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|bt oSethlii 3|loribian. PUBLISHED KVEHY TUESDAY. KATUN. 0 . . . !ni j S r. - 98 .__H_ 7 (hi fr. < *<; oo fin oo si.-> oo , Ml 900 15 00 ‘-'ft 00 550 Oft * .mi 1% 00 20 00 I*s 00 40 00 . 11 .Ml 10 00 22 00 30 00 48 00 . 1 i .Ml IS (HI 25 (HI 40 00 lift 00 ' 1* 0.1 *0 00 550 (Ml 50 (M) 70 00 imi 42 00 50 00 75 00 100 00 j* 4,| imi 55 4*o (W 00 00 00 135 (Ml A .in i- hi • ti" li Oi *|mrr: 24 Hqnart'ii make a col , i .%•!*• ,l -< iii ii*h niMTiial U*hh than one niimtli, $ 1 . ... Uii tii-i. anil 7-'. .full* for cadi sii'iHcqiumt k* f *v' vert" A . x ,n .. ni. li- iinar.oniii:inif.l by the CASH will not aTtrt.ti.m --!■ ~... ,i,..i.v ini tu-i'il <lo.' not rover the number of .... r .i- onli rivl. it will tie inserted a leu* nnniher of r-inciit* fjot marked with the nmnlierof time* . . M .rti-d in.til forbi.l, and charged- accordingly. i*i (■ t" . only of the paper Will be eent to g( ,, - unie.M a upeeial agreement ’to the contrary r wad'' A K.ntract advert i-ere whose amonnt of Hpace and ~e : t , < in. -it. died by above mice, will lie required tureiii in tin t ad\i rti-ine ntrii tly to theirown business iHiWa* u(brtwie stipulated. , o'. '..!v exceeding four line* will tierhartfedname i. adveti iMementa. TVrniM ol* NiubMci-ipiion : Per Annum, (in advance) . $2 00 fc.l HuOltM r. 125 rtnwe Months 75 stuck ('fy 5 H. LEONARD, T/LIILOIR,, Tallahassee, Fla. OecetuU-r 30, I*79—Gin DR. W. K. SHINE, DENTIST, . Tallahassee, : : : Florida, * At the Old Stand of Dr. I*. I*. Lrwis. M.v 7, I*7*. E. MT. HOPKINS. Attorney at Law, May Jfi/74 TALI.AH ABSF.F. FLORIDA Dr. John S. Bond 11 r ILLeotitinne the praetice of Medicine in Tal V Y lahafHee and viciuily. Office at his residence •a rear ot the old F.ist (tlliee. 1 Nov. 13, ISftO. u J. T- BERNARD, Attorney at Law, TA LI.A HASSKK, FLOItIDA. U7ILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS. Orric e in the Monroe Building;. fmchll A. ,T. KISII, Builder and Contractor, fL"! i mner of St. Auirnstine and Rronatnrli Sts., Tallahassee. Florida. Carpenter's work in nil its branches done and sat it.tn>n guaranteed, btiuiikn given for all kinds of work. _ 11 . it.-rials constantly on hand, or fur li liked a: the shortest possible notice. A. J. FISH. hcpleiuher 39, 1879-tf Every Description of BOOK BINDING ANI) Paper Ruling ■tafiiired by lawyers, Merchants, Rankers, Kail mad and Sleainlxtal Companies, Stale and County Officials, or Private Individuals, in workmanship and finish, and as cheap * luywbere. Ijiw-, R. piirtr, ,Vc., purchased and bound for par ti*, s distance free of commission Pra-es i>u application. (J. A. BRYAN. Jr., Tallahassee Fla. Just Received! A FKESII SUPPLY OF BAILEY’S EFFERVESCING SALINE APERIENT Aecwau-ly prepared in accordance with a late and perfect analysis of the celebrated •ADEN BADEN SPRING IN GERMANY! IT IS A GENERAL INVIGORANT! A BLOOD PURIFIER! AN APPETIZING TONIC! A COOLING SEDATIVE! A CURE FoR SICK HEADACHE! A MILD EXHILARANT! AND a DELICIOUS DRINK IN FEVERS; 1 on the agent, M. Lively, at hi* Drug Store, and get the genuine article THE GREAT CAUSE HUMAN MISERY. J,ut i n a SttiUd Envelope. Price 0 cent*. A LECTURE ON THE NATURE, TREATMENT f Aand Radical cure of Seminal Weakness, or Kmaiorrtuea, induced by Self-Abuse, Involuntary *J*u**iOM, ltupoiency. Nervous Debility, and Im jfflmienu to Marriage generally; Consumption, ptlepey a*,,} ftt*. Mental and Physical Incapaci i',, 4c --Ky ROBERT J. CULVERWELL, M. D., of the •• Green Book,’’ &c. ■ 1 “* world renowned author, in this admirable dearly proves from bis own experience -Sr* ■ u *. Awful consequences of Self-Abuse may be remoT e<l without medicine, and without surgical operations, bougies, instruments, or cordials; pointing out a mode of cure at ”er eerum and emsetaal, by which every sufferer, ~._B T :t * r what his condition may be, may cure £hesply, privately and radically. " imii M | U ‘' rtuTt "W promt a boom to thousands and **•l. under seal, in a plain envelope, to any ad- W lW ° PO * U,ge BUnlP# - THI CULYKEWILL MEDICAL CO., . •*- IW York 4 Post Office Box, 4&8B. lffTß—lj (BO A A* MONTH goaranteed. sl2 a day at \ \I I I I **°* Bade by the industrious. Capital JV. II I I I not required: we will start you. Men, Ujt/ V \J women, boys and girls make money . . *“ta at work for as than at anything T**. work Is light and pleasant, and sock as anyone TNos* who ars wise, who sae this notice, .addreases at ooce, and see for them Smi i 0 * 0 * °* ttl *nd terms free. Now is the time ag^jaAyat work are laying ap money. MATT. F. PAPY, Dealer in GENERAL MERCHANDISE, ILr constantly on hand the largest, ’freshest and best selected stock of FANCY GROCERIES in the city. Also a large stock of Staple DRY GOODS, BOOTS AND SHOES, Hats, Clothing, Wood and Willow Ware. Saddles, Rridleo, Saddle Cloths, Baggy Unites, Horse Blankets and Buggy Whip*. CHOW-CHOW and other pickelß by the pint, quart or gallon. A large stock of Smoked Beef, Hams, Bologne Sausage, Pigs Feet, Break fast Bacon, and many other arttcics too numerous to mention. Goods delivered in the city or one mile from city free of charge. October 7,1879-1 y JUS U T. Hood’s Great Book . OF THE WAR. ADVANCE AND RETREAT, Personal Experiences in the United States and Confederate States Armies: BY OEMEBAL J. B. HOOD, Late Lieutenant-General Confederate States Army, published for The Hood Orphan Memorial fund, BY GENERAL G. T. BEAUREGARD, NEW ORLEANB, 1880. The entire proceeds arising from the sale of tUs work arc devoted to The Hood Orphan Memorial Fund, which is invested in United States Registered Bonds for the nurtnre, care, support mid education of the ten infants deprived of their parents last stun mer, at New Orleans, (the melanenoly incidents of which sad bereavement are still fresh in the pobllo mind.) The Book is an Elegant Octavo, containing 800 patres, with a fine Photograph Likeness and alhse Steel Engraving, made expressly for thia work, four large Maps of Battle Fields, bonnd In handsome Gray English Cloth, at three dollars, or In a Fine Sheep Binding, with Marble Edge, three dollars and fifty cents— in half bonnd Moroco, Library Style,/our dollars , or in best Levant Turkey Moroco, fall Gilt Sides and Edges, fire d>Alan. On the receipt from any person remitting by mail or express, of the amonnt in a registered letter, or by a postal order, bank draft or cheek, a copy will be immediately sent free of postage, registered aa second-class matter. The volume is published in the beat style of typog raphy, on elegant paper, with iUostrations executed as highest specimens of art. H The author, the subject, the pnrpoee, all alike ren der it worthy a place in every library, on every desk, or upon the book shelf of every house in the conntry. Ayents wanted in every town and county (n the United States, and a preference will be given to honorably dis ebarged veterans from the army. To the ladies, who feel a desire to expMM (heir sympathy with The Hood Orphan Manorial Fund, the sale of this book among tbelr circle of friends, will afford an excellent way of contributing substan tial aid to so deserving a cause. For terms, rates to agents, &c., address, with full particulars, GEN. G. T. BEAUREGARD, Publisher, On behalf of The Hood Memorial Fund, New Orleans, La. January 27, 1880—3 m MMenoil Reuairiir. I DESIRE TO INFORM MY FRIENDS AND the public that I still live and am prepared to do any work in my line at prices as low as the lowest. , ALL WORK GUARANTEED. I may be found af Leonard’s Tailor Shop, in the Lamb building. W. 8. BURDICK. February 10,1880—11 IN6B. 1880. OO TO DON McLEOD’S OLD RELIABLE PHOTO ART GALLERY. Monroe St., Tallnhmaaee, Pin. REFITTED AND~ IMPROVED! With eleven years’ practical experience, the Pro prietor has received the largest patronage, given the most universal satisfaction, ana been ns recip ient of the highest encomiums from the public Jour nals of any Photographer in the State. September 9,1879 —tf House and Lands for Sale. ONE DWELLING HOUBK: 10ROOMS; MEAT- Iy finished; a good, comfortable kitchen; new cistern containing 15,000 gallons; about two acres of ground attached to premises. ALSO, Thirteen Large Lot* In the City. Three hundred and twenty acres wood land, three mile* from Tallahassee, railroad running through it. Four hundred and thirty aerna, about eight-miles from Tallahassee, well timbered, ooe-half mile from railroad. One hundred and sixty acres, eight miles from Tallahassee, well timbered. All well adapted for corn, cotton, vines sod or anges. Apply AT THIS OFFICE. December 2,1879—tf ALL KINDS OF Book and Job Work Neatlt aiio Promptly Exacimn, —At TUB— FLORIDIAN OFFICE, Tnllnhnmoo, Fla, ORGANS.&^:&&3H& TAPE WORM INFALLIBLY CURB) wUk'tm frMN •( MWfr k two or three boars. For MllwlilMiimMW stamp. rent, XiUodil MHrtlM Cos., PModinkii, Vl* - TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, APRIL 6, 1880. <)BNrrgttTe>Bemecrgilc State CMYfrBttOB. The Conaarvathne Democratic party of Florida will hold a State Convention at Gainesville, in AJaebtut county, on Thumbat, June 10,1880, at 18 o’oiook, M., for the following purpoeee: To cbooee 8 delegates and their alternates to represent the State in the National Democratic Convention, to be held at Cincinnati, Tuesday, June 22; 4 To nominate candidates for the effloes of Gov ernor and Lientenant-Governor, to be voted far at the next regular State Election ; To consider the question remitted to the Slates by the leal National Democratic Convention— whether it be desirablete continue the two-thirds rale longer in force in the National Convention; To transact such other business as may come before the Convention. Tbedifferent counties in the State are requested to send delegates upon the following basis: One delegate for the first one hundred votes, or part of one hundred, oast in each county for the Conservative Democratic Candidates upon the State ticket at the General Election in 1878; one additional delegate for every additional hundred votes, or the last fraction over the hundred when it amounts to fifty or more so cast for such candidates, the number to be determined by the vote for the conservative candidate on the general ticket standing highest on the county vote of each county. But if any county increased its vote at the election of 1878, it shall have the benefit of such increase. The counties under the above rule will be en titled to representation as follows: AUchua 13 Levy..... 5 Baker 3 Liberty 1 Bradford 7 Madison 11 Brevard 1 Manatee 4 Calhoun 2 Marion. 10 Clay 8 Monroe 11 Columbia 9 Nassau 7 Dade 1 Orange 9 Duval 15 Polk 5 Escambia. 14. Putnam 6 Franklin 2 Santa Rosa 8 Gadsden 10 St. Johns 5 Hami1t0n....J.... 6 Sumter 5 Hernando 6 Suwannee 6 Hillsborough 8 Taylor 2 Holmes 3 Volusia 5 Jackson 14...... Wakulla 4 Jefferson 8 Walton 6 Lafayette 3 Washington 4 Leon 10 And it is understood that the people in Con vention will have the right to change the ratio of representation should they see proper. The counties will select their delegates either in convention or general mass meeting, aa may be considered best by the people, acting through the usual party organization. And it is recom mended that the citizens assemble at their Court Houses in the several counties for this purpose on Saturday, May 22. But should they fail so to assemble on that day, that they meet as early as practicable thereafter. We call upon all Conservative citizens of the State, without regard to past political differences and associations, who are opposed to the third term movement, to all unconstitutional and revo lutionary modes of inaugurating defeated candi dates, to the base brands whereby the vote of Florida was reversed in the last electoral canvass and the country was robbed of the legally elected President, and upon all who are in favor of a free ballot and an honest count of the votes at all elections, aad of a pure, economical and con stitutional, National as well as State, government, to unite in sending delegates to this Convention. S. PASCO, Chairman. Jambs H. Paine, Secretory. CoMerrative Democratic Con gressional Convention of the Second District of Florida. At a meeting of the Conservative Democratic Execntive Committee of the First Congressional District this day held at Quincy, a Convention of the people of the Second Congressional District of Forida, was called to assemble at Cedar Key, on the 11 Ih day of June, next, to nominate a candidate to represent said District in the Forty seventh Congress of the United States, and to transact any and all such business as may properly oome before it. The several counties in the District are re quested to send, delegates to said District Con vention on the same basis of representation as is prescribed by the State Executive Committee, for the representation of the several counties in the State Convention. On this basis, the coun ties of the First District will be entitled to the following representation: Calhoun 2; Levy 5 Escambia 14 Liberty 1 Franklin 21 Manatee 4 Gadsden 10! Monroe 11 Hernando..... $ Polk. 5 Hillsborough 8 Santa Rosa 8 Holmes 3 Sumter 5 Jackson 14 Taylor 2 Jefferson 8 Wakulla. 4 Lafayette 8 Walton fl Leon 10 Washington 4 The counties are requested to select their dele gates at the same time and place and in the same manner they select delegates to the State Con vention. In order that the Convention may act wisely and conform to the will of the people, it is necessary that their wishes be well ascertained. Tltis can only be done through their representatives. It therefore becomes all important that all the counties be fully represented. In order to secure this desirable end the County Executive Com mittees of the several counties are respectfully urged to spare no reasonable labor and pains to secure a fair and able representation of their re spective counties. Let us enter upon this impor tant and vital work with a zeal and energy pro portionate to the result desired, ever displaying that spirit of harmony and patriotism that should at all times characterize those laboring together for the public weal, and for the prosperity, honor and glory of the commonwealth. E. C. LOVE, Chairman. Quincy, March 17,1880. —A Democratic military organization, intend ed to seat Tildea by force of anna, wae generally believed to exist in the winter of 1877, and the New York Sun quotes interviews with Peter Bowe, the present Sheriff of New York City, and Major John E. Tracy, who say that the or ganization numbered 200,000 men, and had J. M. Corse, "Hold the Fort” Corse, as its com mander. It originated in organization of Union •outers began in the spring of 1870, and intended to oflbet the “ Boys in Bine ’’ on the Repobllann side. After the election its leaders began cor responding aa to the possible need for using tesce to inangnrate Mr. Tildeo, and perfected their organization, obtaining coontenanee and sympathy from officers high in the army and navy. “Baldy" Smith, Franz Bigei, H. W. Sloenm, nearly all the Democratic brigadiers In New York State, M. T. Donohue, ”of New Hampshire," which k probably a mistake for MnsmntiwiMta, 8 tend men, of Ohio, and some others are cial—d -fas the ergenlaeiion. It does not appear, however, that arms or ammunition were overcollected ora military organization eflteted. Tlw tertro association was probably tJIQgQ S.. n a paaoarai novmnro. • sis inrnotisQvu MttUtfitk worth aotieikf, divided afterth* MR beeamelaw. A BRIDES RBFLECTIOYN. Take my cloak—and now fix mv veil, Jenny— (How silty to cover one’s free! I might as well be aa old woman: But then there’s one comfort—its lace.) Well, what baa become of tboee ushers Ob, Pa! have yon got my boqnetf I’ll freese standing here In the lobby— Why doesn’t the organist play ? They’ve started at last—wbat a bustle 1 Stop, Pa—they’re not far enough—wait! One minute more—now! do kero step, Pa! There, drop my trail, Jane I U it straight ? (I hope! look timid and shrinking; The church must be perfectly Good gracious! now don’t walk ao Out, Pa * (He don’t seem to think that Inina pull,) (The chancel at last I) Mind the step, Pa! I don’t fell embarrassed at all— Bat, my! what's the minister saying Oh! I know, that part ’boot BL Paul. I hope my position is gneefol; How awkwardly Nelly Dane stood— Not lawfully be joined together— Now speak ’’ —aa if any one would! Oh, dear, now It’s my turn to answer— I do wish that Pa wonld stand still,) “ Serve him, love, honor aad kero him (How sweetly he eays It) I will. (Where’s Pa ? there, l knew he’d forget if., When the time come to give me away.) “ I—Helen, take thee —love—cherish— And—(well, I can’t help It !>—"obey,” Here, Hand, take my boqnet—deu’t drop R! I hone Charley’s not lost the rT^;: Just like him!—no!—goodness how heavy 1 It'S really an elegant thing. It’s a shame to kneel down in white satin— And the flounce real old lace—but I must; I hope that they've got a clean cushion, They're usually covered with dnat. All over—Ah, thanks I—now don’t fuse, Pa ! Just throw back my veil, Charley, there— (Oh, bother! why couldn’t he kiss me Without tumbling up all my hair!) Your arm, Charley, there goes the organ, (Who’d think there would be such a crowd ; Oh, I must look around, I’d forgotten,) See, Charley, who was it that bowed ? Why, ltY Nellie Allaire with her husband— (She’s awfolty jealous, I know; Moat all of my things are Imported, And aha had a home-made trousseau And there’s Annie Wheeler—Kate llermon, I didn’t expect her at all— If she’s not In the same old bine satin She wore at the Charity Ball! Is that Fanny Wade f—Edith Pearion— And Emma and Joe—all the Girls ? I knew that they’d not miss my wedding— I hope they’d all notice my pearls ) Is the carriage there ?—give me my cloak, Jane; Don’t get it all over my veil— No! yon take the other seat, Charley, I need all of this for my trail. —San Francisco Xeict Tetter. WANIiLHUTOV LETTER. CONGRESS HASTENS SLOWI.T—THE PULP MONOP OLY —A TAX ON INTELLIGENCE—PATENT OP FICE CHANGES. (From our Regular Correspondent.) Washington, D. C., March 29,1880. The Honse on Saturday attempted to make a show toward a week’s work, and managed to refer quite a number of bills reported from com mittees to the caiandar. The Consular and Di plomatic appropriation bill was then taken up, and the general debate concluded, aud the read ing of the bill by sections for amendments begun which cuts the debate down to five minute speeches and gives some assurance of the speedy disposal of the bill. Haviog accomplished this much, the House closed the week, most fruitless in results, by adjournment to this noon. The Senate had adjourned on Thursday to to day. The argument, if such it can be called, urged by the advocates of the pulp and paper mo nopoly, that the Increase iu the price of pa per is only that which is marked in other articles and means a return of healthy business, is as week aa it is imprudent. It is to be observed that the jumping up of values so, without a parallel, in the last eight months, is confined to such articles only as Con gress has given a monopoly by a prohibition in duties, that has taken them out of the list of rev enue and made them simply bounties. While iron, steel, paper, and a few other staples, have gone up, wheat has not jumped, nor corn, nor any other product of an agricultural origin, al though such industry is the underlying prosper ity of the country. Keen, active agents of the press are watching carefully the progress of this contest, and the names of the members daring to aid in this mo nopoly will be duly taken down and forwarded home for publication, so that the papers may publish to their constituents the wrong done. The remedy lies in the proposition made by Sen ator David Davis, of Illinois, to admit not only the raw material free of duty, but the paper itself. There was a cry of a free breakfast to the poor man when the duties on tea and coffee were abolished. Now let us have reading for the poor man in a land where food for the mind is consid ered of vastly more importance than stimulants for the stomach. It seems to be understood that General Paine will not retire from the direction af the Patent Office for some time to come, as there is consid erable business that he desires to close up per sonally. There are many nafaes mentioned as the probable successor of General Paine, and it is very doubtful whether the right one has been suggested. The civil service theories of Secre tary Scburz would lead to the belief that Mr. Doolittle, the present assistant commissioner, a gentleman well qualified and popular in and out of the Department, would be promoted to. the position, but it is rumored that the Bhermau boom will have a prepondering influence in the selection of a commissioner. LOSDOV LETTER. (Regular Correspondence.) London, England, March 17,1880. The course of the past week has been marked by an unusually mild and equable temperature, bright sunny days, and little or no rain ; in Bhort, the weather has been fine and spring-like in the most genial acceptation of the term. Having discarded for once the leonine characteristics with which the well-known adage invests Its ad vent, March has brought with it unmistakable tokens of an early spring, as seen in the marked advance of vegetation and the eager prosecution of all field work. Advices from the agricultural districts are nnanimous on the subject of im provement, as even the heaviest soils are rapidly getting into workable order, and farmers are doing their utmost to make up for lost time.— Spring tillage has been actively carried on throughout the United Kingdom, and the pros pect ef a genial season are thankfully hailed by all whose Interests are centered in agriculture.— Good progress has been made with the sowing barley, beans and peas, as the land has been in flue condition for the reception of these crops. The recent snrmises as to the probable injury to the autumn-sown wheat plant, caused by the severity of the winter months, have in most cases proved unfounded, aud the fatnre crop, although retarded aemewhat In ha developement, appears tooflbruo reasonable ground for alarm at present as to Ha ultimate prod net. After the mild rain at the bagtnplng of tile mouth and the subsequent p,—hina, the pastures have wooderlhlly im proved aad tfe uow looking jfrero and fall of life. Scotch advioea arc etpailf favorable, plow ing betQg well advanced rod barley and oat sow ing having eommeoeed, while tfeMpasehas been growing rapidly aad looks greener than (t did a mouth later last year. Having hero almost ex dusMr occupied la the preparation of the laud and spring sowing, fanners have had little time to devote to thrashing, and the offerings of bome grewp wheat hove consequently bean very email, The range of prices has been extended, owing to irregularity of the samples, and little attention has been given to inferior produce, but fine par cels have maintained last week’s prices, both in London and in the country. The deficiency of last year’s crop and the present condition of the wheat trade should render holders careless of selling any sound corn fit for milling purposes. Of foreign wheats the imports have again been on quite a moderate scale. Monday’s list showed little over 28,000 quarters, nearly all of which was from America, and the subsequent arrivals up to Friday have not exceeded 29,000 quarters. At the beginning of the week lower prices cabled from America unsettled the trade and deprived values of the increased buoyancy, which the im proved demand at the close of the preceding week led holders to expect would ripen into an actnal advance. An undecided tone has prevailed during the past fow days, and millers have ad hered to their settled plan of only buying from hand-to-mouth, and this, In face of the light im ports and rapid depletion of stocks. The posi tion is critical and difficult to gange, as although the enormous requirements country be tween now and harvest are admitted by all, the demand has shown few signs of improvement, and, until America shows her cards, which she seems less than ever inclined to do, in spite of the recent signs of weakness shown by the “ ring” to hope for speculation is out of the ques tion. WABHIXGTOV LETTER. Washington, March 30,1880. It is now evident that nothing will be done at this session of Congress to reduce expenses, re form the service, simplify,the tariff. The usual appropriation bills will be passed, and beyond that we shall have no record to go before the country on. This, if the necessary work has been done in good season, would have been enough. Even if Congress shall now commence actively the real business for which it came to gether, accomplish it and adjourn before the po litical Conventions are held, there will be no party loss to the Democracy. But we may as well understand now that a nomination for the Presidency, forced by questions that friends of candidates may raise io Congress between this time and Convention day, will lack much of the sympathy necessary to assured success. If any influential Democrat in the House or Senate is obstructing business because ot an idea that he is helping the chances of his favorite candidate, his mind should be disabused. The proper Senate Committee yesterday agreed to the immediate deficiency bill, embra cing the public printing deficiency, pay for mar shals, deputy marshals, and election marshals, as adopted by the House. This is the bill direct ing that the election marshals shall be selected from the various parties. It will pass the Senate certainly, and will probably be the last measure on which political discussion v% ill be bad. A House Committee reported yesterday, a bill lim iting the number, pay and length of service of Federal election officers, but the sentiment among Democrats I find to be against forcing discussion on the subject. The sudden illness of Senator Thurman, yes terday, called forth a degree of feeling not often exhibited in that body. He has in a greater de gree than any of his fellows, the regard of those who act with him. His knowledge of law is known to be profound, and his opinion on any point in which a legal question is involved is conclusive. Besides this he is a diligent student in all branches of literature, and he has the friendship of everybody—even the warm regard of Emmunds, usually iu liia intercourse with men, an Ice berg. Senator Blaine attacked Senator Carpenter on a legal point the other day. He felt called upon to instruct the Wisconsin Senator. A few years ago he got near the toe of Representative Tucker of Virginia, when a similar subject was up, and disappeared from view suddenly. lie seems to have forgotlon that experience. Hilton. gnnland Tribune, March 11.] Hon. W. P. Haisley, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, delivered a very instructive and interesting ad dress in the Court House in this place on Wednes day evening of last week. He commenced by showing the proportion of illiteracy in the differ ent States, and announced that of Florida to be fifty-tlirce and nine-tenths per cent including both races, but only seventeen and five-tenths for the white population. He next demonstra ted that the public school system was the cheap est and best, and is therefore worthy of a cordial support from the people whom it is designed to benefit. The right of the State to levy a tax for tiie support of public schools and educate the masses was backed by the opinion of such men as Ch ief .Justice Marshall and Thomas Jefferson, though the latter gentleman appreciated the dif ficulties of the system on account of sparseness of population which has and always will be a no inconsiderable drawback to its thorough efficien cy. Mr. H. thought that our system was good in the main, bnt has defects—that in practical operation there is a tendency to centralize, or going to the other extreme, to disperse too wide ly. He seemed of the opinion that we could not district otherwise than by counties as is now the law ; and that the system should be limited to the common school branches, and provision be made for separate city or town organization. He was staunchly of the opinion that the School Fund should be increased and thought that the collection of the poll tax would do this, but saw no way to enforce the collection of this except by statute requiring the collector’s receipt aa a qualification for voting. He thought the Seminary and Agricultural College Funds could be used to better advantage than the former la now applied or is provided for the latter. The two State Seminaries, located respectively at Tallahassee and Gainesville, were by no means filling the purposes for which they were established as State institutions and were in fact little more than schools kept at the public expense for the the benefit of the two places and immediate neighborhoods. As for an Agricultural College, Mr. Haialey had no faith in the success of any such institu tion fur the reason that, as a rule, they had not succeeded in older States where they had been established. Out of some thirty-eight Agricul tural Colleges in the United States only three could be classed as any arays.succesaftil and these required a beavy annual expenditure from the State to keep them going. On this point he had made particular and special inquiries end with three exceptions, bad received no encourag ing reports. He thought the Seminary end Agricultural Funds might be consolidated ends first-class Normal School established. Judging from the success of the Peabody Normal School at Nash ville and the avidity with which e few scholar ships, apportioned to this Btete, were.sought af ter, be entertained no doubt but the! such an in stitution established at home, would accomplish e greet deal more good in the interest of educa tion than both of eur present Sessinortcs andthe proposed Agricultural Collage. In hie . opinion it wss nleo possible to provWeeuch an Institution with an Agricultural chemist whose doty mieht NEW SERIES—VOL. XV— NO. 36. be extended beyond’that of mere instruction, as a kind of assnyest of soils for the benefit of tboae sending specimens. As to what the people of Florida are doing towards education, be conclusively showed that they were doing more according to their means than they were doing in the great States of New York, Ohio and Massachusetts—that the rate of taxation for educational purposes is higher in Florida in proportion to aggregate and individ ual wealth than it is in the States named. [Right here we will say that by referring to the New York Sun of the 27tb alt., it will there be seen that the State Superintendent of Public In stmction, of New York, Mr. Neil Gilmour, gives the legal school year at 28 weeks, being only a little more than double what our law allows tor the shortest term, viz: 13 weeks.—Ed ] In conclusion, Mr. H. urged the importance of teachers' institutes as a means of promoting the educational interests of the State until some thing better could be provided. The foregoing is as fair a synopsis of Mr. Hais ley’s address as we arc able to give; and we are pleased to know that the substance of his re marks was appreciated and made a very favor able impression on the thinking portion of his audience. We think that Mr. Haisley has been unfairly criticised in connection with our public school affairs, and is held responsible for what he is no more accountable for than we are. The last Legislature saw fit to inhibit the levying of' more than 2} mills tax far school purposes, and to this action it was moved by the fact that this sum had been found sufficient even under Re publican rule in most of the counties and, be sides, it was thought that the new method of assessing taxes insure a considerable in crease in the taxable property in the State. HEAD-NOTES OF DECISIONS or TH* SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA, January Tern, A. D. ISM, Ann E. Wilson, Appellant, vs. Russ & Merritt, Appellees—Appeal from Circuit Court Jackson county. Randall, C. J.: 1. Rents and profits, to which a cestui que trust is entitled out of property held by a trustee, are proper subjects of sale, assignment, or pledge to secure debts. 2. A paper in form of a mortgage which in terms conveys real estate to secure a debt, the mortgagor having no legal title but only a right to the rents and profits for life, creates no lien upon the realty, but is good as an assignment or pledge of the rents and profits. 3. A trustee holding the legal title of land is a necessary party in a proceeding affecting the property or any interest therein ; But When there is no trustee in being, at the commencement of suit, and a decree does not affect the title or the interest of a remainderman, the decree reaching only the net income of the property, a trustee may be appointed by tbe final decree, with pro per directions as to the management of tire prop erty nnd tbe payment of the Income. 4. If a trustee so appointed refuse the trust, a receiver may be appointed to protect the interests of all parties interested in the estate. 5. A decree of “ foreclosure ” and sale with directions to put a purchaser in possession of land, in by an assignee or pledgee to subject the net income of the land to the pay ment of a debt for which snch income is pledged, (the legal title and right of possession being by the terms of the deed creating the trust, vested in a trustee), is not a proper decree. A decree in such case should direct the trustee or receiver to secure the due protection and management of the property and the application of tbe net income to the payment of the debt for which the income is pledged. Decree reversed. Westcott, J. not silting. J. F. McClellan, Counsel for Appellant; D. L. McKinnon, Counsel for Appellees. May’s Executors, Appellants, vs. Stephen Sey mour, Appellee—Appeal from Circuit Court Jefferson county. Randall, C. J.: 1. Where by reason of the ignorance ofa party he is induced to make “ his mark ” to a writing which he cannot read, and it is not read to or its contents stated to him and he takes no benefit from it, such writing cannot be held to be his voluntary agreement. 2. When the verdict of a jury accords with the law and the (acts of a case, & judgment will not be reversed on account of an erroneous in struction in the charge of the court, especially where a correct instruction should produce the same verdict. Judgment affirmed. Pasco & Palmer, Counsel for Appellants; T. L. Clarke, Counsel lor Appellee. Thomas L. Whitlock, Appellant, vs. Theodore 11. Willard, Sheriff and ex officio Administra tor of Louis D. Whitlock, and of Benjamin F. F. Whitlock, deceased, Respondent—Appeal from Madison county. Wkstcovt, J. Where there is a decree for partition establish ing the interests of several defendants in tbe land, an appeal by one only withont notice and sevirance, or some equivalent action appearing in the record, must be dismissed. Appeal dismissed. Pasco Si Palmer, J. N. Stripling, Counsel for Appellant; A. Patterson, John B. Marshall, Counsel for Appellee. J Fernandfna Mirror, March 20.) Fereaadlaa and Jacksonville Rail road Company. A company with the above title lias been or ganized. The road is to run from tbe drawbridge on the Transit Railroad to Jacksonville, a dis tance of about twenty miles, making tbe total distance twenty-four miles. It is expected to run trains through in 45 niinutes, thus making a trip between the two cities not longer than It used to be for a New York merchant to go down town to his place of business. Tbe time, by in side and outside steamers, between Fernandina and Savannah, is from eight to twelve hoars, which would make tbe total time between Jack sonville and Savannah from nine to thirteen hours, with a comfortable night’s rest. The im mense popularity of tbe lines of steamers run ning through Long Island Sound and connecting with rail tor Boston and other New England point*, will illustrate one of tbe aUraoUom of this route. Our Jacksonville friends can over and pay us a morning call, or take a drive i on our beach, or a bath hi onr surf, and be back at home before they were missed, unites they were persons of very great consequence. The site for the depot in Jacksonville, aa well as the land leading to it, has been secured, and the city council has passed the necessary ordi ance for therunning of trains throagh the ttreeta. We learn that au engineer carps will soon be at work locating the route. Florida Lake Reflow. This section, which is known as the M Orest Lake Region of Florida,” is composed of Lakes Griffin, Eustis, Harris, Dnnbam, and Apopka, and a number of other lakes of smaller dicssn sione. The lands In thia scope of eoantry, are both rich and poor, though the better quality is largely in the majority, and some of k is as rich as can found in any State in the Union. The section is settled up with people from nearly every Stats, and a better darn of citlsaoeoaaaot be found in Florida. As we ihiak we have the beat portion of the State, we claim the right to say bo without comparing it with other aeetiona We can assure times who wish to aside in Flor ida* that this section will sail them if they am to he suited atail. We are blessed *#b law abiding, intelligent citiaena, among whom am eomo.of Ihe finest men of the State and Union,,an* a soil the* wilt produce any secai-tropicelpmdoct grown, and climate unsurpassed by the world.- Itetburq Advance^ RTATE HEWN. —The Starke Telegraph has discarded its patent ontside. —Work on the South Florida Railroad is progressing very rapidly and satisfac torily. —Twenty-nine marriage contracts were consummated in Jacksonville last mouth —l4 white and 15 colored. —The Democratic Executive Commit tee of Orange county will meet at Orlando on the first Monday in April. —Jacksonville is having a considerable boom' just now in the cigar business. Tbe papers eontinnaly report the arrival in that city of cigar makers. —Brooksville Crescent: Barney Rhodes baa a curiosity in the sha)>e of a preco cious orange bud put in last Christmas. It U only about two inches long, has two tufts of leaves and two fully developed blooms. Next. —St. Augustine l*ress : tbe first rail of the Jacksonville and St. Augustine Rail road has been laid, and the company has thereby conformed with the terms of their charter. Now let the road be pushed to speedy completion. —Ki Ko, ” in the Orlando Reqwrter , tells of a mneh-in-love young man, down in Orange county, who has grown so des perate that he sits and writes poetry with an open razor in one hand; but his verses are so sharp the editors have to turn them into prose before they can be printed. Talk about your “ ragged edge!” —lt is rumored that General Ankeny will be appointed United States Surveyor- General of the State of Florida, vice Leroy D. Ball. — Union. We have no doubt that General Ankeny would make an efficient and acceptable'officer, bat can see no need of such a change, as Colonel Ball bas given universal satisfaction. —When we get a good rice mill within a few miles of town, which we learn will be this fall, our farmers will plant rice enough to supply the demand of the coun ty and have large quantities to ship.— Quincy Star. The cultivation of this crop is receiving unusual attention throughout Middle Florida, and is des tined to become one of our staple products. There is no reason why it should not prove a gold mine. —We learn that the subscriptions to ward building the contemplated Jackson ville and St. Augustine Railroad now amounts to over SIOO,OOO. The amount required to insure the establishment of the rood is $200,000, and the projectors are confident that the balance will be forth coming in a short time and the road bnilt as speedily as practicable. With the rail road in successful operation, the Mantan *as and Halifax Canal will follow as a matter of necessity.— St. Augustine Press. —Major A. J. Russell has severed his connection with the Breeze. The Major use 9 tongue and pen with equal force and ability. His pen will take a vacation, while the services 6f his eloquent tongue will be called into requisition often and again during the approach of the coming campaign.— Jacksonville Union. Mr. J. W. Whitney is to preside over the edito rial column* of the Breeze for the present. While regretting to see Major Russell de sert the journalistic ranks, we extend a hearty welcome to Mr. Whitney. —Here is a hard one from the Brooks ville Crescent: Dan McLeod sent us a curiosity in the shape of an orange. In external appearance the orange was not different from any other, but on opening the fruit, a smaller and perfectly de veloped orange was found at the bloom end of the orange, and the inner orange had no peal. E. C. Peterson has a tree in his grove at Spring Hill that produces this freak of nature regularly. When the crop is short, nine oat of ten of the oran ges are double, with a full crop the ratio is much smaller. —The Jasper Spirit oj the Times is responsible for the following: “A beau tiful white partridge was killed on the plantation of Mr. Zack. Frink, and sent to this office yesterday. The bird is the first of its kind we have ever seen, being snow white. It belonged to a large fam ily of the little brown gypsies which are i so numerous in the woods of this country, Asd is like nnto them in all things save its color, and has been living peacefully with them, putting on no airs on account of the distinction made in its favor. We •regret that the pretty creature had to be killed in order to forniah this local.” —Hie Sanford Journal gives the follow ing aocount of “ a cowardly murder” com mitted near that place: "Information of a brutal assassination that took place near Moyer’s Mil! on Tuesday evening, March 23rd, is brought to ns. It seems that a man named Henry Stokes waylaid and shot a woman by the name of Lovie Glis son and a man named Noah Keene, firing a load of buokshot at them while they were walking together. Three shot struck the woman in the faoe, one penetra ting the brain, and she fell. One shot struck Keene in the shoulder, sad fearing a seoond shot, he jumped behind a tree. Stokes approached and said he didn’t want 1 to km him. He then approached the woman hhd inquired if he had kilted her. Mr. Keene answered that he thought she was dead. Stokes then, with Keene’s help, earned her to- OhUder’s house, near at handy where, at last accounts, she was still nochanceof recovery.” I The jWnofdoee not state the motive that L prixnpted tbe killing or what action **a I taken In oonse^nenoe.