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VOLUME 98.—N0. 74.
CONDITIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES. The Commissioners Submit a Pre liminary Report Summarizing Affairs as Existing When They Left the Islands. Deal* In Brief Form With the Sit uation at the Outbreak of the Rebellion in 1896, Including the Present Conflict, Showing That the Filipinos Never in Any Sense Attempted to Win Inde pendence Until After the Amer icans Conquered the Spanish at Manila. WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.—ln accord ance with the understanding reached at the conference at the White House yes terday, the Philippine commission sub mitted to the President the prelimini.—■ report which it had promised to pre pare. The report appears to be a compact summary of conditions on the islands as the commission left them; of the historical events which preceded the Spanish war and led to the original Filipino insurrection; of the exchanges between Admiral Dewey and the other American commanders and the insur gents, and the breaking out and prog ress of the present insurrection, and, finally, a statement of the capacity of the Filipinos for self government. A notable feature of the report is a mem orandum by Admiral Dewey explana tory of his relations with Aguinaldo. The commission tells briefly bow it conducted the task entrusted to it, hearing statements from all classes of people in Manila as to the capabilities of the Filipinos for self government, the habits and customs of the people, and also the establishment of munici pal governments in many towns. AU this matter is to be included in the final report. Turning to the history of the islands, the commission attaches little import ance to the divers rebellions which bad preceded that of 1896. As to this move ment, they declare that it was in no sense an attempt to win independence, but solely to obtain relief from intol erable abuses. To sustain this statement they quote from an insurgent proclamation, show ing that what was demanded was the expulsion of the friars and the restitu uoti to the people of their lands, wit-; a division of the Episcopal Sees be tween Spanish and native priests It was also demanded that the Filipinos have parliamentary representation, freedom of the press, religious tolera tion, economic autonomy and laws sim ilar to those of Spain The. abolition of the power of banishment was de manded, with a legal equality for all persons in law and equality in pay be tween Spanish and native civil ser vants. The commission declares that these demands had good ground; that on pa per the Spanish system of government was tolerable, but in practice every Spanish Governor did what he saw fit, and the evil deeds of men in the Gov ernment were hidden from Spain by strict press censorship. Allusion is made to the powerful Katipunan Society, patterned on the Masonic order, and mainly made up of Tagalos, as a powerful revolutionary force. The war began in 1596 was terminat ed by the treaty of Biao-na-Bate. The Filipinos were numerous, but possess ed about only 800 small arms. The Spanish felt that it would require 100. 000 men to capture their stronghold, and concluded to resort to the use of money. Certain concessions were also decided upon, including representation of the Filipinos in the Cortes, the de portation cf the friars, which was the principal question; the grant of the right of association and of a free press. Governor General Rivera was willing to pay $2,000,000 Mexican money when Aguinaldo and his Cabinet and leading officers arrived in Hongkong. It ap pears, however, that Paterno only offer ed the latter $400,000. $200,000 to be paid when Aguinaldo arrived at Hong kong and the balance when the Fili pinos had delivered up their arms The arrangement was not acceptable to the people. The promises were never carried out. Spanish abuses began afresh. In Ma nila alone more* than 200 men were ex ecuted. Hence sporadic revolutions oc curred, though they possessed nothing like the strength of the original move ment. The insurgents lacked arms, am munition and leaders. The treaty had ended the war. which, with the excep tion of an unimportant outbreak, has been confined to Luzon, Spain's sov ereignty in the islands never having been questioned, and the thought of independence never having been enter tained. The report then tells how General Augustine came to Manila as Governor General, and when war broke out be tween Spain and the United States Au gustine sought to secure the support of the Filipinos to defend Spain against America, promising them au tonomy, but the Filipinos did not trust him. Then came the first of May and the destruction of the Spanish fleet by Dewey, with the resulting loss of pres tige to Spain. Then in June, Agui naldo came. On this point the commis sion says: "The following memorandum on this subject has been furnished the com mission to Admiral Dewey: "Memorandum of relations with Aguinaldo. "On April 24. 1898, the following clpher dispatch was received at Hong kong from E. Spencer Pratt, United States Consul General at Singapore: " 'Aguinaldo, Insurgent leader, here. Will come to Hongkong, arrange with Commodore for general co-operation in surgents Manila if desired. Telegraph. " 'PRATT.' "On the same day Commodore Dewey telegraphed Mr. Pratt: " 'Tell Aguinaldo come soon as pos sible,* the necessity for haste being THE RECORD-UNION. due to the fact that the squadron had been notified by the Hongkong Govern ment to leave those waters by the fol lowing day. The squadron left Hong kong on the morning of the 25th, Mirs Bay on the 27th. Aguinaldo did not leave Singapore until the 20th, and so did not arrive in Hongkong In time to have a conference with the Admiral. "It had been reported to the Commo dore as early as March Ist by the United States Consul at Manila and others that the Filipinos had broken out in insurrection against the Spanish authority in the vicinity of Manila and on March 30th, Mr. Williams had tel egraphed 'Five thousand rebels armed In camp near city. Loyal to us in case of war.' " Upon the arrival of the squadron at Manila it was found that there was no insurrection to speak of, and it was accordingly decided to allow Aguinaldo to come to Cavite on board the Mc culloch. He arrived with thirteen of his staff on May 19th, and immediately came on board the Olympia to call on the commander-in-chief, after which he was allowed to land at Cavity and organize an army. This was done with the purpose of strengthening the United States forces and weakening those of the enemy. No alliance of any kind was entered into with Agui " -ldo, nor was any promise of inde pendence made to him, then or at any other time. The Commissioners' report then rapidly sketches events now historical. It tells in substance how the Filipinos attacked the Spanish, and how Gen eral Anderson arrived, and Aguinaldo, at his request, removed from Cavite to Bacoor. Says the commission: . "Now for the first time rose the idea of national independence. Aguinaldo Issued a proclamation in which he took the responsibility of promising it to his people on behalf of the American Gov ernment, although he admitted freely in private conversation with members of his Cabinet that neither Admit al Dewey nor any other American had made him any such promise." The report states that Aguinaldo wished to attack the Americans when they landed at Paranque, but was de terred by the lack of arms and ammu nition. From that point on there was a growing friction between the Fili pinos and the American troops. "There were no conferences," says the report, "between the officers of the Fil ipinos and our officers with a view to operating against the Spaniards, nor was there co-operation of any kind. There never was any preconcerted oper ations or any combined movement by the United States and Filipinos against the Spaniards." Reference is made to Aguinaldo's demand that he be allowed to loot Ma nila and take the arms of the Span iards. The latter demand is said to confirm the statement that he Intended to get possession of the arms to attack the Americans. Further evidence of the hostile intentions of the Filipinos was found in the organization of the "Popular Club," which later on furn ished a local militia to attack the Americans. The decrees of the Filipino Congress are also cited, as well as the making of bolos (knives) in every shop in Manila, it Is shown that a considerable element in the Filipino Congress wished to send an address to President McKinley a re quest not to abandon the Philippines (at this stage the Paris conference was discussing the future of the Philip pines). The President was also to be asked his desire as to the form of Gov ernment he wished to establish. But all this time Aguinaldo was prepar ing for war and delaying these mes sages, and it was understood that the attack would come when the first act by the American forces would afford a pretext. A brief chapter tells of the lack of! success attending the effort made at this time by General Merritt through a commission to arrive at a mutual understanding with Aguinaldo, as to the inusntions. purposes and desires of the Filipino people. This brings the story up to the out- i break on the evening of the 4th cf February, the attack upon the Ameri can troops following the action of the Nebraska sentinel. The Commis sion in concluding this chapter says: "After the landing of our troops 1 Aguinaldo made up his mind that it would be necessary to fight the Ameri cans, and after the making of tha ! treaty of peace in Paris this determina tion was strengthened. He dit not only openly declare that he intended to fight the Americans, but he excited everybody, and especially the military, by claiming independence, and it is doubtful whether he had the power i to check or control the army at the time hostilities broke out. ' Deplorable as war is, the one in! which we are mow engaged was una- i voidable. We were attacked by a bold adventurous and enthusiastic army No I alternative was left to us except ignc- ! minous retreat. It is not to be con- i ceived that any American had sane- ' tioned the surrender of Manila to the l insurgents. Our obligations to other ' nations and to the friendly Filipinos! and to ourselves and our flag demand- ! ed that force should be met with fo-ce 1 Whatever the future of the Philippine* may be, there is no course open to us now except the prosecution of the war until the insurgents are reduced to sub- ! mission. ,! "The Commission is of the "bpinoin that there has been no time since the destruction of the Spanish squadron by I Admiral Dewey when it was possible to ; w.thdraw our forces from the islands either with honor to ourselves or with safety to the inhabitants." The Commission then takes up the conditions of the country at the time of their arrival, comparing it with conditions existing at the time they left a short time ago. A vivid picture Is given of the anarchy existing among the inhabitants In and about Manila during the early spring. "The situation In the city," says the Commission, "was bad. Incendiary fires occurred daily. The streets were almost deserted. Half the native pop ulation had fled, and most of the re mainder were shut in their houses. Bus iness was at a standstill. Insurgent troops everywhere faced our lines, and the sound of rifle fire was frequently audible in our house. A reign of ter ror prevailed. Filipinos who favored Americans feared assassination, and few had the courage to come out open ly for us. Fortunately there were among this number some of the best men of the city." The report then speaks of the' issu ance of the commission's proclamation, and the good effects it had on public sentiment. The natives, accustomed to iConunued on Sixth Page.* i SACRAMENTO, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 3. 1899.-EIGrHT PAGKES. THE BATTLE AT FARQUHAR'S FARM. Magnitude of Monday's Engagement More Than Evident. Virtually There Were Three Actions Raging Simultaneously. British Lost Heavily in KiUed and Wounded, Besides the Number of Prisoners Taken—Reports From the Seat of War Indicate That the Artillery Duel is Still in Progress. LONDON, Nov. 2.—Special dispatches from Ladysmith, dated November 2d, give further details regarding the bom bardment. The Boers, having leoceu pied their old positions, remounted big guns. Their firing was accurate, but almost harmless. Some of the troops were slightly iniured by splinters. Lieutenant F. C. Egerton ynd his men from the Powerful did splendid work, and quickly silenced the Boer guns. The Boers acknowledge having suffer ed heavy losses in men and horses in the previous battle. General Jan Kock, who was second in command of Ihe Transvaal forces, and who was wounded in the battle of Elands Laagte, died in the hospital at Ladysmith on Monday night Little light is thrown jn th? actual situation by the news at hand to-day. The magnitude of Monday's iight, how ever, is more than evident. Virtually three actions were raging simultan eously, but it is obvious that the inten tion to roll back the Orange Free State troops was not achieved. Lord Frederick 'Roberts of Canda har, commander of the forces in Ire land, while reviewing ihe troops at Kil kenny, said: "It is useless to dis guise the fact that we are engaged in a very serious war, a war which will put our resources and courage to a se vere test." The correspondent of the "Daily News" at Ladysmith telegraphing j Tuesday, says: "Dr. Horabrooke, | while searching for the body of Lieu -1 tenant Clapham on Umbulwena hill, I which was in possession of the enemy, j met many Boers. On stating the ob | ject of his quest he was kindly receiv i cd. The consensus of opinion among I the Boers, he thinks, is that they are sick of fighting, and would like to throw up the sponge. They said their loss , j|Cy heav>\ due chiefly! .to our artillery fire." \ All was quiet at Buluwayo, In Rhode ' sia, according to dispatches received this morning up to October 27th. There has been some skirmishing on the bor i der. Apparently extensive preparations i are In progress at Deaar, Cape Colony, ; for the concentration of Lieutenant ' General Buller's army. Thousands of mules are corralled In that neighbor hood, and transport material is being hurried up from the south. According to another dispatch, the naval brigade at Ladysmith has mount ed four more guns at Durban. r The report comes from Rome that Portugal will permit the landing of British troops at Lourenzo Marques. This coincides with the view strongly prevalent in some quarters here that the British invasion of the Transvaal will be made from that point. The morning papers are divided In opinion whether Sir George Stewart W r hite's latest list of casualties includes the losses of Lieutenant Colonel Carle ton's column before its surrender. The preponderance of opinion inclines that they are not included, since if they were, General W 7 hite would probably have mentioned the fact. A report that a Boer force with guns from Koomati Fbort is making itsi way through Zululand is held to indicate an intention to seize the railway between Colenso and Pietermaritzburg, if it has not already been seized. This, how ever, will soon be known, as armored trains are patrolling the line. The real question now for the British public is, can General White hold out another ten days or two weeks, until the army corps arrives? Less anxiety would be felt on this account, were it not that every day seems to bring fresh lists of casualties, proving that mucbj has been concealed as to the real state of affairs. At the best, the coming week must prove a critical and anxious time. The "Times," commenting editorlally upon the fact that news appears to ar rive in Belguim from South Africa through some channel uncontrolled by British censorship, reminds the Govern ment that information valuable to the enemy can similarly leak from Eu rope to the Transvaal. It suggests that the Government should fully exerci-w their right under existing conventions, if any such channel has been for special reasons left open, and it appears to think there may be some truth In yes terday's Berlin and Paris stories. The "Daily News" suggests that these rumors are more likely Intended for propagation at the Cape and to in fluence the Afrikanders. COMMUNICATION WITH LADY SMITH INTERRUPTED. LONDON, Nov. 2.—(10:50 p. m.)— The War Office has just informed the Associated Press that a dispatch had been received from the Governor of Na tal, Sir W T alter Francis Hely-Hutchln son, announcing that communication with Ladysmith has been interrupted since half past 2 this afternoon. This is not regarded by the War Of fice, however, as In any wise confirm ing the rumor of a complete invest ment of Ladysmith, or of the capture of Colenso. THE LOSS AT FARQUHAR'S FARM. LONDON, Nov. 3. — General Sir George Stewart White has cabled the War Office that in the engagement on Farquhar's farm, near Ladysmith, Oc tober 30th, when Lieutenant Colonel Carleton's column was compelled to surrender, six officers were killed and nine wounded. Among the non-com missioned officers and men the casual ties were fifty-four killed and 231 wounded. General Whitj* promises a list of the missing later. , At 12:40 a. m. the War Office issued the text of the dispatch which is dated at Ladysmith November 2d, 10 a, m., giving the list of casualties among the officers, which Is as follows: ROYAL ARTILLERY. Killed—Lieutenant J. T. McDougal. Wounded — Major Job,n Dawkins, slightly; Lieutenant Harold Fletcher, severely. KINGS ROYAL RIFLE CORPS. Killed—Major W. T. Meyers, Lieu tenant H. S. Marsden, Lieutenant T. L. Foster. Wounded—Major Henry E. Buch anan-Riddell, Lieutenant H. C. John son, both severely. ROYAL IRISH FUSILEERS. Wounded—Captain J. B. H. Rice, Captain W. B. "Silver, both severely. GLOUCESTERSHIRE REGIMENT. Wounded—Captain S. Willicock, Cap tain B. O. Fyffe, Captain F. S. Stayner, all severely. NATIONAL MOUNTED. Killed—Lieutenant William Chap man. MEDICAL CORPS. Killed—Major Edward Gray. The list of the non-commissioned of ficers and-men, killed and wounded, i 3 promised to-morrow. WHITE HOLDING HIS POSITION. LONDON, Nov. 2.—The War Office officially declares that it has no infor mation of any further engagement at Ladysmith or of a British victory as reported in New York. The War Office has received a tele gram dispatched from Ladysmith at 9:25 a. m. to-day saying that General White was well and holding his posi tion. A special dispatch from Ladysmith says twenty British dead and 100 wounded have been counted on the scene of Monday's disaster, while 850 prisoners were sent to Pretoria. I Another list of casualties at Dundee I was issued by the W T ar Office to-day. It gives efghty-two non-commissioned of ; fleers and men of the Dublin Fusileers missing, indicating that the Boers cap tured as many Fusileers as they did Hussars. ARTILLERY DUEL STILL ON. LONDON, Nov. 2.—The War Office this afternoon issued the following dis patch: "Chief of Staff, Ladysmith, to War Secretary: "Ladysmith, Nov. 2.—Lieutenant Egerton, H. M. S. Powerful, danger ously wounded this morning by a shell, left knee and right foot, Life not in danger at present.' It was inferred from this dispatch that the artillery duel between the Boers and British continues, as Lieu tenant Egerton was a gunnery Lieuten ant with the big naval guns. REPORT THAT LADYSMITH jIS IN VESTED, j PARIS, Nov. 2.—The Havas Agency this evening publishes the following ex traordinary dispatch, which the agency says was received through its corres pondent at Brussels: "Cape Town, Nov. 2. —The news of the Boers two victories around Lady smith has created considerable excite ment among the Afrflfcstoiders, who do not conceal their joy. Sir Alfred Mil ner, the British High Commissioner, is perturbed at their attitude. General White, in these two engagements lost about 3,500 men killed, wounded and prisoners. The second victory was won by the Free Staters, commanded by Lucas Meyer, who seized Colenso, thus cutting off the retreat of General White, who is wounded. The Invest ment of Ladysmith is complete, and the Boers are masters of Pietermartz burg and the Durban railway. News has reached General W r hlte that Ma feking is closely besieged, and that the Boers have successfully repulsed the sorties. The surrender of Mafeking is expected. "It is also confirmed that the Free Staters have seized Colesburg." LONDON, Nov. 2.—The Secretary of the War Office, who was shown the Cape Town dispatch of the Havas Agency, said the statements made were utterly baseless. Brussels, where the Havas originated, is the headquarters of Dr. Leyds, the diplomatic agent of the Transvaal, and it thought the Cape Town dispatch may be an exaggerated Boer version of the recent fighting. DUTCH WILL JOIN THE BOERS. HOPE TOWN (Cape Colony), Nov. 2. —Magistrate Harmsworth has arrived j from Kimberly and reports that there are 6,000 Boers around Kimberly, and all the roads are strictly patrolled. He says he passed close enough to Kimber ly -to see the searchlights, and was in formed that the defenders of Kimberly were satisfied they could hold out, but were wearied with the inactivity, and hoped that a force would soon arrive. Stories of Boer victories have spread rapidly along the western border, and Magistrate Harmsworth estimates that over half the Dutch residents of Bech uanaland and Grlqualand will Join the Boers after the declaration of annexa tion. BOERS AT BETHHULEE BRIDGE. CAPE TOWN, October 31.—(Delayed in transmission) —It is asserted that 3,000 Boers have collected at the Beth ulee bridge, under Field Cornet Dutnot. The Orange River is full flood, and ford ing is reported to be impossible. BOERS IN'zULULAND. PIETERMARITZBURG (Natal J, Nov. 2.—lt Is reported that the Boers are occupying, parts of Zululand, and that they have taken Pomeroy, fifty miles from Greytown. Entire Class Suspended. COLUMBUS (Ohio), Nov. 2.—The en tire sophomore class of Capitol Uni versity, where young men are prepared for the Evangellaan Lutheran ministry, has been suspended for refusal to make a public apology. The class petitioned for permission to spend a day in the city, but being refused, they went re gardless of the faculty. They were given the alternative of making a pub lic apology or being indefinitely sus pended. They did not apologize. Other students have erected a monument at the head of a mound of earth, in scribed: "In memoriam, class 1902." Double Tragedy at Chicago. CHICAGO, Nov. 2.—Andrew H. Pat terson, a railroad detective in the em- Ploy of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, early this morning shot and killed his wife and then shot and kill ed himself. Jealousy was the cause of the tragedy. Patterson left a let ter in which he said he belonged to Elk Lodge 174 of Tacoma., Wash. The letter also stated that he killed his wife because she had left him and re fused to return to him i VICE-PRESIDENT GARRET A. HOBART Was Resting Quietly at An Early Hour This Morning, Had Not Awakened Since Falling Asleep it Ten O'clock Last Night. Many Telegrams and Letters From AU Parts of the Country Re ceived at the Hobart Residence, Among Them One From Presi dent McKinley Expressing Pleasure That the Vice Presi dent Was Improving. PATERSON (N. J.), Nov. 3.—At mid night Vice President Hobart was sleep ing and had not awakened after fall ing into a sleep at 10 o'clock. The house was in darkness at midnight, with the exception of the sick room, where the light was burning low. At 2 a. m. no apparent change was reported in his condition. Shortly after X o'clock this morning Hobart Tuttle said that he w*is sleeping quietly. The first telegram received at the Hobart- house this morning arrived at 7 o'clock, and was from President Mc- Kinley. It was addressed to Mr. Ho bart and read: "Pleased to hear that your condition is improving. Mrs. McKinley joins me in sending love. "WILLIAM McKINLEY." Other telegrams were received from the Hobart families in the different cities, and from intimate friends. The morning mail brought a mass of mat ter from all parts of the country. The following message came late last night from Franz Schlaater, the "Di vine Healer.". "Kohomo, Ind. —Mr. Hobart. I can cure you if you have faith." The telegram, of course, did not reach either Mr. or Mrs. Hobart, and was not answered. BATTLESHIP VENERABLE. The Big British War Vessel Suc cessfully Launched. CHATHAM (England), Nov. 2.—The launching of the British first-class bat tleship Venerable here to-day was ac- ; companied by scenes of unusual enthu siasm. The christening was performed by Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain (formerly Miss Endicott of Washington), who was accompanied by her husband, the British Secretary of State for the Colo- j nies. They received a great ovation. The daughter of Sir William Henry WTiite, director of naval construction, presented Mrs. Chamberlain with a magnificent bouquet, and taking a chisel and a mallet in her hands, Mrs. Chamberlain severed the cord releasing the warship of the ways, at the same time breaking a bottle of wine over its bow and saying: "I name thee Venerable." A great cheer went up from the as sembled crowds as the ship glided into the Medway, and the band struck up "Life on the Ocean Wave," followed by "Rule Britannia." The guests included the First Lord Of the Admiralty, George J. Goschen, and other naval men. The Admiral in j charge of the dock yard entertained a distinguished party at luncheon. The first-class British battleship Ven erable is of 14,700 tons and 15,000 indi cated horse power. She is 400 feet long, 75 feet beam and draws 26 feet 9 inches of water. She has two propellors, and ' her estimated speed is 18 knots. Her I coal capacity is from 900 to 2,000 tons; she will carry a crew of 755 men. has two torpedo tubes, and her armament will consist of four 12-inch guns, twelve 6-inch quick firing guns, eighteen 12-' pounders, twelve 3-pounders and eight * rapid Are guns. Her side armor is 9 inches of Harveyized steel, and over; her bulkheads she has 14 to 9 Inches of Harveyized steel plates, and her gun positions,are protected by 14 Inches to! 6 inches of Harveyized steel. Her deck plating Is from 2% to 4 Inches thick. SENOR MA RISC AL. The Vice President of Mexico En tertained at New York. NEW YORK, Nov. 2.—Senor Ignacio M. Marlscal, Secretary of Foreign Af fairs of the Republic of Mexico, was entertained at a reception to-day by the Chamber of Commerce. President Morris K. Jessup welcomed Senor Mariscal on behalf of the Cham ber of Commerce, and said In the course of his remarks that he hoped that the present relations between Mexico and the United States would continue, and that Senor Mariscal would convey to President Diaz the cordial well wishes of the New York Chamber of Com merce. Senor Mariscal, in responding, said in part: "The words uttered in honor of President Diaz, my country and my self are in a measure a token of the cordial relations existing between the 1 United States and Mexico. During myi short visit to this country 1 may say I have been the recipient of several demonstrations, but I regard none of them of as much importance as this one, coming, as it does, from such a large representation of the great Amer ican emporium. We, in Mexico, are progressing rapidly, and have been during the last few years. We greatly admire the activity of the United States." He closed with thanks to the Cham ber. . . After the speaking ' luncheon was served. The rooms of the Chamber had been beautified by a plentiful use of American and Mexican flags inter mingled. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY. Prominent Educators Meet and Discuss the Subject. WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.— As a result of resolutions adopted at the meeting of the National Educational Association at Loa Angeles, Cal., in favor of the establishment of a national university, a committee of prominent educators met here to-day to discuss the advisability of the project, the plan and scope of the university and the method of present ing the subject to Congress, of it is considered feasible. The committee consists of Professor Harper of Chicago University, Profesior Elliot of Harvard, Professor Schurman of Cornell, Professor William T. Wilson of Washington and Lee University, President Draper of Illinois University, L. Solder of St Louis, Superintendent of Schools; William T. Harris, Commis sioner of Public Education; Professor S. P. Langtry of the Smithsonian In stitute, Professor Nichols and Murray Butler of Columbia University, Justice Brewer of the Supreme Court, Professor James of Chicago University, Professor Canfield, Librarian of Columbia College; Professor E. A. Alderman of Chapel Hill, N. C, President Angell of Ann Arbor and Professor DeGarmo of Cor nell. In case it is decided to undertake the establishment of the university, it is understood the President will be re quested to commend it in, his message to Congress. PARIS EXPOSITION. Commissioner Peek Will Have a Negro Educatinal Exhibit. WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.-Ferdinand W. Peck, the Commissioner General of the United States to the Paris Exposi tion, has had under consideration for educational exhibit at the exposition, to some time the question of a negro be under the general supervision of the Commissioner in charge of the na tional education exhibit of the United States. After consultation with the President to-day, Mr. Peck announced that he had decided to provide for the exhibit, and had appointed Thomas J. Calloway, a well known colored educationalist now in the employ of the War Department, to have direction of it. In speaking of the exposition Mr. Peck said that the twelve Commission ers of the United States whose appoint ments were provided for by an Act passed at the last session of Congress probably would be named by the Presi dent within the next week or ten days. BANK FAILURE. A Concern at Portland, Me., Closes Its Doors. PORTLAND (Maine), Nov. 2.—Tha banking firm of Woodbury & Moulton, consisting of Theodore C. Woodbury and Edward H. York, has made an as signment. No statement of the financial standing of the house has been made public, but it is estimated in banking circles here that the liabilities will reach $700,000. When the news was circulated that the house had fallen, a large number of depositors hastened to the building where the firm did business, and clam ored for admission. The doors, how ever, were securely locked. The depos- | its held by the firm are estimated at $200,000. The cause of the assignment is not clearly known, although it is said that the house lost heavily on recent invest ments in western water bonds and se curities of a recently formed industrial combine. Engineer White Was Drowned. MANAGUA (Nicaragua), Nov. 2.—The telegram from Castillo, published here by "El Commercio" yesterday, saying Engineers Clark and a party belonging to the United States Canal Commis- j sion, had been drowned at the Machu- j cha Falls during the recent flood turns i out to be Incorrect. The paper to-day published a dispatch from Castillo say- j ing that It was Engineer White, and I not Clark, and two of the i>arty be- j longing to the United States Canal Commission who were drowned at the place mentioned, which is on the river San Juan. Lady Tupper Injured. WINNIPEG (Man.), Nov. 2.—Lady Tupper, wife of Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., leader of the Dominion Con servative party, while driving with her daughter-in-law, Mrs. Stuart Tupper, was thrown out of her carriage in turn ing a corner. Lady Tupper received an ugly cut over the left eye, and her wrist was sprained. Mrs. Stuart Tup per suffered injuries to the head and limbs, and was unconscious when pick ed up. Doctors believe that the inju ries will not prove serious, but the shock will be severe on Lady Tupper, who is advanced in years. The Revolt in Venezuela. CARACAS, Nov. 2.—General Castro, leader of the revolutlona-ry forces, has formally blockaded Porto Cabello, the only port not occupied by Castro's forces, with two cruisers. Commerce with that port has been stopped. Cas tro has won two victories over Hernan dez, and the former's Government is becoming well established. Fatal Rail Accident in France, PARIS. Nov. 2.—ln a collision be tween trains at the town of Thouars, twenty-two miles form Parthenay to day, two persons were killed and ten others injured. M. Cuneo Dornando, a member of the Chamber of Deputies, had both legs cut off. Woman's Board of Missions. SYRACUSE (N. V.), Nov. 2.—The an nual meeting of the Woman's Board of Missions of the Congregational Church was brought to a close to-day when the board of officers was re-elected. The meeting in 1900 will be held in Boston. Coinage During October. WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.-The month ly statement of the Director of the Mint shows that during the month of October last the total coinage at the mints of the United States was $11, --838,109, as follows: Gold $8,220,000, silver $3,313,569, minor coins $304,540. First Tennessee Regiment. NASHVILLE (Term,), Nov. 2—A large delegation left here to-day for San Francisco to meet and welcome the First Tennessee Regiment which is ex pected to arrive from Manila about November Bth. Yellow Fever in Mississippi. JACKSON (Miss.), Nov. 2.—Four new cases of yellow fever were announced in Jackson to-day. ■ A cold wave has arrived, and the thermometer is fall-1 ing rapidly. l. _ WHOLE NO. 18,955. SITUATION IN GUAM ISLAND. Much Improvement Since Governor Leary Has Assumed Charge. Matters Were in a Very Unsatisfactory Condition When He Arrived. Spaniards Had lied the Natives to Believe They Were to be Madd Slaves of, a Revolt Being Ripe, When tbe Governor Caused the) Arrest of the Trouble Provokers* SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 2.—Tha "Bulletin" 10-day publishes direct ad vices, the first that have been received here for months, from the island oi Guam. The advices arrived here on tha China, and will be forwarded to Wash ington as part of a report prepared by the officers of the United States steam er Brutus. The foreign traders who controlled the business of Guam seem to have vanished, and the place has suddenly opened a fine field for a limited number of merchants. There was no trouble at the island when the letter left, but the natives are likely to cause some anx iety if the Spanish agitators are not taken in hand. Governor Leary, who ranks as a: Lieu, tenant in the navy, found matters in a very unsatisfactory condition when he arrived last August. The Spaniards had been telling the natives all man ner of tales about the Americans, and led some of the savages to believe* that the soldiers would make slaves of them. A revolt was ripe, and had not tha Governor caused the arrest of several trouble provokers an incipient rebellion might have beer, started. The Governor and men are at Agama, the capital of Guam, and that is t'.hd only town garrisoned. About 300 more men are needed to insure perfect quiet, as evil influences may be used to ex cite the natives, who are, however, naturally quiet and a docile people. Land which sold for as low as ?10 and $15 per acre has suddenly ad vanced to over $100. Before the Gov ernor came foreigners were grabbing everything in sight, knowing" that . American rule would mean a boom for Agana. The Governor was then forced? to issue a proclamation in which it was lecreed that none but American citizens should hold land in the island. Many of the natives have sworn allegiance to the Government, and are very re spectful to the flag. Governor Leary is establishing a local form of government for Agana and is also making laws to govern the outside stations of the island. SLOCUM COUNTRY STRIKE. Italians Imported to Take Places of Those Who Quit Work. VANCOUVER (B. C). Nov. 2.—X 3pecial from Sandon. B. C, says: The strike in the Slocan country has reached a crisis, and the Silver Lead Mine Owners' Association has com menced importing Italian laborers from. Pacific Coast States. The first consignment arrived to-day to work in the Payne mine. The striking miners are excited over *he ar- . rival of the new mine workers, but no violence was offered to the latter when they appeared here. The trouble between the mine owners md the mine workers is of six months* standing, and upon the adoption of a lew eight-hour law. The mine owners reduced wages from $3.50 to pep lay, the miners refusing to accept the reduction. There have been many conferences, but neither side would yield, and the mines have been entirely closed down during the controversy. THE PORTLAND ARRIVES. Brought Down a Large Amount of Treasure From Alaska. SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 2.—Tha ateamer Portland arrived here to-day from St. Michael via Cape Nome and Unalaska. She brought .350 passen gers. About ten of her passengers are •suffering from typhoid fever. Sickness Is very prevalent at Nome, typhoid seemingly more rampant than other ail ments. On October 22d, James R. Ger ling, a passenger, succumbed to ty phoid and was buried at Unalaska. The treasure brought down by the) Portland will exceed $1,060,000, most of which comes from the Nome district. The Portland reports the catch of tha whaling fleet as follows: Alexander; 7, Balena 7, Bowhead 6, Karluk 7, Ner maid 2, Alaska 1, Belvidere 5, Thrasheff 6, William Bayliss 9, Fearless none. A Revenue Cutter Badly Damaged. SEATTLE, Nov. 2.—The local ferry boat City of Seattle run down tha revenue cutter Patterson at her an chorage this morning. The long over hang of the ferryboat crashed into tha side of the Patterson, knocking her officers out of their bunks. There is a hole in the side of the cutter' fifteen feet wide and eight feet high, just above the water line. There was no damage to the ferry, and no casualties. Ormondy Attempts Suicide. LOS ANGELES, Nov. 2.— J. H. Or mondy, the man convicted of counter feiting in the United States Court last week, attempted to commit suicide In the County Jail last night. With a knife he had secured he hacked at his wrist in a desperate attempt to seven an artery, but did not succeed. He will be taken to San Quentin in a few days. The injuries he Inflicted are not serious. San Joaquin Valley Oranges. FRESNO, Nov. 2.—The first shipment of oranges and lemons In carloads from California were made from the San Joaquin Valley this week. Last Tues day a carload each went from Sanger and Fresno to Pittsburg, Pa.; another from Porterv) lie, Tulare County, ta Denver, and a fourth, mixed of or anges and lemons, to Dcs Moines, la. Genuineness is greater than genius*