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f ESTABLISHED 1350. ) < J . H . KiTILL, Fditor ;tiul FroprifttOTt) IIAN'DALL'S SOUKY I’LIGMT xsurpßn n* in his m'hi m:-:s His TRIES TO HEDGE. Letter* to Speaker Carlisle Which of ThemseWes Bespeak the Krfiptt&egg of the Protectionist Pretensions A Probability That a Motion Will Be M*ulo to Go Into Committee of the Whole on the KandaM Measure. Washington. Fob. 8.— I Tbe following was to-day to Speaker Carlisle: W ashington, l). C., Feb. 8, I^B7. 11 > v. John G, Cjrlialt % Speaker of the Home of Rfprt § nf. i tir?ft i *>BAK —We regret exceeding! v that you could not sec your way clear to give recog nition on yesterday to some Democrut to en able him “to move to suspend the rules lor the purpose of giviug the House an o portu aity of considering ihe question of the total repeal of tho nicrual revenue tax on to bftf co.” Your refusal to give this recognition, together with your letter of Feb. 7, deserves more than passing notice. If two-thirds or more of the House are in favor of such repeal it was a grave responsibility for you to op pose such h large majority of the representa tives of the people. Assuming* however, for the sake of argument that the trends of the proposition constituted a less number than two thirds, their strength is cer tainly such that they ought to have been permitted to test the sense of the House upon the question, especially since the country is watching with intense interest the action of the House in respect thereto, and the constituents of a large number of members of the House have been urging them to obtain, if possible, consideration of this subject. We do not wish to be misunderstood. We earnestly desire from a party standpoint that recognition should have been given to a Democrat to make the motion, but we would vote cheerfully for the proposition, whether made by a Democrat or by a Republican. You assume in your letter tons that we ig nored your communication of Feb. 3, and had deliberately failed to make a response there to. Our friends did uot have an opportunity of considering that communication until Friday evening, Feb 4. It was of such a character as to require more than a formal reply. We called at your hotel the next day, Saturday, but through no fault of yours or ours we did not succeed in obtain ing an interview until the day after. We be lieved that the friends of the repeal of the tobacco tax were ~o strong ip the Housfc that we would save to the oppressed taxpayers of tins country an annual reduction of taxation to tli© extent of $28,000,000 if a motion for a repeal could be made in the House on Monday of this week, the latest day when such a motion, to be effective under the rules, would be in order durinur the Forty-ninth Congress. The mo tion, it made during the last six days of the ses>ion, would almost certainly be too late to secure favorable consideration for the ques tion in the Senate. We did not anticipate a refusal of recognition for tlie purpose in tended. We understood you to say to us ver bally that if you gave to any one of our friends the desired recognition, fair play all around would require you to give other Democrats an opportunity to make a like motion to pass some <ii*tiuct proposition having relation ton reduction of tariff duties. To this we assented. You instanced as one such proposition, nutting salt on the free list. We think that a revision of the tariff and of the internal revenue laws can be attained from time to time by reforming the obvious and greater grievances of the two systems, an.l that we should not refuse to make such reforms because sweeping charges have not been practicable. The country is expecting to obtain from this Congress relief from grievous burdens of taxation. It some of us cannot get all we want we should all take what we can get. Our single proposi tion for a ropeal of tlie tax on tobacco was not intended and cannot fairly be construed ns intending to exclude consideration by the House of “all other measures for a reduction of taxation.” We wished to obtain considera tion for that proposition, but we were no* pressing lor a reduction of internal revenue taxes to the exclusion of other measures for r revision and reduction of the tariff. \ Democratic caucus cannot successfully deal with “tjie whole subject of revenue reduction’' at this last stags of the se-sion. That suggestion comes too late. If a caucus could have controlled the legisla tion of the Forty-nmth Congress from the be ginning. the country might have been better off. It the House was considered competent to deal with the silver question, with the pension question, and with the oleomargarine question, free from the dictation of a Demo cratic caucus, we think it ought to be com petent to deal with the questiotTof the reduc tion of taxation. A caucus ought not now to he invoked to justify the policy of delav and non-action on this matter. We sincerely hope, with you, “that some plan mav yet be devised which will enable the House to consider the w hole subject of reve nue reduction” and revision, “in a spirit of fairness to all interests,” and In accordance with the letter and spirit oi the platform of the national Democratic party, adopted at the convention held at Chicago in the year 1884, and we assure you that we arc ready to meet auy of our Democratic associates who are prepared to treat with us on such a basis. John a. Hknpkr-on. George and. Wise. Samuel, J, Randall. 6TILL ANOTHER LETTER. There Was sent to Speaker Carlisle to day a long letter signed by Representa tives Randall. Warner, Henley and Mc- Adoo in response to his communication returning the substitute bill presented lor tbo consideration of himself and those holding similar views respecting tariff re vision. The letter says: The gentlemen present at ouf recent con ference, representing States .South, West and North, were led to hope that the way hud been dually opened for an agreement on a measure that could be generally supported by our political friends, and we sincerely re gret, in view of the importance of the adop tion bv tins Congress of some measure ihat would materially reduce revenue* and prevent further accumulation of the Treasury surplus, that differences so wide as appear in your communication should still exist. It was hoped that a basis of compromise could, be reached without requiring of any one the sacrifice of principle or of convictions enter tained on the subject of the tariff and internal taxes. To do tlii-j it is evident that those things respectiug which radical difference* exist in the minds of men must be excluded from a hill intended as a compromise meas ure. It was believed there could be fouud room inside of the.-** limits for an agreement on a list of articles to be remitted to the free list, as well ss upon many on which the tariff could he reduced, thereby effecting a material reduction or me revenues without injuring or endangering any important Industries nr impairing the earnings •>f labor in this oountry. It is be lieved vet that such a measure ought to be agreed upon and car led through ttie House at this session As to the items in the pro posed bill on wh’eh it is el a lined that an in crease in the tariff would result, wo have to say that the apparent Increase arises in moit instances from a change from ad valorem to sped lie duties, made in accordance with recommendation* troin the Treasury Depart ment. The principal object in making duties specific w her* they are now ad valorem is io prevent deception and dishonesty practiced by under valuation, and u hue. in fixing what Is deemed to be fair spec lie equivalents an apparent increase may arise, it is behoved to be apparent only, and not real. However, on all these matters, inasmuch as the pro posed bul is not intended to lo a revision of the tariff but a bill for the reduc tion of the revenues and a correction of certain inequalities only, we think there I will be no difficulty in agreeing ei:her to [strikeout of the bid such articles, or to re vduce the proposed rates so as to Insure no in crease In Hie actual duties manyeuae. A careful examination of the lit shows, we think, that, except as to a very few articles, ■you are in error iu the statement that the ■duty is increased. * * * I Certain of the things which you ask to be minced on the free )i-t, as proposed in the Morrison bill, raise vital questions which have heretofore prevented harmonious action on the tariff question, as many of us believe that such a step, if curried to it* logical con euucoii, would be destructive of very m my of our most important agricultural as well as mechanical iiuluslries, and as we are in this matter retire eating not only our own con victioust bul the Interests of the people we represent, vrecouM not, of course, make this concession, and we did not expect to he asked to make it. * * * * In striking from the proposed compromise nu& urc ;t repeal of the tobacco tax. the tax * ■ t brandies, alcohol used in the aRa, weiss beer and the alternative proposition o reduce the tax on all distilled spirits from 90c. to ooc. per gallon, you eliminate from the bill all proposition to reduce internal revenue taxes, except the retail license provision.aud this you do not in terms agree to. * * * In lieu of these provisions in your bill you propose to repeal at 1 statutes imposing restrictions upon the sale of leaf tobacco by farmers, and to modify tho laws relating to storekeepers aud gaugers at small distilleries, and the destruction of stills, also to modify the administrative features of >h*‘ law relating to the issue of warrants, etc. W bile to all these proposed modifications oi the present law we readily assent, we do not see iu them alone how the revenue is to be reduced. Our object in the matter of internal taxes is two-told; first, to reduce the revenue, and, second, to relieve the people of a vexatious and inquisitorial method of taxaHon, and to do this w ithout offering temptations to fraud or to evasions of the law. Furthermore, ic proposing the abolition or reduction of inter nal revenue taxes, we believe we are acting in harmony with the principles and declara tions of the Democratic national plat form. The internal revenue tax in that platform is declared to. be a war tax, and a repeal of the crushing war taxes is demanded. It has, uioreover.been the policy of our government after each war to abandon this form of taxation first, as evinced under the administrations or Jeffer son ami Jackson, and a tax that requires an armed force to execute it can never be pop ular in a free country. You demand that if the repeal of tho tobacco tax, or other internal taxes in the whole or in part, is Insisted upon by us, then you and those acting with you will insist that in the same hill an equal amount of reduction in the rev enue derived from customs shall be made. If It presented otherwise debatable ground for a (V)mpromise, it seems to us to forestall such action by your further demand that the re duction In the tariff shall be made upon such articles only as those with whom you are act lug shall indicate. This is equivalent to say ing, at the outset, that those holding different views from your own, and the views of those acting with you, shall he precluded from hav ing any voice in determining what things du ties shall be reduced on. But in the first place interna! taxes and customs have never stood on equal ground in our system of taxation. Tariff taxes have been always our chief re liance for revenue. Internal taxes have been exceptional taxes. In the next plaoe we hold it next to impossib’e to so adjust tariff rates as to secure a definite reduction of the reve nues, such as the repeal or reduction of an internal revenue tax will produce. When the direct tax is repealed we know wh|U the loss to the revenue will be, and when dutiable articles are placed on the tree list—but a reduction of a rate of duty may be followed by an increase of revenue, and not a decrease. Between the two ex tremes of free trade on one hand and a pro hibitory tariff or no trade on the oilier, there an* three principles, and ouly three, one or the oilier of which must govern when duties aiv intelligently laid. These may be represented by three lines. First, a horizon tal line representing an even rate laid upon all imports for the purpose of revenue only; next, an Irregular libe, representing maxi mum revenue; and, third, a line representing the difference in the cost of production aris ing out of different conditions under which production is carried on in this and other countries. We art: ready tojoiu m reducing the tariff on ail articles that are above the line of difference in the co*t of production, ami tm those things on which the rate of duty l- now above that iin ■, thus permitting mo nopolies to be formed to arbitrarily raise prices to the consumer without benefiting labor. We think it the imperative duty of Congress to reduce the tariff *o as to prevent the possi bility of a monopoly combination to put up prices above the competing point. * * * * Respecting your proposi tion to submit the measure proposed by in to a caucus of our political friends, all parties to be bound by such action as it may take upon the subjects to which the bill relates, is one, it seems to us, that ought, not to be asked. The question is not a political question It is not a party question, for the Republicans differ on it as do the Democrats. The differences between us are not political dif ferences but differences on important econ omic and industrial questions aud we sub mit that “it usual in either party, nor right, to attempt to bind men by caucus action on such questions and thereby not only to take from them tneir right and duty to act in accordan e with their own convic tions, hut compel them to act contrary to their obligations as faithful representatives of the people who have sent them here. These, too, are the very matters respecting which we are ftLtdfnptiug to effect a compro mise. In lieu, therefore, of a caucus, we suggest that a committee, composed oi members rep resenting the different phases of the question involved in the two measures under discus sion, should be appointed to take up these differences in a spirit of fairness, with a view of coming together on a measure all can sup port without either side being called upon to surrender convictions or to prove derelict in their duty to their constituents. We urge the suggestion of conference more because uiauv <>f the gentlemen acting with us in the matter of internal taxes do not agree on ail matter s pertaining to the tariff. In accordance with your fourth suggestion, that in case no other arrangement is arrived at upon reasonable notice a motion be made to go into committee of the whole on bill 9702 introduced by Mr. Randall at the last sc* ion of Congress, we have to say tfiat due notice will be given of the time when it is proposed to make Midi motion so that it will lie generally known. Wo cannot, however, close Hus communication w ithout expressing uzuiu Lite hope that an agreement on a meas ure which our political rriends cau generally support is not >et impossible. RANDALL IN A CORNER. Mr. Randall has been forced to accept one of the lour propositions which Mr. Carlisle made to him. His free tobacco dodge having failed he lound himself obliged to accept one of the propositions or show them ail to be unreasonable. He could not do the latter, ho he chose the proposition to unite in going into commu te •of the whole on a motion to consider revenue bills. Of course nothing can cotue Of this at this late day in the session. Mr. Randall would uot otherwise agree to whut he foucht ho bitterly when Mr. Morrison proposed it early in the session, it may give the revenue reformers a chance to put tho protectionists on record,touch ing Home particular taxes, but that will bo ail. Government C lerks on the List. Washington, Fob. B.—Twenty-one clerks of the War Department have been reported to tU“ Secretary of War as In competent, inefficient or irregular in the performance of their duties and will pro bit 1)1 ybe dismissed. I'he Secretary nas directed the discharge of a clerk in the Adjutant General’s iflioa who refused to perform extra duty aiier hours as re quested. lteiatiil lor a CoiniiiisHioiierslilp. Washington, Feb. B.—The Texas del egation met this evening, agreed to recom mend Gov. Ireland, of Texas, fora place on tho interstate Commerce Commis sion, ami, headed by Representative Rea gan, went at once to the white House und presented Gov. Ireland’s name to the President, Slone’s SucuoHHor Confirmed. Washington, Fob. B.—The removal of District Attorney Stone, of Pittsburg, for offensive partisanship on the stump has been quietly acqulesed iu by the Senate, which has confirmed Georgo A. Allen, nominated as hm successor, without a murmur. Hoke Extradited by Ounad i. W r ahhkNGToN, Feb. B*—The State De partment is informed of the extradition by the Canadian authorities oj Hoke, the i’eoria defaulter, who was arrested in Ot tawa. SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1887. TILT OYER THE SMACKS. ANOTHER HATCH OF FISHERIES COlt RES I*i INDENCE. The President. Sends to the House the Communications Between the Two Governments Interchanged Since Dec. 8— >*. inn*ter l’hl p* too Smart to Per mit Lord Iddcsieigh to Shirk Facing t he Muaic. Washington, Feb. B.—The President to dayseut to the House, in answer to tho resolution introduced by Mr. Belmont, copies of the correspondence which has tauen place since Dec. 8 last and up to the present time between tho Department of State and the government of Great Britain. It is voluminous, and \ipon the same line as that published in December. In a letter to Minister Phelps from the Earl of ladesleiffb, dated Nov. 30 last, on the question of the North American fish eries. It. Is stated that her majesty’s gov ernment earnestly desires some equitable settlement of the controversy, and that it is with feelings of disappoint ment that there is not found in the previ ous note from Minister Phelps anv indi cation of a wish on the part of the United States government to enter upon negotia tions “based on the principle of mutual concessions, but rather a suggestion that the same ad interim construc tion of tho terms of the ex isting treaty should be reached which might for the present remove the chance ol disputes.” The coinmumca tion submits the desire of the British gov ernment to leave the points of technical detail and construction iu the treaties and fishery laws for the consideration ot a commission properly constituted to ex amine them. A CANADIAN APOLOGY. On Dec. 16 Lord Iddeslelgh, in a com munication to Minister Phelps, transmits the apology of the Canadian government for haviug hauled down the fiag of the Marion Grimes. Alluding to the seizure of the Everitt Steel Lord Iddesleigh says: Her majesty’s government greatly regret that the incidents alluded to should occur, and they can ouly renew the assurances con veyed to you m my note f Jan. 30, that whilst firmly resolved to uphold the undoubt ed treaty rights of her majesty’s North American subjects in regard to the fisheries, they will alsoequally maintain the undoubteo rights of United States fishermen to obtain shelter In Canadian ports under such restric tions as may be necessary to prevent their abusing privileges reserved to them by the treaty. MR. FISH’S STAND. The most interesting and most impor tant document in the series is a letter from Minister I’helps to Lord Salisbury, dated Jan. 16, some extracts from which are here given: It seems now very important that before tbe commencement of another fishing reason a distinct understanding shouid be reached between the United .States government and that of her majesty, relative to the course to be pursued by the Canadian authorities to ward American vessels. It i3 nt without surprise that 1 have read Lord Iddesleigh’s it:mark in the note ;* >o* e mentioned,referring to the treaty of 1818, that her majesty’s gov ernment have uot as yet been informed iu what re6pecl the construction placed upon that instrument by the government of tin: Uuited States differs from their own. Had his lordship perused more attentively my note to his predecessor in office, Lord Rosebery under date of June 2, 1880, to which reference was made in ray note to Lord Iddesleigh of September, lsAfi, I think lie could not nave failed to apprehend dis tinctly the construction of that treaty for which the government of the Uuited States contended, and me reasons aud arguments upon which it is fbunded. I have again to respectfully refer your lordship to my note to Lord Rosebery of June 2, 1888, for a very full and, I hope, clear exposition of the ground taken by the United States government on thitL point. It is unnecessary to repeat it, aud lam unable to add to it. In reply to the observation in my note to Lord Iddesleigh of Sept. 11, 1888, on the point w.ietner iuch discussion should be sustained in these cases until the result of the judicial proceedings in respect to them should be made know n, a proposition to which, as I stated in my note, the United Mates government is unable to accede. His lordship cites in support of it some language of Mr. Fish, when Becretar\ of State of the United States, uadressed to trie United States Consul General at Montreal in Mav, 1870. From the view of Mr. Fisli the United States government lias no disposition nor occasion to dissent, but it cannot regard it as in any way applicable to tho present c&soa. It is true beyond question that when a private vessel is seized lor an alleged in fraction of the laws of the country in which the seizure takes place, und the fact of in fraction and the exact legal con struction of the local statutes claimed to bo transgressed is not disputed, aud is in processor determination by a proper tribunal, the government to which the vessel belongs wi i not interfere in ad vance of such determination and before ac quiring the inf rmatiou on which it depends, aud especially when it Is not yet informed whether the act of the officers* making the i seizure wii' not tie repudiated by ihe govern ment under which lie acts, so that interfer ence will not be necessary. This is all in fact that was stated by Mr. Fish on that occasion,” NOT PARALLEL CA.sKH. Mr. Phelps quotes from Mr. Fish’s note at some length and then proceeds as tol lows: But in the present case the facts constitut - lng the alleged infraction by the vessel seized are not in dispute except some circumstances of alleged aggravation not material to the validity of the seizure. The original ground of seizure was the purchase by the mas ter of a vessel of a small quantity r bait from the inhabitants of Nova Scotia to be used in fishing. This purchase is nt denied' by the owners, of tho vessel. Ana the united States government insist 1. That such an act is not in violation of the treaty of 18)H; and 2. That no then existing statute in Great Britain or Canada authorized anv proceed ings against a vessel for such an act even If it could be regarded as in violation of the term* of the treaty and no such statute nan been a* yet produced. In response to the charge brought against the “Adams,” and upon winch many oilier vessels have been seized, that of technical violation of the customs act in omitting to re port at the custom house, though having no business at tuo port, (ami in some instance •there the vessel seized was not within several miles of the port;, the United States government claim: Whilst not admitting tha the omission to report was even technical transgression of i the act; that even if it were no harm having been done or intended, proceeding* against a vessel for an inadvertence of that sort were hari i e aeon able and m* friendly. Especially uh for many years no such effect had noeu given to the act in re spect to fish ng v-sola and no previous no tice of the change in its construction lias been promulgated. It seems apparent, therefore, that the cases in question, a* they are m be considered between the two governments, preseut no points upon which t lie decisions of the courts of Nova Scotia need to bo aw aitcd, or would be niaicrl.il. Nor D it any longer open lo tlie United states government to ex poet that the ca-es complained of will <as stated by Mr. Fi-h in the dispatch above quoted; ne repudiated as * * pretentious of over zealous officers of • * • • colonial vessel- because they have been so many times repeated as to constitute a regu lar system of proce dire, have lieen directed and approved by the Cana nan government, and have been in no wise disapproved or re- I strained bv her majesty's government,though I repeated y an I earnestly protested against on tho part of the I ruled sta’oM. It is. there ! fore, to her majesty’s government alone ihit Hie United Stales government can i look for consideration und redress, jit cat.not Con—Pi i • bICOBII 1 iroc'y i or indirectly a party to the proceeding-* coin plained of, nor to aw ait their termination >o for* the questions involved between the two governments have been dealt with. Those questions appear to i he United states gov em inent to stand upon higher ground and to be determined in larger part, at least upon v* ry different construction, from those upon which the courts of Nova Scotia must proceed in tho pending litigation. NOT DEALING WITH CANADA Mr. Phelps then refers to Lord iddes leigb’g comment upon his (Mr. Phelps’) tailure to reply to the arguments anil points in controversy contained in the report of the Canadian Minister of Ma rine and Fisheries. On dbis point Mr. Phelps says in effect that the controversy of ibe United States was with Great, Britain and not with Canada, and inas much as Great Britain had declined to discuss the question, pending a trial in Canada of cases against sundry seized vessels, he couid have no discussion with an officer of the Canadian government. Mr. Phelps then proceeds to say: The United States government is not able to concur in tlie favorable vb w taken by Lord iddesleigh of ihe efforts of the < anadian gov ernment to “promote friendly negotiation.” That the conduct of the government has been directed to obtaining ft revision of the exist ing treaty cannot be doubted, but its efforts have been of such a character as to preclude the prospect of successful negotiation so long as they continue, and to seriously endanger the friendly relations between the United States aim Great Britain. Aside from the question as to tho right of American vessels to purchase bait in Canadian ports, rucli construction has been given to the treaty between the United States and Great Britain as to amount almost to a declaration of com plete non-intercouse. The usual comity be tween nations has been refused in their cases, and in one instance at lea**t ihe ordinary of fices of humanity. The treaty of friendship and amity which. In return for very Import ant concessions by the United states to Great Britain reserv ed to American vessels certain specific privileges, has been construed to ex clude them from all other Intercourse com mon to civilized life and common to maritime usages among nations not at war, ns well a*< from tbe right to touch and trade accorded to all other vessels, and, quite abide from any question arising from the construction of the treaty provisions of the customs house acts ad regulations, have been systematically’en forced against Amerie.au vessels for alleged petty technical violations of the legal requirements in a measure so unreasonable, untrie and unjust as to rentier the privi lege- conferred by the treaty practically mi gratory. *** Since the receipt of Lprd Iddes le gh’s note, the Uuited Stales government has learned, with grave regret, that her majesty’s Assent ha* lieon given to the act of Parliament of ( anada, passed at Ms late ses sion, entitled “au act furiher to amend ihe act respecting fishing by foreign ves** h.” Bv the provisions ot this act any foreign ship, vessel or boat, whether engaged in fishing or not, found within any hum r in Canada, or within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays or creeks of Canada, ‘may bo brought into port by any of the officers or persons mentioned in the act, her cargo searched and her master examined on oath touching ills cargo and voyage. ***** It is in the act to which the one referred to is an amendment that i.-> found in the provision to Whidh I drew atten tion in my note to Lord Iddesleigh, of Dec. 2,1888. ***** Hla quite unnecessary to point out what grave eini>arrast>nients may arise in the relations between the United Males and Great Britain under such an ad ministration as is reasonably to be expected of ihe extraordinary p-ovisons of that act and its amendment, which it is not necessary at this time further to comment upon. It will be for her majesty’s government to de termine how far its sanction and support will he given to furtner proceedings such as me United Mates government have now re peatedly complained of and have just ground to apprehend may ne continued by the Cana dian authorities, it was with an earnest de sire of obviating the impending difficulty and of preventing collision* and disputes until such times as a permanent unders anun.g be tween the two governments could e reached, that I suggested on ttie part or the United States in my note to Lord Iddesleigh of sept. 11,1.888, that, an ad interim construction of the terms of the treaty might be agreed on, lo lie carried out by instructions to be given on both f-ldes, without pre judice to the ultimate < lairas of either and terminable at the pleasure oi eiihor. In au interview 1 had the bouoi to huve with his lordship in which this sug gestion was discussed. I derived the impie - -ion that he regarded it with favor. An out line of such an arrangement was, therefore, su sequently prepared by the Uuited States government which, at tho request of Lord Iddesleigh, was submitted t> lum. But loi> - nerved, with some surprise, that in his note of Nov. 30 last his lordship refers to this proposal made in mv note of Sept. 11 as a proposition that In r ma jesty’s government “would temporarily abandon the exercise of the treaty rights which they claim, and winch they conceive to be Indiaputable. In view of the very grave questions winch exist as to the exlentof more rights, m respect to winch the views of the Uuited Mates government differ bo widely irom those insisted upon by tier majesty’s government, it doea|noi seem to mo au un reasonable proposal t Hut the two governments by temporary and mu tual concession without prejudice should endeavor to reach some mutual ground of ad interim cons ruction, by which the existing Iriendiy relations may be pre served until some permanent ire.tty arrange ment may be made. 1 hese rcaions wiiy the revision <ff the treaty of Ish could not now, in the opinion of the United States govern ment, be hopefully undertaken, and which are set forth in my note to Lord Jddeshgli of Sept. 22, have increased in force since that nqte wa* written. I again respectfufly com mend tho proposal above mentioned to the consideration of her majesty’s government. FIRE ON TOE C HEROKEE. Tho Discovery Mx tic While: Leaving Chua leaton— I rilling Damage. Charleston, S. C., Feb. B.—The steamer Cherokee, of the Clyde line, bound for New York, caught fire alter leaving her dock hero this morning at 0 o’clock. The lire broke out in the after hold in cotton. The steamer signaled tug* and wa* redocked at 10:15 o’clock. The Are department responded promptly to a Himimons, and at 10:30 o’clock the tiro was under control. There was no panic on board,althou n there were about forty passengers, including a number of ladies. The damage h slight. The passengers and baggage will be forwarded by the steamship City of Columbia, or by rail. COMPLETELY KXTINGUSI!KD. The fire on the Cherokee was complete ly extinguished this afternoon, it oc curred in the water-tight compartment of the alter hold, and was confined to the tpot where it • ter ted. After the bold has been flooded it will be pumped out, when trio cargo In tho after hold will be taken out anti tne ship made ready tor Hailing In a day or two. The cause of tbe fire is unknown. The damage to tbe cargo is slight and to the ship trifling. While flooding the hold to-day James Warren, the ship's quartermaster, from Norfolk, was struck by a box and seriously in jured. Tne passengers of the < herokse, with their baggage, were sent North this afternoon. TIIK FLORIDA CARGO. .i v ksonvillb, Fla., F< b. s ibt Cherokee left here Saturday noon, but owing to a heavy fOf and bid weather did not cross the bar until ttunday morn ing. She shipped about fifty passengers and a cargo ot miscellaneous freight, chiefly oranges and lumber. None of the freight shipped from here wa* placed in the after hold, so tbs fire must have originated in theCharltSton cargo. Con siderable uneasiness was felt here this afternoon among frFnds of the passeu i gets when the nows of the fire was made l üblic, and the office ot the was I crowded with anxious inquirers. BALM FOR THE PIGTAILS. TIIK HOUSK 1* YKS A BIUi FOR INDEMNIFICATION. A Vote of 101 ti> 68 Bub,fJtrt*e. th House mil fr Tli.tof rlio Bt-u>te—An Appropriation of 1814?,748 >1 ode by the ntoM.uve—Mr. Il.ltuoiit Make, a Strou|£ Fie. In Itelialf of the Hill. Washington, Fob. s.—The House to day went into oommitteo of the whole on the Senate bill to Indemnity certain eub jeots of tbe Chinese empire lor losaes sus tained by the violence ol a mob at Hock Springs, \Vy. T.,.011 Sept. 2, ISSo. Air. Morrow, ol California, inquired whether it was the purpose of the For eign Relations Committee, in case this bill wag passed, to oall up to-day the bill regtrictihk Chinese immigration. Mr. Belmont replied in the negative. The Chinese government did uot. desire to embarrass tho relatione between the two nations hy a continuance of immigration, and there was a disposition to modify the treaty so as to bring about results very much more effective than could be secured by legislation. With this assur ance the oommitlee did not iutend to bring up the matter to-day. CHINA’S GOOD HEPUTATION. In the course of his speeoh in lavor of the pending hill Mr. Phelps, of New Jer sey, said the archives of the State Depart ment showed that the Chinese govern ment had bean always prompt anil gener ous in making payment for losses incurred by Americans in China. Some weeks ago, he added, news reached Shanghai that the city of ('liArleston had been shaken, not destroyed, by an earthquake, and last week the Consul General resident at Sbanghi transmitted sl,‘Jtio, contributed by poor Chinamen of Shanghai for tho re lief of the Charleston sufferers. He could not recall that, while miscreants, and not au act ol Uod, did not simply in jure, but entirely destroyed and obliter ated the village of Rock Springs, there hud been any contributions from any ot the neighboring villages or towns in order to compensate the Chinese for the losses which they had cruelly suffered. If the United States government were not bound in view of the past history of the two coumries to indemnify Chinese subjects, it would bo bound to do so under all treaty obligations. Mil. CLKMKNTS’ STAND* Mr. Clements, of Georgia, while ap proving the bill, did so on account of the past friendly relations between the two countries and as au act of generosity and humanity, and contended that there was no legal international obligations under the treaty requiring the government to provide lor indemnity. The respective merits of the Senate bill, which provides lor the ascertainment of the losses incurred, and the bouse bill, which makes a direct appropriation ot $147,7-18, were briefly discussed. Ihe advocates ot the .Senate bill placed their advocaey upon tho ground that it would soon become a law and that the amount of the losses Anuld be more cor rectly ascertained. The ailvooates of tho House measure contended that to pass the Senate hill would be touolay payment tor twelve months, and, as Mr. Worth ington, of Illinois, expressed it, present a Christian country in a sad light as com pared with the prompt action of tho Chi nese government in indemnifying Ameri cans who have been wronged. Mr. Daniel, of Virginia, favored tbo House bill, being opposed to making two bites of a cherry. The claim was a small one and a righteous one, and it did not become this country to procrastinate longer in making payment. Tbo claim should have been pain long ago, and it was with no pride as an American citizen that ho contemplated tbe fact that tbe Chinese govei nrnent bad always acted in a Bpirit of grace and oourtesy and gen erosity and ol good neighborhood. The House bill was substituted for the Senate bill by a vote of 101 to 68, and as so amended tbe bill was reported to the House and passed. HOUSE BIIjIiS in the senate. Twenty-Two of tlie Measures on tlie Calendar Massed. Washington, Feb. B.—ln the Senate to-day House bills were reported back from the Committee on Militury Affairs and placed on the calendar as follows: To authorize tlie construction of a grav eled road to tho Richmond, Va., National Cemetery. Authorizing tho Secretary of the Treas ury to deliver to the rightful owners the contents ol a certain box deposited in the Treasury Department hy the Secretary of W ar. The Senate took up the calendur of House hills and passed twenty.two. Among them were the hills lor giading and paving tbe approaches to the national cemetery near Danville, Va„ and lor the settlement of the accounts with the Mo bile and Ohio Railroad Company. At i o’clock the Tehuantepec ship rail way hill came up as the un tin I* lied busi ness, hut it went over until Thursday. Mr. Vest, who is In charge, gave notice that, after it has been taken up. he should ask the Senate to remain Iu session until it shall he disposed Of. He said he bail been notllied hy bve Senators that they desired to speak on the Fads hill, hut they were not prepared to speak to-dav. The Home bill to prevent the Importa tion and sale ot fresh mackerel during tbe spawning season was taken up ami debated until 5:15 o’clock, Au amend ment was adopted postponing the period when the bill Is to tske effect from March 1, ISB7, to March 1, 1888. Witliout dispos ing of the bill tho Senate at 5:15 o’clock went into secret session aud ten minutes later adjourned. IN THK HOUSK. In the House to-day, on motion ol Mr. Wheeler, the Senuto bill was pasod with amendments appropriating $50,000 for the erection of a public building at Hunts ville, the ultimate cost ol which shall not exceed SIOO,OOO. Mr. Cox, of North Carolina, called up and the House passed the Senate hill prohibiting the importation of opium into the United States by any subjeot ot the Kmperor ot China. Mi. Daniel,of Virginia, oalled up and the House passed tbe bill to carry into effect tne international Convention of March 4, 1884, for the protection oi sub marine cables. It makes the breaking of a cable lllfully or through culpable neg ligence a misdemeanor, and punishable by tine or Imprisonment. Tbe House at 6 o’clock took a recess until 7dIO o’clock, tbe evening session to he for tbe delivery or eulogies upon tbo late Representatives, Beach, Dowdney aud Aruott, of New York. Death Follows un Assault. Ci.kvki.ani), 0., Feh. B.—Detective Mulligan, one of the police officers as saulted hy desperadoes at Ravenna, died this morning. He leaves a widow and four children. ENGLAND AND RUSSIA. Official Dispotclies ltd ween the Two Count l ies Made I’ublic. London,Feb,B. —The official dispatches which have passed between the Russian and llrUish governments regarding the Bulgarian question are published. They show that the Czar approved of tho course of Gou. Kaulbars in Bulgaria and de clared lhat efforts to restore the inde pendence of that oountry would he con tinued. The late Lord iddesleigh (then Foreign Secretary), In reply, said that though the Russian government’s Impres sions of events in Bulgarin differed widely with those ot the British government, England was equally desirous of main taining the treaties relative to Bulgaita and obtaining a pacitio solution ol tlie difficulty. Reports received from various direo tlons reassert that troops are being coiv centrated in Southern Russia. PDFS LHO AND THK AKMY BILL, Brkhlao, Feb. 8.-—lt is stated here that Mgr. Kopo, the Catholic Bishop of Fulda, who mediated between Prussia and the Vatican in tbe negotiations for n revision of the Slay laws, has been deputed by the Pope to make a statement declaring ihe Pope’s intentions In advising the Cathnlie electors to support the government on the septennato bill and explaining the papal interest from a Catholic standpoint, in having the Catholic electors assist in so curing the success of Prince Bismarck’s bill in tho new Reichstag. Tbe ncoasion tor making this Important statement will he the Introduction in tha upper house of the Prussian Diet of a now eeclestlasicul hill. It is slso an nounced here that the Pope, desiring to meet Prussia’s views even In matters of ecclesiastical discipline and appointment, will favor the nomination oi Dr. Kojio to the Bishopric ol Breslau. FRANCK UOKB INTO IlKIt POCKET. Paris, Feb. B.—The Chamber of Dep uties passed, without debate or scrutiny, to-day the extra budgets asked for the war aud naval departments. JACOBINI BLAMKD. Romk, Fsb. B,—Several Cardinals blame Cardinal Jacoblnl for thereoent dispatch to the Nuncio at Muuloh relative to the septennato bill. MORLEY HACKS PAKNEIiL. Tho Policy of Emigration Declared Wholly VV long. London, Feb. B.—ln the House of Com mons to-day .John Morley resumed the debate on Mr. Parnell’s amendment to the address In reply to the Queen’s speech. Mr. Morley said he agreed wltn that part of the amendment which affirmed that the remedy for the existing crisis iu Irish affairs was to be found In such reform of the law and system of govern ment as would satisfy the needs and secure the confidence oi tho Irish people, t here was. In (act, Mr. Merely declare 1, no remedy short of granting the Irish self-government. Mr. Morlev said that the amendment offered hy Mr. Parnell pointed out the ouly possible policy for the proper government ot Ireland. HARTINOTON’S BRROR. The remedy advocated by Lord Hart ington in his recent address at Newcastle amounted simply to migration and emi gration. It would be impossible to effect either of these without regard to the wishes of the people. No government could achieve anything by a policy based on emigration, for suocesslul emigration de pended largely on the oonditlon of tho labor market. Concerning tbe question of laud purchase, Mr. Morley asked what, better terms there were for a tenant than those proposed in the Ashbourne act, which though good In itselt was utterly insufficient for the just demands of tlis home rulers. STAND OF TUB SCOTCH. ifiDiNBURUH, Feb. B.—At a conference of tbe Sootoh Liberal Association here to day, resolutions were adopted declaring in favor ol a reform in the land laws, in tavor of local self-government, disestab lishment of the church, aod state control of the liquor traffic. The conference voted oontideuoe In Mr. Gladstone. MOHS MAR: H IN LONDON. Many Windows .Smashed and a llnli In r Kliop Looted. London, Feb. B.—Ten thousand So cialists assembled at Clerkenwell this evening to celebrate tbe riots of Feh. 8, 18-D. There were hundreds of police present, on horseback aud on foot. Some incendiary speeches were made aud the Socialists attempted to light larches, hut were prevented from doing so hy tbe police. 'lhe mob theu dispersed in three different directions. One cou tlßg nt, armed with granite paving stones, went toward tho city smashing bouse and shop windows on tho way. A butcher’s shop was looted aud the owner wag tired at with a revolver, but be was not hurt. A detachment ol police met the rioters at Newgate und dispersed them. Several ot the rioters were arrested. Two other sections of the (Jlerkeuweli mob went westward hut melted awnv without doing serious damage (hunks to the frost aud the absence ot leaders. !ilily’s Uublunt Resigns. Romk, Feb. B,e-I’rime Minister Depre ss announced to the Chamber of Depu tics this afternoon lhat tueeutlre Cabinet had resigned. Signor Dcpretis accompanied his an nouncement with a statement that King Humbert had accepted the resignations, hut that pending tbe appointment ot their successors, all the Ministers would continue to perform the duties ot their respective departments, 'f lic Ministers resigned, Signor Dcpretis explained, because ot their doubtful posi tion in Parliament. Ho requested tbe Deputies to proceed with tbe discussion of the budget, as the necessities ot the country required its prompt considera tion. Au official dispatch from Massowah an nounces that in the recent encounter with tbo Ahysslnlans the Italians bsd 23 of ficers and 407 men killed and 1 officer aud 81 meu wounded. War on tlie Socialists. Bkrlin, Feb. 8 —Police attempted to disperse a socialist meeting which was being held In a brewery at Stettin last evening but failed. A force of military was then summoned, aud with fixed bay onets drove tne people from the hall. Sev eral of tbe peoplo were wounded by bay onet thrusts, and eno inan la reported killed. The ball wae completely wreaked. At Madgcburg yesterday twenty-four Sociahete were arrested on a charge of belonging to Illegal soaletlee. Han .Innas was s capital fellow. But he was so confoundedly sallow! That bis friends ail forsook him. K’nn his sweetheart, she shook him. Which ma le poor Hen loudly hollow. Now Ueu had a friend immed Molpiecns. Who told h m to lake Smith’s Bilk Hkaks, And now lie’s as rosy as any pink poscy, And lias married n woman of mesnH. Bile Beans will cle tr the eximplexiou and awseton the breath. S4c. ner bottle IPKIOE *lO A YFAU.* I 5 out li A LOl-Y. j ! BULLETS FLY IN TEXAS. JFOUII MKN DKAI) OUT OF SEVLft IN THE FIGHT. A Flfteen-Y -ar-Old ISoy Stand* Shou’- der to Shoulder With Hl* Father ar.tl Another Man, and Doe* Deadly Wotl* With Hl* Truitjt Winchester. DkKalu, Tex., Feb. B.—A deadly bat tle was (ought four miles north of Do. Kalb yesterday. Four male mem bora ot a family named White were pitted againtS Col. John F. R.issor, bis sou Willie, ag.ii 15 years, and a hired man named Mullens, The affray resulted in the killing of thr a of the Whites and Col. Rosser, and tha wounding of Rosser's boy. The affray occurred at the home of the Whites. Col. Rosser, after being shot through tha neek, and having, as he supposed, seen all ot his enemies killed, mounted tha horse and rode half a mile to his home, dying its he entered his own door, ilia son Willie was left with the dead men aC the house of White. Col. Rosser had! sold to White and his sons a tract of laiuh for which they had not paid. Til* BATTLE. A suit for ejectment was brought ami. decided in Col. Rosser’s favor. Col. KosJ ser thought the writ had not been enlorcJ cd promptly enough, and he started with his son and hired mau to enforce it him-* self informally. Col. Rosser and his par. ty were invited in when they reaohod that house of White, and after a low word* tiring began. J. C. White and his two eons, Walter aud Dawson, were killed. Young Rosser w as inside, and his version ol the affair is as follows: The elder Wnit shot him and his father, and ho shot tho oldman White once and then turned hi hi Winchester on the White boys to keep them from shooting his lather. About; Ilftcen shots were bred and with deadly etfeot. Tile hired man, Mullens, has not, yet tieen found, and It is not known what purt he took m the awtul tragedy. MUTINOUS CONVICTS. Forty of the Number Peppered Witife llird Shot to Subjiigate Them. Akhiivili.e, N. C., Feb. B.—A mutiny took place yesterday at the convict camp, four miles from this city. Fur several weeks these men have been restive, com* plaining ol the hard work Imposed on ihem and alleged lack of food. During last week several hardened cilmiuala were added to the gang, and on Saturday night there were evidences of coming trouble. All day Suuday the men hud died close together and refused to talk to the guards. When dark came on and the men were ordered to retire lor tbn ntgut forty men refused to do so. Several offiuers entered the stockade and tried t<> reason with the men, when they were; met with lusilade of stones which the convicts hud quietly laid in aud stored away in a barrel. The officers retired, closed the gules quickly and put on a double wuloh lor the night. The forty rebels sat up all night making the night*' hideous with their curses. Yesterday morning when the gang was ordered out to work sixty answered, but tho forty still refused. Tho guards, who only numbered ten, Ured over the heads of the men, but cries ol detiance were the only reply, the rneaj saving they were not afraid of blank cartridges. Then the guards discharged several volleys directly into the luminous group, peppering them profusely with bird shot. This brought them to their souses, but secured for them a place in the hospital instead of on the road. They still declare that, they will not work. Tho guard was greatly enlarged last night. MULCTING A DRUMMER. Montgomery Authorities Make it Hot for a Victim. Montgomery, Ala., Feb. B.—C. A Heller, a commercial traveler represent'* ing Hartley A Oraham, of New York, was arrested here Monday night on a warrant charging him with violating the law ima posing a license tax of $lO for tho Bta'a and $5 for the county, lie was found guilty this morning in the County Court and paid the tine and costs amounting to $55. Immediately on bis release he was rearrested on m warrant sworn out by the officer who ar* rested him charging bun with bribery im offering the officer $5 not to execute tba lirst warrant of arrest. On the last chart a' he was bound over to await the action of tin grand jury, Jving bond for S3OO. Thai drummers lax in Alabama is being vigor* ously COllecied. MORMON ISM’A liOUUY. Home fof the Church’s Shrewdest. Schemers Start for Washington. Balt Lake City, Utah., Feb. B.—A strong Mormon lobby leit here yesterday for Washington 'o work against tbs Ed* munds-'l ucker bill. Among its mem* hers are K. A. Smith, President of tbs Council, W. W. Riley, Speaker of tht House in tno last Legislature, Mayor Armstrong and otner officials. Tha talk here Is that they g as nionagumouH Mormons, prepared to give up polygamy, provided the Mormons be not pressed and that Utah be admitted as a Slate, alter widen they would do as they pleased. The Gentiles here are much discouraged at the delay aud begin to dread another failure of Congress to as sert itself against what they denomlnata as Mormon treason. France arid the Church. Rome. Fob. B.— Paris advices received at the Vatican say that the French gov ernment intends to adopt a more decided policy toward the Holy Wee. Fruitless Joint Halida. Washington, Feb. B.—Joint ballots were taken tor United States Senator by the Legislatures ol New Jersey and Weal Virginia to-day, but without result. 'iwoltillN signed. WASHINGTON, Fob. B.—The President to-day signed the Indian land severalty bill and the “backbone" land grant for feiture bill. Dakota's Governor. Washington, Feb. B. —The Senate has confirmed the nomination of L. K. Church as Governor of Dakota. Never Open Yon- Mouth except to put something to eat Into It, is an excellent motto fur the gossip and the sufferer from catarrh. But while the gns. ■ip is practically Incurable, there I* no excuse lor any one’s suffering longer from oatarrn. Dr. Sage’s Catarrn Remedy is an unfailing cure for that offensive dis ease. It heal* the diseased membrane, and removes the dull ami depressed sen sations which always attend ca’arrh. A short trial ol this valuable preparation will make the sufferer feol liku anew being.