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Itesletcrrd at •he lo* *tfllee In Sa- TliiliuhtsS pond riass flatter, Georgia Press Association Ti t meeting of the Association will be h, l in Atlanta on Wednesday, the 12th in-r . instead of the 6'b, as heretofore ann- unccd. Members will please take notice of the change. Tickets over the Central and South w rn Railroad* will be issued, through the courtesy of these companies, on ap ciation. J. H- Estii.l, President. Georgia Affairs. The Mercury has recently found "some th, e rare" in the bates of native hay for sale on the -treats of Sandersvitte. 7> o Sandersville Mercury says there ha* t.-rn n re sickness and deaths in that county th - jear than any time since 1868. The btock Fair at Americas opens on the The Bulletin editor says he has lived in Rome twelve y ears and has never seen busi ngs so quiet ir. October. A L-e- uine salt b ach sand crab was discov e-ed by a colored teamster near Albany the other day while removing some corded wood. Th S*" -ays he seemed to be enjoying good heaiihas aland iubber, though about a hun dred miles fr tn his native salts. A l>a:e of cotton tumbled down from the top of a wagon, driven by E.eanuel Hamilton, col ored. tn Macon the other day, and falling on his stomach ir jured him so severely that he died yesterday. Mr J. R Hopkins, an old printer in the office of the Macon Telegraph, died Tuesday, volun tari.y stating ia his last moments that he had experienced a change of heart. H-m A. H. H. Dawson, well known in Geor gia. is advertised to deliver a lecture in New York on "Throw I’hysic to the Dogs.” Kev. Dr. George Patterson, of the University of the South, preached in Home Bight. A train of thirty-seven cars passed down the Selma, Home and Dalton Koad the other day. Tiie Atlanta papers are now engaged in the vain endeavor to chronicle the distinguished arrivals. A branch office of the signal service has been established at Jesup. Director General A. T. Go-horn, of the Phil adelphia Centennial, is in Atlanta visiting the Exposition. The practice of !aw in Georgia must be grow ing unremunera’ive. Major Moses, of Colum bus. has retired, and Col Fielder, of Cuthbert, has sold out and will go West. A horse ran away with a buggy in Augusta Tuesday, smashing the vehicle and causing a her horse Vo jhrK a Street car off the track. An old negro man at Union Depot, Augusta, tells the chronicle that somebody tried to rob him while asleep the other night, by giving him chloroform. He suddenly reached out and seiz-d the hand tickling his nose with some thing saturated w ith chloroform, but the party jerked him down and made off. About one honored students so far have matriculated at Mercer University for the fall term. 1881. The right of way of the Macon and Bruns wick extension through Rose Hill Cemetery is being cleared. The force is now at work near Lover's Leap. Samiersvil e Mercury: "The caterpillar is still at work an i many of our cotton Helds are cleaned out, and present the < pearance of having t een burned over. This pest, however, has n o done much damage as yet. How it will result in ihe end remains to be seen. P tatoes, in c uisequence of the drought, are a failure, as weil as turnips, only a few being made.” Col J R Towers has been appointed assist ant keeper of the penitentiary by Governor (Vquitt. This is an office which was created In mi act if the Leai-lature. passed on the last list : ihe s-ssiou. The incumbent wilt have his i (h e with the principal keeper at the capi tat. The m t requires that either the principal >■- th e.s-istant shall visit each convict camp one- a month, and report to the Governor the rood ii n of the convicts and how they are treated. Aug i-ta Evening Setcs: "Colonel James R. Rp ul has gon- on to Washington to take ; e Sena'e n'ra session, and *v -i st vail has vacated the galleries of the S' ve mi iiol for the moonlit height* around Augusta.” i<t ;rpe Echo: "Mr. George W White hea: teps us tba he has a goat that gave birth t > en kids in thirteen months. Marshal Hop kins of Crawford, tells of a sow that had thirty-six pigs at one litter ” Athens Banner: "Sweet pota'oes are $1 60 a b i-i tli * were not much higher in war ti e~ \g e and e~op hsb en made, but they to. ire the general rise. The reported short ci -i* i )a * pro tuced a regular panic in prices, & ei - thing is holding at an unreasonable fi-’tir There prices ought not to continue, as ' - effect nt the short crop has not yet been Miiledgeville Recorder: "We learn from the farmers in alem di-tnct that the caterpillar are ea- .ng alt the leaves of the second growth c "on. leaving the hlf grown bolls bare of ? a--', and it is a doubtful question whether or r • any of the bolls will mature to make cotton ” Atlanta Poet Appeal: “The street cars on the Mc-ietta Utie have been crowded to their u-n>st capacity tod-tv by people going and c> ang in from the Exposition. In addition was a constant stream of pedestrians the sidewalks Hundreds of vehicles tr ■ -! over Marietta street, many of them earn .rg articles to be put on exhibition. At th- Exp si-ion grounds there was a scene of j several thousand people were ’ i- / engaged tix ng up for the great show, Lc-t inghr there was not a single exhibit in p i- T.d .y hundreds -of them are taking •rape an i win soon present most harmonious F 'rti .es and designs. The Exposition is k u.g to oe a mammoth success, but it will net he in fuii blast for a week or more. J- ip S-afiiwf: "From one of our saw mill [• we l-arn that prices for t mber are much I " ert is season than last, but that the cut tee. g| ail to eiren at these low figures. - g to sh rt crops, and their need of money.", u.ta I' .et Appeal: "Several hundred em- I )• s of the v\ iiiiamantic Lin n Company arr v. |th * morniog Among them are two or three hundred girls. These skillful employes * -ry of the Willimantic ex moit at the grounds, and will contnbute very c *t-r;a:iy to the interest of the Exposition. • M --ugeville Recorder: "We are pleased to hear that there has been and continues to be, •a ur. .-uadi active demand for small grain j-r fa: sow ing. in this city and county. There J'h tr tig. ui t a-matiy known, more certain tt-ir. that there wnl he au amount of suffering hrxt spring and summer, by man and beast. t r :. unequalled in our past history, if at ‘t?!l u is hqt uire.-ted to the see-tmg d* wu of * larg- area of the soil in small grain the m T nt fais ft '" l win tf. Wo are glad to see ■ ’ :ar Jpers alive to a true sense of ttie situa t*,Ci P ro aperity of every business de- P’C .- largely on the success of the farming -erest—hence these remarks.” ." 'masville Enterprise: "We learn from one ,t f j'i- farmers, who always makes money by ■■ug. that he fl: isbed gathering his entire r,';P ° ‘t o *ton find corn last week, and has ~J, ,J ■ gto do now but to make up his cane and - z tn.. ,Hjtat -es This is one time that it did ut take ail the year to make a cotton crop.” I'hirnasvilie Enterprise: *'We regret to ”®rr that little Josie, the youngest son of Mr. , : It- L A. Drey-r, met wiin a most pain <■ :e-,t i >i Sunday last. He was swinging -a hammock an i threw one f jot out to keep fii, 111 '"riking ti.e waiL As he did so a hook tt T r "* in tt.e wail .-aught in hislg just above “ ti-el. uetw-en the tendon and the bon-, and jrnied him out of the hammock and held him .-c-minl. head downwards, until his cries at the attention ot p-rsous in the hou-e ‘1 or jught members of the family to his as • The wound is most painful, but we n t * >kn " w that the iiule sufferer is doing v- S •* c 'h*ld po-sibly be expected, and will, trust, soon be well again. ’ ’ u?*'' n Telegraph: "A gentleman stranger In Attr . , ln -rrms us that the pr iprietors of the ■' ‘ Evening Setcs have been offered * , t ' JU their bright j ournal. ’ ’ ftee Here! ou are sick; well, there Is just one reme ) that will cure vou beyond possibility of | ou!)t - If It’s Liver or Kidney trouble, H O “"®JP Uo n, Dyspepsia, Debility, •‘Wells* I > g;*t ‘ U t! tenewer ” u y° ur hope. #l. Drug * ' • Depot, Osceola Butler, Bavauuah. jprwtwl ptewiiii Hem J. H. ESTILL, PROPRIETOR. THE SOUTH S GREAT FAIR. FORMAL OPENING OF THE EX POSITION. A Gala Day in Atlanta—Brilliant Ceremoßlee Eloquent Speeches— Origin, Scope and Alms of the En terprise Atlanta, Ga., October 5 —The forma opening of the Intercational Cotton Expo sition took place to day in the presence of fully ten thousand people. The day was beautiful, and a cooilei, breeze blew steadily. The crowd was not as large ss had been l * ’ but every thing proceeded with ba tinny and dis patch destite the state of unreadiness of the bbDdings and extih s. The pavilion was completely filled, as well as the space In front of the speaker’s stand. The Fifth United States Artillery nd the Gate City Guard were drawn up ia front of the stand, contrasting well with the beauty and elegance that filled the pavil'on in the background. On the speake-s’ stand were Director General Kim ball, Governor Colquitt, Bishop Elliott, of Texas, ex Governor Vance, of North Caro lina, Senator Voorhees, and others. The gates of the Exposition were opened to the pnbllc at 9a. in. A special entrance was provided for the admission of persons holding complimentary letters of Invitation to tt e opening exercises. These letters admitted holder and ladies, and needed only to be shown to the gate keeper and retained by owner. The selected locality for the opening ex erc ses was the area between tne railroad building atd grand stand at the west end of the ground, where euitable platforms for speakers and reserved scats for the guests of the Exposition and for the rnustc and chorus participating in the exercises were provided. The matter of preserving order was in charge of detachments of the Expo sition guard, under the direction of the Chief of the Department of Protection. Two batteries of the Fifth Artillery fur nished from McPherson Barracks by C >lo nel J-.hn Htmil'on commanding, reached the grounds at Ba. tn., and took posi’ion on the summit of the ridge west of the sp-aker’s stand, where an ensign of the United States had been erected, and from that point the salutes of the d-iy were fired. The special escort for the officers, speak ers and guests of the Exposition was fur nished by the Gate City Guard, Capt. J. F. Burke commanding, and the Fifth Artillery, Colonel John Hamilton commanding. These commands reached the grounds by train at 10 a. m , and formed in line at Cen tral avenue, directly south of the main bu ldlng, and there awaited the arrival of the officers and guests to whom they were to act as escort. A detachment of the Exposition Guard was on duty at the Exposition depot, abd en mute from the platform to the place of holding the opening exercises to keep the route clear and preserve order. THB SPBCIAL OFFICIAL TRAIN. Offlcete, speakers and others participating In the opening exercises, and distinguished guests of the Exposition, assembled at the Union depot at ten o’clock a. m., and there embarked on a special train provided for their transportation to the Exposition depot In charge of Cap*. Henrv Jackson. The 'rain left the depot at 10:30, and its depart ure was signalled to the Exposition Grounds by telegraph and the fact announced to the public by the UriDg of a gun from the bat tery. The gun was to be a signal for the assemblage of the people about the stand on which the opening exercises were to occur. ORDER OF THB PROCESSION. On the arrival of the train the escort took position and the proceesion formed in the following order : Fifth Artillery Band. General John B. Gordon, Chief Marshal. Ga'e City Guardr, Captain Burke, com manding. fit* Exce'lency, Governor Colquitt, Presi dent of the Exposition. Dlrec'or General H. L Kimball. The Executive Committee. Company U. 8 Fifth Artillery, United Sta'es troops, Colonel John Hamilton, com man*lin£. Oator* of the day, Bishops, United States Judges, United States Senators, members of Congre-s, Governors of States, and other guests. Company United States Fifth Artillery. Supreme Court of Georgia. Ex Governors of Georgia. State officers, President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives of Georgia. Mayor, Council and city officers of Atlanta and Commissi tiers of Fulton county, Mayors of cities. Citizens Exposition Committee. Kt prt-een stives of the press. Vice Presidents, shareholders and other invited guests. AT THE PLATFORM. When the procession arrived at the plat form, and during the time when tbe proper disposition of the guests and par ticipants was being made, music was fur nished by the Fifth Artillery Band. WhaD all was announced to be in readi ness for the opening of the exercises, they were proceeded wltb in the following order: ORDER OF EXERCISES. 1. Music.—" Hail Fifth Artil lery Band. 2. Prayer —By Rt. Rev. Robart W. B. Elliott, Bishop of Texas. 3. —Presentation c-f Buildings and Grounds.— Address, Director General H I. Kimball, 4 * eoeptance of Buildings and Grounds.— Address. President A H. Colquitt. s.—Music. National Airs —Solos, Fifth Ar tll!?ry Band. rt.—Address of Welcome.—By Hon. Zebulon B. Vance, of North Carolina. 7.—Music.—Medley of Airs, Fifth Artillery Band. 8 —Response* of Welcome.—Address, Hoa. D. W. Voorhees, of Indiana. 9.—Music. —German National hong, Turn verein Double Quartette. 10. —exposition Ode.—Written by Paul H. Hayne. or Georgia; read by Hon. W. J. Ham mond. 11 —Music.—"Hallelujah Chorus,” Chorus of Voice*. Directed by Mr. C. M Cady, of Georgia. DECLARING THE OPENING. On tbe conclusion of the “Hallelujah Chorus,” PresldentColqultt announced that tbe Exposition was duly opened. The Di rector General then gave the signal for the raising of the burgee on the main building, which was also done upon all the other Ex position buildings, followed by a salute irom the battery. Tbe officers and guests then made a tour of the main building and several others des ignated by tbe Director General. Oa the raising of the burgee, and the firing of tne salute, the doors of all the buildings completed were thrown open to the inspec tion of tbe public. Bishop ElltoU’s prayer was never Sur passed to appropriateness and beauty. He invoked tbe blessings of Heaven on the Exposition and its results, and prayed tnat the death of President Garfield might have a good effect in drawing the people of the whole c rnntry closer together In their day of affliction and sorrow. Senator Voorhees’ speech was elaborate, full of statistics and statesmanlike utter ancee. Governor Colquitt, In accepting the ten der of tbe buildings and grounds, said he doubud whether the energy bestowed on the work bad ever been etceeded. It looked more like enchantment than tbe application of human handiwork. Tbe shareholders were more than sat'sfied with what had been accomplished. Senator Vance forcibly depicted the value of cotton as a commercial staple, and Its agency in lifting the South from its im poverished condition, real'zlng the dreams of Ponce De Leon and his men In their adven tures through tbl* land in quest of the fountain of recuperation and riches. He concluded by saying tbat tbe members of the Exposition extended to every human soul tbat can add anything to the triumphs of peace, a welcome to the courte sies of tbe people of the South, and hospi talities of the most enterprising city of the South. “We stand In the shadow of a great ca lamity. The deatl of President Garfield has affteted no portion of the country more deeply than the South. It has aroused among us every sentiment of chivalry aud loyalty. Let us ill see that the reuuion caused by his death may never perish from auioiig us 99 The platform was filled with many die tioguiebed men, and the leading papers of the country were represented. It will be ten days before the Exposition can be put in full running order, although the main building will be all right in about a week. ORIGIN, PROGRESS, SCOPE AND AIMS. The International Cotton Exposition, which opened Us gates to the public at Ogle thorpe Park to-day, had Its origin In a desire to see cotton in Its various forms, the ma chinery used In Its manufacture, and the textile fabrics and other articles Into which It Is wrought, all brought together In a grand Exposition somewhere In the South. Much had been written on the subject, and the public mind seemed to be prepared for entertaining a project of tWe kind. Many suggestions were made ae to the beat plan to be adopted, the moat desirable place to be selected, and tbe prob able cost and profit or loss of such an un dertaking. In due time the people of At lanta came to feel a special interest in tbe subject, and held a meeting last November, presided over by the then Mayor of the city, Hon. W. L. Calhoun, at which It was re solved to have the Exposition In Atlanta. Subsequently Hon. Edward Atkinson, of Boston, who had beea most actively en gaged ln agitating the enterprise, visited tbe “Gate City” and addressed a meeting held In the interest of the proposed Expo sition. Soon after this meeting an organi zation was formed, ex-Governor Joseph E. Brown being chosen as President, and the work of inaugurating the movement began In good earnest. ABOUT OGLETHORPE PARK. It having been decided to hold the Expo sition in Atlanta, the first question of im portance to be settled was the selection of a suitable spot whereon to locate the neces sary buildings. At first there was quite a diversity of opinion on the subject, out In the end a majoritv of the committee agreed tbat Oglethorpe Park should be the place. The objection made to the distance of the Park from tbe Union Passenger Depot la tbe city, which is about two miles, was met by the assurance tbat the street cars and tne trains on the Western and Atlantic Railroad would bring the two points into constant and close connection with each other during the holding of the Exposition. Heretofore many visitors to State fairs have walked out to the Park and made no com plaint of the distance. While the Park enclosure was not exten sive nor remarkably attractive In its natural or artificial surroundings, It offered ample room for the purposes of the Exposition, and the building* already there could be remodeled or torn down and used for other structures. The Inside of tbe balf mile race track, being entirely level, was selected for the location of the main building and sev eral other smaller buildings. The two frog ponds were enlarged and beautified, and made Into hen l-ome little lakes, about which walks and drives have been laid out. The higher portion of the park near the gate, and the slopiug hillsides surrounding It, required lees work to put them in shape for the Exposition. Tbe old buildings were connected r.y new and imposing additions, thus making one immense structure. All the smaller buildings adjoining the gate have remained unchanged, except that they have been handsomely painted and other wise Improved In appearance. A fine grove on the left of the gateway will aff >rd ample shade for several thousand visitors. The street cars run to the carriage entrance, while the special trains of the Western and Atlantic Railroad land pxssengers in a well arranged ard handsome little depot erected for that purpose on the right of the gate, and near the upper end of the main bnlldlng. THE FINANCIAL PROBLEM. The first thing necessary to assure the success of the Exposition was a firm finan cial basis upon which to work. The lib eral aetlon of the Western and Atlantic Ritlroad, which promptly subscribed for f'o,ooo worth of stock tn the enterprise, gave the movement its first “boom ” After this citizens of Atlanta came forward and subscribed enough to warrant the commit tee in charge to go ahead with the project. Appeals were made to the leading cities and railroads of tbe South, the North, and the West, and meetings held In all parts of the country to explain the plans and pur prses of the Exposition, by which means the desired one hundred thousand dollars was subscribed and tbe financial success of tbe enterprise settled beyond a doubt. It Is true, howeyer, that tome of tbe original subscriptions have not been paid over to tbe Treasurer of tbe Exposition, and it la doubtful If they can be collected. All of the first subscriptions were made for the t urpose of holding an International Cotton Exposition, cotton In all Its various stages, cotton machinery of every kind, and cotton goods of all varle les, to be the chief and only attractions. But when the sub scriptions had reached tbe amount above named the plan was enlarged and the scope of the Exposition widened so as to embrace exhibits of all kinds and from all parts of the world, thus making tt a World’s Fair as well as a Cotton Expo sition. Several of the leading railroads sub scribed liberally to increase tbe original fund, and their exhibits will be among the largest and most attractive of any in tbe Exposition. Florida also made up a hand some subscription, aud a suitable building for her own immense display, which will be unique and varied. It Is sale to fix the entire cost of the Exposition up to the day of the opening at not less than #200,090 In round figures. THE RICE HANDS’ STRIKE. Qutet Prevailing Around Hardee* vllle—Work Likely to be Generally Resumed Probable ,Coulluaauce of tlie Beaufort Strike. Hardbevillb, S. C., October 5. —Some evidence of the strike is still exhibited among tbe pine land negroes, though the excitement that fl'st characterized It has abated, and work is being gradually re sumed without any increase in tbe rate of wages. The parties arrested for whipping the hands disposed to work, on arraignment, pleaded guilty of assault and battery. This plea was accepted by tbe State, and fines aggregating fifty dollars were imposed. Thos. Wheeler, the colored lawyer em ployed Id the defense, exerted himself strenuously in the Interests of peace and order, and to his efforts may be attributed tbe quieting of wbat, during five hours, threatened to become a serious resistance to the State authorities. The crowd at the Trial Justice’s office numbered nearly one thousand men and women, and were most rio'ous and drmonsfra'ive. Good order prevails on all of the planta tion?, and It is not presumed that auy dis turbaDces will occur. Work will not be generally resumed for some days. Beaufort, 8. C , October 5. —Sheriff Wil son arrested fifteen of the strikers, who at a hearing before Trial Justice Heyward plead guilty of assault and battery and were fined each one dollar and costs, on payment of 'filch they were released. It is generally thought ihat no further violence need be apprehended. The strikers, however, are well organized and are not likely to yield speedily. TERRIBLE OIL FIRE. A Fierce Rlaxe on tbe Erie Railroad. Port Jbrvi, N. Y., October s—An oil tratn numbering fifty cars, on the Erie Rail road, took fire to day at the Delaware! river bridge near Port Jervis, New York. Thirty five cars were cut loose and saved. The re maining fifteen burned so fiercely that It was Impossible to approach them. Tanks exploded from time to time, and portions of the boiler iron, of which they are constructed, were blown across the Delaware river. The bridge over the Delaware river will probably be 6aved, but the track for several hundred yards will be destroyed. Tbe danger of approach Is so great that nothing can be done but let tbe fire exhaust Itself, which will be late to-u!ght. The telegraph wires beside the road melted down. Traffic on |the road, will be Inter rupted until to morrow. SENATE ORGANIZATION. An Effort to Bring Abontaa Agree ment. Washington, October s.—Senator Pen dleton, tbe Democratic caucus Chairman, has sent a written invitation to the Demo cratic Senators, requesting them to meet in conference at the capitol oa Friday after noon. It Is thought that the Democrats will bold their regular caucus Saturday forenoon, at the same hour tbat the Repub licans are to meet, with the view to bringing both parties together in an agreement for the organization of the Senate. Weather ludleatloua. Oftich Chief Signal Observer, Wash ington, D. C., October 5 —lndications for Thursday: • In the South Atlantic States, fair weather, northeasterly winds, higher barometer and low temperature. In the Middle Atlantic States, fair weather, northerly winds, stationary or higher ba rometer and stationary or lower tempera ture. In the Gulf States, fair weather, north easterly winds, higher barometer and sta tionary or lower temperature. in the Ohio valley and Tennessee, fair weather, northeasterly winds, stationary or higher barometer and stationary or higher temperature. . Where for twenty years a person had no movement of the bowels without medicine or mechanical means, a month’s use of Tutt’s Pills completely the bowels to natural regularity. They are composed of Innocent herbs and are incapable of hurting the most delicate constitution, yet sure to cleanse the bowels aud blood of all Imparities. — Adv. SAVANNAH, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1881. NEW YORK REPUBLICANS THE GREAT GATHERING OF THE CLANS. Tbe Hall Breed* In tbe Ascendant— They Seeure tbe Chairman of tbe Convention Neemlng Harmony— Platt and Depew Houudly Cheered. New York, October s.—The members of the Republican State Committee met early at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, and there was a large throng of delegates to the convention in attendance, and not a few prominent Democrats. The committee formally assembled soon after nine o’clock. The press was excluded, but a number of non-members managed to press their way In. Chairman Platt conduct,ed the pro ceedings Upon motion of General Sharpe, Frank Hiscock, of Svracuee, was agreed upon as temporary Chairman of the conven tion. His selection seemed to give general satisfaction. Good feeling seems to prevail among the delegates. The, convention was called to order at 11:15 a. m. by ex Senator T. C. Platt. The Academy of Music was crowded, dele gates from all parts of the State being present. The building was completely filled from the auditorium to the iky gallery. There were several hundred ladles in the mezza nine, proscenium aud artists’ boxes. It is estimated that not less than four thousand people are In the Academy. After prayer the roll of delegates was called. During the calling of the roll of delegates no! ices were given of contested seats as fol lows: “In Albany county, First, Second, Fifth and Twelfth districts; in New York county, Fifteenth, Seventeenth and Eigh teenth districts; In Oswego county, First district; in Oneida county, First, Second and Third districts.” On the call of Mr. Platt’s name as a dele gate, there was immense cheering. The name of C. M. Depew, of the other side, was called a few minutes afterwards, and was received with tremendous cheer ing. When Speaker Sharpe proposed Hon. Frank Hiseock for temporary Chair man, his speech was coldly received. Mr. Hiscock, with considerable warmth, de clined. Tneo. M. Pomeroy, of Cayuga, then proposed that as Mr. Hiscock’s name had been proposed against his wishes, Sena tor Warner Milter be named as temporary Chairman. On this, amid great cheering, the ayes and nays were ordered. The total vote for temporary Chairman was 488 —298 votes being cast for Warner Miller and 190 votes for HUcock, Miller’* majority being 108. This announcement was received with long applause. Senator Miller was Introduced to the con vention as Its temporary Chairman by ex- Senator Platt. He said on taking the chair that the delegates met to day as a band of mourners, and proceeded to eulogize the late President Gatfield. “Whilst we mourn his untimely taking off, we should bring a united and harmonious support to him who has succeeded our late Illustrious chief.” Senator Madden here propoied three cheers for President Arthur, which were given. The convention then adjourned until 7:30 p tn. On reassembling, at 8:30, the Committee on Credentials presented their report, wh'ch was adopted. Chauccey M. Depew was made permanent Chairman. BAY STATE DEMOCRATS. The State Convention-Candidate* and Platform. Worcester, Mass , October 5. The Massachusetts Democratic Convention was called to order at 11:35 this morning. Jonas H. French, Chairman of tbe Btate Central Committee, was greeted with cheers on his appearance on tbe platform. He addressed tbe convention at some length. The Committee on Nominations reported: For Secre-ary of State, Genera) Michael T. Donahue, of Somerville; Treasurer aad lie ceiver General, Colonel Francis J Parker, of Newton; Auditor, Chas. R. Field, of Greenfldd; Attorney General, General Patrick A. Collins, of Boston. The report was unanimously adopted. The Committee on Resolutions reported a platform In which, after avowlDg the con stant fa!t.h of the party In the expediency and right of the Democracy to govern, and declaring the Union “indestructible save by successful revolution or common con sent,” the resolutions assert that the con servative principles of Democracy re de manded at t.be present time to resist “the insidious encroachment of aristocratic ten dencies and Ihe efforts of organized avarice and ambition ” The resolutions also denounce the ex travagance and corruption of past Republi can administrations, favor a bold revision of tariff laws, declaring that too much rev enue le ratsrd, admit the evils of intem perance, but deprecate prohibition as futile, advocate the abolition of poll taxes, and pay a h!gh tribute to the late President. Col. French spoke feelingly of President Garfield, who, he 6aid, belonged to the whole people, and whose death binds them in close fellowship. At. the conclusion of his remarks he was called on by the con vention to act, as temporary Chairman. The usual committees were appointed, and Jar vis N. Durham, of Springfield, was elected permanent Chatrmau. The organization of the convention was then otherwise com pleted. Reuben Noble nominated Hon. C. P. Thompson, of Gloucester, for Governor, which was carried bv acclamation. Col. French said Alpha E. Thompson had withdrawn as a candidate for Lieutenant Governor, aad In his place he nominated J. H. Carleton, of Haverhill. Mr. Carletoa was then nominated for Lieutenant Gov ernor. with few dissenting voices. A com mittee was appointed to nominate the bal ance of the State ticket, and the convention took a recess for au hour. FLASHES FROM CHARLESTON. Tbe Striker* Holding Out—No Inter ruption of Work Good Order Prevailing. Charleston, October 5 —The strike of the cotton handlers continues, but there has been no attempt on the part of the strikers to interfere with the non-union hands. All the cotton presses have resnmed work with non-union hands, and on the wharves labor sufficient has been obtained to carry on what work was in progress at the time the 6trlke began. The orderly behavior of the strikers is the subject of general commendation in tbe community. The two men arrested on Monday for interfering with laborers were to-day released. THE STAR ROUTE CASES. The Culprit* Admitted to Bail. Washington, October s.—ln the Crimi nal Court this morning the star route cases were called, and Judge Cox announced that he had fixed ball for Brady and Brown at $7,500 each and for Turner and French, clerks, at $4 000, which was given. The expected motion of counsel for defendant to quash the Information was not filed to day, but probably will be to morrow. It was agreed that two days’ notice be given before any motion in the case be argued. South Carolina Kevenue Defaulter* Jump their Ball. Washington. October s.—Messrs. Win stead and Tuck, of Greenville, 8. C., re cently indicted for defrauding the revenue, appealed to Commissioner Raurn, through an attorney, a few days since, for a compro mise. The Commissioner informed the a'torney that if his clients would pay the United States Government SB,OOO and costs, and plead guilty, he (the Commissioner) would recommend a suspension of their sentence. This proposition was unsatisfac tory, and consequently declined. Since then the persons Indicted have forfeited their bail aud escaped to part* unknown. Commissioner Raum to-day offered rewards of $250 each for their arrest. W. H. Winstead Is the Sheriff of Person county. North Carolina, and his companion, N. N. Tuck, Is reputed to be worth $25,000. Froata General lu New Bngland. Boston, October 5. —Dispatches from all parts of New England Indicate the ther mometer below freezing point and consider able damage done to the crops. tuow lu Vermont. Stowe, Va , October 5. —It began snow ing here this forenoon, and the fruit Is frozen on the trees. Improper medicines only aggravate human diseases. Don’t experiment with your health. If you don’t just know what alls you, use Brown’s Iron Bitters. It will strengthen you and assist nature In removing every symp tom pf distress. THE PRESIDENT'S CASE. Dr. Bll**’ Flea to the Profession— View* of Other Surgeon*. New’ York, October s.—The report of the case of President Garfield by Dr. Bli6B, pub lished In the forthcoming number of the Medical Record, occupies over six pages of that journal. He concludes his history of the case as follows: “I desire to say In the brief review of the leading facts as to the general conduct of the case, that It has been apparent to the medical reader that my prognosis was favorable, and notwithstanding the mutations I augured a successful termination. It Is but justice to myself to state that my prognosis was based on a leison of minor importance. Had our diagnosis been correct, modern sur gery should have conducted the case to a successful termination. I believe the medical profession, whom I ad dress, will bear me out that the prognosis was correct If the diagnosis had been also correct. I was not always able, during the progress of the case, to account for many of the more profound symptoms, and yet could not succeed in learning of any more extensive or complicated lesions than were first suspected.” He makes Inquiry of the profession whether more extensive explorations could have been safely made, or whether the con dition presented, the knowledge of the rela tive positions of the patient aud the assassin, the character of the missile and the condition of the lesion and the symp toms which followed, would have directed an investigation toward the actual track and lodgment of the ball; also, whether any known instiument or means of exploration has ever been pre sented to the profession capable of tracing, before the death of said patient, the course of this bullet; also, whether the condtilons could have been improved or mitigated, or his life preserved longer by any other line of treatment. Dr. G. F. Shrody, surgeon to the Presby terian and St. Francis Hospitals In this ettv, says In an article on the case: “From a careful study of the symptoms in connection with an examination of tbe autopsical lesions, the conclusion seems Inevitable that the case was one which, commencing as a milder form of septicaemia gradually developed Into graver metastatic variety or that generally understood as chrorfic pyae mia.” Dr. F. D. Welsse, Professor of Burglcal Anatomy In the University of New York, closes his review of the state ment that there were sufficient grounds to warrant the diagnosis that was arrived at and maintained up to the time of the death of the patient, espe cially so In the absence of auy evidence tbat the ball had taken a different course. THE PEAHODY FUND. Meeting of tbe Tru*tee*— Distribu tion of the luconie. Nbw York, October 5. —The Trustees of the Peabody educational fund held their annual meeting here to day, Hon. Robert C. Wlnthrop, President of the board, in the chair. Among those present were ex President Hayes, William M. Evarte, ex Secretary Fish, Judge Manning, of Lousi ana, Right Rev. Bishop Whipple, ex Gov. A'.k<D, of South Carolina, Geueral n R Jackson, Surgeon General Barnes, Samuel Wetmore, Colonel Wyman and Dr. Curry, General Agent. President Wlnthrop made a bri f address, co-'gra'.ulating the Trustees on the success of their work, and spoke In eulogistic terms of the late George W. Rlggs.one of the original Trustees appointed by Mr. Peabody, who had died since their last gathering. Doctor Curry then presented his annual report, which spoke favorably of the ad vancement that had been made lu educa tioual matters In the South, and reviewed at length the work that had been accom plished. Great and gratifying as has been the progress, both in public sentiment aud educational system, the report s.dd, it must not be concluded that free schools were established beyond the possibility of repeal or destruction. The Instruction of !he board to apply the greater portion of the Income of the fuud hereafter to the education of teachers for the public schools, has met with general and decided approval. The report reviewed the educational condi tion of West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Louisl ana, Arkansas and Texas. The report con cluded with tables, showing thedistrlbiuloo of the Income tiuce February Ist, 1881, as follows: West Virginia Teachers’ Institute*, $2,000; V.rginla Teachers’ Institutes, Noimal Insti tute and Nashville Scholarship, $5,150; North Carolina Institutes and schools, J 4, 125; South Carolina, $4,050; Georgia, $5,300; Florida, $2,000; Alabama, $1,800; Mississip pi $3,950; Lout-iana, $1,700; Texas, $1,085; Arkansas, $4,000; Tennessee $5,500. Total, $50,375. The Trustees will not conclude their labors before Friday. THE NATION’S GUESTS. The French Delegate* to Yorktawn —Tlielr Recaption at New York. New York, October s.—The steamship Canada, having on board the delegation of the French Government and other visitors to the Yorktown celebration, arrived off the Battery this morning about 10:45 o’clock. They were met by the reception committee, and escorted up Broadway, preceded by the Seventh Regiment. When the Canada ai rlved In the lower bay, she was met by the French and American men-of-war, which were waiting. Salutes were exchanged, and the guests were escorted by the combined squadrons up the harbor to the city. The delegatlou comprises Commandant Lichtenstein, General Boulanger, Colonel Bohssant., Colonel Blondell, Conmn mdant Bureaux De Pusy, Captain Mason, Lb uteu ant Fourset De Lohnue, Captain De Vaisseau Schilling, Lieutenant Couut De Grasse, MM. De Corcelle and Boullard Folquevllle, Secretaries, and also Felix Kegamey, the Marquis and Marquise De Rochambeau, Mme. Loisseau, Mme Mason, Count De Beaumont, Gaston De Labare, Marquis Tour De Te6trade, Vis count De Noallles, Viscount De Hayson ville, Couut D’O'oune, Viscount St. Henri and Christian D’Aboville. BOLD BANK ROBBERY. A Clerk Felled With a Bllly-SI,SOO Carried Off-Oue of tbe Thieve* Caugbt. Baltimore, October s.—This morning two thieves entered the building of the South Baltimore Permanent Saving Associa tion, on Light street, and while one held a pistol to the head of the clerk In charge, H. P. Orem, the other felled him to the floor with a billy. The thieves then robbed the safe, securing three hundred dollars in money and one thousand dollars in checks. One of the thieves was caught and one hun dred and forty dollars in money recovered. The captured man gave the name of Walter H. Campbell. BRUNSWICK. Au Italian Bark Wrecked—A Barn aud Rice Crop Burned. Brunswick, Ga., October s—The Span ish bark Manuel went ashore on the South Breakers, while coming In this evening, and is reported as a total wreck. Tne pilot and crew are still on board. A steamboat leaves during the night to render any possible aid. J. K. Nightingale’s barn and the bulk of hts rice crop were destroyed by fire last Dlght. Partially Insured. A Canadian College Burned. Montreal, October s—The Raman Catholic college of Si. Therese, tbe most extensive building of the kind in the pro vince, situated in the village of the same name, twentv five miles northwest of this city, was burned to day. The origin of the fire is unknown. Three hundred pupils and over twenty Professors were In the build- Inz All escaped. The lost is put at from $300,000 to $400,000, and is well covered by insurance. Tbe Massacre In Tali*. Paris, October s.— The details of the Wadz rgha massacre show that the Arabs hesped up all the sleepers, on which they cast grease, tow and oil, and flung the vic tims igto the burning mass alive. Burnside’s Successor. Providence, R. 1., October s.— ln joint convention of the General Assembly to day Nelson W. Aldrich was elected United States Senator to succeed the late General Burnside. THE NEW REGIME. ARTHUR’S “FIDUS ACHATES.” Jones, of Nevada—Tbe Tie* Ibat Bind Him to tbe President—Tbe Coming Session of tbe Senate—Tbe New Cabinet—Tbe Mutilated Coin Nuisance. Washington, October 4.—The nearest friend to President Arthur, as far as signs go, is Senator J. P. Jones, of Nevada. Many people are wondering that such is the case. There is nothing in it to wonder at. It is true, they say, that tbe Senator has all along been a stalwart, but beyond that they can conceive of nothing that sheuld bind the President to him. The Interior history of politics for the past few years affords a sufficient clue to Arthur’s fond ness for the Nevada Senator. The latter is a bluff, honest, genial, whole-souled man. He has a head on him for business, the equal of which can be found only after many days journeyings. He is a perfect gentleman, of the school which Includes in that description the fact that the f;entleman has retained in middle age all the rankness and genuineness of the schoolboy. In being a big ichoolboy, Senator Jones resem bles the late President. With Jonea, of Ne vada, to form a friendship with a man, meant a friendship ae long and lasting as that man did not betray him, or in any way break npon his boyish sentiments of the "dead square thing.” Conkling made many friends, so has President Arthur, in political lif*, both before and after he became Vice President. They were fortunate enough to number among them Senator Jones, of Nevada. Jones was par ticularly taken with Arthur. He thought him a splendid fallow, and tied to him. He never discovered anything which should shake that friendship. In a less degree, he thought about the same of Conkling. When friends began to desert Conkling and Arthur—or, rather, since the President’s death it should be put Arthur and Conkling—there was one who remained true, and that one was Senator J. P. Jones. He stood by them through thick and thin. He worked for them without any interest, except that of friendship, day and night. In fact, he was a big boy coming to the assistance of his chums when they were battling against bigger boys. He was as con stant in bis friendship as any woman whoever loved. At that time the Arthur branch of the Republican party was, by very long odds, the under dog in the fight All the Republican members of the Senate either deserted the now President, or only in a very lukewarm wav gave the least sympathy. Not so Jones, of Nevada. Out of pure friendship he championed what was then considered the forever lost cause. If the proceedings of the executive sessions of the Senate could b* made public, many a stirring speech made by Jones, of Nevada, in support of the Conkling-Arthur fight against Presidents Hayes and Garfield—l beg forgiveness of the dead President for bracketing his name with that of Hayes—would be found there recorded. Jones is not a brilliant man, as the word goes, and for that reason perhaps is the universal surprise that he is so near President Arthur. From the political history which I have recited I believe that all will agree that if he were not near Arthur as President, the present Chief Magis trate should have the word "ingrate” branded upon his brow in letters more easily read than those embraced in the word "Fraud,” which should be upon the forehead of Hayes But still, Jones Is the same genial, honest, hearty man as of old. He wants nothing from the new admiistration. In his eve* he is simply Just as good friends with Arthur as he was when the latter was on the lower rung of the political ladd.er, and every politician ex cept Jones in either branch of Congress giving him the kick to get him off the ladder alto gether. TBB EXTRA SESSION OF THE SENATE. It is the general opinion tbat the extra ses sion of the Senate, which meets on Monday next, will -be very short in duration—that it will not extend over twelve or fifteen days is the impression. A President of the Senate pro tempore—Senator Bayard—will be elected, and possibly a Secretary to succeed Burch, de ceased. Beyond this the belief is that there will be nothing done in the matter of reorgani zation. The committees certainly will not be touched, as they will expire on the 24th of December. Possibly, even the selection of a Secretary will be postponed until the regular fission. The Kenate will be called to order by the Chief Clerk of that body, and the first thing will he the election of the President pro tempore. Then there will be a number of ap pointments to be made, the nominations to which will be sent in by President Arthur. These appointments will certainly include seve ral members of the new Cabinet It is no* thought that the whole Cabinet will be changed at this time, but oertainly there will be some new names seat in. Th*y will all be confirmed. There will he.new men nominated at the extra session of the Senate for at least the Navy, the State, and the Interior Departments, aad pos sibly the Attorney Generalship, All the pres ent Incumbents of these offices have atked President Arthur to relieve them at as early a date as he can. Without any such request from Hunt, th* Sir Joseph Porter of the Navy Department, President Arthur will probably accept his resignation, and send in his succes sor's name to the extra session. It will not take long for the Senate to aot upon the nomi nations which will be sent to that body, and as that, beyond the election of a President pro t*m., and possibly a Secretary, is the only business before it, an early adjournment of the special session may be expected. MINOR SILVER COIN. Letters received at the Treasury Depart ment show that there is a good deal of trouble all over the country about minor silver coin with holes punched therein or otherwise muti lvted. A system of cutting out pieces of the silver coio and then passing them off, the cutter getting the value of the amount chipped out, has become so prevalent that it has become a matter of some importance It is estimated that nearly one-fifth of the silver coin now in circulation has been muti lated in this way. So widespread is this abuse that many business men now refuse to accept mutilated coin except at a great, discount. The Treasury Department will not redeem the silver tokens at their face value. It will only take them in as so much bullion at the market rate for that commodity, not even allowing for the weight of the amal gam It only allows for the pure bullion con tained in them. This the people should know. A number of merchants in Nevz York. Balti more, W ashington and elsewhere have set a schedule of deduction from punched coins which is greatly less than could be realized by sending them to the Treasury for redemption. They are instigated thereto by probably the same people who made a business of cutting away portions of the coin before they ran it so far as to make that business unprofitable. They now induce the merchants to put a much lower value on punched coins than they are worth, and, buying such coins from them, sell them to the Treasury Department for the pure bullion in them contained, and thereby make much profit. Potomac. The London Money Market. London, October s. —Yesterday’s with drawal of bullion from the Baok of England for shipment to Egypt (£280,000) was in payment for cotton. The Daily News, in its financial article, estimates that the drain of bullion to Egypt is likely to be on an unusual scale, namely, a million to two millions, the bulk of which will fall on the Bank of England. The Times, in its financial article, says that in consequence of the withdrawal for Egypt, and t.be apprehension that more gold will be taken for America to-day, the rate of discount in open market is now four per cent., with every prospect that the Bank of England rate will go to five on Tnursday. The New York Stock Market. New York, October 5,11 a. m.— The stock market opened weak and generally a frac tion lower, and in the early dealings prices feW off % to 1 per cent., the latter in Chi cago, Burlington and Quincy, which re ceded to 155. Subsequently there was an advance of % to 1% percent., In which Lake Erie and Western was most prominent, sell ing up from 41to 42%. Reading rose from 71% t-0'72% and declined to 71%. Manhat tan Elevated advanced from 21 to 21%, dropped to 20% and rallied to 21%. Michi gan Central sold up from 88% to 89 and re acted to 88%. New Jersey Central fell off from 92% to 92, and rose to 92%. Gigantic Specniailou* In Pari*. . London, October 5. —The Paris corres pondent of the Times calls attention to the glganMc speculation prevailing In shares of the Union Generate. Shares on which only one hundred and twenty-five fraDcs were paid have reached a price of two thousand one hundred aDd thirty francs. The Union Gerierale, together with the banks It has created, such as the Austrian Lander Bank, will shortly command a capital of £20,000,- 000 sterling. It has been stated that a powerful coalition ha* been formed against the Union, and the result of one of the most trying financial battles waged for a long time in the European stock markets is anxiously watched for. Tbe Fight for Irlab Home Rule. Dublin, October 5.—A Land League meeting to-day, at Dungarvon, county Waterford, under the Presidency of Mr. Parnell, passed a resolution endorsing tbe action of the National Convention, at Dublin, and pledging those present to use every fair and legitimate opportunity to se cure the independence of the country. Freshet* In the Northweat. Chicago, October 5 —Dispatches from various points In the Northwest represent a heavy rise In the rivers, owing to the long continued rains, and that much b*v and wood have been washed away. Farmers are suffering seriously. Reports from Cr- Unville, 111., say the railroad bridge at Ma coupin Is gone, and the Chicago and A1 on trains are water bound. Fire In m Cotton .Mill. Fall River, Mass.,October 5 —The FiiDt cotton mill was damaged by fire and water this morning to the extent of several thousand dollars, and will, probably, have to suspend a fortnight. MiRYIN CAGED. The Bigamist and Forger Plead* Gnllty Denouncing the Officer* and Witnesses. Richmond, October s.—The case of Mar vin, the bigamist and forger, was brought to a 6udden and rather unexpected termi nation in court to-day. When arraigned on the charge of forgery he pleaded guilty. The jury was then sworn in to declare the punishment, which was fixed at five years in the penitentiary. A similar punishment was also allotted him for bigamy, he having pleaded guilty to this charge, making his full term in prison ten years. Previous to sentence being pronounced in the latter case, In response to the usual question asked, whether he had anything to say, Marvin rose and made a lengthy ha rangue, full of invective and denunciation of those charged with his custody here and the witnesses in attendance from the North. His remarks displayed so much vindictiveness and venom to ward the city officials and witnesses that when he concluded his counsel addressed the court tn deprecation of his client’s lan guage. He said he had found this old man (Marvlrj in jail without mon ;y and without friends, and he told him he would de fend him to the last extremity. Not one dollar had been given him by the prisoner. He had advised Marvin to plead guilty, as he thought it was the best course he could pursue. He had had the fullest intercourse with Marvin since the latter had been his client, and the prif oner had not been deprived of a single right that any man might have. He felt it was a poor return that the prisoner had made him in denounc ing some of his (counsel’s) friends. He had befriended the accused without any regard to what he was, and had done all he could for him. He then left Marvin’s side. Judge Btrdsall, of New York, one of the witnesses for the prosecution, spoke indig nantly of Marvin’s language. He (Birdsali) had done all he could do to ameliorate the condition of the prisoner, and It was owing to his efforts that the case had taken this course. He now felt that he had done in justice to himself and to the Common wealth of Virginia in taking this position and lessening the punishment of the pris oner. In delivering the sentence the Judge said that it would be unbecoming to respond to aDy of the statements that had been made by the prisoner, but the prisoner, he said, after confessing such crimes as he had confessed, could not expect any credence to be given to his statements without having them fully corroborated. Marvin made an effort to again address tbe court, but the Judge sternly commanded him to take hi* seat. Marvin waa taken out to the peniten tary late this afternoon, and Is now clothed in the convict garb and occupying a convict’s cell. Tbe New York Stock Market. New York, October s.—The stock market was weak at the opening, and prices were generally lower, Nashville and Chat tanooga being 2, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy 1%, andC., C. and I. C. 1 per cent, off from yesterday’s closing figures. Specu lation immediately took a downward course, and during the remainder of the day, except at rare intervals, when slight re coveries took place, the tendency was in the direction of lower prices. The pressure to sell was very pronounced, and was owing mainly to the stringency of money. The lowest. figures were touched just before the close, when the de cline as compared with last night’s quota tions ranged from % to 7% per cent., the latter in Houston and Texas, the other shares prominent In tne depression being Columous, Cbicago and Indiana Central, 8 . Louis and Ban Francisco preferred, Western Union, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, Chicago, St,. Louis and New Or leans, Lake Erie and Western, Denver and Rio Grande, Kansas City and Topeka, New Jersey Central, Lake Shore and Northwest ern, Ohio and Mississippi. In the fiaal sales Houston and Texas rallied 1% per cent., and some few other stocks recovered a fraction, but the market closed generally heavy. Sales aggregated 524,792 shares. BRIEF NEWS SUMMARY. The disease called “pink eye” prevails among the horses In the Ottawa Valley, Outario. The clearings of wheat at Chicago Mon day amounted to 32,000,000 bushels—the largest on record. An article In the Journal de St. Petersburg Indicates that the elevation of Bervia to a kingdom is probable shortly. Frank Forster, a prominent citizen of Marlon, 0., was on Tuesday deliberately shot dead by Orin D. Pugh. A family feud is said to be the cause. The report of the local doctors states that 77 per cent, of the cases of the diphtheria epidemic now raging in the province of Oreol, Central Russia, are fatal. Tbe total coinage of the United States Mint, during September, amounted in value to $7,847,300. 2.400,000 standard silver dollars and 3,230,000 cents were coined. Tbe Mexican Government has contracted with Mier, Cello & Cos. for the drainage of the valley and City of Mexico for $9 000,000. The company is composed entirely of Mexicans. The Manchester Guardian's Paris corres pondent says it hss been decided to assist M. Gambet.a to form anew Cabinet before the meeting of the Chambers. This state ment needs confirmation. Le Temps, of Pails, says the Cabinet has decided to resign about ten days before the opening of the session of the new Cham bers, in order that the new Ministry may be prepared to meet the Chambers on the 28th. It is reported in Lawrence, Mass., that a large deficit has been discovered in the funds of the Pawtucket Navigation Com pany of that city, of which General B. J. Butler and E. 11. Boynton are the principal controllers. Lima advices to September 7th say that although terms of peace are being discussed by the representatives of Chili and the Pro visional Government of Peru, the com manders of the respective armies are busily preparing for further strife. The trial of Martin Kaokowsky, charged with the murder of Mlnua Miller at Union Hill, on the 3d of May last, commenced yes terday morning in Hudson county court of Oyer and Terminer, at Jersey City. The morning wa6 spent in obtaining a jury. A strange religious frenay has broken out in Nicaragua. Those affected believe them selves recipients of Divine communications, and when one feels the “communication” coming he rushes to the nearest church and rings the bell to call the people together to listen to the message. Owing to the depreciation of nickel cur rency in Panama the government had an nulled the decree maklDg nickel receivable for government dues In unlimited quanti ties. Hereafter it will be received only in the ratio of fifty cents nickel to every fifty dollars gold and silver. A letter from Durango, Mexico, says: “Thomas Gartell and wife, Americans, have been murdered at Rio Chico by their ser vant, who escaped, taking with him a con siderable amount in drafts of tbe First National Bank of Las Vegas, New Mexico. The authorities are pursuing him.” The orders for and shipments of stamps from the Internal Revenue Bureau Tuesday were the largest ever known In any one day. One hundred and twenty-five mall pouches were sent off, containing over thirteen mil lion internal revenue stamps of the face value of $2,894,000 These were sent to four hundred and eighty-nine persons in all parts of the country. Judge Elcock, of Philadelphia, held Samuel Keye and Charles 8. Thomason, qualified electors of the first division Twelfth ward in $1,500 ball to answer at court a charge of receiving a bribe as public electors. Tn ey were witnesses in court, and in their testimony acknowledged that they had permitted a candidate for the State Legislature to pay a part of their board bills for taelr votes and influence. Captain Meyer, of the German schooner Phoenix, at Callao, reports the discovery of an island, in latitude 7.48 south, longitude 83 48 west, about one hundred miles of Puma Aguja, the nearest land. It is a mile long by a mite wide, about fifty feet in ele vation at the highest part, and of volcanic origin. Tbe British war ship Kingfisher, United States steamer Alaska, and Chilian transport Calll have gone to verify the dis - covery. Esposito on the Other side. London, October 5 —The Dutch steamer P. Coland, from New York, having on board the alleged brigand Esposito, extradited from the United States to Italy, arrived at Brouwershaven last evening. Esposito and the Italian police will remain on board till ti e steamer reaches Rotterdam to-day. The Irish “Nuspecta.” Duplin, October s,—Patrick Eagan, on visiting Kllmalnham jail yesterday, found Michael Boy ton unwell and several of the “suspect*” suffering from rheumatism be cause of the dampness of the prison. ESTABLISHED 1850. THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM OF FLORIDA. Popular Objection*— A Little Learn* Inc Not a Dangerous Thtug— Fact* v*. Fancy—The Present Contrasted Wltti tbe Past—Tbe Question of Competent Teachers Considered. Otter Crkek, Fla., October I.—Your Intel ligent correspondent “Q,” in your issue of the 17th of September, in referring to my article published on the 27th of August in the Morn iso News, states nearly all the popular objec tions that hare been urged against the public school system of our State. It will appear, I think, that they are without foundation. It is argued that the term is so short that children can be taught very little, if anything; that they forget in nine months what they learn in three. I am not prepared to admit this, because it is contrary to my own experience and observa tion, and that of some of the best Instructors of the country. Children in this respect are not like adults. The mind is not cumbered at an early age with the perplexing cares of life, and consequently first impressions are the most lasting. Should the rudiments of an education prepossess the mind it becomes fixed in that, and cannot be dispossessed. I care not if these impressions are made at intervals of six or nine months. This I know from observation in a way that has afforded me the very best opportunity for judging. Covering a period of fifteen years, I have taught almost every grade of school, and have in the meantime held the position of Su perintendent. 1 have learned from this varied experience that a child scarcely ever unlearns anything. After tbe lapse of months, and even years, I find that they may forget some things con cerning which it may be necessary to refresh their minds. But that any child of ordinary precosicy should so forget anything that it has learned thoroughly as to require it to learn it again as if it had ’never been learned, is an in stance I have yet to observe. With the inevi table Webster in hand, when a lad, I mastered the sentence, "Bakers bake bread and cakes,” so as to read it which was my first exploit a reader. Had I not seen a book for ten fears after that, I believe I could have read it. do not argue that three months is preferable to a longer term, or that more may be learned in three mouths than in five or ten. lam sim ply contending that a three months term is better, infinitely better, than none at all. Be sides, our people are not prepared for a longer term at present, nor is the State able to do more. The assistance of children of poor pa rents is needed at home the greater part of the time. This is true of the rural districts, though it may be Bomewhat different In the larger towns and cities. The latter can, and some of them do, sup plement the public school fund so as to give a longer term if it is thought advisable. It may be remarked here that some of the counties are able and do sustain the public schools longer than three months, even at the prtseut rate of taxation. Were the State able to give a longer term in all the counties, and should it be required, an attendance upon the schools, without a compulsory school law, could not be had, and I cannot think that it would be just to exact of parents, whose subsistence depends to a great extent upon their children, a longer attendance. It is idle to talk of a longer school term, when it is well known that it is almost impossible to get a good average voluntary attendance upon a large majority of the schools, even for a three months’ term. There is something like accom modating ourselves to circumstances, and in this matter, as well as others, we should try to do so. Let the State enforce the daily attend ance of every child within school age, which is from six to twenty-one, and sustain the schools liberally, and all will be done that we are prepared and able to do at present, so far as the school term is concerned. This will give each child nearly four years pupilage In the public schools—a term sufficient to give them a fair common school education. Armed, as they will be then, with the key to all knowl edge, they may ascend to the dizzv heights of fame, or pursue the common walks of life at pleasure. To suppose that such au education is of little consequence is a great mistake. The poet tells us that “ A little learning is a dangerous thlDg,” and the sentiment is true when applied to the learned professions, where a man’s life or S'ate may be put in jeopardy through tbe ignorance of quacks, but it is an error to sup pose that it is dangerous to acquire even the rudiments of an education. I is argued that the cause of general educa tion is hampered by the public school system inasmuch as there are “parents who could and formerly did strain a point in order to educate their children. Now that the State has taken the matter in hand, have intermitted their per sonal exertions and content themselves with three months school, which the State provides.” Ido not think that the facts warrant this con clusion, and to these I appeal. I have been a citizen of Florida for many years, and have noted the progress of educa tion in her borders for twenty years. When I remember the state of things that existed, when education was left to the individual ex ertion of parents and guardians, and compare it with the present, under our common school system, I am forcibly Impressed by the favor able contrast. At that time I think I may safely assume that no more than one-tenth of the children were taught to read and write. Before the adoption of tbe present system I was familiar with the records of what is now one of the most populous and wealthy counties In the State, and my recollection sow is t*-at at least nire tenths of the instruments submitted for record were signed with a cross mark. Not long since, I visited the same county and examined the re cords, and to my surprise and gratification at least nine-tenths of the signatures were writ ten in a clear, bold, legible hand. What has effected this change? The answer is easy. A point tcos strained to teach perhaps a tenth part of the children to read and write, and the remainder grew up unlettered. There are those among us who wish to fall back into the same old ruts; but I for one prefer that nine-tenths of our people should have a common school education instead of one tenth. It was claim ed for the German army in the late war with France, that every soldier could read and write. May the day not he far distant when the same may be truthfully said of every citizen In the State. I have another case in point. In this. Levy county, in 1877, according to reports of teachers, one thousand children entered the public schools of this county, and have been taught to read and write, and will be taught much more it is to b* hoped. I made a care ful estimate, and am fully persuaded that scarcely a tenth of that number would have received any advantages whatever had It not been for our public schools. In making these statements I ignore prejudice and fancy and appeal to facts. In the face *f these and similar facts that can be given can any one doubt that education will retrograde when left to individual effort. With us we have two classes; one that could educate if they would, and another that would If they could. Both of these classes are accommodated by our public schools. It is also said that the public school system has Introduced a horde of Incompetent teachers. If such Is the case it is not the fault of tbe system, but that of those who are Intrusted with the administration of the law. It hes placed in the hands of Boards of Education the power to examine and judge of the qualifies tions of teachers, and thereby enable them, if ■ judiciously exercised, to protect every district from teachers who are not qualified. The remedy in this particular does not consist in abolishing the system, but in a reformation In the civil service. The question of competent, successful teachers is admitted to be a difficult one. It is deplorable that so respectable a class of men and women are com pelled to change localities so often in order to procure employment or turn their attention to something more lucrative. It is to be regretted that so few are able to follow it as a profession. Private schools do not af ford any better fields for talents in this direc tion, or promise more permanent employment; nor are parents less liable t* be imposed upon by incompetent teachers. In the latter there is no standard by which fitaess is to bs deter mined; hence great pretensions often succeed best in communities where no questions are asked, and where a good address is a sufficient passport. 8. 8. Moore Tbe Garfield memorial Hospital. Washington, October s.—The meeting to-night to promote the establishment of a Garfield Memorial Hospital In this city wag well attended and very enthusiastic. Jus tice Miller, of the Supreme Court, presided; and among those present were Postmaster General James, Justice Btrontr,iJustice Cart t.er, W. W. Corcoran and Eppa Hunton. United States Treasurer GilfiiJan was ap pointed Treasurer of the fuiid. New York’s Election Supervisor*. New York, October 5 —Judge Blacthord to day in the United States Court gave a tie cision on a motion argued before him a few day 6 ago touching the appointment of D mo cratic supervisors of election, the Irving Hall organization and the county Democracy both claiming that they were entitled to the appointment of such supervisors. The court decided In favor of the county Demo cracy. JTlarylMiid Republicans. Cambridge, Md , October s.—The Re publican State Convention met here to day. Hon. John A. J. Cresswell was made per manent Chairman. The organization was completed, a committee appointed and a recess taken till 2 p. m. Upon reassembling the convention nomi nated Thos. Gorsuch, of Frederick county, aa Comptroller, the only office to be filled. Howicate In Jail. Washington, October s.—Captain How gate was brought before Commissioner Bundy.to day, charged with the embezzle ment of $91,000 from the United States. He was attended by counsel. Ball was fixed at $40,000, failing to procure which he was sent to jail. Later In the day his counsel procured a writ of habeas corpus, return able before Judge Cox, of the Criminal Court, on Friday. Alalions Before lh Union League, New York, October s.— Senator Mabone, of Virginia, spoke at the Union League Club Rooms last night on the political situation in Virginia, and in defense of the Readjuster policy. , Tbe Speculative Mania. St. Louis Railway Register. The passion of gambling has alwayi been a ruling one in the human mind. From the untutored savage of the fores to the educated gentleman of the city al alike are naturally inclined to games o chance for stakes. It is said that ai Indian will play until he has lost every thing he has in the world, and we all kuow how desperately the civilized gambler clings to hope until his last cent, is swept away. An equally prevalent passion of modern times is the intense! desire of men to get rich suddenly. One of the lessons of experience and history,' most conclusively demonstrated to be true, is that wealth best comes as the re sult of long continued thrift and economy united with industry. This old; fashioned way of becoming rich is the only true one, and must be followed iff real prosperity is to be obtained. These;! two passions, gambling and desire to get rich suddenly, have made lotteries pro- jj litic sources of gain to their manipula- i tors, and within the last twenty years have created the process of stock job bing by means of margins. Options in grain, produce and stocks are bought and sold, with no real intention of hand ling the stock or commodity itßelf, but solely to make a profit or sustain a loss by the receipt or payment of differenc3B. j It needs do long explanation to show that such transactions are nothing more than disguised gambling. We need not tell any sensible man that all gambling is pernicious in its effects. That such is the fact is univer sally admitted. No one wishes to em ploy a clerk or servant who is addicted to this practice, for he knows that there will be a steady temptation towards dis honesty. A gambler is not deemed worthy of auy social privileges. Like the brand of Caiu, the epithet/when ap plied to a man, puts liim beyond the pale, and he is ostracised. There must be sufficient, and reasonable cause for the unsavory reputation which attends this habit, or else it would not be so perfectly under stood and known. But here comes in the inconsistency of popular opinion, and the same business men who despiae common gambling have nothing to say when they see it disguised in the form of ostensible dealing in stocks and grain. It is painfui to see howv universal the practice has become, and how even wo men turn over to some broker any money they can obtain to be employed in the purchase and sale of options. No re- j tkctiug mind can fail to form any other : opiuion of the business than that it is in , every respect injurious, both to the per son engaged in it and to the people at s large. General Grant’s Presents—Their Re moval to New York. Probably no man in America has re ceived so many valuable presents as the great gift taker Genual Grant, and the , care end preservation of these unique j and costly articles have often given him j considerable inconvenience and trouble. llis friend George W. Childs has been the custodian of a good many of these presents, and some of the public testi monials are on exhibition iu Memorial Hall, Fairmount Paik, Philadelphia. It is supposed that these will be deposited in the pateut office at Washington. In dependent of these General Grant has sixty-eight cases filled with presents, most of which have l>cen in the custody of Mr. Childs. Iu a vault of one of the safe deposit companies on Chesnut street, Philadelphia, is stored a box containing six of the General s swords, including the one he wore at Appomattox. In their new home at Sixtv-sccond street and Fifth avenue, New York, Mr. and Mrs. Grant will have some of the most beautiful pieces of furniture to be found in the New World. While in Mexico a buffet was presented to the General which is made entirely of Mexican onyx. The magnificent service of silver presented by Mexico during his first Presidential term will be brought from the bank vault in which it has been hidden away for many years and put to use in the new home, and the China set which Admiral Alden procured for him in China will take a conspicuous place among the tabieware. All the boxes of valuable goods which were in the care of Mr, Childs have been shipped to New York and will be displayed or used in the mansion which is now being fitted up as the permanent residence of Mr. and Mrs. Grant. Letter from Bradford County, Fla. Temple s Mills, Fla., .October 3.— Editor Mominq Sexes : By reason uf the protracted dry weather the cotton and sweet potato crops will be decidedly short, but as far as the cotton is concerned the quality is superior. Cattle are suffering in many places for water, very little rain haring fallen during the entire sum mer. The sftdn< HJ and mourning consequent on he assassination of I resident Garfield and his subsequent death has been deep and heartfelt by nearly erery one, and many look upon his as-assin as only the tool of conuptionists and the miserable political strife begun in the United btates Senate end disgracefully carried on at Albany, New York. Memorial day was well observed at this place. Mr. Temple’s store, mill and dwelling house were draped in mourning. Tbe mill as well as all other business was closed for the day. Flags were draped and at half mast wherever possible. At Starke the stores were closed and bells of Red Men and Methodist Church were tolled and services were held in the churches Simon J. Temple, of Temple’s Mills, shows a large amount or lumber shipped during the month of September, over 700,000 feet of lum ber having been shipped by sail, 150,000 by steamship, 5,000 feet (a donation) for the Expo si ion building at Atlanta, and upwards of 30.00 U feet tor local demand. This certainly Is a good showing and speaks well tar Mr. Tem ple’s ability. The death of Mr. Temple’s lime burner has caused a < r ssation in his lime works for the present, and at a time when the lime is largely needed by the farmer and fruit grower. To s party snderslanding how to burn rock lime here is an excellent chance for an opening. Among the notable events of Starke during the month of September wt,s the dedication of the Red Mans Wigwam, which was, as every thing else is that is undertaken by the tribe, s decided success. Their bell, a present from Mattahoou Tribe, of Wilrnicgton, Del., is the best in the place. A petition for a tribe from some of the lead ing citizens of Hawthorne has been forwarded for a dispensation, and before another moon we will take the trail for their reservation, a report of which will be sent to you. Circuit Court convenes for this county to morrow, His Honor Judge Baker presiding. The criminal calendar is much larger than usual, which may necessitate an adjourned term, W. Lake. Silking Sotrtltr, §gP &4KIfIO POWDER Absolutely Pure. MADE FROM GRAPE CREAM TARTAR.— No other preparation makes such light, flaky hot breads, or luxurious p.vstry. Can be eaten by Dyspeptics without fear of the Ills resulting from heavy indigestible food. Sold only In cans by all grocers. ROYAL baking POWDER CO., -'• -w York ja. jeK i KEROSENE OIL, GALLON, 13c., TWO GALLONS FOR A QUARTER. FLORIDA WATER, bottle 60c. BUFFALO LITHIA WATER, bottle 60c. BROWN’S POLISH for Ladies shoes, bottle, 10c. BENBOWS ELDER FLOWER SOAP, bar. 26c. BLUE MOTTLED SOAP, bar 85c GOOD TOILET POWDER, pound 40c! AU kinds of DRUGS and MEDICINES at reasonable prices. Jolmson Ob 00, Oornur flrmiFhtnn m.nA JTwh*t-vh*rn ntp Steel Barbed Wire t nit-jug, stossm'ir* sss patent. For sale by