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|i|TAKBIv STRBKTf |it> ”, ” slNr , kkwb BPmpiNtn z=^= =^=:=^i^\urno$*. v;t<, one year, >lO 00; six p, ; „T *,' : ' V j-V. L.iree moniu*. >2 50: one mon'K *<-. on- r**r. ** 00: g!x months, T*' " 6 - months, $1 50 } • . o ne year, $- 00, si* months, mg"£,'' IVKRRO BY CSRRIXR OR PRRPXID by mail. „ra will please observe U* date jlii *£; r -rapi*r*- 00 ;• \TES OF ADVERTISING. a square —a line averages T ' Advertisements, per square, ' .. j 00: two insertions $1 .. r,s *2 60: six insertions >5 00; . '•) ai; eighteen Insertions -six insertions sls SO. f . sotiee* double above rates. -. v-rtisements. -Jsements 1 50 per square. A '■ Marriages, Funerals, , Special Notices $1 per square •aentsof Ordinaries, Sheriffs inserted at the rate pre- p rT Kent. Lost and Found. 10 . . No a.M-rtisement Inserted , 1 ags for less that 30 cent*. ■ made bv Post Office Order, Rr . . ' . -ter or Express, at our risk. •i of any adver :, v , :fied day or days, nor ... i.umber of insertions with „ reqiil-ed by the advertiser. bo sever, have their .f, r tiois when the time ■ '.ut when accidentally left ! * r of insertions cannot be ~r paid for the omitted in •-r-turned to the advertiser. . _ sh ould be addressed. J. H. EBTTT2L, Savannah, Os ! xt >he Post Office In Sa ", ... x ennd Class flatter. van"- - , Oirfia Affairs. vritm thinks it will take three t -,-e the Exposition. One day ..•the thing in your mind's eye, - two to go round and study its , vr. a Tim. object?, etc. , display at the Exposition is now . . .. y.-rjr creditable. :nty has only twenty dollars out -> Valley Mirror is still returning , - - • , .rg<* and luscious’’ watermelons. f E rr Valley, is still suf • [.am from a wound in the ankle 1 „V. * :i the Confederate war. , _• county adopted “no fence” last tv a handsome majority. Fayette, „r. I Butts are now expe, ted to fall , Pinkstone, says the Toccoa News. ... i. from a wagon at the depot in that . . i,. seek, and severely injured. The r . f fright at a steam engine and ran T,-ga Signal was shown a bar of ,r ay weighing thirty-six penny . •! from a tou of ore from the Ac f oxen run away near Dahlonegi in a steep hill, missed the bridge t. -a cep guily and turned over the cart - : badly injuring Mr. Scott, their -> . :.t r of the I'ahlonega Signal last - w r half d-dlar which Mr. S. H. Id ~ ir i .ad he took out of a trout caught by him a few days before. A- v -oin.' on to connect Athens with i ani Northeastern Railroads. An e ie on the Northeastern Railroad track at Harmony Grove the other . . wrecked, but no lives were lost. ns lUafchma* reports Mr. Allen j . > another victim to the cotton gin— ,r, farms dreadful y mangled. Ati- • -s prohibited velocipedes upon her Mr ' , Smith was caught in the belt of a ,r ha: Na >lson the other day, but fortunately ■c !.i try at the loss of a shirt. Apr ment merchant of Athens says that a !y be-ieged by young men from the . ry c hei'ing positions as salesmen, and v ar- willing to work at the mere price of Kut they are not willing to work in the : it -: y price. It would brown and roughen h-tr li'tle hands H -- stealing is getting to be serious in Aoki'u county. Tr -is a disposition among cotton holders : - - northern part of the State to store and r l.t f r better pri?es. It H H. McDonald had the misfortune to i\.. I,ls valise, containing a valuable set of Ml tools, stolen fro a his buggy while In onesbcro a short time ago. Tiie Tribune says a capitalist left Rome the • r day because he found property too high, g is a common complaint in the towns on a unm," and everybody bound to get rich. In ying to grab too much they grab nothing. Lather's prediction for the weather the first alf of November is: Sou’h—l-4, cold and heavy rost; 5 s, cold, preceded by rain; 811, clear, ■inner: 12 I'-, bezy cr foggy, cool nights, arm days and pleasant. Storm interval, 1-13. Carroll County Timet: “Mr. John Hutson •rrowed W. U. Ayeock's horse last week, and ole riding very fast towards Moore’s bridge, !,x horse fell down and broke his neck.” Nelson Hagan, the negro who was comrait • i to jail some time ago for putting obstruc ts on the Central Railroad track below lill-rt, made his escape from the guard on 'ridgy morning last T - Sparta l-hmaelite observes that there oil a perfect man on earth. The highest f man is ha who. when he has fallen into in. has th- manliness to confess it. Jkson Herald: “John Wilhite has lost the i dof his fattening hogs in the last tw i-r k- They ju-t take sick and lie down and He -ays they appear to have some kind swelling inThe head.” (;• i County Weekly: •Some thievingvaga ■t. ke into Mr. W. H. Stanfield's house, .r M-iint Carmel C hurch, last Snuday, and t.' - .< quantity of clothing, provisions, etc. r.i-fa \ y ha.i gone over to a neighbor's to pend the day.” ft Hero H: “We understand that Mr. < > bo las been running a gin at Nash's -• • i ha,) his hand and arm severely in > i -trg caught in the gin last week. He :i tat ee from home and the flow of i is so rapid that hs came near bleeding •-1 - *e f -r— Dr. Winn arrived, who h.p a- and to be in the neighborhood.” : -ts Examiner: “James L. McCalla left - I :t e on Mondav of last week with abou' udt for the Brunswick extension. -f t‘te negroes reached home about t- s Jim did. and the remainder of the rad < n Saturday. I‘retty quick tun-for railroad hands.” F V tlley Mirror: "A merchant of our -ii :ir .ut to one of our river plantations > :uv this week o see some negroes that ®-re c him. Wht-n he drove up he found :ent parties from other towns, viz: ■ M hr xville,Reynolds, and Fort Val ey.” .It: h in: “Col. Dent, of Troup county, farming fortv-eight years and has .-hr a b shel cf corn or peck of meal ; . t time, except-when moving, and then t ban he bought. He has nearly 1.(V0 • - -f old com on hand now. He has itr • n. h whilst all his cotton neighbors gr [ i .rer every year.” I— --ange Reporter: “Mr. Joe Williams, who • :n th- neighborhood of White's liill. over - r bappene i to a bad accident on Wed r - o He was ginning when, by some 4 t h * left hand was caught in the saws ;ly lacerated. He was brought to | *t‘a: : the wounded hand skillfully ampu- U-~u t v Its th rii- and Frank Ridley.” , s • rvitie Gazette: “The gin house of i. -son. on Mill creek, a--out sixteen o Summerville, on the Alabama trued a few r.ichts ago. A negro “ : ' i a Ui.t-rn in the lint rcom, and the I otter everything in a moment. '? bales of cotton were burned, :: ' itig to neighbors ” *• ufcAman: ’ Hog cholera is daily ~ - -t ih- pork supply in this section. : :he dis, ase bv giving each hog, , ’ -at. a piece of bluestone the size tin !is teed. If too far gone to ‘ of tbe same amount will effect a J ur h-g refuses to eat. go to < - -‘ <• -er. Bluestone put in slop occa gs Ls a good preventive, know of a single case the blue • : s-vr failed to cure.” r'-e- .nty Sews: ‘Sheriff Bussey suc - in rw nTfring two watches that were v- r ' ‘ -'it. J M. Madden last Christmas. -i: v-ry wisely kept silent after ' ' rhx i-e to Mr Bussey who, in his usual ( ; 1 ' >m-t like manner, soon had the i, - I f-i. He kept his eye on them until " : y. when, w-ry thing being ready, he tom lu They were ar.-i marko i for shipment when he re tfoed them.” '.lie recorder: "We are informed Jne ie.ri.vO. a widow woman living * i from this place, sent her son , * r F Norris’ store for quinine. Mr. . sold him a bottle of ‘T.ichh-took home, made three J' - ! give his mother one every three > lid from the efferts Thursday living about forty-five hours. The - -re said to have contained about Y" ,ve gra ns.” 11 . 'M.; . Recorder: ‘We learn that Mr. -• irr. s< nof Mr. Freeman Orr having n :>lr. j F. Thompson's dwelling till ■ ur.-.av evening, ciaimoi to be feeling T ! “ ft *’ >r home. Monday morning he ;-<v :-i Mr. Jo in T. Dent's, a distance of about _■ '• having been in the woods sick turn . ' twenty-four hou's. Mr. Dent put him rse and undertook to take him home, “ j’d not get farther than Dr. Hicks’, •lied with a congestive chill on the Mjiiuwing morning.” i’alley Mirror: “The gin house of Mr. '■ Til. a short distance from Everett's ■ s “ i * -uroed on Tu-sday night last. It ten bales of cotton, four of which i eg- j to Mr. 'Jolussrt Flowers, and six to the >.vx-u Ixjys. There were also four bales on p,,V ' Sl “ e of the gin house which took fire, -a hey were roiled into the mill pond and ex “ei.si.-d. The fire was the work of an i irs/ considering the short crons aud ~ ■' ral bard times the losses fall heavily on -se affected by the Ore." uff' rn [M County Weekly: “On Sunday morning ,*? a, <ut three miles Delow Locust Grove, an auer-ation occurred between Messrs. L. M. “*‘i? and John Jenkins, in which the latter M severely beaten by the former. A war v.. was suwl ovlt f of t [ ie arrest of the assault- Hs party, and on Monday last the case came Savannah morning News. J. H. ESTILL, PROPRIETOR. 2£rl 0 -. r „ “ l hea ' l ril >K before Judge Nolan, in McDonough, who bound him over in the sum bundresi dollars to appear at the next term of our Superior Court to answer the chargeof assault and battery.” Athens Watchman: “Doubtless very few of our citizens ara aware that a type foundry once existed in Athens, but such is the case. In shipping off the old IFafcAman office we esme across several fonts of type that were moulded in this city. This, we believe, was the only type foundry ever established in the South —Oconee county pays about twelve hundred dollars a year for the support of her paupers. - Oat sowing continues with unabated zeal With a good crop year in 1882, we will bid farewell to Western corn.—For several years to come every machine for site in Georgm will be advertised as receiving the highest award at the great International Cot ton Exposition.’ Washington Gazette: “A arge shipment of German carp were received here yesterday for different ponds In the county.—The money or der business at this post office amounts to six or eight hundred dollars per month inthesum mer and to three or four thousand dollars per month during the winter.-It is said by good farmers that it is not unusual for an acre to produce a bale of cotton; but there are so many acres that do not produce more than a quarter of a bale, the general average is brought down considerably.— A certain store in this place, w hich opened last spring, doubled its receipts every month for several months Ur course it could not have kept up at this rate, as it would not have been m ny years be l? re,t *bsorbed Ml the busices* of the state.—We have the mest economical town government in tne world. Borne years it does not cost anything at all except to liquor deal ers and to evil doers, who have to pay fines A great deal of lumber is being sawed up in this county by portable saw mills.” Florida A (Taint. A Northern capitalist proposes to take half the stock in a cotton seed oil mill in Pensacola The thief, or some other, who so recently robbed Mr. Knowls, of Pensacola, entered his dwelling the other night and carried off what he graciously left on the former nocturnal visi tation . Bob Thomas, colored, in Pensacola, bought a City lot and built an SBOO house, but discovered, a tier its completion, that he had built his house on the wrong lot. Pensacola now has double daily trains and double daily mails, and is sighing for a double daily express. Thirty-five vessels arrived in Pensacola in the last fifteen days. C. P. Coyle, arrest'J last summer for the killing of Phillips, in Hamilton county, and re leased on bail, on Thursday last was d-livered to prison on the indictment of the grand jury, the court refusing a second bond for his re lease. It is stated that his attorneys will make an effort to relieve him by habeas corpus. He claims to have slain Phillips in self defense. The weight of Northern capital begins to bear down on the Land of Flowers. tV. H. Vanderbilt and J. W. St ligman are negotiating for one million nice hundred thousand acres of the Disston land purchase. The hay crop of Jackson county is said to be very fine. Marianna had an inundation of tramps the other day, on their way to build the railroad. The Jackron county fair promises to be un‘ usually large and interesting. Oranges are splitting and falling from the trees badly around Palatka Passengers are arriving in Jacksonville by the hundreds. The Quarterly postal revenue of Palatka is 359 t 20, a gain of $261 91 over list quarter. The Florida Southern Railway depot at Pa latka is nearly compl.-ted. More hotel room is needed at Gainesville, and the Florida Southern is preparing it. Eggs are thirty-five cents per dozen in Pa latka. Some of the school children of Florida are afflicted wiih sore eyes A taxidermist in Palatka is making a for tune. The papers have been tiled in Tallahassee proposing the construction of the Atlantic, St. Jt hn's and Indian River Railroad. An effort is being trade to establish a high school at Melrose. The railroad run between Palatka and Gaines ville is made in three hours. The mowing machine trial at Col. Beach’s place last week, says the Palatka Journal, was a perfect success and gave great satisfaction A son of Colonel Martin, of Ocala, was se riously ill the other day from the bite of an insect supposed to be a spider. The Methodists of Pensacola are about to erect anew and elegant church. Pensacola is about to have an important ad dition to her industries in the erection of a large wood manufactory in all its branches. It is estimated that 50,000 boxes of oranges will be shipped from around Lakes Griffin, Eustis and Harris this season. Extensive wharves, warehouses and side tracks are being built by the Peninsular Rail road Company at Silver Springs to facilitate the transfer of freights, etc., to and from their connecting line of Ockiawaba river steamers. The Titusville Star thinks the government ought to improve the Bight of Canaveral, which can be mad ?, it thinks, one of the best harbors on the coast at a cost of a hundred thousand dollars. A mandamus has been issued to the County Commissioners of Nassau county, compelling them to levy a tax to pay W. A. Sanborn's judgment—s2,ooo. Lary White, colored, found in his yard, in Marianna one morning last week, a colored infant. Judge Baker imposed a fine of SRO and costs on Roman Cribb and Charles Newman, in Nas sau county court last week, for an assault. Jacksonville Union: "A shed 40x3T0 feet is being put up on the south pier of the Way cross Railroad, The shed on the north pier has been finished. The two sheds are to be connected by a tower at the eastern end. Two tracks have been laid between the wharves,” Gen. W. H. Behring visited Cedar Keys re cently for the purpose of getting up statistics of oys'ers flan, lumber, sponge, turtle and other things shipped from this port. These statistics are intended for publication in the pamphlet to be issued by the Bureau of Immi gration. Apalachicola Tribune: “Mr. Murat shipped a great many barrels of fine fish up the river last Friday and Tuesday, the Cecelia having arrived with a load. Mr. Kelly is having wharves built all up and down Crooked river. The vessel owners are fearful of a stoppage of the channel.” Jacksonville Union: ‘Two of the six new elesrant coaches bu>lt for the Florida Transit Railroad have arrived They are models of neatness, of the Eastlake style finish, equipped with air brake*. Miller's platforms, and heated by steam The outside finish is of iron rust and old gold, and would reflect credit on any railroad.” Jacksonville Union: *lt was with sincere regret that we learned of the death of Mr. George Pratt, the editor of the Leesbu g Ad vance He was a young man of great promise, a practical and. for his age, an excellent journalist The .Ideanee. which he founded and conducted with ability, would have done creoit to an older and more experienced man Leesburg an ! Sumter county have sustained a great loss in his untimely death ” Jacksonvil’e Unirm: ‘On yesterday Mr. C. R. Coat* discovere<l that one of the light flnger ed mokes, during his absence, had entered his store in the rear of the post office and stolen a full suit of clothes, with several other articles clos ■at hand Late Friday night a thief enter ed the rear door of Holt's d'Ug store while the clerks were busily engaged in front, and kid napped two coats, one belonging to Mr. Cono ve- and one to Mr. Jones. This is the ninth instance of the kind during the present week.” Marianna Courier: “The present method by which our mails are carried between Columbia and Mariam a is simply an outrageous imposi tion upon th“ people along this line. We are informed that the contractor on this route abandons the same at his own discretion and bo&sts that the Post office Department will not hold him accountable, as his volitical status is all right Many important offices north of us a-e entirely dependent upon this route, and our people, together with the Postmasters, should make immediate complaint to the de partment. and thus have all such inefficient contractors removed. The Columbia Enter prise says: Our entire mail system on this section is notoriously inefficient, and when some impecunious and irresponsible pet of the government, as in this case, gets a lice or two, and then fails to do any of his duty, the out rage hecomes a burden that is hard to be borne.’ ” Weallier Indications. Onici Chief Signal Observer, Wash ington, D. C., November I.—lndications for Wednesday: In the South Atlantic States, winds shlft- Irg to northeast or southeast, rising follow ed by falling barometer, fair weather and slight changes in temperature. In the Middle Atlantic States, northeast to southeast winds, rising followed by fall ing barometer, occasional light rains, partly cloudy weather, and stationary or a slight fall In temperature. In the Gulf Btates, increasing cloudlnesa and areas of rain, east to south winds and falling barometer, followed by colder north erly winds and rising barometer In the western portion. Io Tennessee and the Ohio valley, colder, partly cloudy weather and light rains, east to south wind", shifting to north and west, with rising barometer. Mr. Charles Townsend, of Sedalla, Mo., had rheumatism of the worst kind. A ®ea trip was a failure as to renewing his health, and he was going home to die. An ex-Con sul of Great Britain advised the use of Bt. Jacobs Oil, with the result of curing him In tvo days. NEWARK'S BROKEN BANK. CASHIER BALDWIN’S COLOSSAL STEAL. The Old, Old Story, With an impor *,nt Variation—A Firm Allowed to Overdraw for Half a million— stockholders Heavily Tin Died- Talk of a Receiver. Washington, November I.—The Comp troller of Currency will probably appoint a receiver to morrow for the Mechanics’ Na tional Bank, at Newark, N. J. The President of the bank, Mr. Joseph A. Halsey, a retired capitalist, has been long confined to his bouse through the infirmities of age, and nnable to visit the bank. Besides the capital stock of $500,000 and surplus fund of $400,000, there were other Individual assets. Christopher Nugent, of the morocco raan ufac uring firm of C. Nugent, & Cos , was arrested Monday evening at bis residence by a Deputy United States Marshal on the charge of aiding and abetting Cashier Bild wlu In emturzling the fund* of the bank. He gave bail in the sum of $25,000 to answer the charge. The arrest was based on the statement of Cashier Baldwin In regard to loans to Nugent. The 6tock in the Mechanics’ Bank was held In large amounts by the President and hi s family, and each of the directors held considerable sums as well. Oscar L Baldwin, the defaulting cashier, ls a son of Caleb Baldwin, and entered the Mechanics’ Bank as a boy, occupying a minor position. He rose gradually until about 1852, when he became assistant to Cashier Matthias Day. At about the begin ning of the war he succeeded Mr. Day as cashier, and has occupied that position ever since. He was prominent In public and s tclal life, and was director In the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. This com pany once offered him a prominent position, bu f he refused it. His salary as cashier was $7,000 per annum. Personally he was popular, and his rela tives and friends Include some of the most prominent people in Newark. For several years Mr. Baldwin has been engaged In speculation in Wall street, and it is believed that the misfortunes of the bank are largely due to thl6 fact. Stockholders of the bank are liable for the full amount of their ho dtngs, that ls to say, each stockholder for SIOO must pay SIOO besides the value of his stock. The actual loss, it is believed, will reach $2,400,- 000 It ls estimated that depositors will not get over 50 cents on the dollar. Cashier Baldwin was In bed all day Mon day at his residence in cu'tody of United States Deputy Marshal H. T Burnett. He positively refused to see anybody with the exception of bis personal friends. Mr. Bildwin said to a friend: “I am guilty, and am willing to go to the penitentiary.” Newark, N. J., November 1. —Warren Akerman, a former director of the Me chanics’ Bark, has begun a lawsuit against President Htlsey for debt caused by negli gence. Nugent’s counsel dentes that he received the large amount stated by Cashier Baldwin. He says be cannot ascertain bow his accounts stood at the bank, btcause Baldwin had the accounts 60 mixed up that he was in the latter’s power. A receiver has not been appointed. There are no fur ther developments regarding Baldwin’s operations. The s'atement of the officers of the Me chanics’ National Bank, prepared by Attor ney Keasbv. shows that the firm of Nugent & Cos. has been allowed to overdraw Its account to the extent of about $500,000 since the first of last January. CONFEDERATE BONDS, The Demand for Them In Wa*h* lngton. Washington, November I.—Large pur chases of Confederate bonds are now being made here by leading brokers to fill orders of Engli-h customers. The average price paid to-day ls about two dollars for each SI,OOO of bonds. Most of the securities bought here come from Virginia, North Carolina and Maryland, and it Is a noticeable fact that the holders seem quite as ready to sell as the brokers are to buy. There is little doubt that this purchasing movement grows out of the deposit made by officers of the Confed erate States during the late war of £BOO,OOO In the Bank of England, and possibly that this sum, which still Ue6 there unclaimed, may be divided pro rata among the holders of Confederate securities. It ls not improb able that the question of the disposition of this money may become the subject of di plomatic correspondence between the gov ernments of this country and Great Brltalr. ENGLAND AND AMERICA. Verdict of Pence I.over* on the Yoik town Salute to Britain’* Flag. London, November I.—The International Arbitration and Peace Association passed a resolution to day recording its satisfaction with the saluting of the English fldgat York town. Such an Incident, the resolution says, ls unparallelled in history, and must ever remain of a deep International Interest. It regards the act as weighty and significant testimony to the eternal oblivion of all animosities resulting from the war of inde pendence, and as an emphatic expression of the brotherly love existing between Eug land and Ametfca. The New l'ork Stock TJarket. New York, November I.—The stock market opened irregular and was feverish and unsettled in the early dealings, but towards noon prices took an upward turn and an advance of to IX n er cent. wa6 recorded, which was most marked in Oregon Navigation, Cincinnati Southern, Michigan Central, Nathvllle and Chattanooga, Texas Pacific, Pacific Mall, Manhattan Elevated, and Kansas and Topeka. The higher range of values was, however, maintained for but a brief period, and owing chiefly to the har dening tendency of money a free selling movement was developed, which resulted In a steady decline in prices until after the second board, when quotations were down Xto IX P er cent - from the best figures of the morning, Denver and R'o Grande, Norfolk aDd Western preferred. Cincinnati Southern, New Jersey Central, Mobile and Ohio, Texas Pacific and Michi gan Central being most prominent in the decline. Subsequently there was a frac tional recovery,due to the easier working of the money market, but In the final sales speculation again became weak and prices closed at or near the lowest point of the day. Manbat'an Beach fell off 2X per cent, on the day’s transactions. Sales aggregated 299,727 shares. Chinese Representatives at Wash ington. Washington, November I.—The State Department has received no official notifica tion from the Chinese Government of the appointment of a Dew Minister to succeed Chen Lang Pin and Yußg Wing, the pres ent representative of that government in this country. United States Minister An gell, In a recent dispatch to the State De partment, stated that the Chinese Govern ment Intended to recall the present Minis ters and appoint Cheng Tsao Ju to the po sition, and that it was expected he would reach Washington about December 1. Foil Relnrua of the German Elec tions. Berlin, November 1 —Corrected com plete returns from three hundred and ninety-live election dlstrlc’s show that of the successful candidates 44 are Con servatives, 22 Free Conservatives, 100 members of the Centre party, 3 National Liberals, 24 Secessionists, 35 Pro gressists, 3 members of the Party of the People, 15 Poles, 17 Partlcularlsts and Pro testers. The pollticd'of four of the success ful candidates are not defined. One hun dred second ballots are necessary. A Prise Fight on the Tapia. Nkw York, November I.—Frank White and George Halden, who signed articles of agreement on October 2 to fight for $2,500 a side and the feather weight champion ship of America, met to-day and tossed for the choice of the fightlDg ground and posted the balance of stakes. Holden won the toss and will have the naming of the battle ground. The pugilists are to fight in Canada on the 16 r h Instant, within one hundred miles of Erie, Pa. Mothers Don’t Know How many children are punished for be ing uncouth, willful, and Indifferent to In structions or rewards, simply because thev are out of health! An intelligent lady said of a child of this kind: “Mothers should know that If they would give the little ones moderate doses of Hop Bitters for two or three weeks the children would be all a parent could desire.” SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1881. THE UNITED KINGDOM. Reinforcement* lor Ireland—Glad stone Reported to be About to Re tire-The Land Court Overbur dened with Work. London, November I.—A troopship will leave Portsmouth to day with 520 men to reinforce the various regiments in Ireland. Orders have been received at Athlone to have a flying column In readiness to proceed immediately to any part of Westmeath or Roscommon. The Standard says: “Mr. Gladstone will shortly retire from the Chancellorship of the Exchequer and, probably, from official life.” The Standard says that in the event of Mr. Gladstone's resigning the Chancellor ship of the Exchequer the R'ght Hod. Hugh C. Childers, at present Secretary of State for War, will succeed him, aDd Lord Northbrook, First Lord of the Admiralty, will take the War Office, and Bir Charles Di’ke, Under Secretary, will probably lake the Admiralty Office. Ru mors similar to those printed In the Stand ard relative to Mr. Gladstone’s retirement are reproduced In some of the provincial papers, but Influential Liberal organs, such as the Manhester Guardian and Leeds Mer cury, ignore them. The latest accounts of the shootiDg affray at B*-llmulle‘, countv Mayo, last, week, when the police being attacked fired upon the people, show that two persons are dead and twenty wounded. A renewal of the disturbance ls feared, and reinforcements have been 6ent„ The Freeman's Journal predicts that the land court will fail because of the mass of business. A. M Sullivan has consented to withhold his resignation as member of Parliament for Meatb for some time, because the election at present would inconvenience the Parnell ite*. O’CONNOR AT WATERBURY. A Lively Demonslrntlon The Amount Sent to Egan, Waterburt, Conn., November I.—A procession, composed of a military com pany, the li cal Land League, three temper ance and other Irish societies escorted Hon. T. P. O’Connor to the City Hall this eve ning. The streets were thronged with peo ple, and numerous fireworks were set off. The hall was packed, and the enthusiasm of the audience was un bounded. Mayor elect Kendrick presided, and several Catholic priests and prominent citizens occupied seats on the platform. Rev. Lawrence Walsh, of this city, Treas urer of the National Land Lesgne, reported that up to date he had sent $90,000 to Treasurer Egan at Paris. CRUSHED IO DEATH. Fatal Fall of an Elevator In St. Loot*—A Man Koaated with Mol ten Iron. St. Louis, November I.—At the Vulcan steel works an elevator loaded with pig iron and carryit g four men fell a distance of thirty feet from the machinery breaking. A man named M. C. Groil was crushed to death, and two others named Dailey and Morrison fa’ally Injured. McGovern, the fourth passenger, escaped uninjured by leaping to a projection in the wall while the elevator was falling. Hugh Hogan, of the same works, had been fatally hurt just be fore the elevator accident by the upsetting of a ladle filled with molten iron. DELEGATE CANNON. The Supreme Court of Utah Decide* Tlial He la Sot a Citizen. Salt Lake, November I—Chief1 —Chief Justice Hunter has decided that the naturalization of Delegate Cannon was a nullity, thereby sustaining Governor Murray’s position In refusing to certify that Cannon had been elected to Congress. The Itrlghton Autumn Meeting:. London, November I.—The Brighton autumn meeting opened to day. The race for the Brighton autumn handicap, for three year olds and upwards, distance one and a half miles, came off and was won by Mr. W. Gregory’s bay filly E*pado. Second place was secured by Mr. T. Ridmall’s bay colt Spltzbergen, and third place by Lord Folkestone’s chestnut horse Friar Rush. Seven ran, including Mr. P. Lorillard’s four year old chestnut colt Mistake. The French Guest* lu Providence. Providence, November 1 — The members of the French delegation lo Yorktown ar rived here from Newport this morning. They were accompanied by the members of the State Committee of Reception, and escorted to the Narragansett Hotel, where breakfast was served. Afterward the vis itors were taken to Weybo6set, where they witnessed an exhibition of the fire depart ment, thence they went to Brown Uni versity. A**a*Htua(lon lu Ml**l**lppl. Vicksburg, November I.—A special states that several colored men, on their way to a fusion meeting, were fired on from ambush, Perry Thompson was killed and two others dangerously wounded. All were inoffensive citizens, and It is believed the assassins in tended to shoot a prominent colored politi cian and a candidate, but they had already passed. The American Medal* from Mel bourne. New York, November I—T. R. Picker ing, Executive Manager of the American Department of the Melbourne, Australia, Exposition, will leave this city next Tues day for Washington, where he will make the awards of medals to the successful American exhibitors. CoMly Blaze In Cincinnati. Cincinnati, November 1 —The Ohio and Mississippi elevator, with 125,000 bushels of grain, was completely destroyed by fire this mrrnlng. It was owned by Hugh S'ewart and leased by C Maguire. The loss ls esti mated at from $85,000 to SIOO,OOO. The lat ter figure supposes the entire destruction of the grain.’ No Trace of tbe Jeannette. Halifax, N. 8 , November I.—The United Btat,es steamer Alliance, which for the past four months has been cruising in the Arctic seas in search of the missing exploring ship Jeannette, arrived here to-day on her way to New York, not having during her absence seen or heard anything of that vessel. The Campaign In Tunl*. London, November 1 —The Tunis cor respondent of the Times says: “The failure lo surround the Arabs by the advance to Kairwan has necessitated some important changes in the plan for the winter cam paign In Tunis, which may entail more Im portant results.” Half a Million In Aahe*. New York, November 1. —Mayer’s & Bachman’s brewery at Clifton, which was burned last night, occupied nearly half an acre and cost SBO,OOO. Tbe total loss on the bulldiDg, s’oek, machinery etc., will reach nearly $500,000. Insurance about $250,000. A Well Known Hotel Man Dead. Baltimore, November I.—Col. Robert Coleman died to-day, aged 77. He was for merly proprietor of the Coleman House, New York, the Eutaw House, Baltimore, and other hotels in other cities, and was widely known. Big Fire In Mla*l**lppl. New Orleans, November I.—A Times special reports the burning of four stores at Monticello, Miss., occupied respectively by A. Cohen Sons, C. R. Dale, J. M. Benson and Pepper A Garrett. The loss Is esti mated at $50,000. Insurance small. Snow In England. London, November L—Heavy snow storms and gales are reported throughont England. In several parts of the mtdland counties there are two feet of snow on the ground. Mr. Walter F. Adams, of Westboro,Mass., writes: “For years I suffered the horrors of dyspepsia and indigestion. They seemed to weaken every organ of life, and completely shattered my nervous system. At night when I lay down I felt I could not live until morning. Heartburn paffied me most ter ribly. I tried Brown’s Iron Bitters. It entted my case precisely, and now my stomach digests any kind of food, and my sallow complexion and other symptoms of lit health are all gone, and at night I enjoy most refreshing, dreamless slumber.” THE REFUGE OF ROGUES. THE COKRITTIONS IN THE DE PARTMENTS. Wlndoui’* Projected Hopefnl Ex periment- Sblftle** Striker* Quat lered on tbe People— Haacalliy and Debauchery Winked at and Pro tected A Day of Reckoning at Hand. Washington, October 31.—Secretary Wln dom, whose successor as the head of the Treas ury Department has been confirmed by the Senate In the person of Judge Folger, of New York, will leave the Treasury Department in a few days to return to his old stamping ground, the Senate. Mr. Windom has done nothing that is reprehensible beyond the manufacture of a refunding bill of his own, and the shield ing of John Sherman in stopping the Treasury investigation right where it got the most lively Mr. Windom has, however, done a number of good things whioh need not be particularized. To chronicle a man's good deeds is decidedly unpopular and very uninteresting. Be fore going out of the Cabinet. Mr. Windom has promulgated * scheme for civil service re form which really ealls for more than a pass ing consideration. It shows that Windom looked upon the question practically, a stand point from which it has never before been considered by *ny government official. The invariable bent of tbe official mind upon this question has heretofore been one of party clap-trap and the elevation at once as a big reformer of the man promulgating his scheme. In his promulgation Windom is different He says, in substance, that the law providing a pro rata distribution of the Federal appoint ments should be adhered to even to the letter, and that under it there should be a committee of three in each State to examine candidates for appointments in the several departments of the government, the vacancies as they occur in each State to be filled by the men whom the examination shows to be the best qualified to fill them. It is to be noted that this scheme would be applicable to Federal appointments in Georgia But it is sensible. It would in a great measure remove that disgrace from the nation wtiich is contained in tbe accu mulation in Washington of drunkards and worse who came here good men but UDable to secure places in any department de generate into the veriest scum. VYindomsays that Garfield approved of his plan before he was shot, and that the experiment as to its effi ciency would have been tried in the Treasury Department except for Guiteau. It is truly a pity that it could not have been tried. On its face it bears e decided chance for success. It was not intended to include within its scope the Federal offices in the States, such as Marshals, Collectors of Customs and Collectors of Inter nal Revenue. It. would only be a very good beginning to rid its national capitol of a crying pest and have the way for a more thorough and enlightened scheme for the reform of thewh le civil service. But Mr. Windom’splan, one would say.fell with the death of President Garfield,and from the general outlook, with President Ar thur surrounded by stalwarts and the old crowd, one would, under general analysis, say that reform was dead. Not only reform of the civil service but of any kind. But such a con sideration would not be warranted by the facts. There is a spirit abroad in the country among all parties and creeds that demands a reform in the c.vil service. The demand is not for a continuing reform nor for alleged com petitive examinations. which do not compete, but result in the appointment of the candidate who has the most political influence This demand has taken such shape that it warrants the enlist ment in the cause of men other than the blatherskites and hypocrites, who have heretofore gained place and promi nence by having the newspapers tack to their names the lying phrase, “civil service reformer ” The time has come for actior. •••sMr. Windom. in his enunciation of his views, c’eatly shows, the place for reform to begin is in Washington. The tear ing up by the roots of the corrupt rings, which annually steal thousands from the govern ment is a branch of that reform which Mr. Windom, owing to his leniency, displayed towards the Treasury thieves, does not touch upon. To tear these thieves from the tody politic and punish them should be the beginning. Next is what Mr. Windom proposed to do; namely, to regu late the appointments in the several depart ments here so that a good pro tata of clerks among the several States could bo secured for the departments of persons capable to perform their duties intelligently. That there is a great desideratum in this respect you can easily judge, when one who has known the public service in the departments here pretty thoroughly for the past five years says that four-fifths of the clerks therein employed are totally unfit for the places they occupy and could do no real work were it assigned them. They got their through political influ ence-tbe curse of the United States —and do nothing but spend their nights in drinking among the rummeries, and their days in get ting over its effects. No chief of division assigns work other than of the most simple character to these men. because they know that they cannot perform it. And one-half, nay three fourths of the time of every member of the Cabinet is taken up with hearing appeals for the retention or appointment to government positions in the departments of this class of worthless creatures. This applies only to the men. There are good and valuable female employes in the departments, but the mis ressesof Congressmen and of influential politicians are also there. The deserving fe male has to work; the other does no work—if any were given her shecould not ae conapl sh it-but wears fine clothes and puffs her hair. I hav- put all this in the very mild est form. It is in keeping with the public de mand for a reform that is growing daily stronger, and which will make itself felt at no distant day. It must come, or the whole fabric of the government will rot of itself. Potomac. Fatal Quarrel of Rival*. Lawrencevillb, 111., November I. Albert Nichols and John E. Lenchan, who bad been paying attentions to tbe same girl, foueht, and the latter getting worsted attempted to run away. Nichols shot him dead. ■.etroy Indicted. London, November I.—^The jury at Maid stone has found a tiue bill against, Arthur Lefrov for the murder of Mr. Gold lu a rail road carriage on the Brighton Railway In June last. Dean Stanley’* NuccenMor Initialled. London, November I.—Rev. Geo. Gran ville Bradley was to-day formally installed as Dean of Westminster In the presence of a large congregation. A B->gn* Coin Man In Trouble. Washington, November I.—B. W. Stoval has been arrested at Union City, Tenn., for dealing In counterfeit silver dollars. Fell and Broke Hl* Neck. Atlanta, November 1. —James Wiggins, of DeKalb county, recently fell from his wagon and broke his neck. A Stalwart Organ’s Estimate of the Deceased President. The Sunday Chronicle, which lays claim to being the oldest Republican journal of Washington, and which has lately been in fused with some new stalwart Western blood, prints an editorial on “Post Mortem Gush,” which has attracted much attention in political circles. The article takes ex ception to the ceaseless flow of eulogy and unmixed praise which has been penned on the memory of the late President. It says that General Garfield was nominated as a makeshift, and was accepted as a candidate by the people with more surprise than cordiality. Whether his death was a national loss or a national gain is a point upon which It would be pre Bumptious to pronounce, but the Idea that his decease has created an Irreparable hiatus In the ranks of American statesman— 6hlp borders on the ridiculous. There are a hundred thousand men in the United States as well fitted as he for the office of Presi dent —as honest, as high minded, as sound in judgment, as pure socially and domesii cally, as well instructed In the principles of Republicanism, as capable In affairs and as loyal to the Constitution. The article con cludes: “To pay such honor as might be justifiable when rendered to a deceased de liverer of his country or a great benefactor of his race to one of whom the most that can be said is that he was a skillful and suc cessful parly politician, who accidentally became a President, and died before he had time to do well or 111 in that capacity, In stead of being a just tribute to the dead, is a reflection upon the common sense of tbe living.” There was a noble youth who, on being urged to take wine at tbe table of a fa mous statesman in Washington, had tbe moral courage to refuse. He was a poor young man. just beginning the struggle of life. “Not take a glass of wine?” said the great statesman, in wonderment and surprise. “Not one single glass of wine!” echoed the statesman’s beautiful and fascinating wife. “No,” re plied the heroic youth, resolute ly, gently repelling the proffered glass. What a piiclurp of moral grandeur was that! A poor, friendless youth re fusing wine at the table of a wealthy and famous statesman, even though proffered by the fair hands of a beautiful lady. “N >,” said the noble young man, his voice trembling a little and his cheek flosbid, “I never drink wine, but (here he straightened himself up and his words grew firmer) if you have a little good old rye whisky I don’t mind trying a snif tei!” Tableau: The “statesman’s beauti ful and fascinating wife” faints, and is caught in the arms of the “great states man,” while the “poor, friendless youth” turns a somersault over the back of his chair. BRIEF NEWS SUMMARY. The registration of voters in New York shows a total of 170,419, against 217,023 last year, and 167,837 In 1879. The official vote of lowa gives Sherman, Republican, 59,929 plurality over Kinne, Democrat, and 21,123 majority over both his opponents. Rev. J. M. Bpargrave banged himself to a bed post In a hospital, at Pittsburg, re cently. Pecuniary embarrassment ls sup posed to have caused his suicide. William T. Craddock, from Cecil county, Maryland, blew out tbe gas in his room In a hotel In Baltimore a few nights ago, and was found dead In bed in the morning. The boiler of a threshing machine ex ploded at Montvllle, near Auburn, New York, recently, killing Frank Mlllman and seriously Injuring eight others, two of whom are not expected to recover. All the collieries In Southwest Lancashire have stopped until Thursday. The colliers have decided that If the demand for an ad vance in their wages is refused they will only work four days weekly. Edward McLean, alias Hamilton, a noto rious sneak thief, has been arrested In New York on suspicion of having, on Wednes day last defrauded a diamond cutting com pany of Boston out of $4,700 worth of dia monds. The State and City Boards of Health In I dlanapolis are dead locked owing to the appointment of some homoeopaths among their members. Meanwhile Indianapolis ls suffering from almost an epidemic of ty phoid fever. The total number of lost by the sinking of the steamer Jennie Gilchrist, at Rock Island, Illinois, la now reported at eleven— seven men and four women. Two bodies have been recovered by a diver from the sunken wreck. Tbe engine of a passenger train on the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad wa6 thrown from the track near Sedalla a few nights ago by a mule. The engineer was killed, and the fireman and his eleven-year old son were badly injured. In tbe Criminal Court at Washington, counsel for General Brady served a notice on the government attorneys In the star route cases that they were ready to commence argument on the information filed by the Postmaster General and others. Iu Halifax, Nova Scotia, Mrs. Bethune’s dress caught fire from the stove, and she rolled herself on the floor to extinguish the fl tmes. An Infant crawled towards her and caught fire from the burning carpet, and both mother and child were burned to death. The British bark Zelina Goudv, at Biltl more from Liverpool, reports that on Sep tember 30, in latitude 47.4, longitude 27.50, she sighted a derelict bark, waterlogged and abandoned, with only the mizzenmast standing. The atmosphere becoming thick the Goudy could not get near enough to learn anything about her. H. H. McGuire, a tobacconist of St. Louis, was closed out by his creditors recently. He wa6 about SII,OOO short, owing chiefly to embezzlements by a plausible young scoundrel named Haas, who bad been act ing as clerk for about a year. Haas disap peared recently, leaving a six-page letter “full of good advice” to his employer. The Sunday law being now rather strictly enforced In Indianapolis, the Germans who do not wish to be deprived of their favorite beverage on the day of rest are organizing so-called “literary clubs,” for the purpose of evading the law. On Saturday the “Gar field Literary Club” was formed, to enable Its members to drink as much beer on Sun days as they wish. Major Downing, engaged In the timber trade in the Chiricahua mountains of Ari zona, reports, at Wilcox, that he has been compelled to suspend business by a raid of cow boys who have stolen nearly all his stock. It is said the civil authorities seem unable to cope with these robbers, who have “practically taken possession of all the ter ritory lying south of San Simon Station and east of Tombstone.” EDGEFIELD IN ASHES. Ouly Four Store* Left Standing— Supposed to Have Been tbe AVork of an Incendiary Not Enough Provlnlona to I.a*t Forty-Eight Hour*. The Edgefield Advertiser, In an extra dated Sunday morning, gives the following graphic account of the fire: “With feelings of unspeakable horror and sadness the Advertiser announces to its readers that the county site of old Elgefield lies in ashes ana ruins. “At dawn this morning (Sunday, October 30,) the large livery stable belonging to Mrs. Tillman’s hotel, and standlua: *n rear of same, was discovered to be in flames. The wind was blowing fiercely, and set fatally to the northwest, bearing the flames directly over Park Row. In less than an hour all of Park Row, the various small buildings in the rear or It, and Captain Markert’s cabinet shop were in flames. “8o wild and sweeping was the wind that human efforts availed nothing. For a couDle of hours the Advertiser building seemed doomed, but the wind bore the flames in a contrary direction. From Park Row the flames soon leaped across the street to tbe store house occupied by Mr. Lee Holson, Mr. Wade Youngblood and tbe two barbers; from this to the Chronicle office, lately so handsomely repaired by Mr. A. J. Norris; from this to Mr. Lynch’s drug store; from this to the huge building occu pied by Mr Cltsby and Mr. Cobb; from this to the little brick office occupied by Mrs. Crawford: from this to the old law office of Carroll & Bacon; while In the rear of all these, all the law offices were consumed— Mr. John Addison’s, Mr. Walter Ouzts’ old Law Range, thence to Messrs. Sheppard Brothers. The dwelling of Lawrence Cain was consumed. The two offices in Mr. Lynch’s front yard were consumed, hut his mansion was saved. The dd Saluda House, tbe property of Col. H. W. Addison, was saved. “The Tillman Hotel was swept away as if by magic. The Methodist parsonage, the private residence of Mr. W. B. Penn and the law office of Norris & Folk were saved. “From the old Saluda House to the Adver ser building, and from the Advertiser building to the Methodist parsonage and Mr. W. B. Penn’s residence, U one horrible waste of ashes —not a building stands upon the scene. The buildings on the public square now are these alone: The Advertiser building, Dr. Parker’s office, law office of Glover & Ab ney, old Ryan Hotel, post office, old Bryan brick store, Mims’ photograph building, jail and court house. The law offices and small buildings, beginning with the Gary law office and running down to the Catholic Church, are uninjured The barrooms, the billiard saloons, blacksmith shops, the negro store, are all gone. “The merchants were able to save but small portions of their stocks, and these were almost entirely uninsured. “Upon this property there was about $30,- 000 of Insurance. $25,000 in the companies reprefented bv Jefferson & Zimmerman, and $5,000 In the Georgia Home, represented by Mr D. R Durisoe. ‘ ‘At the hour at which we write, 11 o’clock a. m , the flames have died out, and an awful cloud of smoke rests over the dreary scene. Citizens from the surrounding coun try are thronging in. and the burnt district Is crowded with excited human beings of all ages and races. Many houses, not burn ed, were emptied of tbelr furniture, and every street and garden and back yard ls Oiled with household goods, broken, torn and Injured. “Circumstances point very strongly to this terrible conflagration as the work of ap In cendiary. “The great Are of 1852 was small compared to this. The appearance of Edgefield’s public square ls appalling In Its desolation'” A Sink of Political Iniquity. Washington Post. The vilest sink of political iniquity is the Government Printing Office. The most inefficient agent of the government is the Superintendent of that establish ment. We hold ourselves ready to show that it has been fraudulently conducted in almost every department during the protracted incumbency of that individu al; and that a minimum of service has been obtained at a maximum cost. Vfe do not assert that tho general run of it§ employes is worse than that of any other department, because we know nothing about them except from common rumor; but that the whole concern is corrupt to rottenness we not only know but stand ready to prove. The government print ing office should have been cleaned out years ago, and would have been if Con- Shad done its duty. That Congress er rather neglected to give it the required attention is as much the fault of Democrats as Republicans. To re move Defrees and substitute anybody else is po rpedy, The system should be broken up, and a score or more of men who have been systematically pil fering the government sent to the peni tentiary. A BAR TO HARD TIMES. THE GREAT DEFECT IN COTTON CULTURE. Tbe Value ol Deep Plowing-A Hoganavllle Planter’* Wisdom Rewarded—Tbe Beat Recipe tor Good Crop*—Teat* In tbe Old Dominion. Bradstreet’s The methods of cotton cultivation In the South will be found, on careful examina tion, to have very much to do with the gen eral question of profit. The cotton plant Itself ls an herbaceous tree, with a root striking as deep as any tree of its size, and, though an annual In this climate, It ls perennial In the tropics, and a tree, In fact, wherever the perennial species can grow. In its cultivation as an annual this characteristic should not be for gotten, and, first of all things, the soil should be prepared for tbe growth and fertilization of deeply penetrating roots. It has been the habit in the older Atlantic States to cultivate at very shallow depths, although the criticism ls not so applicable at the present time as in former years, though there 1* yet room for great Im provement. Breaking the surface to the depth of three or four inches has been deemed sufficient In ordinary cultivation, and this very Imperfect opening up of the soil was followed In cotton planting—a tol erable practice for small grains, possibly, but one certain to incur great risks for deep rooted plants. On the rich bottom lands of Mississippi, and on river bottoms generally, ls this de fect of surface cultivation only slightly felt, or, at least, it would not restrict production to the same degree; but on the uplands, and in dry seasons particularly, the root of the plant cannot penetrate sufficiently to pro duce a crop. The soil may be highly fertil ized, but the fertilization Is wasted; the sur face Is too dry to give nourishment to the roots, and below the surface neither the roots nor the applied fertilizer can make use of the soil. This Is, to a certain extent, the cause of damage to the crop the present, season; the soil, otherwise well prepared by the liberal application of fertilizers, loses the use of Its pulverized surface because of the drought. The contrast ls much greater In a season like the present than in one with the usual amount of rain, although at all times the difference between the ftee growth of plants on deeply cultivated lands and the stinted production on very thin soils ls sufficiently apparent. It will be Impossible to count with reasonable certainty on a full crop In any season without a full and complete re form In this one of the methods of cultiva tion. If the soil is not thoroughly and deeply broken in the upland cotton fields, we now know that the cotton crop will not attain Its usual yield per acre, and no possi ble state of the market as to prices can atone for this deficiency In quantity. A striking Illustration of the value of better methods of cultivation Is afforded by the special crop of John H. Jones, a planter of Hogansville, Ga., whose limited planta tion of eighteen acres has produced almost as much per acre In 1881 as it did In the prolific year 1880,when all the light and shal low plowed soils did better, probably, than at any time within ten years. The report of this planter’s success ls direct, and, un doubtedly, entirely authentic, and his only point of marked distinction was In the depth of his cultivation. The soil ls re ported to be the usual upland, which on the average has not yielded more than one quarter of a bale per acre the present sum mer in Georgia and the Carollnas; yet in this unprtcedently bad year It gives one bale and a quarter per acre to the deep plowing of this more skillful planter. The difference between one half bale per acre and the present crop would be every thing to the cotton planters the present year, and It would have saved them from most embarrassing debts to the fertilizer dealers. In a good vear their free purchases of fer tilizers would have been wise; but In a year of extreme drought, with shallow plowing, it has been comparatively worthless to them. The applied stimulus does not reach the plants, or the plants cannot avail themselves of the stimulus. It. must, of course, be apparent that other crops suffer equally from shallow cultiva tion; corn, In fact, probably suffers worse In the present vear. The corn crop has been lost for the same reason, and generally It was reported during the early part of the summer that cotton endured the almost universal drought better than corn. All crops suffer from a restriction of their growing roots to a thinly plowed surface lying on a hard or Impervious subsoil, and these defective methods of cultivation, in the mere mechanical sense, have cost tbe planters of the South heavy losses In tbe crop of 1881. A writer In the Southern Planter and Far mer, of Richmond, Va., for October, at tributes his success in wheat growing solely to deep plowing. He raised twenty bushels to the acre on land previously supposed to be worn out and practically abandoned, using no manure or fertilizers. “Under the old system of farming In Virginia the lands have never attained one-third of their pro ductive capacity, and one can scarcely form an estimate of their powers of production. I plowed from eight to ten inches deep, and turned up soli that had not before been reached for years, if ever.” The lesson taught the present year In the partial failure of the cotton crop, not only on dry uplands, but on many other badly managed soils, should speedily lead to a more thorough reform In the methods of preparing the soli for cotton. A Mysterious Grotto. Pall Mall Gazette. A Marseilles paper, under the heading “A Mysterious Grotto,” relates tbe fol lowing story: “Several sportsmen in pursuit of game in Formentera, one of the Balearic Islands, suddenly came upon a deep excavation, the entrance to which was covered by bushes and undergrowth. They proceeded to explore it, and having with some difficulty removed several large stones found themselves in a well built chamber of Moorish design, the walls of which were ornamented with undecipherable characters. In the middle of the chamber were two tombs of admirable workmanship. On re moving the metal covers by which they were closed the explorers discovered two colossal mummified bodies, one on the right being that of a young woman, the other that of a man. On the head of the woman was a dia dem set with stones which, if genuine, are of inestimable value. Around her neck was a necklace of large pearls, two enormous ear rings were attached to her ears, and her fingers were covered with rings. On the head of the man was an imperial crown, and in his hand he held a sceptre. Bix of the discoverers re mained to guard the treasure and the others left for Madrid to consult the au thorities. The inhabitants are said to have known of the cavern, but had never entered it, thinking it was only a resort for serpents. ” Seven Spots on the Sun. Rochester Democrat, October 24. Seven large spots variegated the disk of the sun yesterday. They were not widely scattered, and might be con sidered as one group. These spots form the moßt striking view yet presented during this season of maximum sun spots. Scattered among the large spots are innumerable small ones that appear no larger than a pin’s head. An eighth large spot ls forming. This wonderful display of solar forces can be easily ob served by all possessing telescopes with out danger. Even a spy-glass fixed so that it can be turned to the sun .without using the eye will throvy an image of the sun on a white screen. This image can be brought into a focus by sliding the tube or moviDg the screen to and from the eyepiece until the edge of the sun appears sharp and the spots become visi ble. The spots pan be easily seen on an imaoe three-quarters of an inch in di ameter. But the eye must be kept from the instrument, or serious id jury will re sult. The earth storms seem to respond to the great storms in the sun with re markable precision. It is to be hoped that the sun observations during the summer, in connection with the meteor ological records, will throw some light upon the exact nature of the influence of sun storms upon the earth. George Robinson, colored, was killed by falling from a eoal shnte, In Wilmington, Del., after having been seized by a fit. Don’t Die In tbe p[oo*. Ask druggists for '‘Rough on Rats.” It clears out rats, mice, bed bugs, roaches, yermln, flies, ants, Insects. 15c. per box. ESTABLISHED 1850. ' INDIAN liIVLK A Region Rleat by Nature—lla Splen did Possibilities— Ponnnti In Pratts-Fertile Acres lor ■ None- A Paradise for Health. Indian Riveb, Fia., October 27 .—Editor Morning Netcs: That pleasant and versatile writer, Fred. Beverly, once aptly wrote: “In dian river, once visited, leaves a longing in the heart of the visitant never satisfied till the sparkle of its waters again gladdens his eye and his tent is pitched upon its sunny sands." So this fair month finds me back again, drink ing in renewed health and vigor, taking anew “lease of life,” it may be said, from its pure, refreshing breezes. There has been no drought here, abundant rains having fallen all through the past year. The orange crop is fine this season, fruit smooth and of fair size. It is surprising to me that the good citizens here do not go extensively into the culture of lemons, the climate seeming peculiarly adapted to their growth, also to the growth of limes and citrons They appear to bloom and bear almost continuously. The French lemon grows quite large, some specimens weighing over a pound. They re quite the thing for pies, but too large to suit the Northern market. The Sicily. Ono and Florida are of inferior quality. Bome attention has be°n paid to limes, for I hear of a few instances where single trees have paid from fifty to seventy dollars from one crop. I hear, however, that a kind of blight or insect, before unknown, has cut off this year’s crop of limes. Citrons are of three varieties—the bitter, the sweet and the citron of commerce, and grows to enor mous size. A resident here sent some speci mens to New York lat season, two of which weighed twenty-four pounds. The mango grows from the seed and bears in four years, making a fine tree, yielding quanti ties of beautiful fruit. As I contemplate the vast and varied capabilities of this Indian river region, lain convinced it has a bright fu ture, the nearness of which depends on the energy of its citizens. No other region pos sesses the uatural advantages offered by this, and naught remains but for ambitious man to turn these advantages to gold, and the effort may be said to be in its infancy. Spite of last winter’s cold, the guava, a delicate shrub, has been blooming and bearing the entire year, and its fall crop, the main one, is now lying on the ground by hundreds—aye, thousands of bushels. There is fruit enough to supply a large fac tory for manufacturing guava jelly; and no one could relish the dark, strong imported jelly of commerce after having once been per mitted to eat of the bright, beautiful and most delicious jelly pw-area here from guavas. If the people her^mw uld awaken from their lethargy, throw oft ome of their self-satisfied ease and contentment, and go to work with a determination to develop to the utmost of their ability the wonderful resources of their won derful land, soon th- y could offer inducements to capitalists to erect large factories for the manufacture of jellies, dried citron, canned fruits, marmalades, and all the various con fections into which art converts surplus fruits; and the guavas, citrons, lemons, limes, and even the “ split oranges," which now decay, would then bring cash into the family purse. In every large grove there is every season a greater or less quantity of cracked fruit. This cracked or split fruit could be converted into most delicious marmalade or wine. Bananas grow finely, and it seems they could be made a source of profit, but the people seem content to grow a few for home consump tion,while many do not “bother” with them at all. Pineapples are doing well and attracting widespread attention. They are paviog from S3OO to S6OO per acre, and thousands have been set out this season. Choice lands, properly lo cated for their production, are springing up to t enty-flve and fifty dollars per acre; some are valued at seventy-five dollars. Toward the south end of the river one rarely hears the orange mentioned. There, bananas, pineap ples and cocoanuts are the cry. Around Jupi ter, and particularly the island. It is thought cocoanuts would pay handsomely. Not being of a perishable nature, as tropical fruits usu ally are, it can be safely shipped anywhere, and a grove, once in bearing, would prove a fine revenue. It is said that the seed once planted “the tree will grow and take care of itself.” In this assertion the easy going spirit belonging peculiarly to “Fluridy” is most con spicuous. Lake Worth, fifteen miles below Jupiter, has some stirring, wide-awake citizens. They have bananas by thousands, pineapples by hundred of thousands, and already bearing groves of cocoanuts. I hear that some of them contemplate securing a hold upon the Juniper Island tract. They would soon con vert that splendid wilderness into fl-lds of pines, bananas, mangoes, sapo dillas, cherimoyas, tamarinds and cocoanuts, yielding from SSOO to SI,OOO per acre. This magnificent tract is washed on one side by the waters of the Atlantic and on the other by the Indian river. It is held for sale at prices ranging from $-’5 to SSO an acre, and a few families of means could soon convert it into an earthly paradise, it being adapted to every variety of semi-tropical fruit, vegetables, scale and shell fish, game, and perfect health in a genial clime. What more would you ask? I find myself unable to chronicle all the resources of this surprising region. I have not even mentioned sugar cane, that potent factor, which is the sole source of in come for many people here, yielding a very superior article of syrup, and very fair sugar; and this reminds me, if the good people of the Ii dian river would send a collection of their wonderful productions, both natural and artis tic. to Atlanta, for display at the “Expo sition,” it would produce a telling effect on the thousands of visitors who will be present at that mammoth collection of the South’s fairest and best products. There would certainly be a “rush” here of curious people to fill the excellent hotels and boarding bouses that have sprung up in a few years past, and to buy the surplus land held by different people, who would love to exchange their wild lands for their equivalent in dollars, and new neighbors. If you, Mr. Editor, wonld like to escape the “wear and tear” of journal ism a few weeks and make the most delightful tour you ever experienced, then come here and cruise awhile with me up and down the shores of this enchanting river. You will be come infatuated, as nearly all do, and will again and again return. There is nothing more desirable than to run away from leaden skies, cold winds, and leafless trees, and bask in the almost perpetual spring prevailing here: roam through evergreen forests and at almost every home pluck various fruits fresh from the green and growing bush or tree, with a blue sky smiling overhead and a magnificent river laving the rocky shore with its ever restless waves. Another very attractive feature connected with this river is the large number of sail boats. They are of all sizes and varieties, and nothing is more exhilarating than a sail in a comfort able, fast boat, with a good sailing breeze. Some other time I hope to set forth more fully the points of interest connected with this beautiful land. Till then farewell. Rambles. ►■.< - Adrift on a Door.— Yesterday after noon, about 3 o’clock, a little girl and boy, about eight and eleven years re spectively, children of Octave Lefebvre, a laborer at Laprairie, were playing on an old door in the river opposite the vil lage. The wind was rather strong, and a gust carried the plank, with its living freight, into the middle of the current, which bore them rapidly out of sight of their home. They clung together and held their perilous position as the stream bore them mile after mile from their home. The steamer Laprairie passed them. Their screams could be heard, and were answered, but no assistance came to them. The steamer Prince Ar thur also passed them near the Victoria bridge, but the Captain said the current was too strong to allow of his rescuing them. He, however, informed the water police, but the children floated on until they came to the Longueuil ferry wharf. There they were rescued by the Captain of a barge, Mr. Dessault, and given into charge of a carter named Kepherin St. Hilaire. They were taken home by Mr. Thompson, of Ilochelaga, and a telegram was sent to their parents to say what bad become of their missing children. They had thus drifted over teD miles. Many think it strange that two steamers should have passed them without lowering a boat .—Montreal Witness, October 19. Rat preserves have lately been estab lished in Barbados by some sharp na tives, who make an easy livelihood by breeding rats solely for the sake of their tails. The creatures do immense damage among the sugar plantations, so Id. per tail U paid to encourage their destruc tion, but as recently the tails were brought in enormous numbers, inquiries were made and the trick was discovered. Gambetts, when a schoolboy, asked his father to remove him from the Lycee which he attended. Being frequently refused he threatened to put out one of his eyes if his request was not granted. Gambetta senior thought this but idle bravado, yet op that very day the boy dashed an inkstand against his eye with such force as to destroy the sight Even after this his father compelled him to return to the Lycee. Dyspeptic symptoms, such as retasting of the food, belching, heat In the stomach, heartburn, etc., promptly cured by Brown’s Iron Bitters. RiOE STRAWr CURE!) on platforms, bright and good, put up in bales 14x18x36 inches. Sample can be seen and orders taken at James H. John ston’s and Fred. M. Hull’s. W. P, CARMICHAEL, For Gentlemen’s Use. FINE RAZORS, single or la sets, RAZO BTRAPB, LATHER BBUSHEB, SHAVING 80AP, SHAVING CREAM, TOILET POWDER, Puff and Boxes, at Osceola Butler’s Drug Emporium. HMttg f turn W /ReYALHWat^ 111 *AKIH C POWDER Absolutely. Purea MADE FROM GRAPE CREAM TARTAR— No other preparation makes such light, flaky hot breads, or luxurious pastry. Can be eaten by Dyspeptics without fear of the Ills resulting from heavy indigestible food. Bold only in cans by all grocers. ROYAI. BAKING POWDER CO., Nw York ftrottrits atifl f:rortston*. PEACHES. POT UP IN 3 POUND CANS WITH RICH HEAVY SYRUP, NEARLY EQUAL TO PRESERVES. —AT— A. M. & C. W. WEST’S. Always on Hand, A FULL SUPPLY OF Fine roasted coffee. FINE RAW COFFEE FINE GREEN and BLACK TEAS, CANTON GINGER PRESERVES. CANNED GOODS. NEW RAISINS. NEW CITRON. NEW CURRANTS. NEW NUTS. —AT— F. L. GEORGE & CO’S. JUST RECEIVED, A FRESH SUPPLY OF Table chocolate. SWEET CHOCOLATE. BREAKFAST BROMA. MAILLARD and TABLE BRCMA. HOMEOI ATHIC COCOA. BERMUDA ARROWROOT. DURKEE’S SALAD DRESSING. EDaM CHEESE APPLE BUTTER in 5 pound pails. PEARL SAMP. For sale by TILTON & STANTON, 31 WHITAKER STREET. PRETZELS, PRETZELS. ZWIEBACK. Bloaters, dutch herrings. MALAGA GRAPES. IMPORTED SAUSAGE. TRUFFLE LIVER SAUSAGE. MUNSTER, LIMBURGER, SWISS and EDAM CHEESE. All fresh and of the best quality, for sale AT— NICHOLAS LANG & BRO.’S, J. W. SCHLEY, WM SCHLEY, Savannah, Ga. New York. JAS. W. SCHLEY & CO., WHOLES ALE DEALERS IN Bay, Grain and Provisions, 172 BAY STREET, SAVANNAH, GA. YI7 E call the attention of our country friends v to our large and assorted stocks of CORN, HAY, OATS BRAN, BACON, FLOUR, FEEDS and RUSI' PROOF OATS. AU orders will receive immediate attention. Inquiries promptly answered. Wlliami ®oattss. LADIES’ Dress Caps, Dress Caps. A BPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF INFANTS’ CAPS & SACQUES In the Latest Patterns, carefully selected. MILLINERY. MILLINERY. MILLINERY. A SPLENDID VARIETY' OF HATS, TRIMMED OR UNTRIMMED. STAMPING TO OftDER. STAMPING TO ORDER. STAMPING TO ORDER. MRS. POWER, Enables, iruit. * When lie Leaves Begin to turn and you have gotten through dusting off your last year’s ulster, take about three minutes to recall the fact that RED BANANAS! Are as thick as flies in a milk pir REEDY’S, and ripe bunches wili be, ber 4th, i, Octob GRAPES, GR / f / / 47 and 48, CATAWBAB and ISABELLAS in if Jf” Cases. p ’ “•* S: ; MALAGAS in Barrels and Kegs. Till You Can’t Rest. GREEN and DRIED. FOREIGN and DOMES TIC FRUITS and VEGETABLES, FANCY groceries: SCO barrels APPLES on to-day’s ship. These ARE ON THE STEAMER—NOT ON J. B. REEDY, GROCER AND IMPORTER. BORACINE! A SUPERIOR Toilet and Nursery Powder, And a sure cure for Prioltly Heat AND other eruptions of the skin. A grateful powder for the bath. Nicely perfumed and put up in large packages at 25c. each. Manu factured by the SOUTHERN FLOWER PER FUMERY COMPANY. For sale by the Princl nal Tbriareistmof t.b* oitr KEISLINC’S NURSERY^ WHITE BLUFF ROAD. 9 PLANTB, BOSEB and CUT FLOWERS. All orders left at Savannah News Depot, cor- D9r Bun