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THE WEEKLY UNION
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News and Literary Journal published on the
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The best advertising mediums on tho Pacillo
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The Record-Umon and Wjeeki/t
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outside of San Francisco, that re
ceive the full Associated Press Dis
patches from all parts of the viorld. Out
side of San Francisco, they have no com
petitors, either in influence or home and
general eireulation th ro ughout the State.
San Francisco Agencies.
Thi? pper is for sale at the following places*
I*. P. Fisher's, room 21, Merchants' Exchange,
Culiloriihi strei t; tlio principal News standi
and Hotels, and at the Market-street Ferry.
**-A!so for sale on all trains leaving and
coining into Sacramento.
Forecast till 8 v. K. Saturday: For North
ern California—Fair weather; fog along the
WHAT IS THE MATTEK WITH
Is the United States Military Academy
to declino and go out ? It would certainly
seem that it is retrograding, from its
standard of numbers, at least. Tbe law
iixes the number of cadets to fill the
corps. That number is now, and for
sometime has been, one-sixth short, and
all efforts to fill tho vacancies, sixty iv
number, have failed, and this shortage,
bo it noted, is not exceptional, but
Tho chief reason given for this state of
affairs is indifference of Congressmen in
exercising their right to nominate suita
ble candidates. They select and send up
youths who cannot possibly pass, and on
rejection being announced they send to
the examiners a now lot, equally as far
below grade as the preceding one.
Fortunately for local pride California is
not named in tbe list of vacancies, but
districts in Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois,
Indiana, Kansas, lowa, Kentucky, Louis
iana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missis
sippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey,
New York, North Carolina, Pennsyl
vania, ."Soutli Carolina, Texas, Virginia,
Wisconsin, West Virginia and Ohio are.
Is the disposition of good material to take
tho military course declining? Is tho
drift of our yonth to purely commercial
pursuits on the one hand, or to tbe uni
versity course of education on the other,
so strong that West Point present-, no
attraction sufficiently strong, with all its
financial advantages and assurance ofa
Hillary on graduation to till its roster?
Evidently the Board of Visitors cuter
tain a tear that with the present limit of
nominees the standard <>t' the corps num
ber .annul be maintained. They have,
therefor.-, recommended that the privi
lege uf nominating be extended to United
Slates Senators, giving to each Senator
one nominee. This rule, if adopted by
Coogroaa, will enlarge the corps standard
of numbers by eighty. Eut what asaur
anee does it give that tbe annual vacan
cies will be lessened ? The greater num
ber of nominees does not and cannot
guarantee that qualified youths will be
sent up for examination.
Tiier.'ought to bo physically qualified
young men enough of ability and ambi
tion among 6'2,(MX>,000 of people to lit
themselves to accept the bounty of the
Nation as extended at West Point. Here
is an institution thai without a dollar of
cost to the cadet gives him a line educa
tion, fita him for military duty in any
one of several departments, and on grad
uation puts him, if he wishes, on duty at
a comfortable salary, yet there are not
found youths to avail of the bounty in
number equal to the number of repre
ti\cs and delegates in the lower
house of Congress.
Tho next examination takes placo on
the2Bth inst., and tho next after that In
June, 1882. Unless theso two exanuna
- fill the roster, will it not be a jusli
.-conclusion that the military acad
emy has entered upon its decline simply
and Bolely lor lack of material, and not
b. cause of any lack in the system of edu
cation, or because of want of liberality
upon the pan of tiie Government? If
this shall prove to be true, as tho auuual
Shortage would indicate, then the causes
must be Bought tor and the weakness
remedied. Thai the .-1 eculative tendency
ofthe times, the indifference of youth to
■tody Pooesoary to tit it tor the academy,
the cigarette habit—-numbers are rejected
because ofit—the crowding into business,
the struggle to enter the civic professions,
tbe multitude of collegiate Institutions
near to the homes of tiie people, and the
dullness of military life in times ofp I
are causes accounting for the vacancies at
West Point te probable. But there may
be others and that they are of a character
that can be corrected, but since tho pre
fatory educational requirements are not
* and as physical excellence is more
insisted upon, it is difficult to divine
other causes for West Point vacancies
than those named.
TAKING THE HA( X TRACK.
Tho late Legislature of Texas com
mitted so many serious errors of legisla
tion that the Governor has resolved to
call an extra Maston that, so far as may
be, the blunders may bo corrected. But
this lact gives rise to tho inquiry. "Why
should such grave mistakes have been
committed?" If it waa because time suf
lieient was not allowed for deliberation,
then true economy demands extension of
the legislative period. If it was because
of incompetency, then the people must
improve the timber of their legislative
It it was due to prejudices and in-
sane assaults upon corporate and indus
trial interests, as was true in fact, then
the punishment the State is taking is de
served, and will prove a corrective.
But tbe intellectual and mental char
acter of the Legislature, it is safe to say,
needs elevating. It is certainly true in
this State. Our Legislatures, in point of
the personal ability of tbe membership,
have not for several years beeu on the
up-grade. In most of the far Western
States of the Union the legislative per
sonnel Is not abreast with tho general in
telligence. We are no longer selecting as
lawmakers our best men, and we cannot
therefore expect to reap good fruit of the
labor of houses made up largely of in
competents. That is to say, we select
men to do the most important business
a commonwealth can engage in whom, as
a rule, we would not choose to manage
private affairs of corresponding im
In Texas it appears that prejudice has
run riot in the Legislatures in recent
years, and that discrimination against
useful corporations created under the
law has been merciless and foolish.
These assaults have discouraged capital,
kept out investors, and generally have
been menaces to capital. No Stato his
tory discloses any gain by such lines of
policy. The imposition of undue bur
dons, the exactions of prejudice and the
restraints that are born of the com
munistic idea, drive out capital, check
investment, paralyze industries and in
flict upon the State heavy losses. Money
will not engage itself in enterprise whero
the local sentiment is one of hostility.
The hostility is largely cultivated by
politicians who wish to gain by black
mailing corporations on one side and
contesting capital with loud-mouthed
platitudes about the defenso of the peo
ple's rights for purposes of political ad
vancement on the other band. Tbis is
done by tho vote-catching and wire-pull
ing scheming of low and conscienceless
politicians who fringe all Legislatures of
Texas has indulged in legislative er
rors of this order sufficient to work her
commercial interests serious injury, and
the idea is now obtaining that the return
path to reason and justice must be taken.
All the schemes that were to injure
■aggregated capital have failed. The bene
fits that were to How from such antag
onistic legislation have not been realized,
and with business stagnation threatening
her, Texas now proposes to undo the
evil. Trade is to be fostered, capital con
served, with just regulation of corpora
tions, and foreign investors invited to re
enter. But will they do so? What as
surance has money outside of the State
that if it turns its energy to industrial and
commercial activity within it thut it will
be free from future causeless assault?
The only assurance the people can give
Is to be found in the improvement of tbo
personnel of the legislative body. Thero
must be put into it more of brains and high
mindeduess, more of wisdom and states
manship and foresight. Men whose hori
zons are broader and whose capacity aud
statesmanship will enablo them to labor
for State interests without driving from
ttiem material support must be sent up to j
make the laws. The people who elect j
legislators deserve all the evils that foi- !
low the iii choosing. Texas is harvest- i
ing what she has sown, and if she does
not profit by the experience she is now
gaining, she will not be deserving of pity.
ItAILWAY CARRLYGES IN EUROPE.
Mr. Chaunec-y M. Depew bas recently
expressed himself very freely about Eu
ropean railway traveling, lie declares
that the system obtaining in Europe I
would be impossible here. There you
aix- locked into a small compartment
called a carriage. You may have live,
three, two or but ono traveling compan
ion, and he a total stranger. If he is a
thief and the stronger, or you sleep, you
are at his mercy. For an hour at a time
you are shut up in this small space with
| a total stranger, and whirled at great
speed over the road. You gee no con
ductor or other employe; you have no
signal cord and cannot communicate
with any other part ofthe train. Iv fact,
you are imprisoned in a little coach and
are utterly unable to help yourself. Rob
beries, murders and assaults are frequent
in these railway "carriages." In Amer
ica, where the criminal class travels more,
outrages would be more frequent If we
bad such a miserable system.
The amazing thing about it is that Eu
ropeans will put up with such servico
w hen the superiority of tho largo car is
copfoasod, through which attaches ire
■•uently pass and which cars permit of
ono moving about, or going from ono
part cf the train to another, or of signal
ing to the conductor or e-nginoer incaseof
danger. As Mr. Depew puts it, in Eu
rope men travel by rail at risk of their
>• from assault, and women at tbe risk
of their honor.
The European trains are without toilet
conveniences of any character, says Mr.
Depew, a defect so glaring that ho is
.el tliat the continental public sub
mit to such outrageous neglect of tbe
commonest want. Then, too, tbe "car
! riages" being small, thero is a great deal
of jolting, and in some cases, says Mr.
! " pew, one is thrown up aud down and
about as If in an old-fashioned stage
coach on a rough road. On the European
trainsethere aro no adequate arrange
ments for eating, sleeping or for amuse
ment, and the rides are consequently
dreary and wearisome. Mr. Dopew is a
traveled man, himself at the head of a
great railroad company, and he knows
whereof he speaks.
He has not told us, in this instance,
anything not often and earlier related;
but the value of his utterance is the con
llrmation it gives to travelers' tales, for
Mr. Depew declares that be bas investi
gated tho matter, and that what has been
told of inconvenience of European travel
by rail is true. The Europeans, then,
though superior to us in art, architecture,
scholarship and music; though looking
down upon us from tbo lorty bights of
centuries, havo not, in the matter of
travel conveniences, tbe right to claim to
SACRAMENTO DAILY RECOKD-UyiOy, SATURDAY, AUGUST 15, 1891.—EIGHT I'AttES.
be even equals with us, the youngest of
De Foe declared tbat the impartial
writer must expect martyrdom. "If he
tolls the crimes of great men they fall
upon him with the law; if he tells of their
virtues the mob attacks him with
slander." How near the truth De Foe
was every newspaper writer knows. Yet
there are many courageous men who
write fearlessly of the truth, and in this
day the world is not so unjust toward
them as De Foe believed was true in bis
time. The truth is, courage in writing,
the highest of qualities, tbe thinking
world applauds and upholds, aud mar
tyrdom is the exception and not the rule
Viva voce voting had its last foothold
in Kentucky. By the adoption of the new
Constitution in that State, tbe last vestige
of the old time system is swept away. It
was not adapted to the conditions of to
day, and like other systems not in har
mony with the spirit of the age, it retires
to the tomb.
The reciprocity treaty witb San Do
mingo does not open up to us a large
trade, but it does emphasize an important
principle that conserves the protection of
American industry by enlarging our ex
IN THE HIGHER COURT.
Death of Judge C. G. AY. French ln
Another of the early residents of Sao*
mento haa gone across the river of death.
Judge C. G. XV. French, who died at tlie
Lick House in San Francisco on Thurs
day night, came to Sacramento in the
early fifties and practiced law here for
In 1675 he went to Arizona as Chief
Justice of the Territorial Supreme Court,
to which position he was appointed by
President Grant. About a year ago he
returned to this city, but did not practice
his profession. Indeed, the old gentle
man appeared to have passed his years of
usefulness and to lack prosperity.
Deceased was a ripe scholar and a man
of excellent legal attainments, but he was
too eccentric to succeed at the bar. Ho
was a great stickler for courtroom eti
quette, and it is said that while on tlie
bench in Arizona he presided with all the
dignity of a Lord Chief Justice of Eng
Judge French represented this county
in the Assembly of 1872-3, and made a
fairly good record. His daughter, a Mrs.
Aubrey, formerly lived here, but re
moved to Arizona while the Judge occu
pied the bench there.
To-Morrow Night's Concert.
Commencing at 7 o'clock, tho Husßar
Bund will give an open-air concert at tho
Plaza to-monow evening, under tho lead
ership of A. I-_. Lendemeyer. The pro
gramme will be a.s follows:
.March, "Au Re voir'' Bfeeves
Schottische, "Oolden Bells" Beyera
Waltz. ••Flowers of tiie Forest" Bennett
Overture, "Poet snd Feasant" Suppe
Selection. "Night in Granada" HoiuicKo
Descriptive, "Tlie Jolly Blacksmiths"
Describing the *-o!it;> of the birds, morn
ing chimes, blacksmiths at work, etc. (By
Medley, "Beyers' Annual I
Bek ctfon, "Boh* mlan Girl" Hallo
Galop, "Jolly Cowboy" (Shan
According to recent investigations ia caused by
excess of lactic acid in the blood. This acid at
tacks the ilbrous tls_u< ■». particularly iv the
Joints, and causes tho local manifestations of the
disease, pains aid aches in the back and shoul
ders, and in the joints at the knees, ankles, hips
and wrists. Thousands of people have found ln
Hood's Sarsaparilla a positive and permanent
cure for rheumatism. Tliis medicino by its
purifying and vitalizing action, neutralizes the
acidity of tho blood, and also builds up and
strengthens the whole body.
Sold by all druggists, ft; six tor $5. Prepared only
by C. I. HOOD <fc CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mast.
100 Doses One Dollar
IF AFFLICTED with Sore EyeiTuW Dr!
ISAAC THOMPSON'S EYE WATER. Sold
at 25 cents. s
DR. WELDON having gone to the country,
his office will be closed until August 17th.
.-WATCHES. Diamonds and Jewelry.
UNCLE IKE'S, 302 X street. JelO-lm
MATHUSHEK SOLID IRON-FRAME
PIANOS tne best. First premium SUte Fair;
abo silver medal Mechanics' Fair. Write or
call. Everything at Cooper's, 631 J at.Je_-tf
Kohler <ft Chase, 26, 28 and SO O'Farrell
street, San Francisco, largest and oldest music
house on Paclflc Coast. Low prices, easy
terms. Write for catalogue of Decker Bros.'
Peralta Hall, a school for girls, opens AU
GUST 4. 1891, at Berkeley, Cal. HOMER B.
SPRAGUE, President. Finest school build
ing and furniture ln America. Jy6-2m
~BELL & CO.,
AUCTIONEERS, OFFICE, 1002 J STREET,
ON MONDAY, THE 17th INST., THE
Sewing Class will De opt ned lor the sum
mer term, in St. Joseph's Academy. Hours
from 9.30 to 11:30 a.m. dally. Dressmak
ing, plain and lancy sewing will be taught.
>or further particulars upply at the Convent.
BEAUTIFUL MONTA VISTA.
mHIS EXQUISITE RESORT IN THE
X Sierras (altitude 3,500 leet) will be kept
open till October. First vacancy of the sea
son, August 3d. Magnificent scenery, pine
forests, purest water,abundant fruit. Address,
with reierences, MONTA VISTA,
au 13-Wbtt Dutch Flat P. 0., Cal.
RICHARDS & KNOX
Northwest Cor. Second and M Sta.
Branch Yard. Front and Qu iei-ti
IA Planters Experience.
"My plantation ls In a malaria! di»
t rlot, whero f over and ag-na prevailed.
I employ 150 hands| frequently half
of them were slek. I was nearly dia*
roarag-ed when I began the use of
■ i BM Si Si BB i^JB S X "Cl H_3
l fhe resnlt waa marvellous. My men
i became strong* and hearty .and I have
bad no f nrtbar trouble, with these
Rille, I would not tear to live in any
samp." K. »IVAI_, Bayon Sara, ES
Offloe, 39 & 41 Park Place, New York.
bids will be received up to mon-
DAY. August 24th. tor painting Odd Fel
lows' Building. Specitications with Janitor of
building. auU-_!t i
grtlc -gvog. & <£o.
HALE BROS. & CO.,
Nos. 825, 827, 829, 831, 833, 835 X St„ and 1026 Ninth St.,
*♦ Ti GREAT SUMMER CilAfiS H *
HONEST AND RELIABLE
piQ*p*T* W * E* A * R
L _A_"V E _N" S O _N"' S,
FIFTH jPIISTID J STREETS,
STILL COISTTII^rTJ-EIS I
ata mjlYrcm I Everything first-class and every pair
ill) IIIIMMi warranted to give perfect satisfaction or
—or— money reiunded.
AUCTION-BOUGHT can you ask for any more ?
TDAQLJ You pay actually less for some of
I the Shoes than the material cost to
make them, as a few of the prices given below will con
vince the most skeptical:
Men's Heavy Working Shoes, bellows tongue, heavy Ladies' French Dongola Shoes, in patent leather tip, St.
nails in soles aud heels, suitable for raining and rolling Louis or opera toe. reduced from £3 50 to $2 70.
mill men. They were cheap at $3. Reduced to $1 95. Boys' Strong Shoes in hook and lace or buttoa, sizes
Men's Solid Working Buckle Shoes. They are $2 cv- 2)4 to 5)4, reduced from $2 to $1 45.
erywhere. We have reduced them to $1 35. Small Boys' French Calf Seamless Shoes, in heel or
Men's Fino French Calf Hand-sewed Shoes in different spring-heel, sizes 11 to 2. We consider them a bargain at
styles of toes (J. S. Turner's make), reduced from £7 50 $2 50. They arc reduced to Si 05.
and f8 to 55 35. Boys' Oil Grain Sole Leather Tip Shoes, heel or spring-
Ladies' Glaze Dongola Oxfords, patent leather tip, re- heel, sizes n to 2, reduced from Si 75 to $1 15.
duced to 95c. The same as above, in sizes 8 to 10vj, reduced from
Boys' Strong Canvas Shoes, sizes 3, 4, 5, reduced to 65c. $1 50 to 95c.
Remember that we only give a few Specials and that everything is reduced and nothing reserved. We must have room, and we are going
to have it if prices wili do it
LAVENib_N" JS 3
Tlie Largest and Most Reliable Boot aud Shoe House in Sacramcuto,
FIFTH jPOsriD tJ STREETS.
I-i?* OPEN EVENINGS UNTIL 8 O'CLOCK ORDER. FROM TIIE COINTRY PROMPTLY ATTENDED To.<=v£
Are parting company
with us at these fasci
$10 Colored Silk (hf A A
Crepel_Jsse,with \h IE
ruffle on edge, §0 UU
$7 Heavy Black fhr A A
Silk Parasols, \h
colored polka- Ij/fJ UU
dot, reduced t0...
$6 Heavy Colored ft f AA
Surah Silk, with \jl
fringed edge, re- i^T UU
$5 Changeable Silk fti) fA
with silk coverU rJ I
and Dresden han- i) 0 V\J
die, down to
$4 Heavy Black ft ft pA
Silk, striped with w
white, reduced UJ t!U
$4—One lot Color- ft ft r A
ed Parasols, va- y '•■\\ I
ricus styles, re- OU
dttced from >"3 50 and $4to
$2 50 — One lot (N • fA
Colored Parasols, \ j |l I
reduced to jjjl OU
Also, various lots reduced
to $1 25, $1 and 50c.
DOWN-froiim and Glassware—DOWN
J^ gr" llH_________i
Bix Crystal Sauce nates for S 18 Larm Crystal Water Pitchers for «<;
Onesagar, 1 r.utter. 1 Spoouholder and t-handle Kniv< - and Forks/or* GO
1 ;tChor.a!l.. 35 s lx ft lush Bo\vls for " r*o
Mxt rystal water Tumblers for 25 Patent ligg-beuu-rs for IO
Six Silver Tin Teaspoons for 10 Pearl Top Lamp Chimneys'foT
Six Crystal Goblets, on stem, for SO Claw Hammers for " 25
Anioe Hiree-bottle Caster for 75 Large Meat Platters for" -~H
Si x SUverlli]iTal 1., Large Wash Bowl and 1 100
Blx beautifttl Stem Wine < for 35 Deep Oval Meat Dishes for Vfi
Six Royal Ironstone Dinner Plates for... 40 Pressed Tin Dippers in
A nice Glass Hand Lamp, complete, 20 t ■-:.■ , f|l| .'
Six Royal Ironstone Cups and Saucers... DO Wire Dooi - ■'-..'/
fee Chests, all parked and lined, for 6 00 i China Plates, hand painted'' for
Rubber Garden Hose, V K 3 ply, per fool : , One-burner Gas . for 4 00
rwo-quarl IceCream Freezers for _! 25 • Two-burner Gasoline Stove for a on
ST*S! Mv-tra,-tor po ; Three-burner Gasoline Stove for.'.'.:Z:Z 8 00
rin Slop Pails, fancy colors, for 50 Tack Hammers tor \\\
A splendid Broom for 25 Shoe Brushes for " i
-14-ptece Fancy Tea Sets 360 Wash Dishes for
Scrub Brushes for 30 Knife Boxes for
BlrdCages, in tsaicy colors, for 75 Crystal Syrup Pitchci 1
Large Chambers for 50 1 Tin Pie Plates for k
One-burner Coal Oil Stoves for 1 ■ °
The above Is bul :i sample of the prices we are offering at this timo. Onr
shelves areftdl of manyother bargains. Call and gee u^ before buvlmr elan
whero. 100 page ILLUSTRATED (ATAUU.ii: SEN C FREB. ■»>»'- « »
502-504 J Street, Sacramento.
TBAT WILL SAVE W MM
Fifty dozen All-linen Damask Napkins, large
sizes, I 135 per dozen. They are worth
$2 a dozen.
Fifty dozen Unbleached Turkish Towels at
I2# cents apiece.
Two hundred yards Twilled Cotton Crash at
4 cents per yard.
W. I. ORTH, 630 J St.
SAfimiENTo uuer fomxv.(-K-„;„i™br_,ss™-
MAlN OFFICB Bsenad strc-t. L, and M. YAKD—Front and X streeta. _-vk ramenta
CHAS. 1". HALL Proprietor and Manager
ONE NIGHT ONLYI
Monday Evening;, - August 17th.
From the Lyceum Theater, New York.
Their Annual Bummer lour.
By Belascoand De Edllle. whioh ran alli
i efore last at the home theater. The company
includes Herbert Kelcey, W. J. Lemoyne,
- Walcot, Nelson Vvneatcn ft, E.J. Rat
clltle, Kugene Ormonde, Fritz WliliamsfWul
uS.Charles Robinson, Georgia Cay
van, Effie Shannon, HenriettaCrossman, Mrs.
Chas.Walcot, Mrs. Thos.Whiffen, J I
Chas. King. Vaughn Gregory. I'RICEfi
$1 nnd m 50. beats now on sale. »ul4-3t»i
SACRAMENTO SWlfflfll BAM
OI'KN PROM n:3<) A. M. To 12 M.; 1 TO
6 !•. m., and trom ? to 10 p. wt.
- reserved exclusively for ladles on
Mondays and Fridays from 9 to 11 A. m.. and
on \\ ednesdavs from :; to 5 i\ m.
Admission for adults, :.\ r>e or tlve tickets for
91; children under 15 years of age half price;
monthly commutation tickets, if;!; children,
91 50. Tab bath*, 25c
Applications tor swimming lessons should
b> made io the Superintendent.
The right to refuse admission and to eject
t ■ & aus-tf
COURT IU jPI Xt 12).
mHE NEW HALL BUILT BY J. W. KOUB
_L TON at Courtland will be dedicated on
Friday Evening, Aug. 21, 1891,
By a ball (informal) under the auspices of
Courtland Parlor, No. 106, R S. G.W.
-W-The dancing floor rests upon rubber
springs and Is 4ux9o feet. Fine reception
rooms and dining parlors attached.uu&-td,ltw
W. H. SHERBURN,
823 X STREET, - - SACRAMENTO.
I have the Largest Stcsk of
SECOND-HAND -:- FURNITURE
in Sacramento. Also a Qne line of
Crockery and Glassware,
Which I will sell loss than any house la
Northern California. Try me for prices, at X
will not be undersold.
ALSO AGENT FOR
AMERICAN FIRE INSURANCE COMPANJ
OF NEW YOItK.
OPENING. — BRANCH OF PIONEER
Bakery, 424K X street. All kinds of
Bh ad, * "-u.es. Pies and Crackers constantly on
hand and delivered free t> any part ot the
city. [anU-lm] JOHN ROHR, Proprietor.
mHE NEWS OF THE WOULD IS CON
J. tamed ia the W-_U___i_i_X UNION.