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Arizona weekly citizen. [volume] (Tucson, Ariz) 1880-1901, September 24, 1892, Image 1

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TQCSOii. PIM1 COUNTY, ARIZONA TERRITORY, SATURDAY SEPTEMBERS 1892.
NO. 14.
VOL. XXII.
1
The Democrats profess to be well
please! with the political outlook. If
they were hit by a bur tree they would
had no taking ways with J.he fat rann of
Buzzard's Bay, so much correspondence
passed between tha leaders of the party,
etill be satisfied with the layout. Those , the Brobidicu at tray tables ana me
left would constitute themselves into & Lilliputian in Tucson, and a better un-
epecial committee and attend the funer
al and chuckle with satisfaction over
the fact that those remaining had a
better show for office on the next turn
of the bos.
The Maricopa county Democrats
opened their convention in Phoenix
yesterday with the usual graveyard
whistling. Lum Gray dug a knife into
a man by the name of Johnson and the
latter was about to get in t oaie non-partisan
work with a revolver, whvn the
usual law-abiding Republican interfer
ed and suspended proceedings. A
camera club would make money if pri
vileged to attend the proceedings.
derstandtng in favor of foreign manu
facturers, has been reached. It wasnn
doubtedly under Cleveland's personal
advise that preference was given by the
Star to the rejected plank, and later it
was in deference to Cleveland's personal
wishes that the platform was tired bod
ily from that paper. The party tinkers
are reported to be at work scraping off
the dry rot. When this has been done
and the plank has been approved at
both ends of the line, the amended
platform will be again given tp the public.
The Egyptian Sphynx is making more
noise over Cleveland's election than
David B. Hill. David U mum as the
last century on the issues of the day.
! If the unidentified body of Clevelr.n l
ever reaches the White House, Hill's
economy of speech will have enough in
bank to buy a new st of enclycLpod-ias.
Versos C. Wilson, killed by the train
robbers near Visalia, California, on the
13th, iost was buried here tcday. His
funeral wua lasge and imposing, and
those who reverentially followed him
to Lis last resting place, saw v.l tbat
was mortal of a brave man laid to ret.
Ilia untimely, death falls heavily on the
affections of hisjfrieDds by whom he was
loved and admireJ. For tb.oss who
butchered him there should be uo re
epite, but they 6tiould be hurled to
death like vicious wolves.
Hos. Mabccs A. Smith stated when, in
Tucson, tint rnless a Democratic legis
lature was elected in Ariz na this com
ing fall, the territory would not be ad
mitted as a 6tate. We are. however,
largely of the opinion that it will take
considerable more influenca than is ios
Bessed by Mr. Smith t prevent the ad
mission of Arizona. Notwithstanding a
Republican legislature. The bill for
the admission of Arizona, fortunately
passed the Democrats house and is
now in the hands of its friends. At the
next cession of Congress the bill will be
favorably reported and will pass the
senate. An enabling act will be putted
and the Hon. iMarcus will not be in it.
We note tba'; the Graham County
Bulletin is running Gila County politics.
In our blissful ignorance we modestly
rise to ask, what has become of the Sil
ver Belt and itt, broadgu.-iged editor,
Judge Hackney. Can it be that the
Belt in Gila county h;;s fallen into line
with the Star of Pima, for honest pol
itics and good government?
The western biut-d train was not big
enough to carry Editor Hughes and the
Democratic delegation. Bsth parties
left for F.a?etaff yesterday morning.
The former went around by Albuquer
que and the laUer by w ay of Los Angeles
What a L. ilia Rookh of a time they wiil
have at Flagstaff.
REPUBLICAN PLATFORM.
Sound Doctrine for Arizonans to
Consider.
Unlimited Silver Coinage a Plank in
the Platform.
TUCSON'S TRADE.
What applies to building up larg
cities, likewise apj lies to Tucson. Fir.-t
a city must become h tT;:de center if it
expects to enhance its growth or attract
population. To at'ract trade to Tucson
is the duty of the merchaets doing busi
ness in this metropolis by making
known to the Territory at lr.rge th it
they have gcods'in large quantities and
at reduced prices agaicst which no one
can conecientiously rind fault, ind with
Bhipping facilities and a very low rate
granted to Tucson. These facts being
made known by proper advert isfiieut
there is no doubt but all interested in
building up Arizona will confine their
purchases to the metropolitan commer
cial depot of the Territory ir. preference
to sending away cab tn militate against
every interest to which Arizonans are
wedded. The co n petition b-t een mer
chants each to do as large a business as
possible is a fitting guarantee to pur
chasers that prices will be within the
reach of all.
The Tucson delegation cf Democracy
will leave for Flagstaff in the morning,
The delegation will consist of Hon.
Benjamin C. Turker, Hon Paddy Woods,
Gen. Marino G. Saruani?go, Cul. F. J.
Wiley, and Major James Finley. They
will leave herein the same car but are
expected to bring up at Flagstaff in
both ends of thi train. Tucson Demo
crats are great kickers. If the McKin-
ley bill is not in sight they kick at ore
another and many a good "layout has
been spoiled, by thii pernicious propen
sity. A corpse reviver will also be in
attendance.
MINING.
The Citizfx has persistently been a
friend of the mining interest of Ariz ma.
It has always raised its voice in behalf
of that great industry, but at the same
time it has recognized the fact that it
is useless to fight the evils e are
forced to bear when congress with its
Democratic majority willfully killed
the free coinage bill passed by a Re
publican senate. Arizona need never ex
pect to see the silver lining of great
prosperity brighten the outlook of this
Territory eo long as the present dele
gate is sent to congress, to fulminate
promises, and pose as the people's
representative and do nothing in ber
behalf. To this edd the fact that
Cleveland, the would-be president
of Democracy, is the most bitter
and pronounced enemy of the
miner of the west and should another
Democratic majority succeed to the
house, backed by a free trade and gold
standard president, then will the moun
tain owls hoot in the deserted miners
cabins and the mountain lion and wild
cat prowl through the deserted tunnels.
Can we not say in a spirit of ceif pre
servation, "God forbid."
OPPORTUNITIES FOR HOMES.
When the eat?rn people become edu
cj.tid to the opportunities in the west
for homes they will turn their faces this
way with a degree of alacrity th t will
indeed be inspiring. This vast western
country with all that can be said about
it by caricarists and imaginnry and
end inexperienced writers is destin-d to
be the happy ho.nea of th u?ands in the
present and future and the chronic
growler, 6urmis?r and the generally an-tagoi-'islic
debiii'y man is going to get
beautifully left beeau-e the man of ac
tion will Le enjoying the home that hi
action and energy has carved out for
him whilst the j rophesyer will still be
living in an atmosphere cf "castles in
thebir."
Political throat-cutting may be dis
gustiug and barbarous, but still there
are people who cannot repress a chuckle
of satisfaction over the discomfiture of
the olher applicant for the same office.
The good wishes expressed by one can
didate for the p-irty that would fain di
vide the office wiih him, fly through the
air with the bouyancy of a loaded flat
iron.
District Attorney Ijovell. is of the
opinion that poll taxes cannot be collec
ted after the assessor has turned his
books into the Board of Supervisors
and the county will ue out considerable
money in consequence. .A year ago this
identical same law had a different hold
ing 6o we modestly rise
w hence the change.
to enquu
The Tombstone Ppitaph has 6et out
to reform the two great parties by eu
logizingthe head of the ' People's Party
Weaver's obituary will read just as wel
in an epitaph on a Tombstone in th
Huachucas or the Chirichuis as it wi
in the graveyard of defunct Presidential
aspirants.
THE UNIVERSITY.
Oa tbe2S.h of September the Univer
sity of Ar.zjna commences its second
term. Within th walls of this institu
tion of learuirg is a btL'ht future for
the youth of Arizona. Mining ar.d ag
riculture are hindniai-.'s. Their success
builds Aiizcna into the zenith of a fu
ture great 6t ate. To the coming gener
ation as well as the present is ejtrusted
this great consummation and no more
pote: t factor can be utilized to ghia
these cherished ends than to educate
this generation with the eud to such ac
complibhment and with a spirit of full
aecoid in these suggestions. We can
most bearti!y recommend the University
of Arizona.
The republican campaign this year
will be short and sweet. It opens on
the eighth of October and closes on the
eighth of November. On that day th
Republicans will be settled in their new
house aud the obituary of the Demo
cratic party will be posted on the stern
of the saline craft.
The colicky kicking of the Democrat
ic party is about the only internal dis
order that cannot be attributed to the
cholera.
Every good citizen should register,
It is a duty he owes to the community
in which he lives.
Marcus bMiTH s nomination will oe
more worthless to him than a tax title
thia year.
The reports of Democratic and Third
party fusion in the northwest are coupl
ed with some strange speculations re
garding the outcome of ouch action.
Senator Gorman is credited with work
ing the movement in the Dakotas, and a
deal is said to be probable just be "ore
election in Nebraska which will take
the Republicans by surprise. The trade
is supposed to include the giving of the
electoral votes of the state in question to
the Third party and a division of con
gressmen. The Democrats of course
understand that a fusion of electoral
Totea is just as good for them as a
Btraight one, as it tends to throw the
election into the house. The curioua
feature of the afftdr is that the Third
party people are said tp be speculating
on getting congressmen enough by the
deal to hold the balance of power in the
house, and so be in a. position to name
the next president. It seems hardly
possible that they 6hould be eo stupid
as to forget that it is the present house
and not the one to be elected in Novem
ber, wh'ch will elect the president in
case of no election by the people. If
the Third party could capture every
seat in the house it would not effect the
presidential issue. Vet, 'unless reports
are badly mixed up, the Third party
are making just this blunder. Whether
they are or not, the game is plain
enough to give no Republican an ex
cuse for forsaking bis own party on any
side issue and throwing the election to
the Democracy.
The reason the Star the organ of the
Pima Democracy, persistently published
a repudiated plank in the Democratic
platform is in the light of recent tele
grams, susceptible of explanation. The
tariff plank even the improved editioD,
REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR
CONGRESS.
W. G. Stewart, of Coconino county,
re?eived the unanimous vote cf the Re
publican Territorial convention nomin
ating him for congress. Mr. Stewart
has been a resident of Arizona since
1379. He is the senior member of the
legal firm of Stewart and Doe, the lead
ing lawyers cf this section. His first
public service in the Territory whs as a
member of the th rteenth legislature,
serving, with marked ability. Colonel
Stewait early saw the necessity of the
formation of a new countv with Flag
staff as the county seat, and he support
ed the movement with 60 much force
and efficiency that the county pf Coco
nino W68 formed at the last sessien of
the legislature, largely the result of his
effort, and won for him the title of the
"Little Giant of Coconino.' Mr. Stewart
has always been loyal to the Republi
can party, and has supported the nom
inees of the party at all times and un
der all circumstances, and consequently
he will receive the support of all Repub
licans who are true to their party.
Coconino Sun.
The fall wool clipping of the Demo
cratic party promises to be both short
and light this coming fall. Candidates
are more numerous than fleas on the
proverbial dog, but slush money is
tighter than the peel on a dried lemon.
At a political rodeo last week the at
tendance was quile small and a number
of tho&e present refused to get the brand
on them by signing the club ro'l, al
though they have heretofore acteed
with the Democratic party.
Between the business hours of the
Pima Democracy and train time there
is a mighty narrow margin, but the
delegation boarded the cars in good
shape and were whirled away toward
the west. Considerable anxiety was,
however, manifest on the faces ef their
frierds yesterday, until it wa9 detioitfly
know n that the delegation had crossed
the Colorado. Much water has a de
pressing effect on Democrats. A little
with 6Ugar in it, can be crossed on the
McKinley tariff plank, but the roar of a
great nver demoralizes the unwashed.
We earnestly recommend that the
next legis'ature enact a law making it
incumbent upon every man to pay his
poll tax under the penalty of disfran
chisement. As matters now stand fully
one third of the voters avoid, if possible,
payment of the poll tax, and there is no
penalty for eo doing. In justice to the
citizens who do pay the tax id question,
a law should be passed denying the
right of suffrage at the ballot box, to
the man who shirks the responsibility of
a legitimate tax that should be borne
equally by all.
Regi6TEB or you can't vote.
A Broken Reed Indeed,
This, and no mistake, is the individu
al whose stair ina has waned to such a
low ebb, fur wart of a suffi?jnt tonic,
that tie would certain'v topple over and
f.-acti:re something it a bulky subject
6uch us a fat wife, for instance, were to
lean upon him. Bu ld up. ye lean, pith
less find Btrengthlfss witr Ilosteiters
S'onnch Bitters, which will enable 30a
to ent anil digest heartilv, and thus ac
titiire flrsh ar.d vigor, 'lhe fortress of
life will speedily capitulate to the grim
pc-ythe-wieldtsr, death, if yon don't
Nroueress, sleeplvsstess, Diliousne6?,
corslipalion, maiarin, rheumatic and
kidney trouble are all concurable by
this ree'orative of health aad vigor. In
connection with the usa of the Bitters,
it would Im well for the debiliated
to study the wants of his enfeebled
stomach with a view to the selection of
the mo6t digestible articles of diet.
U. S. District Court.
Friday, Spt. 10, Albert Steinfeldt
awarded judgment in the sum of $12,
47G against the Tucson and Gulf of
California R. R. Co.
District Conrt Proceeding.
Th following is a summary of the
business 01 the : s ri it court during the
past week, including today s proceed
ings:
.la lues Erady vs. Mariana Brady, di-
norc referred to commissioner to take
testimony.
Caruillo Rameriz vs. Severana Ram
eriz, diverce, referred to commissioner
to t:ke testimony.
Carolina de L. Lindemeyer vs Julius
Lindemeyer, divorce, referred to Eb
Williams, of Xogalee, commissioner to
take testimony.
Dennis McLaughlin was admitted to
become a citizen of the United States.
Estevan Redondo was admitted to
become a citizen of the United States.
Ramon Sard in a was admitted to be
come a citizen of the United States.
Louis V. Leese was appointed bailiff
of the L nited States district court.
E igle Milling Co. ve. J. K. Gooding,
et al, judfcemeal for Plaintiff.
Frank H. Hereford, vs. M. J.Sullivan.
et a!, judgment for defendants.
H. B. Den man. vs. Matilda Carrillo.
judgment for plaintiff.
Albert Steinfeld, vs. the Tucson and
Gulf of California R. R. Co.. judgment
for plaintiff.
Tenitoty of Arizoua, vs. High Wa.
and seventeen othr Chinamen, all con
viftsd of the offense of selling cigarettes
to boys under age.
The following accounts of the United
States Marshall were approved, viz:
K. II. Paul, for his fees and expenses.
U. 11. Paul, for his fees and expenses.
Slt.12.
R. H. Paul, for fees of witnesses. 61.-
83S.80.
R. II. Paul, for pay of bailiffs.
sicaoo.
R. H. Paul, for the support of prison
ers, 1,078.1)0.
R. H. Paul, for the support of prison
p,?(J.CS7 00.
R. H. Paul, for the support of prison
ers, 82,918.05.
R. H. Paul, for miscellaneous expenses
Si.oo.
A Dearth of Applicants.
Postmaster Corbett has received the
following circular from the U. S. civil
service commission, Washington, D. C:
There is a dearth of applicants of the
railway mail service from Arizona,
North Dakota, Dele ware. Florida, New
Mexico and Rhode Island,
r rom all states and territories there
is a dearth of applicants for positione as
teachers and physicians in the Indian
service, both male and female.
r or the position of stenographer and
typewriter in the department service
there is a dearth of male applicants.
rersons desiring to take any of these
examinations should file annlications
with the commission and obtain ad
mission cards. Application blanks, in
struction and a schedule of the time
and place of examination may ba ob
tained by writing to the Civil Service
Commission, Washington, D. C.
The Republican party of the Territory
of Arizona, in Territorial Convention
assembled ia th9 City of Prescott, pre
sent to their fellow citizens the follow
ing statement of the tenets of thei
political faith, and ask from the voters
of Arizona a cartful consideration
the same:
We endorse the pi t'orm adopted by
the Republican National Convention of
1892, at Minneapolis, as the highest ex
pressu n c f thote principles of Govern
meut thU through the rule of the Re
publican party have made the United
States the greatest and most prosperous
nation on earth.
We endorse the present National ad
minis'ratiou and urge its eontinuaric
in power, for the reason that in its sue
cess is the onlv assurance of the main
tenance of ttjat policy that has mud
the United States the leading nation o
the earth.
We endorse the present Territoria
administration as pure, economical and
progre-sive, and cnll the attention
the citizens of A r'zona to the benefits
which will accrue to the Territory L
the success attending the refunding of
our Territorial indebtedness under the
wise provisions of the Wolrley Funding
Act.
We favor the free and unlimited coin
ag cf silver a3 being demanded by the
be:t interests of our nation.
e point with pnoe to the cenera
cloie observance of all laws, loth Feder
al ami Territorial, and challenge the
comparison with anv State in the Union
and we earnestly urge the admission of
Arizona into full Statehood.
We charge the leaders of the Demo
cratic party of Arizona with debasing
the hone-.t labor of the Territory by .r
raying against it the compel ition
convi -.ted criminals a competition that
places the cell -f the felon egamst th
home t f wife and chi'dren and the whip
of the tfsskmastr against the dignity c
men laboring for love of home and
hearthstone - by passing during the last
Legislature -in which bjdy out of
total of thirty s'x members the Demo
cratic partv had twenty-seveu a law
authorizing the leasing of the convict
labor of the Territorial prison, and we
ask from everv laboring man a tompar
ison between thi9 action of the Demo
cratic Leg slature ami the action of the
Republican Governor in vetoing the
measure.
Recagn:zing that ro factor in the fut
ure development of the west c.n be eo
potent as better and cheaper rail read
transportation, and realizing from a his
tory of the past a growing dacger to the
public welfare of the enormous power of
ro-Jroad and telegraph linea. we le!ieve
and urge a3 a public necessity that th
ownership of all railroad and telegraph
lines be vested in the General Govern
ment and pledge ourselves is Repub
licans to labor f .r the accomp'ishment of
that end.
Lu ge bodies cf land in this Territory
are held by various corporal ions, under
Congressional lad grants, on which no
ttxes are p ud, owiog to their net bein
surveyed and patent d. We pledge our
Representative to urge upon Congress
immediate action to have their grants
and other utisurveyed land surveyed
and thus increase the taxable property
bv many thousands of dollars.
urge upon Congress the ceding to the
tlillt-rent Sta'es and Territories of all
arid lands now held by the Federal.Gov
ernment.
If
16
OIMBfl
The Great Discoverer's First
' Voyajre to America.
A Par More Wonderful Story Than
The Most Brilliant Imagination
Has Yet Contnred.
A Superb Bunch of Grapes.
Today Judge Lovell and his most es
timable daughter Miss Laurette Lovell
drove up to the Citize.v office and pre
sented the office with a buncn of grapes
the equal of which is hardly to be found
within the limits of Arizona. When it
is seated that the bunch of graphs were
grand, both as to the size of the bunch
aDd the quality and flavor the ut
terance is true and bears out
the predestiny of Arizona that it
is a wonderland. With her sunshine
and unexcelled soil Arizona will
be transposed into a garden cf Ed
en, lhe grapes weie Irom the arbor at
the Judge's residence in this city and is
a proof of the surroundings that will
ornament and substantially make hap
py the homes of n.ar.y in Tucson in the
future. The Citizen bows an acknowl
edgment of the acceptable present and
thanks the Judge and his daughter for
their thoughtful consideration.
Mesa to the Front.
Yesterday Mesa redeemed J herself
gloriously, nfter a leng Demosratij
reign. For the first time in ten years
the Republican primary showed a total
cf more votes polled than lhat of the
Democracy, and even Democrats admit
that there has been a change. Last
Saturday the Democratic primnrv
polled eighteen votes, and yesterday the
Republicans turned the tables by a vote
or twenty-ore, while at least half the
Republicans who were entitled did not
vote. Converts have Leen made from
he opposite ranks, the most notable
being a member of the Democratic coun
ty central committee, who yesterday
oed for Republican success.
The outlook is much more flattering
thun many Republicans supposed, and
all have taken anew grip to turn the
tables in what has always been a Dem
ocratic stronghold. Messrs. A. L. Cub-
ber and Sylvester Moote were elected
delegates to next Saturday's Renublic-
u county convention. Phenix Herald.
1 his article was Commenced in the issut .f
tnei.iTMEX U-aritig date August UK VJ and will
be coutinued from day Jo day tit linished.
SiTTe:e 01 me groves, wmcn he says were
more leautifnl than any he had ever be
held; "the country was as fresh and
green as iu the month of May in Andlv
Insia; the trees, the fruits, the herbs, the
flowers, the very stones for the m.t
part, as different from those of Spain as
night from day.'' The inhabitants gave
the same proofs as the other islanders,
of leing totally unaccustomed to the
sight of civilized man. They regarded
the Spaniards with awe and admiration,
approached them with propitiatory offer
ings " of whatever their poverty, or
rather their simple .and natural
iugle of life, afforded; the fruits
If their fields and groves, the cotton,
which was their article of greatest
value, and their domesticated parrots.
They took those who were in search of
water to the coolest springs, the sweetest
and freshest runs, filling their casks and
rolling them to the boats, thus seeking
in every way to gratify their celestial
visitors.
However pleasing this state or pn
mev;d poverty might be to the imagina
tion of the ioet, it was a source of con
tinued disappointment to the Spaniards,
whose avarice had been whetted to the
quick by scanty specimens of gold and !
hy the information of golden islands con
tinually given by the Indians.
Leaving Feniandinaon the 19th day of
Octol-r they steered to the southeast in
quest of an island called Saometo, where
Columbus understood from the signs of
the guides there was a mine of gold and
a king, the sovereign of all the snr
rouuding islands, who dwelt in a large
city aud possessed great treasures, wear
ing rich clothing and jewels of gold.
T;ry found the island, but ueither the
monarch nor the mine; either Columbus
had misunderstood the natives or they
me isuring things by their own poverty
had exaggesate.1 the paltry stMe and
trivial ornaments of some savage chief
tain. Delightful as the other islands
had appeared, Columbus declared that
this surpassed t'.iem all. Like those, it
was covered wiUi trees and shrubs and
heros of unknown kind. The climate had
thesim soft temperature; the air was
delicateand balmy: the land was higher.
-.th a fine verdant hill; the coast of a
ii" sand, gently Lived by transparent
.iiiiws.
At the southwest eud of the island he
found fine lakes of fresh water, overhung
vitii groves and surrounded by banks
covered witli herbage. Here he ordered
ill the c.isksof the ships to be filled.
Here are large lakes." nays he in his
journal, "'and the groves about them are
narvelous. aud here and in all the island
very tning is green, as in April in .Anda
lusia The singing of the birds is such
'iiat it seems as if ono would never desire
'-part hence. There are flocks of
parrots which obscure the sun, and other
birds, large and small, of so manv kinds
;11 different from ours that it is wonder-
tut, and besides, there are trees of athou-
ic 1 species, each having its particular
fruit and all of marvelous flavor, so that
1 am 111 the greatest trouble in the world
iot to know them, for 1 am very certain
that they are each of great value. I
-hall bring home some of them as speci
mens, and also some of the herbs." To
Iris 1 eautifnl island he gave the name
f his royal patroness, Isabella; it is the
ame at present called lsla Larga and
l.,xr.ineta. Columbus was intent on dis-
nering the drugs and spices of the
f or India, which must De vmmn ten aaya
sail, seek the city Qu;nsai,which,accord-
I ing to Marco Polo, was one of the most
magnificent capitals in tha world; he
would there deliver in person the letters
of the Ciistilian sovereigns to the grand
khan, and when he received ms reply
return triumphantly to Spain with this
document to prove that be had accom
plished the great object of his voyage.
Such was the splendid scheme with
which Columbus fed his imagination
when about to leave the Bahamas in
quest of the island of Cuba.
CHAPTER VIL
DISCOVERY ASD COASTIXO OF CUBA.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
O
ABSOlSJTEiV F
U Ii
THE EANDIXO OF COLUMBUS.
For several days the departure of Co
lumbus was delayed by contrary wicds
and calms, attended by heavy showers
which last hail prevailed more or les
6ince his arrival among the islands. It
was the season of the antnmnaJ rains
which in thos torrid climates sncceed
the parching heats of summer commeuc
ing about the decrease of the Angu
moon and lasting until the month of Go
vern ber.
At length at midnight. Oct. 24, he set
sail from the island of Isabella, but was
nearly becalmed until midday; a gentle
wind then sprang up, and, as he observes.
Wiian to blow most amorously. Cvery
sail wa:i Fprc.-id, and he stood toward the
west -south west, the direction in which
he was told the land of Cuba lay from
Lsaoelhi After three dav3' navigation
in the course of which he tonched at a
group of seven or eight small islands.
which he called Islasde Arenn srpposed
to be the present Mucaras islands and
having crossed tho Bahama bank and
cnanne!. he arrived on the morning of
the -Stii of October in sight of Cuba. The
part which he first discovered is supposed
t. be the eou.-t to the west of Xuevitas del
Prinr-ipe.
As he approached this noble island he
w:i ttruk with its magnitude and the
pamlenr of its features; iu high and
airy mountains, which reminded him of
those of Sicily; its fertile valleys and
long sweeping plains, watered by noble
rivers: its stately forests, its bold pr-
montones and stretcuiiig headland
w!m h melted away into the remotest
distance. He anchored in a beautiful
river of transparent clearness, free from
rocks and shoals, its banks overhung
with trees Here landing, and takin
possession of the island, he gave it the
name- of .1 uana, in honor of Prince
.luan. and to the river the name of San
Salvador
On the arrival of the ships two canoes
put off from the shore, but fled on see
ing thrf loat approach to sound the river
for an. -borage. The admiral visited two
cabins, abandoned by their inhabitants.
ibey contained but a few nets made of
th fibers of the pal ;n tree, hooks and
harpoons of bone, and some other fish
ing implements, and one of the kind of
dogs l.e had met with 011 the smaller
islands, which never bark. He ordered
that nothing should Ih taken away or
denim"-"'
Returning to his boat he proceeded for
some distance up the river, more and
more enchanted with the beauty of the
country. The banks were covered with
high and widespreading trees; some
bearing fniits, others flowers, while in
some both fruit and flower were min-
i irled. liesneakin? a perpetual round of
ea.-i. an.i 0:1 approacning tms island nau fertility; among them were tliany palms,
Resolutions of Respect-
We the undersigned members of the
San Xavier Division, Xo. 313, order of
uailtvav conductors resc cnizinir the
terling worth and manly merits 1 i Ver
non C Wilson who came to his death
at the hands of the Collis train robbeis
do hereby express our sorrow at his un
timely death and extend our sincere
sympathy to the grief stricken familrof
our late friend and we adopt this means
to express our sentimer.t in behalf of a
brave man whose sulden death has
ailed forth expressions of sorrow from
all who knew him. signed
I). Ii Mahocey.
J. W. Taylor.
A. E. Carne.
In behalf of Division 313, R. C.
Vernon C. Wilsen.
The dead detective lay in his coffin at
the undertakers office. The comely
face of the man in lifetime was sadly
distorted and swollen in the grip of
death, nnd he would have hardly been
recogmzd even by his acquaintances,
unless intimately known for a long
time.
At 3 o'clock this evening a lanre dep
utation of sympathising friends and ac
quaintances met at Park Square to pay
honor to the dead man prior to his being
laid away to rest in the cemetery.
Many of his former friends and aciuain-
tances on the railroad were present and
likewise many of the merchants and
citizens of Tucscn.
incied he perceived in the air the spicy
dors said to be wafted from the islands
f the Indian seas. "As 1 arrived at this
ipe," says he, "there came thence a
fragrance so good and soft of the flow
ers or trees of the land that it wa3 the
weetest thing in the world. 1 believe
there are here many herbs and trees
tvhich would be of great price in Spain
or tinctures, medicines and spices, but
I know nothing of them, which gives me
reat concern."
The fish which alxninded in these seas
iirtook of the novelty which character-
zed most of the objects in this New
World. They rivaled the birds in trop-
il brilliancy of color, the scales of
some of them glancing back the rays of
iight like precious stones; as they sported
bout the ships they flashed gleams of
gold and silver through the clear waves;
rid the dolphins, taken out of their ele-
nent. delighted the eye with the
hanges of colors ascribed in fable to
he chameleon.
No animals were seen in these islands,
xcepting a species of dog which never
barked, a kind of cony or rabbit called
ntia" by the natives, together with nu
merous lizards and guanas. The last
were regarded with disgust and horror
by the Spaniards, supposing them to be
fierce and noxious serpents; but they
were found afterward to be perfectly
harmless, and their flesh to be esteemed
a great delicacy by the Indians.
For several days Columbus hovered
about this island, seeking in vain to find
its imaginary monarch, or to establish a
communication with him, until at length
he reluctantly became convinced of hid
error. No sooner, however, did one de
lusion fade away than another succeeded.
In reply to the continual inquiries made
by the Spaniards after the source whenca
they procured their gold, the natives nni
lormly pointed to the south. Columbus
now began to hear of an island in that
direction called Cuba, but all that he
conld collect concerning it from the
signs of the natives was colored by his
imagination. He understood it to be of
great extent, abounding in gold and
pearls and spices, and carrying on an ex
tensive commerce iu those precious arti
cles, and that large merchant ships came
to trade with its inhabitants.
Comparing these misinterpreted ac
counts with the coast of Asia as laid
down on his map, after the descriptions
of Marco Polo, he concluded that this
island must be Cipango, and the mer
chant ships mentioned must be those of
the grand khan, who maintained an ex
tensive commerce in these seas. He
formed his plan accordingly, determin
ing to sail immediately for this island
and make himself acquainted with its
ports, cities and productions for the pur
pose of establishing relations of traffic.
He would then 6eek another great idand
called Bohio, of which the natives gave,
likewise marvelous accounts. His so
journ in those islands would dtpend
upon the quantities of gold, spices, pre
cious stones ahd other objects of oriental
trade which he should find there. After
this he would proceed to the mainl.infl
but different from those of Spain and
Africa. With the great leaves of these
the natives thatched their cabins. .
The continual eulogies made by Co
Inmbns on the beauty of the country
were warranted by the kind of scenery
he was beholding. There is a wonderful
splendor, variety and luxuriance in the
vegetation of those quick and ardent
j climates. The verdure of the groves,
and the colors of the uowers and blos
soms, derive a vividness from the trans
parent purity of the air and the deep se
renity of the azure heavens. The for
ests, too, are full of life, swarming with
birds of brilliant plumage. Painted va
rieties of parrots and woodpeckers create
a glitter amid the verdure of the grove,
and humming birds rovo from flower to
flower, resembling, as has well been said,
animated particles of a rainbow. The
scarlet flainiugoes, too, seen sometimes
through an opening of a forest in a dis
tant savanna, have the appearance of
soldiers drawn np in battalion, with an
advanced scout on the alert to give no
tice of approaching danger. Nor is the
least lieautiful part of animated nature
the various tribes of insects peopling
every plant and displaying brilliant
coats of mail, which sparkle like . pre
cious gems.
Such is the splendor of animal and
vegetable creation in these tropical cli
mates, where an anient sun imparts its
own luster to every. object and quickens
nature into exuberant fecundity. The
birds in general are not remarkable for
their notes, for it has been observed that
in the feathered race sweetness of song
rarely accompanies brilliancy of plu
mage. Columbus remarks, however,
that there were various kinds which
sang sweetly among the trees, and he
frequently deceived himself in fancying
that he heard the voice of the nightin
gale, a bird unknown in these countries.
He was, in fact, in a mood to see every
thing through a favoring medium. His
heart was full to overflowing, for he
was enjoying the fulfillment of his
hopes and the hard earned but glorious
reward of his toils and perils. Every
thing around him was beheld with the
enamored and exulting eye of a discov
erer, where triumph mingles with ad
miration, and it is difficult to conceive
the rapturous 6tate of his feelings while
thus exploring the charms of a virgin
world, won by his enterprise and valor.
From his continual remarks on the
beauty of scenery and from his evident
delight in rural sounds and objects, he
appears to have been extremely open to
those happy influences exercised over
some epirits by the graces and wonders
of nature. He gives utterance to these
feelings with characteristic enthusiasm,
and at the 6am e time with the arthisa
ness and simplicity of diction of a child.
When speaking of some lovely scene
among the groves, or along the flowery
chores cf these favored islands, he says,
"one conld live there forever." Cuba
broke upon him like an elysium. "It is
the most beautiful island," he says, "that
eyes ever beheld, full of excellent ports
and profound rivers..' Thg cliffiatSL'B'M
more temperate nere tnan in the other 1
islands, the nights being neither hot nor
cold, while the birds aud crickets sang
all night long. Indeed there is a beauty
in a tropical night, in the depth of the
dark blue sky, the lambent purity of the
stars, and the resplendent clearness of
the moon that spreads over the rich land
scape and the balmy groves, a charm
more captivating than the splendor of
f.0i day.
In the sweet emell of the woods and
the odor of the flowers Columbus fan
cied he perceived the fragrance of ori
ental spices, and along the 6hores he found
shells of the bind of oyster which nro-
duces pearl. 1 rom the grass growing to
the very edge of the water he inferred
the peacefulness of the ocean which
bathes these islands, never lashing the
shores with angry surges. Ever since
bis arrival among these Antilles he had
experienced nothing but Boft and gentle
weather, and he concluded that a per
petual 6erenity reigned over these happy
6eas. lie was little suspicious of the oc
casional bursts of fury to which they are
liable. Charlevoix, speaking from actual
observation, remarks: "The sea of those
islands is commonly more tranquil than
ours; but, like certain people who are ex
cited with difficulty, and whose trans
ports of passion are as violent as they
are rare, so when the sea becomes irri
tated, it is terrible. It breaks all bounds,
overflows the country, sweeps away all
things that oppose it, and leaves fright
ful ravages behind to mark the extent of
its inundations. It is after these tem
pests, known by the name of hurricanes,
that the shores are covered with marine
shells, which greatly snrpass in luster
and beauty those of the European 6ea3."
It is a singular fact, however, that the
linrricanes. which almost annually dev
astate the Bahamas and other islands
in the immediate vicinity of Cuba, have
been seldom known to extend their in
fluence to this favored land. It would
seem as u the very elements were
h.'rrned into gentleness as they ap
proached it.
In a kind of riot of the imagination,
Columbus finds at every step something
o corroborate the information he had
received, or fancied he had received,
from the natives. He had conclusive
proofs, as he thought, that Cuba pos
sessed mint'3 of gold and groves of
pices, aud that it3 shores abounded with
learls. He no longer doubted that it
was the island of Cipango. and weighing
anchor coasted along westward, in which
direction, according to the signs of his
DtrTpreters, the magnificent city of its
king was situated. In the course of his
voyage Le lauded occasionally, and visit
ed several villages, particularly one on
the banks of a large river, to which he
gave the name of Rio de los Mares.
The houses were neatly built of
branches of palm trees in the shape of
pavilions, not laid out in regular street
but scattered here and there among the
rroves and nnder the shade of broad
preading trees, like tents in a camp as
is still the ease iu many of the Spanish
settlements, and in the villages in the
interior of Cuba The inhabitants fled
o the mountains or hid themselves in
the woods.
Columbus carefully noted the archi
tecture and furniture of their dwellings.
The houses were letter built than those
he had hitherto seen, and were kept ex
tremely clean. He found in them rude
statues and wooden masks carved with
considerable ingenuity. All these were
indications of more art and civilization
th.'in he had observed in the smaller is-
mds, and he supposed they would go on
lcreasing as he approached terra finna.
Finding in all the cabins implements for
hing. he concluded that these coasts
were inhabited merely bv hsiiermen.
Funeral Correction.
The funeral of Benjamin F. Granger
will take place f'om the Congregational
church tomorrow, Saturday, Sept. 17, at
2 p. m. Iiev. C. B. Carlisle, the pastor
officiating.
U.S. District Court.
Yesterday Judge Sloan was principal
ly engaged in examining aad approving
of the expense bills of the U.S. Mar
sha'. The court has not yet set th
calandar, but week after next ia sup
posed to be a very busy week.
Mexican Independence Day.
The eve of iviexiei ' independence
was duly observed by daccitg and fea
tivitiea and the exploding of bombs.
Last night dances were in vogue until
arly? this mornirg. The orchestra of
Montijo it L tidlaw and the philharmon
ics made the night air reeound
with Spanisu muse This evening
there will be a celebration
at Park Square, commencing about
4 or 4:30. also grand ball at Amory hall
Convent & Jackson street.
Around Crittenden.
Judge Vanderlip from Crittenden re
ports the mining outlook in the vicin
ity as good. There are three
paying . mines being opened and
shipping ore in that neighborhood.
That owing to the low price of silver
and the land grant title Harshaw and
Washington camp are not doing any
thing at present The cattle just now
are looking fairly well and up to this
time the cattle raisers have lost very
few not to exeeed eight per cent. A
prominent cattleman in that locality
made the statement that if they did not
have rain at an early day there would
not be 500 head in Southern Pima left
by the first day of June next.
Democratic
Pinal
who carried their fish to the cities in the
interior. He-thought also he bad found
the skulls of cows, which proved that
here were rattle in the island; though
these are supposed to have been skulls of
the manati or seacalf found on this const.
After standing to the northwest for
some distance. Columbus came in sight
a great headland, to which, from the
roves with which it was covered, he
ive the name of the Cape of Palms,
and which forms the eastern entrance to
hat is now known as Laguna de Moron.
ere tiiree Indians, natives of the island
of truanahani, who were oil board of the
inta, informed the commander, Mar
tin Alonzo Pinzon. that behind the cape
there was a river, whence it was but
our days' journey to Cnbanacan, a place
abounding iu gold. By this they desig
nated a province situated in the center
of Cuba-nacan, in their language, sig
nifying the midst. Pinzon, however,
had studied intently the map of Tosca
nelli, and had imbibed from Columbus
all his ideas respecting the coast of Asia.
He concluded, therefore, that the Indians
were talking of Cnblai Khan, the Tartar
sovereign, and of certain parts of his
dominions described by Marco Polo. He
understood from them that Cuba was
not an island, but terra firma, extending
a vast distance to the north, and that the
king who reigned in this vicinity was at
war with the great khnn.
Nominations
County.
The following nominations were made
by the Pinal county Democrats on Sep
tember 14th 1S92.
Treasurer Peter Brady; Sheriff . Geo
E. Truman; Iiecorder. A. G. Williams;
Probate Judg John Miller, Dist. Attor
ney II. V. Jackson.
Supervisors: Lew Cronley and A. H.
Alexander.
Legislature (house)
Doctor T. H. Sabin and W. T. Day
Council W. 11. Chamberlain;
Correction.
Auditor Thos. Hughes has returned
from Phenix and kindly handed the
Citizen a copy of a telegram received
in Phenix whilst he was there. He also
brng3 with him a copy of the regular
Kepublican mass meeting ticket as held
in Phenix copies of which are herewith
submitted. Mr. Hughes states that
everything at the meeting was harmoa
ious, T EXEC RAM.
Prescott, Ariz., Sept 11, 1802.
John Dunbar, Phenix Ariz., "Ws
are working on the railroad as usual.
Want 100 more men. Are laying one
mile per day of iron."
B. Langtrt & Co.
A Great Summer Drink Celery and
Iron in combination with pure mineral
Water. Invigorating and cooling.
Arzona Consolidated Bottling Works,
C-13-tf Sole Agents.
Strength and Health.
If you are not feeling strong and
healthy, try Electric Bitters. If la
grippe ' has It-it you weatc ana weary.
use Electric Bitters. This remedy acta
directly on liver and stomach and kid
neys, gently aiding those organs to per-
forn their founctions. If you are af-
ttected with Bick headache, you
find speedy and permanent relief by
taking Electrie Bitters. One trial will
convince you that this ia the remedy you
need. Large bottles only oO cents at Dr.
Martin's drug store.
Just
Gomez repairs watches, clocks and
jewelry. Church plaza.
In Just 21 bomt J.V& relieves eont!pstls)
ud liefc headaches. After it gets the iritem
nnder control an occasional doee prevent return.
We Wer by permission to W. If. Slarahall, Bnms
wic k House, & F.; Geo. A.Wemer, XI California
Bt, S. F.; Mrs. C. Melvin, VA Kearny St., a.
and many others who hare fonnd relief fross
constipation and sick headaches. O.W. Vincent,
of 6 Terrence Court, 3. F. writea: ! am 60 years
Of age and have been troubled with constipation
for C5 years. I was recently induced to try Joy'i
j Vegetable Sarsararilla. I recognized in It at
otice an herb that the Mexicans need to firs us
in the earlj 50's for bowel troubles. (I came to
Calif :uia in aud I knew it would help me
and it ha. For the tint time in yean I can sleep
well and my system U regular and in splendid
condition. Theold Mexican herb in this remedy
are a certain cure la constipation and bowel
troubles." Ask for
Vegetable
Sarsaparilla
FOR SALE BY GEO. MARTIN
TUCSON, ARIZONA.
Levi Strauss & Ccrs
clcb rated oppcri Voted
OVERALLS AND SPRING BOTTOM PANTS
The only kind made by white labor
None Genuine without our
EVERY PAIR GUARANTEED.
FOR SALE EVERYWHERE.
TRADE V. iMJT-s-V
Trade Mark

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