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The National Republican. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1885-18??, November 17, 1885, FOREIGN AND CONSULAR EDITION, Image 4

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Ciontl -Nntlircct Holillnri. HxolimiRii
I'rlrnilljr Olllcc VI liltu on Ticket l)ity
l.tiillcrniiii mill Trnirlc riuuimif Out
post Trnlllo lti-nily to Snap Nocoi
itntlca or Colli I. tail.
It teems rtraugo to mo that men who
rcro liurtcil by negro "mammies," who
lilajcd, fished, limited, nml associated vvltli
negro chllilrcti as the vvhltes did In ante
bellum dajs on the iilnntatlons of tlio
south, should now reproach mo for writing
n good vv onl f or tlio negro In tlio last two
nrtlclcs I liav o furnished to tho IIepuiili
cav. I am nut so lililc-boutul In relation to
raco suprcniac) ami prejudice as to acelc to
suppressor to couec.il facts which aro well
known to every southerner, l'orfour jears
1 served In the nrmy of tlio confederacy,
nnd I think 1 may confidently nsscrt that I
ncer shirked my duty, and I know I may
nppcal to my ofllcers in attestation of this
fact. 1 liav c notlilni; to vv In or loso In say
ing what I hmo said about tlio colored
race, nnd I am sure there
is nothing "sketch)" In tlio article. I
bavo limply told what 1 recollect of tho
colored loco during tho war, And I defy
any man to Bay to mo that I havo not stated
facts. As a matter of sheer obstinacy I
ought to continue to vvilto on tho samo
subject, but perhaps I hivo said enough to
Indicate my feelings and rccolIcctloiis'rel.a
tivo thereto. Sulllce It to say that I was
"Inspired" by no human bem to write
what 1 havo written.
Tiin miactice or rtcttnT oiiootinu.
It is much mora pleasant fur mo to recur
to iccollcetlous which will not otclto dis
cussion and recrimination. 'I ho oblite
rans doubtless bear in mind t hat In tho early
dojsof tlio war In Virginia, before tho vot
untccts on cither tldo bad settled down to
their work, so to speak, and gained soma
experience In the rcilltlisof warfare, tho
practice of firing on pickets commonly ob
tained, and man n man lost his llfo under
this tinsoldlerl) ami murdcious evatcin.
After tho first battle of Hull Dun, tho con
federate arm) under (icn. Joo Johnston v as
i Ickctlng along tho lines In front of Wash
ington. Tho vltlom system ahovo referred
to was tl.cn In full blast, and not only did
the iilclats, w lieu the opposing lines were
established within rllle raugo of eui.li other,
keep up a fusillade whenever a head was
show n to shoot at, but there w cro scouts on
either sldo who wcro neemtomed to creop
up on the unsuspecting pickets and shoot
them down In the most barbarous fashion.
Tho generals got tired Anally of this sort
of guerrilla warfare, and Issued orders to
stop It, but tho troops themselves, as if by
tacit agreement, recognized tho ubsurdlty
and bmbarlt) of this modoot llghthu which
did not ndvanco tho Interests or causo of
cither sldo. And thus It camo to pass that
after the first ) ear of tlio war tho outer lino
of !cktU'S, unless advancing fur battle,
were accustomed to lounge In full lew of
each other without thinking of firing a hos
tile shot.
Iu fact, long conversations wcro held, tho
opposing troops dialling each other in n
good-natured manner. It will bo readily
uudcistood that such pleasant Interchange
of tall; was not observed when tho Hues
wcro closely drawn up In what might bo
termed a continuous battle for Instance,
nt Yorktonn, Spots) lvanla Court House,
Petersburg, c At thoso places It was al
most certain ilcuth for n soldier to ovposo
himself for an lnstmt ahovo tho intrench
incuts, and much of tho tiring on both sides
was clone lij thrusting tho rllle over tho
lrcatvv orks and quickly w ithdran ing It.
Tlio troops of both armies, I think, hid,
before tho close of tho second) ear of tho
war, Inspired each other with mutuil re
spect, and on tho occasions for burial of tho
dead as at Auttctam, Fredericksburg,
Second Manassas, Ac, they wcro glad to
meet each other and discuss amicably tho
features of tho battles. It was particularly
oLscrvablo on such occasions that tho most
sciupulous courtesy was exhibited, and If
battles or campaigns w ero referred to it
was with tho kindliest expressions of recip
rocal respect. Tho braggart or tho bully
bad no plate In such a scene Ily tho way,
of all the Mtperlcuco of a soldier's hard lot,
to bo detailed to bur) tlio dead Is tho most
dltagretablo except to thoso ghoulHi na
tures nnd they aio found Iu every army
who anticipate n harvest of valuables from
rifling tho dead bodies. Kven to this day,
sometimes in dreams, I Imaglno mvsclf
upon tho field of slain, and I can smell tho
sickening odor of blood nnd bear tho gioaus
and cries of tho wounded aud dyliig.
After tho first battle of I'rcderlcksburg
It was no uncommon sight to sco uniim
bulauco driven along with tho whlto flag
living and accompanied by a detachment of
blue-coated soldiers w 1th shov els and picks
to disinter tho body of somo o filter or soldier
who Jiad fallen In that blood) light. Fre
quently tho widow of tho dead man sat In
tlio ninljuliuieo In her sablo weeds, and, as
tho funeral cortego passed, tho confederate
soldiers on tbo roadside, to a man, would
llfo their bats in token of respect. Von sco
wo nil recognized tho valor with which tho
federals bad charged on our fi on ulngvv orks,
iu front of which every Inch of grouud was
twept by tbo flro of our batteries.
Hero Is what I wiotusomo) cars ago about
tbo subject of this article, and It Is a true
exposition of tho deportment of tho men
on tbo opposing Hues when tbo exigencies
of tbo war enabled them to como together
In frlcndl) conference :
lint there. I a bright sldo to every prospect
If wo only look for It lone enough. Oftentimes,
when no truce was existing, tho soldiers ou
the picket Hues uado ono for themselves with
ouuajlng "bysour leavo"to their offlcers.
ricUtiluiyl? monotonous work at tho best,
nndallttlo conversation aud Interchange, of
reus not contraband with tliotr opponents was
a welcnmo relief to both tho hluo and tlio itra ;
but better than all this was thellutcrchango of
commodities which tbo ono nnucnsccl ami tho
other had not. Now, tho Yanks wcro welt
supplied with tbo beet of cotleo amUunar,
w iiilo tho Johnnies w e ro famine struck for t bo
same, but tho latter vvero well furnished with,
tho bcfcl of tobacco and l!ioformervveroftiralno
struck for tbo mme. Hero wasaBOoilchaueo
lor an cnuuauio "swap." imo man irom oacn
company on tbcplckct lino would lay down Ids
rllle, gather up tits own and his commdo's
commodities In an oil cloth blanket, nnd
shouldering It, ndvanco midway to meet his
obliging opponeut Hero tho trado proceeded
roplitl n pint cunofcolleo and ono of sintar
for a plug ot tobacco and as soon as tlio
blankets lind changi d contents tho messengers
would cordially shako hands and march back
to their cxpcctmit comnulci, who bad watched
tho f racccillngs with mouths watering Hut It
was not mil) on land tbo pickets met, rivers
could not keep them apart. Next Iu Import
unco to tho collee, sugar, and tobacco trado
camo tho dctlro to read tho opposing nows
papers and nlinott any risk was rim In mako a
trado Unrein, aliliouim It mutt bo said to tho
credit or tbo men that thcvalwai scut from
tho columns any paragraph that might glvo In
formation as to tlio movements or probable
movements of troops Llther sldo would havo
felt contempt for a mini who gavo Information
liuitful to Ids army, and a deserter vv as heartily
AYlien our command was In front of
Washington, aud tho vicious svstemof
nicltet filing had been put an cud to, as I
liavo abovo stated, I frequently met on tho
outposts many of iiiv collcgo mates from
Georgetown Lnlveisfty who were Iu tho
Union ranks. 'Ibcj used to twit mo for
deserting my "unionism," for I tiscdto
wear tbo red, whlto, aud bluo cockudo
vhllo at college, but 1 got even with them
one evening when n section ot my company
gobbled up a whole lino of federal pickets.
That was on tbo occasion when (Icn.
JlcClclIan held u grand rev low of his troops
lit owl Arlington Heights, and I presume
the forward movement wo mado was in
tended by lieu. Johnston to ascertain
whether (icn. Jlct'Jellau was preparing an
immediate onset on our Hues. At any rate
I can say it now, although it was absolute
neglect of duty, as sergeant ot tho gu ird
who bad charge of tho prisoners tho same
night, I winked at tbo escape of my old
school mates, and perhaps somo of thorn
now living Iu tlio city recollect tho matter
well When I had become inoro soasoned
and disciplined lu warfaro, thoy would not
liav o escaped so easll) 'i lien I would liav o
held )uy own father If he bad been opposed
to our cause.
A funny Incident that I recollect us In
cident to tbo topic herein talked of oc
curred on tbo llapldan rlv or In 1811, when
tho armies of tho l'otoiniie und ot northern
Virginia wero face to face. At that time,
having full conndcuco Iu tbo strategy of
flcn. I.eo, wo believed that wo would
finally win tho fight. And that was Iu
ipltoof ilia fact tint latlon. wcro getting
nw fully low. Hut tho pickets on either sldo
of therlvcr thought theiovvas a dearth on
the ono side of tobacco, nml on tho other
side of roller, and In splto of official orders
tic) dctirmliiril to exchange commodities.
Mint oiiltin bud Iccu Issued by the con
fcdriate generals rgilnst any Intetcourso
Ictwtcti tho opposite armies, and In n
incisure, tho edict was properly regarded.
Hut it happened Unit a )oung fellow bo
louring In n federal regiment stripped off
his tlothcsnnd sworn across tho Hapldau
to exchange with tho rebels on tho uoxt
bunk. Ho bod pretty uoarlv got through
wilb lils "dicker" when tho brigadier gen
eral of tbo confederates camo along, and tho
Yank hid behind n clump of bushes, Tho
general know bis men raid their practices,
and, forcing lilsborso behind tbo bushes, ho
discovered tho discomfited federal. Tho
tonfedcroto general agreed to rclcasotlio
Illicit trader on tho condition that ho would
"do so no more." Hut, apart from tint,
tbero nro tragic circumstances brought to
my mind. I havo seen many episode In
tbowarlctwccn tbo states, but I havo never
seen ono that enlisted my svmpatliles more
than tho Incident I will attempt herein to
a Titvmso Titvonnr.
On a cold day In tho latter part ot De
cember, 1M2, tho writer's company was
picketing on tlio bank of tho ltappalian
nock, Immediately at tho point whero Durn
sldoVJlow er pontoon brldgo was laid, Tho
river hero is two or three hundred yards
wide, swift and deep up to tho banks.
Two federal cnvalry men camo down to tho
opposite bank and shouted to us that they
had lots of coffee and sugar which they
wanted to trade for tobacco. They wcro
told to como over, as they said they bad n
boat, Thoy como across, nnd nfter tho
tindo was completed they started back.
Now tho men wcro dressed iu their heavy
overcoats, with copes and high cavalry
boots and spurs. Tbo boat was a smofl
plank scow, nnd wo saw when they como
over that It was leaking bully. They
balled It out before thoy started on tho re
turn trip, When within forty )ards of tbo
opposite bank, In splto of tho frantic efforts
of jbo men to paddlo It to shore, It wont
down under them, and, dragged down by
their weight of clothing, they sank Hko
plummets of lead In full view of their com
rades, who wero ttnablo to render tbo slight
est assistance, having no other boat.
It appears, then, that wo had some fun iu
tho nrmlcs that wcro contesting In tho lata
war between tho states, oven us If wo wero
Llttetl) contestant.
Thomas J. Mi'iitm.
Tin: smv oiilkans snow.
Notes of tbo Preparations Trotn u Man
on tlio Kpot
III a personal letter to II. W. Collin, chief
clerk for the lato New Orleaus Exposition
of the Juterlor Department, C'bas. V. (lor
rluge, of tbo New Orleans office, I.oulsvillo
nnd Nnshvlllo railroad, gives coma Interest
ing facts about tho thrco Americas exposi
tion. "Tho present status of tho exposition
seems tobo excellent." he so)s. "Inregird
to Its financial condition, that Is something
I can glvo) on no positive information
olotit, but from all that I can hear collec
tions for subscriptions nro coming In very
well, and sullleicut money bis been re
ceived to mako necessary repairs on tho
buildings nnd somo needed Improvements
In tbo grounds. Tbo prospects for a suc
cessful show this jcar seem to bo very good,
"AH of tho buildings on tho grounds, I
think, will bo put Into scrvlco ngaln, and In
uddltlon to the attractions offered last year
others nro Intended to bo added. Tho gov
ernment building will be dovotcd to exhibits
ft cm tbo states aud territories that Is, tho
down stairs portion, and all tho spaco has
I ecu tiikcn. The galleries will bo dovotcd
to educational exhibits, nnd tho general ar
rangement of tho bulldliigwlllbo much bet
ter than It was last) ear.
"Ventilators have been put In tho roof of
loth the main and government buildings,
which will greatly Imprnvo tbo condition of
tbo air and add materially to tho comfort of
tho occupants, particularly during any
warm spells that wo may have. In addition
to this, tbo roof ot tbo main bulldlug has
been thoroughly oveinaulod nnd Is now said
to bo waterproof.
"Tbo main building will lx filled with ex
hibits from thoCcntral and South American
states, Mexico, and Europe, city collective
exhibits from largo cities all over tho coun
lr) , and special exhibits ot largo busluess
"Tho machinery exhibit this )carwlll bo
much larger and liner than last. Horticul
tural hall will bo turned Into a winter gar
den, containing a fluo collection of valu i
blo and tropical plants.
"Tho art exhibit will far surpass that of
last car. Quito a number of prlvato col
lections havo been loaned to tho manage
ment, many of them containing noted
woiks by famous attlsts.
"Tho grounds havo been vcrvmucli beau
tified, and they nro still hard at work on
them la)Ing out How cr beds and groves of
shrubbei), nnd they will present n very
creditable appearance Indeed. Somo very
pretty drives have been mado about tbu
grounds, and a portion of tbo buildings,
used last) car for tbo stock exhibit, will bo
turned Into a livery stable, where horses
nnd vehicles admitted into the grounds can
bo put up.
"Tbero will also bo located In this por
tion of the gi omuls and aljolulug tho
stables, a speeding track of about half or
three-quarters of u mile, ami ns tbero will
bo quite a number of good raco borse3 hero
dm Ing tlio exposition, borso racing will ho
one of tho features of this ) car's show.
"Tho asphalt pavement on St. Charles
street has now been completed all tho way
to and be)ond tho exposition grounds,
muklng onoof tho finest drlvcslnthocountry,
five miles iu length, aud furnishing a most
excellent and delightful roadway from tho
city to tbo grounds.
"In addition to thostreet carllncs wo bad
lastvear, wo will this car havo a steam
car lino, which will more than doublo tho
facilities for transportation to and from tlio
grounds. They liav o now nearly completed
tho construction of this road, and when fin
ished wo will bavo a doublo track steel
railway running out from tlio grounds
tow aril tbo vv oods to Canal street, aud then
Into town, on Canal street, up to tbo corner
of Corondclet. Trains will run every twontv
minutes, and it will only boarldoof fifteen
or tw enty minutes from Canal and Carondo
let to tho grounds. Faro for tho round trip
20 ccnts.'r
Arimitlo Amonltlos,
New York Graphic
That victory docs not alwajs securo abid
ing pcaco and content Is demonstrated auow
In tbo growls and recriminations which be
gin to crop out after tho triumph of tho
l'urltan. It Is no secret that Sir Illcbard
Button deemed himself slighted and neg
lected wbllo here. Tho Now England yachts
men aver that they wcio sbibblly treated,
aud this fact Is alleged to account for tho
rurltiin's nbscuco from tho Hrentou's Iteef
and Capo May races. Members of tho Now
York Yacht Club aro reported to bo grum
bllug at tho cost ot tho reception tendered
to Sir Illcbard Sutton nnd at tho prosump
tlon ot Mr. J. Frederick Tarns Iu ordering
It. Capt. Aubrey Crocker, tho Puritan'
shipper, was not invitca to tno nanquct,
anil tbero Is dissatisfaction nil around,
Mr, J. Frederick Tains Is tliodlstlngulshcd
tar who dlicc'cd tbo whole contest, aud
who felt himself to bo by several sizes n
bigger man than Nelson at Trafalgar or
JL'urragut at New Orleans. It was ho who
exemplified his culture aboard tbo com
mittee boat ono day by exclaiming petu
lautl), "Dear me! thcro nro moro reporters
than gentlemen nbonrdl" Tho secretary
of tho club, Mr. Million, ubly
seconds Mr. Toms by explaining why
Copt, Crocker was not Invited to
tbu banquet, they looked upon him ns a
piofisslonul, a man who earned bis living
ii) his skill as a navigator in fact "a sailor
moil," and they couldn't afford to asso
ciate with him nt tbo festlvo board. Ills
extreme Interesting to noto theso nlco
distinctions among onr amateur tnrs, If
thev go ahead Iu tho samo st)lo, they will
probably keep tho International trophy horo
without much oxptnso, for tho rapacious
foreigners wlllnotbocagcrtocoinohcrc, and
the Hostoulans will keep their Puritans at
home, ntrtl tho obtrusive newspaper men
will bo shut out fiom tho society of Mr.
Tains, Still It does not look well to bo
kicking up n scandal over tbo oxpenso of
that banquet. It cost something Iu tho
nclghboiliood of $500. Should Sir Richard
Sittiem bear of tlio grumbling It might sud
denly otcur to him to mall a check for tho
wbolo amount to Mr Tains, and, falling In
this, wohuvono doubt that the sum can bo
raised by popular subscription,
J?'.8?..l1:.,-alontl brlcklajer, was run ovor
nnd killed by a train on tho Union railroad, lu
northeast Ilnltlmoro 1 ho jury of lunuost ex
onerated tho employes of tho road.
y- "XnfJbnlanA
Somo of tbo KiTcct Upon tbo Atlantic
nml I'liclflo Cnrrjlnc Husliies. of Cer
tain Acrnniplbilicit unit CoiitliiRont
l'ncts Ingliinil' Kntorprlsu-
Ono of tlio first questions that will como
beforo tho next Congress Is that very Im
portant onoof tho foreign mall servicoas
connected with American Btcamsblps and
the revival of tbo American cany Ing trade.
It will bo ono ot tbo 111 st questions, bo
causo tlio refusal ot Postmaster Gcuoral
Vilas to uso tho first $400,000 appropriated
by thoJcstCoiigrcssforthopaymcntof mall
service in American ships will bavo to be
explained in the Postmaster General's re
pott to tho President for transmission to
llvcu should tho Postmaster General fall
or i of uso to mako this explanation, tho first
day after Congress Is organized n resolution
will bo passed calling for tho reasons why
tl.o expenditure authorized and directed
by Congress lias not been made, and then
this great question will at ouco bo brought
to the front.
Asldo from partisan measures, coming
properly under tho head of public policies
without bcariug upon political parlies ex
cept in its general i esults for good or 111,
tbo manner nnd modo of reiving tho
American merchant marine Is tho greatest
nf the problems In political economy that
the incoming Congress will bavo beforo it.
So for as tho Republican party is con
cerned, it can safely bo relied on in tho fu
ture, as In tho past, to do whatever Is best
calculated to redound to the material In
terests of tho American people.
Tbo Republican party lias, through lib
eral aid, secured four lines of railway
across tho contlucut from ocean to ocean,
and thousands of miles of other rallwa)s
which bear tbo products of tho farm, tho
mine, and tho workshop from tho point ot
production to tbo placo of consumption.
Hut when tho products of American work
men reach tho seaboard, transported upon
American railways, built' rgcly by the aid,
direct or indirect, of tbo American nation,
theso pioducts aio dumped Into foreign
vessels to bo transported abioad.
It would bo a tbrlco told talo to enumer
ate the hundreds of millions of dollars that
aro paid nnnuall) to foreign ship ow ncrs for
tbo transportation of American productions
to foreign countries, and tho bringing of
foreign products to our shores for homo
consumption. Aud It would bo an Insult to
tho Intelllceuco of tbo American peoplo to
attempt to prove, what every Intelligent
man knows, that tho money thus paid out
t-evcr returns.
Tho question Is, "How Is this annual
drain to bo stopped?" aud tho answer to
that question depends In a great deico
upon tho action of Iho Democrats who con
trol tho popular branch of Congicss.
Tbero nro men Iu tbo party and high lu
its councils who will shout tbo senseless
shibboleth "subsld)" to nnyscuslble attempt
to lev ho tho American merchant marine
but It Is to bo hoped that a majority ot tbo
party w ill not bo dctened from adopting n
wlso policy, becouso of tbo croaking of tho
ravens, who, like that ov er tbo chamber
door of Poc, know but a sluglo word and
continually repeat It.
Tho great lights of the Dcmocratlo party,
Jefferson, Madison, and Jackson, each ad
vocated measures which built up tho mer
chant marine ot America, until tbo stars aud
stripes floated over moro vessels than did
tho flag ot any other nation save only that ot
And tbo measure) which they supported
was a direct subsidy on all freights trans
ported In American ships.
Tbo same policy now would hardly pro
duio tho samo result, but if such a policy
could bo adopted it would aid In tho work,
nnd curtly no Democrat would chargo that
what Washington, Jefferson, and Madison
advocated, voted for, or approved was that
wicked aud terrible thing, used to frighten
voters, called u subsidy.
Add to this policy of compensating Amer
ican shipowners that of assisting American
shipbuilders, and tho ocean would soon bo
dotted with American ships, and tho two
hundred and fifty million dollars which Is
now annually taken out ot tho country
solely as freight charges would bo paid to
American shipbuilders and American ship
owners, to bo expended lu compensating
American workmen for tbelr labor.
Surely tho Incoming Congress will seo tbo
necessity nf Immcdlato action on this most
Important subject. If tho cntiro surplus
rcvenuo of tho country for tho uoxt flro
ears vv as devoted to tho colo object of se
curing a nui chant marina cupablo of trans
porting American products, tho expendi
ture would bo moro than repaid In tho In
eicastd wealth of tho country.
To show tho ucccssltyot Immcdlato action
lu regard to ocean malls It Is only necessary
to demonstrate what has been und Is being
done. Tho l'aclllc Mall Steamship com
pany lias established lines across tho Pa
cific fiom San Francisco to Japan and
China, to Austtalln and Now Zealand.
Those Hues which touched tbo Hrltlsh col
onics wcro subsidized by tbo authorities of
thoso colonies to tho amount of four bun
dled thousand dollars, which enabled them,
lu connection with tho support secured
from tbu United States government, to
subsist wbllo a pa)lng trado was being
built up, but tho llritlsh subsidy was onl)
given on the condition that each alternate
steamer should bo an English vessel.
A rcfcrcnco to. tlio map on another pago
will show how tlio lines wcio run oud what
anlmmcnio trado was being diverted to
this country through their establishment,
,-MS J y
nj'JinlenA' h vS
Tho withdrawal of all aid by Iho foolish ac
tlou of Postmaster General Vilas, with tho
completion of tho Canadian Pacific railway
has entirely changed tho situation. Tbo
Austiollan government has given a subven
tion of thrco hundred thousand pounds
($l,Ceo,COO) for tho establishment of an
English lino of steamers from Mclbottruo
to Taeomn, tho terminus of tho Canadian
Pacific railway. Its commissioner Is now In
tho Dominion to sea what arrangements
can I c mado with tho authorities.
To show how highly tbo English and co
lonial governments appreciate tno scrvlco
on tlio Pacific, it Is only necessary to
state that tho heavy closed malls be
tween England and Australia havo been
dispatched across this continent by way ot
New York and San I ranclsco.
The postmaster general ot tho Australian
colony has repeatedly applied to our own
government to Join him lu tho maintenance
of this contract In tbo hope that tho com
mercial relations betweeu tho two countries
vv ould soon reach a point vv hero tho carr Ing
trade olono would bo of sufllclcnt valuo to
Ruarautconpa)Iug support to tbo strug
gling lines. Every appeal which has been
mado has been rejected, and now the con
tract passes entirely Into tho hands ot
English companies with tho certainty that
tbo steamers will go direct to Pugct Sound
to connect with tbo Canadian Pacific rail
way, thus cutting San I'rancisco off entirely
from a trado which was constantly growing
and which promised so much to tho enter
prise of our mcichants and business men.
A glnnco nt tho map will show that tbo
dlstnnco is but little moro from Tacoma to
Hawaii than from San Francisco to tho
omc point barely ono da)'s steaming.
This service, onco established, would tutu
ally chango the satllngcourscof tbo English
trans 1'aclflc steamers, so that a connection
would lie mado nt Honolulu with tho China
service, and thus another blow would bo
struck at our commcrco by diverting tho
entire trade of China aud Japan over tho
Canadian Pacific. Tho distance from San
Francisco to Hong Koug via direct, or
grcot circle track, Is 11,132 miles, wbllo from
San Francisco to Hong Kong via Honolulu
it Is only 0,750 miles. Here, then, wo sco
our trade qulctl) but suicly slipping away
from us, under tho patronage of tho Eng
lish government, and unless prompt action
Is taken tho American flag, 11) lug upou a
stcrinshlp, will bo known no moroforovcr
lu tho tiado between San Francisco, Sand
wich Islands, FIJI Islauds, Australia, Now
Zealand, Japan, aud China.
Fngllch steamshlpllncs aro now regularly
established and running between
1. Now Yoilc, St. Thomas, and tho Wind
waul Islands.
2. New York and Hrazll.
fl. New York and Asplnwall,
4. New York and Jamaica.
fi New York, Cuba, and Moxlco.
b San Francisco, Sandwich Islands, FIJI,
and Australia.
7. San Francisco, Japan, nnd China.
Wo need not refer to the numerous Euro
pean lines, but to thoso enumerated hero
we do ask tho serious attention ot our law
makers. Tho English flag has supplanted
our ow n aud tapped ov cry port vv bleb was
within our reach, and which by geographi
cal position belongs to us. How long can
thh contlnuo!
When tho Emperor of Hrazll visited tho
United States In 1870 ho spoko with Presi
dent Grant upon tho subject of closer com
meiclal relationship between Brazil and tho
United States. Ho suggested to tho Presi
dent of tho United States tho propriety of
ajclnt subvention or mail contract for a
line of American steamers to ply'betwceu
tlio tw o countries. Gen. Grant assured tho
F.mjcror of Brazil that tho United States
wou'd meet tho Imperial government
half way In tbo consummation of any
contract which might bo effected by Hrazll.
Cap tallsts were found who subscribed tho
ncciisary amount for tho construction of n
licet of ships, and an agent was dispatched
to Hrazll to treat with tlio government for n
contract. Ono ot tho first oftlclnl acts ot
his icajeity upon his return to Brazil was
tho execution ot a contract for steamship
mall scrvlco between Rio do Janeiro and
New York, tbo Imperial government agree
ing to pay ii compensation, as their propor
tion of thesj rvlco, of $100,000 per ) oar, Tho
govcri.nuii ot the United States was ap
pealed tojbut, notwithstanding tho re
peated rcc nmcndatlous of tlio President of
tho I'ultci States to Congress, and tbo fav
orable rci its of various committees, Con
gress rcfi. cd to glvo even temporary aid to
this line.
No sooi r had this Information roach cd
ban n largo English steamship
coinpati) t
Ispatchcd Its agent to Ilriull, nua,
with oIIch to carry tho Imperial malls froo
to tho lilted States, attempted to break
tbo contact which tbo emperor had ordered
executed! His word, however, had gono
out, and thus far has been kept, Brazil
has proti
ctcd an American lino ot steam
ships ill:
pel or hi
Ing eight )cars bceauso tho cm-
d given his word. Tho United
States cl
cllncd to assist lu any way; on tbo
by tho Imposition of onerous
"rules und regulations," with tho shipping
law us a joundatlon, tho United States gov
ernment jjolucd tlio English ship owners
ami gav them substantial aid to break up
ttie Aineilcati lino, England subsidised an
opposition Hue, and now Uracil declines
longer to Mil tbo enterprise. Tho lino must
stoji, und our malls bo transfened to Eng
lish buttunis,
Tbo progie6slvo peoplo of tho Argentlno
lltpul lit wanted to trado with tbo United
Stub s, und they also mado a contract with
an Aiucrlciiu companyfor tbo establishment
of mi American lino ot steamers to run to
tho Iji Plata. A provision was, howovcr,
Inserted lu Iho contract inakluglt operative,
In event of tho United States declining to
enter Into a Hko contract. Tho UnltcdStatcs
did dccllno to Join tho Argentines, aud tho
result Is that wo havo no lino, and to reach
that rapid growing country, a republic
formed after our own, which has adopted
all ot our laws,, rules of practlco, constitu
tion, Ac, ono must go via England, inoio
than4,0C0 miles out of tho way.
But a short timo will clapsc,unlcss Immc
dlato steps aro taken to prevent It, beforo
tho American merchant who desires to go
by steam or send his letters to Atlantic
South American ports will havo to travel on
an English stenmer to Liverpool nnd then
tako another English steamer and rccross
tho Atlantic. So ono who desires to goer
send to Japan, China, Australia, or India
will find that ho must traverse this conti
nent on tbo Canadian Pacific railway (for
of courso through rates will bo mado), tako
an English steamer ntTiicoinaforllonolulu?
and thcro tako tho English steamer to his
point ot destination in tbo cast.
Tho Guide, riillosopbor, und lrloiidof
Anicrlcnns Visiting; 1'arlfl.
Every American who visits Paris or has
dono so silica 1871 knows tho deputy and
vlco consul general, Hon. It. M. Hooper.
Every American who stns at homo and
reads tho papers knows Lucy Hooper, tho
talented w If o ot tho aforesaid. Both aro
w ell known nnd popular In the American
colony at Paris.
No American stranger Is ovor at a loss In
Paris so long ns Mr. Hooper is thcro. Ho
mnnages to spnro chough tlmo from his
ofl'elal duties to show them tho sights of
tho French capital, and ho knows moro
about them than nine-tenths of tlio natives.
Mr. Hooper has Just returned to Paris attor
placing his son lu an engineering school and
witnessing tbo debut ot bis daughter on tho
stage, Sho Is now plajlng a successful en
gagement nt tho Park Theater, New York,
nnd will visit Washington In January noxt.
Tho ofllchl duties of Mr, Hooper bring
blni Into aetlvo contact with Americans of
every class, from Iho millionaire to tbo
mendicant, and nouo nro sent nwaywlth
their needs uncared for it deserving atten
tion. Ills recprd iu tho State Department
Is among tho best, his services iu tho consu
late geueral being legatded ns wcll-ulgh
How It Is 1)0110
San I'rancisco Chronicle
Did )Oti evcrllstcnto avoungcouplo
worklug up to that point of affeetlonato
Intimacy at which thoy call ono auother by
their Christian names f
"It has been a lovely party, hasn't It,
Miss Jackson V"
"Lovely, Mr. Wllkius."
"I bavo known vou a loner tlmo. Miss
"And I bavo known you qulto a wbllo."
"I'vooftcn heard my sister speak of you."
"And my brother Is nlw o) s talking about
"Is hot I hear so much about you that I
feel qulto at homo with Ou."
"It's a lovely night, isn't It, Mr. WI1
kins?" "Beautiful. I think Edith's such a pretty
"Do you? I don't Hko it."
"What did ou sa) J"
"Oh, nothing; I was merely repeating tho
"I don't Hko all men's names. I Hko
some. I Hko Philip and Fordlnand, and"
"What do") ou thing of Goorgor"
"That's your namo." George."
"I beg) our pardon."
"Oh, nothing; I was only repeating tho
"What a lovely night It is, Isn't It, Miss
Edith." '
"Oh. thcro I Gcorgo Wllkius, what did
)0U let mo slip ou that cobblo fort"
'"Pciu my word, I didn't do It, Miss
Edith." '
"Well, wo aro home, or I ain,Mr, George."
"I am v cry sorry."
"So am I, I'm so much obliged for our
escort; l'vo had such a lovely time,"
"And so havo I."
"Good night, Mr. Wllkius."
"Good night, Miss Jackson,"
"flood night."
"Good night."
"Good nlght-Edlth."
"Goodnight Gcorgo."
Ciittblucii l'optilnr Air,
Detroit Free Press,
"I tell )Oii, but wo did Just lay 'cm!'
ho exclaimed lu a Wooodward avonuo car
"Who " nsked tbo man noxt to htm.
"Why, tbo corrupt local ring, of courso I
Wasn't It n slaughter, thoug t"
"Yes; such men must bo beaten at tho
"Of courso thoy must I I'm alwa)s
ready to tako off in) coat nud go to work
In tho cause of honest government,"
"Prcsumo ou had somo lullucnco In
)0iir ward" V
"You bet I I Just told tho boj a that tho
tlmo bad como to turn tho lascals out und
that wo must stand sbouldor to shoulder lu
tho good work. Ah I It was n bad day for
tho chaps who havo so long rovclod In
comiption 1"
Ho left tbo car with that, and tbo pas
senger to whom his talk had been addressed
Inquired of an other t
"Who was that honest, enthusiastic
"Hoi Oh 1 he was one ot tholoadcrs of
tho gang and was boaton by 300 majority".
Commissioner Hlmrkn'n Now Timber
Culling Hull's nnd Tliclr ltulnous
Operation Upon Territorial Mining
I'litcrprlspn Tlio Latest l'lin-io nf tbo
(Jllcsltoii of Admission to Iho Union,
Hon. Joseph K. Toolo becamo Montana's
representative to Congress on tho expira
tion of tho term ot Hon. Martin Maglunls
on March 4, 1885. Born In Missouri, Col.
Toolo has resided In Montana slnco boy-J
nueiu unu is luminar wuii mo wants as wen
ns the wonderful resources of that growing
territory. Holms served with distinction
as state's attorney, member of tho loglsln
tlvo assembly, nnd of tho constitutional
convention of Iho tcirltory, and was chosen
by tbo Democracy of Montana by n compli
mentary majority to represent her In tho
forty-ninth Congress, lie is now In tho
city looking after tho Interests ot his con
stituents. "You have spent considerable tlmo In tho
capital slnco our election," said a Ilnrim
i.ican reporter to Mr. Toolo, )ostcrday,
"has an) thing of special Interest transpired
affecting Montana, and how havo ou occu
pied our time?"
"I havo found much to occupy mo hero
In looking after such appointments as wcro
likely to fall to Montana, and such depart
mental business as was Incident to my oftl
clnl position. In the pursuit of theso duties,
obstacles and dcla)S which do not obtain lu
prlvato llfo aro necessarily frequent and
somctlrr.es perplexing, but tho uniform
courtesy and kindness shown mo by tbo
President, Cabinet officers, nud tho heads
of bureaus havo dono much to counterbal
ance theso difficulties.
"Much Interest has been felt In tho courso
to bo pursued by tho administration rcla
tivoto territorial appointments. Tbo his
tory of tho territories Justifies tbo nssortlon
that they bavo been considered lu tbo past
ns n sott of hospital for the caro and main
tenance of political weaklings from tbo
states; but, happily, this policy Is giving
wuy ton moro Just and enlightened public
sentiment, which demands that tliclr local
government shall bo Intrusted to their own
citizens. This sentiment was so potential
umi ii iounu a piacointuo national plat
forms of both political parties In tbctr last
"It Is but fair to say that there havo been
departures from tho platform In this respect
lu several instances, but in tho main it has
been ndhcrcd to; and wo find causo for con
gratulation In oven a partial realization of
our hopes, especially lu Montana, where tho
f;ov ernor, secretary, and a number of other
mportant ofllcers havo been chosen from
residents of tho territory."
"Montana seems to bo attracting consid
erable attention In tho cast as a territory ot
great possibilities," remarked tho reporter.
"Yes, and deservedly so. Tho territory
Is cnJo)lng tho greatest prosperity, and has
a most Inviting future. Slnco tho comple
tion of tbo Northern Pacific nnd Utah rail
roads our population has rapidly Increased,
and capital has been attracted to us. Our
vallc)s are yloldlug largoly In agricultural
products and vast tracts of desert lands aro
being reclaimed by irrigation. A million
bead of cattle, 130,000 head ot horses, and
1,'JC0,000 bead ot sheep aro grazing upon
tbo nutritious grasses of that territory.
Our mines nro tho most proditctlvo ot any
lu tbo country, nnd. although that Interest
is hi Its Infancy, tho mineral output for
leeii w 111 npproxlinnto in valuo $133,000,030."
"How about your population?"
"Our population is closo ou to 110,000.
No census bns becu taken for n long time,
lut the voto nt tbo last election showed
(),IG0 male citizens over tho ago of -1
)carslu tbo territory."
"I sco that Mr. Sparks, commissioner of
the general land oflicc, has been establish
ing somo new rules regulating tho cutting
of timber on mineral lauds. How will thoy
affect Moutnnar"
"I havo felt tbo greatest anxiety about
this now- circular, and somctlmo ago called
oil tho Secretary of tho Interior and pro
tested against its approval, subscnuoutly
addressing a letter to him reciting tno mis
chief which would follow Its enforcement,
nnd tbo great hardships it would entail
upon tho residents ot tho mineral regions.
"Commissioner Sparks interprets tlio act
of Congicss approved Juno 3, 1878, relating
to cutting timber on mtucral lauds, to mean
that each Individual must cut tbo timber
himself or by bis personal agent, aud that
cutting timber to bo used ns fuel In quartz
mills, smelters, and rcducllou works Is not
such 'mining purpose' as Is contemplated
by tho act referred to, but Is forbidden
"This statuto is a remedial one, and as
such Is in my opinion entitled to a liberal
construction. Such an Illiberal construc
tion as that given to It by Commissioner
Sparks would, of courso, suspcndnll mining
operations lu tlio west nud throw thousands
of peoplo out ot cmplo)meut, n condition
of things which I nm sure ho docs not wish
to wing ntiout. inero wouiu uo somo
plausibility lu his construction of tho statuto
if there vv as any law by which timber or tim
bered lands could bo purchased in mineral
districts, but tbero Is uono, aud I maintain
that this statuto was enacted for tbo very
puiposo of remedying this condition of
"Tho right In uso timbor for 'mlnlngnud
domestic purposes' in its most compre
hensive slgnlilcatlou has been expressly
authorized by tho Interior Department
slnco tho flist settlement of mineral lamb,
nud millions ot dollnis bavo been Invested
lu mines and machinery upon tho strength
of It. It w ould bo manifestly wrong to un
dertake to tako away tho right now,
as such action would result in tho Immc
dlato destruction of tho mining Interests,
nud tho capital Invested therein.
"Hut asldo from theso considerations It
Is questionable whether tbo courts would
euforco such a regulation, as tho law giving
authority 'to mako such rules and rcgula-
latious necessary for tho carr) Ing out of
Iho statuto', seems to mo to go boyoud
constitutional authority In this, that It Is nn
attempt to confer legislative power upon
an executive department of tho govern
ment. "Tho truo solution ot tbo difficulty, In
my opinion, is to havo these lands survojed
and to provldo somo method by which tho
citizen can acquire n title to tho samo, nud
this remains for Congress In Its wisdom to
do, Tbo Secretary of tho Interior is Im
pressed with tho Importance of tbo subject
and Is proceeding!)' cautiously. I bellovo
lio will finally take this vlow, aud mako
that or a similar recommendation to Con
gress." "What are Montana's chances for admis
sion as a stato at this session ot Congress!"
"Our people aio naturally rcsttvo under
n territorial form of government. It Is re
strictive of tho larger rights, liberties, and
aspirations of citizenship. A largo ma
jority of our citizens favor an early admis
sion ns a state, nnd to that end bavo for
mulated and adopted nn admirable consti
tution, aud appointed a committee ot lead
ing citizens to present tho samo to tbo
President and to Congress. Montana and
Dakota might bo admitted without chang
ing tlio political comploxlon of tbo Scuato.
I bavo not even figured ou tho probability
ot accomplishing this, but It Is among tho
things 1 hopo for."
T.utbor'it lfuinie
London Times.
In tho ) car 1811 tbo lato king of Prussia,
Frederick William IV, finding that Luthnr's
homo at Wittenberg bad fallen Into ruin,
had a plan prepared for its thorough reno
vation. Tills work has lust been finished,
together with a colonnade that Joins It to
the university buildings. Somo adjoining
ground has been acquired b) tho uulvorslty
und made into n public garden, In which a
beautiful fountain has been erected that Is
connected with historical aud artistic mem
ories, Wittenberg Is supplied with water
fiom four dllTcrcnt sources, tho oldest and
best of which was brought fnto tho town lu
ltol by a voluntary association of soven
persons, ono of whom was tho famous
painter, Lucas Crauach,
Conllletliii; VIonk.
Philadelphia Call. J
Pompano Why do jouwork so hard
Ragle)! You slave from morning until
Bagloy I know I do. I wish to get rich,
I want to die worth a million.
Fomnono Well, there's no accounting
for tastes, Now, I would much prefer to
Hvo worth halt a million,
Tlio London dally nowapaiiera In tliclr edi
torial oullie Bulgarian Hon tan war aro unani
mous In condemning tenia, ami nxpresj great
auxlcty ai to tlio future, of ttie Uallt&ns.
3n:E3 -SSLj&rsTSR.
Niipfi! nml Comfort, combined with Absolute Hufoty. Tlio f.illimlns
NlPiinicrn n liN II no lent o Now York ov cry Hrtdircliiy at .lino j. in.,
I'OIl HAVANA. During Clio winter call ill NT. AUUlJKI'IM:, I'M.,
Iiolli vvnjK, Tor lnscil!(ern nlj-.
NIcnniRlilp "NIlWrOKT" tl.OOO Toni Vis lit. T. N. CJiirtll
NtpmiiNlilli "NAItATOfJ.V 3,!JOO Tom Urspt. MoIlltlMll
HtenuiNlili '."YIAUAlt.V" ....'4,300 Tonsi Uini.J. II. linker
Connecting at If anna with flrl-clim Forflin nml Am rtcrin Bleimen for rinrlda, KrvOrlnnt,
Mexico, Puerto Illco, lloytl, Hi. Thomni, and oilier West India Islsmli.
For Nassau, N. 1., Direct Santiago do Cuba nml Cionfitog03.
(Tlio oldest cllr In tho West Indies), and through tlio Interior of Cuba. v
OIIlM'ltr.liON" (new) 3,000 Tons Unlit, r. M. I'nlrrlotli.
"SANTIAiMO" -2,000 Ton. tlnni. I.. Colton.'
Will Mil every other Tliurnclnr for NAS1AU, N. P., and Cir.NFCr.aoMlllnir, botligolninnl
rrliiriilnir, nt HANTIACIO UK CUIIA. Connects nt Sanllntto u Cuba Willi nrst-clnM tines for JA
MAICA, ItAYll, l'UKll'IO 111 CO, Ac. 1'or fullpnrllculnri of both routes and mutinied nam
I lilci npidy to
JAMES E. WARD & CO., U3 Wall Street, Now York.
It. IV. 1'AItNONN, XnKsmu .lint I Contractor.
L m
pr Jlonllily clcimrliircH from Sew Yorlt niitl Ilnltlmoro, vvltli C'arrjo nml
Viilleil Ntiilct .Mil!!, Tor
Para, Maranham, Oeara, and Pernambuco,
"iAUAr.M4 r."
llio nlmir MonmorN lino liron "iiorlally linllt mill ndlliiloil for tlio
Irii.lo. Kllorcllnir iiiicqiinlol upiiortitnliy unit iiccommutlntioii lu ulilp
priH In tlio Urnzll coiihI. ,
Klonraers nro appointed to wall from Ilnltlmoro ou Iho last lny or
ciiili iiiiinlli.
I'or further Information iiIciiho npply lo
"Willard's Hotel,
Located en Pennsylvania Avenue, Fourteenth,
and P Streets,
"wA.s:E3::n:i3rTo:fcT, 3D. o.
Tho Largest and Most Commodious Hotel at tno
National Capital.
T'!ri3iJ G-X7.33.a27
t7iurirt-l at a Itt tncifu for Oenrrnl Tttblllhj, 8lrcpleitiets, Rcnoua Xxfcmu-
Hon, Vwpcntlu, Imniitreil rilulllti, Ac m alglti, lihtumatltm, ami
JlrohcifVoivn CoHttltiitlans.
OOZ.3S 33"5T Dxnraa-xowa uv-OTi) crxccsa,
Prepared by Ilmitly & Cox, i.3 Ii. Ilowitrd Ht., imittmorc, Ilel.
10 THE T
(Inptnlii Nlinml.
t'aplnln Murray.
C'nplnln IIciiiiocIi.
Cnplnlii Ilcwti.
Cnptnlu Cliirlc.
..Vnptnlu Nliloliollinm.
C'nplnln Jollaril.
..Cnptnlu Trojrnrllicn.
Cnptnlu Collins.
R. B. BORLAND, Agent,
11U Pearl Street i is'oiv YnrlCi
aKT3233a"7"33 POOTXO.
Firm Representative,

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