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VOL. LXIV. FLORIDA HAPPENINGS. yrt ISA.VD COMMENT IX BRIEF PARA GRAPHS. STATE press clippings XHEBCSY HUM OF PROGRESS WAFTED fBOM ALL QUARTERS OF FAIR FLORIDA -notes about thrifty towns. There are a number of forty acre tracts of wi’d land in Hernando county that cannot be bought for (10 000 per tract. Two hundred and fifty dollars looks like a big price per acre but it’s no inducement to the owners to sell. There is some talk of organizing a stock company in Gainesville tor the purpose of manufacturing cigars. The move is a good one, and the en terprise if engaged in will prove successful. More factories is on of Gainesville’s greatest needs. The Key West Advertiser pub lishes a list of the tishes which inhabit the Florida waters, prepared by Fish Commissioner J. A. Weatherford. The list comprises 107 different van ties. Specimens will be sent to the Chicatro World’s Fair. Robert Murrell, the orange buyer, savs the Ocala Banner, has disposed of* his purchase in the Manatee country at an advance of $2,000 without touching an orange, with an ofier of $l5O per month to super intend the packing and shipping ot the crop. October 12 is going to be a grand day in Pensacola. The tobacco ex hibition of itself will be worth going hundreds of miles to see, and then the firemen’s contest for the SIOO premium offered by the city com missioners will be a wonderfully at tractive feature. Fernandina’s board of health issued it’s edict against the steerage passengers. It has also passed an order quarantining all vessels from New York, and they are required to stop at the lower quarantine station and there await the inspection of the health officer. “Watren’s cave, in the northwest ern part of Alachua county, has Lever been fully explored, but suffi cient investigation has been made to leave no doubt ot the fact that it is one of Florida's most extensive caves. It hag been explored to the depth of seventy odd fe< t below the surface of the earth and for a distance of several hundred yards in different directions. A stream of water as dear as crystal continually flows through this cave. Gainesville Leader. Gen. J. E. Yonge has sent to Gov ernor Fleming bis resignation as connty solicitor. The friends of John B. Jones Esq., are working earnestly ior his endorsement. Hunt Chipley Esq., who has beeu repre senting Gen. Yonge, is absent* at Uriando, but his friends in reply to inquiries, said that do 'petition had wen formulated in his interest. The * ews man met several members of bar, however, who had suggested Jar- Chiplev’s appointment to the governor. Mr. Jones also has many endorsers ameng the legal profes *ton.—l’ensacola News. The phosphate interests of Alachua CoUlll y art * rapidly growing into mouKter proportions. We have no means of ascertaining definitely the BQm inv ested, but the amount is im mense, All the various interests of ■ * c Ounty are benefited directly or JMirectly as a result of the develop ff nt ot this great industry. We tartl most of the phosphate south of Ocala are shut •g 'lown en account of the quarau- ? e * * l * s said that most of the P ° 6 pliate mined in that region is Qtraeted to be delivered at liam urg and Stettin, Germany, and the quarantine- has made it out of the Motion to reach those ports during * P rev aleuce ot the cholera. y ears ago a peddler came alatk,a selling what he called lDese wat*-r lilies. These plants * J * Bfcen K r °wing in tubs of c j t er a! most every yard in the f, * I • ~y some means they got a firm • i j ln l^. e r i ver where they have the- r , ie< Ul, til great floating beds ot the 01 - na * V * ,e Been * u m any places on do* r ' V>r ol Bevera i miles up and Wr ial stream. A beautiful r f a,( * en these aquatic curi pLe*! Judged itself against the i ia Southern warehouse, a day that ° giving the employes of ICfehc e ® la blishment a magnificent lilies tv? the m y riad ® °f fragrant blue •sror now in season.— Some Orange growers in the state, says the Oviedo Chronicle, are kick l"g because the Florida Fruit Ex change has advertised the growers to hold for $1.50 per box on the trees, ell, no one is going to compel t 0 fake that price— they can se for less it they are convinced it is too much; but the intelligent grower will consider all the circum stances that effect the price of oranges, and will no doubt come to the con clu-ion that the exchange is not very far out of the way. Of course a man who has poor fruit and undesirable sizes must expect to sell for less than good fruit brings. The trouble with many growers is that they expect to get a “Fancy 176” for a “Common 96.” WORLD’S FAIR NOTES. Seats for 125,000 people are to be provided in the great manufacturers building at the World’s Fair for the dedication exercises on October 21. The British building at the World’s F air will have among its decorations flags bearing the arms of the princi pal cities of the United Kingdom. The main railway station, within the World’s Fair grounds, where all excursion trains will discharge their passengers, will be a handsome struc ture costing $225,000 and will ac commodate 25,000 persons at one time. The proposed building for a col lective exhibit by merchant tailors at the World’s Fair, will probably be near $ / jhciics building. As plan ned, it will be 55 feet square with a portico extending to the lagoon. The tailors of Chicago have raised $lO,- 000 and $15,000 is expected from members of the trade outside. Dauphin county, Pa., will send for exhibition in the Woman’s building at the World’s Fair an elaborately carved table of extraordinary histori cal iuterest. It will be composed of woods taken from the yoke of the famous “Liberty Bell,” from the house in which the first American flag was made, from Washington’s headquarters at Valley Forge, from the old ship Constitution, and lrom a pillar in Independence Hall. The upper surface will be inlaid with Indian arrow heads, relics of the Six Nations, with whom what is now Dauphin county was once a favorite hunting ground. Building material dealers will make an exhibit at the World’s Fair. They will also hold and international con gress for the discussion of matters of interest to the building trade. The w omen of La Salle county, 111., are raising money lor the purpose ot paying the expenses of some 600 or 700 women and girls during a visit to the World’s Fair. Late advices from Sydney, New South Wales, sustain the view that, notwithstanding the commercial and financial depression existent in some parts of Australia, the Australian exhibit at the World’s Fair will be a great and representative display. From Sydney will be sent a remark able astronomical clock. This clock is forty-five feet high and twenty five feet square at the base. Within it is exhibited the motion of the sun, Mercury, Venus, and the earth re volving on its axis around the sun and the moon around the earth. The fm POWDER Absolutely Pure a cream ot tartar baking powder. Higbeeto* all In leavening etrenatk: —LaUst U. M. Ocum mmt Food Rtport , _ BOTAL BAKING fOWDXBOO., M W l * TALLAHASSEE, FLA., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1892. sun is to be represented by an elec tric light which will illuminate the surrounding planetary bodies. The international chess tournament to be held at Chicago in connection with the World’s Fair will distribute $7,000 in prizes. The owners of the mammoth cave Kentucky propopose to reproduce the “starry chamber” in the mining building at the world’s fair. Arkansas will exhibit at the world’s fair a relief map oi the state showing all elevations, depressions, lakes, swamps, coal and stone areas, arable lands, wheat, corn and cotton regions, timber and prairie lands, etc. Sweden’s building at the world’s fair has been designed on the lines of the old Norse Stave churches, but with more solidity. The building is being constructed in Sweden and will be sent to Chicago in sections. Persons in Bombay, India, are per suaded that there will be considera ble profit in making a varied display at the World’s*Fair. They propose to send over twelve elephants, so that visitors can take rides “in how dah with mahout”; to give exhibi tions of suttee, cremation, jugglery, nautch, wrestling, etc., and to sell tea at ten cents a cup. They expect to sella million cups. At an expense equal to about SSOO, an industrial school at Guntoor, India, will make a notable exhibit at the World’s Fair. The exhibits will be entirely of articles made by Mo hammedan women, and it is stated that none of their work has ever been exhibited at nn international or national fair. A small drawing room In the Woman’s building will be furnished with articles made by the pupils of the school. Among the articles to be sent are a very hand some velvet portiere embroidered with gold, velvet embroidered with gold for upholstery, a table cover. of white Berge embroidered with gold and silks, a piano cover, curtains of Indian material embroidered with silks, fancy wall decorations, hand some picture frames with gold em broidery, table covers, rugs, tea cozies, cushion covers, centre pieces lor tables, trimming for evening dres ses, altar clothe, etc. Some of the articles, it is announced, will be for sale. mown mow bitters almanac For ISM c (Dtalm Om HojMlred Recipe* for mak -1 a delicious Cadr cheaply and quickly f t home. This book 1* *iven away at dru* A&d general storea. Corrected and Republished in the Monthly Bulle tin for September. Tbe Value and Composition ol Pal- metto Boots. The writer has just returned from an extended trip north where he has been in attendance upon the meet ings of various scientific bodies, and on his return finds staring him in the face in cold type some of the most astonishing statements and computations it was ever his mis fortune to make. Worst of all too he cannot lay it to the printer. He saw the proof of the article in ques tion just as he was packing his grip sack; and in the midst of the hundred little hurries and worries that are pretty sure to come trooping in on such occasions, lie failed to observe that not a few errors were uncorrected and that that sometimes pestilent little mischief-maker, the decimal point had got itself so tangled up among the figures, as to magnify a good many numbers by ten. The article is therefore republished, entire in its corrected form. As there has been a good deal of discussion in the agricultural and other journals in regard to the com position and value of the ash ot the palmetto, the State Chemist decided sometime since to make a little in vestigation, of the matter, rather, however, for his own personal satis faction than with any intention of publishing the facts thus obtained. The limited time at his disposal has prevented the completion ol some investigations begun several months since, and what he has now to offer must be taken as partial and provis ional rather than completed work. The most obvious fact in regard to the palmetto root would seem to be that no two analytical chemists agree as to its composition. It is not impossible, perhaps not improb able, that like some other plants the palmetto may vary in composition according to the soil upon which it is grown. Then, too, the name “pal metto” is popularly applied to several related but by no means identical species, and the analyses may not always have been made of the same plant, and this also may have added to the confusion on the subject. The writer does not profess to be able to explain all these discrepancies in published analyses. He simply begs to submit what he himself found in a single analytical determination of a mature root of the ordinary saw pal metto (sabal serulata) and which was obtained about two miles souths of Tallahassee, and was grown in a rather low spot in the ordinary reddish clay soil of this part of the state. First, The green root freshly gath ered was examined the same day it was obtained, and found to contain 65.50 per cent, of water, and 35.70 per cent, of dry fibre. The propor tion of ash to the green root was found to be .92 of one per cent., or 18,4 pounds to the ton. In prepar ing this ash great care was taken to remove all adhering silica, which under ordinary conditions of burning makes up a large part of the so-called “palmetto ash.” This ash gave 24.40 per cent, of potash (K-O) and per cent, of phosphoric acid (U-O 5 ). The remaining portion of the ash consists of silica, lime, soda, magne sia, oxide of iron, oxide of manganese, soda, etc. The exact amounts of these elements found may be given when the writer has time to complete his investigations. In other words, a ton (2000 pounds) of perfectly clean and freshly dug palmetto roots contains, eighteen and four-tenths pounds of ash. But as only thirty five and seventy-hundredths of this is dry fibre, and the remainder water it follows that one ton (2,000 pounds) of the dried material will give fifty one . and fifty-four hundredths pounds of pure ash, containing twelve and sixty-seven hundredths pounds (12.67) of potash and four and seventy-one hundredths pounds (4.71) of phosphoric acid. Estimating the former at five and a half cents (si) and the latter at five cents will give a value of a little over ninety-two cents (.92) for these eliments in one ton of clean and perfectly dry roots. Other in gredients present,lime, magnesia, etc. somewhat increase this so that the real manurial value of the ash from a ton ol dry palmetto roots may be safely estimated at about one dollar. This, however, is very far from representing the ash as ordinarily ob tained. If the palmetto root is ex amined it will be found to be covered with the sheathing remains of the decayed leaf stalks “petioles.” Underneath these and concealed from ordinary observation will always be found more or less sand and earthy material accumulated in the process of growth. No amount of ordinary washing or shaking will remove this. Nor will its presence be suspected unless this clasping fibrous petiole is removed. A rough estimate which I made indicated that at least one pound of sand is concealed on each ten pounds of root. Assuming even half of this as the average, to obtain a ton of real roots we must gather 2,100 pounds of apparently clean roots. If we burn this material we shall get not only the 18.4 pounds of real ash, but also mixed with it the 100 or more pounds of sand, which of course does not burn. Nearly 120 pounds of what seems to be ash will be obtained, with a corresponding diminution of the amount of phospho ric acid an 1 potash present. In point of fact judging from the samples of palmetto ash which I have received for analysis—the ordinary process of open field burning gives even a larger percentage of sand than this. I never yet have seen a sample of palmetto ash from an ordi nary producer that gave over six per cent, of actual potash, showing that in some way, ash produced in open fires on the silicious soil ol Florida is likely to he at lea>t five-sixths sand. One question which seems to have puzzled a good many people it may not be amiss to refer to. The writer by a goodly number of soil analyse has demonstrated that some soils in Florida are very deficient in potash an<l from geological and other con siderations has pointed out the proba bility that all or nearly all are so. The question has naturally been asked how it can be that a plant that consumes so much potash as the palmetto can flourish on a soil so re markably deficient in this essential element of plant food. A little at tentive consideration of the matter will explain this apparent inconsist ency. A ton of clean and dry pal- metto roots contains as above indi cated over twelve and a halt pounds of actual potash. It is doubtful if the amount ol roots growing on an acre of our poorest pine land soils ever exceeds ten tons, which of course would require 126,7 pounds of potash; Now the very poorest Florida soil I have analyzed contains eighty pounds of potash in a million, or assuming Johnson’s estimate to be correct that one acre of soil to one foot in depth weighs four million pounds (too low an estimate for Floiida) this would give 320 pounds in one foot of soil. The roots of the palmetto extend often to the depth of eight or ten feet. Assuming them to reach only five feet, this poorest Florida soil would give 1,600 pounds of potash or between thirteen and fourteen times the amount needed, within the possible reach of this potash loving plant. On low, moist ground, where the palmetto prows so abundantly, the potash is present in much larger proportions. So that the apparent inconsistency at once disappears when the matter is subjected to the test of examination. In the very hurried examination which I was able to make, some c, her facts were brought out which may be of interest to the public. The question of the existence of tannic acid in the fresh root has been the subject of considerable discussion. Some chemists are reported to have declared that the palmetto root con tains no tannic acid, while others are said to have found it in abundance. A part of this discrepancy may arise trom the fact that some may have made their examination of the green and others of the dry root. It is quite likely, however, that the ques tion is one rather of the definitions of terms, than of actual composition. If the meaning of the word “tannic acid’’ is,restricted to that which is sold as such in the drug stores of that which is found in the bark of o; k or hemlock or sumac, or any or the substances ordinarily used for tanning leather, it may be truthfully said that the palmetto contains no tannic acid. If, how’ever, the word is used with that larger meaning which includes the astringent princi ciple of catechu, cinchona bark and a large number of kindred vegetable substances, and which resemble each other in their power of forming a precipitate with per-salts of iron and rendering gelatine iusoluble in water, then the palmetto contains “tannic acid” in great abundance. The fresh juice of the root throws down a green precipitate with per salt of iron rapidly turning brown, instead ot a violet black which is characteristic of the ordinary tannins. A number of other reactions were observed which show the difference between palmetto tannin and the ordinary article. It does, however, precipitate gelatine An eleqant assortment of Nainso* k and wiss etnbrodenes. at Miss Steplnnson’s. China silks for dress and millinery pur poses, a select assortment, at Miss E. J. Stephenson's. ENJOYS Both the method and results when Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant and refreshing to the taste, and acts gently yet promptly on the Kidneys, Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys tem effectually, dispels colds, head aches and fevers and cures habitual constipation. Syrup of Figs is the only remedy of its kind ever pro duced, pleasing to the taste and ac ceptable to the stomach, prompt in its action and truly beneficial m its effects, prepared only from the most healthy and agreeable substances, its many excellent qualities commend it to all and have made it the most popular remedy known. Syrup of Figs is for sale In 60c and $1 beetles by all leading drug gists. Any reliable druggist who may not have it on handwQl pro cure it promptly for any one who wishes to try it. Do not accept any substitute. CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP COL •AM FMAMCIBOO, CAL lomvtui. Kt. mcw rout, as WHOLE NO. 333 DIRECTORY OF FLORIDA LAWYER J|OHl*l\* a GKAHAn, ATTORNEYS AND COUNBELLOBB-A7 LAW, Titusville, Fla. [Postofflee box No. 250. J Practice In all the Courts. Q.EORGE W. WALKER, ATTORNEY-AT-x AW; Tallahassee, Fla. HF~Offlce up stairs, over Postofflee. w ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Arcadia, Fla. J W. BRADY, ATTORNEY-AT LAW, Bab tow, Fla. Practices in all the Courts. jg B. BRIGGS, ATTORNEY, COUNSELLOR AND SOLICITOR, No 6 Gould Building, Mw Ave. A LeaMMIS Tampa, Fla. Lakeland/FIT |y Practices In all the Court*. JAMES T. SA.YDERS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR-AY LAW, Titusville, Fla. """ 11 ■ ■ i—. i——— JgRED T. MYERS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR-AT-IAW Tallahassee, Fla.£ IyjXGRIFF Sc MILLER, ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW,* Tallahassee ; Florida,’ (Practice in all courts. Q.EORGE GREEN HOW, REAL kEBTATE AND INBURANC* Tallahassee, Fla. £y Desirable City, Suburban a&drYkni Properties. S-ly J> A, SHLYE, AGENT rOB TEHEE OF THE BEST' FIRE INSURANCE COMPAK] Continental, Western, and Gebman American. March S-tf D h. G. S. WILSO.Y, DENTIBT. up 6tairs in Saxon’s new brio building. Aug. 27, pKASII S W. CLARK, WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER, * OPPOSITE ST. JAMES HOTEL. I do work that others can’t do. I dOBI charge for what I don’t do. I# All work done promptly and war* ranted. May 21, ’Bs4f GILMORE A DAVIS, Baildera mad Coatractars, Only First-Class Wor* done. Lumber always on band. Address ent, F. C. Gilmore, Tallahassee, Fla. t G I Davis, Quincy, Fla. H. FREELAND’S ’ BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOMS. Opposite Rawls’ Drug Store. For Flbo Clears and Graveily’s tobacco, call at the drug siore of M. Lively’s. RULES OF PRACTICE OF THE Supreme & Circuit Courts Neatly Printed in Book Form. JOHN G-. COLLINS. (Tallahasseean Office,) T J 1 ( Eli A Sheriff’s Sale. Ida V. Bryant, claimant, Julius Ball and L. C. Yae ger, sureties of claimant'a bond. ▼B. . John F. Warner & Cos. TENDER AND BY VIRTUE OF AN L execution issued from the court of the county judge ol Leon couDty, Florida, in the above eniitUd cauje, bearing dated' September 2, 1892, for one hundred soil ninety-tour dollars and eighty-three cent 9 and costs of sale, I have this day levied upon and - ill expose tor sale to satisfy said exe cution, on ihe first Monday in October, beiog legal sales day, in front of the court house in Tallahassee, dur ng legal boars of sale, the following real estate, as p ropertv of Julius Ball, claimant’s bondsman, situ ated and being in Leon county, State of Florida: Southwest uarter of northeast quarter aDd south half of southwest quar ter ot southwest quarter, section ship 1 tontb, range 1 west, containing 00 acres. The 2d. day of September, A. D. 1892. John A. Peabce, Sheriff of Leon ootustj.