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NO. 3 WHITAKEK STKKfc/T iMORMNG NEWS BUILDING). SUBSCRIPTIONS. Daily Morning Nxws, one year. $lO Of months, $5 00; three months, $4 ® month. SIOO. ,-th*. Tri Wk kly News, one year. $6 00; six e-- 1 "' $S 00; three months, $1 SO. „t>l - News, one year, $2 00; six <*" u ™* $1 00. IN ADVANCE, DELIVERED BY CARRIER 0* BT MAIL. Mail subscribers will please obsert' : “® **** on their wrappers. RATES OF ADVERTISE- Ten lines make * sqoarw-a reven words, ™ns sl^ one insertion $1 00. two no. three ir.sertions $i 60: six twelve in-'ertion* lO; ei. - - sl4 80; twenty-six insert’ ‘ s L*ihoea rates Local or Reading Notices & • it Special rates on Large adver- “ ” Amusement Adirrtwn.pn- Auction Advertisements. • Meetings and Special V • ** P r ‘‘•ohirsertl'.m , r i ina rie. Sheriffs Legal Advertisements V, , ___ and other officials malted Lbe rate pre vv.rfr* R^'i,l*. W F, r Kent, 1-ost and Found. 16 " ants. Boarding. For . rtisement inserted **■*• ’. h„,‘or ,-s for less that 30 cents. ~ V Poi Office Order. K l^fist^T-'v- or Fxprees. at our risk W e ,t i! inserti mof any adver dement ™ srv day or days, nor iKi inoifv the numbered msertirn* wvh f- rreq*ii-ed by the advertiser. Tdvert sciie nt Ul, however, have their . ,ii . ‘ insertions when the time 7 , P * ut when accidentally left _ .i, . [i. e number of insertions cannot be 7ven ihe money paid for the omitted in- Jertior.' •‘ ll i be returned to the advertiser, in i 'tersshould be addressed, J. 11. ESTILL. Savannah. Ga. HexUtered at tlie l'oat Office In Sa raunati aa Second Class flatter. Georgia A Rain*. A special to the Augusta -Yri<*. dated July 11th, says a told attempt was made to burn Port Royal, in South Caro'ina, the night be fore by firing the store of J. J. O’Neill. It was fortunately discovered in time and ex tinguished. The Jackson Herald says some of the farm ers about there are so near up with their work that they are dismissing their extra hands. A negro member of the Central Railroad chain gang, at work near Rogers’ station, FiT dar atiexpted to escipe. He made a break for liberty and ran some distance, when he dropped to the ground dead. The exertion and heat had killed him. One of the officers of the Southern Express Company informed a reporter of the Macon Telegraph that the pay roll of the company for Georgia alone is $50,000 per month. The Constitution calls it ‘’Legislative parsi mony” that the House, the other day, declined to purchase the Colonial Records of Georgia, to be offered for sale in London on the eleventh of July. The Augusta Sewerage and Water Supply party carried their ticket at the recen* elec tion, and city bonds will cow be issued to raise the money and begin the work, that is, as soon as they can clear one or two obstacles from the other side, in the way of injunctions. Chancellor Meil will be in attendance upon the M. G. M. A A. College commencement in Miiledgeville this week. Governor Colquitt wilt lecture in Athens on the 17th instant before the young men of that City. Mr. Sam. H. JemUon lias been nominated by the Democrats of Bibb county as a candidate for the Legislature to fill the vacancy occa sioned by the resignation of Hon. A. J. Lane. We learn from the Columbus Enquirer of Sunday that two cases of sunstroke were re port* and in that city the day before. Neither proved fatal. Augusta Evening .Yews : “A colored man on the place of Mr. J. M. Dye, out on the Sand Hi.ls. yesterday, fell from the effects of the heat and died in a few minutes afterwards." Columbus .Sun; ‘'Bailiff A. W. McMicbae! w ent to Eufaula Friday morning, and arr- sted Jordau Weathershy, charged with m<irder. committed in Chattahoochee county last fall.” The Hood correspondent of the Columbus Times writes : "Crops of corn and cotton have not been more promising in ten years than they now are. A riin would not be objection able, out still crops are not suffering.” Montezuma Wetkly • "Farmers from all sec tioos report the crop prospect the best of their lives. More corn will be made in Macon and Dooly counties than has been male in twenty years in a single season. A ride through these counties has assure 1 us of the fact." Macon Telegraph: * The new city jail, or bar racks, has been begun. Yesterday the excava tions for the foundations were completed, and Mr. Wilson, the contractor, will push the build ing forward as fast as possible.' Sandersville Mercury: ‘‘Mr. Robert L. Dud ley sent us a cotton sta.k measuring twenty three inches in height, only five weeks old, and Mr. Charlie Duggan tells us that it has not had any rain since it came up.” A mule belonging to Mr Edgar Ross, on Cum berland. becomirg ured of his summer resort, and desiring to visit friends on the mainland, swam the inlet, crossed over Little Cumber land. and. when found, was out on St An drew’s Sound swimming towards Brunswick. He was overtaken and gently led back. Macon Telegraph: "A six mule team which pas- ed over Walnut creek bridge about aix miles from the city, last Saturday afternoon, was reduced to four by the left hand or 'off' lead mute ‘shying’ and falling down the em bankment on the east sile of the creek and pulung one of his comrades down with him. Both mules were killed.” Columbus .Sun .- “Yesterday three German emigrants who came over with the party in duced to settle in Georgia by Mr. Fran, is Fon taine. emigrant agent, arrived in the city. They are la some respects pleased with our country, and will probibty either locate here or in Atlanta. Ail are laboring men. and to be healthy and accustomed to work.” Atlanta Post-Appeal: “A few days since a company wes formed in this city for the pur pose of building anew hotel on the comer of FormwaJt and t isiper streets. 1h j Cotton Exposition subscribed ten thousand dollars to the enterprise, making the building of the hotel an assured success. The building will contain one hundred rooms, and will be a per manent structure. To this, however, there will be an addition of one hundred and fifty rooms, built on y temp- ranly for use during t*.- ho'ding of the International Cotton Expo sition.” Atlanta Post-Appeal : “It is with fee mgs of sincere regret that we announce to-day the sudden death f Co’cnei Abda Johnson, which occurred at hia residence in Cartersville ves leruay afierncoa at haif past two o'clock. Colonel Jot nson. while seated in a chair at the h,.use already mentioned, engaged in writing fell to the floor fr m the chair and died from a stroke of apoplexy. Th * deceased at* the time of bis death was about fl'ty years ot g<* He was a mam tier of the Legislature in 18iT. making the most admirable representative of the people of his section.” Columbus Enquirer: “Yesterday at six o'clock cne spirit of Mrs. ,-usan Rutherford winged its flight from earth to a better land beyond the skies. For the past twelve months she has been a sufferer from dropsy, but the messenger came yesterday and released her from all suffering and care. Mrs. Ruiherford has lived in Columbus for more than half a century, and is of the largest family coonec uons in the rtate. She was born In Sparta. Hancock county. February 14. Id 14. Her maiden name was Tnweatt, and on June 1“, IsSO, in MiUedgevilie. she was married to Mr A A Rutherford, and came on a bridal tour to this city, where tne remainder of her life has been spent. She was the mother of six ehil urea, ail or whom survive her except one.” Florida Affairs. Mr. Albert Pach, n-ar Pensacola, was bitten by a lar>te snake a few days ago, which he took to be a highland moccasin. With the as sistant* of fmentis whose remedies also gave him relief, he reached the city in time for medical aid, and wis soorf out of danger He stooped to lift a piece wood on the beach when the Tendinous reptile struck him on the thumb Our Greenwood correspondent writes un der of July the Sth: “Crops in this pat t of the county are suffering very much for rain- Corn crops on an are rage *re very good. Cot ton good, but suffering just now from dry wea ther. The cotton worm is now making its ap pearance—a few planters arousing London purple to destroy them. Capt W. S. Dickson reported on the 6th a well matured open boll of cotton.'’ Two colored women were committed to jail i.rf week on a charge of infanticide by Justice JL Bates, of Glen Julia. They were admitted to bail in the sunt of SUM. Mr. C. G. McKinney, of Columbia county, has tn his possession the tooth of an animal, found near the Santa Fe river, four and a half inches long, seven ei.hths of an inch square and weighing half a pound. Columbia county has a farmer who says he generally sells from eight hundred to one thousand bushels of corn annually, and never purchased a p.und of bacon In his life, but has sold quantities of it. About twenty negroes went to Fruilland on the 3d. drank ail the whisky they could pur chase, and then got into a disgraceful row. much to the regret of the law-abiding people of that town. Abraham Dryer stole |&1 from the residenre of Rev. E. W. Meauey, in Gainesville, last Wednesday night. He languishes in the coun ty jaiL Gainesville is infested with thieves. Three real (lances were entered during the past week by them. Some planters in Columbia county have sac emafully grown this year the white or navy bean. It is a profitable crop. Senator Jones, of Florida, recently received m iwttar informing him of the death of his only i,i,rtX, Mrs. Margaret Dowd, of Galveston, Texas. This is the third death that has oecuned in t£ 9*nator a family within a few ,k- a* loti his wife last fall, since then a grown sob of his dffld in Washington, and now be gets news of his sister s death. a steamer lett Key West Friday loaded with cabta, te be lal 1 half the distance from Punta Bmaa to Sinafcel in place of the old one, which <a much injured by the submarine animals. J. H. ESTILL, PROPRIETOR. The citizens of Fernandina recently peti tioned Postmaster General James to continue the steamboat mail service on the St Mary 's river, and in response to said petition the Cap tain of the steamer Flora has received a proposition from the Postmaster General to continue the service. Jacksonville has a population of 8,000—5.000 whites and S.OOJ colored. The first Greek ship ever at Pensacola ar rived there on the sth. The Gambetta is not only flying the Greek colon, but has a full crew of these people, and most of her papers are said to be written in that language. Jacksmville l aton "Another new Dewspa per in Florida. It trill be published at Lake Kustis. and be called the Semi Tropical. Mr. Yoght. of New York, the publisher, has arriv ed with his preen and type, and is busy at work on the first issue ” Jacksonville Cninn: “Another pistol at work, a colored policeman (Joe Hamilton) was shot last Tuesday night by another colored man. by the name of Turner Rodgers. The ball entered the cheek and ranged downward. He Uin a critical con dition.” Jacksonville Union: “We were informed yesterday that at a recent meeting of the Iron Steamboat Companv ot New York it was de cided to send four of their new steamers South next winter, two to run between this city and Palatka, and two to run between here and Savannah.” Jacksonville Daily Unum: “The State Land Office in this city has been discontinued, and in ruture all transactions in Bute lands will have to be made at Tallahassee Persons who desire to purchase State lands would save time and expense by sending their orders direct to Tallahassee, as all moneys sent to the office in this city will be returned. We are sorry to learn that Mr. M. A. Williams, the former agent here, interds to close out his land business in Jacksonville.” There is on exhibition at Mr. Doyle's rtore, says the Sanford Journal, a melon of the Whitner Mammoth variety, grown on pine land by Rev. Phelphs, t hat Is the finest we have ever seen. The seed was planted April 4th, and only one pound of Forrester’s Melon Fer tilizer used, costing 2 8-5 cents. The melon weighed 59)4 pounds, measuring 5 feet and W of an inch in circumference the long a ty, ana 8 feet the other. A 50-pound melon was also picked from the same vine the same day—July Ist. Fernandina Express: “During the severe thunder storm which prevailed on Saturday afternoon last, Will am Ambrose, eldest son (if Mr. J. W. Roper, of this city, met a tragic death by a stroke of lightning. The young man. aged about fourteen, who we learn was a lad of bright promise, was engaged in assisting in the erection of a building on his father's pi ice, about six miles from this city, on the main land. During an intermission of the rain, which fell in torrents, he started for heme across an op-n field, and had traversed but half the distance when overtaken by the deadly messenger. He was entire'y alone at the time, and nothing was known < f his death until bit uncle, with whom he whs at work, left for home, and passing through the field, came upon his lifeless body. The fluid seems to have struck him on the head, tearing his bat to atoms, and hurling it several feet awae, and passing down hs left side and leg. The passage of the current was marked by a strip about two inches wi ie, the entire length of bis body, from which the skin was completely torn.” | _ Letter from Areola Arcola, July 10 —The sunlight falls brightly on field and forest; the mocking birds chirp soft, low notes among the thick, green foliate; far off from among the melancholy pines comes tlie mournful coo of the dove, and occasionally the shrill crow of a chanticleer startles ua as it breaks suddenly on the ztillaess; for this is a Sabbath in the country, and “The hush of eartli and air Seems a pause before a prayer.” It is a peaceful day of rest for man and beast, a “golden clasp which binds together the volume of the week" There is no work to day. The busy hands can pause and rest, and the mind, a ceaseless loom, can work without the interruption of every day cares. Let memory lead us backward to-day among the scenes and events through which we can bodily pass no more forever. Over pictures stamped on her sacred pages. Time, with his busy finger, has woven a veil; but the song of that bird, the hit of tesnery framed by the window, the sweet, subtle frag once of those cape jessamines, lying fo white and pure among the green leaves, ali bring *uch a rush of thought that the veil is swept away in a moment, and the colors stamped in the long azo stand out in blinding brightness. These glances backward over the “gathering shade of years” are orten beneficial, for with that “sensation of half pain, half joy. wh>ch we feel when the mind and body are in dif ferent places,” there comes a ye*rning for something higher, better, more enduring than ws p> ssess in this life: a desire to draw nearer the -helter afforded by the Rock of Balvation, ad perhaps a tear comes to soften the heart, grown hardened and indifferent in the pursuit of earth's pleasures —a tear of sorrow, of pity, of repentance. Nowhere in Georgia can there be found more industrious farmers, or better cull irated farms than In Bulloch county, and at this season its broad fields of waving grain, cotton of luxu riant growth, and orchards laden with luscious fruits, furnish for the eye pleasing pictures of rural beauty. In every neighborhood neatly built, freshly painted cottages are taking the place of plainer houses: nourishing schools have been established, and much greater at tention given to the building and improvement in appearance of the churches. The men of the banner county deserve much credit for having abolished from their midst the sale of liquor—that drug so calculated to deaden the energies and dull the intellect which God has given every man to polish and improve for the purpose of benefiting himself and fellow mas. * n the 7th of th's month the Pioneer Agri cultural Club gave a large picnic at Flat Ford, on the Ogeechee river. After partaking of a oountiful dinner, the crowd enjoyed tripping the “light fantastic” on a platform erected for the purpose, refreshing themselves occasional ly with iced lemonade, etc. The delegates to represent the club at the State Convention are D. R. Groover, Esq., Dr. M. L Boyd and Mr. E. Kennedy. Messrs. Brannen and Thorne, two enterpris ing young men, are building a large two-story storehouse in the neighborhood of Areola. When completed and stocked with goods this fall it will be a great acquisition to the neigh borhood. The friends of Mrs D R Groover are pleased to see her up again, ai era protracted spell of illness. Mr. John Slater has just gotten back from Athens. whre he has been attending colle<e for some time. He looks remarkably well, and expresses himself delighted with the up-coun try. Mr Tommy Brar.nen is also welcomed back by a host of friends from Thomasville, where he has been attending school. Afier an illness rf several months Mr. Aaron Cone departed this life on the fifth of July. He was a worthy and highly respected citizen, and will ne greatly missed, notonly by a devot ed f .nrsily. but hv many warm friends in the county. We will miss his kindly face in his accustomed seat at the church, of which he ,vas a member for many years. He sleeps nraritnow. very peacefully, beneath the pines. For him the sorrows of life snd the sufferings of dee.th are in the past, while we have them <ti)l before us. Yes, sooner or later this “fitful fever” will end for us ail, and we will go to “th ,t bourne from which no traveler return eili.'’ How much easier to start on this jour ney if we can hope to be united with the blest: tor what a beautiful, happy place it must be where Jesus is. Iric. Death of a Prominent Baltimorean Baltimjrb, July 12—William Sierltng, late of the iirm of Sterling, Ahrens & Cos , of this city, died to dsy of diabetes, aged 55 years. He was m man of sterling energy, nid a few years since the house of which be was the head was by far the largest sugar and coffee importing firm in B:-l imore, be ig extensively engaged in the Rio trade and the importation of sugar from the West Indies and Demers rs, to their own fleet of vessels. The drm also conducted a very extensive sugar n fining business, owning and controlling all the large refineries in the city. The bouse about ten years ago became Involved with the government in regard to the payment of duties on sugar, and finally suspended, and the closing of all the sugar refineries of Baltimore followed. At the lifhe of hie death Mr. Sterling was a member of ,a firm engaged in the Southern trade. The Mew York. Stock Tlarket. N*w York, July TJ —The stock market opened weak, and sptculation was depress ed throughout the entire day. Prices de clined steady from the opening to the close of business except for an occasions! slight recovery, which was very quickly las’, and the final sales were at a decline fr m yesterday ’a quotations ranging from to 4 percent, the latter in Nashville and Chattanooga. Erie preferred sold off 3}*'. Memphis and Charleston 3, North west and Texas Pacific 2 s4■ St. Paul and Omaha J Wabash Pacific 3*i, and West ern Uniou, Manhattan Elevaied, and In dianapolis, Bloomington and Western 3 per cent. The dissensions among railroads and Jisconraging reports in regard to crops c<us-d the decline. Sales aggregated 300,111 shares. Tubii Burnside’* Will. New Orleans. July 12. —The holographic will of the late John Burnside, the Louisi ana milii naire, who died recently at the Virginia Springs, was opened yesterday. It was written in 1857. This isnow believed to be the only document of the kind left by the deceased. The fo’m of a will prepared by a Notary a few years sgo was among bla papers, but there is nothing to indicate that it was ever used. By the will of 1857, after making bequests amounting to about $150,- 000, Oliver Bierne, of Virginia, la made uni versal legatee. The eatate is now valued at five or six million dollars. Mias Clara Alcott, of Mahwah, Bergen county, N. J., says: “I bruised my limb and it became greatly swollen and stiff A physician treated U without any benefit. Procured a bottle of St. Jacobs Oil, which cured me. It acted like magic." HIS BEST DAY YET. THE PRESIDENT ON THE SEND. The Surgeons Greatly Kncouraged Aribur to Ltsv* for New York To- Day \Y here Is t.ulteau's First Bullet 1-How tbe •* Star ” wan Hoaxed—An Annapolis “Crank” Takes a Hand. Washington, July 12.— One ®f the mys teries not yet explained, connected with the shooting of ths President, is where Is the first bullet of the assassin, which went through the President’s coat sleeve? The most diligent search has been made In the depot building by scores of persons, and no mark or sign of what became of this bullet has been found. Persons have stood where Uultesu did when he fired the shot and have measured the probable elevation of his pis tol snd the range of the bullet, but no mark on tbe opposite wall can be discovered. This has been a puzzle that has attracted considerable attention. To-day’s Evening Star publishes a letter from Nicholas Jackson, of Annapolis, Md., to explain the mystery. Jackson wrote to the Star that he was In the depot with a friend when the President was shot. That tbe first shot struck him (Jsckaon) on the chest. That he felt the wound and thought It was a fatal shot. He rushed from the depot, and as soon as he could, stripped his chest and found that tbe bullet had struck a medal which be had worn for twelve years, and this saved his life. That the place covered by the medal was very sore, and the bullet bad lodged Inside bis cloth ing. That he secured the bullet and still has it In his possession. He did not speak of the matter, and required his friend to be secret, because be knew he would be de tained in Washington as a witness, and tbls delay would cost him his situation, as he knew that his employer would put another man In his place If he loet time from busi ness. In his letter Jackson requested that the District Attorney be informed of bis state ment, and said that be was willing now to give any Information he had. Tbe letter described the entrance of the President at the depot, and entered upon other details, and, though erroneous in some minor par tlculara, seemed to be straightforward. This evenlog your correspondent tele graphed to the editor of the Aunapolla He fruUican, giving the name signed to the letter and the main poluts of it, and asking the editor to ascertain If the story was true. Editor Brewer, of the RepulAitan, replied by telegraph “that Nicholas Jackson Is a harmless lunatic, and Is never permitted to leave Annapolis, and that his whole story was untrue. The entire story was n fiction of a diseased mlcd.” Jackson is the ninth “crank" who has figured more or less in connection with tbe shooting of tbe President. Tbe others have all turned up In Washington In person. So tbe whereabouts of Oultean’s first bullet is as much a mystery as ever. There are dozens of theories as to wbat became of the bullet, but nothing is positively known. The President not only passed a much better day to day than yesterday, but the signs of Improvement continue to-night. He rested easier to day, and said he felt better. General Swaim, who Is almost con stantiy by him, said to-night that the Presi dent looks better, that his eyes haye more life in them than heretofore, and that he Is gaining some little strength from his daily nourishment. His food remains on bis stomach and digests well. Dr. Bliss said to night, at nine o’clock, that he felt encouraged, because the after noon fever had not risen as high as last night; that the doctors anticipated an in crease, and though they felt disappointed at the high temperature of last night, thty were gratified at the fever not going so high this evening. He said the usual afternoon increase of fe ver did not come on until much later in tbe day than formerly. That at 4 o’clock p. m. bis pulse had not reached 100, and he thought this somewhat favorable. He be lieved the fever would decline more rapidly to-night than formerly. At 10:30 o’clock Dr. Bliss was seen sgain by a reporter. He said the pulse had de cllned since the 8:30 bulletin from 104 to 102, and the temperature bad been reduced two-tenths. The temperature was then 102 2 10. He was confident that the de cline of the fever would continue through the night. Postmaster General James to-night sent the following dispatch to the Union League Club of New York : “Dr. Woodward, one of tbe attending surgeons, tells me that he thinks the Presi dent has passed the best day since the shooting, being less disturbed during tbe febrile rise this afternoon than on previous days. He says the actual maximum tempe rature attained this afternoon Is less than yesterday, tho .gh it still represents con siderable afternoon fever. The doctor adds that he, In common with the other physi cians attending the Preaident, feels more hopeful every day, although it is not yet possible to pronounce the President out of daDger.” Mr. James expressed himself at 10 o’clock tc-nlght as mors hopeful than ever, and said all the attending surgeons had given hopeful opinions. Vice President Arthur called upon each member of the Cabinet this afternoon and informed them that he had pressing mstters of business requiring bis attention in New York, but he did not care to leave Washing ton unless tbe President’s condition war ranted It. He was advised to call at the White House to night, and ascertain for himself the President’s condition. He did so, and was met by the Cabinet. He had a short interview with Mrs. Garfield and a very p easant one. The surgeons informed the Vice President they thought that he could go sway without any apprehension of any unfavorable turn in the President’s case. The turgeons assured him that they had additional reasons to-night for feeling hopeful. The Vice President expects to re turn to New York to-morrow, but will prob ably come back to Washington in a few daye. At midnight your correspondent visited the White House to ascertain the Preai dent’s condition at that hour. Both the surgeons, who are remaining through the night with the President, had gone to sleep. The Prealdent was sleeping soundly, being watched by bis nurses. Just before going to sleep the doctors left word that anybodv calling for informa tion should be told that the President was resting naturally and easily, and doing fine ly. That the fever was receding and the C ed most promising. The attend ants at the White House said the fact of the doctors going to sleep looked well, as they have not been In the habit of doing so. There was a report circulated to-night that the President had circumscribed peri tonitis, and was in more danger than ever. This statement was said to have been made by Dr. Boynton, a relation of the President’s staying at the White House, but not con cerned in the case. Inquiry of Dr. Bliss by your correspondent elicited s positive de nial of ths report. The attending surgeon* say there la no sign of peritonitis of any kind, and they declare that they feel more hopeful. Not withstanding this denial, there are some who think the case Is more dangerous than the doctors admit Dr. Bliss said to-night that the surgeons give the honest and exact state of the com, and expreaa their honest opinions tn the bulletins, sod that all reports to the contrary are untrue. SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 1881. “A RRSTVCL NIGHT.” The unfavorable symptoms which rosde their appearance yesterday afternoon hare entirely subsided. The President passed a very comfortable, restful night, and this morning his pulse is 96 and temperature 99 6. This would seem to indicate that the increased pulse and temperature of last eve ning was merely a temporary fluctuation, due, aa the surgeons supposed, to some mo mentary tax upon Ills nervous system, rstber than to any permanent unfavorable change in his condition. J. 8. Brown, Private Secretary. THE OFFICIAL BULLETINS. Executive Mansion, July 11,8 a m —The President is comfortable this morning. Tbs rite of temperature noted In last evening’s bulletin began to diminish about an hour later. Pulse 96, temperature 99.6, respi ration 22. D. W. Bliss. J. K Barnes J. J. Woodward. Robert Revburn. leu —The President is passing s c im fortsble day. Pulse 100, temperature 100 8, respiration 24. D. W. Bliss. J. K. Barnes. J. J. Woodward. Robert Rbtburn. 7 F. m. [Official Bulletin].—The President haa passed a much more comfortable day than yesterday. Pulse 104, temperature 102 4, respiration 34. 10.30 P. m. [Unofficial bulletin j—Since the 7 o'clock bulletin tbe President's pulse baa dropped to 102 and temperature to 102 2. At this hour, 10:30 p. m., be is sleep ing quietly, and all his symptoms show an improved condition. VIEWS OF THB ATTENDING BUROBONS. Dr. J. J. Woodward, one of the four sur geoDs who are in constant attendance upon the President, upon being asked to night what he thought of the latter’s condition, replied: “This bas been on the whole the best day the Psesldent has had since his Injury. There was less disturbance during the febrile rise this after noon than on tbe previous afternoon, aud bis actual maximum temperature was less tc-day than yesterday. It still repre rents, however, considerable afternoon fe/er snd it would not be safe as yet to de clare the President out of danger, but bis general symptoms are very encouraging, and with every day we feel Increased hope.” Surgeon General Barnes, upon being asked this evening bta opinion of the Presi dent's esse, said: “His maximum tempera ture bag been less to-day than yesterday, and bis general condition Is much Improved. He takes nourishment Inconstantly increas ing quantities, and his stomach perforins Its functions well. It Is not only better to night than last night, but bis condition on the whole Is better than at any time since tbe shooting.” Dr. Bliss says to-night that the President’s afternoon fever began later to-day than on the previous days and has been character ized by less Intensity. Up to 4 o’clock his Eulee did not go above a hundred, and It as began to fall again since tbe date of the last official bulletin. “The President’s con dition,” Dr. Bliss said in conclusion, “Is In every way satisfactory.” Vice Preaident Arthur called at tbe Ex ecutive Mansion this evening, and hsd a short but pleasant Interview with Mrs. Garfield. It Is understood that he will re turn to New York to-morrow. REPORT < T THE CONSULTING SURGEONS. T e fi II wing telenam was sent by tbe at ending Million* to Drs. Agnew and Ham ilton, the consul Ing surgeons, this after noon: ‘ During tbe afternoon of yesterday the President’s temperature rose to the highest point It has yet a'tslnsd. It began to fall, however, Immediately after be re ceived his evening morphia—one quarter of a grain of sulphate hypodermically, and this morning corresponds with the pre vious day’s. About 6p. m. he hsd s con sistent and copious movement of the bow els. His wound was dressed anttsep Icaliy yesterday ev.nlng and this morning. lie continues to retain all nourishment pre scribed for him, and has had twenty four ounces of milk and one of rum during the last twenty four bonrs, be sides s small quantity of milk toast, tbls morning. A: 8:30 this morning hs also received ten grains of bl-:ulpbat of quinta. Ills general condition this morn ing appears to ut better thin yesterday morning. Lst night at 7jo’clock his pulse •as 108, temperature 102 8 10, respiration 24 Tbls morning at 8 o’clock pulse 96, temperature 99 6 10, respiration 22. At 1 p. m pulse 100, temperature 100 8 10, respi ration 24.” STRAPILT MENDING. Dr. Bliss tbls afternoon reports that the President’s condition has been steadl'y Im proving ever since morning. The transient increase Id pulse and temperature last night was only the natural fluctuation of tbe fever, and not an indication of any unfa vorable change. Tbe President la better in evi ry way this afternoon than at a corres ponding hour yesterday, and be has not a symptom which need cause uneasiness. His pulse at 2 p. m. was only 96, and although ue has taken no anodyne since yesterday, he is now sleeping a quiet, natural sleep. The atmosphere of bis room Is atilt main tained by the refrigerating apparatus tn the basement at a steady temperature of 75 de grees. which tbe President finds most com fortable. MRS. GARFIELD’S FUND. Mrs Garfield’s fund now reaches $134,- 331. The total amount- received for to-day up to noon was $11,566. MORE OF OUITEAU’S ECCENTRICITIES. Battle Creek, Mich , July 12— Dr. W. Guiteau, a veterinary surgeon of this city. Is a cousin of Chas. Guiteau. He has no doubt that the man is now Insane and that he has been so for year*. Two years ago he was In this city delivering publie lectures on tbe subject of “Christ,” in which he argued that he was as great a man as Christ, snd that only tradition and superstition have given the Saviour such world wide repute tlon. He behaved very strsngelv, snd his relations were afraid he would commit suicide during his fits of hallucination. THE RESPONSE OF THE GOVERNORS. Columbus, Ohio, July 12. —Gov. Foster has received telegrams from the Governors of Indiana, Massachusetts, Kansas, Wis consin, Tennessee, Arkansas, Illinois, Vir ginia, Alabama, Missoarl. Georgia, Ken tucky, Mississippi, New York, Nebraska, Vermont, Florida, New Jersey, West Vir ginia and Wyoming Territory approving the suggestion In reference to fixing a day to be observed ass praise day for the recovery of President Gsrlield. The Governor of Geor gia was added to the committee on date. WHAT DR. AGNEW THINKS. Havbrford College, Pa., July 12.— Dr. Agnew said this evening, in speaking of the changes in temperature and pulse of the President, that “these periodical elevations of pulse aud temperature, under the cir cumstances, are to be anticipated, and argue nothing necessarily unfavorable.” Tbe condition of the President, he says, ap pears to be progreasing favorably, and no reason* at present exist to lessen tbe hopes of hts ultimate recovery. NO CHOICE YET. The Canal Fraltleaa Ballot* at Al bany. Albany, July 12.—The joint convention voted to day lor a United States Senator for the short term aa follows: lapham <8 Fish 1 Potter 68! Woodford 1 Conkling 38 Evarts 1 Necessary to a choice, 78. The Chair announced that no choice bad been madg, and directed the vote to be taken to till the long term vacancy. When Senator Davenport’s name was called, be said that several members bad voted for Sherman 3. Rogers. He desired to state that that geutleman was not t candidate by his consent. The vote resulted as follows: Reroan 58 Fish J Miller 701 Daniels 3 Wheeler 8' Bliss 1 i Adams ’....1 2 Starin 1 Chapman BlKvarta. 1 Necessary to a choice 78. The Chair an- j nounced that ao choice bad been made. Senator Bran an moved an adj urnment, i which waa carried—yeaa 83, nays 70—and the convention adjourned. The Frees Gagged la Vienna. Loudon, July 13 —Dispatches from Vien na to the Standard and Timet say that the txillce have seized nearly all the leading Vienna journals for publishing a resolution passed by the Constitutionalists belonging to the German Club. The resolution was not an attack on the Taafe Ministry, but was only the expression of the general feel ing In regard to the arrogance of the Czechs and their menaces against the Germane. Am Avalanche Advancing. Ginrva, July 13.—The great land dip near Bigrieweil, In the canton of Berne, which was reported on the 33th ultimo, is steadily moving toward Lake Bhua at the rate of throe metres a dev. Jt la throe miles long, one mile broad, and of unknown depth. The house# in Its path bare been destroyed. Sigrisweil and the neighboring villages are fortunately out of danger. FLASHES FROM ATLANTA. ADJOURNED SESSION OP THE LEGISLATURE. Measure* Introduced Yesterday- Polnta of Iks Governor's Special Nleaeage—The Special Temperance Committee. Atlanta, ga., July 12.—The call of counties was resumed. Mr. Mays, of Butts, introduced a bill amending tbe law allowing married women to be guardians of children by former hus bands, so as to Include children by any hus band. Mr. Patterson, of Fulton—A bill changing tbe name of tbe Reform Medical College of Georgia to the American College of Medi cine and Surgery; also, a bill compelling merchants snd drummers to pay a business tax. Mr. Rice, of Fulton—Bills amending tbe various acts, permitting companies pur chasing railroads to consolidate and to In crease tbe privileges and powers of these acts. Mr. Hlllyer, of Fulton—A bill amending the military laws so as to require the proper return of uniforms aud arms to an author ized person. Also, a bill defining wbat mat ter shall be remitted from tbe Supreme Court to reduce the Bias of tbe reports. Also a bill for electrotyping the, reports of tbe Supreme Court for future use. Also a bill regulating practice in the Supreme Court. Mr. Lamb, of Glynn—A bill for local option In that county. Also, a bill defining the powers of the Commissioners of Glynn county. Also, a bill amending the act allowing purchasers of railroads to consoli date and change names. Mr. Hutcblua, of Gwinnett—A bill to charter a railroad from Lawrenceville to Logansville. Mr. Estes, of Hall—A bill to charter the Kingston, Welaska and Gainesville Rail road. Tbe Governor’s special message suggests s reduction of the fertilizer tax to twenty fire cents. He thinks the purchasers of the Macon and Brunswick Railroad are acting lti good faith and will extend and Improve that property, and that they should be en couraged. tie calls for legislation to pay General Toombs and other lawyers em ployed in tbe Railroad Commission case In tbe United State* Court against the Savannah, Florida and Western Rill way. He recommends encouragement of tbe Atlanta Cotton Exposition, and that Georgia be properly repre?en*ed at the York town Centennial. He believes the State will lose nothing 1u the end by the failure of the Citizens’ Bank and the Bank ot Rome. He announces that he has received plana for a new capttoi building In answer to adver tisements. The message will be printed. Mr. Nortben, of Hancock,lntroduced a bill amending certain laws as to the sale of rail road and bank stocks. Mr. Mathews, of Hart—A bill amending tbe feuce laws, sections 1449 to 1455. Also, s bill amending section 1407 of the Code of 1873, as to druggists. Mr. Walker, of Jasper—A bill amending section 6010, as to road laws. Mr. Lrster, of Jones—A bill to increase the Governor’s salary to ss,ooo,with do per qulsltes. Also, a bill amending section 1711 of the Revised Code of 1873, as to divorces, and imposing additional safeguards. Mr. Mclntosh, of Liberty—A bill provid ing salaries and their mode of payment for school teachers. Mr. Whittle, of Lowndes, presented a petition for and against the liquor bills for that county. Mr. Davis, of Lumpkin—A bill Incorpo rating the Dablonega Savings Bank. Mr. Johnson, of Johnson—A bill charter ing tbe Tennille and Wrlghtsvllle Railroad. Mr. Dykes, of Macon—A bill changing ths time of holding the Superior Court in Macon. Mr. Story, of Marlon—A bill changing the time of holding the Superior Court of Marion. Mr. Roney, of McDuffie—A bill amending section 1676, as to granting charters. Mr. Goodrich, of Mclntosh—A bill repeal ing the act creating a Board of Commis sioners of Mclntosh county and Darien. Also, a bill prescribing the time for holding tbe election for Mayor and Aldermen of Darien. Also, a bill for the election of County Commissioners. Mr. McAllister, of Montgomery—A bill changing the time fer holding the Mont gomery Superior Court. Mr. Foster, of Madison—A bill prohibit ing County Judges, Ordinaries and Clerks from practicing law or reading certain pa pers or pleadings. Mr. Middlebrook, of Newton—A bill to charter the Covington and Ocmulgee Rail road. Mr. Willingham, of Oglethorpe—A bill to charter the Broad River Railroad, in that county. Mr. Lamar, of Pulaski—A bill providing for tbe sale of land for a high school In Cochran. Mr. Twiggs, of Richmond—A bill lncor porating the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Company. Also, a bill chartering the Au gust* Canal and the Bavannah River Steam boat Company. Also, a bill to carry into effect paragraph 6. section 4, of article 5 of the constitution, in regard to appeals. Mr. Jzckson, of Richmond—A bill allow log the Mayor of Augusta to be bis own successor. Also, s bill increasing the capl tal stock of the Citizens’ Bank of Augusts. Mr. Hightower, of Stewart—A hill amending section 405S of the Code of 1873 Also, section 4527,as to concealed weapons Mr. Hunt, of Spalding—A bill to prevent abusive practices In summoning tales jurors for the trial of felonies. Mr. Edwards, of Tattnall—A bill for furnishing County Treasurers with the Code of Georgia. Mr. McLeod, of Telfair—A bill incorpo rating the town of McVUle. The special temperance committee is as followr; First Distrlc’— Sweat, of Clinch, and Bacon, of Chatham; Second District— Whittle, of Lowndes, and Hammond, of Thomas; Third District—Lamar,of Pulaski, and Hightower, of Early; Fourth District— Stanford, of Harris, Chairman, and Cook, of Troup; Fifth District—Rice, of Fulton, snd Martin, of Houston; Sixth District— Mtddlebrook, of Newton, aDd Wingfield, of Putnam; Seventh District—Mattox, of Chattooga, and Carter, of Vlurray; Eighth District—Northen, of Hancock, and Polhlll, of Jefferson; Ninth District—Price, of Oco nee, snd QuilllaD, of Banks. Mr. Barnes, of Meriwether, offered s reso lutlon to pay the Convict Camp Commit tee’s expenses. Mr. Lamar, of Pulaski—To pay the wid ows snd orphans the full salary of Messrs. Dansell and Wilcox. Also, postponing tributes of respect until Friday. SENATE PROCEEDINGS. The Senate refused to reconsider the bill changing the time for the giving in of taxes. The garnishment bill, alter being amend ed, was recommitted to the Judiciary Com mittee, and no discussion was had on it to day. Sir. Harrell introduced a bill repealing the act allowing County Court Judges costs in certain casea and increasing their salaries. Mr. King—A bill declaring persons unfit election managers who cannot read and write. Mr. Johnson—A bill amending section ♦373 of the Code. Also, a bill adjusting the rights of parties having lands sold under fi. fat. by the Comptroller. Mr. Parks—A bill amending section 4855 I of the Code. Mr. McDaniel —A bill prescribing fees of Clerks of Superior Courts. Mr. Payne—A bill amending section 4013 of the Code. The joint resolution and memorial were adopted for the establishment of an aeesy office at Dahionega. The Bcßate confirmed Virgil G. Holton County Court Judge of Crawford county. Weather Indication*. [ Omen Chive Signal Observer, Wash ington, D. 0., July 13.— Indications for Wednesday: In the South Atlantic States, fair weather, winds mostly southerly, stationary barome ter and temperature. In the Middle Atlantic States, warmer, fair weather, variable winds, mostly south erly, stationary or lower barometer. In the Gulf States, fair weather and va riable winds in the East Gulf, southerly winds in the West Gnlf States, and sta tionary or higher barometer and tempera ture. In Tennessee and the Ohio valley, fair weather, variable winds, mostly west erly, stationary or higher barometer and temperature. Fartla of Use Ball. Galveston, July 13.—A special from San Antonio say*: "Twenty four persons were Injured by an accident on the International and Great Northern extension, twenty six miles west of this place, this forenoon. The accident was caused by the splitting of a wheel of a coach, which wae thrown from the track," GRISCOM'S TRIUMPH. Clom of Hie Fast A Feast fer aa Epicure. Chicago, July 12. —John Grlscom con cluded his forty-five days’ fast at noon to day. His pnlse this morning was 66, res plration 15, temperature 98. At noon, just before he broke his fast, he weighed pounds. About two hundred people assem bled in the Olympic Theatre to seethe faster take his first mouthful of food. Behind the scenes a table was spread containing raisins, peaches, oranges, cake, bread, crackers, cheese, whortleberries, biscuits, beefsteak, strawberries, milk toast snd lee water. The hero of tbe day quietly walked around super intending the arrangements, talking with the reporters,and even helping the waitresses to handle the articles of food, showing, meanwhile, no signs of unusual hunger or excitement. When the curtain went up tbe audience app’audsd heartily and Gris cout made a little speech, setting forth bis well-anown views about fasting, saying he believed that much physical sickness snd distress was due to overcrowding the sys tem with food. He bad attempted and bad ahown that abstention from fooJ could be safely un dertaken. He had only recovered by reason of fasting from Illness, which the doctors hsd pronounced incurable. He did not ad vise promiscuous fasting, but desired scien tific at'entlon to be given tbe subject with the view to hereafter obtaining any ad vantage there might be In It as a remedial agent. He was hungry but not ravenous. Fasting was both a meutal and physical test. Will power had much to do with Its success. He had ordered an (elabo rate menu, Dot because he expected to eat much, but to satisfy bis Imagination as well as his appetite. He then, amid renewed ap plause, sat down and, with the words “Here Is looking at you,” lifted a glass of milk to his lips snd slowly drank a gobletful. Turn ing to another glass he took a few swallows more and then turned his attention to the milk toast, eating very deliberately and stopping to chat with his companions on the stage. He continued to eat slowly and with apparent nonchalance until the audi ence, having satisfied their curiosity, began to disperse. BRITAIN’S REALM. Transvaal Loyalists Heard In Lon don—Sir Stafford ffortbeote De nouncing the Attack on Forater. London, July 12. —Lord Salisbury pre sided yesterday over* meeting In London to bear tbe views of the delegates from the loyal inhabitants of the Transvaal. Lord Salisbury expressed the deepest sympathy with those men, who, trusting in British promises after the annexation of the Trans vaal, had invested their money there and taken up arms In defense of British authori ty, and who now found themselves aban doned by England and exposed to the hatred of their fellow ettfz-ns and loss of their property. The delegates urged that there would be no peace In South Africa unless Brl'lsh supremacy is upheld. In the Rouse of Commons last night Sir Stafford Nortbcote severely condemned the attack upon Mr. Forster by the Irish mem bers as an abuse of the right to move an ad journment and as Inconsistent with tbe fair rules of party warfare, and deserving of general reprobation and disavowal. the taking of the bastile. Elaborate Preparatloua for the Cele bration of Im Mnetj-Plrat Anni versary. Paris, July 12 —The papers say that the fete of the Revolution and of the Republic, which occurs on Thursday next, the 14th instant (the ninety-first anniversary of the taking of the Bastile), will be celebrated with greater eclat than last year. The city has already assumed a semi festive appearance. The official buildings are resplendent with bunttDg, while everywhere Is visible outlines of what will develop Into brilliant Illuminations. Huge flrgstaffs have been erected on all the ope i spaces. There will bes pplended Venetian fete In tbe Bols de Boulogne with bands of music and fireworks on the lakes. There will also be pyrotechnic displays at Montmartre, Belle ville, the Pont du Jour and other conspicu ous points, and free performances at the theatres. FRANCE IN AFRICA. The Italian Envoy at Paris Re called—A Fight with the Insur gents. London, July 13.—A Paris dispatch says: “General Cialdlni, tbe Italian Ambassador, has presented his letters of recall to Presi dent Grevy. He stated that, having served his country for more than forty five years, the time for his retirement from public life had come.” A dispatch from Tunis says: “A transport has arrived here with troops from France. Bhe has embarked six guns at Goletta and is preparing to go to Sfax.” A Paris dispatch says: “A dispatch from Algeria states that the Insurgent chief, Bon Amens, withs thousand Arabs, twice un successfully attacked tbe town of Kreldes on tbe 7th Inst. The place was defended by three companies of French Rifles. Bon Amena fled after losing two hundred and fifty men.” Insured for $200,000. Extraordinary Npeenlatlon on the Life ot a Waryland Negro. Baltimore, July 12.— The Sun's special from Westminster, Carroll county, dated yesterday, says: “Robert Bell, colored, died In this city last night, aged somewhere tn the eighties. His life was known to have been insured for a large aggregate sum, and his death and Insurance policies were the chief topics of conversa tion to day. Quite a number are Interested In the policies, and the whole amount Is estimated at over $200,000. It is said that $174,000 have been taken on bis life in the past two or three weeks, one syndicate In vesting to the extent of $55,000. Bell has been sick about aix weeks. He was a staunch Democrat, voting the straight ticket at every election since tbe fifteentn amendment clothed him with the elective franchise.” The Saltan Show* Mercy. London, July 12.—A Constantinople dis patch says: "The Sultan entertained the Idea of annulling the judgment In the case of the alleged murderer of Abdul Asiz by the Court of Cassation,but It was represent ed to hltn that this would Involve the neces sity of anew trial and the danger of fur ther scandal. The Sultan then decided to commute the death sentence.” The Greek Frontier. Const anti nopls, July 12.—The Turkish war material has already been removed from the second zone of the ceded territory, and It Is believed that the treaty term for the dual transfer to Greece will be shortened. Pope Pina IX’s. Resting Place. Rome, July 12.—The body of Pope Plus (X., In accordance with the terms of bis will, will be removed to day from St. Peter’s to the church of San Lorerzo. The whole ceremony will be strictly private. Costly Work of Lightning. Sooth Bkmd, Ind., July 12.— The shops of the Djdge Manufacturing Company, at Mishawaka, were struck by lightning on Sunday and burned. Loss $30,000. No in surance. Id olden times English tramps prayed for deliverance from Hell, Hull aDd Hali fax. This is explained by the chronicler Fuller, who related that there was a pe culiar "gibbet law” offering special fa cilities for the hanging of idle and dis honest in Halifax, while they avoided Hull because it was “terrible unto them as a town of good government, where vagrants meet with punitive charity.” "Punitive charity” is good, and might be applied with advantage in this erring and straying season in many places out side of Hull. >■■.■— — i ■ Files and mosquitoes. A ISe. box of "Rough on Rats” will keep a house free from flies, mosquitoes, rats and mice the entire season* Uruggista. COTTON IN THE CENSUS. STATISTICS OF THE SOUTHERN STAPLE. Relative Rank of ths Stutes-Where the Yield Is Largest and Where tbe Smallest Where Georgia Stands—The New Departure In the Carolines—The Growth of a De cade. Washington Correspondence Bradttreet's. Cotton production in this country has out stripped the Increase of the population of the cotton States proper in a ratio approach ing that of three to one. According to Pro fessor Hllgard, Special Agent of the United States Census on cotton statistics, the maxi mum of specific increase has occurred in the Atlantic cotton States, whose average pro duct per acre is now nearly equal to that of the State of Mississippi. An area of low production (due to soil exhaustion) is sweep ing westward, the line of minimum produc tion per sere lying at this time In the B‘ates of Florida and Alabama, a hence the pro duction rises until In the virgin bottom lands of Louisiana and Arkansas It reaches s maximum, and again descends (as would naturally be expected) in the uplands of Tex 9. Of these three conclusions, Profes sor Hllgard thinks note Is more pregnant with Importance than the last. If the irre sistible logic of the census figures were fully appreciated by the population of the Mississippi Valley States, it should serve to induce s timely change in the policy of cul ture now pursued, and thus to prevent the low ebb of productiveness now on its west ward course from reaching the unexhausted States. The data collected by the census enumer ators during June, 1880, necessarily refer to ths cotton crop of 1879, at least so far as the product Is concerned. In some cases, however, it is feared that the enumerators have returned the acreage of 1880. As the crop of 1880 was, doubtless, greater than that of 1879, the error would tend to depress the calculated average production per acre to some extent. In the following table the cotton-producing States are arranged in ac cordance with tbe order of their rank ao cordlng to production in 1879 : COTTON PRODUCTION IN 1878. - j States j | Cotton in order or Popula- White. Colored Production. Production i tfon. | i Acres. Bales. Mississippi.. I 1,181,5921 479,871 559 337 2,093,330 H.Yi.fVrt Georgia ... 1,539,048' 314,251 731,635 2,616,568 813,965 Texas 1,592 574; 1,197,499 394,001 2,168,136 801,090 Alabama.... 1.262.794 ! 662,328 600,249 2,329,577 699, BT6 Arkansas... 802,564 j 591,611 210,822 1,040,701 606,980 S. Carolina 995,622 j 891,224 604.275 1,364,249 522,548 Louisiana.. 910,10S 455,007 483,794 861,882 506,764 N. Carolina. 1,400,047 ! 867,47s 531,851 892,982 389,516 Tennessee 1,542.463 1.139,120 402,991 722,501 330,694 Florida 267,351! 141,832 1 25,464 245,595 54,997 Missouri ... 2,166,804; 2,021.588 145,046 32,711 19.733 Indian Ter 36,000 17,000 Virginia. ... 1,512,8(6 880,981; 631.754 , 24,000 11,000 Kentucky.. 1,648,708 1.877,187 ; 871,461 : 2,667 1,867 Total 18,804.470 11,021,457 (5,776,080 ! 14,498,679 5,730.968 Owing, undoubtedly, to the concentration of cot.on culture upon the most fertile lands, and from tbe fact tbat the area of production embrace^! most exclusively the highly fertile lowlands lying at tbe head of the great “St. Francis bottom,” In the southeastern corner of the State, Missouri stands at tbe head of tbe list In average yield per acre, producing flO-100 of a bale (of 475 pounds) to the acre. Arkansas comes second, and produces its 606,980 bales, on somewhat over a million of acres, making the average product per acre 58 100. By far the greater portion of the cotton produced cornea from tbe eastern and southern portions of the State, which contain a large proportion of bottom lands, while In the extreme northern *Dd northwestern counties but little cotton is grown. The Census Department figures Indicate tbat the average production of cot ton per acre, in 1879, in Louisiana, was 58 100 of a bale; In Mississippi, 46 100; in Georgia, 31-100; in Alabama, 30 103, and In Florida, 22 100. The great State of Texas stands third In the list of total production, while first In population among the citton Btates proper, but ninth In yield per sere— 37-lto of a bale. This latter fact may surprise some persons, bat Is In part accounted for as *d accident of the season, the year of 1879 baying been an unusually dry one, and therefore especially unfavorable to a coun try In which so large a proportion of the staple is grown on tbe upland soil. Among these, the heavy black prairie soils, so high ly productive In favorable seasons, are no toriously the first to suffer from drought. In ordinary seasons the average yield In Texas would approach that of Mlssistippior South Carolina. The returns show that 52 per cent, of tbe cotton product of Texas is grown In the northeastern portion of tbe State—north of thirty second parallel and east of the ninety eighth meridian, and that within this region the production is highest In the coumles adjoining Red river, the product averaging 40 100 of a bale per acre. Southward of the thirty second parallel tbe average yield Is 34-100 per acre. The coast counties produce but little cotton—lnland, between Red river aDd San Antonio, about 35 per cent, of the total product Is grown on black prairie land, the average product per acre on such land being (in 1879) 34 100 of a bale per acre. Within the last' decide the region of cotton production has ex ended seventy-five miles westward. Mississippi stands first In product, sixth In population and In yield peracre. Twenty seven per cent, of the cotton product of tbe State comes from tbe Yazoo bottom, while over one half of the whole Is produced In what might be termed the first class uplands, viz : the table land belt bordering the Mis sissippi bluff, and the two prairie belts. The high production Is dne to the fact that quite one half of its territory Is occupied by soils of exceptional fertility, and the fact tbat it Is the one pursuit to which tbe population devotes itself. Georgia stands slightly ahead of Ala bama’s average cotton product per the acre. The Inference, from a careful study of the detailed figures, Is that while Mississippi Is still partly within the period of the first flush of fertility, and Georgia bss reached the stage when the use of fertilizers is renovat ing her fields, tbe tolls of Alabama have passed the first stage, snd her population has not yet real!zed the necessity of sus taining the soli’s powers by fertilization. The cotton production of Tennessee Is concentrated upon a comparatively small area of highly productive land, and this fact accounts for the yield of 46-100 of a bale per tbe acre. The cases of the two Carolines, with respset to cotton production, are nearly alike. In both Btates tne average cotton product per acre Is high, as compared with that of Georgia and Ala bama, and, In the case of North Carolina, approaches that of Mississippi Itself; North Carolina, 44 100, and South Carolina, 38 100 per acre. The following table will show the rs markable Increase of tbe cotton product in the last decade: COTTON PRODCJCTION IN 1870 AND 1880. Increase ® Balm Bales in batee £ 5 States in onr.su . , n i 475 _ during 5* £ or Production. '*• ( ' : * DS - the *. S 1870. j 1880. decade. £ S Mississippi 564,938 955.896 390,870 69.2 Georgia 473,934 818,963 840,081 71.7 Texas 3.30 6381 801 O 0 460.4*2 1*8.5 Alabama 439.482: 699,376 270,094 62. Arkansas 347,968 606.980 359.012 144.8 South Carolina.. 3*4.r00 522.5*9 298.048 132.8 I-enisle oa 860,832 ' 506,764 155,982 44 4 North Carolina.. 144,9.35 389,516 244.581 168.7 Tennessee 181.842 810.6*4 148,781 81.1 Florida 89,789 i 54,997 13,209 88.2 Missouri 1,216 19,733 18,487 1,483 7 Indian Territory 17.060 .. Virginia I S 11,000 10,817! 5,910 0 Kentucky 1,080 1,367 287! *6.6 Total 8.011.357 5.731,968 2.709.6111 89.7 The fact that cotton production during the last decade has almost doubled speaks sufficiently for the increasing attention be stowed upon the great staple. In the case of Texas, the Increase of cotton production has little more than kept pace with the In crease of population. The great increase in the cotton product of the Carollnas is due to more thorough cultivation and Increased use of fertilisers. In commenting on the Carollnas, professor Bilgard says: "Theae two members of the original union of thirteen have been first to place cotton culture upon a permanent foundation by adopting 4 system of regular returns to the soil, and the high product per acre, as compared with Georgia and Alabama on the one hand, and with Missis sippi on the other, exhibits tellingly the tide-wave advancing westward, the ebb of the Aset native fertility in Alabama and Florida, the rising tide of restored pro ductiveness In the Carolina*, with Georgi* on the westward slope of the wave, on which it is rising and showing distinctly a higher product per acre in its eastern than ESTABLISHED 1850. In tta western portion, where the use of fertilisers is much lees extended.” [lt will be noticed that the writer of the shove elves the average weight of a bale of cotton for the crop years of 1870 and 1880 very differently from those accepted by trade authorities. The Liverpool Annual Cotton Circular, 1870, represents the aver age weight of American cotton In 1809 at 434 pounds net, or about 450 pounds gross. The official report of the National Cotton Exchange of America, September 8, 1880, gives the average weight per bale at a frac tion over 481 pounds.— Editok Btun- STRRBT’S,] BRIEF NEWS SUMMARY. Eleven hundred and forty four deaths were reported In New York city last week. The Jewish inhabitants of Novo Ther kask, on the river Don, have been ordered to quit the town by September ISch. Thirty cases of small pox are reported in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Five families none street are sick with the disease. At noon yesterday Gale, the pedestrian, had completed 2,085 quarter miles of the 6,000 quarter miles In 6,000 consecutive ten minutes. He is still in good condition. A correspondent at Slstova ssys that the present members of the National Assembly are arriving at Slstova, undermtlitary escort, to protect them from the Insults of the Liberals. There are now 200 persons imprisoned in Ireland under the coercion act, including 1 member of Parliament, 1 priest, 1 magistrate, several town councillorsfand many poor law guardians. Mrs. Wm. Johnston was found lying on the fl jors of her rooms in New York. Life was extinct. There were marks on her chin, and the throat was slightly discolored. Her husband was arrested on the charge of murdering her. A young man named Samuel Maltby was accidentally shot and killed at Montreal by some member of a militia regimsut who was engaged in rifle shooting. The deceased was swimming in the river behind the butts when he met his death. Reuben Coleman and a posse of,t-iglit men surrounded a cabin in Arbuckle Mountains, in the Indian Territory, for the purpose of arresting two suspected murderers. Two men emerged from the cabin, shot Coleman dead, wounded another, and then escaped. The striking longshoremen at Montreal have asked for a conference with ship own ers to settle their differences. A number of the strikers have resumed work. The draymen, however, threaten to strike this week “out of sympathy with the longshore men.” The City Council of Dallas, Texas, owing to popular complaints against overcharges and Insufficiency of the gas and water sup ply, has “come to a deadlock” with the companies, and the supply of gas and water has been turned off. The city is about to take steps towards Introducing the electrio light and building water works of its own. A telegram from Chicago says the Pitts burg, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad Company has “cut” .he grain rate to the seaboard to twelve cents per hundred pounds on grain in elevators. This rate does not apply to grain transferred from Western connections, and the reduction, it is asserted, “is made simply to prevent ibe diversion of grain in the elevators to the water line.” The post offlee at Lyons, Ohio,was robbed some time ago, and since that time the Post master, Carmon, has been watchful for burglars. About 2 o’clock on Saturday morning he saw a figure on the root of the house and fired the contents of a carbine through its bead. Examination showed that he bad killed his fourteen-year-old son, who bad gone out on the roof in a fit of somnambulism or to seek relief from the heat. Coroner Brady, of New York, held an in quest at the Metropolitan Hotel over the body of Thomas Fitzgerald Callaghan, Gov ernor of the Bahama Islands, who ditd, and found that death was caused by paralysis of the heart, induced by a long attack of inter mittent fever. The body will be embalmed and taken to England. Governor Callaghan was a native of the county Cork, Irelaud. He entered the British colonial service about twenty years ago, and has held various po sitions of trust. Near Hollywood, Arkansas, two Texans stopped at the house of Thomas Holden and asked for corn to feed their horses, but weia refused by a colored man in care of the premises. One of the strangers, remarking that they must have twenty ears to feed their horses, threw twenty five cents to the negro and took the corn,” and the men re sumed their journey. Holden, returning home and hearing the negro’s report of the matter, secured the company of John H. Wilson, and started in pursuit of the strang ers. They were overtaken at a distance of a few miles, one of them sitting on his horse, while the other was asleep on the ground. The man on watch gave the a!a-m, but was shot dead by Wilson. The remain ing man was taken to Hollywood, but was released by the magistrate there. JEFFERSON DAVIS ON THE CRIME. His Sympathy for the Wounded President and Detestation of the Deed. In an interview with a staff corre spondent of the Philadelphia Pre*t, at bis home near Mississippi City, Mr. Davis said: "This assault on General Garfield is a horrible crime. There can be but one sentiment among the people of this coun try on the enormity of the offense. What it may forbode to the country is hard to determine. When a man will kill the President because he refuses him office, what n\ay not be expected? Assassina tion is usually the outgrowth of seasons of galling oppression. Even then it is the resort of a force or sentiment too cowardly for revolution and too con temptible for civilization to tolerate. But this crime is without even the excuse of excitement. A vulgar man murders the President in his wild delirium about office. Such a crime makes the whole nation kin, halters all prejudices, and hushes partisan thougLts. ft is evi dent that the crime is the outgrowth of the greedy scramble for office which has of late years been so marked. It is lo be hoped that the reaction which this great crime will produce may correct this alarming evil. It has for a long time been growmg into our system of govern ment uDtil it appears to have finally re sulted in the murder of the Executive. The South had much hope of Garfield’s administration, and will sincerely mourn his loss as it joins in the national sorrow over the assault upon his life. I earnest ly hope he may speedily recover. ‘‘Appointments ana removals for political considerations is a bad use of executive power. When the Confederacy was organized at Montgomery, it was provided that no man should be removed from office by the Executive except for cause, which the law required should be specifically stated. The political power concentraied in the hands of the Presi dent by his contrlo of patronage has been growing greater every day, and its ad ministration has for a long time been vicious.” "Didn’t it begin in Jaokson’s time, when he fathered the doctrine that ‘to the victor belong the spoils ?’ ” "It is a common error that Jackson was the author of that declaration. That is not true, nor is it true that re movals and appointments for political considerations began during hisadminis tration. Mr. Marcy, while making a speech in the Senate, made use of the expression, ‘To the victor belong the spoils,’ while stating what might follow as the line of policy under certain con tingencies. Another Senator, after the speech, called his attention to the phrase and said: “ ‘That statement will be considered and treated as an open avowal of party policy, and you had better have it stricken out.’ " ‘No; that is not what I intended, but it is there, and I will not change it,’ replied Mr. Marcy. "The first removals for political con siderations began during John Quincy Adams’ administration in the State De partment, when Mr. Clay was at the head of it, and removed the printers who did the public printing. The State De partment then also indirectly controlled the Post Office Department, the Post master General not then being a Cabinet officer.” At this point the conversation was in terrupted by the arrival of the mail. Mr. Davis stepped down to meet the mesaen ger before he had reached the upper step of the porch. He took the New Orleans paper, seated himself, and quickly began reading aloud, without spectacles, the last dispatches concerning President Garfield's condition. As he read the un favorable dispatches he dropped the paper upon his lap, and, for a moment, sat in deep thought. He finally looked up and said: “I fear he will die. What a calamity! What a fearful crime! Life is full of dan ger and bitter disappointments, and we all get our share. This is a terrible blow at our institutions. In a time of perfect peace and plenty that the President should be snot down by a vile wretch portends, I fear, more of evil than we can now comprehend It is a great pity. I d ' hope that he may yet rally.” The famous Cafe Anglais, in Paris, familiar to most American diners out, has just completed its century of exist ence Founded in 1780 as a simple cafe, by 1800 it had become a favorite break tasting place, and two years later was the chief rendezvous of the returned emigres. This was the beginning of its aristocratic connection, ana in the year of Waterloo the Cafe Anglais had ob tained a European reputation. Equally renowned under the restoration, the cafe then established a roulette table, and has continued in favor through all the suc ceeding political vicissitudes. gafctttifl W otrdrr. (W HiSa ! ity *4KIM c POWDER Absolutely Pure. MADE FROM GRAPE CREAM TARTAR.— No other preparation makes such light, flaky hot breads, or luxurious pastry. Can be eaten by Dyspeptics without fear of the Ills resulting from heavy Indigestible food. Sold only in cans by all grocers. ROYAL BAKING POWDER 00., feb7 tv New York. Siuli 3?tmrlt. !■ A DELICIOUS DRINK OSB For Use In Families, Hotels, ‘ Clubs, I‘ientcs, Forties, etc, j A Hub; [HjPunch ; —. h C. H. GRAVES A SONS. , The "Hub Punch ” has lately been introduced, andsneets with marked popular favor. It is Warranted to Contain only the ItKST of lAquors, United with Choice Fruit Juices anti Granulated Suyar. It is ready on opening, and will be found an agrea ablo addition to the choice things of the table which undeniably enlarge the pleasures of life ana encourage good fellowship ana good nature. GOOD AT ALL TIMES . Just the Thing to Keep In Wine Cellar*. Sideboard* not Complete without It. Jtean he used Clear, or with Fine Jee, Soda, Hot or Cold Water, Lemotiade, Tea, or Fresh Milk, to Suit the Taste, Sold by leading Wine Merchants, Grocers, Hotelt and Druggists everywhere. C. n. GRAVES fe SONS, Ro.ton.MnM Trade supplied at Manufacturers prices by SOLOMON BROTHERS, Savannah, Ca. HUB PUNCH TO Tor OFF A DINNER, May be Drank Clear, as a Cordial was to wash down the last triumphs of the feast with copious libations of old Port and Golden Sherry; but “HUB PUNCH” has added anew sensation to the epicure. ■ Its deli cacy, aroma, flavor, and delicious, but gentle effects, proclaim it the nectar fit for the gods banqueting on Olympus. Mix HPR prxen with lee Water. Cold Tea, Lemonade, or Sodn. It 1 unanimously pronounced unrivalled* TESTIMONIALS. “A sip is like nectar.”— Boston Courier. "Delicious be jond <lescTiplion.”-BottonTranierfpt. ‘‘Added to the good things of the table it en courages good nature.”— Springfield Republican. *‘lnvnlnable for a little treat when a friend drops in.”— Hew York Evening Pott. ‘‘Many people lack the tatnir/aire to brew Punch. Hub Punch is indispensable wherever known.”— Spirit of the Timet, N. T. “Tho popularity of Hub Punch is testimony to your success in using the b*t and purett compon ents.” PARK ft TILFORD, New York. ‘‘Oursales of Huh Punch have surprised us—sold within three months a larger quantity than we SP.HSiPP*' I selling in twelve." SMITH ft VAN DERBEEK, New York and Chicago. C. H. GRAVES Sr SONS, Boston, Mass. Trade supplied at Manufacturers prices by SOLOMON BROTHERS, Savannah, Ca. 1 Hub A Punch Bouton: m - m TfVirV -MM’ . 0. H. GRAVES A SONS. I>RA NK CLEAR, AS A CORT)TAL. MIXED WITH ICEWATER, COLD TEA, LEMONADE, OR SODA. " UTB PUNCH ” is vnanimousi.t pronounced unrivalled. Sold by Leading Grocers, Druggists and Wise Merchants Everywhere; Also at Hotels and Dining-Cars. Beware of Counterfeits and Worthless Imitations. *P , Thename*Bdtitle-“HUB PUNCH*'- c. H. GRAVES & SONS, Sole ManuPi A Prop's, Boston, BCoaa. Trade supplied at Manufacturers prices by BOLOMON BROS., jani9-w&w6m Savannah, Ca. Shingle Machines. W to furnish LOWE * Patenfc celebrated SHINGLE MACHINES, cutting from 12.0(8) to 100,000 shingles per day at manufacturer’s prices. For Illustrated catalogue writ. BECK, GREGG A CO., _ Genera* Southern Agents, *paw Atlanta, Ga,