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The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, August 08, 1891, Image 6

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Wakeman Wandering Among the
Mines of England
Description of nn Interesting nnd
Worthy Class of Women—Their
• Leader, Struggles]; and Victory-
Horrible nnd Revolting Scenes lv
the Mines.
[Special Correspondence of the Rrconn-
Ukiok. Copyright, 1891.1
WIOAH, Kngland, July 28,1891.
The "Pit-Brow Lasses" of England and j
Wales aro about 0,000 in number. They
are the girls and women of all ages who j
aro employed about the "brows" or |
mouths of iiritish coal and iron miues.
No other working women in Kngland
have received so much notoriety from the
press, owing to various futile efforts in j
Parliament to enact laws prohibiting ;
such form of labor, und among the lowly j
of England I havo never come upon a
more interesting or worthy class.
En former times women were employed ;
"below- grass" in the English mines, und
il is s« _rcely fifty years since, in IM_.
that all female labor in the underground
collieries was put an end to, almost solely
by the efforts of the lato Lord Ashley.
Wholesome restrictions upon juvenile
labor iv mines wero also imposed v year
later. But previous to that time, ever I
. inee English coal, iron und tin were
first mined, the labor of women was util
ized in v manner revolting and horrible
beyond description. The prohibition of !
female labor in mines wus therefore a |
wonderful revolution. In Lancashire,
Yorkshire and Wales it was especially SO.
Here thousands of girls hud found em
ployment in the pits. Their chief labor
as drawers and "thrutchci." for the
colliers who cut or dug the coal. They I
could never rise above tiiis worse than
slavish condition. Many could "pick"
as well us auy man, and at times "stood
turns" with husbands or brothers in this
extraordinary toil.
These female workers were chiefly
girls from 12 to 20 years of age, and their
work of drawing, or "hurrying," as it i.s
called in Yorkshire, then consisted in
dragging the coal in boxes on sledges, or
In trucks on wheels, from tho "stall"
where the collier was at work, to tho
shaft of the pit. < -ten the miners would
be cutting the coal, as is now frequently
the case in a place not two feet in bight,
and from one to two miles from the only
v inlet to the world above. Througii pitch
black passages, too low to permit of their
Standing upright, and up aud down sleep
inclines they wero compelled to crawl,
pulline the heavy loads after them, or
"thrutohing," that is, pushing them from
behind. 'iwo or three children
were harness* .1 togethi r to thus pull one
or more loaded trucks. Leather belts
wore put around their waists, und then
the little ones were fastened teg-'her. liy
a chain passing between their lees from
ono belt to another, when the children
clawed, scrambled and tugged along on i
their bands and toes after the manner ofj
four-footed animals.
The distance these loaded trucks hud to
bo hauled was, in most cases, frightful.
Instances are authenticated where grown
up female drawers had to traverse over j
5.000 yards of rugged galleries and In- \
clines each journey, or in a day's work, |
\. ere compelled to travel a distance of
thirteen mile . always In a stooping, and,
often, in a creeping posture. Then there
were many sadder wrong-- and outrages
in those underground slave-pens, where
the Law was unknown and not even
ided. One of the horrors proven be
fore the House of Commons was the case
ct a tiny lad who was compelled to drag a
truck along a mine passage scaroely two
feet high, in which there was a foot of
muck and water, so that his head could
bo scarcely kept above the noisome
.stream. The infamous treatment of
women in these mines is only known to
their Maker. Tlie exposure of but the
fainted part of all this wrong brought in
stant legal prohibition under tho gravest
But there was ulargo number of women
left in every colliery region who clutched
at any manner of labor that would sustain
life, a few were already working with
men and Lads at the pit-brow. Gradually
nearly all of this work, such as dumping
the trucks from the "cage" in which
tney are "brought to surface" from tho
bottom of the mine shaft,screening the
coal and sorting out the slate and stone,
loading the coal wagons with the coal
ly for tiie market and carrying the
coal dust to the ovens where it i; trans
formed into coke—came to the iot of
•lieu. Theoretically the collier op
posed it at li.c public house and in meet
ings of his union. Practically, he se
cretly supported it, for his brother might
liavr been killed in sn explosion, and the
wife, or daughter, at the pit-brow, took
up the light f.r bread where death had
Cneeked it. and his own arm or leg might
I : bed oil some day in the machinery,
; his own neither or wife could spi
to the spade or screen, and do a man's
labor for half man's wage.
: 'i- a name for them ull, though
many were lasses no Longer, and I have
• women, of 50and60 years, working
nimbly at the screens, they came to be
known as "Pit-Brow ___88es," and in
time got nearly all the pit mouth labor
into their dextrous hands. But, a few
rs BgO, mutteringS . eie heard in t:.
_______ like Northumberland and Dur
ham, where no women were employed,
against the system, it meant, these fel
lows who hail all the Labor themselves,
said the Impoverishment of tiiat many
men and often of that many families.
Then came a Miners' Conference at Bir
mingham, in January od a _ so
lution there passed tliat women should
not Ijo allowed to work about the minis
was covertly inserted as a clause in the
: mines 1 regulation amendment bill,
■which came up for debate in the House
of Commons in March, 1 ... This wa.
followed by broadsides against women's
pit-brow labor in tbe Mm r_ __t__rnafand
other influential trades* papers, as well
■n a horrifyinfl. leader in tho London
Then a vast army of female ic
form champions, headed by Emily Faith
ful, \\ ho, afterwards, confessed her error
in the matter, began writing to the press,
writing to members of Parliament,and
writing to anybody else who would assist
In advertising their interest in the mat
ter, much aft* r the manner of our own
noble phalanx of the shrieking sit
hood; and, for a tune, it seemed that toe
poor pit-brow lasses, aa the bill was •
acted on the following May, would be
gi> • ihift at the m ..
'i lie wily trade unionists who were
eannily using the various ientin_ . I
of England in order to merely giv<
men the plea s to be made' vacant by
6,ooowomen, very shrewdly put forward
ananswi rable proposition, where the
pit-brow were unknown and had
no one tos] > ak for them: that their oocu
{iation was "unsexing;" that it wase
is as to greatly shorten human life;
to immorality in' its.sodden,
machine-like mixing of men and _ omen;
thai the dress of trousers and short p<
ooat was Indelicate and improper; and
that idle and %i. c
; i the husbands] of women so em-
The whole country was aston
ished and horrified ;•; ihe discovery fi
this new blot on __nglish civilization. It
. arose unanimously withthe
sponge, as it wen', of Government i.
us band to _ Ipe it out.
Then one Lone woman also arose. This
mie lone woman, almost unaided, de
feated the entire efforts of ti
trades unions of England, conquered tic
Opp i indifference of two _______
Secretaries, Chiidera and Matthews, in
(cession, molded public opinion to the
cause ot the pit-brow lasses, and _eh:
one of the most remarkable social and
labor victories won in (ireat Britain.
It is a pleasure to make such a woman
better known to Americans. Hear name
is Mrs. Margaret Park, late Mayor, -s of
• Wigan. lbr husband, deceased in No
vember, 1890, was a leading irou mer-
chant there, and, perhaps, the most pop
ular individual in Lancashire —the one
exception being hia wife. He was elected
to tlie Mayoralty for live successive
terms, between is>s_ and 1888, the same
being counted an extraordinary honor,
aa Wigan is tho oldest borough in Lanca
shire, having a municipal history dating
from the days of chivalry and the cru
sades. Tho city is the center of the Lan
cashire coal and iron trade. It is a iiis
trict of collieries and colliers. Mrs. Park
is a Lancashire lady by birth, and had all
her life striven for the betterment ofthe
lowly, isho is a shining example ofa
thoroughly cultured woman of wealth,
making use of her gifts and means, in her
own neighborhood, without requiring a
"mis. .ou" or the recognition of the Sun
day papers in order to reach the highest
fruition of her genius for good. She con
sequently know these Lancashire folk in
tin ir everyday toil and in their homes.
Naturally she was beloved and almost
idolized. And sho knew, too, possibly
because a woman, and because ot intelli
gent studies und practical ministrations,
the merits of the pit-brow woman ques
tion perhaps better than any other liv
ing man or woman.
Tiiese 6,000 helpless women had no de
fender. Sho instantly became oue. By
clear and truthful presentations of their
morality, their healthfulness, their need
and that of those dependent upon them,
and the injustice of the proposed depri
vation of their only means of subsist
ence, with her ringing urgency upon tlie
influential women of England of the
principle that all avenues for voluntary
labor by women should be expanded
rather than restricted, such noted women
as Emily Faithful, Lady Latham and
Lydia Becker, of woman's rights fame,
gave the pit-brow woman's cause their
support instead of opposition. Intelli
gently presented facts, and clear, cogent
logic <jii the subject, were at once Bap
plied to Home Secretary Childers and to
members of Parliament. With the en
thusiastic co-operation of-Vicar Mitchell
of Pemberton, an important colliery
town near Wigan, where a large number
of women work at the pit-brow, great
meetings of the pit-brow women them
selves were held, and these were fol
lowed by like great gatherings in York
shire and Wales. This class of women
are noted for their integrity and blunt
ncss. "They are jannoek right through,"
as they say in Lancashire. They not
only have ready tongues, but there was
a. to them, terrible conviction and neces
sity behind their rude speech. Petition
after petition was dispatched to London.
These extraordinary gatherings of extra
ordinary women, with an extraordinary
woman as their leader, interpreter and
deliverer, had an electrical ellect through
out Britain. A complete revulsion of feel
ing and conviction was the result.
Not content with this, Mrs. Park insist
ed that now us the pit-brow lasses had
been heard at home they should also be
heard in London—within the awful si
lences of the Home Secretary's ollice, if
needs be. But Mr. Childers had heard
such tales oi'the "Amazons" in the press,
read such tragedies of them in the shill
ing shockers, and sceu such hideous rep
resentations of them in the illustrated
prints, that this was too much. No Brob
oignagian, sooty heroines, armed with
shovels, spades, screens, clogs and, per
haps, picks, for him! The hint of tbeir
readiness to swoop down upon him, with
what had already been done, and the
press of England now being unanimous
against the measure, were seemingly suf
ficient. The prohibitory clause was with
drawn, and the pit-brow lasses of Eng
land and Wales were destined to remain
a permanent British institution.
But iheir first victory was a temporary
one. The trades unions, appearing to
graciously accept defeat, were onlj- await
ing better opportunity. Just a year la
ter, early in the spring of 1887, word
came to Mrs. Park from London tbat the
claus ) against pit-brow women's work
was again being pressed, secretly hut
powerfully, by trades unions and other
political influence, and that there was
great danger of the (Jovernment recom
mending the measure, through the then
new Home Secretary, Mr. Matthews.
Mrs. I'ark at once determined that the
pit-brow women should go in person be
fore Parliament and the Homo Secretary.
She wrote and telegraphed mine owners,
employing women, to call meetings, ex
plain the threatened danger, and a>k the
;i ut the mines to elect by ballot
two of their number from each "mine to
join the deputation. This was done, the
lasses bearing their own expenses by
subscription, so that no taint of mine
owners* interest could bo charged. A
special train was secured, and away sped
the unique deputation to the great city.
A continuous ovation greeted them
all the way to London. Mrs. Park had
meantime secun d permission from Sec
retary Matthews to present the deputa
tion. The women were lodged at the
-iris' Club and Home, Soho Square.
Their arrival created the greatest interest
and excitement. Royalty itself never at
tracted greater crowds. They were taken
to Parliament House, and were also
granted a peep at the House of Lords.
The lawmakers of Great Britain were
won over in a body.
The next morning the entire London
press rang with their praises, patheti
cally told the story of their toil, and de
nounced those who had threatened the
prohibition of their arduous and honest
labor. Then came the memorable pa
rade, or demonstration, through Regent
street, Oxford street, along l'all Mall,
aud on to Westminster Hotel, where four
ofthe girls were robed in their odd pit
brow costumes. Then the procession
moved on the Home ollice, a million
Englishmen cheering them as they went.
Here Mrs. i'ark laid their claims before
Mr. Matthews in a few ringing sentences,
which literary critics have asserted com
prised the briefest yet most splendidly
logical and powerful address ever pro
nounced by Englishwoman in any cause.
Nor were the lasses themselves slow of
speech. Their ignorance of the sedate
formalities of the place led to innumera
ble vociferous and pointed interruptions.
They '•('am oop to _________ to speak oot,
'v' speak oot, tha wnd!"
The Home Secretary listened and ques
tioned, linally dismissing the unique
deputation after assurance that they
should not be interfered with, and the
hope that their representations "would
so Influence public opinion that they
would hear no more in many years Of aii
attempt to interfere with an honest and
praiseworthy industry." And so the pit
lirow lasses won. But 1 have often
thought it a pity that some great painter
j could not have cauglitthis splendid scene,
where the hopes of the 5,000 women—
irhos ■ work and home life I sball describe
in a succeeding article—were entered.
The Borne Secretary oi a mighty Govern
ment, with aU the austerity and ii
I of State surrounding him, reserved, pus
sled, yet thoroughly kindly: one woman,
accompanied by famous women lords
and commoners, standing before him as
petitioner, her fun —the prototype of that
noble one ilie artist has given US in isa
_____ belore whom Columbus is urging
his cause—beaming with infinite kmd
md subduing glances upon her irre
. ile charges, yet hall turned In
grave respect and apprehension to the
one who could grant or defeat their aims,
and. to complete the picture, ;i crowd of
rosy-cheeked, buxom pit-brow lass, s,
_ itii beads craned eagerly forward, their
sparkling eyes Wide with wonder and
aert attention, lips half parted as if to
"speak oot" on the slightest pretext, and
every one of tho sturdy wenches with
with anxiety, and the
whole figure, In posing and attitude, un
consciously the embodiment of defiance
und defense. Kim.ut ___ W..reman.
Tii" Champion Boxer.
Aasticus Iluidup- I am a college
Stud nt and 1 want a place to work in
your hotel this summer.
Hotel Proprietor—What experience or
qualifications have you?
s.h.iastieus Hardup—l nm the cham
pion boxer and wrestler ot' my class.
Hotel Proprietor—Ah, then you will do
very well to whip cream.-Boston Courier.
Fifty years ago a dress suit of Mack
broadcloth waa tho every-day attire of
every gentleman and most clergymen in
New Yoric, and it was worn in the street
as well as ut home. Fashions for men
Obanged, but Hannibal Hamlin did not,
ami in time his dress coat became re
markable. . ome old-fashioned clergy
men cleave to the clawhammer in the
pulpit and make it in thoir case a clerical
The Land Where ihe Potato
Reigns Supreme.
Ono of the "Packwood's Belles" Se
lects a Strancro Place for Summer
iuiJ—People .Vho Freeze Out |Cnnip
ors nnd llnvo No Lovo for Tourists
or Summer Boardors.
[Special correspondence of Reco_d-U_ ion..
Bodega. Let me impress upon you at J
the outset tho importance of the pronun
ciation of the name. The "c" has the
sound of "a" in potato, and its relation to
this pon ular Iruit we will discuss later. I I
did not embrace the idea of summering i
ut Bodega ecstatically, but nevertheless |
found myself winding my way there as |
fast us mud and drizzle would permit.
The fact of the matter wus, I hud heard
Buch hair-standing reports from that re
gion that [ feared to venture in, even
well armed, not being ut all times a good
shot. Whether it ____ be_iuse the name
suggested "The Bud Man from Bodie" I
don't just know, but my impression of
the place was thut every citizen who had
any self-respect carried a bowie-knife in
[ his boot aud had a smull graveyard of his
own. One item that lent color to my
fanciful picture wus thut every semi
occasionally a few of the suburban resi
dents get into a little discussion overs
game of cards, or the location of a line
fence, nnd emphasize the argument by
curving stakes off each other's persons j
witli pruning knives or anything handy.
Once in a while they run in a crazy man i
from there, and while he roots around in ;
the branches of trees iv the corporate j
limits of the county seat the excitement !
of the populace is boundless. So, what
with cazy Swisstnen and red-handed In
dians my. approach to thut section was
made with marked hesitation. I put it
in tlie balance with other resorts, but Bo
dega won the day.
To start out summering 'with several !
few inches of mud under foot und more I
falling was a portion of happiness thai
was mine—all mine. Fortune wus my j
i ompanion and guide, aud when I hest
tated und questioned she drew her arms
closer round me, pressed me onward i
through the adobe mire, to rosy scenes
that were not discernible to methrough |
the mist of doubt nnd drizzle. Over- |
shoes and palm-leaf fans do not form a
desirable combination, uud linen dusters
nnd gum coats seem gruesome com
panions, and we had 'em all.
But Bodega proved to bo a pretty little
town with a line schoolhouse and two
nest church-houses. There is nothing
formidable in its aspect—it is quiet and
peaceful as if free lights were an un
known quantity. A few men and lioys
pitched horseshoes as calmly und silently '
BS Rip Van Winkle's entertainers, who
played nt nine-pins in jerkins und doub
lets and indulged in the contents of the j
It really possesses a haunted house ! A j
little maid told me, with eyes distended, ;
and in awesome tones, that she had heard
it herself. 11 is one of tlie low, long old
ramshackle buildings that has gone into
the age of moss and decay as tiie town
grew. On certain nights in the week,
from 12 o'clock to 1, in the low-ceilinged
room below a host of silent visitors may
at ten-pins. The balls roll the length of
the room und down an Offset of two steps
into the next. All is quiot a minute and
another bull starts. At precisely 1 o'clock
the ghostly revelry ceases, the spectres
fade into thin air, nnd the snores ofthe
worldly listeners resume their solid pro- i
portions. Thero are tappings and moan- |
ings, groaning 3 and Happing of unhinged
doors, the midnight promenade of some I
departed dyspeptic. In fact every detail
; is present to pronounce it a bona tide
Looking you straight in the eye as you
enter the town isthe sign of the hading
hostelry. The figure of what has been a
beautiful woman leans from the balcony j
with gentle smile. To appreciate this
freak of fancy you must know that it is
the figure-head of the English ship Laxn
mermoor, _ inch wus wrecked at the en
trance of Bodega Bay in June, 1882.
Main* people possess souvenirs ofthe un
fortunate vessel, which was strewn along
l the beach lor miles. One of the rich
crimson velvet cushions of her cabin now
does duty of making comfortable the seat
ofa farmer's cart.'
The charms of tho lady in question
havo been higbtened by some local
painter evidently, and the rouge not hay
' ing been applied' scientifically, she looks
I best when seen afar off. Wefeelreas
' sured at her welcomine smile, presum
i ably the fac simile of that of the "lirido
of Lammermoor," and entering, listen
Involuntarily for the quavering voices of
band Mysie in bitter dispute over the
i scant larder. Thero was no rattle of
j crockery nnd pewter, and "thunner
j down tho chimney to spoil tho gude din
ner"; neither did faithful old Caleb fly
forth to scout for the fat "capon nnd
whim-whams" for our gustronomic en
tertainment, but in good time a bonny
meal was served, and under tho beams of
tic painted beauty's smiie we watched
the regular boarder perform the sword
swallowing act with every knife full of
potatoes, and spear peus with v three
tine I fork.
Those potatoes. After a ride through
to the coast you will see potutoes In your
walking hours, and be haunted by them
in your dreams, for they are on each side
of you, ibebind and before you. Your
host will sing their praises to yon whilo
you grace his groaning board "with your
| presence, if yon find one house that _s
an exception chalk a cross on the gate
post, so that others may enter in.
Bodega is older than the hills. But
though boasting of antiquities, it is quito
modern in its habits, even to possessing
tho regulation number of saloons to a
block. I! is known to Uncle Sam as
Smith's Ranch, gleaming from a post
mark as big as a cowboy's hat. It bus
always been a source of wonderment to
me that the smaller a town is the Larger
is its post-mark. When you receive a
letter which is two-thirds post-mark you
cv.ii set the population of its source at two
A few hundred yards from the city
proper on a hillock stands the flagstaff
erected by-Captain John Smith in July.
_____ it held ut its top the figure ofa bear
and lone star. It leans a littio wearily,
BS Who would DOt after exposure to the
ravages of time all these many years.
The members Of Fern beat Parlor,
Native Sons of the Oolden West, have
wisely taken measures to preserve this
important relic. A portion from the top
will be sent to the World's Fair. Captain
Smith's adobe house is situated near the
spot that holds the notorious stall. You
pass through a wide gate, down through
a "swag," and ascending the slight eleva
tion the house greets you. It is smoth
ered in trees, and its two quaint upper
windows have peered out over the pass
ing populace for half a century.
There is one pieco of architecture I
found in my Amblings that I sat me
down to admire, lt is a structure with
fluted columns and a fiat roof, made alter
the Corinthian, antediluvian style, and is
a gem. On its summit are bronze figures
of frolicking cherubs und shm-hodicd
hounds, and tho color is a soft brownish
gray. I dropped Into S bench ou a hos
pitable-looking veranda, where a fmo, big
tree threw a shade over i pnmp anda
watering trough. A party was giving
me snatches of history about the place,
and in the course of his remarks drifted
on to the alleged lawlessness of a certain
class of coasters.
"There were thirteen fights at ono sa
loon hero on tho night of .luiy 3d," ho
said, as he clasped his hands tighter
around his knees and gazed farther into
vacancy, and my horrified silence becom
ing audible, he pointed into tho opon
doorway. ''Yes, and there's the very
spots of blood yet on the lloor—" Yos, and
tlere was tho green blind that character
izes the übiquitous saloon! I rested no
longer'neath its portals, but struck out
speedily, and, had I not been headed off,
most likoly would bave been going yet-
Hut offsetting this statement was the "fact
that tho night before a party of campers
had beon rained in—their camp para
phernalia was a sodden wreck. A com
modious barn was donated for their use.
and the entire community assuaged their
grief by turning out and giving a jolly
dance in tiieir honor.
For the benefit of those who indulge in
summer resorts it is my duty to oiler my
experience as a warning. It is always
well to have a haven in view when you
leave the shelter of home, because
it is an unpleasant and un
profitable employment to ride thirty
miles and try at overy dairy ranch to es
tablish yourself in the bosom of a private
family. Alter you are refused the doz
enth time you begin to fool liko you uro a
wanderer on tho face of tho fair earth.
You wonder if you look liko a bandit, if
you have tho appearance of a dog-poi
soner, or if they saw the Henry ride and
railroad spike you had Innocently pro
vided yourself with to bravo the dangers
of Bodega. You pull yourself up by tho
roots and take an inventory of your faults
and shortcomings, and move on with an
etlcrvescing think tajik.
In conjunction with tho sportive rotato
thoy also raise cream and butter, and
though tho land glows with plenty, the
dogs bark at strangers. Thoro is one
thing that tho coasters aro to boespecinllv
commended upon, aud that is their posi
tiveness. They have boon so bored with
campers thai a party looming up on tho
road is a small edition ol" the black
plague. They do not want you. and there
is no shilly-shallying. Their answers are
stereotyped, and used all along the route.
___ Mr. Giovanni Banjonini Mandolini's
we received tho same negation as nt his
uncle's, Mr. Vermicelli Biv_.mi_lic.uppi,
also Mr. Giuseppi Frangipanni TotnatO
"How do you do, sir."
"Do you want some summer boarders?"
"Can't you take one?"
"Can't you take two?"
"How for on docs the next man live?"
"What's his name?"
"Giachromo Cantolopi Macaroni."
"Is he good-natured?"
"< Jood day, mister. He's my man."
The party upon whom the t:isk of ad
vance agent devolved grow limp and de
jected, and all the rest of his natural life
time he will involuntarily put tho rising
inflection on every sentence that ho ut
ters. His manly form took on tho exact
shape of an interrogation point, and
strangers cast queer glances at the six
ieet of living questioning. But we who
know him will carry the secret to our
graves that it was that day among the
Swissmen that wrecked a useful life.
The bitterest sorrow to mo was the
fact that I had expended 66 cents, cash
money, in a bathing suit, and not to
christen that in the surging billows
wrung wails of woo from my inmost
heart. I felt tho stinging drops of rain
nnnglo with my tours, and I imagined
myself floundering abont in tho curling
breakers, holding an umbrella over nic
meanwhile to ward off the moisture from
tho skies. Tlie picture was a tiny bit ab
surd, I wili admit, but it was my solo
hope of netting tho worth of my 65 cents.
In wanton extravagance such an outlay
would compare well with tho "billion
dollar Congress." Perhaps yon have
noted that tho Democratic press stiil
chows on tho mutilated remains.
The mighty Pacific spread before us
did not soften tho ragged edge of our dis
appointment, and the hattie between the
frowning fog and tumbling billows waxed
fiero r. The breakers threw themselves
higher and higher in its forbidding
scowl, but it only settled more densely
and sullenly down like the shadow ofan
evil dream.
It is an original idea to havo the pig
sty at the end of the carriage drive and
in close proximity to the entrance. The
odor will persist in outsmellmg the sweet
lavender and clove pinks, and it be
comes tangled up in oue's draughts of
cream. There is a placo in the bay where
tho waters wash at its sloping edge and
where the odor asserts itself to such an
extent tliat boats in the bay are arrested
in their progress, and not until a passage
way is hacked through it with hatchets
can they proceed.
In passing the charmed spot the occu
pants of a boat bow their heads as if in
deep grief, and suspend breathing until,
to an on-looker, it would be inferred that
it was a funeral cortege in trausit. If
bells were tolled in passing the charmed
spot 'twould high-en the illusion. An
ex-sea captain told mo he couid tell ex
actly where his good ship was as soon as
ho rounded Point Roves, and set his sails
accordingly, lor the bravo and jolly smell
struck them there forcibly. He said, also,
that he was going to petition the Board of
Trade of Bodega to whitewash the sand
hills in the immediate vicinity with a
view to giving it a stronger and more
fitting back-ground.
lt was through tho intervention and
tender sympathy of woman (bless every
i one of their gentle hearts) that I was pcr
| mitted to linger through sunny days at a
i little castle hy the sea, on an eminence
overlooking tho placid waters of the bay
ano. tho shimmering blue aud green of
| the ocean. Fverybody envies everybody
I who starts with heavily-laden camp
! wagon for tho coast. It is a popular ro
' sort. Go to good old misrepresented
j Bodega when ye seek rest, recreation, fun
i and frolic, and—yes, potutoes.
AT. T.
The following poem by Mrs. Graco Duf_e
Ko- of Battle Creek, appeared recently in the
Chic • _o Jntcr-Ofcan:
Father an* me are gettin' old;
We ain't ased to the way;
Of goto' to hear the slngli-, stead
uf prcachin', Sabbath uay.
So whon we was with Andrews' folks,
An' Bunday morain 1 come
We s'posod we'd hear the word and jino
In the sweet hymns the.- sung.
An' when we stood in that dim aisle,
'Neath arcb< d an 1 dated stone,
A ray of light touched ______ a nair
An' his worn features .shone.
Thr organ's srand and solemn tone
.lest sound* d like a prayer.
An' when it stopped 1 seemed to feci
Wing., bcatin' through the air.
"The prodigal,*' the preacher said,
••i . si nnin' weary grown,
lias left the swine an' now lias turned
His face toward his home."
When all nt once the cheir rlz;
Ii most made nic laugh
To hear thut voting soprano sins;
"Bring in the fatted Calf."
"I.rincr in the fitted calf, the calf,'"
Implond the alto low,
An' all the rest Joined tn as if
'I hey couldn't let it go.
The tenor's plcadin' touched my heart,
A crittcr'a been a stoic
Not to liev come a friskin' in
In answer to that tune.
Waal, pa, he sot witli eyebrows bent,
Like Dashes touched witli snow
A growin' round some sheeny lake,
Half hldin' its blue glow.
P.ut when tlie bass had started in
A cai lin" f.>r that tall.
He jist reached hir iiis han'kerehief
To cover up a laugh.
"Brinp in the fatted, fatted calf,"
BeUowM the bass; an' stars !
Our grandson John called half asleep:
"Grand-pa, iet down the bars."
.Vas Hospitable.
A man was speaking in a country hotel
about the hospitality of peoplo whom he
had met. and told of a family in Virginia
that had kept him aud his horso two days
and would not charge a cent.
"That was very kind," said a fellow who
had been listening, "but I struck a man
in Alabama some time ago that was strik
ingly hospitable. I stopped at his house
and he came forward aud said that every
thing I saw was mine."
"Weil,"* said some ono after a few mo
ments' silence, "what did you do?"
"I simply took his word and suffered
for it."
"How so?"
"I took a horse during the night and ho
had mo arrested and sent to the peniten
tiary."—Arkansaw Traveler.
Tho corset is a paradox. It has come
i to stay, and yet goes to waist*
Expressions from the Various
Religious Newspapers.
The Religions Thought of the Day as
Expressed in the Sectarian Press-
Some Matters of Interest to Both
Ministers and Laymen.
Tho Missionary Review of the World
says: "It seems that there are various
sects in North Africa which are almost Ol
quite purely Unitarian, paying littlo or
BO attention to any historical claims of
Mohammed, hardiv as much as our I'ni
tarians ot tho lelt pay to the claims of
Christ. Thoy will probably be found
the least hopeful objects of Christian mis
Ofthe Bishops" consent to the consecra
tion of Dr. Phillips Brooks, th. Living
Church (P. E.) says: "We trust that the
result thus reached will be accepted by
all churchmen in a spirit of profound
loyalty to tne church. We earnestly hope
that there are good grounds for the assur
ance, which the Bishop-elect's friends
have repeatedly made, that l .-. Brooks
will, ns Bishop of Massachusetts, bo more
conservative than he has been us rector of
Trinity Church, and as tender to the feel
ings and convictions of churchmen as he
has been heretofore to thoso who lovo
not the cha rch."
On the subject of episcopal elections the
Churchman says: ''The reference of the
matter to tho House of Deputies is sheer
surplu .ape and to refer it to the standing
committees is much worse. It invites
nuddling. It eucourages slanderous
busy bodies of all orders in the church,
whose motto seems to bo, 'Whenever you
sec a chanco to make mischief, seize it!'
Hence, from time to time, it plunges the
church into one of those occasional closes
in which a silly and sometimes simulated
panic drowns the voico of reason and
turns the very church into a Babel. Thus
far, the damage of tliis sort of business
has beon rather annoying than injurious,
though wo suppose thut no one now feels
very proud at the remembrance of the
rejection of James De Koven; but serious
re.ults might easily follow.some unfor
tunate exercise of the canonical power of
meddlesome oppression by which a
minority of less than one-liftii may inter
fere in the domestic afiairs of another
minority, possibly more than one-tenth,
nnd that in unite ot the unanimous cx
i ostulation nnd remonstrance of a major
ity of seven-tenths.
"It is tho easier to discuss the subject of
the functions of standing committees in
connection with episcopal elections be
cause, anomalous as it is, and serious as
are the consequences which might follow
an abuse of the powers which it confers,
it lias never yet, except in the unfortunate
case of l>r. Do Koven, been actually op
pressive in its results. Eta chief present
evils are the unseemly behavior for which
it affords so enticing an opportunity and
tho undue excitement which it some
times occasions. At tho present time,
when no diocese is vacant, and when the
Bubject, whicli is of equal interest to each
nnd every diocese, can be considered
apart from all personal and local refer
ences, we trust it may bo weighed by the
Church with the gravity which its im
portance deser .cs."
M. Boegner, Director of the Paris Mai
ion de. Missions, sums up tlie difficulties
of Northwestern Africa in words whicli
seem to retlect the condition of things
among the negroes of tho South in this
country. He says: "These African
churches give you the impression of vast
caldrons in ebullition; everything there
is In fermentation, in conflict, good, evil,
the influences of race, of environment,
and, above all, of Christianity. We have
to believe, to hope that this last will carry
the day and bring forth noblo fruits in
the moral life, as it already does in the
domain of religious feeling. Tho former
aro not lacking, but are behindhand.
This is the characteristic trait of tin se
churches—a retardation of character com
pared with sentiment and the manifesta
tions of this sentiment."
The Congrcgationalist says: "However
much the 'Roman Catholieecclesiasti cs in
this country may dislike and deny the
intimations from Europe that the foreign
populations in this country are not ade
quately cared for, the recent agitation of j
the subject will doubtless spur them on
to a moro faithful and thorough ministra
tion to these heterogeneous peonies. That
a great deal of attention is already paid
to them is vouched for by no less an au
thority than Cardinal Gibbons, who de
clares tiiat almost every Sunday witnesses
the dedication of somo church to the uso
of Polos, Lithuanians, Bohemians, Ger
mans, or Italians. Could a representa
tive of tho combinod Protestant Church
Extension Societies of the country make
anything like a similar claim? fn view
of such an assertion the work carried on
among the foreign populations by our
Home Missionary .Society assumes a tre
mendous importance."
Tho Christian Inquirer (Bapt.; says:
"Somo six months since there was pub
lished, without note or comment in the
Christian Inquirer a report of a dedication
servico of children in a London Baptist
Church. Ever since paragraphs have
been going in Presbyterian aud Congre
gational papers on tho subject. The Her
ald end Presbyter lately had this para
"'A recent articlo in tho Christian In
quirer (Baptist) speaks of the growing
custom among Baptist churches of conse
crating infants in a ceremony similur to
that usually employed in infant baptism,
except that no water is used. We aro not
surprised at this. There is something in
infant baptism so fit and helpful, and so
satisfying to the parental instinct of Chris
tian people, that we wonder that baptists
have not long ago found somo substitute
for it.'
"We certainly knew nothing of this
'dry baptism' as a 'growing CYistom
among Baptist churches.' It wonld sur
prise us to know that it is practised in
any half dozon Baptist churches in Amer
The Central West (Pres.) says "Every
ono admits that a Methodist'minister i's
the best chap in the world to get money
out of anything. It is said that thoro was
once a boy who tried to swallow a silver
quarter. He got it down a reasonable
distance, but was unable to tret it further.
In that emergency his fond parents con
ceived tlie original idea that it might be
well to induce the piece of money to come
up rather than go down, to save the boy
from choking to death. The family
doctor was sent for, but his skill was un
equal to tho task. 110 summoned a
council of physicians, but the quarter
still remained in statu quo. At that im
fxntant moment a Methodist minister
lappened—or rather was fore-ordained—
to come along the street. Ho was called
in. By the force of long habit the quarter
In the boy's throat immediately arose
aud dropped into his hand."
Tho April number of the Presbyterian
Messenger of tho Presbyterian Church in
England has a letter from a Chinese
graduate addressed to W. Faber, which is
interesting, as showing the enormous
over-valuation of mere literature which
is characteristic of China. The Avriter
says: "Good medicino is that which
cures disease, but good medicine is, for
the most part, not palatable, and people
are apt to loathe it. Ifyou can bj- any
moans mako medicine smell fragrant and
taste sweet, your use of it in the curing
of the disease will be marvclously facili
tating and quickened. Tho doctrine of
Jesus is indeed beautiful and is indeed
good; but much of tho translations of it
aro inelegant und crabbed, uud scholars
despise it. If you could by uny means
impart to the translations a just amount
of grammar, there would be a rush of be
lievers, and no holding of them back. I
would, therefore, adviso that tho Old
Testament be translated on the model of
the earliest literature of China (that ofthe
Three Dynasties), that tho Xew Testa
ment bo translated on the model of the
Han Wei and Tsin writings, that hymns
/?* . . <f]L By Hk___ E_in St akr___-, i_ Tht Frrum.
\___ /> ' '_y_ "Thousands who are now in shops
■ w _• s/ya an<* otner organized industries would
v -*> M tenlly prefer work in homes, if only
Is-_. •>_____-- /^h the heavy, grimy, malodorous, clothes
\ c yLL~Zz/cSr^' // fW vestrpying work of cooking and laun
/I. ',t I) 'St^LC^/h dcring were no. required _ud expected
/ / J __rjT tf I ol them."
<y Well—if this is true
v* ■ "^r there's a good time comma
) -_--^| f°r girte and tnc rnistress
too; for women (by millions)
<*\, \ are coming to know, that
.> \. Pearline saves the clothes on
V your back as well as the
/// \ clothes in the wash ; the
/ y^ \ paint on your walls—
/ / the sheen of silver—the
lustre of glass and reduces the labor —drudgery—health
breaking—temper and comfort wearing work of washing
and cleaning to almost nothing.
Besides—the girl—the mistress —or both—are better
satisfied with the results. It cleanses—restores original
colors—but hurts nothing, not even delicate skin—
luxurious for bathing—be among the* bright ones and
use Pearline.
B Peddlers and some unscrupulous grocers will tell you
P'l .71 -"--^ " this is _s good as" or "the same as Pearline."
V. \V CiL V^ IT'S FALSE—Peurline is never peddled, and if your
grocer sends you something in place of Pearline, do the honest tiling— stitdit hick.
19a IAMBSFYLK, New York.
bo translated in imitation of our slogan'
praise songs and ceremonial chants, and
that Christian literature generally be
rendered in the style of tho best masters
of Pang (a. d. 600-900)-"
Tho Evangelist (Proa.) prints tho fol
lowing portions of a letter trom Dr. Rob
ert W. Paterson of Chicago: "1 am dis
tressed about our seminaries. Tho plan
of allowing to the General ________ a veto
on appointments is, l am persuaded, un
wise. I question with many as to the
fitness of Dr. Briggs for the place to
whicli ho was elected by the Union di
rectors, but 1 think it very unsafe for tho
assembly to veto the action of such a
board, especially when a trial of tlie Pro
fessor-elect is pending. It must nee
sarilybe in a great measure a prejudg
ment of the judicial case. And inmost
instances of veto :i judicial ease will be
likoly to follow, or to bo actually pend
''Besides, itis not clear that in ordinary
eases the assembly is as competent a
judge as a well-selected board. More
over, if the asseinby were the more com
petent body, it could not fail to awaken
dangerous antagonism for it to exercise
such an authority. It is not like a veto
ofa nomination; it is a veto of an appoint
ment, so faras the _____ can make oue,
and it is therefore an injurious judgment
against the Professor-elect, and aiso
against the board electing.
"And still further, it is liable to create a
wide sympathy for the injured parties,
and give currency to the very errors
which it was designed to 'prevent. This
is evidently so in tho present ease, in
which grossly partisan mtion iias been
taken. The proper check upon unwise
appointments is the discipline of the
Church, if serious errors aro taught by
the appointee. The New School Church
nover lodged any veto power in the As
sembly. Such power ought not now to
be continued; it is virtually tho trial of a
man without process and without forms
Of law. Xot ono quotation from Dr.
Briggs was made in the debate at Detroit,
BO far as Lheard, and no reasons were
given in tho final judgment This was
Dr. Theodore L. Cuylor says, in the I
Evangelist (Pres.): "In some other de
nominations than our own the exhorta
tion of the Apostle about rash speech
might well be heeded. For example, our
eloquent Baptist brother, Rev. Thomas
Dixon of New York, who is both a brill
iant and courageous man. lately set his
tongue agoing against Dr. Shedd's 'The
ology.' and then wont off and left it to
run in the following reckless style. He
said; 'Ifl believed such stuff, I would lay
down my ministry to-morrow, and join
hands with Ingersoll.' He also said tnat
'heresy-hunting is born of bell. All
very popular clap-trap. But suppose
that my brother Dixon should begin to
denounce from his pulpit the tradition
alists* of his own denomination, aiul de
clare the right of immersion to bo un
scriptnral and indecorous. Ho would
very soon bo called to order by his Bap
tist brethren, and given to understand
that ho was out of place in a Baptist pul
pit. What is cheaply stigmatized as
'heresy-hunting' Ls commonly a _impl6
demand that no minister shall betray Lis
own colors and be false to the standards
of doctrine which he has solemnly
sworn to defend. Freedom of
thought and of speech are very
excellent things within certain just
limitations. But no soldier has a
right to wear the uniform and draw the
pay of his regiment, and then draw his
musket against his own comrades, or cut
down tho regimental flag-staff. When a
Christian minister sincerely dissents
from the vital tenets of his own church,
the honest place for bim is outside of its
communion. If his fellow-mini .ers ask
him to retract, or to withdraw from the
church whose creed ho rejects, they are
not 'heresy-hunters,' but honest men de
manding honest dealing. I run quite
sure that my eloquent lriend Dixon did
not think twice before ho spoke once, or
he wouid not have given utterance to sen
timents which make scoffers laugli :uixl
sober men grieve."
Tho Rev. Dr. A. ... Cordon, writing on
"The Preacher's Uso of Illustration"
in tho ____»'___. Review, says: "Dr.
Holmes's tllustration is a brilliant ono.
'The mind ofthe bigot is liko the pupil of
the eye; the more light you pour upon it
the more it contracts.' Capital; but what
if some shrewd hearer were to answer:
'Yes, and what is the harm if it does con
tract? This is its way of adjusting itself
to its work of clear seeing, even as a
blacksmith's arm contracts its muscles
to deal a heavier blow.' Look out
for a relaxed liberalism which di
lates its pupils at every new and
wonderful discovery of the higher
criticism and meantime is ablo to direct
onlj-a vacant and dubious stare at those
sublime wonders of redemption, the
resurrection, the reign, and tho kingly
glory of our Emmanuel. What if we
wero boldly to avow that tiie pressing
demand of our times is for bigots? For
if Mr. Emerson, in his last days, had to
confess that 'our generation appears to a
thoughtful mind might and frivolous
compared with tho last, or Caivinistic
age,' what can those who agree with him
recommend but that the girdle of our
spiritual loins be taken in by two or
three tugs at tho buckle. It is not popu
lar, indeed, to urgo theological strin
gency, either external or internal, ot
creed or of conscience; but it may be
needful. Rigid convictions make robust
workers. Uu tho contrary, a lax creed,
like an uncoiled watch-spring, never
makes the hands go. As for this con
traeiion of tho iris under increased light,
a scientific authority says that it o_ects
•sharpness of definition of the retinal
image.' Is not that just what is needed
—sharpness of definition? Have not we
heard sermons scores of times in which
an evangelical doctrine was presented
only to be hopelessly obscured in brilliant
generalizations, leaving no well-defined
imago of truth upon the spiritual ret
That tired feeling is entirely overcome
by Hood's Sarsaparilla, which creates an
appetite, rouses the liver, cures headache
and gives renewed strength and vigor to
the whole body. Pie sure to get Hood's
Sarsaparilla, which is peculiar to itself.
Sold by all druggists.
_____ genuine Angostura Bitters of Dr.
J. ( . B. Sieges. A Sons are the most eili
cacious stimulant to excito tho appetite.
Aver a man has made a certain amonnt
of money his neighbors begin to hear he
has had ancesl
Jawkins—You must be crazy] Daw
kins—Perhaps I am. I've been talking
with you lov nearly an hour, you see.
Firs; Ih• _i „ king place in b
Is the ark full? Second (-ent—Yes, with
the exception of the ass. Come in!— Pick
Me Up.
A baby in Xew York lias beer, born
without eyes. He will probably be a
bank exam iner when he grows up.
i" .burg Patriot.
"That chimney is smoking all the
time." said Dodkins. "Yes." said bis
grandmother, "but it isn't such a fool as
to smoke cigarettes."—Buck.
Mamma (tearfully) It pains mr.
Tommy, just as much it does you to havo
to whip you. Tommy (also te__f_
Mebbe it does, but not in the same place.
Judgi—I understand that you prefer
charges against this man? Grocer- No,
sir; I prefer cash, and that's what I had
him brought hero for.—Yonkers States
"I don't think much of Mrs. Bronson,"
said Mrs. Siniilles. "1 spent tire after
noon with her, and such a woman for
listening to scandal I never kn
Xew York Herald.
Guest—How Is this? My bill this rim^
Is $4 a day, and last December 1 had the
Bame room and it was only _; a day.
Clerk- Yes, I know; but the days are
much longer now.—Boston Courier.
Sappy—Miss Clara, do me a favor. Tell
me honestly jusi what you think of me.
■ .undid 1 would, Mr. Sappy, tot
the fact is 1 really never think of •
all.—Chicago Saturday Evening Herald.
Win', r vi. .ou- .., Florida)—l sliould
love dearly to go sailing, but it looks
very dangerous. Do not people often got
drowned in this Uay? Waterman- N>.
indeed, mum. The sharks never let s
anybody drown.—New York Weekly.
Wife—You're scolding all the timeirl
me; how would you liko to be that Afri
e:ai king with 3,000 wives' El us band--
Pa like it to a dot He can cut all tin'.r
heads off at a moment's notioe if thi.v
don't suit him.—Washington Cost.
Jack—l have come to believe that
there's a good deal of similarity between
a Pullman ear porter and < 'lipid's arrow: ;.
Nellie—Gracious! How do yon mahe
that ont? Jack—Well, neither aro
effective nnless tipped with gold or silv__
—Pittsburg Bulletin.
It ten _ pretentions, this organization;
It's members ;ire few; then Ls • s._me _*_.
Kill." '
The blacking of boots Ls hir. humble vocatfa i.
But his musical genius could never i>e hid.
And there's "Bob," he Bells i ..>>._. along with
his ti Hows;
lie's short just one leg and he's minus op o
Bat he's choc_ full «>f music with lungs liko a
lie plays the loud bass for tho moutli (.>_-•! .
And there's Widow McGann _ little boy—• _ir _
So all bis companions declare with a..-■__ IB •,
Aud add, "Wy dat boy, he can just setiyou
When he plays the month organ in ______o
George Washington Jefferson KphrihamU'.. r
Ha Is colored -the alto Is in his oommandj
And all through tlie air runs ani choof sorrc-V
Whenever he plays with the mouth organ
When tney enme up the streel playing"f_3.r
Spangled Bann< r "
"Sweet Home," "Mocking Bird," or '♦Ttie
Sweel By and By,"
There's something (a music or __::_<
And yet many a tear strangely moiste_M.t_ic
For mnsic is holy, "the daughter of heaven*,"
Her wonderfhl meaning can they nndtj
As they sweetly discourse is the wonder, t i
At work in the hearts of the monthargai i
band? _ Chicago Herald.
All the bells of heaven may ring,
All the bir •:- of heaven maj sing,
All ihe w;ils on earth may spring,
AIJ the winds on earth may bring
All sweet sounds together;
r Car than nil things heard,
Hand of harper, tone of bird.
Sound oi words ai sundown stirred,
Welling wah rs winsome word,
Wind in worm wan weather.
One tiling yet there is that none
'■ fearing ero Its chime be done
Knows no. wt _l the bw< atest one
Heard of neu beneath the sun.
Hoped in beaven hereafter;
Soft—nd _t_ ng and lond and light,
Very sound ol very light
Heard firom morning _ rosiest hight,
When the sou! of all delight
Fills a child's clear laughter.
Golden bells of welcome rolled
Nevorfortb suoh notes, nor told
Hours so blitbe In tones so t«>icl,
As tbe radian 1 month of gold
Here that rings torth heaven.
If the golden-crested wron
Wei •- ; ile—-why, tiiou.
Something seen and heard of men
Might be l af as sweet as when
Laughs v child of seven.
— A. C. £_______;
Woe to the Conquered.
The Romans cried "V_t Yictis!" "Woo
to the conquered:" at their triumphs. To
day many of as are being conquered—our
peaco, our rest and daily appetite wrested
from us by that invader of tho stomach,
dyspepsia. Succor we sue for from a hun
ched sources. Temporary relief wo some
times obtain. But a hearty meal, the
simplest indiscretion in diet, and the Pro
tean imp returns with redoubled vigor to
torment us. A persistentuse ofthe great
anti-dyspeptic and regulating tonic. Hos
tetter's Stomach Bitters, is ___tcalc_late_
to driveinto permanent banis________l
form of indigestion, temporary or chronw.
Xo less efficacious is it for malaria, bil
iousness, constipation, rheumatism, kid
ney and bladder ailments. This remedy
Of specific utility and many uses over
comes them all. 'Tis a safeguard, too.
ngainst tho effects of temperature apt. to
revive au attack of la grippe.
FOB throat diseases and coughs BroWM. B
Bronchial Troches, liko all other good
things, aro imitated, and purchasers
should be careful to obtain the genuine
articlo prepared by John I. Brown _. Sons.

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