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Savannah morning news. [volume] (Savannah) 1868-1887, July 14, 1881, Image 1

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All !■ -ters should be addressed,
J. H. E.STILL,
Savannah. Ga.
K>iiitered at the Post <tfßee In Ra*
f inue*i a* Second Class Hatter.
Georgia Allaire.
Atlanta Post-Appeal: “Vive la Savannah
Mobniso News. Its Washington correspond
ent is the first in the country who had an in
terview with Guiteau.”
Atlanta is most unfortunate. She has coal
famines in inter and water famines in sum
mer. Just now a water famine is quite proba
ble. and the people of the “Gate City” are
praj ing most earnestly for a heavy rain.
Two baclcmen in Rome, Jake Jehcson and
Charles Gilbert, fought about a place at the
wharf the other day. Charles struck Jake
with a stone, an i Jake cut him three times
with a knife. Both were arrested and bound
over.
The Mille-Jgeville Union and Recorder on
the lith inst. closed the fifty-first volume of
the C/tion an.l the sixty-first of the Recorder. |
They were fitly joined together for mutual
support in old age.
The premium list of the third annual fair of
the Talbot County Stock and Fair Association
has been is- ued in a neat pamphlet from the j
office of the Talbotton Register and Standard
The fair will open oa the 11th of October and
continue four days. Colonel John B Gorman
is President of the association, and Mr. Wm.
T. Dennis Secretary.
Our Faccrviiie correspondent says that sec
lion was vid ted by a terrific rain and hail
storm on the Vlh inst. Ihe wind blew from all
points cf the compas*. and hail fell for an hour
and a half, causing the ground to look like a
pebbly hill, and crushing cotton buds, leaves
and limbs, tearing corn blades into strings,
while the rain poured down in torrents, swe: p
ing every thing before it.
Th “fence"’ question in Jackson county
brought out ihe voters —1, 70 for no fence to 178.
The summer session of the Georgia State
Agriculture! Society will be held in Rome, be
ginning August Ist. Avery large attendance
i-t anticipated, aud the Romans are making
ample preparations to meet the emergency.
The proc edings of the society will be pub
lished in the Southern Farm.‘r't Monthly.
The folio .ring gentleu-ea will address the
society: General W. M. Browne, Professor
H. C. White. Dr. J. P. Stevens, Colonel S. J.
Jones, Colonel|Charles J. Munnerlyn, Dr.
Samuel Harper, Rev. A. J. Battle, D. D., Gen.
Wdiiam Phillips.
A writer at Box Spring writes to the Colum
bus Times that a fearful storm p ssed over
that section on the Utli, blowing down fences,
trees and unrbe flog houses, while the hail and
rain poured down in destruction upon the
crops.
The saw mill of Mr. Clayton Ilines, a few
miles above Rome, was destroyed by fire on
Sunday last.
Mrs. J. 11. Williams, of Rome, narrowly es
caped death on the 11th instant. She was in
a buggy when the horse became frigh'ened,
ian away and threw her out. She was much
bruised, but not seriously injured.
The Enterprise announces the death by sun
stroke, cn Saturday list, of Mr. A. H. Miller,
of Thoinasville, who was filling an engagement
upon the Savannah, Florida and Western Rail
road, and was stricken at Tebeauville. We
learn that two colored men on the same road
were prostrated about the same time-one of
them since dead and the other net expected to
live.
Charles Coleman,* ho escaped from prison in
Albany, has been recaptured. He had bean
arrested for forgery.
The colored hands employed on brick works
in Albany have struck for higher wt ges. They
were receiving $2 50 per day.
Mr. Patterson, of Fulton, in the Legislature,
dwirM n.ercliiLt3 and drummers to pay a
business tax.
Ex-Governor Jeokin3 has been quite unwell
r his residence in Summervi'le, but hopes to
be able to leave to-day for Capon Spring ,
Virginia.
In hia message. Governor Colquitt recom
mends the reduction of the charges for in
spection of fertilizers from fifty cents to twen
ty five cents ter ton. At the former charge
the re: income has reached the large figure of
$76 J, an amount altogether beyond the cur
rent demand of the department, and an un
necessary tax U[von the farmers.
Thomasville Enterprise: “Truck firming in
this section up to this Cate has not paid very
well Cucumbers paid nothing; insb rotatoes
and bems were so nearlv a failure in produc
tion that no pn lit resulted to the producer;
tomatoes shared the same fate, and the result
is, producers have been at a l the exp-nseof
cultivation without the reward of product! in.
▲ few early peaches were shipped, but these,
we learn, netted but little after deducting ex
penses of shipping and sale. As yet melons are
paying a fair profit, aud egg plants a handsome
one. 1 hese have sold at from $5 50 to 18 50 per
barrel, or from 15c to e apiece. The last two
items, w itli a few t e onie pears and grapes,
are about all that remain to be shipped from
this point. Taken as a whole, the bus: nr ** has
not been profitable this ' ear, but then the sea
son has been remarkably unfavorable and
largely if not entirely accounts for the failure.
It is gid that one experiment proves nothing.
Atwl we would advise our friends not to be dis
couraged, but try it again. Mince the above
vtas in typd we have seen Mr. Varnedoe, the
principal slipper of peaches this season, and
he reports about $1 per bushel gross."’
Columbia Advertiser: “Weary of theheited
term. County ComniisdODcr Martin alternated
suicide on Friday last by drinking a vial of
laudanum. Ho was cot allowed to pass in bis
checks' though, thanks to Dr. Sander* and a
stomach pump, which latter brought up even
his seeks ”
Th# Athens Runner say*3 “There is no such
thing as a bath house in Athens, and not timer
to bathe, ot!taJe of a tub, except in the 'beau
tiful blue Ocon?*.' ”
Rome Courier: “A man from Knoxville was
in Home yesterday trying to prevail on cur
colored men to go" up and work on the Knox
ville and Ohio kaiirotd. which is being com
pleted by Colonel Cole. Sot many agreed to
go, a they preferred to stay down here and
work on the road that will be built frozi this
city to Atlanta."
The Monroe Superior Court found guilty and
sentenced lestw.ek the following pri-oners:
Stephen Wynn, colored, arson, convicted and
sentenced to the peni entiary for life; Clayton
HilUmans. colored, murder, found guilty and
sent to the penitentiary for life; Andy John
son, colored, burglary in night time, found
guilty and sentenced to the peni.entiary for
seven years; Lewis Vaughn, colored, burglary
in nisht time, found guilty, tbiee years in the
penitentiary: Wash .'lyrick, colored, simple
larceny—cow stealing—ver.iict of guilty and
recommended to mercy, SSO fine or twelve
months in chain-gang; Andrew Brown, col
ored. burglaty in eight time, verdict of not
guilty. To keeping open a tippling house on
Sabbath, a plea of guilty was file t by a popu
lar saloon keeper, and a fine of $75 and costs
imposed by the court.
Macon T legraih: “A set-to occurred on
Third street testeraay between a stranger and
a Hebrew merchant of that thoroughfare The
former got a bloody nose and the latter was
picked in the head with a brick.’’
Macon Telegraph: “A hors- attached to a
sulky on Mulberry street yesterdry kicked his
driver out of the vehicle, ran away, den dish
ed it, ran into a carriage, and chi cked himself
by getting hitched in the wheel.’’
Florida Affairs.
The decision of the Duval County Circuit
Court, sentencing Ben Bird to be hung for the
murder of Joeeph Ne'son, has been confirmed
by the Supreme Court.
The schooner Three Friends had one hundred
and fllty bunches of very fine sponge stolen
from her “crawl" last week, while on the
sponge reef, a few miles from St. Marks.
Grew indignation is manifested among the
colored people of Cedar Key because tie
Marshal of that town clubbed one of their race
who resisted arrest Saturday.
Fodder pulling ;s n >w taking up the farmers"
tune in th- Lsn 1 of Flowers.
The health of Tampa and the county gener
ally is good.
The orange tree’ in Flcrida sre i uttlng on a
vigorous new { rowth sine : the rains, and are
looking fine.
The editor of the Green Cove f pring Journal
is much in doubt as to the legality of the tax
galas mad i on the Ith insr. by the various Gol-
J. H. ESTILL, PROPRIETOR.
lectors in the State, as it was a legal holiday,
and is, in his opinion, as much null and void as
if made on Sunday.
Paiat ka Herald : “The car shr ps of the
Florida Southern Railway, in this place, for
the first division, have be* n finished. Dimen
sions of building 8J by £0 feet Ihe machine
shop is also rp. and the construction of the
round house and turn-table wilt be commenced
immediately. Seven box and twenty tin ears
are now being built in these will
have s|csrrying capacity of -0.000 pounds.nearly
as much again es that of the broad-gusge. The
order for fifty additional cars is now out, and
iron for the fame is being turned out by the
Tredegar Works, at Richmond, Va.. and will
arrive here about the latter part of July or
the first of August. A number of passenger,
express and box cars will rea- h here at the
same time. The iron on this road has been laid
a distance of twenty-eight miles, and the trains
are running daily.”
Speaking of a pleasure yacht built near that
city, the Jacksonville Union says: “The prin
cipal feature of this boat s the motive power,
which will be either by electricity, water, or
air. and the macbii ery will be so arranged that
either power can be adopted at will Special
atleation, however, n being paid to the electric
apparatus, which tbe builder claims l.e can
work to the greate t perfection. 'lhe entire
w -ight of the machinery, including shaft and
propeller. will be from 2.5U1 to 3,000 pounds,
while in a steamer of the same capacity the
weight would be from eight to ten tons, and
the machins ry I* to occupy only six pubic fee t.
| The electricity is to be supplied from a small
iron box. which is to draw its force from the
air, and the electric current is to be conveved
f om the box to a wheel on one end of the
shaft by wtres The inventor and bui der
claims that he has devoted six years in per
fecting his engine, and is confident that he can
get sufficient power to run the largest s’eara
sfcip* or the heaviest machinery."
Key of the Gulf: 'The revenue cutter Dix
I arrived from ihe eastern coast on Wednesday
evening last, towing the small steamer Nettle,
of the Engineer's Department, which left this
port for 1 ortsmouth, Va., some twelve days
! since. Captain Lewis, of the latter vessel, re
i ports that he broke down some forty miles to
| the northward of Cape Canaveral, and drifted
several days before he was fortunately seen
I by the Dix. The Nettle will be repaired here
| and steam for her destination,”
! Sunland Tribune: "The weather is com
paratively dry for the season and very hot,
though we have nothing like sunstrokes."
■ ♦ ■
LIBEItIY COUNTY NOTES.
Tbe Spirit ol ’7O -A Day of I*atrto-im
and Good Cheer—Liberty Guards’
Parade—Oratory aud Feanliug-
Ktdlug at the Ring—The Crop
Outlook—Wise Editor* aud Foollwb
Farmers—A Plea for tbe Props of
tbe State.
Johnston's Station, Ga , July 11.—Editor
Mommy Fetes : The good people of thU sec
tion, though not often heard from through
your columns, manage to keep pica with the
general march of improvement, ani still cher
ish much of that spirit of chivalric benevo
lence and social refinement which character
ized their predecessors In the olden time.
Friday, the Bth inst., was the day chosen to
have an exuberant flow of the “spirit of 1778,”
the real "4th” coming immediately after the
Sabbath, and precluding the making of neces
sary arrangements. At the appointed hour, the
Liberty Guards, who were the invited guests
of the occasion, appeared on the grounds at
Jones Creek Church, with full ranks, hand
somely uniformed and elegantly mounted, and
commanded by Captain Wm. Hughes, who led
them gallantly all through the late war. A
cordial welcome was extended to the compa
ny by Mr.D. W. Folsom, acting as Marshal of
the day, in behalf of the vast number of citi
zens present, wrhich was responded to by Cap
tain Hughes in a chaste and patriotic address in
behalf of the company. The assembly then
repaired to the parade ground to witness the
drill, which proved one of the most interesting
features of the programme The ranks we e
augmented by the accession of several n-w
members, and this company is fast becom ng
one of tbe liveliest institutions in our county.
The heat was exceedingly oppr* ssive. tut the
interest with will h the vast crowd watched
the movements of the gallant Guards remained
unabated by its in- lting influence*. Each
sweltering swain, with all the chivalric ardor
*f the knights of old, by frantic tfforts with
fan and umbrella, contrived to prevent llie
final dissolution of the “little lump o' sweet
ness” th it moved by his side. But the man
who sells starch and lily white will hear of
something to his advantage when he calls
around.
After witnessing the exercises in the manual
of arms, the audience was agreeably enter
tained by addresses from Professor C. J.
Hughes and Dr. H. L. Whatley, followed by an
eloquent and practical speech by John E
Sheppard, Esq . who rore In response to re
peated calls by the audi-cce.
The dinner was a grand affair, unsurpasse i
even by the former efforts of these whole
souled an# hospitable peop'e. Unlike the
stated custom upon th- se time honored occa
sions, the table positively refused to “groan
benea.h its weight of good things,” but the
small boys groaned and refused to be comfort
ed when, after all their efforts, a of
‘ goodies” remained upon the festal board.
In the exciting tilt at the head and ring, en
gtged in by the company in tbe afternoon.
Sergeant R. 8. Hendry scored (he highest num
ber of points and t *>k the first prize a magnifi
cent cake, presented by Miss G. J. Hughes.
Private Wm. Floyd came in for the second
honor, and received the second prize, an ele
gant cake, offer el by Mbs Anaa F Chapman
The third prize, another tempting cake, the
gift cf Mrs. Folsom, was awardtd to Private
J. XV. Hughes, who had just entered the ranks
as a “raw recruit,” but remembered the in-
Yigcrat ng lessons in horsemanship. learneJ
while a member of the flyi g department of
“Joe Brown's Militia." The prizes were de
livered in an appropriate address by Mr. D.
W. Folsom, in behalf of the ladies.
I In common with most other sections, the
I crops here have suffered cor siderable damage
| from dry weather; but, with copious rains dur
! log the next few weeks, late corn and ths cot
ton and upland rice croj s will recover ar.d pro
bably yield an abundant harvest. The timber
business, which engages the attention of many
in this section during the fall and winter
months, is lying dormant at this time, am will
probably continue so until ihe market prices
ruie higher.
We are aware. Sir. Editor, that we have
bought too much Western corn and Eastern
hay: have eaten too largely of Western bacon,
and planted too much cotton; have cut too
much timber and shipped our early vegetab'es
just in time to glut Northern markets But if
the grand army of philanthropic scribblers who
have adopted the poor, short-sighted farmer as
th'ir especial protege, will give us a rest and
allow us to eat our July dinners in peace and
enjoy our peaches and watermelons, we nay
do better next time. At least we beg a respite
from their sat rical and impudent upbraiding*.
' long enough for some of them to learn the
I practical difference between a linchpin and
| the liston rod of a steam engine. We are a
[ miserable set of improvident crea'ures, but
I nevertheless we may yet be elevated from this
state of agricultural depravity and live and
move in the 1 ght of scientific farming-all
fr. ni the efforts of these reproving solons. For
the sake of tlp'se who are to come after us let
us hot e that we may even learn to see through
a mills’one, if we have to peer through the eye
where tbe corn drops into the mill.
W INKLERSID.
—■ - 11 ", , ■ ■-
MILLER’S FERRY, FLORIDA.
The Farmers anil tlse 4'rops -A Pris
oner Charged with a Heinous Of
fense Commits Suicide in Jail.
Miller's FxaRT, Fla , July s.— Editor Mom
ing Fetes : Tbe hopes of the people are much
revived by the many cooling showers which
have fallen in this vicinity of iate.
The crops had a back-set by the cold, late
spring, and ere they recovered from this there
set in a drought that lasted until the last of
June; and during the drought the drill worm
isaid by old farmers to be anew kind) was
playing havoc with the corn; but they began
to give way at the first rain that fell in June,
and have now entirely disappeared The yam
and potato crops are very backward on ac
count of the dry weather, but people are now
planting out draws and vines with the hopes of
a rich reward. Potatoes planted out any time
from now until tbe mi idle of August will make
Urge produce if on manured or fresh land.
The Choctawhatchee river is rising, and
there is said to be a “log drive” comii g down
from Geneva, of 38,000 logs Timber yet bears
a good price at the mills below, notwithstand
ing some hve shut up until cool weather.
No sign of the cotton caterpillar has been
seen or reported about here yet, and the cotton
crops are very thrifty and bearing abundantly.
Mr. B. A. Bozeman, an old man of somesix'y
years, committed suicide last Saturday morn
ing in jail at Vernon, the county site of Wash
ington county. Bozeman was a widower, and
begge l a female child of a Mrs. Jones, in the
eastern part of the county, and promised to
raise and educate the child, and, as bis business
was to drive around the country in a single ox
wagon. and take jobs for making and repairing
carts and wagons, he would take his young
charge with him. Last week a warrant was
sworn out against him fora crime of a very
serious nature perpetrated on this little Jones
girl, who is about ten years of age. On being
examined before W. B Jones, County Judge,
he was. on the testimony of the girl and his
own confessions, committed to jail in default
of bail Last Saturday morning, as above
stated, he was found suspended from a portion
of his cell, with his neck broken. It is a deplora
ble fact that such crimes as the above are get
ting to be of alarming frequency in different
parts of the country, Roderick.
———
It appears from of the police reports
that in London.alone there are no lets
than 30,000 regular thieves. 150,000
habitual gin drinkers, and 150,000 peo
ple living in systematic debauchery and
vice. Out of four end a half millions of
people in London, not more than SOO,OOO
are regular attendants at any place of
worship, and not more than 60,000 regu
lar communicaaia.
‘HE’S GOING TO GET WELL”
DR. BLISS EXPLAINS THE BUL
LETINS.
A Comfortable Day tor the Preni
deut—Cheering Meport to tbe Con
nulling burgeona—Governor Ha
good to Governor Fonter—The
President’* Fever Decreaalng.
Washington, July 13.—Dr. Bliss, upon
being questioned to night with regard to
the President’s reported weakness and de
bility said: “There is no danger to be ap
prehended from weakness. The President
Is no weaker than any man would be with
such an injury and after such a fever. He
Is day by day taking more and more nour
ishment, and, although it consists princi
pally of milk, It is well assimilated and is
amply sufficient to maintain his stiength
until he is in a condition to take solid food.”
Dr. Bliss’ attention was then called to
the rumors, which have been prevalent
here and elsewhere this week, to Gie effect
that the surgeons are concealing from the
press and public the graver and more dan
gerous aspects of the President’s case, and
that official bulletins do not fully and
truthfully represent bis actual condition.
In reply Dr. Bliss said emphatically and
wilh feeling; “There was never anything
more unfounded and unjust. We
have reported all the President’s
sjmptoms, good and bad, wilh
perfect frankness and truthfulness. Bulle
| tins more honest and judicious than ours
1 have never been issued, and aDy one who
m kes contrary assertions says what is un
true. We did not think it proper or pru
dent at first to express any opinion in
regard to tbe significance of tbe facts given
in our bulletins, but the facts as stated
were accurate and trustworthy, and
surgeons ard physicians throughout
the country were competent to draw
conclusions from them for themselves as
well as for the people. Since, however,
the President’s symptoms begun to be more
decidedly and undoubtedly favorable we
h ive relaxed tbe little rule] which we adopt
ed, not to express opinions, and have
said that the President is making
slow progress towaids recovery;
and that is the truth, although
he is not yet out of danger. I think It com
paratively safe now to say that he will
probably recover.” After some further
conveisation Dr. Biiss returned to the Presi
dent’s room, saying, with a smile and nod
of the head as he closed the door, “He is
g >ing to get well.”
STILL IMPROVING.
Executive Mansion, July 13, 8:30 a. m
[Official Bulletin.]—The President is doing
well this mornintr. Pulse 00, temperature
9S 5, respiration 20. His gradual progress
towards recovery is manifest, and thus far
without serious complications.
D. W. Bliss.
J. K. Barnrs.
J. J. Woodward.
Robert Reyburn.
TUE FEVER SUBSIDING.
10 A. m.—Colonel CorbiD, who has just
visited the President’s chamber, says be le
satisfied that the fever rea bed the maxi
mum on Monday evening, and that the pa
tient is very much improved today. “He
commences the day,” said the Colouel, “un
der more favorable circumstances than he
has on any previous day.”
Ipm. [Official Bulletin], —The President’s
condition continues favorable. Pulse 94,
temperature 100 0, respiration 22."
D. W. Bliss.
•I. K. Barnes
J. J. Woodward.
Robert Reyburn.
report to tub consulting surgeons.
Tbe following telegram was sent by tbe
attending surgeons to the consulting sur
geons this atternoon:
Execuive Mansion, July 13, 1 p. m. —To
I)rs. Frank H. Hamilton and 1) H Ay new:
The febrile rise yesterday afternoon was less
marked, and occurred at a later hour than
on the previous day, and to day, for the
first lime, >h- President’s morning tempera
ture fell to the normal point. Tbe geueral
progress of his symptoms appears more
favorable than hitherto. During the last
twenty four hours he has taken thirty-two
ounces of mi k and one ounce of rum. This
morning he had also a slice of milk toast,
and chewed the breast of a woodcock,
but did not care to swallow the meat. He
had last night one quarter of a grain of
sulphate of morphia hypodermically (in
no 24 hours during the past week has he re
ceived more than a single dose of this
quantity), and he slept well during the
night. This morning he received two
grains of bi-culpbate of qulnia. Yesterday,
at 7 p. in., his pulse was 104, temperature
102.4, respiration 24. To day, at. 8:30 a. m.,
his pulse was 90, temperature 98.5, respira
tion 20. At Ip. m., pulse 94, temperature
100 6, aespiration 22.
D. W. Bliss.
J. K. Barnes.
J. J. Woodward.
• RoBBr.T Reyburn.
7 p. m. [Official Bulletlo.] —Tbe Presi
dent has bad less fever this afternoon than
either yesterday or the day before. He
continues slowly to Improve. Pulse 100,
temperature 101 6, respiration 24.
THE FEVER DECREASING.
11 p. m —Although the weather has been
extremely hot, the President, in the arti
ficially cooled atmosphere of his room, has
passed a quiet and comfortable day, sleep
ing naturally and restfully at intervals and
taking more nourishment than iu any
previous corresponding period. The
maximum intensity of his daily
febrile rise has steadily decreased
since the night before last, wheD, iu the
judgment of the attending surgeons, the
crisis of the surgical fever was passed. The
patient’s temperature and pulse were lower
last night than on Monday nigbt, and are
lower to-night than they were lastnigLt,
while his general symptoms have corres
pondingly improved.
SATISFACTORY IN EVERY WAY.
The attending surgeons report that the
President’s fever at this hour, 4 p. m , is
much lower than at the same time yester
day afternoon; that his general symptoms
are favorable, aud that his condition is in
every way satisfactory.
GOVERNOR HAGOOD TO GOVERNOR FOSTER.
Charleston, July 13.—The following dis
patch was sent to Governor Foster jtster
day:
“Columbia, 8. C , July 12,1881.—T0 Gov
ernor Foster, Columbus, Ohio: lam prepared
on behalf of Boutb Carolina to cc-operate
in your proposition relative to a general day
of thanksgiving for the recovery of the
President, when the same shall be deter
mined upon. Johnson Haoood,
* Governor.”
>■♦ ■
Weather Indication*.
Office Chief Bignal Observer, Wash
ington, D. C., July 13 —indications for
Thursday:
In tbe South Atlantic Btates, fair weather,
southerly winds, stationary barometer and
temperature.
iu the Middle Atlantic States, partly
clculy weather, and possibly local rains,
winds mostly south to west, stationary or
higher barometer, uearly stationary tempe
rature.
Iu the Eist Gulf States, partly cloudy
weather and local rains, variable winds, sta
tionary barometer, stationary or higher tem
perature.
Iq the West Gulf Slates, fair weather,
winds mostly southerly, stationary barome
ter, stationary cr higher temperature.
In Tennessee and the Ohio valley,
generally fair weather, variable winds,
nearly stationary barometer and tempera
ture.
The Baltimore and Ohio and the
South.
Baltimore, July 13. —At the regular
monthly meeting of the Directors of the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to day, the
resignation of several officers of the road
were received and accepted and their suc
cessor elected. During the course of the
meeting President Garrett spoke of the
large interest held by tbe company in the Vir
ginia Midland Railroad, and detailed at
some length the measures and operation
now in progress to connect the road with
railroads in North and South Carolina
and Georgia, sod the South generally.
Hot Weather lu tbe Weil.
Washington, July 13.—Intense heat is
reported from many points in the West.
At Cincinnati there were twenty seven
deaths from sunstroke yesterday.
Don’t Die loathe House.
A-k druggists for “Rough on Rats.” It
clears ont rats, mice, bed bugs, roaches,
vermin, flies, ants, Insects. 15c. p*r box.
SAVANNAH, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1881.
THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT.
The Debate on the Land Bill—The
Fight Over the Emigration Clause.
London, July 13.— 1n the Houee of Com
mons yesterday Mr. Stuart Wortley (Con
servative) presented a petition with eight
thousand signatures, expressing alarm at
the injury likely to ensue to the Sheffield
industries by unfair competition with for
eign countries under tbe present one-sided
system of free trade.
It is understood that communications be
tween England and Spain will probably
result iu a satisfactory commercial treaty.
The end of July is now mentioned as the
time the land bill will reach the House of
Lords, and even that can only be accom
plished by the abandonment of the emigra
tion provisions, an abandonment which, it
is believed, tbe government now contem
plates but will not announce until the
strength of the opposition to them in the
House of Commons has been fully demons
trated, because of their promises to the Con
servatives that they should be adhered to.
The end of August will probably find
Parliament still sitting. It Is understood
that the government intends to exorcise the
Land Commission to five members.
Iu committee in the House of Commons
last night on the land bill Mr. O’Donnell
(Home Ruler) declaimed against the pro
posal to depopulate an already under popu
lated country, and pledged tbe Irish mem
bers not only to obstruct the emigration
clause, but to make It ridiculous and inope
rative if passed.
Mr. Richard Power (Home Ruler) said tbe
Irish members would use every form in the
House to prevent its introduction into the
bill.
Mr. Parnell and other members appealed
to the government to withdraw the clause.
Sir Stafford Nortbcote said be hoped the
government would not give up the clause,
which he regarded as a valuable portion of
ibe bill.
To day’s session of the House of Com
mons was consumed in discussing in t*om
mitti® clause 26 of the land bill. Vety
little progress was made. Mr. Forster’s
amendment, to 6trike out the provision re
garding emigration to Canada and other
Brit'oii colonies, was under discussion when
the House adjourned.
FRANCE IN AFRICA.
Gambetta’s Organ on ihe Porte’s
Explanation— A Holy WarTbreat
euel,
London, July 13—A dispatch from
Tunis says: “OwiDg to the menacing atti
tude of the Arabs at Gobes the Europeans
there have taken refuge on board the ship
ping in the port. Gobes is one of the towns
which the French probably intend to oc
cupy. llm Arabs declare that they will
resist its occupation.”
A Tunis dispatch to the Daily Hews men
tions that threats have been made by fa
natics to cut the squeduct, which is the
only soutce of fresh water for Tunis and
Goletta, and rajs it is reported that the
Tripolitan tribes are marching to Sfax.
The o"u"ii!z ‘r of the Sfax outbreak has
b“< n 'o l'r [>■>'!, rnd was there created Pasba
by ordt r o' the Porte.
Pari*, July 13 Che HepuMique Francaise,
M. Ganibeita’s orgau, scouts the Porte’s
explanation, that in sending troops to Tri
poli its sole object was to obtain order, as
flatly contradicted bvthe news from Africa,
and says; “Assym Pasha, the Minister of
Foreign Affairs, must believe our govern
ment ingenious, indeed, il he Imagines
it will rest satisfied with these rsmran
ces. The declarations of the Sultan’s
Minis’ers are an aggregation of the religious
aggravation in Africt fostered at Constanti
no; le. A sufficient number of fanatics have
already crossed the Mediterranean in Turk
ish tneu-of-war for the purpose of preaching
a ho'y war against France. Not a single
one more should be allowed to piss. It
tnry be remarked that the dispatches from
Tunis point to tbe same tendency to attrib
ute everything to Turkish intrigue.”
AS USUAL AT ALBANY.
More Fruitless Hnllntn-Futlle El*
lorla at a Caucua.
Alban r, July 13 —Senator McCarthy, of
the Senate caucus committee, at an early
htur this tnornlcg pent a reply to the A'*
seinhly caucus committee, declining to join
with them in a call for a caucus, and refer
ring to his former letter for his reasons.
The joint convention to-day voted for a
United States Senator for the short term va
cant y with the following result:
Lapham fi*t Potter 52
Conkling 32| Pish 1?
Woodford l)
Necessary to a choice, 78.
The chair declared that no choice haal
been made, and the convention proceeded
to vote on the long term vacancy with the
following result;
Miller 71 Chapman 2
Kernan ... 51 Evarts 1
Wheeler 23 Adams 1
Daniels 3 Starin 1
Fish : j
Necessary to a choice, 78.
The chair declared that no choice had
been made.
Oa motion of Senator Jacobs, the con
vention adjourned.
THE NEW YORK STOCK MARKET*
Closing at a Re%very Alter Consid
erable Fluctuation.
New Yokk, July 13.—The stock market
opened weak and generally lower, and In
the early dealings prices declined eharply,
but before noon there was a partial recov
ery. During the afternoon speculation be
came quite depressed, and under the in
fluence of a heavy pressure to self, quota
tions fell off steadily until after the second
board, when the lowest figures of the day
were touched.
The decline from the highest point ranged
from 3i to 4 per cent., Louisville and New
Albany, Elevated Railway shares, Michigan
Central, Saint Paul, Canada Southern, Lake
Shore, New Jersey Central, Hannibal and
St. Joseph common, and Ohio Central
leading the downward movement. In the
late dealings a Arm tone prevailed, and the
market closed at a recovery of %to per
cent., the latter in Canada Southern. Sales
aggregated 377.520 shares.
Tbe Situation In Bulgaria.
Sistova, July 13 —ln the Bulgarian Na
tional Assembly, which opened to-day, after
a vote on the three articles already referred
to, which the government intend to submit
snl which are expected to be carried
unanimously without discussion, PriDce
Alexander will make a declaration in the
form of a national manifesto, saying be
does not intend to rule as an aosolute but
as a constitutional monarch and in a liberal
spirit. He will promise to summon special
assemblies to consider the budget and other
Important matters, and will express confi
dence in the country’s orderly support of
the new administration. The credentials of
the members of the Assembly will be ex
amined by a Royal commissioner, whose
certificates will te necessary to gain admis
sion to the Chamber. A speech from the
throne will be read, propounding the three
articles. The whole proceedings are ex
pected to be finished in a few hours.
Ohio Democrats,
Columbus, 0., July 13.—The Democratic
State Convention met here at eleven o’clock
to day, and was called to order by John G.
Thompson, Ct>a rman of the State Central
Committee. James Edwin Spear, of Cin
cinnati, was announced as temporary Chair
man. Oa taking the chair Mr. Spear made
a short speech on the purposes of tbe con
vention, the Issues of the campaign and
the mission of the Democracy. Commit
tees were appointed, and the convention
adjourned until 2 p. m.
The Grope of Canada.
Toronto, July 13.—The Glob* to-day
publishes crop reports from all parts of the
Dominion, which It sums up as follows:
“The general result obtained from the re
ports is that the harvest as a wbole will not
equal the splendid harvests of 1877, ’7B, ’79
and ’BO, but will be superior to that of
187#.’'
Another Bloae In Petersburg,
Petersburg, Va., July 13.—Williamson
A Komh’s tobacco factory and the cooper
shops connected therewith, weft destroyed
by fire last night. Loss $34,000. Insurance
$25,000.
Mr. N. J. Morgan, New River, Va., says
that his wife having suffered for a long
while with rheumatism, was induced to try
St. Jacobs Oil, and it gave almost instant
relief and bad a most happy effect.
FLASHES FROM ATLANTA.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE LEGISLA
TURE.
i
Measures Introduced and Approved
Yesterday—A nother Visit to the
Dade Couuty Camp - Legislative
Appointment—The Committee on
the Subject.
Atlanta, July 13 —Mr. Polhtll, of Jef
ferson, secured a suspension of the regular
order for the reading of local bills a first
time that went over from last session.
Mr. Riwlins, of Dodge, Introduced a bill
in reference to liquor license in Eastman.
Mr. Singellton, of Scriven—A bill fixing
the liquor license at ten thousand dollars.
Mr. Thorpp, of Bibb—A bill authorizing
Macon to issue interest bearing bonds.
Mr. Kimsey, of White—A bill to charter
tbe Cleveland and Lula Railroad.
Mr. Basinger—Bills to charter the Skid
away Narrows Canal, tbe Vernon and Ogee
chee Canal Company, the Savannah Fire
and Marine Insurance Company, the Sa
vannah and Tybee Transportation Compa
ny, the Savannah Freight Tramway Com
pany and Savannah Transportation Com
pany.
The call of counties was resumed.
Mr. Hammond, of Thomas—A bill amend
ing section 2533 of the Code of 1873, as to
payffig funeral expenses.
Mr. Bull, of Troup—A bill changing the
time of bolding tbe Superior Court for
Troup coun’y. Also, a bill providing for
service on telegraph companies.
Mr. Glover, of Twiggs—A bill conferring
additional powers od Tax Collectors. Also,
a bill allowing tbe County Commissioners
of Twiggs to purchase property at tax sales.
Mr. Summerlin, of Washington—A bill
amending the chsr er of Tennille.
Mr. Clark, of Wayne—A bill for stopping
fire light hunting at night without the con
sent of the land owner.
Mr. Reese, of Wilkes, introduced a gen
eral registration law for the,State e'aborate
ly and carefully prepared in all Its sections.
Mr. Estes, of Hall—A bill to reapportion
the State for representation in the Legisla
ture.
Mr. Fordbam, of 'Wilkinson—A bill re
quiring tailroads to provide shelter for
guano at stations; aleo, a bill to amend sec
tion 3583 of tbe Code.
The tules were suspended and a number
of old bills read a first time.
Mr. Arrington, of Brooks, introduced a
bill to amend the charter of Quitman, re
ducing Us corporate and other powers.
Also, a bill creating a Board of Commis
sioners for Brooks county. Also, a bill cur
tailing and defining the powers of the
County Court of Brooks county.
Mr. Whittle, of Lowndes—A bill prohib
iting the sale of liquor in that county.
Mr. Julien, of Forsyth—A bill prohibiting
Bchool Commissioners from being teachers.
Also, a bill prohibiting the sale of liquor
within two miles of any church or school
outside of incorporated towns.
Mr. Wilcox, of Telfair—A bill prescribing
liquor license for Telfair county.
Mr. Bates, of Burke—A bill for paying for
extra services of tbe Sheriff and Clerks of
Burke county.
The following resolutions were offered;
Mr. James, of Douglass—For a special
committee of five to amend the constitution
as to local legislation.
Mr. Davis, of Lumpkin—That no new
business be introduced after Monday.
Mr. Hunt, of Spalding—Asking informa
tion from tbe Keeper of the Penitentiary.
Mr. Barrow, of Clarke—That the Speaker
be Chairman of a committee of not more
than twenty to attend the commencement
exercises of the Uuiversi y at Athens.
There was some opposition, but finally the
resolution was adopted.
Mr. Milner, of Bartow, was appointed
Chairman of the Penitentiary Committee,
and Mr. McLeod, of Telfair, was made a
member in place of Mr. Lane, resigned
Tbe committee has gone to th* Dade coal
mine camp again. The lessees of the con
victs deny the charges in the report, and
demand a fuller and fairer inspection of the
camp.
SENATE PROCEEDINGS.
The following Dew bills were Introduced:
Mr. Baegs—A bill changing the appor
tlonment of representation in the Legisla
ture.
Mr Guerry—Submitting the usury ques
tion to the vote of the people.
Mr. Harris—Creating a State Bosrd of
Health.
Mr. Smith, of the Fifth—Providing a
branch of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at
Waycross. Also, amending the act setting
apart homestead.
Mr. Hackett—Securing the more certain
collection of county taxes.
The Senate passed the following bills:
Amending section 3693 of the Code. Also,
amending secrion 1312 of the Code. Also,
providing for the speedy foreclosure of
mortgages. Also, for removing the Reform
Medical College from Macon to Atlanta.
The following bills were tabled; The bill
changing tbe time of holding tbe Effingham
Superior Court. Also the bill changing the
time of meeting of the Legislature.
The bill exempting certain persons from
road duty was recommitted alter consider
able debate.
The House committee to apportion the
State for the Legislature is a3 follows: First
district—Messrs. Sweat, Limb and B'nge)l
-ton. Second—Sapp, (Jrozler and Hts’er.
Third—Beatty, Fuller and Williams. Fourth
—Post, Story and Martin of Talbot. Fifth
—Lewis, Flint and Winslow. Sixth —Ca
ruthers, Thorpe and Burch. Seventh—
Bronson, Wright and Dial. E ghtb—Twiggr,
Reese and Youngblood. Ninth—Estes, Lit
tle aud Davis of Lumpkin.
Lost In the Polar Ice.
San Francisco, July 13 —The whaler
Thomas Pope, Captain Millard, arrived last
evening from the Arciic. She left the Straits
June 21. Tte day before leaving she spoke
tbe whaler Progress, Captain Barker, aid
from her beard that the Indians near East
Cape had found two missing whalers, the
Vigilant and Mount Wollaston. The In
dians found three corpses only on board the
Vigilant, and from their appearance It was
evident that they had died In the first year
of their captivity in the Ice. The Indians
brought away from the Vigilant some
money, a spyglass, bomb gun and fowling
pieces. No oue, dead or alive, was found
on the Mount Wollaston. The revenue cut
ter Corwin has sent a sledge party in search
of the Indians to recover the articles named
and to obtain further information.
A Nlainmolb Ocean Steamer.
London, July 13—The new steamship
Alaska, of the Gulon line, was launched to
day in(,ihe Clyde. Her dimensions are as
follows: Length 510 feet, breadth 50 feet,
depth 40 feet. Her gross tonnage Is 66.200
tons and effectivo horse power 11,000. See
is fitted for 320 saloon and 60 second class
passengers, all on the main degk. Tbe
saloon, which is forward, and the state
rooms amidship, are fitted with every mo
dern convenience, and the Alaska will In
every respect excel her sister ship the
famous Arizona. It is expected that she
will be ready for service In October next.
Mall Robbers In Virginia.
Danvillb, Va , July 13 —A second at
tempt was made to waylay the mail carrier
from Franklin Court House to Danville by
highwaymen on Monday. A pistol shot
fired by the latter struck the mall carrier’s
band, lacerating it badly ana disabling him,
hut he put his horse at, full speed and es
caped with the mail, which he safely de
ltvered. The Post Office Department has
offered S3OO reward for tue apprehension of
the highwaymen.
The Franchise In Belgium.
Brussels, July 13 Tbe threatened
Ministerial crisis, In consequence of the
Radicals urging the extension of the Iran
chise to all persons who are able to read
and write, has been averted by thejeader of
the Radicals consenting to the govern
ment’s programme. One Radical member of
the Chamber of Representatives resigned
his seat, refusing to concur.
Htcbmond’e Uolteit Way.
Richmond, Va., July 13.—The mercury
to-day reached 105 degrees in the shade.
According to the recorde, it was the hottest
day known here for many years. A num
ber of prostrations from heat occurred, but
only one death reported as yet, and that oc
curred yesterday.
A Negro Brute Lynched.
Little Rock, Juiy 13.—Henry Smith,
colored, who confessed to haviDg ravished
and murdered Mattie Webb, an orphan
fourteen yean old, was taken from jail at
Dea Arc by a mob and hanged till dead.
The body was then thrown into the river.
Fjktal Quarrel or Negroes.
Shreveport, La,, July 13.—Squire Cole
man, a well known colored man, was killed
about two miles from here on Monday even
ing by Charles Johnson, also colored, the
para nour of Coleman’s wife. Johnson es
cape 1.
MARION, FLORIDA.
Fine Farms and Thrifty Planter*—
Delightful Climate and Growing
Trade Disappointed Truckers—
Spleudld Roads-The Croak of
Hard Times—An Amateur Be rati
Ladles Hut are Not Idle—A Useful
Citizen—The New Solicitor.
Marion, Fla., July 9.—The “Flit Woods”
site of our little village gives no idea of the
good lands and homes in the neighborhood.
Almost in view to the westward is the fine
plantation of Dr. N. P. Marion, which he se
lected as a healthy young planter over forty
years ago, and has prospered on ever since.
His residence is a model for the climate, is
built high above the ground, and is shaded
with a portico in front, a balcony to the par
lor, and verandahs south and west. This in
one of the finest oak groves. Southeast from
Marion are the rich farms of Messrs. Frink,
Hinton, Bryant, Purviance and others, the
dwelling of the first being embowered among
splendid oaks, with some fine oranges here
and there. There are high and low hammocks
and the different kinds cf pine lands. Much of
the country is super lmposea on limestone—as
may be seen by the channel of the Suwannee
river near by—and hence the soils contain
lime.
The top soils are generally gray, and they are
based on a soft, light yellow earth, instead of
clay as usual. This peculiarity makes plough
ing the easier, also hoeing. Work may be re
sumed immediately after a shower. The yield
in corn sometimes runs up to twenty-five
bushels to the acre without fertilizer. We have
not suffered much for want of rains, and there
are fields which will yield thus this year. The
soils are of fine grain, and hence stand drought
well Oats fiourish as well here as several de
grees northward. There are rich, dry hillsides
which would suit peaches and choice grapes.
The lands are level enough to admit of meas
urement easily by ihe acre, which is a help in
hiring labor, although our people are not as
yet resorting to th's mode.
Finally on this head, the climate is one of the
best in tbe United States.
About fifteen thousand dollars worth of cot
ton was shipped from here last year, and the
quantity will probably be increased this sea
son.
J our years ago Dr. Merion and Colonel John
C. Reynolds, who has a farm near by, conceiv
ed ihe idea of building up fruit and vegetable
culture with the farming, and these
new industries ate growing steadily.
Mr. William H. Reynolds, though a law
yer, lent his skill to the movement serviceably.
Colonel It. invested lavishly in the best trees
and vices, and his orchard and vineyard will
begin to pay next year. The gardeners expect
ed to ship three thousand crates, but have been
disa; pointed, like the class generally. They
were Inexperienced, and have wasted money
and labor on unreliable crops, and they did
not supply themselves with suitable fertilizers
and implements, etc.
However, the melon field* are fine, and will
ward off 10-s from some. They should consider
English peas, onions, cabbages, asparagus and
Irish potatoes. Mr. Wily Lee had peas in
March.
The farmers being industrious and economi
cal. and the climate and soils good (as de
scribe!), lhere is an excellent opening for fruit
culture and gardening, and it is best to com
bine them with farming. Picture a farmer
with corn, oats, cotton, sugar cane, peas and
potatoes in abundance, for the main depend
ence. and orchard yielding peaches, pears,
grapes, figs, oranges, pecans, etc., and a few
reliable vegetable crops to cause an incoming
of neat little bank checks in April and June,
and you have one rather more prosperous—
and secure in it too-than can be found else
where in this broad land. To the above lead
ing supports may be added bees, tea culture,
or silk, or poultry, according to taste and con
venience. At well shaded homes here chickens
flourish without attention. A little judicious
care would make them profitable.
The roads to Marion are so level and firm in
the spring and summer that from several of
the farms the crates may be delivered with
hand carts, such as boys haul coal with in
cities Wo confess that we feel like "sack
cloth and ashes” at the rise in transportation,
but we hope this matter will be amended next
year.
The zeal of several ladies has been aroused.
Mrs. N W. Marion and the Misses Bryant will
cult vate tea; Mrs, J L. Morgan and Mrs. Wiley
Roberts oranges; and Miss M. Me Rory straw
berries. And why not? A great medical
writer has affirmed that a woman should take
exercise amounting to four miles of brisk
walking each day. Two orphan young ladies
and their brother have made one of the best
cotton crops in this county, much praise to
them. Asa new comer from the upper coun
try, we have been agreeably surprised to find
the ladies so energetic, in spite of the long rum
mers. An old lady, Mrs. Elizabeth McNabb,
led the way by twelve yearg in orange culture
in the now famous region at Hawthorne; and
in like manner Mrs. Robinson is ahead of the
other orange growers of this portion of the
county. And besides, she and her daughters
manage their farm admirably.
We have been surprised at the renewal of
the cry of hard times. Over two years ago it
was given out that the country was prosper
ous. Two immense cotton crops have been
made in succession and sold well (the average),
and yet the farmers in the South, at least, are
iu a straitened condition. Lst us suggest tea
culture for home use as one substantial
economy It is as appropriate to adopt tea
for a summer drink as summer clothing—sup
ported by the highest authority. We could
raise our own tea, and thus save several mil
lions annually.
Oue of Mr. Bergh’s friends has been looking
round, and pronounces that he not only finds
room for improvement in the treatment of our
Cattle, horses, mules and hogs, but of our
selves. Be deplores a lack of attention to
shades and bath houses. There should be one
of the last most conveniently arranged at
every house in this climate. There should be
a wall or cluster of shade trees on the west
side of every dwelling, to cause them to begin
to cool before night. Our health-giving springs
are thronged with tent, dwellers—Gypsy style—
there not being a hotel. The 4th was celebrated.
Suwannee and Hamilton c junties are delight
fully friendly - belong to each other, as it were.
The former claims the biggest town and the
b*st fruit lands, while we boast that we have
the best corn lands.
uur village of Marion is conducted on eco
nomical principles. Mr. Morgan is storekeep
er, Postmaster, express agent and railroad
agent. He has a talent for invention; has in
vented sn aid to sugar boiling, now in use and
giving satisfaction, and he now has his mind
on the improvement of one of our most impor
tant agricultural machines. He ha* bought a
moss machine, and is runningit and buying and
uti izing that hitherto neglected material.
All the conservative class In this Judicial Cir
cuit feel gratified at the appointment of Colo
nel White a* Solicitor, on account of his well
known zeal in maintaining good morals.
G. C. P.
SHERMAN IN GEORGIA.
Some lodellbie Recollection*.
Rocky Ford, July 9.— Editor Morning News:
I see a good deal In the papers about General
Sherman laying the blame on the Confederate
soldiers of the burning of Columbia. I wonder
if he would deny this: While at No. 9, Central
Railroad, with headquarters in Judge J. B.
Jones’ front yard, I entered to beg rations for
nay little daughter, and he refused me, saying:
"You must go to Jeff. Davis.” 1 replied, “Jeff.
Davis was a gentleman, and if I could get to
him he would help me.” This was about 9
o’clock p. m. Quite indignant, I started to
leave, and he requested me to stay and take
supper with him and staff, which I did, as I had
not eaten anything all day. In about an hour
supper was brought in and twelve of us sat
down to a very choice repast, as
it was composed of the fat of the land
While in his tent, with him alone, the subject
turned on ihe wanton destruction of property.
He remarked, pointing toward the Judges fine
residence, “Only for the critical condition of
that poor woman In there, that bouse would go
to ashes in the morning.” (Mrs. Jones had
been confined the night before.) Sympathizing
with her, he said: "I have got to leave her a
quarter of beef in the morning when I leave.”
For this I can’t vouch, but had it from the
acting railroad agen*, that he left in the morn
ing on his horse and following close to a fine
carriage, drawn by two fine blaci horses,
driven bv a black man, with a very flue yellow
girl on the hind seat.
The abeve day referred to he had killed
about three hundred head of stock forjudge
Jones, and burnt every building on the place
except the new and old residence and one or
two negro houses, and every panei of fence on
the place. Respectfully yours,
E. S. Mallory.
I omitted to say in the proper place that he
remarked, "Georgians had seen nothing, but
when he got in South Carolina he would
make them smoke.”
Mldhai’a Punishment.
Constantinople, July 13.—Lord Dull
eriu, the British Ambassador, has assured
the sister of Midhat Pasha that the latter
will cot be executed. Influential Mussul
mans, If the 6enteDC9 of Midhat Pasha is
commuted to banishment, intend to ask
Lord Dufferin to use his influence to have
him exiled to a place where foreign Con
-uls are stationed. It is asserted in oflicial
circles that Midhat Pasha attempted to cut
ais throat, but was prevented by the war
Sens of the prison.
Tennessee’* Debt.
Nashville, Tenn , July 13.—Chancellor
Merritt has just dismissed the bill of in
junction against the State Funding Board
for want of equity on Its face. Au appeal
will be taken io the Supreme Court, where
the bill goes for a final decision.
foully lowa Flood.
Marshalltown, July 13 —By a fl rod on
Sunday night, caused by a waterspou*, the
loss in bridges alone to this county will
be $l5O 000, and on property of other
kiLds a quarter of a million dollars.
Orange and Green at War.
London, July 13.— Orange demonstrations
took place at various places in Ireland yes
terday. Riots took place at some of them,
in which several men and women were
wounded.
GEN. LEE AT APPOMATTOX.
A PERSONAL REMINISCENCE BY
A CONFEDERATE OFFICER.
Rallying Ihe Broken Troop.-The
Two Alternative* Waiting for
Grant’* Jlessage— Longatreet’s Luat
Words— The Hen in tbe Ranks.
Gen. E P. Alexander in Philadelphia Press.
Colonel Freeman tie of the British army,
who was with the Confederate forces In the
Gettysburg campaign, was one of the first
to give the world an Idea of the magnanimi
ty and unselfishness which so adorned the
other noble qualities of heart and head by
which the name of General Lee had within
twelve months before become world-rc
nowned. In an article in Blackwood's Maga
zine for September, 1863, he describes a
scene of which the present writer was a
witness and which is here given in full, not
only for its own intrinsic interest, but as a
preface to another personal reminiscence of
General Lee at tbe surrender at Appomat
tox Court House, illustrating in, perhaps,
even a stronger light the 6ame calm aud
high spirit unruffled by any disaster, ever
forgetful of 6elf and ever mindful of others
and of duty.
Colonel Freemantle, speaking of the
charge of Pickett’s Division at Gettysburg,
writes:
“Soon afterward I joined General Lee,
who, in tbe meantime, came to the front on
being informed of the extent of the aisaster.
If Longstrect’s conduct was admirable that
of General Lee was perfectly eubiime. He
was engaged in rallying and encouraging
the broken troops, and was riding about a
little in front of the wood quite alone, the
whole of his staff being engaged in a
similar manner further to the rear. His
face, which is always placid and cheer
ful, did not show signs of the
slightest disappointment,care or annoyance,
and he was addressing to every soldier he
met a few words of encouragement, such
as ‘All will come right iu the end; we will
talk it over afterward, but in the meantime
all good men must rally. We want all good
and true men just now,’ etc. He spoke to
all the wounded men that passed him, and
the slightly wounded he exhorted *o bind
up their hurts and take a musket in this
emergency.’ Very few failed to answer
this appeal, and I saw many badly wounded
men take off their hats and cheer him.
“He said to me: ‘This has been a sad day
for us, Colonel—a sad day; but we can’t
expect always to gain victories.’ He was
also kind enough to advise me get into
some more shell ered position.
“Notwi bstat.diug the misfortune which
had so suddenly befallen biro, General Lee
seemed to observe everything, however
trivial. When a mounted officer began
licking his horse for shying at the burstirg
of a shell, he called cu': ‘Don’t whip him,
CaptaiD, don’t whip him; I’ve got just such
another foolish horse mytelf, and whipping
does no good.’*
“I happened to see a man lying flat on
his face in a small ditch, and I remarked
that I did not think he seemed dead. This
drew General Lee’s attention to the man,
who commenced groaning dismally. Find
ing his appeals to his patriotism of no avail,
General Lee had him lgnomiuiouelv set on
his legs by some neighboring gunners.
“I saw General Wilcox (an officer, who
wears a short round jacket and a Mattered
straw hat), come up to him and explaia,
almost crying, tbe state of his brigade
General Lee immediately shook hands wb.h
him and said cheerfully: ‘Never mind,
General, all this has been my fault. It le 1
that have lost this fight, and you must help
me out of it the best way you can.’
“Iq this manner I saw General Lee en
courage and reauimate his somewhat dis
pirited troops and magnanimously take up
on his own shoulders the whole weight of
the repulse. It was impossible to look at
him or to listen to him without feeling the
strongest admiration, and I never saw any
man fail him c xcept the man in the ditch.”
The mornlDg of the 9.h of April, 1865,
found the Confederate army in a position in
which its Inevitable fate was apparent to
every man in it. The skirmishing which
had begun in its front as its advance guard
reached Appomattox Court House the night
before had developed into a sharp fight, In
which the continuous firing of the artillery
and the s’eady increase of the musketry
told to all that a heavy force had been
thrown across our line of march, and that
reinforcements to it were steadily arriving.
The long trains of wagons aud artillery
were at first halted in tbe road and then
parked in the adjoining fields, allowing the
rear of the column to close up and add!
tional troops to pass to the front to rein
force the advanced guard and to form a
reserve line of battle in their rear, under
cover of which they might retire when
necessary. While these dispositions were
taking place, Gen. Lee, who had dismounted
and was standing near a fire on a hill
about two miles from the court, house, call
ed the writer to him, and, inviting him to a
seat on a log near by. referred to the situa
tion, and asked: “What shall we do this
morning?’’ Although this opportunity of
expressing my views was unexpected, the
situation Itself was not.for two days before,
while near Farmville, in a consultation with
General Lee over his map, the fact of the
enemy’s having the shortest road to the Ap
pomatt >x Court House had been noted, and
the probability of serious difficulty there
anticipated, and in tbe meantime there had
been ample opportunity for reflection
on all of the emergencies that might
arise. Without replying directly to the
question, however, I answered first
that it was due • to my command
(of artillery) that I should tellhim that they
were in as good spirits, though short of
ammunition and with poor teams, as they
had ever been, and bad begged if it came to
a surrender to be allowed to expend first
every round of ammunition on the enemy
aud surrender only the empty ammunition
chests. To this General Lee replied that
there were remaining only two divisions of
infantry sufficiently well organ'z and snd
strong to be fully relied upon (Field’s and
M'•bone’s), and that they did not number
eight thousand muskets together; and that
that force was not sufficient to warrant him
in undertaking a pitched battle. “Then,”
I answered, “General, there are hut
two alternatives, to surrender or to order
the army to abandon its trains and disperse
in the woods and bushes, every mau for
himself, aud each to make his best way,
with his arms, either to the army of Gen.
Johnston in North Carolina or home to the
Governor of his Stale. We have all fore
seen the probability of such an alternative
for two days, and I am sure I speak the
sentiments of many others besides my own
in urging that rather than surrender the
army you should allow U3 to di-perse in the
woods and go, every man for himself.”
“What would you hope to accomplish by
this?”
1 answered: “If there is any hope at all
for the Confederacy or for the separate
States to make terms with the United StaUs
or for any foreign assistance, this course
stands the chances, whatever they may be,
while if this armj surrenders this morning
the Confederacy is dead from that moment.
Grant wiil turn one hundred and fifty thou
sand fresh meu against Johnson, and with
the moral effect of our surrender he will go,
and Dick Taylor aud Kirby Smith will have
to follow like a row of bricks, whlie if we
all take to dispersing in the woods we in
augurate anew phase of the war, which
may be indefinitely prolonged, and it will at
least have great moral tfleet in showing
that in our pledges to fight it out to the last
we meant what we said. And even, General,
If there is no hope at all in this course
or in any other, and if the fate of the
Confederacy is sealed, whatever we do,
there is one other consideration which your
soldiers have a right to urge on you, and
that is your own military reputation,m which
every man in this army, officer or private,
feels the utmost persoual pride, and has a
personal property that bis children will
prize after him. The Yankees brought
Grant here from the West, after the failure
of all their other Generals, as one who had
whipped everybody he had ever fought
against, and they call him ‘Unconditional
Surrender Grant,’ and have been bragging
in advance that you would have to surren
der too. Now, General, I think you ought
to spare us all the mortification of having you
to ask Grant for terms, and have him answer
that tc had no terms to offer you.”
I still remember most vividly the emotion
with which I made this appeal, increasing
as I went on, until my whole heart was in it;
and it seemed to me at the moment, one
which no 6oldier could resist and against
which no consideration whatever could be
urged; and whin I closed, after urging toy
suggestions at greater length than it is ne
cessary to repeat, looking him in the fece
and speaking with more boldness than I
usual'v found In his presence, I had do’, a
doubt-that he must adopt some such course
as I bad urged.
He heard me entirely through, however,
very calmly, and then asked : “How maDy
men do you estimate would escape If I weie
to order the army to disperse ”
I replied: “I suppose two-thirds of us
coaid get away, for the enemy could not
disperse to follow us through the woods.”
He said: “We have here only about six
teen thousand men with arms, and not all
of those who could get away would join
General Johnston, but most of them would
try and make their way to their homes tmd
•This officer was Lieut. F. M. Colston, of
Alexander'B Battalion of Artillery, some of
whose guns had followed Pickett’s Division out
into the fields.
ESTABLISHED 1850.
families, and their numbers would be too
small to be of any material service either to
General Johnston or to the Governors of the
States. I recognise fully that the surrender
of this army la the end of the Confederacy,
but no course we can take can prevent cr
even delay that result. I havj never be
lieved that we would receive foreign assist*
auce or get our liberty otherwise than by
our own arms. The end Is now upon u,
and It only remains to decide how we shall
close the struggle. But in deciding
this question we are to approach
it not only as soldiers, but as
Christian men, deciding on matters which
involve a great deal else beside their own
feelings. If I should order this army to
disperse, the men with their arm?, but with
out organization or control, and without
provisions or money, would soon be wan
dering through every Btate in the Con
federacy, some seekiDg to get to their
homes and some with no homes to
go to. Many would be cimpelled to rob
and plunder as they went to save themselves
from starvation, and the enemy’e cavalry
would pursue In small detachments, par
ticularly In efforts to catch the general offi
cers, and raid and burn over large district's
which they will otherwise never reach, and
the result would be the inauguration of
lawlessness and terror and of organ
ized bands of robbers all over
the South. Now, as Christian men, we
have not the r'ght to bring this 6tate
of affairs upon the country, whatever the
sacrifice of personal pride involved. And,
as for myself, you young men might go to
bushwhacking, but I am too old; and even
jf It were right for me to disperse the armv,
I should surrender myself te General Grant
as the only proper course for one of my
years and position. But I am glad to be
able to tell you one thing for your comfort:
General Grant will not demand an uncon
ditional surrender, but offers us most liberal
terms—the paroling of the whole armv not
to fight until exchanged.” He then went
on to speak of the probable details of the
terms of surrender and to say that about 10
a. m. he was to meet General Grant In the
rear of the army and would then accept the
terms offered.
Sanguine as I had been when be com
menced the “he must acquiesce in my
views,” I had not one word to reply when
he had finished. He spoke slowly and de
liberately and with some feeling, aid the
completeness of the considerations he ad
vanced, and which he dwelt upon with
more detail than I can now fully recall,
speaking particularly of the women and
children, as the greatest sufferers in the
s’ate of anarchy which a dispersion of the
army would bring about, and bis reference
to what would be his personal course If he
did Older such disperson, all indicated that
the question was not then presented to his
mind for the first time.
A short time after this conversation Gen
eral Lee rode to the rear of the army to
meet General Grant and arrange the details
of the surrender. He had started about a
half hour when General Fitz Lee sent word to
General Longstreet that he bad broken
through a portion of the enemy’s line, and
that the whole army might make its way
through. General Longstreet, on learning
this, directed Colonel Haskell, of the at
tiliery, who was very finely mounted, to
ride after General Lee at utmost speed,
killing his horse, If necessary, and recall
him before he could reach General
Grant. Colonel Haskell rode as directed,
and a short distance in rear of the army
found General Lee and some of- bis
staff dismounted by the roadside. As
he with difficulty checked his herse
General Lee came up quickly, asked what
was the matter, but, without waiting for a
reply, said; “Oh! I’m afraid you have
killed your beautiful mare. What did you
ride her so hard for ?” On hearing General
Longstreet’s message, he asked some ques
tions about the situation, and eent word to
General Longstreet to use his own discre
tion in making any movements; but he did
not himself return, and lu a short while an
other meesage was received that the suc
cess of the cavalry under General Fi z Lee
was but temporary and that there was no
such gap in the enemy’s line as had been
supposed. Soon afterward a message was
brought from the enemy’6 picket that Gen
eral Grant had passed around to the front
and would meet. General Lee at Appomat
tox Court House and General Lee according
ly returned.
Meanwhile, as the Confederate Fne un
der General Gordon was slowly falling back
from Appomattox Court House, after a?
gallant a fight against overwhelming odds
as it had ever made, capturing and bringing
safely off with it an entire battery of the
enemy’s, General Custer, commanding a
division of Federal cavalry, rode forward
with a flag of truce, and the firing having
ceased on both sides, was conducted to
General Longstreet, as commanding tempo
rarily in General Lee’s absence. Custer
demanded the surrender of the army
to himself and General Sheridan,
to which General Longstreet replied that
General Lee was In communication with
General Grant upon that subject, aud that
the issue would be determined between
them. Custer replied that he and Bherldan
were Independent of Grant, and unless the
surrender was made to them they would
“pitch In” at once. Lougstreet’s answer
was a peremptory order at once to h’s own
lines and “try It If he liked.” Custer was
accordingly escorted back, but Are was not
reopened, aDd both lines remained halted,
the Confederate about a half mile east of
the courthouse.
General Lee returning from the rear short
ly aßerward, halted in a small field adjoin
ing Sweeney’s house, a little In rear of his
skirmish line, and awaited a message from
General Grant, seated on some rails under
an apple tree. This apple tree was not only
entirely cut up for mementoes within two
days afterward, but its very root 6 were dug
up and carried away under the false impres
sion that the surrender took place under it.*
About noon a Federal staff officer rode up
nd announced that General Grant was at
the court house, and Gen. Lee with one of
his staff accompanied him back. As he left
the appie tree General Longstreet’s last
words were: “Unless he offers you liberal
terms, General, let us fight it out.”
It would be a difficult task to convey to
one who was not present an Idea of the feel
ing of the Confederate army during the few
hours which so suddenly, and so unexpect
edly to it, terminated its existence, and with
it all hopes of the Confederacy. Having
been 6barply engaged that very morning,
and Its movements arrested by the flag of
truce while one portion of it was actually
fighting and nearly all the rest, infantry aud
artillery, bad just been formed in line of
b&ttle in sight aus range of the enemv, and
with guns unlimbered, it was impossible to
realize fully that the war, with all its hopes,
its ambitions, and its hardships, was thus
ended. There was comparatively very little
conversation, and men stood in groups look
ing over the scene; but the groups were un
usually sileut. It was not at first generally
known that a surrender was inevitable, but
there was a remarkable pre-acquiescence in
whatever General Lee should determine,
and the warmest expressions of confidence
in his judgment. Riuks and discipline
were maintained as usual, and there is little
doubt that had General Lee decided to fight
that aftemoou the troops would not have
disappointed him. About 4 p. m. he re
turned from the court house, and after in
forming the principal officers of the terms
of the surrender, started to ride back to his
camp.
The universal desire to express to him the
unabitea love and confidence of the armj
had led to the formation of the gunners oi
ffew battalions of artillery along
he roadside, with orders to tak
off their hats in silence as he rude
by. When be approached, however, the
men could not be restrained, but burst Into
the wtldeet cheering, which the adjacent
infantry lines took up, and, breaking ranks,
they all crowded around him, cheering at
the tops of their voices. General Lee
sapped his horse, and, after gaining silence,
made the only speech to his men that he
ever made. He was very brief, and gave no
excuses or apologies for his surrender, but
said he had done all in his power for his
men, and urged them to go as quickly and
q tletly to (heir homes as possible, to re
sume peaceful avocations, and to be as good
cbJzms a* they bad been soldiers, and this
advice marked the course which he himself
pursued so faithfully to the end.
•The surrender look place in the hsuse of a
Mr. McLean, a gentleman who, bv a strange
coincidence, owned a farm on Bull Run at the
beginning of the war. Generil Beauregard’s
headquarters were at McL* an's house, just in
rear of Blackburn’s Fort, during the first battle
fought by the army, July 18. ’6l. McLean
moved from Bull Run t) get h m-telf out of the
theatre of war. The last battU took place on
his new farm, and the suri en ier in his new
residence.
Austria has more public libraiies than
any country in Europe. They
number 577, and contain altogether
5 475,798 volumes. France has 500
libraries, Italy 456, Prussia 398. Great
Britain only 200, and Russia 14). Of
these the National French Library is the
largest, containing 2,078,000 volumes;
the British Museum comes next with
1,000,000, while the Munich Library pos
sesses 800,009.
'' ' ♦• ' i* a|
A letter from the Archbishop of
Neophitor, Greece, contains the follow
ing ptssages: “The Lord be praised for
overthrowing the Arch Rabbi Beacons
field from his height. Gladstone, the
saviour of the Greek nation, now reigns.
AU wdl be welL ”
MBS. GARFIELD.
Ifcr Interview* with the Correa*
pendents.
Brooklyn Argus.
Representatives of the leading news
papers of the country, to whom the
freedom of the White House has been
granted since the sad tragedy at the
Baltimore and Potomac depot, have at
all times found Mrs. Garfield to be their
fiimest adherent uud best informant.
She. has learned to know many knights
of the notebook, and is never too busy
or distressed to impart the latest infor
mation as to affairs in the grand old
chamber, where the flutter of the Death
Angel’s wings have been almost heard
on more than one occasion since July 2.
She will come softly into the press
re- m after a consultation, aDd say, as
ch erily as could be expected, “Gentle
men, there has been no change," or,
“Mr. Garfield feels much refreshed,”
and then, pausing long enough to note
the effect of her words, bow’ gracefully
and retire. These visits are sometimes
hourly; they are paid at least many times
a day, and the corresponaents have come
to look forward to them with much in*
t rest.
A correspondent of the Star, after
describing an interview with the Presi
dent’s wife, says Mrs. Garfield sat quite
silent for some moments, apparently pre
occupied by thought, and when she
broke the silence her voice was tremu
lous with emotion aud her eyes were
lustrous with tears.
“If it were only possible," she said,
“for my husbaud and me to go around
and see all these dear people who have
been so grateful in their remembrance
for us here of late days, I would be so
happy; and I know he would, too. I
waut to thank them—to tell them all
how kindly 1 feel toward them for what
they have said to me. I never could
understand anything, about politics, and
if I liked a person it made no difference
whether they were Republicans or
Democrats; and now I have grown to
think that there is not much difference
between the two great parties, for one
says just as kind words in our present
affliction as the other. It makes me feel
like forming an opinion as to what I
would do were women permitted to vote
as well as men. I believe I would get
two tickets, fold them together so as to
look like one, and drop both in the ballot
box.”
The Star says editorially: “A little
heroine worship such ns we now give the
President’s wife cau never be out of
place. It is right and even fortunate,
because, while the human soul is in
clined to hero worship, it is salutary that
a woman should ofteu be the idol. Wo
men are always better than men, their
influence purer and the worship of any
heroine among them more ennobling to
individuals and to nations. England’s
gratitude to Florence Nightingale
softened men’s natures even in the stormy
times of war. The presence of woman
in our army hospitals during the civil
war was as the fanning of an angel's
wing to the wounded and dying after the
frightful processes of toe burgeon.”
BRIEF NEWS SUMMARY.
A recent gale destroyed nearly all the
small thhing craft iu the harbors on the
northern coast above Bt. John’s, N. B.
Dennis Harrington, aged years, while
at work on a building iu Park Piaee, New
York, was killed by failing Into the sub
cellar from the third floor.
John B‘ephenson, a fireman, anl John
Moriarty, a boy of twelve, weie killed by
the “ditching” of a locomotive near East
Bt. Louis. J >hu Higgins, the engineer, was
scalded and bruised..
Two brothers, camcil Williams, notorious
horse thieves, shot and killed Deputy
Bberiff Coleman, of Dunn county, aud the
Sheriff of Pepin county, Wis., near Meno
monee. The murderers escaped.
Hon. Phineas W. Hitchcock, ex-United
States Seuator from Nebraska, died at
Omaha recently of general debility, aug
mented by exposure in the recent ‘extreme
heat. He was fifty years old and a class
mate of General Gailield.
An inquest was held at Highsplre, near
Harrisburg, on the remains of Mrs. An
drews, supposed to have .been murdered by
her husbaud last Tuesday. The jury found
that she was killed by her husband, who
burned the body to conceal the crime.
John Letting, a German farmer living
about six miles from Corning, Clay county,
Arkansas, was called to his door a few
night 6 ago by four disguised men, who shot
at him several times, inflicting dangerous
wounds. The cause of the shooting is un
known.
The Commissioner of Internal Revenue
has ordered an investigation of all banks
not national In Philadelphia, New York,
Boston and other large cities, for unpaid
taxes. It will commence July It). The
banks will have to pay up, or they will be
prosecuted.
Ida May Drayton, of Jersey City, N. J.,
three years of age, died recently of hydro
phobia, under most distressing circum
stances. Bhe was bitten by a dog on the
18th May, whilst playing on the street., and
hydrophobia did not make its appearance
until last Friday.
While the daughters of the Prince of
Wales were taking a drive in the neighbor
hood of Hyde Park the horses bolted and a
wheel of the vehicle came In collision with
a lamp-post. The carriage was stopped by
a policeman, and the Princesses alighted
terribly scared, but uninjured.
In a difficulty near Graves’ Store, Spott
sylvanla county, Va., between John Lewis
and three brothers named Brooks, Lewis,
after knocking and >wn his three assailants,
was himself struck down with a stone
thrown by one of them, and was then
stabbed by another in the breast and abdo
men, his intestines protruding. It is ex
pected that Lewis’ injuries will result
fatally.
The latest advices from China received fu
San Francisco say the young Emperor “has
partiallv recovered from his attack of small
pox, but it appears that he la destined to
fade in early age.” It was reported that
the French authorities in Cochin China were
planning an ixpedition for the defluite an
nexation of Auam, and Intended to estab
lish a protectorate over the whole of Ton
quin.
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No other preparauon makes such light, flaky
hv ° r ‘usurious pastry. Can be f aten
by Dyspeptics/without fear of the ills resulting
from heavy indigestible food. Sold only in
cans by all wrocerg 3
.U, , BOYAL BAKING POW DER CO..
ly vvw VoVlr
#aflflUrij, jtomm, &t.
E. L. NEIDLINJER. p NEIDUNGER.
E. L. Meidlinpr, Sou & Cos.,
—DEALERS Ifra.
SADDLES, BRIDLES,
HARNESS, COLLARS,
BELTING, LEATHER'
TRUNKS fit TRAVELING BAGS.
AFOLL line of .-'adtilery and Harness Goods
. always on hand. Repnbtng done with
dispatch Country merchants are earnestly re
quested to get our prices before looking else
where.
W) ST. JULIAN AND 153 BRYAN STREET Si
Jel-Th.M&wtf
' ‘ . .v.vA “ - -

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