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Savannah morning news. [volume] (Savannah) 1868-1887, August 30, 1886, Image 1

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i ESTABLISHED 1850. I
jj. H. EsTJLL, Editor and Proprietor.!
POWER OF FREE TRADERS
\ FEW VOTES IN A FEW MS
‘ TIUCI’S WILL. WIN THE FIGHT.
Bnth of lh Greit Parties at Their
Merer if they will Stand Together—
The Evil* of the Protection Policy and
the Item fits of Free Trade Contracted.
New York, Aug. 2D.—The conference
of free traders held here at the call of the
Rational Committee of the American
Free Trade League has adopted an ad
dress, of which the following extracts
will give the salient features:
To the Friends of Freedom: The Inabil
ity of the large Democratic majority in
tbe House of Representatives to pass a
bill for tariff reform looking only to the
removal of the heavy burden of taxation
from a few great industries, and the re
fusal of the representatives of the Repub
lican party and their allies to even con
sider abatement of tariff’ taxation in any
degree, imperatively calls for aggressive
and uncompromising political action by
tbe friends of commercial freedom.
POPULAR FEELING.
There can be no doubt that the major
ity of the American people, at prosent
acting in unison with one or other of
tbe two great political parties, are oon
viuced of the practicability and necessity
of tariff reform and the abandonment of
tbe hitherto dominant policy of high, dis
criminating and unnecessary taxation.
A clear statement of the issue between
tbe protectionists and free traders is of
itself a demonstration of tbe truth of this
assertion. On one side the advocates of
"protection” start with tbe assumption
that under a free and republican form of
government the power of taxation may
be lawfully used to aid private enter
prises and build up private fortunes on
tbe false plea now demolished by the
Hard logic of facts that such legislation
betters business and raises wages.
FREE TRADE PRINCIPLES.
On the other side, the principles of the
free traders may be simply stated as fol
lows:
1. They demand that the whole syste m
oi Federal taxation be so reconstructed
and readjusted that all taxes which the
people pay shall be received by the gov
ernment without the diversion of any
part for tbe lostering of private interests.
2. That the promotion and true protec
tion of domestic industry is to be found
in the removal of all taxes from articles
which constitute too foundation or are
neoessary to the processes of our various
industries, and that the incidence of taxa
tion be restricted ns far as possible to ar
ticles which are ready lor final consump
tion and of which use is voluntary rather
than necessary.
THE FOUNDATION OF PROSPERITY.
3. They claim that the abandonment of
tbe present high, discriminating and un
necessary tariff taxes, and the levy of
national revenue on a comparatively few
articles, on which taxes can be collected
with the least interference with the freely
cbosen pursuits of the people, are neces
sarv steps to gradually insure to the
country full industrial employment and
high wages, abundant production and
low cost, extended markets and a perma
nent revival of commercial activity. * *
STRENGTH OF THE TWO SIDES.
Tbe recent trial of etreugtb in Congress
ibows that the change of a single district
,n ball of the Stales from the side of the
protectionists to the side of free traders
is all that is required to reform tbe reve
nue system of the government. In more
than this number of districts a obangeof
lees than 5 per cent, in the vote will
change the district. It Is, therefore,
essential that each friend of commercial
freedom, in anticipation of the nomina
tions in his Congressional district, shall
determine and, as far as possible, pub
licly declare bis determination not to
vote for any candidate for Congress who
is not opposed to tariff for protection.
DISCRETION OF THE DISTRICTS.
In what oases it may be best to put an
Independent candidate in the field, and in
what others to abstain from voting must
be left to the free traders of each district
todecideior themselves. Added to this,
let every friend of the cause diligently
strive to extend his local influence by
diffusing sound, economic literature,
and by promoting the organization of
clubs of five or more persons in as many
flaws as he can reach. Such a system
requires no large expenditure of money,
ml need ti it be necessarily dependent on
tnedirection of any central organization.
FORCING ADOPTION.
It is thus possible that tariff reform may
be accoru pushed by the force of publioopln
lon within both paitie-. compellingacqul
erccnce of those in power. But if the con
tinued failures of the Democratic party
in Congress, helped by the liberty-loving
to cany any practical
measures ot tariff reform, continue to be
net li y the opposition of the Republican
party organization and its Democratic
the Democratic and Republican
tlfe traders must unite to destroy the
Imrly which oannot carry out its own
principles and to supersede it with anew
Prtv of freedom. *****
THE BALANCE OF POWER.
American Free Trade League havo
rtaonto believe that where Dot an abac
majority tbo number of free trade
in . ni,,, t o| the Congressional die
°ts is sufficiently large to hold the bal
of power between the candidates of
great political parties, and it only
mains wilh these, to whom this appeal
, ,' ww made, to decide whether that
'j “ rshall nnw be B 0 Intelligently exwr
„! s,, to make it both feared by politi
lh n , B a,l| i respected by statesmen. Let
i,oI s 1 be taken and the battle will
os substantially won.
1 Hi: “-MARTYRED” ARRESUKKS.
'J'at the Governor of Coahuiln
■'s s to the Governor of Texas.
ioV t TIN ’ Tbxab ’ Aug. 2D—Saturday
V ' rela iHl received from tbe Governor
Mexican State of (,'oahuila an of
> * lHlt)ry of Iho Arresures case. The
. 'y 011 ’ >* 'lated at Saltillo, Aug. 17.
“li'n Xlca " Hoveruor says:
lot L p 'l* l J!f (lit lo n , if there ivii any, was
Iraiton u? W 8 nske<l for,t - Col.Mon
ustternUi.f 101 ? t 0 the Sheriff, states the
rn "rur v x ‘ y ’ ]"K ln C Of you, the Gov-
Pprehemi lhr , ou ieti your aid,to please
ulvisn me JIJ .a !r “ Jlnal ’ Arresures, and
ulia T 8 ’ ,he Governor of Coa
-01 °n thlsdrJiai * be * b,e t 0
ng the extrsdin ° ni , N ? w,i * tbls demand
itriple ~oil and !r" n ° r tbe criminal by that
£ *le Pass o Xtrudlllon Ju ‘ ,Ktt Ht
rreste,), | S ;, n „ o u f “ tM ' t ‘ ,r > not only bad him
ivered hlm l t, C * 'J n ln chains and de
" blain fortt ilo ndraeon. We are not
'fooerdlnvß aunot lntp rfere with the
1 I" shown t!v lb ,? a : i,b °nt.es of Texas.
Fp have reterrl ‘ lop U'entß to which
ol did not* m r ,, that tb J; American Con
laim Air^ifr^ B^ ny oftlolKl effort to re
r 'hat W |,a t e Vn he , r r. afo K?l howl "* c P l * ,n -
Pw *papt'r hv H l Ilf, American
Hs case is lale , *L PUb lßbeU in rt) ird to
Q
As to the character of Arresures, the
Governor of Coabuila says in substance
that Arresures, in Piedras Negras, tried
to escape and was prevented by guards
who had him in charge. W hen they were
taking him to Seargosa he attacked one of
the guards, taking his carbine away from
him and flriug, but wounded only bis
horse. The other two guards went to the
rescue of their companion and Arresures
was killed. “Are they to blame for that?”
says tbe Governor. “Our code of laws is
very severe pn tbat point.’*
“It is said Arresures was a good citi
zen,” says tbe Governor. But he asserts
that Arresures was a bad man and stole
in one month 210 ipares, which he crossed
over to Texas between Piedras Negras
and Jitnenza, and also stole 00 horses at
Apolonio, Montalvo, and 20 head from
ilua.ii Garcia, besides 73 from the pasture
of Santa Monica Rosales y Nado, and last
July be stole beeves from Hacienda Guad
alupe, drlviugthem into tbe United Slates
by tbe way of Texas ranches.
Arresures, says the Governor, also as
saulted and killed an American near
Congregaoion del Remolina Zaragosa.
Being pursued for robbery, as they went to
arrest him at his bouse at Piedras Negras,
he fired on the police and escaped to the
United States, thus escaping and evading
the punishment he deserved. Such was
Franclsoo Arresures, according to the
Governor of Coabuila.
GIFTS FOR ESQUIMAUX.
Lieut. Schuetze's Trip to tlio Mouth
of the Lena.
Washington, Aug. 29.—The last num
ber received here ol tbe Siberian Gazette
gives the follewing particulars with re
gard to Lieut. Scbuetze’s journey to the
mouth of the Lena river with gifts and
rewards for the officials and natives who
aided the survivors ot the Arctic explor
ing steamer Jeannette: “Lieut. Schuetze
having discharged the duty laid upon him
is now on bis way home. He visited all
the natives living at or near the mouths
of the Lena and Oleuek, made a journey
eastward as far ns the river Indigirka,
in order to give a reward to Chuckchi.
who brought the news of the burning of
the Rodgers, and then visited the town of
Viiuisk to see Kacbarofski. formerly Is
pravnik at Kolymsk. to whom the sur
vivors of the Jeannette were also indebt
ed.
NATURE OF THE PRESENTS.
“The quantity and value of the rewards
so carefully distributed by Lieut.
Schuetze are unusual in our country. To
the Ispravnlks of Verkhoyansk and Ko
lymsk ne brought watches and gold med
als. Among tbe other beneficiaries, prin
cipally navties, he distributed eight gold
and twslve silver medals with the inscrip
tion: ‘For courage and humanity;’ one
bundred and thirty-three very valuable
guns, 1,200 roubles in money and about
4.000 roubles worth of merchandise of va
rious sorts, such as tea, tobacco, wearing
apparel, dishes, ornaments, etc. Tbe total
number of persons who received rewards
was 172. The late Governor Cbernaiyef.
of Yakutsk, did not live to receive the
sword which was destined for him. Lieut.
Schuetze arrived in St. Petersburg last
week and will probably reach the Uni
ted States early next month.”
THE NIAGARA WATEK POWER.
A Company Organized to Develop
and Utilize It.
Buffalo, Aug. 29.—For years the
study of many has been to utilize tbe un
limited water power afforded by the
Niagara river in tbe most practicable and
cheapest manner. This immense power
has never been used except to a very
small extent. A company of capitalists
and experienced men has been organized
and incorporated as the Niagara River
Hydraulic Tunnel and Sewer Company,
whose base of operation is to be at the
village ot Niagara Falls, and whose ob
ject is to develop the water power of tbe
great river at an estimated expense of
$3,000,000. Themain point of tbe scheme
is to construct a tunnel from the water
level below the falls 200 feet below tho
high bank of the river, extending through
the rock to tbe Upper Niagara river, at, a
point about one mile above the falls, where
a head of 120 feet is obtained. Tbe tunnel
thence is to extend parallel with the
shore of tbe river one and one-half miles,
at an average depth of 100 feet below tbe
surface of the earth and at a distance of
about 400 feet from tbe navigable waters
oi the river, with which it is connected
bv means of conduits or lateral tunnels.
Since tbe incorporation of the company,
March 31 last, sufficient land along the
river has been secured, surveyed and
apportioned into mill sites ironting on
the river and on the line of the
proposed tunnel, with ample streets and
dockage, affording facilities for approach
by rail and water to accommodate 238
mills of 600 horse power eaoh, or 119,000
horse power in all. which is the engi
neer's estimate of tbe capacity of tne pro
posed tunnel, Some idea of the effect of
this tunnel may be had from the fact that
it will develop a power largely in excess
ot the combined power in use at Holyoke,
Lowell, Minneapolis, Cohoes. Lewiston
and Lawrence, and it will not cost more
than one-tenth of tho outlay lor the de
velopment of the power at the places
designated. Tbe company expects to
found a manufacturing town at Niagara
Kalis and eaca one interested to make a
fortune out of it. The plan was made by
Thomas Eyershed, one of the State engi
neers.
IT MAY UPSKT BRITAIN’S NAVY.
Testing a New Projectile of Marvel
ous Destructive Power.
London, Au?.2o. —A tremendous scare
prevails in naval circles, arising out of a
start ling discovery In the Shoeburyness
official gun trials. Among the shells ex
perimentally used against the heavy tar
gets representing sections of armoted
snips of war was one newly invented
and recently adopted by the French
government for the army and navy,
respecting which onal reports bad
been in circulation, tor the purpose of
testing it a target of eighteen-inch plate
was used, w ith nine teet of backing and
ten-inch plate beyond. The shell pene
trated the entire mass, and when fouod
was so little affected as to be aln)ht,flt
for use again. The most powerful shells
of regulation pattern tried against simi
lar targets have utterly tailed to accom
pltsh anything like the same execution.
This shell revolutionizes naval war
fare. English naval experts declare that
there Is not an Ironclad afloat oapahle of
withstanding guns firing suon shells. So
important are the experiments considered
and so fatal the results attained to tbe
supremacy of the British navy, that it
has been decided to suppress the usual
public reports. Tbe facts have, never
theless, leaked out, and have created con
sternation at tbe Admiralty, although
attemots will be made, as a matter of
course, to minimize the effects noted at
the experimental trials-
ROAMING OF THE PRINCE.
HE ARRIVES AT BUCHAREST
WITH HIS BROTHERS.
The Roumanian Prime Minister and
Cabinet Meet Him at the Depot—He
Starts en route for Rustchuk—Prlnee
Hlsninrek’s Organ Gives Evidence of
the Chancellor’s Fesr or Russia.
Bucharest, Aug. 29.—Prince Alexan
der arrived here with bis brothers, Fran
ois and Louis, at 9:80 o’clock this morn
ing, He was welcomed at the railway
station by Prime Minister Brattano and
the other members of tne Cabinet, Sir
William A.White, the British Minister to
Roumanla and tbe Bulgarian deputation.
Tbe deputation presented an address as
suring the Prince of the devotion of tbe
people and army of Bulgaria. Prince
Alexander was visibly moved and replied
graciously. After holding an interview
with Premier Bratlano and Sir William
White, Prince Alexander started at 10
o’olock this morning forGiurgevo, whence
be will proceed to Rustchuk and Lorn
Panlanka.
BISMARCK’S ATTITUDE.
Berlin, Aug. 29.—The North German
Gazette (Prince Bismarck’s organ) lec
tures the German newspapers tor favor
ing Prince Alexander. The Gazette says
the events in Bulgaria do not affect Gor
man interests in any way, and no Ger
man statesman would be justified iu sac
rificing the friendship of Russia for tbe
sake of the Bulgarian Prince, even it he
were an angel in human form.
RETURNING AGAINST ADVICE.
Paris, Aug, 29.—La Uepublique Fran
caise says Prince Alexander returns to
Bulgaria contrary to the advice of his
father and Prince Bismarck, and also
that M.de Giers made the withdrawal of
Prihce Alexander a formal condition of
Russia’s non-intervention in Bulgaria,
PHILLIPPOPOLIS PLEASED.
Phillippopolis. Aug. 29.—The news
of the arrival of Prince Alexander at
Rustchuk was received with enthusiasm
here. Col. Mulkuroff with eleven loyal
Koumellan regiments has started to meet
the Prince.
BULGARIA IN A STATE OF SIEGE.
Sofia, Aug. 29.—M. Stambuloff has de
clared Bulgaria in a state of siege. In a
recent interview M. Stambuloff stated
that tbe reason for the existence of two
governments was that M. Karaveioff
wanted the Russian Commission to come
to Bulgaria, while he (Stambuloff) was
desirous of excluding Russian Influence
altogether. to. Stankoff is still at liberty,
but he is olosely watched by the police.
GREECE’S CALAMITY.
Six Towns Wholly Destroyed and
600 Llyes Lost.
Athens, Aug.- 29.—Tbe area of tbe
earthquake disturbances In Greeoe yes
terday was phenomenally wide. At least
six towas were entirely destroyed, and a
sooro of others were partially destroyed.
On tbe mainland much damage was done,
but there was little loss of life. On the isl
ands it is estimated that 090 people were
killed and 1,000 seriously injured. Theun
dulations were curiously regular. The ac
tual shooks averaged twelve seconds in
duration. People everywhere arc camping
out in the fields. The breaking of the
telegraph lines delays tbe reception of tbe
details.’ The Greek Cabinet is sitting at
Athens almost continuously considering
relief measures. A transport with tents,
food, doctors, medicines and a company
ol pompiers started tor the stricken dis
tricts Saturday evening.
The latest returns snow that 100 per
sons were killed at Filiatra and twenty
at Gargaliano. Botbs towns aro in ruins.
VEBUVIUB AGAIN IN ERUPTION.
Napi.es, Aug. 29.—Vesuvius is again in
a state ot eruption. The people of Naples
and Barie are fleeing to the country or
gathering in open spaces to pray. At
Ilario the priests proclaim the earthquake
a visitation of God.
CAPT. IiUSK ASSASSINATED.
An Advocate of Miscegenation Rid
dled With Bullets.
Shreveport, La., Aug. 26.—Rumors
have been ln circulation of tbe assassi
nation of Capt. T. J. Lusk, an old and
wealthy citizen, at a point In this (Caddo)
parish, near tbe Arkansas line, and three
miles from Red river, but as no report was
made to any of tbe officials of the parish
no inquest was held. These facts
led to an investigation by friends
of tbe deceased in this city, when
it was learned that Capt. Lusk
was murdered on Sunday night by a gang
of men who surrounded bis bouse anil
called him out. As he appeared on the
back gallery he was literally tilled with
buckshot, some fifty or sixty having en
tered his body. Death was almost imme
diate, but no oare was taken of the body,
and on Tuesday it was burled by some ot
tbe neighbors, oueof them remarking that
they could not wait longer. He was
spoiling and had to he buried. It is not
known who were the pnrties who did tbe
killing, nor is it probable that, they will
ever be discovered, as no offioial cogni
zance was taken of tbe crime and no one
cares to agitate the question.
Lusk was known in the community as
a mlsceyenationlst. He bad abandoned
an estimable wife some time ago and tuk
en up with a negro woman. His wife was
a Virginia lady and is still alive. He was
warned bv a written notice, posted on ni
gate, to leave the country In a limited
time, which expired on tbe Friday night
before the killing. He appeared to be In
different to the sentiment of his neigh
bors on the subject., and was brazen atid
audacious Hi bl Immorality, immediate
ly after the killingof Lusk his black part
ner was notified to leave ihefoountry, and
sho stood not upon the order of her going
hut left at once.
Explosion of a Powder Magazine.
Chicago, Aug. 2!).—At Otlfio’clock this
morning, ln ttie midst ol a heavy storm,
the powder magazine belonging to the
Laflln A Hand i’owder Company, was
struck bv lightning. An explosion fol
lowed which destroyed property worth
in the neighborhood of $73,000, besides
killing ons person instantly and latally
injuring four others.
The country for a half mile in all direc
tions presented a picture ot desolation
and destruction.
Firo Destroys a NwitcliHoard.
Baltimore, Aug. 29.—Fire this morn
ing in the operating department of the
Western Union Telegrupb Company In
this city destroyed tbe large switch
board, and, with it, all connections. A
large force was at once put to work and
tbe most Important connecting wiree were
soon in working order. The money dam
age was considerable. The cause of the
fire is wHrn'.wrt.
SAVANNAH, MONDAY, AUGUST 30, 1886.
MR. TILDEN’H WILL.
Wliat is Thought of Its Legality anil
the Free Library Clause.
New York, Aug. 28.—N0 lawyer in
the United States was ever yfredited with
more shrewdness and foresight than
Samuel J. Tilden. By orafftlnws In rail
read and mining suits he amassed a for
tune of more than $6,000,000. He has been
called a railroad robber and wrecker, but
no man has ever dared to assert that his
fortune ws not legally acquired. He
always milked a teat at the request of a
client, and he usually took tbsoow her
self In payment of his services. With all
his cuteness as a lawyer, however, he
has been wrecked on tne rock on whioh
many a stanch legal craft bss gone to
pieces. He drew up a will. In 0,935 words,
i-o carefully that he fancied it was with
out a flaw. Yet Us most important pro
vision Is held by the best lawyers to b
drawn in defiance of law. It will not hold
water. It now looks as though the bulk
of the groat fortune may be dlstribu’ed
among tno legal fraternity In tbe way of
lees. As matters stand Mr. Tilden’s ac
cumulations may be eaten up in litlga
tion. Lawyers, like black bass, Iroquently
fatten on their kind.
Under repeated rulings of the New York
Court of Appeals testators must make
their donations definite. They oannot
delogato this duty to their executors, thus
virtually making them testators. The do
nation must be definitely made in explicit
terms for a specified object, or the will
will not bold water. No man ought to
have known this better than Mr, Tilden,
but tho truth Is that he was not accus
tomed to drawing up wills. There Is no
quest inn as to bie error in tbe light of re
pomed antecedents, lu the excess of his
caution before going to his eternal sleep
he left his night catoh up, and any sharp
lawyer is at liberty to enter and rifle bis
room at bis leisure.
Tbe fatal weakness In the will is In the
thirty-filth clause. Mr. Tilden there re
quests his exeoutors to use his money to
establish “a free library and to promote
suoh scientific and educational objects as
they may particularly specify.” He
should have specified tlie objects and the
sums of niouey to be devoted to them him
self.
Again. Mr. Tilden donates money to an
institution provided “It shall be Incorpo
rated in a form and manner satisfactory
to my executors.” it looks as though
any smart lawyer might get good footing
for a contest on this clause, and make
things right llvelv for the executors.
Further on Mr. Tilden relegates to his
executors the authority to “organize tbe
said corporation, designate the first trus
tees thereof, and to convey to or to apply
to the use of the same the rest, residue!
and remainder of all my real and per
sonal estate not specifically disposed of
bv this instrument, or as much thereof us
they may deem expedient." V Oder tbe rul
ing of thetionrt of Appeals this delegated'
power will not stand for an instant. So
say eminent lawyers.
Last of all, Mr, Tilden save: “If for
any cause or reason my said executors
shall deem It inexpedient to convey said
rest, residue and remainder or any part
thereof, or to apply the same or any part
thereof to tbe sald’lnetitution, I authorize
my executors to apply the rest, residue
and remainder of my property, real and
personal, to such obarttahle, educational
and scientific purposes as in the judgment
of mv said executors will render the rest,
residue and remainder of mv property
most widely and substantially beneficial
to the interests ot mankind.” Tbe trouble
is that he must himself decide what is
“most widely and substantially benefi
cial,” and specify the sums set aside for
it. He cannot authorize bis executors
to choose for him.
Thus tbe $4,000,000 left for charitable
purposes may become a prev to tbe law
vers, who can filter what they please to
the natural heirs. Mr. Tilden evidently
made his will unmindful of the words of
Thomas a Kempla—“ Man proposes, but
God disposes.” Ziska.
GEN. SHERIDAN DISSATISFIED.
Outranked By an Inferior Officer—
The Old Friction.
The talk of the day, says a Washington
special to the Baltimore Sun, is the
trouble between Lieutenant-General
Sheridan and Adjutant General Drum,
who is now Acting Secretary of War be
cause of the lattor’s assumption of duties
which General Sheridan thinks belong to
himself, it is no secret that General
Sheridan has not been friendly to either
Secretary Lincoln or Secretary Endicott,
and bis exercise ot certain functions
elicited a rebuke first irom ex-Secretary
Lincoln and latterly from the present
Secretary. General Sheridan bn* fre
quently protested agaiust the attitude of
the head of tbe department, and has not
taken quietly the many slights which it is
said he lias been subjected to. Secretary
Endicott bus nover seen lit to recommend
the designation of Gen. Sheridan to act as
Secretary during bis absence, but has
heretofore invariably either placed Gen.
Benet in charge or given Chief Clerk
Tweedale authority to sign the mail of the
department, even though Gen. Sheridan
was in tbe department. In a talk with a
prominent army officer to-day the follow
ing statement of the case was secured:
“Gan. Sheridan is Clearly in tbo wrong in
this matter, though he may he justly an
gry at the discriminaiion shown against
him. Tbe law is very explicit regarding
the appointment of an acting Secretary of
War, and gives the President considerable
latitude. lie has the power to select
either tbe commanding general of the
army or any bead of a bureau for such
duty. In view of the fact that Gen. Sher
idan would be likely to revolutionize mat
ters if left in charge, it has been consider
ed best to select one of the bureau cniefs
to act during the Secretary’s absence. 1
do not see what grounds Gen. Sheridan
has to find (ault with Gen. Drum. The
order directing Gen. Drum to act aa Sec
retary reads ‘duriug the temporary ab
sence of tbe Secretary of War.’ It tbe
order had been until the return of Gen.
Sheridan, then Gen. Drum could do no
less than resign his acting com
mission. As ii Is, be would be
clearly violating Ills orders if ha gave
way to Gen. Sheridan. It in only the
same old tight, which will he smothered
fora time only to crop out again with
renewed vigor. It is true that under tbo
present condition ol affairs an inferior
officer la commanding a superior officer.
However, a commission is only a piece of
parchment with tbe President’s signa
ture on it, and there is ao reason why tbo
temporary commission, signed by the
same power, should not make tbe Inferior
officer for tbe time being the euperlor.
Gen. Sheridan should remfcmbcr tbat tbe
President is bis superior Officer, and oan
appoint any man be sees fit to be Secre
tary of W ur, end tbat during the term or
office of auob appointee, as the President’*
representative, he is superior in rank to
any officer In the army.
Disordcp at Bclfaet.
Belfast, Aug. 20.—This evening there
was seme firing of pietole and throwing
and *>w *'oro
FEMALES AS FAVORITES.
A BOLD ATTACK ON THE WOMEN
IN THE DEPARTMENTS.
The Sifter of Bridge Juniper Odium Pre
paring an Article which will Cu<e a
Flutter—At’Jl. Geu. Drum the Victim
of > New Naval Ride, Land Shark—
which will be Hard to Beat.
Washington, Aug. 29.—Among tho
best known women in Washington just
now Is Mrs. Charlotte ffnilth, the Preßi
dentof the Woman’s National Industrial
League. She Is a sister of Kobort Odium,
who leaped from the Brooklyn bridge to his
death about a year or so ago. Mrs. Smith
is preparing an elaborate article on the
“Inconsistencies and injustice of civil
servioe as practiced in the departments,”
which, it is said, will make very interest
ing reading for tbe masses. She intends
showing how promotions are made, and
how tbe provisions of the law are evaded
to get unworthy and incompetent women
into fat places, while well educated
women with families dependent upon
them are left out in the cold. She will
cite many instances and make some seri
ous charges against beads of bureaus and
difl'ereut department officials. It is said
she knows every member ot Congress and
all about him. Sbe knows too much of
some of them, so they think. She is “on
to” nearly ail ol their “affairs” and flir
tations with the womeu in the different
departments and bureaus and
has made it very interesting
for some ot them. Her object, she says,
is to break up the pernicious habit Con
gressmen and politioiauejliaveot billeting
their lady friends on tne government and
having them appointed and raoidlv pro
moted over women who have been work
ing at their desks for years, and who are
in every way far more meritorious. She
has fearlessly exposed a number of these
flagrant abuses, and they are having a
salutary effect. The revelations she and
her assistants have mads regarding one
or two politicians have resulted in their
relegation to private life. Mrs. Smith
says that there are many women In the
departments of iloubtrul character. These
are tbe “favorites” of public men. Tney
get their positions through men in high
positions. Mrs. Smith bas had in her
employ a number of female detectives for
the past two years who have followed
these women about from one boarding
house to another until she found out
all she wahtod to know about
them. One went to a lady
who bad rooms to let a few weeks ago
and wanted to engage a couple ot rooms.
Bhe was stylishly dressed, and, by way of
adding to her importance, referred to sev
eral Congressmen as acquaintances, and'
among them mentioned the natneoi a man
very prominent in the nation as a particu
lar friend ol hers. That settled the busi
ness for her at once. The woman who
had the rooms to rent and needed the
mooey would not take the recommenda
tion of one in such a lofty station. She
bad beard about him before. Whenever
a woman gels into one ot tho departments
on bis “influence” she is at once DUt “on
the list.” A girl who works in one of the
departments went out driving a few
weeks ago with a man high in power, and
in someway both were thrown out, of the
buggy, when she received injuries which
bave prevented her from being at her desk
since. She will probably be lame for life.
This little episode cost tbe man S3OO,
which he was only too glad to pay, us he
held a $2,000 place, winch whs
in jeopardy. Mrs. Smith’s article
will be addressed to the Knights of Labor
and other labor organizations of the
oountry, appealing to tbern to sustain her
in her efforts to aid helpless womeu to re
form tbe public service on a decent, if not
a civil servioe, basis.
bitten by a land shark.
Adjt. Gen. Drum had a provoking ex
perience with a land shark a few days
ago. Since President Cleveland’s pur
chase suburban residences have become
tbe rage with people both in and out of
official circles. After looking over the
entire surrounding country Gen. Drum
closed a trade with tbe owner of a One
place near Brlgbtwood. a mile or two
from the city, for SIB,OOO. He began
boasting of the beauties of tbe place and
the great bargain it was at tbe price. A
real estate dealer beard of tbe purobase,
and learning tbat the deed bad sot yet
been algned drove out to Brlgbtwood in a
burry, looked over the Drum purchase,
and rushiDg back to town offered
tho owner $2,000 more than he
bad agreed to take from Gen.
Drum. The offer was accepted,
and when Gen. Drum called with the pa
pers made out for signature a day or two
later,he was coolly informed that me place
bHd been sold to another man, who held
it at $26,000. Gen. and Mrs. Drum bad
sent a number ol workmen to tbe new
borne, and tbe grounds were beautified and
considerable work done nere and there.
Tue General was very angry, but the
"shark” only grinned. Since this episode,
however, Gen. Drum bas purenased un
other country home near the Cleveland
place. But for this purchase there would
probably have been a law suit over the
first transaction.
AN EFFECTIVE NEW RIFLE.
Editorial colaiuna anil Congressional
orators are almost constantly alluding to
onr defenseless condition and the losses
we would suffer In case of a sudden war
with a foreign powor. There seems to
ho no good reason for all the talk on the
subject. When the war between the
States began this country was not noto
riously far nbeud of other nations in the
implements and Instruments of warlare.
Wnon the war closed, however, the Uni
ted States, as is known, was considera
bly ahead of all the other coun
tries of the world In the matter
oi improved ordnance, in big guns ns
well as small ones. Since then the coun
try has made no progress in this respect
and is now pretty tar behind other great
nations in the character of its ordnance
lor land and sea service. Should war oc
cur, however, history would repeat itself
and the countrv would soon bristle with
armament fur In advance of any now ex
tant. The ordnance bureaus of both navy
and army have done a greatdeal of good
work within the last lew years, and the
country will soon be pretty well tixsd
whether we have a war or not. The navy
bureau or ordnauoe has had receutly
manufactured two high power muskets,
which are a very great Improvement upon
the regulation army musket now in use.
The first of these was turned out at the
proving ground at Annapolis, and
weighs from twelve to thirteen
pounds. It has shown In experimental
tests a muzzle velocity—that is, the ve
locity of the projectile at tbs moment It
leaves the muzzle of the gun—of 2,000 feet
per seoond. As the highest velocity of
the army musket is from 1,200 to 1,1100
feet, it will be seen that the new navy
musltet Is an Improvement lb the experi
ments. It bas been found that the barrel
Is a trifle too light, so that some inaoou
raov In aim results from vibration. To
remedy this a second gun has been made
at West Point with an Increased weight
in the barrel rtf shoot 9vr> tu-i*. ft !■>
thought this will overcome the trouble.
This arm, ol course, will be too heavy for
land use, but in service at sea will be
used from a rest on the bulwark. It is
j said to possess sufficient power to pene-
I trute with its projeotiles of solid steel an
j inch steel plate at a distance of 100 yards,
and will go through a baUflncb ol steel
at a distance of 1,000 yards. This Is suf
ficient to enable a musket ball to pene
trate any portion Of a war vessel ot the
olass of our new steel cruisers at reason
ably olose quarters.
TABOR AND HILL.
Horace A. W. Tabor, the three months
United States Senator who shot like a
comet through the Washington atmos
phere, is on his teetonoe more financially,
owing to the lucky Investment of $25,000
in a gold placer claim on the San Miguel
rivor in Colorado. This rtver flows for
more than a hundred miles through what
used to be the great Uto reservation until
It was opened to settlement. Very little
gold, comparatively, bas been taken out,
aluiougb several hundreds of thousands
are said to have been realized. Tabor ap
pears to have gotten more than tbe rest
and is once more casting his eyes on a
seat in tbe Senate. Tabor is very popular
In Denver, lie has put up tbe finest build
ings in the town and has shown
a good deal of publio spirit in
various ways. Nathaniel I s . Hill,
who wanted to be In tho United
States Senate, and who is probably the
richest man In Deuver, ia steadily grow
ing richer. He was a scientific prolessor
in Brown University before going out to
Colorado In its young days, and bad tbe
very latest ideas about mining and reduc
ing ores. He was tho first man to estab
lish a smelter in Colorado, and with Its
profits he introduced all sorts of Improved
maohinery and methods. He now owns
the largest smelting establishment in
Denver. Every little while he threatens’
to remove it to some other place. Then
everyone turns in and begs him not to.
He usually extracts more political lavors
as a condition for not executing bis
threat. Hill is a shrewd operator in
many directions. One of his reoent
transactions was tho purchase tor a mere
song of 18,000 sores of land which was
so sterile as to bo considered worthless.
By an ingenious engineering device ol
bis own invention ho Irrigated the tract,
and now he sells it with ease at $6 an
acre, $4 out of every $5 being clear profit.
TIGHTNESS OF MONEY.
Stock Speculation Seriously Affect
ed—Business Decreasing.
New York, Aug. 28.—The continued
tightness of tho money market and the
steady contraction of stook loans by the
banks continue to seriously affeot stook
speculation. Tbe volume of daily busi
ness is steadily decreasing, and whatever
there Is of it is maluly confined to the
room traders. At the same time, pi lots
are slowly declining, ior almost, all secu
rities exoept one or two reorganized con
cerns like tbe Last Tennessee, Virginia
and Georgia and the Manhattan Elevated
stock, which after a considerable advance,
which it tuude about a fortnight ago, sud
denly jumped up 7 per cent, in
two days. The first advanoe was
attributed to the manipulation ol
Cyrus W. Field who had just re
turned from Europe. But the second one
can no longer be uttribuied to the same
cause, for he is away again, this time in
Canada, Inspecting, it seems, the Cana
dian Pacific road at the request of some
English capitalists interested in it. Mr.
Fieid, however, is not the only celebrity
who is just now inquiring into tbe re
sources and prospoots ol the new trans
continental road. The grand nephew of
tbo first Napoleon Bonaparte, Wise bv
name, is doing tbe same thing. People
connected with the management of the
elevated roads aver that the advance in
the price of Manhattan has by no means
culminated, and tbat $l4O a share, tbe
firice at which it is selling now, will soon
ook very cheap, when the pro
jected developments of toe property
will become known and high divnlonds
declared on the strength of the steadily
increasing earnings. It would appear
that the Manhattan syst-m, comprising
all tbe elevated roads of New York, earns
this year an average of $3,000 u
day more than last year
It is more than likely that the reduc
tion of fares which has reocntly been
made on the Third avenue lino will com
pel tbo aurface roads to reduce their tares
too, and this, in its turn, will probably
lead to an attempt to cut the wages of tbe
drivers and conductors. The present
strike on the Broadway and Belt lines-
has nothing to do with the question of re
ducing fares. It was the consequence of
an increase of the number of trips whloh
the managers of tne roads tried to exact
from the employes. The nature of the re
lations between toe latter and the former
Is such that strikes and locknuts will
probably form a feature of the New
York street traffic for some time to
come. The tomper of the men working on
the street cars is pretty well Illustrated
by a little Incldeut which occurred at the
close of the last big strike, some four
months ago. The writer jumped on one
side of the front platform of a Broadway
car, whilst an Irish workingman jumped
on the other and addressed the driver:
•‘Well, Pat, I’m glad to see that you have
fixed It, and that alter all you got the best
of It.” “Well,” was the answer, “wait a
while. We’ll give them another whack
if they declare a fat dividend.” II this
basis of responding by •■whacks” to every
deolaration of a fat dividend Is adhered
to by the elevated roud employee it would
be nothing surprising to see Mr. Field
and his associates nr the Manhattan man
agement compelled to reduce Instead of
increase their dividends.
MItS. ST Alt NS, NO. 2.
Slio Concludes that She Has a flight
to Starns’ Affections.
from tho ChttUanoogu Timot.
If James Stains felt bad when be came
back to Chattanooga from Oregon wltn a
young wile, after an absenoa of thirty
years, and found bis I)rst wife awaiting
bim, be must feel decidedly worse to-day.
Two weeks ago It was reported that
Slarns had made somo compromise be
tween nls wives, and tbo result was that
the young wile was tp atjrrender her
claim on Starns amrJreiurn to her
home in Oregon. In fiitfT, left the
city and went as far as Nashville, where
for some unknown reason she stopped.
This was thought to be the end of the
romance, but three days alter No. 2’e de
parture Starns also went to Nashville,
where he met bis seuond wife. Wednesday
night Starns came back from Nashville,
and now, to cap the climax, the Oregon
wire comes back. She arrived at 2a. in.
Thursday night, and at oa. m. yesterday
morning sue crossed the river and might
have been seen wendiog her way through
the hills to the Starns cottage. As to
occurred on her arrival is not
known. Her audden return will only
serve to complicate the affair, and p<> -
Starns Is hi as muoh ol a dilemma to-day
as a month ago. He hat two wives, and
thefe is one thing very certain, he cannot
live with boik of timm.
I PRICE 10 A YEAR >
| S CENTS A COPT. {
LIVES LOST IN THE SURF.
PABLO AND FERNANDINA THE
SCENES OP SADNESS.
A Rain Ball Player from Thnnvisvllls
the Victim at the Former Place—A'
Leesburg Lady and Her Niece Perish
at Fnrnatidlna, while Another Niece
la Taken from the Water Unconscious,!
Jacksonville, Fla.,, Aug. 29.—T0-day
marks sad events at Jacksonville's sea
side resorts. At Pablo Beaoh at 4 o'clock
J. O. Fenderson, a member of the Jack
sonville base ball club, was drowned
while surf bathing. Mr. Fenderson wa#
recently from Tbomasville, Oa. He was
20 years of age and has a wlfh at Thomas
vllle. He has been playing with the club',
here for the last two months.
At Fernandlna at 1 o'clock to-day Mrs,
McClellan, or MoOlenny, the name has
not been definitely ascertainecL, nd her;
niece, both from Leesburg, Fla., were
carried out in the surf aud drowned. An.
other niece we rescued from the waves
in an unconscious condition, hot was re
suscitated. Mrs. McClellan" and her
nleoes were in bathing alone at the time.
Her husband and young son were looking
on from the beach. Parties who witnessed,
the atlair describe the‘ Beene as heart
rending.
GEORGIA'S CAPITAL. CITY.
Mr. Scovillo to Itatlro From the
Kimball ttottsrjj
Atlanta, Oa., Aug. 29.— The-, Kimball
House will hereafter bo managed Kjr Beer
man, Thompson <fc Cos. To-morrow tire final
disposition of L. W. fioowltle'a Interest in f
the lease will be made to these gentlemen.
Mr. Scnvllle will seek other tickle. Ho Is a
good hotel man atid Atlanta will sadly
miss him. The facts of the sale will bo
made fully known to-morrow. Jit Is Impos
sible to ascertain more of t.t>e details now.
William Peak, the routedgent running
on the Air Line railroad, wno was before
Commissioner Haight yesterday charged
with robbing the mails, was sent to jail
this afternoon, be haring failed to make
bond lor his appearance.
PLYING THE KNIFE.
Atlanta has bad another cutting scrape,
which Is likely to bo of a fata! character.
This afternoon Thomas Smith, an employe
of the Chattahoochee Brick Company,
stabbed Herman Gllok three times. In
dicting serious wounds in the hack of the
head, In the left shoulder and fn the left
side. Smith made bis escape. Gllok was
carried to the Ivy Street Hospital. Where
bis wound* wore dressed. It Is believed
that he will die during the nigbt. The dif
ficulty occurred over a trivial matter-andb
those who witnessed it did not know that
the men wero fighting until Smith threw
his left arm about Glick’s neck and with
his right hand used his knife. GUck is
by trade a painter.
A Central railroad car loaded with
freight was badly damaged near White
hall crossing to-day by being run into by
a locomotive.
DYNAMITE IN AUGUSTA.
A Diabolical Plot to lilotv a China,.
man to Atoms While Asleep.
Augusta, TJa., Aug. 29.—A well dec
lined attempt to kill a Chinaman oc
curred hero to-night. The bod of Charlie
Loo Chong, doing business on Campbell
street, near tbe unien depot, was literally
torn to piece* by dynamite at bedtime,
< Tiarllf was not in bed and escaped death.
T|e perpetrators are unknown as yet.
Tbe explosion wag loud and waa beard
for blocks. Crowds are assembled at the
se,ene discussing the occurrence. The
dvnamite was placed boneatb the flooring
of tbe bedroom, direotlr underneath tbs
bed. The hole torn In tbe flooring is 12
by 6, and tbe bed is torn to shreds, and
death would have been Instantaneous
to an occupant. The object Is plain, but
the motive prompting the deed is doubt
ful. “Was it a personal attempt against
Charlie Loo Chong, or was tbe act
prompted by malice against Chinamen in
general?” -jnd "Must the heathen go?”
These are the Questions suggested and as
yet unanswered. A dozen policemen are
on duty at the scene and dues are being
worked with determination. No damage
was done to tbe Chinaman’s store or ad
jacent property. Tbe plans were skill,
fully arranged and well carried out. The
explosion is the sensation here to-night.
Items from Alapaha.
Alapaha. Oa., Aug. 29.—Mrs. Jane M.
Turner, aged about 70, died on Aug. 26.
.Many children and grandchildron mourn
her loss.
Our artesian wpII has reached a depth
of 425 feet, and still the good work goon
on. The workmen have drilled through
rock for the last 125 feet, and are stfll In it.
One of our citizens has just imported
from New York a “Gordon pup” at a cost
of $34. It is a very handsome and bright
dog.
Our stroets have been cleaned and
ditched recently, and are much more at
tractive now.
The Brunswick and Western railroad
are distributing steel ties along part of
the track. They are badly needed now.
We are all jubilant over the renomlna
tlon or Hon. H. G. Turner for Congress.
Bullets at a Camp Meeting.
Macon, Ga, Aug. 29.—There was a
big cumn meeting excursion at Holton to
day. When the train arrived there
Daniel Grant, a Macon negro, found
Robert Clarke, another negro, talking to
hls(Grant’a)glrl. whereupon Grant drew
his pistol and shot at Clarke. The ball
missed him and wont through the hand of
a negro named Oliver Harris, who was
standing by. Grant theu fled.
Hon. David Butler died at bis home 1 a
Madison this morning at 9 o'olook.
Politics In Pierce.
Rlacksiikak, Ga., Aug. 29.—The Re
publicans of Pieroe county held a con
vention here to-day for the purpose of
nominating candldales for Senator and
Representative. Lisbon Lane was made
permanent chairman, and Samuel Baoon,
-Ir.. Secretary. For Representative W.
W. Watson received 11 votes, and Hen
derson Johnson, ot Patterson. 14. No
nomination for Senator was made.
Socialists in Trafalagar squire.
London, Aug. 29.—Fifty thousand So.
ciallsts, workmen and Idlers met in Tra
falagar square this afternoon and adopted
resolution* denouncing the tyranny of
the police and the action or the.authori
ties in Imprisoning the Socialist Williams.
The proceedings were orderly. Every
precaution against disturbance bad beea
taken by the police.
The Daniel Drew Burned.
Rondout, N. Y., Aug. 29.—About &
o’clock this afternoon tbe large passaen
ger steamboat Daniel Drew, of the Al
bany tine, oaugbt Are at her mooring at
Kingston Point and was burned to tbe

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