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VOLUME 97.—N0. 2.
WASHINGTON'S ANNIVERSARY. The Michigan Club Celebrates the Event at Detroit. Secretary of War Alger Toastmaster at the Annual Banquet. Addresses Delivered by Governor Pingree. Secretary of Agricul . tare Wilson, Frank Lowder of Chicago and Others Before Five Hundred Republicans Gathered at tke Banquet Table. DETROIT, Feb. 22.— "1t has been a difficult year. We are landed on, a new field. The Stars and Stripes are planted to-night in a place where they never have been before on Washing ton's Birthday. They have never been taken from where they had been plant ed but once before, and they never will be again." Such was the characteristic utter ance of General Russell A. Alger, Sec retary of War, on assuming the func tions of toastmaster to-night at the fourteenth annual banquet of the Mich igan Club. The Secretary was introduced by Brigadier General M. Duffield, Presi dent of the club, who said: "Among the Secretaries who have held up the hands of the President, none has done more difficult, more arduous work, and none has been bearing more heavily the brunt of the fight throughout than has our own beloved fellow-citizen, General Alger." When the toastmaster arose he was greeted with enthusiastic cheers from upward of 500 Republicans of Michigan who sat at the banquet tables and from the crowd in the galleries. The Secretary said nothing special in his behalf introductory to his remarks about the War Department affairs. He congratulated the citizens of the Unit ed States upon their patriotism, intelli gence and loyalty shown during the past year, and the fact that the finan cial tide had so turned that the na tion that it was a borrower now on top of a financial sense. Said he: "We have some hard propositions to solve, but we have a solver in Washington." The scene of the banquet was the new Light Guards Armory, the interior of which was gay with emblems of patriotism. Portraits of Washington. Lincoln, McKinley and Alger were dis played. A score of well-known Repub licans sat at the speaker's table, and the attendance was larger than any in recent years. General Duffield. in his opening ad dress, characterized President McKin ley as the peer of Washington and Lincoln. In introducing Governor Pingree to deliver his address of welcome, Gen eral Alger raised a lauph by saying: "The Governor has just been telling me that he always dreaded to speak. I told him I thought I could get up a liberal contribution if he never would speak." Governor Pingree said in part: "It is high time that claims to re spectability in this Republic rested up on something more substantial than, money or political cunning. It is said: 'The tree is known by its fruit.' Is it not equally true that a man is known by his deeds? "The Republican party came into power as the party of the common peo ple. The welfare of an enslaved race was the chief cause of its organiza tion. The principal of equal rights for all found its fullest expression in the greatest of all Americans—Abraham Lincoln. The Republican party was formed to make men free and equal. Its votes came from the farmer and his sons: from the villages and the country districts of the various States. They did not come from the over crowded portions of our great cities, where the voters were controlled hy bosses. Republican majorities came from the States that afterward fur nished patriotic soldiers. So long as the great questions growing out ot the Civil War remained unsettled, the Re publican party was controlled by men chosen to represent the people. "But in time these questions disap peared, and other questions demanded attention. Problems of trade and finance and questions of administra tion came up. Meantim.- wealth in creased, and capital and labor drifted into conflict. Gradually the men of wealth dropped into the Republican party Corporations found their inter ests well cared for by the men who were chosen to the legislative bodies as Republicans. -Now that has been going on so long and so steadily that it has become no torious. Old Republicans have been held in line because they could do noth ing else. Some of the leaders of the Democratic party hare made it almost Impossible by their acts for prudent and thoughtful business men to Join it. All the men who- had schemes and the cor porations who wanted privileges have Joined the Republican party, expect ing that party to bear their burdens and serve them. This has been going on for years, but it cannot last forever, gentlemen. It is good and timely ad vice to our party to suggest that it send to the rear the leaders who insist that government shall be conducted with an eye solely to commercial interests. Those interests are important and should be considered, but the Republi can party will not hold its following if it is much longer dominated by the narrowness and selfishness which al ways go hand in hand with money get ting. "The rank and file will not stay with the Republican party unless we choose our leaders hereafter without consult ing those who control the corporations, trusts and combines of the country, their attorneys, agents and servants. Our leaders must be men who are proof against all corrupting influences and the temptation which come into politi cal ambition. "I plead for a return to the early motives and principles of the Republi can party. I urge you to give the sub ject earnest thought. If you do, and U your deliberations result in action, THE RECORD-UNION. there need be no fear for the future of the Republican party, or of the coun try. The time has now come when the Republican party must check the influences which are controlling it. If it shows' a disposition to do this, I have no fear but that it will retain the al legiance of the people." Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of- Agriculture, was warmly greeted when he rose to respond to the toast "Our Agricultural Interests." Secretary Wilson said: "The terri tory of the original thirteen States is but a small part of the United States to-day. We have been a growing peo ple, a spreading people, an expanding people. The Louisiana purchase in 1803 gave us the great grain belt of the United States. The annexation of Texas and New Mexico and other ter ritory lying north of those regions in 1845 gave us the greatest cotton field of to-day. The Northwest Territory, discovered in 1792, explored in 1803, and secured by treaty in 1819, with the addition of Florida, at the same time gave us what is now our greatest tim ber reserve. Our treaty with Mexico in 1848 gave us what is now our great fruit belt in California, and the valleys of the Rocky Mountains, as well, as our great mineral section, from which come our gold and silver. The Gadsden pur chase, now part of Arizona, and New Mexico, was added in 1853. The terri tory of Alaska, ceded by Russia in 1807, is a land of immense possibilities. We are just beginning to learn something of its wonderful resources. So it will be seen that from the revolutionary war up to 1807, the United States has been expanding. And while it has been expanding it has been educating. "Our schools and colleges are pre paring the brightest and most enter prising young men upon the earth. We have become the foremost manufactur ing people; we are feeding a consider able part of the Old World; we are manufacturing machinery for the Old World; we are sending iron and steel to the Oid World, and with this remark able growth in territory, education, manufacturing and material progress, the growth of religion and morality has kept pace. "Upon purely humanitarian senti ments, the people of the United States intervened between Spain and her colo nies to put an end to conditions that outraged our sense of justice, interfer ing with our commerce and made more difficult the execution of international law. Nothing has occurred since the war was declared to justify any man in stating that the United States has departed in any respect from the line of policy laid down when Congress de clared war. While the President did not seek the arbitrament of war, he has met all its requirements. A quar ter of a million men were mustered, i i equipped and put in the field. The j I islands of the Caribbean and China ' I Seas were conquered and brought un- I der the American flag in less than four | months. A treaty was ratified in iess than a year from the beginning of | hostilities. No disaster on sea or land occurred. A minimum of casualties, an object lesson given to the world in hu mane warfare, merciful treatment of the peoples coming under our authority, an insurrection among the Malays stamped out, the national credit higher than ever before in our history and all complaints of the conduct of the war met and answered —this is the situa tion to-day. "The events of the year have been of such magnitude, and have followed each other with such rapidity, that the engrossing interest of to-day and the ; immediate future have left no time for | reflection and retrospect. Not only has j the seat of political power moved to the Mississippi Valley, together with the center of producing area, but the National spirit is most pronounced here and cosmopolitan sentiment is de veloped. The Western man is the typi cal American, loving all America, re joicing in all the progress made by other localities. We have got to the place in our efforts to help the people of those islands in the Caribbean and Chinese Seas, when it is necessary to study them and see what they are pre pared to do for themselves. "Those only are fit for complete local self-government who are possessed of intelligence and morality. The history !of the world shows us that few peoples ', successfully govern themselves as the | people of the United States do. There is do question of the ability of the peo i pie of the United States to govern them ; selves and to govern others of less in telligence. Millions of people have been \ absorbed into our system and made ; good citizens through our common ; schools and by the education they re ceived in contact with Americans. The '. President is now ascertaining how com- I petent the peoples of those islands are to stand alone. He is placing every I Cuban or Porto Rican of more or less : ability in government positions of hither or lower grade, for the purpose ;of demonstrating their capacity and in ; tegrity. The islands are being cleaned, ; taxation is being reduced, education is i being encouraged, and every incentive I held out toward improvement and pro gress. The Filipino did not wait until an object lesson could be given In his case. He turned upon his savior, en couraged, no doubt, by those among us who insist that he should have his in dependence. "The world knows 'that these peoples are not fit for independence as Amer icans are fit for it. Out of i tion. the nations of the world would 1 divide these islands among themselves, should we abandon them and the Fili pino wouid be helpless to prevent it. Some say governmental independence with a protectorate. That means that the protector would be responsible to th*' world for their behavior, and to that end hp must control their be i haviour to the nations of the world. An ' agent of the Department of Agriculture | visiting the China Sea to establish agencies for American products and to bring back seeds and plants desirable in the United States, writes me that the Filipino is the lowest in the scale ■of humanity of all the natives of the ' Orient! There is an educated class, but they are easily counted and those who aspire to the leadership are men of very questionable integrity. "The authority of the United States must be established completely. The educating process toward self-govern ment would be carried on through the army and navy. Franchi.-es of munici palities, provinces and islands will be refused to adventurers. Everything possible will be done to carry out the spirit animating the American people when they began intervention for hu manity's sake. "The American people of all the States are with the President in his great work. They believe in him; the exception is not considerable, but does 5 SACRAMENTO. THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 23, 1899.-EIGHT PAGES. indicate that a few of our people have room for expansion, and I think there is evidence of encouraging growth in this regard. The liberty of the press has not degenerated into license so vile as In Lincoln's day or in the day of Washington. A discriminating public insists upon fair play and the love of truth has become a National charac teristic." ' "f he Two Poles of Political Polity" was responded to by Hon, Frank O. Lowden of Chicago. Mr. Low den said: "Before the echoes of the last cannon of the Revolution had died away two political ideas, as widely separated as the poles, began to struggle for su premacy In the new Government des tined to rise on this side of the Atlan tic. This struggle, inaugurated under the leadership of Hamilton on the one side and Jefferson on the other, though sometimes obscured by ephemeral is sues, has beeni ceaseless. Our school histories teach us that the great polit ical parties have risen and fallen. It is not so. There have been but two great political parties in the history of this country—the party of Hamilton and the party of Jefferson. True, these parties have borne different names, but the basic principles have been the source throughout all the changes of nomen clature. William Jennings Bryan is the political heritor of the Americanism, ro bust and virile, of Alexander Hamilton. "Jefferson had written: 'All men are created free and equal,' but he dared not to confer upon a Government of the people's creation the power to preserve man's freedom and equality. "To Hamilton's faith in a popular Government was added the brave con viction that a Government of the whole people might be trusted with power enough to make it respected at home and feared abroad. Hamilton knew the , American people well enough to know that they would never endure a crGwned head within their midst. He feared only the disintegration of the people's Gov ernment, and so he strove for an indis soluble union. Jefferson, before whose eyes was ever present the specter of monarchy, preferred a crumbling fed eration of States to an American Union. Wherever an insurrection arose Ham ilton favored its suppression at the point of the bayonet, if necessary. It was Jefferson, the Sage of Monticello (as our Democratic brethren) love to call him), who said: 'A little rebellion now and then is a good thing,' and added the benign recommendation that rebell ion be not discouraged 'too much.' To Hamilton's mind it was inconceivable that the General Government was not superi >r to the Government of any one of its parts. He therefore placed the ton above the State. /. rscn, logical to the last, was the hor of the famous Kentucky resolu • =. ; n which the doctrine was clearly ia 1 down that a State might withdraw from the Union at will. Nullification t\ '. the child of Jeffersonian Democ- • i /. Hayne but gave it elegance and eloquent expression when he declared .'or 'liberty, not union.' Webster was a Hemiltonian when he breathed that other sentiment, dear to eveTy true > American heart: 'Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable.' Every soldier who marched under the flag of the Union in its crucial hour but passed along the path that ilton had blazed out. "Even as late as the last Presidential campaign it was the spirits of Hamil ton and Jefferson which captained the contending hosts. The monster of States' rights again reared its head when the Democratic party denied the power of the Government at Washing ton to put down an insurrection in Illi nois. That party again illustrated the old Jefferson view of 'liberty' when it denied the power of the courts to pro tect the property of the Government by writ of injunction because, forsooth, the exercise of such power might incident ally interfere with some one's liberty— liberty to do what? To commit a crime! j "The Democrat looks upon the Con j stitution as a technical contract among ! sovereign States. The Republican re < gards it as the Magna Charta of a free . and mighty people. The Democrat has j found in it only- limitations upon the 'exercise of power; the Republican also the creation of power. When Lincoln's heart was bursting with the wrongs of a race the Democrat characterized his every effort to improve its condition as a usurpation of power, j "The Democratic denounces a pro i tective tariff as unconstitutional. He inaugurates a free-trade policy, and makes reparation to the tattered arid starving workingman under it by call ing him brother. In fact, strict con structionist as he is, the Democrat would read by implication into the Con stitution this dogma: Whatever new policy the Republican party promotes is unconstitutional. He admits that the first author of expansion was a Demo crat, but! insists that what was a virtue in Jefferson would be a. crime in Mc , Kinley. It only remains for some en l terprising Democrat to discover that ! the Constitution is, upon its face, un constitutional. , "The Republican's function is to make history; the Democrat's to criti cise it. The Democrat is decorative on dress parade; the Republican magnifi i cent in action, it was a Democratic McClellan who made the buttons on the j blue coats to shine; it was a Repub | lican Grant who led those blue coats to i victory. It is said the Democratic party lis useful as a check upon the exercise of power by the Republican party. Let ;it be admitted. The Democratic party, , then, is of service only when out of j power. The brake is useful to the I railway train, but who would suggest i that a train of cars could be run suc cessfully if the locomotive were taken j off and a Westinghouse airbrake put lon in its place? i "I have often thought that the best I proof of the intervention of Provi dence in mundane affairs is to be found in the advent of Washington and Lin j coin in the two great crises of this ; continent. I think it is next best shown iin the periods which are selected for j Democratic supremacy. In the dull I tedium of perfunctory official life the i Democratic party has been permitted [to rule. "The United States of America, dur ing the year of our Lord 1898, in less than 100 days, under the administra tion of William McKinley, made more 'histoty, and more glorious history, than I the Democratic party in the century lof its existence. As during the years which preceded Fort Sumpters grim challenge, we were drifting toward war, so for years before the explosion of the Maine we had drifted unconsciously toward war with Spain. But the hand of Providence, though we knew it not, was upon the helm of the old Ship of i State. That war was held In check (Continued on Eighth Page.) VENTILATING TIE MILES CHARGES. Proceedings of Court Investigating the Beef Controversy Develop Little New From the Testimony Adduced at Tuesday's Session. The Canned Roast Beef Generally Condemned as Unsatisfactory— Refrigerated Meat Was Good, Excepting That It Often De composed While En Route to Camp. WASHINGTON, Feb. 22. — To-day's proceedings of the court of inquiry in vestigating the beef controversy devel oped little that was new. The testi mony, with the exception of that of Dr. Daly, surgeon on the staff of General Miles during the war, and of Colonel Woodruff, Assistant Commissary Gen eral, 'was generally in line with that of yesterday. The canned roast beef was generally condemned as unsatisfactory, while the refrigerated beef was com mended, the chief complaint being that it often decomposed en route to camp. The testimony of representatives of the Subsistence Department was! begun, that of General Woodruff, Assistant Commissary General, being the most notable. He purchased more than 800, --000 pounds of canned beef, and told of the method of purchase andl the reasons that prompted it. He took issue with General Miles' contention that beef on the hoof was the usual source of fresh meat supply to the army. Another feature of the day was the introduction of Dr. Daly, who charged before the War Commission that re frigerated beef at Chickamauga, Jack sonville, Tampa and in Porto Rico Jad been treated chemically. He was not examined, however, in regard to this charge, Colonel Davis announcing that the contractors who were attacked were entitled to be notified of the ex amination upon that point, that they might have ample time in which to ap pear should they decide to do so. Dr. Daly was excused after a partial ex amination, and will be recalled later. The Investigation will proceed to morrow, when Generai Eagan, former Commissary General, is expected to appear arid tell the story of the beef supply as viewed by this department. When the court met this morning Colonel Davis, the Recorder, announced that the' examination of witnesses so far summoned and reported was about concluded. The court should now, he thought, the questions of fur rer summons and procedure, and at his suggestion the court went into se cret session. When the executive session conclud ed Dr. William H. Daly of Pittsburg, who was Major and Chief Surgeon of Volunteers during the war, and testified before the commission that he had dis covered by chemical analysis boracic and salicylic acid in refrigerated beef furnished the army, was introduced. His examination by the Recorder was conducted slowly and with great care, developing with minuteness all of Dr. Daly's duties while attached to General Miles' staff. These, besides those of an army surgeon, consisted in making spe cial reports to General Miles on camp sites, water supply and the like. The Recorder very carefully developed the fact that most of these reports were verbal or telegraphic, therein differing from the now famous meat report which was the cause of Dr. Daly's be ing summoned as a witness. Therein the -examination differed considerably from that of the previous witness. Dr. Daily testified that he was as signed to duty on the staff of General Miles, and remained at Tampa until a few days after the Shafter expedition sailed, his duties being miscellaneous, under direction of the army Medical Department. Thence he went to Key West, Miami and other points to study proposed camp sites. Later he came north, and finally joined General Miles at Guanica, Porto Rico, sailing from Charleston subsequent to the latter's departure. His duties, he said, were those of attending Surgeon at head quarters and general duties incident to surgical and medical needs of the army. Colonel Davis questioned the witness closely in regard to his duties and the source and character of his orders, evi dently with a view to the bearing these developments might have upon the witness' analysis and report upon beef. Dr. Daly said he remained at Porto Rico five or six days after General Miles departed, being ordered to super vise the preparation of the transport Panama for bringing convalescents north in a manner above reproach. This was because there had been pre viously considerable complaint as to the outfitting of returning transports. He received these orders about August 23d, and, after picking up a load' of sick at various points in Porto Rico, sailed September sth, and arrived at Fort ress Monroe September 10th, landing his patients in a greatly improved con dition. He reported to Washington, where he was quite ill. and was given sick leave. The Surgeon General was pleased with his work on the Panama, and wisOted him to remain there. While still sick in Pittsburg he received orders from General Miles to go on an in spection tour of the new regiments in the South, who were being fitted out for tropic service. This was the trip on which witness became acquainted with the alleged embalmed beef. There were several officers engaged in this inspection. Dr. Daly's investigation was directed, among other things, particularly toward thei food supply and cooking ar rangements of the regiments. The gen eral object of the inspection, according to the witness, was to get the troops into the best possible condition for act ive service, and to render assistance and instruction wherever it was needed. Reports were rendered after the in spection of each camp visited. These reports, in the course of regular rou tine, passed through the hands of the General commanding the army. Dur ing this trip he became so HI that he was obliged to return home to Pitts burg, where, after remaining for some time on sick leave, he tendered his resignation. In all of this very detailed recital the question of beef was not once broached by the court, hut when the witness had been chronologically carried through his term of office the recorder handed him the famous "embalmed beef re port" and asked if he recognized it. Dr. Daly said that he did, and that it was all right except perhaps the date, which in the copy was September 21st. He said, to the best of his recollection, the exact date was October 14th. The date, however, he said', was not essen tial, the report being genuine, and, In the opinion of Dr. Daly, perfectly ac curate. Colonel Davis then addressed the court briefly, saying that it was only within twenty-four hours that he had been able personally to study this re port of Dr. Daiy, and he found therein certain allegations against certain per sons who had made contracts for sup plying food material to the Govern ment. To continue the examination of the witness on this subject in the ab sence of those persons against whom his charges were directed would be to deprive them of rights accorded them by law. He, therefore, suggested that the other parties interested (the meat contractors) should be given reasonable notice of the proceedings and that the witness be excused, subject to recall when the examination could be contin ued with the other interested parties present. Prior to leaving the stand, however, Dr. Daly was examined in regard to the Powell experiment with beef pres ervations at Tampa, Colonel Davis pointing out that it was merely experi mental and no contractor was involved. Dr. Daly said J. F. Weston called his attention to a quarter of beef which was hanging on board ship, and which Weston said had been sixty hours in the open air and he was waiting to see what would eventuate. Dr. Daly did noti recall anything of Colonel Weston's statement indicating the beef was other than a part of the general sup ply, or that it had been treated with a chemical as an experiment. Ha noticed that flies would not remain on the beef and that no larvae were deposited. He thought that strange and that the beef would not putrify in the Tampa air af ter sixty hours' exposure. Witness fin ally cut a piece from the beef and later cooked and ate it. After riding horse back he became nauseated. Hej did not suspect preservatives on the beef, al though the taste suggested an exper ience he had with antelope some years before while hunting. Nevertheless, Dr. Daly said he remarked to no one about the matter. Witness wanted it made plain that Colonel Weston had said nothing about the quarter of beef being experimental, and he had no reason to suspect the Government was conducting an experi ment as to the efficacy of any chemi cal preservative. Replying to Colonel Davis, witness said he supposed the beef was a part of a consignment from the contractors, supposed to keep seventy-two hours in the sun, and perhaps Colonel Weston was merely curious to see if the beef wouldi stand the test. Recurring to the taste of the beef as suggesting an ex perience with preserved antelope meat, witness said some years ago, while en route to hunting grounds in the West, he secured in Chicago what was rec ommended as a preservative—a white powder. It was used in camp and pre served the meat, but the latter, when eaten, nauseated him. An analysis divulged the presence of boric and salicylic acids. In regard to the Tampa experience, Dr. Daly said it did not arouse any suspicion. He did not look upon the incident as a Govern ment experiment, and did not feel call ed upon to report or take any official action about it. Replying to Colonel Gillespie, he said he first considered his Tampa experience sufficiently serious to present to the department when he had experience with contract beef on the Panama. Dr. Daly was then excused. Captain R. H. Breckham of the Sub sistence Department of Volunteers re ported as Brigade Commissary of the First Brigade Cavalry at Tampa on June 6, IS9B. He had no knowledge of any experiment upon beef at Tampa. He accompanied the expedition to Cuba, and issued canned roast beef on the voyage and after landing. On the transport Rio Grande four quarters of fresh beef were placed, he understood, for the purpose of experiment, though he had no understanding of any treat ment and knew nothing of its origin. He was instructed to see how long it would keep. General Sumner gave him instructions to care for and watch it. Some of it was thrown overboard the second day out, and the remainder on the third day. It had been on the dock several hours' before being placed on board, and when thrown overboard It was very offensive. None of it was eaten by any one. Lieutenant Cole, Sixth Cavalry, who was aboard the Rio Grande, which car ried General Sumner's headquarters and the four experimental quarters of beef to Cuba, was much clearer In his recollection of the beef quarters than Captain Breckham. It was, he said, from "some firm of meat packers," and was sent expressly for experi mental use by the soldiers with the knowledge that it wa? chemically pre pared. The beef lasted only three days, after which it decayed and was thrown overboard. Some of it was cooked before it spoiled. Witness saw the piece cooked, but did not eat it It looked well, and the men who tasted it said "it was all right." The offi cers discussed freely, but none of them knew how the beef had been treated, the process being secret.. The beef that spoiled became very offensive, and exuded dark coagulated blood. Lieutenant Cole said he ate seme of the canned beef aboard the transport before it had been subjected to the tropical heat, and it was then fairly good, and he ate it with relish a« a relief from bacon. After it had been heated in the southern climate it be came slimy and rather repulsive look ing. Lieutenant Colonel H. H. Humphreys. Twenty-second Infantry, said canned roast beef was issued his command in small quantities prior to the surrender of Santiago, but he had heard then no complaints abou' it. When refriger ated beef was furnished it was at first satisfactory, but it spoiled in larg quantities, and the men finally ceased to care for it. The canned roast beef was then used in a stew, but the men would not eat it. Witness did not know why. He attempted to eat the beef from , the can. It did not taste right. It gagged him. He gave it up. (Continued on Eighth Page.) THE MISSING LINER BULGARIA. Four of the Grew of the Lost Ves sel Arrive at Baltimore. Were Picked Up at Sea in an Open Boat by the Steamship Vittoria. They, With Twenty-Five Women and Children Rescued hy the United States Steamer Wcehaw ken and Landed in the Azore Islands, All Who Have Been Heard From of tke Crew of Eigkty-Nine Men and Thirty- One Passengers on the Bulgaria When Ske Sailed From New York. BALTIMORE, Feb. 22.—The British steamship Vittoria, Captain Wethereli, arrived to-day from Hull, via Hampton Roads, with four of the crew from the missing Hamburg-American liner Bul garia. The rescued mariners are: Sec ond Mate C. Scharges, Quartermasters Carl Ludtke and John Schulz and Sea man William Starke. These were picked up by the Vittoria from an open boat from the Bulgaria three and a half hours after had been cast adrift in latitude 40 north, longi tude 4 west, on February sth. These, with the twenty-five women and chil dren who were picked up by the steamer Weehawken and landed at Ponta del Gada, Azores Islands, a week ago, are all that have been heaTd from of the crew of eighty-nine men and forty-one passengers which the Bulgaria had on board when she sailed from New York for Bremen January 28th. * Captain Wethereli said that he sight ed the Bulgaria in a disabled condition at 5 a. m.. February sth, flags flying, and the Weehawken standing by and communicating with her. There was a heavy sea on, and his vessel drifted away from the disabled craft, but he again located her. He saw the men aboard the crippled ship attempt to lower a boat, and just as four of them got into it, it broke loose from the steamer and drifted away. The first men made an effort to row back to the Bulgaria, but could not reach her on account of the high seas. The Vittoria was preparing to lower a boat to go to the assistance of those on the Bulgaria when the four men came alongside. After considerable difficulty they were taken aboard. Dur ing a lull the second officer of the Bul garia, accompanied by six of the crew of the Vittoria, manned the boat just vacated and started for the sinking steamer. They were scarcely away from the side of the Vittoria, however, before another gale began, and the brave fellows, not being able to reach the Bulgaria, found it impossible to re turn to the Vittoria until several hours had passed. Captain Wetherel would not abandon hope of being of assistance to those on board the ill-fated vessel, and remains! in sight of her until nightfall, when a perfect hurricane arose and carried the waiting ship miles away. In the morning the Bulgaria was not to be seen, and the Vittoria proceeded on her journey. The story of the experience of the Bulgaria as told by Second Officer Scharges is a thrilling one. "On February Ist, at about 8 p. m.." said he, "a hurricane of so severe a nature was encountered that it was found impossible to make any headway, and at 2 a. m. the following day we were forced to heave to. The flying bridges, both fore and aft, were car ried away, and seamen and passengers were afraid to venture on deck for fear of being swept into the sea. About 7 a. m, the spring in the rudder, which is used to break the strain of heavy seas, collapsed, and soon afterward the entire steering gear was Washed away. The steamer then fell in the trough, and was left at the mercy of the wind and waves. > "Sea after sea swept over us," con tinued Scharges. "smashing in the doors of the cabin and deck houses, flooding the main deck, washing in the awning deck and creating havoc all over the ship. To make matters worse, 100 horses that were stabled on the upper forward deck stampeded, and In their fright made a wild dash, tramp ling each other to death. This state of affairs lasted until all but twenty had been killed or drowned in the wash of the waves. Then the butcher of the vessel, with a number of seamen, went into the pen and tried to quiet the beasts. This failing, as did also the attempt to force the frenzied animals overboard, their throats were cut. Be fore the maddened animals «*vere dis patched, however, the butcher had both his legs broken and one of the seamen was badly injured. "Any idea that our troubles were over was soon dispelled when it was found that the vessel was leaking. All the hatch coverings had been blown off, and before they could be replaced four of the seven holds filled, and all had considerable water in them. The cargo next shifted, listing the steamer heav ily to port. In addition, the carcasses of the dead horses washed a-port added to the heavy list. "For seventy-two hours," added Mr. Scharges, "passengers and crew worked like slaves, throwing the cargo over board to lighten the ship, but it was of little avail. Inch by inch, foot by foot, the ship settled, and as she sunk deeper the waves washed with greater force and freedom over her. One wave carried away eight) of the lifeboats from th low-lying port side, and with these went much of the hope from the hearts of the passengers and crew. "At 4 o'clock on the morning of the sth the order was given to call all hands on deck to prepare to take to the small boats. The'water had flooded the engine-room, and four pumps could not keep it down. It was then up to the grate bars, but the firemen still man aged to keep the fires burning. Each passenger and seaman was given a life preserver, and the remaining boats WHOLE NO. 18,027. were gotten ready and provlstoned* Shortly after daylight the three steam-} ers, the Weehawken, Vittoria and) Koordistan, one after another, hove ill sight. The Weehawken was the first to* be of service, as she sent two boats, in? which the twenty-five women and cMI-* dren were placedv. These were landed safely on the 1 Weehawkem but after' that the storm Increased in violence On3> of our boats was smashed, and it be-*' came almost impossible to lower an- 4 other, on account of the vessel being! so far down on the port side and cor-' respondingly high on the starboaxdh while the remaining boats were mader fast. Another attempt was made, andh one was successfully gotten into fhef sea. I and the three men who were? saved with me jumped into her to taker 1 the oars, when by some unfortunate ac-' cident we were cut loose. The men onl the vessel were seen after that repeatedly to lower another boatjjrjjul? without success." h —' ~ iff Wages of Employes Advanced. ALLENTOWN (Pa.), Feb. 22.—Notica has been posted at all the plants of the/ Tomas Iron Company notifying tha employes that their wages have been) advanced 10 per ,cent. This is the first order increasing wages that has beent issued in the Lehigh Valley for many; years. Rudyard Kipling Seriously 111. NEW YORK, Feb. 22.—Rudyard Kip ling is seriously ill in this city at tha Hotel Grenoble. Ho is suffering from in flammation of the lungs. His doctors, however, hope that with his strong con stitution he will be able to pull througli all right. NIGHT OF TERROR AT CITY OF MANILA. Philippine Rebels Make Good Their Oft-Repeated Threats. Incendiary Fires Started Simultaneously, Resisting Ail Efforts at Control. Between Six and Seven Hundred Residences and Business Houses Destroyed, Resulting in Ines timable Loss—American Officer and Three Men Wounded by Rebels Firing Through Win dows During tke Excitement. MANILA, Feb 23, 7:50 a. m.—Last night was one of terror to thousands of inhabitants of Manila, the rebels mak ing good their oft-repeated threats to the extent of burning scores of build ings, wounding an officer and three men by firing through windows during the excitement. At 8 o'clock an Incendiary fire occur red in a block of brick buildings occu pied by Chinese in the Calle la Coste, in the Santa Cruz district. A stiff breeze wash lowing, and the inflamma bility of the structures caused the blaze to spread with alarming rapidity. The city Fire Department was hopeless ly incompetent, and the English volun teer fire brigade from Santa Mesa was summoned, and with a modern engine pumping adequate streams from the canal, succeeded, after four hours' work, In getting the blaze under con trol. Meantime the entire block and the greater part of two others across the street were completely gutted. Hun dreds of inhabitants were rendered homeless. The Chinese and natives lined the ad jacent streets, while hundreds more, fearing a general conflagration, re moved their furniture and other port able goods in every direction within a. radius of a quarter of a mile when the alarm was first given. General Hughes personally superin tended the police arrangements. The whole city was thoroughly patroled, and guards were doubled. Every avail able man was dispatched to the region, of the fire. impediments were placed in the way* of the firemen, and the hose was cut five times. This resulted in all the na tives being driven off the streets, thosa in the immediate vicinity of the blaze, being corralled in vacant lots and guarded until the excitement was over. In many instances the natives were In solent, and paid no regard to the orders given them, and the soldiers were com pelled to use harsh measures. Tha butts of their rifles and their bayonets were freely applied. The danger from live electric light wires necessitated the closing of the circuit in the burning region, and tlie. only light in certain parts of the city was that furnished by the blaze. The firemen, escorted by soldiers, proceeded to clean out the houses, whilei the fire was unheeded. The Thirteenth Minnesota were reinforced by detach ments from the Third Infantry, Sec ond Oregon, the Third Artillery and the Tenth Pennsylvania. Bullets flew in every direction, in al most every street in the Tondo and Bonondo districts, causing the most in tense excitement Captain Robinson of Company. C, Thirteenth Minnesota, and three men were wounded. Many timid persons, imagining that the rebels had effected an entrance through the American lines, and wera advancing into the city, hurried frantically from the hotels and houses, only to be stopped at the first corner by a guard. The sounding of a native) bugle call .immediately preceding tha firing, lent color to the story. Thou sands of Chinese crossed the bridges and plazas under fire, hunrrying with their bundles to the Chinese Consulate. All night long the fire spread through the Tonda district, sweeping away rows of houses and devastating acres of territory. Between 000 and 700 resi dences and business houses have been: destroyed. Fires were started at sev eral points simultaneously, and spread with great rapidity, resisting all efforts to control them. The damage was in estimable. With daylight punitive measures w*>re decided upon, and the Americans, al though tired after their sleepless night's work, soon cleared the district of every native after a slight resist ance^