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VOLUME 97.-N O. G3.
INVESTIGATION OF ARMY RATIONS. The Beef Court of Inquiry Holds Its Last Open Session. Now Engaged Upon the Preparation of Its Report to the President. Major Lee, General Miles' Repre sentative Before the Board, Sums Up for His Side of the Case, Recorder Davis Submit ting the Case Without Argu ment, WASHINGTON, April 24.—The Wade Court of Inquiry, appointed to lnvesti agfe the allegations made by Major General Miles in his testimony before the AVar Investigating Commission, concerning the meat furnished the army during the late war with Spain, held its last open session to-day. and is now engaged upon the preparation of its report. This morning the court decided not to accept a report made by Lieutenant Colonel Garlington of the Inspector General's office. This report had been transmitted to General Miles through Inspector General Breckinridge. The report of Colonel Garlington covers about eighty typewritten pages, and goes exhaustively into the reports made by officers and men, without drawing any general conclusions. The board, in explanation of its refusal to accept this report in evidence, gave out the fol lowing statement: "The report of the investigation con ducted by Lieutenant Colonel Garling ton. Inspector General, under the orders of the Major General commanding, con tains the result of an inquiry carried on for the most part at the same time and in the same places as that entrusted to the court by the President. During the progress of the investigation Colonel Garlington has submitted the names of witnesses, and from time to time has suggested subjects of inquiry*, all of ■which have been fully considered by the court. The reports which were furnished him by officers of the army have been already read and submitted in evidence. In view of these facts, and as it does not appear that Colonel Garlington had any other or better means of informa tion than were accessible to the court at eyerv of its inquiry, it is or dered that the report be not received in evidence." At the afternoon session. Major Lee. who has been Major General Miles' rep resentative before the board, siummed up for his side his. case. Recorder Davies read brief reports from General Breckinridge, the t& spector General, and also from two of his subordinates. Major Philip Reade and Lieutenant Colonel Garlington, as to the result of their individual work and observations. General Breckinridge condemned the canned beef ration, and, speaking generally, said that while the army ration fulfilled all the scientific re quirements as to food values, its com ponent parts should be changed to meet the new conditions of service. As the ration was fixed by law, this was a matter for Congress to remedy. He also suggested that articles required by sick and convalescent soldiers should be added. Major Reade's report was mainly de voted to the lack of certain camp equip ment among certaim regiments, and that of Colonel Garlington to the result of hie personal inspection of the vari ous camps of the country. The court then decided if any of the depositions for which General Miles has called «hould be received prior to the completion of the report of the board, they should be admitted as evidence, subject tq the board's limitations Majosllee then summed up the case. He read his argument from carefully prepared manuscript, and was given careSCul attention by the three members of the court and the Recorder, no one else being present except the represen tatives of the press. His statement con sumed about an hour, and when he concluded with the statement that the members of the board must decide whether the great fraud and the great crime which he believed had been com mitted should be carried' before the courts, Recorder Davis arose and said simply: "I submit the case to the board with out argument." MAJOR LBE'S CLOSING ARGU • MENT. WASHINGTON. April 24.—The Wade Board of Inquiry held its last open ses sion this afternoon, and is now indus triously engaged upon the preparation of the report, which will probably be completed this week. Over 4.500 type written pages of testimony have been taken. The board spent the morning in exec utive session, and this afternoon Major Lee summed up the testimony on t>ehalf of Major General Miles. Recorder Da vis contented himself with the submis sion of pertinent extracts from the sworn testimony of officers before the War Commission. Major Lee placed before the board, without reading it, the report of Major Garlington of the Inspector General's department, which was forwarded to the board by General Breckinridge through Major General Miles. Major Lee, in summing up the case, disclaimed any intention of reflecting upon any one. He had appeared, he said, "on General Miles' behalf to pre sent and elicit evidence." Miles' allegations, he said, "were nothing more than the complaints of officers and men in the late war. It was." he said, "the General's duty to present the facts concerning those who had suffered from a 'new departure, an untried experiment.' The overwhelm ing evidence of over 00 per cent, of the officers and 85 per cent, of the men showed beyond a reasonable doubt that the so-called canned roast beef 'was not all it .should have been.' " He neither denied nor alleged that this unfit ration was furnished by de sign; only that some one had blundered, and that the soldier was the sufferer. The Subsistence Department, without adequate time, purchased this ration THE RECORD-UNION. by millions of pounds. It was reject ed by soldiers, and enough abandoned cans were left by the troops to erect a monument to the memory of the pack ing houses. Not a dollar for the dis carded cans had been returned to the Government. Concerning the refrigerated beef, Ma jor Lee said that with it was under taken as another experiment, new and novel in the extreme, of attempting to supply It to an army in the field in a campaign. He said that the seventy two hour clause in the contracts was impossible of satisfactory and, therefore, a preservaL' p: * seemed a sine qua non. It was dearly shown, he said, that a preservative t fl eets was under favorable oo: . I deration before the opening of the bids on June 13th, and that it could or would be used seemed to be •established beyond ques tion. Summing up as to chemicalization, Major Lee said: "Witnesses unimpeach ed ( and unimpeachable, uninfluenced and disinterested, without a motive for stating anything but the truth, have come forward and testified as to facts within their knowledge, and all the statements of interested parties, all evi dences of those who neither tested nor investigated, cannot avail against those who gave clear, direct and uncontra dicted testimony as to facts." After referring to specific testimony, Major Lee said such testimony as the above being incontravertible, it must be clear that as a secret chemical pro cess was used with meat at that point (Tampa), similar use would no doubt be made of such process at other points or for shipments which it might be deem ed necessary as a preservative of re frigerated beef. In conclusion. Major Lee said: "It is evident that whatever preservative pro cesses may have been used, as testified to by Dr. Daly and others, they failed of effect, and, as stated by those wit nesses, corroborated by circumstances, the results of their use were deleterious upon the health of the men." Referring to the credibility of wit nesses, Major Lee said: "Returning for a moment to the sub ject of credibility of witnesses, we deem it proper to say—but in no offen sive sease —that of all witnesses whose self-interest stands out conspicuously, the fifty-one interested in the meat in dustry are pre-eminent. Their readi ness, zeal and volubility when on the stand, their eagerness to palliate, ex cuse and deny any and every criticism of fault found with their meats must account for much of the most remark able testimony ever given before a court. The officers and soldiers of our army may go wrong, the people may err. other interests may be full of de fects and irregularities, but if there is anything strictly honest, without re proach, almost perfect, ail these vir tues will be found in overwhelming abundance in the packing houses of our country. Pardon me for saying it, but much, if not all, of such testimony is like much of the roast beef complained of —somewhat overcooked." At the conclusion of Major Lee s statement. Recorder Davis said: "I submit the case without argument." IN THE U. S. SUPREME COURT. Three Important Decisions Handed Down Yesterday. WASHINGTON. April 24.—1n the United States Supreme Court an opin ion was handed down to-day in the case of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Jr., vs. G. D. Hurst, holding that a copyright on a book, the contents of which have been published serially without being previ ously copyrighted, is invalid. The case involved the copyright of "The Auto crat of the Breakfast Table," by the father of the plaintiff in this case. The book was first published serially in the "Atlantic Monthly" in 1857, and was not copyrighted until it was afterward printed in book form, when copyright was taken. Hurst published the book, claiming that it was printed just as the contents had been printed in the maga zine, and also claimed that the subse quent copyright did not protect the work under the copyright laws, but that the first publication vitiated the copy right. The claim was made on behalf of the Holmes estate that there is a dif ference between copyrighting a book and copyrighting its contents, but Jus tice Brown, by whom the decision of the court was announced, said the court had been unable to accept this view, that under the circumstances Hurst had a perfect right to print the book as the matter appeared in the magazine. This was the view taken by the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and its decision was affirmed by to-day's opinion. In the case of the American Refrig erator Company vs. the County Treas urer of Arapahoe County. Colorado, the Supreme Court decided that the Colo rado laws levying a tax on refrigerator cars in the State are valid, notwith standing they are employed in inter state commerce. The opinion was handed down by Justice Shiras. Chief Justice. Fuller announced the opinion of the Supreme Court in the case of Thomas Cosgrove vs. Eugene D. Winney, United States Marshal for the Eastern District of Michigan. The case involves the extradition treaty in force between this country, and Great Britain for Canada, the particular point at issue being whether a resident of Canada who has been extradited and brought to the United States on one charge can lw* arrested on another case before the first proceedings had termi nated and he had had opportunity to re turn to his own country. The Chief Justice held that he could not be thus de-alt with, reversing the' findings of the District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. This case was a prosecu tion of Cosgrove on the charge of steal ing a boat in Detroit in 1M!»7, and the proceedings were connected with the same proceedings, one being in State courts and the other in the Federal Courts. The opinion handed down to day held that this circumstance was of no importance, and that Cosgrove's rights were not impaired by this fact. The Money for the Cuban Army. WASHINGTON, April 24—Major Francis B. Dodge of the Pay Depart ment, recently relieved from duty at Denver, has been selected by the War Department to disburse the $3,000,01)0 allowed by the Government for the pay ment of the troops of the Cuban army as a condition of its disbandment. Major Dodge was at the War Department to day in conference with the officials in regard to his mission, and expects to leave for Cuba to-morrow. Death From Kick of a Horse. SAN FRANCISCO, April 24.—Michael Connell. son of a teamster, died to-day from injuries received on Sunday whn one of his father's horses kicked him in the head with both heels. SACRAMENTO, TUESDAY MOENING, APRIL 25, 1899,-EIGrHT PAGES. GERMANY ENTERS A FORMAL PROTEST. Objects to Language Used by Cap tain Coughlan of the Raleigh At the Union League Banquet at New York on Friday Night. Embassador Yon Holleben Lodges a Complaint With Secretary of State Hay, Who Indicates to Germany's Representative That the Incident is One Solely for the Navy Department to Deal With, It Having Occurred Be fore a Private Club. WASHINGTON, April 24.—The Ger man Government has entered a formal protest against the language used by Captain Coughlan of the Raleigh at the Union League Club banquet in New York last Friday night. The protest was lodged with Secretary Hay through the German Embassador, Herr yon Holleben. Secretary Hay replied that the lan guage appeared to have been used at a dinner in a club, and could not be re garded as an official or public utterance in the sense that would warrant the State Departme-nt in acting. However, the Navy Department was fully com petent to take such action as the case seemed to require. With this statement the Embassador was content for the time at least, and will doubtless await a reasonable length of time upon the Navy Department. There are semi-official intimations that the Embassador will not so much con cern himself with the course of Cap tain Coughlan as the course of the U/nited States in dealing with Coughlan. The German Embassador stated to-day that the poem recited by Captain Coughlan was "too nasty to be noticed." It is said Coughlan's case is not simi lar to that of the Spanish Captain, Conchas, whose utterances in Madrid just before the war criticising the United States, caused the State Depart ment to lodge a formal protest through United States Minister Taylor. Cap tain Conchas' utterances were embodied in a lecture before the Geographical So ciety, and were public in the full sense of the term. Secretary Hay in his reply to the German Embassador has undoubtedly taken note of the difference between the cases on this particular point, and it may be a very important difference for Captain Coghlan. The State Depart ment's position is that a club is simply the home of a number of gentlemen, and cannot be considered a public af fair. But this view does not relieve Captain Coughlan from responsibility to his brother officers for conduct which is alleged to )>e detrimental to the navy. Though relieved from accountability to the State Department directly by Sec retary Hay's attitude, the Navy De partment, as the Secretary has indicat ed, must deal with the case. Captain Coughlan can be called to account on several charges, presuming that he has been correctly reported, and that he ad mits the utterances. As in Commodore Mead's case, if he stands mute and the newspapermen refuse to testify, the Navy Department can proceed no fur ther. The charge which would most prob ably be brought against Captain Cough lan in case the affair progresses to a court-martial would be conduct preju dicial to good order and discipline, and conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman. So far no response has been received from Captain Coughlan at the Navy Department. It is believed the officer will proceed with deliberation in mak ing any statement he may care to make to the department. Meanwhile unpleasant suggestions are' arising to the embarrassment that may follow the execution of the round of re ceptions planned for the Raleigh. The German Embassador appeared at the State Department at noon to-day for the 'purpose of making further rep resentations to Secretary Hay touch ing the conduct of Captain Coughlan, so that the utterances of Captain Coughlan at the Army and Navy Club, as published in yesterday morning's pa pers, were regarded as an additional offense. An effort was made to ascer tain) whether the United States Govern ment intended to do anything officially in view of subsequent developments in the case. Secretary Hay has not changed his position in any degree. He deprecated the lack of tact and bad taste shown by Captain Coughlan, and did not hesitate to let that be known to the German Embassador. But he still held that the case was one that required treatment by methods of naval discipline only, and whirrh the State Department could not concern itself. The German Embassador will com municate the department's view to the Foreign Minister at Berlin. The offi cials on both sides realize that this epi sode may grow into a very great source of discord unless treated discreetly and coolly. After the conference between Secre tary Hay and the German Embassador this afternoon, it was stated in an au thoritative quarter that there was ro reason to view the Coughlan affair in too serious a light, or as presenting grave international complications. The meeting to-day, it was stated, had been mutually agreeable. The main feature of the State Department conference was in establishing that Germany expects the United States Government to deal with the Coughlan affair according to the gravity of the offense, and the United States in return gives assurance that every just expectation in this re spect will be performed. WHAT IS THOUGHT OF THE INCI DENT AT BERLIN. BERLIN, April 24—In official circle's the Coughlan incident is regarded as an • aufluss der wineflaune" (expression of wine humor). A representative of the foreign office said to the correspondent here of the Associated Press: "The American Government has prowptfy and efficient ly done all we could reasonably ask. This alone, even if itpwape not for other indications, shows us that the Ameri can Government in eVery way is identi fied with the utterances of a solitary officer." The "Tageblatt" is an inspireel arti cle, recalls the fact that the incident is a year old (referring to the message which Admiral Dewey is said to have sent to Admiral, yon Diedrichs) and adds: "If we must admit that Admiral Dewey first harbored suspicions of the German squadron, these suspicions were subsequently removed, and their rela tions became most cordial, Admiral Dewey even decorating his ships with flags on the Empress' birthday, which international etiquette did not compel him to do." The "Lokal Anzeiger," in a somewhat violent denunciation of Captain Cough lan, says: "He comes of Irish-Ameri can lineage, which notoriously produces the roughs, both high and low, of the American classes" The "Boersen Courier" thinks it strange the Americans recommence to seek a quarrel with Germany, instead of first conquering the Filipinos, who promise to give them enough work for some time to come. RICHARD J. OGLESBY. The Former Governor of Illinois Dies Suddenly. LINCOLN (111.), April 24.—Former Governor Richard J. Oglesby fell dead near this city at 1 o'clock this after noon. He had been in ill-health for some time, but the end was unex pected. Governor Oglesby was born in Ken tucky in 1824, and migrated to Illinois in 1830. He was admitted to the bar in 1845. He served in the Mexican and civil wars, rising to the rank of Major General. He served two terms as Gov ernor of Illinois and' served one term in the United States Senate, and retired to private life on his beautiful estate near Elkhart in 1596. Attempts to Wreck Trains. ST. JOSEPH, April 24.—Two at tempts were made to destroy Burlington trains with dynamite near Nordway, a small station between St. Joseph and the lowa line, this State. Sticks of dy namite were laid on the tracks, and the Denver flyer was given a shock at 4 o'clock that broke all the windows in the coaches. The Omaha express had a similar but more severe experience later. Burlington officials went to Nordway on a special train three hours later. They express the opinion that the work was done by vandals. There is nothing to indicate robbery was the motive. Believed to be a Case of Murder. WATERLOO (la.), April 24.—The body of Mrs. Henry Lemper was found to-day in Cedar River, almost in the heart of the city. She disappeared about six weeks ago. The body has been in plain sight from a thorough fare over which hundreds of people pass daily. It was supposed to be a bundle of old rags, and small boys had amused themselves for days throwing stones at it as a target. The body was thus dis lodged. The police believe the woman was murdered. THE AMERICAN NAVY. IT IS GROWING AT A REMARK ABLE RATE. Forty Eight Warships Now Under Construction, Which Will Cost About $50,000,000. NEW YORK, April 24.—A special to the "Tribune" from Washington says: The completion within a few months of two great battleships, the Kearsarge and the Kentucky, serves to call atten tion to the remarkable rate at which the American navy -is growing at the present time. Except among naval offi cers, who watch this progress, few per sons realize that forty-eight warships are now under construction for the United States, and involving expendi tures under existing contracts aggre gating $33,330,000 for hulls and ma chinery alone. These vessels, when equipped ready for use. will have cost over $50,000,000. Eight of them are first class seagoing battleships, as good as any afloat, without taking into ac count the superiority of the gunners, machinists and officers to man them. Sixteen are torpedot boat destroyers, av eraging twenty-nine knots speed; four are heavy harbor defense monitors, one is a sister cruiser to the New Orleans, and eighteen are torpedo boats. One of the moat notable facts about this vast construction undertaking is its distribution, exhibiting the great change that has taken place in the shipbuilding industry, at the organiza tion of the new navy, the first four ships were built by a single firm. To-day fourteen American concerns are building ships for the navy, and of these twelve are scattered along the Atlantic Coast from Maine to Virginia, and two are on the Pacific —at Portland and San Francisco. The sheathed cruiser alone is foreign built. She was bought on the stocks from Brazil when the war with Spain became inevitable, because Brazil would not sell one ship which the United States desired with out disposing of others at the same time The Navy Department needed; the Ama zonas, if for nothing else than to pre vent Spain from getting her. The Nictheroy, at a valuation of $f>75.1>00. was made a part of the deal, and, after a thorough overhauling, has become the useful Buffalo. The AmazonaS', as barely completed, cost $1,429,215 and was immediately put/ to good service as the New Orleans, being the only American warship in the war provided with smokeless powder for all batteries. Heir sister ship, the Almirante Abru, was then only a few ribs at the Elswick yard, at Newcastle on-Tyne. but the Navy Department cheerfully took the contract off the Brazilians' hands at the rate of $1,20*5-, --000. and, by adding $250,000 to that amount, wil\soon have a fine cruiser in the Albany, recently launched. The President Indisposed. WASHINGTON, April 24. —President McKinley was unable to see callers to day, and remained in his private apart ments. At intervals during the last few days he has been in the hands of his dentist, and is now suffering somewhat from neuralgia of the face. He hopes to be in his office to-morrow. ANOTHER LYNCHING OCCURS IN GEORGIA. The Burning at the Stake on Sun day of Sam Hose , • Followed by Summary Vengeance Upon Lige Strickland, a Negro Preacher. His Body Found Swinging From the Limb of a Persimmon Tree Near Palmetto, With His Ears Cut Off and the Small Finger of His Left Hand Severed—Was Implicated in Hose's Confession With Complicity in the Cran ford Murder. PALMETTO (Ga.), April 24.—The body of Lige Strickland, the negro preacher, who was implicated in the Cranford murder by Sam Hose, was found swinging to the limb of a per simmon tree within a mile and a quar ter of this place early to-day. Be fore death was allowed to end the suf ferings of the negro, his ears were cut off, and the small finger of the left hand was severed at the second joint. These trophies were in Palmetto to-day. On the chest of the negro was a scrap of bloodstained paper, fastened with an ordinary pin. On one side of this pa per was written: "New York 'Journal' — we must protect our ladies, 23-99." The other side of the paper contained a warning to the negroes of the neigh borhood. It read as follows: "Beware, all darkies. You will be treated the same way." Before being finally lynched Strick land was given a chance to confess to the misdeeds of which the mob sup posed him to be guilty, but he protest ed his innocence until the end. Three times the noose was placed around his neck and the negro was drawn up, and three times he was let down with warn ings that death was in store for him should be fail to confess his complicity in the Cranford murder. Three times Strickland proclaimed his innocence, un til, weary of useless torturing, the mob pulled on the rope and tied the end around the slender trunk of the per simmon tree. Not a shot Was fired by the mob. Strickland was strangled to death. The lynching of Lige Strickland was not accomplished without a desperate effort on the part of his employer to save his life. The man who pleaded for the negro is Major W. W. Thomas, an ex-State Senator and one of the most distinguished citizens of Coweta County. He did all in his power to prevent the lynching of the negro, and did not discontinue his efforts until he had been assured by the leaders of the mob that the negro would be taken to jail at Fairburn. One mile from where this promise was made Lige Strickland was hanged. The negro was a tenant on the plantation of Major Thomas. When Sam Hose, the murderer of Alfred Cranford and the assailant of his wife, made his con fession, immediately prior to his burn ing, he implicated Lige Strickland. Hose contending that he had been offered money by Strickland to kill Cranford. It was known positively, however, that Hose had made false statements in his last confession, and many of those who aided in his burning were disposed to disregard his statement in regard to Strickland. Late Sunday night about fifteen men went to the plantation of Major Thom as and took Strickland from the little cabin in the woods that he called home, leaving his wife and five children to wail and weep over his fate they knew was in store for the negro. Their cries aroused Major Thomas, and that sturdy old gentleman followed the lynchers in his buggy, accompanied by his son, W. M. Thomas, determined to save if pos sible the life of his plantation darky. He overtook the lynchers with their victim at Palmetto, and then ensued, with only the moonlight to brighten the faces of these grim men, the wierdest and most dramatic scene this section has ever known. Lige Strickland was halted directly opposite the telegrapih office. The nocse was adjusted around his neck, and the ends of the rope was thrown over a tree. Strickland was told that he had a chance before dying to confess his complicity in the crime. He replied: "I have told you ali I know, gentlemen. You can kill me if you wish, but I know nothing more to tell." The negro's life might have ended then, but for the arrival of Major Thomas, who leaped from his buggy and asked for a hearing. He asked the crowd to give the negro a chance for his life here on the streets of Palmetto, and saidi: "Gentlemen, this negro is innocent. Hose says Lige had promised to give him $20 to kill Alfred Cranford, and I believe Lige has not had $20 since he has been on my place. He has never done any of you any harm, and now I want you to promise me that you will turn him ovey to the Bailiff of this town, in order that he may be given a hearing. Ido not ask that you liberate him. Hold him, and if the courts ad judge him guilty, hang him." To this the- mob replied that Strick land had inflamed the negroes in the neighborhood, and had a bad reputa tion, having been run away from East Point several years' ago. Major Thomas reminded the mob that the negro had voluntarily told of seeing Hose on the night of the murder. A member of the mob replied that Strickland! had done this in the cun ningness of his guilt, to establish his o\vn innocence. There were some, how ever, who agreed with Major Thomas, and after a discussion a vote was taken which was supposed to mean life or death to Lige Strickland. The vote to let him live was unanimous. Major Thomas retired some distance, and the mob was preparing to send Strickland in a wagon to Newman, when a mem ber of the mob cried out: "We have got him here; let's keep him." This remark aroused the mob, and □ messenger was sent to Major Thomas to leave Palmetto for his own good, but the old gentleman was not frightened. He drew himself up and said emphatically: "I have never been ordered before to leave a town, and I am not going- to leave this one." And then, the Major, uplifting his hand to give his words force, said to the messenger: "Tell them that the muscles in my legs are not trained to running; tell them I have stood the fire and heard the whistle of the minnies from a thousand Yankee rifles, and I am not frightened by this crowd." Major Thomas was not molested. Then, with the understanding that Lige Strickland was to be delivered to the jailor at Fairburn, Major Thomas saw the negro he had pleaded for led off to his death. The mob took the negro to at drive near the home of Marshal J. J. Givens of this place, and again the noose was adjusted around his neck. He was hauled off the ground, but was let down to allow him to confess. He refused to do so, and the lynchers were about to haul him up again, when the son of Marshal Givens came upon the scene and asked that the lynching not occur so near his father's home. The negro was then taken to the yard in the rear of Dr. W. S. Sellers' home and tied up to a persimmon tree and left hanging. A Coroner's jury this afternoon held an inquest, and rendered the usual ver dict —death at the hands of parties un known. Another mob is hunting the country for Albert Sewell. who has been making himself obnoxious by remarks concern ing the whites. There is not much prospect of his capture, however, as he has been out of town for two days. PEOPLE OF GEORGIA GBEATLY STIKKED. ATLANTA, April 24.—The series of crimes which began with the burning of Palmetto by incendiariesi, the lynch ing a month later of four negroes by the whites of that little town in retali ation, to be followed ten days ago by the murder of Alfred Cranford and the ravishing of his wife, for which the negro Sam Hose was burned at the stake yesterday, has stirred the people of Georgia and the South into a fren zied discussion of the social problem revealed. The question of protection for the white women in the sparsely settled farming districts is the topic of the day. 'the Atlanta "Constitu tion" to-day devotes a page to a col lection of opinions on how proper pro tection can be afforded to the women of the country. Governor Candler says: "I think the wisest plan for protection will be for the Legislature to take up the matter and provide a sufficient State militia and funds to be expended for a patrol in the country districts." Former Governor William J. Northen expressed himself as follows: "My first suggestion is that all homes should be made miniature arsenals, at least to the extent of one good Winchester and one good pistol; that women be allowed to carry weapons and taught the use and handling of firearms, so that they may become their own pro tectors in the absence of the husband or master of the house. An occasional negro lying dead in Ore backyard, shot by a brave woman in defense of her honor, wiU,do more to stop this awful crime than all the lynchings that may occur in a year. I would have every county supplied with at least half a dozen well trained bloodhounds. I would have an organization of at least twenty men in each county, who should have supervision of ail lawlessness and disorders in the county." Mrs. Louie M. Gordon, a prominent figure in society, not only in Atlanta, but throughout the Southern cities, favors the equipment of a company of militia by each county. She says: '"The Mexican Government has a kind of rural militia, having power to hold a drum court-martial, and to shoot the criminal if found. The percentage of crime is lower in Alexico than here, and train robberies are scarce, and yet trains are leaded with silver and bullion. It seems as if it would be a wise invest ment for our farmers to add a%und to what would be contributed by the Leg islature to provide a well equipped suf ficient military force for the counties as well as cities and towns, which, with the good moral effect it would surely bring, would produce a sense of safety which would drive fear away from shrinking hearts." Mrs. 11. Felton, who produced a sen sation by her assertion at the Agricult ural Convention two years ago that a thousand negroes should be lynched every week until the outrages stopped, says she has no reason to change her opinion. Attorney-General Terrill favors a bet ter enforcement of the laws. He says: "The means of enforcing our criminal laws would be very materially improved if a system of county police were es tablished in every county in the State." Hon. S. M. Inman, one of the wealth iest citizens uf Atlanta, thinks trouule could be averted if employers in the country would investigate the charac ter and the antecedents of the people they employ. Inspector General O'Bear: "The Sheriff of each county should organize a regular posse of competent and de termined men, who would be ready at a moment's notice to respond to his call and in addition thereto should maintain a pack of trained dogs to follow the trail when a crime is committed in his county. No expense or effort should be spared to discover the criminal and bring him to justice. Women may as sist in their own protection by becoming famiiiar with the use of firearms, and having them at hand wheri the occasion demands. It Is not the duty of the militia to hunt crimes, but to assist the civil authorities in protecting them when called upon." MILITIA UNDER ARMS. ATLANTA, April 24.—The Sixth Reg iment, Georgia Militia, which was or dered under arms last night by Gov ernor Candler, spent the night in the armory here. It was stated that the militia was wanted to guard the Coun ty Jail as a protection to G. W. Kerlin, who kiiled Pearl Knott near Woolsey, Ga., last week, but it is generally be lieved the soldiers were wanted to pre vent trouble at Palmetto. No further orders have been received from the Government and the men are still un der arms. The people of this county have never been so wrought up as they are over the Newnan affair. Extra trains have car ried 3,000 or 4,'MJO people to the scene of the crime. Some of them remainetl Over night and returned to Atlanta this morning. Nearly every man brought a souvenir, and one showed a piece if Hose's heart, saying he was going to present it to Governor Candler. Shortly before noon Governor Cand ler ordered the dismissal of the Fifth Infantry. The Governor has notified the Jones boys, who arrested Hose, that (Continued on Sixth Page.) WHOLE NO. 18,088. POLICEMEN ON THE WITNESS STAND. Yesterday's Session of the Mazet Investigating Committee. Far Less Interesting Than Any Previous Sitting of the Legislative Board. Was Devoted to Probing Various Benevolent and Other Societies Which Are Supported by Mem bers of the Police Force—Rich ard Croker Excused From Fur ther Attendance Until August 29th. . t NEW YORK, April 24.—T0-day's ses sion of the Mazet Investigating Com mittee proved far less interesting than any previous sitting. The day was en tirely devoted to probing the various benevolent and other societies which are supported by members of the pollc" force. John Proctor Clarke conducted the greater part of the examination. Mr. Croker was not calle>d a» a witness-, and on his promise to return to this country, was excused from further at tendance on the Mazet Committee un til August 20th. Mr. Croker will sail for England on Wednesday. All the witnesses called to-day were policemen of various grades. At the conclusion of the single session, which was long and uninteresting. Chairman Mazet announced that the- committee would not meet until May 9th, by which time it is expected that the investigat ing body will have presented a. prelim inary report to the Legislature. The first witness was Captain Eason, who has- done duty in Brooklyn for a good many years. The witness said the New York City Officers' Endowment Association was formed in April, this year. The Captains, Inspectors, Deputy Chiefs and Chiefs belonged to it. The witness said the police force took an interest in the bill providing for a sin gle-headed police- force while It was pending at Albany. The endowment association, Captain FJason said, was a mutual benefit association, by which members would receive $1,000 on retir ing or dismissal from the police force. Captain Eason denied that in March last he addressed his officers and told them that they had been 'assessed by this new endowment association, and that as there were no saloons or pool rooms to be taxed in his precinct, whlc'i consists almost entirely of the Brook lyn bridge, they must chip in and help him out. Captain Eason alleged that he had not yet l)een assessed. Chief Devery, Captain Eason said, was the President of the Endowment Association. Captain Eason said that upon the re cent death. of Police Captain Worth, the Endowment Association had charg ed all its members $33.75 which went to make up the $1,000 to Captain Worth's heir«. That was the only mon ey, except a small amount paid for stationery, that he had paid to the as sociation. Captain Eason said also that he had made no assessment such as intimated by Mr. Clark. The witness denied that the endow ment association was a secret organiza tion or that it had any political sig nificance. Police Inspector Kane was the next witness. He admitted that he sent a telephone call for a conference of the Captains of his precinct on the night of February 20th, for what purpose he could not remember, but whatever was the cause of the call was assigned on, the official books. He had not the books there. Inspector Kane said he took not the slightest interest in the pending police legislation at Albany. Mr. Clarke's efforts to get the wltne?s to acknowledge that the conference of the Captains was to discuss 1 the En dowment Association or matters politi cal were not successful. While Inspector Kane was bring ex amined, Mr. Croker arrived. Mr. Mos<? told him that he would not be needed to-day. Mr. Croker said he was anxious, to go to Europe, as he had important busi ness there that would suffer from his absence. Mr. Moss find a. consultation with Mr. Maple, and they gave Mr. Croker per mission to go to Europe, if he would promise to return before the end of August. Mr. Croker said he was will ing to accept the conditions, and Mr. Moss served him with a subpoena to iip pear before the committee August 29th. Inspector Kane was questioned re garding several alleged poolrooms run ning in his precinct. He denied knowl edge of their existence. The location of these re-sorts was given to the wit ness by Mr. Moss, and the Inspector said he would look them up. Police Captain Haughey was then called. He said that at the conference called by Inspector Kane on February 20th the Captains, including himself, were given instructions "something about excise, something about Sunday law." The witness denied that the Endow ment Association was for the purposes of influencing legislation in favor of the police department. Police Captain Sheehan followed. He knew of no poolrooms, and was ham pered by no one in the enforcement cf the law. Police Sergeant O'Brien was subject ed to a lengthy examination, but failed in any way to connect the Endowment Association with political motives. Sergeant Times followed, but his tes timony was uninteresting. McLoud Act to be Tested in Courts. DETROIT, April 24.—A committee of sixty-two citizens, by their attorneys, filed this afternoon a bill of complaint in the Circuit Court asking that Gov ernor Pingree and the members of the Detrojt Railway Committee and the city of Detroit be temporarily and per petually restrained from taking any further step® toward purchase, and operation of Detroit's street railways under the McLeod Act, which author ized the same, and asking that the Mc- Leod Act and all proceedings there under be decreed to be void.