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The record-union. [volume] (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, November 17, 1899, Image 2

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"'oaS'pARK AGENCY—Carter's Black-
Smith shop, corner Thirty-fourth street
and Sacramento avenue.
• Weather Forecast.
For Northern California: Rain Friday;
continued cool weather; brisk southerly
Winds in the valleys; fresh southwesterly
winds on the coast.
For Sacramento and vicinity: Cloudy
Friday, with rain early Friday morning;
brisk southerly winds; cooler.
In our columns this morning will be
found a synoptical statement of an ad
dress delivered in Chicago this week by
Professor Dean C. Worcester, a mem
ber of the United ' States Philippine
Commission, who made a study of the
Philippine situation on the ground, is
the author of a work upon the islands
and their people, and who had full ac
cess to all official and governmental
documents relating to our occupation of
the Philippines. In addition, the Com
missioner, in common with his col
leagues, had full power to examine wit
nesses and take testimony widely and
without restriction upon any subject re
lating to the duty with which he was
It will be found that Professor Wor
cester's object in speaking in Chicago
was to refute the mass of mendacious
statements that have been made from
the same rostrum upon which he stood,
and which have been industriously cir
culated by the anti-expansion and so
called anti-imperialistic leagues, and
by the copperhead press generally. Pro
fessor Worcester really told the people
nothing new in his address, but it was
well that he should say what he did,
because he presents the facts in a new
form and establishes his statements
with fortification of truth, by evidences
which are undeniable.
The report of his address should be
read carefully by all who wish to be
well informed upon the subject of our
policy in the Philippines. We invite
attention specially to the passage in
which the constantly iterated lie is nail
ed that the Government or some one
for it, promised Aguinaldo and his fol
lowing 'Independence and recognition of
his so-called "republic"
Professor Worcester stamps this lie
as it deserves, and adds that members
of Aguinaldo's cabinet testified before
the. commission, and freely admitted
that Aguinaldo had In his proclamation
of June 18th addressed to his people
staled that no American had ever
promised him Independence for the Fil
ipinos. Equally as important state
ments are made by Professor Worces
ter, all tending to clear away miscon
ceptions and confound the copperheads
w-ho have so mendaciously assailed the
Government policy and the military
procedure In the Philippines.
The story* is that the Samoan settle
ment is to be made on the basis of an
agreement that Germany will not inter
fere with Great Britain In South Africa.
For Germany is to get under the set
tlement what she has so long coveted,
the chief city Apia and the country ad
jacent thereto, the richest of the Sa
moan group. The agreement reported
to have been reached between the three
Powers, the United States being one, is
of the greattest significance. It reaches
far beyond the Samoan group; for In
stance the removal of German Influ
ence in the Transvaal quarrel, by
which the task of England In that di
rection is lightened. The adjustment
secures to us absolutely the harbor of
Pago Pago, far and away the salesc
and best In all the South Pacific. This
means a great deal for us, giving us a
fine naval station and coaling depot? on
the most important south sea route.
This harbor will be of Inestimable com
mercial value to us also and will
greatly' stimulate our South Sea ship
ping Interests. The adjustment re
moves a cause of irritation between
Germany and the United States and
Germany and England, and this will
tend to the establishment of better re
lations between the three countries.
. There may be truth in the story tele
graphed that the little State of Panama
desires to be annexed to the United
States. Panama has been torn by civil
war and dissension enough to make the
wish of the people correspondent with
the reported petition to be taken under
our wing. But Panama is a State of a
confederation with which alone we deal,
not with the units of thast federation.
Therefore, Panama's appeal can have
no hearing.
The time may not be far distant,
however, when there will be a stronger
and broader appeal for the protecting
arm of American institutions to be
stretched over Latin States. The thing
is by no means improbable that early
in the next century we may be involved
in questions of expansion in directions
that will not take us across salt water.
When it comes to that, the viuestion
will stir the people of the United States
infinitely more than does that of the
occupation and retention of the Phil
ippines. We are of those who believe
that we should attach these States to
our Union, that if there is to be ab
sorption of lesser Latin States which
lie close to continental borders, Mexico,
rather than the United States, will be
the absorbent. Nor is it likely that we
will do o/ther than favor such swallow
ing. Mexico has demonstrated her abil
ity to maintain a State worthy of rec
ognition and to conduct her people,
slowly, 'tis true, but steadily to higher
By reason of language, habit, religion,
situation and climatic considerations
the Central American and even the
most northern Colombian State are
more likely to assimilate with Mexico
than any other Power.
It may be a far away dream, but it
is nevertheless within the possibilities
that the Central American States will
fall into the lap of Mexico.
The world is wearying of their quar
terly revolutions, and is heartily tired
of their non-progressive condition. To
a certain extent they stand in the way
of irresistible movements of civilization,
and in consequence sooner or later
must take on new forms of national life,
or go to the wall before the advance of
a more sturdy and progressive order of
Aguinaldo runs so fast that the
American Generals cannot overtake
him. Nevertheless he manages to be
heard from, and the latest announce
ment of this doughty chieftain of the
art of retreat, is that he has killed off
ever so many thousands of American
soldiers, and has taken some 15,000
of them prisoners; that the Democracy
in the States is now all one for the in
surgents, therefore hope should spring
blithely in every Tagal breast. This
would be amusing were it not for the
reflection that by such means a horde
of simple and trusting Filipinos are in
duced to continue in arms against the
United States, and thus be deprived of
liberties and privileges such as they
have never experlencd, and of civiliz
ing opportunities and an up-lift in hu
manity, such as no other nation can
secure for them save our own.
A San Francisco paper publishes tes
timony showing that relics taken from
churches in Luzon have been brought
to that city and sold to curiosity dealers
and collectors, many of these being
priestly vestments, altar service and
fittings, mostly broken and in pieces.
The charge is made that in most cases
these things were brought home by sol
diers. That is not doubted. Nor is
there anything strange about it.
In every war just such things are
frequent. But in the Philippines sol
diers assert that the churchly articles
are taken by the Filipinos and offered
for sale. In other cases that destruc
tion of the churches has been caused
by their occupation by the insurgents,
and that house and altar fittings have
been thereby scattered about for the
first comer to pick up. Quite fre
quently these "relics" have been taken
from prisoners (Filipinos), and some
times from the bodies of dead insur
gents. No doubt in some instances sol
diers have taken some of these relics
from the churches that have been
shelled or occupied, and it is not im
probable that in some cases reckless
and sacrilegious men bearing our arms
have robbed altars of their fittings.
We have said that such things always
occur in wars. History proves it. In
the European wars such seizure, gath
ering or robbery of property from
churches and monasteries and from in
dividuals was known, and could not
be wholly prevented. In our own civil
war there were such cases also. It Is
deplorable that any soldier should sink
to the level necessary to be reached
to enable him to commit such an of
fense as robbing a church, but it is as
serted by our officers that there has not
been any permitted looting of churches
and monasteries in the Philippines;
that they have had strict orders from
the beginning to prevent anything of
the kind. But it is not possible to con
trol all individuals in the armies from
doing things offensive and against
The army officials in Luzon aver with
emphasis that not by orders has any
church been despoiled and that no in
jury has been done to property of that
character that was not unavoidable.
It is history that in many cases the in
surgents have occupied churches and
fired from their shelter upon our men,
who refrained from entering or assail
ing such structures until compelled to
do so In defense or to dislodge the
enemy. One especially notable case will
be recalled where we lost men and offi
cers who were fired upon from a church,
and that it was necessary to shell the
structure before the enemy could be
checked in thus covering themselves for
assault upon our forces. That was
very early in the war and there have
been some like instances since then, but
none we believe in which the church
was burned as in that case.
War is full of horrors, outrages and
pitiful spectacles. It means death, de
struction and woe; when on one side
there is a semi-savage foe, an enemy
that loots hospitals, fires upon Hags of
truce, makes the white flag the means
of luring our soldiers into harm's way,
that robs churches and takes shelter
behind altars, despoils sacred houses of
their property and peddles the plunder
for coin, it is not surprising that church
relics should fall into the hands of our
soldiers. Nor, indeed, is it cause for
exclamation against the army because,
as is probably true, some few Ameri
can soldiers may in battle, or after,
have wickedly and In despite of orders
to the contrary, carried away as spoil
of war movables from churches.
This fellow Pio del Pilar is a curios
ity. We have had him killed off in the
Philippines a half dozen times. He
was twice assassinated by the insur
gent chief's order. Immediately after
all' this dispatching he appeared in our
front and fought us hotly just east of
Manila. His latest turn up was us a
huckster of men and officers. He of
fered not long ago, we are told, to de
liver himself and his army To Gen
eral Otis for spot cash of a given
amount. But his offer was refused. We
shall probably next hear of Pio del
Pilar as envoy from Aguinaldo, or he
may conclude to try his hand again on
the line of independent negotiation, for
he is a great lover of money and is
likely to put himself up for a price once
Why the United States Must Hold
and Govern the
Dean C. Worcester, a member of the
Philippine Commission, spoke at Cen
tral Music Hall, Chicago, Wednesday
night upon "The Philippine Question.''
The address, which was delivered un
der the auspices of the Hamilton Club,
a local Republican organization, was
received with every manifestation of
approval. Mr. Worcester followed in
the main the line of argument regarding
the retention of the Philippines which
had been published in the report of the
Philippine Commission. He said at the
outset that the issues raised by the
Philippine question, directly or indi
rectly, were more important, more far
reaching In their consequences than
any other nation has been called upon
to meet since its birth. He deprecated
the idea of those willing to make party
politics of questions which involve the
wellbeing and the future destiny of
millions of their fellowbeings. Proceed
ing, he said:
"If all the accusations brought by
those who disclaim against our so
called 'crime in the Philippines' are
true, we have indeed committed a great
transgression against the people of
those islands. I propose to take up
some facts often quoted in support of
these charges and scrutinize them
somewhat closely. I shall try to make
my explanation wholly dispassionate."
Professor Worcester then took up
various arguments presented against
the American policy in the Philippines,
and, quoting from Senate documents,
from the proclamations of Aguinaldo,
and from a mass of official evidence,
most of which has been made public,
answered the several criticisms. His
answers were directed specially to the
arguments "of a gentleman who re
cently addressed an audience from the
rostrum on which I stand."
He also stated that members of the
Aguinaldo Cabinet testified before the
commission to the fact that even in
his proclamation of June ISth he freely
admitted that no American had ever
promised him independence for his
people. The speaker added: "It has
often been stated that our Consul at
Singapore, Spencer Pratt, exceeded his
authority and made the promise in
question, if not directly, at least indi
rectly. I am indebted to Admiral Dewey
for the statement that Mr. Pratt is
ready to take oath that he never made
such promise, and I may add that legal
proceedings brought by Mr. Pratt
against a publisher for this and other
charges resulted successfully."
Professor Worcester said, after citing
much evidence: "I believe I have shown
that there was no true co-operation be
tween our land forces and the Filipinos,
except in the fact that we fought a
common foe, each in his own way. I
may add that we required no help in
taking the city. It lay completely at
the mercy of Dewey's guns, and sol
diers were expected to occupy it, not
to take it. The fighting of August loth
was perfunctory and designed only to
save the honor of the Spanish troops.
After the fall of the city Aguinaldo
modestly demanded of General Merritt
the royal palace for himself, and, in
addition, the principal churches, a share
in the public funds and, most important
of all, the arms and ammunition sur
rendered by the Spanish troops, which
he had long planned to possess. It is
needless to add that his requests were
Speaking of the efforts to avoid a
conflict Professor Worcester said: "I
am often asked the question: 'Might
not all this have been avoided if, even
after the fall of Manila the Americans
had come to an understanding with the
Filipinos?' I am glad to be able to
say to you that such attempts were
made. General Otis, who did not be
lieve that the insurgent leaders were
plotting trouble, had repeated inter
views with one and another of them."
After detailing the fruitless negotia
tions and citing from General Otis'
letters, Professor Worcester said: "The
prime cause of the failure of these final
negotiations lay in the fact that the
Filipino commanders were unable to
formulate any definite statement of
their own desires. They did say that
they desired independence under
United States protection, but in dis
cussion made it evident, first, that they
did not themselves know what they
meant by these words, and, second,
that they were not agreed among
themselves even as to the general de
mand. I have no hesitation in saying
that the United States did infinitely
more than Aguinaldo's army in driving
out and destroying Spanish power in
the Philippine Islands. If our claim
to sovereignty was shadowy, what
shall we say as to the claim of a tribe
representing less than one-sixth of the
population of the islands, and exer
cising jurisdiction over but a small
portion of the Philippine territory?"
As showing the bloody work of the
insurgents, Professor Worcester said:
"At the time I left Manila the province
of Batanbagas was overrun with
thieves and murderers. No attempt
was made to enforce law and order. The
public schools were abandoned. Forced
contributions were wrung from the
people at the bayonet-point until many
were ruined. Unwilling contributors
had been punished by having their
hands hacked off and even by being
buried alive.
"The individual houses in such im
portant towns as Taal were intrenched
in order that the inhabitants might de
fend themselves against their neighbors.
The Military Governor of the province,
although a Tagalo and an insurgent!
had characterized the condition exist
ing as 'complete anarchy,' and had re
peatedly sent in secret to Manila ask
ing for aid to restore order, and prom
ising to surrender with his troops if
we would only dispatch a small force
to his aid."
The speaker denounced as false the
statements that the Americans had no
friends among the Filipinos, and de
clared we had many good fiiends among
the leading Filipinos. He proceeded:
"I heard it said that if only a fraction
of the Filipino population is in arms
against us, and that the great majority
of the people are ready to accept Amer
ican sovereignty, why is it that we ara
compelled to send a great army to the
islands? I answer, first, because we
are waging the most humane war in
v « was simply a matter cf
killing, we should not need so large an
army. Two regiments of troops could
go where they chose in the island of
Luzon to-day and kill to their hearts
content without serious risk. It is be
cause we are attempting to protect the
peaceable Inhabitants from the depre
idations of the lawless ihat we need so
I large a force.
"Finally, a word as to the way out.
Is it conceivable that we should with
draw our troops, abandoning our |
friends to the vengeance of our enemies
and the peopie at large to civil war and
anarchy? There is but one answer to
this question. Our troops must stay
until armed resistance has ceased and
public confidence has been fully re
stored. The day will come, sooner or
later, when native soldiers under Amer
ican officers or officers of their own, will
do a large share of the work that re
mains to be done. In the matter of
autonomy, we have already made a safe
beginning and the experiments in mu
nicipal and provincial governments
which are even now in progress will
eventually furnish a safe basis for Con
gressional action.
"In closing let me say that there doftß
not live an 'anti-imperialist' who has
more sincere regard for the protection
of the Philippine islanders or a keener
interest in their present and future wel
fare than myself. I have great faith in
them. I believe that under our guidance
they will make rapid progress in civil
ization and will soon be able to take an
important share in the burden of their
country, but I know that if the full
weight of that burden were thrown
upon them to-day they would inevitably
sink under it.
"Those who affect to believe that we
are creating bloody disorder by our
presence in the Philippines; that the
natives would continue to hate us if
we gave them good government: that
they would be better off under a very
bad government of their own than a
very good one administered in part by
oura. and that the only logical and
honorable course open to us is to with
draw our forces and leave the peace
able and law-abiding natives of the
Philippine islands at the mercy of
Aguinaldo and his army, may be sin
cere in their convictions, but by free
ly giving voice to them they are en
couraging the ambitious Tagalo leader j
to prolong a hopeless struggle. The
prolongation of this struggle is cost- J
ing us millions of dollars, and, what is
far worse, good American blood. Let
history fix the responsibility for it.
"Those of us who believe the flag
should stay in the East and that under
its shadow we should patiently teach
to our new wards the lessons they
must learn ere they can take their
place In the great family of nations
as a free and united people, should
stand shoulder to shoulder. There is
work for us to do. Let those scoff who
will. The future of 10,000,000 of human
beings and the honor of a great na
tion are in our keeping, and the eyes
of the world are upon us. Let us not
prove unfaithful to our trust"
Sacramento, Nov. 10th.
Court met at 10 a. m. Present: Har
rison, J., presiding; Garoutte, J.; Van
Dyke, J. Johnson, Chief Deputy Clerk.
Washburn, Bailiff.
Sac. 502—Brewer vs. Horst-Lachmund
Co. Submitted upon briefs on file.
Sac. 013—Stockton S. & L. Society vs.
Harrold et al. Submitted upon briefs
on file. . ,
Sac. 574— Girvin vs. Simon. Submit
ted upon briefs on file.
Sac. 503—Wittenbrock, vs. Wheadon.
Cause argued by A. L. Shinn for re
spondent and submitted.
Sac. 500—Sullivan vs. Johnson. Sub
mitted upon briefs on file.
Sac. 580—County of Sacramento vs.
S. P. Co. Cause argued by A. L. Hart
for appellants and submitted.
Sac. 004—Larkin vs. Mullen. Sub
mitted upon briefs on file-
Sac. 575— Ransbottom vs. Fitzgerald.
Argued by L. W. Elliott for respondent
and submitted.
Court adjourned to 10 a m. to-mor
November 10, 1809.
Sac. 538—Hines et al. and Reader ef
al. vs. Miller et al. The judgment is
affirmed. Harrison, J.
We concur: Garoutte, J.; Van Dyke, J.
November 16, 1899.
Court met at 10 o'clock a. m. Pres
ent: McFarland, J., presiding; Hen
shaw, J.; Temple, J. Root, Clerk.
Washburne. Reporter. Poole, Bailiff.
Crim. 57o—People vs. H. J. Mooney.
Submitted upon briefs on file.
Crim. 577—People vs. Cal. Childs.
Cause argued by Geo. D. Collins for
appellant, A. A. Moore, Jr., Deputy At
torney General, for the people, and sub
Sac. 578—Smith et al. vs. Hawkins.
Submitted upon briefs on file.
Sac. 588 —McAulay vs. Moody. Cause
argued by Horace G. Piatt for appel
lant and submitted.
Recess to 2 o'clock p. m.
Court reconvened at 2 o'clock p. m.
Sac. 579 —Johnson vs. Mina Rica Gold
Mining Company. Submitted upon
briefs on file.
Sac. 587—Crosby vs. Clark. Cause
argued by A~ L. Hart for appellant, W.
H. Carlin for respondent, A. L. Hart In
reply, and submitted.
Sac. 593—Crosby vs. Ahart. Cause
argued by A. L. Hart for appellant, v/.
H. Carlin for respondent, A. L. Hart in
reply, and submitted.
Sac. 598 —Crosby vs. Kier. Cause ar
gued by A. L. Hart for appellant, W.
H. Carlin for respondent, A. L. Hart in
reply, and submitted.
Court adjourned to 10 o'clock a. m.
John Holmes' Humor.
John Holmes' humor was singularly
spontaneous, says Colonel T. W. Hig
ginson in the August "Atlantic," and
took oftenest the form of a droll pic
ture culminating in a little dramatic
scene in which he enacted all the parts.
A grave discussion, for instance, as to
the fact, noticed, that* men are apt to
shorten in aize as they grow older, sug
gested to him the probable working of
this process in some vast period of time
like the longevity of the Old Testament
patriarchs. His busy fancy at once con
jured up a picture of Methuselah in his
literary declining years, when he had
shrunk to be less than knee high com
pared with an ordinary man. The pa
triarch is running about the room, his
eyes streaming with tears. "What's tha
matter, Thuse?" says a benevolent
stranger. "Why are you crying?" "I
ain't crying," responds the aged pa
triarch, brushing away the drops. "It's
these plaguey shoestrings that ke-p
getting into my eyes." Again, in an
swer to an inquiry about a child, I
made some commonplace remark about
the tormenting rapidity with which
one's friends' children'grow up, and he
sad eagerly: "That's it! That's it! It
is always the way! You meet an old
friend, and say to her in a friendly
manner, 'By the way, how is that little
girl of your*?' And she gnswer, 'Very
well, I thank you. She Is out in Kan
sas, visiting her grand-daughter." Did
any other man ever concentrate Couf
whole generations of human life into so
brief a formula?
To Cure L» tirlppe In Two Days
Take Laxative Broiho Quinine Tablets.
AH druggists refund the money if it fails
to cure? E. W. Grove's signature is on
each box. Sic. *•*
State and Coast Opinions on Sub
jects of Living News
Pomona Progress: In addition to the
hundreds of millions of mortgage in
debtedness that have been paid oft in
the United States in the last year or
two, the deposits in the savings banks
of the country have increased $1i!3,
--000,000. There are reported to be 970
such institutions in the United States
and their deposits aggregate over two
billion dollars—more than the savings
deposits of Great Britain, France, Rus
sia and Italy combined
Yreka Journal: It is the unanimous
opinion of President McKinley, every
member of the Cabinet, and every
member of the Philippine Commission,
that the first and most imperative duty
of Congress, at the coming session, will
be to adopt a joint resolution declaring
the intention of the United States to
permanently retain the Philippines, and
there is little doubt that such a resolu
tion will be adopted by both House
and Senate. If it could be put through
at the first day's session, it would do
much good, both in the Philippines and
at home, but that, of course, is too
much to hope for. The House will be
the first to adopt the resolution and
the Senate will eventually follow, but
the antis in the latter body will take
advantage of the Senate rules, just as
they did when the treaty of peace, the
delay in the ratification of which is re
sponsible for every drop of blood shed
in the Philippine insurrection, was be
fore the Senate, to delay action by talk
about any old thing to prevent a vote.
No stronger argument in favor of the
adoption of such a resolution could be
found than Aguinaldo's recent state
ment that "The American Congress is
soon to meet to decide whether to keep
the Philippines." Americans know that
that decision has already been made —
by the people—but residents of the
Philippines do not.
Los Angeles Express: A correspond
ent of the New York "Sun" iii a recent
issue calls attention to the proverb that
"history repeats itself," and furnishes
an apt Illustration.
In their nominating convention of
1804, when the war for the Union was
progressing to a triumphant conclusion,
the Democrats in their platform de
clared that war a failure, and demanded
'an immediate cessation of hostilities."
On this platform they nominated a con
spicuously unsuccessful Union General
—who himself was an undoubted fail
ure, whatever the war was —as their
candidate for President in opposition to
the Republican Abraham Lincoln, who
had carried the nation through nearly
four years of war. This platform and
the nomination of McClellan were
hailed with glad acclamation by the
rebels in the South. Their speakers and
their papers urged a vigorous continu
ance of the war until after the election,
claiming that the success of the Demo
crats would insure their independence.
Lincoln was elected by over 400,000
majority of votes. This was a more
crushing blow to the Southern Confed
eracy than a dozen defeats in the field.
It showed them that the Republicans of
the North would not stop the war short
of complete triumph over armed re
bellion In the South and its allies, the
copperhead Democracy of the North.
In less than six months after the elec
tion every Southern army had been de
stroyed or had surrendered, and the
authority of the nation extended over
the entire country.
In this year of grace 1899 there is
another armed rebel against the Unit
ed States who calls upon his followers
to persist in their struggles in the hope
of Democratic success at the coming
elections. Aguinaldo, in his latest proc
lamation, says: "We should pray to
God that the great Democratic party
may win the next Presidential election,
and imperialism fall in its mad attempt
to subjugate us by force."
It is hard on the Democrats, but the
parallel is a close one. In 1899 as in
ISO 4 the only hope of the rebels is in
the success of the Democratic party.
Alameda Argus: The "Argus" loves
the freak Sunday supplement with an
ardor fully equal to the affection of a
feline for hot soup, and cannot resist
the temptation to discuss ft occasion
ally. In one of yesterday's big papers
was an instructive page. It had been
duly heralded in previous issues. But
when it happened there was a treat.
The treat consists of how a man was
bit by a skunk and died. There is a pic
ture of the man, whom nobody ever
saw or heard of and whose lineaments
are therefore just as interesting as a
piece of board. Then there is a picture
of a skunk, across six columns —you can
almost detect it by another sense than
sight; then there is a representation of
the skeleton Jaw of a skunk, which of
Try it in Your Next House Clean in g.«=-d
33$ PE * cent, from list prices at
Away W. H. Eckhardt's, 609-611 KSt
that disfigure the countenance and repui
j&$ > sive to observer* ere no longer a necessity.
mtf- mL oo to v. sniTrrs dental laboratory,
AVwt at Fl,tn " nd X streets, and have them enam
frWEr XKB W>f eled, then no one will know but what they are
SSL, |7 By natural teeth. Oold crowns indicate frail con.
«ML stitutlona. The better European class abhor
SaW ■ them. The only place on earth where gold
Wslsj/m crowns are successfully enameled. This in-
vention ia meeting with great success. "If I
gSM Bra only had known,",is the universal expression
jaSfl Hfc, of gold front crown wearers.
Sunset phone 453 East.
a«aV j*Jkwi Teeth per set. $8 up; Oold crowns, $5 up;
at Oold fillings, $2 up; Alloy fillings, $1 up.
rOr OeCU{...Recleaned Barley...
WOOD, CURTIS & CO., 117 to 127 J Street.
course conduces to Intellectuality. Then
columns of big heads and narrative of
the skunk bites, and alleged letters on
the subject from eminent physicians. It
is a great splendid treat, and it has a
fine setting in the freak Sunday supple
ment. Mankind is suffering and moan
ing for just such reading.
Stockton Independent: On the 7th
day of August, 1861, the following
order was issued' by Simon Cameron,
Secretary of Wax, and approved by-
Abraham Lincoln, President of the
United States:
"By the fifty-seventh article of the
Act of Congress, entitled 'an Act for
establishing rules and articles for the
government of the armies of the Unit
ed States,' approved April 10, 1800,
holding correspondence with or giving
intelligence to the enemy, either di
rectly or indirectly, is made punishable
by death, or such other punishment as
shall be ordered by the sentence of a
court-martial. Public safety requires
strict enforcement of this article.
"It is therefore ordered that all cor
respondence and communication, vet
bally or by writing, printing or tele
graphy, respecting operations of the
army or military movements on land or
water, or respecting the troops, camps,
arsenals, intrenchments or military af
fairs, within the several military dis
tricts, by which intelligence shall be
directly or indirectly given to the end*
my, without the authority and sanc
tion of the Major General in command,
be, and the same are, absolutely pro
hibited, and from and after the date
of this order persons violating the same
will be proceeded against under the
fifty-seventh article of war."
It would be well for some of the edi
tors, correspondents, anti-imperialists
and Democratic speakers who have
been criticising the present Administra
tion and General Otis for not allowing
publicity to everything that a witless
reporter might scribble, to scrutinize
carefully this order of Abraham Lin
coln, directing the military branch of
the Government to put In force the
fifty-seventh article of war. If that
article of war which, by the way, was
formulated in 1806 by the very found
ers of our republic that we hear so
much about, was a safe provision for
Abraham Lincoln to enforce in the war
of secession, it is a safe provision to
enforce in the war of the Tagal rebel
lion. The explicit instructions given
in the order of Abraham Lincoln cov
ered many of the points touched upon
by the Manila correspondents and for
which their only punishment was the
elimination of the matter by the cen
sor. That the newspapers having cor
respondents at Manila have directly
and flagrantly violated the fifty-seventh
article of w-ar and have become liable,
were such an order as that of Presi
dent Lincoln enforced, to the severe
penalties prescribed by that article, no
one can doubt who has read the special
dispatches that have come from Manila
via Hongkong.
Marysville Appeal: The notorious ten
dency of Carl Schurz to get on the off
side of" every great national question,
naturally causes him to flock with those
birds of ill-omen, the anti-expansion
ists, much to the ruffling of their mil
dewed feathers. Ever since Mr.
Schurz saw fit to inflict his citizenship,
on the United States, the unsolicited
advice which he has from time to time
tendered the Government, on matters of
importance, has been conspicuous not
only for its lack of good, practical
sense, but also for its manifest failure
to appreciate the progressive and up
lifting spirit which is the manifest
characteristic of our country's devel
opment. Therefore, his present loud
mouthed shrieks against the retention
of the Philippines can be accepted by
the people as a most pleasing evidence
of the righteousness of the Administra
tion's position in the matter.
Fresno Democrat: The State vintage
is finished, and it is found that al
though the lack of moisture had re
duced the grape yield, other conditions
were favorable to the production of
wine of good quality. The dry wine
crop is estimated at ten million gallons
from last year's figures. The result
is attributed to an early and untimely
frost. The full quantity of muscats
was made into wine the shortage being
ports, sherry and Angelicas. One of
the sensations of the wine season is
the resolve of the California Winemak
ers' Corporation to withdraw from the
market. It has disposed of the three
million gallons of wine remaining on ita
hands and will soon be wound up.
Despite the withdrawal of this corpora
tion, it is to be gathered from the stat
istics that the immediate prospects of
the wine industry are exceptionally
good, and this circumstance will be of
potent influence in the case of Fresno,
which as a sweet wine county com
petes favorably with any in the State.
The rush at the drug store still con
tinues, and daily scores of people call for
a bottle of Kemp's Balsam for the Throat
and Lungs for the cure of Coughs, Colds,
Asthma, Bronchitis and Consumption.
Kemp's Balsam, the standard family rem
edy Is sold on a guarantee and never fails
to give entire satisfaction. Price. 25c and
This adjustment sale of
harness leather and horse
goods damaged by smoke and
water is too good a thing to
last very long.
The stock is being rapidly
closed out at the greatly re
duced prices and in a very
few weeks it will be entirely
This week the following
goods are specially marked at
"way down," "must sell"
Twenty dozen of sweat pads,
old price, 40c to 65c; adjustment
price, $1.50 to $4 per dozen.
Twenty first-class stock sad
dles, which are perfect in work- ft
manship and have the best Mcx 9
ican trees. All guaranteed, but I
slightly spotted with water. Reg- 3
ular price from $25 to $50 each; M
adjustment price, $15 to $30.
Fifteen boys' saddles, old price. I
$7.50 to $12; adjustment price, $5 g£
to $8. §
Ten side saddles, old price $10 E
to $50; adjustment price, $0 to I
$22.50. |
A lot of riding bridles, old m
price, $1.50 to $10; adjustment, I
75c to $5. H
Riatas, old price, $0 to $10; I
damage price, $4 to $5. E
Quirts, old price from 75c to If
$1.50 each; reduced to 50c to $1 IS
each. if
A lot of curry combs, marked B
down to 5c to 25c each. 3
A lot of single buggy harness, J
not damaged but marked down; R
from $5.50 to $25.
A few sets of double harness,
only sprinkled by water, from
$25 to $65; marked down to $20
to $30.
Regular Undamaged
"We have a very complete
wholesale stock of saddlery
hardware, shoe findings and all
kinds of leathers. We are In no
way hampered or connected I
with the saddlery trust which
exists on this coast, and,can f
make prices on many things in I
these lines considerably lower I
than those of the combine. S
John T. Stoll,
Fifth and X Streets. I
Pearl Gray
Knox Fedoras
for Ladies.
Not Knox shapes, but genuine
Knox hats—the most stylish and
most serviceable #Aat for riding,
driving, walking, wheeling or
any kind of outing.
817 X Street.
| Ever try it?
We make it fresh every day.
1024-1026 J STREET.
DR. MEYERS * CO. have the largest practice I
and best equipped medical institution on the 1
Pacific Coast. Established 17 years. Private g
Book and advice free at office or by mall. All 9
letters confidential. n
781 MARKET ST.. Ball Francises*.
Cronan & Wisseman,
BSO X Street and UOS-1110 Third
Street, Sacramento, Cal.,
ers In Fine Whiskies. Brandies and Cham.
110-118 X Street, Front and .Second,
dealers In Wines and Liquors. Tel. at*.
UITfUrAQEV lo»Port»r and Whole
nUunt.lof.l,saler In Foreign and Do
mestic Wines and liquors. Prop. Eagle
Soda Works, 218 X street. Sacramento. ,
JtJY% dfc HARRY'S.
Bud Matheny. T. E. Kennedy.
Imported and Domestic
Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
Celebrated for its steam and lager beer.
Billiards and pool free. Club rooms open
day and night. Whits Labor Cigars.
GAMBRINUS' ffi V^uJffi
■4 AI I Finest Wines, Liquors and
* Cigars; Steam and Layer.
Fourth. Best of wines, liquors and cliars 4 ,
always on hand, and J. H. Cutter's At
Old Bourbon whisky. Cap. 'phone 263.
LAKE HOUSE, g^^tf;
miies from Capitol. Beer, Sc. 'Phone,
Sua., Main 600. .PHIL MA.CFARLAND,

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