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Savannah morning news. [volume] (Savannah) 1868-1887, April 09, 1887, Image 1

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, ESTABLISH ED 1860 1
’j . a . EsTILL, Editor and Proprietor,!
FISHERIES RETALIATION
I'HE PRESIDENT IHXLS HOW HE
STANDS ON THE ISSUE.
Hi* Tolley Not to be of the Pocket-Book
St*inp Patriotism Should Make
l,|glit Whatever Sacrifices Are Neces
anry For the Defense of the National
Honor.
Washington, April B.—The Presi
dent having received a communication
from tlia American Fisheries Uniajj of
Massachusetts calling attention to the
fisheries dispute and suggesting that the
retaliatory act passed by the late Con
gress w uld, in their opinion, be suffi
ciently executed if the proposed retalia
tion was con lined to the closing ot United
States markets to Canadian fish products,
he has mads the following answer:
Executive Mansion.!
Washington, April 7,1887. (
To Georye Steel, Esq., President American
Fishery Union, and Others, Gloucester,
Mass. :
Gentlemen —1 have received your let
ter addressed to me, and have given lull
consideration to ihe expression of views
and wishes therein contained in relation
to the existing differences between the
governments of Great Britain and the
United States growing out ol the refusal
to award to our citizens engaged in fish
ing enterprises privileges to which they
are entitled, either under treaty stipula
tions or guarantees of international
comity and neighborly concessions. 1
sincerely trust the apnrehension you
expiess of unjust and unirlendly
treatment or American fisherman law
fully found in Canadian waters will not
be realized, but if such apprehension
should prove to be well founded, 1 earn
estly hope that no fault or inconsiderate
action ot any ol our citizens will in the
least weaken the just position of our gov
ernment or deprive us of the universal
symualby and support to which we should
be entitled. Th action of this adminis
tration since June, 1885, when the fiabery
articles of the treaty ot 1871 were termin
ated under tire notification which had two
years before been given by our govern
ment, has been lully disclosed by the cor
respondence between the repiesenta
tivi’s and appropriate officials of
the respective governments, with which,
1 am apprised by your letter, yon
aie entirely familiar. An examination
of ibis correspondence lias doubtless
‘■atistied you lUat in no case bave the
rights nor privileges of American fisher
men been overlooked or neglected, but,
n :be contrary,they have been sedulously
insisted upon and cared tor by every
rmans within control of the executive
branch of tne government. The act of
Gong: ess approved March 3, 1887, au
tDorizutg the course of retaliation
through Executive action in the event of
a con nuance on the part of the British
American authorities ol unfriendly con
duct and treaty violations affecting
American fisc rmen, has devolved upon
tin* i’resident. of the U uited States exceed
ingly grave and solemn responsibilities,
comprehending highly important conse
quences to out national character and
dignity, and involving extremely valu
able commercial intercourse between tne
British possessions in North America
and the people of tbe United States.
1 understand the main purpose of your
letter’s to suggest that in case recourse
to the retaliatory measures authorized by
this act suould be invited by unjust treat
ment of our fishermen in tbe future, the
abject <vi such retaliation might lie fully
accomplished by ‘‘prohibiting Canadian
•auglit fish Iroin entry into portsof the
United Mates.” The existing controversy
is one in which two nations are parties
concerned. The retaliation contemplated
by the act of Congress is to bo enforced
not to proiect solely any particular
interest, however meritorious or
valuable, but to maintain the national
honor, and thus protect all our people.
hi this view violation of American
ii-heiy rights and unjust or unfriendly
acls toward a portion of our citizens en
gaged in this business is but the occasion
lor action, and constitutes a national
ailront which gives birth to and may
justify retaliation. This measure onoe
resorted to, its effectiveness and value
may well depend upon the thoroughness
and extent of its application,
in th> performance of
international duties, the enforcement
of international rights and protection ot
our citizens this government and the
people of the United Slates must act as a
unit, all iutent upon obtaining the best
results of retaliation upon tbe basis of
the maintenance ot the national honor
and duty. A nation seeking by any means
to maintain its honor and dignity and
integrity is engaged in protecting the*
rights oi its people, and ll in such effjrts
particular interests aro injured and spe
cial advantages lorfeited these thiugs
should be praeiicailv borne lor the public
Shod.
An immense volumeof population.man
junctures nd agricultural pruduc
-110118 and marine tonnage and rail*
"ays to which these have given
ac.ivitv, all largely tne result of inter
oourso between the United States aud
:'7tU*h America, and the natural growth
J* a lull hall-century of good neighbor
hood and triondlv communication, form
ttii aggregate of material wealth and in
Udenial relations of most impressive
magnitude. 1 lully appreciate tbees
imngs and am not unmindful of the
t 1 "at number oi our people who are con
cerned in such vast and diversitied in*
lerests.
whf *' llt ;,P erlo rmance of the serious duty
“J c “ Congress has imposed upon me,
lh 7* lll ,(lt “ exercise upon just occasion of
I l omr uoufcrred uuder the act re*
into . t0 ’ 1 Bhall <leem myselt bound to
met no unnecessary damage or injury
h?n
nan, utvenheless, be unflinching, guided
fitrrw f ßllße of what the sell-respect and
n T, , of i* lo nation demands, in the
■ Mutenance °t tnese, and in support of
whi,.i.° nor of the government beneath
n 1 °yery citizen may repose in safely,
es, “.TH?® 01- P ep * ol *al or private inter
* i I** 6 collß| dere(i as against the
gtneral wellare. Yours, very truly,
Grover Cleveland.
Ajfont Linton's Return.
Li nr nn a f KOTO N > April B.—lrwin B.
rna. l „ J ls letur, >" 'rotn the visit he
'luckann /“ vun,1 *h, Augusta,Charleston.
dutif?.; v . ,1 “S na AU,1,lt “> o inspecting
tl,B Supervising Architect. He
h'.|s LL1 1 p, . ep S rt ‘ a ,liH r ' l lo rl- His
n| ihu 11 whh to look
'■xisnii.?.?V. u<: . k "‘ 1111,1 barticularly to
lor flraina^fe.
Mud |jy i|m Murder.
' Il " 'innrV' J- ’ April B — The body of
t'lio 18 1,1,11 u,l *d-ntiUed.
fbaiiij!,.* i!, übbaril has bee me a raving
List ni , br '!° uln k over Ue murder.
h " lelt hl " boa' l In Hast
•nu fle'iU a?? crm..ilng over gardens
H tin, uniiMM 1 *** bbirk this morning ho
Haiyi, ’Pouting murder near Mayor
the.; loX nU /\. oa >U,n ■treat, l'ollce
'“"‘tlsrs. * *"“* Ul> ,u * cell * l b*** l '
BLAINE HAS A FEVER.
Fort Gibson’s Commandant Allays
tlie inclination to Get Excited.
St. Lotus, April B.—A private telegram
wag reoetved in this city this morning
from Fort Gibson, I. TANARUS., stating that
Jas. G. Blaine had a severe cold aud was
threatened wifh pneumonia. A dispatch
was sent to Col. Coppinger, commandant
of the post and son-in-l&w of Mr. Blaine,
asking for the facts.
It. C. Kerens, a near personal friend of
Mr. Blaine, accompanied by Dr. H, H.
Mudd, a prominent physician ot this city,
left here at 1 o’clook this afternoon by
spooiat train for Fort Gibson. JNoue of
the circumstances leading up to Mr.
Blaiue’s illness were yet known hero.
The inference naturally drawn from the
fact that a physician went from here to
see and perhaps attend Mr. Blaine, in the
lace of tne probable fact that there is a
skillful army surgeon at Fort Gibson,
w as that he was, or was likely to be, seri
ously ill. A private telegram giving a
statement of Mr. Blaine’s pnysician, re
ceived this afternoon, read as follows:
“Mr. Blaine is doing well, and has only
a slight fever.”
Tbe following dispatch was received by
the Associated Press at 8:30 to-night in
reply to the telegram sent this morning
to the commandant of the post of Fort
Gibson asking for an account of Mr.
Blaine’s sickness:
Fort Gibson, I. TANARUS„ April 8, ISS7.
To the A**ociated /*<?**;
Mr. Blaine is suffering from bronchial
catarrh with fever of a remittent type, lie
sleeps well and has no typhoid symptoms.
His respiration is normal—liner minute.
Charles P. Berne. Po&t Nurgeon.
WASHING ION BLUE LAWS.
All Shops Except Druggists’ and Un
dertakers’ Must Close on nuday.
Washington, April B.—The Commis
sioners of the District of Columbia have
decided to revive the blue laws on Sun
day next and to prevent tbo opening ot
any places of business except apothecary
shops aud undertaking establishments.
While the Commissioners were going
through the District laws, recently in or
der to see which of them should be in
corporated in the new police regulations
authorized to be issued by the last Con
gress,they discovered an old and obsolete
law directing tbe closing oi ail business
piaoes except those ot druggists, under
takers and Barbers. A subsequent law
closed the barber shops so that only the
two former are authorized to remain
open. The Commissioners determined
to enforce the law, aud on next Sunday
all news stands, cigar stores, ice cream
sa.oons, confectioneries, and possibly
even lunch-bouses will be forced to shut
up shop. It is expected tbat a test case
will be made by some dealer almost im
mediately. While tbe Commissioners do
not slate such to be the case, their action
is believed to be the outcome of tbe en
forcement ot the law against Sunday
liquor selling. This law has been en
forced the last two Sundays aud has
proved remarkably successful owing to
tbe provision making second conviction
lor Its violation work forfeiture of license.
INVITED TO CHICAGO.
Ijive Stock Breeders Wont to Enter
taiu President Cleveland.
Washington, April B.— A delegation
of cattle dealers waited on the President
this afternoon aud invited him to attend
the reunion and banquet of the live stock
breeders of the United States, to be held
at Chicago Nov. Bto 18, 1887. The dele
gation consisted of DeVVitt W. Smith, of
Illinois, President of the National Cattle
Growers’ Association; Samuel Dyssart,
President ol the Illinois State Agricul
tural Society; Mr. Foster, President ot
the Ohio Valley Cattle Association; Mr.
Curtiss, of tbo New York State Board of
Agriculture; Alexander Leth,of the Mary
land Live Stock Commission; Edward
Campbell, United States Marshal, of
Iowa; Mark W. Dunham, ot Illinois;
Messrs. Ellwood and Studebaker, of In
diana; Senators Palmer and Gorman and
Representative Springer. The President
thanked them for the mvita ion, and said
that while he had a great desire to visit
the West he could not accept an invita
tion for a date so far in the future. His
presence in Chicago in November and
- upon the state oi public affairs at
that time.
FOKT MAKION'B APACHKS.
A Mme Norihoriy ileservation to
bo Prepared for ilietii.
Washington, April B.— The agitation
set on foot by Senator Dawes and Herbert
Welch relative to the “imprisonment” ot
the Apache Indians who are at Fort
Marion, Fla., has had its effect upon the
President, who bruUgbt the matter up in
Cabinet meeting this week, and has
caused the Secretary of War to prepare
an order tor tho removal of the Indians to
a more northerly and a more secluded
reservation. The Indians are comfortable
enough where they are, but they are
hemmed in by sight-seers and are made
a show of. It is thought that it will be
better for them to be in a ciuleter place,
where they can have a better chance to
do work. If any of them can be made to
work. Geronlino an i! his fellow cut
throats will be delniued at Fort Pickens,
where they now are,
COCHKOTON FTiOODIiI).
The Miaformue the Fourth of the
Kind Suffered This Year.
MiDDLKTOWN, N. Y., April B.—The
village of Cocbeeton, Sullivan county, is
again flooded for tbe fourth time this
year. Warm weather and rain Monday
night made high water in the Delaware
river. On Tuesday afternoon tbe water
was running over tbe Cuchecton flats,
and at midnight had reached tbe Presby
terian oburch, where tbe stream divided,
a portion taking tho main highway and
the balance pouring through tbe village
street. Stores and dwellings were inun
dated to tbe depth of three
feet. The ice in ■ tbe river
bed remains frezen, preventing
the water taking tbe natural channel.
Two larnis below Cootieoton have been
wasned out. There Is no communication
between tho i abroad in Cuchecton and
the bridge over the Delaware except by
boats. A number of boats have been
wedged in the ice and many have nar
rowly escaped being swept away. Ihe
legislatures of Pennsylvania and New
York have already been petitioned to help
the village, and bills for relief have been
prepared.
< iilnu ami iho Vatican.
I'ahin, April B—Tbe Pope lias for
warded to the French government pro
posal aiming to brigbout an under
standing with I'i ma s Dhlruiercnc • to
the ssteblisbm ul diploma lc i elutions
bctwseu the Vatu -u aud cw -
RAILROAD REVOLUTIONS
THE FIGHT OVER THE SALE OF
TICKETS STILL ON.
P4fiiE*r A gents of Western I.lnes
Warned to lie on Guard Against Di-
Crliniuiltlng Against the Pennsylvania
Itoad \ Sou of Senator Push Given
One of the Interstate Commission
Clerkships.
Washington, April B.— The Interstate
Commerce Commission has appointed E.
L. Pugh, of Alabama, to a clerkship
under tbat commission. Mr. Puth is a
son of Senator Pugh. This is the first
appointment, made by the commission.
the cessation ok probating.
Chicago, April B.—Since the prorating
arrangements between the Western und
Eastern lines on freight from the sea
board to tbe Missouri river aud beyond
was declared off, the larger portion ot
that traffic has been diverted away from
Chicago and through ht, Louis, rates to
Kansas City being from 2c. to 80. lower
via St. Louis. It is understood that early
next week the Chicago and Kansas City
roads will issue anew freight tariff’
which will equalize rates via both cities
and stop the diversion of the traffic away
from Chicago.
discrimination will be claimed.
Tbe general passenger agent of the
Pennsylvania company has sent a private
and confidential letter to the general pas
senger agents of the Western lines stat
ing that his road hud only temporarily
agreed to tbe allowance of differential
passenger rates to weak lines east of
Chicago and St. Louis, and that his com
pany vvoulil claim tuat any road selling a
through ticket at a rale higher than an
other road was guilty of discrimination.
Under the interstate law he ask* the
views of the passenger agents on the mat
ter. Tne move is understood to be one to
deprive the Chicago and Grand Trunk
aud other lines of the privilege ol making
a rate to tbe seaboard ot $1 50 less than
the strong lines, as now agreed to.
A move is on foot to send on from this
city a protest of merchants and shippers
against the action of tbe Interstate Com
mission in suspending the operation of
tbe long and short haul clause at various
points. The special grievance here is
the suspension affecting the route across
the lake trom Milwaukee.
TWENTY-FIVE ROADS TO BE CUT OFF.
The Michigan Central road will to
morrow' issue a circular boycotting
tweuiy-five roads upon which trunk lines
have plaped their ban, and nil through
tiokets over Western lines will betaken
off sale. The Chicago roads exempted
from the boycott are the Northwestern,
Illinois Central, and Milwaukee and sit.
Paul. All of the roads leading to Kansas
City are barred, so that a traveler from
the East cannot buy a through ticket to
that point. As the Lake Shore joined the
boycott ‘ to-day, the Baltimore and Ohio
and Grand Trunk are now the only sea
board lines which are not turning West
ern tickets to the wall. Neither side
shows any signs of yielding, and the boy.
oott will probably continue until tbe mat
ter is brought before tbe interstate Com
mission.
DENVER AND RIO GRANDE’S FIGHT.
Denver, Col., April B.—The situation
regarding the tight between the Denver
and Rio Grande und the Eastern lines has
changed but little, the only new feature
being that the Denver and Rio Grande
has issued instructions to its agente in
Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and Cali
fornia to send all business over the Balti
more and Ohio, which is competitive
business, of any trunk lines tbat bave
turned Denver and Rio Grande tickets to
the wall.
JOINS THE BOYCOTTER.
Cleveland, 0., April B.—The Lake
Shore and Michigan Southern Railway
joined the boycott against the Western
lines this morning by issuing a confi
dential circular to its ticket agents in
structing them to turn to tne wal 1
the coupon issues of thirty-four
lines.
JACKSON GRUMBLING.
Jackson, Miss., April B.—The working
of the interstate commerce law affects
Jackson very seriously so far. All spe
cial rates have been withdrawn und the
general tariff increased by trom 5 to 30
per cent. Numerous complaints aro
beard on accouut, of excessive freight
charges.
TKXAS CUT OFF.
St. Louis, Mo., April B.—A private
dispatch from a prominent railroad centre
in Texas Bays no through tickets ate now
on sale from points in Texas to points
east of St. Louis and Now Orleans, aud
that it is not known when there will be.
It is not stated whether this is a retalia
tory measure or whether the present con
dition of affairs is taken advantage of as
a reason or pretext for breaking up the
system, which it is understood has for a
long time been objectionable.
WILL SEE EACH OTHER LATER.
Congressman Glover ami Judge
Lauglilln May l ight a Duel.
St. Louis, Aprils.—Congressman John
M. Glover and Judge Henry D. Laughlin,
one of the most prominent attorneys In
St. Louis, were the central figures in a
little sensation to-day that threatens
serious consequences. U. D. Lancaster,
Surveyor oi the Port, is suing Mr. Glovor
for SIOO,OOO for alleged libel. Mr. Glover
is taking depositions to show Mr. Lancas
ter’s character. The taking of the depo
sitions has been progressing several days,
aud exulting personal episodes have en
livened the proceedings. Judge Laughlin
is ot tho counsel for Mr. Lancaster. Mr.
Glover objeoted to Mr. Laughlin’s way of
handling a witness, aud Mr. Laughlin
resented the couduct and words ot the
Congressman.
ALMOST a fight.
Hot words ensued and both mon sprang
to their feet. Tho roloreo belore whom
the case is proceeding got between them
anil prevented a tight. At the close of the
day’s session Mr.Glover said ho bad uaetJ
harsh language and was willing to with
draw me epithets he had applied to Mr.
Laughlin if the latter would do the same,
“lam willing to go half way,” be said.
“I’ll have no half way business,” said
Mr. Laughlin, “you are theaggreaaor aud
inuat apologize fully.”
THHY’LL SICK EACH OTHER LATER.
“I’ll see you further,” said Mr. Glover.
“You will see mo further.” said Mr.
Laughlin, “and beur from me.”
Jt la thought by those who know both
men that Mr. Luughlin, who Is known to
be a man ot nerve and ati expert with the
pistol, will Oorapei Mr. Glover to make
full apology or meet btm In moital com
bat.
A Public) Apology Dimmit it.
April B.—M. da Giers
Insists tbih Id liter h.itkofl mu ,u a public
apology for bt i recent conduct
SAVANNAH, SAURTDAY, APRIL 9, 1887.
I DITOR STOREY’S WILL.
1 Joseph B. Chaiqbi-riain 'lettitles to
1(h Execution.
Chicago, April I—The litigation over
the will of the lato Wilber F. Storey was
; renewed in the .firobato Court, before
j Judge Knickerbocker, to-day. Un nppli
| cation of the counsel for Austin L. Storey
and other beirs at law, the decision of tbo
Supreme Court overruling that of the
late Judge Rogers was adtmt’ed to record
and the petition of Eureka C. Storev, tiled
Dec. 22, 1884, was dismissed. This over
rules the probating of tbe will ol 1881, but
the counsel for the widow filed a second
petition on belialfol theirelient, In which
she prays tnal the previous will,executed
Aug. IG, 1879, be admitted to probate.
value oFthk estate.
This petition shows that in the will in
question Mr. Storey left house property,
real estate and personal property valued
at $1,500,000, and tbat the only h9irs at
law were the brother ol tbo deceased,
Auson L. Storey; bis sister, Mary E. Far
rand; bis niece, Mary K. Anderson, and
Ins net bow, Edward D. Chapin- Notice
of application tor tbe probating of the
will having been duly served on W. C,
Goudy, the couueel for tbeother heirs at
law, the matter was taken up.
Joseph B. Chamberlain, oue of the wit
nesses to tbe will, bad been specially
cited from Boston, Mass., by Mrs. Eu
reka Storey’s counsel, and was present
in the court.
SAW THE WILL SIGNED.
He testified to having been in the apart
ment o; Mr. Storey on the day the will
wasexecuted; to having seen Mr. Storey
sign, and to having signed it himself at
Mr. Storey’s request. Tbe witness wits
managing editor of the Times at the time
in question, had been frequently in Mr.
Storey’s company, and considered him in
no wav ir.oapaoitated Iroin making his
will. The wiioess was not cross-examin
ed. On application of Mr. Goudy the
case was then continued to Monday next,
MURDERER AND FORGER.
Additional Damaging Testimony
Against Ridenour Developed,
Winchester, Va., Aprilß.—The morn
ing session ot the court was taken up
with argument by the counsel as to the
admissibility of a statement made by
Ridenour at his preliminary trial before a
justice. Broy’s father asked the prisoner
at that time who was security on the
note of $75 given by Ridenour to young
Broy in payment fora horse. Ridenour
answered that there was no security on
the note. The defense claimed that
the statement was extracted from
Ridenour by a threat of the magistrate
and by influence brought to bear upon
him. Proof show v that the note wbiou is
before the jury bears a forged indorse
ment of J. Hampton Orndendorff, now de
ceased, aud It is also in evidence that
Orndendorff could not write. The court,
alter a closely contested argument by
States Attorney R. E. Byrd and William
R, Alexander, the prisoner’s coun
sel, decided that the statement wa3
admissible. Experts were on the
stand this afternoon to prove
tbat tbe signature and indorsement were
made by tbe same party.
Young Broy told his father that he
would not take the note without security.
The theory is that Ridenou lorged Ornden
dortT's name to make tbe note good, aud
tbat his object in killing Broy was to get
possession of the note, and that alter
committing the deed, while running
through the woods, he dropped it.
An effort is being made by the coun
sel for tne prisoner to exclude the note
as evidence.
A TORNADO IN DAKOTA.
Watertown Almost Destroyed by
Surrounding; Prairie Fires.
Watertown, Dak., April B.—A severe
wind, which toward nightfall culminated
in a tornado, lusted throughout to-day in
this section. About 11 o’clock this morn
ing it drove a prairie fire up to the west
ern limits oi the city, destroying some
buildings. Tne Are department and en
tire population turned out and by heroic
efforts savbd that portion oi the city. This
evening blinding clouds of dust, driven
by the wlud rendered it impossible for
one to see a building half a block distant.
This lasted nearly an hour. At this time
the prairies southeast oi the city caught
lire and an alarm was given by every ball
in the city. Fortunately, however, the
wind ehauged and drove the flames from
town to the north side. The entire
eastern portion of the city seemed
on lire at one time. During the storm
this evening freight cars were blown out
of the Northwestern yards, and when last
heard of were going beiore the wind down
tho track toward Garry. Lumber piles
were scattered and light articles were
strewn about the streets. The present
indications are for rain.
COTTON’S MOVEMENT'.
March Report ol' the National C it
ton Exchange at New Orleans.
New Orleans, April B.—The March
report ot the National Cotton Excnange
gives the cotton movement of the United
States for the seven months ending March
31, 1887, compared with the correspond
ing period in ISBb-’BU, us billows:
ISSo-’gr iBS-’j
Bales. Bales.
Port receipts 1,080,715 4,88v17
Tot ul overland shipments 1,08'i,u21 914,869
(K which to mills 780,0110 606 010
or which to purts 191.290 207.010
Or which to Canada 21,220 21,821
In truuti: overland. 20,15.> 19,858
Tutiil uk.ngs Northern
spinners. 1,428,861 1,475,7ul
At sea between ports 18,876 28,326
Exports to Great lir.taiu 2,3C11,.501i 1.780,383
Exports to Prance . .... 180,778 &J6,C1)8
Extorts to Continent and
channel 1,098,988 1,130,089
Exports total . 8,926,689 2,358,883
Slock at United states
ports 560.733 870.822
Spinners’tulcluas. March, 183,811 169 911
Overiand shipment) 101,621 66,97s
Hunt's I’rotestlug Innocence.
Fort Smith, Ark., April B.—Patrick
McCarthy was hanged here to-day for the
murder of Tnotnaa and John Mub >ney iu
tho Cherokee Nation Feb. 0, 1330. The
evideuoo was purely circumstantial,tin re
being no eye-withesises to the crime, and
McCarthy died protesting his innocence.
SWUNG UP IN A JAIL YARD.
Montgomery, Ala.. April B.—spade
Scarborough, wiki iniudeied Madison
Caeser in July last, was uanged iu the
jail yard at Clayton, Ala., to-day. Both
men were negro-'H.
4,400 lin migrants In a liny.
New York, April B—The steamship
Britannia to-day In oil gin 1,033 passengers,
the Italia 403, the Noordland I,OCO, the
Pennsylvania and Bolivia 1,018, and the
England *OO, making a total of nearly
4 400. Castle Harden was unusually
crowded. Nearly nil the Kuiopoau lan
guages wits reproseutsd.
AN EPISTLE TO MORMONS*
THE THREE PRESIDENTS RAIL
AG VINST THE LAWS.
Edmund*’ First Law ltpprsseotefl as En
eouruglnc Violation of the Constitu
tion in Order to Deprive die Church of
Its Political Power—l’lio K.luiumls-
Tucker Law Character: red as Akin to
the JtcLcrs of M dlinvui Despots,
l’uovo, Utah, April B. —At a general
conference of the Mormon Churou to-day
au epistle was read from Presidents
Taylor, Cannon and Smith, who com
prise the first presidency of the church.
It oougratulutes the people upou the
peace and prosperity atteuding them and
upon the increased growth of Mormonism,
notwithstandingthc efforts ot Its enemies
to the contrary, and exhorts the peoplo
to be vigorous observers ol their duties
and to stand true to tbe principles
espoused from the organization of the
church. The epistle goes on to say that
various agencies have been employed to
effect the overthrow or tbe church; that
falsehood aud violence having been tried
In vain anew crusade has been Inaugu
rated in the form of legislative tyranny,
carried on by cunning adventurers anil
reckless fanatics..
THE EDMUNDS LAW.
Referring to the Edmunds law of 18S2
It says that the ground takeu by Us pro
moters ws that violation of the soundest
political principles, even of the constitu
tion itself, would be both praiseworthy
and justifiable if neoesary in order to
take political rule in Utau from tbe Mor
mon majority and give it to the antl-
Mormou minority, anil having so acted In
the past it is not unexpected when other
and more outrageous attempts are made
to accomplish their purpose. Their suc
cess in securing the passage of the origi
nal Edmunds law emboldened them to
make most extraordinary demands lor
further legislation.
DECLARED DESPOTIC,
The letter says in regard to the Ed
munds-Tueker law that it is generally
considered tbat no such law was ever
enacted in this country before, and its
parallel can only be found in tbe history
of medieval times, when men’s Ideas
were confined to such grauts as despotic
governments cho3e to give them. The
provisions of the. law interfering with
church property contrary to the inten
tions of its donors, violation of ecclesias
tical rights, spoliation and confiscation
and disfranchisement of women Without
even an allegation ol crime against them,
are an arbitrary exercise of despotic
power without parallel in republican
history, and the pretense of theenemloßot
tbe Mormons that they wished to rescue
tbe women of Utah from bondage would
be forever silenced by this outrage.
PUTTING THE MINORITY ON TOP.
The whole bill betrays an attempt to
pave the way for domination ot the major
ity by the minority heoause the majority
is composed of members of au unpopular
church. It considers that relief of many
subjects of jiulioial persecution would be
considerably extended could extreme
rulings of the Utah court be reviewed by
tbe United States Supreme Court, as
some have been. Referring to tbe dis
iccorporation of tbeoburcb, grave doubts
are entertained as to its being a cor
poration, and it It is yet decided
to be a corporation is it possible, after
the Territory granted a charter of incor
poration which Congress tor years per
mitted to remain unchanged, tbat tbe
latter body can now revoke the charter
and appropriate the proceeds of tbe prop
erty to suoh uses as tbe majority in Con
gress designate? It so, are we, with all
the people of the territories, living under
the government and law? or are we and
ail our rights as freemen subject to tbe
whim and caprice of Congress?”
THK TEST OATH.
Referring to the test oath the epistle
says: '‘Understanding fully, therefore,
all the consequences, they who do so have
generally resolved to take the oath rather
than bo the victims of political dema
gogues, but. this willingness does not
divest Ike oath of its enormity or uncon
stitutional character. The rule nf the
law is that a man is presumed to bs inuo
cent of offense and intention to commit
any offense until be is proven guilty.
By the Kdmuntls-Tucker law it Is
presumed that the citizens ot Utah are
disposed to violate the law and must,
therefore, rebut, fhe presumption by tak
ing the oath. It tbe oath were expurgu
tory and were required of people in re
bellion, It might have a show of justifica
tion; but to require such an oath trom
citizens who have violated no law is with
out parallel even among despotic govern
ments.
EVIL PRECEDENTS.
“In the baste and zoal of madness to
destroy Mormonism all settled principles
of jurisprudence are disregarded and evil
precedents are established. Men talk
and act as if it were absolutely essen
tial to the happiness of the people of the
republic to override every true priuelpic
ol government lu order to strike down
the majority of the people ot Utah.
There is danger that the precedent now
being made will, in the not distant
future, be Inconceivably fruitful of evil
to the people of this republic.”
The epistle is chiefly remarkable for its
silence on the aut-j ot of polygamy, to
which It makes no allusion whatever.
FAIKLY OUTSAILED.
Capt. Samuels Tells the Story of the
Recent Knee.
New York, April B.—Capt. Samuels,
of the schooner yacht Dauntless, defeated
by R. T. Bush’s Coronet in the race across
the Atlantic, arrived here on the steam
ship Adriatic to-day. He sailed from
Queenstown on Wednesday of last
week. Interest in Capt. fbim
uels’ arrival has been great since
it was reported in this country
that be and his employer, Caldwell 11.
Colt, bad fallen out. Capt. Samuels said
with regard to the reported trouble with
Mr. Colt: "The entire story was .1 com
plete fabrication. >ly relations with Mr.
Colt were ol the pleasantest nature
throughout the entire trip, and nothing
seemed to mar Hie friendly fooling that
existed hi tween us. In fact, I never
made a trip wince everything was so
ngreeableand pieasan' as ihis onew is.ai.d
when Mr. Colt and I parted we did so
the best or Iriomls. My only reason for
leaving him was that 1 had fulfilled the
engagement 1 entered Into with the
Dauntless’ owner, snd there was no
reason for my remaining aboard any
longer.” When asked to give his opinion
of the cause of the Dauntless’ defeat.
Cam. Samuel* replied that the Coronet
wsa much Urn better boat, and that tue
Dauntless was fairly out-sailed.
M'liri'i wti rui ot Firenrina.
Madrid, April B.—The pulMn aawfihjs
ooveiing secret atorea of Ort-ails and ox
plosives in this oily. hoVuiiP rmt
oave been iu-.de.
KILLED BY A CHINAMAN.
A California Ranch the Scene of a
Terrible Tragedy,
Chico, Cal., April B.—Tbe details of
the murder of Mrs. Joseph Billion by bor
Chinese cook shows that the murder was
most cold-blooded, and unequaled in
atrocity by the murder of Mr. and Mrs.
Arckarehaw of Sonoma county about a
a year ago by their Chinese cook. Mrs.
Billion, her two daughters and farm em
ploye, W. H. Weaver, were at supper
Win n the door opened suddenly anti a
shut was fired from Hoati Henry, the
Chiueseoook. The bullet passed through
Weaver’s left shoulder just over the
heart and he fell prostrate. Mrs. Billion
turned to see whence the shot came and
received a bullet which pierced her heart
and caused Instant death.
THE DOOR BARRICADED.
Weaver, notwithstanding his serious
condition, managed to shut tbe door and
barricaded it. The Chinaman fired a
shot through the closed door, but with
out effect. He then prooured an ax,
but alter partlv breaking tbe door chang
ed bis mind and left the house. Annie
Billion went to the door to note the direc
tion of the murderer’s flight, but a shot
from the Chinaman’s rifle caused her to
again barricade tho door. The murderer
then disappeared.
Mean while tbe other daughter succeed
ed in leaving the bouse uuobserved by
the Chinaman and gave the alarm at Ht",
John, distant a little over a mile from the
Billion ranen.
NOT VET CAUGHT.
The pursuit which was immediately or
ganized has not yet proved successful.
It the fugitive is caught be will be
lynched. lie is 18 years old and has bean
in the family employ for soveral years.
No cause is known lor the crime except
that the Chinaman was made to assist in
house cleaning, at which be demurred.
Mr. Billion was absent in Han Eranolsco
at the time of tho murder.
HAY II PXfITED.
Rumors that the Lives of Europeans
are Endangered.
Paris, April B—Tho government has
ordered a man-of-war now in West Indian
waters to proceed immediately to Port
au-Prince to protect Europeans there, in
view of tbe reports of a threatened mas
sacre by the flaytlaus Iu the event of
their government complying with the de
mands ot Great Britain on account of
some old claims. Advices received by
the Haytian Legation iu Paris Irom Port
au-Prmce suy the Ilaytlans are much ex
cited over Great Britain’s demand, but
deny that they have threatened to mas
sacre foreigners.
NATURE OF THE CLAIM.
Washington, April B.—Although cor
respondence bus not yet begun between
tbe Department of State and tbe govern
ment ot Great Britain in regard to tbe
reported.threat of that government to
seize tbe Tortugas Islands from tlaytl,
in default of a debt, yet an investigation
is being made and ail of the data relating
to the subject in possession of tbe depart
ment is being colleoted. The English
claim appears to be very In
tricate in iis nature. OorresDondonce
had iu Mr. Frelinghuysen’s administra
tion shows that tbeclaira is an individual
one based upon a number of oessions,
subcessions and contracts regarding
privilege to cut, mahogany that wuh not
cut, or at least not in sefflcient quantity.
The amount of the claim iu Heoretay Fro*
linghuysen’s administration was placed
at $600,000.
GOTHAM'S BLAZING TENEMENT.
Ono of the Inmates Dead anti Two
Others Not Apr to Live.
New York, April B.—Two hundred
residents of the tenement bouse No. 12
Essex street were rendered homeless,
thirteen of them are iu hospitals from
burns received at the tire last night arid
ons girl of ten years is dead. The fire
broke out in tbe cellar ol n.o b.tkerv be
low and spread throughout the building,
liad there not been Are escapes in tiio
Irorit and rear the loss of life must bave
been appalling. Mnnyot those taken to
Bellevue Hospital last night were more
frightened than hurt, but two children
and one adult received probably latal
Injuries.tTne money loss is comparatively
insignificant.
FLAMES IN A MINE SHAFT.
Birmingham, Ala., April B.—All o)
the woodwork of the sbatt of the ore
mines of the Uratt Coal and Iron Compa
ny, five miles from the city, was destroy
ed this morning. 'The fire started at (i
o’clock and was not extinguished until
noon, serious damage being threatened at
the time. The luae of $25,000 is fully in
sured. Only the hard work ol the miners,
assisted by the fire company from Bir
mingham,prevented a great calamity. The
managers say the shaft will be in opera
tion again in ten days or two weeks. The
ofary I’rutt furnace, which got its coke
from the I’ralt mines, has to shut down,
meanwhile, in consequence of the lire.
Good Friday’s Observance.
New York. April B.—To-day being
Good Friday all the down-town ex
changes were closed, as were also tho
bankers and brokers’ oltices, wbicji gave
the ‘'street” quite a deserted appearance,
something like tbatof Sunday. The State
and United .States Courts were closed,
and also all the city departments that
were not required to be open by law. The
cusioiu house and post office were open
for the transaction ot business, however.
Bervices appropriate to the dav were
celebrated in the churches of all denomi
nations dining the day.
BALTIMORE’S OBSERVANCE.
Baltimore, Aprils.— Good Friday was
more generally observed in this city to
day than was ever known before. All
public, State and city business was sus
pended and In the atternoon the Federal
offices closed. The people generally at
tended the church services which were
held In most ol the evangelical churches
as well as in tho Catholic. During the
forenoon there were fewer people ou the
street than on ordinary business days
end the police had little to do. Many
business houses were closed alter the
cat ly forenoon, and an unusually market,
respect was shown to the day.
Ktnl of l hi' lloollloiH.
Chicaoo, April B.—Michael C. Mc-
Donald appeared in the Criminal Couit
this morning as surety m tip. bonds of
ex-CoiuL.lssioi.eis Van Pelt and KUwarc
Molton.i and for $16,000 and SB,OOO lespec
tlveiy. There are ten additional indict
ments against Van Belt fur conspiracy
and one lor brloery. he ward Mel) .uald
his six new Ipiileinv'tds against him.
Alpixit z I. Walker also gave bond to-day
( r $15,000 on n indictment lor oou
s,iracy. Chris Kcelling gave bond In
$5,000 on his additional conspiracy indict
-1 incut.
! p ?l c AV” i “L*?:r
FLASHES FROM FLORIDA.
BIKS. EUGKNIA BURROUGHS
DIES AT J \CKSONVILIiE.
Tile Itemalns to be Brought to gavan<
nh Tor Interment Formulating
riana For the Hob-Tropical Ktpixl.
lion—Scoop* by the Terminal Poop’s
Rumored—proceedings of the Le(lila
tlon.
Jacksonvili.k, Fla., April B.—Mrs.
Eugenia Burroughs, wife of Dr. U. J.
Burroughs, of this city, died to-day at 12
o’clock of congestion of the lungs. Mrs.
Burroughs was Alias Taylorfof Virginia,
a niece of Gan. Mosby, of Confederate]
fame. Dr. Burroughs and wife moved
bore about two years ago from Eden,
Her remains will be takeu to Savannah!
for interment.
Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher and hen,
daughter, Mrs. Harriet Beecher Bcovlllsl
and her niece, Lizzie Bullard, are in that
city, guests of Mrs. William Christie!
Mrs. Beecher is in fine health and will res
main here until about April 21, when Bird
will return to her borne at Brooklyn.
THE SUBTROPICAL EXPOSITION.
A large and representative masa meet
ing of c tlzons of this oity and other seed
tions of the State was held at the Board!
of Trade rooms ibis afternoon to forums
late plans for the proposed Sub-Tropical*
Exposition, to be held here next winter!
it is prpposed to form an incorporated]
stock company, with SIOO,OOO in stock an
$lO per share, and also to ask the Legisla*
ture to aid i>y appropriating S2OO to each!
county in the State. It is intended tel
make it not only an exposition of tba
products and resources of Florlds, bu
other sub-tropical oountries, including!
the Bahamas, West Indies, eto. Grea(
enthusiasm was manifested. The expo-]
sition doubtless will be the biggest of tha
kind ever belli in the Southeast.
RAILROAD RUMORS.
It is rumored here that tbe Richmond!
and West Point terminal syndicate liavti
scooped the Georgia Central and Florida
Railway and Navigation system ot Floret
Ida. Tbe rumor cannot be traced to any!
very authentic source, but there is evw
dently something in the wind. Tbe recent!
gathering of prominent bondholders of tb
Georgia Central and Richmond Terminal!
at Savannah is takeu as significants
Said a railroad man to the News corre
spondent : “What are John C. Calhoun!
and Isaac L. Rice nosing around Savans
nah tor, and what is the meaning of Aus!
tin Corbin’s trip over the entire system oi
tbe Florida Railway and Navigation
road? I tell you there is something up.”?
Receiver Duval wus seen by the New*'
correspondent and asked whether there!
was any truth in the re*
ported deal. '‘None,” said he*
“so far as I know.” But ha
frankly added that negotiations might In*
pending for tils road without him know
ing anything about ii, though be did nut
consider such a thing likely. He added,
however, that there would be a reoreani!
zation ol the Florida Railway and savU
gallon system before next season, hut it
would, in all probability, he effected by”
its own bondholders. The alleged pur
chase price of the Florida Railway ar,<J
Navigation road, paid by the Richmond
Terminal syndicate, was SIO,OOO pc#
mile, and Receiver Duval said be did no(
think tho road could be bought at that.
TUB LEGISLATURE.
T all aii aos.;e, Fla.. April B.— Thfc
Senate spent nearly ail the morning con!
sidering the bill prohibiting free passes tfl
State officers and mem hers of the Legislad
ture.
Under suspension of the rules tha
concurrent resolution offered by Senator
MoMurray expressing sympathy for rtidf
Irish was read three times and passed bw
a unanimous vote.
A special committee on health was ap*
pointed, composed of Messrs. GaskinsJ
Orman, Wall, and SleMurray.
Messrs. Walker, Mann, and
were appointed a special committee om
the enactment of tbn legislation ueeessarjj
under the new constitution.
In executive session the Senate coon
firmed a large number of county
and other appointees ol the Governor.
Among them was H. T. Felkel asTaa
Assessor..!. A. IVaroe as Sheriff, and Ri
A. Shiue Collector for Leon county, t
In the House Air. Daniels, of Jaokaonj
offered a hill making the payment of tha
poll tax a prerequisite to voting.
Air. Thomas, of Jefferson, ottered a I>il|r
removing the tax on manufacturers o|
cigars and tobacco.
A FINK LOOKING BODY.
The present Legislature is composed of
a flue looking body of representative!
men, who would do credit to any .State,
The Senate is considered the treat tt
State lias had for years. Two-thirds of
Its members are young or middle-aged
lawyers ot prominence in their respective
localities, aud a majority ot them are px
pei lenced in legislation. There are five
Republican members, aud two of theog
are colored.
The Assembly has a large proportion of
new members, but they are men ot charac
ter and have the good of the State a$
heart. There are not enough lawyers ini
this branch of the Legislature to form a
judiciary committee, us there are only
lour, and the most prominent of these,the
Hon. Samuel I’asco, is Speaker, and oou
sequently cannot serve on couimiMeesi
Messrs. Campbell of Walton, Lamar,
llicks, Drake and two others will be th#
Judiciary committee.
BUT FEW REPUBLICAN*.
There are fewer Republicans in the A*,
semblv now (ban since the war, aud It le
noticeable that the white Republican
members are of a much better class tliaq
have been in tho Legislature of late Jteaisl
There will be determined efforts iq pasi
a railroad commission bill this snfsioiC
and It will most probably be done, as the
railroads themselves favor the oomml*
stun if the bill creating it is properlj
trained and construed so as not to prejty
dice their interests. The first bill intnit
dared in the Senate wa* a railroad ootid.
Mission bill and another followed Immali
nlately. The public printing ia now a
most Important and Interesting subject o)
consideration.
HUOOIS 1118 WIFE AND HIMSELF;
A Kcfii*.il on Her Dart toLivew.il)
Him Ci. uses the Tragedy.
Chicago. April B.—A special from Def
Moiues, la., aaya Edward Cummings ami
wire, of Davis City, who have been man
rled ten years, recently separated on ao<
oouniof quarrels, the wife going to bel
in Yesterday bo visited her sn|
told her si • must come home. Sue tefused
to go, and he aul: “If we cannot live to.
gather we will die together.” He shot
her lu the back part ot th neck and eng
full to tue floor. He fired again, batu r.
{ lag her rose and hand, which eba held ui
against her face. Then be 'hot hum*?
lin the I’ rehesu, killing 1. 1 insult insist
Tbs pbysioiau attending the woman *m
Utriauis hopes of her root Very.

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