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LEPERS IN PORTO RICO. YANKEE CLEANLINESS RULES THE LAZARETTO. Some Cheerfulness Among tke In curable Victims of Elephanti asis—An Island Home. Among the sanitary duties of the United States resulting from the war with Spain is the proper care of a lim ited number of lepers, men and wo men, in Porto Rico. These are iso lated on a reservation in comparative comfort, within walking distance cf San Juan, but are soon to be removed to a small island where they can have greater liberty without endangering general health, and at the same time can cultivate the land and earn a liv ing for themselves. A New York woman, who is an ac tive member of the Tribune Sunshine Society and who has just returned from Porto Rico, tells thus of the way she happened to pay a visit to the lazar etto, and what she saw there: •'I was standing on the sea wall at San Juan, near the old chapel, watch ing the senoras coming from service. Tim, the army mule, who now does duty as a saddle horse for Lieutenant Luis de Puy, was near by. Tim has been taught to pick up a handkerchief. One >of the native beauties in passing dropped her handkerchief accidentally. Tim picked it up. As she took it from his teeth my attention was attracted to her sad face. She told me she had been praying that she might be per mitted to see her husband, who was one of the lepers in the laxaretto. She was touched by my sympathy, and begged me to pray, too. I promised to do something for her if possible. "I sought Captain Davison, the sani tary inspector, in his office at the Con sulate. I found him in consultation with several of his assistants. He ex claimed, when he saw me: "I have just returned from a trip I made to select an island to be used for my leper col ony. I have found an ideal one, with trees, foliage, running streams —a lit tle paradise—and I am happy. I have been telling Dr. Glenon about it. I hope to make the lepers as comfortable and happy as it is possible for such unfortunates to be. They will have gardens to work in, and raise what they wish in fruit and vegetables. The work will be a godsend in occupying their minds. " 'Luis Peno is one of the prettiest islands on the west coast of Porto Rico, and contains 400 acres. I will build comfortable cottages for them, and hope to have a model leper colony. I have sent out word to the Alcaldes all over the island to find all the lepers there may be and send them to the lazaretto near here until the island is ready for them.' " 'Oh. Captain!' I said, 'that is what I have come for. I want to go out and visit your lazaretto. Are there any women there?" " 'Yes, more than half are women, but only a dozen in all." " 'Please, may I go out to visit them 0 ' " 'Have you no fear? What is your object? 1 decidedly object to visitors who go out of mere curiosity.' " 'No, 1 am not afraid, and I feel as if I might comfort them, and some good may come of my visit. You know, a woman often sees things that a man does not that might bring more com fort to women. Have you a matron?' " 'No: the keeper is a man. The doc tor visits them daily, and I myself am a constant caller. They have my sym pathy. I do not feel that the disease is as contagious as some people sup pose. I have studied them carefully. Some of them have lived for years with their families at home, sleeping in the same room, and often in the same bed, without contagion. The women are of all ages.' "Then the Captain knit his brows, and presently asked, 'When do you wish to go?' " 'Now—to-day—if I may.' "So it was arranged. At 2p.m. we took a carriage at the Plaza and drove out past the historic Cristobal Colon frowning down upon us from the hill side, out past the settlements with the little naked children playing in the sun, while the older people lounged on the verandas or in the doorways scan tily clad; past the haunted Fort Ger mo, with its romantic walk of palms; then along a stretch of country road, and presently a long white building came into sight, back of which was a small, low structure, surrounded by a group of tropical plants and palms. Before it stretched the waters of the inner bay. "In front of the large building were several soldiers, one of whom stepped forward and presented arms. This building is the prison. A battery of artillery (American) is stationed near, and a squad is selected daily from its members to guard the prison. "When Mr. De Puy, who, as Captain Davison's First Lieutenant, had been appointed my escort, and who speaks Spanish fluently, told the guard who we were, we were allowed to pass on down a winding path to the rear, where we were again stopped by a guard, who. on recognizing my companion, allowed us to continue. We stood a moment on the embankment and looked across the road, which divides the prison from the lazaretto, when almost in stantly from every doorway there ap peared a leper. Men, women, girls and boys looked over toward us. then consulted among themselves, and all pressed forward to the railing as they saw us descend the embankment. " 'Now.' said Mr. De Puy, "have you seen enough? How near do you care to go? Will you go into the house? Will you go up to the balcony or will you look at them and talk to them from speaking distance only?' For a moment I gathered my skirts together and hesitated. I had on a blue linen lawn gown, and my com panion a suit of white duck. I quickly asked, 'How near do your care to go?" 'Oh, I go right into their rooms and see that they are clean and comfort able. I am not afraid — but you?' 'Come,' I said. 'We will go. We can destroy our clothes afterward.' "As we ascended the steps the woman Pears' soap responds to wa ter instantly; washes and rinses off in a twinkling. ran into their rooms, but one man stepped out and said, 'Are you frienus C Then he added, 'Oh, it is the Americano Senor.' " 'Yes we are friends. The Senora wishes to visit you; she would like to talk to you and help you if she can. Will you not come out and see her. asked Mr. De Puy, in Spanish. "Instantly they crowded out on the balcony and quite close around us, and I must confess I moved closed to my guide until he laid his hand on my arm assuringly, and said: 'Don't be alarmed; they will not touch you. Now, what do you wish to ask them?' " Ask if they are comfortable here„ and if they have enough to eat." ' 'Muclrer, mucher!' chorused several voices, meaning plenty. " 'Are you happy and contended?' was the next question. Several shrugged their shoulders, then one young girl said 'Si' (yes), and an old woman, the first joints of whose fingers had dropped off, remarked: 'Our beds are very com fortable. Will you come in and see?* W r e examined every room. All wer* clean. The beds were comfortable ones of iron, with springs, the linen was snowy white. A rocking chair, a small charcoal stove and a table was aU each room contained, except a few cooking utensils. "One husband and wife, an aged couple, both suffering from elephan tiasis, seemed devoted to each other. The man's face was swollen out of all semblance of human form; only one eye was visible. "One boy of sixteen looked like a man of sixty. His ears were like an elephant's. Others were in the first stages of the disease. None seemed to suffer much. "All seemed to have kindly feeling for one another. The women do the cooking and washing. They seemed cheerful. I think they were interested in my visit. "An old man whose face was swollen and partly eaten away, leaned against the door and looked* so sad I asked him if he was content to be there, and it he did not think it best. 'Oh, yes, it is best; yet. Senora. if I could only hold to my heart once more my wife and babies I would give much. But if your good doctor will only let them stand on the hillside and talk to me I will try to be content.' "One or two others pleaded in the same way, so we promised to use oui influence to persuade Captain Davison to permit their friends to visit the lepers once a week. At this all seemed pleased and thanked us. They stood on the balcony and watched us as we went away, some of the women waving their hands to us as we looked back at them from a distance. "As we strolled along we came upon a hundred washerwomen who wer<4 scrubbing on flat stones. I asked them if it was not dangerous to have them so near the lazaretto: but they said, 'No. the lepers never go beyond their own boundary.' " 'How is it you' come out here to wash?' I asked of one. " 'Well, you see. we have the water of the springs to wash with, plenty ot air and place to dry our clothes. In thk city we live on ground floors; no roonv to wash, no water, as it is $1 per bar rel, and we are poor; then there is no place to dry our clothes in the city. I come out here, find a spot, place my tub, and it stands there year in and year out. No one touches it. Each has her own place.' " "On my return to town I had a talk with Captain Davison, who consented to issue passes to certain members of the lepers' families who might care to visit them, permitting them to stand oit the embankment opposite to see and talk to their friends and bring them any little luxury they wished. Tht lepers are supplied with plenty of good army rations now. The following morn ing I saw the Senora who prayed in the little chapel the day before, and had the pleasure of giving her a pass. Sh* thanked me and promised to pray for me. Mr. De Puy said laughingly. 'Mrs. H is a daughter of the sun; she helps you.' " 'Si, Senor.' answered the woman, pointing to my T. S. S. pin, 'I saw that yesterday.' She meant it, too. The natives of Porto Rico have come to know the significance of the Sunshine Society pin."—New York Tribune. Increase of Population. Some interesting statistics in regard to the increase of population have just been compiled by Sir Robert Giffon, a distinguished English expert on this subject. He shows that England now has possessions on all five continents, and that a quarter of the population of the entire earth is subject to her suzerainty. The extent of territory owned by England amounts to 13,000, --006 square miles, and on this immense tract is a population of 420,000,000. During the last twenty-seven years the English realm has increased by 2.854, --600 square miles, and within the same period 125,000,600 have been added to the population. Since 1871 the population of the Unit ed Kingdom—England, Scotland and Ireland—has increased from •32,00fU)0U to 40.«XM).(KM). At the beginning of this century England, Scotland and Ireland had a population of 11,000,000, and France of 26,000,000, yet to-day the proportion of population in both coun tries is almost alike. Russia has in creased her population by 80,000,000 since 18tf0, the result being that she has now a population of 130.<MK).(Mi0. Germany had a population of 20,000, --600 at the beginning of this century; now she has between 50,000,000 and 80,000,000, of whom almost a quarter is the result of the increase of births over deaths. Germany, too. is making vast strides as a colonial Power, and her population in those distant pos sessions already amounts to a consid erable number. War Secretaries Do Not Last. Apropos of General Alger's retire ment, it is a curious fact that the Secretary of War has never held office as long as Secretaries of other depart ments have held it. Twenty-five Presi dents of the United States have had fifty-two Secretaries, while the num ber of Secretaries at the heads of other departments has been much less. Washington had three Secretaries of War, Knox holding during his first term, and being followed by Pickering and McHenry before the second term was out. John Adams had two Sec retaries, and Madison had five of them in his two terms. Monroe got along with two. John Quincy Adams wfcs obliged to make - two appointments. Jackson in his two terms had three Secretaries of War. Van Buren. who seems to have got along very well with his Cabinet, had only one Secretary of War during his term. Tyler con ferred with four different Secretaries for the War Department. Taylor. Fill more. Lincoln and Buchanan each had two Secretaries of War. Johnson had three of them. Grant had six during two terms. Harrison had two. — New York Times. It is estimated that England's stock of. coal will last 200 years longer, and North America's COO years. THE RECORP-TOlOyrr SACRAMENTO, MONDAY, AUGUST 7, 1899. WONDERFUL TELEGRAPHY. TEN THOUSAND WORDS AN HOUR TO BE SENT. New Automatic System Which It Is Claimed Will Accom plish This. To transmit every word in a big met ropolitan newspaper from one city to another in an hour —that is the promise made by the inventors of an improved method of telegraphy. The importance of this new system, the invention of Messrs. Pollack and Virag, Hungarian engineers, lies in its extraordinary speed, its reported practicability and the consequent reduction of cost of transmission and of the number of tele graph lines required. A comparison of the new system, which has the indorsement of the Hun garian Government, with other systems of telegraphy in use shows the merits claimed for it. The following is an ap proximate comparison: Ten-word Messages System. Per Hour Morse 25 Morse Duplex 40 Hughes 100-120 Hughes Duplex 180 Baudot 400 Wheatstone 2,400 Pollack and Virag 10.000 As is well known, the Morse system, which is in use principally in this coun try, is dependent on the physical endur ance and accuracy of an operator, and on that account is very limited in scope and speed. The Wheatstone system, ex tensively used in England, may be called a machine telegraph, as the mes sage is prepared on a strip of paper by a perforating machine. This im provement has given this system a great advantage over the ordinary Morse system, but the apparatus em ployed is extremely delicate and easily gets out of order. An improvement over this system is the Hughes printing telegraph, which, as its name indicates, actually prints the characters and requires no per forated slips of paper. Mr. Baudot in creased the capacity of this system fivefold by the employment of five sets of apparatus, but even this did not prove to be the final solution of the high-speed telegraphy problem, as the many moving parts introduced friction, and, therefore, consumed a great deal of power. Perhaps the nearest solution of what might be called the ideal method was the invention of Messrs. Crehore & Squiers, two American engineers, which created a decided sensation.a few years ago and was fully described in the vari ous daily papers and periodicals. These inventors employed an alternating cur rent as their source of energy, and used an electromagnetic light polarizing ap paratus, in order to photograph the sig nals and obtain light and dark spots on a strip of paper. The power consumed was so considerable that the inventors finally combined their transmitting ap paratus with a Wheatstone receiver, making theirs a very complicated sys tem, and one which ;;ave little promise of practical success. With all the advantages of thase var ious systems to guide and aid them, and with the shortcomings to warn them, the inventors of the new sys tem set to work to smploy new prin ciples and combine the delicacy and ac curacy of the telephone receiver with the efficient performance of the per forated strip telegrapn transmitter. In their system the messages to be transmitted are first perforated on a strip of paper, which passes with great rapidity under two small brushes. One brush is connected to the positive pole of one set of batteries, and the other brush to the negative pole of a Second set. The two other poles are then con nected together through the return cir cuits. The paper slip is moved along by means of a cylinder, which is con nected to the circuit and makes con tact with the brusnes above it when ever there is a hole in the paper strip. In this way positii-e or negative cur rents will be sent over the line, ac cording to which one of the brushes comes in contact with the cylinder. The paper strip. has two rows of perfora tions, the one serving for the positive current impulses, the other for the neg ative ones. The one produces at the receiving station a line going upward, corresponding to the dash in nhe Morse code, while the other impulse produces downward strokes, corresponding to the dots in the Morse code. If, therefore, the Morse code can be adopted, any tel egrapher can read the new signs with out any effort. The receiving- apparatus is very sim ple. It consists of a telephone, to which a small concave mirror is at tached. The diaphragm is vibrated by the impulses of the current, moving toward or away from the electromag net, according to the direction of the impulse sent over the line. The move ments of the diaphragm are transmit ted to the mirror by means of a small rod. As diaphragm movements amount ing to a few thousandths of a millime ter are dealt with, the mirror is at tached in such a way that it receives comparatively large movements. The mirror has attached to it a small piece of soft iron, by means of which it is held in position by a permanent magnet in such a manner that its one pole, ending in two points, holds the mirror by means of the soft iron plate, the line joining the points forming the turning axis for the movements of the mirror. The other pole of the magnet has a weak spring attached to it which also ends in a point and forms the third point of support for the mirror. This spring is attached to the diaph ragm by means of a small rod, so that the small movements of the diaphragm produce a rotary movement of the con cave mirror, which are comparatively large, because the points of support are very close together. The light from a small incandescent lamp falls upon the mirror, which, in turn, reflects the image of the filament on a sensitized piece of paper. THE MESSAGE PHOTOGRAPHED. This image moves out of its original position in one or the other direction, according to the movements of the dia phragm and mirror, which are actuated by the current impulses. The sensitized paper is wound on a drum, which turns on its own axis, and also moves along that axis, so that the paper passes be fore the image in a sort of screw mo tion and receives the upward and downward impressions. In this man ner the successive signs on *he paper will appear next to each other, and can be easily read by anyone having a knowledge of the Morse system. The inventors had still two great dif ficulties to overcome —that is, the mo mentum or swing of the diaphragm and the capacity, and self-inductance of the line. They have been very successful in eliminating the former, owing to the fact that when the time of duration of the current impulse coincides with that of the swinging period of the dia RoYA L R= W? PURE Makes the food more delicious and wholesome ROYAL lAJCINO FOWOER CO.. MEW YOftK. phragm the latter will have no swing of its own. In order to obtain this coin cidence they connect a condenser in parallel with the receiving apparatus of the required capacity, only send brief current impulses into the telephone, shorter than the duration of the swing ing period, and by the discharge of the condenser into the telephone after the current is cut off, the current impulse is lengthened considerably, so that the diaphragm comes to rest without mak ing any extra swing. The line disturbances are completely eliminated by connecting an inductance coil in parallel with the sending ap paratus. The dimensions of this coil are chosen to meet the requirements. When a current impulse is sent over the line a part of it will go through the inductance coil. At the moment the current is interrupted, a current in the same direction is generated in the coil, which will, however, flow through the line in the opposite direction to that of the last impulse, eliminating all dis turbances which exist in view of this property of the circuit. WONDERFUL POSSIBILITIES. To illustrate the capacity of this sys tem we may cite the following example: It requires only twenty-five minutes to transmit the contents of a newspaper containing 40,000 words, while an ex pert Hughes telegrapher requires at least thirty hours for the transmission of this message, and a Morse operator could not do the work in less than five days and nights. Thus it will be seen that by the in troduction of this system the cost of telegraphing will be considerably re duced by the greater use which can be made of existing telegraph lines; in fact, it would in all probability reform or even revolutionize the entire tele graph industry. The demand for- a simple and rapid system is felt more particularly in large cities, where the multiplication of tele graph wires becomes a more serious problem every day. The new system would decrease the number »jf wires re quired to transact 1 the necessary busi ness of a good-sized community and enable messages from a seat of war or other important point to be trans mitted without interruption. By em ploying a sufficient number of perforat ing machines every possible demand on a line can be met. For these and many other reasons it is certain that the entire civilized world will hail the new discovery with delight.—New York Herald. Development of a Machine Shop. Most machine shops are not made, they grow, and consequently there are few, if any, in which every detail is arranged in accordance with the latest' practice—even in those cases where the proprietors themselves are thoroughly familiar with the latest developments in the art of producing modern machine tools. I know of no machine shop in which the latest equipments are com bined with buildings of the best design. Having had the opportunity of being intimately connected with the designing and equipping of large machine tool works, 'in which it has been the inten tion to adopt every modern ment, I have had special occasion fo consider this problem, and have fol lowed the development and realization of plans which for three years have called for unremitting application on the part of those interested, and ar% not yet consummated. The manufac turer of machine tools is confronted with nearly the same problem which any other manufacturer has to solve erecting new works. Unlike most arti cles of manufacture, however, machin ery is never .produced in what can be called, comparatively speaking, large quantities. It follows then that the or ganization necessary to meet the re quirements for producing in small quantities must be different from that which is possible where operations can, be repeated day after day, the year round, on parts remaining unchanged in design, while thousands, or perhaps hundreds of thousands, of one particu lar article are produced.—H. F. L. Or* cutt, in The Engineering Magazine. Tobacco. (Death From Excessive Smoking.—Aunt Peggy Bailey, t.ie oldest maid in the Vnited States, died on Saturday. She was 112 years old last March, and had smoked pipes since she was eight.—Daily Graphic.) Tobacco, 1 have loved the well. Thy praises oft my tongue would tell What time in meads of asphodel With thee I wandered. At midnight glowed my kindled clay, My fancy firing: dawning day Reddened as o'er thine ashes gray, Pensive I pondered. Yet had I known the fatal draught That in thy curling wreaths I quaffed, More deadly than the poisoned shaft Of wild barbarians, Then had I broken clay and briar. And dashed the fragments in the fire, Forswearing thee, destroyer dire Of centenarians. For who thy poison can defy? Thy victims in their thousands die. Thick as the buteher'd heaps that lie Countless at Blenheim; Nor Time itself can help provide; They that a hundred years defied Fall in their centenarian pride, Felled by thy venc'm. Yet happy, spite of all they say, I had not broken briar and clay, Nor quite so lightly thrown away The joy that fills one. But lingered on. spite poison slow. Another sixty years or so: It takes a century, you know. Before it kills one. —Punch. Colonel Henderson and Free Seed. Colonel Henderson has always been an enthusiastic advocate of the free distribution of seeds by Congressmen, and his' constituents have been highly favored in this regard. His known fond ness for a joke has made him the sub ject of considerable banter upon this line, and he has probably stood more ridicule upon the free seed fad than other Congressmen. One of Colonel Henderson's postal cards anent this topic, in a woman's handwriting, bore this message: "John's influence can't be got with 16 cents' worth of free seeds, but if you will send me a box of hairpins I will look after him. His wife." Another communication read: "Why not let up on seeds for a while and send jackknives? Everybody could use them, and there would not be so much waste. In that case radish seeds would not come up poor turnips, and the Congressman would be saved much ridicule .which he now often gets."—J. Sterling Morton, in the Conservator. James' Bryce is making a study of the government of colonies by repub lics, which is to have special applica tion to the United States. Mr. Kipling now has twenty-three suits in process against as many differ ent publishers and booksellers through out the United States. Boy Who Turned Books Into Food. His name was John S. Smith, and he lived in a little village among the Berkshires, near Stockbridge. I'm not going to tell just where or you'd all be writing letters to him asking him how he did it, and he hates to answer letters. John Smith was 9 years old on one of his birthdays. He had also been -S and 7 and a whole lot of other num bers, but it was when he was i* that he first discovered his peculiar gift. He was sitting in the kitchen, reading, while Kate, the hired girl, was mak ing tomato ketchup. Well, you know how hungry the smell of that good condiment makes a fellow, and John, who had not eaten a mouthful since breakfast —and it was now nearly 8J o'clock a. m.—was naturally ravenous. He held his book in two hands and said to Kate: "I wish I had something good to eat." Then he felt something soft in his hands, and lo and behold his book was a cake. He didn't stop to think of the consequences, but be just ate it. and it was "licken good," as his Aunt Penelope would have said. But after he had finished it he wanted to read again about the man who want ed to shiver; for it was "Grimm's Fairy Tales" he had been reading. But he couldn't do it, for the book was in his little stomach. Well, he didn't mind so very much, because the book wasn't his—only borrowed. But Kate was as tonished to think he could turn it into cake. She was not much of a reader herself, and she hated baking. "Land sakes," she said, "if I thought I could get rid of baking by turning your pa's books into bread and cake I'd never light the oven again." "I don't suppose you can," said John, "but I guess I can." "Well, try it," said Kate. John's father was a minister, and he had 200 or 300 theological books in his study. He was not at home that morning, having gone to Fittsfield to attend some convention or other. So John and Kate went into his study and John said to her, "W r hat do you need?" "Well," said she, "I was going to bake bread this morning as soon as the ketchup was done. You might make me a large loaf of bread." "What book'll I take?" asked John. "Oh, any book. They all look about alike. He'll never miss it, he has so many." So John reached up and took down "Fox's Book of Martyrs." He held it in one hand and said: "I wish this was a loaf of bread." And then a remark able thing happened. Both John and Kate were surprised at/it. The book still continued to be a book. "Why, that's funny." said John. "I thought I had the power." He grabbed it in both hands and again said: "I wish this was a loaf of bread." and this time it became a warm, fresh loaf. Kate was delighted. So was John. What boy wouldn't be? It was such a large loaf that Kate wouldn't need another for three days. They had It for dinner, and Mrs. Smith complained that it was heavy, but what could you expect? You can't make light bread- out of heavy materials. After that at every "baking" John converted a theological work into bread for the family, which was what his father had been doing for many years, although not so directly. But after a while Mr. Smith noticed that his li brary was growing beautifully less, and as he never loaned his books he won dered thereat. At last one Saturday after completing his sermon he lay down upon the sofa to take a nap, but he was awakened by hearing light foot steps. Through half closed lids he saw his son enter the room and take down a copy of "The Great Growth of Con gregationalism in New England" and make a loaf of bread out of it. and as he was a quick witted man he realized what had become of his library and also fathomed the cause of the late heavy bread. He reprimanded John severely until the boy told him that he had only done it to ease Kate's 'abors. and then the old gentleman made her cease her labors entirely and retire to her home for an indefinite rest. For he learned that a loaf has to be paid for sooner or later. But although John never took any more books to turn into bread he often amused himself by making pumpkins out of rocks or candy out of twigs, and When the older boys and girls of the village went on an excursion to Bash Bish Falls they always took the little I fellow along, as it saved the bother of putting up lunch. He made lovely chicken sandwiches out of moss. One day Rev. Mr. Smith, his wife and John went down to New York to see the sights and among the places that they visited was Central Park. John was very much interested in the an cient pottery, and the mummies and things that he saw in the Metropolitan museum, but as most of them were under glass he did not do any damage, as he might have done if he'd suddenly become hungry and turned an Egyptian I into a welsh rarebit or a Roman coin i into a Neapolitan ice. His father was i a little nervous, however, and he breathed a sigh of relief when they got out safely, jOn the way over to the monkey house i John saw the great obelisk that was j brought from Egypt a few years ago and set up in the park. He said to his; ; father: "Oh, papa, that's older than you or I or even Aunt Penelope, isn't it?" "Yes. my son," said his father, and then he told him a lot of interesting facts concerning it that I won't repeat, because this is not a story about an cient times, but about a boy who is still living in Massachusetts. Finally John walked up to the obe lisk. "Hands off," said his fatner ner > vously, but either the boy didn't hear ior else he didn't mind. I prefer to think that he didn't hear. At any rate he put his hands oh the great stone shaft and said, "My, I wish this was A big pyramid of ice cream. I'rm awful hungry." In an Instant, of course, the obelisk turned to ice cream of different flavors,. . vanilla at the bottom, chocolate in the middle and strawberry at the top. Now. if it had been winter time it w-ouldn't have been so disastrous a thing, be cause ice cream will keep indefinitely in the winter. But it happened to be a warm day in early spring, and the priceless thing began to melt. John grabbed a handful and was going to 1 SUMMER CLEARANCE SALE j I New Arrivals in Separate Skirts | : This is an occasion where a chance purchase benefits you. One • • of our buyers in New York chanced to secure a limited quantity • • of very attractive and stylish wash skirts, pique and linen, at a J • much under value prtce. They're just to hand by express and go I • into this sale at under value prices in proportion to what we paid * • for them. Described as follows: * j THE $3.00 PIQUE SKIRTS • • are of the double style, with sweep; made from medium welt. « • white pique of good quality. The full skirt has deep hem at the • • bottom, and the overskirt is faced around bottom with a 9-inch # • bias strip of linen finished navy blue duck contrasted and corded • • around with 9 rows of white wash cord. A very attractive fin- . • ish and a novelty. • • THE $2.00 LINEN SKIRTS • • are of the natural color in heavy linen, stylishly cut and well * • made; they being of tke double panel effect: the panels being • J faced, piped and stitched with either white or purple; very at- • • tractive in contrast and style; have deep hem at the bottom and • • hang correctly. • • THE $2.75 LINEN SKIRTS • 0 are of tke natural color brown linen, heavy in texture and * • pure flax. They're quite correct in cut, kang and sweep; are • • made flounce style, witk two rows of neat patterned insertion • 9 around separated by clusters of three rows of cording on each side Jf • of botk insertion strips; durable, dependable, well made garments, • • wkick will wash and launder as when new. • • LADIES' $2.50 WRAPPERS : • REDUCED TO $1.38 • • Made from fine lawn and percale, full front, watteau back * • with back strap and fitted vest lining. Some kave pointed a • yoke front and back of fine wkite tucking edged witk a ruffle, • • otkers kave yoke of self. All are ruffled on shoulder and tke col- * • lar, ruffles and yokes are neatly trimmed witk lace or pretty wask « • braids. Best patterns and delicate colorings in all. Blue, pink, • • lavender, black and wkite, etc. Tke prettiest wrappers in the * • kouse. Priced to move quickly at $1.38. « . RICH CHENILLE TABLE COVERS • 1 REDUCED TO $1.98 ; • $1.98 instead of $2.75 is a notable reduction on a line of • • large size chenille table covers so strikingly handsome as these. * • They're 10-4 size witk pretty knotted fringe all around; kave a * • close, soft, velvety chenille pile, combining colors of rare richness • J in their blendings and combinations, in floral and leaf effects for * • center and border, and witk semi-plain strip intervening. You s • must see tkem to fully appreciate tkeir beauty and worth. • eat it when a park policeman came running up and said: "It's against orders to deface any thing in the park, and eating is de facing." But that wasn't the worst of it. The hieroglyphics were beginning to run and were changing their meaning al ready, so Mr. Smith said: "John, clap your hands on the thing and wish it back to stone, if possible. I can't af ford to pay for this obelisk." John ran up and did as he was bid. and wished with all his might that the obwiisk would turn back to stone again and by great luck it did. Then he licked his fingers on the slay and prom ised his father then and there he would never try to exercise his strange gift again. Rev. Mr. Smith asked the policeman not to say a word about the affair, ard not a word has been said until to-day, but I think it is too good to keep. And now. when you hear learned men say that the action of our climate is wearing away the stone that stood for ages in Egypt, you will understand that John Smith had a hand in it —in fact, a couple of hands in it. And as his Aunt Penelope would have said, "It was lickin' good."—Brooklyn Daily Kagle. MEXICAN PROVERBS. Trite Sayings From the Land of the Cigarette. There are many fine epigrams and proverbs in Spanish, says a writer in the Philadelphia "Inquirer." Many of them cannot be translated so as to pre serve the terseness and aptness of the original. Many, of course, are the same as the English proverbs or simply change the simile. They are used with all possible variety of application. A gentleman who was seated near a group of young ladies at a railway station, busy with their farewell kisses, stood it as long as he could and then protested: "Don't count your money in the presence of the poor." Follow ing are some of the proverbs not un commonly heard in Mexico: "He who never ventures will never cross the sea." "There is no . gain without pain." "Flies cannot enter a closed mouth." "Behind the cross is the devil." "A cat in gloves will never catch rats." "To the hungry no bread is dry." "A book that is shut makes no scholar." "The good laundress washes the shirt first." "No evil will endure a hundred years." "When the river is passed the saint is forgotten." "He who has little has little to fear." "If the pill were not bitter it would not be gilt." "Do not trust your money to those who keep their eyes on the floor and make an outward sign of piety." "Wind and good luck do not last." "Don't take a pawn that must be fed." "It is good fishing in troubled wa ters." "A frugal, rich father and a spend thrift son." "No word is ill-spoken if it is not ill understood." "A tongue may inflict a deeper wound than a sword." President Hadley's First Words. Arthur Twining Hadley's election to the Presidency of Yale recalls a tradi tion prevalent there when he was a member of the student body. The fu ture President was in the class of '7G, |g WE GRIND R B RIGHT HERE. |j • We have the only optical I grinding plant in Northern or Js| j Central California outside or fc> . San Francisco. This enables ES j fes us to have glasses mude under te. our ou'n supervision to pre j ips> cisely tit the need of our cus- ifc, 1 tomcrs. Es| B cmiNiN/MCf c* ft Ig OPTICIAN iJiIUIVOIi g Yellow Crawfords will be cheaper Monday and Tues day, August 7 and 8, here than at any time later. If you want to preserve peaches now is your time. Good flavored ones. CURTIS &TO/S MARKET, half a block below Weinstock, Lubin &_Co. THE CHIDT none but E IrlC Oil IK 1 (MONHELIi WAIST 1 1 stays in season all spring and summer and during a good part of the fall. We i wash them and iron them 1 so well that the ladies say I ••It's worth it, to have j them done up that way." I American Laundry I Nineteenth and I Streets. SI Watch Work Skillful, painstaking, reli able, guaranteed watch re pairing here. We do not pretend to do this work at bottom prices, neither do we charge exorbitantly. KLUNE &~fLOBERG, 3.30 X Street. and carried off the valedictory in that year. Every student in college wad acquainted with his personality, for they had all spent many long hours over the admirable Greek grammar written by his father. Professor Janes Hadley, and therefore took an especial interest in his son. So convinced were the Yale men of the Hadley family's innate knowledge of Greek, that it was more or less implicitly believed among them that when Arthur Hadley was born and for the first time laid in his father's arms, he raised his hands, in a classical Greek gesture and ex claimed, "Pater, erkomai!" (Father, I am come!) To which his father replied, in true professional tones, "Wrong, my son; not the perfect second aorist, Elthon" —(I have come.)— Life.