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@p pi emu fPomtu VOL. LXIY. FLORIDA HAPPENINGS. jfgWSANE COMMENT IN BRIEF PARA GRAPHS. STATE PRESS CLIPPINGS tek BUSY nUM OP PROGRESS wafted FBOM ALL QUARTERS OP PAIR FLORIDA —NOTES ABOUT THRIFTY TOWNS. purine the seven years ending IS9I, Fernandina shipped 526,400,- 000 feet of yellow pine. Last Saturday about noon a tire broke out in the lumber of R. A. \lills at his sawmill, near Arcadia, burning over 15,000 feet of lumber. The drought which has prevailed throughout the state for the past month has caused some of the large lumber mills in the interior to shut down for want of water. The Amelia River Packing Com pany at Fernandina has just com pleted a terrapin crawl, 45x50 feet at the factory, and will stock it with terrapins until October, when they will he shipped north. The bluff at Miecosukie lake is drying up very rapidly. A year ago it was over a mile wide, but now it is less than a <juuiier of a mile 'wide, an d where the water at that time was over twenty feet deep you can drive a horse and buggy with perfect safety. Lake City Reporter: The recent cold injured the tig crop very much, but we notice that trees are putting od a very large second crop. Figs are a never failing crop in this sec tion, and we think if they were planted extensively they could be made very protita ble. Dr. C. C. Harris of Ocah and Dr. Joseph M. Perry of Lakeland, mem bers of the Florida State Medical Society, were elected and duly ap pointed delegates at the meeting re recently held at Havana, Cuba, to represent the society in the Ameri can Medical Association to be held in Detroit, Mich., on June 7 next. Quincy Democrat: John L. Mc- Farlin has recently invented a ma chine for setting out tobacco plants, and it is certainly a success; plant ing and watering the plant with greatest ease, doing away with the old-time peg, ets., and saves a man’s back. The machine is very simple, consisting of a longitudinal tube in which the plant is deposited, forcing the end of said tube in the earth, and removing deposits the plant as nicely as by hand. Arthur C. Jackson, in the course of a conversation with H. M. Flagler in New York on Thursday, suggest ed the possibility of $150,000 not being secured for the Florida exhibit at Chicago, whereupon Mr. Flagler stated that, when SIOO,OOO was se T cured from other seurces, lie would contribute SIO,OO0 —that being a ratable proportion of his original subscription—but that he would gladly give the $20,000 when $200,000 was raised; and he thought there ought to be enterprise enough in Florida to secure the larger amount. Key \V est Equator: two boatloads of Key West’s fairest maidens and stateliest dames were entertained Tuesday afternoon on board the Philadelphia by Rear Admiral Gherardi and the officers of the fleet. They were chaperoned by Comman der Winn and his wife who under stood so well how to gather together the most congenial members of so ®*ety. The afternoon hours \frere Rightfully spent aboard Uncle- Sam’s magnificent man-of-war, and informal hop was tendered by the ladies. An elegant luncheon *as served the guests just before their departure, adieux were spoken, ®*ch one expressing the pleasure af *orded by Admiral Gherardi’s gra <sJous hospitality, and with the dip p the oars the afternoon aboard the *hipadelphia became one of mem -or}’’s treasures. *OBE THOUGHT* ABOUT MONEY. hen I see eminent statesmen and Politicians and writers upon finance so much about “an honest dol- I cannot help having thoughts upon Subject, and my thoughts lead to the that the dollar possesses moie than tbe eminent gentlemen that I ®uch solemn warnings against it. '* ur silver dollar is just as honest as it tfir *as. up to 1878 it was worth 100 Why is it worth only 70 cents fco- * have sold Mexican dollars for 112 ?***• Why are they worth but 68 cents ***& Simply because there was dis- honest legislation. It is not the dollar that is dishonest, but the congressional legislation that is dishonest. Now, if those silly fools that are harping in con gress about an “honest dollar” really want one, just remonetize the silver dol lar and give us free coinage and they will at once have an “honest dollar,” even if it contains but 100 grains. Why carry around 412 grains when 100 would an swer the purpose much better. (I do not mean for making spoons or plate, but for money.) Congress, hy dishonest legislation, rob bed and defrauded the people out of one half their circulating medium. Now all we a e k of them is to be honest—be just. And restore to the people that of which they robbed them. Remonetize silver and it will at once take its place hy the side of gold and will retain it. Let our government try the experiment. Remon etize silver and demonetize gold and they would soon see the relative value Brazil tried it and declared Spanish sil ver the only legal tender, and within ten days from the passage of the law *50.000 in gold was refused at the bank as col lateral for SIO,OOO in silver, in ten days it took $5 in gold to purchase *1 in silver. Try the experiment here and the result will be the same. Was the gold worth intrinsically less, or the silver more? But we do not ask that gold he demon etized, but we do ask that silver be ie in netized and placed just where it was in 18 10, or otherwise demonetize all coin and give us fiat paper money, and save the cost of wear and the interest upon the cost of coin. It does look to me very silly and foolish for a people to pay 100 cents for a dollar when they can get one that answers every purpose for one cent. But we are told that if we remonetize silver and grant free coinage the entiie world will deluge us by heaping their silver upon us. Well, this foolish cry “ makes me tired.” The whole world will heap their silver upon us! I wish I could live to see that happy day. I suppose, from some speeches made in congress, that foreign ers are going to give us all of their silver just so soon as we declare it money and permit it coined at oar mints. Well, this will be lovely; how I want to live to see it! Certainly they would want something in return for it, perhaps cotton or bread stuffs. If so we would gladly make the exchange- Perhaps we would then get a better price for cotton and breadstuff's. Perhaps our farmers would prosper and pay off their mortgages. This would be terrible. Shylock would lose his interest. Now, if the democratic party want an honest dollar and an honest people, and if they desire to be honest apd forever endear themselves to the people, let them undo the dirty rascally legislation that demonetized silver. All this.talk about the size of the dollar is silly Put 1,000 grains in the dol’ar and demonetize it and it would be at a discount with gold then, and the process could be continued until the silver dollar was a cart wheel and the result wou'd be the same. But make a dollar of 100 grain.-i and make it lawful money and it will always be at par. Instead of trying to get more weight and cost in our money we should try to get it light and convenient. But, unfor tunately, our government is in the hands and possession of monopoly; in the hands of those who desire that their bonds calling for gold shall suck the life-blood of the people. The corrupt congress that demonetized silver and then made the l onds payable in gold, doubled our national debt, gave the bondholder fully as much again as he was entitled to. Now, be honest and undo this great wrong. If Shylock wants gold, demon etize it until it decreases in value fully one-half, until you can purchase it for a song; then pay him in gold. But do, even then there is not gold enough in the world to pay him. Would an honest government make such a foolish contract and place her people in such a plight? Now, really, the people (the sovereign tm *akiH c POWDER Absolutely Sum. A cream of tartar baking powder. High** of all in leavening strength:-L<itort a. M. Gotor*- ment Food Ssport ROYAL BAKING POWDER 00., 106 Well St. NY TALLAHASSEE, FLA., SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1892. power) never contracted to pay the na tional debt in gold. When the debt was created we had gold, silver and green backs as money, all equal. But a dis honest congress altered the bond, demon etized silver, funded the paper and made the bonds payable in gold. Was this honest? Our agents betrayed us and their acts are not binding and should be repudiated by the people, and will be. Well, Shoddy, how do you like that talk? We will eventually get honest men in power and authority and we will pay your debt in an honest way. We never contracted to pay it in gold and never will. We will simply hand you back the greenbacks that you gave us for the bonds. It is a one sided game that two cannot play at. You corrupted and pur chased our agent, but we repudiate his aets. et we will be honest; we will re turn you all that we received, nothing more. We hope soon to Let enough honest men in congress to protect us iu our homes and liberty. Yes, tremble in your boots, you dirty rascals. “It shall be measured io you again.” We will treat you wi'h all the respect we would any other thief. But you object to being called a thief and put in the plea of honesty. Well, let ns see how honest you are. Suppose a farmer owed a note wl ich could ho paid and di-charged by the de livery of 1,000 bushels of grain; nothing said about what kind of grain, as at the date of the note all grain was the same price. But before the maturity of the note wheat is sl. oats 25 c* nis, corn 25 cents, rye 50 ecu’s, barley 50 cents. Well, the holder of the note corrupts the farmers’agent and gets the note altered to read “1.000 bushels wheat.” instead of “1,000 bushels of grain”—would this be honest? Demonetizing the paying qualities of the oats and rye, barley and corn. Well, as this note and all other farmers’ notes were now payable in wheat instead of grain, it at once created a great demand for wheat, in consequence of which wheat advanced in price to $2 per bushel and the farmer could not pay. He had rye, oats and corn, but could not pay his debt, for the holder of note had made a corner on wheat and ruined him. Would you call this transaction honest and would you regard the holder of the note as anythiDg but dishonest, in fact, a thief? Now, Mr. Bondholder, you are exactly that kind of a thief, you have virtually done that very thing. When we contracted the national debt it was payable in so many dollars, and we had gold, silver and greenback dol lars, all equal as dollars, and we could pay in either. But you went to our agent, bribed and corrupted him and got our bonds altered and made payable in gold (wheat). You then made a corner on the gold by demonetizing silver and funding the greenbacks and destroyed our ability to pay, further increasing the demand for your gold by making all pub lic dues payable in that coin, thus in creating its vlue fully 100 per cent. Now, instead of calling you honest, I call you a dirty thief, and I don’t think I make any miscalls. If yon want your bonds paid restore our paying capacity and ability; restore our silver and green backs and we will pay you every cent and be thankful that your thieving hands are out of our pockets. But no, you dirty rascals, you don’t want the bonds paid; you hope to retain them as perpetual leeches, sucking the life blood of the people, until poverty shall destroy our ability to pay, and then, with the aid of an ignorant and poverty stricken people, you hope to subvert the government and destroy the liberties of a once free and happy people. But permit me to give you warning, “the writing is on the wall.” “We, the people,” will have jus tice or repudiate the whole thing. And do not tell us that thereby we should “destroy the credit of our government,” for we propose to make our government a loaner of money and not a borrower. Should I read some more silly speeches made in congress by the hired agents of Wall street, or hypocritical solemn warn ings from aspiring statesmen, I may have some more thoughts. W. B. Radford. Lecasia, Leon co., Fla., April 25. •(JPREME OOVBT OP FLORIDA. Head note* to Decisions January Term* 1892. Solomon Cohen, Appellant, vs. E. M. L’Eogle and W. A. Dell, partners under firm name of State Bank of Florida, Appellees.—Duval county. Tatlor, J.: APPLICATION OF PAYMENTS— PLEADING*— EVIDENCE. 1. A bank bolds an aggregate indebted ness ot $7,014 against D. as principal debtor made up of divert notes, upon some of which other parties were joint makers with tbe principal debtor, and upon others of which still other different third persons were accommodation endorser* and sure ties. D., the principal debtor, makes an assignment to Y. for the benefit of his cred itors generally, in which the bank’s entire claim is preferred. The assignee, Y., makes dividend payments to the bank upon its aggregated claim, without any directions as to whether such payments should be applied by the bank to any particular item or part oi its claim, or not: Ee\d, that in such case, whether the assignee gave any directions or not as to the application to be made by the bank of the payments made by him, the law applies the payments made by the assignee pro rata among and be tween all ot the different unpaid obliga tions or evidences of indebtedness held by the creditor against such principal assign ing debtor, without regard to any seniority as between such evidences of indebtedness in date or maturity; Held further, that the creditor, in such case, bad no right, with or without directions from the assignee as to the application of his payments, to apply them otherwise than prorata as credits upon the different unpaid evidences of in debtedness held by such creditor against the assigning principal debtor; Held further , that the payments made by the assignee, in such case, should be applied pro rata among all of the different unpaid evidences ot indebtedness held by the creditor against the assigning principal debtor, notwithstanding the fact that tor some ot his evidences of indebtedness the creditor may hold other distinct and inde pendent collateral securities pledged to him by the debtor prior to his assignment as security lor such distinct items of his claim. The payments made by the assignee should be applied pro rata to those items of the creditor’s claim for which he bolds indepentent collateral securities, as well as to ail the other diffeient evidences of his claim. 2. The general rule is, that a creditor, who holds several obhgaions or claims gaiL9t bis debtor, has the right to apply a pay meat made to him by the debtor to either of the obligations be holds, unless the debtor at the lime ot making the pay ment diiects its application, which right the deluor has in every case. But this rule is confined to cases ot roluntai'y payments by the debtor himself, and does not apply to payments mace in invitum, or to pay ments made by an assignee or trustee, acting under a deed of assignment by the debtor for the benefit of his creditors gen erally. In the latter casts the law makes the application of the payments pro rata to all the separate obligations of the debtor in the proportion that the aggregated claims of the creditor bears to the amount of the payment made; and this, too, whether the creditor tor some parts of his claim holds other independent collateral securities or not. 3. Where a debtor owes his creditor several different obligations, and for some of them pledges other independent collat eral securities, aDd then fails in business and assigns all his effects in trust for the benefit of bis creditors generally, the cred itor has the right to apply collections made by him out of such • collateral secu rities to those specific portions of his claim for the security of which such collaterals were pledged, to the exclusion of other obligations of the debtor held by him that did not enter into the pledge of such col laterals. 4. Where an accommodation endorser is sued upon his endorsement, and pleads payment, under such plea be has the right to get the benefit 01, and to establish by proofs, any credits that tbe claim sued upon is legally entitled to, that may have been paid thereon by tbe principal debtor, or by an assignee acting under a deed of assignment made by the principal debtor tor the benefit of his creditors generally ; and, under such plea, has tbe right to have payments made by such assignee to the euing creditor equitably pro rated among all of the different obligations held by such creditor against such principal debtor, as well to those upon which he is endorser as to all ihe others held by the creditor. Judgment reversed. C. P. &J. C. Ccoper, for Appellant; A W. Cockrell & Son, tor Appellee s. Frank Reeves, IT lintiff in Error, vs. The Stateof F.’oric a, Dt.'e idant in Error— Wakulla county. Mabry, J.: 1. A demurrer to a replication to a plea in abatement will retch the plea if detec tive. 2. The greatest accuracy and precision are required in pleas in abatement merely setting up irregularities in tbe selection or drawing of jurors, and such pleas must be free from uncertainty or ambiguity. 3. The statute (Section 1, Chapter 3125, laws of 1879) providing a time for tbe Boards of County Commissioners to select from the list ot registered voters in their respective counties a iury list of persons properly qualified to serve as jurors is directory; and should said Commissioners tail to make tbe selection at tbe January meeting mentioned in tbe statute, it would be competent for them to do so at a subse quent meeting. 4. Tbe provision of the statute, supra , that tbe Boards of County Commissioners shall select from tbe registered voters of their respective counties a list of three hundred persons properly qualified to serve as jurors, who shall be such persons only as said Commissioners kuow, or have good reason to believe, ate of approved integrity, fair character, sound judgment and intelligence, provided that in any counties ot this State said Commissioners shall not be able to select the number re quired, they shall be authorized to select a less number, but said number to be tbe highest possible, invests such Boards with authority to pass upon the integrity, char acter, judgment and intelligence of the persons to be selected as jurors, and in the absence of an illegal purpose, fraud or cor ruption in the selection of a less number than three hundred, the discretionary power ol the Commissioners in such mat ters will not be disturbed. 5. An objection that tbe offense charged in the indictment is vague, indefinite and; insufficient to protect the accused against a subsequent prosecution,shall be msde in the shape of an attack on the indictment, and not by a motion for a new trial oh tbe ground that the verdict is contrary to law. 6. An accused is entitled to the pretnmp- tion of Innocence until this presumption is overoome by testimony beyond a reason, able doubt, and also to the benefit of a reasonable doubt in his favor arising from the evidence, and to have the oourt to so charge the inry. It is error to refuse a re quest in behalf of an accused to so charge when the court has not already tally cov ered in its charge what is requested. Judgment reversed. Nat R. Walker and Btephen C. Miller, for Plaintiff in Error; Wiiiiam B. Lamar, Attorney-General, for the State. Salomon Cohen, Appellant, vaE.M.L’En gle and W. A. Dell, partners as State Bank of Florida, Appellees.—Duval county. (In Equity.) Taylor, J.: INJUNCTION TO RESTRAIN SUIT AT LAW. Where a defendant in a suit at law ap plies by bill in equity for relief against matters involved in such suit at law, and for an injunction to restrain the plaintiff from proceeding with such suit at law; and it appears that under his pleadings in the common law action he can therein obtain the same relief to which the alle gations of his bill would entitle him, an injunction to restrain such suit at law is properly refused. Decree affirmed. C. P. & J. C. Cooper, for Appellant; A. W. Cockrell & Son, for Appellees. A Suggestion About Dinners. The next time you give a dinner give a good one. Do not feel that because you can afford it your dinner must con sist of complex, mysterious, rich, indi gestible dishes. No one wants them. All men hate them. When a man goes to a restaurant he never orders such a medley for himself. He never wishes them on his own table. Few women care for them, and not one person in fifty can digest them with comfort. Al though such dinners are very common in New York, they are not given be cause we desire or respect them, but be cause we are a rich and vulgar people without the ability to realize our vul garity. There are many people in this city, and happily the class is growing, who have the good taste and courage to offer a simpler dinner to their gnests. Such dinners can be as long and as dainty as the most fastidious may desire, and they are infinitely more satisfying. Try t<> bear in mind that a dinner consisting of complex and mysterious dishes is only a development of American vulgarity. When a woman gives such a dinner yon are correct in supposing that either her own taste is vitiated and false or that she does it because she thinks it “the proper Hung.” In either case it Indi cates the presence of more money than intelligence.—Life. Tbey Agreed Then and After. A Baptist minister took charge of a parish near Boston where he knew that one man was decidedly opposed to hi! pastorate. Soon after his arrival the Rev. Mr. X. called upon Mr. A. “Brother,** said he, “I hear that yon think I am the wrong man to be the pastor of this church.” “Well, to be frank,” replied Mr. A, “I do think that another would have filled the place better.” “Now that is just what I think,” said the pastor. “But as long as we hold this opinion in opposition to the majority of the parishioners, let’s try to be unselfish and make the beet of it” After that call Mr. X. never had a firmer friend nor more faithful cham pion than Mr. A.—Boston Herald. ONE ENJOYS Both the method and results when Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant and refreshing to the taste, and acts gently yet promptly on the Kidneys, Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys tem effectually, dispels colds, head aches and fevers and cures habitual constipation. Syrup of Figs is the only remedy of its kind ever pro duced, pleasing to the taste and ac ceptable to the stomach, prompt in its action and truly beneficial in its effects, prepared only from the most healthy and agreeable substances, its many excellent qualities commend it to all and have made it ihe most popular remedy known, . 4 Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50© and $1 battles Dy all leading drug gists. Any reliable druggist who may not have it on handwill pro*' cure it promptly for any one who wishes to try it. Do not accept any substitute. CALIFORNIA FIO STROP CO. BAH FHAHQIBOO, CALt loumiue. ter. , . hw you. ... WHOLE NO. 3307 DIRECTORY OF FLORIDA LAWYER gOBBMI A GRAHAM, * ATTORNEYS AND COUNBELLOKB-AT LAW, Tnwnui, Fla. [Fostofflca box No. 960.] HE"Prctice in all the Court*. Q.EORGE W. WALKER, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Tallahabsxs, Fla. HF*Office up stsirs, over Postofflca. gOWELL iTITVS, ATTORNEY AM) COUNSELLOR-AT-LAW, And Notary Public for State at Large. Titubvilli, Fla. gTA.KFORDANacRKWni.nf ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Arcadia, Fla. J W. BRADY, ATTORNEY-AT LAW, Bartow, Fla. tW Practices j n all the Courts. B. BRIGGS, ATTORNEY, COUNSELLOR AND SOLICITOR, No 6 Gould Building, Mam, Ave. A Tampa, Fla. Lakeland/Vta^ Practices in all the Courts. JEFFERNOK B. BROWNIE, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Key West, Fla. HF*Practices in all the Courts. JA3IEB T. BAKDERB, ATTORNEY AND COUNBELLOR-AY*. LAW, Titusville, Fla. pBED T. MITERS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR-AT-LAW Tallahassib, Fla. 4c MILLER, ATTOHNEYB-AT-LAW,' _ Tallahabszr . Florida, Practice in all courts. "" ' ■■■ George grrekhow, ■ - . ’ ; ' * REAL EBTATR~AND INSURANCE, Tallahabsxs, Fla. STDesirable City, Suburban and Vxn Properties. *** X) A. SHINE. AGENT FOR THRU OF THE BEET FIRS INSURANCE COMPANI CONTINENTAL, WESTERN, AXD German American. March Mi £)R. . WILSOiI, DENTIST. SyOfflce up stairs in Saxon's new brts building. Aug. 27, *BHf^ E. PHI LB KICK, n. D h PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. pyOfflce in Masonic Lodge building. jgRAS IXS W. CLARK, WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER, OPPOSITE ST. JAMBS HOTEL. I do work that others can’t do. I doa charge for what I don't do. Eg" All work done promptly and WP. ranted. May 21, >tf t GILMORE Sc DAYIB, |V Hmtldere sued Contractors, & Only First-Class Wore done. Lumber always on hand. Address ent, F. C. Oilmo&k, Tallahassee, Via. ft G. I. Davis, Quincy, Fla, For Flue Clean and Graverly’s tobacco, call at the drug store of M. Lively’s. Notice of Incorporation. TTTE, THE UNDERSIGNED, HEREBY GIVE YY notice that under the general incorporstl— laws now in force in the State of Florida, we have associated ourselves together as a body corporate, ander the name of the Tropical Development and Navigation Company of Florida, for the porpaaa of constructing and operating a canal among fits lakes north or the South Florida Railroad, and such other business as appears in onruttemd incorporation. We have purchased all righto and privileges and interests of the Polk County Canal and Nangathte Company of Florida, in and under theSr charter, lying ana being north of the South Florida Bate* road, and have succeeded them therein. We have been granted by the State of Florida full, perpetual ana corporate rights and exttessvw privileges for the above purposes, and to OSMtnat ' and operate canals along such route of rallaa ha length as shall be most feasible for the purpoae.O* gassenger and freight traffic, all in Fo&’aadip^ The capital stock of said corporation shall be $60,000, divided into 6,000 shares of $lO *e*V The officers and directors of said corporation far the first term shall be C. L Page, President sad Superintendent: H. D. Johnston,. VioaPrestd—tj H. Hammond, Secretary and Treasurer, who stem also be the first board of directors. Th u iii Tlirjmrit place of bualnees shall be ft Aubsrndue, na, unless otherwise ordered. C:X Paen, - JL\ D. JoHwrrc%t ' _ „ H. Hajoioan. Jan. 3041683—6 mo. LADIES Needing atonic, or children who want MB*'- , MnSfAEFttfeeMi