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DEPARTMENT. W. H. Lawmckcb, Editor. btti ?iev Farm. 6 Miles Nortli Tallahassee x Cuba tb. Florida. The biggest advertisement that a Florida tobaoco grower oould have in a natural life time would be to erect a building on the Fair ground at Chicago and at one end of the same have some Cubans making np their tobacco into cigars and at the other end have some Floridians mak ing our leaves into cigars and hand ing them out to importers and others. If there is a better way than this to let the world know that we grow tobacco just as good as Cuba does let’s have it ? Tobacco Men’s Chicago Headquar ters. The Tobacco News of that city proposes to secure a suitable head quarters for the grower when he yisits that city during the fair, mak ing it a meeting place for all visi tors a place to get information and become social. They ask if the to baoco men of Florida are in favor of it. At our state convention we will introduce a resolution and ascertain the feeling of our growers on the subject. Rely more on home manures. —r Lots of tobacco plants were killed in Georgia by the late freeze. Cotton growing is a buz saw— don’t monkey with too much of it. If one has a small farm it pays better, then it is so much easier to stop the leaks. Do you see? We believe that many a Florida farmer who is to-day making ready to grow his crop of tobacco, can be a farmer of luxury and ease twenty years hence, if he will. The short and quick cut to one branch of farming, prosperity in Florida, boildtd down in a few words, is: Grow plenty of tobacco leaves for fine cigar w rappers. You will always find progressive agriculture where farmers are who are ready and willing to spend their time and money to further the ob jects of the same. While other farmers are howling about ;hard times you buckle down to work; hard, intellectual work, and your farm will blossom as the rose while the croaker’s farm will blossom as the sand spur. Pay a clean tidy cotton picker more money than you would the filthy, sloven one. This will have a tendency to bring the latter up to the high water mark. Produce the much needed food crops this year, then you will have something to thank your Creator for next winter when a bless *ng is asked around the bountiful able holding them. all of the railroads and steam lie* publish to the south that they til [not load one bale of cotton that ■? mot neatly packed and covered \J/over. Ragged, uncovered ends helps tp cut down prices with all first class buyers. One of the main objects of this de dartment is to put new and better ideas into the heads of the thriftless, never-do-well class of farmers. When it is done, grumbling will be un known and they will no longer be under the necessity of reaping the fruits of their own folly. To those who have received seed from Director DePase. He has this to say to you: I have sent out dur ing the past two months fine tobacco seed to upward of eight hundred applicants, all over Florida, and pro ■ pose to issue a circular letter to these 'advising them after they have made r ; tobacco to ship it to Lake City, I where I will employ experts to as gjport and cure it, ready for cigars; and, I jrftef classification, I will sell the if fains to dealers, if desired. The will be about 5 cents a pound fcgpr proper manipulation, and in Sweating, tobacco will lose about pet oent in weight—-or abont one pounds in every fonr hun §4red- The charge of 5 cents per l|MMuid will be on what remains, not original weight; on the net WM&todfam and not on the gross OHr fMt OoibplUmbM. The DeLand Agriculturist, like ourselves, is a cow pea advocate from the ground up: As to nitrogen, that is the most costly of all fertilising material, and with Florida’s warm climate I would suppose a good trap to catch it would be southern cow peas turned under, which would supply a large quartity; but I would experiment with a variety of clovers, and possi bly a variety would be found to stand the hot dry climate, but no clover will grow in wet soil or one saturated with moisture for any length of time. “Late to bed and early to rise will short en the road to vour home in the skies.” But early to bed and a “Little Early Riser,” the pill that makes life longer and better and wiser. M. Lively. Here is a good pattern set for the colored farmers of Middle Florida by one of their own color. We want more Jones’, that we do: Alex Jones, one of our colores farmers, who ownes a nice little place north of the town, has sold to our Lake City marketmen so far thid season over SIOO worth of pork. Alexander has also plenty of provis ions stored away for family use during the year. Alexander has a good way to settle the race ques tion—by going to work and being in dependent.—Florida Tobacco Plant. M. L.: You do not say where you live, but we take it for granted that you are a subscriber to this journal and will get to see the reply we make to’your interrogatories. Yes. We make it a point to call your attention to all methods relative to tobacco growing from one to two weeks ahead of the time the sugges tions ought to be carried into ef fect. We have only planted the unknown pea this year for the first time; will tell you more about it later on. Often we have been told that a gentleman, a few years ago, spent $1,200 trying to make grass grow near Tallahassee and failed. Don’t let this statement deter you. His failure proves nothing. Guaranteed Cure. We authorize our advertised druggist to sell Dr. King’s New Discovery for Con sumption, Coughs and Colds, upon this condition. If you are afflicted with a Cough, cold or any Lung, Throat or Chest trouble, and will use this remedy as directed, give it a fair trial, and experience no benefit you may return the bottle and have your money refunded. We could not make this offer did we not know ihat Dr. King’s New Discovery could be relied on. It never disappoints. Trial bottles iree at M. Lively’s drug store. Large size 50c. and SI.OO Oats plowed under will make a fine fertilizer for a Vuelta Abajo leaf. Cotton is laid on the shelf, now let the farmers each and every one strive hard to work out the great farm problem: How to make ends meet. To raise tobacco down at the great gulf hammock, they say all they want is a man of brains and some little capital to do the soil and seed we have at hand justice. In all of our articles on tobacco we refer exclusively to the cigar leaf industry. Plug tobacco cuts no figure in the tobacco growing indus try of Middle Florida. The lawyer lives by his wits. Does the farmer? Oh! no, not much, Mary Aod. The farmer must live by the sweat of his braius and frontice piece. Sweat of the jaw won’t work on the farm. The time spent at your precinct primaries is time well spent. Be sure to attend them, and see that none bat first-class men go as dele gates to the coming county conven tions. If every farmer will attend the primaries soon to be held and send up first-rate delegates that they have the utmost confidence in, the crossroads politician will be like Othello; his occupation will be non est. Have you a big bank account ? If so, you are not the farmers we are working to benefit. That class (who are like angel’s visits, few and far between,) require no help, in the broad sense of the term, but it is the plain, matter of fact, every day farmer, that we are urging to plant mixed-crops and get np with the big bank acoount folks. If you go into all kind of crops very little need be pur chased for home consumption daring the summer months. Take a seed cata logue and cpmmence at the first veg ©table, and pee if you cannot raise that, then so on through to turnips. One and all can be independent if they will only try. The earlier yon oan Mt a plant the smaller iu size are the ones that oan be used. If a person has only a small acreage of tobaoco it will pay to shade the young plants when first set out. Cabbage or collard plants are very good for the purpose, w Don’t use a plant that will not bear the shock of transplanting. Let it remain in the bed and grow. When setting a plant endeavor to get all of the roots down into the hole straight. If tangled all up the growth will be retarded. Always set a plant before the roots become dry or the top wilts. You enfeeble the plant by doing otherwise. Place cabbage or collard leaves over vour melon bills before they come up, the cut worms will eat them and your melons are saved. The rosy painted pictures of farm ing prosperity used by the journals up north won’t fit in this section. We want more money and we want it quick. The mortgaged farmer, either white or black, is an abject slave to the mortgage; and so long as it hovers over his roof he never will get all of the bread and meat he works so hard to earn. Imperished soil. Have you any comming under this head? If so re store the fertility you have taken away by making two, yes two crops of cow peas on the aforesaid tired ground this season. Plenty of time. Commence. This is the land of cassava —up in the cold, frigid north it cannot be grown because their winters would I’reeze it out. Certain things for certain places. Florida is the place* to grow it. All commence next mouth. It runs in our mind that the farmers of South Florida are giving too much attention to the oraDge, as we have to cotton, and the first thing they know they will be ditched. The prices we see quoted for the average box of oranges does not pay a whit better than growing six cent cotton. Fill up the seats in the house of representatives with practical farm ers—that’s what talks. Electing a president is only a side show to the main circus. He does not make laws for you, not much, but it is the sen ators and members of congress that do. If the bill passes to elect sen ators by the people, won’t we knock the spots from off a lot of millionaires now warming seats in that body; yon bet we will. Mr. Herchel P. Walker has be come editor of the Alliance page of the Bartow Informant. Yes! and every newspaper in the state ought to have one page each aud every week devoted erclnairely to farming matters. Less politics and more attention paid to the farm ing class in the way of higher educa tion will bring many out of the financial slough they are now wal lowing in. The farmers of Middle Florida can at their county conventions toon select and run for office men of their own cloth, in whom they have im plicit confidence and elect the last mother’s son of them. This is the line of farm politics we will favor from Alpha to Omega. Now the questions arrises, will you do it? If you do not it is simply your own fault and if beaten it is your own fault and you should not grumble; go to the primaries and select farm delegates. Going in debt head over heels is is the greatest evil that ever has or ever will afflict the farming portion of the people of Middle Florida. We know many negroes who are borrow ers and they are greater slaves to the lender than they were to the old masters before the war. They sim ply half way, with their head down, labor for their creditors—they oan not really claim anything. Old Mort gage has caused many of them to walk out of the country and many more will eventually have to do the sapie thing. '• The importance of purifying the blood cannot ba over-estimated, for without mire bldpd you cannot enjoy gdod health. P. P. P. (Prickly Ash, Poke Boot aod Potassium) is a miraculous blood puii fler, performing more cures in six mouth* than all the sarsaparilla* and so-called blood purifiers put together. ■s ii Tiimr nr —" ■ This is the year we must raise the samples we send there and if possible we should save up some fine samples from last year also. As to space we oannotget a separ ate building. Our display will be made in the agricultural building, really where it properly belongs. There ample space will be allotted to each state for all the tobacoo sam ples they send. Every section of the known world will be there with tobacco samples and we do not know of a country or state that could make as attractive display as Florida if she only will. Now the question naturally arrises, will we do it? About the first thing to do at the state tobacco convention next month is to give this matter prompt and undivided attention. Such an opportunity will not again present itself to the average Florida grower during his lifetime and he ought to grasp the golden opportu nity to advertise his crop and his state. This is the great and only method we see in sight for 1893. Our manufacturers, leaf dealers and ware-housemen, each and every one ought to unite with the farmers in this enterprise. Yes, they ought to go still farther and offer a suitable prize for the best samples grown in the state, then select from them those that are to go to the World’s Fair. These samples should be from the crops of ’9l-92. This method will bring out the choicest wrappers, binders and fillers and if these samples are sent there we will know that we will rank right along side of the best wrapper pro ducing states in the country. We intend to do our level best to more thoroughly awaken an interest among our growers iu this all important matter. The offering of a prize or two will provoke a friendly rivalry among ourselves besides advertising j Florida to the world at the fair. As we have said before, we would j like to see a building on the fair ground in which Floridians were making our leaves into cigars, then adjacent thereto Cubans doing the same thing with their crop. We are to be their future rivals, there is no question about that. In the future we will grow and sell a substitute for their Havana goods. During the war the substitutes were generall y better than the original persons. Tobacco growing is a trade, there fore fire low at close rang e. The Southern Cultivator intelli* gently says: Oar poorest, laziest, stupidest negroes can raise cotton and a few nabbins of corn, and maybe a few bundles of oats from a late spring sown patch, but it requires intelli gence and skill to make a bale or two of cotton per acre, to grow fifty bushels of com, and seventy-five bushels of oats, to have fat four gallon cows, to breed mules and horses, to build up and improve the land. But the time has come, in deed it came some years ago, bat was not realized as it now is, when brains, and intelligence, in combination with energy and industry, is the only combination that will unlock the gate of prosperity and genuine pro gress. THE DACOSTA PRINTING HOUSE, J acksonville, : : : : : Florida. NEW OFFICE. JL NEW AND PROVED MACHINERY, NEW TYPE. NEW PBESSES, | 1 FIRST-CLASS : WORKMEN : IN : EVERY : DEPARTMENT. I * .‘ :; j Jj PRINTING AND BINDING OP ALL KINDS DONE ON SHORT NOTICE IN THE VERY BEST OP LATEST STYLES. * i * • i **Reinember DaCosta is Still on f v ' Send me yonr orders— Large contracts specially estimated op, # >J CHAS. W. DaCOSTA,: : Proprietor I r THi thtf land tO6 j tobacoo plants should be. Plants that sro growing in a bed too thick, or rather attempting to grow, have a very feeble vitality and it is almost useless to take them to the field unless you are sure a rain has almost commenced. In the event that some plants are growing too laage and crowding the little ones and there is no rain on hand or the ground is not ready, draw them and heel them in at some point for a few days where it is shady and water them well each day. Their growth will be checked and they will not last very long. Isaac C., Lloyds: We are glad to know that you approve of our views on mixed crops, but you are sadly mistaken in regard to our advising the farmers to “drop all other crops and give all their attention to to bacco.” That would be wrong, radi cally wrong. For nearly three years we have advised them to grow tobacco in a small way, (for wrappers only,) as a partial substitute for cotton, which you and all other thinking farmers must admit is a profitless crop at present and prospec tive prices. In giving this advice we are trying to do the same thing ourself, but we did not expect to make a fortune the first year or for years to come, and we did not ex pect the thousands who have gone into tobacco to become bloated millionaires. Bright people are the quickest to recog nize a good thing and buy it. We sell lots of bright people the Little Ear’y Risers. If you are not brigl t these pills will make you so. M. Lively. BEST ORGANS AND PIANOS FOR EASIEST PAYMENTS. The MASON & HAMLIN CO. now offer to rent any one of their | famous Organs or Pianos for three months, giving the person hiring full opportunity to test it thoroughly in his own home, and return if he does not longer want it. If he continues to hire it until the aggregate of rent paid amounts to the price of the instrument, it becomes his property with out further payment. Illustrated Catalogues, with net prices, free. MASON & HAMLIN ORGAN AND PIANO CO.. BOSTON. NEW YORK. CHICAGO. S #^GINGINN/¥Tl an jp*ppg| FLORID/* LIMITED. MM Vttfihnlrrt from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing | Room Steeping Cars from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. Day have conveniences of toilet, smoking apartment, etc., and am attended by an experienced porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Dally, 11:05 A. M.; Jacksonville. 1:45 P. M.; Calla han, 2:33 P. M.; Waycross, 4:85 P. M.; Jesop &10 P. M. Arrives Macon. 11:32 P. M.; Atlanta, 2:40 A.M.; Chattanooga, 8:00 A. M.; Cincinnati, T:2O P. M., and Chicago, T.-00 A. M. “THE OHIO BPE6IAL”SOUB TRAIN. Pullman aad Mann Baffet Sleeping Cm* from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without change. Leaves Jacksonville Dally, TANARUS: P. M.;Callnhan, 8:10 P. M.; Waycroes, 10:30 P. M.; Jesup, 11:55 P. M.; Arrives at Macon. 5:11 A. M.; Atlanta. 8:25 A. M.; Chattanooga, 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga. 7:00 P. M., arrives in Cincinnati, T:2D A. M., aod Chicago 6:30 P. M. Through Sleeping Cars leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 5:35 A. M.; *“.££ Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. Rates to all Eastern Point* am as low by these lines as by any all rail routes. For berth reserva tions, folders aod all information, apply to any Ticket Agent to Florida, or to F. M. JOLLY, Dial. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St, Aster Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. B. W. Wrenn, C. N. Kight, Geu’l Pass. & Ticket Agt, Asst Gen’l Pass Atf. _ . ATLANTA, GA. - Keep it in mind th*t alsl j ing makes quick tobacco When yon have set 3,0001 M inside of ten hoars, consider tk'' good day’s work in a tobaoco m Immediately before a rain beat time to set a tobacoo P W After a rain i also a good tim^^l If there is no prospect of rain taJj your plants are becoming too \mM in the bedebanl water and setaiM as you can. After a plant has been set tska * hold of the top leaves and pull ward. If it comes out of the gro ai a easily it is sufficient evidence tbfc the soil has not been pressed wift enough firmness around the same. A low branching top plant —I-,' the best tobacco .stalk. The lon*.. slim, sickly looking plants shotS not be set ont if one can avoid it. By transplanting them to another bed they will take on a blooky growth and make good plants for resetting. Be careful that you do not loose too many plants when drawing from the bed. When the small ones are pulled up press them baok into the earth gently. By so doing when the soil is moist one is enabled to gs( good plants from the beds every week. It is a truth in medicine that the small, est dose that performs the cure is the best De Witt’s Little Early Risers are the small est pills, will perform the cure and are the best. M. Lively. BROWN’S IRON BITTERS For 1892 Contains One Hundred Recipes for enafc. Ing delicious Candy cheaply and quickly at home. This book is given away at drug and general stores.