Newspaper Page Text
THE LATE WAR
Is most graphically described in HARPER'S PICTORIAL HISTORY. Nine parts are ready. VOLUME LXXXYII.-KO. 111. THE PULLMAN BOYCOTT. Second Day of the Great Struggle With Railroads in the State. TRAFFIC ON THE GREAT SYSTEMS AT A STAND-STILL. Heavy Losses to Fruit Growing: Inter ests Inevitable—H. E. Iluntington Defines the Position of the Southern Pacific Company—Letters Regard- Ins the Strike From Officers of the Order of Conductors and Brother hood of Trainruen. Special to the Record-Uxiov. Sab Fbakcisoq, June 29. —At the close of the second day of the great struggle Letweeu the American Railway Union and the Southern Pacific the strikers seem to have tho upper hand. Tratlic on the cieat railway system is paralyzed, so far as the Pacific Coast is concerned. Xo trains are running north or south, and from Ogden, Deming and Xl Paso west not a wheel is turning. Even the com pany's suburban trains out of i>an Fran cisco aud ( Oakland are at a standstill. The ferryboats are running, it is true, but at the Oakland and Alameda moles there are no connecting trains to bear suburban residents to their homes. Many thou sands of people who do business in San Francisco aud live on the opposite sides of the bay are thus put to the greatest in con venieuce. Little effort has been made to move freight. Evidence that the company ex pacts a protracted struggle was given this aftetu'oon, when, from the general offices of the Southern Pacific, au order was issued closing all the freight offices, and informing the clerks of that department that their pay would cease until further notice. And it is this freight blockade that is the most disastrous to the business inter ests of California. Heavy losses to the Irait growing interests are inevitable, and many fruit growers and fruit dealers are face to face with bankruptcy. Hundreds of cars laden with perishable fruit is si Jo tracked. In Northern California this is the fruit men's busiest season, and peaches,apricots,cherries, plums and ber ries are fast ripening in every orchard. A blockade of only a few days will see fruit to the value of hundreds of thousands of dollars too ripe for shipment. All this will be a total loss to the growers. To-night there seems little prospect that the blockade will be raised for at least several days. A few locomotive en gineers have shown a disposition to stand by tho company and take out trains, but notwithstanding this apparent willing n the part of the engineers no trains have been moved. The firemen, brake men and switchmen, almost to a man ..Hi by the union, and so far have ef fectually blocked ail traffic. Tho company's shops at many points have also abut down. This evening it is reported that the railway company's tele graph operators all along thecoast have declared in favor of the union, and that they are refusing to transmit railroad business over the wires. Notwithstanding the apparent advan tages of the American Railway Union, the general officials of the Southern Pa cific declare that the success of the strike is only temporary, and that the company is determined in its policy of resistance, as expressed by President Huntingtou and.General Manager Towne last night. Though probably a hundred Deputy Sheriffs and United States Marshals have been sworn in here and at Oakland, the company has made no special ellort to police its yards and tracks. SITUATION AT WEST OAKLAND. West Oakland, June 29. —Atop. m. the railway tie-up was as tight as ever, and the only trains running on this side oi the bay were one locai running to Oak hind and a narrow gauge train to the same noint. The American Railway Union tried to stop tho trains, and man aged to tie up the narrow-gauge train for an hour. One m:in, a tireinan, quit work, but another man was found to take his place, and traflie was resumed. The one train on the broad gauge was oper ated by a regular engineer and a tugboat fireman. The Union tried hard to pull down the engineer, but there has beeu no disturbance of any triad. The railway yards are filled with trains made up ready to start, but there is no one to take them out. The railway officials are mak ing no efforts to get out trains, and seem to be waiting for something to turn up. Late this afternoon Oakland Lodge of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, comprising Ho conductors, brakemen, Lgemen and switchmen, held a meet ing, and decided not to join the strike. A committee from the American Railway Union was present, but their arguments were unavailing. The railway trainmen expressed sympathy with the American Railway Union, but said their by-laws forbade a strike unless they had a griev *tnee of their own. Tho American Rail way Union held a big meeting, but did not accomplish much. Bakersfield Lodge, where the railroad shops are located, telegraphed that a gen eral strike had been ordered there. President Roberts of tne local lodge said that to-morrow the narrow gauge road will be tied •:]>. Division Superintendent Wilder of tho Southern Pacific said tuis evening that no attempt wodid bo made to run regular passenger trains. The energies of the company are at present devoted to main taining the suburban service. An at- ; tempt may be made to-night, but if the railroad people have any such iutention ..;■« keeping it very tjuiet. At 9 o'clock there was do change in the ' strike situation. Mo trains except tbe Ahuneda, Berkeley and Oakland lo- | are running. The railway officials are concentrating their effort* to re-eatab lish this suburban service, aud are mak ing no move to run regular passenger ! trains. A thousand strikers and as many sym- * paihizers congregated at the West Oak- ; laud yard to-night an. 1 showed Mgu.s of <>n iiic last trip of the ( aiviand local train Engineer Jefferiea was hooted nt, and stones and crave! were thrown at him. One arrest was niade by the police. A secret meeting of the American Kail- THE RECORD-UNION. way Union is in progress, also of the ' Brotherhood of Locomotive Kngineerd. i These latter are expected to indorse the strike, if not to participate in it. It is ; stated that the railway telegraphers are ■ expecting an order for them to go out. At 11 v. m. West Oakland was as or- i dcriy and quiet as any town in Califor nia. The crowds on the streets had gone | home, and what promised early in the j evening to be an ugly demonstration i ; against Engineer Jelferies proved to be I very mild. The crowd became tired of j using bad language and throwing stones. The A. R. U. and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers were still in ses sion. The engineers will indorse the strike, but will not strike themselves un less they find some grievance. They will refuse to work with scabs, and, in dividually, will help the American Rail way Union men ali they can. Division Superintendent Wilder to-night con fessed that the outlook was very blue for the railroad, and said that the company would probably not make much progress for the next two days. The citizens of West Oakland held an open-air meeting to-night and indorsed I the strike. Agitators from San Francisco j were present and spoke. They counseled i the strikers to commit no violence, but to take care that no one hurt them. TRAINS KNTIHKLV TIKD UP. Los A><ij;r.i;s, June29.—Both the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific systems are still entirely tied up. Nothing is moving on wheels except the trains ou'the Terminal and the Kedondo roads, and extra trains j have been put on those roads to handle : tho increased business. All day yesterday and to-day large I numbers of men have applied for po&i- I tions aud signified their willingness to take out trains with or without Pullmans. In fact, it is said that the roads have more j applications than is necessary to operate i Hie trains at this end of the line. The | strikers say that by this strike fhere are ! over :;,000 men in this city out of employ I meut, from the engineers to the men that i sweep out the depots. At the Santa P'e word was received that all trains without Pullmans were moving East of La Junta, Col. The officials are confident that in this section trains will be running on the Southern California divisions to-morrow. Employes of the various railroads in this city are joining the American Rail way Union in droves, and it is conceded : even by the officials of the roads that this movement has made this organizatioa very popular among the man. The offi cials .'tisjmatizo Howard and Debs, the | leaders of tho American Railway Union, as renegades of older organizations!. Telegrams were received from the . headquarters of the Brotherhood of Loco ; motive Engineers and also from tho Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, suiting that no difficulties existed be j tween tho railroads and those organiza ; tions, and requesting the men to perform their duties as heretofore. United States District Judge Ross to day issued instructions to the Grand Jury, charging them to diligently inquire whether any of the laws of the United Dave been violated by any person j or persons by their refusal to handle the on which the United States mails -:T»d, Mad win'.j be con tends that every man has a legal right to stop work and quit his employment when ever he chooses to do so, he has uo legal or moral right while continuing in the employment of another to refuse to do the work for which he is employed and engaged to do, and where such refusal goes to the extant of violating a law of tho United States it is the solemn duty of those charged with its administration to take every step requisite and necessary to its vindication. INCONVENIENCE AT VALLEJO. Vaixkjo, June 29.—Much inconveni ence is felt on account of the non-arrival of Eastern or city trains. The train to Calistoga and Suisun came down and re turned this morning. On the Georgia street wharf and at North Vallejo de*pot signs have been put up that no tickets will be sold until further notice. Tho steamer Amador made trips as usual this afternoon. Passengers were notified that they could go no further than Vallejo Junction. Tho Young Men's Institute! I will go down to attend the celebration by i the steamer Sunol, the only mode of con ! veyauce to San Francisco. Sheriff Hen derson received a dispatch this morning from A. D. Wilder asking him to be pre" I pared to protect the Southern Pacific j Company's property at Benicia, as the , switchmen ami boat tenders had gone out. Sheriff Henderson ilrove over to Benicia and found everything quiet and orderly. i NEVADA TRAINS AVII.r, BE ABANDONED. Virginia City (Nov.), Jane i*).—ltis officially announced to-night that to j morrow all trains on the Virginia and '■ the (arson and Colorado Railroads will i be abandoned until the embargo on the overland lines is removed. AKUA.MiK.MKXTS FOB MAILS. San Francisco, June 29.—At the United States postal headquarters here it | was announced this evening that ar j ranger*!?nts had been made to forward j maiis for Sacramento, Napa and Stockton jon the river steamers. So far no steps ! have been taken to send mails to the | north and south coast points on ocean steamers. 11. K. III'XTIXGTOX'S VIEWS. The Case of the Railroad Company Plainly Stated. San Fbancisco, June 20.— The follow ing appears in the Bulletin to-night: George K. Fitch, /•;*</.— Mr Dear Sir: I beg leave, respectfully, to address you i as the responsible conductor of two of the j leading journals of the city of San Fran- I cisco and to solicit at your hands the op j portunity of presenting to you and to the ! public the issue raised by what is now ! known as the Pullman boycott on the : p;irt of the American Railway Union. A i public journal is the only medium ! through which the truth may be known i right, pubiic opinion formed and exact ; justice established. Rightly considered, ' the office performed by the journals of j : the country is fur-reaching in its conse- ! quenccs. and this f.iet imposes high re sponsibilities. I have a right to assume that you have no desire to perpetrate any ; wrong or injustice upon any class or • ' upon the rights of individual property i r.ed into corporate relation. I j S therefore address you with confidence i that you will be willing to hear and pre- | ; »ent any candid aud impartial considera- ! I tion of the issues involved in the existing ;;. Tho determination of the con- j i trovers? between the railroads of the oouatryand an organization of railway | yes styling* itself the American Railway Union is attended with, such far-reaching consequences to the in- SACBAMEXTO. SATURDAY MOKNTNTG, JUNE 30, 1594.-EIGHT PAGES. dustries, the commerce, and to every ; attribute of civilized life, as to demand at j the hands of all who attempt to form or to lead public opinion perfect candor in its discussion. With such clearness and conciseness as are at my command I beg leave to define the issue involved. The Pullman Manu facturing Company has workshops lo- I cated at several places in the United I States where that company is manufact | uring tbe sleeping cars used by the rail j ways of the country, In the manufacture of these cars it em ploys many persons of various trades and callings. They are not railway em ployes, but simply artisans engaged in the wood aud iron work necessary to the construction of the cars. The depressed financial condition of the country in duced the conductors of the Pullman Car Company to suggest a reduction of pay to its employes. With the merit or demerit of that suggestion I have nothing to do. It was a question solely between the Pullman Car Company and the men em ployed by it. The employes of that com pany, however, refused to accept the scale of wages offered by the company, whereupon, according to my best inform ation, the works were closed. This is the simple statement of the fact which con stitutes the basis of tbe present tie-up practically of all the arteries of inland commerce in the United States. The Pullman Car Company, finding it unprofitable to conduct business, sus pended its operations. Neither defense nor condemnation of its action is ger maine to the purpose of this letter. But a recitation of the facts is necessary to a complete disclosure of the issue underly ing the existing controversy. The employes of the Pullman Car Company declared a boycott against the cars manufactured by that company, and sought the aid aud sympathy of the American Railway Union in the enforce ment of the boycott. The organization of labor among the different crafts and callings of workmen is not new. The boycott, although a matter of somewhat recent origin in the history of labor movements, is still not new. But the application of the boycott aud the argument used for its justifica tion in the instance under discussion is new, and its successful establishment is fraught with more serious consequences to the industries of this country than have heretofore attended labor move ments in any form. The railways of the United States mov ing Pullman cars are in no respect parties to the controversy between the Pullman Car Company and its employes. They have entered into contracts with the Pullman Company for the use of their rolling stock as sleeping-cars. The con tracts are legitimate in all respects. Nor are they in any respeX-t a menace to the rights of the public nor to individual citi zens of this country. The public com fort and convenience are conserved by their use. The labor employed in their manufacture after the cars have left the shops have no right to control their use. Tuc railway employes confederated j under the name of the American Railway Union seek to establish tho principle that no work put out l>y the Pullman Car Company's shops shall be used unless the polr.tion b-iima* . . Pullman Car Com pany and the labor employed by it is satisfactory. By this declaration the American Itaii way Union is attempting to establish a precedeut which, carried to its logical conclusion, would become a factor in the railway transportation of this country utterly destructive of its efficiency as a conservator of the industries and com merce of tho country. If the railroads are to be denied tho use of Pullman cars because of a misunder standing between the labor used in their construction and the corporation con structing them, a like policy may be ap plied to locomotive works. Suppose, for instance, a strike occurred in the Baldwin Locomotive Works and the American Rail 'fay Union declared that no railroad usin£ Baldwin locomo tives snould haul their trains with loco motives produced at that factory. Such a case would be completely analagous to I the one under consideration. The pur- I chase of a locomotive under such circum stances would bo attended constantly with the danger that the factory produc ing them would not maintain harmoni ous relation* with its employes, and the railroads purchasing such locomotives would have a guarantee of their use only so long as mechanics engaged in the manufacture of other locomotives at the Baldwin works were satisfied with then wages or hours of labor. Thus the use of the locomotive would not pass to the railroad purchasing it, but would remain subject to the exigencies of the scale of wages in the factory producing it. More over, the policy would logically extend itself to the carriage of goods produced by various factories. A complete analagous case would be found in a strike at the Studebaker Wagon Works at South Bend, Ind. Should that corporation encounter an unfortunate disagreement between itself and its employes as to the rate of wages or the hours of labor, the American Kail way Union in strict consistency with the policy it is now adopting concerning the Pullman cars, could demand that no wagons produced at the Studebaker fac tory should be carried or delivered to the merchants who had purchased them, and tie up every railroad train carrying the product of that factory to the merchant and consumer. In response to such a demand the rail ways would violate their contracts for transportation with the Studebaker Com pany by cutting out the cars carrying the output of that factory, or suspend the entire internal commerce of the country. The logic of the principle sought to be established extends itself even beyond this. Supposo the labor employed in or charding in California should form itself into a labor organization, and that a sin gle fruit-grower like A. T. Hatch should find himself in controversy with the or ganization over the rate of wages, and the American Railway Union should deny to his fruit the use of trains in ! search of a market—should the demand be conceded? In short, each individual member of i the public has a right to have his freight transported by the railway companies of tne country, regardless of the contractual relation widen he may sustain to the labor employed by himself. The railway companies may enter into a contract to move Pullman cars over their lines or to carry the wagons manu factured by the Studebaker Company, or j the fruit grown and shipped by Mr. j Hatch, and the American Railway Union j cannot iudemnify them far damages en suing by a breach of such contracts. In- dividual manufactories or producers have a right to demand that persons under contract to do or perform any ser vice for them in the way of the delivering of material or the transportation of their goods, shall perform that service, regard less of the relation which they themselves may sustain to the labor employed by them. This principle once abandoned, puts the entire regulation of transportation ia the hands of the American Railway Union, and in utter disregard of the rights of production or the rights of com merce. To yield to it means the abandon ment of every civilized notion of national justice. The principle involved in this contro versy is as broad and as deep as the foundations on which society rests. Fur ther than this, the triumph of the policy sought to be established by the American Railway Union puts the entire railway system of the United States in the hands of the employes of the smallest factory in the country as an aid to the coercion of any demand as to the rate of wages or the hours of labor, or any other subject of controversy between the employer and the employed. The labor employed in tho production of journals in this country is organized, as it has the right to be. Suppose, how ever, the boycott should be declared upon a single mercantile establishment by an orgauization of clerks employed therein. Would the Typographical Union feel called upon to strike because the paper continues a contract with that mercantile establishment for advertising? Or, sup pose a strike occurs in a newspaper office. Would the American Railway Union feel called upon to demand that no express car be run upon the tracks of American railroads carrying the issues of the paper having a contention with Its typograph ical force? It is within the bounds of sober probability that this policy, once successfully established, will extend it self to individuals obnoxious to labor or ganizations and railroads with such freight or such persona as may have in curred its displeasure. In that event all tho railway traffic will bo under the direction and control, not of Governments, not of States, not of communities, not of society, but of a single labor organization, which by rea son of intimate relation with this great factor of civilized life clutches it by the throat and declares that it shall be sub servient to the purposes of conserving the rate of wages in the (smallest factory in the country, and a party to every con troversy which may arise between em ployers and employed in all the activities of life. To recur more specifically to the exist ing controversy, the railroads are under contract with the Pullmau Car Company to move its cars over thoir lines. The car company has a right to the enforcement of these contracts. When society denies it that right, then the obligations of a contract are impaired and the provisions of the Constitution of the United States are overthrown by a single labor organ ization, and the protection of the Govern ment is withdrawn from individual citi zens of the country. To defend this is to defend tho most monstrous attempt at the usurpation of power ever sought to be established in any civilized commu nity. When labor organizations a ogate to themselves the right to place the prop erty, of another in jeopardy, they aban don all civilized conceptions of tho rights of citizens and substitute force for law and violence for peace and safety. Labor has a right and it is its duty to organize for self-protection against op position and wrong. It has a right to the legitimate exercise of the power growing out of such organ ization and the resultant concert of ac tion. It has the right to the legitimate and proper exercise of its power in the con servation of the rate of wages. All theße are legitimate objects, but the possession of power is accompanied by responsibility for its proper exercise. It is bound by every consideration of re spect for the rights of individuals and the public, which binds the consciences of all men. It haa no right to make persons, having no power to adjust its differences with the other persons, parties to a contro versy in which they have no part. The railways of the United States are not parties to the controversy between Pullman and his employes, and the at tempt to force them to become parties to such contest, and to inflict upon them financial injury because of their refusal, ia an outrage which cannot be too strongly characterized. It deprives them of their natural right to observe the obligations of contracts they have entered into for transportation of property and persons. It deprives them of the legitimate rev enues of their business, and is no more defensible nor honorable than would be the action of him who thrusts an inno cent bystander between himself and his antagonist in a mortal combat. The Southern Pacific Company has been criticised because it would not cut out the cars it had entered into a contract to haul, and run its trains without such cars. This criticism will be indulged only by those who are incapable of comprehend ing the" true nature of the issue involved. It would be far more reasonable on tho part of public journals and of public sen iment to demand that it adopt this policy rather than abandon it. The triumph of the American Railway Union in this case would be the inauguration of a new factor in transportation which would put all transportation in the hands of an or ganization for the settlement of the most petty controversy between an employer and his employes. It would permit the carriage of goods, merchandise and the products of the country only on condition that the rela lation between every employer in the country and the labor employed by him was amicable and harmonious. In this aspect of the case it makes every individual citizen of the country a party to every contest between any employer and his employes. The position of the Railway Union in this case is contrary to every conaidera- | tion resting upon good citizenship. It is : admitted by every member that the i Southern Pacific Company holds a con tractual relation with the Pullman Car Company for the movement of cars over its lines, and yet it declares that the Southern Pacific Company'shall not ful fill its contract. In this it is declaring a j coercive measure in settling a dispute be tween an Eastern car manufacturer and his employes, and tho rights and obliga tions growing out of a contract shall be disregarded. The public shall be incou- veni9nced, the regular and legitimate op eratiou of the railroads of the United States shall be suspended, and persons and corporations in no respect responsi ble for the controversy, or interested in any manner in its determination, shall be held unwilling parties thereto. The moderate use of power is the only guarantee of its perpetuation. The worst enemy organized labor will encounter will be found in the man who counsels an oppressive use of power, or who encour ages the perpetuation of any wrong upon the rights of individuals. Your thoughtful consideration as a citi zen of the Republic i 3 respectfully in vited to this presentation. Yours very truly, H. E. Huntinutox. NO TROUBLE WITH THE COMPACT. Strike Not Indorsed by the Orders of Hallway Conductors .and Trainmen. San Fbakcisoo, June 29. — In the Chronicle of this date appears the state ment that the Order of Railway Conduct ors and the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen have already met and indorsed the stand of the American Railway Union. This statement is untrue. The laws governing these orders render impossible any indorsement of a boycott of this character. There exists a federation on ! the Southern Pacific system of the Order of Railway Conductors, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of Lo comotive Firemen, Order of Railway Telegraphers and Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association. Any action contrary to laws of the Cedar Rauids plan of federation can be taken only by members of these organi zations as individuals, and that in direct conflict with their obligation both to these orders and tho federation. So far as the Order of Railway Conduct ors and tho Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen are concerned, there has boen no indorsement of the American Railway Union, but totally contrary action. The following instructions have been issued to the whole system and speak for them selves: To the Chairman of All Orders of Hail wan Conductors Divisions Southern Pa cific Linen, Pacific System: We have no trouble with the Southern Pacific Com pauy. Will you impress upon all our membership in your jurisdiction the necessity of attending to their regular duties and assisting the company in get ting its trains over the road? Tho American Railway Union strike, while said to be aimed at the Pullman Car Company, is doing fourfold more in jury to the Southern Pacific Company. There will be an endeavor made to start an overland train lrotn Oakland this evening in a manner that will leave no man open to criticism from any fair minded person, w. V. Stafford. The General Chairman of all Brother hood of Railway Trainmen Lodges, Pa ciiic Systems, Southern Pacitic Company lines, says: The Trainmen have no grievance with tho Southern Pacific Company, nor the Pullman Company, and I shall expect every man to do his work and live up to the agreement that we have with the company. This strike, while aimed at the Pull man Company, ia alVecting the Southern l'aciiic Company to a greater extent on this system than it is the Pullman, from the fact that the Soutiiern Pacific Com pany owns 76 per cent, of the cars that run hot . C. E. Swain, <;->'ioral (ifeairman. These instructions were fully indorsed by the local Lodges of the respective i Orders here. It can plainly be seen that tho stand taken by these organizations is to attend to their own duties—whatsoever they may bo. Our men do not go out of their way to take other men's places. They ar6 simply required to go on about their own business. We have nothing to do with the American Railway Union. It is a new organization of sudden growth, whose avowed purpose is to absorb our membership and to destroy the older orders which have been in existence for many years and have been tho means of obtaining for us all the privileges we now enjoy. We believe that we have too much at stake to take any such radical action as the presentation. On this system, by years of hard work, we have been able to build up a system of schedules and agreements with the Southern Pacific Company that are too valuable to risk without good and suffi cient cause, and we do not believe that this present boycott is justifiable on this system, and wo are simply staying with our law as it exists* We have no choice. We are minding our own affairs only, and would not now appear in print if not for the fact that this gross misstatement appeared in thrs morning's issue. We have no ill-feeling against the men who are out, and they should have no feeling against us. There seems to be a widespread feeling amongst the public that it is a fight made by the whole of the railroad men, but the fact is that all of the orders must inevit ably sutler in the event of defeat, or for tho matter of that, as far as past history goes to show, in any event. While we are not at liberty to speak for any but ourselves, we are exposing no secrets when wo state that the Brotner hood of Locomotive Engineers and the Order of Railroad Telegraphers are in thorough accord with us in our action. W. V. Stafford, Chairman of Railroad Conductors. C. E. Sw\i\, Chairman Railroad Trainmen. PRESIDENT HUM'INGTON. Letter on tho Strike Tremble to Gen eral Manager To-.vno. Xkw York, June 29.—President C. P. Huutington ot the Southern Pacific said this evening to an Associated Press re porter that he received a telegram from General Manager Towno at San Fran cisco, saying: "We will make every eilbrt to forward our overland through trains from Oak land to-night and hope to succeed." In reply to this Mr. Iluntington sent the following: A. X. Townc, San Francisco: Yourdis patch received, and lam very glad there is a prospect of moving our trains. I felt quite sure that when tho men of the Southern l'aciiic fairly understood the question and learned it was not a griev ance between them and the Southern Pa citic, they would stay by us, and I shall continue to so believe until I have h«ard further evidence that they Will desert us. It is a terrible annoyance to the public who use our roads, and also to us, par ticularly so because of our men having no grievance against us, and we own a large majority of the so-called Pullman | cars. Endeavor to make the men under- j stand this i*\d the whole matter fully, for I am quite sure that when they do we shall have no trouble. The sleeping cars must run with the trains to which they properly belong. We owe it to the pub lic and ourselves as American citizens not to take sides in this light between certain parties and tho Pullman Com pany at Chicago. As you very well know, my sympathies always go out to j the wage workers everywhere, and par- . ticularlyto those in our employ, but we must stand for tho right as we under stand the right. C. P. Huntingtox. EIGHT CENTS Is all the RECORD-UNION charges its subscribers for each number of the HARPER WAR SERIES. SITUATION IN THE EAST. An Effort to be Made To-day to Tie-Up the Rock Island Road. ALL OTHERS LEADING TO CHICAGO ALREADY AFFECTED. Nearly Eighteen Thousand Men Out on the Eastern Linos — Roads Repre sented in the General Managers' Association Havo Determined to Se cure New Men to Tako the Places of Those Taking: Part In the Boycott. Special to the Rf.cord-Ukiox. Chicago, June 29.—After a meeting of the General Managers' Association, Gen eral Manager Karling of tho Chicago, Minneapolis and St. Paul nod they had ! proposed to pursue thfc aggressive, "it was determined at the outset," said Mr. i Karling, "thai we would have to fight this strike. All the roads represented have determined to secure men to take j the places of those who struck. New j men are being employed now, and they j will be put to work under ample protec tion. Representatives from tho various roads were received aud considered. Tho Fort Wayne, the Alton and the Burling ton reported that somo of their men had struck since last niyht. We closed our shops at Milwaukee to-day owing to the present trouble. How long they will re main closed I cannot say. Thero is no truth in the rumor that Pinkertou men j have been employed by the railroads to protect property aud employes." The Rock Island road, which is about the only one in Chicago to have escaped thus far, will be by to-morrow tied up, it is said. An order to that elfect was is sued by President Debs. "We have held oil" on the Hock Island road for certain reasons," said Mr. Dobs, "but the time has come when we must act. The managers of the roads are standing shoulder to shoulder, and we must do likewise. You may rest assured there will be no more temporizing. The | Turlington is or will be tied up, and the j Rock Island will follow suit." Trains on the Rock Island have been ! running all right to-day, and officials of the road say thoy will bo run to-morrow, boycott or no boycott. President I>ebs has issued an address to i the railway men of America, setting forth \ the cause and objects of the present j strike. He says: "The struggle with the ! Pullman Company has developed into a j contest between the producing classes I and the money power of the country. This was what Lincoln predicted at the close of the war, and it was this reilec- j tion that gave the great emancipator his j gloomiest forebodings. We stand upon > tho ground that the workingmen are en- j titled to just proportions of the proceeds | of their labor. This Pullman denied j them." Continuing, he calls upon all workmen to refrain from acts of violence, and in j conclusion says: "I have faith in the i great body of railway employes of tho I country, and am confident they will maintain an unbroken front in spite of any opposition they may havo broughttp bear againsL them. Imi perfectly dent of success. We cannot fail." President Debs said concerning tlie possibilities of his arrest by order of the ITaited States courts: "I anticipate |no trouble with the Courts, and I hardly see how I can bo arrested until I commit or tiause to be committed some overt act ol violence against the lines which the courts now operate. You will notice that Judge Caldweli says that we hay« a right to order out men on the Santa Fe. He says, however, that as soon as the men leave, the company's or .the court's em ploy, they must in no way interfere with the running of trains. Certainly they will not do that, for they are under orders to resort to no violence. Judge Caldweli admits that the men have a right to.«iuiL work. That is what we contend I*, and therefore are satisfied with the Court's ruling. The receivers' control over the Santa Fe is just the same as a manager's power over any lino We realize tbe im portance of avoiding any trouble with the (iovernment, and we have neither wished j nor intended to hiuder the carriage of mails. "The situation grows more encourag ing each day. There have been no out breaks thus far, and we shall do our best to prevent any. As to tho intention of the railroads to export men, 1 will say that all they can procure will be only a drop in the bucket. There are too many skilled hands out to fill their places, so as to give even hall a chance to run the road. The American sentiment is too strong against men who take strikers' positions to permit a very large body of workmen to act as substitutes at this time." General Manager Robinson of the Santa Fe said to an Associated Press reporter to-day that his road is determined to move its trains regularly, aud on time. "We have sent a force of switchmen with forty Deputy Marshals as a guard," said Mr. Robinson, "and we intend to see that our trains skitVer no further delays. No arrests will bo made unless our men are interfered with, but any interference will be promptly met by the deputies." The deputies sent out to-day to guard the Santa Fe were appoiuted under a new order—an injunction issued by Judge William Woods of Indianapolis. Attorney E. Bancroft, representing the road, communicated with Judge Woods last night, and this morning the Judge telegraphed instructions to the United States Courts. Attorney Bancroft said it was the intention of tiie company to start its trains with now men, who will be hired to take tho placed of the strikers, and Deputy Marshals will be expected to protect the men from interference under Judge Woods' injunction. Judge Woods i left Indianapolis this morning for Chi- i cago, and will be in readiness to enforce the order and issue other orders if neces sary. Many of the commission houses at the. stock-yards regard the situation as seri ous, and have notified their clients in I lowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, j Texas and other States not to ship stock j unless the railroad agrees to deliver the shipments and to be responsible for the long delays, or responsible if any losses result on account of delays. The result is that the shipments havo been stopped in many instances, and the price of meat is expected to tako a rapid jump upward before long. The packers at the stock yards tried to induce the strikers to tako eight train loads of beef held by them through, as their refusal to do so would result in throwing thousands of men at the yards out of employment. Tho men refused, aud the trains were returned to the pack ing-house. Tho packers say they will bo afraid to send perishable freight out of the yards while the strike continues lor fear it will become tied up on tho road, where it will spoil. As a result, the busi ness of the stock yards will bo tied, whether tho employes in the yards strike j or not. To-day two trains of livestock on the Santa Fe and Illinois Central out side of the yards remained on tho tracks Because the trainmen refused to aid! them. Tho Chicago and Alton is also badly I crippled. Passenger trains ha\e been j handled in fairly good shape. Freight i tralfic is badly congested, and much per isbablo goods is being ruined. The' WHOLE NO. 16,442; American Railway Union officials claim they will have the road completely tied up. President Debs says that within twenty four hours matters would so shape them selves that a strike on the Burliugtoa would be effective. Said Mr. Debs: "Ifc is life or death with one of the sides. \V« must kill the managers soon, or it must disrupt organized labor lor years to come." It was reported to-day, in connection with the CJeueral Managers' conference, that plans had been formulated for the arrest, on charges of conspiracy, of President Debs and Organizer Lynch. It was said tirat the Goneral Managers had been advised to arrest these men and havo thorn searched for papers that, if found, would furnish indisputable evi dence that certain men were amenable to the conspiracy law. The Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad shops at Milwaukee) were shut down to day on an order from tho general office* of tho company in this city, Fifteen hun dred men are thrown out of employment. This step is taken because many of tbe employes were disaatisiied, and also on account of the general strike. The < ien efal Manager said tbe shut-down was oU his order; that tho official! meant busi ness, and would light to the bitter end. The following was distributed this after noon: "To the Employes of the Chicago and Northwestern: The effort now being made by irresponsible persons to induce the employes of tho company to abandon their employment with the avowod ob ject of crippling the company in the dis charge of its duty as a common carrier should meet with no favor whatever. There is no grievance between tho com pany and any class of its employes. Every promise and obligation has been, and will be faithfully kept. You are therofore urged to continue faithful to the company's interest in the discharge of your several duties, and not to listen to the appeal of any persons whatovor to make the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad Company and its employes a party to the adjustment of alleged griev ances between another company aud its employes. The duty of the company under the law, both State aud congres sional, is so plain that it does not appear to be necessary to make any explanation nor to oner an apology. It must and will •perate its railway without /'ear or favor, and it will exhaust its resources to tho uttermost under the law to protect its property and the men who are engaged in operating it. You are therefore urged to remain steadfast in your respective places and in the discharge of your duty. "Marvin Huohitt, President." John Egau, representing the General Managers' Association, fur-nishod this evening en estimate of the number of men who had struck on the Chicago lines within the terminal limits, and also an estimate of the number striking on all systems involved. Mr. Fgan furnished the following to show the extent of the strike at the presept time and tho num ber of men who have struck so far in the whole country on the best information obtainable: Northwestern, switchman and shop men, 1,420; Illinois Central, 3,000; Eastern Illinois, 330; .Santa ie, lu.(ioi); Chicago aud Northern Pacific, 75, Wisconsin Central, SU; Great Western, 300; Baltimore aud Ohio, 400; Pennsyl vania, 2,500; Western Indiana, 200. Total; 17,880, Mr. Egan said: "I anticipate before tho close of the strike serious trouble A. large number of the men havo struck without understanding what thoy have struck for, and when thoy find their places taken by new men they aro bound to grow desperate. Ido not look for an easy termination of tho strike, but we will certainly bo prepared hereafter to secure all tho men wo wJfeh and to bring about as early a termination of the strike as possible. We aro in the light to stay, and there will be no compromise nor give up." CONDITi' OMAHA. Omaha, June' 29. —President Debs of the American Kailway Union wired Sec retary Noble of the local union to strike at noon. Mr. Noble conferred with Presi dent Miller of the local union and others connected with the organization on the proposition. An answer was returned to the etfect that the local situation is such that in the wisdom of the local union it is deemed highly impracticable to precipi tate a strike here, and the argument was made that positively no hope existed for the success! ul carrying out of a boycott, as the local union consisted entirely of men not in the train service. THE NORTHKRX PACIFIC. Tacoma, June 2!*.—'Jhe Pacific division of the Northern Pacific is not fully tied up. One train went to Seattle this morn ing and one train arrived from there. A train arrived from Portland at 4:30 and a train for that city departed at 5::J0. Tho local train from Carbouuale came and went. Three trains arrived between noon and 4 v. M. from Ellensburg, carry ing Eastern Washington militia com panies and two troops of cavalry, and went through to the Woodland encamp ment. None of these trains carried Pull mans. A/ter two long and stormy sessions, a federated meeting embracing enginoors, conductors, firemen, brakemen, shop men, freight clerks and other employes adjourned at 12:15 o'clock to-night, de clining to indorse the action of the strik ing firemen, shopmen and freight clerks who are members of the American Kail way Union. Tho meeting met at 4 o'clock this afternoon, remaining in ses sion until 7, when an adjournment was taken to 9. Three hundred men were present this afternoon and 200 to-night. Conductor J. W. 15. Johnston, who wm Chairman of the < Jeuerai Grievance Com mittee at Milwaukee last winter, was Chairman. Strong pressure was brought to bear by the striken to get the meeting to indorse their ac tion, and on the other hand somo present favored condemning the strike. Many fiery addresses were made behind closed doors, but the meeting finally decided to remain neutral by de clining to indorse. A train left for Portland at 5 r. >r. and one for Seattle shortly after. Marshal Drake says to-night that he has deputies in readiness to execute orders of tho court. Portland, June 20.—Tho tie-up here is complete. Neither the Southern Pa cific nor the Northern Pacific took out trains to-mght. The Northern Pacific Atlantic express, which leaves at ~> v. m., was made up ready to leave, but the fire man refused to go. and tho train was canceled. The Southern Pacific Califor nia express was also drawn up at the sta tion at 0:20, but the fireman left the cab. The United States mails on the two trains were unloaded and taken back to the Postoflice. The switchmen decline to handle auy Pullman cars, and trains were made up by Mr. Lyons, tho man ager of the North Pacific Terminal Com pany. Pullman cars were cleaned and iced by non-union men. The local trains on the Sourthern Pacific have not been interfered with. NANAIMO COAL, MINERS. They "Will Get tho Old Kato qf Wages, Hut the Force Will be Reduced* NAHAXMO >B. C. , June The coal miners in this district beld a mass meet ing to-day to discuss tho question of equalization of work and wages. The meeting lasted all day, and was ot a very stormy nature, and for a time it seomed eminently probable that a general striko would be ordered. Finally the miners in structed the committee tonolify Superin tendent Robins that the old rate of wages niuHt be restored, or a lockout would en sue, liobins sent back word that he would accede to tho demands, but would retaliate by closing down two mines and reducing the other employes to halt time. A prolonged discussion ensued. Fin ally, late this evening, by a vote of two to one, it was decided to abide by Robin*' terms. This means that sumo 300 miners will be thrown out of employment.