i JI g=iS
- HOW AMD
The President wa9 55 years old Saturday. He has
th* respect and admiration of the mass of his fellow
citizens. who wish him continued health and service
In his high office.
If Mr. Hoover, -like others, looks backward on birth
days. he may be justly proud today of his record.
From his boyhood, begining in poverty on an lowa
farm, working through college in California, master
ing the proiession of engineering in far places of
the earth, controlling food and supplies during the
war. later administering relief of tens of millions in
Europe, then eight years building up the commerce
department and stimulating foreign trade, and finally
a successful struggle against Republican bosses for
nomination resulting in election as President —it is
the record of a man who knew what he wanted and
When he took office four months ago, he was
bettar equipped by training and experience than any
of his recent predecessors. Therefore, much was ex
pected of him by the nation and by the world.
He has not shown himself to be the super-man
some expected. But he has demonstrated that he is
e strong man, capable of hard work, incisive thought
and vigorous action.
As President he has reformed White House press
regulations, started a clean-up of the Indian bureau
and Justice department, reversed the reactionary
Mellon policy on tax secrecy, initiated a prison
reform program, called a special session of congress
for agricultural relief and appointed a federal farm
board organized a commission of prominent jurists
and experts to investigate not only prohibition, but
all crime and law enforcement, postponed cruiser
construction, and begun negotiations for an interna
tional naval reduction agreement.
Judged by any standard, that is a remarkable
It is not the whole story of course. He has been
unable to keep his party in the house of representa
tives from passing ‘‘the worst tariff bill in history,
though the senate is reported more amendable to his
moderate tariff campaign pledges. He has not recog
nized Russia. He has made some appointments from
the reactionary wing of his party.
But it would be unreasonable and unfair to expect
the President to remake his party or the government
overnight. His problems are very difficult. He is not
a miracle worker.
Already he has accomplished much in four months.
In four years he will achieve more. And in his work
of reformation the President will be supported by the
people, who have put their faith in him.
It appears that President Hoover's new Indian
commissioner. Charles J. Rhoads, has about the hard
est job of any in tne new r ministration.
Senator Wheeler of Montana has returned to
Washington from an investigation trip with a. senate
committee which went into Indian reservations in five
northwestern states. His indictment of conditions was
The Indians are dying of tuberculosis without ade
quate hospital or medical care, he said. They are
turned out of poor schools with about a fourth-grade
education, and many are able only to relapse into
idleness on the reservation.
Their funds, both tribal and personal, have been
spent by their guardians without accounting, he said.
They have been forced to pay for irrigation projects
which have done them no good and are financial
failures. Those trying to farm are fighting conditions
which experienced white farmers find impossible.
The main cause of these conditions. Wheeler said,
is that the Indian bureau long has been a haven for
political hacks. These hacks must be cleaned out. he
said, and he expressed confidence that Rhoads would
do so. Most of us have faith that Hoover has picked
a good man for this job. A job well done in the In
dian bureau would be a oiessir.g. not only to the In
dians. but to the entire country.
It is toe early to gauge the full effect of the fed
eral reserve board's action in increasing the redis
count rate fn New York from 5 to 6 per cent.
The board also lowered the bankers' acceptance
rate from 5’ 4 to 5H per cent. Apparently the board
hoped, by raising the rediscount rate, to make it more
difficult to get funds for speculation. By cutting the
acceptance rate, the boaid sought to make credit
available for legitimate business.
This is anew policy which must be tested to de
termine its effectiveness. As always happens when
the board takes decisive action, there is disagree
ment among bankers, economists and others on the
wisdom of what has been done.
The board has been criticised in some quarters for
the suddenness of its action, and in others for not
having acted sooner. The board was loath to act
directly, and hoped by warnings and pressure to avoid
a violent dislocation on the stock market like that
which occurred Friday.
The decision to increase the rate came at a time
when brokers’ loans had established anew peak for
all time, and when it became apparent that only
drastic action would curb the upward trend.
The board has a duty to see that there is avail
able an ample supply of credit for legitimate business
and industry. If the absorption of funds by the stock
market endangered these, it was up to the board to
do something about it.
Already the stock market has regained much of
the losses which followed the board's announcement.
The violence of the collapse was an indication of the
extent to which speculation had gone. The recovery
was an indication of the fundamental soundness of
. the country's prosperity.
There were losses, of course, and as always the
small speculator was the greatest sufferer. This is
unfortunate, but there has been no lack of warning.
The British Labor party has accepted the applica
tion for membership of the Earl of Kinnoull, to whom
politics is a new interest, the young earl having at
tracted attention hitherto only by his motoring ex
ploits and his matrimonial affairs—his second wife
the daughter of Mrs. Kate Merrick, London’s
night club queen.
Unlike the Rusisans. there is nothing snobbish
about these British socialists. They never turn up
the rose at a lord, nor turn his lordship’s down on
the headsman's block. The more gentlemen 0 i wealth
The Indianapolis Times
(A BCHIFPS-HOWABD SEWSPAPEB) /
Offset! aarf published daily (except Sunday) by The Indianapolis Time* Publishing Cos.,
214-220 W Maryland Street, Indianapolis. Ind. Price In Marion County
2 cents—lo cents a week: elsewhere. 3 cents—l 2 cents a week
ioFtT"nrRLET roy w. Howard, frank g. morrison,
Editor ’ President Business Manager
RHONE — Riley wai MONDAY. AUG. 12. 1929. "
M..mber of Cnlted Frees, Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance, Newspaper Enterprise Asso-
Member information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations.
“Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way.”
and leisure the MacDonald men have on their side,
the better off they think they are.
Why not? They are not inconsistent, for their
entire program is designed to obtain wealth and
leisure for all.
Exit the Sliding Scale
Senator Reed Smoot of Utah, chairman of the
finance committee, has decided to abandon his at
tempt to include a sliding scale sugar duty in the
pending tariff bill. t
This is good news. A sliding scale would have
been a price-fixing device for the benefit of a small
group of producers at the expense of all of us. It
would have established a vicious system which might
have been extended to other soil products and even
Smoot’s plan was condemned by the various
groups interested in sugar. In addition to its other
faults, witnesses who know the sugar business said it
was impracticable and would lend itself to manipula
So this probably is the last we shall hear of the
Now if the finance committee will lower the un
justly high sugar duties carried in the house bill, as
there is some indication it mjiy, the public will have
real cause to be thankful.
The Golf Oup Passes
The so-to-speak ornamental prize cup is passing.
Instead we have silver bowls which hold ice for
mother’s tea or father’s ginger ale, its inscription
recalling on each festive occasion how father broke
a 72 and won the country club championship.
Or we have a small silver chest which serves as
a cigaret box and reveals, each time a guest lifts
the lid, how daughter Marjorie carried off first honors
in the swimming meet. It is not surprising that
Americans should have grown tired of trophies which
could serve only as dust catchers.
The Massachusetts Conscience
A sore conscience is like a sere tooth, it aches and
And the unlucky who would reproach us for our
misdeeds usually are received gruffly.
A Boston committee which wishes to observe the
second anniversary of the electrocution of Sacco and
Vanzetti, Aug. 23, has been refused a license for a hall,
not only by public authorities, but by the owners of
all adequate private halls.
Can it be that the Massachusetts conscience is
Shakespeare says there are seven ages in man’s life.
It's just as well he didn’t go into details about the
Don't worry about the bandits—they'll stick up
Let us consider today the floorwalker—he puts his
heart and sole into his work.
An endurance record, it seems, is something that
Among the newer fashions for men are red shoes.
Probably this is meant to match the vogue in noses.
Why can’t men wear a couple of straps over their
shoulders all summer like the girls?
If a still is not used for unlawful purposes it is
legal in Georgia. That sounds reasonable.
Lots of people who put their trust in riches keep
their riches in trust.
Balm and bomb are spelled differently, but often
have the same effect.
There are two uses for every brick. You don’t
have to throw every one you touch.
David Dietz on Science
Plants Require Oxygen
THE processes of life require the expenditure of
energy. We eat food to acquire a fuel supply
which can subsequently be burned up with the aid of
oxygen which we breathe, to supply that energy.
The process is known technically as metabolism.
Metabolism is a characteristic of plants as well as of
We already have examined in detail one-half of the
metabolism process. As we have seen, the plants man
ufacture carbohydrates, fats and proteins, utilizing
tion. assimilation and growth.
Respiration is the process by which the cell ob
tains the energy which it requires to accomplish
growth, movements and repairs.
Fundamentally the process is the same as that
which goes on in animals. We breathe in oxygen
which accomplishes the necessary oxidation.
The plant uses oxygen for the same purpose.
Respiration takes place in all living cells of the
plant and it is necessary, therefore, that all be sup
plied with oxygen.
The leaves and stems of the plant obtain their
oxygen directly from the air.
The roots receive their oxygen from the air which
is In the soil.
The reason many plants do not thrive well in wet
soil is not due to the excess moisture so much as to
the lack of oxygen.
The reason the fanner cultivates his field is to
allow more oxygen to penetrate the soil.
Respiration is just the opposite to photosynthesis
in many ways. .....
In photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water are
combined to produce carbohydrates. The energy of
sunlight is used. Oxygen is given off as a by-product
of the process.
In respiration, carbohydrates, chiefly, although
some fats and proteins as well are oxidised. Energy
is released as a result. The by-products of the proc
ess are carbon dioxide and watac.
M. E. Tracy
Dr. Eckener Has Sold the
World on Dirigibles; a
Disaster in Asia Would
Set Them, Back Twenty
BUFFALO, N. y„ Aug. 12.—Ad
vertising leagues and associ
ations of the world open a four-day
meet in Berlin.
The meet doubly is significant. It
marks not only the twenty-fifth
birthday of the International Ad
vertising Association, but the tenth
birthday of the German constitu
Advertising and constitutional
government bespeak the effect of
Ours was the first republic of the
modern world, and ours was the
first country to recognize the value
tt tt a
THIS meet is significant in other
If it shows how advertising has
come to play a part in commerce,
it shows how commerce has broken
down national barriers.
The world is being unified eco
nomically much faster than it is
Nothing r.ew in that, because eco
nomics always has led statecraft.
GERMANY'S come-back is the
most amazing aspect of the
It will be remembered that when
German representatives complained
of • the harshness of the Versailles
treaty, especially, in connection with
regard to disarmament, President
Wilson said that the German people
would find it much easier to re
cover with their soldiers back in
civilian life and their government
relieved of the enormous military
That is one of the few prophesies
that have come true.
Asa military power, Germany
may be weak, compared to what she
was before the war, but as an in
dustrial, scientific and economic
power, she is making a rapid recov
tt tt tt
Zep Sold to World
HAVING crossed the Atlantic
four times, the Graf Zeppelin
prepares to circle the globe—A great
venture in advertising—but one won
ders whether it is not more cour
ageous than wise.
Why take chances that might
spoil a perfectly splendid demons
Dr. Eckener has sold the world
A disaster in Asia would set them
back twenty-five years.
b o a
Row at the Hague
THE Hague conference spends a
couple of days to determine
whether one delegate insulted an
other, and, after deciding that he
did, to make him offer a technical
That is one trouble with confer
In nine cases out of ten they
spend more time smoothing out wise
cracks than in discussing what they
were called to consider.
tt tt tt
IN this particular instance Philip
Snowden, British chancellor of
the exchequer, characterized what
the French minister of finance said
was “grotesque and ridiculous.”
The interpreter had sense enough
not to translate the words literally,
so that M. Cheron, who did not un
derstand English, left the confer
ence without ever realizing he had
Some of his colleagues, who did
understand English, were good
enough to spoil the interpreter’s di
plomacy, whereupon M. Cheron
rushed to M. Briand, French pre
mier, and demanded that Mr. Snow
den be made to apologize.
Then there was a meeting of
French, Belgian, Italian and Ja
panese delegates which resulted in
a decision that the conference could
not overlook the incident.
Baron Houtart of Belgium was
delegated to call on Mr. Snowden
and acquaint him with what was
Mr. Snowden offered .the expla
nation that when he said “grotesque
and ridiculous,” he referrerd to M.
Cheron’s speech and not M. Cheron.
Baron Houtart conveyed this mes
sage to the assembled delegates, but
they found it unsatisfactory, and he
returned with demands for a more
Then Mr. Snowden said that the
words he used were not regarded
as offensive in the English lan
guage. and that he did not realize
that they might be so regarded in
Spoiling the Young Plan?
NOW that that wrinkle has been
ironed out. let’s hope that the
Hague conference will get down to
It would be unfortunate, indeed,
if the Young plan, which was
worked out with so much patience
and skill, were to come to grief,
because a bunch of diplomats and
politicians can not discuss it, with
out getting mad.
If that is impossible, it would be
a good idea to adjourn The Hague
conference and assemble another
group of business men to straighten
a a tt
IN this connection Premier Mac-
Donald showed good sense in
conferring with the governor of the
Bank of England and Mr. Lamont.
The problem to be solved largely
Like all problems, it can be seized
upon by politicians to make trouble.
The people of this generation have
had trouble enough. What they
want now is readjustment.
When is Father’s day celebrated?
There is no federal statute desig
nating Father’s day. However, the
third Sunday in June is generally
observed throughout the United
for that purppse
the carbon diox
ide of the air
and the water
and soluble salts
in the soil.
The other half
of the process is
the utilization of
drates, fats and
used by the cells
of the plant in
three p r o c e sses,
cally as respira-
THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES
BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN
Editor Journal of the American Medical
Association and of Hygeia, the
'T'HE human being must have a
supply of air fulfilling certain
minimum conditions or he will die.
Even a century ago it was be
lieved that air could carry some
mysterious agent of destruction
which was called miasm. It was be
lieved to be a poison gas that arose
As human beings in a room
breathe the air and exhale the ma
terials developed in the body the
composition of the air in the room
gradually changes. Whereas the
normal air is almost wholly oxygen
and nitrogen the breathing of the
human being gradually acids to this
carbon dioxide and slightly in
creases . the amount of nitrogen,
while the oxygen is being consider
At the same time the humidity
changes through the evaporation of
moisture from the, body; the tem
perature is brought nearer to that
of the body, and occasional germs
and droplets of moisture from the
body containing germs get into the
NOT that it may of any tremen
dous interest to any one, but I
have no favorite author unless it be
Katherine Brush (a swell-looking
mama), no favorite artist unless it
be Gene Ahern (the sire of Major
Hoople), and no favorite writer un
less it be old Colonel Joe Williams,
(not a bad guy any way you take
him), but I do have a very, very fa
vorite waiter, old Pete Hurley.
Old Pete was the head barkeep
and the commander-in-chief of the
Flying Widge at Jack’s place in
Sixth avenue. I can well imagine
that Old Pete and Jack’s have been
the topic of many a journalistic
piece, but to me it is still a beauti
ful fantasy, a make-believe para
dise, one of those things you only
I have just come from a compara
tively somber institution, where Old
Pete is waiting on tables, where the
atmosphere is charged with a stiff
decorum and where the flutter of
the militant knuckle is nothing
short of a blasphemy.
“So you never was in Jack’s in the
old days, eh?” said Old Pete. “Well,
you ain’t never lived.” (Imagine
telling me that, a guy who has been
ON AUG. 12, 1898, hostilities be
tween the United States and
Spain ceased when plenipotentiaries
of the two nations signed a peace
protocol in Paris.
The treaty was signed about two
weeks after the Spanish govern
ment, realizing the hopelessness of
a struggle which had become un
equal, made overtures oi peace
through the French ambassador, M.
Cambon, who had acted as the
friendly representative of the Span
ish interests during the war.
Urder the terms of the treaty,
Spain relinquished all claims of
sovereignty over and title to Cuba,
and ceded the Philippine islands,
Guam and Porto Rico and several
other islands in the West Indies to
the United States.
The United States agreed to pay
Spain $20,000,000 within three
months after the exchange of the
ratification of the treaty.
Immediately after signing of the
treaty, President McKinley issued
a proclamation suspending hostili
ties and on Aug. 18, the muster
out of 100,000 volunteers, or as
near that number as was found to
bg practicable, was ordered.
Another World Flight Getting Under Way
'Window' Air Is Best for Health
IT SEEMS TO ME
-n qdAyl 16'TlHe“*
u. S. AND SPAIN END WAR
DAILY HEALTH SERVICE.
In the past great importance was
attached to the chemical changes
that take place; to the increase in
carbon dioxide and to the lessening
We now know that the amount of
carbon dioxide produced and the
amount of oxygen removed are not
significant, since the former is not
sufficient to poison and since the
latter is quite sufficient for sustain
ing life in the vast majority of
The oxygen in the air must fall
below 13.5 of an atmosphere before
the breathing center is affected.
Frederick has pointed out that the
Mt. Everest expeditions of 1922 and
1924 showed that after acclimatiza
tion, men can live for days at an
altitude of 23,000 feet, where the
oxygen pressure is 9.5 per cent of
an atmosphere and can perform
muscular work at 28,000 feet.
The physiologist Dubois asserts
that if the oxygen gradually is re
duced at normal pressure the ma
jority of men will not faint until
the percentage falls to between 6
and 9 per cent, though some weaker
individuals die before this percent
age is reached.
The sensation associated with bad
in Mobile, Ala., on Mardi Gras j
“There never was a place like it,
I’m telling you.”
tt tt o
OLD PETE stopped to mop a per
spiring Irish brow and there
was a glitter in his eye that re
flected the glory of another age.
I proceeded to sip my onion soup
with what I hoped was a minimum
of lyrical accompaniment. Then Old
“All the newspaper men in town
used to. hang out there. That fel
low Broun you are working for (I
took this to mean Uncle Heywood)
was there a lot of times. And Irvin
Cobb, a fat fellow* if you never heard
of him; Odd Mclntyre, Charley Van
Loan, Tad, Damon Runyon, Bill Mc-
Geehan, Hype Igoe, and all them
“Every night almost they’d come
in and hang around and once in a
while buy something. I remember
Igoe used to have a funny looking
contraption he called a ukulele, the
first I guess New York ever saw,
and he’d line everybody up at the
rail and go marching through the
place singing ‘My Little Gray Home
in the West.’
“And the funny thing about that
ukulele Igoe had, we'd put it in the
icebox every night to cool it off or
something. Yes sir. we'd put it
right in there with the lamb chops
and the loins of veal, but it didn’t
seem to help the tunes any.”
Women at Jack's
OLD PETE paused to wait on two
healthy-looking dowagers who
had come in unescorted and whose
order was cornbeef and cabbage,
j “Get that, cornbeef and cabbage.
| for a couple of dames.” he snorted
|“I remember when Lillian Russell
used to come to Jack's and if you
; offered her a menu she’d fight you.”
I wanted to know something about
the standout ladies, to use a charm
ing descriptive, who used to fre
“Well, there were a lot of them.
I suppose I remember Evelyn Nes
bit best. She was in there often. I
j think Harry Thaw and Stanford
i White met at Jack’s for the first
time.” (For the benefit of the chil
dren who were bom before Colum
bus outsmarted Isabella on the egg
gag, Mr. Thaw married Miss Nesbit
and shot Mr. White, who was at the
time a wqll-known pen-and-ink per
son, and a designer of alluring pent
ft St tt
John L Legend
OLD PETE wanted to know if I
ever knew Frank O'Malley, a
reporter on the Sun.
“Well, not so long ago. Frank
ventilation is not due to the chemi
cal composition of the air. The
most important considerations are
temperature and humidity.
To maintain itself comfortably the
body continuously must lose heat
since it is continuously producing
heat. It loses heat by evaporation
of water from the surface.
The most important influence in
promoting the loss or heat is the
amount of water in the air that
surrounds the body (characterized
as humidity) and the rate of move
ment of the air. The movement
of the air disperses the envelope of
hot humid air that surrounds the
human being between his clothes
and his skin.
Frederick, in common with most
ventilation engineers, favors a good
supply of fresh air from an open
window rather than air brought in
by ventilating systems.
He points out that a person who
has lived continuously for weeks and
months with a fan supply, however
adequate, and however satisfactory
in regard to chemical and physical
conditions, invariably experiences a
prompt tonic effect on breathing the
Joe Williams, sports editor
of the New York Telegram,
is “batting for Heywood
Broun” while the latter is
enjoying a vacation.
wrote a story about me and Jack’s,
and in it he said that one night the
Flying Wedge—a battalion of war
like waiters—threw John L. Sullivan
out of the place.
“Well, Frank was just trying to
kid somebody. John used to come
in the place, but he was always the
perfect gentleman. I never saw him
hit anybody with anything but his
fist all my life.
Talk about throwing him out?
Say, you’d just as soon try to throw
him out as you would eat arsenic,
and no fooling!
“Talking about fighters. All of
’em used to hang around Jack’s.
Ketchell, Nelson. Driscoll, Sharkey,
Jeffries, Fitzsimmons, Corbett,
Welsh, all of ’em.”
(Copyright, 1929, for The Times)
What was the last book that
James Oliver Curwood wrote?
“The Black Hunter” (1926). He
was 49 years old when he died.
IM Society Brand
8 - Priced for Disposal
y] to Quick Buyers!
$35 Suits S4O Suits $45 Suits
*24 *29 *34
SSO Suits $65 Suits
16 N. Meridian St
.AUG. 12, 1929
By Frederick Landis-
Nature Is an Uncontrollable
Bootlegger and It's Difficult
to Put the Old Girl in Jail.
ER DORAN is too innocent for
this world if he believes that cider
can be trusted, for it has been vio
lating the confidence of men ever
since Adam plucked that first
When you put the jug in the pan
try Monday morning it may be as
soothing to the interior as cream
to a blistered back, but just let it
breathe a little and by Thursday
evening it will kick like an old
Nature is an utterly uncontrol
lable bootlegger and it is very dif
ficult to put the old girl in jail.
a a a
The wife of the president of the
American Telephone Company got
a divorce because he worked too
hard to keep his social dates with
If you don’t work at all they get
you for failure to provide and If you
work all the time they get you for
a a a
Edward Hillman, rich young gen
tleman of Chicago, marries Marian
Nixon, motion picture actress.
Raw material of another golden
Immigration from Mexico de
clined last year on account of the
war south of the Rio Grande, but
now that the hunting season is over
they will come again.
* o a tt
HERE’S tradgedy—years ago the
two sons of Mrs. Romona de
Nunez of Venezuela came to New
York to seek their fortune and after
working hard and saving they 6ent
money to their mother to bring her
to her new home.
As the steamer entered New York
harbor, where the sons stood wait
ing, the mother paced the deck in
great excitement, then suffered a
cerebral hemorage and died.
a a tt
Mabel Willebrandt tells the world
that she made that Ohio speech
after twice protesting to the cam
paign committee that she didn’t
want to do it.
The woman who gets up in front
of an audience and tells it things,
not backed up by her heart and soul
—well, she’s not '“exactly the fine
feminine influence we visualized
back in the days when we fought
for woman’s suffrage.
It will deflate the value of stow
away common if Germany takes, the
halo from this young gentleman who
obtruded himself upon the Graf
Zeppelin and hands him a zebra suit
on his return to the fatherland.
tt tt tt
THE rise in the price ol wheat
upholsters the political situation
of President Hoover, for in politics
it is the condition that counts, not
what caused it.
We recall one evening in Wash
ington when the late Champ Clark
dolefully observed: “We would have
carried this election, but this great
corn crop ends us.”
tt tt tt
Speaking of crops and statesmen
reminds us of the time the late Tom
Reed was campaigning in lowa with
Congressman Lacey, head of the
Riding through the country, Lacey
turned to look at a farmer who was
using a large roller, and he inquired
casually: “What is that?”
Reed turned on him scornfully:
“You’re chairman of the agricul
tural committee, yet you don’t know
what that is! Why, that’s what
they raise mashed potatoes with.”
a a a
The real hick is the person who
thinks that the corectnes sos things
is determined by the size of the
place where the things are.
Deliver me not over into the
hands of mine enemies; for false
witnesses are risen against me,
and such as breathe out cruelty.—
B a a
CRUELTY, like every other vice.
requires no motive outside of
itself; it only requires opportunity.
How high is the Eiffel tower in
One thousand feet.
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