Newspaper Page Text
i ESTABLISHED 1850. I
Jj.H. EsTIL-L, Editor aid Proprietor*) CLEVELAND NO COWARD. the outrageous pension KAID HEROICAIiLY V r ETOED. Caterer* for the Soldier Vote Shown That the Country Has a President at the Helm Who Dare* Do Ktght—The Sound Reason! on Which His Signa ture is Withheld. Washington, Feb. 11.—In the House at, 3:45 o’clock this afternoon the Presi dent’? private secretary was announced and presented a message from the Presi dent, transmitting without his approval the dependent pension bill. The reading of the message was followed with an at tention more strict than is generally ac corded to such documents. At its con clusion Mr. Matson, ol Indiana, moved that the bill and accompanying message be referred to the Committee on Invalid Tensions, promising that they would be reported back within the coming week. Tne motion was agreed to by a vote of 132 to 27. The act is entitled “an act for the re lief of dependent parents and honorably discharged soldiers and sailors who are now disabled and dependent upon their otvu labor.” The veto is a long docu ment, embracing over 4,000 words. The President says this is the tirst general bill that has been sanctioned by Congress since the close of the rate civil war per mitting a pension to soldiers and sailors who served in that war upon the ground of service and present disability alone and the entire absence of any injuries re ceived by the casualties or incidents of such service. Several precedents for it exist, how ever, in our legislation, which are still opprative and which he cites. wholesale robbery. The present Hill embraces all who are beneticiaries of similar precedent legis lation. The Presideut proceeds: On July 1, 1886, 1,365,763 pensioners of all Blasses were upon the pension rolls, or whom 308,605 were survivors of the war of the rebel lion and thetr widows ami dependents. For ihe year eudintt June 30, lsgr, $75,000,000 has been appropriated for ilie payment of pen sions, and the amount expended for that pur pose from 1861 to July 1, 1886, is 4808,624,811 51, While annually paying out suou a vast sum for pensions already granted, it is now pro posed by the bill under consideration to award service pensions to sold era ot all the wars in which the United States has been eugaged, including, of course, the war of the rebellion, and to piy those entitled to the benefits of the act toe sum of sl2 per mouth. BEGINNING EARLIER. So far as it relates to soldiers of the late eivil war, the bounty it affords them is given thirteen years earlier than it has been fur nished to'ttie soldiers of any other war, and before a largo majority of its beneficiaries have advanced in ago beyond the strength and vigor of the prime ot life. It exacts only military or naval service of three months, without any requirement of actual engage ment with an enemy in battle, and without subjection to any of the actual dangers of war. ifiie pension it allows is allowed to en listed men who have not suffered the lea-t in jury, disability or damage of any kind, in curred in, or in any degree ref enable to their military service, including those who never reached the front at all, and those discharged from rendezvous at the dose of the war, if discharged three months afier enlistment. Under the last call of the President for troops in December, 1864. 11,368 men were furnished who were thus discharged. SOME RESTRICTION. The section allowing this pension does, However, require, beside the service of three months and ail honorable discharge, that “those seeking the benefit of the act shall be such as now are or may hereafter he suffering from mental or physical disability,uol the re sult of their own vicious habits or gross care les.ness, which incapacitates them for the performance of labor in such degree as to render them unable to earn support, and who ate dependent on iheir daily labor for sup port.” it provides further that such persons shall, upon making proof of the fact, be placed ou the list of invalid pensioners of the United States, and be entitled to receive for such total inability to procure their subsistence by daily labir, Sl2 per month, and snob pension shall commence from the date of tne tiling of the application in the Pension Office, upon proof that dis ability then existed, and continue duriug idle existence of the same in the degree herein provided; provided, that persons who are now receiving pensions under the existing laws, or whose elatpis are pending in the Pension Office, may, by application to the Commissioner of Pensions, in such form as ho may prescribe, receive the benefit of this act. HIGHLY IMPORTANT. It is manifestly of the utmost Importance that the statutes, which, like the pension laws, should be liberally administered as measures of benevolence in behalf of worthy beneficiaries, and should admit of no uncer tainty as to their general objecis and conse quences. Upon careful consideration of tbe language of tlie seeilou of this bill above given, it seems to me to be so uncertain and liable to such conflicting constructions and to lie sub ject to such unjust and mischievous applica tion as to alone furnish sufficient ground lor disapproving the proposed legislation. Alter some space devoted to a close analysis of the ambiguities of the bill and its opportunities lor unfairness, un just discrimination and partisan par tiality in its administration, and pointing out the differences of opinion as to its scope held by members of Congress who acted upon it, the President says - I am of tlie opinion that it may fairly be contended that uuder the provisions of this Bection any soldior whose facilities of mind or body have become impaired by accident, dis ease, or age. irrespective of his service in the army as a cause, and who by his labor only is left incapable of gaining fair support might, by,unimpaired powers, have provided for himself anil who is not o well endowed with this world’s goods as to live without work, mv claim to participate in its bounty, and that it is not required that he should be with out property but only that labor should lie necessary to bis support in some degree, nor is it required that, be should be now receiving Bupport from others. WELL PROVIDED FOR. Relieving this to boa proper interpretation or the bill I cannot but remember that the soldiers in our civil war in their par and bounty received such compensation for their mtliiinry services as Inis never been received by soldiers uefore since mankind lirst went to war; tnat never belore on bell a f of any soldiers have so many and such generous laws been passed to relieve against the incidents i war; that statutes have been passed giving 'em preference in all public employments; nat really needy and home I ess Union soldiers ■i the rebellion havo been to a lurge oxtent provided for at soldiers’ homes, instituted and supported by the government, where ’liey are maintained tog. ther free from a si me of degradation which attaches to tbe chanty, and that never be er^. 6 11 'i 1 * 1 toistorv of the country lias it been proposed to render government aid toward 'be support of anr of Its _ ‘Y tM l a * ono "bon military service so i! , i < i.T! h ! r P. B,ie ,lU ‘* circumstances ap- Inen. "i? 'J l V u 'o demand such aid. Iliiherto ia " ~oun granted to surviving afier e li' ,e 'V ln nilml 'e r f venerable in age, i.ljj a long lapse of time sinco their military lered b'v an P.V A P" rtln K benefaction ton acred by a grateful people. Not WANTED BY TRUE PATRIOTS. If Union'S I ?®i l I leTe that Ul ® vflHt peaceful army le limed wl !°’ hlivini< eontentedly Ih>uio*ni t- .i p ?T sin thß °r<Jlnry avoca latnoile oherIth as sacred tbe memory of l?sdb^”''V r who- having been dlsa- K,, hrLanl ® aßUitltlc of war, justly regard ■ amot”a?L^®!" 0 “ roll on wh,c *‘ appnur inelr ■me mut Y*? 11 of ho , uor ' a "d desire at this Kinf' ina! personal pri fill oxlgcnoy. to bo Eil ss ts e " " lth w “o. through such a ■Ji ritv lh i"n Wl,lin * to be Objects or simple ■n„rny, and to gain a place upon the pension roll through alleged dependence. Recent personal observation aud experience con strain me to refer to another result which will inevitably follow the passage of this hill. It is sad, but nevertheless true that already in the matter of procuring pensions there exists widespread disregard of truth and good faith, stimulated by those who, as agents,undertake toestablish claims for pen : sions, heedlessly entered upon by the ex pectant beneficiary, anil encouraged, or at least not condemned by those unwilling to obstruct a neighbor’s plans. In the execu tion of this proposed law,under any interpre tation, a wide field of inquiry would be opened for the establishment of facts largely within the knowledge of the claimants alone, and there cau be no doubt that the race after pensions, offered by this bill, would not only simulate weakness and pretended in capacity to labor, but put a further premium on dishonesty and mendacity. ERRONEOUS ESTIMATES. The Chairman of the House Commutes on Pensions calculates that the number of pen sioners under this bill would lie 83,105 and would increase tbe annual cost $4,767,120. Tlrs is "upon the theory that only those who are entirely unable to wort would be its benefi ciaries. . The President presents a few striking statistics illustrating how completely at fault have been the previous advance estimates of tbe probable effect of pension legislation, and goes on to say: If none should be pensioned under this bill except those utterly unable to work. I am satisfied that the cost stated iu the estimate referred to would be many times multiplied and with constant increase from year to year, and if those partially unable to earn their support should be admitted to tbe privileges of this bill the probable increase ol expense would be almost appalling. I think it may be said that at tbe close of the war of the rebel lion every Northern State and a great majority of the Northern counties and cities were bur dened with taxation on account of the large bounties paid our sortliers, aud the bonded debt thereby created still constitutes a large item in the account of the tax gatherer against the people. Federated taxation, no less borne by the people than that directly levied upon their property, is still maintained at, the rate made necessary by the exigencies of the war. If this bill should become a law with its tre mendous addition to our previous obligation, I am thoroughly convinced that further ef forts to reduce the Federal revenue and re store some part of it to our people will, and perhaps should be, seriously questioned. AN ARMY OK PENSIONERS. It lias constantly been a cause of pride and congratulation to the American citizen that his country is not put to the charge of maintaining a large standing army in time of peace; yet we are now living under a war tax which has l>een tolerated in peaceful times to meet obligations incurred in the war. But. for years past in all parts of tbe country the demand for a reduction of the burdens of'tax atlon upon our labor and production has increased in volume and urgency. I am not willing to approve a measure presenting the objections to which this bill is subject, and which moreover wilt have the effect of disappoint ing the expectation of the people and their de sire aud hope for relief from war taxation in time of peace. In my last anuual message tbe following language was used: "Every pa triotic heart responds to tender consideration lor those, who having served their country long and well, are reduced to destitution and dependence, not as an incident of their ser vice, but with advancing age, or through sickness or misfortune. Wo are all tempted by the contemplation of such condition to supply relief, and are often impatient of the limitations of putdic duty. Yielding to noone in a desire to indulge this feeling ot consider ation, I cannot rid myself of the conviction that if these ex-soldiers are to be relieved, they and their cause are entitled to the benefit of an enactment under which relief may be claimed as a right, and that such relief should be granted under tne sanction of the law - , notin evasion of it, nor should such worthy objects of care, all equally entitled, be remitted to the unequal oi oration of sympathy or the tender mercies of social and political Influence with their unjust discriminations,” I do not thiuk that the objects, conditions anil limitations thus suggested are contained iu the bill under consideration. 1 adhere to the senti ments thus heretofore expressed, but the evil threatened by this bill is, in my opinion, such that, charged with great responsibility iu behalf of the people, I cannot do otherwise than to bring to the consideration of tbii! measure my best efforts of thought and judgment, and perform my constitutional duty in relation thereto regardless of all con sequences, except such as appear to me to be related to the best and highest interests of the country. Grovkr Cleveland, Tbe President’s veto effectually dis poses of the pauper pension bill. It can not secure the two-tblrds majority neces sary to pass it itreitber House. IN SENATE AND HOUSE. Some of tlie Minor Routine Work of the Day in the Two Bodies. Washington, Feb. 11.—In the Senate to-day the resolution heretofore offered by Mr. Blair directing the Committee on Education and Labor to continue during the recess and complete its investigation as to the relations between labor and capi tal was taken up and adopted. The Sen ate at 2:10 o’clock resumed consideration m the Eads Tebuantepeo bill, and Mr. Hoar continued bis argument in support ol it. “When be had concluded the bill was laid aside temporarily. The post office appropriation bill was taken up, briefly discussed and laid aside. Such Items as were likely to lead to po litical debate were passed over. Ou motion of Mr. Ransom the House bill to authorize terras of the United States Circuit Court at Wilmington, N. C., was passed. On rnoiion of Mr. Mahone the Senate bill to authorize the Secretary of War to exchange guns with tho ft. E. Lee Vol unteer Battery ol Petersburg, Vat, was taken up atul passed. The Senate then adjourned till to-morrow. * IN THE HOUSE. This being Friday, the House proceeded to consideration ol private business. Mostot the afternoon was consumed in discussion inr committee of the whole of the bill extending the patent oi James J. Johnston, of Columbiana, 0., for an im provement in tbe process for evaporating liquids, but no action was taken. The House, at 4:20 o’clock, took a re cess until 7:30 o’clock, the evening ses sion to be iorttie consideration of pension bills. The House at its evening session passed thirty-live peusiou bills, and at 11 o’clock adjourned. MANNING’S RETIREMENT. Assistant Secretary Fairchild His Probable Successor. Washington, Feb. 11.—Secretary Manning is expected to retire from the Cabinet about March 15. Tne probability still is that Assistant Secretary Fairchild will be his successor. So far Secretary Manning has not asked the President again to accept, tbe resignation be tendered .last fall, but be will do so as goon as Congress adjourn*. The Western National Bank, of which Mr. Manning la to ba President and .Mr. Jordan Vios Presideut, is not vet chartered. Until it is there ia no legal oujeotion to Secretary Manning’s continuance at tbe head of the Treasury. Dismissed from Aunupolis. Washington, Feb. 11.—Secretary Whitney to-day approved tbe sentence of tbe getters! court martial dismissing from the Annapolis Naval Academy Cadets James W. Clinton and George B. Fife, of the fourth claas, convicted ot hazing. SAVANNAH, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1887. BUILDING UP A BIG NAVY THE SENATE GETTING ITS EYES OPEN AT Ij A ST. Messrs. Cameron, Hale and Stanford In troduce Bill* on the Subject—The Former Propose! tlie Construction of Ten Protected Steel Crutaerg—Mr. Hales Fleet More Diverstiled aud Less K®*peimlve. W ashington, Feb. 11.—In the Senate to-day the bills “to increase the naval establishment” and “to provide for an inorease of the naval establishment” were introduced, the former by Mr. Cameron and tbe latter by Mr. Hale, and were referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs, after a statement by Mr. Hale that the two bills related to different branches of the naval establishment. Mr. Stanford introduced a bill to pro vide mortars and heavy guns for the armament of tlie forts, coast defenses and vessels of the United States. The bill introduced by Senator Cam eron authorizes the President to have con structed by contract ten protected steel cruisers with such armament lor each a9 the Navy Department may deem suitable, each vessel to have a maximum speed of twenty knots, under tests and conditions imposed by the Navy Department belore being accepted by the government. The aggregate cost of all of the cruisers, ex clusive of armament, is not to exceed $16,000,000, lor the appropriation of which sum tbe bill provides. Section 2 provides that in the construc tion of tbe vessels all of the provisions of the act Of Aug. 3, 18S6, to increase the naval establishment, “as to material for vessels, their engines, boilers and ma chinery,” the coutracts under which they are built, the notice of and proposals for the same plans, drawings and specifica tions and method ot executing contraots, shall be observed and followed, and the vessels built in compliance with the terms of the aot so far as they relate to the vessels constructed under the con tract. A BONUS FOR BETTER SPEED, Section 3 provides that in case either of the vessels shall on trial display a speed greater than twenty knots a bonus shall be paid to the contractor of $200,000 for the first knot in excess of twenty knots, and of $150,000 for the second knot in ex cess of the requirements, and SIOO,OOO for each additional knot beyond the require ments. For the purposes of this section $2,000,000, or so tnuoh as may be neces sary, is appropriated. Section 4 appropriates $4(800,000 for the armament ot the vessels provided for in the act, SENATOR HALE’S MEASURE. The companion bill introduced by Sen ator Hale provides for the purpose of in creasing the naval establishment. The following sums of money are appro priated, to be expended by the President in the exercise of bis discretion, upou plans and specifications to ba furnisued by the Navy Department; For the con struction of heavily armored vessels, or armored floating batteries or rams, to be used for coast and harbor defense, $10,000,- 000; for the construction of light draught gunooats, suitable lor interior water ways and canal service, $1,200,000; for tbe construction of torpedo boats of the highest attainable speed and efficiency, $000,000; for torpedoes and torpedo appli ances, to be operated from naval vessels, floating batteries or rams, SOOO,OOO. It is provided that tbe gun boats and torpedo boats authorized to be constructed by tbe act shall be completed and tested within twelve months from the signing of the oontract for their construction. WEAVER'S WAR. He Proclaims that the President lias Acted —The President Denies It. Washington. Feb. 11.—Representative Weaver, of lowa, states that he has to day received word trom President Cleve land that he has directed Secretary Man ning to obey the law concerning one and two dollar United States notes, and to is sue them, and that the order was em phatic and given to Secretary Manning orally, but would be reduced to writing and delivered to the Secretary to-day. A CONFERENCE. Mr. Weaver also states that some days ago, at his request, a consultation con cerning this matter was held, at which Speaker Carlisle, Messrs. Morrison, War ner, Weaver,Mills, Wilkins were present. Messrs. Payson, of Illinois, atid Brumm, of Pennsylvania, were also consulted bv Mr. Weaver, as were also several other members of Congress. The opinion seemed to be unanimous that the law had been violated, and Mr. Carlisle was requested to bring the matter to the attention of the Presi dent. One of these gentlemen is authority for the statement that wnen the Presi. dent’s attention was called to the matter he very promptly declared that the Treas ury Department was wrong, aud hence his order as above stated. THE PRESIDENT DENIES IT. At the White House mo information ln regard to tbe foregoing is obtainable, ex cept that the President has “written no such letter to the Secretary.” Beyond this statement the President remarked that he did not care to say anything on the subject. Treasurer Jordan said that no instructions to change the present prac tice in regard to the redemption and issu ance oi United States notes had yet reached his office. An Associated Press reporter called on Secretary Manning at his house this even ing and read to him the statement of Mr. Weaver as given Man ning said that said or sent to him on tbe sub ject. DINGLKY AND THE SHIPS. The House Committee to Favorably Report His Fishing Bill. Washington, Feb. 11.—Almost with out a dissenting voice tbs House Com mittee on Shipping to-day resolved to make a favorable report on Mr. Diugley's bill to protect tbe fisheries of the United States. Tbe bill makes liable to seizure and forfeiture any foreign vessel found taking fish of any kind within three ma rine miles of the shores of toe United States. The committee decided not to press for aotlon during this session the bill already reported and on tbs calendar relating to tbe licensing or masters of vessels as pi lots and relieving coasting vessels ln tow of tugs or other steam vessels (rom obli gations to take pilots. Recognition but no Money. Washington. Feb. 11.—The House Committee on Commerce has ordered a favorable report on tbe bill giving govern meat recognition to the Freedrnen’s Ex position to be held in Alabama, but has struck out the appropriation of $060,000 urotios'd in the bill. DOWN WITH POLYGAMY. Tlie Senate and House Conferees on the Bill Agree. Washington, Feb. 11.—After a long session to-day tho conferees on the anti polygamy bill reached a complete agree ment on the points of difference between the two Houses. It is expected that the conferees will report on Monday. The exact features ot the bill cannot yet be obtained. It is known, however, that the section of the Senate hill which provides for the appointment of a board of trus tees to administer on the property of' the Mormon Churoh is omitted. Tne bill repeals the charter of the Mormon Churoh, and Instructs tho Attorney General to iustitue pro ceedings to recover all of the property of that corporation which was not acquired in accordance with the laws of the United States. Churohes, grounds, churchyards and pioperty used lor church purposes of worship are not interfered with. It also revokes the charter of the Mormon Immigration Society and devotes the property of both of tbe corporations to publio school pur poses. It leaves the election laws sub stantially as they are at present, exoept that it vests in the President power to ap point Probate Judges, subject to con firmation by the Senate. Tho provisions of the House bill authorizing the admin istration ot an okth to the legal wife to sustain charges of polygamy is lnoluded. The provision of the House hill eliminat ing polygamists lrora registration lists is also included in tbe bill as agreed upon in conference, BLAIR’S BILL. The Coin mitten ou Rules Preventing Consideration of the Measure. Washington, Feb. 11.—The friends ol the Blair educational bill have succeeded ln embarrassing somewhat tbe House Committee on Rules as a result of its failure to take any action on tho resolu tions submitted to the committee looking to the assignment of a day for considera tion of that measure. Mr. Willis, of Kentucky, who is the .foremost champion of the educational bill ln tbe House, some days ago made s canvass of that body and satisfied himseii tnat the bill would com mand the support of two-thirds of the mem hers it it could be got before the House. Thereupon he notified the friends of tbe bill that whenever tbe Committee on Rules asked consideration for the resolution setting apart a day for any other purpose he would move to amend it so as to pro vide for the consideration of the educa tional bill on the day fixed in the resolu tion. This intention on the part of Mr. Willis has come to the ears or tbe Com mittee on Rules, and it seems probable that unless an arrangement of some kind is reached no resolutions of the nature in dicated will be presented to the House by that committee until it shall be satisfied that an attempt to amend them will not succeed. ALABAMA AND THE BLAIR BILL. Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 11.—The House to-day passed a resolution urging Congress to pass the Blair educational bill. The vote was 58 ior and 38 against the bill. A similar resolution passed tbe Senate some daysag o. REYNOLDS SQUARE AS A SITE. A New Plan on Foot in Connection With the Public Building. Washington, Feb. 11.—When the Sa vannah harbor delegates were here they talked with Ihe Supervising Architect about the site for the Federal building in Savannah. Particular attention was paid in this interview to the possibility of securing Reynolds square from the city of Savannah for this purpose. Tbe Super vising Architect was disposed to think that this was wise If it could be done, since in the event that the building was erected on this site all the money appropriated could be expended on the building itself. All members of the delegation, exoept Mayor Lester, “who withheld his opinion for various reasons,” approved this course and promised to present it to the city author ities on their return. Nothing has since been learned from them here. Meanwhile the proceedings of looking to legislation authorizing the condemnation of the Bull and South Broad street site will not he interrupted. EUROPE’S OUTLOOK. Gen. Boulanger Stops Sending Troops to the Frontier. Berlin, Feb. 11.—The Kreuz Zeitung commenting on the war rumors says: “The danger of war will not cease to be acute until stable conditions have been established in France and further de velopment of the military measures of Gen. Boulanger has been stayed. The peaceful assurances of the Prouch gov ernment are overestimated as tbe govern iug powers ol France have only a slight holdover the nation. Bo far as Germany’s preparations go nothing oan bo founded upon the calling out of the reserves. The tact that 70,000 reserves are under drill will not hasten the mobilization of the army a single hour.” The Nactirlcbten says: “It has been de cided at Paris to discontinue tbe dispatch of reinforcements to the frontier until Feb. 21. Gen. Boulanger has promised his oolleagues that lie will order no more war preparations without their approval.” The Koluiscbe Zeitung says that one third of the army has already been armed with the repeating rifle, and that by the end of tbe month 250,000 men will he com petently drilled. RUSSIAN SHIPS ORDERED TO JAPAN. Br. Petersburg, Feb. H.—Tbe Rus sian Mediterranean fleet bus been ordered to Japan, where tbe Czar intends to as semble a squadron ot considerable pro portions. NAVAJOE* NOT TO BLAME. While Men Dangerously Imposing on tlie Powerful Tribe. Albuquerque, N. M., Feb. 11.—Fur ther particulars from Moudav’s bloody tragedy on the Navajo reservation, in which three white men and two Indians were killed, state that everything is quiet aud as usual. The report shows that tho Indians were not much to blame, as tbe white men made tbe attack. Tbsy should have made their gnevauoe known to ths Indian agent instead ot taking tbe law Into tbsir own bands. Two men who ac companied tbs deputy to make tbe arrest of the aocused horse thief were bitterly listed by tbe Indians for good reasons. They were not slow in taking advantage of the situation. The Navajos are Im posed upou by this class of men, who may yet cause this powerful tribe to take the war path. Four Hundred Mouse* Burned. Rangoon, Feb. 11.—Four bundred bouses were destroyed bv llro here to-dav. PARNELL’S MOTION LQST. THE VOTK WHICH BRAGED ITS FATE 352 TO 316. Mr. Sexton Taunt* th* Government ou It! Inability to Ituln Erin — Uiuigratiou Declre<l No lUinidiy— Home Secretary Matthew* MKn* a Strong Showing -from th e Government h Standpoint. London, Feb.ll.—Mr. Parnell’s amend ment to the address ln reply to the Queen’s speech was rejected to-day by a vote of 352 to 246. The close of the debate on the Parnell amendment was comparatively tame. John Bright was absent. All the Con servatives and sixty-three Unionists, in cluding Messrs. Chamberlain nnd Col lings, voted with the majority, and eighty Parnellites and the bulk of the Liberals, including seventeen members of Mr. Gladstone’s government, with the minor ity. There was much cheering hut little enthusiasm, the result being a foregone conclusion. Mr. Bright lias written another letter in criticism of Air. Gladstone’s Irish policy. Mr. Bright says: My views regarding the Liberal reunion hare remained unchanged since 1 spoke at Birmingham in July. Wnat has happened since lias confirmed the views I then ex pressed. I attribute the break in tlie Liberal party to tho unwisdom of its leader and to mostsleplorable abandonment by the bulk of the party of its position aud uoltey at that leader’s invitation or command. They talked and voted on measures fow un derstood, accepting them from a popular Minister. I dare not surrender the interests of the Irish people to a conspiracy bent on destroying the land-owners of the country as the first step toward severlnir Ire land from England, a conspiracy to which so much of Ireland's present suffering and de moralization is due. I have been associated very intimately for twenty years with this popular Minister. I have spoken for Ireland for thirty years. I have implored successive Premiers to do the utmost legislation they could for Ireland. My sympathy for Ireland is now as warm anil real as ever. I believe a majority of the instructed and thought ful Irishmen prefer the protection and justice of tho Imperial Parliament to a rule of con spiracy uuder an Irish Parliament. MOONLIGHT OUTRAGES. Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Chief Secre tary for Ireland, in the House ot Com mons this afternoou in answer to in quiries affirmed tbe truth of the reports that moonlighters had attacked the houses of three farmers in Mill street, County Cork, and cut off the hair ol every woman met in the houses. The only reason given for the outrages was that the women had been seen speaking to the po lice. Sir Michael said tbe government would not release the Cross Magieu con victs. Thomas Sexton, Parnellite member from West Belfast, resuming the debate on the Parnell amendment, taunted tbe government ou their inability to rule Ire land without the assistance of an army as large as the one needed in India. Mr. Parnell’s amendment, Mr. Sexton con tended, raised questions of vital and prac tical importance. WHERE IT ALL HINGES. The whole policy of the government in Ireland, whether it was called reform of the criminal procedure law or coercion, hinged upon the relations between the Irish landlords and their tenants. All offers on the part of the tenants to arbitrate the question of * rents had been spurned, and the tenants now stood with their backs against the wall defying oppression—even the oppression of the law —because their position was morally impregnable. The tenants every where in Ireland were willing to pay fair rents, but the speaker believed that if all tbe deposits hanked under the plan of campaign by small larmers (aud which represented the utmost they were able to pay) were put into a common lund, tbe sum would not suffice to pay three months rent on tbe basis demanded by tbe landlords. EMIGRATION NO REMEDY. Mr. Sexton attacked Lord Hartlngton’s argument that general emigration would remedy tho distress nrevailing in Ire land. The real remedy, he said, was to be found on securing to the people the fruits of their toil. Further attempts to cause more of his countrymen to emi grate would meet with uassionate and fierce resistance. Only an Irish legisla tion would solve Anally the question of dual ownership of land. Everyday tes tified to tho governments gross ignorance ot Ireland aud its amazing incapacity to deal with Irish affairs. He appealed with confidence to tne newly enfranchised de mocracy ol England to end tne miseries of Ireland in the only possible way— binding tbe two countries together in heart and feeling and giving strength to both. [Cheers.] CONTRACT LIABILITY. Henry Matthews, Home Secretary, said that no sophistry would ever satisly the nation that a person could at pleasure re duce the rent he nad contracted to pay, thereby becoming a judge of bis own cause, ft was part and parcel of the plan of campaign for tne trustees to gut the money oi the tenants and hold it for the purpose of exercising coercion and preventing the payment of rents. The plan involved tbe degradation of the moral sense ol Ireland. Mr. Parnell was responsible for the introduction into publio life of the Irish idea _ that every day obligations were unbinding because onerous, and that tbe Irish rebels warring against the Queen were to be pitied. Tbe speaker had only contempt tor those petty pilferers who, under the plan of campaign, were running away with the landlords’ money and leaving tbe tenants still liable. PAUPERISM NO TITLE TO PROPERTY. It was mf want ol sympathy for the impoverished tenants that made the gov ernment condemn the doctrine that pauperism gives title to property. The government would be guilty of grave derelection of duty If ft failedjto enforce the law against persons because their position was one ot tupdship. Enforce ment of law and ordpr was toe sole foun dation of civilized society, und tbe gov ernment would not ho deterred from vindicating the law because the name coercion was used. Failures of tlie Week. New York, Feb. 11.—The business failures occurring throughout the coun try during the week, as reported to R. G, Dun & Co.'s mercantile agency, number for tbe United States 231 and for Canada thirty-six, a total of 267, against - 261 last week and 271 the week previous. There are only three small assignments for the week in New York city, ln tbe different sections of tbe puuntry tbe business casualties are about up to the average in number, while in Canada and the British provinces they ure considerably in excuse of the usual figures. ( * Anarchist Boasts. Paris, Feb. 11.—The anarchists assert that tne outrages at Lyons and Bt. Etienne are only tbe beginning of the anarchist campaign ln FraDoe. “We have talked too long,” they say, “action is now needed.” , GOTHAM’S STRIKE ENDED. District Assembly No. 40 Sends Forth tho Edict. New York, Feb. 11.—A visit to the .breweries this morning showed that all the employes were at work, and it was stated by the men that they had posi tively refused to stop work and tako a hand in tbe great strike. The ordering of the engineers employed on the steamship and railroad piers to go on a strike has, so far as the piers of the river fronts are ooncerned. proven a dead letter. A visit to the docks this morn ing failed to tied a single Instance of the stationary engineers having gone out. THE ENGINEERS REFUSE TO STRIKE. Tne engineers have refused point blank to obey the order of District Assembly No. 49, Knights of Labor, to strike. At the headquarters' of the Assembly this morning the reports ol the delegates who had been sent out to see what steps tbe engineers were taking in the matter of obeying the order reported that tho men refused to quit work. The leaders of the strike made every effort to keep the mat ter secret, but groups of men around the various corners adjacent to the bead quarters, and their excited conversation, plainly told that something had gone wrong. Reports from tno different brew eries wero equally discouraging, and it was generally admitted that the last effort oi District Assembly No. 49 had proved a lamentable failure. An official authority stated that the engineers aud brewers had been called on at too late a period, and he frankly admitted that the strike was a failure. THE DISSATISFACTION SPREADING. There were other signs of dissatisfac tion with tbe executive of Assembly 19. A prominent member of the Freight Handlers’ Union said there were two or tnree men holding rank Jn Assembly No. 49 who wanted to run the whole business for their own ends. A number ol long shoremen stood around tbe headquarters, and several openly declared that they would go to work unless more financial aid trom their unions was granted them. Tlie outlook for these men is discourag ing, no matter what they do. There wus to-day no unmanageable blockade, all the piers were open and received. All tbe freight offered, and were forwarding it. This was being done largely by the new men. the most efficient of whom are those brought in by tbe railroad companies from points within 100 miles of New York, und who go borne every night and return to work in the morning, being carried iree. NOT VERY GREEN. Many of them were freight handlers at local stations, others are country labor ers and are able and willing workers, nnd others are men who have deserted the strike and sought employ meat where not known. At a majority of the places men known to have struck elsewhere have been rejected when they applied for work. Iu some few Instances these men have been welcomed back to their old places, but if the strike should be aban doned at once a majority of the strikers would have great, difficulty in findiug work at their old trade. This Is true also but to a less exient,ln regard to the long shoremen who load and discharge ves sels. ONE CAUSE OF DISSATISFACTION, It is now an open secret that tbe long shoremen’s strike on the Fust river water front is practically at an end. In an in terview with one of the offieers ol Union No. 2 to-night he unhesitatingly con fessed that one-half of their 2,400 mem bers hud declared their intention of resinning work to-morrow, provided the managers of tho companies should allow them. He alleged as a reason for tneir recession that a majority of tbe union were Knights of Labor, and that they dis criminated against those who were not members ol that order in the distribution of tbe (und for tbe strikers’ relief, the ■•dudes and Italians,” as they termed them,receiving all the aid while the.old members were totally ignored. DECLARED OFF. New York, Feb. 11, 11 r. M.—The Ex ecutive Board of District Assembly No. 49 to night declared the great strike at sn end. 'lhe Sun to-morrow will say: “District Assembly No. 49 having put forth all its powers to extend the big longshore strike in every direction where extension was deemed practicable, aud, having failed, declares the strike off, itrul lays the blame of the failure on the eccentric engineers. A thousand men along tbe shore, so it was estimated at the Ocean Association headquarters yesterday, havo ulreudy gone back to work, but not at their old places.” BOS ION’S GAR LINES. One Company Start* Out Its Cars Under a Guard of Police. Boston, Mass., Feb. 11.—At 9 o’clock this morning tbe South Boston Horse Railroad Company started out the first car that has been run over the road since the strike began, and alter tbe first car was started over a dozen others were sent out rapidly. Every car bad four, and some of them six policemen aboard, and the entire route was well guarded by officers. The first oar was followed by a crowd ol yelling hoodlums, but tnese the police succeeded in dispersing. The police about tbe stables and along the thickly settled portion of the route kept people moving, and did.aot permit them to congregate. The strikers them selves were perfectly orderly. No attempt was made this morning to run cars from Cambridge, and everything was quiet over there. Labor’* Temple. Philadelphia, Feb. 11.—Tho KnigUfj of Labor have purchased property North Broad street for $65,900. aud II wTW be fitted up with offices to he occupied as the general headquarters of tue order In the United Btates and Canada. All tho printing of tbe order, including the Jour nal of United Labor, will be done ln the building; End of tlie hcbtcli (strike. Glasgow. Feb. 11.—The situation at Airdrie, Lanarkshire, was becoming menacing. Tbe neighborhood of the mines was pieketed by striking miners and workmen were prevented from cuing to work if they wished. employers gave in and conceded tbe de mands of ths miners, who went to work again. A Hhoe Factory Ktrlke, Dover, N. H., Feb. 11.—Cloutman’s shoe fuotOry at Farmington started up Ibis morning with 274 employes, leaving 126 still out. It is thought that the striae will be of short duration. A Final Fall in a Theatre. Minneapolis, Minn.. Feb. 11.—At the Theatre , Conuqe last night Thomas F. McGowan, of Dulntb. fell from an uppsr proscenium box, struck on bis bead on the edge of tbe stage and rolled into the orchestra dead. Uts neck was dislocated. (PRICE RIO A YEAR.I f 6 CBN fa A COPY. ] ICE GORGES AND FLOODS. INDIANA AND MICHIGAN TOWNJ IN A RAD FIX. Fort Wayne Threatened With a Wr.rs* Experience Than Her Terrible One of Your Years Ago—A Considerable Por. tion or I you In Danger of BHu- Swept Away. ™ Fonr Watne, Ind., Feb. 11.—The Maumee,St. Joseph’s and Mary’s river* rose five feet last night, and the flood nov tfireateus to furpass tbe memorable r;i* of four years ago. A number of families residing in the flooded district of tbs city have removed to the upper stories o| their residences or have abandoned then* altogether. At River Point, between Fort YYayna and Toledo, great distress is reported.' Many motories have shut down, and ths employee put to work works by dykes. Tbe watwdWowwithfni a foot of the floors of the prilWpai brld.es, and the city must shortly be cut off fromj communication by wagon roads from ths north. The river is rising six inches my 1 hour and rain is tailing. ICE GORGES IN MICHIC^N. Detroit, Feb* 11.—Specials front Lyons, Mich., Indicate that there is dan ger that a considerable portion of tns town will be swept away by the flood! occasioned by the gorging of ies just be low town. The Maple and Grand rivers intersect at Lyons above the gorge- Both are at flood and every tributary stream is in similar condition. Another great ice gorge has formed near Lansing which is on Grand river above Lyons. There is great fear of its break ing, in which case there will not be much left of Lyons unless the Lyons gorge breaks first. Tbres houses at Lyons have been swept away, aud demolished. A large number havo been damaged by the rushing water aod ice and still more are flooded four to sis feet In depth above the ground level. At Muir the same condition of affair* exists, and merohants have abandoned stores which stand exposed to the cur rent. THREE RIVERS SURROUNDED. Three Rivers is surrounded with water. All the railroad shops aro oiosed and millions of feet of lumber piled in thu yards are afloat. A slight abatement of the flood was no. tioed last night at Lyons, but It was on ii* all lta force this morning. The rain fell! in torrents till about midnight, when it changed to ouow, and by daylight lull/ eight Inches of snow and sleet had fallen. There is a regular northeaster, with a twenty-mile wind. The people are worn, out Working night and day to save their property. A rough estimate of the dam age makes the aggregate between $75,09* and $106,000 thus far. A special from Monroe says: “Tberlveft Raisin has been slowly rising for the laß twenty-four hours, but the ioe has broken, giving Iree passage to the lake. The banks of tbe river ure lined with immensi* walls of ioo and frozen snow, rising eight, or ten feel above the present high water mark, and great fields of ice of the same thickness fill all the streets adjaoent tat tbe river.” JACKSON FLOODED. A Jackson special says: “The pressure of the water ln Grand river in the mill pond opposite this city was great, amt last nlgpt the sluices were Opened with! the result that th* wkter rose several feet, and the Grand Trunk bridge is now under water. Tbe Hurd Hotel basement hasj two teet of water in it. ness blocks In the centre of ara all flooded from 18 inches to 2>£ feet. Ths State Fail- grounds are completely sub merged, and on a large tract of land iu the southern part ot the city, known a* Mitcnell’s addition, the water is up ta the floors of the dwellings. The State, prison walls stand In the midst of a lake.’' ELKHART ALMOST SURROUNDED. Elkhart, Ind., Feb. 11.—The floo<s here instead of subsiding has been fear fully augmented by a heavy ram, wbtcu fell all day yesterday and last night, and tbe Bt. Joe and Elkhart rivers are now raging at 12 feet above low water mark, and the Bt. Joe is still rising. AIL tin lower portions of the citv, iucludiuiTtbß flats and island, are one vast sea. About titty houses are surrounded ami a number of families have been compelled to vaoate or move into tbe upper stories. Lst night a tire alarm was given to get men and to save ths bead gates of the (lam, in which they have succeeded by incessant iat>or Tho water is standing to a depth of severul feet iu a number of factories. To-ntgb6 the bridge approaching the island suc cumbed to the rising waters. HOWLING OF THE WINDS. Four Hungarians Killed by a Kali ii>K Tree at Tyrone^^ Tittsburg, Fa., Feb. 11 TOegraniß from Eastern Ohio state that a terrii>! wind storm passed over that section to-day. At Louisville seven houses and a woolen factory were blown down, and the Catholic Church and seminary, two large and costly structures, were par tially demolished. Not a chimney is left standing in the town. The loss will react* $100,090. At Worcester, 0., the residence of M. K. Hard was wrecked and the towel - ol tne Lutheran Church was blown tbroifglt tbe roof of the new Methodist Church. Several other houses were unrooted, and trees and fences were blown down. A Tyrone, l'a.,*special sayi,: “During a wind stoim here tnis sllernoon a tree blew down killing four Hungarian rail. nno bud taken sheliei - They belonged to a party of Wxty laborers working near the scene of ’the accident.” Men of Murderous Minds. COLUJUBU*, ga., Fob. 11.—Tbe hearing of the habeas corpus case of Toland Joe Carden, tbe murderers of old man San ders, was completed at Beale, Ala., lata lust night. Tbe prisoners were reluted bail and remanded to jail. Osborn Simmons was acquitted of tho charge of assault with mienl to murder at to-day’s session of Muscogee Superior Court, titter which a recess was taken until Monday. More Know Iu Dakota. Chicago, Feb. 11.—Dispatches from different points ln Dakota report another gsnsral aud very heavy anew storm iu progress. O’Noill’* Punishment-’ New York, Feb. IL—Alderman O’NGII has been sentenced to four and a hail years’ imprisonment and to pay $2,090 line. Use SH>ZODONT when you have eaten; Use SOZODONT your breath to sweeten* Use ROZODOMT to will digestion; Use BDZODONT and ask uo quesuon. Preserve your molars and you won’t lt( grot th uses of bOZODONT.