19 P street. Ja27-S*
"oil 1 • ts.wallV eraPloymentof any respect
able kiud; is perfectly sober and industrious.
Address X,_this_offlce. jua-.',t*
1 y '• ellFl ne ' tl om 10 to 10 horse-power; must
l.c in Al order State a-e and cost price.
Must he a straw-burner. Address at once Uox
•>oi. aacramento Postoffiee. ja.'s-7t»
TJ gentlemen or ladies for somethini; en
tirely new; ight and profitable; takes with
every one. Apply 1023 Eighth street, from 1
n a c.M. jal-tf
yards, dairies and all kinds of labor.
omen and trirls for cooking and generai
housework. Plenty of work for desirable help
«£&&2a!u*^ bot office ' »*««
man—Hilary, S7O to $S0 monthly, with
'""eat e.- to represent in his own section a re
sponsible N.-w "iork house. References. Man
ulacturer, Lock Bos 1,565, N.Y. fe24-ly.MTii
Twenty-nrst and J streets, last Friday
DlvL(r .>TOREand receive reward. Ja2S-«*
fgg get ay J^cnt.
j; and bath, suitable for housekeeping for
gentleman and wile. Inquire at 1233 G
WJeet- ___ja.».(-xt*_
J. 1512 G street. Jajy-it*
til IN N, Fourth and J streets. ja'jy-tf
and X struts—Rooms by the day, week or
month. MRS. A. GLEEMAN, Proprietress
JL rooms and modern conveniences, \dblv
at 927 M si root. ja'2B-lit*
X modern improvements. Inquire 1200 X
s' reet. ja:.y:;t*
eisht rooms and basement, with all mod
ern improvements, No. 1700 H street In
quire on the_premlses. ja27-tf
X lor on H street; suitable for a siivle gen
tleman or lady. Apply at 1005 H street.
Kent reasonable. Ja'J3-tf
mo let-a"parlor, at 715 1 street-
X also a carriage barn. Inquire at the above
nuJH b.. e Jj Jal3-tf
4rUl the day, week or month. LANGHAM.
also unfurnished rooms, cheap; suitable
for housekeeping. Apply to D. GARDNER,
at wood-yard. Fourth and I streets. myl7-tf
JC House, from 95 per month upwards- also
family rooms at low prices. HORNLEIN
BROS., Proprietors. mrl9-ly
J.l tools of custom boot and shoe shop in
Davisville. Inquire ot D. G. BULLARD Da
y i 8 v i He. Ja.">7t*
SO rooms; coiner house. Apply to ED
WIN K. ALSIP, 1015 Fourth street, Sacra
n » ■ > i to. ja'7-tf
in the next thirty days—Bo acres of tine
fruit land, situated 7 miles from Roscville
Junction, R<K'klin and Loomis and 5 miles
from Folsom; the land is on the American
river, in the Placer county fruit belt; 32 acres
are cleared; 4 acres in table grapes; 3 acres In
Crawford and Late George patches; a small
house of 3 rooms; stabling lor 2 horses, barn
and chicken house; also, well of good, pure
water, 16 feet in solid granite: price, SI,OOO,
or §20 per acre: will be sold on a liberal credit.
Address K. BOOTH, Roseville Junction, Placer
County.^al. Ja.T-'td&ltw
Dorado county, five miles west v^ Placer
ville, two miles from Diamond Station; this
is pood fruit and vine land; 150 acres under
ditch; ditch and water right goes with the
place; all fenced; orchard of 500 trees; house,
barn and out-buildings; price, $5,000; easy
terms; will meet anyone at Diamond Station
that wishes to see this place. Address M J
WILL£AMS L Placerville._ _j u 3-3 it*
horse, perfectly gentle; especially suited
for lady to drive; rapid traveler, and one of
the best saddle-horses in the city A O
GREGORY^ Fifth and J, Sacramento. Ja9-tf
I; fruit trees. Call on O. O. GOODRICH,
Riverside Nursery-, three miles south of city.
P. O. address. Sacramento. d3l-tr
<3> 1 \J\T any person who will give Information
that will convict anyone who has cut or
opened, or who hentjafter may cut or open,
the fence on the north side of the Lagoon Sac
ramento County, Cat,; that is, on the Hartnell
Grant, or lands of the Monch Estate. MIW.
1. B. MONCH. Jaifr'tA tw*
ing life's future events, fifteen years'
practice in •'miia and Australian colonies; late
of San Jose. Young people should know their
future. Fee, 50 cents and $1. 1010 Third
street. d9-tf
country property. MUDDOX & FEE.
t>ool street. JaB-U

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