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VOLUME XC—NO. 112.
OUTRAGES IN TURKEY. Extracts From a Letter of a Witness to the Armenian Atrocities. Men, Women, Boys and Girls Killed by Piecemeal. The European Powers Playlnjr a Farcical Representation Round the Graves of a Christian People—The Governments of Europe a Spectacle to Make Angels AVeep, Standing by and Allowing tlie Turks to Con tinue Wiping Out Armenia In Armenian Blood. LONDON, Dec. 29.—Dr. Henry S. Lunn, editor of the "Review of the Churches," and Percy W. Bunting, ed itor of the "Contemporary Review," have addressed the following communi cation to "All Editors in America and England." "We inclose extracts from a private letter from a personal friend who spent Biz months of this year in Armenia. J May we beg to insert these in the next issue of your paper? Yours faithfully, "HENRY S. LUNN. "PERCY W. BUNTING. "Any allusion to Armenia upsets me. I am ashamed, excited, indignant, when I think of what I saw in that country, and of the confidence with which I con soled quailing women and weeping men with hopes that England would see them through their difficulties, and the words of heartfelt thanks they uttered, often upon their knees in the fields or on the hillsides, and the childlike mes sages of anticipatory gratitude which they asked me to deliver to the English jm ople, now burn and rankle within me ' Jike an envenomed wound. "The European Powers are playing a farcical representation round the graves of a Christian people. If con duct similar to theirs were to be pur sued by an individual in private life, it would be visited with social ostracism and would brand him with an indelible j Cain's mark of infamy. Fancy a man's j neighbors parading about the doors of his house, while he and his children rush frantically from room to room, and window to window, imploring them to save them from the devouring tlames. We have pity on a rat if we hear of its protracted and hopeless efforts to es cape from burning, but men and j women, boys and girls, who are killed piecemeal, are laughed at —that is what it has come to. "The Governments of Europe are a spectacle to make angels weep. They guard the grates to Turkey, so to say, BOlemnly declaring that whatever may happen to the Christians, however dia illy they may be tortured to death, nothing shall happen to the Turks— they at any rate must and will be pre i from harm. Is it a wonder, then, that the Turks should set about fulfill ing their threat of wiping out Armenia in Armenian bi •Everyone knows that the threat would be fulfilled. Consuls reported to their Government that the departure of • the European delegates from Moush would mark the beginning of the blood bath, and newspapers the proph ecy publicity. Appeals to the public to insist on precautionary measures were multiplied, and at last mere verbal warning gave place to unmistakable signs and preparations. But diplo turned a deaf ear (the Armenians are nobody's kith and kin). Were they Greeks or Bulgarians, Magyars or Serb, they would have high and powerful 'ors who talk of the primary duty of protecting brothers and Christ ians. Even Abyssinians are brethren and orthodox when political calcula tions come in. But they are Armeni ans; and Si none of these Govern ments Insisted on the execution or even dismissal of Zeekki Pasha, and the- au thors of the Sassoun savagery. Nay. ■ 1 and honored by ! th-- Sultan as an encouragement to i others to go and do likewise. And now a have gone out and have out- , Herod, and* no one seems | ked. "People are only Interested to pet the latent news of Sivas and Trebizond at their breakfast table early. Few per sons take even a re rest in the j Armenian question on the continent, end t:. !vocates of Tur- i The Austrian press, said to be paid by the Turkish Government, im- ] ntly denies th<- massacre, and aocu rnenians of having! attempted to butcher the Kurd- Turks. The German press is the bearer of the same kind of culture to its read ers, and in both these countries th« public knows positively nothing about j Armenian question. The Russian papers, beginning with the "Novoe Yremya." cranks jokes at th" Armenians. and in the last numht-rs which I have ask: 'Why should we Russians sacrifice a single soldier for the sake of Armenian bankers and millionaires, who are much better off than we are ! ourselves, to say nothing of British and agitators, who have so clev- ! erly potten up the Armenian comedy?' • of regiments of British sol diers or COWQCICIt is what Is Wi They would set matters right in a few Says. But even if the whole English speaking world would arise and de vepted?" ANOTHER HARROWING STORY. I.< 'XI • >\\ T><-.\ 20.—The next Issue of Contemporary Review" will eon a long article entitled "Armenia: An Appeal," by I >r. K. J. Dillon, of which the following is a synopsis: "The tiny has come for every reason ing person I i a cept or repudiate his of the joint indirect responsibility Of the British nation for a series of the hugest and foulest Crimea that have over stained the pages of human his tory. The An. : ;,i,- in Anatolia are being exterminated by Turks and Kurds by su<-h Qendtsfa methods as may Weil cause the most sluggish Mood to boil with shame ai,.: indignation. "The Armenians are neither lawless barbarians nor brigands, nor are th»- Turks and Kurds the accredited torch bearers of civilisation, but if it I pedient that Armenians should be ex terminated, why chop them up | meal' "Why must an honest, hard-working man be forced to witness the violation of his daughter, and then have his hand ( ut off and stuffed into his mouth, while a sermon Ls being preached to him on the text, 'If your God be God, why does THE RECORD-UNION. SACRAMENTO. MONDAY MOHXIXG, DECEMBER 30, IS9S.—EIGHT PAGES. He not succor you?' Then the other hand is hacked off, his ears torn off and his feet severed with a hatchet. Surely, roasting alive, flaying', disemboweling, impaling and other horrors have noth ing that can excuse them in the eyes of Christians, however deeply absorbed in politics. "The Armenians constitute the sole civilizing element in Anatolia, Christ ians they are, and from the middle of the fifth century scarcely a year has elapsed in which Armenian men and women have not unhesitatingly laid down their lives for their religious be lief. The murdered of Sassoun, of Van, of Erzeroam were Christian martyrs; and any or all of those whose eyes were gouged out, whose quivering flesh was torn from their bodies, might have ob tained life by embracing Islam and ab juring Christ. But, instead, they died like Christian martyrs. Why is it that our compassion for these, our fellow men, has not yet assumed the form of effective help? For reasons of 'higher politics.' "The condition of Armenian Chris tians when we first interfered (in 1S78) was deplorable. Laws existed only on paper. Mohammedan crimes were pun ishable only in theory. Russia was willing to substitute law and order for crime and chaos, and to guarantee to Christians the treatment due to human beings. But we then denied her right to do this, as she refuses to admit our claim to undertake it single-handed. "We said in effect: 'Though our polit ical interests may clash with those of Russia, we will see to it that they are not subversive of the elementary prin ciples of human justice and the immu table law of God.' Yet we never took any efficacious step to fulfill the sol emn promise. Our Consuls forwarded ; exhaustive reports, the press published heartrending details, Armenian eccle siastics presented appeals. Yet we pigeonholed the Consular reports and ignored the petitions of the priests. We pressed the knob, as it were, in London, and thereby opened hell's portals in Asia Minor, letting loose legions of j fiends in human shape, who set about j torturing and exterminating the Chris- j tians there. And, lest it should be urged that our Government was ignor ant of the wide-reaching effects of its ill-advised action, it is on record that for seventeen years it continued to \ watch the harrowing results of that ac tion without once interfering to stop it. "During all those seventeen years written law, traditional custom, the fundamental maxims of human and di vine justice were suspended in favor of a Mohammedan saturnalia. Thou- j sands of Armenians were thrown into j prison and tortured and terrorized until ! they delivered up the savings of a life- j time. Whole villages were attacked. In i a few years the provinces were dcci : mated. Aloghkerd, for instance, be ing almost entirely purged of Armeni ans. Over 2<>,000 woe-stricken wretches i fled to Russia or to Persia. On the way they were seized over and over again by the soldiers of the Sultan, who de prived them of their little money and clothes, outraged the women and girls, and then drove them over the frontier to hunger and die. Those who j remained for a time behind were no better off. Turkish tax-gatherers fol- | lowed those, gleaning what the brig- j ands had left, torturing and flogging their male victims, dishonoring their wives and deflowering their daughters. "Stories of this kind in connection with Turkish misrule in Armenia have grown familiar to English ears of late. It should be remembered that these statements are neither rumors nor ex aggerations concerning which we are justified in suspending our judgment. History has set its seal upon them. The Turks have admitted these and worse acts of savagery; the Kurds glory in them: trustworthy Europeans have witnessed and* described them, and Ar menians have groaned over them in blank despair. Officers and nobles in the Sultan's own cavalry regiments bruit abroad with pride the story of the long series of assaults and murders j which marked their official careers. "in accordance with the plan of exter mination which has been carried out with such success during these long j years of Turkish vigor and English sluggishness, all Armenians who poe i moneys or moneys worth were for a time allowed to buy immunity from prison. But as soon as terror and ; i confiscation took the place of extortion, ■ the dungeons of Erzeroum, Erzinghan. j Maraovan, Hassankaleh and Van were filled till there was scarcely standing I room. Educated schoolmasters, mis- j sionaries, priests and physicians were immured in these hotbeds of infection, ! and forced to sleep night after night j standing on their feet, leaning against ; the foul, reeking coiner of the wall. : Hunger, thirst and slimy water ren- I dered their agony maddening. "Yet these were not criminals nor al : loged criminals, but upright Christian I in. :i v, ho were never even accused of an ' I infraction of the law. Into these pris ons were venerable old ministers | ligion. teachers, missionaries, mer chants, physicians and peasants. Those ! among them who refused to denounce their friends or consent to some atro cious crime were subjected to tortures Ind iscribable, often occupying days. while their tormentors laughed and j howled in glee. Nights were passed in j j such hellish orgies, and days in in '• venting new tortures or refining upon I the old. Some of them cannot be de j scribed, nor even hinted at. "In the homes of these wretched peo- I pie the fiendish fanatics were equally ; active and successful. Crime and dis- i I honor, with nameless accompaniments, : j menaced almost every K'rl and woman ; j iti the country. Children were often ! married at the ;itre Of 11, even 1". in the j vain hope of lessening the danger. Hut the protection of a husband proved un availing; it merely meant one murder more and one Christian dog' less, and what astonishes one throughout this, : luii£, Bickening story of shame and ' crime is the religious faith of the suf- : era. "Such in broad outline has been the normal condition of Armenia, ever since the treaty of Berlin, owing at first to the disastrous action, and subsequently to the equally disastrous inaction of the British Government. "The above sketch contains but a . few isolated instances of the daily com monplaces of the life of Armenian Christians. The Turks, encouraged by the seventeen years' connivance of the only Power which possessed any formal <ne in favor of the Ar >;:<. organized a wholesale r>. I the Christians of SaFsoun. The urati< ns were elaborate and open. The project was known to and can i by all. a long report was ad dressed by the Abbott of Moush to the British representative at Erseroum, in forming him of this Inhuman plan. But i international comity forbade us to mcd ' die with the 'domestic affairs < t a [CONTINUED ON EIGHTH I>A(JE.] I THIS WEEK IN CONGRESS. 'Reorganization of the Senate Committees to be Effected To-day. Vote to be Taken to Show the Strength of the Dominant Parties. Lodge Will Also Address tho Upper House on the Resolution Relating to the Monroe Doctrine—A Recess j Will Probably Then bo Taken Until After Xcw Year's—The Programme in the House One of Idleness. WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—The reor ganization of the committees of the i Senate upon which the steering com mittees of both old parties have been working for the past three weeks will be effected to-morrow by the passage of a resolution, to be introduced by Mitchell, Chairman of the Republican committee. In violation of precedents for a num- j ber of years past, a yea and nay vote j will be taken upon the adoption of the resolution. The Democrats say they in tend to show to the country that the Republicans have more votes in the > Senate than the Democrats, and there- j fore are entitled to take control, but there is a suspicion that the Democrats i hope by this vote to be able to show j that a deal has been made by the Re- j publicans with the Populists. The Re- j publicans meet this argument with the i statement that they have permitted the | Populists to remain just where they , were under a Democratic administra tion of the Senate, and the charge of a deal no more applies now than it would i as against the Democrats when they as sumed control. The reorganization will not go into j effect practically until after Wednes- i day, for the present employes, commit- ■ tee clerks, etc., have already been paid: their salaries for the month of Decem- i ber. Beside the reorganization resolution, an address by Lodge (Rep.) of Massa chusetts is on the programme for Mon- ! day, on the resolution now on the table : rc-lating to the enforcement of the Mon roe doctrine. Lodge, who is an ardent 1 advocate of the strict enforcement of I that doctrine, will, doubtless, make a strong speech, and command the atten tion of the Senate. It is understood he will go deeply into this subject, and re view the historical matters out of which : it grew, and the cases in which it has ; been applied by this Government. It is probable that the Senate will in dulge after to-morrow's session in a three-day recess until the holiday sea son is over. The new tariff bill is now ' before the Finance Committee, and a meeting of that body has been <. for Tuesday. While there will be no undue delay in reporting the bill back . to t,he Senate, it is not probable that the report will be made before the end of j next week. The programme for the House is one ; of idleness. Under '-he working of the j agreement announced Saturday by; Dingley, Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, the House will be called to order Tuesday, to adjourn un til Friday, when th» operation will be ' repeated, adjournment being taken that day until Monday. January <>th, at which time consideration of business will be resumed. The Appropriations and Elections Committees expect to do some work in their rooms during the week for the furtherance of matters committed to them. NO DANGER OF WAR. Michael Davltt Talks About the Vene- zuelan < ontrovcivy. CHICAGO, Dec. 20.—Michael Davitt, th*- Irish Nationalist and member of Parliament from South Mayo and East Kerry, was among the guests registered at the Palmer House yesterday. He has been touring Australia, and came to Chicago from San Francisco. He is now on his way home, and expects to be in hia seat when Parliament assembles. When asked about the position of the Irish on the Venezuelan controversy, he said he did not think there was the slightest possibility of any actual con flict between the United States and Great Britain on that question. He sa i 1: "Lord Salisbury is known in Great Britain and Ireland as a bully, whose policy, when he has been at the head of the Government, has been to try to in timidate little nations and powers throughout the world. He has been able to do this with impunity hereto fore, but now he finds that behind little Venezuela stands America, and he will discover that he will not be allowed to carry on the same policy toward this small State in South America that he and other English statesmen have car ried out toward weak peoples and small Governments in other parts of the world. "For myself, I can only repeat that I am glad that such a stand has been tr.ken by the United States. Tt was about time, and the upshot of it will be that the reasonable demand by the President, to have the whole trouble submitted to arbitration, will be ac cepted by England, and then th ■ seat of the operations will be transferred from the newspapers to diplomacy. I believe war Is so far away that it is outside the realm of probability, be cause*, after all, look at it in this licrht: The commercial relations between this country and Great Britain are so enor mous that the people of the United States on the one hand, and of Great Britain oh the other, would practically be insanp if they Jeopardized these trade relations on account of a small affair like this in Venezuela—a little 40,000 square mil^s of worthless coun fy. This is particularly plain when it is taken into consideration that the lent of the United states makes so favorable a proposition as to have the whole matter submitted to arbitration." U. S. JU3TIC3 BREWER. Ho Has Not Been tendered a Place on tho Venezuelan ( oniiiiis«»loii. ST. LOUIS. Dec. 29.—Justice David J. Brewer of the United States Su preme Court is in this city, en route from San Antonio, Texas, where he has been at the bedside of a sick daugh ter, to Washington. He left to-night. Judgfl Brewer said the report that he had been asked to accept a place on the Venezuelan Commission was untrue. He said: "I would not be surprised if Chief Justice Fuller were tendered a place on the commission. He and the President are warm friends, and Mr. Cleveland appointed him Chief Justice in 188$. The Chief Justice would make an excellent man for the place, but al though he is wiry and is capable of do ing an immense amount of work, I do not think he would accept the position. "As to General Harrison. I do not think that he would accept a position on the commission. He can probably make more money out of his law prac tice and not do such hard work. And, then, although I do not know, he may be a candidate." "Would the fact that he held a place on this commission seriously interfere with his candidacy, in your opinion?" was asked. "It would not help him any," replied Justice Brewer. "If he were a candi date he would most probably want to be where the politicians gather, and he would not have the time to do this if he sat on the commission." Continuing, Judge Brewer said: "Speaker Reed is now on trial, as it were. He has a position that is a diffi cult one to fill, and the next four months will make or break him. McKinhy will enter the convention with the most votes, but I do not think either he or Morton will be able to control it. In that case they will compromise upon some man acceptable to both, and it would not surprise me if that man were Allison." Yirp at Emporia, Kansas. EMPORIA (Kan.), Dec. 20.—The j three largest business buildings in ! Hartford, twenty miles south of here, were destroyed by fire at daybreak this morning. Loss between $30,000 or $40,- OOU. The buildings burned were P. B. Axton's opera-house, E. C. Rich & Co., general merchandise, and McGregor & Reed's hardware store. The Masonic s.nd Odd Fellows' lodge room was also burned, including about $1,000 worth of lodge property. The fire engines re- J fused to work. The opera-house might i have been saved, but for this mishap. Manitoba Politics. WINNIPEG (Man.), Dec. 20.—The Conservatives are organizing to make a strong fight against Premier Greenway at the elections on January 15th. They do not expect to defeat him on his school policy, but are making an attack Gn his general administration work, j and alleging that all the registration lists have been stuffed. Candidates were nominated on both sides by con ventions held in several parts of the province yesterday. A Murderer Arrested. STEUBENVILLE (O.), Dec. 20.— James Rice, colored, who killed a man ! at the Panhandle tunnel near here on i Christmas, was arrested yesterday, j When the officers arrived with him at the lockup h«-re a crowd of 1,000 men I gathered, and cries of "Lynch him!" were indulged in. The police managed to prevent trouble. An Unsafe State Building. MEMPHIS (Term.), Dec. 29.—A dis patch from Jackson, Miss., says: Recent investigations of the condition of the Btate Capitol have demonstrated the tact that it is in an unsafe condition. Experts who have examined the build ing say it is likely to collapse at any moment. TRAGEDY IN KENTUCKY. Horrible Vengeance Inflicted Upon a Wife and Her Paramour. A Mob Sets Fire to the ITomo of tho Woman, Burning Her Alive, and Shoots to Death the Man. LEBANON (Ky.), Dec. 29.—A mob inflicted horrible vengeance on a faith less woman and her paramour last night when they burned Mrs. T. J. West alive and killed W. A. Dever, her para mour, at Mrs. West's house on Cart wright's Creek, on the Springfield Pike, three miles north of this city. The mob is said to have numbered about seventy-five, and it was about 12 o'clock when they appeared at Mrs. West's house. Mrs. West, Dever and his little daughter were the only per- Bons in the house, and when the mob cailed to Dever-to come out, Mrs. West and the little girl responded, but Dever remained inside. Just as Mrs. West reached the door several shots were fired at her, and she ran back into the house, but the child remained on the outside. The mob then fired several shots into the house, none of which took effect, and after several attempts to get Dever to come out, the mob fired the house. The heat forced Dever to run out, and with pistol in hand he started to a corn field a few steps from the house, where he took shelter behind a corn shock and was shot to death. Mrs. West perished in the burning house, and this morning her remains were found in the chimney where she had taken refuge. Her legs and the upper portion of the body were almost entirely burned off. The little girl gave the alarm this morning, but only meagre information can be gained from her. W. A. Dever is the man who shot and killed T. J. West, husband of the burned woman, at Beaver Green, on Cart wright's Creek, three weeks ago. Dever had a preliminary hearing, and was re leased on the ground of self-defense. The killing is thought to have been caused by intimacy on the part of Dever and West's wife. After Dever was released he was charged with liv ing with the woman as her husband. It is said that Dever had been warned that he would be killed if he did not leave. He is from Knoxville, and leaves a wife and several children. Mrs. West also leaves a large family, but none was at the house at the time of the horrible tragedy. The Coroner's jury has so far failed to return a verdict. It was December 7th when Dever killed West. The latter and his wife had been living apart for some time, and his wife had instituted divorce pro ceedings. She had been induced to with draw the suit, however, and West was on his way to town to see about the matter when he saw Dever. He snap ped a pistol twice at Dever, after ac cusing him of adultery with Mrs. West, when Dever drew his revolver, and, de spite West's plea for mercy, shot and killed him and ran away, but returned when the Coroner's jury returned a ver dict of justifiable homicide, and re newed his relations with Mrs. West. This incited the neighbors to fury, and last night's horrible work Was the re sult. GERMAN TOPICS. Rapid Reaction Toward Confidence in the Future of American Finances. Investors No Longer Accept Tendencies of the London Market As a Good Guide in Important Mone tary Enterprises— Firms Do Xot Hesitate to Negotiate In American Securities, Having si General Con viction in tlie Recovery of a Healthy Condition of Our Finances. BERLIN, Dec. 29.—The reaction to ward confidence in the future of Amer ican finances, especially as affecting in ternational monetary relations, has been surprisingly rapid within the last few days. Berlin and Frankfort took the lead of London in speculative buy ing 1 of American stocks, and operators here have on the whole benefited by the selling which was done in London, and at no time during the Wall street panic have the German bourses been so much influenced as was the English market. The buying set in earlier here, and even investors took a chance in se curing stocks at low figures. The bourse closed notably firm on Saturday, after considerable buying of American rail road securities. The course of operations here gives evidence in the decreasing Influence of London upon matters of finance in which German financiers or investors are interested. Financiers are no longer inclined to accept the tendencies of the London market as a good guide in im portant monetary enterprises at the present moment. Tt is not forgotten how Germany ab sorbed the American loans at low values during the war of the American rebel li< n, when the bonds were almost un salable in London. So, now, when English financial houses seem to hesi tate over the reception of a new bond is sue, the Washington Government, if it is desirous of having foreign markets take part in the loan, might find Ger man firms prepared to negotiate. The belief here in the permanence of peace between the United States* and Great Britain is absolute, and general con viction in the recovery of a healthy con dition of American finances is un shaken. The capture in Athens of Baron Yon Hammerstein, the former editor of the "Kreuz Zeitung," who absconded under charges of forgery and embezzlement, created a tremendous sensation in po litical and social circles when his arrest became known on Saturday. The arrest of this fugitive has cut the ground from under the feet of the socialist leaders, and may even be said to have carried away the feet of some of them. All along one of the chief weapons of the socialist press and the socialist parlia mentary leaders has consisted of in sinuations that the Government had connived at Hammerstein's escape, and frowned upon genuine attempts to bring him back in order to prevent disclosures affecting the conservative supporters of the Government. The capture of Ham merstein has taken the wind out of the sails of the socialist craft, and rendered the Hammerstein letters which the so cialists were holding over the heads of many Conservative members of the Reichstag almost if not wholly value less as terrorizing measures. There has never been a moment since the disappearance of Hammer stein that the Government has not been earnest and unceasing in its endeavors to find him and bring him back to justice, no matter who might be injured by any revelations which his prosecu tion might entail. The political police tracked him through Switzerland and Italy, and finally spotted him as he was landing from a steamer at Piraeus, the port of Athens, and five miles from that city. Having run him down, the police commissaries watched him closely dur ing the entire time occupied in making applications in secret to the Greek Gov ernment far his surrender. The Government of Greece does not extradite culprits except for capital offenses, but under pressure from Ber lin the Athens authorities took advan tage of Hammerstein's having recorded himself as "William Herbart" to expel him from the kingdom as an anarchist suspect. Hammerstein was, therefore, compelled to leave, and embarked on a steamer for Brindisi. The German police also took the steamer, and the moment the vessel sailed Commissary Wolf of the Berlin political police placed him under arrest. The conduct of the Government in the Hammerstein matter having thus been vindicated, the police will be al lowed a free hand to pursue their plan of socialist repression, while the Con- B< rvatlves, no longer deterred by so cialist menaces of damaging revela tions, will urge repression measures in the Reichstag. Berlin now has the prospect of an ex tremely racy scandal season between the Hammerstein case and the revela tions contained in the Yon Kotze doc uments, which are in the possession of Fritz Friedmann, the absconding Ber lin lawyer. According to current report, Friedmann is now in London, where he has prepared a pamphlet attacking his legal and political persons, which he threatens to publish if the German au thorities molest him anywhere. It is understood Friedmann wants a formal permit to return to Germany, nominally incognito, in order to settle his af fairs, and is now negotiating with the proper authorities in ISerlin to that end. The Christmas season, according 1 to reports made by the leading shops in Berlin, show a boom in business. The sale of the cheaper class of gooda has been slack in favor of the higher and more costly class, and the casual on looker would consider that the mer chants, as well as the public, have been having a fine time all around. The "North German Gazette" says that Ber lin has received and sent out Christ mas parcels far exceeding in number those sent and received during Christ mas week of 189& The celebration in the new palace at Potsdam on Christmas Eve was even more brilliant than usual. The Em peror and Emprw-.s and the members of their family entered the Shell Hall at ."» o'clock in the afternoon, attended by the members of the imperial household. The presents were spread out upon tables placed along the walls, and the young Princes could hardly be re strained from infractions of etiquette by rushing forward to admire the hand- WHOLE XO. 16,912. some gifts before all of the company haii assembled. Immediately alter the company had taken their positions, the members of the Emperor's suite, the court ladies, the Emperor, the Em press and the Princes, •with their suite, having been assigned to places forming a square with a plastic representation of the nati\ ity zA B< thlehem in the cen er, the Kaiser allowed court etiquette to relax, and everybody mixed freely with the others. The young Princes ran about, discovering fresh sources of de light upon each Cable, but after an hour's enjoyment of this kind the chil dren were obliged to retire. The Emperor dined with his intimate circle, Dr. Yon Tucanus, General Yon Hahnke and others of his private Cabi net. At all of the military barracks in Ber lin each company had its Christmas tree, and the ceremony of "BesotM rung* 1 (the giving of Christinas boxes) was ob served. Each of the men stood in line to receive his pr< sent, while the Captain and other officers of each oompany sang "Still.- Heilige Naoht." The Cup tain then t<>!d out to each man his share of punch, which concluded the service. The ceremony was the same in each barracks. The hospitals and even the pi also had their Chris'tra The Mombit and Ptoetzens i immense trees for the inmates, who sanjj song-?, rec< Ived presents and were treated to better fare than usual. The Countess Yon Waldersee provided a large number of widows and children with their Christmas dinner, and had an immense tree upon which were hung parcels of clothing. Ex-Em] : lerick visited the Kaiser Frederick Hospital on Christ mas Day. SI: eived there by ]>r. Virchow and Dr. Bosse, Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs, Instruction an<l Medical Affairs. The ex-Empress pre sided cut the fete, which followed her ai rival, and distributed the presents. Dr. Virchow interest* d her with a state ment of the results of tlie treatment of the variou i "rofessoi - rings and Heilserum, of the institution, which led her to compliment the pr « >rs U] "i the success of their re medial applications. Prince Bismarck spent Christmas alone with his family. Count and Countess Yon Rantzau, the latter his daughter, and his son Count Herbert Bismarck and his wife. The health <>i' the ex-Chancellor is excellent. Hi- walks but little, but drives frequently. The "Boersen Zeltung," in Its issue of Saturday, said that as the result of con sultation with his physician and Count Herbert, Prince Bismarck had d< I not to attend the banquet in Berlin on January ISth, the twenty-fifth anni v. rsary of the proclamation of th<- Ger man empire, because of the fact that the Ministers did not join the Bmpi r : in inviting- him, and also owing to the disappointment of Count Herbert in ob taining a ministerial post. Official information from Washington has been received in Berlin that the United States Government will close out all German insurance companies doing business in the United States, un less Prussia rescinds her measures against American insurance companii a preventing them from doing business here. Chancellor Prince Yon Hohenlohe is in Vienna, where he Is staying with his brother, Prince Constantine Yon Ho henlohe, Court Marshal to Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria. Princ<> Hohenlohe has had interviews with Count Goluchowsky, Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, from which have originated newspaper stories that the meeting of the two statesmen was of great political import as cementing the harmony of the Powers, etc. Prince Hohenlohe will return to Berlin in time to take part in the New Year fetes. The New Year's Day programme is as fellows: At 8 o'clock in thp morning there will be a reveille from the castle to Branden burg gate and back performed by the massed bands of the Berlin garrison. At 10 o'clock religious services will be held in the castle chapel, and at 11 o'clock the court ceremony of filing past the Emperor and the imperial party in the Welssen SaaL At 12 o'clock there will be a parole in the yard of the ar senal by the Kaiser in the presence of all the commanders of the German army corps. Then salutes will be fired in the Lustgarten. The Duke and Duchess of Coburg are passing the Christmas holidays at Co burg with their family. The Duke will go to Stuttgart on' January 7th to in vest the King of Wurtemburg, under the instructions of his mother. Queen Victoria, with the Order of the Garter. The Emperor and Empress have final ly arranged to start for Abbassia in February. During his visit to Austria his majesty will meet Emperor Francis Joseph, who will then be staying at Cap Martin. There is great anxiety over the condi tion of the Empress of Austria, who is afflicted with prolonged spells of melan choly and religious excitation. Her physicians insist upon her majesty hav ing repeated changes of scene in order to divert her mind. Councilor of Legation Rose, former Landeshauptman (Governor) of New Guiana, and recently the prosecutor of Herr Liest in the Cameroon scandals resulting in Liest's conviction of gross cruelties to the natives, and his conse quent dismissal, has been appointed Consul-General of Germany to Samoa, PENALTY OF DEATH. Verdict of a Jury in an Onialia Murder i :isc. OMAHA (Neb.), Dec. 29.—The jury in the murder case of Claude H. Hoover retired yesterday at 11 a. m., and came into the courtroom this morning at 10:45, with a verdict of murder in the first degree, and fixed the penalty at death. This was the most rapid work ever seen in this city or State, the act occurring but sixteen days ago. On December 13th Hoover quarreled with Ham Dubois, his brother-in-law, and the Councilman-elect, and was dis charged by the latter from his employ. Hoover then got drunk, and coming upon Dubois in a shoe shop, shot him without warning, and Dubois died the next day. All the evidence was one sided, and the verdict occasioned very little surprise. «, Poaco Amoni; Labor Associations. CHICAGO, Dec. 20.—Peace is re stored among the labor associations of this city. The terms of settlement of existing difficulties suggested by the American Federation of Labor at it.-; recent meeting held in NeW York were accepted to-night by the Chicago Tiv.des and Labor Assembly, and hav ing'been previously accepted by the Chicago congress, the trouble is ail ended. The result will be the amal gamation of the Labor Congress and Trades and Labor Assembly, which was the plan of adjustment proposed.