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VOLITXIE EXXXIY.-NO. !17.
NATIONAL AFFAIRS. Annual Report of Secretary oi tbe Navy Tracy. PROGRESS CF WORK IN COI'STRUCT nra war ships. Very Little Legislation of Practical Importance Expected to be Aecom pllshod ln Congress Before Hew Ytiar-Work in tho Semite WDI be Confined tho Present 'Week to Dis cussion of the Anti-Option Bill, AVlillo the House Will Probably De vote Its Time to Considering the Appropriation Bills. Special to the KIOORD-UmoN. Washington, Dec 11.—The Secretary of the Navy, in his annual report, sets forth tbe fact that when tho present ad ministration came in, Mardi 1,1889, bo ok) and obsolete wooden ships, only three modern war vessels wen.- in c >in mission. During ihe administration nineteen new vessels, of an aggregate tonnage of ">.,s.;_: tons, have been con structed, with a moonting of two L2-incb, six '; -inch, sixteen 8-inch and eighty two 6-inch guns, all of which, with the exception of live of the earliest, have been manufactured in this country. Three iteel tugs li ive also been contracted at into _ci vice. There is in process ol construction eighteen new vessels cer completed, should the armor ivered, within the next year of an aggregate tonnage of 93,497 tons, and a mounting altogether of twelve IS-inch, six L-S-inch, sixteen 10-inch, thirtyß-inch, thirty-two i -inch, thirty-eight -.-inch and thirty-tour .-inch guns, all of which bave been or are to be manufactured iv this country Development tho past lour years has not been confined to ships alone. At the i .ginning of this administration, says tbe Secretary, the naval establishment was entirely destitute of certain elements iciency, each oneof which was in sable to its practical employment aa a lighting force, ai.d the absence of v. inch, if it iiad been possessed of a hun dred ships, would still have left it in a condition of paralysis. These were: Armor, tor; -locs, heavy rapid-fire guns, armor-uiercing shells, smokeless ji.iv der and high explosives. The Secretary details at length the note worthy progress in the production of things, and says the progress noted by which the United StaU emerged from its condition of helpless ness at sea. and by the employment of its own resources has distanced its most ex pi rienced competitors, marks an epoch in naval development, not only of tins country, but of the world. Delays in the delivery of armor have caused the dates of the nnal completion of armored vessels under construction to be some what later than at tirst contemplated, loinpenaat-oa for this daisy is tbe superior quality of armor that has been recently developed. In connection with tbe development of nickel-steel for armor, the department has undertaken a series of experiments in the application of th:s material to other purposes of construction which promise is important results than those al ready aUaiued. If the expectations now formed aro realized, it will not belong nickel-steel will he extensively use I, both in ship and marine engines, with marked improvement both in strength of parts and reduction in weight, while its non-corrodible qualities, al plainly demonstrated, point to tlie probability that it may ultimately pre - ■ut a resolution for the harassing prob lem ol preserving submerged plating of ships. Coming down to a detailed statement as to armor tests, the Secretary tens of the work accomplished, of the tremendous test to which the ilarveyed nickel-steel a inor plate was subjected in November, 1891, as a result of which improved methods were introduced in the manu facture by the Harvey process, and a final test made in July last. The plate wasol na-kcl-sieel.llarveyed, of ton and a half inches in thickness. An eight inch gun was used in the test. 1 ive Holtzer forged steel shells, weighing_!oo pounds each, with a striking velocity of 1,700 feet per second, and each with an energy of o.uOO tons to the square loot, were fired at the plate at the uistanoe ol thirty yards. Never before these trials had any armor plate m tho world been subjected to such a test as represented by those live blows of a total energy of _ >,0( I tons. All five o! the projectiles were smashed upon the surface of the plate, which ■I do sign of injury bey..ml the opening of a slight temper crack four inches in length from one edge, and a wale less than one inch in thickness on tbe back of the plate opposite each point of iniD-M t. The result has never been approached before by any armor plate, American or foreign. lt has been demonstrated that the I nite I states in constructing its new navy, which ten years ago had no exist ence even on patx r, is enabled to place upon each and ail of its armored vessels material the like of which the world has not up to this time seen; and while vast sums have been spent plating sides of foreign men-of-war with inferior mate rial, ttiis country will employ for the purpose an armor which is not'only far moro efficient, but which represents un questionably, having reference to plates tins ar tested, the highest development of modern science, and a d< vetopmenl reached by its own independent efforts. following our example, the Ei i io-, ernment four weeks ago held a trial of the new American armor, and it is clear, from the highly successful tt that tbe United states, instead of hoing I the last in tbe race in the construction oT ' is of war or borrowing the best i from abroad, has set an example in j this respect which other maritime na w ill Bpeediiy fol With regard to armor contracts the B civtaiy saya neither tbe Bethlehem nor Carnegie companies are making Bach progress al present as the depart ment could desire, but both are increas itpnt from month to month, and the department is now authorized, : when these plants are abie, in preparing! to advertise for proposals for the re mainder of the armor required to com-: s now authorized. When these plants are able to turn out, as will I shortly be the case, the lull quanuty^ofj armor required by the contract, the supply will still amount to y.OOO tons pec annum, or not more than enough for the construction of three battle ships, and to provide a. mor for eight such ships in addition to \ now authorized would require three years after the fulfillment of the nt contract, with the works running . at mil capacity. It is the belief of this department, in c •n.mon with the Naval Committee of House, that this number of additional battle ships is essential to the protection ot the United states. It is upon soch vessels thai this country, as well as others having a seaboard, relies and must continue to rely for purposes of use as long as naval warfare remains what lt is to-day. Without them we are helpless at sea. With the plants in ex- I THE RECORD-UNION. istence we can not only armor the ships authorized, but we have tbe means at band for armoring others if we make our preparations in time. The value to the i nited states of the possession of two su eh establishments cannot be cxpn ised n n or.is or figures. In reference to the ordnance of the tbe -•■ • ry makes extended nee to developments promising greatly improved results, and which points ha\e heretofore been covered in thesi dispatches iv the revolt of tbe < ihief of the Bureau of Ordnance. Comment is also made at length on the ordnance re port as to powder manufacture, high cx l s mid projectiles, all showing pro gress ol the most satisfactory nature. With regard to torpedoes, while the Howell torpedo has not gone much be yond the Btage of hope with which the department entered upou the contract for it. manufacture four years ago, yet tlie last trials are giving great promise. The contract made over a year ago for the manufacture here of lixi 18-inch \\ hue head torpedoes is being filled and twenty are completed, with certain characteris tics superior to those manufactured abroad, of the so-called "dirigible" tor pedoes, Intended to be controlled from a lixed station, three Patrick torpedoes have undergone official trials and two been sen: to the Pacific Coast. The Sims-Edison Company has also delivered one of its torpedoes to be used iv a series of projected experiments. With regard to an increase In the navy, the Secretary says an ither year of experi ence, oi discussion and of criticism, both at home and abroad, confirms the depart ment in the views adopted in the annual report of 1888 as to the policy of construc tion the navy should pursue, fie depre cates the construction of any more vessels oi the monitor type, elaborating argu ments against their usefulness and quot ing from the report of Chairman Herbert, of the House Committee on Naval Ad'airs, Baying: "mir true naval policy tor the future is to construct hereafter princi pally, if not entirely, only hrst-class cruisers and first-class battle-ships, with their accessories." The Secretary speaks with much satis faction of the Act "to encourage Ameri can shipbuilding," under which the City i I i ar_B and the City of .New 'fork were admitted to American registry,and under the terms oi which several of the finest liners will be built here, and earnestly re -om mends that the same principle which :s now embodied in the bill "togrant A meri cau register to the steamship china of the Pacific Mail Company may be carried out. not only in this out iii all similar cases by which American owners of foreign-built steamships, whose high qualities are- such as to make them a de sirable acquisition, may bo permitted to obtain American register upon condition that vessels of equal size and tonnage shall bo ordered to be built in the United sun ~. With reference to unprotected cruisers of the second class of from 4,000 to tons displacement, the department does not recommend any present increase of the number. These vessels, to attain the high speed required, must necessarily sacrifice tho cost of endurance, and have, therefore, a very restricted sphere of use fulness for cruising purposes in times of war. They answer satisfactorily the lim ited demand tor flagships upon regular stations in time of peace, but it is not upon those vessels the United States would place reliance in case of an attack upon a maritime power. Xor is it de sirable to add to the number of heavily armed gunboats of the Yorktown type. i>ne well-defined tact which has proven highly successful is thai of a torpedo cruiser from SKJ to 1,000 tons, of small size, light draught, speed of twenty-two knots, sufficient coal capacity, rapid-fire guns and powerful torpedo armament. I i,i--s the type of vt-si the department would suggest building, and several such vessels would bo a valuable addition to the naval force. The Secretary also re news the recommendation previously made for the building of torpedo boats, aud submits a table showing the vast mi i crease of such craft iv the service of other nations. We should have at least thirty sin-h boats constructed in the immediate future. ( ont inn ing the Secretary says: "Tho ag gressive policy of foreign nations con tinue., and this country, whether it will or not. will soon be forced into a position where it cannot disregard measures which form a standing menace to its prosperity and security. On tho isthmus our com merce is engaged in a desperate tight to maintain its foothold. In tho .South Pa cific repeated annexations and protector- Bl IS are extending the power aud influ ence of the maritime states of the old world: subsidized lines of fast steamers aro completing tho circle of maritime communication on the eastern and west ern coasts of the Dominion of Canada, and fortresses daily increasing in strength are surrounding our coast upon the south and east. 1 Oder these circum stances, it is imperative to the welfare of this country that the police of naval re construction so successfully carried on in the past should suffer no interruption in the future: that the vast numbers of skilled artisans who have been trained in its workshops, and those of private manu facturers concerned in its operations, should not be thrown outof employment; that the work, whose chief difficulties have now been overcome, should not bo red to languish, when every day shows improvement both in economy and dispatch, and that with only two vessels remaining on the stocks, as will shortly be tlie case, some further additions should be made by Congress at the present ses sion." Much space is also devoted to interest ing details as to Ihe operations of ships in commission the past year in Behring Sea ami elsewhere. mi the work of the Marine Hospital Bureau, ln connection witn the cholera quarantine,etc., interesting statistics aie given. As to the growth of the movement es tablishing naval militia, the: creation of which is characterized as one of tho mosi important steps in our recent naval prog ress, the department again recommends the consolidation'of the revenue marine service with the navy, aud calls attention to the recommendations of the com mandant of the marine corps in reference to an increase in tie- Dumber of privates and uou-commissioned officers in tho corps. In conclusion tho Secretary says iv part: "A statement has been made from time to time thai tlie present administra tion had proceeded substantially upon | tho lines of its predecessors. This, in a ' large- degree, is correct. Its cardinal pol icy has been to preserve continually in the direction of naval establishment, to make no changes merely for the sake of change, and none unless they would be [j tstifii i by clear and conclusive reasons. At tlie same time every effort has made to advance as far as possible. "Ihe labors that devolved upon the present administration of the Navy De ! pai-tnient. both m the management of the fleet and the work of eonsiiuetion. have 1 not only been far in excess of those of any previous Administration since tbe war. I l tit have required, too. a much greater : degree of solution of the difficult and in probiems in detailed supervision lof the most expensive and varied branches of manufacture. The ships in the building of which this Ad- I miuistration has been engaged aggre gated 170,000 tons. It has manufactured _. , heavy gens, added largely to the plant working yards and made the Washington I gun factory one of the best equipped in i the world; constructed wharves, dry docks and other important public works; . awarded contracts under the head of ■ In crease of the Navy* alone to the amount . 08,541, an . employed labor to the amount of $8,126,6*, l. "its operations have placed tlie art of st. < I shipbuilding in the United suites on a firm basis, while tiie manufactured product hits been so cheapened that there j is now a prospect that steel ships of! American build may successfully com pete in cost, as well as structural quali- I , ties, with those mad.- in Europe, a::d. i lliuaily.it has been its endeavor to leave I SACHAMEXTO. MONDAY MOISXIXG, DECEMBEB 12,1892. unsettled no question of serious im portance presented to-day by naval science. "In the course of its operations, great i as have been their magnitu le. there have been no suggestions of scandal or sus picion of jobnery. Such a result could only be accomplished by a service, which, like that in tlie navy, admits within its ranks only men of the highest honor and integrity, and I cannot more fitly close this report than by congratulating tho country on the possession of such a school for tho officer as the Naval Acad emy at Annapolis, and upon tho charac ter, ability, and loyal devotion of the men whom that institution supplies for its service. "The estimates in the report for the ; fiscal year ending June3o, Is: _, for navy I and marine corps, including thos.- for | public works and increase of the navy, are 123,471,498, being (-.713,141 less than those for tho last fiscal _, ear." BEFORE CONGRESS. Hills Which Mill Probably Bo Dis- cussed tho Present Week. Wasiii.xot i.\, Dec. IL—Rarely has any legislation of practical importance been achieved in Congress before New Year, and this session is not likely to prove ex ceptional. In both houses work is pro gressing in a manner that indicates a lack of real earnestness. The prominent features of this week's proceedings are likely to be the anti-option bill in the Senate and tho appropriation bills in the House. During the morning hour in the Senate to-morrow Senator Mitchell will discuss his joint resolution proposing an amend ment to the Constitution providing for the election of Senators by the votes of the qualified electors of the- States. In tho House debate will begin on the army appropriation bill. The bill in the aggregate shows a reduction from the tolal amount of the current year, but there are several increases in appropria tions under the head of "Department of < irdnance." The Appropriations Committee expects to report the fortification bill in time for it to be taken up as soon as the army bill is pass,, i. It is believed the District of Columbia bill will be reported to the House the lat ter pari of ihe wee!.. Chairman Outhwaite of the ilouso Military Committee lias prepared a re port for submission to the House with the army appropriation bill agreed upon by the committee, 'ihe report sum s suf ficiently but dearly the reasons tor the changes made by the committee in a number of paragraphs as compared with the bill for tile current fiscal year. Sub stantially tho only increased appropria tions carried in the bill are in the Bureau of Ordnance, and the reasons therefor are stated quite fully by quotations from the testimony of General Kiagler before the committee. DUTY OF THE DEMOCRACY. PRESIDENT-ELECT CLEVELAND'S TALK ON UEFOUM. lUgrhts of tho People in Every Condi tion of Life Must bo I .aced t'pon a Moro Lijual Footing. Special to the Record-Union-. New York, Dec. 11.—Over five hun dred statesmen from all sections of the country gathered in the concert hall of Madison Square Garden last night. Tho occasion was the Reform Club's dinner to President-elect Grover Cleveland. rt was almost S o'clock when the Presi dent of the club. Ellery Anderson, rapped for order. The divine blessing was then invoked and dinner served. While tho dinner was in progress the boxes and galleries gradually tilled, aud when the courses were finished there was not a va cant seat in the house. Dinner over, President Anderson arose and made a brief eulogistic speech of the guest of tiie evening. He then introduced Cleveland, and the applause became al most deafening. When quiet was at length restored Cleveland spoke as fol lows: "We can contemplate nothing more gratifying in connection with tins assem blage than the proof it affords that the American people can be trusted to man age the Government given into their keeping, if there are those who have been disappointed and disheartened by the extent to which our people have been deceived and misled, or who with tear have seen heedlessness of the duty of citizenship open wide the door to corrupt ing influences, or who, with sad forbod ings, beheld popular rule nearing the fa tal rocks of a debauche I suffrage, or who mourned because appeals to selfishness and promises of unequal advantages were apparently undermining the patriotism which alone justifies our hope of national perpetuity, let this occasion and the events which lead to it reinstate faith and confi dence in our countrymen. "If we hare learned that an appeal to the patriotism of our countrymen and tho honest presentation of political principles to their intelligence and judgment are not in vain the thought must not escape us that, while our people wiil in the end re pay with their support the political party which addresses their understanding aud reason instead of their prejudices and sel fish interests, they wiil surely revenge themselves upon those who deceive or betray them. "While the National Democracy and its allies in political principles rejoice over the victory won, tlie late of li,, d . atl o party is full ol' instruction and warning. If we redeem tlie promises w. have una le to the voters of our land the difficulty of our task can hardly be exaggerated. Conditions involving the most important interests must be reviewed and modified, and perplex.ng problems menacing our safety must be settled. Above all, and the ultimate object of all we do, the rights and welfare of our people in every con dition of life must lie pieced upon a more equal plan of opportunity and advantage. We should not outer upon our work in tie- least feeling of rest ntment, nor in the heedless disregard of tho welfare of any portion of our citizens, 'ihe mission of our party and the reforms we contem plate do not involve the encouragement of jealous animosities nor discrimination I etween American interests. "In order that we may begin with freo hands we should vigorously oppose all delusions which have their origin in un democratic teachings or in demagogic at tempts to deceivi tlie people. We should strive to rid ourselves and our conntrv nieii of the idea that there is anything shabby or distasteful in economy,whether in public or private life, if extravagance in public expenditure ha1- prevailed in the past it affords no excuse for its con tinuance, and there is no breach of duty so palpable as a waste of the money held by public servants tor the people's uses. The cultivation of such a sentiment is not only a high duty, bat an absol Bity to the consummation of the reforms we enter upon. We shall utterly and d s graeefully tail if we attempt those reforms under the inlluonee of petty partisan scheming or fear the jeopardizing of per sonal political fortunes. They can only he ace'inplished when unselfish patriot ism guides the aspirations of our people and regulates tne action of their chosen servants. We, who are to be charged with the responsibility of making and executing the laws, should hegin our preparation for the task by a rigid self examination and by self-purgation from all ignoble and unworthy tendeni U 9 threatening to enter into our motives and de.sigus." A REPORTERS REVELATION. Alleged Cause of Death and Sick ness at Homestead. STORY OP A CONSPIRACY TO POISON NON-UNION tVORKMEN. Drugs Said to Have Been Put in the l-'ood of Employes i, y tho Dead Cook so as to Make Them Sick and Unable to "Work—Tho Cook Alleged to llhvo Admitted That He Was to Receive live Thousand Dollars From Labor Associations When tlie Mills Shut Down. S[ eo!al to the Ekcord-UnJOIC. Pittsbithg (Pa.), l)ec. 11.—A Sunday paper publishes a story to-day of a con spiracy to poison by wholesale non union workmen at the Carnegie steel plant, Tlie developments made, it is said, implicate members of the Amalga mated Association and officials of some labor organizations sympathizing with the locked-out men. As the result of the conspiracy, it is alleged that several per sons have lost their lives, while scores of others are still suffering at their homes and in hospitals from the effects of poi sonous drugs administered to them with criminal intent. To-day nine or more persons more or less identified with tlie strike aro under aires!, ostensibly on less serious charges, bul really for the purpose of averting suspicion until all those who are claimed to be in tiie conspiracy are secured. The only name given of those charged with tiie administering of poison Is Robert Beatty, who was arreted at Louisville last night. Several otters, however, are under heavy bail on other charges and new charges will probably be made to morrow. The details of the foul plot aro suffi cient to cause a shudder, especially when it is known that al least two deaths, and perhaps a number of others, have already been traced to the work of the willing I to carry the murderous plan into execution, lt will be remembered that shortly after the arrival of the state militia at Homesteai , after tbe uou union men commenced work in tlie mills. cases of sickness wen reported, but at tributed to the impurity of the water. ,\ siii,ply from oilier sources was s» and notices posted conspicuously about the mill warning employes. Despite the precautionary measures, sickness con tinued, and it soon became current at i stead that an epidemic was prevail ing among the men in the in< lose re. The first intimation that the men were victims of a conspiracy was obtained more than two months ago, but in such a manner that it was impossible to make arrests immediately, and not until yes terday was the evidence deemed to be sufficiently strong to warrant the appre hension ot at least om of those impli cated. Tlie price to tie paid when the mills closed down was >.. 00. Tne terrible plot, according to informa tion obtained by a reporter, made by a man who was in the plot, was substan tially as follows: <>ne of the chief cooks at Homestead met him one day and asked him if he wanted a job at Homestead. He. said the informant, told him that he could make big money if he would help him. He said he was not only employed by the Carnegie Company, but was also in the pay of labor associations and mem bers of Ihe strikers' committees, and just cDining money. As be grew more confidential and prompted by questions about the pay from the associations the cook told bim of the plan to poison the food of the men employed iv the mill, so as to make them sick and render them unable to work. He detailed the plan he had been pursu ing and asserted that nearly, if not all, the sickness among the men was caused by poison he placed in their food, lie said he was to get £5,000 if he succeeded in closing the mill. The cook urged him io accept tho place, told him it would be au utter impossibility for him to he de lected, ami finally left, with the under standing that he would meet him in the city next day. give him some advance money and take him to Homestead with him. Realizing the heinous proposition the man called upon Chairman Prick aud laid the matter before him. I'pon tiie advice of the company's attorneys he met tho cook and proceeded to Homestead with him and was duly installed in a po sition by the cook. The day alter bis arrival a number of men were reported sick and the cook told how he placed poison, a colored powder, into the food, and told him to watch lor an opportunity to use it in t'ne food, fearing the man could not be trusted two Pinkeitons were engaged to keep a close surveillance on tlie informant, as well as the cook. Tbe iatter became suspicious and at once dis continued the use of the powder. orders were given that workmen should take their meals a) the restaurant outside the inclosure. Later the man re ported the cook as becoming very un easy, and feared he might conclude to leave the city in a hurry. He .-aid the deaths among the men, especially thai of <': ar.es 11 lesser, unnerved him, and it was ved ho would make a clean breast of the whole plot if placed under arrest. This was done, and w hen confronted with the facte aa stated above, the cook broke j down and made a full confession, in which he gave the names of those who employed him, the amount of money lie recc i\ ed and the manner in which he car ried out bis part of the terrible crime. Ho stated also that he frequently visited the cam;,s of iho militia and dosed the food prepared in the cook-house. His visits were always followed by increased sick ness among members of the National t luard. Th ■ confession was taken by a stenog rapher in the presence of several wit ness s. Ho also exhibited vouchers for money due him. After tiie testimony waa reproduced upon a typewriter it was read to him. and he signed the statement in the presence of witnesses, After mail ing tbe confession the cook begged that he should not be placed in jail, and his wishes were complied with. He, how ever, as well as the original informant, were kept under surveillance night and siay, all of them having continued in tho employ of the firm until arrests could be made. Charles Glosser, referred to, died two after going to Homestead. It i-. said that since the confession was made by the cook tbe body was exhamed and the stomach submitted to a chemist for analysis. It is not known, but it is said that the chemist's report will be sub mined in evidence when the cases come up for trial. Tbe reporter colled upon Mr. Crick to learn, if possible, Carnegie's account of > the crime alleged against Beatty, but that , gentleman positively refused to be inter- [ viewed. At Homestead the story is pro nounced ridiculous. E. V. Brook, counsel for the Carnegie] Steel Company Limited, was soon to night and confirmed the story of tho poi- j Boning. Ho says that his information is that at least six deaths have v suited : from poisoning. A Homestead druggist and physician are implicated. The pow der was given to a dog aud the animal i expired iv a short time. A number of i arrests will probably he made in a few daj s. Coroner MeDow oil has been notilied. Tie will go to Homestead to-morrow to investigate the cause of the death ot Isaac Juris, who died suddenly two weeks ago. Juris was a witness in the < ritchlow case. The Coroner is of tbe opinion that death was due to alcoholism. THE EXCLUSION ACT. Violators Cannot bo Punished by Im prisonment. New Orleans, Dec. 11.—Judge Billings in the United states Circuit Court quashed the indictments against several Chinese for violating tho Exclusion Act, and de 6ned the powers of Government officials. said ho in brief: "Tne statute relied upon by the prosecuting officers is found in the fourth section of the Act of Con gress of .May i, 1892. The statute, itseonis to me, deals with tbe coming in of Chi nese as a police matter, and it is the re enacting and continuing of what might Le termed a quarantine against the Chinese. They are treated as would-be infected merchandise, and imprisonment i> Dot punishment for a crime, but the means of iiglhe damaging individual safely till he can be sunt ay. a j . "in a summary manner and as a politi cal matter this coming in is to be pre vented. The matter is dealt with as po litical and not criminal. Tho words used are those ordinarily found in the Crimi nal Statutes. But the intent of Con is, as it seems to bo unmistakable, att>-r the unlawful presence of an alien is de termined, lie must be sent lack to his country by the Treasury Department at Washington, and to prevent unreason able, and possibly oppressive dentention, it must be within one year. Meanwhile he must be kept from entering the com munity of the people of the United States, and therefore is to be imprisoned to pre vent expense to tho Government, and as sanitar. matter he is to be made to work. " This, it seems to me, is the meaning of the clause relied upon to authorize the trial and punishment for a crime. There is nothing in tho statuto declaring it shall be a crime or a misdemeanor for a Chinaman to come into this country. Unlawfulness is not made tho basis of criminal procedure or detention, but rather made a warrant to send him back. The imprisonment spoken of in the stat ute is that which is necessary to effectuate his return. It seems to nic that Section I deals with proceedings before the Com missioner conducting an examination, which is political and not criminal, and amounts to a direction to him, aud the authorities who conduct the transporta tion or removal back to China, and is two-fold—first, that the Chinese adjudged to be here unlawfully shall be removed within a year, and, secondly, that until the removal be shall be kept iii prison and made to work. '"In accordance with these views I must direct that this indictment be quashed, and that the defendant be remanded to the custody of the Commissioner to be dealt with according to law." WHY CBISI* DID NOT SPEAK. Ho "-ays ll Was Because Ho Was Not Invited to Do So. Washington, Dec 11.—Speaker Crisp is back in Washington. He is not in clined to freely discuss for publication some incidents connected with the He form Club banquet last night. In reply to questions from an Associated Press reporter, he said: "To begin with, the press of the country is resting under a misapprehension so lar as regards tbe fact that 1 was to speak at the banquet. 1 was not invited to speak, but armed myself in advance, in case 1 should be called upon, lt is true 1 gave out to the Press Associations in advance the remarks I intended to make should i be called upon to say a few worths, lt is not true that 1 left the banquet hall in a disgruntled condition and did not re turn, a-, published. I left my seat tem porarily to look alter my clothes in the cloakroom. This task completed, I re turned to the banquet ball and was one of the last to leave it. "As regards the implied 'snub'tome, as has been charged, I do not care to discuss th subject for publication, nor do 1 care at this time to discuss the statements by some persons. Cleveland in his remarks tired the opening gun in the war that is to be waged against my re-election to the Speaker's chair, should 1 be a candidate before tlie I- iffy-third Congress." On attention being called to the fact that his li iends expressed indignation at what they conceived to be an intended slight, he said tho matter was of too deli cate a nature to discuss in public prints CLEARING-HOUSE STATISTICS. Business Transacted in rhe Principal Cities the Past Work. New York, Dec. 11.—The follow ing, compiled by the Bradstreets, are the banks' clearings for the week ending December Bth, with the percentage, in crease and decrease, compared with the corresponding week last year: New York, 3847,168,000, an increase of I>._: per cent.; Chicago, $1__,195,000, an increase of 26.5; Boston, $114,036,000, an Increase of 17-5 percent.; Philadelphia,sßl,B9B,ooo.an increase ol 35.0 percent.: St. Louis, $30, --691,000, an increase of 15.0 per cent.: San Francisco, $16,994,000, a increase of 4.7 ■per cent.: Baltimore, $16,402,000, a de crease ot 2.7; Pittsburg, (15,639,000, au increase of 11.6; Cincinnati, si >j 16,000, an increase of 8.7; Kansas City, $11,947, --000, an increase of 17.0; New (irleans, $16. --. an increase of 20.8; Minneapolis, $11,746,000, an increase ol 3.3; Omaha, $6, ---. an increase of 9.7: St. Paul, f6, --507,000, an increase of l.l; Galveston, $8, --. an increase of 4.1: Salt Lake City. ...v. ,000, an increase of ;;u.r>; Los An geles, _7_l.ii/d, a decrease of 17.4; Seattle, } 1,50 S,OOO, an increase ot -2.8 per cent.: Portland, or., $2,010,000, an increase of 5.0; Tacoma. $1,(154,000, au increase of 4..'.; Helena, $918,000, no comparison; < .real falls. $416,000, no comparison; Spokane, $1,224,090, no comparison. Total leading cities of the United States, $1,450,562,000, an increase of ls.:> per cent, compared with the same week last year. TOM) OF RUNNING HOUSES. Talk of George (Jo-.ild Investing In a Biff Stable. NEW YORK, Dec. IL—"lt would not surprise me at alt," said one of the most prominent breeders in the United States to a World reporter, "if George Could should soon be on the turf with a big stable. George Gould always bad a fond ness for running horses, and at Saratoga a few years ago told me it was only Ins lather's opposition which prevented his becoming tne owner of a big stable. A friend of young Gould's said three years ago that his lather had positively pro hibited him from going on the turf. Jay < rould cared nothing at all for horses, and feared George would neglect his enor mous business interests in what he him self regarded as a pernicious folly." Costly 1 ire at S.i.ii'A (Col. i. Dec. 11. At 6 o'clock this morning the Denver and Rio Grande roundhouse was discovered to bo on lire, and, despite the efforts of the firemen, the flam en, after almost totally burning tbe building and contents, spread to the machine shop, which, together with the Valuable plant, was also destroyed. Sev enteen engines were burned in the round house. The loss on engines, machinery, rou n I house ami shops is estimated by tho railroad officials at $40..0 ft), but just how much insurance is not know v at present. sixty-three Days Without Food. Nbw York, Dae. It.— James Still, a colored inmate of the Nov. Jersey Re form School at Jamesburg, bus finished j I. " ! the sixty-third day of his fast, and con- ; j tinnes to show remarkable vitality. His ; digestive organs Will not retain nourish- ; ment of any sort. It is positively as- 1 : serted by officials of the institution that the last is genuine, liaily external ap ; plications of sweet oil are continued, and j probably furnish some nourishment. Little Show for .Mrs. May'oriel.. London, Dec. 11.- It i.s said the physi- | ciaus appointed to examine Mrs. May- ; brick, with reference to htr chances of life and the advisability of releasing her froui prison, have decided that there is no need of liberating her. Inmates of a Prison Escape. Knoxviii.i: (Term.), Dec. 11. —Twenty- five inmates of the Knox County Work house overpowered tha guard yesterday and escaped. They wore mostly colored. A number of citizens were held up and robbed in the suburbs by tho outlaws. Ordered Back to China. Plattsbxjkg (N. 5T.), Dec 11.—Twelve Chinamen smuggled at this port into thai United states from Canada some time ago have been ordered hack to China by United States Commissioner Wheeler. A Steel Mill Shuts Down. Scranton (Pa.), Dec. 11.—The upper mill of the Lackawanna Iron ami steel Company shut down yesterday on ac count of lack of orders. The movement throws 000 men out of employment. Funeral of Martin Burke. Chicago, Dee. 10.—The funeral of Mar tin Burko took place this afternoon. Thero was not a large attendance. The interment was at Mount Olive. Death of Benedictine Smith. Rome, Dec. U.—Abbe Benedictine I Smith, who was well-known in America, died to-day of pneumonia. BRUSSELS CONFERENCE. VIEWS OF AMERICANS ON TIIE SILVER I'I.OI'LEM. Many Elves Believed to Have l'.eeu Lost Iv Shlpwroeks Off tho English (oast. Special to the RBCOKB-UNION. Bkussem, Dec. IL—At the meeting of the Monetary Conference yesterday Hans 1. Poise*! of the Sweden and Norway del egation a>ked tiie Americans if they would agree to a ratio of 3J to 1, which would lie nearer the approach to the pres ent silver value. Senator Allison replied that the Americans would prefer a ratio oflOtol, but if agreeable to European States the- Americans might accept a dif ferent ratio. For himself he thought a silver-using Slate would most logicaily adopt a ratio of l__ to 1. America would accept no ratio unless a sufficient number of Oovernments entered into tiie agree ment to make it effectual. United states delegate Eenry W. Can non, replying to Tirard of tho French delegation, said he was surprised at the attitude of tho Latin Unions, as it was supposed in America that tho Latin Unions, being the largest silver holders, wonld be very friendly to its use as money. Hut it appeared that they wero not inclined to join America in an agree ment for its extended use, while Ores! Britain, without an important quantity of silver, suggested its purchase for use as money. lie denied that tho United states was unduly influenced in silver legislation by the silver product. He thought the proposed purchase of 30,000, --uoo ounces of silver annually hy Europe. provided it was in addition to the silver now naturally used, might be the bridge to join the money metals. America, up to the present lime, had no difficulty in maintaining a parity between gold and silver, and intended to maintain it. If, however, silver was to be further dis honored and used the same as paper money, without regard to price, America would still be in excellent position to profit by tbe state of affairs as shown in tlie conference. KILLING OF CONVICT MARSHALL. Guard Alexander Held to Answer I'.o fore the Superior Court. San lt.uAi:i., Dec. 11.—The prelim inary examination of W. A. Alexander before Justice M.C. Dufhcy was concluded last evening at ."> o'clock. After hearing the counsel for the people the court list ened to a long argument by T. .1. Crow ley, who contended that the evidence was insufficient to warrant the holding of the defendant, and asked the Justice to dismiss the charge. Justice Dufflcy, alter consideration, gave the following as his opinion: "This is a complaint made by the District At torney charging W. A. Alexander, the defendant, with murder. From all the evidence and the admission of the defend ant it is clear that a homicide has been committed, which means the killing of a human being. That the killing was in tentional aud with malice has not been proved. It appears that the killing of Joseph Marshall by W. A. Alexander was done in tho order of his duty and in the capacity oi a guard or sentinel of the State Prison of California, iv which the man killed was imprisoned for a term of yi ars as a convict, and while ho was at tempting au escape, "Homicide is of dill'erent degrees, and is excusable and justifiable iv certain cases. This case appears as if one where, possibly, the defendant was justified, but it is not within the provision nor within the jurisdiction of this court to acquit or to exouerato this defendant from the charge. It is enough for this court i amine into and ascertain if an offense lias b ' n •■'/ in n. tiled, the degree of tiie oiiin-c, tie name of the party committing it, and from all tin- facts adduced here and the testimony taken at the < oronnr's inquest which was offered bere, and admitting all that the District Attorney contends for on behalf of the people, the crime does net appear to be more than manslaughter, and is, probably, a justifiable homicide. "Therefore the conclusion of the court is that the defendant, William Addison Alexander, he held to appear before the Superior Court on tho charge of man slaughter, and that tho bail bo placed nominally at f5,000." The haii bond was promptly given and the defendant was released to await trial before a jury. The Color Line. Young Mottyr—What do you think of the baby, CncW Jackson ? Uncle Jack son—Lor' sakes, Miss May ! It's de put ties' little baby—ter bo a white baby— ev'r I did see!— Puck. . — 1 —, A Good Scheme. Second-hand Dealer—Don't you vant to pay some new glo'.hes? McTerry—Begorrah, I'll have to pawn the ould wans I'm wearin' first to get the price.—llrooklyn Eagle. _> <'eneral Sherman's old home on Garri son avenue in St. Louis is to be sold by auction. It is a handsome old mansion, locally historic, and was presented to the General by his friends and admirers in 186 i ,n recognition of his brilliant services throughout the rebellion. The purchase I rice was $30,000, and the sum was raised : very quickly at an Impromptu meeting of citizens at the Planters' Hotel one | evening just after the peace of Appotuat- j tox. 1 WHOLE NO. 15,961. CHASING THE HARES. First Winter Meeting of the Golden West Coursing Club. EXCELLENT RUNNING AND SEVERAL CLOSE RACES. Exciting Ten-Inulug Game of Baseball Between tho Cos Angeles and San .lose Teams—Good Timo Made at tho liucos at tho Hay District Track on Saturdny—Match Buco Arranged Between Two Crack -limners to Tako Place Next Saturday. Special to the RKCORD-DsroH. San Francisco, Dec. 11.—The final winter meeting of tho Golden, West Coursing Club took placo to-day at the Ocean View Coursing Park. The field was in fine condition, and the running excellent. The courses between some of the dogs were very close, especially be tweon Judge Morrow and Chickopee. They ran three races, and they were so close that no decision could be given in either. McKerrigan refuse Ito allow his I dog Chickopee to stand tbe strum of another course, and the victory was awarded to Judge -Morrow. Preliminary round—William Ferry's Comassie beat T. J. Cronin's Kathleen; T. J. Cronin's Jack Dempsey beat T. Cox's Nancy Hanks; W. T. Cox's Tip perary Girl beat D. Dillon's Hose of I'raiee; W. \Y. Cramer's Judge Morrow beat M. Kerrigan's Chickopee (forfeited ; John ..rauston's Whip beat G. Dough erty's Pbter Jackson; Archie Merrill's lied Prince beat Eugene Geary's Nancy Hill. First ties—Comassie heat Jack Demp sey, Tipperary Girl beat Judge Morrow, \\ hip heat Led Prince. Second ties—Comassie beat Tipperary Girl, Whip ran a bye. Final—Comassie beat Whip. The result iv the short puppy dog stake was as follows: Preliminary round- -W. Cramen'a Good liy beat John Lucy's Fannie L., John Lucy's Nevada i _ueeu beat I'avid Dillon's Cleveland. Final—Good By beat Nevada Queen. Manager Canavan announced that on New Year's day there would be the big gest stake of tbe winter season, In which tho noted dogs Short Stop and Sky Rocket would be entered, as well as tho best of the Pacific Coursing Club, Next Sunday there will be a sixteen or thirty-two dog stake tor non-prize winners, in which all evenly matched dogs will be entered, and those regularly carrying off prizes will bo barred, i will make the races even more closely contested than usual. The drawing will be held at Canavan's p olrooms, i.;j Stockton street, on Friday evening. BLOOD-HORSE BACKS. Good Timo .Made at th<> Bay District Track on Saturday. San Francisco, Dec. 11.—The attend ance at the Bay District track yesterday showed a great falling off by comparison with that of other Saturdays. The rea sons for tho falling oil, as one horseman put them, were the mismanagement of the track, the poor quality of the field of horses, the wretched starting and the in and-out running of horses by some of the owners. The racing yesterday was about tho best yet witnessed at tho meeting, and, considering the condition of the track, the time was fast. Alter the five races on tho card had v run off B.C. Holly, who formerly owned Garcia, made a bet with Schwartz. *1,000 to six*, that Cyclone could beat Garcia at fifteen-sixteenths of a mile. The money was placed in tlie hands of Tom Williams, and it was agreed to run the racoon next Saturday, rain or shine. Yesterday's even is resulted as follow* : seven furlongs, threw -year-oldsand up ward, Red Prince won, Maleom second. Regal third. Time, U29. Fifteen-sixteenths of a mile, Lady Bess won, Alliance second, Wicklow thud. Time, 1:: Mile anil fifty yards, all ages, Lottie Mills won, Democrat second, Bessie W. third. Time, 1:46. Five furlongs, three-year-olds and up ward, Jack the Ripper won, Joi Cotton second, Mount Carlos third. Tina.-. 1:02. Six furlongs, ail ages, Joshua won, peranza second,Sympathetic^Last third. Time, 1:14.. A Bank Cashier Mi-,-.in_r. Seattije (Wash.), Dec. IL —J. w. Bixby, cashier of the North End Hank, left the city suddenly on the morning of December 2d, saying he was going to his ranch on the <lreat Northern road, but he did not go there, and it is oow supposed that he has gone to some minus in which he is interested in the Olympic Moun tain^, above Lilliwanp Calls, and is either snowbound Cc re or ha-- i ecu lost in woods. He was ol gcod habits and his domestic relations are known to lie happy. His accounts were ail right, and the only other theory to explain Ins con tinued absence is insanity. After Smuggled Opium. s.w F-___rc_e< o, Dee. 11*—Tbe revenue cutter Corwin steamed out this afternoon with a force of Customs men on hoard. Her errand was entirely unannounce , hut it is known to be due to information received at tie- Custom-house oi a larjiO amount of opium leaving Pug I Sound for this port without being eniered on the manifest. There are two vessel* sup posed to be on their way with illicit opium on board. <'no i- a steam collier and the other a smart little schooner. Exciting Game of Ball. Los Amiki.t-.s, nee. li.- Tiie most ex citing game o*' the present championship series was played here to-day. Twice the score was tied, and the game was only won in the tenth Inning by bard work, and desnerate chances taken by the bo. ,i. McN'ahr, and 1/ewald pitched, and were both hit quite freely, the game being one of hitting and fielding rather than a contest in the twirleFa box. The score was s to i> in favor of Los Angeles' Sensational Divorce "Suit. 1. A\.,i.i,is, Lee. Ki._Divorce pro ceedings have been commenced in the superior Court here hy Mrs.'Branson, the wife of Judge Anson Branson, tbe well-known jurist of this city. There aro three counts in tho complaint upon which, the prayer for a decree b based. Tho lir-t two are desertion ami extreme j cruelty, and in the third the wife of ex- Governor Stoneman is mentioned as co- I respondent. Two Vessels Wrecked. L'jm.ov, Dec, IL—The British steam ship Dilsbery waswreckedofl Long End, ■tea. Harwich, last night. The life savers' were unable to board her until daybreak, when they found a Dumber of seamen drowned below the deck. Others of the crew are missing, and it is sup posed they perished, lt is reported that a schooner was wrecked iv the sands in the vicinity, and the crow aro misaiug.