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The Indianapolis times. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1922-1965, December 23, 1929, Home Edition, Image 6

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tritippj-MOivAjtO
Bea Santa Claus
A white Christmas, beautiful in its snows, brings
with it inevitable sufferings. *
There are many who find in the low temperature
and the cold winds something else than beauty.
There are very many whose clothing furnishes no
protection against the cold and whose houses are not,
unfortunately, warm.
There are homes in which the cheer is missing,
even though the spirit of good will may be there.
It In unfortunate that this is true. Misfortune, per
haps lack of thrift mischance and sickness, have
their victims.
While some suffer, there are others who possess
more than they can use. There are closets filled with
garments which may never again be worn. These
might, conceivably, save a human life. At least they
would bring warmth and comfort to those -who are
in need.
You will enjoy your Christmas just a little more if
you have the satisfaction of knowing that somewhere
in this city Is a man, a woman or a child to whom
the world looks brighter because of your interest and
your gift.
There are dozens of agencies which know the names
of those whose lives can be made more comfortable
and brightened by clothing, even food.
It Is tragic to think that there may be those who
will be hungry at this time of the year.
It in more tragic to think that there may be count
less thousands so comfortable that they can for
get or never think of others.
Get In touch with the men and women who make
tt their business to discover need and want. You will
feel better. Those whom you aid will be happier.
Railroad Consolidations
For eight yearn the railroads have been complain
ing because the government would not permit them to
carry out the consolidations necessary for efficiency
and service. Different reads have had different
panaceas and pet unification plans.
Meanwhile the interstate commerce commission has
been working away at the tack, month after month
and year after year. Now the commission has pro
duced its report.
The report is worthy of the long labor expended
upon it and of the Importance of the subject. Doubt
less it is not perfect. There will be disagreement over
many points. Indeed, seme of the commissioners dis
agree among themselves. And of course not all the
railroads will be pleased, especially those whose own
projects have been sacrificed in the interests of the
transportation system as a whole.
But probably few will deny that the commission
has produced a working basis for the first time. On
that working basis, the roads and the commission now
cair proceed with discussions of detail which hither
to have been delayed.
Perhaps the part of the commission plan which will
cause most debate is the suggested new Wabash sys
tem. which would become the key to five competing
trunk lines in eastern territory in place of the four
systems proposed by the roads.
But, given the right attitude on the part of the
roads, there is no reason why satisfactory adjust
ments of the commission plan can not be worked out.
Action is needed. The roads have not exaggerated
in telling the President that rail consolidation is the
biggest contribution the transportation industry can
make to the nation-wide effort to stabilize prosperity.
The roads should be prepared early in the new year
to submit definite proposals to the commission along
the general lines laid down by the report. Then con
gress can hasten the necessary legislation to permit
the needed unification.
Carolina Would Forget
Eight deputy sheriffs, who fired upon Marion
<N. C.) strikers, killing six and wounding twenty, have
been freed by a jury. The state attorney announces
that he will drop the 100 riot cases against strikers.
Press dispatches say the people of North Carolina
hope this ends the strike troubles, as they want to
forget.
It is not so easy as that. Evil industrial conditions
which produced the textile strike continue. Until
those conditions of near-slavery are wiped out the
warfare will go on.
Far from improving the situation, these trials have
only made it worse—much worse. It is bad enough
when American workers can not get justice from em
ployers It is more dangerous when American work
ers believe they no longer can get justice in the
courts.
And that is the mood of the North Carolina work
ers today. They think the courts are rigged against
them. No wonder they are desperate.
Who shall deny that there is some basis for their
bitterness?
Consider the record:
At Gastonia the law did not protect the workers
in their constitutional civil liberties. Police, troopers
and law officers were guilty of violence. They were
not restrained. Mobs set upon the strikers and were
not punished for their lawlessness. But later when
someone killed the police chief the law acted quickly.
Strike leaders were tried under methods of inqui
sition and convicted.
At the same time a woman striker was mur
dered by a mob, but the mob leaders still are free.
So in Marion. Strike leaders have been convicted
of rioting and sentenced to jail. But the sheriffs who
killed strikers are released by the courts and made
heroes by the employers.
If the North Carolina courts will not convict the
guilty in a massacre like that at Marion there seems
little chance that they ever will punish the lawless
law officers who are terrorizing the unions. The
strikers and nonpartisan witnesses swore that the
strikers were unarmed and defenseless. The killed
and wounded were shot in the back. No sheriff was
shot. But now these official gunmen are released .on
a weak plea of self-defense.
However great the provocation, the textile workers
have nothing to gain and everything to lose by return
ing violence for violence. They will not, if they are
wise, let bitterness over this court decision drive
them to excesses.
The only way out for North Carolina labor is
strong union organization. In the long run it will
find that its economic weapons are mightier than the
gun* and legal subterfuges of its enemies.
The Indianapolis Times
(A SCKIPPS-HOWARD .NEWSPAPER)
Owof! iDfi published daily (except Sunday) by Tbe Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos..
214-220 '.Vest Maryland Street, Indianapolis. Ind Price in Marion County.
2 cents a copy: elsewhere. 0 cents delivered by carrier. 12 rents a week.
BOYD GURLEY. HOT \V. HOWARD. FRANK G. MORRISON.
Editor President Business Manager
PHO NR—HI Ie y •*■ssl MONDAY. DEC. 23. 1929.
Member of I nited Press. Seripps-Howard Newsrapei Alliance, Newspaper Enterprise Asso-
elation, Newspaper Information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations.
“Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way”
Who Has Prosperity?
America is rich and getting richer. Statistics re
leased the other day by the national bureau of eco
nomic research showed that the national income in
1928 was 89' 2 billions, compared with 29billions ip
1909.
The average income of wage earners and salaried
workers increased materially, and relatively more
rapidly than that of the employing class. Farmers
alone failed to improve their condition.
There has been much evidence of a similar sort.
No people at any other time or in any other place
have had so much wealth. Our material prosperity
staggers the imagination.
But while we rejoice in the collective possession of
more of this world's goods—luxuries as well as neces
saries—and in more leisure, other questions arise.
What of the distribution of this wealth? What are
we doing with our leisure? what is happening to us
as a nation as a result of our mechanized age, of which
we are so proud?
Are there large numbers of the population with
out work and in want? Hav e workers been di'placed
so that they can not get their share of our added
wealth? What of the scrapping of men past middle
age? Do we have at one extreme wealth beyond
dreams of avarice, and at the other hunger and
poverty?
Labor Secretary Davis in a recent public address
was quoted as saying, “literally millions of our people
are without any purchasing power whatever, because
they have no jobs, and other and more millions are
unable to buy what they need, not to say what they
want, because of chronically inadequate wages.”'
Davis went on to cite specific industries and locali
ties, where workers have fallen behind in the general
advance.
We are to have light on some of these questions.
President Hoover just has named a committee on
social trends, composed of a number of specialists,
which will make an inquiry paralleling that of the
committee on economic trends, which a few months
ago submitted the results of an elaborate survey. The
Rockefeller foundation is providing funds.
The committee will consider such things as the
effect, of the move to cities, increased leisure and in
ventions on the national life. It will conduct research
into the improvement of national health and its effect;
changes in occupations and family life; in housing;
and in similar subjects. It will in general seek out
those tendencies in modern life which arc important.
Such survey should De well worth while if it points
the way toward prosperity for those who have not
shared thus far in our national well-being.
Talking motion pictures are proposed by a minister
to sweil the attendance in the churches. Maybe one
plan might be to offer a course of golf lessons on Sun
day mornings.
What some after-dinner speakers need is not a
watch—but a calendar.
REASON By FP S K
A LL these states which are wondering how
they will handle their overcrowded prisons
and the resulting riots could relieve the congestion
and serve society by taking the prisoners out of
doors and building roads with them.
This would not offend free labor, since there are
enough roads to build to give employment to all.
a tt
The first objection which occurs to the average
person is the danger of wholesale escapes, but ex
perience has proved that the prisoners are so glad
to get away from wails and cells that the problem
of guarding them is negligible.
Os course, the most desperate could not be
trusted and they could be left inside.
a a u
Mary McCormick, the opera singer, who has been
waiting in Paris to grab Pola Negri’s prince the min
ute Pola divorced him, now 7 finds herself drifting
through space, a vagrant atom, since Pola and the
prince have decided to try it a little longer.
If he were a butter and egg man, Mary could
sue him for several millions, but being only a prince,
she couldn’t hope to recover anything, except his
spats.
8 8 8
II EPRESENTATIVE SELVIG of Minnesota would
have the national government spend $100,000,-
000 every year for rural schools throughout the
country. While it always is pleasant to pass the
buck to Uncle Sam. the people always pay the bill
in the end.
Under our system of government, the maintenance
of public schools belongs to the states and we have
enough centralization cf power at Washington with
out adding to it.
8 8 8
If this were done, the next step would be to have
Washington take over the care of all town schools
throughout the length and breadth of the land
where the towns were unable to furnish up-to-date
school systems and beiore a great while this would
grow to be a white elephant of enormous proportions.
In due time we doubtless would have a secretary
of basketball in the cabinet.
8 8 8
r T''HERE will be a merry time down in Alabama,
now that Tom Heflin has been ruled out of the
Democratic party and will run as an independent
candidate for the senate, and if we were betting, we
would bet on Heflin.
Heflin first broke into the headlines some twenty
five years ago by saying that someone should have
thrown a bomb when Roosevelt gave Booker Wash
ington a lunch at the White House,
8 8 8
The senate should pass before Christmas the hos
pitalization bill just passed by the house of repre
sentatives and provide every disabled ex-service man
with care at the earliest possible date.
This would be the best possible Christmas present
for tlie wrecks of the World war.
8 8 8
The willingness of Japan to sacrifice any other
kind of warships at the coming London conference,
in order to increase her submarine strength indi
cates that the Oriental brother realizes that aviation
has put out of business all ships which ride the
waves.
THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES
M. E. Tracy
SAYS:
! Science Promises to Develop
the Most Rigid Tyranny
This World Ever Has
j Known.
TWENTY-ONE railroad systems
by national decree, with rates
and returns virtually guaranteed—
on what particular shelf have we
laid the time-honored doctrine of
competition!
When we began to reform the
railroads, it was with the idea that
we must smash' the monopolistic
element, prevent mergers, and kill
the spirit of combination.
Now. we’re going to put them to
ther, whether they like it or not.
It's the % god of efficiency taking
command, the expert economist sup
planting the promoter, mathematics
emerging from the realm of dreams.
If We hadn’t wanted such a thing,
we never should have encouraged
science.
tt tt tt
Science Is Tyrant
OGiE-NCE promises to develop the
3 most rigid tyranny this world
ever has known, not only harness
ing men and women to machines,
but cataloging them and classify
ing them, each according to his pe
culiar aspirations.
Intelligent, of course, but pitiless
and unromantic in its precision.
Who would swap the chance of
being a good bookkeeper for the
pastime of imagining he would
make a good musician?
Who would prefer to being
examined by a board of alienists
and told what he must do to the
delightful pastime of dreaming
about it in ignorance.
For men and women who must
earn a living in the later hard
boiled years, science may present
wonderful opportunities, but it’s go
ing to be tough on children.
In theory, Dartmouth college will
get between $1,500,000 and $2,100,000
150 years hence, now that the
Waters bequest has been upheld.
The Waters request consists of
$1,500, which is to be invested and
reinvested for a century and a half,
when it will be turned over to tho
college with all accumulated earn
ings.
At 5 per cent, compounded an
nually, money doubles in a little
more than fourteen years.
If there were nothing but arith
metic to consider, any one could
compute the result.
Arithmetic, however, only tells a
small part of the story.
o tt a
Theory Doesn't Work
Benjamin franklin left two
funds of 1,000 pounds each to
accumulate for a century.
According to his calculation they
should have amounted to 131,000
pounds, but they did not, or any
thing like it.
Figuring out what money will
earn over a given period and mak
ing it do so are two very different
things.
Theoretically, one dollar placed
at compound interest when Colum
bus discovered America now would
equal the wealth of the civilized
world, but in practice it would not.
which is a mighty good thing.
tt tt tt
When the money market becomes
so safe that we can depend on reg
ular dividends, much less compound
interest, for 150 years, either inter
est rates will flatten out, or the ec
onomic system they represent. w’iil
go to smash.
Asa matter of common sense,
humanity could not live w r ith ex
isting interest rates, except for the
failures, panics and depressions It
suffers.
It is -the gamble that keeps the
thing going, and the gamble means
losses as well as winnings.
tt tt a
Power Not Permanent
LOSSES come not only through
business failure, but through
change, improvement and political
revolution.
No doubt the merchants, manu
facturers and nabobs of the old Rus
sian regime considered themselves
and their money quite safe until the
war broke out.
Now, where are they, or their in
vestments?
The bonds they prized are not
worth the price of wall paper, and
what has happened to them has
happened a dozen times within the
last five hundred years.
Whether in politics, society, re
ligion or finance, human nature will
not tolerate a system that lays the
basis for permanent power, which
would be the case if it were possible
to lay aside 51,500, or any other
amount, and let it accumulate in
definitely.
tt u a
In this connection, the advent of
Stalin's fiftieth birthday brings out
a curious point.
As every one knows, Stalin is the
boss of Soviet Russia, and probably
enjoys intimate control of more
people than any living man.
What every one does not know is
that he was named Joseph and
destined for the church because a
xievout Christian mother wished to
express her gratitude for the fact
that he was born near Christmas.
What would she have thought
could she have foreseen him leading
a political movement which has for
one of its objectives not only the
annihilation of Christmas, but of
the religion for which Christmas
stands?
Where is the Sargasso sea? How
was the name derived?
It is a region of the Atlantic
ocean, from about latitude 25 de
grees north of 35 degrees north, and
between the Azores and the Ba
hamas. The name was derived from
the large amount of seaweed, par
ticularly sargassum bat ciferum,
which it contains. It lies in the
eddy of the great systems of cur
rents, so that the waters carry very
little sediment and are remarkably
clear and transparent. The sea
weed includes other types than the
one named, which, however, is the
most common. The forms have no
organs of attachment, but are
supplied with air cells causing them
to float on the surface, where they
are blown about by the winds.
.^j;jy-"-sf- :i Tr
I ' PONT^NTIO^\^
V/i'/.ill' ' . ITWASH'TA
Tm BIT or
ikJ W TRAKKS rrsonfctT &
- - - TROUBLL
, * /a WffETHE ."• ,
/ ! GRAHDEST
: /- MAH IK ( \
I — '<> IHE WHOLE .
'ii r-y yGA-v -nggk WORLD? -s£Ff lift
Proper Posture Important for Health
BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN
Editor Journal of the American Medical
Association and of Hygeia, tbe
Health Magazine.
THE footgear of mankind
throughout the world offers an
interesting study. It varies from the
bindings which were placed in the
past about the feet of the high caste
Chinese lady to the spiked heels
and peculiarly decorated slippers of
the American mode for women of
today.
It seems doubtful that one is much
worse than the,other. As long as
clothing is selected for fashion and
style rather than for comfort, hy
gienists and physicians are likely to
continue to bear testimony against
them.
Dr. Norman D. Mattison consid
ers, in Hygeia, the possibilities for
the development of the foot and the
shoe in the future. He believes that
we should begin early in life to
IT SEEMS TO ME By BROUN
UPON the cover of the current
issue of Manufacturers' Record
(“Exponents of America”) I find a
prominent display of an utterance
by North Carolina .workers.
“Mill employes in Carolina make
a remarkable statement,” is the
headline furnished by the magazine
which goes on to explain: “The re
cent strike brought on by Commu
nistic leaders at the Leaksville wool
en mills at Charlotte, N. C., has
calleld forth from the 156 employes
who did not strike, out of the total
of 202 employes, a remarkable state
ment presented through the Char
lotte Observer, and to the owners
of the mill.”
In the course of this statement
by the workers there appears the
following which is featured by the
Manufacturers’ Record: “We are
not Bolsheviks. We are American
citizens. We are church-going and
law-abiding people. We believe in
the Bible. We believe there is a
God, a heaven and a hell, and we
believe the Constitution of the
United States of America is the
greatest document ever written by
mortal man, and ours the most pow
erful and best country on earth.
“No community will go further or
sacrifice more in the defense of
this country than these 156 em
ployes of the Leaksville mill.”
8 8 8
Remarkable?
THE Manufacturers’ Record Is
quite right in describing this
as a remarkable statement, but it.
might do well to emphasize that it
is remarkable chiefly as shawing
the muddle-headedness of 156 em
ployes out of a total of 202.
At least, I trust that the Manu
facturers’ Record is not in favor of
this attempt to elaborate the re
quirements now held necessary for
100 per cent Americanism.
As the statement stands there -is
the distinct implication that the
existence of hell is provided for in
the Constitution of the United
States and that any man who de
nies it becomes forthwith a 80l-
Questions
and Answers
When was Paper money first
issued by the United States govern
ment?
In 1861.
What is copperas?
The old name for ferrous sulphate
or green vitriol. It is made by dis
solving iron In dilute sulphuric
acid.
Are albinos a separate race?
The word albino was first applied
by the Portuguese to white Negroes
in West Africa, ft is not the name
of a separate race, but applies to any
individual in whom there Is a con
genital deficiency in the coloring
pigment of the hair, skin or iris of
the eye.
W”hy does the state of Illinois
have two representatives-at-large in
congress?
Because the total population of
the state entitled it to ha,ve two
more representatives than there are
congressional districts.
There Aint No Justice!
-DAILY HEALTH SERVICE
train the foot to carry the body’s
weight and to begin a campaign
leading toward a proper shoe for a
proper foot.
How many people really can walk
efficiently and gracefully? The rea
son most of them are not able to
use their feet to good advantage is
the failure to develop a good work
ing foot. •
A large part of the development
of a suitable foot is study of proper
balance for the rest of the body.
The erect posture of the human
being is maintained not only by
standing on the feet, but also by
holding the limbs in line through
suitable action of the muscles and
by proper balancing of the body
upon the feet.
Various exercises have been elab
orated for developing the muscles
of the legs and the feet toward this
end.
shevik and probably one seduced by
Russian gold.
Some such explanation is needed
to juslfy the inclusion of a theo
logical dogma into a disoussion of
an economic problem.
Manufacturers, I always had sup
posed, were expected to have faith
in God, the protective tariff and
the Republican party. This is the
first time I ever knew that Ameri
canism I was somehow bound up
with the doctrine of hell-fire.
8 8 8
Plain Logic
But I can see the logic of it.
Any organization or group
which permits the existence of child
labor would have to believe pro
foundly in a hell. Or at the very
least demand that the workers feel
such a faith.
And any organization which can
calmly contemplate the conditions
existing in North Carolina textile
mills would of necessity be com
pelled to hold to the belief that
somewhere there is a kingdom
where torture is eternal.
This faith is very necessary for
it, and it alone makes it possible
for a mill boss to say to the men,
women and children in his factory,
“Cheer up, things might be worse.”
.And in an amplified version of
the loyal workers’ report I find “The
living conditions here are ideal. The
houses are all modern in every re
spect, with water, lights and venti
lation. The mill is also well lighted
and ventilated. The mill manage
ment takes a special pride in keep
ing the whole village in a clean
and sanitary condition.”
Although I have never been in
the Leaksville woolen mills at Char
lotte. N. C.. I presume to challenge
the accuracy of this statement.
8 8 8
Heaven?
CONDITIONS are not ideal. Con
ditions can not possibly be ideal
as long as the employe lives as the
ward of his boss. The mill manage
ment, we are told, keeps the whole
village clean and sanitary.
No. I will not accept the fact that
Leaksville is a little bit of heaven
here on earth until it is possible for
the workers to keep themselves
clean and sanitary without any out
side interference whatsoever.
Again I read. “The attitude of
employers toward employes here is
a relation bordering almost upon
parental solicitude. In sickness, in
death or adversity of any kind, Mr.
Morehead, Mr. Taliaferro and Mr.
Shoemate always are willing and
anxious to extend sympathetic and
material help to any .employe.”
And these men who live like serfs
in a medieval feudalism have the
effrontery to present themselves as
the very tower of the liberty con
ceived in the American Constitution.
Daily Thought
This is My commandment, That
ye love one another, as I have
ioved yon.—St. John 15:12.
8 8 8
Love never reasons, but profusely
gives; gives, like a thoughtless prod
igal, its all, and trembles then lest
it has done too liuia —Hannah Moe.
Standing on one foot while the
other is raised to various positions
and angles helps to develop the
sense of equilibrium and also to give
power to the various muscles that
have been mentioned.
The whole tendency of the body
is to fell over. To avoid falling over,
the individual sticks out his chin,
pushes forward his neck, bends his
back and leans forward, backward,
to one side or the other.
Tire result is protruding chin, ewe
necks. twL.ed spines' and round
shoulders.
In many great clinics today far
more attention is paid to posture
than is given to almost any other
phase of hygiene for human health.
the movement is in the right di
rection, since proper posture means
good functioning for all the organs
of the body and* a sense of well be
ing or tone that leads to efficiency.
Ideals and opinions expressed
in this column are those of
one of America’s most inter
esting writers and are pre
sented without regard to their
agreement or disagreement
with the editorial attitude of
this paper.—The Editor.
I doubt if the dreamers who
undertook to bring democracy to
the new world ever intended to
perpetuate a system under which
the loyal worker lived like a cab
ined slave upon his master’s prop
erty.
Nor is the ultimate goal of the
pursuit of happiness a scepe in
which the tear-stained widow
grasps the hand of the benevolent
boss and says, “Thanks for the cof
fin, sir.”
(Copyright. 1929. by The Times)
d-i&THe
PLYMOUTH FOUNDED
Dec. 23
ON DEC. 23, 1620, the Pilgrims
landed at Plymouth, the first
town to be established in New Eng
land.
The Plymouth settlers, having
fixed upon a place for a town, on
a high ground facing the bay, where
the land was cleared and the water
excellent, went on shore from the
Mayflower and felled and carried
timber to the spot designated for
the erection of a building for com
mon use.
The Pilgrims were Separatists
who had left England and come to
America to establish “a church
without a bishop, a state without a
king.”
In the reaction from the Church
of England, they laid aside all re
ligious ceremonials, so that for a
time marriages and funerals were
conducted without * religious serv
ices, and public worship was
stripped of all semblance of rituals.
Today also is the anniversary of
General George Washington’s resig
nation as commander of the Ameri
can army on Dec. 27, 1782.
The Right Thing to Do
Good manners and good form are not affectations to be despised
as something “put on.” There are reasons for the forms of etiquet
that have become part of the equipment of cultured people. Failure
to do the “right tning” at the right moment shows a lack of good
breeding, of consideration for others, that is inexcusable in this day
and age. Our Washington bureau has a packet of eight of
authoritative and informative bulletins, covering etiquet for every
occasion, that it will send to any reader. The titles are:
1. Social Etiquet 5. Etiquet of Weddings
2. The Etiquet of Travel 6. Origins of Etiquet
3. Dinner Etiquet 7. Etiquet for Children
4. Etiquet of Dress 8. Personality and Charm
If you want this packet, fill out the coupon below and mall u
directed-
CLIP COUPON HERE
ETIQUET EDITOR. Washington bureau,
The Indianapolis Times.
1&22 New York avenue. Washington, D. C.
I want the packet of eight bulletins on ETIC.UET. and enclose
herewith 25 cents in coin, or loose, uncancelled United States post
age stamps to cover postage and handling costa.
NAME
STREET AND NUMBER
CITY STATE
I am a reader of The Indianapolis Times. 'Code No.)
_DEC. 23, 1929
SCIENCE
By DAVID DIETZ-
Youths With Scientific Train
ing Can Name Their Own
Desires in the Job Field in
Coming Years.
TALKING movies, trans-Atlantic
telephony and radio are de
manding the services of more young
men with advanced scientific train
ing than the technical schools of
the United States can furnish, ac
cording to Professor Walter I.
Slichter of the department of elec
trical engineering of Columbia uni
versity.
Professor Slichter says that every
graduate in electrical engineering at
Columbia tiffs June will have his
choice of from four to seven posi
tions in research laboratories.
The layman sometimes may ask
the value of all the technical talk
about atoms and electrons and light
waves. The pages and pages of
mathematical material setting forth
new theories about the nature of
light, for example, may seem ol
doubtful value to him.
But. the big corporations of the
United States don't think so. Ac
cording to Dr. Slichter, young men
just out of the universities with
training in these advanced branches?*,
of physics, chemistry 7 and mathe
matics, have a better opportunity
of advancement today than older
men in the field who have had more
experience but less training.
The reason for this is that many
lines of research have become so far
advanced that branches of higher
mathematics, once regarded as pure
ly theoretical, are finding daily ap
plication in them.
tt M 8
Mathematics
THE American Telephone and
Telegraph Company, the West
inghouse Electric and Manufactur
ing Company, the General Electric
Company, the International Tele
phone and Telegraph Company and
the Bell Laboratories are among the
larger corporations which are com
peting for the services of young
engineers with advanced training in
mathematics, according to Dr.
Slichter.
“This is the day of the young man
in scientific research,’” he says. “In
the laboratories of the larger cor
porations, young men are being ad
vanced rapidly to responsible posi
tions. Older engineers, despite their
practical experience, are becoming
justly worried at the situation.
“The plight of the older man is
largely due to** re cent developments
in engineering, especially in elec
trical engineering, which require
much greater familiarity with in
volved scientific principles than
men trained a decade ago have.
“The old cut and dried rule of
thumb is no longer satisfactory be
cause of the application of mathe
matics, physics and chemistry to
modern scientific problems.
“Very few men of the older school
know enough mathematics to work
some of the formulas used today.
Higher mathematics, which are in
dispensable at present, were gen
erally neglected in the curricula of
their day."
8 8 8
The Talkies
DR. SLIGHTER points out that
in Columbia and in other uni
versities and colleges, many young
men now are engaged in researches
which bear directly upon the prob
lems of these big corporations.
He points out that in radio, the
talking movie, television, high volt
j age electrical transmission and
| many other problems, the engineer
i today must have excellent knowl
| edge of the behavior of electrons
| and light waves and the mathe
| matical formulae describing the be
i havior,
I “A number of our men are doing
I valuable research work in radic
i telegraphy and telephony,” he says.
| “The talking moving picture is sim
ilar to the radio in principle, involv
ing as it does the sound features of
the radio and the use of the photo
electric cell.
“The ultimate development of the
quality of the voice in the sound
picture will depend upon the activi
ties of young men now working in
this field.”
Professor Slichter points out that
men who were graduated from en
gineering colleges as late as 1927
were instrumental in achieving the
recent inauguration of short wave
trans-Atlantic telephony by the
American Telephone and Telegraph
Company.
He says that representatives of
the big corporations are now making
tours of the engineering colleges, in
terviewing senior students with a
view to finding places for them
upon graduation which will make
the maximum use of their training
and talents.
What portion of steel consumed In
the United States is used for rail
roads, automobiles and buildings?
In 1928. 17.0 per cent by railroads:
15.2 in automobiles, and 15.2 in
buildings.

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