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NO. 3 WHITAKER STREET, (MORNING NEWS BUILDING). JT. fl. EHTILL, Proprietor. W. T. THO.UPSON, Editor. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5. 18S1. TAPPING THE HIRES. The Florida Logisiatnre assembled at twelve o’clock yesterday, and at 2 p. m. the ceremonies of the inauguration of Governor Bloxham were held In the Assembly room. They were very Interesting. The city of Tallahassee was filled with visitors, and several military companies were present. Governor Bloxham delivered a very happy inaugural address, which was received with great enthusiasm, and at its close a military salute was fired. A grand ball took place last night at the Assembly room. Tc-3ay both houses get to work for business. Mr. W. H. Babcock, the Jacksonville correspon dent of the Morning News, has been nomi nated in caucus for Secretary of the Benate. Yesterday morning a fire occurred in a tenement house, No. 33 Madison street, New York, in which nine lives were lost. It or iginated by the explosion of a gasoline ap paratus which was being user, by some plumbers engaged in repairing some frozen water pipes In a liquor saloon la rear of the building. All was over in thirty minutes, and the terribleness of the holocaust was plainly visible. The damage to the house was $3,000. The building is owned by a Mrs. Eagan, a wealthy resident of an uptown street, and Is a fair type of similar structures in which the poor are huddled together like sheep, without sufficient means of escape in case of fire. • The trial of W. A. Trotter for the murder of Claiborne Johnson in Greenville county, Virgluia, last August, has been postponed until the February term of the court. The postponement was made in con sequence of the absence of an important witness. In the United States Circuit Court in Philadelphia yesterday morning Judge But ler granted a preliminary injunction re straining the Pennsylvania Railroad Com pany from interfering with the wires and offices of the Western Union Telegraph Company along the line of the road. The Ministers of the powers in London have interviewed Premier Coumondouroa in regard to the arbitration of the Greek ques tion. TLe Premier replied that Greece in tended to adhere firmly to the decisions of the Berlin conference. The New York stock market was feverish and unsettled yesterday throughout the greater portion of the day. During the af ternoon, however, speculation assumed a stronger tone. The Washington papers of yesterday published a batch of very affectionate let ters written by Mrs. Senator Christiancy to Edelberto Giro. She admits the authen ticity of the letters, but says she wrote them, at the advice of friends, to induce Giro to give truthful testimony for her pro tection in the divorce suit instituted by her husband, and which is now pending. -Truth publishes a statement to-day ac knowledging that the Chase-Morey letter was a forgery. It claims that it was vic timized by the forgers when it first gave the letter publicity. On Saturday night the San Antonio and Laredo stage coach was stopped by two masked men, who robbed the mail bags and passengers. It Is thought they were sup ported by confederates concealed near by, as they were very reckless. At San Antonio, Texas, on Sacurday, Bruno Hilago refused to lend his horses to Juan Ray, who wished to go to Santa Rosa, Mexico. The latter knocked him down with an axe, and literally chopped him to pieces. The murderer was arrested. The Laurens, 8. C., Railroad was sold at public outcry Monday for $30,000. It waa bought by A. C. Haskell, President of the Charlotte, Augusta and Columbia Railroad, In trust, as is supposed for the Greenville and Colombia Railroad Company. W. B. Ramsay, a Greenback Republican, has been elected Speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives. The straightout Republicans were forced to unite on him and reject their caucus nominee to prevent the election of a Democratic Speaker. It is rumored in official circles in London that the Crown will abandon the prosecu tion of the traversers. The supply of wood in Fredericksburg has been reduced to ten cords. James B. Montgomery, a Southerner, was arrested in Orange, New Jersey, yesterday, charged with swindling various parties out of considerable sums of money. He Is be lieved to have operated largely in other New Jersey cities. The Jacksonville Sun and iVwi has sus pended. If Senator Thurman had declared ic December, 1875, in his place ia the Sen ate, that Tilden and Hendricks had been fairly elected and would be so declared, whether the President of the Senate was present or absent, there would have been a rumbling through the country and per haps civil war precipitated. Senator Kdmunds now proclaims his party will declare Garfield and Arthur elected whether the forms of the Constitution be complied with or not. He says dis tinctly, that he does not care for its ob ligations. A little English work, “Sleep and How to Obtain It,” says that insomnia is not so dangerous as is commonly sup posed, for the author knows an eminent man of letters who has suffered from it for many years without injury. When a man begins to dream of his work he may know that he is under too great a mental strain. The author’s plan of in ducing sleep is to reckon up friends and acquaintance whose name begins with a certain letter. It is now announced that Judge Woods, the newly appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, was not born in Ohio, but in Kentucky. This fact, if it be a fact, will leave Ohio without a representative on that bench, (since Chief Justice Waite was bom in Connecticut, and Associate Justice Swayne first saw the light in Virginia,) and seems to open the door almost pro videntially for Mr. Stanley Mat hews. A trial was made in Berlin the othw day in presence of Count Moltke of a newly-invented traetion engine for mili tary purposes. This engine drew five heavy guns of fifteen centimeter bore through the streets for over two hours at the cost of two marks an hour. The trial was considered by Count Moltke and the staff very satisfactory. Probably the traction engine will become an insti tution in the German army. Mr. William 11. Vanderbilt received from the Assistant Treasurer for quarter ly interest on his four per cent bonds the snue little sum of #470,500, which would make the yearly interest $1,882,- 000 on bonds to the amount of more than $47,000,000. He is also aided in keeping the wolf from the door by other immense financial resources, and is probably the wealthiest man in America. Quebec is scared by something— probably the Land League—and what mounting new guards on the wall, *erring fifty rounds of ball cartridge to each man, taking m the drawbridges, and revoking passes and furloughs, the citadel is in high state of excitement. Possibly the infection of alarm may spread all through Canada, as ia Fenian The Probable Congressional Pro gramme. To-day the ItSth Congress reassembles at the National Capital after the holiday recess, and will now continue in session without interruption until it expires by limitation on the 4th of March. We see it stated that a prominent member of the House Appropriation Committee out lines the probable work of the lemainder of the session as follows: The army appropriation bill has al ready been reported to the House, and as it appropriates as much this year as last, and contains no new legislation, will probably be passed without any material delay. Then, while the Sen ate is considering the consular and diplo matic, the military academy and the fortifications bills, which have already passed the House, and while the House Committee are preparing the Indian appropriation bill, Mr. Wood, of New York, will call up his refunding bill, the general debate upon which has been limited to one day. It is antici pated that after Kelley, Weaver,and other prominent Greenback theorists have ex hausted themselves upon this bill, it will be passed without difficulty. After this is finished, the Indian ap propriation bill will probably come up for consideration, and then perhaps the inter State commerce bill will be taken up, with some chance of its passage by the House. There is also & decided probability of a long discussion over the electoral joint rule which will be called up. This, the member of the Appropria tion Committee above alluded to, thinks will consume the entire time of the body until March 3d. It will be seen that he is of the opinion that there will be no time to pass a reapportionment bill, and that important matter will be left to the next Congress. This is to be regretted, because if by any possible hook or crook the incoming Forty-eight Congress can defraud auy Southern State of a single member, and at the same time reduce the vote of such State in the electoral college, it will assuredly do so. In view of the very great importance of this measure, and especially in view of the fact that unless it is promptly agreed upon, the Legislatures of several of the States will not meet regularly to apportion the Congressional districts of their States before the next Congres sional election, and, in order to do so, will have to go to the expense of extra ses sions, it is to he hoped the present Demo cratic House will determine to pass the bill. We see that a good many opinions differ with that of the gentleman herein quoted on this subject, and he may per haps fce mistaken. Should he be cor rect, however, it is comforting to reflect that, as the census returns from the several States will be official and cannot well be disputed, even a Radical House will hardly be able to accomplish any possible design it may harbor against a proper representation of our section. This synopsis of the programme of Con gress will no doubt prove, in the main, reliable, and it will not be at this time uninteresting. A plausible question is raised whether women under the statutes of Texas have not the right to vote In that State. The statutes provides that every male person not subject to disqualifications named shall be deemed a qualified elector. The law which detiucs suffrage qualifications as a statute of the State 19 to be inter preted by the rules which govern in the construction of all civil statutory enactments. The same Legislature which enacted the suffrage law provided rules for construing the statutes. One of these rules provides that “the mas culine gender shall include the femi nine. ” It is contended, therefore, that women have the right to vote in Texas. Of course the Legislature did not mean to give them this right, but it is argued that they have it, nevertheless, and that if they insist upon exercising it they can not be prevented so long as the present laws remain in the statute books. The Chicago Times prays people to cease talking about Boston as though it were the centre of a Puritan aristocracy, since, in fact, there are fewer descend ants of the Pilgrims in Boston than in New York, the only city which really celebrates Forefathers' day. Boston, in fact, is an Irish city—one of the largest Irish cities in the world. Like the Puri tan, the Irishman came over, but he didn't come over in the Mayflower. The Plymouth stock is scattered throughout the Northern States of the Union, and, owing to its loss of hardy virtue, is fast disappearing. In Boston it may influ ence Beacon street, but it cannot carry an election. The Irish and their pro geny, coming thick and fast, have taken possession of the Massachusetts capital. Boston is no longer the modern Athens. It is the latter-day Tara. No less than $687,350,600 of the obli gations of the government mature next month, about one-third of which is in 6 per cent, and two thirds in 5 per cent, bonds. Sherman proposes that these shall be redeemed with bonds, half of them bearing 4 and the other half 8 65 per cent, interest. The Wood funding bill proposes that two-thirds of the new loan to redeem these maturing bonds shall bear 3 per cent, and one third 84 per cent, interest, redeemable at the end of twenty and ten years, respectively. The Buckner and Kelly substitutes cheifly look to the keeping of the debt within tne power of the government to pay it, and calls for Treasury notes, redeemable at the pleasure of the government, instead of for long term bonds. Such are the various financial plans now before Con gress for consideration. Jt is time, remarks the Nashville American, for Great Britain to recognize that the sympathies of the world are with the Irish in the present struggle in that unfortunate country. Those who arc just do not underrate the gTeat services rendered to advancing civilization by England, and they would not, perhaps, undertake to say exactly what policy should be pursued, or that Parnell and the Home Rulers are right in the plans they propose, or that the Land Leaguers have taken exactly the right way to a solution; but they do sec that there are wroDgs which demand some remedy, evils which are to be corrected, griev ances to be redressed, oppressions which must end before Ireland or England can prosper. It is clear to the rest of the world that England’s policy towards Ire land has been a failure. General Steedman, of Ohio, recently visited General Hancock and Mr. Tilden. The former wouldn’t talk about politics at all, and the latter declared he had retired from the field of political thought and activity forever —not, he said, as Horatio Seymour retired in 1868, but permanently. The population of the United States is four times as large as it was in 1830- fifty years ago. If it shall be four times as large fifty years hence as now, it will be over 200,000,000. The Anti-Slavery Agitation in Brazil The anti slavery agitation in Brazil is increasing in earnestness, and in conse quence of which we are told there is not only great distrust among the planters, but that judicial sales of negro property now are well nigh impossible. With the tenure of that sort of property so uncer tain, naturally no one is disposed to en cumber himself with it, especially as European emigration, as an industrial force to take the place of slave labor on the plantations, is becoming more avail able. Intelligent observers of events and the drift of public opinion express the conviction that Brazil will be a fiee country in less than ten years from date. The policy of the government would seem to be to let the * ‘institution” die out gradually under the provisions of the law of September 28, 1871. The planters in the great slaveholding pro vinces, meanwhile, are protesting against the systematic transfer of slaves by their owners from other districts, as if under an apprehension that, with emancipation near at hand, the property will soon be valueless, and legislation has been re sorted to to prevent their accumulation. For this purpose the Legislature of Rio Janeiro has passed a law putting a tax of 1,000 milreis on slaves hereafter in troduced from other provinces, unless when brought from an outside planta tion to another inside belonging to the same planter and same master, and owned by him at the date of the law. Even the transfer from one county to another in the province is taxed fifty milreis. Italian Emigration. The Italian peasantry are emigrating to South America in great numbers. Oppressive taxation is driving them away from home. The government has com mitted the grave mistake of laying the heaviest burdens on agriculture. The grist or mill tax, and other taxes on salt, breadstuffs, etc., yield 16i percent, of the total revenue, or 230,000,000 lire, which is equivalent to $46,000,000. A family of Italian laborers pay on the average sl6 taxes annually out of a total income of $134, while the French family pays but $2 30 out of an income of $240 per aunum. The Italian laborers are docile, industrious and strong. It is a pity they should be tempted away to South America. They would be exactly suited to the climate and agricultural conditions of the Southern States, and if proper steps were taken to make known to them the superior inducements offered by our section, where climate, soil and productions are so like those of their own country, large numbers of them would seek new homes in Georgia and Florida, where they would become pros perous and useful cultivators of the soil. Our Handicapped Commercial Ma rine. The New Orleans Price Current, of last date, says there are eighteen steam ship of over 1,200 tons in that port, which embraces thirteeu British with an aggregate of 24,223 tonnage, two of Spanish with an aggregate of 4,386 ton nage, one French of 2,189 tonnage, and only two American with an aggregate of 4,680 tonnage, both of which are en gaged in the coastwise trade; that is 16 foreign ships against 2 American. Turn ing to the sailing vessels we find eighty three foreign bottoms against eighteen American. The total consequently stands thus: Foreign. American. Steamships !•> Sailing vessels aud harks 83 18 99 20 Other ports present not very dissimi lar statistics, indicating a disproportion between the American and the foreign ships to our marine fleets, which it is ex tremely flattering to American pride to contemplate. WnAT tiie Saints Expect from General Garfield. —Delegate Cannon, the Mormon Representative in Congress, hopes that “the Church of Latter-Day Saints” will fare better with Garfield than with Hayes. An exchange says: “He bases this partially on his knowledge of Garfield in Con gress. but hopes a great deal from the fact that there is a similarity between portions of the Mormon and the Camp bellite beliefs (the latter being the church to which Garfield belongs and of which he was once a minister), in reference to faith, repentance and the remission of sin by baptism. One of the leaders of the Campbellites, Sidney Rigden, who help" ed to organize that church with Alexan der Campbell, was also an organizer of the Mormon Church—having been the leading candidate for President as against Brigham Young—and stole many of the tenets of his former creed to enrich that religion. Cannon thinks that these cir cumstances will prejudice Garfield in favor of the Mormons, and that they need, therefore, fear no such attack or denunciation from him as Hayes treated them to, It is to be hoped that the Saints may be disappointed in their ex pectations.” The memorandum of Mr. Forster, Secretary to Ireland, and which is the platform of the coercionists who would break up the Land League by force of arms, embraces nine points, on which he instructs the magistrates as to their powers and duties. All these memoranda are founded on laws passed under George 111. or William IV. They show the right of the magistrate to arrest persons bearing arms, disguised, masked or wearing any unusual uniform or badge; persons threatening others and compell ing them thereby to quit their dwellings, etc.; persons sending letters tending to incite an unlawful assemblage or organi zation; persons abetting others In the commission of these offenses; persons inciting these unlawful meetings by drum, horn, fife or shoutiDg, etp. The general tendency of these laws is to make all persons engaged in any organi zation or combination declared to be illegal, liable to heavy punishment, how ever slight tlieir connection with it may be. The sixteen Southern States now con tain a school population of 5,214,004. There are enrolled in the public schools 2,673,822 children. The average amount paid teachers is SJ4 54 for males and s3l 01 for females, the highest salaries being paid in Arkansas. The total in come of the schools is $13,718,606, Mis souri being in the lead, with Maryland acd Kentucky following. compared with 1877, the showing is very favora ble, all of the sixteen States, with three exceptions, showing an increase in the enrollment of scholars, the number of schools and teachers and the amount ex pended in public education. In respect to improvement, Texas makes the best showing. Missouri also makes a very favorable showing. The Utica (N. Y.) Observer recalls the fact that Grant received somewhere in his Asiatic wanderings, a decoration of the Order of the White Elephant, and thinks the American people are coming to the conclusion that this decoration sized him up, so to speak, very perfectly. Exactly so, for “the elephant now goes round.” Prosperity of the Negroes. New Orleans Democrat. The more census statistics published the more shocks the Republicans re ceive. When the first figures came out and it was shown that the South was moving forward much more rapidly in population than the North, a howl went up from the entire Republican press, which cried out against a stuffed census, os they called it, and declared that as soon as Congress met an investigation of the census frauds in the South would be made. But this investigation exploded this bubble, and the improvement and prosperity of the South were established by rows of figures so indisputable that even the Cincinnati Gazette gave up the fight. The latest figures published relative to the percentage of increase of the whites and negroes kill another Republican issue, since they prove that the negro has been doing unexceptioaally well in the past decade; that he has increased and’prospered under Democratic rule even more rapidly than the while race, and that no country on the globe can show a population increasing as rap idly as the negroes of the South ern States. Figures on this point are available from only fourteen States, six Southern and eight Northern ones. These statistics show that the negroes have increased 38 per cent., and the whites only 26 per cent. It is im possible that the colored people can have been ill-treated, persecuted or driven from their homes in the South, a3 the Republican papers pretend, and bred and increased as they have done. They must have been cared for, and well cared for, too, for no race can double its num bers in seventeen years unless it is in a prosperous condition. The heaviest increase of the negroes, 464 per cent., is in South Carolina, from which State we had the wildest stories of the raids and outrages of the “Red Shirt” clubs. The six Southern States given show an increase in blacks of 39 per cent., while their increase in the eight Northern States is only 29 per cent. In Connecticut, Rhode Island aud in Massachusetts the increase is far less than South Carolina, North Carolina and Maryland, evidencing the fact that the negro thrives best on this side of the Potomac, and is best cared for here, and that emigration to Northern climes is in jurious to him. Should the increase of the negro popu lation be as high throughout the Union as in these fourteen States, whose statis tics are at hand, the colored population of the United States amounts at present to G, 743,000, having nearly doubled since the war, despite ,r the Ku Kluxing and bulldozing” to which, according to the Republican papers, it has beeu subjected. The United States census report will have all the effect of a Democratic cam paign document. It will show that the South is prospering, and the negro is im proving with it. Two Paragraphs. Among the many items on the subject of providing for Grant, we notice two that arequite in contrast with each other. A lady who signs herself “Mrs. S. Ame lia Gillooly,” writing to the Philadelphia Times from New Jersey, says: “Bm—l notice there is a continual agitation about providing Gen. Grant an office, or giving him something to do, or making him a present of money. Mean while he may be suffering. For this rea son I would like to say that we have a buck hall bed room on the second floor tuat has not been used since brother James was killed in front of Petersburg. Since father lost his leg at Gettysburg he didn’t feel like walking up stairs, and I do dressmaking and plain sewing in the front room because it is lighter. 8o it is vacant, and if an unfeeling country caunot and will not do enough for a man who has so nobly fought for it, General Grant can have that room, rent free until this nation arouses itself to action and does something for him.” Then we find this from the Jenkins of the Washington Star: “At the dinner given on Wednesday evening at the White House to General and Mrs. Grant, the latter lady wore nu merous and valuable diamonds, with a dress of elegant wine-colored velvet trimmed with point lace. On her arms were several bracelets, including one gold band four inches broad, without any stone in it. In her hair sparkled a rosette and a butterfly of diamonds, and in her ears long earrings set with valua ble diamonds.” These jewels hardly become the wife of a man who is paraded before the country by Republican journals as an ob ject of public charity. Imprisonment for Debt. One of the theories of this, our Repub lican Government, says the Washington Star, is that ;here can be no imprison ment for debt, and though our legisla tion is intended to conform to this idea of liberty, there is probably not a State in the Union in which there are not per sons confined in prison because of their non payment of liabilities incurred in one shape or another. In the Ludlow street jail, of New York city, there is one debtor who has been confined five years, another three and a half years, and another for fifteen months, upon the complaint of their creditors. In the face of the spirit of the laws, it seems to be comparatively easy for a creditor to send his delinquent debtor to prison, in cases where the latter cannot furnish bail. All the former has to do in moat of the States is to make oath that the party contracting the debt was guilty of 6ome sort of misrepresentation as to his ability to pay. But it can be said with truth and justice that, while the laws may, and do in many cases, bear down hard upon the debtor, it will not do, by any means, to deprive the creditor class of their due proportion of legal protec tion. Yet the fact that one man in this free country has been five years in jail for debt,in the leading city of the Union, is a little startling. What the Census Snow's.—The ra tio of increase in the population, as shown by the census, is vastly greater in the Western than in the Eastern States. While the States of Maine, New Hamp shire and Vermont show but a slight increase, the States of Missouri, Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska have shown a wonderful gain over the figures of the last census. New York has increased tlpm 4,382,759 in 1870, to 5,082,844 in the present year. Missouri has increased from 1,721,295 ten years ago, to 2,109,- 091 at the present time; Nebraska from 122,993 in 1870, to 452,432 in 1880 ; and Wisconsin to 1,315,386 at the recent census against 1,054,070 in 1870. These citations show that population is travel ling westward, and that prosperous com munities are being built up where but a few years since were unbroken prairies and trackless forests. The European immigration builds up in those localities anew civilization, and becomes an im portant element of national wealth. The Department of State has furnished an interesting statement showing where the balance of trade was in favor of, and where against the United States for the year 1879. The statistics of tbe various coun tries aggregate the following result; Balance Balance trade in favor trade ag’nsi Divisions. U• S. U. S. Europe $380,150,497 Mexico, Central and Boutb America 846.010,496 West Indies 46,308,714 All o-her countries and ports 40,0 y Totals $380,150,497 $139,811,397 139,811,397 Net balance of trade in favor U. 8 $840,939,100 It is rumored in Washington that in case Marshal Fitzsimons is dismissed, which seems very likely, he will be suc ceeded by H. I. Kimball, of Atlanta. The Treasury receipts from customs during the month of December were $18,000,000, and from internal revenue during the same period $12,000,000. ACCUMULATING RICHES. Tke Rapidity With Which tke Peo ple of tke United State* are Addins to tke National Wealtk. Scientific American. That the people of this country are relatively well off, notwithstanding their expensive ways of living, is pretty well known. Just how rich we are, and whether we are rapidly growing richer, or merely holding our own, probably few can tell. Mr. T. M. Coan has been looking up the statistics of these matters at home and abroad, and offers the fol lowing figures in Harper’s Magazine. In answer to the question, Where do we stand as to total valuation of the national wealth ? he replies: We stand near the head of the list— third on the list of all the Western na tions. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland heads the list, with a capital valuation of $44,400,000,000; then comes France, with $36,700,000,- 000; the United States with $32,000,000,- 000; Germany, with $23,000,000,000 ; Russia, with $15,000,000,000, and the low countries with $11,150,000,000 of capital collectively. These are the valu ations made by those countries of their entire resources. What is the average annual income per inhabitant in various countries ? We come to the front in this comparison : The average annual income in the United Kingdom is $165, in the United States $165 also, in the low countries $l3O, in France $125. in the British Colonies S9O, in Germany and also Scandinavia SBS. In this reck oniug Russia, with her ninety millions of people, is out o' sight as yet; she will not bo very long. On the score of annual accumulations our case is even better—relatively far better. The eunual accumulation of wealth in Germany is $200,-0C0.000; it is $325,000,000 in the United Kingdom, $375,000,000 in France; in the United States it is $825,000,0001 Our increase of natural wealth since 1850, says a good English authority, would be enough to purchase “the whole German Empire, with its farms, cities, banks, shipping, manufactures, etc. The annual accumu lation has been $825,000,000, and, there fore, each decade adds more to the wealth of the United States than the capital value of Italy or Spain. Every day that the sun rises upon the Ameri can people it sees an addition of $2,300,- 000 to the wealth of the republic.” MEN WITH COATS OF HAIR. What One of tke Living Curiosities Says ol tbe Atmosphere o< a Sibe rian mine. New York Sun. A short time ago a man a little over forty years old went into Bunnell’s Mu seum and asked for an engagement. He said that he was a native of Warsaw, in Russian Poland,and had beeu condemned to the mines of Siberia for being a Nihil ist. A peculiarity of the atmosphere in the Redan gold mines near Tobolsk, where he was confined for fifteen years, he said, was that it in time caused a thick growth of hair on the bodies of the exiles, who, in the warm temperature, fifteen hundred feet below the surface, worked nearly nude. Nihilists being now somewhat in vogue, especially when hairy, he was engaged at a small salary, decked in a fanciful mediaeval costume, and seated on a platform with Barnum’s veteran “What Is It,” and the Spotted Boy. He gives his name as C. Ivanovicz, and says that while a medical student in Warsaw ia 1862 he was sent to Siberia for disaf fection toward the Russian Government. After a weary march of several months he and his companions reached their destination, and were required to labor eleven hours a day, with black bread and salt for their, food and water for their drink. To avoid scurvy, onions and other vegetables were sometimes given them, but meat was allowed only once a year, on the birthday of the Em peror. Rude Cossack soldiers were their guards, who spoke with invariable roughness, and freely used the lash if offended. Silence was enjoined during working hours, but not strictly enforced. When at leisure they were not allowed to collect in groups for conversation, lest they should hatch schemes for escape, and when not eating they generally found refuge from their weariness in sleep. Ivanovicz found over two hundred medical men in the mine, together with a number of Rus sians with titled families. The hair on his body reached its pres ent thickness, he said, in four years, but others did not acquire a growth so speed ily. He and eight others escaped in 1877, on the birthday of the Emperor. The guards on that day were supplied with liquor, and they became intoxicated. Tiie Census Apportionment. Washington Star. The census returns are nearly com plete, and, it is said, the figures will be submitted to Congress within a few days after the reassembling. This will de volve upon the present House the duty of making the reapporlionment of repre rcsentation, and the indications are thut this work will be promptly taken up. In fact, in anticipation of the receipt of the official census figures at this session, the Census Committee have already given some attention to the matter of reappor tionment. It seems to be the general opinion that the ratio of representation should be increased rather than to en large the membership of the House, and the indications are that this method of apportionment will be adopted. Upon the basis of a total population of 51,000,000, which the figures so far foot ed up warrant, it is proposed by some of the committee, that the membership of the House be increased to 300 (it is now 293), for the reason that that number (300) is more readily apportioned than the present membership. This appor tionment would give one Representative to every 170,000 of population, under which ratio, a majority of the States would retain their present number of Representatives. New York would lose 3 members, Maine would lose 1, New Ham p shirel, Vermont 1, Massachusetts 1. Uf the Southern States Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky would each lose a mem ber. Arkansas would gain one, proba bly. Texas would gain 3 and the other States of that section would retain their present representation. The gains would be mainly in the West aud Northwest. Kansas would gain 3, lowa 1, Nebraska 2, West Virginia 1. New Jersey woqld lose 1 member and Pennsylvania would probably lose g. Florida and Rhode Island each have a population in excess of the quota for one member, but not enough for two. Each State would, however, get two members, in order that the fractional part of the quota might be represented. A Present for Gen. Grant.— -The Philadelphia Record states the subscrip tions to the fund of SIOO,OOO to be raised by Philadelphians for Gen. Grant are all in, and the transmission of the check awaits the word from the ex President that he is ready to receive it, The Record further says this is entirely a pri vate affair, and has nothing to do with the raising of the fund started by the New York Times. It also says that one gentleman, a Philadelphian of large means, who is a warm friend of the Gen eral, sent his name at once for $25,000, with a letter stating that if it was nece sary he would give his own check for SIOO,OOO, or that he would be willing to pay a life annuity to the ex-President of $25,000 a year. The municipality of Paris has decided to undertake a very important literary and historical work —the publication of the city records, which have been pre served from the last year of the fifteenth century, and which contain a vast mass of information of interest, not only to France but to the entire civilized world. It is estimated that over 100 folio voh umes of 300 pages each wiil be filled by them, as not only are there abstracts of all the acts of the municipality, but also entire debates, most of which have never met the eye of the historian. A revolt in South Africa and an im pending revolt in Ireland set the British troops astir once more. In the former country the troops are already besieged, while in Ireland the troops are kept in barracks and the sentries doubled, and intrenching tools served out very much as if the soldiers were getting ready to be besieged. Cincinnati has a Sunday school class of thirty-three Chinamen, all of whom are apparently sincere converts to Chris tianity. AN AFRICAN “VICAR OF BRAT/’ The Negro King of Central Africa, Who Has Changed His Kellgloa a Dozen Times to Vet More Powder, Xew York Herald. Much interest was aroused a year or two ago about King M’tesa, who rules a country on the northern shores of the Victoria Ny&nza, and of whom Stanley gave some glowing accounts. These ac counts led to the organization and dis patch of a mission which cost something like £17,000 (whereof Baroness Burdett- Coutts contributed several thousands), and which converted King M'tesa to the Protestant form of Christianity. It was felt then, and has been believed since, that the conversion of so distinguished a potentate was cheap at the price. But this was neither the first nor the last of M’tesa's conversions. Like all his fel low-countrymen, he had started in life as a devout pagan, worship ing Lubabi, the goddess of the Lake. He then conceived a respect for the faith, and especially for the gun 3 and ammunition of his neighbors, the Egyptians; so he became a Mussulman, and was duly rewarded by a little present of obsolete muzzle loaders. Then came the irruption of Stanley and rumors of England and the English religion and breach-loaders. M’tesa thereupon conceived the desire to become a Protestant, pod was happily and successfully converted to that faith by the mission above mentioned, which brought him, in addition to an improved faith, a supply of improved Sniders. Subsequent to this, however, the Jesuits sent from Algiers a mission of their own, with gorgeous vestments, which brought with it echoes of Martini- Henrys and Remingtons. Again M’tesa showed himself open to convic tion, and became a Roman Catholic, which he has remained up to three mouths ago. But at the latter period his people came to him and remonstrated. They said, “King M’tesa, you have been a Mussulmau, a Protestant and a Roman Catholic. We must represent to you that we do not hold these continual changes to be for the good of the State. We point out to you, moreover, that you have already got all the guns and all the powder that can reasonably be expected to flow from changes in religion, and we invite you therefore to return to the faith of your fathers and the established church of your country.” King M’tesa has proved accessible to the remon strances of his subjects, and has solemn ly abjured all his heresies and returned to the worship of the goddess Lubabi. There is an old Bible in the Congres sional Library, in the capitol, which is well worth an examination. It is of Italian origin, and is supposed to have been written in the thirteenth or fourteenth century, but the actual date is unknown. It is written in Latin, upon vellum, in clear, bold characters, and extremely uniform. The writing is in two columns, about three inches wide, with a margin of two inches. It is embellished with 140 miniature paintings, and upwards of 1,1100 smaller illuminations, which are beautifully executed, and are as brilliant to-day as the day they were done. The initials of books and prologues are two and a half inches in height, and those of the chapters are one inch in height. It is contained in two large volumes, and cost the government $3,200 in gold when gold was at a high premium, and was purchased at a sale of the library of Henry Perkins, Harworlk Park, near London, in June, 1873. The skins in the first volume have all been repaired, and, except five in the second volume, they are nearly all perfect. On October 9th Mrs. Symonds, mother of a London stockbroker’s clerk, received the following note: “My Dear Mother— I enclose you a P. O. order for £2,which I borrowed for you last night. I have got into a great mess in the city, and have thrown my body over the Clifton Suspension Bridge, and I cannot bear the agony any longer. God bless my dear sisters and also your dear self, From your most wretched son.” He was charged with having dealt improp erly with $1,065,000 of securities. He was traced to Clifton, but nothing more could be heard of him. Three weeks ago his body was found in the Avon. A Bountiful Stocking. —The Christ mas stocking, into which gold eagles had been dropped from time to time during the year by the friends of Major N. 11. Hotchkiss, of Stauuton, Ya., was opened Christmas eve, and found to contain $1,200 in gold (120 eagles), which had been contributed by friends iu Nev/ York, Pensylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and other States. Major Hotchkiss at once invested the money in his home at Staunton. SAVANNAH THEATRE TWO NIGHTS ONLY—WEDNESDAY AND IHURBDAY, JAN. sth AND Oth. R. E. J. MILES* RFVELERS In their Musical Absurdity, THAT AWFUL CHILD! BY GEORGE W. BATEMAN, INTRODUCING the following: artists: Miss Louise Manfred, Soprano; Miss Jeannie I. Tanner, Con'ralto; Mr. Mark Packard, Tenor: Mr. Stuart Harold, Baritone: Mr. Chas. W. Allison, Comedian: Mr. Geo.W. Bateman, Seo ond Tenor; and containing the choicest mor eeaux from Verdi, Donizetti, Sullivan, Lecocq. Balfe, etc. Characters—Clarissa (that Awful Child, with some considerable experience of her own), Chas. W. Allison; Annie Barrington (a. daughter with a grievance of her own), Miss Jeannie I. Tanner; Sarah (a housemaid with a will of her own), Miss Louise Manfred; Brown (a lover with several dilemmas of his own) Mr. Stuart Harold; Capt. Pettibones (a soldier with an objectionable cigar of his own), Mr. Mark Packard; Bilberry Barrington (a papa with an ailment of his own), Mr. Geo. W. Bateman. HARRY LEWI3, Business Manager and Treasurer. Prices as usual. Reserved seats can be secured at Bren’s without extra charge. jan4-8t MASQUERADE. PROF. BHERWOOD will give a Fancy Dress and Masquerade t-oiree at his Dancing Academy on THURSDAY EVENING, January 6th, at 8:30 o’clock. Ladies’ invitations and gentlemen's tickets can be had by applying to Prof. Sherwood and members of the class. jan4-3t APPLES,ORANGES. QAfi BARRELS CHOICE APPLES. £\J\) 300 boxes FLORIDA ORANGES. COCOANUTS, FIGS. DATES. RAISINS, NUTS, CIDER, etc. For sale by P. H. WARD & OO , IMPORTERS OF FRUITS, SAVANNAH, GA. jans-tf DAVIS’ HAMS JUST RECEIVED. THE FIRST SHIPMMENT OF THE SEASON. FOR BALE BY A. M. & C. W. WIST, COR. WHITAKER AND ÜBERTY STS. jans-tf POSTPONED SALE. City Marshal’s Ornci, 1 Savannah, January 4, 1881. f I) Y virtue of authority conferred by Council, j and under the direction of the Commit'ee on Public Sales and City Lots, I will sell, ac cording to the provisions of existing ordinance of the city of Savannah, lots Nos. 45 and 48 Forsyth ward, on the premises, at 11 o’clock on FRIDAY, January 7th, 1881. Terms and conditions made known at time of sale. L. L. GOODWIN, jaus 3t City Marshal. SCHWIEREN'S CELEBRATED Scuppernong Wine Bitters IS a quick and certain cure for all species of Indigestion. Dyspepsia, Liver Complaint, etc. A splendid appetizer and rurifler of the blood. Desirable alike as a corrective and mild cathartic and an agreeable, wholesome stimu lant. Try and be convinced. BCUVIEREH Sc MENDEL, Bole Proprietors and Manufacturers, eorner Bull and State streets. jan4-tf NOTICE. ALL persons Indebted to the late GEORGE W. J. DeRENNE, and all persons having claims against him, are hereby notlHed, the farmer to make payment, the latter to present their claims, to Messrs. Jackson, Lawton ft Baeinger. at No. 112 Bryan street. Savannah. THE PENNSYLVANIA COMPANY FOR IN SURANCE ON LIVES AND GRANTING AN NUITIES, Exeoutor. decls-W6t gfjf ®oofi*. GATHERING ITS GRIM FORCES O’ THE PEOPLE’S ENEMY —HIGH PRICES—AT TO HORIZON. AND TAKING 1 OF LOUI GRAY & i i PRICES! THE 3 Al3 ERB! AT 35c. W AS ED OF THE IMPORTERS 780 PIECI DRESS GOODS! In all the fashionable colors—“RA IRE" ARMURES. CREPE DE INDIA, CAMEL’S HAIR, IMPERIAL MERINO SERGES, Fa OH FOULE CLOTHS. These goods have been sold at 35c. and iCc. We offer the line this, gh at 25c., and aU at that. HEBE IK GLORY ! 7,500 yards DRESS GOODS, handkerchief pattern, at 48c., cost to import slls, 40 inches wide, all wool; have been sold at Si 50. English Walking Jackets and Ulsters. 300 WALKING JACKETS, Light Greys and Drab. 179 LADIES’ RIDING COATS and ULSTERS, worth $8 00. We offer the lot at 55 00. Black Gros Grain Imported Silk Mantles! 13 dozen juat opened. These are very rarely seen in this market. We offer a $25 00 MANTLE for si2 (0. A big drive in CORBETS at 50c., worth 75c. to $1 00. Another lot, 200 dozen. HAND-MADE CORSETS at 35c., worth EOo. to 75c. SILK POCKET HANDKERCHIEFS! 93 dozen, displaying in an especial manner, our buyer’s remarkable taste—l2ssc., 20c., 25c., 50c., 75c. and $1 00, juat one-half their real value. Ladies’ Fancy Bordered Handkerchiefs. A superb lino. In fact, it is our buyer’s choice as a remarkable Holiday Present, at 25c. A DRIVE IN BLACK SILKS! 89 pieces BLACK GROS GRAIN at 50c.. 75c. and $1 00. Very rich BLACK BROCADED SATIN at $2 00 aud $8 25, to cut close, 27 inches wide, and worth S3 00. 100 pieces BLACK SATIN, just opened. 59 pieces COLORED SATINS, in all the new shades. BLACK BROCADED SILK VELVETS. 17 pieces ranging in price from $3 00 to $5 00. 15 pieces BLACK and COLORED VELVETEENS reduced to 48c. 47 pieces ALL WOOL BLACK CACHMIRES at 46c., former price 75c. 39 pieces at 60c.. former price $1 00. 27 pieces ALL WOOL COLORED CACHMIRES at 49c.. cheap at 75c. POLITE AND COURTEOUS ATTENTION TO ALL, WHETHER PURCHASERS OR NOT. GRAY k O’BRIEN. dec27-M,W*wtf NEW ATTRACTIONS at J. K. GUJTMAJXT’S, 141 Brougliton Street. IN DRY, FANCY GOODS and NOTIONS; Ladies’, Misses’ and Gents’ UNDERWEAR; BLACK and WHITE SPANISH LACE TIES; FRINGES, PASSEMENTERIES and LACES; Ladies’, Misses’ and Gents’ HOSIERY; Ladies’ and Gents’ BILK and LINEN HANDKERCHIEFS; COR SETS, RIBBONB and JEWELRY; Gents’NECKTIES, COLLARS aud CUFFB. A complete line of DRY GOODS and LINENS always on hand The OUR OWN KID GLOVEB, in Black and Colors, 3 buttons, and every pair warranted, only $1; acknowledged to be the best glove in the city. Count ry orders .solicited. jan3-tf IJUtUofry ©dGfls. i l ILIUM k , 183 Brougliton Street, GREAT REDUCTIONS THROUGHOUT OUR ENTIRE STOCK. ALL GOODS MARKED DOWN! BARGAINS IN WOOLEN GOODS KNIT AND SHETLAND SHAWLS, SACQUES, NUBIAS, HOODS AND CARDIGAN JACKETS. CLOAKS, DOLMANS, ULSTERS, AT MAUFACTUEERS’ PRICES. MILLINERY GOODS AT figures with a view of closing out the balance of our Fall and Winter stock. FANCY RIBBONS, PLAIN, PLAID and EVENING SILKS, BEADED CAPEB. FRINGES and PASSE MENTERIES, BUGLED ORNAMENTB. CORDS and TASSELS. SPANISH LACE TIES, TATTING LACE HANDKERCHIEFS, FANCY HOSIERY, our Monogram and other KID GLOVES, a com plete assortment of Ladies’, Gents’, Misses’ and Children’s SHOES, and a variety of all kinds of NOVELTIES and FANCY GOODS cheap. jan3-tf flaws Nut Vanety Store, 108 Brougliton Street. THE LARGEST AND CHEAPEBT PLACE IN THE CITY FOR MILLINERY AND VARIETY GOODS I THE MOST COMPLETE STOCK OF FRAMES, FRAMES, FRAMES! In Velvet, Rustic and Fancy Carved, at greatly reduced prices. New desigus in WALL BRACKETS, WALL BRACKETS. IMMENSE REDUCTIONS IN LADIES’, GENTS’ & CHILDREN’S UNDERWEAR. Country orders filled with care and promptness. dec3o-tf and grovisioas, ENTERPRISE MILLS, SAUSSY & HARMON, PROPRIETORS. GRITS, MEAL, FEED, WHOLESALE DEALERS IN hat and p*Roviaionrs. OFFICE, 109 BAY STREET. MILL AND ELEVATOR, S., F. ft W, RAILWAY DEPOT. BOT3Mf rv . Jte Mart*!, SHAVED CYPRESS SHINGLES, 7xW nm by _jans-tf D. C, BAOQK* YVT ANTED every body to VT secured a patented improved * eh *e lens, and would state to parties havLi^ l ** pictures to enlarge they would do weff**® 4ll at our Photographic Parlors. 149 t£„ to .W respondent in Freni ißh and Knj?!Uh. No objection ,® work. Address C. D., this office. WANTED, a girl competent to do work in a small family and take or one child. Apply, ImraedUtelv street, one door aa£tof Bull WANTED, a wet nurse for imwTT" months old White preferred $2? ni> ro. 8 Crayton liirf ot dec* t( WANTED, at 143 Jones street, a fora small family. None wnnout reference. w Pp -I — ft TITANTED, an active aud staady clerk^TT b“ A b . r oiar r ' 1 "- YI7ANTED, a small house, with four otTT T T rooms, not more than ton minutes from C. R. R. office. Address W - jLig l WANTED, a white woman to" W-jS; for two in family. Kefcymcc r.quirJ? Apply at Huntingdon and Mer-er streets u tween Price aud East Broad. jatu.Jt WANTED, everybody to call and~buvMVu * son’s views of the streets and SQuar* taken during t lie storm of sleet JamisryW 1881. Headquarters for views of Southed scenery. 21 Bull street. J. N. WlLKfnj jaoS-N&Teltf ’yy ANTED TO PURCHASE, a PlanlS^ within two hours railway ride of Savannah Prefer part clear and timber. Expecting t visit Georgia this winter, I will examine su c i, places as I think will answer my purpose. y® reply to all communications addressed to r A. C., New York City, P. O. Box No. 3is dec3o-t>t<fcwlt WANTED, Pianos and Organs repair. Bates reasonable Cash pa for second-hand instruments. T. B TURNER 134 State street, between Bull and WhitaS streets. decU-tt ANTED, a colored woman to cook wash for a small family, one without children preferred. Apply a‘t southwest co ne r of Broughtoii and Bull streets. janl N&Teitf WANTED, at once, a medium-sized house with modern improvements. Must be in good locality and have atable on premises Address P. O. Box 23, city. jan3-M,W&F3t Heirs wanted Texas lands. persons who lost relatives In the Texu revolution of 1836 will hear of something to Utah advantage by communicating with CARLOS RODRIGUES, care of this office. Savannah Q*, 'T'O RENT, store and dwelling house at leleof X Hope, south of and adjoining the S,S j S. R. R Depot. Either separate or together Apply to 57 Gordon street. janS.'t' fpO RENT, a nicely furnished south room X Also a small room. Terms moderate 5; York street. j iut-3t sor £aU. I ''OR SALE, a fine counter perfectly new ' paneled and bracketed, with gilded beads and a walnut top. 21 feet long, in one piece, 19 Inches wide, 2 inches thick, and both ends *) inches wice, with drainer. Also 23 office or barroom chairs. Apply 142 St. Julian street. jan4-tf IpOR SALE, about 60 tons (25 pounds per yard), 100 tons (30 pounds per yard)T rail. Will be sold cheap, delivered on cars at No. 6. M. &B. R. It. Apply to J. J. McDON OUGH, corner East Bread and Charlton streets. * jan4-tit FOR SALE.—Orders for Milk, Cream or But ter from the Springfield Dairy Farm may be left at G. M. HEIDT & CO.’S Drug Store. G. R. PREDMOKE, dcc3l-tf Manager. rpHE largest stock SEASONED FLOORING in the city. Call and examine our stock. aug26 tf BACON & BROOKS. East. __ LOST, one large mouse colored mare Mule. abou t fifteen and a half hands high. Thr finder will be liberally rewarded by leaving at H. MYERS & BROS.’, 135 and 137 Bay street. jans-lt PBnrard. Sj A REWARD.—A reward of ten dollars 1 U will be paid for the recovery of four now cypress flat sides, about sixty feet long and four to six inches thick. Stolen from Moorland plantation, Savannah Back river. For 1 articulars Inquire of F. MORGAN & CO., Market Dock, or on the plantation. jan4 2t fftrapti. STRAYED from mv planing Tnill, corner Charlton and East Broad streets, one large him k Mare Mule, a little lame in one hind leg A suitable reward will be paid if left at above yard. J. J. McDONOUGH. jan42t aCunrh. VEW YORK OYSTERS AND GAME at IN COTTON EXCHANGE RESTAURANT, No. o, Drayton street, rear Post Office. Ladies aud Gents’private dining rooms up stairs. dec6,M,W&S-lm fftmt SCHEDULE FOR JANUARY. Superintendent’s Office 8., S & 8. It. R,! January 1, 1881. f MONDAYS, TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS AND FRIDAYS. OUTW'P. | INWARD. LEAVE ! ARRIVE LEAVE | LRAVK SAVANNAH, j SAVANNAB. ISLE OF HOPE MONTO’ERY. 6:40 p. h. | 8:38 a. m. 8:10 a. h.| 7:35 a. , Monday morning train for Montgomery onlt at 6:25 a. M. WEDNESDAYS, SATURDAYS & SUNDAYS. LEAVE ARRIVE LEAVE I LEAVE SAVANNAH. SAVANNAH ISLE OF HOPE j MONTO BV 10:25 A. M. 8:38 A. M. 8:10 a. m. 7:35 A. x *3:25 P. M. 1:20 p. u 12:50 P. m. 12:15 P. ft 6:40 p. M. 5:50 P. M. 5:20 p. M. 4:45 p. s ♦Sundays this is the last outward train. Saturday night last train 7:00 o’clock, instead of 6:40. EDW. J. THOMAS. Janl-tf Superintendent. COAST LINE RAILROAD OFFICE, I Savannah, October 30, 1880. I ON and after MONDAY, November Ist. 18K. the following suburban schedule will b observed: . LEAVE j LEAVE LEAVE SAVANNAH. ] THUNDERBOLT. BONA VENTURI 7:00 a. m. : 8:00 a. m. 8:10 a. m. 10:35 a. K. 13:50 p.m. 1:00p.M. 3:35 P. M. j 4:50 p. m. 5:00 p. M. 6:35 p. m. | 7:05 p. m. 7:15 p. M. SUNDAY SCHEDULE. Cars leave Bolton street at 6:30, 10:00 and 12:00 o’clock in the morning, and in the even ing every half hour from 2:35 until 6:00 P. * Last car leaves Thunderbolt at 7:06 p. r. FRANK LAMAR, octSO-tf Superintendent Positive Facts & So Humbug IN passing down 152 BROUGBTON STREET we saw MR. JACOB COHEN displaying the finest stock of Babies’ and Ladies’ CLOAK* at figures to astonish every one, his stock <£ LACE and SILK TIES, FICHUS, LINEN,LACE and SIIAC HANDKERCHIEF® 1 , his immense stock of CORSETS, KID GLOVES, JEWELRY rich and rare. For presents let everybody g a pair. His HOSIERY DEPARTMENT is cheap, but his DRESS GOODS in all grades are the cheap est in Savannah. His BLACK SILK at 75c. Is better than an! dollar Silk found elsewhere. TOWELS and TABLE DAMASK cannot be equalled. TIDIES, LACE SPREADS and SHAMS. Also DOLLS for the little ones. In fact, the choicest selection of goods, numerous to mention. Convince yourself at 152 BROUGHTON STREET. JACOB COHEN dec2o-tf gftttistrij, DR. A. O. BEST. DENTIST, Corner Congress & Whitaker Street dec6-lm SAVANNAHJ^ DENTAL NOTICE Dr. 8. M. ROACH, successor to C-.J- | Henry, hr * moved to 132 BRO fw ji I STREET, wbeiv he will be plfasod p Jr,* I patients. i M