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LOOKING INTO THE UNSEEN. The X Ray Experiments Rapidly Reach ing Perfection. DR. WM. J. MORTON'S MARVELOUS RESULTS. Its Wonderful Aid to Hospitals and Surgeons in Locating Foreign Substances in the Human Frame —The Most Recent Investigations of the Great Inventors and Scientists, Roent gen, Edison and Lodge—A Valuable Work on the Subjec Which Has Made a Stir in the Scientific World. ["The X Ray; or. Photography of the Invisible," copyrighted, IS9G, by the Ameri can Technical Hook Company, Nev/ York. All rights reserved.] Electricity has contributed much to our present advanced civilization; much "which the world could not well do with out; but, if much of that which has been contributed were swept away, leaving only its last, greatest and most wonderful achievement, the X ray dis covery, the world could bear the loss. There are substitutes for them; but none for the X ray. The telegraph, telephone, electric light and electric railway, as factors in the world's progress, have aone won ders in bringing nations and individ uals nearer together and increasing the volume of business transacted in a given length of time, but even these are limited in their scope, while the prov ince of the X ray is world-wide. As demonstrated by the experiments of Dr. William J. Morton and others, this light, to which nearly all so-called opaque materials are as transparent as glass is to the ordinary daylight, enables the physician and surgeon to lcok into the human frame as one looks into a room through a window. Scarcely has this discovery been pub lished to the world by Professor Roent gen, when thousands of men of all pro fessions are busily engaged in experi menting toward the perfection of its production and the multiplication of its (useful applications. And thousands Fig 1 is a photograph of Dr. Morton's X-Ray Laboratory, which has been pro nounced by experts the finest in the country. Dr. Morton is looking at the botv-s in his hand through the tluoroscope. while Mr. Hammer is having an X-ray picture taken of bus hand without removing the slide lrom the dry plate. more are awaiting information which will enable them to handle this benefi cent gift intelligently. Never, perhaps, in all history has a discovery so far-reaching in its effects upon the well-being of humanity in general been brought before the world. It makes surgery an exact science, and places the healing art far beyond the groping amid fleeting symptoms into the realms of certainty. Wherever dis ease or accident have preyed upon or marred the Integrity of the human form, its members or organs, there will this greatest wonder of the nineteenth century, like a ministering angel, fold its wings and shower its blessings. Almost as wonderful as the discovery of the X rays is the fact that within n few months after its announcement the press is spreading broadcast the latest and most complete Information upon the subject from the pens of those whose names have become household words throughout the civilized world. Edison. Tesla, Lodge. Morton, and Pig, X ray of broken arm, showing an imperfect setting. The picture was taken without removing the- wooden splints, and the pins of the bandages show on both sides of the' arm. The fingers are ele formed. others are speaking to the great pub lic on this wonderfully Interesting sub ject through a timely contribution to popular scientfic* literature entitled •The X Ray; or. Photography of the Invisible and Its Value in Surgery," published by the American Technical Rook Company, 4."i Vesey street. The •work is by Dr. William J. Morton, the famous X ray expert, in collaboration With E. W. Hammer, electrical engi neer. The names of th> authors are a guar antee of the excellence of the work; Beth gentlemen standing high in their Individual professions. Aside from his standing as one of the leaders in the medical profession, Dr. Morton has been identified with Profes sor Roentgen's discovery as one of the earliest and most active experimenters in this new field, and With the most fully equipped X ray laboratory, has justified all expectation* by producing a large number of the finest X ray pho tographs thus far produced in the world. Not content with hands, feet and other minor portions of the body, he has taken photographs of the en tire trunk, pelvis, etc., which have been by compentent authorities, pronounced wonderful in their perfection of detail, and of inestimable value in surgical op erations. Mr. Hammer is a practical electrician of large experience, both in this coun try and abroad. '"The X ray, or Photography of the Invisible," gives a clear and exact ex planation ofthe theory of the X rays, as well as the method of arranging and operating the apparatus involved in their production. To this end the work commences by explaining in simple language and comparison with well known objects the nature of electricity, the method of and means for measuring it and the various means and devices for generating and controlling it, each and all of the devices referred to being carefully illustrated and described. Step by step, the reader is carried from one point of interest and informa tion to another, until every detail of theory, practice, process and imple ment is made clear, and anyone of or dinary intelligence may, by acting care fully upon the information conveyed, produce perfect X ray photographs. To the physician, far away from the great centers of learning, who must rely entirely upon himself for all that is necessary of intelligence and mechani cal skill to carry out his experiments, this work will prove invaluable. To the electrician and amateur it is a clear guide; each step being laid down by men who have, so to speak, paced off the entire road from start to finish. To a large majority of the intelligent public, electricity is a mystery, and is likely to remain so for aught they will do to make it otherwise. And this con dition results from the erroneous im pression that one must have received a special training to comprehend it. "The X Ray; or, Photography of the Invisi ble," makes a very successful effort to disabuse the public mind of this false conception. Commencing with those werds —so meaningless to the average individual —the volt, ampere, watt, etc., it makes clear their individual mean ing, the-ir relation to each other, and incidentally, the varying conditions of ian electric current which makes them i roperly express its state of rest or ac tivity, of potentiality or performance. Having learned how to measure a current of electricity, we are taught how to create, or more properly speak ing, how to generate it, the various m urces from which it may be derived, the means of conducting it from place • place, as weH as those for confining it where we would have it remain. Through all the sources of the elec tric current, animal, frictional. chemi cal, to me chanical, all is made sei sim ph that we almost wonder we escaped kne>wing it by intuition. The induction coil next claims our at tention, and that thoroughly explained, v. proceed to consider the Crook-s tube In ail Ms varieties. The Illustrations make this one of the most interesting parts of the general subject, quite readily understood, and we proceed to consider the fluoroscope and all the In teresting phenomenal developed by its application to X ray manipulation. SACRAMENTO DAILY RECORD-UNION. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1896. Photographic apparatus is next treated in a general way, and is fol lowed by a carefully written and illus trated chapter on the choice of appara tus, and how to properly arrange and connect it, after which follows a val uable chapter on the nature and source of the X rays, which is exceedingly in teresting. One of the most interesting and valu able chapters to the prospective experi menter is that which, clearly and in de tail, explains the exact operation in volved in producing an X ray photo graph both directly from the object and by aid of the fluoroscope. If the several steps of the operation are not thorough ly understood, the operator may take our word for it that it is his own fault, and read these pages over again and again until he has fully grasped their meanfng. This part of the w T ork closes with a chapter of photographic notes on de veloping, etc. A chapter of the surgical value of the X rays, their usefulness in discovering foreign bodies imbedded in the flesh or bones of a person, its application to dentistry, etc., and finally the consider ation of their curative properties, brings this interesting, instructive and valuable work to a close. An appendix, or rather three of them, giving the orig inal paper on the X ray by Professor Fig. 36. Fig. 36 is a Morton vacuum bulb fitted with external electrodes of aluminum foil devised in the first instance for use with a Holtz or other influence ma<-hine, but equally useful in connection with an in duction coil. The small aluminum cap A is cathodic and concentrates the rays on the opposite end of the bulb. The anode B is a cup of aluminum foil covering a large proportion of the bulb as shown in the sketch. The innovation in this form of bulb or tube lies in the fact that the cathodic stream, as it impinges on the anode, apparently proceeds on its way in the form of X rays: therefore this type Fig. 37. is not a "reflecting" tube. It will be no ticed there is no window or opening in the anode. Should a window be cut in the anodic metal with the hope of getting a better effect upon the sensitized plate, the efficacy of the bulb will be greatly dimin ished. This bulb works well with a static machine (or with an induction coil). This idea of a coincident X ray and cathodic stream as applied to a tube hav ing external electrodes has been modified by the originator of the above, as illus strated in Fig. 37. The focusing cathode cup A is of aluminum, and the thin disk or button B Is of carbon and is held tirmly in its position by the anode connection passing through the glass. It will be seen that the X rays appear to pass through the anode instead of being reflected from it. Roentgen; Mr. Edison's views on this wonderfully interesting subject, and an exhaustive article on the X ray by Dr. Oliver Lodge closes the volume. The work is a l'Jmo, printed in large, clear type on calendered paper, and, in addition to the large number of illustra tions forming part of the text, has a piece in colors, clearly differentiating the X rays from the anode and cathode rays, while thirty-two pages of ex cellent X ray p?otures are reproduced by half-tone plates from X ray nega tives taken by Dr. Morton and pro nounced by scientists to be the most valuable collection in the country. The price, as well as the work, is ex traordinary, being 50 cents in paper covers, and 75 cents in cloth binding. It can be had at any book store, or will be sent, postpaid on receipt of price by th" publishers, American Technical Rook Company. 4." Vesey street, Xew York. We predict a splendid sale for this splendid book. OF SPECIAL INTEREST TO EX PERIMENTERS WITH X RAYS. *Many people call this the "Electrical Age." It is. It might also be called the "Photographic Age." The number of people who own photographic cam- Fig. ML The fluoroscope enables the experi menter to determine whether X rays ere I • tng produced or not in the Crookes tube', and If produced, it enable* him to decide upon th< lr degree of intensity. The lluor osi-ope is already an invaluable aid in sur gical diagnosis. Foreign bodies, such as bullets, le-dies. etc., may be located in the flesh, fractures may be discovered or distinguished from dislocations and the organs of the body, like the heart, liver ;<:id spleen, may be outlined. A sketch of the Edison flHoroscope is shown in Fig. 40. eras Is enormous; the number who ex pect to some day own such apparatus is still greater. It is a difficult matter to meet a person who has not done more or less with photography, and who has n<»t quite decided views as to which is the best camera and which the best de veloper. In fact, the widespread knowl edge of photography is, in a large de gree, responsible for the universal in terest and curiosity concerning the X ray. The photographer has become so accustomed to consider "light" to be an absolute requirement in his work that he is impressed at once by the Fig. 4 is a diagramatie reproduction representing the apparatus as arranged for the actual taking of an X-ray picture. The devices here shown are now be-ing as sembled into more compact form for greater convenience and portability. The con nections between the different devices will be readily seen from an examination of the diagram given in Fig. 4. unnatural process of taking pictures in the dark and of that which he cannot *Fr©ni advance sheets of "The X Ray: or. Photography of the Invisible." By special permission of the American Tech nical Book Company* New York. Copy righted, by American Technical Book Company. see. He was at first so convinced that it was impossible to see through a pine board or a man's body that he was in clined to believe the whole X ray ex citement to be the product of the im agination. Like all who doubt, he must see to believe. But when once he has seen, he is naturally inclined to as cribe to the new agency powers which it does not possess. It will be our effort to point out the limitations as w r ell as the astonishing capabilities of the new discovery. Another photographic idol will be shattered when it is found that in the Fig. 52a. REDUCTION OF VACUUM BY AR TIFICIAL MEANS.—An important tube for perfect X ray work designed by Dr. Morton. When it was first noted that the vacuum of a tube became raised to an im practicable point, it was lowered by put ting the tube in an oven and heating it to 400 or 500 degrees, or by boiling it in oil. But the delay and trouble of doing this may be avoided by the simple operation of heating the tube in its working position by aid of a spirit lamp or a Bunsen burner. For instance, the operator begins work with a tube whose vacuum forces a six inch spark to pass between the discharg ing rods of the coil. This may not leave him enough margin of capacity in his coil, so he turns off the current and care fully heats the tube with the tlame of a spirit lamp. This must be done boldly and yet carefully. The tlame should be ample and swayed across the hottom of the tube, never resting in one place, until at last the entire tube has become evenly hot; then the lamp is withdrawn to a distance and the current turned on. If the sparks still fly around the outside of the tube the heating must be continued. Finally there comes a moment when, upon turning on the current, it passes through rather than outside of the tube, and then X ray work may begin. The am ateur will often have an exciting time with his vacuum. Once lowered he may sometimes keep it low by using a current strength which keeps his platinum re flector (if a focus tube is employed) red hot. But at last the point is reached when even heating with a flame—so far as is consistent with safety—fails to reduce the vacuum, and again the tube is useless and must be sent to be re-exhausted. In using a spirit lamp, one precaution must be kept in mind; the alcohol will be ignited if it is brought near to the tube while the current is passing and an explo sion may occur. Again the vacuum may be lowered in other ways in tubes espe cially construe ted for this purnose. One of these ways is that described by Professor Crookes many years ago. To the tube is affixed a small extension tube containing a chemical salt, which upon being heated by llame from the outside, throws out more or less vapor. Or, as devised by Dr. Morton, an inside carbon filament having outside electrodes is mounted within the tube. Upon nassing current through the filament, beat ' is pro duced, vapor thrown out. and the- vacuum lowered. See Fig. 52a. In this manner a tube may be worked for a long time and the vacuum be adjusted according to cir cumstances. "photography of the invisible" no cam era is needed. How this simplifies mat ters. Only a sensitive plate which can be bought of any dealer, and a suitable holder for the same are required. If you have no camera and no dark room, no developing utensils and no knowledge as to the development of negatives, you may still take X ray pictures. If you Fig. 2.—X-ray picture of hands, showing a Codes fracture. The subject was a young girl. It", years of age, who fell on the ice, and the photograoh shows that the bone of the arm telescoped into the head of the same bone. The doctor, who had this picture taken, stated that it changed entirely his diagnosis of the case, and that his operation would be entirely different from what he had intended. have a camera and all the necessaries of dark-room equipment you may use them, but a camera cannot be used ex cept to photograph the shadow* image east by the X ray upon a fluorescent screen. All X ray pictures, whether taken with or without a camera or only seen OO the luminous screen of a fluoroscope. are not pictures of surfaces, but are. in reality, as has been said, shadow pictures. The X ray penetrates some substances more readily than others, just as clear glass is more transparent than paper is to sunlight. It is odd, however, that some of the substances most easily penetrated by the X rays are opaque to ordinary light. Professor Roentgen showed in his original an nouncement that aluminum is about 200 times more transparent than plat inum to the X ray, yet both metals are opaque to sunlight. The X ray will penetrate flesh much more readily than bone. Therefore, if the hand is placed between the fluoroscope and the , Crookes tube and the X ray is projected through the hand. It will be seen by the fluoroscope that the bones cast irore shadow than the transparent flesh and stand out in bold relief. It will be interesting to note that car bon in any form—as diamond or as coal or graphite—is almost perfectly trans parent to the X ray. while lead is al most totally impenetrable by it. One of the greatest difficulties which will present itself to the experimenter is the choice of apparatus for the pro duction of the X ray effects. It must be confessed that pioneers in this field of research have made none too ex plicit statements as to their precise methods of operation. Roughly speaking, there may be said to be three general methods of opera tions involving the use of (1) influence or static electrical machines; (2) in duction coils, whose primary circuits are supplied either with continuous or alternating electrical currents; (.'?) Tes la transformers utilizing oscillatory electrical currents. INDUCTION COIL. Although the static machine may be used for the production of X ray effects, the induction coil is by far the most convenient form of apparatus for this purpose. By its use the more powerful X ray effects are obtained and the time of exposure lessened. The first thing the reader will want to know is the size of induction coil he will be called upon to purchase if he wishes to experiment. As regards this point he must be guided by the nature of the work he wishes to accomplish. If he is content with pictures of metallic objects Fig. 6.—This is a copy from an X-ray negative. t;;k< n by Dr. Morton, of a man who was shot by ;>. maniac. The bullet is lodged in the man's chest. The subject Is now in the hospital to have the bullet removed. laid upon a plate-holder, of coins within a purse, or even with pictures of the hand (where a long exposure would be an object km) a coil capable of giving a. spark two inches in length will suffice. If, however, it is desired to obtain suc cessful pictures of Che hands, arms, feet and lower portions of the legs, a coil having a four-inch spark will be re quired. If, finally, he wishes to take a picture Of the shoulder, chest, abdomen, hip or thighs, it is essential that he have a coll with a spark length of eight or ten inches. As a summary of these re marks it may be said that for reasons which will presently appear in relation to the treatment of the Crookes tube, a coil giving an eight-inch spark will be found to answer all purposes above enumerated. This coil is a fundamental piece of apparatus, but there are a number of accessories which must now be consid- ered as necessary for an induction coil outfit. It must be decided whether di rect or alternating current sources shall be selected for the primary circuit. An opinion has already been expressed that the alternating current was not so ef fective as direct current when derived from a dynamo machine, but when bat ti-riea are used the chief inconvenience Fig. 3. showing the bone in a man's foot, taken through the boot. The outline o the flesh and leather is distinctly shown. Iron pegs and fasteners of the shoe an especially prominent, while the joints in the bones are very clear. in altering the direction of the primary current is the necessary use of a double break-wheel. It is therefore advised that the direct current be used in the primary circuit, interrupted by a break wheel. If the Edison current (supplied by a dynamo of 110 volts) be used with a vibrator, its platinum contact points will speedily be ruined. This will not happen if the source is a battery of a few primary or storage cells, as then the voltage is quite low. But batteries are quite expensive, and take up much room and need constant recharging and refilling. On the other hand, If a dynamo cur rent is used, we require a break w heel and blower run by electric or other motor, but escape all trouble from the batteries. The break wheel is a neces sity when high voltages are used, as it is useless to try to escape the destroy ing action of the dynamo current by cutting down its pressure with resist ances. There is no question but that batteries and vibrators can and will be extensively used, but the advan tages in the use of dynamo current are so great that its use is advised w hen it can be conveniently obtained. The kind of vibrators to use may saf dy be 1 ft with the instrument maker, but the best form of break wheel has already >■ described. Not less essential than the use of a break wheel with high voltagi a is the use of a blower whose purpose it is to blow a stream of air at the spark which takes place on the break wheel when the circuit is broken. By many the condenser is considered am ply sufficient to cut down the sparking, and there is no doubt that the spark will be materially reduced, especially if a condenser is used w hose capacity may be regulated at will. Sufficient condenser capacity should be employed to practically "kill" the Sparking at the break wheel; the operator can readily determine, how much to use when he has a regular variable con- denser to control by watching the spark. On the whole, basing the opin ion on practical experience, it is almost impossible to get along without a blow er when dynamo currents are used. To demonstrate this in practical working, i? the supply of air is temporarily cut off from the break wheel, these things will occur: (1) A considerable length ening of the spark on the break w heel will appear: (2) a spark previously Fig. 28. The best breaker for the purpose is a wheel such as is shown iti Fig. 86. It is made of brass, with pieces of slate care fully fitted into its circumference, so that when the wheel is made to revolve by an electric motor, or other motive power, the fixed brush A will first rest on a brass pro jection and then on the exposed section of the insulating slate. The fixed brush I? always makes contact on the hub of the wheel. The slate being of the form shown and carefully fitted, will wear indefinitely and cannot fly out. The "makes" are a trifle longer than the "breaks," or, in other words, the exposed sections of brass are a little longer than the sections of the slate. With such large primary currents it is not only necessary to connect a condenser around the break-wheel as was don,' with the circuit-breaker B in Fig. 24. but it is also desirable to have an air-blast directed at the sparking point on the wheel so as to keep down the spark as shown at C in Fig. 2>>. This break-wheel was one of many results of a long course of experi mentation leading to the X ray work done by Dr. Morton, and is likely to become a standard article. In its present form it was invented and is now made by H. 10. Vineing. Master Electrician. Brooklyn Navy Yard. It is invaluable in connection with the production of X rays, because the smaller or "cleaner" the spark at the cir cuit-breaker in the primary circuit, the tiner will be the effects produced. just able to pass between the discharg ing rods on the induction coil will cease to pass; (3) the vacuum tube heats up more rapidly; and (4) the most import ant of all, the actual production of X rays in the Crookes tube notably di minishes. It would appear, therefore, that both a condenser and a blower should be used to produce the best X ray work with high voltage current in the primary. The only other necessary apparatus required in this connection are the proper rheostats to govern the current respectively supplied to the primary of the induction coil, the motor which drives the break wheel and the motor which drives the blower. The connection between the different devices will be readily seen from an examination of the diagram given in Fig. 4. It only remains to be said that the break wheel in the combination of ap paratus here described has eight breaks, and is made to revolve 6,000 times per minute, so that there are makes and breaks each minute. Out of Style. He picked the bonnet up in haste. Knowing he had no time to waste; And ran from store to home—a mile— For fear it would go out of style. Dominoes were introduced into France and Italy about the middle of the last century. MIXED BATHING. Mrs. Grannis Sees No Impropriety in It. In Sweden the Bath Attendants Are Women and it is All Right. When Mrs. Elizab th B. Granals, President of the National Christian League for the Promotion of Social Purity, was asked fo • her epii,;,, tl ~a the question of "mixeu bathing," which is just now agitating England, she fur nished the following statement for the " Sunday World": Tlu> co-relation of the sexes is, in my Opinion, one of the main factors in the future development, enlightenment and Improvement of mankind; therefore I can see no possible harm in "mixed bathing," as it is called. To me it seems almost Impossible that an American could object to the custom on American beaches. At the same time I can readily understand that ie might seem to be improper in England, for a great many of these distinctions between propriety and impropriety are a question simply of country and cli mate. It depends altogether on local customs and traditions where the line is drawn. The same thing that in one country is considered not up to the standar & i dignified propriety is considered proper enough in another. ixok at the inconsistency of this non sensical agitation about so trifling a natter. .Now, why don't the moralists oi England look nearer England than America before they rush so violently into print and denounce the American way as wrong. BATHING IX SWEDEN. How about Sweden? That is certain ly a Christian and civilized country. There Is no nation in Europe where the standard of morality is higher or where the people on the average live better Of purer liv»s. and yet it is the custom in numerous Swedish steam baths to employ none but women attendants. I mean the baths of the same grade as the several excellent and reputable Turkish baths for nn n in this city. Remember, the bathfl in Sweden are the roughly respectable places and are patronized by the best class of citizens. They are not resorta for the depraved or dens of vice and debauchery. On the contrary, they are healthful and well-conducted luxuries. Women art employed simply because they make better attendants. They are neater, quicker, quieter un ,i generally more efficient than men servants would be. They are also much more deft in giving massage. In a way, they are physicians, and are selected for their special fitness for the work, just as nurses in our hospitals are aelecti d. They are trained for their work much tfee Batae as are nurses. Even in Eng land they can see nothing out of the way in having women nurses for male patients and male doctors to attend women. The difference between the two cusbmis is only a step. NO IMMORALITY LN SWEDISH BATHS. To be sure, in Bweden the male bathers are unclothed and the female attendants are but partially clothed, yet, so far as I can learn, that fact has not resulted in any known detri ment to the morality of the nation, as the women behave like automatons. I am aware that they are imitations of these Swedish baths right here in New York, but many of them are, per haps, not run for any good purpose, and are simply a bait to lure the curi ous and depraved. Of course, this Swedish custom is shocking to a foreigner, and the fact that it is so universally countenanced and approved seems inexcusable. Now, why should our English cousins create all this commotion about the v* ry sensible way in which we take our ocean dips when there is "mixed bathing" with a vengeance on the great northern peninsula right at her back doer. Doesn't it seem far-fetched? THE ENGLISH SYSTEM CRITI CISED. I believe the English method of sep arating the sexes is not only detri mental, unpleasant and uncongenial, but dangerous. Inexperienced women should not go in the surf without be ing accompanied by men or women who tan swim. But I believe in their going in anyway, and not being de-pendent ui*n men If it i.< not convenient for men to accompany them. The majority of men are enough at home in the water to rescue a woman in danger, and so are a great many women. Then, again, under the English rule, a husband cannot teach his wife to swim, nor a brother his sister. I don't believe in lovers going in with their sweethearts. It is simply absurd to deny husbands and brothers this privi lege and pleasure. MIXED BATHING NOT DEPRAVIXd I cannot see how mixed bathing in public places, as a custom, can result in any evil. NOW and then there may be individual exceptions, but they are far outweighed by the benefit and pleasure derived from it. With this general association be tween the sexes we would never hear of young girls running away with their fathers' coachmen, falling in love With a waiter or disgracing themselves in any similar manner. There would then be no occasion or temptation to do it. There is only one phase of the asso ciation of the sexes that I object to or believe results in any evil. That is fancy dances as they are danced now in fashionable society. Sensible people should aim to avoid inconsistencies. Let us not watch for errors on the beach so closely that Aye become blind to the flagrant evils of high teas, fashionable receptions and cabinet banquets. The ultra-decollete style of dressing is neither pretty nor attractive. It caters to the low taste of the participant and the observer. I cannot imagine anything in the unat tractive bathing suits so detrimental in its effects as the indecent exposures at fashionable functions. — Elizabeth B. Grannis, in New York "World. The game of draughts made its ap pearance in Europe, it is said, about 400 years ago. Oil's Hoosciiolil Remedies. I Day Malaria Cure for Mala » ria. Chills and Fevers... 75c OU's Liver Pills, best pills on earth 25 c Ott s Liver Cure 5^ Ott's Cough Cure .*]2sc Ott's Kidney Cure .... 50c Ott's Corn Cure '.>; u . Ott's Catarrh Halm gee And many other remedial of undoubted merit FRY THEM FRANCIS S. 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