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FARM AND ORCHARD.
Use Fertilizers on Your Poorest Land. Flooring for Horse Stables—How to Milk the Cow— Keep a Notebook— Leaks About the Farm— Assorting Apples — Vegetable Growing for Market—Farm Notes. The poor field is always the most neg 'ected, because it will not produce as inoob as one that is more fertile, the farmer preferring to place his manure on land from which he can secure more di rect and remunerative results, the conse quence being that one portion of the farm becomes capable of producing all kinds of crops, while the other portion in time is abandoned m unprofitable. If nuch a condition of affairs compelled the farmer to concentrate his efforts on a omall area he would be profited by the change, but the cultivation of loss►land is intended to improve the whole instead of only a portion. Xo piece of land on a larin should be allowed to deteriorate in fertility, no matter what the system of cultivation may be, for the concentration of the labor and fertilizers on on,' portion not prevent the other portion from being improved. Abandoned fields are those that are al lowed io recuperate by fallowing, which m is simply to leave the. land to gain fertility from the nitrogen brought down by the rains, or by the scant in rbage that thrives on poor soils. Fallowing was onto a favorite method in former years, for which no manure could bo pro vided except for only a small portion: but with innovations "on the methods of Improving lands, fallowing lias been an* led by green manures, the farmer preferring to grow aome crop at a Bmall expense, to be plowed under, a system which, in the course ot two or three sea sous, greatly adds to tho fertility of the aoil, not only from the nitrogen added by the rains and stored -in the plants, bat y that brought to the surface from the subsoil through the agency of the roots. A liold that cannot be cultivated with advantage should, first of all, receive a dressing of lime, or, what is bitter, wood ashes. If necessary, commercial fertil izers—:those that will restore to the soil the element* most needed—should be used, and the land be gotten in condition ibr grass. A worn-out field will not pro duce a crop of grass, but with the aid of fertilizers and a green manorial crop it may be gotten in condition for grass in two or three seasons. < Mice in grass it will be benefited naturally by the crop when the iield may then be b< into the lino of rotation with the fields that have be,-p. under regular cultivation, [nsome cases lime alone will enable a field to gain in fertility, and it is the cheapest method to pursue. The old maxim—"put yoar manure on tin- poorest land"—is an excellent one, but a small field well tilled and manured will always give the best results, though no part of the farm should be allowed to lose fer tility.—Philadelphia 1 Record. LEAKS ABOUT THE FARM. Loss by >hr:nk:ige and vermin al<o in terest money) when holding crops for higher prices. Inefficient hired help. .Manure exposed to rains or lost while watering stock at pond or stream. Crops damaged through leaky roofs. Loss of food when cattle are improperly shel tered. Machinery and buildings in need of paint and exposed to the weather. Stacking crops instead of housing. Slip shod farming for half a crop. Keeping 100 much stock, or scrubs. Money s;>"nt ibr tobacco and alcohol. Being too i.usy to plan work for employes. Burning matches (when lamp-lighters would do) nnd unnecessary lights. Leaving soap in water, or using it too greeu. Wasting "wood ashes or coal cinders. Neglecting to oil shoes and harness. Leaving things unmended until ruined. Keeping rats and no cats, or a dog in place oi a hog. Overworking the good wife until she Ts broken in health and spirits. Letting artificial heat escape into chimneys. Buy ing garden vegetables and seeds. Buy ing trees and vines of irresponsible agents. Fanning without knowing the elements of chemistry.—Rural World. ASSORTING AJTI.! >. An incident is mentioned in the New England Homestead to show' the greater profit of carefully assorting market fruit into different grades instead of selling it mixed. Eight barrels of Baldwins were equally divided, and lour barrels were assorted in three of good quality and one barrel left as poor ones. These and four unassorted ones were sent as samp! - I commission merchant. The three barrels I of selected fruit sold for |2 20 a band, i find the unassorted lot, made of mixed- i up specimens, sold for only §1 50a barrel. I Evidently the result was that when good und bad were mixed together, the good ! specimens only made the rest appear worse by contrast. The importance of grad" ing has often been tested, and those who understand and put it into practice have learned an important source of proiit. But another more important means is high culture and skillful management, which gives the difference between crowded, small, wormy and distorted specimens, and uniformly, well-grown, tome and excellent fruit, obtained by good culture, top dressing, thinning, destroying insects, and good manage ment generally. Very little assorting will be required in the fruit from such orchards.—Country Gentle man. VFOKTAELE-GROWING FOR MAKKKT. The selection of the particular crops and the exact proportion in which it would I ;>e host to plant the different vegetables depends altogether on the demands of the particular market. Every grower must study his available market, and try to raise just exactly what is wanted. Nome markets have demand for early forced vegetables, and otter a good price for .-uch: in that case the gardeners-should make a specialty of growing spinach, : radishes, beets, carrots, soup celery, let tuoa, perhaps even mushrooms, torn •tic, under glass. Near a manufacturing town the demand will most likely all kinds of veg - grown in open ground, such as lettuos, radishes. Wans, carrots, beets, early potatoes, and, m fact, all others that are demanded in the kitchens of townspeople. The gar dener catering to such a trade should | plant a general assortment, ai;u be able to furnish anj'thing that may be wanted. Planting everything, and for succession i . and ciose cropping and strict ; attention to the customer's wants, theae are the leading features to be considered in the business of the market gardener near a manufacturing town.—Popular (Jardening. KEEP A XOTE BOOK. It may seem like "damnable itera tion" to urge the farmer to keep a note book, but the advantages of doing so are BO many and so many farmers yet neglect to do so, that it is justifiable to present this matter frequently. A successful farmer of our acquaintance uses one of the calendar and note pads to be got in most bookstores—a leaf for memoranda for each day of the year. He uses it, as do business men. to remind him to do this or that at a certain time in the future. - that it prevents his neglecting . but not altogether unim portant matters, at the proper time, and that he would not do without it or a simi lar device for ten times the cost. The fact just referred to. that many business men use tins pad, is a good reason why farmers should use it. It can be safely upon farmers to adopt more of the is and use more of the devices of as •n. The successful farmer is » business man.—Practical Farmer. IIOW TO MII.X THE COW. bt to know how to milk :i cow, bat the !:u-t< In the <asf> show that a majority of those who undertake the job *ra far from PxrertQ. Too many peoplo SkeftA^raXTO PAfLY BECOBD-ITyiQK, KOVEMBEK 4, 1891.—SIX PAGES. mnke far too hard work of it. They milk "all over," so too speak. They sit down on the middle of their backs and lift their elbows high in the air, and then milk with a reach and a jerk that would tax the best quality of rubber. This often frets the cows, and thpy hold back the richest part of the milk. The milker should sit down squarely beside the cow, with his feet under him. With a firm grasp and even pressure force the milk from the teats with as little muscular ex ertion and bodily motion as possible. The best way is to alternate the streams of milk. When the cow is about finished reach the hand well up on the udder and bring down tho last few streams, and then stop; never strip.—Practical Farmer. FLOORING FOR HOBSE SIMILES. John Burgett of Wisconsin says that after many years' experience and thorough trial of all kinds I have become satisfied that clay floors, tamped solidly to make them sufficiently hard, are by ail odds the best for horse -stalls. They are elastic without being soft, and have the best possible effect on the hoofs. If plenty of straw is kept on the iloor, as should be on any floor, it will übsorb all ! liquid excrement, and besides prevent j the shoe calks from seriously disturbing | the clay. Earth iioors largely reduce the cost of Shoeing, for they render the hoof soft and tough, enabling it to stand more wear and tear than when dry and brittle, as they always are on wood or even con crete iioors, though the last are preferable to wood.—Western Agriculturalist. JAK.M NO IKS. The ground that will warm first in tho spring, and be the earliest in condition for the plow, will be that which has been well drained. Disease germs may be taken into the stomach by eating celery that was ferti lized with untreated nightsoil. The germs are not in the juices of ihe plant, but on its surface. The scarcity of lee during 1S!K) was the cause of intelligent dairymen learning how to secure the rapid creaming of milk ; by diluting with cold water. The lesson should not be forgotten. It is the caseine v ft in butter that oaui ss it to sour iuid spoil. Remove all of the easeine and pare butter will keep sweet and fresh "indefinitely^if protected from the air. - J< rsey Bulletin. Do noi soil anything ofFthe •'arm If it j can be converted into something better. It is much Cheaper to ship butter than to Bhip bay or clover. Endeavor to feed all materials that arc bulky. it has been .suggested that Instead of storing potatoes in bins they be stored in boxes of a si/..- that may permit of easy handling. They will keep just as well, and can be more conveniently stored. The English fanner grows turnips for Bb< ep and feeds them on the ground, the sheep eating the turnips without the ne cessity of the. farmer harvesting the crop by hand. No labor is required in feeling the turnips, and the sheep improve the soil. Experience on the farm is the best teacher, but the valuable hints published are not all theory but the practical ex perience of others, which is made known. The best farmers are those who read and test the theories and experiments of others. A novel method of preventing a bone from switching the lines witltbis tail has been suggested. It is to cross one lino over the other twice, and the horse will then seldom get the lines under his tail, ami the lines will not be changed in posi tion for driving the hois . Early lambs always pay. If the lambs of our common sheep will give as good results as may be noticed every season when the prices are high for early lambs, it should encourage farmers to use the large breeds of mutton sheep for pro ducing early lambs. An Oxford lamb bora in March will weigh 60 pounds by May, and may bring as much as SlO. Every weed pulled out of the straw berry beds will save much labor in the spring, it is well known that the straw-' berry beds can be made to test a year or two longer than the average if they can be kept clear of weeds in the rows. "This is only to be accomplished by hand weeding, and the work should hegin from the time the young plants aro set out. Never allow a single weed to grow. The growth of pure bred stock is so rapid that farmers who have not In formed themselves in regard to the ad vantages of pure breeds may suppose the claims made in behalf of t lie pure breeds to be unsupported. In California a Rol stein calf, six months old, weighed 441 pounds, having gained ut the rate of two pounds a day from birth, the gain dur ing the last three months being 24 pounds per day. POLICE COURT. Tho B«v,-inau Dive Cnso Continued—"W. 11. Dally Discharged. . The case of John Bowman, charged with misdemeanor, in keeping his saloon open after.bis license had been revoked, was called in tho Police Court yesterday and continued until tho !Hh ins:. The examination of Charles Smith, charged with assault to murder, was con ! tinned until to-day. Mary Roberts, who had been drunk, ! was sentenced to ten days' imprisonment in the City Jail, and John Duffy, who I who hat! also imbibed too freely, \\as al j lowed to g. i. In the Case of W. H. I>aily, charged with obtaining money by false pretenses, the complaining witness Mid not appear, and the complaint was dismissed. It was shown that the charge grew out of an or dinary business transaction, and there was nothing criminal in it. Housekeeping Pests. Complaints arc made of a band of bak ing powder tramps whose tricks upon i.n uspeoting housekeepers seem to par take very much of the nature of confi dence operations. The band is composed of women, although employed and di- I by at) agent of the other sex, and their methods of procedure, as explained by several ladies who have been victim ized, is as follows: Obtaining access to the kitchen, they introduce the subject of baking powders, Inquiring the kind used in the tamilv. Being shown the can, per haps a fresh, full one, the;,- volunteer to "test" it to ascertain its qualities. Their •ti st'" <jon- ists in placing the can on a hot. s;o\e or over a lamp pr gas jet, or in boil ing the baking powder with water. If the baking powder is good for anything, the heat wili. of course, expel the gas, I which is apparent to the sense of smell. ; The claim is then made that this gas indi cates something detrimental, although as a matter oi (act a baking powder thai would give off no gas when subjected to boat would be without leavening power i and valueless. ; The baking powder the women peddle j being loaded with Hour and made from j cheaper and inferior materials does not i give off the large amount of gas that is so perceptible in the other. This shows its actual inferiority as a leavening agent. Were this the whole of the operation j dishonest ami disreputable as it is, house keepers would noi often be deceived. la.- chief obiectoftha juggler is to de stroy the bak.ng powder given for testing, or by heating it to drive off its leavening gasts, and so weaken it that when used it will fail to work. The average "tramp" will, in this way. destroy from ten to twenty-five pounds of bakine pow der a day. The only way to protect our food from being contaminated by tramps of this kind is to turn all persons who wish or attempt to tamper with it unceremoni ously from the door, and to use those articles only which experience has proved satisfactory, or the official tests have es tablished as pure and wholesome. Its Excellent Qualities Commend to public approval the Califor nia liquid lig remedy Syrup of Figs. It is pleasing to the eye and to the taste, and by gently acting on the kidneys, liver and bowels it cleanses the system effectually, thereby promoting the health and com fort of all who use it. Substitutions of well-known adver articles seem to be the order of the day. We deem it only justice to our patrons to warn our readers against this form of piracy. When you want an article, ask your merchant or druggist for it and don't accept a substitute. A COMING TREAT. The School of Design to be Given a Benefit. Professor Barnard of the Lick Observa tory to Tell Us of the Discoveries Mod© on Mount Hamilton. A treat is promised the Sacramento public next Wednesday night at the Metropolitan Theater, and the Recoup- Union is glad to be able to further the effort that secures it. The Sacramento School of Design, ! which for six years has been doing good I and asking no aid, finding need for as ; sistunce to enlarge and carry on its bene ficent work, appealed to the comet j finder, Professor E. EC Barnard, of the Lick Observatory, to lecture for it. The Professor replied that the faculty is de sirous to give the people the knowledge acquired by recent discoveries at the Ob servatory, and he-would therefore lecture for the school if it would place the prices so low so that the largest possible num ber of people could hear of the marvels of recent discovery. He would thus lecture for an admission fee to aid so good a cause as Sacramento is promoting in her ; Art School. Tho Museum Directory has therefore arranged for the lecture, which is to be a popular one. one everybody will find of deepest interest, for those who have heard it give glowing accounts of h. It will I.e. Illustrated by a very large number of photographs taken through the great telescope, and thrown upon a screen by an electropticon of intense power. Some : of these wiii be shown here fortheurst j time. Professor Barnard, who is a charming speaker, in writing to the association, says he will try to make clear to the pie the marvels of the application of pho tography to astronomy, the difficulties ov<t...me aud the triumph of the.dry plate process. By its means invisible stars and nebula' are revealed in the picture, and the Won derful results in registering the positions and delineating the forms of tho celestial bodies that have been achieved. Then he will tell his audience and show the views of double stars and their orb ital motion; of double suns with motions almost defying the laws of mechanics and the individual components of which no telescope will ever show. The motion of the nebulse and dimen sions of some of the stars from recent de torminatlons and distances as determined by photography. He will speak of and illustrate tiie most mysterious object m the heavens, the (legenschien; then that dead world, tho moon ami its scenery, the e-ii.als of Mars; Jupiter and tho changes going on there; the great lied Spot; Venus and its atmosphere; the hab'itability of the planets; discoveries about Saturn and its rings, as that the inner one is trans parent, and that the rings disappeared in September and < kitober of this year. Then he will tell of comets aud comet finding; their character: of a comet with satellites, Of its transit over Aster ope of the Pleiades; of the great comet of 1882, etc. Next he will illustrate the very latest and most astonishing discoveries about I the nebulae, und that only photography has revealed; their distribution and their purpose in the economy of the universe. Then the stars will be considered and tho latest discoveries; spectroscopic ob servations of their motions; burned out suns, etc. Then will come the gi I charm of the lecture, "Toe Milky Way," I and the discoveries by Professor Bar nard, recently made at the Lick Observ atory, the most wonderful of which was made by a picture of the constellation of Sagittarius disclosing wonders the eye j had never seen before; that indeed, the , milky way is of clusters of untold mill ions of stars and cloudy of suns. Among the celestial photographs to be thrown on the screen will be, says Pro fessor Barnard to the committee,"photo graphs of the sun ; of the doubling of the lilies in the spectrum of Beta Aurigae, from which it was discovered that that star is really two suns, revolving about leach other in four days'time, views of the planets will follow; then of the moon as just made with tho great telescope of the Lick Observatory; the moon's vol canoes, plains, craters, mountain ranges of its north pole, its Apenuinosand Alps; then along the terminator showing the great crater Langranus, the walled plain land the sea of Crises. The great crater Couernus, Theophilus, Cyrillus, etc., will follow. The photographs of tho nebulae will be shown, aud of the great comets, and one shows the rapid motion of Davidson's comet of ISM), and two of tho views of Wolfs comet are down to September 3, 1891. One view in the nebulae of An dromeda will show what appears to the eye to he two stars is really a cluster of ftLOOO stars. Tho Museum Association this morning announces the lecture aud the admission rates, it is for so worthy a cause, so pub lic spirited a work and so in the interest of popular education and the diffusion of knowledge that Sacramento ought to fill the theater on the occasion to over flowing. While here Professor Barnard will be the special guest of the Museum Associa tion Directory. FEDERATED TRADES. ttoycotted Shoes and I3eer —National Convention. At this week's meeting of the Federated Trades a communication was received from the firm of Dolan A: Middle-mass of this city denying that they are handling the boycotted Lemp's beer, as charged by the brewers of Sacramento. The San Francisco Shoemakers' Union notified the council that there was a boycott on boots and shoes manufactured by the United Workingmen Company. a communication from the national headquarters was read, urging the neces sity lor a full representation from the various councils to the National Conven tion of the American Federation of Labor, to be held in Alabama, commencing on the 14th of December next. The Musicians' Union reported the re ceipt of their charter from tho National League of Musicians. By a unanimous vote it was decided to conduct a tug of war between teams from the several unions of the city. Full details will bo arranged at the meeting next Monday evening. The several standing committees were revised, and now are: Arbitration—H. N. Bauinann, James J. Gee, William Tibbits, "W. H. Becker and Frank Omeger. Legislative—George Best, J. D. Jost, J. G. Garrison, Itichard Caverly and J. C. Andrews. Organization—\V. R. Selkirk, J. <;. Garrison, K. Caverly, A. Geiger, H. N. Baamann. Finance— M. G. Foster, J. J. Gee and George Best. SUPPOSED FRAUDS. Two Alleged Farm Hands, and How They Made a Raise. A couple of men visited Mrs. Jacobs yesterday afternoon at her residence on X street, near Twelfth, and, representing themselves as employes of her son, who is running a ranch, said they were in structed to obtain $10 from her on his ac count. Not suspecting anything wrong at the time, Mrs. Jacobs gave them the money, but they had no sooner departed than she repented of her action and sent after them some men employed about her place. The professed farm hands were soon overhauled and gave up the money. Mrs. Jacobs then sent for a policeman with the intention of having the men arrested, but they could not be found. JUMPED THE GAME. A Chinawoman Deserts Her Paramour for a Handsomer Man. A Chinese merchant named Sun Que Kee, who resides at 214 I streeet, has sworn to a complaint charging a Chinese woman with having stolen $1,500 from him. On Monday night two men and the woman boarded the north-bound Oregon express train and left tho city. It was learned yesterday from the conductor that they got off at Wheatlaud. Kee claims that he had been keeping the woman, and that she got that much money out of him. THE SAN FRANCISCO PRESS. View Taken of It by the Editor of a Carsou Paper. [Carson Appeal, October 3Otb.] The press of Sun Francisco is by far the most provincial upon the continent. The widening of v street, the laying of a poultice pavement, the rate of taxation—any Bmall local interest or issue, however petty, will fill the columns ot our local metropolitan contemporaries with the most agOMSlm sensations.—Recoku- The jealousies which control the press of Sun Francisco would make outsiders laugh if they but knew the inner work ings. Some of the newspapers take grounds on the leading questions merely Because rival newspapers take opposite grounds. They war over the most trivial matters like so many school girls, and the edi torial columns aro governed more by the interests of the. business ofiice than any thing else. They aro peevish, petty and sensational, and, while boasting of their independence, have very little of it. Some of the leading <]iieVitions of the day they dare not discuss or oven allude to, be cause "the powers" pull the strings over them and they must be silent. While assuming a. highly moral tone edi torially, their advertising columns teem with the announcements of well-known harlots who cull upon their patrons to visit them at their regular places of busi ness. A eoiinti y newspaper which would publish this class of advertising could not live six months. In an English coal mine plants have grown at a depth of 1,000 feet. They were perfectly erect and their foliage was blanched. It's sometimes said patent medicines are for the igno rant. The doctors foster this idea. "The people," we're told, v are mostly ignorant, when it comes to medical science." Suppose they are! What a sick man needs is not knowledge, but a cure, and the medicine that cares is the medicine for the sick. Dr. Pierces Golden Med ical Discovery cures the "do believes" and the " don't believes." There's no hesitance about it, no "if" nor " possibly." It says—" I can cure you, only do as I direct." Perhaps it fails occasion ally. The makers hear of it when it does, because they never keep the money when the medicine fails to do good. Suppose the doctors went on that principle. (We beg the doctors' pardon. It wouldn't do!) Choking, sneezing and every other form of catarrh in the head, is radically cured by Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. Fifty cents. pure alcohol to make Wolff's Acmb Blacking. Alcohol is good for leather; it is good for the skin. Alcohol is the chief j ingredient of Cologne, Florida Water, and j Bay Rum the well known face washes. We think there is nothing too costly to us* in a good leather preservative. Acme Blacking retails at 20c. and at that price Gells readily. Many people are bo accustomed to buying a dress »og or blacking at sc. and 10c. a bottle that they cannot understand that a black ing can ho cheap at 20c. We want to meet ! them with cheapness if we can, and to ao» ! cotuplish this we offer a reward of j for a recipe which will enable us to make j Wolff's Acme Blacking at such a price j that a retailer can profitably sell it at 10c. a I bottle. We hold this offer open until | Jan. Ist, 1893. WOItFF & BANDOIiPH, Fhiladslpllia, The Liebig COMPANY Have for twenty-five years boon putting up the famous product which stirred medical circle* when first invented and given to the world by the renowned efaemlst, Justus yon Liebijr. Their EXTRACT OF BEEF Is known around the world. It is unap proacuabje for purity, flavor and bene ficial effVvtv. As BSKV Tea, delicious and refreshing. Indispensable in Im proved and Economic Cookery. Best stock lor soups. Genuine >O of Signature J* °J yon Liebig DOWNRIGHT FRAUD jgP^, exists in the claims of &3^B manufacturers and deal ffei£jf¥: ers for the old-fashioned &?■* M " porous " plasters and tho p:- 4*"/ many imitations of BEN JTFI SON'S now on the market. • #fS BENSON'S is the only f O-J \ Porous plaster possessing f ■» V medicinal value. Be sure J i .i J i\ you get BENSON'S. rClltabaaterM B»*n.b DtuasnA Knii ENNYROYAL PILLS -fE-^v Origiaml^ad O«ly Senniae. ▲ £it jfe^. "*" ■""-" niitM*- !-»••«• Mk r ill IP Ml Er^f 1"1 ♦"■ C*ie»M»«f« »!,(♦.» Dic.aflK ftp'^glTJfliWßtmon.j Brand In Ke4 and OoU oi<ulUc^ffF T^ iMled *<tk blao ribboi. Take vV^ 'm 4% Vjfno «Uer. K^fut* dangtrtnu rubttuw V If— iVk«uwlM(Uwu. A: Drsx(l>-i.«rM9<4«. I *m> Jr in Mtapi far partioaian. tntixanta^i tad \V B "Vcilef for L-mAlr*." mkw by potjr» —*V jCr kin!L 10,090 Tw,iimool»!i .V«hm /Wer Bold br an Loml Drucim. PhlJUiSupS MTIFDIP'^I WOWDBKFCIi GERMAN . LILDIU 0 INVIGORATOR. - W^ak men and women should use Dr. Liebie's Wonderful German Invlgorator No. 1. The greatest tonic for the brain and nerves, gives health and streiifirth to the re productive organs and cures nervous debility impaired development In youth, premature decay in old, seraiual weakness, gleet. Invlg i orator No. 2 cures bladder and klaney dis eases and leucorrhea, prostatorrhea, the com plication preventing the cure of above com plaint*. To prove ita merits a9l bottle giv<>n or «oQt free. Call on or address DR. LIKBIG CO., Specialists for Diseases of Men 400 Geary street. Ban Franataoa. dAw dtangefcr ilailij fay the |Jefc gonec. GREAT MILLINERY SALE The Red House having purchased of Mrs. E. A. Wayne, who kept a large and fashionable millinery store in San Fran cisco, her entire stock of Millinery Goods of the latest novelties and styles for fall wear, the same will be placed on sale TO-DAY Commencing at 9 A. 11 and continuing from day to day untiL all the stock is sold. The prices will be lower than ever before seen in this city. This stock consists of elegant Trimmed Hats. Jet Toques and Bonnets, Wide-rim Felt Hats. Velvet Toques, Velvet Hats, Felt Toques and Turbans, Beaver Flats. Also, Misses' and Children's Trimmed Hats, Infants' Caps and Bonnets and Old Ladies' Black Lace Dress Caps. No. 12 Black Grosgrain All-silk. Ribbon, satin edge, 9c a yard; No. 16,10 c. Plain Grosgrain All-silk Ribbon, in colors, satin edge, No. 10, 12c a yard; No. 16, 12c a yard. Black Watered Ribbon, No. 2, 2y s c a yard. Fancy Ribbon, all silk and velvet, No. 40, in new designs, 26c a yard. All-silk Ribbon, double faced, two colors, No. 20, 25c. Velvet and Satin Ribbon, two shades, with fancy edge, No. 16, 25c. Fancy-striped and Brocaded All-silk Ribbon, Nos. 22 and 16, 10c a yard. Large Fancy Birds, in all colors, 17e Black Birds, 15c. Raven Black Parrots, 35e. Fancy Straw Hats and Toques, in all the latest shapes, 5 and lOc. English Milan Braid Hats, new shapes, 50c. Felt Hats, new shapes, 2O and 25c. French Felt Hats, 50c. Segard Aigrettes, 3 in bun.eh, for 10c. Wings, in all colors, 3, 5 and lOc Buckram Frames, se. Handsomely Trimmed Children's School Felt Hats, 40c. Ostrich Tips, black and colored, lOc. Ladies' Fine French Beaver Hats, wide rim $1 Short lengths in Velvets and Plushes. C. H. GILMAN, RED HOUSE, SACRAMENTO. AHEAD OF ALL, MAGEE RANGES. Just received the second carload of those celebrated MAGEE RANGES, the world's best. This makes the second carload this month. Our sales on the MAGEE RANGES are rapidly increasing. Buy a MAGEE and you will use no other. Prices for a No. 7, $29 and up. I have the largest and most complete stock of P^jPIPS-LO^. HEATING STOVES On the coast, and at the lowest prices. I also have a larae in voice of HOT-AIR FURNACES. Parties wishing a Furnace for their residence will do well to call on me before qivina their order, for I have the only Furnace guaranteed to heat five rooms with no more fuel than you would use in an or dinary Parlor Stove. Be sure andsee them. lam sole agent. H. K. WALLACE, 818-815 J St., Sacramento. MAIN OFFICE—Second street, L and M. YARD—Front and R streets. Sacramento. SELLECK, The LeadiHg'^c Photographer, PostoSice Building, Fourth and X Sts. ■ SfMAiM\c^SaM/<^UtMCAbasiy.OO.y.y/vv. <E*Avt\\x^ cauo Sviajaga, to TANSY PILLS H «re perfectly S»fe andtJwmyi Efleetnal. Nerer fell W"> »*>rd upeedy u>J eertala r«ltef. M tt« tb«c 10,000 ■B Aaierlcia >am uu them r«fruUrly. limrmnUtd taf>*rloT ■■■ -o »1! •-fieri w r»»h T«fjnd«d. If yonr druCTriil dn='i kffp "Wl»e«x'» Compound Tanny Pill*," »cirpi no wrr'.hlfi* n'-tnun ~\i to 1» "jju v «o<;^," but «n.l 4e. tm <rWoniun'» B»fe Cmard," M.l r«<^ s th. oolr aUolatelr rrllafclo wniadybym.il. WIIX3OX SPECIFIC CO., Phlla., Pa. Sold by KIRK, GEARY *_CO., Sacramento SHERWOOD HAITnURSERIES, Timothy Hopkins, MENLO PARE, SAN UATEO COUNTY, CAL Carnations, Boses, Chrysanthemums and Cut Flowers. jttttfccgqfr fgtme ©able. SOUTHERN PACIFIC COMPANY [PACIFIC SYSTEM.] NOVEMHER 1, 189 t. Trains Leave and are Due to Arrive at Sacramento: LEAVE TRAINS RUN DAILY, j ARRIVE *4:56 A—Calistoga and Napa i*li'Os a *6:50 Ai CalistoeaandNapa.::: •8:40 P 10:oO 1' Ashland and Portlund... 4:20 a 7:00 P.Deming. El Paso and East 7-30 P -.A^ p;Klll£hts L'ding&OrovUlet 7:40 A 10:40 AL... Los Angeles 10:25 A M._ ,Ogden and East-Second ll:c>s A 1 Class fi.45 p ™ !Centrnl Atlantic Express 10:00 P...tor Ogden and East. j 710 A 3:00 POroville.U KoMvj,..r n ; c! 10:30 A Ska < *, r anei^o via Benicia' H:"5 A 6:50 A San Francisco via Benicia 11:30 A *,:A? oan I, ninei*™ v'a Benicia 8: lo l' J:O5 P San Francisco via Hfiiicia 9:10 P . :0.-> I oau *rar;cisco viaßeuicia 10-i(^ p in^A •> han Fra& Vi^ Livermore 38 50 P 10:40 A San Jose. •'•s(i y 7;00 P Santa b.rbara::.;..:::: 10i25 A *4:35 A Santa Kosa... *llo r) A 3:05 P Santa Rosa ... | *&-40 P 8:30 A 1 Stockton and Oalt lf»'>"i a 7:00 P Stockton and Gait 7-3O P 11:65 A Truckeeand Reno ''< "-40 A 10:00 P Trucks and Reno I 645 P 3:05 P Vu11ej0..... ! u-o" T *8:2O A Folsom and PlacervVl'lo" »2:40 P •12:16 P.Fol.om »nd eSS^&«i£|S I A:U> ? FoNora * S :O0 A •Sunday excepted, fSanday only; <.;Mon day excepted. A.—For morning. P.—For af- SCHOOL BOOKS, SCHOOL SUPPLIES. Largest Stock, Best Goods, Correct Prices. CROCKER'S, »210 J Street ___^ OpeD^Evenlnirs This Week. rpHE BOARD 01 DIRE P THE ± Esoonflido Irrigation District will receive scaled m-oposa'.s for the purchase Of the entire lssun. $400.i>00. or iiny part thereof, ot its bonds. Bids will be received at thoir office in L-conrti>l<i, Caiifornhi. until 9 o'clock a. m. M>\ EMBEB 26, isoi. Said l>ondsare of the aenomlnatlonof?soo each. Payable 10-20 s;ears. Interest 0 percent. A. J. WKKDKX, Secretary Escondldo irrigation District.cX-At rpHE PvECORD-UNION IS THE BEST AD JL vertitiing medium in Nnrth«rn CsJifnrnia. _?-?_£ attgg "^ '"" " ' "■' . , '.■'■ ■■ *~—aa CAPAY COL9I * Busy Fruit-Growers in a Pretty Yolo Valley—Tancred and Its Adjoining Farma JN THE SPRING OF LAST YEAB Robert a. and Neal D. Ravker associate* themselves with William McKay, all of Oafe land, with a view of searching out a suitable location in which to engage in the profitable occupation of fruit-growing. After visiting irany localities, they decided on the Capay Valley, Yolo County, and the Rhodes tract at Tancred. Negotiations were opened with the Capay Galley Land Company,'owning tho tract In ration. With w. H. mi*, the General Agent of that company, they arranged for th« purchase or about 220 acres of foothill land Thin being more than they hud thought of taking for their own use, they spoke to a number of friends about it. with the result that tlie tract was divided among the follow ing people: B. L. Hickok, 40 acres; WIT. Barnctt, 20 acres; N. T. Greathead, 20 acre* Mrs. L. Qreathead, 20 acres; \v\ McKay 20 acres; N. D. Barker, 20 acres; R. A. Barker, 20 acres; J. P. Brownlee, 20 MM; E. If. Ha* lett, 10 acres; Joseph Barker, lo acres; A. W. Kelly 10 acres, and Frederick Kelly, 10 acres, So far this had been merely a private ven ture of the gentlemen above named, but In talking up the question of dividing tho land already purchased, It was found that so many more would like to join It than the area of the purcUase would admit of, that it was sus gested on all hands, "Why not pM some more land and divide it up in the same way?" Then followed the idea of a stock company to take hold of a larger tract and arrange for the cultivation of the whole of it, after subdividing it according to the requirement of the sub ccribers. A provisional board was formed, a prospectus issued, and finally, on the oth of June, 1890, the Western Co-operative Col onization and Improvement Company was dcly registered and proceeded to business, with the following officers: President, Wnu iavn McKay: Vice-Presideut, M. P. Brown; Director.s-H. C. Ellis, Charles Brooke and It. A. Barker; Secretary and General Manager, Neal D. Barker; Solicitor, C. E. Snook; Treas urer, First National Bank of Oakland. The balance of the tract, ;*73 acre*, was par chased. A contract was enten-d into for the purchase ol a larye number or fruit trees vines, etc. This early purchase of trees was the means of savin- between $3,000 and $4,000 to the company, the prices in some cases having more tlian doubled since then. The ideas which tho prospe-.-tus sei have bc«n but slightly modiliert and the progress of the company has been uninter rupted. Thosp who went into it 'i.,ubtingly have become enthusiastic, and llmost all the members arranged to set out all their lands in fruit trees, etc., tho first year. Consequently In this, the first season, some 40,000 trees and between 20.000 and 30.000 vines will h* pi»nr*Q. The satisfactory working of this scheme ha« had the effect of attracting considerable at tention to the work of the Colony Company, and a number of people are now desirous of Joining in with them. An additional 200 acres have been added to the sixty acres originally purchased. For the company is predicted a very bright future, as well as for the beautiful valley in which their operations are conducted. How this marvelous little garden has come to be so long neglected Is a puzzle to every one who has visited it, but one thing is very sure, and that is that this neglect will never again be felt in the valley. The fruits set out are mostly of the standard varieties—peaches, apricots, Bartlett poar3, prunes, figs, raisin grapes, etc., whilo along both sides of the avenues, throughout the tract, walnuts will throw their graceful shade. A considerable number ol citrus trees are also being set out; quite a sufficient number to demonstrate that these fruits can be success fully grown in the valley, about which the colonists appear to have no doubt, provided proper care is given to the young trees. Neal D. Barker, General Manager cf the company, resides on the tract, and to his care is to be as cribed much of the success of the venture. Mention should be made of the town-site, about which there is a pleasant innovation which might with profit be followed by more ambitious places. A small park of some three acres has been laid out right in the center of the town. This park it is proposed to beautify by planting in it from time to time as many of the beauties and curiosities of tree and shrub life as may be obtained by diligent search and a wise expenditure of money. It Is not expected that Tancred will ever be a large and busy city, but it is thought that it can be made a very pleasant little place to dwell in. A petition has been circulated recently and very largely signed, asking tha county to ac cept Island avenue, on the colony tract, as a county road, and to build a bridge across Cache Creek at this point. In order to give the settlors on the east side of the creek access to Tancred Station. The Tancred colonUtsare quite willing to give the newsnary right o* way, and are very desirous of having a bridge there, as the colony lands extend along both sides of the stream. It is thought that it would be a very wise expenditure ot public money to grant them this very neoessary im provement, as the operations of such com panies are of widespread benefit to the whole county and State. The attractions and com forts of the cities are well known, but to thoso who are willing to settle 011 the land and show ttmt the country also affords attractions and comforts and ways of maklug money pleas antly, every inducement should be hel'A forth. The following is a list of the principal mem bers of the Tancred Colony, with the number of acre? owned by each, rind a tact worthy ol mention is that In each contract or deed is sued by the Colony Company thoro Is a pro vision that no intoxicating liqaor shall ever be manufactured or sold en the land. Tho ap parent success o«the entor;>ri-o shows that the ideas and plnns of the colony, an set forth in the prospectus some time ago, are not Im practicable: C. T. Hull, Berkeley, 5 acres; W. P. Haiumon, Oakland, 14 acres, C. S. Kaison, San Francisco, 11 acres; Jo*. Barker, 10acres; A. W. Kelly, Kincardine, Ont.. 5 acre-;; X. T. Greathead, 5 acres; R. U. Greathead, Oakland 10 acres; K. A. Barker. San Francisco, 10 acres; N. D. Barker, Tancred, 10 ten; Dr. K. Favor, San Francisco, 27 acres; .T. P. Broiralee. Kincardine, Ont., 9 acres; W. T. Unmet-, Iterkeley, 5 acres; M. P. Brown, 1O acres; Chas. Brook, Sr., Oakland, lo ocre^; W. C Boutelle, Berkeley, liO acre:-: U J- T. A.Croliu, Oakland, 5 acres; C. EL IVn< a. Tailored, 5 acres; H. C Kills, Oakland, 10 acrfs; J. Van stone, Winnipeg, 10 acres; E. A. Vaustone, Tancred, 5 acres; E. \Vad*worth, Sacramento, 5 acres; M. A. Thomas, Oakland, 0 James Graham, Sun Francisco, 11 acres; A. PUirk, la acres; J. Stark, 10 acres; Mrs. M. Vrooman, 5 acres; C. E. Snook, 10 acres; C T.(ir»athead, 12 acres; Wm. M Kay, 5 acres; Mrs. Wm. McKay, Oakland, 5 acres; Mr^. E. C. Wooley. Brooklyn, N. V., 10 acres; Mrs. H. Beckley. Oakland, 5 acres; T. A. Harriett, 3 acres; J. C Harrison, Tancred, 5 acres. Ika land reserved by the CoLony Company, ia« ti.in«:cla townsite, consists of 61 acrea. 1 fels-tfd&w 5