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i BSTABLIBHED 1850. i
)J.H. ES'I'ILI., Editor aid ProprlttorA CANADA'S FISHERY TILT. IUK CORKRSPONDKNCE WITH ENGLAND MADE PUBLIC. President Cleveland Transmits It to pungresd—Secretary ISayard'B Concill alorv Tone Gives Way to One of I>eter niiaatlon. n* Encland Mniiftst* a Determination Not to Meet Him Hair nay John Hull Show* the Effect. Washington. Doc. B —The President to-dav transmitted to Congress the cor respondence which has taken place in regard to the Canadian lisheries dispute, aDd a letter Irom the Secretary of State on the same subject. Following is the President’s letter of transmittal: To the Sennto and House of Representatives: I transmit herewith a letter from the Sec retary of State, which is accompanied by the correspondence in relation to th- riglrs of American fishermen in British North Ameri can waters, and commend to your favorable consideration the suggestion that t he Commis sion he authorized by law lo take perpetu ating proofs of the losses sustained during the past year by American fishermen, owing to their unfriendly an i unwarramed treatment t,y pic local authorities of the maritime prov inces of the Dominion of Canada. I may have occasion hereafter to make further recom mendations during the present session for inch remedial legislation as may become nee p-<arv for the protection of the rights of our - tizens engaged in open sea lisheries in the North Atlantic waters. Grover Cleveland. Executive Mansion, Washington, Dec. 8 , 1886. SECRETARY BAYARD’S LETTER. Secretary Bayard’s fetter is as follows: Department of State, ) WASHINGTON, Dec. 8, 1886.| To the President'. The Secretary of State has the honor to rubmit to the President, with a view to its communication to Congress, the correspond ence relative to the fisheries in the waters adjacent to British North America.which has taken place during the present year. It will disclose the action of tins department and of our Minister to Great Britain in relation to the disputed construction of the convention of 118, and what has been done to procure such an interpretation of its provisions as will be acceptable to both parties to that in urnment aud consistent with their mutual interest and honor. From time to lime since the conclusion of the treaty of 1818 differences have arisen between the two governments as to the extent of the renundtion by the United Btates of their former fi.lung rights in common in the littoral waters of British North America, and the true definition of the rights and privileges re tained by and expressly guaranteed to the United States in the first article of that con vention. The history of this quest on during the neriod from 1818 to the present lime has been one of unsuccessful attempts to adjust resp ctiveclaims, aadoccasionally difficulties have been bridged over by temporary ar rangements, notably by the treaty of VVash ugtoti of June 5, 1864, and of May 8. 1871, the lishery articles of the latter having been abro (ated by the United States on June 30, 18-6. It is deeply to be regretted that the efforts of his department, as shown by the correspond snee submitted to arrive at such an agree ment as would permit instructions of like tenor to be issued by the goverumeutof Great 6 itain and the United Slates to gui le i ltizens of the respective nationalities in un molested exercise of their rights of U-hing in the waters in question and defining ihe limits of lawful action therein, have not as yet reach-da final and satisfactory result. Al though propositions are now pending for con ■ideration which, it is hoped, may prove the Oasis of a just and permanent settlement, yet tss ppl ment.xry to the published history of this long-standing illustrating the obvious necessity in the interest of amity and good neighborhood of having a clear and well defined understanding of the relative rights of the two governments and their respective fitizeuK, it is considered expedient that Con (ress should have full knowledge of the ac tion of the Executive in the premises to assist thi-m in their deliberations upon this import ant subject. It will be observed in the course 'his correspondence that notification this not failed to be duly given to Hie govern ment of Great Britain that compensation is expected for the loss and dauiaire caused 10 American fishermen by the unwarrantable action of the local anthoritiesof the Dominion ol Canada, not merely by the summary seizure ot their vessels Mid the exaotiou of heavy ones in advance of bearing and judgment, but tor the curtailment of the privileges to which they were justly entitled under commercial fOKUlations as well as treaty stipulations ami Mnsequent interference with their legitimate toyages, whereby the natural profits of Uieir mduairy were seriously diminished and in ®any cases wholly destroyed. II would seem proper that steps in per- Mlnatn rei nienioriam should be taken by pipe's 1° allow proofs to be mane and laced upon record of these losses and in uries to our citizens to enable them to be .roperiy presented to her majesty’s govern ment for settlement, and that b r th s purpose comnussion should lie authorized bv Con fess to take the necessary proofs of the re ■pective claimants. Kespeetfully submitted, Thob. F. Bavakd, secretary. The correspondence inclosed consists p 1 ll, ‘* communicatinus irom Secretary Bayard, Minister West and Minister 1 helps. OPENING THE CORRESPONDENCE. Ibe correspondence opens with adis- Mtebof the dale of March 10. 1880, from flush Minister West to Secretary Bay 'd, transmitting tbe request of Earl aosebery to be informed whether it is the Mention of the United States govern *“Dt to give notice to United Btal es fisher- S ,ht ;y are now precluded irom 'nr 10 North American terri- J "l waters, as her majesty’s govern , ij ßuin K a reciprocal notice with regard iintish fishermen in American waters, las communication Secretary Bayard si! ""tlbr date ot Mai of 23, that the , ln a question is now understood to rest exmung treaties precisely as though " "mug articles had been incorporated i . trea, y of Washington. He adds: iori r ,!l , ' tho en, lring nature and Im ip.., extent of the rights secured to Amor terrlinr,;,'i ril,en ln British .North Ams.-icaa ir,.... waters under tho provision of me u*." l, B '*. to inku fish within the threc inl .hv ... . ocrtain definite parts of the i'm> h .. Americi >n coasts and to dry and It, , n "'ere limit r certain conditions, nn ,,, , ' ri "ucnt ha.- not found it nrco sarv Sud"'.it- lAUcrmen that thuy are now pre- I, ', ;',," 1 JlMungi,, British North Amer uiriiorlal waters. liiu*) ltt ’ T ® ecro tary Bayard wrote to a ter West in referenee to the seizure )aj Mclioonor * Joseph story aud David *} f l hc . ve " ,t!,h mentioned and ti iruvn U 9 le ' warnings’' purporting athnr,,?,. ' ecn Issued by the C oloniiil Hn<ic tin.iam " oul * tippenr to have been it'ti,,. S'*? “ ,c supposed delegation of.luris ailaln , ITa P trial govormueiii. of Groat Rl, i° ho intended to include author [r. , l , ’ r,,r j !t l lln d cub rce the provisions of irs, in, V/, IH * B to which, as 1 have ro . si,-. , s,a 'uA and Great Britain ln K parties who can alone deal bij questions arising i hercundsr. In v i. .'!. 1 1 ‘ colonial legislation and cx -1 Ihi,' ! ‘"'l >, ‘'i l tion. If executed according Slrii'i,.’-" 011 '” Be uot only lo expand the !>ls ? w * >enunciations of the treaty ill,, j, . ' •'dated solely to inshore fishery llmU so IIS to affect iqus i ,-H< 'Be right to which remained Ist „• ' ,® <l a d unimpaired for the eujoy rtg,,■'•r-'bis of the United Stales, but iipu-A? 'drainUU ami practically to destroy Jl n secured lo American t n,|, r i. , •'* visit tho.e Inshore waters htl,., ""'"Belter, repair of damages and . * wood and obtaining water. | ||p , * • * 11i,,, ' ” , 'i | '*d to offer these considerations blsh't , !'. "ciz a res of American vcsse.s to ;- a . 'e adverted, and I y indlraltio sof tsci,,. V 'j"• internffetatlou m the province* " I’ddulli* laiercniir.e. tthlat ts, f firm.y believe, not warranted by the terms of ine stipulations on which it professes to rest. . mr Purpose to prejudge the acts of t™' ase ' nor have I any desire to shield anv American vessel from the oonsequences of a v plation <>t intern tioual obliga.ion. The views I advance may prove not to be applica tiie in every feature to those particular cases, and 1 should be glad if no case whatever ~ *arise calling in question tho good understanding of the two countries in this regard, in order to be free from the grave apprehensions which otherwise i am unable to dismiss. It would he most un fortunate. and 1 civ not refrain from saying most unworthy, if the two nations who con tracted tile treaty of 1818 should permit any quest.ons of mutual rigid and duty under mat convention to become obscured bv parti san advocacy or distorted by the heat of local interests. It cannot but be a common aim to conduct all discussion in this regard with G'Kpity aud in a self-respecting spirit that will show itself intent upon securiug equal ji i s ice, rather than unequal advantage. Gomity. courtesy aud justice cannot, 1 am sure, fail to be the ruling motives and objects or discus-ion. I shall he most huppv to come to tt distinct and friendly understanding with von, as the representative of Her Britannic Majesty's government, which will result m such a definition of ihe rights of American fishing vessels under the treaty of 1818 as shall elleciunlly prevent any encroa hmont by them upon the territorial watersof the Rrit i-h provinces fur the purpose of fishing within those waters or trespassing in any way upon the littoral or marine rights of the inhabi tants. and at the same time prevent that con vention from being improperly expanded into an instrument of discord, by affecting inter ests and accomplishing results wholly outside of and contrary to its object and intern, by allowing it to become an agency to interfere witli and perhaps destroy those reciprocal commercial privileges and facilities between neighboring communities which con tribute so importantly to their peace and happiness. It is obviously essen tia)|thai the administration of the laws regu lating Canadian inshore fishing should not bo conducted in a pumitivc and hostile spirit which can only tend to induce acts of a re- nature. Everything will lie done by the United States government to cause their citizens engaged in fishing to conform to the obligations of the treaty and prevent an infraction of the fishing laws of the British provinces; but it is equally necos sary that ordinary commercial intercourse should not he interrupted by harsh measures and unfriendly administration. 1 have the honor, therefore, to invito a frank expression of your views upon the sub ject, believing that should any differences of opinion or disagreement as to facts exist they will be found to be so minimized that an accord can he established for lull protection of the inshore fishing of the British provinces, without obstructing tho open sea fishing operations of citizens of the United States or disturbing the trade regulations now sub sisting between ihe countries. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION. Secretary Bayard having received fur ther Information in regard to the seizure of the David J. Adams, again wrote Min ister West concerning that vessel, saying: A report received by me yesterday evening alleges such action in relation to the vessels mentioned as readers it difficult to imagine it to be that orderly proceeding and dueprooess of law so well known and customarily exor cisedin Great Brita n and the United Slates, ami which and gmfles the two governments and gives to private rights of property and liberty of individuals their essential safeguards. On May 22 Secretary Bayard wrote to Minister West: 1 have telegraphed to Mr. Phelps urging the advantage and need of my coming to some immediate understanding with vou ex pressive of the views of the two parties to the treaty. My conviction strengthens as to the importance of having a stop put at once to vexatious interpretations and action by local authorities, which can onlv hinder an amica ble accord, and I have asked that these giz ures be suspended without prejudice to legal results pending an authoritative treatment of the main question. It surely cannot be iho purpose of the provincial authorities to embarrass the two countries, by whom alone the issues are recognizable. A frank and friendly spirit has been exhibited by both govornnunis in abstaining from any demon stration of naval forces in provincial waters, and it Is desirable that this should be con tinued, as it will add to the moral impressive ness of aoy settlement we may arrive ut. A simple acknowledgment of the re ceiptof this communication and notice of its reference to the Minister of Foreign Affairs was the only reply mado to this letter. On May 29 Mr. Bayard wrote Mr. West calling bis attention to tbe pending Can adian legislation, having for its object forcible search, seizure and forfeiture of any foreign vessel within any harbor in Canada, or hovering within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks or harbors in Canada, where such vessel bas entered such waters for any purpose not permitted by tbe Jaw of nations, or by treaty or convention, or by any law of the United Kingdom or of ’Canada now in lorce, which Mr. Bayard de scribes as a wholly unwarranted prop osition of tbe Canadian authorities, through their local agents, arbitrarily to enforce, according to their own construc tion, the provisions otany convention be tween the Uuited States and Great Britain, and by the interpolation or lan guage not found in such treaty, and by an interpretation not claimed or conceded by either party to such treaty, to invade and destroy tho commercial rights and priviliges ot citizens of the United States under any circumstances by virtue of the treaty stipulation with Great Britain and statutes tu that behall made and provided. ENGLAND WARNED. Secretary Bayard adds that he has tele graphed Mr. Phelps, our Minister at Lon don, to make an earnest protest to Her Majesty’s government against such arbi trary, unlawful, unwarranted and un friendly action on the part ol the Cana dian government aud its officials, eiul bas instructed Mr. Phelps to give notice that tho government of Great Britain will be held liable for ail losses and Injuries to citizens of tlie United States aud their property, caused by the unauthorized and unfriendly action of the Canadian officials, to which I have referred. Notice ot additional seizures was given Mr. West by Mr. Bn.vard, and protests en tered on June 2. 7 and 11, and notice was given of tbe acts ol the Canadian cus tom's officers restrictive ot the commer cial privileges of American vessels. Under date of June 2, Mr. l’heips ad dressed a communication to the Earl of Uoseberv, in which he makes reference to conversations held with his lordship and stating that lie hud since received full de tailed the seiztfe of the David J. Adams. The question presented is, whether under the terms "! the treaty, and the emeu ruction placed neon them ' n practice tor many years by the Bi itisn government, and in view ol iltc existing relations between the United States and Great Britain, that trnnsaclt n af fords sufficient runs n f,,r making such seizures and for proceeding under It to the confisca tion of the vessel and He contents. I am not unaware that the Canadian nnthoritn-o, ron erion-i. apt arout;\, that the affirmative of tins proposition could not bo maintained, deemed it advioablo to supplement it with a charge against the vessel nr a violation of tbe Cana dian customs act of 1888, m not reporting her arrival at Dlgby to the customs office, hut this charge was not the one on which the vessel was seized, or w hich must now he principally relied on Tor its condemn lion and standing alone, even it well founded, be Urn source of any serious controversy which would he at most, under the circumstances, only an accidental aud putoly technical breach ot custom house reg ulations bv which no harm was intended and from which no harm came and would, in ordinary cases, he easily c ndainnod by au apology and perhaps tbe payment of costs. GETTING FIRMER. Mr. Phelps argues tho question involved it', treat length. He couciuded us tollows: From all tbe ciruuist..uc*s of this esse. SAVANNAH, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 0, 1886. and other recent rases like it, it seems to me very apparent that the seizure was not made for the purpose o! inforcing any right or ro dressing any wrong. As I have before re marked, it is not pretended that the vessel had been engaged in fishing or was intending to fish in prohibited waters, or that it bad done or was intending to do any other injuri ous act. It wss proceeding upon its regular and lawful business of flstiing in the deep sen. It bad received no request, and, of course, could have disregarded no request to depart, aud vva- m fact departing when seized, nor had Us master refused to answer auj questions put by the authorities, it had violated no existing law, aud had incurred no penalty that any known statute imposed. It seems to me impossible to escape the con clusion that ihis and other similar seizures were made by the Canadian authorities for tile purpose of harassing and embarrassing American ti lting vessels iu the pursuit ol their lawful employment, and Hie injury, v< hu h would have been a serious one if com mitted uuder a mistake, is very much ag gravated by the motives which appear to have prompted it. I am instructed by my government earnestly to protest against these proce dings as wholly unwarranted bv the treaty of 181s, and altogether inconsistent with the friendly relations hitherto existing between tho United Mates aud her majesty's government, to request that iho David J Adams and other American fishing vessels now under seizure in Canadian ports be im mediately released, and that proper orders ma.V be issued to prevent similar proceedings in ihe future. And! am also instructed to inform you that the United States will hold her majesty’s government responsible for all losses which mav he sustained by American citizens in dispossession of their properi growing nut of search, seizure, detention or sale of their vessels unlitwiully within the territorial waters of British North America. THE HEAL TROUBLE. Iho real source of the difficulty that lias arisen is well understood. It is to be found in the Irritation that has taken place among a portion of the Canadian people on account of lie termination by the United Slates govern ment of the treaty of Washington oi. July 1 last, whereby fish imported from Canada Into the United .States, and which so long as that treaty remained In force was admitted free, is now liable to the import duty pro vided by the general revenue laws, and tlie opinion appears to have gained ground iu Canada thu the United States may lie driven by harassing and annoying their fishermen into the adoption of anew treaty by which Canadian fish shall be admitted free. Under date ot July 28, Earl Rosebery writes to Mr. West acknowledging tho receipt of a dispatch Irom the Minister inclosing a copy of the noie addressed to him by Secretary Bayard. Referring to the seizure ol the Joseph storey and the David J. Adams. Earl Rosebery says: The matter is one involving the gravest In terest of Canada, and upon the receipt of the communication above mentioned I lost no time in requesting the Becr tarv of State for the Colonies to obtain from ihe government of the Dominion an expression of their views thereon. CANADA’S VERSION. I now enclose a copy of an approved report of the Canadian Privy Council, In which the case of Canada is so fully set forth that 1 think it would he des'rableas a preliminary step to further discussion ot the questions in volved in this controversy to communicate a copy of it to Secretary Bayard, as representing the views of the Dominion government, in regard to those poriionsof Mr. Phelps’ note of June 2. in which lie calls in question the competence of the Canadian authorities, under tho existing statute', whether imperial or colonial, to effict seizures or United .States fishing vessels under circumstances such as those which appear >o have led to the capture of the David J. Adams, I have to observe that her majesty's government do not feel themselves at present in a position to dis 'uss that ques tion, which is now occupying the attention of the courts of la w in the dominion and which may possibly firm the subject of au appeal ro the’Oud rial Committee of her majesty’s Privy Council in England. RECONSIDERATION THE REMEDY. 1 cannot close this dispatch without adding that her majesty’s government emirely con curs in that passage of the report of the'eana dian Privy Council in which it isohserved that if the prl.visions of the conven ion of 1818 have become inconvenient to either contract ing party the utmost that goodwill and fair dealing can suggest Is that the terms shall be reconsidered, it is assuredly from no lault on the part of her majesty’s government that tne question has now been relegated to the terms of the convention of 181t>. Thcv have not ceased to express their anxiety to commence negotiations, and they are now prepared to enter upon frank and friendly consideration of the whole question with a most earnest desire to arrive at a settlement consonant alike with the rights and interests of Canada aud the United states. Where, as in the present case, conflicting interests are brought into antagonism by treaty stipula tions, strict interpretation of which has scarcely been called in question, the matter appears to her majesty's government to be pre-eminently one for friendly negotiation. The report of the Canadian Privy Council, which is signed by George E. Foster, Minister of Marine and Fisheries, and which is referred to in Earl Rose bery’s communication, recites (he trou bles which occurred prior to 1874 between the Canadian and American fishermen and the efforts made by the Canadian government to arrive at some just and amicable adjustment of the difficulties, and continues: The treaty of Washington, while it failed to restore the provisions of the treaty of 1861 for reciprocal free trade 'except in fish), at least kept peace, and there was tranquillity along oor shores until July. 1885, when it was terminated again by the United States gov ernment and not by Great. Britain, With a desire to snow that she wished to be a good neighbor, and in order to prevent lo** an t disappointment on the part of the United States fishermen by their sudden exclusion fr m her waters ln the middle of the fishing sca-on. Canada continued to allow them r. rs x months ali the advantage which the rescinded fl-benes etuuses had previously given them, although her people received from the United htutes none of she co responding advantages which the treaty of 1871, bieh had been de clared to be an equivalent fur the benefits, se cured thereby to American fishermen. The President ln return for this court’ sy prin ted to recommend to Congress tbe appoint ment of a joint commission of the twogovern meols, of the United Kingdom aud tho United States, to consider the fishery question, with permission also to consider the whole state of the trade relations between the United States and Canada. REJECTED BY THE SENATE. This promise was fulfilled by the Presi dent. but the Senate rejected his recom mendation. and refused to sanction tho ea>m mlssion. Under ihcse circumstance*.Canada, having exhausted every effort to procure au amicable arrangement, has beqn driven ngain to fall back upon me convention of 181s, the provisions of which site is now eutoreiug and will enforce in no punitive or hostile spirit as secretary Bavard supposes, but soleiv in protection or tier fisheries and in vindication of the right secured to net' by treaty. • • * * ♦ * • • Canadian fish is by prohibitory duties ex cluded from tho United States market. American fishermen clamor against the re moval of those duties, and in order to main tain a monopoly of the trade conlinue.againHt all law, to force themselves into our waters and harbors, and make our shores their ba-e for supplies, especially for bait, which l* ncc o-h ty to successful prosecution ot tbeir busi ness. They hope hv this course to supply the de mand for tno’ir home market, and tint* to make Cauada Indirectly tbe means of injur ing her own trade. It is surely, therefore, not utircatouablo that Cauada should insult OH the rights secured lo her by treaty. she is simply aritug ou the dofehftve and no trouble can arise be tween the two countries If American fisher men only recognize the provisions of tho con vention of INIH as obligatory upon them, and until anew arrangement Is made abdatn both from fishing in tier waters and from visit ing tier bars and harbors for any purposes save those specified in the treaty. In conclusion he undersigned would express tho hope that tho illsen-ston which has arisen on tills qu s tton may lead to renewed negotiations be tween Greet Britain and thu United Suites, and may have the result of establishing ex tended trade relations between the republic and Canada, and of removiig all sources of irritation between tho two countries. ROSEBERY’S DODGING, Under date of Sept. 11 Mr. Phelps writes to Lord Iddeslelgh acknowledging the receipt of certain communications relating to Canadian fisheries, and con tinuing the presentation of the American side at t he point where the correspondence with Lord Rosebery left it, he says: No answer is attempted in Lord Rosebery's reply. He declines lo discuss the Questions involved on the ground that they are now oc cupying the attention of the cuirls of law in the Domini >n, nnd may poa ibly lie the sub jectof an appeal to Ihe Judic:al,(.ommUte of her in-jesiy s Privy Council iu England. Quoting Lord Iddesleigh’s statement upon this point that “it is clearly right, according to practice and precedent, that such diplomatic action should be sus pended pending tbe completion of judi cial inquiry,’’ be says: This is a proposition to which the United States government is unable to accede. The seizures c >mplained of are not acts of indi viduals claiming private rights which could lie dealt with ouy by judicial determination, or winch depend on fact* which mod to be ascertained by judicial inquiry They are acts of ihe authorities of Canada which pro fess to be acting and in legal effect are acting under authority of Her Majesty’s govern ment. Tne report of tho Canadian Minister of Marino and Fisheries says: Tha ground on which the seizures complained of n.3 prin cipally justified is in the a'l va liou that tho ves-els in question were violating Hie stipulations of the treaty between ihe United State.' and Great Britain. This is denied hv the United States govern ment. The facts of the transaction are not iu dispute, and if they were could be easily ascertained by both governments without this aid of the judicial tribunals of either. The question to bo determined is as to the inter pretation of iho treaty os understood and to he administered between the high contracting parties. Tho position of her majesty's gov ernment amounts t > this: That before the United States can obtain consideration of this complaint that the Canadian authorities, without jurisdiction, have seized and are preparing to confiscate American vessels. The result of the proceeding in the Canadian courts, instituted by Ihe captors as a moans of jusillying Hie seizure-, must lie awaited, and the decision ot tills tribunal on an inter national question involved he taken. Tne in terpretation of u treaty, when it hi comes the subject of discussion betweeu two govern ments, is not to be settled hr tbo ju de ul tri bunals of either. That would be'placing its construction in the hands of one of the parties to it. ******** The United States government must, there fore, insist that irrespective of the future resHlt of the Canadian legal proceed ings, ihe authority and pr priety of which is tiie subject of and epute, and without awaiting their conclusion, t ib to Her Majesty's gov ernment it must look for redress and satis faction for tiie transaction in question aud for such instructions to the cobmial authorl tiis as will prevent their repetition. CANADA EMBOLDENED. Referring to the caaes of the other seizures'-named Mr. Unslps proceeds to say that “reparation for the losses sustain ed by each oi the owners of the vessels will be claimed by tbe United States gov ernment on their behalf as soon as the amount can be accurately ascertained. It will be observed that interference with American shipping vessels by the Cana dian authorities is becoming more aud more frequent and more and more flugrunt in its disregard of treaty obliga tions and of the principles of comity and friendly intercourse. Tne forb araneu and moderation of tbe United States Gov ernment in respect to them appears to have been misunderstood, and to have been taken advantage of by tbe provin cial government. Tbe course of the United States has iieen dictated not only by an anxious desire to preserve irlendly rela tions, but by full confidence tbat tbe in terposition of her majesty’s gov ernment would be such as to put a stop to the transactions complained oi, and to afford reparation lor what has already taken place. The subject has become one of grave import ance, and l earnestly solicit the immedi ate attention of your lordship to the ques tions it involves and to the views pre sented in my former note aud in those of the Secretary ol State.” In conclusion Mr. Phelps suggests, as a means o! preventing further collisions be tweeu American fishermen aud tbe Cana dian officials, that an ad interim con struction of the terms of the existing treaty be reached by mutual consent, to be carried out informally until a more permanent understanding can be reacted. RICHMOND AND DANVILLE. Annual Meeting of tiie Stockholder* —The Hoad's finances. Richmond, Va., Dec. B.—The annual meeting ot tbe stockholders of the Rich mond and Danville Railroad Company was held here to-day. President A. S. Buford submitted his annual report, which shows that the gross earnings or the road were $3,002,481, tbe net earnings $1,800,478, and the net surplus $422,818. There is a balance over all expenditures aud obarges of $08,860, showing au in crease ot $12,880, or thirty-three one hun dredths ot 1 per cent. The report states that the physical condition of tbe proper ties has been judioiously improved in all material departments, including road way, equipment aud permanent struc tures. The meeting adjourned to Dec. 16, when the President and directors will be elected. The annual meeting of tho Richmond and Weal Point Terminal stockholders was also held to-dav. Resolutions were adopted providing for an increase ot the capital stock, in accordance with the resolutions adopted by the stockholders at a meeting held In November. The fol lowing board ot directors were elected for the ensuing year: T. M. Logan, John A. Rutherford, Isaac L. Rice, George F. Stone, Emanuel Lehman, A. M. Flagler, John H. Inman, John G. Moore, Simon Morrison, Robert H. Dow, all of New York ; Janies B. Pace and E. D. Christian, of Richmond, and John Wnnatnaker, of Phtiadelpnia. Allred Sully, of New York, was elected President. Au adjournment was then had to Dec. 10. PUNISHED IIY A PLUG-UGLY. A Newspaper Mun of Chicago Knocked senseless by a Tough. Chicago. Dec. B —Tbe Dally News this morning published an account of the gathering ol several members of the Cook County Board of Commissioners, wno have been denominated “the gang,’’ at a late supper in a beer tunnel, whereat tbe pro ceedings were highly discreditable. Lust night Commissioner “Buck’’ Macarthy, a man weighing *240 pounds, made tin uskault on Paul C. Hull, the writer ol the article, a man of email physique. The attack, It Is declared, was made without warning. Mr. Hull was knocked down and carried a way sensoless. and It was feared that his injuriaa might prove seri ous. MoCarlby went to the Town of Lake, where he baa figured as a sortoi leader and counsellor ot the strikers on the Lake Snore road and packing House men, and had a complaint and floe entered against him by th* justice of tbe town. He paid the fine tog>scnp-jprr>seoutlon. , MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE | EDMUNDS WANTS UNIFORM laws on the subject. Blair Spt-aka ill Heliatf of E-notls Suf frags Breckinridge Get* routello on tlio Hip In a Little T.i lfl llil. —Mr. Ittbb o Speaks on Hie Electoral Count. Washington, Deo. B.— ln tbe Senate to-day Air. Edmunds presented a memo rial in favor of a constitutional amend ment empowering Congress t>> pass ur.i lorm laws on the subjeot of limning* and dtvoroe. It was referred to the Judiciary Committee. Alter the introduction of a number of bills the Senate proceeded to considera tion of tho bill reported by Mr. Blair, Irom the select committee on woman suf frage, (Feb. S, 1886) proposing an amend ment to tbe constitution of the United States extending the right of suffrage to women, and the Senate was addressed by Mr. Blair in support of the bill. At the close of bis speech Mr. Blair gave notice that he would at an early day ask action on the bill. There were not over a score of ladies in iho gallery dur ing 11s delivery, although notion of It had been given yesterday- A message was received from tbe Presi dent and the Senate immediately (at 1:40 o’clock) went into executive session aud afterwards adjourned. IN THE HOUSE. In the House to-day, after reading tho journal, tbe Speaker laid beicre the House a letter from the Director of the Mint in closing a draft of a bill for the issue ot subsidiary stiver coin. It was referred. Air. Boutelle, ot Maine, asked for unani mous consent to put upon its passage the bill admitting, free of duty, material to be used iu rebuilding the town of Eastport, Mo., which waadistroved by fire Oct. 14, 1886. Air. Breckinridge, of Arkansas, ob jected to Immediate consideration of the Gill, expressing tbe opinion tbat the peo ple of tne whole country were as much in ueed of relief irom taxation as the people of Eastport. He was glad to find the gen tleman from Alatne confessing that the tariff was a tax, and he would insist that the bill should take ils regular course and be sent to the committee which had charge of tbe subject of taxation. Mr. Boutelle was not surprised that the gentleman should take every occasion to air his views on the tariff. Air. Breckinridge admitted that be was always ready to stand here in defense ot tbe rights ol ail the people. The bill was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means. Air. Herbert, of Alabama, on behalf of the Committee on Naval Affairs, called up the resolution making the bill for the consolidation of certain bureaus of the Navy Department the continuing special order for Monday, Dec. 16. After discus sion Mr. Herbert amended tbe resolution so as to provide that the bill should be considered in committee of tbe whole, and as thus amended, the resolution was adopted. THE ELECTORAL COUNT. At the conclusion of the morning hour the House resumed consideration of the electoral count bill. Mr. Dibble, of South Carolina, a mem ber of the Committee on the Electoral Count, advocated the passage of the bill reported by the minority as drawing more distinctly than either the Senate bill, or the bill of the majority, the line of demarcation Det ween State and Federal powers and the rights in connection with the casting and counting of the electoral votes. Ue could not agree to the prop osition of the majority, providing that in case of more than one return or paper purporting to be a return from a Stale, whenever a State has failed by any determination of lta own to designate and certify which is its real vote, that those votes and those only shall he counted which were oast by the electors, whose appoint ment shall have been duly certified under me seal ol the State by the executive thereof in accordauce with the laws of the State, and also providing that by a concurrent vole of both bouses this lawfully cerlined vote may be rejected, thus disfranchising a State when there is a certificate under its seal duly certified by Its executive ao* cording to law. lie could no:, subscribe to a recognition of such a power in the two houses. Alter several other gentle men had addressed the House the subjeot went over ior the day, Mr. Caldwell giving notice that fie would call the pre vious question on the hill to-inorrow. The House then adjourned, MuniiiFN cictus. Changes to be Made by the bight House Hoard. Washington, Dec. B.—The Light Hon so Board gives notice that on and after Dec. lf, 1886, the following changes will take place in the lighting oi the channels lead ing to the harbor of Mobile, Ala.: tn Choctaw I’ass Cnannel beacon light No. 3 will be discontinued as a lighted bea con, but will remain as a day mark. The turn will be Indicated by a red cut from Battery (Hadden light across the present No. 3 beaoon. Dog river bar beacon No. 2 will be moved to the southward and eastward, and changed to a white light. With Battery Gladden ligbt|lt will term a range lor running the upper dredged channel. Another beacon light (fixed white) will be exhibited from anew strueture built about 500 yards 8. K. by E.%E. from the new position of No. 2 beaoon, and with It will form the range for running the Choc taw pass channel. Washington’a New f’ollcc Chief. Washington, Doc. B.—The District Commissioners to-day apnointed Col. William G. Moore to bo Major and Chief of Police in place of Maj. Walker, resigned. Col. Moore is commanding of ficer of the Washington Light Infnntry corps, and at present bolds a prominent position in the National Metropolitan Bank, ol Waanington. He was l’rivato Secretary to ex-President Johnson. Mrs. Cleveland Returns. Washington, Dec. Mrs. Cleveland returned to Washington to-day after an absence of a couple of weeks In New York. The President suffered considerable rheumatic pain to-day anil spent most of Me time iu a recumbent position. Ue de nied himself to all callers, except a few Senators who desired to see bun on im portant business. River and Harbor Ualances. Washington, Deo. B—Gen. Duane. Chief of Engineers, reports that the bal ances on band Nov. 1 last of appropria tions for rivers and harbors were: In the t reasury, (18,480,944; In the hands of officers and in transit, (1,104,418; tfital, (10,030,3(2. LABOR'S ORGANIZ VTIONS. The Trades Congress Enters tho Trades Unions’ Conference. Columbus, 0., Doc. B.—The Trades Congress to-day decided io outer tho con ference of the trades unions about to be held, nnd adjourned to meet at the call of tho President. At the conference, in the absence ot President Weihe, of the Amalgamated Association, Secretary McGuire called to order nnd proceeded to read the call set ting forth the action of the trades confer ence ill l’hiladolpbin last, May. John Mcßride, P. J. McGuire and Samuel Gompers were nominated fe>r tem porary chairman. Tbe last two declined and Mr. Mcßride was elected. Air. McGuire was elected temporary secretary. The chair made tho following Commit tee on Credentials: Messrs. Straa<T, Scott. Edmundson, Miller, and McDer mott. Tnere are no Knights ol Labor or Trades Assemblymen on the committee. THE PRESS RULED OUT. At Hie afternoon session Secretary Mo- Gill moved that the press be excluded from the sessions of the conference. This was discussed the greater part of tho afternoon, and flnnllv tne motion was agreed to by a vote of 18 to 10. The atlop- Hon of tbe motion created considerable ill-feeling and suggested an inquiry on the part of a delegate whether those dele gates who represented papers and were making reports for the same should be allowed to remain. The secretary sug gested that all who could show creden tials of membership in any trades union should be allowed the floor. Reporters began to present working cards and other certificates of tnt mistrship, seeing which, the President suggested that the motion adopted would not probably exclude any one. It was finally agreed to admit ail members ol trades unions ns visitors ex cept nswrpaper reporter*. The conter ence adjourned until 9 o’clock to-morrow without having taken any actlou regard tng the Powderly committee, whioh ar rived in the oity Tuesday night. AMSTERDAM IN TERROR. ISOO Unemployed INI ill Hand* At tempt to Attack a Mill, Utica, N. Y., Dec. B.—A riot broke out in Amsterdam at 6 o'clock this ovenlng among the unemployed mill hands. Two hundred or more of them gatbertd near Kline A Hubbs mill to attack non-unlor employes. The police charged with drawn clubs and dispersed the orowd, several ot whom were injured. To-night Amsterdam Is terrorized by a threatened outbreak of the idle employes. Sevsnty-five special policemen ate on duty. Uroivds are being dispersed, and the employes are not allowed to gather. If the situation should prove serious the oity government will call iu the aid ot the military, but It is not thought that there will be any serious trouble. DEATH ON COALS OP FIRES. A Superintendent. Loses Ilia Life Trying lo Slay the Flames. Albany, N. Y., Deo. B.—Early this morning the main building of the Gilbert Manufacturing Company at Bulnbndge was totally burued, throwing nearly 100 bunds out of employment. Charles Pres brey, superintendent of the works, perish ed in trie flames while trying to extin guish the lire. It is supposed that the fire origiuated from spontaneous combus tion in the paint room. A 810 BLAZE AT BUFFALO. Buffalo, N. Y„ Deo. B.—Kibler A Holm wood's flve-storv candy factory, tb largest in the city, took tire at 2:30 o’clock this morning and burm-d to the ground, together with an adjoining block occupied by Bwit't & Htambach. hardware; Frank Campbell, hats; O. \V. Keynolds, shoes, and the W r ell Street Chapel, a small Presbyterian church adjoining. Is ruined. Broezei's Hotel, uoross Wells street, caught on fire, but was put out after the window frames were burned. Surround ing property wasdamaged by water. The losses will probably aggregate (200,000. RIOTING AT LUttaAN. Orangemen Attack Catholics While on Parade. Dublin, Dec. B.— Archbishop Walsh, in a letter published to-day, warns the government that the troubles in Ireland, already appalling, will be immensely in creased If they persist in their attempts to convict prisoners by nicked or packed juries as was done in nilgo. The Catholics of L'irgan, county Ar magh, formed a procession last night and marched through the streets to snow their joy at the acquittal of some of their number who bad been triid on obarges of rioting. The Ornn-emen nltbetown resented the dem onstration and attacked the paraders. A fierce light ensued and sticks, stonoa and revolvers were used. The fighting lasted several hours and was finally quell ed in Ibe early morning by a troop o) dragoons which hud to be called upon. A score of persons were wouuded and several houses were partly wrecked. HU E-CO.VTLD BLACKMAILERS. Policemen Paid $.'S Per Month to Bell Liquor on Sunday. New York. Due. B.—A saloon keeper named Louis Werner, at 617 East Sixth street, appeared in police court to-day as defendant on a charge of having sold liquor on Sunday. The complainant was a police officer who arrested him. Werner In his evidence swore that he had for fif teen months been paying (3 per month for police protection while keeping bis side dooropeuon Sundays. Ill* predecessor bad done the same, aud so Instruoted the witness when the latter bought the sa loon. The money was paid each month to Ches'or 11. Southwortli, a liquor seller at Third streot and Avenue D. It is al leged tUHie are 300 or 400 liquor dealers who thus settle for Immunity from arrest. Werner gave the names and addresses of four. The case was adjourned. Disemboweled by Assassins. Shepard, Tex., Deo. B.—-A negro named John Commis, who lived on Big oreek near Bnepard and who was sus pected of being implicated in a mail rob bery recently, was called to his door Monday night by a party of eight or ten men who disemboweled him and left him for dead. He was found yesterday morning still living and able to give the names of the tnen who had butchered him. The Sheriff Immediately organized a posse and arrested several of the ao cused pai ties. Tbs others esoaped. The friends of those under arrest are des perate and the Snerlff Is a man of nerve. Serious trouble is anticipated. Connors oanuot live. (PRICK CIO A VRIB.I I 0 UMTS A COPY. ( TELEPHONES AT THE BA I! TUli GOVERNMENT'S NEW £1711! TO ItI.GIN AT ONCE. A Speedy DecUtnn Expected In tli4 ITnltcd SttM’ Circuit Coart t Boston Morrison to Mko Another Attempt to If avo Ills Tariff Bill Taken Up--s Benton In a Still Better Light. Washington. Deo. B.—Thu governs rnent will begin the new suit against tba Beil Telephone Company In the United Staten Circuit Court at Boaton witblethu next ten days. There will be no of jurisdiction there, and the suit will bn pressed as last as possible. Had tbe pos < eminent appealed Irom tbe Ohio decision) It would have taken two years to get ai decision from tbe Supreme Court ot\ the mere preliminary question of diction. Had it been deoided against tba government it would have bad to begin i suit somewhere else. Had It been decidedj in favor of the government It would bava had to hegin the suit again id Ohio. “In either event tha defense would have ben. Uted,” said ora of the government counsel to-day, “by* the Inevitable delay.” By going at onca to Boston the decision of the Circuit! Court will be speedily obtained, ltdoea not so much matter what Its decision is, because the case will be finally settled, of course, in the United States Supreme Court. The object, of the government) counsel now is to get the decision of tha United States Supreme Court hs speedily as possible. The statement recently pubJ lisbed in Boston to the effect that the pres litninary proceedings in tbe case bava already cost $60,000 is pronounced untriH at, tbe treasury Department. It Is estH mated that they ham not cost more than SIO,OOO. TAKIFF REFORMERS ENCOURAGED. .Representative Morrison has been flgur4 lng on the probable changes iu case <>( another vote on tho question of taking u;s his tariff bill. Tbe reveuue retorted* have gained one vote in Mr. Cox, of New* York. Tho Prohibitionists have lost twu In the death ol Mr. Arnot of New York, and Mr. Price of Wisconsin. There arc such indications of cnanges among soma of the Western men who voted against; considering the Morrison bill last sessions as lead the revenue reformers to believa ■ baton a square vote tbe bill would ba taken up. Mr. Morrison will renew thu . (Tort to have It considered at an earl? day. THE PRESIDENT APPEASED. Senator Vest sb wed the President to, day a letter be bad received irom Mr. Benton, stating that tbe speech which hd delivered at Gallatin, Mo., during tha last campaign contained no sucb Impels uncut allusions to the President as binl been attributed to bim. Mr. Vest toil* the President tbst he believed this stated njent to be true. He also said that hoi regarded Sullivan, the author of tbuj story about Mr. Benton’s speeoh, as at unscrupulous scoundrel. Sullivan bad circulated scandalous lies about bin) (Vest), and ho would not believe bin) under any oircun.stances. The President said that that being tbe case, he would nay no more attention to tbe story. CLlVLiiius respite and. An Ex-Policeman .Arrested Tor At-, tempting to Bribe a Witness. Richmond, Va., Deo. B.—Gov. Lee thin evening respited Cluverius until Jan. If next. But for this respite he would bavs been hanged on the day alter to-morrow. C. 11. F. Pouring, an ex-policeman, was arrested to-uigbt on a warrant, charging) him with intending tn unlawfully oh struct and impede the administration of justice by corruptly conspiring to bribe Herman Joel, so as to induce him toj make a (also statement to the Governor, touching the application for a pardon or commutation of the sentence of Cluve rius. Joel is the jeweler upon whose evidence the watch key, found si the res. ervoir on the day alter Lillian Madison’s death, was identified us the property o( Cluverius. Deuring bad been em ployed ns a detective by the friends ot Cluverius to hunt for testi. mony in bis behalf. He approached Joel and paid him (36 upon condition that in the event of bis being called before the Governor he would give a favorable color ing to what he might sav about the key. Joel took the money, and immediately after waid went to the Governor and turned the money over to him and told him all about ihe matter. This oocurred two weeka ago, but was kept quiet until alter the Governor bad given bis decision on the question of respiting Cluverius, OILDOM’S PANIC. Prices Tumble l.'ic. Lower—Every-' thing; In Doubt. Pittsburg, Pa., Deo. B.—There was another panic at the Oil Exchange this morning and prices dropped to 66>£, a decline of 13c. since the opening yester-i day. The oil traders In this city are en tirely at sea and old dealers who passed sslely through tbs great break of 1882 an<l still later the panic following the lailurs of the. Penn hank in 1884 unite in saying that never in their recollectious was the demoralization so complete. No one seems able to give a satisfactory explaua tlon for the sudden ureak, aud tbeicar of a still further decline is written plainly on the faces of all. A number of local banks are now calling in their oil loans and others refuse to accept them without heavy margins. This, It Is thought, will have a tendency to oueck speculation. The market opened feverish at 72%, and after hovering about that price for some time suddenly broke, and in a tew minutes values had fallen off to A slight reactiou then fol lowed, and at noon 69 was bid with no disposition manifested to take any large blocks at those figures. Only a couple ol failures are so far announced, and these are for small amounts. Secretary Bar bour. of the Exchange, said the loss on oil up to last night s lice last tsnturdey will aggregate $3,000,000. France’s Ministry. Paris, IVc. B.—M. Kloquet, President of the Chamber of Deputies, who yester day undertook to torin a ministry, ad vised President Grevy to summon M. Goblet to form a new Ministry. M. Gob let refused, and President Grevy baa again summoned M. Floquet. Under pressure from President Grevy M. Goblet finally consented to form tha Cabinet. Killed by Dynuuiito. Fort Smith. Ark., Deo. S.—Two men were killed and tbre wounded, perhaps fatally, by a dynamite explosion st Black Leone tunnel on the San Francisco exten sion yesteiday. The explosion was caus ed by drilling In an old bole in Abe head log of tno tunnel on the north side, when tbs drill struck aevsral forgobian dyna mite cartridges at the bottom ol the hota, causing the catastrophe.