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VOLUMB 96.—N0. 183.
MEAT FURNISHED ARMY DURING WAR. The Court Appointed to Investigate the Charges of Gen. Miles Makes a Good Start in the Investigation at the Opening Session. The Commanding General of the Army the Principal Witness of the Day—Says the Published In terviews in New York Did Not Fairly Represent His Opinion in the Case—Dr. Daly to Appear Before the Court To-Day. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The Miles Court of Inquiry to-day made a good start in Its work. The court was com fortably quartered in the old meeting room of the War Investigating Com mission in the Lemmon Building, with accommodations for representatives of the press associations and the local papers. Calls of ceremony on the Pres ident and the General commandling the army occupied a large part of the fore noon, and immediately thereafter Gen eral Nelson A. Miles appeared as the first witness. He and) three other army officers summoned as witnesses were examined and disposed of before the ccurc closed its session at 3 o'clock. General Miles' testimony, of course, was the feature of the day's proceedings. Colonel Frank Micheler, his Chief of Staff 7 and a gentleman in citizen's clothes, who took a seat by the fire place and gravely watched the course of proceedings, retiring with the Gen eral as sik ntly as he had come, accom panied the General to the court room. General Miles appeared in fatigue uniform, rather striking in its contrast with the display of scarfs, bullion and buttons en the full dress uniforms cf the court. He submitted to the ques tioning of Colonel Davis, Recorder of the court, with equanimity, except for a flash of mingled indignation and irony when he informed, the Recorder that he was not compelled to "report" to the Commissary-General of the army. This was in reply to a question as to whether or not hr had reported to the Commis sary Department the fact that com plaints had been made to him as to the quality of the meat being issued to the troopf. An instant later. General Miles resumed his cool and carefully consid ered replies to the inquiries of the court. Its indie ated by a letter of the Adjr tar.t-General. read by the Recorder of the court, the scope of the inquiry was limited tc the attentions of General Miles before the War Commiission as to the quality of the army beef "and the matter purporting to have been fur nisbecl to the public press by the same official." Only two interviews were called up by the court, the first an interview with a Nev.- Yt rk "Journal" representative early lr. the beef controversy, in which General Miles was quoted as charging that cert aim chemicals! were used in the preservation of the army meat, and an other of the New York "Herald" under date cr February Ist, covering about the same ground. , General Miles was very slow and careful in his replies to the Recorder's questions on this point. He called at tention tc the fact that in both in stances he was credited in the inter views with refusing to answer certain questions, and insisted that these re fusals snould be given due. weight in considering the questions to which he did not reply. He said, in the case of the interview of February Ist. that he had a letter from the man who wrote the story offering to swear that Gen eral Miles had refused to be inter viewed, and that the whole story was nipde Up in the office from the writer's general knowledge of the facts. Notwithstanding this, when his final answer was asked as to the authenti city of tho interview. General Miles did m t spPc'l'cn'.y deny it. but merely paid that it did not quite fairly represent h;?. cwn cpinion in the cai-e. The same qualified denial as to the "Journal's" Interview of December 2:>d was made, leaving the witness on record as not as suming any responsibilty for the news paper statements, but tacitly admitting that there was a good deal in them with which he agreed. The trend of questions put to the other witnesses indicated that so long as they agreed with General Miles as to the quality of the meat furnished the trocps in the field the only criticism of their position the court had to make was why they had, not taken some of ficial steps to have the meat remedied at the time. In every instance their reply was that the circumstances in Which the army was placed, in a sickly foreign country, with a large amount of fishting and a great scarcity of trans portation on hand, precluded the possi bility of any such action. In each in stance the question was pushed no fur ther on this line. i Tt was said after the court, adjourned that Dr. Daly, whose original "em -1 aimed beef" report was the genesis of the meat controversy, probably would appear at to-morrow's session. The count assembled shortly- after 10 o'clock this morning preparatory to its formal session. Brigadier General George W. Davis and Colonel George L. Gillespie, members of the court, and Colonel George B. Davis, Recorder, and the Judge Advocate were first to ar rive. Major General James F. Wade, President of the court, came later, and at 10:35 the court, in full dress uniform, proceeded to the White House, where It paid its respects to the President and then to the War Department, where it called upon Secretary Alger and Major General Miles. Meantime members of the press who were accorded places in the court room had assembled, and on the outside were many other corres pondents and a number of artists spec ially detailed to attend the Inquiry. During the morning several army offi cers who are in the city as witnesses reported to Colonel Davis, the Record er, but remained only a few moments at the rooms of the court. The court returned at 12:05 from Its THE RECORD-UNION. visits of courtesy, and after two pho tographers made pictures of the court, Colonel Davis announced his readiness to proceed, and read the orders con vening the court and its Instructions. Following the reading of the order, which has been published already, Col onel Davie read a letter from Adju tant General Corbin in response to a letter from General Wade, President of the court, explaining more specifically the lines along which the court was ex pected to investigate. The court was then sworn, and Major General Miles wias presented as the first witness. He appeared in fatigue uniform and was sworn. After stat ink his rank and office, he was asked about his statement before the War Commission. He said he made one, and upon Colonel Davis submitting a printed report of that statement, Gen eral Miles examined and approved it. Then he was asked about an alleged interview, which appeared in the A - York "Journal" of December .. ~ whether it represented completely or in part what he said. General Miles read it. Th-m he said: "I do not recall anything in that in terview that had not been given in my testimony, or transmitted in my reports. You will observe it contains a, number of my declinations to name officers or my authorities and refusals to answer. It must, therefore, be incorrect in its re pr ese nt ati on s." He then commented upon the gen* eral slight inaccuracy of newspaper in terviews, owing to the dependency c* writers upon their memories. Hardly a day in six months had passed that an interviewer had not applied, and be cause of the kindness of the press to the army and especially the enlisted men, he had endeavored to give them such information as he thought wise and safe, but never, he said, with a view to prejudicing anyone against any person or department. Finally General Mile<s said he did not think the "Journal" interview repre sented correctly what he had said, be cause its contents should be taken in connection with all that was said. Irs silence upon some points . and speech upon others. When he was asked about an inter view in the New York "Herald" of Feb ruary Ist, he said: "I have a letter from the gentleman, who I understand wrote this, in which he says he is will i ing to swear that I declined to be in- I terviewed, and that thinking something had been given out, he had proceeded* to write what he knew were the facts." He then pointed out that the inter view was erroneous, in that it repre sented him as having said that he had overwhelming evidence that the re refrigerated beef was treated with chemicals. The fact was that his- only evidence was what was contained in the reports of officers and statements of men who claimed that the beef had the odor of chemicals in it; that they had seen fluid injected into beef and other indications cf chemical treatment. He declared the interview an erroneous presentation of what he could possibly have said. I Colonel Davis, recurring to the state ment of General Miles before the War Commission, asked him what his idea as to the- beef supply for the army was when war broke out. Replying, General Miles said while his attention was occupied with weightier problems of mobilization and equipment of troops, he felt confident that the usage of 100 years would be followed, and that cattle herds would be shipped to the army in the tropics and killed there, just as they were dur ing the civil war in the South, In Ari zona, Texas and In Mexico, where it was so hot the soldiers could not sit upon the rocks. He understood Cuba and Porto Rico were excellent grass countries; cattle could be shipped and kept in prime condition. He} reviewed his- action in cabling the department to send no more refriger ated beef to Porto Rico while he was there, finding it possible to use beef on the hoof. General Miles said he understood that our troops in Porto Rico were still be ing supplied with a form of refriger ated beef, although the country was aa good a grass country as any in the World, and cattle there were plentiful, and the Spanish troops secured all theil meat supply from this source. Colonel Davis asked if General Miles knew whether Porto Rico exported any cattle. Witness said it did to the number c! several thousand, and they were fine cattle. Still, he understood that oji troops were not only receiving refrig erated beef at the coast, but it was be ing sent into the interior. The situa tion now, he said, was different from that during the war. Now there were Ice machines on shore. Then there was not ice enough for the hospitals. Recurring to the expediency of feed ing the troops hoof beef in Porto Rico, General Milts said he was much in la vott of it. "Do you think," continued Colonel Davis, ' that the native beef would keep as well as the refrigerated beef in the absence of cooling apparatus on shore?" "I am Quite sure it would, unless the refrigerated beef was chemically treat ed with preservative*. If it was treat ed so as to keep for seventy-two hours after coming out of the coolers, of course it had the advantage of the j native beef so far as keeping goes." | Asked how long he" was in Porto Rico | before he had advised the department j against sending any more refrigerated j Weef, General Miles said he had learned of the large supply of native cattle soon after landing, and advised the War Department the next day after getting ashore. Referring to the canned roast beef as distinguished from the refrigerated beef, Colonel Davis read a portion of General Miles' War Commission testi mony condemning it in severe terms. General Miles said the canned roast beef was issued to volunteers and regu lar troops alike on the transports and in Cuba until the arrival of the refrig erator beef. It was fully tested by both the regulars and volunteers. The first complaints of it, General Miles said, he had heard at Tampa from some of the Rough Riders from San Antonio, but he paid little attention to it at the time, not realizing fully that there had been any change from the standard ra tion. He again heard of it aboard the Yale, when the men declared they could not eat it. and he ordered the Inspector to inquire into it. Again he heard of it in the trenches at Santiago, but he was still largely occupied with the campaign, and he thought nothing more of the complaints than he would of hearing that some man was kicking about his coffee or of his hardtack. What finally drew his attention seri ously to the matter was the reports of officers that the whole Fifth Corps was (Continued on Eighth Page.) SACRAMENTO. TUESDAY MOKNTtfGr, FEBRUARY 21, 1899.—EIGHT PAGES. CAPT. RAY'S VIEWS ON YUKON COUNTRY. Found Nothing in Either Alaska or the Northwest Territory To Justify the Great Rush of People to the New Gold Fields. The Rich Discoveries Confined to Small Districts, and All Claims Well Known and Held at High Prices, While the Whole Conn try Has Been Staked for Spec ulative Purposes, and no Work Being Done Except Enough to Hold Title Until They Can be Sold. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—Secretary Alger has transmitted to Congress a j complete report on the relief work of j the War Department in the Klondike i country undertaken under Act of Con | gress as a result of reports that ex | treme distress among the miners fol : lowed the influx to the gold country j during 1597-9 S. It embraces the de tailed reports of Captain P. H. Ray j and Lieutenant W. P. Richardson, j Aside from details of the relief work, , Captain Ray s last report, dated May i last, contains the following interesting ! statement: "I deem it of the greatest importance for the development of the country that roads should be opened, so as to enable the people to enter the country not only from the Yukon to the open sea in, our own country, which is of the greatest importance, but to enable miners and prospectors to get into the interior with their supplies. Under ex isting conditions persons can enter the country only by the one big highway— i the Yukon River—and they cannot hope !to be landed at any point before July ! Ist. j "The gold-bearing districts are from j fifty to 150 miles back from the main I stream. There are not any summer ! trails except foot trails, and provisions j and mining tools can only be trans ' ported on the backs of men. "I do not find anything either in • Alaska or the Northwest Territory to justify the great rush of people to that : country, or the enormous investment now being made in transportation, , trading and mining companies. In the I Northwest Territory no discoveries of extraordinary richness have been made i since that of the Klondike, and the I claims are almost entirely confined to Bonan'a U' Dorado, Dominica, Honka and Sulphur, with a few claims on Bear Creek. In this district all rich ■ claims are well known and held at very high prices, and while the whole coun try has been staked it has been done for speculative purposes, and no work is being done except such as is neces sary to hold a title until they can be sold to the unwary newcomer or dis posed of in the States for corporation I schemes. Captain Oonstantine of the I Canadian Northwestern Police is my I authority for denouncing the scheme as a fraud. "In the absence of any other indus try, except cutting wood for the river boats, I do not see anything in the fu ture for over 00 per cent of the people now flocking to that country but dis appointment and suffering. Even those who obtain employment at $1.50 per hour find that after deducting the cost |of food, packing, candles, etc., they do ; [not net to exceed i? 2 per day, and they tell me it is barely enough to tide them over the idle season. "Up to date no paying mineral leads of either gold or silver have been dis covered in North Alaska, so far as known. "I am now fully satisfied that in the near future Alaska will be the source of great wealth, but the development will necessarily be slow, owing to the climatic conditions. I recommend the early introduction of horses, mules and cattle, and extra inducements should be held out for the development of ag riculture in the valley of the lot*er Yu-. kon especially. Wild hay can be ob tained there in great abundance, and oats, barley and spring wheat can be | successfully cultivated, as well as po tatoes, turnips and all the more hardy garden vegetables, all of which would be required for many years to meet the local demand; and, -by reducing the cost of transportation and food, render it possible to profitably work a large per cent of the mines now lying idl". But few of the people now entering the northern, part of the Territory will ever become a factor in its permanent devel opment. They must pass away before the time when the wealth of the coun try will become known and developed. To promote thia I recommend that sev eral well-equipped parties be put in the field and a thorough geographical and geological exploration of the country be made, so that men of ordinary means will be able to engage in the work of j prospecting and mining. At present it requires considerable capital to first explore the country for a practical route to transport supplies before any work cr.n be done in operating. 'The ruling rate of interest at Daw son is from 10 to 12 per cent per month, which is the best exemplification I can give of the speculating conditions of the finance of that country." SAMOAN TROUBLE. Whole Matter Will he Settled hy Diplomatic Means. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—What is regarded as an inspired suggestion com ing from Berlin to the effect that dif ferences between the powers party to the treaty of Berlin, relative to Samoa, could best be adjudged by mutual dis claimers for the objectionable acts of their agents at Apia, is regarded here as evidence that the whole matter is now entirely within' the line of safety and that the disputes aire about to be committed for adjustment to diplo matic means, the principals being at Washit:gton, London and Berlin, in stead of at Apia. Contrary to the accepted belief here, the German President of the Municipal Council, Raffel, has not yet left Apia but Information reached here that he will sail from there to-morrow. Thus will be removed) from the scene one of the most objectionable factors. Pool-Room Operators Fined. ST. LOUIS, Feb. 20.—At Clayton, St. Louis County, the Circuit Court to-day assessed a fine of $1,000 each against Charles Mason, Richard Burke, Edward Fitzgerald, Isaac Cohen, Joseph Cohen, Charlie Brett, Fred Kheler and Howard Ellis, poolroom operators, who had been arrested at Wellston, just outside the city limits of St. Louis. They were charged with conducting poolrooms contrary to law, and pleaded in defense that they were not conducting a pool room, but were doing a legitimate tele graph business, under the name of a telegraph company. A motion for a new trial was made and overruled, but a motion for an appeal to the Supreme Court was granted. An Ex-Governor Seriously 111. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. — EX-Gov ernor Thomas C. Fletcher of Missouri suffered a stroke of apoplexy in Wil lard's Hotel to-day, and now lies at the Emergency Hospital in a serious con dition on account of his age, having celebrated his seventy-first birthday January 27th last. The chances for his recovery are regarded as small. He has been in bad health for some time past. JOINT HIGH COMMISSION. ADJOURNS UNTIL SECOND OF AUGUST NEXT. Were Serious Differences of Opin ions on Matters Which Could Not be Overcome. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The Amer ican-Caradian Joint High Commission, after a session to-day, adjourned to meet at Quebec August 2d, unless the Chairman of the respective Commis sions agree upon another date. There were several reasons which prompted the action taker, to-day. From a state ment made public with the sanction of the two Commissions, it appears there was serious differences of opinion be tween them regarding the matter of the delimitation, of :the Alaskan boun dary, the Canadians in this connection being anxious to obtain a sea port in Lynn Canal, so that its shippers would not be subjected to the petty annoy ances which they asserted they experi enced at the hands of the United States oflV-ials. Then the time for the meet ing of the Canadian Parliament, at which the presence of , members of the ! Commission from that country is de j sired, is overdue, and the latter are anxious to return as soon as possible. It also became apparent that there was little likelihood of the responsibility of the ratification by the United States at its present session of any treaty which might be framed, which also probably figured in the decision to adjourn. A dozen important questions were re ferred to the Commission for its con sideration, and the Cornmisstioners say that substantial progress in the settle ment and adjustment of many of the questions has been made. Probably those which have given the most ser ious trouble and proved a stumbling ' block to a final agreement on all have been the two relating to lumber and the Alaskan boundary question, on both of which the Canadians have demanded concessions which the Americans felt it would be prejudieal to the best inter ests of the UnSted States to grant. It was felt also that an adjournment for a few months might result in a better prospect for harmony, and a dfisposi tion on the part of the Canadians to agree to propositions made to them from the Commissioners on this side of the boundary line. Senator Fairbanks, the Chairman of the American Commission, has repeat edly stated that there was no basis for the reports of a rupture in the relations of the two bodies, and to-night supple mented this by saying that they were on the best of terms. On behalf of their respective Commissions. Senator Fairbanks, the Chairman of the Amer ican board, and Sir Wilfred Laurier. acting Chairman, in the absence of I-ord Herschel. who is ill, of the Cana dian board, made the following public statement respecting the action taken to-day: "The Commission adjourned to meet at Quebec August 2d, unless the Chair men of the respective CommissSons shall agree upon another date. The Commission has made very substantial progress in the settlement and adjust ment of many of the questions upon which it has been earnestly engaged. Put it has been unable to agree upon the settlement of the Alaskan boun dary. This problem has been compli cated and difficult, but the Commis sions, acting in the utmost friendliness and cordiality, have been unable to agree upon a satisfactory adjustment. "The difficulties, apart from the im mcciate delimitation of this boundary by the Commission itself, arise from the corditions under which it might be referred to arbitralton. The British Commissioners desired that the whole question should be referred on terms similar to those provided in the refer ence of the Venezuela boundary line, and which by providing an umpire, would insure certainty and finality. The United States Commissioners, on the other hand, thought the local conditions in Alaska so different that some modi fications of the Venezuela boundary ref erence should be introduced. They thought the reference should be made to tho six eminent jurists, three chosen by each of the high contracting parties, without providing for an umpire, they believing that finality would be secured by a majority vote of the jurists so chosen. They did not see any present prcspect. of agreeing to a European um pire to be selected in the manner pro posed by the British Commissioners, while the British Commissioners were unwilling to agree ,to the selection of, an American umpire in the manner suggested by the United St.ates Com mas?-loners. "The United States Commissioners contend that special stipulations should be made in any reference to arbitration that the existing settlement on the tide waters of the coast should in any re sult continue to belong to the United States. To this contention the British Commissioners refused to agree. It was therefore deemed advisable to adjourn to a convenient date in order to enable the respective governments to further coi'.sider the subject with respect to which no conclusion has yet been reached." PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. The House Under Suspension of the Rules, Passes a Bill Appropriating Twenty Million Dollars for Payment to Spain. The Senate, by a Vote of Forty- Four to Twenty-Six, Makes the Army Reorganization Bill the Unfinished Business, Displacing , the Anti-Scalping Bill—An Agreement Reached to Vote on the Postoffice* Appropriation Bill This Afternoon. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—A separate bill appropriating $20,000,000 for the payment to Spain under the provisions of the treaty of Paris was pasted to day by the House under suspension of the rules. No amendment was in or der, and an attempt to secure unani mous consent to offer an amendment declaratory of our policy not perma nently to annex the islands was object ed to. Wheeler of Kentucky, upon whose point of order the appropriation went out of the sundry civil bill, made the only speech in open hostility to the measure, but the roll call showed that thirty-four members —thirty-one Demo crats, two Populists and one silver Re publican—voted against it. The votes of 213 members were cast for it. The, Senate bill to reimburse the Gov ernors of States for expenses paid by the State in> organizing volunteers for service in the war with Spain before their muster in by the United States, was also passed under suspension of the rules. The bill appropriating $500,000 forthe ' pan-American Exposition to be held at ; Buffalo in 1900 was before the House, i when absence of a quorum corripelled 'an adjournment. |By unanimous consent the Senate bill Ito fix the time of holding court at Batesville, Ark., was passed, and Sen ate amendments to a number of pri vate pension bills adopted. Loud (R.) of California moved the passage, under suspension of the rules, of the Senate bill to extend the uses of the mail service. The bill is to legal ize the use of the return envelope and postal cards of the' United States Econ omy Postage Association. Loud said this bill had been carefully investigated by the Postoffice Department, and that j every interest of the Government was I guarded. It authorized experiment for one year, and if they did not prove satisfactory, the Postmaster General was empowered to suspend its opera tion. Corliss (R.) of Michigan attacked the bill as a most dangerous piece of legis lation. It was special legislation in the interest of a company that con trolled a patent. The bill authorized a private corporation to use the mails on credit. The bill was defeated—l2s to 97—two thirds having again failed to vote to suspend the rules. Mahon (R.) of Pennsylvania, moved the passage, under suspension, of the Senate bill to reimburse Governors of States for expenses incurred by them in the organization of volunteers for service in the war with Spain. Mahon said there were claims from the various States for this work aggre gating over $3,000,000. Under the ex isting law only $496,000 of these claims ; had been liquidated. The passage of this Act was necessary for the settle ment of the remainder. The House amendment, he said, would compel the Governors of States to produce detail ed vouchers and the reimbursement would be made through the Govern ment's accounting officers. The bill was passed—lss to 15. Cannon, Chairman of the Appropria tions Committee, was then recognized, and by the direction of his committee moved the passage under suspension of the rules of the bill for the payment of $20,000,000 to Spain. Dockery (D.) of Missouri asked unan imous consent to offer an amendment declaratory of the po'icy of the United States relative to the Philippines. "Regular order!" "Regular order!" shouted a dozen members on the Re publican side. "By direction of the Appropriations Committee/ said Cannon, "I am direct ed to decline that amendment." Wheeler (D.) of Kentucky demanded a second, which was ordered—ls7 tot 15. This permitted twenty minutes for de bate on each side. Dockery again asked unanimous con sent for the consideration of his amend ment, which he said was a combination of the McEnery and Bacon resolutions. Again Cannon objected. Bell (Pop.) of Colorado, a member of the Appropriations Committee, got the floor and made an argument in favor of the adoption of su2h a declaration as the amendment carried. The President, at Boston, a few days ago, he said, had stated that Congress should decide our future policy. If that were true, the declaration of that policy should not be delayed. We should assure the Filipinos at once that they should have their liberty. That, and that alone, would produce peace. If we did not make such a declaration the Filipinos would fight against a change of masters, and the coming summer would find the islands a great burying ground of our soldiers. Brucker (D.) of Michigan said that as an independent proposition he would never vote for the appropriation, but that national honor compelled him to do so. Gillett (R). of Massachusetts said he would vote for the appropriation, but he expressed his great regret that the bill came before the House under par liamentary conditions which precluded amendment. Clayton (D.) of Alabama said he did not think the President and the Peace Commissioners had been wise in insist ing upon the cession of the Philippines, but since the treaty was concluded he had believed there was but one thing to do—ratify the treaty. (Republican applause.) Wheeler (D.) of Kentucky, upon whose objection the appropriation wen! out of the sundry civil bill, declared he would vote against it with great pleasure. He was opposed to it be cause he believed it wrong in principle and infamous in execution. He de clared that the Administration was a soldier of fortune. It lacked the nerve and pluck to declare its purposes. Micawber-like, if was waiting for some thing to turn up. The war begun for humanity had degenerated into a war of bloody extermination that would disgrace the pages of history. Lentz (D.) of Ohio said he would sup port the appropriation, thougn In thought the payment of the money a terrific blunder. Walker (R.) of Massachusetts, in de fending the payment of $20,000,000 to Spain, said that generosity above all things became brave men and nations. Cannon concluded the debate with a brief speech emphasizing the Idleness of a declaration of policy at this time, when our troops were fighting to pre serve order. The bill was passed—2l9 to 34. The following members voted nay: Baird, Ball, Bartlett, Bland, Brewer, Brous sard, Brucker, Brundige, Clark, Cooney, Cooper, Cox, Davis, De Ar mond, De Graffenreid, Griggs, Handy, Hay, Howard, Hunter, Kitchen, Me- Culloch, McDowell, Norton, Risey, Robb, Strait, Talbert. Tate, Vandiver and Wheeler of Kentucky, Democrats; Baker and Castle, Populists, and Har mon, Silver Republican Pending a vote on the bill appropriat ing $500,000 for the Pan-American Ex position to be held at Buffalo in 1001. the point of no quorum was made. The Speaker was unable to count more than 103, sixteen less than a quorum, and then, at 5:30 p. m., the House ad journed. SENATE PROCEEDINGS. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—During al most six hours this afternoon the Postoffice appropriation bill was under consideration in the Senate, the time being consumed largely by Butler (Pop.) of North Carolina and Pettigrew (Sil. R.) of North Dakota, im an amend ment providing that the Postal Com mission should present its final report to Congress March 1, 1900. Failing after many trials to obtain unanimous consent for the insertion of the amendment in the bill, Butler per mitted it to come to a vote. It was defeated—27 to 19. Agreement was reached to vote on the bill and amend ments at 2 o'clock to-morrow. At 2 o'clock Hawley, Chairman of the Military Affairs Committee, moved to take up the army reorganization bill, unanimous consent having been re fused to take up the measure without displacing the unfinished business —the anti-scalping bill. Hawley's motion prevailed—44 to 20—thus making the army bill the unfinished business. It i is agreed that this action disposes finally of the anti-scalping bill for the present session. BILL TO PAY SPAIN. The House Committee Reports a Measure. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The House Committee on Appropriations to-day ordered a favorable report on the bill to pay Spain $20,000,01)0 for the Fhil appines. An amendment declaring the policy of the Government toward the Philippines was defeated by a party vote. Chairman Cannon was directed to call up the bill to-day under suspen ! sion of the rules. A special meeting of the committee was held at 11:30 o'clock to pass on the $20,000,000 appropriation. A bill by Cannon provided this appropriation without consideration. Another bill by Gillette of Massachusetts added a pro viso declaring the policy of the Gov ernment toward the Philippines. The Gillette bill was not acted upon. Dockery of Missouri offered an amendment combining the features of the McEnery resolution passed by the Senate and the Gillette resolution. It disclaimed any disposition or intention by the United States to exercise per manent sovereignty, jurisdiction or control over the Philippines, and as serted the purpose of setting up a stable form of local government and then leaving it for the Filipinos to ad ministrate. The Dockery amendment was defeat ed by a party vote, the Democrats and Bell (Pop.) supporting, the Republicans opposing. After the defeat of the amendment Dockery stated that the contest would be carried to the floor of the House and an effort made to add the declaration of policy. ABANDONED AT SEA. Captain and Crew of the Cardinal Desert the Sinking Steamer. BALTIMORE ( Md.), Feb. 20.—The Lord line steamer Lord Charlemont, Captain McVicar, from Ardrossan, which arrived here this morning, had aboard the crew of the British steamer Cardinal of Newcastle, which was aban doned February 15th in latitude 40 north, longitude 60 west. The Cardinal sailed from Pensacola for Antwerp February Ist, with a cargo of lumber and timber on deck. She coaled at Norfolk February Bth, and sailed the next day. Soon after getting to sea she encountered a terrific gaie and seas swept over her, carrying away her bulwarks and flooding her hold. Until the next Monday, February 14th, her erew r endured great hardships from cold and hunger, andl on the morning of the 15th, when the Lord Charlemont hove in eight, it was decided to aban don her. Captain Charles Kemp, the Cardinal's commander, and his crew of twenty-one men, launched two boats and reached the Charlemont in safety, after which the boats were abandoned. A BRAVE CLERK. Frustrates a Daring Attempt to Rob a Postoffice. ST. PAUL (Minn.), Feb. 20.—A St. Peter (Minn.), special to the "Dispatch" says: A daring attempt early to-day to burglarize the St. Peter's Postoffice was frustrated by the bravery of W. H. Gresham, head clerk. Gresham sleeps in the office. He was awakened by some one entering a window. When discovered the burglar fired five shots, all whizzing close by Gresham's head. Gresham fired twice, tho last time strik ing the burglar and knocking him down, but not seriously wounding him. Gresham then overpowered the burglar and marched him' off to jail. The pris oner gave his name as Charles Valen tine. He had a complete safe-cracking outfit. Gresham is a nephew of the late Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham. WHOLE NO. 18,025. SPANISH CORTES REASSEMBLES. A Proposal to Refer to Committee the Bill Ceding the Philippines Withdrawn by Sagasta, After a Protest En tered by the Conservatives, A Turmoil Created in the Senate by the Declaration of a Mem ber That Generals Rivera, Weyler, Blanco and Linares and Admiral Cervera Had Proven Failures, and Inquiring Why; the Commander Who Had Ca pitulated Had Not Been Executed. Jk 11 MADRID, Feb. 20.—The Cortes reas sembled to-day. The galleries in bothj chambers were thronged with an ex pectant crowd. The Senate was very) full, hardly a single General being ab sent. Senor Montero Rios, President of tha Senate, in opening the proceedings, pro nounced an eulogy upon M. Faure, and a resolution of condolence with Franca was adopted unanimously. Senor Sagasta, the Premier, then proposed to refer the bill providing for the 'cession of the Philippines to tha United States to a special committee, but the Conservatives protested against this, declaring that the bill ought to bo conscientiously discussed, and Senor Sagasta withdrew his proposal. Count d'Almenas then brought up tho question of the conduct of the Generals engaged in the war in Cuba, declaring i that General Primo Rivera, General | Weyler, General Blanco, Admiral Cer | vera and General Linares had proven ; failures. This declaration elicited much ap ; plause from the public galleries, in cort ! sequence of which several of the spec tators were expelled from the chanulw«\ Observing that he would deal with the "shameful capitulation of Santiago." Count d'Almenas asked the House whether he should proceed, and was an i swered with cries of "Yes" and "No," and a general uproar ensued. A repe tition of the query provoking still great er tumult, Senor Sagasta rose and de fended the Government and its Peace Commission. The Premier criticized America's unjustifiable conduct, and said that everything might be discussed except the war, because the cases ofi the Generals were still sub-judlco. Count d'Almenas resumed his attack upon the Generals, and complained that "Aye 'nonths had elapsed, and not ai single Genera] had been shot." This gave rise to another tumult, and Count d'Almenas was called to order. Again he asked why the Generate who capitulated had not been executed. It is quite true, he declared, that the army is an army of lions led by asses. Cap tain General Blanco's administration in Cuba was deplorable, he said, but he was not responsible for the surrender of Santiago. Recriminations continued between Count d'Almenas and Lieutenant Gen eral Correa. the Minister of War, and there were renewed disorder. Then General Primo de Rivera arose and denounced Count. d'Almenas as a "contemptible calumniator." General Blanco followed, defending the Generals and accepting full respon sibility for events in Cuba during his command in the island. General Barges also denounced Count d'Almenas as a calumniator. After a promise on the part of Count d'Almenas to produce proofs of his as sertions to-morrow, the Senate ad journed. In the Chamber a resolution of con dolence with France over the death of President Faure was unanimously adopted. Senor Silvela, leader of the Diss'dent Conservatives, moved a. vote signed by the Conservative Deputies censuring this Government for its indifference to the country's troubles. Senor Annix, in seconding the motion, denounced the Ministry for accepting the war through fear of the Carlists, and declared that the country was now' suffering the consequences of the Gov ernment's pusillanimity. He proceed ed to detail the lack of preparations and* of war materials, and charged the Gov ernment with responsibility for the sur renderor Santiago, "which they ordered, although the garrison there numbered 23,000, and there was sufficient pro visions in the place for three months." This declaration created a sensation. In proof that the Government was sponsible for the surrender of Cuba, Senor Annix read telegrams from Se nor Sagasta and Lieutenant General Correa to General Blanco, ordering the surrender of Cuba as a meansi of saving Porto Rico and the Philippines and pre serving order in the peninsula. He also read General Blanco's telegram in reply, agreeing to obey the Govern ment's order. Senor Annix added that President McKinley had telegraphed to General Shafter that the Surrender of Santiago had been arranged with the Madrid Government, and that, therefore, he must make a sort of sham attack. Captain Aunon, Minister of Marine, interposed at this point, saying he be lieved this story to be incorrect; whereupon Senor Annix repeated the statement that Premier Sagasta had ordered the surrender of Cuba in order to save the monarchy. Amalgamation of Roads Approved. LONDON, Feb. 20. —A general meet ing of the shareholders of the Central Pacific Railroad, summoned by the London committee, has approved the> amalgamation of the road with the Southern Pacific, and has Instructed the committee to take immediate steps to carry it out. There was only one dissenting vote. Condition of the Treasury. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. — To-daya statement of the condition of the Treasury shows: Available cash bal ance, $272,887,648; gold reserve, $227, --654,365.