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The record-union. [volume] (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, July 13, 1896, Image 1

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Destruction hy the Late Seismic lave
in Japan.
Thirty Thousand People Killed in Five
Death Came Without Warning, and
Whole Towns Were Destroyed by
Waves Thirty Feet High—Fisher
men Out at Sea Had Their First
Notice of the Catastrophe by See
ing the Corpses of Their Wives
and Children Floating on the
kio correspondent of the United
wtiiting under date of June 20th, thus
graphically describes the devastation
wrought by the seismic wave which re
otntly visited the northeast coast of
Japan has been visited by a oalamlty
of almost unprecedented magnitude. On
the 15th of June, at half-past S in the
e\ t-ning a seismic- wave struck the north
east coast of the main island, through
out a distance of about 200 miles and
in five minutes 30.000 people were killed
and 12,000 houses destroyed. That is
the whole story-
Anyone can identify the locality of the
disaster by a glance at the map of Jap
an. From the island of Kinka-San, on
the south (north latitude 35.15 east,
•longitude 141.30) to Hachinoye, on the
north (north latitude 40.30, east longi
tude 131.30), the coast of Rikuzen and
Rikushu Provinces assumes a distinctly
eomrex shape. Throughout the whole of
this bow-like arc, nearly every tow n and
village was visited by the wave, the
portion between Motoyoshi (north lat
itude 38.48, east longitude 141.28) and
Yamada (north latitude 39.28, east
longitude 142) suffered most severely.
The general direction of the wave ap
pears to have been north by east, for
after carrying devastation to the shore
of the main island it left Yezo on the
west, touching that island at Yerimo
Cape only.
In the case of inundations, cyclones or
even earthquakes there is a record of
more or less i will 111 an— mischief and of
more or less sniccessful struggle against
the forces of destruction. But in the
case of a seismic wave one stupendous
blow accomplishes the whole calamity
in an instant. At half-past 8 the inhab
it.::: is of numerous towns and hamlets'
along the coast were celebrating the I
"boys' festival" on the fifth day >ti die
fifth month, according to the oid cal
endar; at twenty-five minutes before 9
O'clock 30,000 of them had been 9wept
out to sea or thrown dead upon the
shore and 8,000 of their homes had dis
appeared or lay wrecked.
There was nothing to presage the dis
aster. From 11 in the forenoon until
half-past 4 in the afternoon heavy rain
fell. It was followed by a fine evening I
and a dark, calm night. There is much |
difficulty in obtaining perfectly accurate !
Statements as to the times of phenom- I
ena that preceded the final catastrophe;
they were too insignificant to seem
worth recording. Several accounts j
agree, however, that at about half-past
1 three or four shocks of earthquake '
were felt, not \iolent shocks, though of
the vertical kind that folks in Japan
The l»arometer gave at the time no In
dication of anything unusual. Some
twenty or twenty-five minutes later a
booming sound became audible from the
direction of the ML It appears to have
strued it as the noise of a coming gale;
other* supposed that a huge school of
sardines had reached the offing, and
pt cted the real significance of the sound
siimed the volume and deafening din
of a great park of artillery and then, in
a m me nt, waves from twenty to thirty I
feet high were thundering against the i
The places where the actual totals of
deaths reached the highest figures were
rot always those that suffered most in
proportion to their population. Of the
thiee prefectures visited by the wave—
Iv. ate, Miyagi and Aomori —Iwate had
by far the largest aggregate of disasters,
it;- list of dead amounting to 26,000
Borne of the details, however, convey a
more graphic idea of the facts than any
g> neral statement can suggest.
Kamaishi is a little seaside town, sit
uated at the head >f a rocky inlet two
miles deep and directly facing the Pa
cific Ocean. Behind it is a precipitous
mo. Trie inhabitants seem to have re
mained until the last wholly uncon-j
8< ious of what was pending. At a little:
after 8 o'clock in the evening a moun-!
tain sea was observed piling itself up
at the mouth of the inlet and in a mo-j
mi nt, with a thunderous roar, wavepi
thirty feet high swept over the town.
Three times this avalanche of wateri
rttshed forward, the first incomparably
the most terrible, and in less than two
minutes the town was virtually annihi
lated. Out of 1,223 dwellings only 143
remained standing, and out of a popula
tion of 6.557 death had overtaken 4,7(K).
and 000 lay wounded. In completeness
of destruction this record heads the list.
>i an •ly - s appalling was the work of
the wave in a bay some five miles far
ther north. There, in the village of
Futaishi.... iy 100 persona escaped death
out of a population of 790, and only
two houses out of as many hundreds
remained standing.
At Yamada. 7<M houses out of 900 were
d' Btroyed and 3,000 persona * a* killed
out of 4,200
At Toni. 250 houses were swept away
out of 200. and 1,103 persons were killed
and 82 wounded out of a total of 1.2<K3
In the Kisses district one town and
eleven villages attacked by the wave
had 6,:'»80 persons killed and UOI
u< uses w ashed away or wrecked.
At Hongo, the Whole hamlet of 19)
houses was annihilated and the soi t .
survivors were a party of men that
happened to be playing "Go" in a tem
ple situated on high ground.
Such are the tales of death and ruin
that come from place after place, the
terrible totals at this moment of writing
being 28,073 killed, 7,737 wounded and
7,844 houses washed away or wrecked.
In the prefecture of Iwate, where oil
towns and villages on the coast were
visited by the wave, 25,413 persons were
killed and 0,779 wounded out of a total
population of 104,771, so that out of
every three inhabitants one was killed
or wounded. It is difficult yet to say
whether males or females preponderate
among the victims. Statistics from M3
yagi prefecture show that out of 1,370
deaths in twenty villages, S7O were
males and 500 females. On the other
hand a traveler passing through the
two hamlets of Tannoura and Funako
s>hi the day after the catasiophe, saw
only thirty young men there. Not a
living woman or a child was visible.
Oi. the road, however, within a distance
of some 200 yards he counted corpses
of women and children to the number of
There were some remarkable escapes.
Men swept out to sea from one side of a
bay were thrown up alive at the opposite
beach; in one case several persons were
deposited on an island nearly three miles
from the town whence the wave had
torn them. A few saved their lives by
clinging to balks of timber, and sev
eral getting wedged among the wooden
, debris of wrecked buildings, were pre
served until the wave receded. At an
inn in Oura a traveler, apparently the
only man in the house, was grasped by
four terrified women and the combined
weight of the five furnished a steady
But such bright incidents were rare,
whereas of inexpressibly sad happen
ings there are numbers. The parents of
six children caused tbe little ones to
throw their arms around the beams of
the bouse. There they clung, the water
reaching up to their shoulders. The
smallest child, losing its hold, was
swept away and its mother, springing
after it, shared its fate. Presently the
father, trying to fend off some of the
I floating debris that threatened to strike
the children, was carried off and the five
orphans alone remained. In another
family of ten one child of eight drifted
to a rock and was saved; and in an
other family of the same number, the
father having carried a baby to a hill
and found that none of the others fol
lowed, sat down the baby and ran back
only to perish with the rest.
The story of a retired soldier is worth
repeating. His experiences in the re
cent war had taught him to apprehend
the raiding of Japan's coasts by a hos
tile fleet. Thus when the cannon-like
roar of tbe advancing waters and the
cries of the people reached him, he
threw on his tunic and ran shorewards,
sword in hand. Next morning his corpse
was found much battered, but not sep
arated from the sword.
Strange to say, fishermen plying their
trade four miles from the coast did not
observe anything to indicate the occur
rence of a serious phenomenon, though
a party only three miles out in the same
district encountered heavy breakers
rolling from the north. By-and-by one
of the boats observed what seemed to
be a large fish floating on the water, but
on rowing nearer they saw it was a
child lying on a mat. In the same man
ner three other children were picked up
by a fisherman, who. to hi.s astonish
ment, found that one of them was his
own son.
Inexpressibly sad was the case of some
fishermen, who, returning shoreward in
the early morning after the catastrophe,
received their first notice of what had
occurred by finding the corpses of their
wives and children floating in the water.
At points closer to the center of the dis
turbance, however, the commotion in
tn« water was perceptible to a much
greater distance from the shore. Thus
a party of fishermen that were out look
ing for tunny off the Shizukawa Coast,
heard as they supposed the booming of
big pruns in the distance. Soon after
wards, looking eastward, they saw the
surface of the ocean heave in huge
masses, which after rising to mountain
ous hights broke in the middle and
swept northward and southward, ulti
mately striking the shore with a deaf
ening crash. The waves passed under
the boats without swamping them, but
the wat- r in the vicinity of the shore re
mained so rough throughout the night
that the fishermen could not make land
until morning, when they found their
wives and children dead and their
homes in ruins.
The scene presented by the devastat
ed districts is shocking. Wrecked houses
lie piled upon each other: moss-covered
roofs of thatch that sheltered happy
families a few days ago in quiet coun
try nooks are strewn r>ell mell on the
sands; here, houses that have had their
walls torn away stand, mere skeletons;
there, others have been wrenched from
their foundations, telescoped into each
ether, tumbled upside du*ru or heaped
together in shattered confusion.
In one instance the Immense mass of
wau-r, rushing up a narrow inlet, tore
from their foundations the houses on
either side and drove them with terrific
force into the highland ahead, where
they now lie, crushed into a confused
mass of timber, thatch and wreckage of
all kinds, the grave of many a mangled
I'ody. Horses and cattle lie wedged
among the rocks and men and women
wander about, stupefied and helpless,
1 x>king as though their minds and ener
gies had been numbed.
Numerous corpses are still buried un
der the debris of ruined buildings or un
der heap* of mud and sand thrown up
by the waves, and oft- n when a body Is
< 1: - interred no friend or relative remains
alive to identify it. The Government Is,
of course, adopting vigorous measures
of relief and liberal subsenptions are
pouring into the newsjuaper offices, both
v c macular and foreign, for when ca
lamity overtakes Japanese the benevo
lence of the foreign community is inva
riably high handed.
As to the cause of the disaster, opin
ion* are still divided. At first it was
s ipposed that the disttnrbance bad its
origin in a sudden collapse of the sides
of the subterranean crater known as
TtM iroia Deep. An officer of the
I'm ted States navy some years ago
found a trough-like depression off the
coast. The heavy sounding lead took
about one and one-half hours to reach
bottom and indicated a depth of about
[five and one-half statute miles. On the
I other hand, considering that the wave
was preceded by earthquake shocks, it
produces th<> hypothesis that they were
mwm d by the rolling of tbe wave itself.
The most reasonable conclusion appears
to be that a submarine volcanic erup
tion took place somewhere within the
area of the ocean bounded by the 142 d
. nd 1 13d meridians of east longitude
al 1 tii" 39th and -loth parallels of north
It may be added here that since the
catastrophe the fish seem to have dc
s rti ! tbe tapper waters. Although a few
Can be naught now by using the deepest
(Continued on Sixth Page.)
The Death List of the Terrible Accident
Thirty-One Bodies Have Been Taken
From the Wreck.
Scene When the Funeral Train Ar
rived in the City- A Horse-Buyer
Robbed of His Cash and Badly
Hurt—An Open Switch Causes a
Wreck Near Chicagoandthe Death
of Five Passengers.
OMAHA, July 12.—This has been a
day of general mourning in Omaha. The
harvest of death from the Logan, lowa,
wreck of last night has been increased
and the list of victims now numbers
The crowds of anxious people at the
depots did not scatter with the break of
day, although the excitement of the
r.ight wore off as relatives and friends
of the dead ones became convinced of
the worst. About 7 o'clock the first fun
eral train from the scene of the catas
trophe arrived at the Union depot and
there was an involuntary push forward
to gratify a morbid desire to learn the
news from those who had been in the
disaster. The first train contained
many of the more seriously injured and
as the poor unfortunates were lifted in
blankets from the car the groans of the
wounded mingled with the agonized
sobs of relatives and friends. It was a
most touching scene. Some twenty pas
sengers were taken in ambulances to
St. Joseph's Hospital. Several of them
cannot hope to live more than a few
horus at the furthest.
At 8:38 o'clock the train carrying the
dead was sighted coming across the long
I'nion Pacific trestle. Nearer the
spectre drew and an involuntary moan
of mourning burst from the assembled
multitude. The contrast of the day be
fore was sharply drawn. A crowd of
happy young people had gathered on
that same depot platform. Good-byes
were said amidst the waving of Hags
and playing of hands as the cars moved
out. No one dreamed of the terrible
fate that was in store for the merry ex
The approaching train consisted of
two cars, a baggage car—a chamber of
honors —and a passenger coach. As it
drew up to the station a special cordon
of police guarded the approaches and
kept the crowd back. Seventeen bodies,
to ' 1 on pine boards and covered with a
Main muslin shroud, were taken one by
cne and placed in a long row on the floor
of the baggage-room. Only friends of
the missing ones were allowed admis
sion. Those silent forms gave - evidence
of the force of yesterday's collision.
Headless trunks, bodies without limbs,
limbs without bodies, a gruesome spec
tacle, were gathered in that small space.
Occasionally some one would recognize
the features of a son or daughter. Kind
friends would gently lead them from the
room and the body would be ticketed
and sent to the undertakers. Women
fainted and anguish was pictured oft
times on the face of some gray-haired
old man.
A complete list of the dead and in
jured is as follows:
Dead—A. M. Gerard, 1839 Seventh
avenue, Council Bluffs, la.; Owen Cav
anaugh, Eighteenth and Charles streets,
Omaha, aged 18; Willie Cosgrove, 1622
Nicholas street, Omaha. E. G. Wlnegar,
a brakeman, Boone, la.; Fred Neilsen,
Omaha: Lawrence Peterson, engineer
waterworks, Council Bluffs; Mrs. Car
roll. 1219 Xorth Seventeenth street,
Omaha; infant son of Mr. and Mrs.
Carroll; Mrs. Bradley, wife of molder.
Union Pacific shops, Omaha; infant of
Mr. and Mrs. Bradley; Dudson, son of
Andrew Dudson, machinist. 13 years
edd: John Larson, 10 years old, 113
North Eighteenth street, "World-Her
ald" carrier: Patrick Scully, stationary
engineer. Union Pacific shops, 2524 Cen
ter street; Miss Maggie Cosgrove,
Eighteenth and Nicholas streets, Oma
ha; Charles Heiman, Missouri Valley.
la.: William Wilson. Ninth avenue and
Fifteenth street, Council Bluffs; Claire
son of Robert Claire, boiler maker, Oma
ha, head torn off from mouth up, identi
fied only by laundry mark; George A.
Lawrence, tinsmith, Omaha; Walter
Jennings, Missouri Valley. la.; John Mc-
Dermott, machinist, 1612 Nicholas
street, Omaha; Mary Trair, 1107 North
Eighteenth street; Mrs. John Kahler,
identified in Council Bluffs, where she
lived; infant of Mr. and Airs. John Kah
br, three months old; Phillip Carroll,
bey, 1425 North Seventeenth street.
Omaha; John Klnzie, Forty-sixth and
dimming streets, Omaha.
Injured—Engineer J. D. Montgomery,
hones broken, deep rut over eye; John
X abler, Council Bluffs, head cut and in
jured internally; Jack Taylor, Council
Bluffs, head crushed, probably fatal;
Mrs. Mary Scully, Omaha, chest and in
ternal injuries, probably fatal; John Mc-
MeKenna. Omaha, severely injured;
Leonard IT. Mac k, Omaha, head cut, se
vere injuries; Michael Shannon, Omaha,
extent unknown; Henry Conrad, boy
Supposed to be stealing a ride, lives at
Dayton, 0., contusion of chest and arms;
Conrad, his brother, similar injuries;
Moses Baudo, Omaha, probably fatally;
Samuel Dodson, Omaha, chest and arms
injured; J. A. Lillie, Omaha. President
of the Union Pacific Pioneers, chest con
tusions;- J. J. Fitzgibbon, Logan, la.,
legs and chest injured; Fred Kinsey,
( Mnaha, face, neck and shoulder injured;
Katherlne Cosgrove, Omaha, badly
shaken up; Mike Leonard, South Oma
ha, slight injuries; Stephen Meany, face
cut. contusion of chest; Miss Jetter,
badly injured; Teresa Tracy, eye badly
cut; Robbie Buchtel, Omaha, nose
broken; Lizzie Byles, Omaha, arm
broken; Jack Kinney. Omaha, inter
nally injured; Hurley, badly hurt;
Oliver Colvin, Omaha, scalp wounds;
Annie Colvin, his sister, back hurt;
Eva Nielson. Omaha, limbs crushed;
Fred Kinsey. Omaha, shoulder crushed,
f tee cut: William Chiistensen, Omaha,
legs and back injured; H. M. McMichael,
Dayton, 0., head cut, hurt internally;
E. Messerschmidt. Omaha, limbs
crushed; Miss Maggie Scully, arm
broken and body crushed; J. J. O'Hearn,
Council Bluffis, breast crushed; Mrs. J.
J. O'Hearn. head badly cut and internal
injuries; Elsie Kahler, Council Bluffs, 7
years old, face badly cut, hurt Inter
nally; Patsy Carroll, Omaha, wrist
broken, chest crushed; Mary Tracy,
head badly cut and body horribly
bruised, lives in Omaha; C. W. Johnson,
Omaha, head cut and legs bruised; John
Schindler, Omaha, chest badly crushed;
N. C. Shim, Omaha, leg and arm hurt.
The dead were taken in charge by the
local undertakers, preparatory for bu
iial, when they reached this city.
It is generally conceded among rail
road men as well as others conversant
with the facts that the blame for the
accident lies with the conductor and
engineer of the excursion train. En
gineer Montgomery refused to talk, and
to-day went to Boone, where he lives.
The story is current, however, that Con
ductor Reed of the excursion train gave
the signal to go ahead without waiting
for orders from the operator at Logan.
The excursion train was to have waited
for No. 2, the fast maii. and No. 38,
the fast freight, to pass before leaving
for Council Bluffs. When the limited
mail passed he forgot about the freight,
which is a regular train, so the story
goes, and gave the signal to pull out.
The fast freight was due in Logan at
6:43 o'clock and the excursion train
started at 0:40. After leaving the
switch it stopped and the switch was
reset, and the excursion train was just
getting well under way when the col
lision occurred.
Members of the picnic party state
that the train was not going faster than
four or five miles an hour. When En
gineer Montgomery saw the other train
he set the air brakes on all the coaches
in his train, and the brakes were set
when the collision occurred. Railroad
men on the train say the fast freight
was going about fifty miles per hour.
The engine of the fast freight was
forced through and over the engine of
the excursion train and lifted itself al
most clear of the rails. The baggage
car was forced back through the first
coach, the left-hand side of the baggage
car passing outside of the left side of
the passenger coach and the right side
cutting through the passenger coach
in line with the right row of seats. It
was on this side that most of the fa
talities occurred.
According to the rules of operating
trains. Engineer Montgomery must, ac
cording to the statements of railroad
men, share in the blame. The rules re
quire engineers to wait for telegraphic
orders before starting. They are not
allowed to assume that the conductor
has received orders, but must insist on
getting orders which are supposed to
be a duplicate of those given the con
ductor. If Montgomery assumed that
the conductor had received the orders
to leave, and pulled his train out on the
conductor's signal under that assump
tion, that fact does not excuse him.
Montgomery was almost crazed with
grief, and the rumor was current yes
terday that he had tried to commit
suicide, but had been prevented. An
effort to verify this report was made,
but it was denied by his friends.
It Caused the Wreck of an Excursion
Train, and Five Lives Lost.
CHICAGO, July 12.—An excursion
train on the Wisconsin Central ran into
an open switch at Altenheim, a suburb
ten miles west of this city, this evening,
killing five people and injuring about
twenty. The names of the dead are:
Charles Samuels, Chicago; Frederick
Keitel, Chicago; Miss Mary Arnold, Chi
cago; and Miss Hobit, Chicago.
The injured: Mrs. Fagin, Chicago,
right leg broken; Edward Kelly, Chi
cago, left leg broken; D. E. Alden, left
arm broken; J. H. Hulter, conductor of
the train, badly bruised; Peter Connor,
Injured internally; Fred Gravell, badly
bruised and internal injuries.
Ten or fifteen others were injured, but
were taken away in carriages, patrol
wagons and other conveyances before
their names could be learned.
The train consisted of thirteen coaches
and was returning from Schiller Park,
\\ here the Graded Assessment Club, a
lodge of the Ancient Order of United
Workmen, had given a picnic. The
train was coming down a grade ap
proaching Altenheim Station, and the
speed was so great that the engineer
could not stop in time to avert the
Standing on the siding were a switch
! engine and an unloaded passenger train
j waiting for the excursion to pass. When
I the heavily laden picnic train struck the
engine and train the baggage ear was
telescoped by the next coach. Those who
met death were riding in the baggage
tar, as no seats were to be had in the
It is not known who is guilty of leav
ing the switch open, but pending an In- |
vestigation the police arrested Con
ductor Hulter, James Grant and William
Dolan, the crew of the excursion train
and the crew of the side tracked passen
ger train.
A Horse-Buyer Loses His Cash and
His Watch.
OTTUMWA (la), July 12—William
Gray, a horse buyer for Crandall & Co.
of East Buffalo, N. V., was slugged at j
Williamsburg, la., last night and robbed
Of $2,506 in cash and a gold watch and
chain. He came from Preston to Will
iamsburg on a night passenger train
about 11 o'clock. As he got off the
train he was accosted by a man whose
features he could not discern in the
dark. As he went to town he was struck
on the back of the neck with some hard
instrument. When he came to his watch,
chain and money were gone with the ex
ception of $40 in a trousers pocket which
the robbers overlooked. Gray is badly
hurt. No clue.
Incendiary Fire in Galveston.
GALVESTON (Tex.), July 12.—There
was another disastrous fire on the wharf
here to-day and property valued at
$150,000 was destroyed. The fire was of
incendiary origin. Owing to this dis
covery it is believed the $200,000 wharf
fire of ten days ago was also incen
diary origin. The property destroyed'to
day was a shed owned by the Morgan
Steamship Company which contained
2,000,000 yards of jute bagging.
New Jersey Town Burned.
NORTH CONWAY, July 12.—The
business portion of the town of Bartlett
was destroyed by fire this afternoon.
Loss $100,000.
Planing Mill Burned.
TOLEDO (O.), July 12.—McLaren &
Sprague's planing mill and factory and
the Toledo Knitting Works were de
stroyed by fire to-night. Loss $150,000.
Exploded German Conrt Scandals Started
Period of Armistice in Diplomatic
Warfare Over Turkey.
Christian Deputies in Crete Will De
mand of the Governor Universal
Suffrage and Recognition of a Cre
tan Flag—nuch Ado About Noth
ing in France and Belgium.
BERLIN, July 12.—The scattering of
the whole of the great world of Berlin
has seemed opportune for authors of
hbelous pamphlets to try the credulity
of the public by issuing a brochure con
taining allusions to court scandals.
Under initials which indicate the per
sonages implicated in the scandals, the
authors of the pamphlet rehash the old
stories which were published long ago
and have since repeatedly been shown to
be untrue. Yon Kotz and Wife, who are
staying at Edmansdorff as the guests of
the Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, know
nothing of the pamphlet and others of
Yon Kotz's friends declare that the pub
lication of the stories were not author
ized by him. The police are prohibiting
the sale of the pamphlet.
With Prince Lobanoff-Rostovsky,
Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs in
Switzerland, where he will go this week
from St. Petersburg, Prince Hohenlohe,
the German Chancellor, at his chateau
at Alt-Ausse, Austria, the King of
Greece at A'ix les Bains, for which place
he is about to start for a three weeks'
sojourn, after which he will go to Co
penhagen for another three weeks'
stay, the Czar on the eve of visiting the
European Capitals and all of the lead
ing diplomats contemplating holidays,
there will be a pause in the de
velopments In the situation in the
East, as might be expected. The "Polit
ische Correspondes," one of the official
organs, has information that Prince
Ix)banoff-Rostovsky will devote his
leave of absence exclusively to the re
pose which is necessary to restore his
There is no doubt that Europe has
reached a period of armistice in the dip
lomatic warfare over Turkey, but the
Governments are relying too much upon
the slowing up of matters in Crete and
the unliklihood of a recurrence of im
portant events in that island is the of
ficial impression here. Dr. NiCOlaMes,
the official representative of the Cretan
Reform Comirk'ee who is now In B< r
lin, distrusts the present comparative
calm and regards it merely as a brief
truce before the breaking of tho storm.
The prospect of permanent peace in
Crete, he claims, is in the intervention of
the Powers and the granting of the au
tonomy to the island.
Apart from the opinion expressed by
the doctor, reports have been received
here from Canea to the effect that al
though the Christian deputies will at
tend the opening session of the Cretan
assembly to-morrow they do not intend
to engage in debate with the Moslem
Deputies, but will present to Brevoitch
Georgi Pasha, the newly appointed
Christian Governor of Crete, who will
preside, a document setting forth the
claims of the Christian Cretans, to
which will be added a demand for uni
versal suffrage and the recognition of
a Cretan flag with the cross thereon.
They will give the Porte a short time
in which to respond to these demands
and if the Porte's reply shall be unfav
orable, as it certainly will be, the Christ
ian Deputies will constitute an Indepen
dent assembly. In the meantime the in
surgents will seize the advantage af
forded by the Turkish troops being
forced into inactivity and occupy all of
the stragetic points in the island.
The fuss which has been made by the
French and Belgian newspapers over
the formation of a German military
camp at Elsenborn on the German fron
tier, has no substantial basis. Two years
ago, as was cabled at the time, the
j Government purchased large tracts of
! ground at Malmedy and Elsenborn,
j which it was understood were to be de
Bed Lounges
All kinds of Bed Lounges made nowadays. The
ones we sell for $15 are made right. Best French
black steel springs and strongest twine used.
Quite a difference between factory-made stuff and
goods made in our workroom.
When you buy $15 Bed Lounges here your
dollars are worth 100 cents.
Jo\)T) Breurjer
604-606-608 X ST.. SACRAJIENTO
WHOLE NO. 17,090.
voted to making experiments in fid I
operations and shooting practice with
various kinds of guns. Since that time
the houses upon the land purchased
have been torn down and replaced by
extensive barracks and roads and
trenches have been constructed, but no
fortification* whatever have been erec
ted. There is no doubt but the position
would be of great stragerio value if
Germany designed to strike at France
through Belgium, but there Is not the
slightest sign of an intention on th"
part of Germany to create a stronghold
there and the indignant protests of the
French and Belgian press have bet i
A Nebraska Farmer Beat Her Brains
Out and Then Killed Himself.
AUBURN (Neb.), July 12—County
Attorney A. J. Burnham returned to
night from the scene of the murder of
Mrs. Hayden Roberts by her husband,
near Peru, which occurred this morn
ins. He says that the woman was
killed by being beaten over the head
with the stock of a shotgun until the
same was broken and then the barrel
of the gun was used.
The murder was surely premeditated,
for a note was found near the dead
woman's body, signed by Hayden Rob
erts, and saying that his body would
be found near the old salt basin In
his father's pasture, about one mile dis
tant. The person finding the note did
not think to look at it until the middle
of the forenoon.
Roberts had shot himself just back of
the right ear and seemingly died with
out a struggle.
The tragedy is one of the most shock
ing that evr occurred in Nemah Coun
ty. Hayden Roberts was one of the
oldest residents in the county and a
man of seme prominence. His father,
afl aged veteran of the war and a man
universally ri-speeted, BWVlves him.
Henry Roberts, a brother, was years
ago a clerk in the office of the State
Superintendent of Public Instruction at
Lincoln. The murdered woman was a
widow when she married Roberts, witlt
children of her own. Their home life
was not always happy, but as to who
was to blame opinions differ.
What Was Done on the Eastern Cir-
cuit Yesterday.
LOUISVILLE, July 11.—Baltimore
played all around Louisville this after
noon. Attendance, 8,500. Score: Balti
more 7, Louisville 2. Batteries: Mc-
Mahon and Clarke; Hill, Cunningham
and Dexter, Miller. Umpire, McFar
CINCINNATI, July 12.—1n the sev
enth inning, with the score 5 to 2
against, them, Brooklyn bunched them
hits, and aided by Miller's error suc
ceeded in tieing the score. In the eighth
the Beds pounded Harper hard, mak
ing five singles and a double, scoring
four runs. Score: Cincinnati 9, Brook
lyn 5. Batteries: Ehret, Gray and
Pelts; Harper and Grim. Umpire,
ST. LOUTS, July 12.—The Browns got
but four scattered,-hi»s off King to-day,
while Washington batted Donohue
safely nineteen times and won easily.
Score: St. Louis 1, Washington 14. Bat
teries: Donohue and McFarland; King
and McGuire. Umpire, Battin.
CHICAGO, July 12.—The Spiders won
to-day by a lucky bunching of hits in
the fifth inning. Score: Chicago 2,
Cleveland 5. Batteries, Briggs and,
Kittredge; Wilson and Zimmcr. Um
pire, Kmslie.
Cloudburst in Kentucky.
AUGUSTA (Ky.), July 12.—About
midnight last night there was a cloud
burst four miles south of here on Big
Bracken Creek, greatly swelling the lit
tle stream. Mis. Henry Sixsco, 04 year 3
cf age, was caught in the swollen
stream and drowned. Thousands of
acres of tobacco and corn were de
Three Young Men Drowned.
BUFFALO, July 12.—A sailboat con
taining three young men capsized in
Niagara River near the foot of Austin
street this afternoon. The current in the
river at this point is very strong artd
before assistance could reach them they
were drowned.
Church Burned in Brooklyn.
BROOKLYN, July 12.—The Roman
Catholic Church of the Visitation, cor
ner of Verona and Richards streets, was
destroyed by fire to-night. Loss 5150,
--000; insurance $00,000.
Wild birds do not sing more than
eight or ten weeks in the year.

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